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1.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 27(1): 7-16, jan. 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356021

ABSTRACT

Resumo O processo de Reforma Psiquiátrica Brasileira (RPB) propõe o rompimento com o paradigma manicomial em diversas dimensões. Pensar nos espaços de cuidado e no direito à cidade constituem bandeiras importantes para tal. Dessa forma, construímos um arcabouço teórico-conceitual objetivando discutir e sistematizar a relação da arquitetura dos espaços de cuidado destinados à loucura e à produção de subjetividades e relações. Assim, a partir da arqueogenealogia, organizamos um diálogo entre conceitos e autores que abordem o espaço e a arquitetura como dispositivos de produção de subjetividades e relações, tais como, instituições totais e mortificação do eu (Erving Goffman) e síndrome espaço-comportamental (Mirian de Carvalho), e experiências como as de Maura Lopes Cançado e Lima Barreto. Objetivamos, ainda, discutir e desenhar, pelas lentes de campos diversos de saber, um ideal de cidade que nos ajude a enfrentar o paradigma manicomial e fortalecer o processo de RPB: a cidade aberta, aquela que inclui a diferença. Ao localizarmos a importância da discussão das arquiteturas, dos espaços e da cidade que construímos para o processo de RPB, propomos, como resultado deste artigo, construir e adicionar uma nova dimensão de análise de tal processo às já existentes: a dimensão espacial.


Abstract The Brazilian Psychiatric Reform (BPR) process proposes a break with the asylum paradigm in several dimensions. Thinking about care spaces and the right to the city are important flags for this issue. Bearing that in mind, a theoretical-conceptual framework was constructed, aiming to discuss and systematize the relationship between the architecture of care spaces geared toward madness and the production of subjectivities and relationships. Thus, based on archeo-genealogy, a dialogue was organized between concepts and authors that approach space and architecture as devices for the production of subjectivities and relationships, such as total institutions and self-mortification (Erving Goffman) and space-behavioral syndrome (Mirian de Carvalho), as well as experiences such as those by Maura Lopes Cançado and Lima Barreto. It is also the aim of this study to discuss and draw, through the lens of different fields of knowledge, an ideal city that will aid in facing the asylum paradigm and strengthening the BPR process: the open city, that which includes difference. Locating the importance of discussing the architectures, spaces, and the city built for the BPR process, this article proposes to build and add a new dimension of analysis of such a process to those that already exist: the spatial dimension.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hospitals, Psychiatric , Mental Disorders , Brazil , Anger
2.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(6): 2195-2206, jun. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278687

ABSTRACT

Resumen El estudio de las descripciones de los trastornos mentales en la música es escaso, pese a que la reproducción de visiones estigmatizantes puede afectar la búsqueda de tratamiento. El propósito de este artículo es describir los usos y significados de la locura en el punk español como base para la comparación con otros ámbitos. Análisis de contenido. Se revisó las letras de 3.653 canciones buscando los vocablos "loco", "locura" y otros relacionados. Se identificó 174 obras, analizadas posteriormente por dos codificadores. El manual de codificación abarcó 28 códigos para 4 categorías: usos, sentidos y significados de la locura; tema central de la canción; término "loco" en frases hechas; el loco como personaje. Primaron los usos de la locura como descontrol, desenfreno e impredecibilidad. Entre las frases hechas, también fueron más frecuentes las asociaciones con descontrol. El vocablo loco predominó como expresión de cualidad. La comparación con datos previos sugiere que las ideas de la locura como "patología", "pérdida de control" y "oposición a la razón" tendrían mayor universalidad. Los aspectos identitarios del punk español fueron el telón de fondo para los contenidos identificados, emergiendo la locura como seña de identidad y manifestación de alteridad.


Abstract The study of depictions of mental disorders in music are scarce, despite the fact that the reproduction of stigmatizing representations can interfere in the search for treatment. The scope of this article is to describe the extent and nature of the descriptions of madness in Spanish punk music (1981-2010) as a basis for comparisons with other countries and musical genres. For the content analysis, 3,653 song lyrics were reviewed looking for the words 'crazy,' 'madness,' or other related terms. A total of 174 works were identified and subsequently analyzed by two decoders. The code book contained 28 codes representing cuatro categories: uses, sense and meanings of 'madness'; main topic of the song; the word 'crazy' in set phrases; and the crazy individual. The use of madness as unpredictability or loss of control was prevalent. In set phrases, links between madness and loss of control were recurrent too. The word 'crazy' was predominant as an attribute or quality. Comparisons with previous findings in the literature suggest that the senses of madness as 'pathology,' 'loss of control,' and 'opposition to reason' were more universal. The identity contents of Spanish punk were the backcloth for the content identified, such that the theme of madness emerges as a sign of identity and a manifestation of otherness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anger , Mental Disorders , Music , Drama
3.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 41(spe3): e207756, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1340443

ABSTRACT

A prevalência dos castigos físicos em crianças/adolescentes é muito elevada. Sua aceitação social é ampla, sendo que as legislações brasileiras criam brechas para sua ocorrência. Entre os cientistas, há dissenso quanto aos limites entre castigos e abusos físicos. O objetivo do presente estudo foi contribuir com as discussões nesse âmbito, buscando verificar se grupos de pais/responsáveis sem e com histórico de notificação ao sistema de proteção por abuso físico se diferenciariam quanto à forma de punir/castigar e quanto a variáveis psicossociais consideradas fatores de risco para abuso físico. A abordagem adotada no estudo foi quantitativa, com delineamento transversal e comparativo. Participaram do estudo pais/cuidadores que faziam utilização da punição corporal: 47 sem histórico de notificação e 40 com histórico de notificação por abuso físico. Os instrumentos utilizados para a coleta de dados foram: Questionário de Caracterização Sociodemográfica, Roteiro de Entrevista sobre Prática Parental, Inventário de Potencial de Maus-Tratos Infantil (Child Abuse Potential Inventory - CAP). Os pais notificados relataram punições corporais mais graves (ou seja, mais frequentes, mais gravosas e em regiões do corpo mais vulneráveis) e mais angústia, rigidez, infelicidade, problemas com a criança, problemas com os outros e solidão. Todavia, em ambos os grupos, segundo o reportado, a raiva moveria o ato de punir. Esses resultados reiteram a ideia de que todas as formas de punição física são maus-tratos (expressões de violência), pois decorrem das necessidades dos cuidadores ("descarga emocional"). Remetem, porém, a um fenômeno heterogêneo, em termos de gravidade e de fatores associados, que precisa ser assim considerado na proposição de programas de prevenção e de tratamento.(AU)


Physical punishment of children / adolescents is highly prevalent and socially accepted, with a series of loopholes in the Brazilian legislation that favor this practice. Scientists tend to disagree in regard to the limits between physical punishment and physical abuse. This study aimed to contribute to the discussions around this theme, verifying whether practices of physical punishment and psychosocial variables considered risk factors for physical abuse differ among parents / caregivers with and without history of physical abuse notifications to protection agencies. The study was conducted with parents / caregivers who adopt practices of corporal punishment, 47 of whom without and 40 with history of physical abuse notification. Data were collected by means of Characterization Questionnaire, Parental Practice Interview, and Child Abuse Potential Inventory (CAP). Notified parents reported more severe corporal punishments (more frequent, more dangerous, in more vulnerable body regions) and more distress, severity, unhappiness, problems with the child and other people, and loneliness. Both groups reported that the act of punishing was moved by anger. These results reiterate the notion that all forms of physical punishment are maltreatment (expressions of violence) resulting from the needs of the caregivers ("emotional discharge"). However, these practices refer to a heterogeneous phenomenon in terms of severity and associated factors, which must be considered when proposing prevention and treatment programs.(AU)


Los castigos corporales de niños/adolescentes tiene una prevalencia muy elevada. Su aceptación social es amplia, y las legislaciones brasileñas no logran abarcar las puniciones adecuadas para esta práctica. No existe un consenso entre los científicos en cuanto a los límites entre punición corporal y maltrato físico. El objetivo del presente estudio fue contribuir con las discusiones sobre ese tema, verificando si grupos de padres/responsables sin y con antecedentes de notificación al Sistema de Protección por maltrato físico se diferenciarían en la forma de castigar/punir y en variables psicosociales consideradas factores de riesgo para maltrato físico. Este es un estudio cuantitativo, de tipo transversal y comparativo. Participaron en el estudio padres/cuidadores que hacían uso del castigo corporal: 47 sin antecedentes de notificación al sistema; 40 con antecedentes de notificación por maltrato físico. Los instrumentos utilizados para la recolección de datos fueron: Cuestionario de Datos Sociodemográficos, Entrevista sobre Práctica Parental, Inventario de Potencial de Maltrato Infantil (Child Abuse Potential Inventory - CAP). Los padres notificados reportaron castigos corporales más graves (es decir, más frecuentes, más graves, en regiones del cuerpo más vulnerables) y más angustia, rigidez, infelicidad, problemas con el niño, problemas con los demás y soledad. Según el reportado, en ambos grupos, la rabia movería el acto de castigar. Estos resultados reiteran la idea de que todas las formas de castigo físico son maltrato (manifestación de violencia), pues se derivan de las necesidades de los cuidadores ("descarga emocional"). Sin embargo, remiten a un fenómeno heterogéneo, en términos de gravedad y de factores asociados, que necesita considerarse en la propuesta de programas de prevención y de tratamiento.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Punishment , Child Abuse, Sexual , Child Rearing , Domestic Violence , Poverty , Rabies , Violence , Child Abuse , Protection , Consensus , Physical Abuse , Anger
4.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 41(spe4): 1-17, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1340464

ABSTRACT

Resumo A proposta de emenda à Constituição Federal (PEC) 171/1993 prevê a redução da maioridade penal no Brasil de 18 para 16 anos. Essa proposta foi votada pela Câmara dos Deputados e está, atualmente, no Senado Federal, contando com intenso apoio do atual presidente. Embora haja evidências de que a idade não se relaciona a indicadores de violência, a opinião pública se manifesta favorável à medida. Diante disso, considera-se primordial escutar a fala dos próprios adolescentes sobre essa questão. Este trabalho objetivou investigar a perspectiva de adolescentes sobre a redução da maioridade penal. Participaram 25 adolescentes provenientes de uma escola pública e cinco que estavam em cumprimento de medida socioeducativa, todos na faixa etária entre 12 e 17 anos. A coleta de dados ocorreu por meio de rodas de conversa com o primeiro grupo e entrevistas com o segundo. Foram escritos relatos em ambos os momentos da coleta. Para a análise, esses relatos foram lidos e discutidos em grupo pelos pesquisadores. Os resultados apontam alguns analisadores que emergiram a partir das rodas e entrevistas: adolescência, raiva, medo, questão social, lei e violência. Observou-se que os participantes foram além de um posicionamento opinativo, produzindo importantes elaborações sobre o tema que foram disparadores capazes de abordar problemáticas próprias da adolescência e da realidade social. Considera-se que é tarefa ímpar da psicologia trazer à luz opiniões como as dos adolescentes objeto desta pesquisa.(AU)


Abstract The proposed amendment to the Federal Constitution (PEC 171/1993) of Brazil provides for the lowering of the minimum age of criminal responsibility from 18 to 16 years. This proposal was voted by the House of Representatives and is currently in the Federal Senate, being strongly supported by the elected President. Despite evidence showing that age is unrelated to indicators of violence, public opinion supports the measure, indicating the urge for listening to the opinion of adolescents on this subject. This study aimed to investigate the perspective of adolescents regarding the lowering of the minimum age of criminal responsibility in Brazil. The study sample consisted of 25 adolescents from a public school and five who fulfilled socioeducational measures, all aged from 12 to 17 years. Data on the first group were collected by means of conversation circles, and on the second group by interviews. A written record was kept for both moments of data collection, which was later read and discussed among the researchers involved in the study. The results indicate some common themes emerging from circles and interviews, namely: adolescence, anger, fear, social issues, law, and violence. When sharing their perspectives on the subject, participants went beyond an opinionated position, producing important elaborations. This also triggered the possibility of addressing specific problems of adolescence and social reality. In this scenario, Psychology plays a key role in bringing opinions to light, such as those of adolescents participating in this study - who tend to stay on the sidelines.(AU)


Resumen La propuesta de enmienda a la Constitución Federal (PEC 171/1993) prevé la reducción de la edad mínima de responsabilidad penal en Brasil de 18 para 16 años. Esta propuesta fue votada por la Cámara de Diputados y está actualmente en el Senado Federal, contando con intenso apoyo del actual Presidente. Aunque hay evidencias de que la edad no se relaciona con los indicadores de violencia, la opinión pública se manifiesta favorable a la medida. Por lo tanto, se considera esencial escuchar el discurso de los adolescentes sobre este tema. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo investigar la perspectiva de algunos adolescentes sobre la reducción de la edad de responsabilidad penal. Participaron 25 adolescentes provenientes de una escuela pública y cinco que estaban en cumplimiento de medida socioeducativa, todos en el grupo de edad de entre 12 y 17 años. La recopilación de datos se realizó por medio de círculos de conversación con el primer grupo y de entrevistas con el segundo. Los informes fueron escritos en ambas ocasiones. Para el análisis, los investigadores leyeron y discutieron estos informes en grupos. Los resultados muestran algunos analizadores que surgieron de los círculos y las entrevistas: adolescencia, ira, miedo, problemas sociales, derecho y violencia. Se observó que los participantes fueron más allá de una posición de opinión, produciendo elaboraciones importantes sobre el tema; esto también desencadenó la posibilidad de abordar problemas específicos de la adolescencia y la realidad social. Se considera que es una tarea única de la psicología sacar a la luz opiniones, como las de estos adolescentes, que tienden a permanecer al margen.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Psychoanalysis , Speech , Adolescent , Interview , Criminal Liability , Psychology , Public Opinion , Social Problems , Violence , Data Collection , Constitution and Bylaws , Criminals , Jurisprudence , Anger
5.
Estud. Interdiscip. Psicol ; 11(3,Supl 1): 146-162, dez.2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343442

ABSTRACT

O presente artigo tem por objetivo investigar os efeitos de uma verdade impactante, qual seja, a de que o próprio pai é um pedófilo que abusa sexualmente de seus filhos. A partir do viés psicanalítico, tentaremos compreender as reverberações identificatórias quando essa sentença é proferida durante a adolescência do sujeito ­ o que, sem dúvida alguma, irá tornar caótico todo o processo de elaboração do luto pela perda dos pais idealizados na infância. Apesar de não ter sido a vítima direta do pai, saber que um irmão foi molestado provoca no adolescente uma decepção ímpar. Através de um caso clínico de uma adolescente, acompanhada por uma equipe multidisciplinar, em um hospital público de alta complexidade da cidade de Buenos Aires, especializado no atendimento de crianças e adolescentes vítimas de abuso sexual, tentaremos abrir questões acerca das fraturas psíquicas e suas sequelas no reordenamento identificatório que acompanha a adolescência (AU).


The object of this study is to investigate the effects of an impressive truth, wich is the allegation that a person's own father is a pedophile who sexually abuse their children. From the psychoanalytic bias, we will try to understand the identificatory reverberations generated when this fact is revealed during the adolescence of the individual, which will, undoubtedly, turn the grieving process for an idealised parental loss in childhood into a chaotic experience. Although this person was not the direct victim of his father, acknowing that his brother was molested cause adolescent an odd disappointment. Through a clinical case of a teenager, who was accompanied by a multidisciplinary team in a highly complex public hospital in the city of Buenos Aires, specialized in caring for children and adolescents who are victims of sexual abuse, we will try to present questions about psychological fractures and their sequelae in the identificatory rearrangement that accompanies (AU) adolescence.


Este artículo tiene como objetivo investigar los efectos de una verdad impactante, a saber, que el propio padre es un pedófilo que abusa sexualmente de sus hijos. A partir de la perspectiva psicoanalítica, intentaremos comprender las reverberaciones identificatórias cuando se pronuncia esta sentencia durante la adolescencia del sujeto, lo que, sin duda, hará que todo el proceso de duelo por la pérdida de los padres idealizados en la infancia sea caótico. Aunque no ha sido la víctima directa del padre, saber que un hermano ha sido molestado causa al adolescente una decepción impar. A través de un caso clínico de una adolescente, acompañada por un equipo multidisciplinario, en un hospital público de alta complejidad en la ciudad de Buenos Aires, especializado en el cuidado de niños y adolescentes víctimas de abuso sexual, intentaremos abrir preguntas respecto a las fracturas psíquicas y sus secuelas en el reordenamiento identificatorio que acompaña la adolescencia (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Psychoanalytic Therapy , Sex Offenses , Adolescent , Fathers , Bereavement , Bias , Anger
6.
Arch. Clin. Psychiatry (Impr.) ; 47(1): 25-29, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088741

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background The Emotional and Affective Composite Temperament (AFECT) model describes originally six traits of volition, anger, inhibition (fear and caution subordinate factors), control, sensitivity, and coping. However, fear and caution have shown opposite relatioships with criteria-variables, indicating factor independence. Objective The current investigation aimed to advance in the evaluation of the psychometric properties of the emotional trait section of the Emotional and Affective Composite Temperament Scale (AFECTS) by examining the suitability of a 7-factor structure and the reliability of each scale using data from a population-based sample. Methods AFECTS was administered via face-to-face assessments in a single-session, population-based cross-sectional survey. Samples was composed of teenagers and adults (14 to 35 years). The latent structure and reliability were analyzed via structural equation modeling: confirmatory factor analysis was used to test the a priori correlated 7-factor model (with fear and caution designed as single-factors) and trait-scores reliability was assessed by the estimation of information curves. Results Findings attested the suitability of the 7-factor model presumed to underline the item set of the traits section of AFECTS and information curve interpretation showed adequate levels of reliability for all trait-scores. Discussion The 7-factor model showed robust indicators of construct validity for the AFECTS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Psychometrics/methods , Temperament , Emotions , Models, Psychological , Volition , Adaptation, Psychological , Cross-Sectional Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Affect , Precaution , Behavior Control , Empathy , Fear/psychology , Anger
7.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 41(4): 303-309, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011510

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical differences between intermittent explosive disorder (IED) (disorder of aggression primarily directed towards others) and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) (disorder of aggression predominantly directed towards the self) in order to better understand the different clinical subtypes of aggression. Methods: We used treatment-seeking samples to compare demographic and clinical correlates between 82 participants with IED and 55 participants with NSSI. Results: The IED group was older, more likely to be male, in a relationship, and employed than the NSSI group. With respect to clinical variables, the NSSI group had more severe depressive symptoms and more social adjustment difficulties. Regarding psychiatric co-morbidities, the IED group had higher rates of generalized anxiety disorder. On the other hand, the NSSI group had higher rates of major depressive disorder, agoraphobia, substance use disorder, and bulimia nervosa. Conclusions: Individuals with NSSI may benefit from better management of psychiatric comorbidities, specifically depressive symptoms and social adjustment difficulties. Conversely, the treatment of individuals with IED may be improved by targeting comorbid generalized anxiety disorder. Our results provide important insight for the development of tailored interventions for specific subtypes of aggression.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Self-Injurious Behavior/psychology , Disruptive, Impulse Control, and Conduct Disorders/psychology , Anxiety Disorders , Socioeconomic Factors , Comorbidity , Sex Factors , Age Factors , Self-Injurious Behavior/diagnosis , Self-Injurious Behavior/therapy , Aggression/psychology , Disruptive, Impulse Control, and Conduct Disorders/diagnosis , Disruptive, Impulse Control, and Conduct Disorders/therapy , Impulsive Behavior , Anger
8.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 41(3): 257-260, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039096

ABSTRACT

Objective: Although attentional bias (AB) toward angry faces is well established in patients with anxiety disorders, it is still poorly studied in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). We investigated whether OCD patients present AB toward angry faces, whether AB is related to symptom severity and whether AB scores are associated with specific OCD symptom dimensions. Method: Forty-eight OCD patients were assessed in clinical evaluations, intelligence testing and a dot-probe AB paradigm that used neutral and angry faces as stimuli. Analyses were performed with a one-sample t-test, Pearson correlations and linear regression. Results: No evidence of AB was observed in OCD patients, nor was there any association between AB and symptom severity or dimension. Psychiatric comorbidity did not affect our results. Conclusion: In accordance with previous studies, we were unable to detect AB in OCD patients. To investigate whether OCD patients have different brain activation patterns from anxiety disorder patients, future studies using a transdiagnostic approach should evaluate AB in OCD and anxiety disorder patients as they perform AB tasks under functional neuroimaging protocols.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Anxiety Disorders/physiopathology , Attentional Bias , Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder/physiopathology , Anxiety Disorders/diagnosis , Psychological Tests , Data Accuracy , Facial Recognition , Anger , Middle Aged , Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder/diagnosis
9.
Article in French | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1264039

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION : La prise en charge thérapeutique des microcarcinomes papillaires (MCP) de la thyroïde est controversée. L'ob-jectif de notre étude était de discuter les attitudes thérapeutiques devant un microcarcinome papillaire.MÉTHODES : Nous rapportons une étude rétrospective portant sur 50 patients pris en charge pour MCP de la thyroïde sur une période de 7 ans (2007-2013).RÉSULTATS : L'âge moyen de nos patients était de 46 ans avec un sex-ratio de 0,11. Les circonstances de découverte étaient : un nodule thyroïdien suspect dans cinq cas, une adénopathie cervicale métastatique dans un cas. La découverte était fortuite à l'exa-men histologique chez 44 patients. Le geste chirurgical consistait en une thyroïdectomie totale dans tous les cas. Elle a été pratiquée en un seul temps opératoire dans 34 cas et en deux temps dans 15 cas. Un curage ganglionnaire central a été réalisé dans 56% des cas. La taille moyenne du MCP était de 4,6 mm. Le MCP était multifocal dans 16% des cas et bilatéral dans 10% des cas. Un envahissement de la capsule thyroïdienne a été retrouvé dans 4% des cas. Une atteinte ganglionnaire a été notée dans 14% des cas. Le traitement par l'Iode 131 a été indiqué chez 40 patients. L'activité moyenne administrée était nettement moindre chez les patients opérés après 2012 (70mCi contre 130 mCi). Quatre-vingt pourcent de ces patients ont reçus une activité inférieure à 100 mCi. Le recul moyen était de 52 mois. Nous n'avons pas rapporté de cas de récidive ou de métastase à distance.CONCLUSION : La totalisation chirurgicale et l'irathérapie ne devraient être indiquées qu'en présence de facteurs de mauvais pro-nostic vu le potentiel peu évolutif de ces tumeurs


Subject(s)
Anger , Thyroid Gland , Thyroidectomy , Tunisia
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786446

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: A recently introduced single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), based on cadmium-zinc-telluride (CZT) detectors (D-SPECT), supports high energy resolution for cardiac imaging. Importantly, the high energy resolution may allow simultaneous dual-isotope (SDI) imaging (e.g., using Tc-99m and I-123). We quantitatively evaluated Tc-99m/I-123 SDI imaging by D-SPECT in comparison with conventional T1-201/I-123.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Energy resolution was measured as a percentage of the full width at half maximum(FWHM) for Tc-99m, I-123, and Tl-201. The impact of cross-talk and reconstructed image contrast were quantified by measuring the contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR), and the transmural defect contrast in the left ventricle wall (CTD) induced by a difference in energy, for combinations of Tc-99m/I-123 or Tl-201/I-123, using an RH-2 cardiac phantom. Corresponding measurement was also carried out in Anger SPECT (A-SPECT).RESULTS: The energy resolution of the D-SPECTsystem was 5.4%/5.1%for Tc-99m/I-123 and 5.4%/5.3%for Tl-201/I-123, which was approximately two times higher than the A-SPECT. No notable difference was confirmed in the CNRs of the two systems, but T1-201/I-123 showed overall higher value than Tc-99m/I-123. Compared to A-SPECT, CTD of D-SPECT significantly increased with both Tc-99m/I-123 and T1-201/I-123 (p < 0.05). In DSPECT, the combination of Tc-99m/I-123 had a slightly better CTD than T1-201/I-123. In addition, CTD of Tc-99m/I-123 was improved with scatter correction at both nuclides (p < 0.05), but in Tl-201/I-123, no significant improvement was confirmed in I-123 (p > 0.05).CONCLUSION: D-SPECT was considered to be capable of performing high-quality SDI imaging using Tc-99m/I-123.


Subject(s)
Anger , Heart Ventricles , Tomography, Emission-Computed , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon
11.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 86-94, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777207

ABSTRACT

Emotional information is critical for our social life, in which attentional bias is now a focus in the study on attention. However, the attentional bias processing mechanism of emotional faces still arouses huge controversy. Using similar experimental paradigms and stimuli, the published studies have yielded contradictory results. Some studies suggest that angry faces could automatically stimulate attention, that is, there is an anger superiority effect. On the contrary, lines of growing evidence support the existence of a happiness superiority effect, suggesting that the superiority effect is shown in happy faces rather than angry faces. In the present paper, the behavioral and neuroscience studies of anger and happiness superiority effects are combined. It is found that there are three major reasons for the debate over the two types of effects, which include the choice of stimulus materials, the difference of paradigm setting, and the different stages of emotional processing. By comparatively integrating the previous published results, we highlight that the future studies should further control the experimental materials and procedures, and investigate the processing mechanism of anger and happiness superiority effects by combining cognitive neurobiology means to resolve the disputes.


Subject(s)
Anger , Attentional Bias , Facial Expression , Happiness , Humans
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763539

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic embitterment disorder (PTED), a subgroup of an adjustment disorder, is a feeling with anger and helplessness. Hemodialysis may be a trigger event leading to PTED. We investigated the prevalence of PTED in patients with each categorized stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and the association between PTED and depression and functional impairment. METHODS: Patients were categorized into three groups according to the stages of CKD (stage I–II, III–IV, and V). CKD (I–II) group was defined as estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) >60 ml/min/1.73 m², CKD (III–IV) group as eGFR <60 ml/min/1.73 m², and CKD (V) group as CKD stage V including patients ongoing hemodialysis. Patients were assessed for the prevalence of PTED, depression, and decreased quality of life by using the scale of PTED, Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), and EuroQol Five Dimensional Questionnaires, Visual Analogue Scale (EQ-5D-VAS), respectively. RESULTS: A total of 445 patients were analyzed. The number of patients in CKD (I–II) was 166, CKD (III–IV) was 172, and CKD (V) was 107. Multivariate analysis by binomial logistic regression demonstrated that CKD (V) was significantly associated with the prevalence of PTED (odds ratio, 4.13; 95% confidence interval, 1.56–15.6; p=0.006) after adjustment for age, gender, and diabetes mellitus. Also, a significant correlation existed between PTED and EQ-5D-VAS in all stages, but the correlation was nonsignificant between PTED and PHQ-9 score in group CKD (V). CONCLUSION: The findings suggest that PTED is underdiagnosed in CKD patients. Acknowledgment and diagnosis of PTED in CKD patients may lead to a better quality of life.


Subject(s)
Adjustment Disorders , Anger , Depression , Diabetes Mellitus , Diagnosis , Dialysis , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Humans , Logistic Models , Multivariate Analysis , Prevalence , Quality of Life , Renal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
13.
Asian Nursing Research ; : 86-91, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739593

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study examined the relationships between nurses' exercise behavior and their anger control using a cross-sectional descriptive design. METHODS: The participants were 290 nurses in South Korea, who completed a survey questionnaire on general characteristics, the stage of exercise behavior change, and anger emotion, evaluated using state anger and anger expression method. RESULTS: Those who engaged in regular exercise behavior exhibited lower levels of state anger and higher levels of anger control than those who did not. In the prediction model, a significant association of exercise behavior with anger control was found. The levels of anger control decreased as the age, education level, and work experiences of nurses decreased. Anger control scores were significantly higher than anger suppression scores and anger expression-out scores in the hospital nurses. CONCLUSION: Engaging in regular exercise may help nurses manage anger emotions better.


Subject(s)
Anger , Education , Korea , Methods
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739044

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The Iri station explosion that occurred in 1977 was a major social disaster in Korea, caused by a fire in a train equipped with explosives. The purpose of this study was to investigate the social disaster adaptation experiences of railroad workers. METHODS: This study was based on qualitative research using phenomenological methodology. Participants were six railroad workers who experienced the Iri station explosion. Data were collected through in-depth interviews with individual workers from March to June, 2018. The data analysis method was based on Colaizzi's approach. RESULTS: Experiences of railroad workers were categorized into 12 themes and the following 6 theme clusters: (1) Anxiety due to the extreme vibration and crash, (2) Terror regarding the horrible situation that one cannot face, (3) Anger about the cause of the explosion and a sense of relief about survival, (4) Confusion regarding different rumors, (5) Various efforts to return to daily life, and (6) Trauma that continues to exist. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study recommend that railroad organizations and managers should pay attention to enhance disaster preparedness and develop organizational disaster coping guidelines for members. The results of this study can help us to better understand the various aspects of the Iri station explosion of 1977.


Subject(s)
Anger , Anxiety , Disasters , Explosions , Explosive Agents , Fires , Korea , Methods , Qualitative Research , Railroads , Statistics as Topic , Vibration
15.
Asian Nursing Research ; : 242-248, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785470

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The preceptorenewly graduated nurse (NGN) relationship is integral to the successful experience of clinical teaching and learning and new nurses' transition. However, interpersonal conflicts between them are common. Little is known whether their anger contributes to their level of job satisfaction and burnout. This study aimed to examine the effects of each nurse's anger on job satisfaction and burnout in preceptoreNGN dyads.METHODS: A cross-sectional, correlational survey design was used. This study involved 121 preceptor enewly graduate nurse dyads in two hospitals in South Korea. Nurses completed a questionnaire about demographics, the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory-Korean version, a job satisfaction measure, and the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory. This study adopted the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model to handle dyadic data.RESULTS: Preceptor nurses reported higher frequencies of feeling anger than did new nurses and appear to have higher levels of trait anger, anger-out, and burnout. Both the preceptors' and NGNs' trait anger was positively associated with preceptors' burnout. Suppressing anger was closely related to the nurses' own job satisfaction and burnout. Preceptors with a higher level of anger-control had higher job satisfaction, and NGNs with a higher level of anger-control had less burnout.CONCLUSION: The results indicate that preceptors and new nurses appear to experience significant anger, which is closely associated with their job satisfaction and burnout during their preceptorship. Anger management training programs geared toward educating both preceptors and new nurses about appropriate anger expression in the workplace should be developed to retain valuable nurses.


Subject(s)
Anger Management Therapy , Anger , Burnout, Professional , Demography , Interpersonal Relations , Job Satisfaction , Korea , Learning , Preceptorship
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787415

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the prevalence and psychosocial correlates of depressive symptoms in patients with hypertension.METHODS: The participants were 124 outpatients with hypertension who were treated at the Department of cardiology, Chosun University Hospital. Each subject was assessed concerning depressive symptom severity, state-trait anger, ego resilience, social conflict, and perceived stress using self-report questionnaires. A logistic regression model was constructed to examine the impact of psychosocial factors on depressive symptoms.RESULTS: A total of 37.1% of participants were identified as having depressive symptoms. Depressive symptoms were positively correlated with perceived stress, trait anger, social conflict, and state anger. On the other hand, ego resilience was negatively correlated with depressive symptoms. Further, perceived stress and state anger were related to a higher risk of depressive symptoms whereas ego resilience were associated with a lower risk of depressive symptoms.CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated a high prevalence of depressive symptoms in patients with hypertension. Moreover, several possible risk and protective psychosocial factors of depressive symptoms were determined. Especially, our findings suggest that improving ego resilience as well as lowering perceived stress and state anger would be important in the prevention and management of depression in patients with hypertension.


Subject(s)
Anger , Cardiology , Depression , Ego , Hand , Humans , Hypertension , Logistic Models , Outpatients , Prevalence , Psychology
17.
Acta colomb. psicol ; 21(2): 68-77, jul.-dic. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-949385

ABSTRACT

Resumen La depresión, la ansiedad y la ira rasgo han evidenciado ser factores asociados a un peor pronóstico de los pacientes con enfermedad cardiovascular. En el presente estudio se evaluó una muestra de 168 pacientes con cardiopatía isquémica que habían tenido un evento cardíaco en el último mes (edad media = 64 años, DT = 11; 66.7 % hombres) para contrastar la existencia del afecto negativo como factor común entre la depresión, la ansiedad y la ira rasgo. Los instrumentos utilizados fueron las escalas rasgo de los cuestionarios de depresión, ansiedad e ira de Spielberger. Como resultado, los análisis factoriales exploratorios realizados confirmaron la estructura factorial de todas escalas, y el análisis factorial confirmatorio corroboró la existencia del afecto negativo como factor de orden superior (X2 = 3.42, p > .05; CFI > .95, TLI > .95, SRMS < .05). Los resultados de este estudio señalan la importancia de considerar modelos dimensionales para el abordaje de la emoción en esta población.


Resumo A depressão-traço, a ansiedade-traço e a ira-traço mostraram evidências de que são fatores associados a um prognóstico pior dos pacientes com doença cardiovascular. No presente estudo, avaliou-se uma amostra de 168 pacientes com cardiopatia isquêmica que tinham sofrido um evento cardíaco no último mês (idade média = 64 anos, DP = 11; 66.7 % homens) para contrastar a existência do efeito negativo como fator comum entre a depressão, a ansiedade e a ira-traço. Os instrumentos utilizados foram as escalas traço dos questionários de depressão, ansiedade e ira de Spielberger. Como resultado, as análises fatoriais exploratórias realizadas confirmaram a estrutura fatorial de todas as escalas, e a análise fatorial confirmatória corroborou a existência o efeito negativo como fator de ordem superior (X2 = 3.42, p > .05; CFI > .95, TLI > .95, SRMS < .05 ). Os resultados deste estudo assinalam a importância de considerar modelos dimensionais para a abordagem da emoção nessa população.


Abstract Depression, anxiety and anger trait have been shown to be factors related to poor prognosis in patients with cardiovascular disease. A sample of 168 patients with ischemic heart disease that have had a cardiac event in the last month (age: Mean = 64 years, SD = 11; 66.7 % men) was evaluated to verify the existence of negative affect as a common factor among the previous emotions in these patients. Patients answered the Spielberger depression, anxiety and anger trait questionnaires. Exploratory factorial analyses were carried out to confirm the factorial structure of the scales. Confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the existence of negative affect as a higher order factor (X 2 = 3.42, p > .05; CFI > .95, TLI > .95, SRMS < .05). These results suggest that it is important to consider dimensional models for the treatment of emotions in this population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Anxiety , Myocardial Ischemia , Depression , Anger
18.
Arch. med ; 18(2): 324-338, 2018/11/19.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-980618

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: describir las características de la violencia psicológica en las relaciones de noviazgo, respecto a su percepción, modalidades y respuesta hacia la misma,en estudiantes de la Facultad de Psicología de la Universidad del Aconcagua. Materiales y métodos: investigación cuantitativa, estudio descriptivo, diseño transversal con encuestas. Muestra intencional de 452 alumnos de las carreras Licenciatura en Psicología y Licenciatura en Niñez, Adolescencia y Familia, ambos sexos, edad promedio de 22 años, que hubieran mantenido o que mantuvieran en ese momento una relación de noviazgo. Instrumento: Cuestionario de Violencia Psicológica en las Relaciones de Noviazgo (Marchiori, Lucientes de Funes, Puente de Camaño y Bordón, 2013). Resultados: presencia, en frecuencias que van desde ocasionalmente hasta siempre, de veintitrés conductas o actitudes de la violencia psicológica en las relaciones de noviazgo. La conducta más frecuente en las relaciones de noviazgo de los participantes fue el Oposicionismo (72,1%) y la menos frecuente la Amenaza de muerte (3,1%). El 56% de los participantes experimentaron angustia ante la ocurrencia de tales conductas o actitudes, el 50% tristeza y el 49% enojo. Se encontraron diferencias entre las emociones más experimentadas por los hombres y mujeres de la muestra; también en lo que respecta a las conductas o actitudes que refieren recibir de parte de sus parejas hacia ellas o ellos. Conclusiones: las conductas o actitudes de la violencia psicológica en las relaciones de noviazgo han afectado a los participantes;y este tipo de violencia es considerado, mayormente, problema social y en menor medida como un problema de pareja..(AU)


Objective: to describe the characteristics of psychological violence in university students ´ courtship, with respect to their perception, modalities, and response to it, in students of the Psychology Faculty of the Universidad del Aconcagua. Materials and methods: quantitative research, descriptive study, cross-sectional design with surveys. The intentional sample was integrated by 452 students from two careers: Psychology and Childhood, Adolescence and Family, of both sexes, with an average age of 22 years old, that had maintained or were maintaining a courtship. Instrument: The Psychological Violence Questionnaire in courtships (Marchiori, Lucientes de Funes,Puente de Camaño and Bordón, 2013). Results: presence, in a variety of frequencies that goes from occasionally to always, of twenty three attitudes or behaviors related to psychological violence. The most frequent behavior reported by the participants was oppositions (72,1%) and the less frequent was death threat (3,1%). The 56% of participants experienced anguish because of this kind of behaviors, 50% sadness and 49% anger. Remarkable differences were found between the emotions experienced by men and women of the sample; and also in respect to the behavior and attitudes they received from their partners. Conclusions: the behaviors or attitudes related to psychological violence have affected the participants, and this type of violence is considered, mostly, as a social problem, and in a lower rate as a courtships´problem..(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Anger
19.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 84(5): 553-559, Sept.-Oct. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974366

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Misophonia is a recently described, poorly understood and neglected condition. It is characterized by strong negative reactions of hatred, anger or fear when subjects have to face some selective and low level repetitive sounds. The most common ones that trigger such aversive reactions are those elicited by the mouth (chewing gum or food, popping lips) or the nose (breathing, sniffing, and blowing) or by the fingers (typing, kneading paper, clicking pen, drumming on the table). Previous articles have cited that such individuals usually know at least one close relative with similar symptoms, suggesting a possible hereditary component. Objective: We found and described a family with 15 members having misophonia, detailing their common characteristics and the pattern of sounds that trigger such strong discomfort. Methods: All 15 members agreed to give us their epidemiological data, and 12 agreed to answer a specific questionnaire which investigated the symptoms, specific trigger sounds, main feelings evoked and attitudes adopted by each participant. Results: The 15 members belong to three generations of the family. Their age ranged from 9 to 73 years (mean 38.3 years; median 41 years) and 10 were females. Analysis of the 12 questionnaires showed that 10 subjects (83.3%) developed the first symptoms during childhood or adolescence. The mean annoyance score on the Visual Analog Scale from 0 to 10 was 7.3 (median 7.5). Individuals reported hatred/anger, irritability and anxiety in response to sounds, and faced the situation asking to stop the sound, leaving/avoiding the place and even fighting. The self-reported associated symptoms were anxiety (91.3%), tinnitus (50%), obsessive-compulsive disorder (41.6%), depression (33.3%), and hypersensitivity to sounds (25%). Conclusion: The high incidence of misophonia in this particular familial distribution suggests that it might be more common than expected and raises the possibility of having a hereditary etiology.


Resumo Introdução: A misofonia é uma condição recentemente descrita, mal compreendida e negligenciada. É caracterizada por fortes reações negativas de ódio, raiva ou medo quando os indivíduos precisam enfrentar alguns sons repetitivos seletivos e de baixa intensidade. Os mais comuns que desencadeiam tais reações aversivas são aqueles provocados pela boca (mascar goma ou mastigar comida, estalar os lábios) ou nariz (respirando, cheirando e soprando) ou pelos dedos (digitando, amassando papel, clicando a caneta, tamborilando na mesa). Artigos anteriores citam que esses indivíduos geralmente conhecem pelo menos um parente próximo com sintomas semelhantes, sugerindo um possível componente hereditário. Objetivo: Encontramos e descrevemos uma família com 15 membros com misofonia, detalhando suas características comuns e o padrão de sons que desencadeiam um desconforto tão forte. Método: Todos os 15 membros concordaram em nos fornecer seus dados epidemiológicos e 12 concordaram em responder a um questionário específico que investigou os sintomas, sons de gatilho específicos, principais sentimentos evocados e atitudes adotadas por cada participante. Resultados: Os 15 membros pertencem a três gerações da família. A idade variou de 9 a 73 anos (média de 38,3 anos, mediana de 41 anos) e 10 eram mulheres. A análise dos 12 questionários mostrou que 10 indivíduos (83,3%) desenvolveram os primeiros sintomas durante a infância ou a adolescência. A média do escore de irritação na Escala Visual Analógica de 0 a 10 foi de 7,3 (mediana 7,5). Os indivíduos relataram sentimentos de ódio/raiva, irritabilidade e ansiedade em resposta a sons, e enfrentaram a situação pedindo para interromper o som, deixando/evitando o lugar e até mesmo discutindo. Os sintomas associados auto-relatados foram ansiedade (91,3%), zumbido (50%), transtorno obsessivo-compulsivo (41,6%), depressão (33,3%) e hipersensibilidade aos sons (25%). Conclusão: A alta incidência de misofonia nessa distribuição familiar em particular sugere que possa ser mais comum do que o esperado e suscita a possibilidade de haver uma etiologia hereditária.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Anxiety Disorders/genetics , Anxiety Disorders/psychology , Emotions , Hearing Disorders/genetics , Hearing Disorders/psychology , Anger , Anxiety Disorders/diagnosis , Anxiety Disorders/epidemiology , Quality of Life , Sound , Syndrome , Family , Surveys and Questionnaires , Depression/diagnosis , Depression/genetics , Depression/psychology , Depression/epidemiology , Hearing Disorders/diagnosis , Hearing Disorders/epidemiology , Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder/diagnosis , Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder/genetics , Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder/psychology , Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder/epidemiology
20.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 40(3): 316-319, July-Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039090

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy of a group therapy based on cognitive-behavioral techniques customized for intermittent explosive disorder (IED). The current report presents the preliminary results of a clinical trial comparing pre- and post-intervention scores in different anger dimensions. Methods: The studied sample consisted of 84 treatment-seeking subjects. The mean (standard deviation) age was 43.0 (11.9) years, and 78% were male. The therapeutic group program consisted of 15 weekly sessions plus three maintenance sessions. The sessions lasted approximately 90 minutes each. Results: No differences were found in demographic profile and pre-treatment status between subjects who completed treatment (n=59) and dropouts (n=25). Comparison of State-Trait Anger Expression Scale (STAXI) scores pre- and post-treatment showed statistically significant changes in all anger scales and subscales of the questionnaire. Conclusion: This preliminary report is a significant addition to currently scarce clinical data. Our findings provide further evidence that structured cognitive-behavioral group therapy, with a focus on anger management and cognitive coping, may be a promising approach to the treatment of IED.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Psychotherapy, Group/methods , Cognitive Behavioral Therapy/methods , Aggression/physiology , Anger Management Therapy/methods , Disruptive, Impulse Control, and Conduct Disorders/therapy , Anger/physiology , Reproducibility of Results , Controlled Before-After Studies , Preliminary Data , Disruptive, Impulse Control, and Conduct Disorders/psychology
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