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2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880673

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) prosthetic vessel replacement is one of the most complex operations in the field of cardiovascular surgery. The key to success of this operation is to prevent and avoid ischemia of important organs while repairing TAAA. This study aims to summarize and analyze the effect of prosthetic vessel replacement under left heart bypass in the treatment of TAAA.@*METHODS@#Data of 15 patients with TAAA who underwent prosthetic vessel replacement under left heart bypass in Xiangya Hospital of Central South University were retrospectively analyzed. According to Crawford classification, there were 2 cases of type I, 8 cases of type II, 3 cases of type III, and 2 cases of type V. There were 14 cases of selective operation and 1 case of emergency operation. All operations were performed under left heart bypass, and cerebrospinal fluid drainage was performed before operation. Left heart bypass was established by intubation of left inferior pulmonary vein and distal abdominal aorta or left femoral artery. The thoracoabdominal aorta was replaced segment by segment. After aortic dissection, the kidneys were perfused with cold crystalloid renal protective solution, and the celiac trunk and superior mesenteric artery were perfused with warm blood.@*RESULTS@#One patient with TAAA after aortic dissection of type A died. During the operation, straight blood vessels were used to repair TAAA, and the celiac artery branches were trimmed into island shape and anastomosed with prosthetic vessels. After the operation, massive bleeding occurred at the anastomotic stoma, then anaphylactic reaction occurred during massive blood transfusion, resulting in death. One patient suffered from paraplegia due to ischemic injury of spinal cord. The other patients recovered well and were discharged. The postoperative ventilation time was (16.5±13.8) h and the postoperative hospital stay was (10±4) d. The amount of red blood cell transfusion was (13±9) U. The patients were followed up for 2 months to 2 years, and the recovery was satisfactory.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The effect of prosthetic vessel replacement under left heart bypass in the treatment of TAAA is good, which is worthy of clinical promotion.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm, Dissecting/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Heart Bypass, Left , Humans , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880647

ABSTRACT

Type A aortic dissection (AD) is a critical and severe disease with high mortality. The Sun's operation is a standard surgical method for this kind of disease at present. For the procedure, an elephant trunk stent is inserted into the true lumen of the descending aorta and the aortic arch is replaced. A patient was admitted to the First Hospital of Lanzhou University due to sudden chest and back pain for 6 days. Computed tomography angiography (CTA) showed type A AD. Ascending aorta replacement, Sun's operation, and ascending aorta to right femoral artery bypass grafting were performed. After surgery, the patient's condition was worsened. The digital subtraction angiography (DSA) showed the elephant trunk stent was inserted into the false lumen of AD, leading to the occlusion of the large blood vessel at the distal part of the abdominal aorta and below. Although we performed intima puncture and endovascular aortic repair, the patient was still dead.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm, Dissecting/surgery , Aorta, Abdominal , Aorta, Thoracic/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation/adverse effects , Humans , Stents/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome
4.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(12): 1638-1644, Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143666

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: To investigate the protective effect and mechanism of dexmedetomidine (Dex) on perioperative myocardial injury in patients with Stanford type-A aortic dissection (AD). METHODS: Eighty-six patients with Stanford type-A AD were randomly divided into Dex and control groups, with 43 cases in each group. During the surgery, the control group received the routine anesthesia, and the Dex group received Dex treatment based on routine anesthesia. The heart rate (HR) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) were recorded before Dex loading (t0), 10 min after Dex loading (t1), at the skin incision (t2), sternum sawing (t3), before cardiopulmonary bypass (t4), at the extubation (t5), and at end of surgery (t6). The blood indexes were determined before anesthesia induction (T0) and postoperatively after 12h (T1), 24h (T2), 48h (T3), and 72h (T4). RESULTS: At t2 and t3, the HR and MAP in the Dex group were lower than in the control group (P < 0.05). Compared with the control group, in the Dex group at T1, T2, and T3, the serum creatine kinase-MB, cardiac troponin-I, C-reactive protein, and tumor necrosis factor-α levels were decreased, and the interleukin-10 level, the serum total superoxide dismutase, and total anti-oxidant capability increased, while the myeloperoxidase and malondialdehyde levels decreased (all P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Dex treatment may alleviate perioperative myocardial injury in patients with Stanford type-A AD by resisting inflammatory response and oxidative stress.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Investigar o efeito protetor e o mecanismo da dexmedetomidina (Dex) na lesão perioperativa do miocárdio em doentes com dissecação aórtica Tipo A de Stanford (AD). MÉTODOS: Oitenta e seis pacientes com o Tipo A de Stanford foram aleatoriamente divididos em Dex e grupos de controle, 43 casos em cada grupo. Durante a cirurgia, o grupo de controle recebeu a anestesia de rotina, e o grupo Dex recebeu tratamento Dex baseado na anestesia de rotina. A frequência cardíaca (AR) e a pressão arterial média (MAP) foram registradas no momento anterior ao Dex carregar (t0), 10 minutos após o Dex carregar (t1), incisão cutânea (t2), serragem de esterno (t3), antes do bypass cardiopulmonar (t4), extubação (t5) e fim da cirurgia (t6). Os índices de sangue foram determinados no momento antes da indução da anestesia (T0) e no pós-operatório 12 horas (T1), 24 horas (T2), 48 horas (T3) e 72 horas (T4). RESULTADOS: Em T2 e t3, o RH e o MAP do grupo Dex foram inferiores ao grupo de controle (p<0,05). Em comparação com o grupo de controle, no grupo Dex em T1, T2 e T3, os níveis séricos de creatina quinase-MB, troponina-I, proteína C-reativa e necrose do fator-α do tumor diminuíram, o nível interleucina-10 aumentou, o desalinhamento total do superóxido sérico e a capacidade antioxidante total aumentaram e os níveis de mielopeperóxido e malondialdeído diminuíram (todos p<0,05). CONCLUSÃO: O tratamento com Dex pode aliviar a lesão do miocárdio perioperativo em doentes com o Tipo A de Stanford por resistência à resposta inflamatória e ao estresse oxidativo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dexmedetomidine , Aneurysm, Dissecting/surgery , Aneurysm, Dissecting/prevention & control , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Peroxidase , Heart Rate
5.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(6): 878-883, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143996

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Acute aortic dissection (AAD) is a devastating surgical emergency, with high operative mortality. Several scoring algorithms have been used to establish the expected mortality in these patients. Our objective was to define the predictive factors for mortality in our center and to validate the EuroSCORE and Penn classification system. Methods: Patients who underwent surgery for AAD from 2006 to 2016 were retrieved from the institution's database. Preoperative, operative and postoperative variables were collected. Observed and expected mortality was calculated by EuroSCORE. Logistic regression analysis and Cox regression analysis were performed to find predictors of operative mortality and survival, respectively. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were plotted for logistic EuroSCORE, and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was calculated. Results: 87 patients (27.6% female) underwent surgery for AAD. The mean age was 58.6±9.7 years. Expected and observed operative mortality was 25.8±15.1% and 20.7%, respectively. Penn Aa, Ab and Abc shared similar observed/expected (O/E) mortality ratio. The only independent predictor of operative mortality (OR: 3.63; 95% CI: 1.19-11.09) and survival (HR: 2.6; 95% CI: 1.5-4.8) was female gender. EuroSCORE showed a very poor prediction capacity, with an AUC=0.566. Conclusion: Female gender was the only independent predictor of operative mortality and survival in our institution. EuroSCORE is a poor scoring algorithm to predict mortality in AAD, but with consistent results for Penn Aa, Ab and Abc.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Algorithms , Cardiac Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Aneurysm, Dissecting/surgery , Logistic Models , Risk Factors , ROC Curve , Hospital Mortality/trends , Risk Assessment
6.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(6): 1007-1009, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143993

ABSTRACT

Abstract We present a case of a 36-year-old male patient with known arthrogryposis multiplex congenita and an associated unicuspid aortic valve. The patient later developed a significant aneurysm of the ascending aorta, however refused surgical intervention and missed follow-up appointments for 5 years. During an urgent, general practitioner-initiated transthoracic echocardiography follow-up, a chronic type A aortic dissection was diagnosed as a result of progressive aortic dilatation. Due to the stationary pressure gradients and non-progressive leaflet fibrosis, a conservative approach for to the unicuspid aortic valve was chosen, combined with replacement of the ascending aorta and partial replacement of the aortic arch.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation , Aneurysm, Dissecting/surgery , Aneurysm, Dissecting/diagnostic imaging , Aortic Valve/surgery , Aortic Valve/diagnostic imaging , Conservative Treatment , Heart Valve Diseases
7.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(6): 934-941, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143992

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The aim of this study is to compare postoperative outcomes and follow-up of two different modifications facilitating surgical technique of frozen elephant trunk (FET) procedure for complex thoracic aortic diseases - zone 0 (fixation with total arch debranching) and zone 3 (fixation with islet-shape arch repair). Methods: From May 2012 to December 2018, data were collected from 139 patients who had been treated with FET procedure for complex thoracic aortic diseases. According to Ishimaru arch map, patients with proximal anastomotic site of hybrid graft at zone 0 and zone 3 were grouped as Group A (n=58, 41.7%) and Group B (n=81, 58.3%), respectively. Mean age of study population was 54.7±11.4 years, and 111 patients were male (79.9%). Results: In-hospital mortality was observed in 20 (14.4%) patients (n=12, acute type A aortic dissection, and n=4, previous aortic dissection surgery). There was no significant difference between both groups in terms of in-hospital mortality. Four patients from Group A and three patients from Group B had permanent neurological deficit (P=0.32). Three patients from both groups had transient spinal cord ischemia (P=0.334). Although mean total perfusion time was longer in Group A, duration of visceral ischemia, when compared with Group B, was shorter (P<0.001). Five-year survival rate was 82.8% in Group A and 81.5% in Group B (P=0.876). Conclusion: FET procedure is a feasible repair technique in the treatment of complex aortic diseases, providing satisfactory early results. Because of its advantageous aspects, zone 0 fixation with debranching is the preferred technique in our clinic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/diagnostic imaging , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Aneurysm, Dissecting/surgery , Aneurysm, Dissecting/diagnostic imaging , Aorta, Thoracic/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis , Stents , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
8.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(5): 607-613, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137336

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To describe our experience of nine patients with extra-anatomical bypass for clinically ischemic distal limb during repair of acute Type A aortic dissection (ATAAD). Methods: We retrospectively examined a series of nine patients who underwent surgery for ATAAD. We identified a subset of the patients who presented with concomitant radiographic and clinical signs of lower limb ischemia. All but one patient (axillobifemoral bypass) underwent femorofemoral crossover grafting by the cardiac surgeon during cooling. Results: One hundred eighty-one cases of ATAAD underwent surgery during the study period with a mortality of 19.3%. Nine patients had persistent clinical evidence of lower limb ischemia (4.9%) and underwent extra-anatomical bypass during cooling. Two patients underwent additional fasciotomies. Mean delay from symptoms to surgery in these nine patients was 9.5 hours. Two patients had bilateral amputations despite revascularisation and, of note, had long delays in presentation for surgery (> 12 hours). There were no mortalities during these inpatient episodes. Outpatient radiographic follow-up at the first opportunity demonstrated 100% patency. Conclusion: Our experience suggests that, during complicated aortic dissection, limb ischemia may have a devastating outcome including amputation when diagnosis and referral are delayed. Early diagnosis and surgery are crucial in preventing this potentially devastating complication.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Peripheral Vascular Diseases , Aneurysm, Dissecting/surgery , Aneurysm, Dissecting/diagnostic imaging , Stroke Volume , Vascular Patency , Retrospective Studies , Ventricular Function, Left , Treatment Outcome , Ischemia/surgery , Ischemia/etiology , Ischemia/diagnostic imaging
10.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(4): 521-529, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137296

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To detect the potential risk factors associated with early mortality in patients who received extensive surgical management, in the form of total arch replacement plus frozen elephant trunk and arch debranching (hybrid repair technique), for acute type A aortic dissection. Methods: The clinical and surgical data of 452 surgically treated patients with acute type A aortic dissection at our center, between March 2010 and December 2016, have been retrieved. Uni and multivariate logistic regression analyses were carried out to detect the effect of various preoperative demographics and different perioperative variables on early mortality. Results: Overall 30-day mortality occurred in 70 out of 452 patients (15.4%). The principal causes of death were multiple organ failure (n=38), cardiac failure (n=18), and severe pulmonary infection (n=10). Risk factors for early mortality were identified with multivariate analysis. Preoperatively, overweight (P<0.025), alcohol drinking (P<0.002), coronary artery disease (P<0.014), hemodynamic shock (P<0.006), and elevated white blood cells count (P<0.002) were associated with higher mortality rate. Postoperatively, prolonged operation time (P<0.008), stroke (P<0.0001), and acute renal dysfunction (P<0.0001) were highly associated with death. Conclusion: Considering the advantages of extensive surgical management for acute type A aortic dissection over the other less aggressive surgical approaches, it should be advised whenever indicated, provided that being carried out by experts in the field of adult aortic surgery in high-volume centers. The surgeon should be aware of the patient's preoperative comorbidities and other risk factors for early mortality, in particular, prolonged operation time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/surgery , Aneurysm, Dissecting/surgery , Comorbidity , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
11.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(3): 387-391, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137251

ABSTRACT

Abstract Total arch replacement and stent trunk were performed for two patients. One of these underwent a total bilateral carotid artery replacement in anatomical position while the other underwent partial carotid artery dissection. The first patient demonstrated no neurological complication after surgery and a postoperative computed tomography angiography (CTA) showed bilateral common carotid artery patency. However, the second patient had neurological dysfunction after surgery, while a postoperative CTA showed occlusion of the left common carotid artery. Anatomical replacement for a common carotid artery dissection with thrombus has the potential to significantly improve cerebral perfusion and reduce postoperative neurological complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thrombosis/etiology , Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Aneurysm, Dissecting/surgery , Aneurysm, Dissecting/complications , Aneurysm, Dissecting/diagnostic imaging , Stents , Treatment Outcome , Carotid Artery, Common/surgery , Carotid Artery, Common/diagnostic imaging , Dissection
12.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(3): 231-235, jun. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115547

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La disección de la aurícula izquierda es una complicación infrecuente, pero potencialmente fatal de la cirugía cardíaca. Es frecuentemente asociada a cirugías de la válvula mitral, tanto su reparación el reemplazo, con una incidencia de 0,16%. Sin embargo, otros procedimientos como intervenciones percutáneas también presentan este riesgo. Objetivos: Presentar la resolución quirúrgica de un caso de disección de aurícula izquierda y aportar a la casuística nacional. Materiales y Método: Registro clínico, imagenológico y fotográfico del episodio clínico. Resultados: Una paciente que fue sometida a ablación por radiofrecuencia por vía retrógrada, y cursa durante el periodo postintervencional con insuficiencia cardíaca y su estudio identifica una disección auricular. Se realiza reparación del anillo mitral, plastía del aparato subvalvular y parche de pericardio, la paciente presenta evolución clínica y ecográfica favorable. Discusión: El tratamiento de esta entidad debe analizarse caso a caso, ya que la etiología relacionada a procedimientos percutáneos es diferente a la causada por cirugía valvular mitral. Conclusión: La reparación de una disección auricular con parche es una buena alternativa de tratamiento en estos casos.


Introduction: Left atrial dissection is an infrequent but potentially fatal complication of cardiac surgery. It is frequently associated with mitral valve surgery, both its repair and replacement, with an incidence of 0.16%. However, other procedures such as percutaneous interventions can also be predisposing factors. Objectives: To report the surgical resolution of a left atrial dissection case and contribute to the national casuistry. Materials and Method: Clinical, imaging and photographic record of the clinical episode. Results: A patient who underwent retrograde radiofrequency ablation during the post-interventional period with heart failure and whose study identifies an atrial dissection. Mitral ring repair, subvalvular apparatus repair and pericardial patch was performed, the patient evolves with favorable clinical and sonographic evolution. Discussion: The treatment of this entity should be analyzed case by case, the etiology related to percutaneous procedures is different to that caused by mitral valve surgery and this should be considered when choosing a therapeutic option. Conclusion: Repairing an atrial dissection with a patch is a good alternative in these cases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aneurysm, Dissecting/surgery , Aneurysm, Dissecting/diagnostic imaging , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Rare Diseases , Cardiac Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Mitral Valve/surgery
13.
In. Verga, Federico; Burghi, Gastón. Encares de paciente crítico. Montevideo, Oficina del Libro FEFMUR, 2020. p.435-457, tab, ilus.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1342676
14.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(6): 680-686, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057486

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: Treatment of acute diseases of the aorta is still associated with high mortality and morbidity. It is believed that interventions for these diseases on overtime hours (night shifts or weekend shifts) may increase mortality. In this study, we investigated the effect of performing acute type A aortic dissection surgery on overtime hours in terms of postoperative outcomes. Methods: 206 patients who underwent emergency surgery for acute type A aortic dissection were retrospectively evaluated. Two groups were constituted: patients operated on daytime working hours (n=61), and patients operated on overtime hours (n=145), respectively. Results: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and repeat surgery were higher in group 1. There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in terms of operative and postoperative results. Mortality rates and postoperative neurological complications in group 1 were 9.8% and 13.1%, respectively. In group 2, these rates were 13.8% and 12.4%, respectively (P=0.485 - P=0.890). Multivariate analysis identified that cross-clamp time, amount of postoperative drainage, preoperative loss of consciousness and postoperative neurological complications are the independent predictors of mortality. Conclusions: As the surgical experience of the clinics improves, treatment of acute type A aortic dissections can be successfully performed both overtime and daytime working hours.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aortic Aneurysm/surgery , Aortic Rupture/surgery , Aneurysm, Dissecting/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm/mortality , Aortic Rupture/mortality , Time Factors , Acute Disease , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Hospital Mortality , Perioperative Care , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Aneurysm, Dissecting/mortality
15.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(5): 627-629, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042036

ABSTRACT

Abstract A 27-year-old woman with sudden back pain was transported to our hospital. Abdominal ultrasonography revealed pregnancy of 28 weeks' gestation. Computed tomography demonstrated a type A aortic dissection. Because of progressive fetal deterioration, an emergency cesarean section was forced to perform. The next day, simple hysterectomy followed by an aortic procedure was completed. Valve-sparing aortic replacement and total arch replacement were employed as central operations. The mother and baby are well 9 months postoperatively. Although the strategy for acute type A aortic dissection during pregnancy is controversial, collaborations among neonatologists, obstetricians, and cardiovascular surgeons can ensure mother and infant survival.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Aortic Aneurysm/surgery , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/surgery , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Aneurysm, Dissecting/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/diagnostic imaging , Pregnancy Outcome , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Cesarean Section , Treatment Outcome , Aneurysm, Dissecting/diagnostic imaging
16.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(4): 491-494, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020492

ABSTRACT

Abstract We present a patient diagnosed Stanford Type A aortic dissection, who was misdiagnosed as acute myocardial infarction for 5 days. In the surgery, the right coronary ostium was totally occluded, and the right coronary artery (RCA) was bluish from the trunk to branches. The true lumen couldn't be found when we opened the RCA. We had to give up coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). After a regular surgery of type A aortic dissection, the patient was failed to wean from cardiopulmonary bypass due to the right heart dysfunction. The Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) was instituted. The right ventricular wall motion was gradually improved during the post-operation period. This is the first report of using ECMO to successfully treat a complete occlusion of the right coronary artery due to a Type A aortic dissection. This case demonstrates the value of ECMO in assisting right heart function to ensure stable hemodynamics and myocardial recovery in the type A aortic dissection with coronary involvement.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Coronary Occlusion/surgery , Aneurysm, Dissecting/surgery , Coronary Occlusion/diagnostic imaging , Aneurysm, Dissecting/diagnostic imaging
17.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 58(1): e608, ene.-mar. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1093152

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La disección aórtica ocurre cuando las capas de la pared aortica se separan como resultado de la entrada de sangre a través de un desgarro en la íntima. El promedio reportado para la disección primaria de la aorta abdominal es menor al 2 por ciento, comparado con el de la aorta ascendente (70 por ciento), aorta descendente (20 por ciento) y el arco aórtico (7 por ciento). Se reporta el caso de un paciente masculino de 74 años de edad que inició su padecimiento con dolor lumbar y abdominal súbito e intenso. Se le realizó una angiotomografía que mostró una disección de la aorta abdominal infrarrenal con extensión a ambas arterias iliacas primitivas hasta antes de su bifurcación. Se le realizó un bypass aortobifemoral con injerto bifurcado de Dacron obteniendo un buen resultado posoperatorio. La disección aórtica abdominal primaria es una rara patología que en pacientes sintomáticos se puede tratar mediante la reparación abierta o endovascular, si se decide realizar la técnica abierta se puede realizar la escisión más bypass aortobifemoral obteniendo buenos resultados como en este caso(AU)


ABSTRACT Aortic dissection occurs when the layers of the aortic wall separate as a result of the entry of blood through a tear in the intima. The average figure reported for primary dissection of the abdominal aorta is less than 2 percent, compared with that of the ascending aorta (70 percent), descending aorta (20 percent), and aortic arch (7 percent). We report the case of a 74-year-old male patient who began his disease with sudden and intense abdominal and back pain. An angiotomography was performed that showed a dissection of the infrarenal abdominal aorta with extension to both primitive iliac arteries until before its bifurcation. An aortobifemoral bypass with a bifurcated Dacron graft was performed, obtaining a good postoperative result. Primary abdominal aortic dissection is a rare pathology that, in symptomatic patients, can be treated by open or endovascular repair. If it is decided to perform the open technique, excision can be performed plus aortobifemoral bypass, obtaining good results as in this case(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Open Abdomen Techniques/methods , Aneurysm, Dissecting/surgery
19.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(2): 216-221, Feb. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990343

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Aortic dissecting aneurysms involving visceral arteries are difficult for clinical treatment. This study aimed to explore the clinical efficacy and safety of multi-layer bare stents technique in the treatment of aortic dissecting aneurysms involving visceral arteries. METHOD: The clinical data of 16 patients of aortic dissecting aneurysm involving visceral artery treated with multi-layer bare stents technique from March 2013 to March 2017 in Tianjin Medical University General Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. To explore the clinical efficacy, the number of stents applied, postoperative aortic dissecting thrombosis and postoperative cumulative branch arterial patency of the16 patients. RESULTS: The operations of the 16 patients were successfully completed without peri-operative death cases. The 16 patients were implanted with 39 bare stents with an average of 2.44 per person. There were 2 cases with 1 stent, 8 cases with 2 stents and 7 cases with 3 stents. One month after the operation, CTA showed complete thrombosis in the arterial dissection in 4 cases (25.0%), partial thrombosis in 12 cases (75.0%); CTA showed that celiac artery, left and right renal arteries, and superior mesenteric artery were all unobstructed. There were 4 cases (25.0%) of dissecting artery with reduced diameter, 12 patients (75.0%) without changes in the diameter, and no diameter expanding cases. CONCLUSION: The treatment for aortic dissecting aneurysm involving the visceral arteries using multi-layer bare stents technique is safe and reliable with a higher patency rate of postoperative accumulated branch arteries.


RESUMO Objetivo: Aneurismas dissecantes da aorta envolvendo artérias viscerais são de difícil tratamento clínico. O objetivo deste estudo foi explorar a eficácia e segurança clínica da técnica de stents multicamadas não farmacológicos para o tratamento de aneurismas dissecantes da aorta envolvendo artérias viscerais. Métodos: Foi feito um estudo retrospectivo usando os dados de 16 pacientes com aneurisma dissecante da aorta envolvendo artérias viscerais e tratados com stents multicamadas não farmacológicos de março de 2013 a março de 2017, do Hospital da Escola de Medicina da Universidade de Tianjin. Foram analisados nos 167 pacientes: a eficácia clínica, o número de stents aplicados, trombose dissecante da aorta no pós-operatório e patência cumulativa pós-operatória do ramo arterial. Resultados: As operações dos 16 pacientes foram concluídas com sucesso sem nenhum óbito perioperatório. Os 16 pacientes receberam 39 stents não farmacológicos, com uma média de 2,44 por indivíduo. Houve 2 casos com 1 stent, 8 com 2 stents, e 7 com 3. Um mês após a operação, a ATC mostrou trombose completa da dissecção arterial em 4 casos (25,0%) e trombose parcial em 12 casos (75%). Também mostrou que a artéria celíaca, as artérias renais direita e esquerda e a artéria mesentérica superior estavam todas desobstruídas. Houve 4 casos (25,0%) de artéria dissecante com diâmetro reduzido, 12 (75,0%) pacientes sem alteração no diâmetro, e nenhum caso de aumento de diâmetro. Conclusão: O tratamento para aneurisma dissecante da aorta envolvendo artérias viscerais com a técnica de stents não farmacológicos multicamadas é seguro e confiável, com uma taxa mais alta de patência de ramos arteriais acumulados no pós-operatório.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aortic Aneurysm/surgery , Viscera/blood supply , Stents , Aneurysm, Dissecting/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Middle Aged
20.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 37(1): 18-25, abr. 2018. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-959334

ABSTRACT

Resumen: El compromiso simultáneo del arco aórtico y aorta descendente proximal, ya sea por disección o aterosclerosis, constituye uno de los mayores desafíos que puede enfrentar un cirujano cardiovascular. La prótesis híbrida Thoraflex, introducida en los últimos años, ha resultado ser una importante ayuda para el tratamiento quirúrgico de esta compleja y grave patología. Esta consiste en un tubo protésico de Dacron con 4 ramas, para el reemplazo del arco aórtico y sus troncos braquiocefálicos y perfusión corporal distal, y una endoprótesis que queda como "trompa de elefante suspendida" en la aorta descendente proximal. Presentamos en esta oportunidad nuestra experiencia inicial en 4 pacientes, 3 con disección aórtica crónica y una con un aneurisma aterosclerótico, usando la prótesis híbrida Thoraflex.


Abstract: Atherosclerotic aneurysm or dissection of the aortic arch and proximal descending thoracic aorta is one of the major challenges for a cardiovascular surgeon. The new hybrid prosthesis Thoraflex has become an important devise to simplify the surgical treatment of this very complex and technically demanding aortic pathology. This hybrid prosthesis consists of a 4-branched arch graft with a stent-graft at the distal end. The proximal part is a gelatin-coated woven polyester prosthesis. The stented section is a self-expanding endoprosthesis constructed of thin-walled polyester and nitinol ring stents that is left in the proximal descending aorta as a "frozen elephant trunk". We present our initial experience with the Thoraflex prosthesis in four patients, three of them with chronic aortic dissection and one with an atherosclerotic aneurysm.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Aneurysm, Dissecting/surgery , Aorta, Thoracic/surgery , Aorta, Thoracic/diagnostic imaging , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/diagnostic imaging , Computed Tomography Angiography , Aneurysm, Dissecting/diagnostic imaging
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