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1.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(3): e400, July-Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280181

ABSTRACT

Abstract Several findings paved the way to the use of the spinal approach for anesthesia. Information about the originators and dates of their discoveries is controversial. According to personal communications, doctors Juan Bautista Montoya y Flórez, in Medellín, and Lisandro Leyva, in Bogotá, in 1904 and 1905 respectively, would appear to be the pioneers of spinal anesthesia in Colombia. Pioneering cases of this procedure carried out in 1901 by doctor Juan Evangelista Manrique and which continued to be performed by his colleagues and assistants of the medical community at the time are documented in the Corporis Fabrica dissertation collection of the National University of Colombia.


Resumen Son varios los hallazgos que contribuyeron al abordaje de la columna vertebral como vía para la administración de anestesia. Los autores y las fechas de tales descubrimientos han sido controvertidos. En Colombia, según fuentes orales, los doctores Juan Bautista Montoya y Flórez, en Medellín, y Lisandro Leyva, en Bogotá, en 1904 y 1905 respectivamente, serían los pioneros de la anestesia raquídea en Colombia. En las tesis de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Nacional, Colección Corporis Fabrica, se documentan los casos pioneros de este procedimiento realizados en 1901, por el doctor Juan Evangelista Manrique y continuados enseguida por sus colegas y ayudantes de la comunidad médica de ese entonces.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anesthesia , Anesthesia, Spinal/history , Anesthetics, Local , Schools, Medical , Spine , Methods
2.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 20(2): e691, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289356

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La trombofilia es un desorden de la hemostasia congénito o adquirido que predispone al desarrollo de trombosis. Las trombofilias congénitas más frecuentes son las deficiencias de antitrombina III, proteína C y proteína S, el factor V Leiden, la mutación del gen de la protrombina (G20210A) y las mutaciones de la enzima metilentetrahidrofolato reductasa (MTHFR). Objetivo: Describir el manejo anestésico en un paciente portador de trombofilia congénita. Presentación del caso: Se reporta un paciente de 19 años de edad con antecedentes de historia familiar y personal de trombosis venosa profunda, tratamiento con doble antiagregación plaquetaria y asociación de tres mutaciones para trombofilia congénita, G20210A, A1298C MTHFR y C677T MTHFR que recibe anestesia espinal para una herniorrafia inguinal. Se mantiene tratamiento con aspirina, se suspende clopidogrel 7 días antes de la cirugía y durante ese tiempo se administra fraxiparina 0.6 Uds. subcutánea diarias hasta 12 h antes de la cirugía, se utiliza medias elásticas, deambulación precoz y reinicio de clopidogrel 24 h después de la cirugía, con evolución satisfactoria. Conclusiones: La tromboprofilaxis en pacientes portadores de trombofilia congénita es mandatoria, por eso resulta determinante la utilización de heparina de bajo peso molecular junto al resto de las medidas de prevención de la trombosis venosa profunda(AU)


Introduction: Thrombophilia is a congenital or acquired hemostasis disorder that predisposes to thrombosis development. The commonest congenital thrombophilias are deficiencies of antithrombin III, protein C and protein S, factor V Leiden, prothrombin gene mutation (G20210A), and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) mutations. Objective: To describe the anesthetic management in a patient with congenital thrombophilia. Case presentation: The case is reported of a 19-year-old patient with a family and personal history of deep-vein thrombosis, treatment with double antiplatelet therapy and association of three mutations for congenital thrombophilia (G20210A, A1298C MTHFR and C677T MTHFR), who receives spinal anesthesia for an inguinal herniorrhaphy. Aspirin treatment is maintained. Clopidogrel is suspended seven days before surgery. During this time, fraxiparin is administered subcutaneously in 0.6-mL units daily, up to twelve hours before surgery. Elastic stockings are used, early ambulation is allowed, and clopidogrel is restarted 24 hours after surgery, with satisfactory evolution. Conclusions: Thromboprophylaxis in patients with congenital thrombophilia is mandatory, a reason why the use of low-molecular-weight heparin, together with the rest of the prevention measures against deep-vein thrombosis, is decisive(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Venous Thrombosis , Anesthesia, Spinal , Antithrombin III , Early Ambulation , Stockings, Compression
3.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(1): 32-38, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155805

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The delayed extubation of patients undergoing mechanical ventilation (MV) in the postoperative period of cardiac surgery (CS) is associated with mortality. The adoption of spinal anesthesia (SA) combined with general anesthesia in CS influences the orotracheal intubation time (OIT). This study aims to verify if the adoption of SA reduces the time of MV after CS, compared to general anesthesia (GA) alone. Methods: Two hundred and seventeen CS patients were divided into two groups. The GA group included 108 patients (age: 56±1 years, 66 males) and the SA group included 109 patients (age: 60±13 years, 55 males). Patients were weaned from MV and, after clinical evaluation, extubated. Results: In the SA group, considering a 13-month period, 24% of the patients were extubated in the operating room (OR), compared to 10% in the GA group (P=0.00). The OIT was lower in the SA group than in the GA group (SA: 4.4±5.9 hours vs. GA: 6.0±5.6 hours, P=0.04). In July/2017, where all surgeries were performed in the GA regimen, only 7.1% of the patients were extubated in the OR. In July/2018, 94% of the surgeries were performed under SA, and 64.7% of the patients were extubated in the OR (P=0.00). The OIT on arrival at the intensive care unit to extubation, comparing July/2017 to July/2018, was 5.3±5.3 hours in the GA group vs. 1.7±3.9 hours in the SA group (P=0.04). Conclusion: The adoption of SA in CS increased the frequency of extubations in the OR and decreased OIT and MV time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Cardiac Surgical Procedures , Anesthesia, Spinal , Operating Rooms , Respiration, Artificial , Time Factors , Retrospective Studies , Airway Extubation
4.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202633, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155374

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to compare the use of 0.5% alcoholic chlorhexidine and 70% alcohol in skin antisepsis for neuraxial blocks. Method: this is a non-inferiority randomized clinical trial, with two parallel arms. Seventy patients who were candidates for neuraxial block were randomly allocated to group A (n = 35), in whom antisepsis was performed with 0.5% alcoholic chlorhexidine, or to group B (n = 35), in whom we used 70% hydrated ethyl alcohol. Swabs were harvested for culture at three times: before antisepsis, two minutes after application of the antiseptic, and immediately after puncture. The samples were sown in three culture media and the number of colony forming units (CFU) per cm² was counted. Results: there was no difference between the groups regarding age, sex, body mass index, time to perform the block or type of block. There were no differences between groups in the CFU/cm² counts before antisepsis. There was less bacterial growth in group B two minutes after application of the antiseptic (p = 0.048), but there was no difference between the groups regarding the number of CFU/cm² at the end of the puncture. Conclusion: 70% alcohol was more effective in reducing the number of CFU/cm² after two minutes, and there was no difference between the two groups regarding skin colonization at the end of the procedure. These results suggest that 70% alcohol may be an option for skin antisepsis before neuraxial blocks. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02833376.


RESUMO Objetivo: comparar o uso de solução alcoólica de clorexidina 0,5% e de álcool 70% na antissepsia da pele para bloqueios do neuroeixo. Método: ensaio clínico randomizado de não inferioridade, com dois braços paralelos. Foram selecionados 70 pacientes candidatos à bloqueio do neuroeixo, randomicamente alocados para o grupo A (n=35), em que a antissepsia foi realizada com clorexidina alcoólica 0,5%, ou para o grupo B (n=35), em que se utilizou álcool etílico hidratado 70%. Foram coletadas, com swab, amostras para cultura em três momentos: antes da antissepsia, dois minutos após aplicação do antisséptico, e imediatamente após a punção. As amostras foram semeadas em três meios de cultura e foi contabilizado o número de unidades formadoras de colônias (UFC) por cm². Resultados: não houve diferença entre os grupos quanto à idade, ao sexo, ao índice de massa corporal, ao tempo para realização do bloqueio ou tipo de bloqueio. Também não houve diferenças entre os grupos na contagem de UFC/cm² antes da antissepsia. Constatou-se menor crescimento bacteriano no grupo B dois minutos após aplicação do antisséptico (p=0,048), mas não houve diferença entre os grupos quanto ao número de UFC/cm² ao final da punção. Conclusão: o álcool 70% mostrou-se mais efetivo em reduzir o número de UFC/cm² após dois minutos, e não houve diferença entre os dois grupos quanto à colonização da pele ao final do procedimento. Esses resultados sugerem que o álcool 70% pode ser opção para antissepsia da pele antes de bloqueios do neuroeixo. Registro ensaio clínico: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02833376.


Subject(s)
Humans , Skin/microbiology , Surgical Wound Infection/prevention & control , Chlorhexidine/pharmacology , Antisepsis/methods , Ethanol/pharmacology , Anti-Infective Agents, Local/pharmacology , Ethanol/administration & dosage , Anesthesia, Epidural , Anesthesia, Spinal , Anti-Infective Agents, Local/administration & dosage
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1043-1051, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878147

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Hypotension is a common complication caused by spinal anesthesia (SA), which may have adverse impacts on the condition of the parturient and fetus. Liquid infusion was found to be relatively effective for reducing the incidence of hypotension. However, the question of whether colloid preload can optimize hemodynamic variables in the cesarean section remains controversial. This study aims to determine the effects of colloid preload on the incidence of hypotension induced by SA in elective cesarean section.@*METHODS@#Related keywords were searched on PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library from inception dates to May 2020. Studies included were evaluated for eligibility and quality. The primary outcome was the intra-operative incidence of hypotension and severe hypotension. The secondary outcomes included the lowest intra-operative systolic blood pressure, the maximal intra-operative heart rate, the intra-operative needs of ephedrine and phenylephrine, the incidence of maternal nausea and/or vomiting, and neonatal outcomes (umbilical artery pH and Apgar scores). Apart from the above, RevMan 5.3 was used for the data analysis.@*RESULTS@#Altogether nine randomized controlled trials were included in the meta-analysis. There were no significant differences in the incidence of intra-operative hypotension, severe hypotension, or neonatal outcomes between the colloid preload group and control group, except for the umbilical artery pH.@*CONCLUSION@#This meta-analysis suggests that colloid preload does not significantly reduce the incidence of hypotension associated with SA in elective cesarean section.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia, Spinal/adverse effects , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Colloids , Female , Humans , Hypotension/etiology , Incidence , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Vasoconstrictor Agents/therapeutic use
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 792-799, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878087

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Norepinephrine infusion decreases hypotension after spinal anesthesia during cesarean section. This study aimed to compare the efficacy of norepinephrine infusion and ephedrine bolus against post-spinal hypotension in parturients.@*METHODS@#In this double-blinded, randomized controlled clinical trial, parturients scheduled for elective cesarean section were randomly allocated to receive norepinephrine infusion (0.05 μg·kg-1·min-1) just before spinal anesthesia continuing for 30 min or ephedrine bolus (0.15 mg/kg) just before spinal anesthesia. A rescue bolus (5 μg norepinephrine for the norepinephrine group, and 5 mg ephedrine for the ephedrine group) was administered whenever hypotension occurred. Our primary outcome was the incidence of hypotension within 30 min of spinal anesthesia administration. Secondary outcomes included maternal and neonatal outcomes 30 min after spinal block, and neonatal cerebral oxygenation 10 min after birth.@*RESULTS@#In total, 190 patients were enrolled; of these patients, 177 were included in the final analysis. Fewer patients suffered hypotension in the norepinephrine group than in the ephedrine group (29.5% vs. 44.9%, odds ratio [OR]: 0.51, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.28-0.95, P = 0.034). Moreover, the tachycardia frequency was lower in the norepinephrine group than in the ephedrine group (OR: 0.22, 95% CI: 0.11-0.44, P < 0.001), and patients suffered less nausea and vomiting (OR: 0.28, 95% CI: 0.11-0.70, P = 0.004). There was no difference in Apgar scores and umbilical arterial blood gas analysis between the two groups. However, neonatal cerebral regional saturations were significantly higher after birth in the norepinephrine group than in the ephedrine group (mean difference: 2.0%, 95% CI: 0.55%-3.45%, P = 0.008).@*CONCLUSION@#In patients undergoing elective cesarean section with spinal anesthesia, norepinephrine infusion compared to ephedrine bolus resulted in less hypotension and tachycardia, and exhibited potential neonatal benefits.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02542748; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/record/NCT02542748.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia, Spinal/adverse effects , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Double-Blind Method , Female , Humans , Hypotension/prevention & control , Infant, Newborn , Phenylephrine , Pregnancy , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Vasoconstrictor Agents/therapeutic use
7.
Gac. méd. boliv ; 43(2): 162-169, dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249997

ABSTRACT

Dexmedetomidina un α- agonista, de amplio uso y popular nivel mundial, que poco conocimiento se tiene sobre su uso de forma intratecal en la población boliviana, de manera especial en pacientes obstétricas. OBJETIVOS: evaluar el efecto de dexmedetomidina intratecal en anestesia obstétrica y observar los efectos secundarios del medicamento. MÉTODOS: ensayo clínico aleatorizado y simple ciego. La muestra fue de 123 pacientes, cada grupo de 41 pacientes cumpliendo ambos criterios. Grupo B (bupivacaina + fentanil); grupo D2 (bupivacaina + fentanil+ dexmedetomidina 2 µg) y grupo B3 (bupivacaina + fentanil+ dexmedetomidina 3 µg). Análisis estadístico: se utilizó el software SPSS® 25 y Excel® 2016. Con un nivel de confianza del 95 % y error muestral del 13 %. RESULTADOS: duración del bloqueo motor fue de 106,5 ± 16 minutos en el grupo B; 142,3 ± 28,2 minutos en el grupo D2 y 145,6 ± 16,7 minutos en el grupo D3. Siendo significativo entre los grupos de estudio (valor p < 0,000). PAM con significancia estadística antes y después del nacimiento. Frecuencia cardiaca significativo a los 15, 30 y 45 minutos (valor p < 0,000; 0,001; 0,004; 0,000 y 0,002). Etilefrina en el grupo B fue de 3,44 ± 1,8 ml; para el grupo D3 fue de 1,8 ± 2,7 ml y grupo D2 fue de 0,85 ± 1,6 ml. CONCLUSIONES: mejor estabilidad hemodinámica con 2 µg dexmedetomidina, menor incidencia de hipotensión, uso de vasopresores, las complicaciones escasas y un excelente estado de sedación materna


Dexmedetomidine an α-agonist, widely used and popular worldwide, with little knowledge about its use intrathecally in the Bolivian population, especially in obstetric patients. OBJECTIVES: evaluate the effect of spinal dexmedetomidine in obstetric anesthesia and observe the side effects of the medication. METHODS: randomized and simple blind clinical trial. The sample consisted of 123 patients, each group of 41 patients meeting both criteria. Group B (bupivacaine + fentanyl); group D2 (bupivacaine + fentanyl + 2 µg dexmedetomidine) and group B3 (bupivacaine + fentanyl + 3 µg dexmedetomidine). Statistical analysis: it was carried out in SPSS® 25 and Microsoft Excel® 2016. With a confidence level of 95% and sampling error of 13%. RESULTS: duration of the motor block was 106,5 ± 16 minutes in group B; 142,3 ± 28,2 minutes in group D2 and 145,6 ± 16,7 minutes in group D3. Being significant among the study groups (p value <0,000). MAP with statistical significance before and after birth. Significant heart rate at 15, 30 and 45 minutes (p value <0,000; 0,001; 0,004; 0.000 and 0,002). Ethylephrine in group B was 3,44 ± 1,8 ml; for group D3 it was 1,8 ± 2,7 ml and group D2 was 0,85 ± 1,6 ml CONCLUSIONS: better hemodynamic stability with 2 µg dexmedetomidine, lower incidence of hypotension, use of vasopressors, limited complications and an excellent state of maternal sedation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Cesarean Section , Dexmedetomidine , Anesthesia, Spinal , Patients , Etilefrine , Heart Rate
8.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 19(2): e587, mayo.-ago. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126360

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La meperidina (o petidina) es un opioide sintético que tiene propiedades anestésicas locales bien conocidas, y ha sido utilizada por vía intratecal en cirugía general, urológica y obstétrica de forma segura. Este puede ser usado en anestesia espinal en paciente con hipersensibilidad a los anestésicos locales. Objetivo: Describir el manejo anestésico en una paciente con hipersensibilidad a los anestésicos locales con uso de meperidina intratecal. Presentación del caso: Se presenta una paciente femenina de 54 años de edad con historia previa de hipersensibilidad a los anestésicos locales, programada para colporrafia anterior, a la cual se le realiza una técnica regional, administrando meperidina intratecal. Para la analgesia posoperatoria se suministró diclofenaco de sodio en dosis única de 75 mg, por vía IV previo a la incisión. Conclusiones: Con la técnica descrita se logra un bloqueo sensitivo y motor adecuado, estabilidad de los signos vitales intraoperatoria y recuperación óptima en el posoperatorio inmediato. Es una alternativa más en el manejo de los pacientes con hipersensibilidad a los anestésicos locales(AU)


Introduction: Meperidine (or pethidine) is a synthetic opioid with well-known local anesthetic properties. It has been safely used intrathecally in general, urological and obstetric surgery. This can be used in spinal anesthesia in patients with hypersensitivity to local anesthetics. Objective: To describe anesthetic management of a patient with hypersensitivity to local anesthetics with the use of intrathecal meperidine. Case presentation: The case is presented of a 54-year-old female patient with a previous history of hypersensitivity to local anesthetics, scheduled for anterior colporrhaphy, who is performed regional technique, administering intrathecal meperidine. For post-operative analgesia, diclofenac sodium was administered intravenously in a single dose of 75 mg before the incision. Conclusions: The described technique allowed to achieve adequate sensory and motor block, stability of intraoperative vital signs, and optimal recovery in the immediate postoperative period. It is another alternative in the management of patients with hypersensitivity to local anesthetics(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Cystocele/surgery , Hypersensitivity , Anesthesia, Spinal , Anesthetics, Local/therapeutic use , Meperidine/therapeutic use
9.
Medwave ; 20(6): e7950, 31-07-2020.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1119716

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este artículo es revisar las características del SARS-CoV-2, los aspectos clínico-epidemiológicos de COVID-19 y las implicaciones que tienen para los anestesiólogos al realizar procedimientos generadores de aerosoles. Se realizó una búsqueda en las bases de datos PubMed, Scopus, SciELO y Web of Science hasta el 9 de abril de 2020, utilizando las palabras: "COVID-19 or COVID19 or SARS-CoV-2 and anesthesiology or anesthesia". Se incluyeron 48 artículos con información sobre el manejo del paciente en el perioperatorio o en la unidad de cuidados intensivos ante la sospecha o confirmación de infección por SARS-CoV-2. En general, se recomienda el aplazamiento de las cirugías electivas por no más de seis a ocho semanas, de acuerdo a las condiciones clínicas de los pacientes. En el caso de cirugías de urgencia o emergencia, se revisan tópicos del sistema de protección personal así como las estrategias recomendadas para la realización de los procedimientos.


The purpose of this article is to review the characteristics of SARS-CoV-2, the clinical-epidemiological aspects of COVID-19, and the implications anesthesiologists when performing aerosol-generating procedures. A search of PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, SciELO, and Web of Science databases was performed until April 9, 2020, using the words: "COVID-19 or COVID19 or SARS-CoV-2 and anesthesiology or anesthesia". Forty-eight articles with information on the management of the patient in the perioperative period or the intensive care unit when suspected or confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection were included. In general, the postponement of elective surgeries for no more than 6 to 8 weeks, depending on the clinical condition of the patients is recommended. In the case of urgent or emergency surgeries, we review the use of personal protection gear, as well as the recommended strategies for carrying out the procedure.


Subject(s)
Humans , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/epidemiology , Anesthesiology/standards , Occupational Diseases/prevention & control , Respiration, Artificial/methods , Respiration, Artificial/standards , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Elective Surgical Procedures , Aerosols , Pandemics , Symptom Assessment/methods , Personal Protective Equipment , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/transmission , Intensive Care Units , Intubation, Intratracheal/methods , Intubation, Intratracheal/standards , Anesthesia, Conduction/methods , Anesthesia, Epidural/methods , Anesthesia, General/methods , Anesthesia, Spinal/methods , Anesthesiology/organization & administration , Nerve Block/methods
10.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 19(1): e576, ene.-abr. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093132

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El abordaje del espacio subaracnoideo fue descrito por Quincke en el 1891. En la actualidad es práctica común para la realización de la anestesia neuroaxial subaracnoidea en las pacientes obstétricas. Las complicaciones descritas, asociadas a esto, son varias. Dentro de estas, la parálisis del nervio abducens o VI par no es frecuente y en ocasiones, no está relacionada a la punción ya que se produce días después del evento. Objetivo: Revisar la información relacionada con la complicación de parálisis del VI par. Presentación del caso: Paciente de 33 años de edad, femenina, de profesión médico, con antecedentes personales de migraña, historia de anestesia neuroaxial epidural sin complicaciones, que para la realización de una cesárea de segmento arciforme y salpinguectomia parcial bilateral, recibió una anestesia combinada peridural-espinal. El transoperatorio transcurre con estabilidad hemodinámica, hizo cefalea al tercer día del posoperatorio, que la atribuyó al antecedente de migraña y fue tratada sin evaluación por anestesiología con dipirona. A los 10 días de operada hace desviación de la mirada y diplopia, se diagnostica parálisis del VI par. Fue tratada por Neurología y se plantean varios diagnósticos diferenciales. Los estudios imagenológicos resultan negativos, se trató con vitaminas y se produjo remisión a las 6 semanas. Conclusiones: El diagnóstico de esta complicación es necesario ya que puede pasar inadvertida la relación con la anestesia y, por tanto, ser mal conducido su tratamiento(AU)


Introduction: The approach to the subarachnoid space was described by Quincke in 1891. It is now a common practice to perform subarachnoid neuroaxial anesthesia in obstetric patients. The complications described, associated with this, are several. Within these, the paralysis of the abducens nerve or sixth pair is not frequent and sometimes is not related to the puncture, since it occurs days after the event. Objective: To review the information related to the complication of paralysis of the sixth pair. Case presentation: A 33-year-old female patient, a physician, with a personal history of migraine, a history of epidural neuroaxial anesthesia without complications, who underwent combined epidural-spinal anesthesia for performing a cranial segment cesarean section and bilateral partial salpingectomy. The transoperative period runs with hemodynamic stability. There was headache three days after surgery, which was attributed to the migraine history and the patient was treated, without evaluation by anesthesiology, with dipyrone. At 10 days after surgery, the eyes are diverted and diplopia is manifested, paralysis of the sixth pair is diagnosed. She was treated by neurology and several differential diagnoses were proposed. Imaging studies are negative. She was treated with vitamins and remission occurred at six weeks. Conclusions: The diagnosis of this complication is necessary, since the relationship with anesthesia may go unnoticed and, therefore, its treatment may be poorly conducted(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Spinal Puncture/adverse effects , Abducens Nerve Diseases/complications , Anesthesia, Spinal/adverse effects , Diplopia/etiology
11.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 48(1): 45-49, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1092919

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Congenital protein S deficiency is a very rare disease in the population. In pregnant women it is associated with spontaneous abortion and fetal death, among other complications. Case presentation: We present the case of a 32-year-old multigravida with a 36-week pregnancy, with thromboprophylaxis with enoxaparin from the 4th week of gestation and with a diagnosis of thrombophilia-due to functional protein S deficiency-which was intervened with elective c-section under spinal anesthesia. In addition, a review of the relevant literature was conducted. Discussion: The risk of venous thromboembolism is approximately 4 to 5 times greater during gestation, and the recommendation of thromboprophylaxis in low-risk thrombophilia is based on the presence of associated risk factors. In patients receiving low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) as thromboprophylaxis, an interval of at least 12 hours after the last dose of LMWH before neuropsy and restarting the next dose after at least 4hours of spinal technique use is recommended. Conclusion: Neuroaxial techniques should be individualized and receive pre and postpartum thromboprophylaxis. In addition, non-pharmacological thromboprophylaxis measures in the perioperative period should be considered. Spinal anesthesia was effective and safe in this patient.


Resumen Introducción: La deficiencia congénita de proteína S es una enfermedad muy rara en la población. En gestantes está asociada a aborto espontáneo y muerte fetal, entre otras complicaciones. Presentación del caso: Presentamos el caso de una multigesta de 32 años con embarazo de 36 semanas, con tromboprofilaxis con enoxaparina desde la semana cuarta de gestación y con diagnóstico de trombofilia -por deficiencia de proteína S funcional-, la cual fue intervenida con cesárea electiva bajo anestesia espinal. Además, se realizó revisión de la literatura al respecto. Discusión: El riesgo de tromboembolismo venoso es aproximadamente 4 a 5 veces mayor durante la gestación, y la recomendación de tromboprofilaxis en trombofilias de bajo riesgo se basa en la presencia de factores de riesgo asociados. En pacientes que reciben Heparinas de Bajo Peso Molecular (HBPM) como tromboprofilaxis, se recomienda un intervalo de al menos 12 horas después de la última dosis de HBPM antes de la punción del neuroeje, y reiniciar la siguiente dosis después de al menos 4 horas de uso de la técnica espinal. Conclusión: Las técnicas neuroaxiales deben ser individualizadas y recibir tromboprofilaxis pre y posparto. Además, se deben tener en cuenta las medidas de tromboprofilaxis no farmacológicas en el periodo perioperatorio. La anestesia espinal fue efectiva y segura en esta paciente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Protein Deficiency , Protein S , Anesthesia, Spinal , Thrombosis , Cesarean Section , Enoxaparin
13.
Rev. méd. panacea ; 8(3): 116-120, sept.-dic. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1127870

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: El dolor agudo postoperatorio es un conjunto de percepciones sensoriales, emocionales y mentales desagradables, asociadas a respuestas autonómicas, psicológicas y conductuales, precipitadas por el acto quirúrgico. Objetivo: Generar conocimiento sobre la eficacia del fentanilo en anestesia raquídea para el dolor agudo postoperatorio. Material y métodos: Es un estudio descriptivo de búsqueda bibliografía y se ha realizado en Pubmed, Medline, Scielo, bibliotecas de universidades nacionales e internacionales. Resultados: La asociación de fentanilo a los anestésicos locales para la anestesia subaracnoidea, reduciendo la dosificación de anestésico local y manteniendo el tiempo de su recuperación y así de esta manera mejorar la calidad, la tasa de éxito de pequeñas dosis de los mismos, con ello, la incidencia de complicaciones hemodinámicas. La administración subaracnoidea de anestésicos locales y opioides, provocan eventos adversos, prurito (30 %), náuseas y vómito (25 %), retención urinaria (10-53 %), depresión respiratoria (3 %). Las diferentes dosis de fentanilo asociado a bupivacaína 0.5%, en la raquianestesia disminuyen la intensidad de dolor según EVA, en el trans-operatorio y el manejo del dolor agudo post-operatorio en los diferentes actos quirúrgicos. Conclusión: Se concluye que la asociación de bupivacaína 0,5% más fentanilo, mediante la técnica raquídea, en pacientes intervenidos quirúrgicamente, resulta eficaz, debido a que permite obtener un menor tiempo de latencia para el bloqueo con una duración prolongada, manteniendo una adecuada hemodinamia y estabilidad respiratoria, y también reduciendo el dolor postoperatorio y sus posibles reacciones adversas. (AU)


Introduction: Acute postoperative pain is a set of unpleasant sensory, emotional and mental perceptions associated with autonomic, psychological and behavioral responses precipitated by the surgical act. Objective: Generate knowledge about the efficacy of fentanyl in spinal anesthesia for acute postoperative pain. Material and methods: It is a descriptive study of literature search and has been carried out in Pubmed, Medline, Scielo, libraries of national and international universities. Results: The association of fentanyl with local anesthetics for subarachnoid anesthesia, reduces the dose of local anesthetic, without prolonging the recovery time, improving the quality, the success rate of small doses of them, with this, the incidence of hemodynamic complications. The subarachnoid administration of local anesthetics and opioids, cause adverse events, itching (30%), nausea and vomiting (25%), urinary retention (10-53%), respiratory depression (3%), all this as a result of interactions with opioid receptors at the brain level. The different doses of fentanyl associated with 0.5% bupivacaine, in spinal anesthesia reduce the intensity of pain according to EVA, in the trans-operative period and the management of acute post-operative pain in the different surgical acts. Conclusion: It is concluded that the association of 0.5% bupivacaine plus fentanyl, through the spinal technique, in surgically treated patients, is effective, since it allows to reach a shorter time of onset of the blockade and longer duration of the block, maintaining adequate hemodynamic and respiratory stability, the time it reduces acute post-operative pain and adverse reactions. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Bupivacaine/therapeutic use , Fentanyl/therapeutic use , Acute Pain , Anesthesia, Spinal , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies
14.
Rev. argent. neurocir ; 33(4): 254-260, dic. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1177077

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: Evaluar la efectividad de la infiltración del sitio quirúrgico, con ropivacaína, dexmedetomidina y ketorolac, en pacientes sometidos a instrumentación transpedicular dorsolumbar con técnica mini invasiva, en cuanto al consumo de opioides durante la internación. Materiales y métodos: Se recolectaron en forma retrospectiva los datos prospectivos de las historias clínicas de pacientes con una instrumentación con tornillos transpediculares percutáneos operados entre Junio del 2016 y Diciembre del 2018. 32 pacientes cumplieron con los criterios de selección. Se infiltró en el momento del cierre quirúrgico con una solución preparada con 150 mg de ropivacaína, 0,7 mcg/kg de dexmedetomidina y 60 mg de ketorolac, disuelto en solución fisiológica estéril para completar 40ml (Grupo M) y se la comparó con pacientes en los cuales solo se infiltró con 150mg de ropivacaína (Grupo E). Resultados: El consumo de equivalentes de morfina durante las primeras 72hs postoperatorias presentó en el grupo M una mediana de 0mg, y el grupo E, una mediana de 9,5mg (RIQ de 13,35), con una p<0,000. Por el contrario el consumo de morfina en la sala de recuperación presentó una mediana de 0mg (RIQ de 2) para el grupo M, y de 2mg (RIQ de 5) para el grupo E, sin encontrarse una diferencia significativa, p=0,132. Conclusión: Los resultados obtenidos en la comparación del consumo de opioides durante las primeras 72hs de la internación permite inferir que esta combinación de fármacos es superior respecto a la infiltración estándar con ropivacaína, independientemente de la estrategia analgésica utilizada durante el tiempo quirúrgico.


Objectives: To assess the effectiveness of a surgical site infiltration with ropivacaine, dexmedetomidine and ketorolac, in reducing opioid consumption in patients with a transpedicular dorsolumbar instrumentation using a minimally invasive technique. Materials y methods: We retrospectively collected data from patient's charts from June of 2016 to December of 2018. 32 patients with minimally invasive transpedicular dorsolumbar instrumentation, who met all criteria, were included in the analysis. During wound closure a mixture of 150mg of ropivacaine, 0,7mcg/kg of dexmedetomidine and 60mg of ketorolac, diluted in normal saline to achieve 40ml was injected (Group M). We compared them with patients in whom only 150mg of ropivacaine and saline where injected in the surgical site (Group E). Results: Morphine equivalents use during the first 72 hours postoperative had a median of 0mg for group M, and of 9,5mg (IQR of 13.35), with a p<0,000. On the contrary, morphine use during post anesthesia care unit stance had a median of 0mg (IQR of 2) for group M and of 2mg (IQR of 5) for group E, without a statistically significant difference, p=0,132. Conclusion: The result of the analysis of opioid consumption during the first 72 hours postoperative allows concluding that the infiltration of these 3 drugs together its superior to the standard infiltration with ropivacaine, independently of the analgesic strategy used during the surgery.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia, Spinal , General Surgery , Dexmedetomidine , Ketorolac , Analgesics, Opioid , Anesthesia
15.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(6): 631-634, nov.-Dec. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057483

ABSTRACT

Abstract Loss of consciousness during spinal anesthesia is a rare but scary complication. This complication is generally related to severe hypotension and bradycardia, but in this case, the loss of consciousness occurred in a hemodynamically stable parturient patient. We present a 31 years-old patient who underwent an emergency cesarean section. She lost consciousness and had apnea that started 10 minutes after successful spinal anesthesia and repeated three times for a total of 25 minutes, despite the stable hemodynamics of the patient. The case was considered a subdural block, and the patient was provided with respiratory support. The subdural block is expected to start slowly (approximately 15-20 minutes), but in this case, after about 10 minutes of receiving anesthesia, the patient suddenly had a loss of consciousness. After the recovery of consciousness and return of spontaneous respiration, the level of a sensory block of the patient, who was cooperative and oriented, was T4. There were motor blocks in both lower extremities. Four hours after intrathecal injection, both the sensory and motor blocks ended, and she was discharged two days later with no complications. Hence, patients who receive spinal anesthesia should be closely observed for any such undesirable complications.


Resumo A perda de consciência durante a raquianestesia é uma complicação rara, mas assustadora. Essa complicação geralmente está relacionada à grave hipotensão e bradicardia, mas, neste caso, a perda de consciência ocorreu em uma paciente parturiente hemodinamicamente estável. Apresentamos o caso de uma paciente de 31 anos, submetida a uma cesariana de emergência. A paciente perdeu a consciência e apresentou apneia que teve início 10 minutos após a raquianestesia bem-sucedida e repetiu o episódio três vezes por 25 minutos, a despeito de sua hemodinâmica estável. O caso foi considerado como um bloqueio subdural e a paciente recebeu suporte respiratório. Espera-se que o bloqueio subdural inicie lentamente (aproximadamente 15-20 minutos), mas, neste caso, cerca de 10 minutos após a anestesia, a paciente repentinamente perdeu a consciência. Após a recuperação da consciência e o retorno da respiração espontânea, a paciente que estava orientada e cooperativa apresentou nível de bloqueio sensorial em T4. Havia bloqueio motor em ambas as extremidades inferiores. O bloqueio sensório-motor terminou quatro horas após a injeção intratecal e a paciente recebeu alta hospitalar dois dias depois, sem complicações. Considerando o exposto, os pacientes que recebem raquianestesia devem ser atentamente observados para quaisquer complicações indesejáveis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Unconsciousness/etiology , Anesthesia, Obstetrical/adverse effects , Anesthesia, Spinal/adverse effects , Cesarean Section/methods , Hemodynamics/physiology , Anesthesia, Obstetrical/methods , Anesthesia, Spinal/methods
16.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 39(3): 211-216, June-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040318

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The treatment of hemorrhoidal disease by conventional technique is associated with significant morbidity, mainly represented by the postoperative pain and the late return to daily activities. A technique of hemorrhoidal dearterialization associated with rectal mucopexy is a minimal invasive surgical option that has been used to treat the hemorrhoidal disease and reduce its inconveniences. Objective: To analyze the seven-year results of hemorrhoidal dearterialization associated with rectal mucopexy in the treatment of hemorrhoidal disease. Methods: This study analyzed 407 patients with hemorrhoids grade II, III and IV, who underwent the technique of hemorrhoidal dearterialization in the Luzia de Pinho Melo Hospital, during the period between December 2010 and December 2017. Twenty-seven patients (6.6%) had hemorrhoidal disease of the grade II, 240 (59.0%) grade III, and 117 (28.8%) grade IV. In 23 patients (5.7%), the grade was not found. All patients were operated by the same surgeon under spinal anesthesia. The 407 patients underwent dearterialization, with a varying ligation of one to six arterial branches followed by rectal mucopexy by uninterrupted suture. Eighty-two (20.14%) required removal of concomitant perianal piles or external hemorrhoids and/or fibrosed. In the postoperative follow-up the following parameters were evaluated: pain, tenesmus, bleeding, prolapse, thrombosis, and recurrence. Results: The tenesmus was postoperative complaint reported by 93.6% of patients. Forty-three (10.5%) presented intense tenesmus and 44 (22%), moderate to intense pain. Four (0.98%) patients presented more intense bleeding in postoperative follow up; none of the patients required blood transfusions. The prolapse occurred in 18 (4.42%) patients, thrombosis in 11 (2.7%), and there were 19 (4.67%) recurrences that were reoperated in this period. Conclusion: The hemorrhoidal dearterialization technique presents good results, with light and easy-to-resolve complications and little postoperative pain.


RESUMO Introdução: O tratamento da doença hemorroidária pelas técnicas convencionais cursa com significante redução da qualidade de vida do doente, principalmente relacionada à dor pós-operatória e ao considerável tempo de afastamento do trabalho. A técnica de desarterialização hemorroidária associada à mucopexia retal é uma opção cirúrgica pouco invasiva, a qual é utilizada com o objetivo de tratar a doença hemorroidária e reduzir seus inconvenientes. Objetivo: Analisar os resultados encontrados após sete anos de seguimento em doentes submetidos à técnica da desarterialização hemorroidária associada à mucopexia para o tratamento da doença hemorroidária. Método: Foram estudados 407 portadores de doença hemorroidária de graus II, III e IV, submetidos à técnica da desarterialização hemorroidária no Hospital das Clínicas Luzia de Pinho Melo de Mogi das Cruzes, durante o período de Dezembro de 2010 a Dezembro de 2017. Vinte e sete doentes (6,6%) apresentavam doença hemorroidária de grau II, 240 (59,0%) do grau III e 117 (28,8%) do grau IV. Em 23 doentes (5,7%) não foram encontradas a classificação nos prontuários. Todos os doentes foram operados pelo mesmo cirurgião e sob anestesia raquidiana. Os 407 doentes foram submetidos à desarterialização, variando de um até seis ramos arteriais seguidos de mucopexia por sutura contínua. Oitenta e dois (20,14%) necessitaram ressecções associadas por plicomas ou hemorroidas externas. No pós-operatório foram avaliados os seguintes parâmetros: dor, tenesmo, sangramento, prolapso, trombose e recidiva. Resultados: O tenesmo foi a queixa pós-operatória referida por 93,36% dos doentes. Quarenta e três (10,5%) apresentaram tenesmo intenso e 44 (22%) de moderado a intenso. Quatro (0,98%) doentes apresentaram sangramento de maior intensidade no pós-operatório e em 1 (0,5%) houve necessidade de hemostasia cirúrgica, em nenhum deles houve necessidade de reposição sanguínea. O prolapso ocorreu em 18 (4,42%) doentes, trombose em 11 (2,7%) e houve 19 (4,67%) recidivas reoperados durante o período. Conclusão: A desarterialização hemorroidária apresenta bons resultados, complicações leves e de fácil resolução e pouca dor pós-operatória.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Arteries/surgery , Ultrasonography, Doppler , Hemorrhoidectomy , Hemorrhoids/surgery , Pain, Postoperative , Anesthesia, Spinal
17.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 47(3): 180-183, July-Sept. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1020677

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: It is uncommon to come across patients with neuromuscular diseases in the daily practice of anesthesia, given the low prevalence of those conditions. Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease is the most frequently, caused by an inherited abnormal myelin structure pattern. In view of the low prevalence of this condition (1:25,000), there is little information, derived mostly from case reports, about the use of neuroaxial anesthesia in these patients. Case presentation: Description of a patient with underlying CMT disease compromising lower limb mobility, who comes to the emergency service due to lower limb pain. After being diagnosed with an acetabular fracture, the patient underwent orthopedic surgery under spinal anesthesia, selected based on patient comorbidities, and the immediate postoperative follow-up. Results: The anesthetic and surgical procedures proceeded uneventfully and no neuropathic worsening was observed during the next 24 hours. Conclusion: Uneventful neuroaxial anesthesia is reported in a patient with neuromuscular disease. The case contributes to show the benefits and safety of this form of anesthesia when compared with other options.


Resumen Introducción: En la práctica anestésica diaria es raro enfrentarse a pacientes con patologías neuromusculares, dada la poca pre-valencia de dichas patologías. La más frecuente de ellas es la enfermedad de Charcot-Marie-Tooth, en la cual se hereda un patrón alterado en la estructura de la mielina. Debido a la baja prevalencia de esta patología (1:25000), el uso de anestesia neuroaxial en dichos pacientes no cuenta con mucha información, y mucha de ella proviene de reportes de casos. Presentación del caso: Se describe el caso de un paciente con enfermedad de Charcot-Marie-Tooth, de base, con compromiso de la movilidad en miembros inferiores, y quien asiste a urgencias por dolor en miembro inferior. Tras ser diagnosticado con fractura de acetábulo, fue sometido a cirugía ortopédica bajo anestesia raquídea, indicada a la luz de sus comorbilidades, y el posterior seguimiento inmediato. Resultados: Se realiza el procedimiento anestésico y quirúrgico sin complicaciones, y no se presenta empeoramiento de la neuropatía en las 24 horas posteriores. Conclusiones: Se reporta un caso de anestesia neuroaxial en paciente con enfermedad neuromuscular sin incidencias, que ayuda así a ir mostrando los beneficios de la mencionada anestesia y su seguridad frente a otras opciones.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease , Orthopedic Procedures , Anesthesia, Spinal , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Aftercare , Lower Extremity , Fractures, Bone , Acetabulum , Myelin Sheath , Neuromuscular Diseases
18.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(4): 369-376, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042003

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives One of the disadvantages of unilateral spinal anesthesia is the short duration of post-operative analgesia, which can be addressed by adding adjuvants to local anesthetics. The aim of current study was to compare the effects of adding dexmedetomidine, fentanyl, or saline to bupivacaine on the properties of unilateral spinal anesthesia in patients undergoing calf surgery. Methods In this double-blind clinical trial, 90 patients who underwent elective calf surgery were randomly divided into three groups. The spinal anesthetic rate in each of the three groups was 1 mL bupivacaine 0.5% (5 mg). In groups BD, BF and BS, 5 µg of dexmedetomidine, 25 µg of fentanyl and 0.5 mL saline were added, respectively. The duration of the motor and sensory blocks in both limbs and the rate of pain during 24 h after surgery were calculated. Hemodynamic changes were also measured during anesthesia for up to 90 min. Results The duration of both of motor and sensory block was significantly longer in dependent limb in the BF (96 and 169 min) and BD (92 and 166 min) groups than the BS (84 and 157 min) group. Visual Analog Scale was significantly lower in the two groups of BF (1.4) and BD (1.3), within 24 h after surgery, than the BS (1.6) group. Conclusions The addition of fentanyl and dexmedetomidine to bupivacaine in unilateral spinal anesthesia can increase the duration of the motor and sensory block in dependent limb and prolong the duration of postoperative pain. However, fentanyl is more effective than dexmedetomidine.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos Uma das desvantagens da raquianestesia unilateral é a curta duração da analgesia pós-operatória, que pode ser abordada pela adição de adjuvantes aos anestésicos locais. O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar os efeitos da adição de dexmedetomidina, fentanil ou solução salina à bupivacaína sobre as propriedades da raquianestesia unilateral em pacientes submetidos à cirurgia de panturrilha. Métodos Neste ensaio clínico duplo-cego, 90 pacientes submetidos à cirurgia eletiva de panturrilha foram randomicamente divididos em três grupos. A quantidade de anestésico para a raquianestesia nos três grupos foi de 1 mL de bupivacaína a 0,5% (5 mg). Nos grupos BD, BF e BS, 5 µg de dexmedetomidina, 25 µg de fentanil e 0,5 mL de solução salina foram adicionados, respectivamente. Foram calculados a duração dos bloqueios motor e sensorial em ambos os membros e o escore de dor durante 24 horas após a cirurgia. As alterações hemodinâmicas também foram medidas durante a anestesia por até 90 minutos. Resultados A duração de ambos os bloqueios, motor e sensorial, foi significativamente maior no membro dependente nos grupos BF (96 e 169 min) e BD (92 e 166 min) do que no grupo BS (84 e 157 min). Os escores da escala visual analógica foram significativamente menores nos grupos BF (1,4) e BD (1,3) do que no grupo BS (1,6) nas 24 horas após a cirurgia. Conclusões A adição de fentanil e dexmedetomidina à bupivacaína em raquianestesia unilateral pode aumentar a duração dos bloqueios sensorial e motor no membro dependente e prolongar a duração da dor pós-operatória. Contudo, fentanil é mais eficaz do que dexmedetomidina.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Bupivacaine/administration & dosage , Fentanyl/administration & dosage , Dexmedetomidine/administration & dosage , Anesthesia, Spinal/methods , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Double-Blind Method , Lower Extremity/surgery , Adjuvants, Anesthesia/administration & dosage , Anesthetics, Local/administration & dosage , Middle Aged
19.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 48(2): e356, abr.-jun. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126617

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La historia de la raquianestesia, comenzó el 16 de agosto de 1898, la primera anestesia raquídea de la historia cimentó una de las piedras angulares de la Anestesiología. Más de cien años después y a pesar del desarrollo tecnológico que acompaña la especialidad, aún la anestesia regional es una técnica ampliamente utilizada a nivel mundial, no exenta de complicaciones, donde se destaca la cefalea pospunción dural. Objetivo: Describir la prevalencia y características de la cefalea pospunción dural en pacientes con deambulación, precoz o no, intervenidos bajo anestesia espinal subaracnoidea, para cirugía artroscópica de rodilla. Método: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo en una serie de casos (100), atendidos en el Hospital Militar Central "Carlos J. Finlay", que fueron distribuidos en dos grupos. El grupo I formado por los que deambularon a las 4 horas de la intervención y el grupo II deambuló a las 14 horas. En ambos grupos se había utilizado anestesia raquídea con trocar 25 atraumático del tipo Whitacre. Resultados: En ambos grupos no se reportaron casos de cefalea pospunción dural. Conclusiones: No hubo casos de cefalea pospunción dural en pacientes con deambulación, precoz o no, intervenidos bajo anestesia espinal subaracnoidea para cirugía artroscópica de rodilla(AU)


Introduction: The history of spinal anesthesia, began on August 16, 1898, the first spinal anesthesia in history based one of the cornerstones of anesthesiology. More than a hundred years later and despite the technological development that accompanies the specialty, even regional anesthesia is a technique widely used worldwide, not free of complications, which highlights the dural post-puncture headache. Objective: To describe the prevalence and characteristics of dural post-puncture headache in patients with ambulation, early or not, undergoing subarachnoid spinal anesthesia, for arthroscopic knee surgery. Method: A descriptive observational study was conducted in a series of cases (100), attended at the Central Military Hospital "Carlos J. Finlay", which were divided into two groups. The group I formed by those who wandered at 4 hours after the intervention and group II wandered at 14 hours. In both groups, spinal anesthesia with atraumatic trocar of the Whitacre type was used. Results: In both groups there were no reported cases of dural post-puncture headache. Conclusions: There were no cases of dural post-puncture headache in patients with ambulation, early or not, undergoing subarachnoid spinal anesthesia for arthroscopic knee surgery(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , General Surgery , Early Ambulation , Anesthesia, Spinal/adverse effects , Anesthesiology/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive
20.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(3): 311-314, May-June 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013425

ABSTRACT

Abstract Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome is a cerebrovascular disorder leading to multifocal arterial constriction and dilation. Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome is possibly caused by transient deregulation of cerebral vascular tone. We report a rare case of a patient with chief complain of postpartum headache, was later diagnosed as a case of reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome. A young full term primigravida with good uterine contraction admitted to labour room. Later she complained of leaking per vagina and on examination meconium stained liquor was noted. Caesarean delivery under spinal anesthesia was done and intra-operative period was uneventful. Both mother and baby were normal and shifted to postoperative ward and nursery respectively. In postoperative ward, mother complained of severe headache after 1 h and later developed seizure. Midazolam was given intravenously and was intubated and transferred to critical care unit for further investigation and management. Non contrast computerised tomography scan of brain showed right occipital intracerebral as well as subarachnoid bleed. CT angiography showed right vertebral artery narrowing without any other vascular malformation. Patient was managed in critical care unit for 2 days and then extubated and shifted to high dependency ward after a day observation and discharged 3 days later after a full uneventful recovery.


Resumo A síndrome de vasoconstrição cerebral reversível é uma doença cerebrovascular que leva à constrição e dilatação arterial multifocal. A síndrome de vasoconstrição cerebral reversível é possivelmente causada pela desregulação transitória do tônus vascular cerebral. Relatamos um caso raro de uma paciente com queixa principal de cefaleia pós-parto, posteriormente diagnosticada como um caso de síndrome de vasoconstrição cerebral reversível. A jovem primigesta a termo apresentando boa contração uterina foi internada em sala de parto. Mais tarde, a parturiente queixou-se de perda de líquido pela vagina e, ao exame, líquido amniótico manchado foi observado. O parto cesariano sob raquianestesia foi realizado, e não houve intercorrência no período intraoperatório. Tanto a mãe quanto o bebê estavam normais e foram transferidos para a sala de recuperação pós-operatória e berçário, respectivamente. Na sala de recuperação, a mãe queixou-se de forte dor de cabeça após uma hora e depois desenvolveu convulsão. Midazolam foi administrado por via intravenosa, e a paciente foi intubada e transferida para uma unidade de terapia intensiva para posterior investigação e tratamento. A tomografia computadorizada sem contraste do cérebro mostrou hemorragia intracerebral occipital direita e subaracnoide. A angiotomografia mostrou estreitamento da artéria vertebral direita, sem qualquer outra malformação vascular. A paciente foi tratada em unidade de terapia intensiva por dois dias e, em seguida, foi extubada e transferida para a ala de alta dependência onde permaneceu um dia em observação, recebendo alta hospitalar três dias depois, após uma recuperação completa e sem intercorrências.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Vasoconstriction , Cerebrovascular Disorders/diagnostic imaging , Postpartum Period , Headache/etiology , Syndrome , Computed Tomography Angiography/methods , Headache/diagnostic imaging , Anesthesia, Obstetrical/methods , Anesthesia, Spinal/methods
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