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1.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(4): e501, Oct.-Dec. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1341246

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The use of intravenous lidocaine infusion has increased over the past decade as part of a multimodal approach to analgesia in adults; however, information about its safety and tolerability in the pediatric population is limited. Methods: Acute pain management using lidocaine infusion in eleven patients treated in the pediatric intensive care unit. Results: Five cases of postoperative abdominal pain and six cases of non-operative abdominal pain. Two cases were cancer patients affected by neutropenic colitis. Analgesic control achieved was good. Conclusion: Lidocaine infusions are apparently a safe option for the management of acute pain, either post-operative or not, in the pediatric population.


Resumen Introducción: El uso de la infusión de lidocaína endovenosa ha aumentado en la última década como parte de un enfoque analgésico multimodal en los adultos; sin embargo, se dispone de información limitada sobre su seguridad y tolerabilidad en la población pediátrica. Métodos: Se presentan once casos de manejo de dolor agudo con lidocaína en infusión tratados en unidad de cuidado intensivo pediátrico. Resultados: Cinco casos fueron postoperatorio abdominal y seis casos tenían dolor abdominal no postoperatorio. Dos pacientes tenían cáncer y cursaban con colitis neutropénica. El control analgésico alcanzado fue bueno. Conclusión: Las infusiones de lidocaína parecen ser una opción segura para el manejo del dolor agudo ya sea posquirúrgico o no en la población pediátrica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Anesthesia, Intravenous , Lidocaine , Postoperative Care , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Acute Pain , Analgesia
2.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(1): 62-72, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | ID: biblio-1153037

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se com este estudo comparar a associação de detomidina e cetamina ou dextrocetamina, por via intravenosa contínua, em oito cadelas submetidas a dois protocolos: GCD - indução anestésica com 5mg/kg e infusão intravenosa contínua de 20mg/kg/h de cetamina; e GDD - indução com 3,5mg/kg e infusão de 14mg/kg/h de dextrocetamina. Associou-se detomidina, 30µg/kg/h, em ambos os grupos. Registraram-se frequência cardíaca (FC), pressão arterial (PA), frequência respiratória (f), temperatura (TC), miorrelaxamento, analgesia, hemogasometria e eletrocardiograma, antes e 15 minutos após a MPA (Mbasal e Mmpa); após o início da infusão (Mic); a cada 10 minutos até 90 minutos (M10, M20, M30, M40, M50, M60, M70, M80 e M90); e 30 minutos após o fim da infusão (M120). Foi observada bradicardia em Mmpa no GCD e de Mmpa a M10 no GDD. Ocorreu hipotensão em Mmpa e hipertensão a partir de Mic. A f diminuiu de M10 a M30. Foram observados: onda T de alta amplitude, bloqueios atrioventriculares e parada sinusal. Ocorreu acidose respiratória. O período de recuperação foi de 219,6±72,3 minutos no GCD e de 234,1±96,8 minutos no GDD. A cetamina e a dextrocetamina, associadas à detomidina por infusão contínua, causam efeitos cardiorrespiratórios e anestésicos similares.(AU)


The combination of detomidine and ketamine or dextrocetamine for continuous intravenous infusion was compared in eight female dogs submitted to two protocols: GCD - 5mg/kg of anesthetic induction and continuous intravenous infusion of ketamine 20mg/kg/h; and GDD - induction with 3.5mg/kg and infusion of 14mg/kg/h of dextrocetamine. Detomidine, 30µg/kg/h was associated in both groups. Heart rate (HR), blood pressure (BP), respiratory rate (RR), temperature (CT), myorelaxation, analgesia, blood gas analysis and electrocardiogram were recorded before and 15 minutes after MPA (Mbasal and Mmpa); after the start of infusion (Mic); every 10 minutes to 90 minutes (M10, M20, M30, M40, M50, M60, M70, M80 and M90); and 30 minutes after the end of infusion (M120). Bradycardia was observed in Mmpa in GCD and from Mmpa to M10 in GDD. There was hypotension in Mmpa and hypertension from Mic. The RR decreased from M10 to M30. High amplitude T wave, atrioventricular blocks and sinus arrest were observed. Respiratory acidosis occurred. The recovery period was 219.6±72.3 minutes in GCD and 234.1±96.8 minutes in GDD. Ketamine and S+ ketamine associated with detomidine for continuous infusion cause cardiorespiratory and similar anesthetic effects.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Dogs , N-Methylaspartate/agonists , Adrenergic alpha-Agonists/analysis , Anesthetics, Combined/analysis , Ketamine/therapeutic use , Acidosis, Respiratory/veterinary , Respiratory Rate , Heart Rate , Anesthesia, Intravenous/veterinary
3.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(1): 91-98, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab
Article in English | ID: biblio-1153050

ABSTRACT

The metabolic peculiarities of felines favor an intoxication. Fifty healthy female cats were divided into five groups: PG (placebo group), G2 (cefazolin), G3 (ceftriaxone), G4 (enrofloxacin) and G5 (ampicillin) were used. The parameters evaluated were: total expired carbon dioxide (ETCO2), oxygen saturation in hemoglobin (SpO2), heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RR), body temperature (BT), systolic, mean and diastolic blood pressure (SBP, mBP and DBP) by invasive method, at T0, 5 (T5), 10 (T10), 15 (T15), 20 (T20), 25 (T25) and 30 (T30) minutes after administration of the treatments. HR presented reduction in G2 compared to PG at all times, except T20, and in G4, T25 and T30 were lower than the T0 values (P<0.05). BT showed increase in the G3 at T0 and T5 and all groups showed reduction in the values of BT relative to T0 (P<0.05). ETCO2 increased in G2 and G5 at all times compared to PG (P<0.05) and there were no differences among the times within each group. It was concluded that ceftriaxone is safer for the prophylactic antimicrobial use in cats, however the other antimicrobials are also indicated, because all the parameters, in all groups, basically did not change over the study and when this occurs it remains in reference interval.(AU)


As peculiaridades metabólicas dos felinos favorecem quadro de intoxicação. Foram utilizadas 50 gatas saudáveis, que foram divididas em cinco grupos: GP (grupo placebo), G2 (grupo cefazolina), G3 (grupo ceftriaxona), G4 (grupo enrofloxacina) e G5 (grupo ampicilina). Os seguintes parâmetros foram avaliados: dióxido de carbono expirado (ETCO2), saturação de oxigênio na hemoglobina (SpO2), frequência cardíaca (FC), frequência respiratória (FR), temperatura corporal (T°C), pressão arterial sistólica,média e diastólica (PAS, PAM e PAD), pelo método invasivo, em 0 (T0), 5 (T5), 10 (T10), 15 (T15), 20 (T20), 25 (T25) e 30 (T30) minutos após a administração dos tratamentos. A FC apresentou redução no G2 em relação ao GP em todos os momentos, exceto no T20, e, no G4, o T25 e o T30 foram inferiores aos valores do T0 (P<0,05). A T°C apresentou aumento no G3 no T0 e no T5, e todos os grupos apresentaram redução nos valores da T°C em relação ao T0 (P<0,05). O ETCO2 apresentou aumento no G2 e no G5, em todos os momentos, em relação ao GP (P<0,05). Concluiu-se que a ceftriaxona é mais segura para uso profilático em gatos, entretanto os outros antibióticos também são recomendados, pois todos os parâmetros praticamente não se modificaram e, quando alterados, mantiveram-se dentro dos padrões de referência.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Ceftriaxone/administration & dosage , Respiratory Rate/drug effects , Heart Rate/drug effects , Anti-Infective Agents/administration & dosage , Anti-Infective Agents/adverse effects , Hemodynamics , Anesthesia, Intravenous/veterinary
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880828

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the maximum dose of continuous mivacurium infusion for intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) and observe the adverse reactions during thyroid surgery under total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA).@*METHODS@#Thirty patients undergoing IONM during thyroid surgery received continuous infusion of mivacurium at the initial rate of 14.97 μg · kg@*RESULTS@#The EC@*CONCLUSIONS@#In patients undergoing thyroid surgery under TIVA, the EC


Subject(s)
Anesthesia, Intravenous , Humans , Mivacurium , Propofol , Remifentanil , Thyroid Gland
5.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 48(3): 111-117, July-Sept. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1126292

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) and balanced anesthesia (BA) are the most commonly used anesthetic techniques. The differences are the variability of the depth of anesthesia between these techniques that might predict which one is safer for patients and presents a lower risk of intraoperative awakening. Objective: To determine whether a difference exists in the variability of depth of anesthesia obtained by response entropy (RE). Methods: A crossover clinical trial was conducted on 20 healthy patients receiving upper or lower limb ambulatory orthopedic surgery. Patients were randomly assigned to (a) target-controlled infusion of propofol using the Schnider model at a target concentration of 2.5 µg/mL for 15 minutes and a 10-minute washout, followed by sevoflurane administration at 0.8 minimal alveolar concentration (MAC) for the reminder of the surgery, or (b) the reverse sequence. Differences in the variability of the depth of anesthesia using RE were evaluated using paired t-test. Results: The treatment effect showed no significant difference in the average values of RE, during TIVA = 97.23 vs BA 97.04 (P = 0.39). Carry Over (-4.98 vs 4.08) and Period (100.3 vs 94.68) effects were not significantly different. Conclusion: The present study suggests that both anesthetic techniques are equivalent in terms of the stability of the depth of anesthesia. It is important to keep testing the determinants of the efficacy of different populations because the individual behaviors of patients might ultimately tip the scale.


Resumen Introducción: La anestesia total intravenosa (TIVA, por sus siglas en inglés) y la anestesia balanceada (AB) son las técnicas anestésicas más comúnmente utilizadas. La diferencia está en la variabilidad de la profundidad de la anestesia entre estas dos técnicas, lo cual pudiera predecir cuál es más segura para los pacientes y representar un menor riesgo de despertar intraoperatorio. Objetivo: Determinar si existe alguna diferencia en la variabilidad de la profundidad de la anestesia obtenida según los índices de entropía de respuesta (ER). Métodos: Se llevó a cabo un estudio clínico cruzado en 20 pacientes sanos que se sometieron a cirugía ortopédica ambulatoria de miembros superiores o inferiores. Los pacientes se asignaron aleatoriamente así: a) infusión controlada por objetivo (TCI, por sus siglas en inglés) de propofol, utilizando el modelo Schnider a una concentración objetivo de 2,5 µg/mL durante 15 min y un período de lavado de 10 minutos, seguido de la administración de sevoflurano a 0,8 de concentración alveolar mínima (CAM) durante el tiempo restante de la cirugía; o b) la secuencia inversa. Las diferencias en la variabilidad de la profundidad de la anestesia utilizando entropía de respuesta se evaluaron utilizando la prueba t pareada. Resultados: El efecto del tratamiento no mostró ninguna diferencia significativa en los valores promedio de entropía de respuesta (ER) durante TIVA = 97,23 vs. AB 97,04 (P = 0,39). Los efectos de arrastre (-4,98 vs. 4,08) y período (100,3 vs. 94,68) no fueron significativamente diferentes. Conclusiones: El presente estudio sugiere que ambas técnicas anestésicas son equivalentes en términos de estabilidad de la profundidad de la anestesia. Es importante continuar probando los factores determinantes de eficacia en las distintas poblaciones, ya que el comportamiento individual de cada paciente pudiera finalmente inclinar la balanza.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Entropy , Intraoperative Awareness , Balanced Anesthesia , Anesthesia, Intravenous , Propofol , Epidemiologic Methods , Sevoflurane
6.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 19(2): e561, mayo.-ago. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126352

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Mantener una oxigenación adecuada durante la ventilación a un solo pulmón es el problema fundamental al que se enfrenta el anestesiólogo durante la cirugía torácica, es por ello que se mantiene una constante búsqueda del método anestésico ideal que ayude a lograr dicho objetivo. Objetivos: Evaluar los resultados de dos técnicas de anestesia total intravenosa con remifentanilo y fentanilo como base analgésica e identificar la aparición de complicaciones durante la intervención quirúrgica. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio causiexperimental prospectivo, en el Hospital Docente Clínico Quirúrgico Dr. Salvador Allende, entre enero 2013 a diciembre 2015 en 40 pacientes ASA II o III que requirieron procedimientos intratorácicos. Estos se dividieron en dos grupos. A (remifentanilo-propofol) y B (fentanilo-propofol). Se estudiaron variables hemodinámicas, de oxigenación durante la ventilación unipulmonar, el tiempo de recuperación anestésica (ventilación espontánea, apertura ocular, extubación) y la analgesia posoperatoria. Resultados: No existieron variaciones significativas en la hemodinamia, ni en la oxigenación de los enfermos con el empleo de ambas técnicas anestésicas; sin embargo, el despertar y recuperación posoperatoria a corto plazo fue mejor en el grupo A. La intensidad del dolor posoperatorio según la escala visual análoga fue menor en el grupo B. Conclusiones: Ambas técnicas son efectivas para procedimientos quirúrgicos torácicos. Con mínima interferencia en la hemodinámia y parámetros de oxigenación(AU)


Introduction: Maintaining adequate oxygenation during single-lung ventilation is a fundamental concern faced by the anesthesiologist during thoracic surgery; therefore, a constant search is maintained for the ideal anesthetic method that helps achieve this goal is maintained. Objectives: To evaluate the outcomes of two total intravenous anesthesia techniques with remifentanil and fentanyl as analgesic base and to identify the onset of complications during surgery. Methods: A prospective and quasi-experimental study was carried out at Dr. Salvador Allende Clinical-Surgical Hospital, between January 2013 and December, with 40 ASA II or III patients who required intrathoracic procedures. These were divided into two groups: A (remifentanil-propofol) and B (fentanyl-propofol). Hemodynamic variables and others of oxygenation during one-lung ventilation were studied, together with anesthetic recovery time (spontaneous ventilation, ocular opening, extubation) and postoperative analgesia. Results: There were no significant variations in the hemodynamics or oxygenation of patients with the use of both anesthetic techniques; however, awakening and short-term postoperative recovery was better in group A. Postoperative pain intensity, based on the analogue-visual scale, was lower in group B. Conclusion: Both techniques are effective for thoracic surgical procedures, with minimal effect in hemodynamics and oxygenation parameters(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Fentanyl/therapeutic use , Thoracic Surgical Procedures , One-Lung Ventilation , Anesthesia, Intravenous/methods , Prospective Studies , Remifentanil/therapeutic use , Analgesia
7.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 19(1): e560, ene.-abr. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093126

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las técnicas de administración de anestesia en cirugía torácica han experimentado gran evolución y mayor fundamento científico. La anestesia intravenosa total basada en la analgesia favorece a que el período perioperatorio transcurra sin dolor y la recuperación sin complicaciones. Objetivo: Comparar la efectividad y seguridad de dos técnicas de anestesia intravenosa total en cirugía torácica electiva con remifentanilo como base analgésica. Métodos: Estudio causiexperimental, prospectivo realizado en el Hospital Docente Clínico Quirúrgico Dr. Salvador Allende, en el período comprendido entre enero de 2013 a enero de 2015, en 45 pacientes, programados para cirugía torácica electiva, divididos en dos grupos según hipnótico utilizado. Grupo A: Propofol/Remifentanil y Grupo B: Midazolam/Remifentanil. Se evaluaron variables hemodinámicas en diferentes momentos del período intraoperatorio. Variables de oxigenación (PaO2 y SaO2) durante la ventilación unipulmonar y los tiempos de recuperación anestésica. Resultados: Predominaron los pacientes mayores de 60 años en los dos grupos, con estado físico ASA III. No hubo diferencias en la oxigenación arterial entre los grupos. Hubo disminución de la tensión arterial sistólica en el grupo A sin diferencias significativas. La recuperación de la anestesia fue significativamente más demorada en el grupo B. Conclusiones: La técnica de anestesia intravenosa total con remifentanil como base analgésica asociado a propofol resultó segura y efectiva en pacientes operados de cirugía torácica(AU)


Introduction: Anesthesia administration techniques in thoracic surgery have undergone great evolution and greater scientific foundation. Total intravenous anesthesia based on analgesia favors the perioperative period without pain and recovery without complications. Objective: To compare the effectiveness and safety of two techniques of total intravenous anesthesia in elective thoracic surgery with remifentanil as an analgesic base. Methods: Prospective and causiexperimental study carried out at Dr. Salvador Allende Clinical-Surgical Teaching Hospital, in the period from January 2013 to January 2015, with 45 patients scheduled for elective thoracic surgery, who were divided into two groups according to the hypnotic drug used. Group A: propofol/remifentanil, and group B: midazolam/remifentanil. Hemodynamic variables were evaluated at different times during the intraoperative period. Oxygenation variables (PaO2 and SaO2) during unipulmonary ventilation and anesthetic recovery times. Results: Patients older than 60 years predominated in the two groups, with a physical status of ASA III. There were no differences in arterial oxygenation between the groups. There was a decrease in systolic blood pressure in group A without significant differences. The recovery of anesthesia was significantly more delayed in group B. Conclusions: The total intravenous anesthesia technique with remifentanil as an analgesic base associated with propofol was safe and effective in patients undergoing thoracic surgery(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Thoracic Surgery/methods , Midazolam/therapeutic use , Propofol/therapeutic use , Anesthesia, Intravenous/methods , Prospective Studies , Non-Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Remifentanil/therapeutic use
8.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 19(1): e539, ene.-abr. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093131

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La esferocitosis hereditaria (ESH) es una anemia hemolítica de observación frecuente, en la cual existen defectos cualitativos o cuantitativos de algunas proteínas de la membrana eritrocitaria que llevan a la formación de hematíes de forma esférica, osmóticamente frágiles, que son atrapados de formas selectiva y destruidos en el bazo, con incidencia variable y más frecuente en pacientes con descendencia europea. Objetivo: Describir la conducta clínica y anestesiológica de un paciente pediátrico con diagnóstico de micro esferocitosis hereditaria programado de forma electiva para procedimiento quirúrgico. Desarrollo: Se presenta un caso clínico de un paciente escolar con diagnóstico de micro esferocitosis hereditaria al cual se le realizó esplenectomía total electiva convencional. Con principal signo dolor a la palpación en hipocondrio izquierdo. Se condujo con anestesia total intravenosa con buenos resultados clínicos quirúrgicos, utilizando propofol a razón de 3 mcg/mL y ketamina a 0,2 mg/mL. La estrategia estuvo basada en cinco aspectos claves: evitar la hipoxia, la hipotermia, la acidosis, reducir la pérdida de sangre, así como un correcto control del dolor postoperatorio. Asociado a lo anterior es indispensable una estrecha vigilancia ya que estos pacientes pueden manifestar crisis hemolítica y aplásica. Conclusiones: El manejo perioperatorio del paciente con esferocitosis hereditaria depende de la severidad del cuadro clínico, de la anemia y su repercusión y del grado de hemólisis. La anestesia total intravenosa es una técnica segura para el tratamiento de pacientes con esferocitosis hereditaria(AU)


Introduction: Hereditary spherocytosis (HS) is a hemolytic anemia of frequent occurrence, in which there are qualitative or quantitative defects of some erythrocyte membrane proteins that lead to the formation of sphere-shaped red blood cells, which are osmotically fragile, and that are selectively trapped and destroyed in the spleen, with variable and more frequent incidence in patients with European descent. Objective: To describe the clinical and anesthesiological behavior of a pediatric patient with a diagnosis of hereditary microspherocytosis electively programmed for a surgical procedure. Development: A clinical case of a school-age patient with a diagnosis of hereditary microspherocytosis was presented. The patient underwent conventional elective total splenectomy. Pain was as the main sign on palpation to the left hypochondrium. The case was conducted with total intravenous anesthesia, with good surgical clinical results, using propofol at a rate of 3 mcg/mL and ketamine at 0.2 mg/mL. The strategy was based on five key aspects: avoid hypoxia, hypothermia, acidosis, reduce blood loss, as well as proper control of postoperative pain. Associated with the above-mentioned, close monitoring is essential, as these patients may manifest hemolytic and aplastic crisis. Conclusions: The perioperative management of the patient with hereditary spherocytosis depends on the severity of the clinical status, the anemia and its repercussion, and the degree of hemolysis. Total intravenous anesthesia is a safe technique for the treatment of patients with hereditary spherocytosis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Spherocytosis, Hereditary/surgery , Spherocytosis, Hereditary/diagnosis , Splenectomy/methods , Anesthesia, Intravenous/methods
9.
MedUNAB ; 23(3): 450-463, 26/11/2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1141198

ABSTRACT

Introducción. En el proceso de envejecimiento, la mayoría de los sistemas orgánicos mantienen su funcionamiento basal, pero existe una reducción de la reserva funcional y de la capacidad para compensar el estrés fisiológico, lo que hace que los pacientes de mayor edad sean más propensos a complicaciones postoperatorias. Se realizó un estudio en instituciones de Bucaramanga para determinar la incidencia de déficit cognitivo postoperatorio y los factores de riesgo asociados. Metodología. Estudio observacional analítico de cohorte prospectivo realizado en instituciones de salud de Bucaramanga durante 2017 con pacientes mayores de 55 años intervenidos bajo anestesia regional, general balanceada o anestesia total intravenosa. Resultados. Se estudiaron 173 pacientes, 112 mujeres (64.74%) y 61 hombres (35.26%) operados. Las técnicas anestésicas más empleadas fueron: Regional (46.24%) y General balanceada (44.51%). La incidencia de Déficit Cognitivo Postoperatorio a corto plazo fue 6.36% en pacientes previamente sanos, con valor P significativo (0.001) ajustado. Se detectó deterioro cognitivo del 51.41% con alteraciones en los dominios de lenguaje, atención y memoria; con aumento en la evaluación a largo plazo. Durante el seguimiento de pacientes a largo plazo resultó en un 11.55%, determinando la incidencia de Déficit Cognitivo Postoperatorio tardío en un 17.91%. La técnica anestésica con mayor proporción de déficit a largo plazo fue la anestesia mixta, comparada con anestesia regional. Discusión. En la actualidad no existe una definición estandarizada de Déficit Cognitivo Postoperatorio, se ha observado mayor frecuencia y mayor prolongación en pacientes de edad avanzada. El estudio demostró una incidencia temprana significativamente menor, comparándolo con artículos internacionales, pero una incidencia mayor en déficit postoperatorio tardío, resultado de mayores complicaciones intraoperatorias, comparado con otros estudios. Conclusiones. El Déficit Cognitivo Postoperatorio involucra múltiples factores de riesgo; en el estudio se encontró mayor asociación con la edad, la escolaridad, la hipotensión y la anestesia general. No hubo asociación entre comorbilidades y el Déficit Cognitivo Postoperatorio. Se determinó la presencia de hipotensión para desarrollo de este déficit. Cómo citar: Contreras-Forero FJ, Ochoa ME, Perez M, Pinillos M, Celis L, Valencia-Guampe JS, et al. Incidencia del déficit cognitivo postoperatorio en anestesia regional y general en una institución de cuarto nivel en bucaramanga (santander, colombia) en el año 2017. MedUNAB. 2020;23(3): 450-463. Doi: https://doi.org/10.29375/01237047.3711


Introduction. Within the aging process, most organic systems maintain their basal functions. However, there is a reduction in functional reserve and the capacity to compensate physiological stress, which makes older patients more prone to postoperative complications. A study was performed in institutions in Bucaramanga to determine the incidence of postoperative cognitive dysfunction and the associated risk factors. Methodology. This was a analytical observational prospective cohort study performed in healthcare institutions in Bucaramanga in 2017 with patients older than 55 years of age under regional, balanced general or total intravenous anesthesia. Results. One hundred and seventy-three operated patients were studied, among which 112 (64.74%) were women and 61 (35.26%) were men. The most commonly used anesthetic techniques were: regional (46.24%) and balanced general (44.51%). Short-term Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction incidence was 6.36% in previously healthy patients, with an adjusted significant P value (0.001). Cognitive deterioration was detected in 51.41% of patients, with alterations in their mastery of language, attention and memory. This increased for the long-term evaluation. During long-term patient follow-up, it resulted in 11.55%, determining the incidence of delayed Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction at 17.91%. The anesthetic technique with the highest proportion of long- term dysfunction was mixed anesthesia, compared to regional anesthesia. Discussion. There is currently no standardized definition for Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction. It has been observed more frequently and for longer extensions in older patients. The study demonstrated a significantly lower early incidence when compared to international articles, but a greater incidence of delayed postoperative dysfunction as a result of more intraoperative complications compared to other studies. Conclusions. Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction involves multiple risk factors. The study observed a greater association with age, level of education, hypotension and general anesthesia. There was no association between comorbidities and Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction. The presence of hypotension was determined for developing this dysfunction. Cómo citar: Contreras-Forero FJ, Ochoa ME, Perez M, Pinillos M, Celis L, Valencia-Guampe JS, et al. Incidencia del déficit cognitivo postoperatorio en anestesia regional y general en una institución de cuarto nivel en bucaramanga (santander, colombia) en el año 2017. MedUNAB. 2020;23(3): 450-463. Doi: https://doi.org/10.29375/01237047.3711


Introdução. No processo de envelhecimento, a maioria dos sistemas orgânicos mantém seu funcionamento basal, mas há uma diminuição da reserva funcional e da capacidade de compensar o estresse fisiológico que torna os pacientes idosos mais sujeitos a complicações pós-operatórias. Foi realizado um estudo em instituições da cidade de Bucaramanga para determinar a incidência de déficit cognitivo pós-operatório e os fatores de risco associados. Métodos. Estudo observacional analítico de coorte prospectivo realizado em instituições de saúde em Bucaramanga durante o ano de 2017 em pacientes com idade superior a 65 anos operados sob anestesia regional, geral balanceada ou anestesia geral intravenosa. Resultados. Foram estudados 173 pacientes, 112 mulheres (64.74%) e 61 homens (35.26%) operados. As técnicas anestésicas mais utilizadas foram: regional (46.24%) e geral balanceada (44.51%). A incidência de déficit cognitivo pós-operatório de curto prazo foi de 6.36% em pacientes previamente saudáveis, com um valor P significativo (0.001) ajustado. Detectou- se deterioração cognitiva de 51.41% com alterações nos domínios da linguagem, atenção e memória; com aumento na avaliação de longo prazo. No seguimento a longo prazo dos pacientes resultou em 11.55%, determinando a incidência de déficit cognitivo pós-operatório tardio em 17.91%. A técnica anestésica com maior proporção de déficit no longo prazo foi a anestesia mista, em comparação com a anestesia regional. Discussão. Atualmente não existe uma definição padronizada de Déficit Cognitivo Pós-operatório, a qual observa-se com maior frequência e por mais tempo em pacientes idosos. O estudo demonstrou incidência precoce significativamente menor, em comparação com resultados de artigos internacionais, mas maior incidência de déficit pós-operatório tardio, resultado de maiores complicações intraoperatórias, em comparação com outros estudos. Conclusões. O Déficit Cognitivo Pós-operatório envolve múltiplos fatores de risco; o estudo encontrou maior associação com idade, escolaridade, hipotensão e anestesia geral. Não houve associação entre comorbidades e Déficit Cognitivo Pós-operatório. Determinou-se a presença de hipotensão para o desenvolvimento desse déficit. Cómo citar: Contreras-Forero FJ, Ochoa ME, Perez M, Pinillos M, Celis L, Valencia-Guampe JS, et al. Incidencia del déficit cognitivo postoperatorio en anestesia regional y general en una institución de cuarto nivel en bucaramanga (santander, colombia) en el año 2017. MedUNAB. 2020;23(3): 450-463. Doi: https://doi.org/10.29375/01237047.3711


Subject(s)
Postoperative Cognitive Complications , Incidence , Balanced Anesthesia , Cognitive Dysfunction , Anesthesia, General , Anesthesia, Intravenous
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880601

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Bispectral index (BIS) can reflect the depth of propofol sedation. This study aims to compare the anesthetic satisfaction, anesthetic dose, and hemodynamic changes between closed-loop target controlled infusion (CLTCI) and open-loop target controlled infusion (OLTCI) during abdominal surgery.@*METHODS@#From December 2016 to December 2018, 70 patients undergoing abdominal surgery under general anesthesia were selected in Beijing Hospital, including 51 males and 19 females, at the age from 49 to 65 years old. They were classified as grade I-II by the American Society of anesthesiologists (ASA) and were randomly divided into the CLTCI group and the OLTCI group (@*RESULTS@#In the induction stage, the percentage of adequate anesthesia time in the CLTCI group was higher than that in the OLTCI group, and the percentage of deep anesthesia time in the CLTCI group was significantly lower than that in the OLTCI group (both @*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with propofol OLTCI, anesthesia with propofol CLTCI under BIS guidance can maintain a more appropriate depth of anesthesia sedation and more stable hemodynamics.


Subject(s)
Abdomen/surgery , Aged , Anesthesia, General , Anesthesia, Intravenous , Anesthetics, Intravenous , Electroencephalography , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Propofol , Remifentanil , Surgical Procedures, Operative
11.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(6): 1846-1852, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | ID: biblio-1055133

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate comparatively the effects of propofol or isoflurane on hemodynamic variables in piglets that received inspired oxygen fraction (FIO2) of 0.5 under spontaneous ventilation. Therefore, sixteen piglets weighing 16±1.1kg, were randomly divided into two groups: GI (Isoflurane and FIO2 of 0.5) and GP (Propofol and FIO2 of 0.5). Heart rate (HR), systolic, diastolic and mean arterial pressure (SAP, DAP and MAP), central venous pressure (CVP), cardiac output (CO), mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) and mean capillary pulmonary pressure (mCPP) were assessed 40 minutes after anesthetic induction (T0), followed by 15 minutes intervals (from T15 to T60). The variables cardiac index (CI), stroke volume (SV), stroke index (SI), total peripheral resistance (TPR), total peripheral resistance index (TPRI), pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR), and pulmonary vascular resistance index (PVRI) were calculated. SAP and TPRI were significantly different between groups at T30 and T60 (P< 0.05) with higher GP values being recorded. There were no differences in the other variables, however, GP presented mean closer to normality on most of the analyzed variables. Therefore, we conclude that total intravenous anesthesia with propofol presented greater stability of the hemodynamic variables evaluated.(AU)


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar comparativamente os efeitos do propofol ou do isoflurano sobre as variáveis hemodinâmicas em leitões que receberam fração inspirada de oxigênio (FIO2) de 0,5 sob ventilação espontânea. Dezesseis leitões, pesando 16±1,1kg, foram divididos aleatoriamente em dois grupos: GI (isoflurano e FIO2 de 0,5) e GP (propofol e FIO2 de 0,5). A frequência cardíaca (FC), a pressão arterial sistólica, a diastólica e a média (PAS, PAD e PAM), a pressão venosa central (PVC), o débito cardíaco (DC),a pressão média da artéria pulmonar (PAPm) e a pressão média capilar pulmonar (PCPm) foram avaliados 40 minutos após a indução anestésica (T0), seguida por intervalos de 15 minutos (de T15 a T60). As variáveis índice cardíaco (IC), volume sistólico (VS), índice sistólico (SI), resistência periférica total (RPT), índice de resistência periférica total (IRPT), resistência vascular pulmonar (RVP) e índice de resistência vascular pulmonar (IRVP) foram calculadas. PAS e IRPT foram significativamente diferentes entre os grupos em T30 e T60 (P<0,05) com maiores valores de GP sendo registrados. Não houve diferenças nas demais variáveis, entretanto o GP apresentou médias próximas da normalidade na maioria das variáveis analisadas. Portanto, concluiu-se que a anestesia intravenosa total com propofol apresentou maior estabilidade das variáveis hemodinâmicas avaliadas.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Swine/blood , Propofol/administration & dosage , Hemodynamics , Isoflurane/administration & dosage , Anesthetics, Inhalation , Heart Rate , Anesthesia, Intravenous
12.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 18(2): e494, mayo.-ago. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093104

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La anestesia total intravenosa se caracteriza por estabilidad hemodinámica, profundidad anestésica, recuperación rápida y predecible, menor cantidad de medicamentos y menor toxicidad. Objetivo: Describir los resultados de la anestesia total intravenosa en cirugía oncológica de mama. Método: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, longitudinal en el Hospital Clínico Quirúrgico Hermanos Ameijeiras, entre enero de 2016 a diciembre 2016, en 100 pacientes a las que se les administró anestesia total intravenosa con midazolam y fentanilo para proceder quirúrgico oncológico de mama. En ellas se determinó la repercusión hemodinámica, el nivel de sedación, analgesia, la recuperación y complicaciones. Resultados: La media de la edad de las pacientes fue 58,99 ± 12,5 años. De las pacientes en estudio 92 por ciento no presentó signos clínicos de superficialidad. Solo 21 pacientes presentaron complicaciones. Las variaciones de la tensión arterial fueron las más frecuentes (16 por ciento), seguidas de la bradicardia o taquicardia en solo cuatro casos. De forma inmediata se recuperó 74 por ciento de los casos y 26 por ciento restante lo hizo de manera mediata. El nivel de sedación fue adecuado en 50 por ciento y excesivo en 4 por ciento. Del total de los casos, 99 por ciento experimentaron respuesta analgésica sin dolor. Conclusiones: Los resultados del uso de anestesia total intravenosa fueron buenos, con adecuada respuesta analgésica y escasas complicaciones(AU)


Introduction: Total intravenous anesthesia is characterized by hemodynamic stability, anesthetic depth, rapid and predictable recovery, less medication and less toxicity. Objective: To describe the outcomes of total intravenous anesthesia in breast cancer surgery. Method: A descriptive, longitudinal study was carried out in Hermanos Ameijeiras Clinical-Surgical Hospital, from January 2016 to December 2016, in 100 patients who were administered total intravenous anesthesia with midazolam and fentanyl for breast oncology surgery. The patients were determined hemodynamic repercussion, the level of sedation, analgesia, recovery and complications. Results: The mean age of the patients was 58.99±12.5 years. Among the patients under study, 92 percent did not present clinical signs of superficiality. Only 21 patients presented complications. Variations in blood pressure were the most frequent (16 percent), followed by bradycardia or tachycardia in only four cases. Immediately, 74 percent of the cases were recovered and the remaining 26 percent did so timely. The level of sedation was adequate in 50 percent and excessive in 4 percent. Among the total number of cases, 99 percent experienced analgesic response without pain. Conclusions: The outcomes of total intravenous anesthesia usage were good, with adequate analgesic response and few complications(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Anesthesia, Intravenous/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
13.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(4): 327-334, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042000

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Postoperative pain represents an important concern when remifentanil is used for total intravenous anesthesia because of its ultrashort half-life. Longer acting opioids, such as sufentanil, have been used during induction of remifentanil-based total intravenous anesthesia as a means to overcome this shortcoming. However, the effectiveness and safety of such strategy still lacks evidence from randomized clinical trials. Hence, we aimed to assess the postoperative analgesic efficacy and safety of a single dose of sufentanil administered during the induction of remifentanil-based total intravenous anesthesia. Methods Forty patients, scheduled for elective open abdominal surgery, were randomized to receive remifentanil-based total intravenous anesthesia with or without a single dose of sufentanil upon induction. We assessed the postoperative morphine consumption administered through a patient-controlled analgesia pump. Self-reported pain scores and the occurrence of nausea, vomiting, pruritus, agitation, somnolence and respiratory depression were also assessed up to 2 days after surgery. Results The mean difference between the sufentanil and control groups regarding morphine consumption in the post-anesthetic care unit and at 12, 24 and 48 h after surgery were -7.2 mg (95%CI: -12.5 to -2.1, p < 0.001), -3.9 mg (95%CI: -11.9 to 4.7, p = 0.26), -0.6 mg (95%CI: (-12.7 to 12.7, p = 0.80), and -1.8 mg (95%CI: (-11.6 to 15.6, p = 0.94), respectively. Neither self-reported pain nor the incidence of adverse events were significantly different between groups at any time point. Conclusion Our findings suggest that the administration of sufentanil during induction of remifentanil-based total intravenous anesthesia is associated with decreased early postoperative opioid consumption.


Resumo Justificativa A dor pós-operatória é uma grande preocupação quando o remifentanil é usado para anestesia intravenosa total devido à sua meia-vida ultracurta. Os opioides de ação mais longa, como o sufentanil, têm sido usados durante a indução de anestesia intravenosa total à base de remifentanil como um meio de superar essa deficiência. Porém, a eficácia e segurança de tal estratégia ainda precisam de evidências advindas de ensaios clínicos randômicos. Portanto, objetivamos avaliar a eficácia analgésica e a segurança pós-operatória de uma dose única de sufentanil administrada durante a indução de anestesia intravenosa total à base de remifentanil. Métodos Quarenta pacientes eletivamente agendados para cirurgia abdominal aberta foram randomizados para receber anestesia intravenosa total à base de remifentanil, com ou sem uma dose única de sufentanil, após a indução da anestesia. Avaliamos o consumo de morfina no pós-operatório, administrado através de uma bomba de analgesia controlada pelo paciente. Os escores de dor autorrelatados e a ocorrência de náusea, vômito, prurido, agitação, sonolência e depressão respiratória também foram avaliados até dois dias após a cirurgia. Resultados A diferença média entre os grupos sufentanil e controle em relação ao consumo de morfina em sala de recuperação pós-anestesia e após 12, 24 e 48 horas da cirurgia foi de -7,2 mg (IC 95%: -12,5 a -2,1, p < 0,001), -3,9 mg (IC 95%: -11,9 a 4,7, p = 0,26), -0,6 mg (IC 95%: (-12,7 a 12,7, p = 0,80) e -1,8 mg (IC 95%: -11,6 para 15,6, p = 0,94), respectivamente. Não houve diferença significativa tanto nos escores de dor autorrelatados, quanto na incidência de eventos adversos entre os grupos. Conclusão Nossos achados sugerem que a administração de sufentanil durante a indução de anestesia intravenosa total à base de remifentanil está associada à redução do consumo de opioides no pós-operatório imediato.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Sufentanil/administration & dosage , Remifentanil/administration & dosage , Analgesics, Opioid/administration & dosage , Anesthesia, Intravenous/methods , Time Factors , Double-Blind Method , Analgesia, Patient-Controlled/statistics & numerical data , Sufentanil/adverse effects , Remifentanil/adverse effects , Middle Aged , Morphine/administration & dosage
14.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 39(4): 271-277, Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | ID: biblio-1002810

ABSTRACT

Dissociative anesthesia results in stressful and long recovery periods in monkeys and use of injectable anesthetics in medical research has to be refined. Propofol has promoted more pleasure wake up from anesthesia. The objectives of this study were to investigate the use of intravenous anesthetic propofol, establishing the required infusion rate to maintain surgical anesthetic level and comparing it to tiletamine-zolazepam anesthesia in Sapajus apella. Eight healthy capuchin monkeys, premedicated with midazolam and meperidine, were anesthetized with propofol (PRO) or tiletamine-zolazepam (TZ) during 60 minutes. Propofol was infused continually and rate was titrated to effect and tiletamine-zolazepam was given at 5mg/kg IV bolus initially and repeated at 2.5mg/kg IV bolus as required. Cardiopulmonary parameters, arterial blood gases, cortisol, lactate and quality and times to recovery were determined. Recovery quality was superior in PRO. Ventral recumbency (PRO = 43.0±21.4 vs TZ = 219.3±139.7 min) and normal ambulation (PRO = 93±27.1 vs TZ = 493.7±47.8 min) were faster in PRO (p<0.05). Cardiopulmonary effects did not have marked differences between groups. Median for induction doses of propofol was 5.9mg/kg, varying from 4.7 to 6.7mg/kg, Mean infusion rate was 0.37±0.11mg/kg/min, varying during the one-hour period. In TZ, two animals required three and five extra doses. Compared to tiletamine-zolazepam, minor post-anesthetic adverse events should be expected with propofol anesthesia due to the faster and superior anesthetic recovery. (AU)


A anestesia dissociativa em primatas resulta em recuperação anestésica lenta e estressante, e, portanto, o uso de anestesia injetável em pesquisas médicas precisa ser refinado. Por outro lado, o propofol promove recuperação mais suave. Os objetivos desse estudo foram investigar o uso do anestésico intravenoso propofol, estabelecer a taxa de infusão contínua necessária para manter anestesia cirúrgica, e comparar tal técnica com a dissociativa tiletamina-zolazepam em Sapajus apella. Oito macacos-prego saudáveis foram pré-medicados com midazolam e meperidina, e posteriormente anestesiados com propofol (PRO) ou tiletamina-zolazepam (TZ) durante 60 minutos. O propofol foi administrado em infusão contínua, e a taxa foi titulada ao efeito, já a tiletamina-zolazepam foi administrada em 5mg/kg IV como bolus inicial, e repiques de 2,5mg/kg IV conforme necessário. Os parâmetros cardiopulmonares, hemogasometria arterial, cortisol, e lactato, além da qualidade e duração da recuperação anestésica foram determinados. A qualidade da recuperação anestésica foi superior em PRO. O tempo para atingir decúbito ventral (PRO = 43,0±21,4 vs TZ = 219,3±139,7 min) e ambulação normal (PRO = 93±27,1 vs TZ = 493,7±47,8 min) foram mais rápidos em PRO (p<0,05). As variáveis cardiopulmonares não diferiram entre os grupos. A mediana para dose de indução com propofol foi de 5,9mg/kg, variando de 4,7 a 6,7mg/kg. A taxa de infusão contínua média de propofol foi de 0,37±0,11mg/kg/min, variando ao longo dos 60 minutos. Em TZ, dois animais necessitaram de três e cinco repiques. Comparado à tiletamina-zolazepam, menos efeitos adversos pós-anestésicos devem ser esperados com o propofol, devido à recuperação mais suave e rápida.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Anesthesia Recovery Period , Cebus/surgery , Anesthesia, Intravenous/methods , Anesthesia, Intravenous/veterinary , Tiletamine/administration & dosage , Zolazepam/administration & dosage , Propofol/administration & dosage
15.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 39(3): 214-220, Mar. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | ID: biblio-1002798

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to evaluate the quality and recovery from anesthesia promoted by the tiletamine-zolazepam (TZ) combination administered intravenously (IV) continuously in bitches pre-medicated with acepromazine. Eight cross-bred, clinically healthy bitches weighing 13.7 ±1.9kg on average were used in this study. After a food fast of 12 h and a water fast of four hours, the animals were treated with acepromazine (0.1mg/kg, intramuscular) and, after 15 minutes, anesthesia was induced with a combination of tiletamine-zolazepam (2mg/kg, IV) immediately followed by continuous IV infusion thereof at a dose of 2mg/kg/h for 60 min. The following parameters were measured in all animals immediately before administration of acepromazine (M15), immediately before anesthetic induction (M0), and at 5, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, and 60 min after initiation of continuous infusion (M5, M10, M20, M30, M40, M50, and M60): electrocardiography (ECG), heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP), respiratory rate (RR), body temperature (BT), and arterial hemogasometry, with the last performed only at experimental times M15, M0, M30, and M60. A subcutaneous electrical stimulator was used to evaluate the degree of analgesia. Myorelaxation and quality of anesthetic recovery were also assessed, classifying these parameters as excellent, good, and poor. Anesthetic recovery time was recorded in minutes. HR increased significantly at time M10 in relation to that at M-15, and at times M5, M10, M40, and M50 in relation to that at M0. MAP decreased significantly at M20 and M30 compared with the baseline. BT decreased significantly at M50 compared with that at M0, but no hypothermia was observed. RR showed significant reduction at M5, M10, and M20 in relation to that at M-15, and at M5 and M10 in relation to that at M0, and bradypnoea was observed during the first 20 min after anesthetic induction. Significant decreases in the PR interval at times M10, M40, and M50 were observed in relation to that at M15. Amplitude of the R wave showed significant decrease at M20 compared with that at M-15. In the other ECG parameters, no significant difference was observed between the times evaluated. Hemogasometric parameters and analgesia did not show significant alterations. Myorelaxation and quality of anesthetic recovery were considered excellent. Recovery time was 15.1±7.7 min for positioning of sternal decubitus and 45.5±23.1 minutes for return of ambulation. Continuous IV administration of TZ combination does not produce satisfactory analgesia and does not cause severe cardiorespiratory and hemogasometric effects in bitches pre-medicated with acepromazine.(AU)


Objetivou-se avaliar a qualidade e a recuperação da anestesia promovida pela associação tiletamina-zolazepam, administrada por via intravenosa (IV) contínua, em cadelas pré-medicadas com acepromazina. Foram utilizadas oito cadelas, sem raças definidas, clinicamente sadias, pesando em média 13,7±1,9kg. Após jejum alimentar de 12 horas e hídrico de quatro horas, os animais foram medicados com acepromazina (0,1mg/kg, via intramuscular) e, após 15 minutos, a anestesia foi induzida com a associação tiletamina-zolazepam (2mg/kg, IV) seguida imediatamente pela infusão IV contínua da mesma, na dose de 2mg/kg/h, durante 60 minutos. Os parâmetros que foram mensurados em todos os animais, imediatamente antes da administração da acepromazina (M-15), imediatamente antes da indução anestésica (M0) e, aos 5, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 e 60 minutos após o início da infusão contínua (M5, M10, M20, M30, M40, M50 e M60) foram os seguintes: eletrocardiografia (ECG), frequência cardíaca (FC), pressão arterial média (PAM), frequência respiratória (f), temperatura corpórea (TC) e hemogasometria arterial, esta sendo realizada apenas nos momentos M-15, M0, M30 e M60. Para avaliação do grau de analgesia foi empregado um estimulador elétrico subcutâneo. Também se avaliou o miorrelaxamento e a qualidade da recuperação anestésica, classificando estes parâmetros em: excelente, bom e ruim. O tempo de recuperação anestésica foi registrado em minutos. A FC aumentou significativamente no momento M10 em relação ao M-15, e nos momentos M5, M10, M40 e M50 em relação ao M0. A PAM diminuiu significativamente em M20 e M30 em comparação ao valor basal. A TC diminuiu significativamente em M50 em comparação ao M0, mas não foi observada hipotermia. A f apresentou uma redução significativa nos momentos M5, M10 e M20 em relação ao M-15, e em M5 e M10 em relação ao M0, sendo observado bradipneia durante os primeiros 20 minutos após a indução anestésica. Foram observadas diminuições significativas do intervalo PR nos momentos M10, M40 e M50, em relação ao M-15. A amplitude da onda R apresentou diminuição significativa em M20 em comparação ao M-15. Nos demais parâmetros da ECG não houve diferença significativa entre os momentos avaliados. Os parâmetros hemogasométricos e a analgesia não apresentaram alterações significativas. O miorrelaxamento e a qualidade da recuperação anestésica foram considerados excelentes. O período de recuperação foi de 15,1±7,7 minutos para posicionamento do decúbito esternal e 45,5±23,1 minutos para retorno da deambulação. A administração intravenosa contínua de tiletamina-zolazepam não produz analgesia satisfatória e não causa efeitos cardiorrespiratórios e hemogasométricos severos, em cadelas pré-tratadas com acepromazina.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Dogs , Tiletamine/pharmacology , Zolazepam/pharmacology , Anesthesia Recovery Period , Respiratory Rate/drug effects , Heart Rate/drug effects , Adjuvants, Anesthesia , Anesthesia, Intravenous/veterinary , Acepromazine/pharmacology
16.
Biomedical Engineering Letters ; (4): 127-144, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762999

ABSTRACT

Anesthetic agent propofol needs to be administered at an appropriate rate to prevent hypotension and postoperative adverse reactions. To comprehend more suitable anesthetic drug rate during surgery is a crucial aspect. The main objective of this proposal is to design robust automated control system that work effi ciently in most of the patients with smooth BIS and minimum variations of propofol during surgery to avoid adverse post reactions and instability of anesthetic parameters. And also, to design advanced computer control system that improves the health of patient with short recovery time and less clinical expenditures. Unlike existing research work, this system administrates propofol as a hypnotic drug to regulate BIS, with fast bolus infusion in induction phase and slow continuous infusion in maintenance phase of anesthesia. The novelty of the paper lies in possibility to simplify the drug sensitivity-based adaption with infusion delay approach to achieve closedloop control of hypnosis during surgery. Proposed work uses a brain concentration as a feedback signal in place of the BIS signal. Regression model based estimated sensitivity parameters are used for adaption to avoid BIS signal based frequent adaption procedure and large off set error. Adaptive smith predictor with lead–lag fi lter approach is applied on 22 diff erent patients' model identifi ed by actual clinical data. The actual BIS and propofol infusion signals recorded during clinical trials were used to estimate patient's sensitivity parameters EC50 and λ. Simulation results indicate that patient's drug sensitivity parameters based adaptive strategy facilitates optimal controller performance in most of the patients. Results are obtained with proposed scheme having less settling time, BIS oscillations and small off set error leads to adequate depth of anesthesia. A comparison with manual control mode and previously reported system shows that proposed system achieves reduction in the total variations of the propofol dose. Proposed adaptive scheme provides better performance with less oscillation in spite of computation delay, surgical stimulations and patient variability. Proposed scheme also provides improvement in robustness and may be suitable for clinical practices.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia , Anesthesia, Intravenous , Automation , Brain , Health Expenditures , Humans , Hypnosis , Hypotension , Propofol
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762270

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Stroke volume variation (SVV) is based on cyclic changes of intrathoracic pressure during respiratory cycle. Thoracotomy and one-lung ventilation (OLV) can lead to changes in airway and intrathoracic pressure. The aim of this study was to determine whether thoracotomy and converting from two lung ventilation to OLV could affect SVV values. METHODS: Thirty patients who were scheduled for pulmonary lobectomy or pneumonectomy requiring OLV were enrolled. Induction and maintenance of anesthesia were performed with propofol and remifentanil via total intravenous anesthesia. Hemodynamic variables including mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), cardiac index (CI), and SVV were measured at intervals of 1 min for 10 min after thoracotomy and OLV, respectively. RESULTS: MAP and HR increased from baseline at intervals between 3 and 10 min and between 4 and 10 min after thoracotomy, respectively (P < 0.001). CI increased between 4 and 10 min (P < 0.001). SVV did not change for 10 min after thoracotomy. After OLV, MAP decreased between 4 and 10 min (P = 0.112). SVV was the highest at 1 min after OLV. It returned to the baseline value at 7 min (P < 0.001). CI decreased between 8 and 10 min after OLV (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: SVV can increase after OLV temporarily. Transient increase of SVV may be considered when fluid responsiveness is predicted by SVV during early period after OLV.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia , Anesthesia, Intravenous , Arterial Pressure , Heart Rate , Hemodynamics , Humans , Lung , One-Lung Ventilation , Pneumonectomy , Propofol , Stroke Volume , Stroke , Thoracotomy , Ventilation
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761852

ABSTRACT

A male patient weighing 2.5 kg was admitted for respiratory difficulty, and a large ventricular septal defect (VSD) was diagnosed. During care, sudden right leg swelling with a femur shaft fracture occurred. The patient's father had a history of recurrent lower extremity fractures; thus, osteogenesis imperfecta was considered. The patient's respiratory difficulty became aggravated, and VSD repair in the neonatal period was therefore performed with gentle sternal traction and great vessel manipulation under total intravenous anesthesia to prevent malignant hyperthermia. The patient was discharged without notable problems, except minor wound dehiscence. Outpatient genetic testing revealed that the patient had a COL1A1/COL1A2 mutation.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia, Intravenous , Fathers , Femur , Genetic Testing , Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Leg , Lower Extremity , Male , Malignant Hyperthermia , Osteogenesis Imperfecta , Osteogenesis , Outpatients , Thoracic Surgery , Traction , Wounds and Injuries
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785371

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Elevated intracranial pressure (ICP), a disadvantage of laparoscopic or robotic surgery, is caused by the steep angle of the Trendelenburg position and the CO₂ pneumoperitoneum. Recently, sonographically measured optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) was suggested as a simple and non-invasive method for detecting increased ICP. This study aimed to explore the changes in ONSD in relation to different anesthetic agents used in gynecologic surgery.METHODS: Fifty patients were randomly allocated to two groups, sevoflurane (group SEV, n = 25) and propofol-based total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) group (group TIVA, n = 25). The ONSD was measured at five time points (T0–T4): T0 was measured 5 min after induction of anesthesia in the supine position; T1, T2, and T3 were measured at 5, 15, and 30 min after CO₂ pneumoperitoneum induction in the Trendelenburg position; and T4 was measured at 5 min after discontinuation of CO₂ pneumoperitoneum in the supine position. Respiratory and hemodynamic variables were also recorded.RESULTS: The intra-group changes in mean ONSD in the Trendelenburg position were significantly increased in both groups. However, inter-group changes in mean ONSD were not significantly different at T0, T1, T2, T3, and T4. Heart rates in group TIVA were significantly lower than those in group SEV at points T1–T4.CONCLUSIONS: There was no significant difference in the ONSD between the two groups until 30 min into the gynecologic surgery with CO₂ pneumoperitoneum in the Trendelenburg position. This study suggests that there is no difference in the ONSD between the two anesthetic methods.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia , Anesthesia, Intravenous , Anesthetics , Female , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures , Head-Down Tilt , Heart Rate , Hemodynamics , Humans , Intracranial Hypertension , Methods , Optic Nerve , Pneumoperitoneum , Propofol , Supine Position , Ultrasonography
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785367

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The selection of anesthetic agents is important in mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) syndrome patient because serious and unexpected complications can occur after anesthetic exposure.CASE: A 30-year-old man with MELAS syndrome and sepsis underwent colectomy. Propofol was administered by step-wise until target effect-site concentration (Ce) 1.0 µg/ml and stopped for the loss of consciousness and to avoid hemodynamic instability. After the loss of consciousness, total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) using dexmedetomidine (1.0 µg/ml/h) and remifentanil (1–4 ng/ml of Ce) was performed for the maintenance of anesthesia to avoid malignant hyperthermia and mitochondrial dysfunction. During the surgery, the bispectral index score stayed between 26 and 44, and increased to 97 after the end of anesthesia.CONCLUSIONS: TIVA with dexmedetomidine and remifentanil as non-triggering anesthetic agents in patients with MELAS syndrome and systemic sepsis may have advantages to decrease damages associated with mitochondrial stress and metabolic burden.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anesthesia , Anesthesia, Intravenous , Anesthetics , Colectomy , Dexmedetomidine , Hemodynamics , Humans , Malignant Hyperthermia , MELAS Syndrome , Propofol , Sepsis , Unconsciousness
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