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1.
Medisur ; 19(3): 518-523, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287333

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamento: los aneurismas de la vena porta son entidades poco frecuentes, representan aproximadamente el 3% de los aneurismas del sistema venoso. La mayoría de los aneurismas de la vena porta se detectan en pacientes con hígado sano, aunque en algunas ocasiones la hipertensión portal podría favorecer el desarrollo de la patología. Los lugares más comunes son la confluencia venosa esplenomesentérica, la vena porta principal y las ramas de la vena porta intrahepática en los sitios de bifurcación. Objetivo: presentar el caso de un paciente portador de una aneurisma de la vena porta. Presentación del Caso: Paciente femenina, blanca de 49 años de edad con antecedentes de trastornos dispépticos, y en ocasiones, dolor a nivel del hipocondrio derecho. Su examen físico era negativo y la impresión diagnóstica de su médico de asistencia era litiasis vesicular. Durante la realización del examen ultrasonográfico se encuentra como dato positivo una dilatación de tipo aneurismático de la vena porta en el inicio de su trayecto intrahepático de 18 mm de diámetro, y el resto del examen resultó negativo. Conclusiones: Por lo inusual de este caso se decide hacer su presentación.


ABSTRACT: portal vein aneurysms are uncommon, representing approximately the 3% of venous system aneurysms. Most portal vein aneurysms are detected in patients with healthy liver, although on some occasions portal hypertension could favor their development. The most common sites are the splenomesenteric venous confluence, the main portal vein and the branches of the intrahepatic portal vein at bifurcation sites. Objective: to present the case of a patient with a portal vein aneurysm. Case Presentation: A 49-years-old white female patient with a history of dyspeptic disorders, and sometimes pain in the right upper quadrant. Her physical examination was negative and the diagnostic impression from her attending physician was gallstones. During the ultrasound examination, an aneurysmal dilatation of the portal vein at the beginning of its intrahepatic path of 18 mm in diameter was found as a positive finding, being the rest of the examination negative Conclusions: Due to the unusual nature of this case, it was decided to present it.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Portal Vein/pathology , Portal Vein/diagnostic imaging , Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging
2.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(4): 350-354, ago. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138722

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Reportar el caso de un aneurisma gigante de la arteria esplénica de 9,5 cm de diámetro, en una mujer de 75 años de edad, que consultó por síndrome vertiginoso, con hallazgo incidental al examen físico de masa abdominal pulsátil, confirmado mediante angiotomografía de abdomen y pelvis. Materiales y Método: Registro clínico de una paciente sometida a reparación quirúrgica abierta de una aneurisma gigante de la arteria esplénica. Resultados: Mediante laparotomía, abordaje anterior, se efectúa la ligadura del aneurisma con resección parcial del saco aneurismático más esplenectomía, evolucionando sin complicación a 12 meses de seguimiento. Discusión: Se define como aneurisma de la arteria esplénica a toda dilatación mayor a 1 cm de diámetro, presenta indicación quirúrgica cuando mide más de 2 cm y se denomina gigante a partir de los 5 cm. Conclusión: Los aneurismas de la arteria esplénica son una condición infrecuente, habitualmente asintomática, pero potencialmente mortal especialmente en embarazadas; en la literatura solo existen 78 casos reportados de aneurismas gigantes de la arteria esplénica, se recomienda la resolución quirúrgica expedita.


Aim: To report the case of a giant splenic artery aneurysm of 9.5 cm diameter, in a 75 years old woman, who consulted for vertiginous syndrome, with incidental finding to the physical examination of pulsatile abdominal mass, confirmed by angiotomography of abdomen and pelvis. Materials and Method: Clinical record of a patient undergoing open surgical repair of a giant splenic aneurysm. Results: By laparotomy, anterior approach, the ligation of the aneurysm is performed with partial resection of the aneurysm sac plus splenectomy, evolving without complication at 12 months of follow-up. Discussion: The splenic artery aneurysm, is defined at any dilatation greater than 1 cm in diameter, it is surgically indicated when they measure more than 2 cm and called giant from 5 cm. Conclusion: Splenic artery aneurysm is a uncommon condition, usually asymptomatic, but potentially fatal especially in pregnant women, in the literature there are only 78 reported cases of giant splenic artery aneurysms, expedited surgical resolution is recommended.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Splenic Artery/surgery , Aneurysm/surgery , Splenic Artery/diagnostic imaging , Computed Tomography Angiography , Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging
3.
J. vasc. bras ; 17(2): 152-155, abr.jun.2018.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-910804

ABSTRACT

O aneurisma verdadeiro da artéria dorsal do pé é um achado médico raro, e suas principais causas e manifestações clinicas são pouco conhecidas. Paciente do sexo feminino, 49 anos de idade, apresentou-se com uma massa pulsátil no dorso do pé direito. O exame clínico e a imagem ultrassonográfica confirmaram o diagnóstico de um aneurisma. O aneurisma foi ressecado após dissecação, exposição e isolamento dos cotos proximal e distal da artéria dorsal do pé. A ligadura simples e a ressecção do aneurisma vêm se mostrando um tratamento seguro quando o arco plantar se mantém pérvio.


A true aneurysm of the dorsal artery of the foot is a rare medical finding and its principal causes and clinical manifestations are not well known. A 49-year-old female patient presented with a pulsatile mass on the dorsal part of her right foot. Clinical and ultrasound examinations confirmed a diagnosis of aneurysm. The aneurysm was resected after dissection, exposure and isolation of the proximal and distal stumps of the dorsalis pedis artery. Simple ligature and resection of the aneurysm is proving to be a safe treatment option in patients with a patent plantar arch.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Aneurysm/surgery , Tibial Arteries/surgery , Vascular Surgical Procedures/rehabilitation , Dissection/methods
4.
J. vasc. bras ; 17(2): 170-173, abr.jun.2018.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-910876

ABSTRACT

Os aneurismas venosos são raros, sendo na maioria das vezes diagnosticados de forma incidental. Os aneurismas de veia poplítea são os mais comuns entre os aneurismas venosos e apresentam uma forte associação com a ocorrência de trombose venosa profunda e embolia pulmonar recorrente. O presente estudo descreve dois casos de aneurisma de veia poplítea associados a trombose venosa profunda.


Venous aneurysms are rare and often diagnosed incidentally. Popliteal vein aneurysms are the most common type of venous aneurysms and have a strong association with the occurrence of deep vein thrombosis and recurrent pulmonary embolism. This article reports two cases of popliteal vein aneurysms associated with deep vein thrombosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Aged , Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Popliteal Vein/physiopathology , Venous Thrombosis/surgery , Anticoagulants/administration & dosage , Time Factors , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color/methods
5.
J. vasc. bras ; 17(1): 49-54, jan.-mar. 2018. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-904923

ABSTRACT

A persistência da artéria isquiática é uma anomalia vascular congênita rara cuja principal complicação é a dilatação aneurismática. O quadro clínico pode incluir sintomas decorrentes da dilatação arterial e da isquemia, causada por trombose ou embolização distal. O tratamento dessa afecção rara conta com opções diversas que abrangem desde a ligadura do aneurisma até a correção endovascular. O presente relato descreve o caso de uma paciente do sexo feminino com queixa de tumoração pulsátil na região glútea. Foi encaminhada ao serviço de referência e realizou angiotomografia, que evidenciou persistência completa da artéria isquiática bilateralmente, com dilatação aneurismática à esquerda. A paciente foi submetida a tratamento endovascular do aneurisma, através de punção contralateral, com implante de dois stents revestidos com manutenção da perviedade distal da artéria. A manutenção da perviedade é particularmente importante nos casos da forma completa dessa variação anatômica. A paciente cursou com boa evolução


A persistent sciatic artery is a rare congenital vascular anomaly. The most common complication is aneurysm. Clinical presentation may include symptoms resulting from arterial dilatation and ischemia caused by thrombosis or embolization. There are diverse options for treatment of this rare condition, ranging from ligature of the aneurism to endovascular repair. This report describes the case of a female patient complaining of a pulsating mass in the left buttock. She was referred to a Vascular Service where an angiotomography showed complete bilateral persistence of the sciatic artery, with an aneurysm of the left sciatic artery. The aneurysm was treated with endovascular techniques, via a contralateral approach, with placement of two stent grafts and preservation of distal patency. Patency is particularly important in cases of this anatomical variation in which the persistent sciatic artery is complete. This patient recovered well


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Sciatic Nerve , Endovascular Procedures , Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Aorta, Abdominal , Blood Vessels , Angiography/methods , Stents , Ultrasonography/methods , Lower Extremity , Femoral Artery/diagnostic imaging
6.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 107-112, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742497

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) is associated with poor outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention. However, CI-AKI has rarely been evaluated within the neurovascular field. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence and clinical implication of CI-AKI after coil embolization in patients with an aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2005 and March 2016, 192 patients who underwent coil embolization were enrolled in this study. CI-AKI was defined as an increase from baseline serum creatinine concentration of >25% or >0.5 mg/dL within 72 hours after coil embolization. A poor clinical outcome was defined as a score of ≥3 on the modified Rankin Scale at one-year post-treatment. RESULTS: A total of 16 patients (8.3%) died as a result of medical problems within one year. CI-AKI was identified in 14 patients (7.3%). Prominent risk factors for one-year mortality included CI-AKI [odds ratio (OR): 16.856; 95% confidence interval (CI): 3.437–82.664] and an initial Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score ≤8 (OR: 5.565; 95% CI: 1.703–18.184). A poor clinical outcome was associated with old age (≥65 years) (OR: 7.921; 95% CI: 2.977–21.076), CI-AKI (OR: 11.281; 95% CI: 2.138–59.525), an initial GCS score ≤8 (OR 31.02; 95% CI, 10.669–90.187), and a ruptured aneurysm (p=0.016, OR: 4.278) in posterior circulation. CONCLUSION: CI-AKI seems to be an independent predictor of the overall outcomes of aSAH after endovascular treatment.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury/chemically induced , Acute Kidney Injury/diagnostic imaging , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Acute Kidney Injury/mortality , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aneurysm/complications , Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Aneurysm/therapy , Angiography , Contrast Media/adverse effects , Embolization, Therapeutic/adverse effects , Female , Humans , Incidence , Male , Middle Aged , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage/complications , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage/diagnostic imaging , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage/therapy , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
7.
Rev. chil. cir ; 70(5): 453-456, 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978014

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La enfermedad multianeurismática es una entidad patológica poco conocida, la cual presenta diversas etiologías, por lo que su localización, morfología y formas de presentación varían de un caso a otro. Caso clínico: Mujer de 51 años dislipémica. Acude por epigastralgia. Se realiza TC abdominal con resultados de hematoma retroperitoneal y aneurisma en arteria pancreática duodenal. Se practica cirugía urgente para evacuación del hematoma sin encontrarse más hallazgos. Durante el ingreso presenta crisis hipertensivas y se realiza nuevo AngioTC donde se visualizan múltiples lesiones en distintas arterias viscerales con posibilidad diagnóstica de vasculitis. Se decide no intervención en el momento actual y estudio de filiación. Discusión: La enfermedad multianeurismática es una entidad poco común, cuya etiología se determina de acuerdo con su correlación clínica e histopatológica con diversas posibles causas; sin embargo, establecer un diagnóstico en donde el cuadro clínico coincida al 100%, es un desafío. Es muy frecuente la afectación de las arterias viscerales a diferencia de los aneurismas de origen ateroesclerótico. El tratamiento quirúrgico es seguro y deberá iniciarse en los segmentos que estén causando la sintomatología. El tratamiento endovascular es menos invasivo siendo la técnica de elección en pacientes con elevada comorbilidad y en los casos de cirugía complicada con rotura.


Introduction: Multiple artery aneurysms are a rare pathological condition which may be caused by different etiologies. Therefore, its location, morphology and clinical presentation may vary in a case to case basis. Case report: A 51-year-old woman, prior history of dyslipedemia presents with upper abdominal pain. Abdominal tomographic scans showed aneurysm of the pancreaticduodenal artery and retroperitoneal hematoma. Emergent surgical evacuation of the hematoma was performed, with no other findings. In the postoperative period, the patient suffers hypertensive crisis and a new tomographic scan is conducted observing multiple dilations in different visceral arteries. The patient is treated conservatively and is being studied for a possible vasculitis. Discussion: Multi-aneurysmatic artery disease is a very rare entity, its etiology is determined by clinical and histopathological correlation. Although establishing a diagnosis in which the clinical presentation completely corresponds, is a real challenge. Unlike degenerative aneurysms due to atherosclerosis, multi-aneurysmatic disease commonly involves visceral arteries. Open surgery is considered safe treatment option and should be established in the segments causing symptoms. Endovascular treatment is less invasive, being the technique of choice in patients with high comorbidity and in cases of complicated surgery with rupture.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Splenic Artery/diagnostic imaging , Hepatic Artery/diagnostic imaging , Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Mesenteric Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Splenic Artery/pathology , Computed Tomography Angiography , Hepatic Artery/pathology , Mesenteric Arteries/pathology
8.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 15(3): 359-362, July-Sept. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-891400

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Giant splenic artery aneurysm is a rare condition that represents an eminent life threatening for the patient, requiring, therefore, urgent surgical correction. A 61-year-old woman, former smoker, hypertensive, hypercholesterolemic and multipara sought our service because of a large tumor in the mesogastrium, which was an abdominal ultrasound finding. Despite the size of the tumor, the patient was asymptomatic. The angiotomography and the magnetic resonance image of the abdomen were suggestive of giant splenic artery aneurysm with more than 10cm in diameter that was confirmed by an angiography. She underwent surgery, open splenectomy, and partial aneurysmectomy. The approach of the celiac artery, which was ligated, was only possible with medialvisceral rotation because there was no possibility to view it through the anterior access. The histopathological test of aneurysmatic wall revealed atheroma plaques in the intima. The patient progressed without complications and she was discharged cured. In general, giant splenic artery aneurysms are symptomatic, however, as in the case we report, it may be asymptomatic and found in abdominal imaging exam. Although less invasive Interventional methods exist, such as laparoscopy and endovascular techniques, they were considered inappropriate in this case. Conventional open surgery should be the therapy of choice for a giant splenic artery aneurysm.


RESUMO O aneurisma gigante da artéria esplênica constitui condição rara, que representa risco de vida iminente para o paciente, necessitando, consequentemente, de correção cirúrgica urgente. Mulher de 61 anos, ex-fumante, hipertensa, com hipercolesterolêmica e multípara nos procurou por apresentar grande tumor no mesogástrio, achado de ultrassonografia abdominal. Apesar das dimensões do tumor, era assintomática. Angiotomografia e ressonância magnética de abdômen sugeriam tratar-se de aneurisma gigante de artéria esplênica com mais de 10cm de diâmetro, confirmado por angiografia. Foi submetida a tratamento cirúrgico aberto, tendo sido realizadas esplenectomia e aneurismectomia parcial. A abordagem do tronco celíaco, que foi ligado, só foi possível com rotação visceral medial, pois não havia possibilidade de visualizá-lo pela via anterior. O exame anatomopatológico da parede do saco aneurismático revelou placas de ateroma na íntima. A paciente evoluiu sem intercorrências e teve alta hospitalar curada. Aneurismas da artéria esplênica de dimensões avantajadas, em geral, são sintomáticos, porém, como no caso em questão, podem ser assintomáticos e descobertos em exame de imagem do abdômen. Apesar de existirem métodos intervencionistas menos invasivos, como laparoscopia e técnicas endovasculares, eles não foram considerados adequados neste caso. Diante de um aneurisma gigante de artéria esplênica, a conduta terapêutica de eleição é a cirurgia convencional aberta.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Splenic Artery/diagnostic imaging , Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Splenectomy , Splenic Artery/surgery , Aneurysm/surgery
9.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 63(6): 488-491, June 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-896359

ABSTRACT

Summary We describe the case of a male patient, aged 76 years, referred for cardiac investigation due to retrosternal chest pain and dyspnea. He had a history of acute myocardial infarction and angioplasties in the last 30 years, including a saphenous vein coronary artery bypass grafting (SVCABG). Echocardiogram showed hypoechoic oval formation near the right ventricle, suggesting a pericardial cyst. Computed angiotomography revealed a predominantly fusiform and thrombosed aneurysmal dilation of the SVCABG to the right coronary artery. SVCABG aneurysms are very rare and potentially fatal. They usually appear in the late postoperative period, and patients are often asymptomatic. On radiography, it is frequently presented as enlargement of the mediastinum, with echocardiography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging being very useful for diagnosis. Coronary angiography is the gold standard to detect these cases. Our report illustrates a rare situation arising late from a relatively common surgery. Due to its severity, proper recognition in the routine assessment of patients with a similar history is essential.


Resumo Descrevemos o caso de paciente do sexo masculino, 76 anos, em avaliação cardiológica em razão de dor torácica retroesternal e dispneia. Antecedente de infartos agudos do miocárdio e angioplastias nos últimos 30 anos, incluindo um bypass aortocoronário de veia safena (BACVS) ou "ponte de safena". Em ecocardiograma, observou-se formação ovalada alongada hipoecoica junto ao ventrículo direito, podendo sugerir um cisto pericárdico. Angiotomografia computadorizada do tórax evidenciou uma dilatação aneurismática predominantemente fusiforme e trombosada de "ponte de safena" para artéria coronária direita. Aneurismas de BACVS são raríssimos e potencialmente fatais. Geralmente, surgem em um período tardio pós-cirúrgico, sendo seus portadores muitas vezes assintomáticos. Na radiografia, frequentemente se apresentam como alargamento do mediastino, sendo a ecocardiografia, a tomografia computadorizada e a ressonância magnética muito úteis no diagnóstico. A angiografia coronariana é o padrão-ouro na detecção. Este relato ilustra uma situação rara decorrente tardiamente de uma cirurgia relativamente comum, e por causa de sua gravidade torna-se essencial o seu reconhecimento na rotina de avaliação de pacientes com antecedentes semelhantes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Saphenous Vein/diagnostic imaging , Coronary Artery Bypass/adverse effects , Venous Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Saphenous Vein/transplantation , Venous Thrombosis/etiology , Aneurysm/etiology
10.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 67(1): 95-99, Jan.-Feb. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-843358

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: The aneurysm in the pulmonary trunk is a rare disease. Because of its location, a rupture can lead to right ventricular failure and sudden death. Aneurysmorraphy is the most widely used surgical treatment in these cases. The aim of this study is to report a successful balanced general anesthesia for aneurysmorraphy of pulmonary trunk. Case report: Male patient, 28 years, asymptomatic, diagnosed with an aneurysm in the pulmonary trunk. According to the location of the aneurysm and the consequent failure of the pulmonary valve, an aneurysmorraphy was indicated, with implantation of vascular-valvular prosthesis (valved tube). We opted for a balanced general anesthesia, seeking to prevent an increase in systemic and pulmonary vascular resistances, thus avoiding to cause stress on the wall of the aneurysmal vessel. Conclusions: A balanced general anesthesia, in combination with adequate ventilation to prevent elevation in pulmonary vascular pressure, was appropriate for surgical repair of an aneurysm in the pulmonary trunk.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: O aneurisma de tronco de artéria pulmonar é uma doença rara. Por sua localização, uma ruptura pode conduzir à falência do ventrículo direito e à morte súbita. A aneurismorrafia é o tratamento cirúrgico mais usado nesses casos. O objetivo foi relatar uma anestesia geral balanceada para aneurismorrafia de tronco de artéria pulmonar feita com sucesso. Relato do caso: Paciente do sexo masculino, 28 anos, assintomático, diagnosticado com aneurisma de tronco de artéria pulmonar. De acordo com a localização do aneurisma e a consequente insuficiência da válvula pulmonar, foi indicada a aneurismorrafia com implante de prótese vascular e valvular (tubo valvado). Optou-se pela anestesia geral balanceada, para impedir um aumento nas resistências vasculares sistêmicas e pulmonar e evitar-se, dessa maneira, um estresse sobre a parede do vaso aneurismático. Conclusões: A anestesia geral balanceada, em associação com uma ventilação adequada para evitar elevação na pressão vascular pulmonar, foi apropriada para correção cirúrgica de um aneurisma em tronco pulmonar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Pulmonary Artery/surgery , Pulmonary Valve/surgery , Aneurysm/surgery , Pulmonary Artery/drug effects , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Radiography , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging
11.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 43(5): 401-403, Sept.-Oct. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-829608

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT We report a case of an aneurysm of the right hepatic artery and its multidisciplinary management by general surgery, endoscopy and radiology services. Being a case of extremely low incidence, it is important to show its diagnostic and therapeutic approach.


RESUMO Relatamos um caso de aneurisma da artéria hepática direita conduzido de forma multidisciplinar pelos Serviços de Cirurgia Geral, Endoscopia e Radiologia. Em se tratando de caso de incidência baixíssima, é importante mostrar o enfoque diagnóstico e terapêutico usado em seu manejo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Hepatic Artery , Aneurysm/surgery , Aneurysm/pathology , Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging
12.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 43(5): 398-400, Sept.-Oct. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-829599

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Splenic artery aneurysms - the most common visceral artery aneurysms - are found most often in multiparous women and in patients with portal hypertension. Indications for treatment of splenic artery aneurysm or pseudoaneurysm include specific symptoms, female gender and childbearing age, presence of portal hypertension, planned liver transplantation, a pseudoaneurysm of any size, and an aneurysm with a diameter of more than 2.5cm. Historically, the treatment of splenic artery aneurysm has been surgical ligation of the splenic artery, ligation of the aneurysm, or aneurysmectomy with or without splenectomy, depending on the aneurysm location. There are other percutaneous interventional techniques. The authors present a case of a splenic artery aneurysm in a 51-year-old woman, detected incidentally.


RESUMO Aneurismas da artéria esplênica - os aneurismas arteriais viscerais mais comuns - são encontrados mais frequentemente em mulheres multíparas e em pacientes com hipertensão portal. As indicações para o seu tratamento incluem sintomas específicos, sexo feminino e idade fértil, presença de hipertensão portal, paciente em fila de transplante hepático, um pseudoaneurisma de qualquer tamanho, e um aneurisma com um diâmetro superior a 2,5cm. Historicamente, o tratamento do aneurisma da artéria esplênica tem sido a ligadura cirúrgica da artéria esplênica, a ligadura do aneurisma ou a aneurismectomia, com ou sem esplenectomia, dependendo do local do aneurisma. Existem outras técnicas intervencionistas percutâneas. Os autores apresentam o caso de um aneurisma de artéria esplênica em uma mulher de 51 anos de idade, diagnosticado incidentalmente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Splenic Artery , Aneurysm/surgery , Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Middle Aged
14.
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 16(1): 110-117, ene.-jun. 2015.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-739169

ABSTRACT

El aneurisma de la arteria subclavia es una entidad extremadamente rara que no sobrepasa el 1 % del total de los aneurismas periféricos y pueden situarse en diferentes sectores de la arteria. El objetivo de este trabajo es describir el diagnóstico y tratamiento empleado en un paciente portador de un aneurisma verdadero del tronco tirocervical derecho, rama de la arteria subclavia, considerado como infrecuente. Se trata de una paciente femenina de 48 años de edad, con antecedentes de aumento de volumen en la zona supraclavicular derecha, tumoración que late y se expande sin trauma previo en dicha zona. Las manifestaciones clínicas consistieron en dolor y parestesias que se irradiaban al miembro superior derecho. A través de estudios ultrasonográficos (ecodoppler y angioTac) se le diagnosticó un aneurisma del tronco tirocervical derecho, rama de la primera porción de la arteria subclavia. Fue intervenida quirúrgicamente en el Instituto Nacional de Angiología y Cirugía Vascular. Se realizó una aneurismectomía y ligadura proximal y distal utilizando un abordaje supraclavicular. Se encontró un aneurisma verdadero de la arteria señalada. Los estudios ultrasonográficos permitieron un diagnóstico certero del problema. La técnica quirúrgica utilizada fue exitosa y la paciente mostró una evolución satisfactoria, sin complicaciones hasta el momento actual con regresión de sus síntomas clínicos(AU)


The subclavian artery aneurysm is an extremely rare disease that barely accounts for 1 % of all peripheral aneurysms and may be located in different sectors of the aorta. The objective of this paper was to describe the diagnosis and treatment used in a patient carrying an unusual true aneurysm of the right thyrocervical trunk, the subclavian artery branch. The case of 48 years-old woman, with a history of raised volume of the right supraclavicular area, beating tumor that expands, and no previous trauma in the area. The clinical symptoms were pain and parestesias irradiating to the right upper member. Through the ultrasonographic studies (Ecodoppler and AngioTac), she was diagnosed a right thyrocervical trunk aneurysm, branch of the first portion of the subclavian artery. She was operated on at the National Institute of Angiology and Vascular Surgery. She underwent aneurysmectomy and proximal and distal ligature by using supraclavicular approach. A true aneurysm of the referred artery was found. The ultrasonographic studies allowed a precise diagnosis of the problem and the surgical procedure was successful. The patient recovered satisfactorily with no complications up to the present and regression of her clinical symptoms(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging
15.
West Indian med. j ; 62(7): 667-671, Sept. 2013. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1045723

ABSTRACT

Extracranial internal carotid artery aneurysms are rare. They may result in thromboembolic phenomena but spontaneous rupture is rare. The clinical presentation may be an asymptomatic neck mass or there may be symptoms of upper aerodigestive tract compression. The diagnosis may be suspected on clinical examination but radiologic investigations play an important role in diagnosis as well as in assessing the risk of complications of surgical intervention. We present a case of a patient with an extracranial internal carotid artery aneurysm, along with a short review of the treatment options.


Los aneurismas de la arteria carótida interna extracraneal son raros. Pueden ocasionar fenómenos tromboembólicos pero la ruptura espontánea no es común. La manifestación clínica puede ser una masa asintomático en el cuello, o pueden presentarse síntomas de compresión de las vías aerodigestivas superiores. Pueden producirse indicios para el diagnóstico a partir de sospechas durante el examen clínico, pero las investigaciones radiológicas desempeñan un papel importante a la hora de diagnosticar, y evaluar el riesgo de complicaciones de la intervención quirúrgica. Presentamos un caso de un paciente con un aneurisma de la arteria carótida interna extracraneal, junto con una breve reseña de las opciones de tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Vascular Surgical Procedures/methods , Carotid Artery Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Carotid Artery, Internal , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/diagnostic imaging , Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Renal Artery/diagnostic imaging , Carotid Artery Diseases/surgery , Carotid Artery, Internal/surgery , Carotid Artery, Internal/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Aneurysm/surgery
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-184185

ABSTRACT

We report a rare case of aneurysm of splenic artery arising anomalously from the superior mesenteric artery (SMA). The aneurysm was treated successfully by coil embolization of the splenic artery distal to aneurysm and then deploying a stent graft in the SMA. A combination of stent graft and coil embolization for the treatment of aberrant splenic artery aneurysm has been reported only once. We describe the imaging findings and the endovascular procedure in this patient.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Angiography/methods , Blood Vessel Prosthesis , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Humans , Male , Mesenteric Artery, Superior/diagnostic imaging , Splenic Artery , Stents , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Treatment Outcome
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-130106

ABSTRACT

A Dieulafoy lesion in the rectum is a very rare and it can cause massive lower gastrointestinal bleeding. An 83-year-old man visited our hospital. He had chronic constipation and had taken aspirin for about 10 years because of a previous brain infarction. He was admitted because of a recent brain stroke. On the third hospital day, he had massive hematochezia and suddenly developed hypovolemic shock. Abdominal computed tomography showed active arterial bleeding on the left side of the mid-rectum. Emergency sigmoidoscopy showed an exposed vessel with blood spurting from the rectal wall. The active bleeding was controlled successfully by an injection of epinephrine and two hemoclippings. On the fourth day after the procedure, he had massive recurrent hematochezia, and his vital signs were unstable. Doppler-guided hemorrhoidal artery band ligation was performed urgently at two sites. However, he rebled on the third postoperative day. Selective inferior mesenteric angiography revealed an arterial pseudoaneurysm in a branch of the superior rectal artery, as the cause of rectal bleeding, and this was embolized successfully. We report a rare case of life-threatening rectal bleeding caused by a Dieulafoy lesion combined with pseudoaneurysm of the superior rectal artery which was treated successfully with embolization.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Angiography , Aspirin/therapeutic use , Brain Infarction/drug therapy , Embolization, Therapeutic , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/diagnosis , Hemorrhoids/complications , Humans , Male , Mesenteric Artery, Inferior/diagnostic imaging , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Rectal Diseases/complications , Rectum/blood supply , Sigmoidoscopy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-130091

ABSTRACT

A Dieulafoy lesion in the rectum is a very rare and it can cause massive lower gastrointestinal bleeding. An 83-year-old man visited our hospital. He had chronic constipation and had taken aspirin for about 10 years because of a previous brain infarction. He was admitted because of a recent brain stroke. On the third hospital day, he had massive hematochezia and suddenly developed hypovolemic shock. Abdominal computed tomography showed active arterial bleeding on the left side of the mid-rectum. Emergency sigmoidoscopy showed an exposed vessel with blood spurting from the rectal wall. The active bleeding was controlled successfully by an injection of epinephrine and two hemoclippings. On the fourth day after the procedure, he had massive recurrent hematochezia, and his vital signs were unstable. Doppler-guided hemorrhoidal artery band ligation was performed urgently at two sites. However, he rebled on the third postoperative day. Selective inferior mesenteric angiography revealed an arterial pseudoaneurysm in a branch of the superior rectal artery, as the cause of rectal bleeding, and this was embolized successfully. We report a rare case of life-threatening rectal bleeding caused by a Dieulafoy lesion combined with pseudoaneurysm of the superior rectal artery which was treated successfully with embolization.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Angiography , Aspirin/therapeutic use , Brain Infarction/drug therapy , Embolization, Therapeutic , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/diagnosis , Hemorrhoids/complications , Humans , Male , Mesenteric Artery, Inferior/diagnostic imaging , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Rectal Diseases/complications , Rectum/blood supply , Sigmoidoscopy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-153575

ABSTRACT

We report the findings of a patient with an asymptomatic Arc of Buhler (AOB) aneurysm, which was successfully treated by transcatheter coil embolization. An abdominal CT and angiography revealed an intact pancreaticoduodenal artery arcade (PDAA) and an anomalous communication between the SMA and celiac axis, termed an AOB. An aneurysm was observed at the origin of the AOB and treated with a transcatheter embolization using coils. A follow-up CT imaging confirmed the total occlusion of the aneurysm with a patent PDAA. The successful results of this treatment suggest that the endovascular therapy of an AOB aneurysm with a celiac axis occlusion and an intact PDAA is feasible and safe.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Angiography , Celiac Artery/abnormalities , Embolization, Therapeutic , Humans , Male , Mesenteric Artery, Superior/abnormalities , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
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