Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 297
Filter
1.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(4): 645-648, ago. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346519

ABSTRACT

Abstract Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is a rare disease with an autosomal dominant heredity pattern, due to mutations in the gene encoding the C1 esterase inhibitor. The onset of symptoms usually occurs during childhood. Clinically, it is characterized by repeated episodes of angioedema that may affect the skin, abdomen and larynx/pharynx. The occurrence of attacks and their severity are unpredictable and can be fatal without the appropriate treatment. We present the case of an asymptomatic 65-year-old woman, with a history of three adult children diagnosed with HAE. Despite the high probabilities of being a carrier of the mutation, she had not been previously studied. Diagnosis of HAE in a family member would require screening of all at-risk relatives. Early diagnosis is essential to establish a correct and timely therapeutic strategy in order to reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with the disease.


Resumen El angioedema hereditario (HAE) es una enfermedad rara, con un patrón de herencia autosómico dominante, debida a mutaciones en el gen que codifica el inhibidor de la C1 esterasa. El inicio de los síntomas suele ocurrir durante la infancia. Clínicamente se caracteriza por episodios recurrentes de angioedema que pueden afectar la piel, el abdomen y la laringe/faringe. La ocurrencia de los ataques y su gravedad son imprevisibles, y puede resultar fatal sin el tratamiento apropiado. Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 65 años de edad, asintomática, con antecedente de tres hijos adultos con diagnóstico de HAE, quién pese a la alta probabilidad de ser portadora de la mutación, no había sido estudiada previamente. El diagnóstico de HAE en un integrante de la familia obligaría a realizar estudios de cribado en todos los familiares en riesgo. El diagnóstico temprano resulta fundamental para establecer una estrategia terapéutica correcta y oportuna, disminuyendo así la morbimortalidad asociada a la enfermedad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Angioedemas, Hereditary/diagnosis , Angioedemas, Hereditary/genetics , Angioedema , Family , Complement C1 Inhibitor Protein , Mutation
2.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(4): 436-441, July-Aug. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285090

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: There are few epidemiological studies of urticaria, published in the indexed literature (PubMed/Medline). Objective: The study aimed to evaluate the epidemiological and clinical data among patients with urticaria/angioedema attending a reference clinic in Brazil. Methods: Two hundred sixty-seven patients were evaluated retrospectively considering demographic data, time course of the disease, triggering symptoms, the presence of angioedema, complementary laboratory tests including total blood count, reactive-C protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, IgE serum levels, and other, as necessary. Results: The most commonly diagnosed type of urticaria was chronic spontaneous urticaria (56.93%). Angioedema was associated with chronic urticaria in 108 patients (40.08%). Study limitations: Unicentered and retrospective. Conclusion: Some relevant findings in this study are the observation of a female prevalence of cases (4-females: 1-man), a result more elevated than demonstrated in previous studies in Europe and Asia, the median age was 43-years old and the delay of time between the diagnosis of urticaria and the admission for treatment in a specialized center was approximately 2-years. Other multicenter studies can better establish these differences in Brazilian patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Urticaria/epidemiology , Angioedema/diagnosis , Angioedema/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Chronic Disease , Retrospective Studies
3.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 19: eRW5498, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286289

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Angioedema attacks are common causes of emergency care, and due to the potential for severity, it is important that professionals who work in these services know their causes and management. The mechanisms involved in angioedema without urticaria may be histamine- or bradykinin-mediated. The most common causes of histamine-mediated angioedema are foods, medications, insect sting and idiopathic. When the mediator is bradykinin, the triggers are angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and factors related to acquired angioedema with deficiency of C1-inhibitor or hereditary angioedema, which are less common, but very important because of the possibility of fatal outcome. Hereditary angioedema is a rare disease characterized by attacks of edema that affect the subcutaneous tissue and mucous membranes of various organs, manifesting mainly by angioedema and abdominal pain. This type of angioedema does not respond to the usual treatment with epinephrine, antihistamines and corticosteroids. Thus, if not identified and treated appropriately, these patients have an estimated risk of mortality from laryngeal edema of 25% to 40%. Hereditary angioedema treatment has changed dramatically in recent years with the development of new and efficient drugs for attack management: plasma-derived C1 inhibitor, recombinant human C1-inhibitor, bradykinin B2 receptor antagonist (icatibant), and the kallikrein inhibitor (ecallantide). In Brazil, plasma-derived C1 inhibitor and icatibant have already been approved for use. Proper management of these patients in the emergency department avoids unnecessary surgery and, especially, fatal outcomes.


RESUMO As crises de angioedema são causas comuns de atendimentos nas emergências, e devido ao potencial de gravidade, é importante que os profissionais que atuam nesses serviços conheçam suas causas e abordagem. Os mecanismos envolvidos no angioedema sem urticas podem ser histaminérgicos ou mediados por bradicinina. As causas mais comuns de angioedema mediado por histamina são alimentos, medicamentos, ferroada de insetos e idiopática. Quando o mediador é a bradicinina, os desencadeantes são os inibidores da enzima conversora de angiotensina e fatores relacionados ao angioedema adquirido com deficiência do inibidor de C1 ou angioedema hereditário que são menos comuns, mas muito importantes pela possibilidade de desfecho fatal. O angioedema hereditário é uma doença rara, caracterizada por crises de edema que acometem o tecido subcutâneo e mucosas de vários órgãos, manifestando-se principalmente por crises de angioedema e dor abdominal. Esse tipo de angioedema não responde ao tratamento usual com adrenalina, anti-histamínicos e corticosteroides. Assim, se não identificados e tratados adequadamente, esses pacientes têm risco de morte por edema de laringe estimado em 25% a 40%. O tratamento do angioedema hereditário mudou drasticamente nos últimos anos, com o desenvolvimento de novos e eficientes fármacos para as crises: inibidor de C1 derivado de plasma, inibidor de C1 recombinante humano, antagonista do receptor B2 da bradicinina (icatibanto) e o inibidor da calicreína (ecalantide). No Brasil, até o momento, estão liberados para uso o inibidor de C1 derivado de plasma e o icatibanto. O manejo correto desses pacientes na emergência evita cirurgias desnecessárias e, principalmente, desfechos fatais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angioedemas, Hereditary/diagnosis , Angioedemas, Hereditary/drug therapy , Angioedema/diagnosis , Angioedema/drug therapy , Brazil , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Emergency Service, Hospital
4.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(6): e10745, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285666

ABSTRACT

Episodic angioedema with eosinophilia (EAE) is a rare condition characterized by recurrent attacks of angioedema and urticaria accompanied by a marked elevation of peripheral eosinophil count. We report the case of a young female patient diagnosed with EAE associated with urticarial vasculitis. A 40-year-old female patient was admitted to our institution due to recurrent episodes of cheek and eyelid angioedema in the previous year. Episodes of facial angioedema lasted for two months with spontaneous remission afterwards. In addition, she presented pruritic and painful skin eruptions of erythematous circles, which persisted for longer than 24 h, that were palpable, somewhat purplish, and more pronounced on the face, arms, and trunk. Laboratory investigation showed a sustained elevation of white cell counts with marked eosinophilia. Serum IgM, IgE, and IgA were normal; IgG was slightly elevated. C1-esterase inhibitor and tryptase test were normal. Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction was performed for detection of FIP1L1-PDGFRA and BCR-ABL rearrangements. None of these alterations were found. Skin biopsies were suggestive of urticarial vasculitis. The patient was submitted to esophagogastroduodenoscopy, which showed mild chronic gastritis, with no eosinophilic infiltration. Cardiac dimensions and function were normal. Abdominal ultrasound and total body CT-scan failed to show lymphadenopathy, organomegaly, and tumors. We report the first case of association between episodic angioedema with eosinophilia and urticarial vasculitis. It is possible that both conditions share a physiopathological mechanism, suggesting that it is not just a chance association.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Urticaria/complications , Vasculitis , Eosinophilia/complications , Angioedema/complications , Angioedema/diagnosis , Skin
5.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(6): 642-661, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155771

ABSTRACT

Abstract This second joint document, written by experts from the Brazilian Association of Allergy and Immunology (ASBAI) and Brazilian Society of Anesthesiology (SBA) concerned with perioperative anaphylaxis, aims to review the pathophysiological reaction mechanisms, triggering agents (in adults and children), and the approach for diagnosis during and after an episode of anaphylaxis. As anaphylaxis assessment is extensive, the identification of medications, antiseptics and other substances used at each setting, the comprehensive data documentation, and the use of standardized nomenclature are key points for obtaining more consistent epidemiological information on perioperative anaphylaxis.


Resumo Este segundo documento, escrito por especialistas da Associação Brasileira de Alergia e Imunologia (ASBAI) e da Sociedade Brasileira de Anestesiologia (SBA) interessados no tema anafilaxia perioperatória, tem por objetivo revisar os mecanismos fisiopatológicos, agentes desencadeantes (em adultos e crianças), assim como a abordagem diagnóstica durante e após o episódio. Por se tratar de uma avaliação abrangente, a identificação das medicações, antissépticos e outras substâncias usadas em cada região, registros detalhados, e nomenclatura padronizada são pontos fundamentais para a obtenção de dados epidemiológicos mais fidedignos sobre a anafilaxia perioperatória.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adult , Drug Hypersensitivity/diagnosis , Drug Hypersensitivity/etiology , Perioperative Period , Anaphylaxis/diagnosis , Anaphylaxis/etiology , Societies, Medical , Vasodilator Agents/adverse effects , In Vitro Techniques , Mastocytosis/complications , Brazil , Preoperative Care , Immunoglobulin E/immunology , Bradykinin/adverse effects , Skin Tests/methods , Risk Factors , IgA Deficiency/complications , Drug Hypersensitivity/physiopathology , Allergy and Immunology , Symptom Assessment , Anaphylaxis/physiopathology , Anesthesiology , Angioedema/chemically induced , Terminology as Topic
6.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355268

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: COVID-19 is a new disease, whose several atypical clinical manifestations began to be observed with the evolution of the pandemic, and have been investigated to understand the pathophysiology of the disease. In this article, the objective is to describe a case of angioedema in COVID-19, considered an atypical manifestation, and rarely described in the literature. The case is of a 55-year-old patient who sought medical attention for a complaint of intermittent fever for four days. On the seventh day, he manifested angioedema in the left zygomatic projection and the right subpalpebral region. The patient had no history of angioedema earlier in life. The following day, he presented a regression of the angioedema concerning the previous day. After this period, the patient progressed well and became asymptomatic. The RT-PCR laboratory test performed on the first days of manifesting symptoms was positive for SARS-CoV-2. We correlate the onset of angioedema with the possible endotheliitis present in the disease, which has been evidenced by the observation of severe endothelial injury associated with the intracellular presence of the virus in several histopathological studies of patients with COVID-19. Also, possible deregulation of the Kininogen-Kallikrein-Kinin System (KKKS) could explain this manifestation, as SARS-CoV-2 binds to the ACE2 receptor, which is responsible for degrading kinins, such as bradykinin. (AU)


RESUMO: A COVID-19 é uma doença nova, cujas diversas manifestações clínicas atípicas começaram a ser observadas com a evolução da pandemia e foram investigadas com o objetivo de compreender a fisiopatologia da doença. Neste artigo, o objetivo é descrever um caso de angioedema no COVID-19, considerado manifestação atípica e raramente descrito na literatura. O caso é de um paciente de 55 anos que procurou atendimento médico por uma queixa de febre intermitente há quatro dias. No sétimo dia, manifestou angioedema na projeção zigomática esquerda e na região subpalpebral direita. Não tinha histórico de apresentar angioedema. No dia seguinte, ele apresentou regressão do angioedema em relação ao dia anterior. Após esse período, o paciente progrediu bem e tornou-se assintomático. O teste laboratorial de RT-PCR realizado nos primeiros dias de manifestação dos sintomas foi positivo para SARS-CoV-2. Correlacionamos o início do angioedema com a possível endotelite presente na doença, o que foi evidenciado pela observação de lesão endotelial grave associada à presença intracelular do vírus em vários estudos histopatológicos de pacientes com COVID-19. Além disso, uma possível desregulação do sistema Cininogênio-Calicreína-Cinina poderia explicar essa manifestação, já que o SARS-CoV-2 se liga ao receptor ACE2, responsável pela degradação de cininas, como a bradicinina. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bradykinin , Coronavirus Infections , Endothelium , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Angioedema
7.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(5): 534-548, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143957

ABSTRACT

Abstract Experts from the Brazilian Association of Allergy and Immunology (ASBAI) and the Brazilian Society of Anesthesiology (SBA) interested in the issue of perioperative anaphylaxis, and aiming to strengthen the collaboration between the two societies, combined efforts to study the topic and to prepare a joint document to guide specialists in both areas. The purpose of the present series of two articles was to report the most recent evidence based on the collaborative assessment between both societies. This first article will consider the updated definitions, treatment and guidelines after a perioperative crisis. The following article will discuss the major etiologic agents, how to proceed with the investigation, and the appropriate tests.


Resumo Especialistas da Associação Brasileira de Alergia e Imunologia (ASBAI) e da Sociedade Brasileira de Anestesiologia (SBA) interessados no tema anafilaxia perioperatória reuniram-se com o objetivo de intensificar a colaboração entre as duas sociedades no estudo desse tema e elaborar um documento conjunto que possa guiar os especialistas de ambas as áreas. O objetivo desta série de dois artigos foi mostrar as evidências mais recentes alicerçadas na visão colaborativa entre as sociedades. Este primeiro artigo versará sobre as definições mais atuais, formas de tratamento e as orientações após a crise no perioperatório. No próximo artigo serão discutidos os principais agentes causais e a condução da investigação com testes apropriados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adult , Drug Hypersensitivity/diagnosis , Drug Hypersensitivity/etiology , Perioperative Period , Anaphylaxis/diagnosis , Anaphylaxis/etiology , Societies, Medical , Vasodilator Agents/adverse effects , In Vitro Techniques , Mastocytosis/complications , Brazil , Preoperative Care , Immunoglobulin E/immunology , Bradykinin/adverse effects , Skin Tests/methods , Risk Factors , IgA Deficiency/complications , Drug Hypersensitivity/physiopathology , Allergy and Immunology , Symptom Assessment , Anaphylaxis/physiopathology , Anesthesiology , Angioedema/chemically induced , Terminology as Topic
11.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eRC5478, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142868

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT A 33-year-old male with house dust mite allergic rhinitis and asthma reported an episode of facial and lip angioedema, dyspnea, cough and dysphagia at the age of 25, minutes after eating a mushroom ( Agaricus bisporus ) pizza. He denied any drug intake, hymenoptera stings or other possible triggers, and no identifiable cofactors were present. Since then he avoided all types of mushrooms, however an accidental contact occurred with mushroom sauce that resulted in angioedema of the lip within minutes. The allergy workup included measurements of total IgE and specific IgE to mushroom, and skin prick test to aeroallergens sources, possible food allergen sources and mushroom extract, a prick to prick test with raw and cooked A. bisporus , in addition to a SDS-PAGE and immunoblotting assay. The study revealed a specific IgE to mushroom of 0.76kUA/L positive skin prick test to mushroom extract, and prick to prick test positive to white and brown A. bisporus (raw and cooked). The immunoblotting identified two IgE binding proteins with 10kDa and 27kDa. We report a case of A. bisporus anaphylaxis probably due to primary mushroom sensitization. We detected two IgE-reactive proteins with 10kDa and 27kDa as possible culprit allergens.


RESUMO Paciente do sexo masculino, 33 anos, com asma e rinite alérgica desencadeadas por ácaros, relatou episódio de angioedema facial e labial, dispneia, tosse e disfagia aos 25 anos, minutos após a ingestão de uma pizza de cogumelo ( Agaricus bisporus ). O paciente negou consumo de medicamentos, picadas de himenópteros, ou quaisquer outros possíveis desencadeadores ou cofatores que pudessem estar presentes. Desde então, evita todos os tipos de cogumelos, até a ocorrência de um contato acidental com molho de cogumelo, que resultou em angioedema labial minutos após. O estudo imunoalergológico incluiu doseamento de IgE total e específica para cogumelos, testes cutâneos para aeroalérgenos, possíveis alérgenos alimentares e extrato de cogumelos, teste prick to prick com A. bisporus cru e cozido e teste de SDS-PAGE immunoblotting . O estudo revelou IgE específica para cogumelos de 0,76kUA/L, teste cutâneo positivo para extrato de cogumelos e teste prick to prick positivo para A. bisporus branco e castanho (cru e cozido). O immunoblotting identificou duas proteínas de ligação de IgE, de 10kDa e 27kDa. Relatamos, assim, um caso de anafilaxia por ingestão de A. bisporus , provavelmente explicado por sensibilização primária a cogumelos. Detectamos duas proteínas IgE-reativas de 10kDa e 27kDa como os possíveis alérgenos responsáveis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Adult , Cats , Agaricus , Deglutition Disorders/etiology , Cough/etiology , Dyspnea/etiology , Food Hypersensitivity/immunology , Anaphylaxis/etiology , Angioedema/etiology , Immunoglobulin E/blood , Skin Tests , Allergens , Alternaria , Flour , Anaphylaxis/chemically induced
12.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(5): 521-526, Sept.-Oct. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057459

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: Angioedema is a potentially fatal condition that may occur at any time in the perioperative period. It may result from histamine release, hypersensitivity reaction to drugs, or be triggered by bradykinin, in non-allergic reactions of hereditary or acquired etiology. The aim of this report is to report a case of angioedema in the early postoperative period in a patient on antihypertensive medication involving angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors. Case report: A 67-year-old male, Afro-descendant, hypertensive, and taken enalapril maleate underwent orthopedic shoulder surgery under general anesthesia combined with brachial plexus block. The procedure lasted 3 hours uneventfully. After discharge from the post-anesthesia care unit, the patient presented with angioedema and severe airway impairment. Tracheal intubation was attempted but it was impossible due to edema affecting the lips, tongue, and oropharyngeal region Emergency cricothyroidotomy was performed. The onset of angioedema had no causal relationship with the administration of any medication; there were no cutaneous manifestations and also not response to therapy for hypersensitivity reaction to drugs, such as antihistamines, corticoid, and adrenaline. It was considered to be mediated by bradykinin, as the patient had already had two similar episodes and was on regular medication (enalapril). The evolution was satisfactory. Conclusion: Angioedema is a potentially fatal condition when it affects the airway, and should be recognized by anesthesiologists and physicians working in the emergency departments.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: O angioedema é uma condição potencialmente fatal que pode surgir em qualquer momento no perioperatório. Pode decorrer da liberação de histamina, em uma reação de hipersensibilidade a drogas ou ser desencadeado pela bradicinina, em reações não alérgicas, de etiologia hereditária ou adquirida. O objetivo desse relato é descrever um caso de angioedema, no pós-operatório imediato, em um paciente em uso de medicação anti-hipertensiva da classe dos inibidores da enzima conversora da angiotensina. Relato de caso: Paciente de 67 anos, masculino, negro, hipertenso e em uso do maleato de enalapril, foi submetido a cirurgia ortopédica de ombro sob anestesia geral associada a bloqueio do plexo braquial. O procedimento durou 3 horas, sem intercorrências. Após a alta da sala de recuperação pós-anestésica, apresentou angioedema com grave comprometimento das vias aéreas. Tentou-se fazer intubação traqueal, mas foi impossível devido ao edema que acometia os lábios, a língua e região orofaringeana. Fez-se a cricotireoidostomia de emergência. O aparecimento do angioedema não apresentou relação causal com a administração de qualquer medicação, não houve manifestações cutâneas e também não respondeu à terapêutica para reação de hipersensibilidade a drogas, como anti-histamínicos, corticoide e adrenalina. Foi considerado como mediado pela bradicinina, pois o paciente já havia apresentado dois episódios semelhantes e estava em uso regular de medicação (enalapril). A evolução foi satisfatória. Conclusão: O angioedema é uma condição potencialmente fatal quando atinge as vias aéreas e deve ser de conhecimento do anestesiologista e dos médicos que trabalham nos setores de emergência.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Postoperative Complications/chemically induced , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/adverse effects , Angioedema/chemically induced
13.
Med. Afr. noire (En ligne) ; 66(6): 340-344, 2019.
Article in French | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1266336

ABSTRACT

L'angiœdème bradykinique est une maladie rare et grave qui constitue une complication exceptionnelle du traitement aux Inhibiteurs de l'Enzyme de Conversion (IEC). Elle engage le pronostic vital des patients dans 75% des cas et représente une urgence médicale majeure. L'évolution de cette affection est totalement imprévisible avec un risque de décès par asphyxie. Les auteurs rapportent l'observation d'une patiente de 70 ans hypertendue qui a présenté un angiœdème bradykinique d'évolution fatale deux jours après l'initiation de son traitement antihypertenseur par les IEC. Au travers cette observation, les auteurs voudraient mettre en lumière cette affection mortelle, de diagnostic difficile souvent méconnue


Subject(s)
Angioedema/complications , Angioedema/diagnosis , Angioedema/mortality , Enalapril
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766580

ABSTRACT

Skin diseases associated with athletic activities can be classified as skin infections, inflammatory reactions, trauma, and abnormal proliferation, depending on the cause of the condition. Athlete's nodule is a generic term for reactive nodules that occur in athletes. It is particularly common in the foot due to tight sneakers, repetitive pressure or friction, and inappropriate choice of shoes or other sports equipment. The diagnosis of black heel (calcaneal petechiae) should be considered when numerous black spots occur on the soles in patients who frequently engage in abrupt movements, such as starts, stops, or leaps. Palmoplantar eccrine hidradenitis may occur in athletes who play baseball, dance, and climb, activities in which repetitive and strong stimuli are applied to the floor of the hands and feet. Painful fat herniation should be suspected in cases of painful skin-colored firm nodules on the feet of athletes who place a large amount of weight on their feet when moving. Itching, urticaria, angioedema, chest tightness, and syncope occurring within 5 minutes after starting exercise should be suspected to be exercise-induced angioedema/anaphylaxis. Excessive force can cause deformation of nails, as in tennis toe and jogger's toenail. For the diagnosis and treatment of sports-related skin diseases, it is essential to pay attention to patients' hobbies and exercise habits, including sports, and to consider the relationship of those habits with the presumed mechanisms of the skin disease. In addition, thorough pre-exercise warm-ups, increasing strength gradually, and wearing proper equipment will help prevent the occurrence of sports-related skin diseases.


Subject(s)
Angioedema , Athletes , Baseball , Dancing , Diagnosis , Foot , Friction , Hand , Heel , Hidradenitis , Hobbies , Humans , Nails , Pruritus , Shoes , Skin Diseases , Skin , Sports , Sports Equipment , Syncope , Tennis , Thorax , Toes , Urticaria
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762146

ABSTRACT

Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is characterized by typically short-lived and fleeting wheals, angioedema or both, which occur spontaneously and persist for longer than 6 weeks. This term is applied to the most common subtype of chronic urticaria. The underlying pathophysiology for CSU involves mast cell and basophil degranulation with release of histamine, leukotrienes, prostaglandins and other inflammatory mediators. Although a variety of treatments exist, many patients do not tolerate or benefit from the existing therapies and even require more effective treatments. Omalizumab is currently the only licensed biologic for antihistamine-refractory CSU, and novel drugs are under development. This article reviews its current status regarding pathogenesis and approach to treatment as well as therapeutic agents that are under development for the treatment of CSU.


Subject(s)
Angioedema , Basophils , Biological Products , Histamine , Humans , Leukotrienes , Mast Cells , Omalizumab , Prostaglandins , Urticaria
16.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 353-357, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759948

ABSTRACT

Urticaria is a common cutaneous disease characterized by recurrent and transient wheals and pruritus, sometimes accompanied angioedema. The classification of urticaria is based on the duration of the disease and whether extrinsic triggers are identified or not. Acute urticaria is usually occurred by specific causes, such as drug, food, and infection, etc. Therefore, acute urticaria can be remitted within 6 weeks just by avoiding the exposure to the causes. However, chronic urticaria defined as repeatedly occurred itchy wheals and/or angioedema for at least 6 weeks, has a significant effect on patients' quality of life. Chronic inducible urticaria can be triggered by various physical stimuli including dermographism, delayed pressure, cold, heat, cholinergic stimuli, sunlight, and exercise. Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is diagnosed when no specific extrinsic cause is identified in the patients. CSU due to autoimmune mechanism accounts for 30–50%, autologous serum skin test and anti-thyroid autoantibody can be evaluated. However, various physical stimuli, emotional or physical stress, drugs, particularly aspirin and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can exacerbate urticaria in 30–75% of patients with CSU. Allergic diseases and autoimmune diseases are more common in CSU patients than in general populations. To assess the severity of urticaria and to adjust treatment step, urticaria activity score over 7 days, calculated by the number of wheals and the severity of pruritus, is recommended by recent international guidelines.


Subject(s)
Angioedema , Aspirin , Autoimmune Diseases , Classification , Diagnosis , Hot Temperature , Humans , Pruritus , Quality of Life , Skin Tests , Sunlight , Urticaria
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739398

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Eperisone is an oral muscle relaxant used in musculoskeletal disorders causing muscle spasm and pain. For more effective pain control, eperisone is usually prescribed together with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). As such, eperisone may have been overlooked as the cause of anaphylaxis compared with NSAIDs. This study aimed to analyze the adverse drug reaction (ADR) reported in Korea and suggest an appropriate diagnostic approach for eperisone-induced anaphylaxis. METHODS: We reviewed eperisone-related pharmacovigilance data (Korea Institute of Drug Safety-Korea Adverse Event Reporting System [KIDS-KAERS]) reported in Korea from 2010 to 2015. ADRs with causal relationship were selected. Clinical manifestations, severity, outcomes, and re-exposure information were analyzed. For further investigation, 7-year ADR data reported in a single center were also reviewed. Oral provocation test (OPT), skin prick test (SPT) and basophil activation test (BAT) were performed in this center. RESULTS: During the study period, 207 patients had adverse reactions to eperisone. The most common ADRs were cutaneous hypersensitive reactions (30.4%) such as urticaria, itchiness or angioedema. Fifth common reported ADR was anaphylaxis. There were 35 patients with anaphylaxis, comprising 16.9% of the eperisone-related ADRs. In the single center study, there were 11 patients with eperisone-induced anaphylaxis. All the patients underwent OPT and all the provoked patients showed a positive reaction. Four of the 11 patients with anaphylaxis also underwent SPT and BAT, which were all negative. CONCLUSIONS: Incidence of eperisone-induced anaphylaxis calculated from the KIDS-KAERS database was 0.001%. Eperisone can cause hypersensitive reactions, including anaphylaxis, possibly by inducing non-immunoglobulin E-mediated immediate hypersensitivity.


Subject(s)
Anaphylaxis , Angioedema , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Basophils , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Humans , Hypersensitivity , Hypersensitivity, Immediate , Incidence , Korea , Pharmacovigilance , Skin , Spasm , Urticaria
19.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 51(1): 115-117, Jan.-Feb. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-897045

ABSTRACT

Abstract The most frequent jellyfish in Southern Brazil causes mainly local pain and skin plaques. A 3-year-old female bather presented an erythematous, irregular plaque on the left forearm after contact with a jellyfish and intense facial angioedema with facial flushing. The lungs had vesicular murmur, wheezes, and snorts, and pink and spumous secretion in the airways with intercostal retraction. She was administered subcutaneous adrenaline (0.1mg/kg) and hydrocortisone intravenous (10mg/kg) with total recovery in a few minutes. The manifestations of anaphylactic reactions are distinct from those of envenomations, and prompt and adequate care is fundamental in these situations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Female , Bites and Stings/complications , Cnidaria/classification , Cnidarian Venoms , Anaphylaxis/etiology , Angioedema/etiology , Anaphylaxis/diagnosis , Angioedema/diagnosis
20.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 78(1): 41-43, feb. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-894546

ABSTRACT

El angioedema inducido por inhibidores de la enzima convertidora de angiotensina es una entidad poco frecuente caracterizada por edema en piel y mucosas, debido al aumento de la permeabilidad vascular provocada por la inhibición de la enzima convertidora y el subsiguiente aumento de la bradiquinina. De manera frecuente cursa con compromiso facial y de mucosas, siendo infrecuente el compromiso intestinal o de vía aérea. El angioedema intestinal puede presentarse asociado a angioedema facial o aislado, siendo este último excepcional. Cursa con episodios recurrentes de dolor, distensión abdominal y diarrea acuosa con recuperación completa en dos o tres días. Si bien es una entidad poco frecuente, el hecho de que esté asociada a fármacos utilizados con frecuencia nos hace incluirla en el diagnóstico diferencial del dolor abdominal recurrente. Presentamos un caso de angioedema intestinal aislado, asociado al uso de enalapril.


Angioedema induced by angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors is a rare entity characterized by skin and mucosal edema, due to increased vascular permeability caused by inhibition of the converting enzyme and subsequent increase in bradykinin. It frequently presents with facial and mucosal involvement, being uncommon the intestinal or airway compromise. Intestinal angioedema may be associated with facial or isolated angioedema, the latter being exceptional. It is associated with recurrent episodes of pain, abdominal distention and watery diarrhea which complete recovery in two or three days. Although it is a rare entity, the fact that it is associated with frequently used drugs makes us include it in the differential diagnosis of recurrent abdominal pain. We report a case of isolated intestinal angioedema associated with the use of enalapril.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Enalapril/adverse effects , Intestinal Diseases/chemically induced , Angioedema/chemically induced , Antihypertensive Agents/adverse effects , Hypertension/drug therapy , Intestinal Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Intestine, Small/diagnostic imaging , Angioedema/diagnostic imaging
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL