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1.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 368-373, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922705

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#To explore the diagnosis and treatment of traumatic external carotid branch pseudoaneurysms.@*METHODS@#Eleven cases of traumatic external carotid artery branch pseudoaneurysms were admitted in our hospital. Digital subtraction angiography was performed in all patients. It revealed that the pseudoaneurysms originated from the internal maxillary artery in 5 cases, superficial temporal artery in 5 cases and occipital artery in 1 case. Five cases of internal maxillary artery pseudoaneurysms and 2 cases of superficial temporal artery pseudoaneurysms were treated by embolization; the other 3 cases were surgically resected.@*RESULTS@#Complete cessation of nasal bleeding was achieved in all the 5 pseudoaneurysms of internal maxillary artery after the endovascular therapies. Scalp bleeding stopped and scalp defect healed up in 2 patients with superficial temporal artery pseudoaneurysms treated by interventional therapy. All patients were followed up for 0.5-2.0 years without recurrence of nosebleed and scalp lump.@*CONCLUSION@#For patients with repeated severe epistaxis after craniocerebral injury, digital subtraction angiography should be performed as soon as possible to confirm traumatic pseudoaneurysm. Endovascular therapy is an effective method for traumatic internal maxillary artery pseudoaneurysms. For patients with scalp injuries and pulsatile lumps, further examinations including digital subtraction angiography should be performed to confirm the diagnosis. Surgical treatment or endovascular therapy for scalp traumatic pseudoaneurysm is effective.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm, False/therapy , Angiography, Digital Subtraction , Carotid Artery Injuries/therapy , Carotid Artery, External/diagnostic imaging , Embolization, Therapeutic , Humans
2.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 84(4): 320-325, 2019. graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058154

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El pseudoaneurisma de arteria uterina es una causa de hemorragia puerperal poco frecuente y de gran gravedad cuya principal manifestación es el sangrado puerperal tardío. Esta complicación suele ocurrir de manera tardía tras una cirugía pélvica, aunque también está descrito tras el parto. La prueba de elección para el diagnóstico de esta complicación es la angiografía que permite además su tratamiento en el mismo acto, asociando una menor morbilidad y preservando la fertilidad de la paciente. Presentamos el caso de un pseudoaneurisma de arteria uterina tras cesárea cuya manifestación fue un hemoperitoneo masivo a los 17 días de la cesárea y que se resolvió mediante angiografía con embolización supraselectiva del mismo.


ABSTRACT Uterine artery pseudoaneurysm is a serious complication but an uncommon cause of postpartum haemorrhage which can mainly manifest as a severe bleeding in the late puerperium. This complication usually occurs after pelvic surgery, although it is also described after vaginal delivery. Angiography is the best diagnosis method which joins not only the diagnosis but also the treatment at the same moment, reducing the morbidity and preserving fertility. We report a case of a uterine artery pseudoaneurysm after cesarean delivery whose clinical manifestation was a massive haemoperitoneum after 17 days of the cesarean. It was treated by angiographic selective embolization of uterine artery pseudoaneurysm.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Aneurysm, False/therapy , Aneurysm, False/diagnostic imaging , Hepatic Artery/pathology , Pregnancy Complications , Angiography , Cesarean Section
3.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 64(12): 1069-1072, Dec. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-976823

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY Pseudoaneurysms are rare, but femoral artery false aneurysms have increased in recent decades. They are related to endovascular procedures performed on patients with increased risk for this complication. Pseudoaneurysms generally present with only one neck. This paper describes a femoral artery pseudoaneurysm with two necks that occurred after an endovascular procedure and was successfully treated by duplex-guided fibrin sealant. Pseudoaneurysms are rare, but femoral artery pseudoaneurysms have increased with a discrepant incidence reported from 0.5% to almost 4%, mainly related to the increase of endovascular procedures in recent decades. The double-necked pseudoaneurysm identification was of utmost importance to guide the clinical decision-making and allowed good outcomes for the patient.


RESUMO Os pseudoaneurismas são raros, mas os aneurismas falsos da artéria femoral aumentaram nas últimas décadas. Eles estão relacionados aos procedimentos endovasculares realizados em pacientes com risco aumentado para esta complicação. Os pseudoaneurismas geralmente apresentam apenas um colo. Este artigo descreve um pseudoaneurisma da artéria femoral com dois colos que ocorreu após um procedimento endovascular e foi tratado com sucesso por selante de fibrina guiado por duplex. Os pseudoaneurismas são raros, mas os pseudoaneurismas da artéria femoral aumentaram com uma incidência discrepante relatada de 0,5% a 4%, principalmente relacionada ao aumento dos procedimentos endovasculares nas últimas décadas. A identificação do pseudoaneurisma de colo duplo foi de extrema importância para orientar a tomada de decisão clínica e permitiu bons resultados para o paciente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Fibrin Tissue Adhesive/therapeutic use , Aneurysm, False/therapy , Aneurysm, False/diagnostic imaging , Femoral Artery/diagnostic imaging , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Ultrasonography, Interventional
4.
J. vasc. bras ; 17(4): 322-327, out.-dez. 2018. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-969136

ABSTRACT

Complicações relacionadas ao acesso venoso cervicotorácico, como os pseudoaneurismas (PAs), podem ser devastadoras. Neste artigo, apresentamos dois casos semelhantes em que o avanço tecnológico impactou no diagnóstico, tratamento e resultados. Ambos pacientes apresentaram volumoso PA após a tentativa de punção venosa profunda. O primeiro caso, em 1993, diagnosticado por duplex scan , revelou grande PA oriundo da artéria subclávia direita. A artéria foi abordada por esternotomia mediana com extensão supraclavicular. O PA originava-se do tronco tireocervical, tratado com simples ligadura. No segundo caso, em 2017, angiotomografia revelou um PA originário da artéria vertebral, que foi tratado com técnica endovascular, mantendo a perviedade do vaso. Ambos evoluíram satisfatoriamente, apesar de abordagens bastante diferentes. A lesão vascular cervicotorácica representa um desafio propedêutico e terapêutico, com alto risco de ruptura. Os avanços tecnológicos diminuem os riscos de lesões vasculares com acesso cirúrgico difícil e devem estar entre as opções do cirurgião vascular


Complications such as pseudoaneurysms (PA) related to cervicothoracic venous access can be devastating. In this article, we present two similar cases in which technological advances impacted diagnosis, treatment, and results. Both patients developed massive PA after deep venous puncture attempts. The first case occurred in 1993 and was diagnosed by a duplex scan that revealed a large PA originating from the right subclavian artery. The artery was approached by median sternotomy with supraclavicular extension. The PA originated from the thyrocervical trunk and was treated with simple ligation. The second case was in 2017. Angiotomography revealed a PA originating in the vertebral artery, which was treated with endovascular techniques, maintaining vessel patency. Both patients progressed satisfactorily, despite quite different approaches. Cervicothoracic vascular lesions represent a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge, where the risk of rupture is high. Technological advances have reduced the risks involved in management of vascular injuries with difficult surgical access


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Vertebral Artery , Aneurysm, False/therapy , Endovascular Procedures , Subclavian Artery , Catheterization, Central Venous/methods , Angiography/methods , Stents , Treatment Outcome , Echocardiography, Doppler, Color/methods , Sternotomy/methods , Hematoma
5.
Rev. chil. cir ; 70(4): 354-357, ago. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-959395

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Evaluar la efectividad obtenida con la compresión ecoguiada como primera elección para lograr la trombosis del pseudoaneurisma iatrogénico post estudio o intervencionismo. Material y Método: Estudio retrospectivo observacional de 9 pacientes en quienes se realizó la compresión ecoguiada como primera alternativa de manejo frente a pseudoaneurismas iatrogénicos secundarios a procedimientos diagnósticos o terapéuticos ocurridos entre agosto de 2012 y diciembre de 2015 en el Hospital Regional de Talca. Resultados: De 4.070 procedimientos se presentó la complicación en 9 pacientes, un 0,22%; 7 posterior a procedimientos terapéuticos (0,4%), y 2 en el grupo de diagnósticos (0,08%). La muestra se compone por 6 hombres y 3 mujeres de edad promedio 70 años. El vaso comprometido fue principalmente la arteria femoral con un 77%. Los pseudoaneurismas ocurrieron mayoritariamente posteriores a procedimientos terapéuticos (77%); y el éxito de la compresión ecoguiada se obtuvo en el 67%. No hubo complicaciones asociadas al tratamiento. Conclusiones: La compresión ecoguiada tiene un porcentaje de éxito menor en esta pequeña serie que los obtenidos por otros autores, pero al no presentar complicaciones y por su bajo costo creemos debe mantenerse como primera alternativa.


Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness obtained with echo guided compression as the first choice to achieve thrombosis of iatrogenic pseudoaneurysm after study or interventionism. Material and Method: Retrospective observational study of 9 patients who underwent echo-guided compression as the first management alternative to iatrogenic pseudoaneurysms following diagnostic or therapeutic procedures that occurred between August 2012 and December 2015 at the Regional Hospital of Talca. Results: Of 4,070 procedures the complication was presented in 9 patients, 0.22%; 7 after therapeutic procedures (0.4%), and 2 in the diagnostic group (0.08%). The sample consists of 6 men and 3 women of average age 70 years. The involved vessel was mainly the femoral artery with 77%. Pseudoaneurysms occurred mostly after therapeutic procedures (77%); and the success of the echogenic compression was obtained in 67%. There were no complications associated with treatment. Conclusions : Image guided compression has a lower success rate in this small series than those obtained by other authors, but since there are no complications and because of its low cost, we believe that it should be kept as the first alternative.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Catheterization/adverse effects , Hemostatic Techniques , Ultrasonography/methods , Aneurysm, False/therapy , Pressure , Time Factors , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Aneurysm, False/etiology , Aneurysm, False/epidemiology , Aneurysm, False/diagnostic imaging , Femoral Artery/injuries , Iatrogenic Disease
6.
J. vasc. bras ; 17(3)jul.-set. 2018.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-915848

ABSTRACT

A fístula arteriovenosa (FAV) é uma comunicação anormal e permanente entre uma artéria e uma veia devido a traumas penetrantes e lesões iatrogênicas. O trauma penetrante na parede arterial pode levar à formação de pseudoaneurismas (PSA) e, se houver lesão venosa concomitante, à formação de uma FAV. Os autores apresentam o caso de um paciente portador de FAV complexa de vasos poplíteos associada a pseudoaneurisma de artéria poplítea, sugeridos a partir de exames clínicos e exames de imagem, e tratados por cirurgia convencional devido à indisponibilidade de um stent graft com diâmetro apropriado, além de a cirurgia endovascular não estar disponível no serviço em que o paciente foi operado


An arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is an abnormal and permanent communication between an artery and a vein caused by penetrating traumas or iatrogenic injuries. A penetrating trauma to the endothelial wall can lead to formation of pseudoaneurysms (PSA) and to formation of an AVF. Here, the authors present the case of a patient with a complex AVF of popliteal vessels, associated with popliteal artery pseudoaneurysm, suggested by clinical features and imaging exams, and treated with conventional surgery due to unavailability of a stent graft with appropriate diameter and because endovascular surgery isn't provided at the service where this patient was operated


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aneurysm, False/surgery , Aneurysm, False/therapy , Arteriovenous Fistula/surgery , Arteriovenous Fistula/therapy , Popliteal Artery , Angiography/methods , Dissection/methods , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Lower Extremity , Popliteal Vein , Risk Factors , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Tomography/methods , Wounds and Injuries/complications , Wounds and Injuries/diagnosis
7.
Rev. chil. cir ; 68(4): 310-315, jul. 2016. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-788899

ABSTRACT

Objetivos Mostrar nuestra experiencia inicial en el manejo endovascular de lesiones arteriales periféricas ocasionadas por trauma. Materiales y métodos Revisión retrospectiva de las fichas clínicas e imágenes diagnósticas y terapéuticas de 7 casos de trauma vascular: 2 seudoaneurismas de vasos tibiales, una fístula arteriovenosa (FAV) asociada a seudoaneurisma de vasos ilíacos, un seudoaneurisma gigante de arteria poplítea, una FAV de vasos poplíteos, una oclusión aguda de arteria poplítea en trauma contuso, y un caso de lesión iatrogénica de arteria subclavia con seudoaneurisma por catéter intraarterial central. En ambos casos de seudoaneurisma de arterias tibiales se efectuó embolización con coils. El caso de FAV asociada a seudoaneurisma ilíaco se manejó con una endoprótesis cubierta. Los casos de seudoaneurisma de arteria poplítea y la FAV de vasos poplíteos se repararon mediante stents cubiertos. La oclusión aguda de arteria poplítea se trató con un stent autoexpandible. En el caso del catéter intraarterial central, se selló el orificio con balón de angioplastia. Resultados Todos los pacientes fueron tratados de forma exitosa y evolucionaron sin complicaciones inmediatas; los seguimientos varían entre 3 meses y 3 años, sin evidencia de complicación. Discusión Si bien el tratamiento clásico del trauma vascular tiene plena vigencia en la actualidad, la terapia endovascular, con las herramientas disponibles, permite realizar el tratamiento definitivo o transitorio, a fin de mejorar las condiciones locales y poder efectuar una reparación abierta con menos complicaciones que la cirugía de urgencia.


Objectives To show our initial experience in endovascular management of peripheral artery trauma. Materials and methods We retrospectively collected the data of seven cases of vascular trauma: two tibial artery pseudoaneurysms, one case of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) associated to iliac vessel pseudoaneurysm, one giant pseudoaneurysm of the popliteal artery, a popliteal vessel AVF, an acute occlusion of the popliteal artery due to blunt trauma and a case of iatrogenic lesion of the subclavian artery with pseudoaneurysm resulting from a central intra-arterial catheter. Coil embolization was performed in both cases of tibial artery pseudoaneurysms. The case of iliac vessel pseudoaneurysm and AVF was treated with a stent graft. A covered stent was used to exclude both the popliteal pseudoaneurysm and popliteal vessel AVF. A bare stent was used in the case of acute popliteal occlusion. The intra-arterial central catheter in the subclavian artery was managed by means of compression with an angioplasty balloon. Results All patients were successfully treated with no immediate complications. Follow up ranges from 3 months to 3 years with no evidence of complication up to this point. Discussion Although the classic approach to vascular trauma treatment is still very much an alternative, endovascular therapy, through all of its tools, allows either definitive treatment or transient management, improving local conditions and thus to proceed at a later date with an elective open vascular repair with fewer difficulties and complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Arteriovenous Fistula/therapy , Aneurysm, False/therapy , Vascular System Injuries/therapy , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Wounds, Nonpenetrating , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies
9.
J. vasc. bras ; 14(2): 182-185, Apr.-June 2015. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-756474

ABSTRACT

As complicações locais de uma lesão arterial penetrante incluem hematoma, pseudoaneurisma e formação de fístula arteriovenosa. A artéria femoral profunda, por sua localização anatômica, é sede infrequente de lesões traumáticas. Relatamos um caso de paciente jovem, vítima de agressão por arma branca em face posterior de coxa, em que foi diagnosticada, tardiamente, lesão de ramo descendente da artéria femoral profunda, sendo então tratada com técnica endovascular. A revisão de literatura corrobora a raridade do caso, sendo a maioria dos casos de lesão traumática de artéria femoral profunda relatada como decorrente de complicação de procedimentos ortopédicos ou fraturas envolvendo o fêmur proximal.


The local complications of penetrating injuries involving arteries include hematoma, pseudoaneurysm and arteriovenous fistulas. Traumatic injuries to the deep femoral artery are uncommon because of its anatomic location. We report the case of a young male patient who was victim of a stab wound to the posterior thigh who was later diagnosed with an injury to the descending branch of the deep femoral artery and treated using endovascular techniques. A review of the literature confirmed the rarity of the case, since the majority of cases of traumatic injuries to the deep femoral artery that have been reported were due to complications during orthopedic procedures or fractures involving the proximal femur.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Femoral Artery , Aneurysm, False/diagnosis , Aneurysm, False/therapy , Wounds, Penetrating/complications , Wounds, Penetrating/therapy , Arteriovenous Fistula/diagnosis , Arteriovenous Fistula/therapy , Angiography/methods , Femur/injuries , Hematoma , Endovascular Procedures/methods
10.
Rev. bras. cardiol. invasiva ; 23(1): 73-76, abr.-jun.2015. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-782181

ABSTRACT

Pseudoaneurismas do ventrículo esquerdo são geralmente associados a infarto agudo do miocárdio, entretanto, podem surgir no pós-operatório tardio de cirurgias valvares, assim como os pseudoaneurismas aórticos. Acometem frequentemente pacientes com alto risco cirúrgico, e o tratamento percutâneo éhabitualmente realizado em centros de referência para o tratamento de cardiopatias congênitas devido às características anatômicas dos defeitos. Apresentamos dois casos de pseudoaneurismas do ventrículoesquerdo tratados por via transapical, sem necessidade de circulação extracorpórea, e um caso depseudoaneurisma aórtico tratado por via femoral, no qual foi utilizado laço por acesso contralateral para permitir suporte e direcionamento adequados da bainha longa para acessar o defeito...


Left ventricular pseudoaneurysms are usually associated with acute myocardial infarction; however, these conditions may emerge in the late postoperative period of valvar surgery, and this can also occur with aortic pseudoaneurysms. These pseudoaneurysms often affect patients with high surgical risk,and percutaneous treatment is usually performed in reference centers for treatment of congenital heartdiseases, due to anatomical characteristics of these defects. We present two cases of left ventricularpseudoaneurysms treated by transapical approach without need for cardiopulmonary bypass, and one caseof aortic pseudoaneurysm treated by femoral approach, in which a snare was introduced by contralateral access, to allow for adequate support and guidance of the long sheath for accessing the defect...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aorta/surgery , Cardiac Catheterization , Aneurysm, False/complications , Aneurysm, False/therapy , Heart Ventricles/physiopathology , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/complications , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/diagnosis , Femoral Artery , Myocardial Infarction/complications , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Septal Occluder Device
11.
J. vasc. bras ; 14(1): 94-97, Jan-Mar/2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-744462

ABSTRACT

Amyloidosis consists of deposition of insoluble fibrillar proteins in tissues and, causing dysfunction. In association with other factors, the condition can contribute to emergence of complications, such as pseudoaneurysms at arterial puncture sites. Pseudoaneurysms are becoming an ever-more common complication, which underscores the importance of identifying risk factors, so that their incidence can be minimized...


A amiloidose consiste em um depósito de proteínas fibrilares insolúveis em tecidos e órgãos, causando disfunção nos mesmos, e pode contribuir, associada a outros fatores, para formação de complicações, como pseudoaneurisma em locais de punção arterial. O pseudoaneurisma consiste de uma complicação cada vez mais frequente e, por isso, a importância de se identificarem seus fatores de risco, para que, então, sua incidência possa ser minimizada...


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Amyloidosis/diagnosis , Femoral Artery/surgery , Aneurysm, False/surgery , Aneurysm, False/therapy , Aneurysm, False , Hypertension/complications , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications , Angioplasty/rehabilitation , Comorbidity , Cardiac Catheterization/methods
12.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-154402

ABSTRACT

Intercostal artery pseudoaneurysm (IAP) is a rare entity and may complicate a percutaneous intervention through an intercostal space or follow thoracic trauma. Its rupture into the pleural space can give rise to haemothorax, which if untreated may lead to a retained haemothorax (RH). Traditionally both the IAP and the RH are managed by a thoracotomy. We report a patient who developed an IAP with haemothorax following a trauma. The diagnosis was established by computed tomography. The patient was treated by endovascular embolisation of the IAP followed by thoracoscopic decortications of the RH.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm, False/etiology , Aneurysm, False/diagnostic imaging , Aneurysm, False/therapy , Diabetes Complications , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Follow-Up Studies , Hemothorax/etiology , Hemothorax/diagnostic imaging , Hemothorax/surgery , Humans , Hypertension/complications , Intercostal Muscles/blood supply , Male , Middle Aged , Risk Factors , Thoracic Injuries/complications , Thoracic Injuries/etiology , Thoracoscopy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome , Wounds, Stab/complications
13.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 26(4): 289-307, out.-dez. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-705125

ABSTRACT

Pseudoaneurismas são complicações vasculares cada vez mais frequentes numa época em que a Medicina Intervencionista avança e mostra um significativo aumento dos seus procedimentos, sejam eles diagnósticos ou terapêuticos. Esta revisão busca definir essa patologia de maneira adequada, mostrando suas complicações, discorrendo sobre as várias formas de diagnóstico (clinico, US, Tomografia Computadorizada, Ressonância Magnética e Angiografia), bem como os vários tipos de tratamento propostos, (Expectante, Cirúrgico, por Compressão, Endovascular, com Injeções de Trombina e Salina). Este artigo, revendo os vários tipos de tratamento, avalia suas indicações, contraindicações e complicações, dando ênfase ao tratamento percutâneo com injeção de trombina.


Psudoaneurysms are vascular complications increasingly common at a time when the interventionist medicine progresses and shows a significant increase of its procedures, whether diagnostic or therapeutic. This review seeks to define this condition appropriately, showing its complications, discussing the various forms of diagnosis (Clinical, US, CT, MRI and Angiography), as well as the various types of treatment proposed (Expectant, Surgical, by Compression, Endovascular, with Injections of Thrombin and Salina); this article, reviewing the various types of treatment, assesses their indications, contraindications and complications, emphasizing the percutaneous treatment with thrombin injection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Vascular Diseases/complications , Vascular Diseases/mortality , Aneurysm, False/therapy , Aneurysm, False , Thrombin/administration & dosage , Angiography/methods , Angiography
14.
J. vasc. bras ; 12(3): 257-259, Jul-Sep/2013. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-695195

ABSTRACT

A 17-year-old male patient presenting with an abdominal gunshot wound and severe hypovolemic shock was initially operated and presented several injuries to the small bowel and cecum associated with severe hemorrhage. The patient had to be operated twice due to hypothermia, acidosis, and coagulopathy. In the late postoperative period, murmur and fremitus were observed. Angiography revealed a pseudoaneurysm associated with arteriovenous fistulae at the left external iliac vessels. Lesions were repaired with a stent graft placed in the external iliac artery, with a satisfactory outcome. Control computed tomography performed 6 months later evidenced artery integrity with closure of the fistulae. Endovascular therapy should be the preferred method in this type of vascular trauma complications.


Um paciente do sexo masculino com 17 anos de idade apresentando-se com ferimento abdominal por arma de fogo e choque hipovolêmico grave foi inicialmente operado e apresentava várias lesões no intestino delgado e ceco associadas a hemorragia grave. O paciente teve que ser operado duas vezes devido a hipotermia, acidose e coagulopatia. No período pós-operatório tardio, foram observados sopro e frêmito. Angiografia revelou um pseudoaneurisma associado a fístulas arteriovenosas nos vasos ilíacos externos ao lado esquerdo. As lesões foram tratadas mediante a colocação de stent na artéria ilíaca externa, com desfecho satisfatório. Tomografia computadorizada de controle realizada após 6 meses evidenciou integridade da artéria, com o fechamento das fístulas. O tratamento endovascular deve ser o método de escolha nesse tipo de complicação vascular traumática.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Aneurysm, False/diagnosis , Aneurysm, False/therapy , Wounds, Gunshot/surgery , Arteriovenous Fistula/therapy , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/complications , Stents , Time Factors , Tomography, Emission-Computed/methods
16.
Rev. bras. ecocardiogr. imagem cardiovasc ; 26(3): 212-215, jul.-set. 2013. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-683652

ABSTRACT

Criança com 12 anos de idade, encaminhada para ecocardiografia transtorácica e transesofágica 2D e 3D para controle pós-operatório de correção de estenose subaórtica, que evidenciou um grande pseudoaneurisma da fibrosa intervalvar mitro-aórtica, associado à perfuração da base do folheto anterior da valva mitral. Tratava-se de um caso de coartação da aorta (CoAo) neonatal associada à comunicação interventricular (CIV), que necessitou de múltiplas intervenções cirúrgicas na infância devido ao não tratamento adequado das estruturas predisponentes de estenose subvalvar aórtica. Neste relato, são discutidas as particularidades anatômicas que predispõem a lesões obstrutivas esquerdas e a provável causa de desenvolvimento dessas lesões iatrogênicas.


Twelve year-old child referred for echocardiographic evaluation after surgical treatment of subaortic stenosis. Transthoracic and transesofageal (2D and real time 3D) showed a large pseudoaneurysm of the mitral-aortic intervalvular fibrosa associated with a small perforation at the base of the anterior leaflet of the mitral valve. She had neonatal coarctation of the aorta associated with ventricular septal defect and required multiple surgical procedures in infancy due to an inappropriate treatment of the predisposing anatomical structures of subvalvular aortic stenosis. In this report, the mechanisms of these iatrogenic lesions and the abnormal anatomical features that predispose to left sided obstructive lesions are discussed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Aortic Coarctation/surgery , Aortic Coarctation/complications , Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular/surgery , Echocardiography/methods , Aortic Stenosis, Subvalvular/surgery , Aortic Stenosis, Subvalvular/complications , Aneurysm, False/therapy
18.
Rev. bras. cardiol. invasiva ; 21(1): 18-22, jan.-mar. 2013. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-674483

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: A injeção de trombina guiada por ultrassom (IT) é uma opção para o tratamento de pseudoaneurisma da artéria femoral. No entanto, o resultado dessa técnica em pacientes com síndrome coronária aguda (SCA) pode ser comprometido pelo uso de medicações antitrombóticas. Também, o extravasamento de trombina para a circulação sistêmica pode causar aumento de eventos tromboembólicos. MÉTODOS: Foram selecionados todos os pacientes admitidos com SCA que apresentaram pseudoaneurisma da artéria femoral após procedimento percutâneo, tratados com IT, entre janeiro de 2007 e julho de 2011. Características clínicas e laboratoriais, resultado do tratamento e complicações foram avaliados. RESULTADOS: Analisamos 23 pacientes, com idade de 67,1 ± 14,2 anos, 60,9% eram do sexo feminino, com índice de massa corporal de 28,4 ± 4,7 kg/m², e 52,2% eram diabéticos. À apresentação, 87% tinham SCA sem supradesnivelamento do segmento ST e o restante, infarto do miocárdio com supradesnivelamento do segmento ST. Entre os pacientes avaliados, 70% foram submetidos a intervenção coronária percutânea. Todos os pacientes estavam em uso de ácido acetilsalicílico, 78,3% utilizaram inibidores da P2Y12 e 39,1%, inibidores da glicoproteína IIb/IIIa. A IT foi eficaz em ocluir o pseudoaneurisma em 100% dos casos (96,7% após a primeira injeção), sem embolia distal, infecção local ou necessidade de correção cirúrgica em nenhum caso. Não houve infarto, acidente vascular cerebral ou revascularização não-programada. Houve um óbito por choque cardiogênico, 22 dias após a IT, no segundo dia após cirurgia eletiva de revascularização miocárdica. CONCLUSÕES: O tratamento de pseudoaneurisma da artéria femoral com IT é um método seguro e eficaz em pacientes com SCA.


BACKGROUND: Ultrasound-guided thrombin injection (TI) is an option for the treatment of femoral artery pseudoaneurysm. Nevertheless, the result of this technique in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) may be compromised by the use of antithrombotic drugs. In addition, thrombin extravasation to systemic circulation could potentially cause an increase in thromboembolic events. METHODS: Patients admitted with ACS who developed femoral artery pseudoaneurysm after a percutaneous procedure and treated by TI between January 2007 and July 2011 were included. Clinical and laboratory characteristics, treatment results and complications were evaluated. RESULTS: We evaluated 23 patients with mean age of 67.1 ± 14.2 years, 60.9% were women, with body mass index of 28.4 ± 4.7 kg/m² and 52.2% were diabetics. At presentation, 87% had non-ST elevation ACS and the remaining had ST elevation myocardial infarction. Of the evaluated patients, 70% were submitted to percutaneous coronary intervention. All patients were receiving aspirin, 78.3% used P2Y12 inhibitors and 39.1% used glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors. TI was successful in occluding the pseudoaneurysm in 100% of cases (96.7% after the first injection), without distal embolization, local infection or need of surgical correction. There were no cases of myocardial infarction, stroke or unscheduled revascularization. There was one death due to cardiogenic shock 22 days after TI, on the second post-operative day after an elective coronary artery bypass graft surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Treatment of femoral artery pseudoaneurysm by TI is a safe and effective procedure in patients with ACS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Femoral Artery/physiopathology , Aneurysm, False/physiopathology , Aneurysm, False/therapy , Acute Coronary Syndrome/complications , Acute Coronary Syndrome/physiopathology , Thrombin/administration & dosage , Cardiac Catheterization , Heparin/administration & dosage , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/methods , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Ultrasonography, Interventional/methods
19.
Ann Card Anaesth ; 2013 Jan; 16(1): 40-43
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-145390

ABSTRACT

Pseudoaneurysm of mitral-aortic intervalvular fibrosa (MAIVF) is a rare complication associated with aortic and/or mitral valve surgery complicated by infective endocarditis. We report pseudoaneurysm of MAIVF in a young adult without overt cardiac disease or previous cardiac surgery. The patient had a rare combination of pseudoaneurysm of MAIVF impinging on anterior mitral leaflet causing moderate mitral regurgitation, right sinus of Valsalva aneurysm extending into interventricular septum, and left main coronary artery aneurysm. Transesophageal echocardiography helped in confirming the lesions, delineating the anatomy of all the lesions, and assessing the adequacy of surgical repair.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aneurysm, False/surgery , Aneurysm, False/therapy , Aneurysm, False/diagnostic imaging , Echocardiography, Transesophageal/methods , Echocardiography, Transesophageal/statistics & numerical data , Humans , Male , Mitral Valve Insufficiency/complications , Mitral Valve Insufficiency/surgery , Mitral Valve Insufficiency/diagnostic imaging , Sinus of Valsalva/surgery , Sinus of Valsalva/diagnostic imaging
20.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 131(5): 356-362, 2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-695332

ABSTRACT

CONTEXT: Renal artery pseudoaneurysm is a rare complication after renal injury but should be suspected whenever there is recurrent hematuria after renal trauma. CASE REPORTS: We present three cases of pseudoaneurysm after blunt renal trauma and a review of the literature. All patients underwent renal angiography. Two cases were diagnosed during the initial hospital stay due to hematuria, or in the follow-up period during recovery. One patient was hemodynamically unstable. Two patients successfully underwent coil embolization in a single session. In the other case, selective embolization was attempted, but was unsuccessful because artery catheterization was impossible. Procedural and medical success and complications were retrospectively assessed from the patients' records. The clinical presentation, treatment options and clinical decisions are discussed. CONCLUSIONS: Renal artery pseudoaneurysm may develop acutely or even years after the initial injury. Signs and symptoms may have a wide spectrum of presentation. Selective angiographic embolization is an effective treatment that reduces the extent of parenchymal infarction. .


CONTEXTO: Pseudoaneurisma de artéria renal é uma complicação rara após lesão renal, mas deve ser suspeitada quando houver hematúria recorrente após trauma renal. RELATO DE CASOS: Três casos de pseudoaneurisma após trauma renal fechado são apresentados, além de revisão da literatura. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos a angiografia renal. Dois dos casos foram diagnosticados durante a estadia hospitalar inicial, por hematúria ou no período de acompanhamento durante a recuperação. Um paciente estava hemodinamicamente instável. Dois pacientes foram submetidos a embolização com coil com sucesso em uma única sessão. No outro caso, a embolização seletiva foi tentada sem sucesso, devido à impossibilidade de cateterização da artéria. O sucesso médico e do procedimento e as complicações foram retrospectivamente avaliados a partir dos registros dos pacientes. A apresentação clínica, opções de tratamento e decisões clínicas são discutidas. CONCLUSÕES: Pseudoaneurisma de artéria renal pode se desenvolver agudamente ou até mesmo anos após o trauma inicial. Sinais e sintomas podem ter um amplo espectro de apresentação. Embolização angiográfica seletiva é um tratamento efetivo, reduzindo a extensão de infarto parenquimatoso. .


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Humans , Male , Aneurysm, False/etiology , Kidney/injuries , Renal Artery/injuries , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/complications , Aneurysm, False , Aneurysm, False/therapy , Embolization, Therapeutic , Hematuria/etiology , Renal Artery , Time Factors , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome , Wounds, Nonpenetrating , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/therapy
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