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2.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(2): 261-264, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251106

ABSTRACT

Abstract Pseudoaneurysm of the ascending aorta (PAA) is a hazardous and potentially fatal cardiovascular disease. This condition is caused by the rupture of at least one layer of the vessel and contained by the remaining vascular layers or the surrounding mediastinal structures. We presented the surgical treatment of a patient with sepsis and large PAA and brachiocephalic trunk, which was compressing the brachiocephalic trunk leading to syncope.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aneurysm, False/surgery , Aneurysm, False/diagnostic imaging , Sepsis/complications , Aorta/surgery , Brachiocephalic Trunk/surgery , Brachiocephalic Trunk/diagnostic imaging
3.
Medwave ; 21(1): e8112, 2021.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283299

ABSTRACT

El pseudoaneurisma se define como un hematoma pulsátil repermeabilizado, encapsulado y en comunicación con la luz de un vaso dañado. Se origina cuando hay una disrupción de la pared arterial. La hemoptisis es un signo/síntoma de presentación muy rara de aneurisma aórtico torácico y de pseudoaneurisma aórtico torácico. Hay poca información sobre la hemoptisis asociada con la ruptura del aneurisma aórtico cuyo mecanismo no se explica por la presencia de una fístula aortopulmonar. Entre las hipótesis para explicar este fenómeno, se encuentra la capacidad de las arterias bronquiales de volverse hiperplásicas y tortuosas en presencia de una lesión que modifica la arquitectura pulmonar, siendo más susceptibles a la ruptura. También hay descripciones de lesiones directas del parénquima pulmonar por aneurisma roto. El presente caso nos ilustra que debemos considerar a la hemoptisis como signo de alarma en el diagnóstico diferencial de los aneurismas y pseudoaneurismas aórticos entre otras causas que puede ser fatal en breve tiempo por una hemorragia masiva.


Pseudoaneurysm is defined as a reperfused pulsatile hematoma, encapsulated and communicated with the damaged vessel's lumen. It originates when there is a disruption of the arterial wall. Hemoptysis is a very rare sign/symptom of a thoracic aortic aneurysm or pseudoaneurysm. There is little information on hemoptysis associated with aortic aneurysm rupture, whose mechanisms are not explained by the presence of an aortopulmonary fistula. Among the hypotheses to explain this phenomenon, is the ability of the bronchial arteries to become hyperplasic and tortuous in the presence of a lesion that modifies the pulmonary architecture, being more susceptible to rupture. There are also descriptions of direct lung parenchymal injury from ruptured aneurysm. The present case illustrates that we must consider the hemoptysis as a warning sign in differential diagnosis of aortic aneurysms and pseudo aneurysms, among other causes, that it can be fatal in a short time due to massive hemorrhage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Aorta, Thoracic/diagnostic imaging , Aortic Rupture , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/diagnostic imaging , Aneurysm, False/diagnostic imaging , Hemoptysis/etiology , Tomography, X-Ray , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/complications , Aneurysm, False/surgery , Aneurysm, False/complications , Diagnosis, Differential , Computed Tomography Angiography , Hemoptysis/diagnosis
6.
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 20(2): e391, jul.-dic. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003861

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los aneurismas arteriales son poco frecuentes en edad pediátrica, sin embargo; se observa un incremento en la incidencia de pseudoaneurismas a partir de traumatismos vasculares, sobre todo, por la aplicación de procederes invasivos. También se observan en procesos infecciosos y tumorales adyacentes, que acaban por lesionar la pared arterial. La mayoría suelen ser asintomáticos, o se presentan como una masa pulsátil que se asientan sobre la zona de la arteria afectada. Objetivo: Demostrar la importancia del diagnóstico temprano de los pseudoaneurismas para el tratamiento quirúrgico oportuno y evitar complicaciones posteriores. Presentación del caso: se discute un caso de una paciente de dos años de edad con un trauma vascular iatrogénico en la extremidad inferior derecha, que se manifestó como una tumoración pulsátil. Se realizó eco-doppler y angiografía, con lo que se diagnosticó un aneurisma de la arteria femoral derecha. Se realizó una exéresis y reconstrucción vascular con buena evolución. Conclusiones: El diagnóstico rápido de estas entidades vasculares evita que se presenten complicaciones posteriores y aseguran una evolución rápida y satisfactoria de los pacientes que las padecen(AU)


Introduction: Arterial aneurysms are rare in the pediatric ages. However, it is observed an increasement of the incidence of pseudoaneurysms caused by vascular traumas, mainly due to the use of invasive procedures. It is also present in infectious and tumour processes that end up injuring the arterial wall. Most of them are asymptomatic or are presented as a pulsatile mass that sets up over the affected artery's zone. Objective: To show the importance of early diagnosis of pseudo-aneurysms. Case presentation: It is presented the case of a two years old patient with a iatrogenic vascular trauma in the right lower limb that manifested in the way of a pulsatile tumor. Through an eco-Doppler and an angiography, an aneurysm of the right femoral artery was diagnosed, which led to an excision and a vascular reconstruction with good evolution. Conclusions: Early diagnosis of these vascular entities allows its timely surgical treatment, avoids the appearance of further complications and assures a prompt and satisfactorily evolution of the patients(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Aneurysm, False/surgery , Aneurysm, False/diagnosis , Femoral Artery , Computed Tomography Angiography/methods
11.
J. vasc. bras ; 17(3)jul.-set. 2018.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-915848

ABSTRACT

A fístula arteriovenosa (FAV) é uma comunicação anormal e permanente entre uma artéria e uma veia devido a traumas penetrantes e lesões iatrogênicas. O trauma penetrante na parede arterial pode levar à formação de pseudoaneurismas (PSA) e, se houver lesão venosa concomitante, à formação de uma FAV. Os autores apresentam o caso de um paciente portador de FAV complexa de vasos poplíteos associada a pseudoaneurisma de artéria poplítea, sugeridos a partir de exames clínicos e exames de imagem, e tratados por cirurgia convencional devido à indisponibilidade de um stent graft com diâmetro apropriado, além de a cirurgia endovascular não estar disponível no serviço em que o paciente foi operado


An arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is an abnormal and permanent communication between an artery and a vein caused by penetrating traumas or iatrogenic injuries. A penetrating trauma to the endothelial wall can lead to formation of pseudoaneurysms (PSA) and to formation of an AVF. Here, the authors present the case of a patient with a complex AVF of popliteal vessels, associated with popliteal artery pseudoaneurysm, suggested by clinical features and imaging exams, and treated with conventional surgery due to unavailability of a stent graft with appropriate diameter and because endovascular surgery isn't provided at the service where this patient was operated


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aneurysm, False/surgery , Aneurysm, False/therapy , Arteriovenous Fistula/surgery , Arteriovenous Fistula/therapy , Popliteal Artery , Angiography/methods , Dissection/methods , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Lower Extremity , Popliteal Vein , Risk Factors , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Tomography/methods , Wounds and Injuries/complications , Wounds and Injuries/diagnosis
12.
J. vasc. bras ; 17(3)jul.-set. 2018. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-915990

ABSTRACT

O pseudoaneurisma da artéria esplênica é uma entidade rara, com pouco mais de 150 casos descritos na literatura. A pancreatite é a etiologia mais comum, seguida do trauma. Em contraposição ao aneurisma verdadeiro, esse pseudoaneurisma é frequentemente sintomático, com risco de ruptura de 47% e mortalidade de 90%, quando não tratado. Descrevemos o caso de uma paciente de 48 anos que apresentou hemorragia gastrointestinal associada a pancreatite crônica agudizada. Durante investigação, a endoscopia evidenciou sinais de sangramento recente, e a angiorressonância de abdome observou volumoso pseudoaneurisma da artéria esplênica. Foi submetida a tratamento endovascular com embolização com micromolas, não apresentando novos episódios de sangramento. Atualmente, o tratamento endovascular é efetivo com baixa morbimortalidade e taxas de sucesso de 79-100%, sendo uma técnica viável para pacientes com processo inflamatório abdominal em franca atividade. Realizamos uma revisão das técnicas endovasculares e agentes embolizantes usados para o tratamento dessa patologia


Pseudoaneurysm of the splenic artery is a rare entity, with little more than 150 cases described in the literature. Pancreatitis is the most common etiology, followed by trauma. In contrast with true aneurysms, pseudoaneurysms are frequently symptomatic, with a 47% risk of rupture and 90% mortality if left untreated. We describe the case of a 48-year-old female patient who suffered a gastrointestinal hemorrhage associated with acute-on-chronic pancreatitis. During workup, endoscopy revealed signs of recent bleeding and magnetic resonance angiography of the abdomen showed a large pseudoaneurysm of the splenic artery. The patient underwent endovascular treatment with microcoil embolization and no further bleeding episodes occurred. Endovascular treatment is now an effective option with low morbidity and mortality and success rates in the range of 79-100%, making it a viable technique for patients with active abdominal inflammation. We conducted a review of endovascular techniques and embolization agents used to treat this pathology


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aneurysm, False/surgery , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Hemorrhage , Splenic Artery/surgery , Abdomen , Angiography/methods , Arteriovenous Fistula/surgery , Diagnostic Imaging/methods , Echocardiography/methods , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Endoscopy/methods , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Pancreas/surgery , Pancreatitis/etiology
13.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(3): 467-474, May-June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-954042

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Renorrhaphy in partial nephrectomy may damage intraparenchymal vessels and compress the renal parenchyma, which may lead to the formation of renal artery pseudoaneurysms or vascularized parenchymal volume reduction. Using propensity score matching, we compared surgical outcomes following non-renorrhaphy and renorrhaphy techniques for open partial nephrectomy (OPN) for T1a renal tumors. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively analyzed data from 159 patients with normal contralateral kidneys who underwent OPN for T1a renal tumors and pre- and postoperative enhanced computed tomography between 2012 and 2015. Patient variables were adjusted using 1:1 propensity score matching between the two Groups: renorrhaphy (inner and outer layer sutures) and non-renorrhaphy (inner layer sutures only). Postoperative complications and renal function were compared between the two groups. Results: We matched 43 patients per Group. Operative time, estimated blood loss, cold ischemic time, and postoperative hospital stay were not significantly different between the two Groups. Urine leakage (Clavien-Dindo grade ≥3) occurred in 0 renorrhaphy cases and 2 non-renorrhaphy cases (0% versus 4.6%, P=0.49). Renal artery pseudoaneurysm (RAP) occurred in 6 renorrhaphy cases and in 0 non-renorrhaphy cases (13% versus 0%, P=0.02). Conclusions: The non-renorrhaphy technique may result in a lower risk of RAP but a greater risk of urine leakage. This technique needs further refinement to become a standard procedure for OPN.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Perioperative Period/methods , Nephrectomy/methods , Renal Artery/surgery , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Suture Techniques , Treatment Outcome , Aneurysm, False/surgery , Statistics, Nonparametric , Tumor Burden , Propensity Score , Operative Time , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology , Length of Stay , Medical Illustration , Middle Aged
14.
Rev. pediatr. electrón ; 15(1): 26-31, abr. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-994484

ABSTRACT

Los pseudoaneurismas son una causa infrecuente de masa palpable en cabeza y cuello, habitualmente secundarios a procedimientos intervencionales; trauma e infeccioso son casos aislados. Caso Clínico. Se presenta el caso de un niño de 14 años que luego de haber sufrido un trauma contuso cortante en la región preauricular izquierda intervenido quirúrgicamente, desarrolla al mes un aumento de volumen pulsátil tras un trauma menor en la zona. En la ecografía se aprecia el signo del yin yang, indicador de pseudoaneurisma. Se realiza en pabellón el vaciamiento del pseudoaneurisma y posterior sutura vascular sin incidentes. Discusión. Pese a la baja frecuencia de pseudoaneurisma como causa de masa en cabeza y cuello, se debe considerar como diagnóstico diferencial en el contexto de masas pulsátiles post traumáticas, de horas a días de evolución. El estudio de elección es la ecografía doppler y el Gold Standard del manejo es quirúrgico con sutura vascular.


Pseudoaneurysms are an infrequent cause of palpable mass in the head and neck; usually secondary to invasive procedures; trauma and infectious causes are rare. Clinical Case. We present the case of a 14-year-old boy who, after suffering a blunt contusive trauma in the left preauricular region surgically treated, develops a month later a pulsatile volume increase after a minor trauma in the area. Ultrasound shows the yin yang sign, indicator of pseudoaneurysm. The emptying of the pseudoaneurysm and subsequent vascular suture was performed without incident. Discussion. Despite the low frequency of pseudoaneurysm as a cause of mass in the head and neck, it should be considered as a differential diagnosis in the context of post-traumatic pulsatile masses, from hours to days of evolution. The study of choice is Doppler ultrasound and the Gold Standard treatment is surgery with vascular suture.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Temporal Arteries/injuries , Aneurysm, False/diagnostic imaging , Temporal Arteries/surgery , Temporal Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Aneurysm, False/surgery , Aneurysm, False/etiology , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color , Cerebrovascular Trauma
15.
J. vasc. bras ; 16(3): f:244-l:247, jul.-set. 2017. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-877042

ABSTRACT

A pancreatite crônica é uma enfermidade associada a diversas complicações vasculares, como pseudocisto hemorrágico, trombose do sistema venoso portal e formações varicosas e pseudoaneurismáticas. O pseudoaneurisma de aorta abdominal secundário à pancreatite crônica é uma complicação rara, de difícil suspeição clínica, que requer tratamento complexo. A fisiopatologia dessa condição envolve a corrosão enzimática tecidual após a liberação e ativação de enzimas exócrinas proteolíticas das células acinares do pâncreas. O presente estudo relata o caso de um paciente de 52 anos, etilista crônico, internado com dor abdominal difusa, cuja propedêutica revelou se tratar de um pseudoaneurisma em aorta infrarrenal. Optou-se pelo tratamento cirúrgico convencional, levando-se em consideração a idade, as condições clínicas do paciente e a disponibilidade de endopróteses compatíveis com o diâmetro da aorta


Chronic pancreatitis can be complicated by several vascular disorders, such as bleeding pseudocysts, thrombosis of the venous portal system, varicosities, and pseudoaneurysms. Pseudoaneurysm of the abdominal aorta secondary to chronic pancreatitis is a rare complication. It is a challenging clinical situation, demanding a high degree of clinical suspicion, and requires complex therapeutic procedures. The pathophysiology of this condition involves interstitial liberation and activation of enzymes from the exocrine pancreatic glands and subsequent digestion of the surrounding tissues. In the present case report, we describe a 52-year-old patient complaining of diffuse abdominal pains. Clinical investigation revealed chronic alcoholism and imaging examinations showed a pseudoaneurysm of the infrarenal aorta. We decided to perform conventional surgical treatment after considering the patient's age and clinical status and the endoprostheses available at our hospital with diameters compatible with the patient's aorta


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Aneurysm, False/surgery , Aorta, Abdominal , Pancreatitis, Chronic/complications , Pancreatitis, Chronic/surgery , Age Factors , Arteries/physiopathology , Diagnostic Imaging/methods , Pain , Risk Factors , Ultrasonography/methods
18.
Clinics ; 71(6): 302-310, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-787419

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Behcet’s disease is a form of systematic vasculitis that affects vessels of various sizes. Aortic pseudoaneurysm is one of the most important causes of death among patients with Behcet’s disease due to its high risk of rupture and associated mortality. Our study aimed to investigate the outcomes of Behcet’s disease patients with aortic pseudoaneurysms undergoing open surgery and endovascular aortic repair. METHODS: From January 2003 to September 2014, ten consecutive patients undergoing surgery for aortic pseudoaneurysm met the diagnostic criteria for Behcet’s disease. Endovascular repair was the preferred modality and open surgery was performed as an alternative. Systemic immunosuppressive medication was administered after Behcet’s disease was definitively diagnosed. RESULTS: Eight patients initially underwent endovascular repair and two patients initially underwent open surgery. The overall success rate was 90% and the only failed case involved the use of the chimney technique to reach a suprarenal location. The median follow-up duration was 23 months. There were 7 recurrences in 5 patients. The median interval between operation and recurrence was 13 months. No significant risk factors for recurrence were identified, but a difference in recurrence between treatment and non-treatment with preoperative immunosuppressive medication preoperatively was notable. Four aneurysm-related deaths occurred within the follow-up period. The overall 1-year, 3-year and 5-year survival rates were 80%, 64% and 48%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Both open surgery and endovascular repair are safe and effective for treating aortic pseudoaneurysm in Behcet’s disease patients. The results from our retrospective study indicated that immunosuppressive medication was essential to defer the occurrence and development of recurrent aneurysms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Behcet Syndrome/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Aneurysm, False/surgery , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Postoperative Period , Recurrence , Time Factors , Behcet Syndrome/complications , Behcet Syndrome/mortality , Survival Rate , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/etiology , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/mortality , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/drug therapy , Aneurysm, False/etiology , Aneurysm, False/mortality , Aneurysm, False/drug therapy , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use
19.
J. vasc. bras ; 14(4): 360-363, out.-dez. 2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-767703

ABSTRACT

A Síndrome de Ehlers-Danlos (EDS) é uma rara doença hereditária do tecido conjuntivo proveniente de uma alteração da síntese do colágeno. A principal característica da EDS é a extrema fragilidade do tecido conjuntivo, que pode resultar em rotura uterina, perfuração intestinal espontânea e várias doenças vasculares como aneurismas, pseudoaneurismas, dissecções arteriais e roturas espontâneas. Os autores relatam o caso de um paciente de 11 anos de idade que apresentava tumor pulsátil na fossa poplítea esquerda após trauma leve com bola de futebol. Diagnosticado pseudoaneurisma de artéria poplítea pelo doppler arterial, confirmado através da angiografia, optou-se pela exploração arterial e devido à fragilidade da parede não foi possível a sua reconstrução. Realizada a ligadura simples da artéria proximal. Evoluiu com isquemia grave do membro e após autorização da família foi realizada a sua amputação. No segundo dia do pós-operatório o paciente apresentou uma dissecção aguda da aorta torácica, evoluindo a óbito.


Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (EDS) is a rare inherited connective tissue disease arising from an abnormality of collagen synthesis. The main feature of EDS is the extreme fragility of connective tissues, which can result in uterine rupture, spontaneous intestinal drilling and vascular diseases such as aneurysms, pseudoaneurysms, arterial dissections and spontaneous ruptures. This paper describes the case of an 11-year-old patient who presented a pulsatile mass in the left popliteal fossa after a minor trauma caused by a soccer ball. A pseudoaneurysm of the popliteal artery was diagnosed with arterial Doppler ultrasound and confirmed using angiography. An exploratory investigation revealed that the artery wall was too weak to allow reconstruction and the proximal artery was ligated. The patient developed severe limb ischemia and after authorization by the family the limb was amputated. Two days after surgery, the patient died as a result of acute thoracic aortic dissection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Popliteal Artery/surgery , Popliteal Artery , Aneurysm, False/surgery , Aneurysm, False , Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome/diagnosis , Amputation , Angiography , Dissection , Fatal Outcome , Postoperative Hemorrhage/complications , Ischemia/complications , Ultrasonography, Doppler
20.
J. vasc. bras ; 14(4): 364-367, out.-dez. 2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-767704

ABSTRACT

Os autores apresentam um relato de caso de vítima de acidente de trabalho com ferimento penetrante em região inguinal direita com peça metálica em espiral, que evoluiu com fístula arteriovenosa da artéria femoral profunda com a veia femoral profunda associado a pseudoaneurisma envolvendo essas estruturas e a veia femoral comum. As fístulas arteriovenosas ocorrem frequentemente após traumas e a associação com pseudoaneurisma é fato raro, devendo ser tratadas precocemente após seu diagnóstico. O ultrassom duplex é atualmente o exame mais utilizado para a avaliação inicial e a arteriografia, o padrão ouro para diagnóstico. No paciente em questão foi realizado tratamento convencional com abordagem cirúrgica direta, sutura arterial e ligaduras venosas. Entretanto, nos dias atuais a cirurgia endovascular e a compressão guiada por ultrassom são métodos terapêuticos que têm sido utilizados com sucesso. O paciente evoluiu sem intercorrência, recebendo alta para acompanhamento ambulatorial com preservação do membro.


This article describes the case of a work accident victim with a penetrating wound to the right inguinal region caused by a metal spiral. The patient developed an arteriovenous fistula between the deep femoral artery and deep femoral vein, combined with a pseudoaneurysm surrounding these structures and the common femoral vein. Arteriovenous fistulas frequently occur after traumas, but the combination of fistula and pseudoaneurysm is rare. It is recommended that they be treated immediately after diagnosis. Duplex ultrasound is the most widely used method for initial assessment and arteriography is the gold standard for diagnosis of arteriovenous fistulas. Endovascular surgery has recently been used successfully in such cases. However, this patient was treated conventionally using a direct surgical approach, arterial suture and venous ligatures, and the limb was saved. The patient developed no complications and was discharged to outpatients follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Lower Extremity/injuries , Aneurysm, False/surgery , Aneurysm, False/diagnosis , Aneurysm, False , Wounds, Penetrating/rehabilitation , Arteriovenous Fistula/surgery , Femoral Artery , Vascular System Injuries/rehabilitation , Patient Discharge
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