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1.
Cambios rev. méd ; 20(1): 53-59, 30 junio 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292851

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. La fosa pterigopalatina es una zona anatómica de difícil acceso, que al presentar masas tumorales genera un alto riesgo de morbimortalidad en población juvenil y adulta, que precisa determinar las complicaciones asociadas a cirugía. OBJETIVO. Evaluar los tipos de abordaje quirúrgico, complicaciones e identificar la estirpe histológica de los tumores de fosa pte-rigopalatina. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Estudio transversal retrospectivo. Población y muestra conocida de 29 Historias Clínicas de pacientes con hallazgos de imagen e histopatológico de tumores con invasión a fosa pterigopalatina divididos en dos grupos: A) resección de masa tumoral y B) biopsia de masa tumoral, operados en el Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín en el período de enero 2017 a diciembre de 2020. RESULTADOS. El 82,76% (24; 29) fueron hombres, con promedio de edad de 30,6 años. El 82,76% (24; 29) de las masas tumorales se originaron en nasofaringe; no se reportaron casos primarios. El tumor más frecuente fue el Angio-fibroma Nasofaringeo Juvenil 68,97% (20; 29), seguido por los tumores malignos con el 20,69% (6; 29), siendo usual el carcinoma adenoideo quístico. En el 62,07% (18; 29) el tumor invadió Fosa Infratemporal y en el 44,83% (13; 29) hacia esfenoides. En el grupo A, el abordaje quirúrgico empleado en el 20,83% (5; 24) fue mediante técnica abierta y en el 79,17% (19; 24) con técnica endoscópica, tanto uni 31,58% (6; 19) como multiportal 68,42% (13; 19). La complicación fue la hiposensibilidad facial en el 12,5% (3; 24), todos en abordajes abiertos. CONCLUSIÓN. Se evaluó los tipos abordaje quirúrgico y se identificó la estirpe histológica de los tumores de fosa pterigopalatina


INTRODUCTION. The pterygopalatine fossa is an anatomical area of difficult access, which when presenting tumor masses generates a high risk of morbimortality in the juvenile and adult popula-tion, which needs to determine the complications associated with surgery. OBJECTIVE. To eva-luate the types of surgical approach, complications and identify the histologic type of pterygopala-tine fossa tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Retrospective cross-sectional study. Population and known sample of 29 Clinical Histories of patients with imaging and histopathological findings of tumors with invasion to pterygopalatine fossa divided into two groups: A) resection of tumor mass and B) biopsy of tumor mass, operated at the Carlos Andrade Marín Specialty Hospital in the period from january 2017 to december 2020. RESULTS. The 82,76% (24; 29) were men, with an average age of 30,6 years. 82,76% (24; 29) of the tumor masses originated in nasopharynx; no primary cases were reported. The most frequent tumor was juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma 68,97% (20; 29), followed by malignant tumors with 20,69% (6; 29), being usual the adenoid cystic carcinoma. In 62,07% (18; 29) the tumor invaded the Infratemporal Fossa and in 44,83% (13; 29) into the sphenoid. In group A, the surgical approach used in 20,83% (5; 24) was by open technique and in 79,17% (19; 24) by endoscopic technique, both uni 31,58% (6; 19) and multiportal 68,42% (13; 19). The complication was facial hyposensitivity in 12,5% (3; 24), all in open approaches. CONCLUSION. The types of surgical approach were evaluated and the histologic type of pterygo-palatine fossa tumors was identified.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Nasal Obstruction , Nose Neoplasms , Angiofibroma , Pterygopalatine Fossa , Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery , Nasal Surgical Procedures , Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures , Biopsy , Maxillary Sinus Neoplasms , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Surgical Wound
2.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 19(2): e566, mayo.-ago. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126362

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La anestesia para el angiofibroma juvenil es una de las intervenciones más complejas dentro de la otorrinolaringología, pues el sangramiento incoercible causa hipovolemia aguda la cual se produce en un breve período y lleva al shock hipovolémico y a la muerte de no tratarse adecuadamente. Objetivo: Realizar una actualización sobre el perioperatorio de la anestesia en el angiofibroma juvenil. Desarrollo: Se debe minimizar las pérdidas sanguíneas a toda costa. La mejor asociación fue la hipotensión inducida, la hemodilución hipovolémica y el predepósito de sangre autóloga, con la angiografia y embolización arterial selectiva del tumor. Conclusiones: La exéresis quirúrgica del angiofibroma juvenil es una intervención de alto riesgo. El equipo de trabajo constituye un elemento primordial. La asociación de hipotensión inducida, hemodilución hipovolémica y predepósito de sangre autóloga son los pilares fundamentales para la mejor evolución de estos pacientes(AU)


Introduction: Anesthesia for juvenile angiofibroma is one of the most complex interventions within otolaryngology, since incoercible bleeding causes acute hypovolemia, which occurs in a short period and leads to hypovolemic shock and death if not treated properly. Objective: To carry out an update about the perioperative period of anesthesia in juvenile angiofibroma. Development: Blood losses must be minimized at all costs. The best association was induced hypotension, hypovolemic hemodilution, and autologous blood predeposit, with angiography and selective arterial embolization of the tumor. Conclusions: Surgical removal of juvenile angiofibroma is a high-risk intervention. The work team is an essential element. The association of induced hypotension, hypovolemic hemodilution, and autologous blood predeposit are the fundamental pillars for the best evolution of these patients(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Transfusion, Autologous/standards , Angiofibroma/surgery , Perioperative Care/methods , Anesthesia/methods , Equipment and Supplies
3.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(6): 365-368, June 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137841

ABSTRACT

Abstract Cellular angiofibroma (CA)is a rare benign mesenchymal tumor. In women, it occurs mainly in the vulvovaginal region, with vulvar location in 70% of the cases. Its clinical presentation is nonspecific and similar to several other vulvar tumors of different cellular origins. Thus, its histological and immunohistochemical features allow distinction fromother tumors. Cellular angiofibromas have good prognosis, despite some risk of relapse. The authors present the case of a 49-year-old woman with a bulky right vulvar lesion, for which the preoperative diagnosis was a Bartholin cyst, but the histological and immunohistochemical evaluation yielded a CA.


Resumo O angiofibroma celular é um tumor mesenquimatoso benigno e raro. Nasmulheres, surge principalmente na região vulvo-vaginal, com localização vulvar em 70% dos casos. A sua apresentação clínica é inespecífica e semelhante a vários outros tumores vulvares de diferentes origens celulares. Assim, são as suas características histológicas e imunohistoquímicas que permitem a diferenciação entre eles. Os angiofibromas celulares têm bom prognóstico,embora apresentemalgumrisco de recidiva. Os autores apresentamo caso de umamulher de 49 anos de idade comuma lesão vulvar direita volumosa, cujo diagnóstico pré-operatório era de quisto da glândula de Bartholin, mas cujo exame histológico e imunohistoquímico revelaram tratar-se de um angiofibroma celular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Vulvar Neoplasms/diagnosis , Angiofibroma/diagnosis , Vulvar Neoplasms/surgery , Angiofibroma/surgery , Diagnosis, Differential , Middle Aged
4.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 79(4): 448-452, dic. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058722

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Paciente de 32 años que acudió a consultas por epistaxis intermitente. A la exploración, se evidenció una masa proveniente del septum en fosa nasal izquierda no sospechosa, que a la biopsia demostró ser un angiofibroma. Se describe el abordaje terapéutico de un angiofibroma extranasofaríngeo septal y una revisión de la literatura.


ABSTRACT A 32-year-old patient attended our department for intermittent epistaxis. Upon examination, a non-suspicious mass coming from the septum was found in the left nostril, which at biopsy proved to be an angiofibroma. We describe the therapeutic approach of a septal extranasopharyngeal angiofibroma and a review of the literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Nasal Obstruction/etiology , Nose Neoplasms/diagnosis , Angiofibroma/diagnosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Nasal Obstruction/surgery , Nose Neoplasms/surgery , Angiofibroma/surgery
5.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 555-558, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762373

ABSTRACT

Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal dominant neurocutaneous disorder with an incidence of approximately 1 in 5,000 to 10,000 live births. TSC has various clinical manifestations such as multiple hamartomas in systemic organs, including the skin. Angiofibromas are the most common skin lesions in patients with TSC. Although benign, angiofibromas develop in childhood and puberty, and can be psychosocially disfiguring for patients. Skin lesions in TSC, specifically angiofibromas, have no significant risk of malignant transformation after puberty; thus, they require no treatment if not prominent. However, the presentation of TSC is important owing to its impact on patient cosmesis. Surgical treatment and laser therapy are the mainstream treatments for angiofibromas. Although the evidence is limited, topical mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors such as sirolimus (rapamycin) are effective in facial angiofibroma treatment. We describe an adult patient with an angiofibroma who had an excellent response to treatment with topical rapamycin after a single session of carbon dioxide (CO₂) laser ablation. The patient showed no sign of relapse or recurring lesions for a year. CO₂ laser ablation may serve as a new paradigm of treatment for angiofibromas in TSC. Since the selection of laser devices can be limited for some institutions, we suggest a rather basic but highly effective approach for angiofibroma treatment that can be generally applied with the classic CO₂ device.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Angiofibroma , Carbon Dioxide , Hamartoma , Humans , Incidence , Laser Therapy , Live Birth , Methods , Neurocutaneous Syndromes , Puberty , Recurrence , Sirolimus , Skin , Tuberous Sclerosis
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766310

ABSTRACT

The characteristics of extra-nasopharyngeal angiofibromas tend to be different from angiofibromas of the nasopharynx according to patient gender, patient age, prevalence, affected site, pathogenesis, and clinical and epidemiological features. We report a case of an extra-nasopharyngeal angiofibroma in a 28-year-old man referred to the ENT Clinic for right-sided epistaxis, airflow impairment and nasal swelling. The right nostril was completely occluded works by a reddish-yellow mass that bled easily. The computed tomography scan revealed an “inhomogeneous solid lesion in the nasal fossa”. With the patient under general anesthesia, the formation in the anterior portion of the right side of the nasal septum was removed up to its vascular base. Although electrical cauterization efficiently controlled the bleeding, we abraded the sub-perichondral area to prevent further bleeding as well as recurrence. The histological exam report confirmed the diagnosis of angiofibroma. As in our case, epistaxis is commonly the presenting sign of angiofibroma. Yet its onset was peculiar, given that the bleeding started with a low impact trauma. The nasal swelling was also a relevant feature as well as the breathing impairment. Although uncommon, nasal septal angiofibromas should considered in patients with epistaxis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anesthesia, General , Angiofibroma , Cautery , Diagnosis , Epistaxis , Hemorrhage , Humans , Nasal Septum , Nasopharynx , Prevalence , Recurrence , Respiration
7.
Rev. chil. radiol ; 24(3): 117-124, jul. 2018. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978165

ABSTRACT

Presentamos un caso de Angiomiofibroblastoma-like (AML), en el que la ecografía fue importante para determinar la detección, localización y extensión local. Hallazgos: La ecografía demostró una lesión paratesticular sólida hipoecogénica de bordes bien definidos lo que sugirió lesión benigna extratesticular. La histología evidenció una neoplasia mesenquimal benigna tipo mixoide en cuyo diagnóstico diferencial se incluyen el Angiomixoma superficial (AMS), Angiomixoma agresivo (AMA), Angiomiofibroblastoma (AMF) y el AML. En base a estos hallazgos se realizó una revisión de tumores de similares características en la literatura, llegando finalmente al diagnóstico de AML cuya localización paratesticular sólo ha sido descrita en muy pocos casos hasta la fecha. Conclusión: La ecografía es útil para localizar los tumores paratesticulares y determinar su extensión local. No obstante, para llegar al diagnóstico definitivo es necesario realizar un estudio histológico e inmunohistoquímico de la tumoración.


We present a case of a paratesticular Angiomiofibroblastoma-like (AML) tumor in which ultrasound was important to give the specific location and local extension of the lesion. Findings: Ultrasound revealed a hypoechoic paratesticular lesion with well-defined borders, suggesting an extratesticular benign lesion. The histology showed a benign mesenchymal myxoid-type neoplasm. The differential diagnosis included superficial Angiomyxoma (AMS), Aggressive angiomyxoma (AMA), Angiomyofibroblastoma (AMF) and AML. Based on these findings, a review of similar tumors was carried out and ultimately led to the diagnosis of paratesticular AML. This location has been described only in a few cases in the literature. Conclusion: Ultrasound is useful to locate paratesticular tumors and determine their local extension. However, a definitive diagnosis still requires a histological and immunohistochemical study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angiofibroma/surgery , Angiofibroma/diagnostic imaging , Genital Neoplasms, Male/surgery , Genital Neoplasms, Male/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Ultrasonography , Angiofibroma/pathology , Diagnosis, Differential
8.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 78(2): 161-166, jun. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-961609

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El angiofibroma nasofaríngeo es el tumor benigno más frecuente de la nasofaringe, representando el 0,05% del total de las neoplasias de cabeza y cuello. Los angiofibromas en localizaciones distintas a la nasofaringe son entidades raras. Ellos son descritos esporádicamente en la literatura, ubicándose principalmente en el seno maxilar. En este artículo presentamos un caso de fibroangioma extranasofaríngeo localizado en fosa temporal derecha seguido de una revisión de literatura.


ABSTRACT Nasopharyngeal angiofibroma is the most common benign tumor of the nasopharynx, representing 0.05% of total neoplasms of the head and neck. Extranasopharyngeal angiofibromas are rare entities described sporadically in the literature, being located mainly in the maxillary sinus. We present a case of an extra-nasopharyngeal fibroangioma located in the right temporal fossa followed by a literature review.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Angiofibroma/radiotherapy , Angiofibroma/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Treatment Outcome , Angiofibroma/pathology , Head and Neck Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Head and Neck Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
9.
Med. infant ; 25(2): 103-110, Junio 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-908896

ABSTRACT

El fibroangioma nasojuvenil (FANJ) es un tumor benigno, localmente invasivo, que se presenta en varones púberes y adolescentes. Se manifiesta clínicamente por insuficiencia ventilatoria nasal progresiva y epistaxis. Con el objetivo de describir las características clínico quirúrgicas se realizó un estudio observacional, retrospectivo, transversal de los FANJ intervenidos quirúrgicamente en el período enero 2000 a diciembre 2017 en el Hospital de Pediatría Juan P. Garrahan. Resultados: se incluyeron 89 pacientes con diagnóstico de fibroangioma nasojuvenil intervenidos quirúrgicamente. El 71% de los pacientes menores de 14 años. El síntoma predominante fue epistaxis en el 91% de los casos. El 80,1% (72/89) estaban incluidos en los estadios III y IV de Chandler presentando digitaciones a fosa pterigomaxilar y senos paranasales. El 29,2% (26/89) de los casos presentaba invasión a endocráneo. En el 96% (86/89) se realizó embolización prequirúrgica de las ramas nutricias del tumor. Los abordajes quirúrgicos más utilizados fueron: la vía transantral en el 43,8% (39/89), abordaje de Le Fort 1 en el 21,3% (19/89), endoscópico en el 12,3% (11/89), abordaje combinado con neurocirugía en el 12,3% (11/89) de los pacientes. La recurrencia fue de 33,7% y no hubo pacientes fallecidos. Conclusiones: El fibroangioma nasojuvenil es una patología tumoral que requiere para su resolución un equipo multidisciplinario en instituciones con infraestructura de alta complejidad. El abordaje quirúrgico debe seleccionarse de acuerdo a la localización y extensión tumoral, la efectividad de la embolización previa, la edad del paciente y la experiencia del equipo quirúrgico (AU)


Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma (JNA) is a benign, locally invasive tumor, occurring in pubertal and adolescent males. Clinically the tumor manifests with progressive nasal obstruction and epistaxis. With the aim to describe the clinical and surgical features, an observational, retrospective, cross-sectional study was conducted in patients with JNA who underwent surgery at Hospital de Pediatría Juan P. Garrahan between January 2000 and December 2017. Results: Overall, 89 patients diagnosed with JNA who underwent surgery were included; 71% were under 14 years of age. The main symptom was epistaxis occurring in 91% of the cases. Of all patients, 80.1% (72/89) were in Chandler stages III and IV with extension into the pterygomaxillary fossa and paranasal sinuses. Intracranial invasion was found in 29.2% (26/89) of the cases. In 96% (86/89), preoperative embolization of the feeding branches of the tumor was performed. The most commonly used surgical approaches were: The transantral approach in 43.8% (39/89), Le Fort 1 in 21.3% (19/89), endoscopic approach in 12.3% (11/89), and an approach combined with neurosurgery in 12.3% (11/89) of patients. Recurrence rate was 33.7% and none of the patients died. Conclusions: Management of JNA a multidisciplinary team at a tertiary care institution. The surgical approach should be selected according to tumor location and extension, effectiveness of previous embolization, the patient age, and expertise of the surgical team (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Adolescent , Angiofibroma/surgery , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Neoplasm Staging , Angiofibroma/diagnosis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Epistaxis , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Observational Study , Retrospective Studies
10.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 18(4): 35-41, out.-dez. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254513

ABSTRACT

O angiofibroma juvenil nasofaríngeo é um tumor benigno altamente vascularizado, de crescimento lento, mas localmente invasivo e destrutivo. De baixa prevalência, geralmente se localiza na nasofaringe de indivíduos jovens do gênero masculino. As características clínicas mais comuns são obstrução nasal e epistaxe. Possui diagnóstico baseado, principalmente, nos achados clínicos e imaginológicos, já que a biópsia é dificultada pelas características vasculares da lesão. Seu tratamento de escolha é a excisão cirúrgica, que pode ser realizada por diversas técnicas: via endoscópica, degloving médio-facial, via transpalatina, rinotomia lateral ou através da Osteotomia Le Fort I. O objetivo deste trabalho é relatar a utilização da Osteotomia Le Fort I como acesso para o tratamento cirúrgico de três pacientes do gênero masculino portadores de extensos angiofibromas localizados na nasofaringe que procuraram atendimento no ambulatório de cirurgia buco-maxilo facial do Hospital Universitário Presidente Dutra (HUUFMA)... (AU)


Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma is a slow-growing, highly invasive and vascularized benign tumor. With low prevalence rate, it is usually located in the nasopharynx of young men. The most common clinical characteristics are nasal obstruction and epistaxis. Its diagnosis is based mainly on the clinical and imaging findings, for the biopsy is hindered due to the vascular characteristics of the lesion. Thus, the treatment of choice is its surgical excision, which can be performed by many techniques: endoscopic, medial-facial degloving, transpalatine, lateral rhinotomy or through the Le Fort I Osteotomy. This paper aims to depict the use of Le Fort I Osteotomy approach for the surgical treatment of three male patients with extensive angiofibroma located in nasopharynx who sought care at the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department of Presidente Dutra University Hospital.... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Osteotomy , Surgery, Oral , Nasal Obstruction , Angiofibroma , Neoplasms , Wounds and Injuries , Biopsy
11.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 78(1): 99-103, mar. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-902821

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La cirugía endoscópica nasosinusal es un procedimiento frecuente en la práctica otorrinolaringológica, y en la última década se han introducido nuevas técnicas para ayudar a la resección de tumores en regiones tradicionalmente consideradas de difícil acceso. Una de estas técnicas es el abordaje transeptal, que permite el abordaje de la pared anterior y lateral del seno maxilar, así como el trabajo a cuatro manos para el abordaje de estos tumores. El objetivo de esta revisión es describir el abordaje endoscópico transeptal, como técnica complementaria en la cirugía endoscópica de tumores nasales benignos, específicamente de papiloma invertido y angiofibroma nasofaríngeo juvenil.


ABSTRACT Endoscopic sinus surgery is a frequent procedure in Otorhinolaryngology practice, in the last decade new techniques have been introduced to help the resection of tumors in regions traditionally considered of difficult access. One of these techniques is the trans-septal approach, which allows the approach of the anterior and lateral wall of the maxillary sinus, as well as four-handed work for approach of these tumors. The aim of this review is to describe the transeptal endoscopic approach as a complementary technique in the endoscopic surgery of benign nasal tumors, specifically inverted papilloma and juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nose Neoplasms/surgery , Papilloma, Inverted/surgery , Angiofibroma/surgery , Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery/methods , Nasal Septum/surgery
12.
Rev. méd. hered ; 29(1): 52-57, ene.-mar. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LIPECS, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1014288

ABSTRACT

El angiofibroma nasal juvenil es un tumor benigno de presentación infrecuente, que afecta a varones prepuberes y púberes predominantemente, altamente vascularizado lo que explica el sangrado nasal importante que acompaña la sintomatología de estos pacientes, y que puede devenir en complicaciones fatales durante el acto operatorio. La localización anatómica donde se origina este tumor y la relación que establece durante su crecimiento con otras estructuras en la base de cráneo explican la complejidad que implica tratar a este tipo de pacientes. La presente revisión tiene por objeto presentar el estado actual del tratamiento de estos tumores. El tratamiento de elección es la cirugía, con una tendencia cada vez mayor a realizar abordajes menos invasivos, dejando otras modalidades como la radioterapia para aquellos casos inoperables. (AU)


The nasopharyngeal angiofibroma is an infrequent benign tumor that presents in male patients, predominantly preadolescents, highly vascularized which explains the high volume nasal bleeding during the course of the disease, that can even cause fatal outcomes during surgery. The anatomic location where this tumor originates and the following compromise of adyacent structures in the skull base explains the complexity of the treatment of this tumor. The following article review the state of the art of the treatment offered to the patients published in the literature. The election treatment is surgery, with a growing tendency to offer minimally invasive techniques, and recommending other modalities, such as radiotherapy, for advanced tumors not amenable to surgical resection. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Angiofibroma/therapy , Neoplasms, Vascular Tissue/therapy
13.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 77(3): 252-258, set. 2017. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-902773

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El fibroangioma nasofaríngeo juvenil es un tumor vascular benigno localmente agresivo, que afecta casi exclusivamente la nasofaringe de adolescentes de sexo masculino. Su manejo es complejo dada su extensión, naturaleza vascular y sus frecuentes recurrencias. Objetivo: Mostrar la experiencia de 15 años en fibroangioma juvenil en nuestro centro. Material y método: Estudio descriptivo retrospectivo de los pacientes con diagnóstico de ingreso de fibroangioma nasofaríngeo juvenil al Servicio de Otorrinolaringología del Hospital Barros Luco Trudeau entre los años 1997 y 2011, caracterizando al grupo de estudio en cuanto a características clínico-demográficas, vasos aferentes, relación entre etapa tumoral y vascularización, manejo terapéutico, complicaciones y recurrencias. Resultados: Se obtuvo un total de 20 pacientes, todos de sexo masculino, con un promedio de edad de 13,9 años. El síntoma de presentación más frecuente fue la epistaxis a repetición y obstrucción nasal presente en el 90% y 80%, respectivamente. Todos los pacientes se estudiaron con tomografia computarizada y recibieron embolización arterial preoperatoria. La mayoría de los tumores fueron de tipo II (65%) y III (20%), según clasificación de Radkowski. La técnica quirúrgica más empleada fue abierta (57,8%). Radioterapia en un caso. El vaso aferente principal fue la maxilar interno ipsilateral en el 100%. Todos los fibroangiomas etapa III eran además irrigados por la arteria carótida interna. Se encontró 20% de persistencia y 15% de recidiva. Conclusión: Nuestros resultados concuerdan con la gran mayoría de las series publicadas en la literatura. Epistaxis recurrente, obstrucción nasal y tumor nasal unilateral deben hacernos sospechar de esta patología en un adolescente masculino. El tratamiento de elección es la cirugía con embolización preoperatoria. La vía de abordaje endoscópica presenta menor morbilidad posoperatoria en pacientes con estadios I y II de Radkowski. Todos los fibroangiomas con compromiso intracraneano, presentan irrigación también del sistema carotideo interno.


Introduction: Nasopharyngeal Fibroangioma is a locally aggressive benign vascular tumor. Its management is complex given its size, vascular nature and its frequent recurrences. Aim: To show the experience of 15 years in Juvenile Fibroangioma in our center. Material and method: Retrospective descriptive study of patients admitted with a diagnosis of Juvenile Fibroangioma Nasopharyngeal in the Department of Otolaryngology Hospital Barros Luco Trudeau between 1997 and 2011. Results: A total of 20 patients was obtained. The most common presenting symptom was recurrent epistaxis and nasal obstruction present in 90% and 80% respectively. The most common surgical technique was open (57.8%). Radiotherapy in one case. The main afferent vessel was the ipsilateral internal maxillary in 100%. All Fibroangioma stage III were also supplied by the internal carotid artery. 20% of persistence and 15% of recurrence was found. Conclusion: Recurrent epistaxis, nasal obstruction and unilateral nasal tumor should raise the suspicion of this disease in a male teenager. The treatment of choice is surgery with preoperative embolization. The route of endoscopic approach has less postoperative morbidity in patients with stage I and II of Radkowski. All Fibroangioma with intracranial commitment, have also the internal carotid irrigation system.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/therapy , Angiofibroma/therapy , Angiography , Nasal Obstruction/etiology , Epistaxis/etiology , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Angiofibroma/surgery , Angiofibroma/pathology , Angiofibroma/diagnostic imaging , Embolization, Therapeutic , Endoscopy , Neoplasm Staging
14.
Clinics ; 72(9): 554-561, Sept. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-890736

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Access to the pterygopalatine fossa is very difficult due to its complex anatomy. Therefore, an open approach is traditionally used, but morbidity is unavoidable. To overcome this problem, an endoscopic endonasal approach was developed as a minimally invasive procedure. The surgical aim of the present study was to evaluate the utility of the endoscopic endonasal approach for the management of both benign and malignant tumors of the pterygopalatine fossa. METHOD: We report our experience with the endoscopic endonasal approach for the management of both benign and malignant tumors and summarize recent recommendations. A total of 13 patients underwent surgery via the endoscopic endonasal approach for pterygopalatine fossa masses from 2014 to 2016. This case group consisted of 12 benign tumors (10 juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibromas and two schwannomas) and one malignant tumor. RESULTS: No recurrent tumor developed during the follow-up period. One residual tumor (juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma) that remained in the cavernous sinus was stable. There were no significant complications. Typical sequelae included hypesthesia of the maxillary nerve, trismus, and dry eye syndrome. CONCLUSION: The low frequency of complications together with the high efficacy of resection support the use of the endoscopic endonasal approach as a feasible, safe, and beneficial technique for the management of masses in the pterygopalatine fossa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Angiofibroma/surgery , Pterygopalatine Fossa/surgery , Transanal Endoscopic Surgery/methods , Neurilemmoma/surgery , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Carcinoma/surgery , Carcinoma/pathology , Carcinoma/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Nose Neoplasms/surgery , Nose Neoplasms/pathology , Nose Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Angiofibroma/pathology , Angiofibroma/diagnostic imaging , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Pterygopalatine Fossa/pathology , Pterygopalatine Fossa/diagnostic imaging , Neoplasm Grading , Neurilemmoma/pathology , Neurilemmoma/diagnostic imaging
15.
Journal of Rhinology ; : 81-88, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-123305

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The main treatment modality of sinonasal benign tumor is surgical resection, and the endoscopic intranasal approach has been commonly performed since the 1990s. The objective of this study was to evaluate the recurrence rates of different sinonasal benign tumors and to analyze the diverse approaches used in their surgical treatment. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: In 270 patients who were histopathologically diagnosed with sinonasal benign tumor during a period of 20 years, histopathologic type, treatment approach, interval between first treatment and recurrence, and recurrence rate according to treatment approach were analyzed. RESULTS: Recurrence rate was higher with the intranasal approach than with the extranasal approach in inverted papilloma and angiofibroma, but the differences were not statistically significant. The proportion of the intranasal approach during the latter 10 years was higher than that during the former 10 years. There was no significant differences between the recurrence rate during the former 10 years and that during the latter 10 years for both intranasal and extranasal approaches. CONCLUSION: Based on tumor location and stage and skill of the surgeon, the intranasal approach can replace the extranasal approach with no major changes in treatment outcome.


Subject(s)
Angiofibroma , Humans , Methods , Nasal Cavity , Nose Neoplasms , Papilloma, Inverted , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms , Paranasal Sinuses , Recurrence , Treatment Outcome
16.
An. bras. dermatol ; 91(5,supl.1): 116-118, Sept.-Oct. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-837951

ABSTRACT

Abstract Onychogryphosis is an acquired nail plate change. It often affects the toenail and is characterized by an opaque, yellow-brownish nail plate that is distorted, grossly thickened, elongated, and partly curved resembling a ram's horn. Tuberous sclerosis complex is a multisystem disorder associated with high rates of mental retardation, autism, cognitive impairment, behavioral problems, or seizures. Nail disease can also be associated, which is a concern to patients due to pain and nail distortion. We reported a typical tuberous sclerosis complex patient with distinctive clinical features of a ram's horn nails, which presented a great challenge to surgical treatment and nail restoration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Tuberous Sclerosis/pathology , Nail Diseases/pathology , Tuberous Sclerosis/diagnostic imaging , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Angiofibroma/pathology , Angiofibroma/diagnostic imaging , Kidney Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Lipoma/diagnostic imaging , Liver Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Nails/pathology
17.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 76(1): 43-50, abr. 2016. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-784881

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El angiofibroma nasofaríngeo juvenil es una neoplasia vascular benigna y localmente agresiva, que se desarrolla casi exclusivamente en adolescentes de sexo masculino. Sus manifestaciones clínicas habituales son epistaxis y obstrucción nasal. Objetivo: Dar a conocer la experiencia en el Servicio de Otorrinolaringología del Hospital Carlos van Buren de pacientes con angiofibroma operados por vía endoscópica y abierta entre los años 2008 y 2015. Material y método: Estudio descriptivo retrospectivo de pacientes con diagnóstico de angiofibroma nasofaríngeo juvenil que ingresaron al Servicio de Otorrinolaringología del Hospital Carlos van Buren entre los años 2008 y 2015. Resultados: Hubo un total de 6 casos. La edad de los pacientes fluctuó entre los 12 y los 29 años, el 100% fueron pacientes masculinos. Los síntomas de presentación más frecuente fueron epistaxis recurrente y obstrucción nasal, presentes en 5/6 de los pacientes. La totalidad de los casos fueron estudiados con TC, RM y angiografía. El manejo en todos los casos fue con embolización endovascular 48 horas previo a la resección. Conclusión: Los resultados obtenidos se correlacionan con la literatura. El abordaje endoscópico sigue siendo de elección. Este tiene como ventajas menores pérdidas sanguíneas intraoperatorias, una disminución del número días de hospitalización y las tasas de recurrencia.


Introduction: Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma is a benign vascular neoplasm, locally aggressive that develops almost exclusively in adolescent males. Its usual clinical manifestations are epistaxis and nasal obstruction. Aim: To show the experience in the Department of Otolaryngology Hospital Carlos van Buren of angiofibromas operated by endoscopic and open surgery between the years 2008 and 2015, and review of the literature. Material and Method: Retrospective descriptive study of patients diagnosed with juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma admitted in the Department of Otolaryngology Hospital Carlos van Buren, Valparaiso between 2008 and 2015. Results: A total of 6 cases were identified. The age of patients ranged from 12 to 29 years. The most common presenting symptoms were recurrent epistaxis and nasal obstruction, both present in 5/6 of patients. All the cases were studied with CT, MRI and angiography. All cases had pre-surgical endovascular embolisation48 hours prior to excision. Conclusions: The results correlate with those seen in the literature. The endoscopic approach is the better option, because of its lower intraoperative blood loss, days of hospitalization and recurrence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Angiofibroma/surgery , Endoscopy , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Angiofibroma/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Epistaxis , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies
19.
Arch. argent. dermatol ; 66(1): 18-23, ene.-feb. 2016. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-915611

ABSTRACT

La esclerosis tuberosa (ET) es un síndrome neurocutáneo autosómico dominante causado por mutaciones en los genes de supresión tumoral TSC1/TSC2, con la consecuente formación de hamartomas y tuberomas en múltiples órganos. Reportamos una paciente que a los 21 años de edad es trasplantada por insuficiencia renal crónica idiopática, a la cual se le diagnostica ET posterior a trasplante renal. A nivel mucocutáneo presentaba las manifestaciones características de la enfermedad. Además refería el antecedente de sufrir crisis comiciales que se correlacionaron con el hallazgo de tuberomas corticales en encéfalo, como así también en el parénquima pulmonar. Dentro del esquema terapéutico inmunosupresor post-trasplante que recibió la paciente se encontraba la rapamicina, un inhibidor de la proteína mTOR (mammalian Target of Rapamycin), que participa en la proliferación y muerte celular. Durante el tratamiento se pudo observar una mejoría clínica de los angiofibromas faciales y del tuberoma pulmonar (AU)


Tuberous sclerosis (TS) is an autosomal dominant neurocutaneous syndrome caused by mutations in tumor suppressor genes TSC1/TSC2, with the consequent formation of hamartomas and tuberomas in multiple organs. A female patient diagnosed with TS after kidney transplantation because idiopathic chronic kidney disease at the age of 21-year-old is reported. Characteristic mucocutaneous manifestations of the disease were present at the examination. Patient also referred a history of seizures which were correlated with cortical tuberomas found in brain, as well as in the lung parenchyma. Patient was treated with rapamycin in the post- transplant immunosuppressive scheme, an inhibitor of mTOR (mammalian Target of Rapamycin), which is involved in proliferation and cell death. Clinical improvement of facial angiofibromas and pulmonary tuberoma were observed during treatment (AU)


Subject(s)
Tuberous Sclerosis/diagnosis , Tuberous Sclerosis/pathology , Sirolimus/therapeutic use , Skin Diseases , Kidney Transplantation , Angiofibroma
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