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1.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(9): 669-675, Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351771

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Preeclampsia (PE) is a pregnancy-specific syndrome characterized by abnormal levels of cytokines and angiogenic factors, playing a role in the disease development. The present study evaluated whether immunological markers are associated with the gestational age and with the disease severity in preeclamptic women. Methods Ninety-five women who developed PE were stratified for gestational age as preterm PE (< 37 weeks) and term PE (≥ 37 weeks of gestation) and compared for disease severity as well as plasma concentration of angiogenic factors and cytokines. The concentrations of placental growth factor (PlGF), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), Fms-like soluble tyrosine kinase (sFlt-1) and soluble endoglin (sEng), as well as the cytokines, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin 10 (IL-10), were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results The comparison between preeclamptic groups showed a higher percentage of severe cases in preterm PE (82.1%) than in term PE (35.9%). Similarly, the concentrations of TNF-α, sFlt-1, and sEng, as well as TNF-α/IL-10 and sFlt-1/PlGF ratios were significantly higher in the preterm PE group. In contrast, concentrations of PlGF, VEGF, and IL-10 were significantly lower in women with preterm PE. Negative correlations between TNF-α and IL-10 (r = 0.5232) and between PlGF and sFlt1 (r = 0.4158) were detected in the preterm PE. Conclusion In pregnant women with preterm PE, there is an imbalance between immunological markers, with the predominance of anti-angiogenic factors and TNF-α, associated with adverse maternal clinical outcomes.


Resumo Objetivo A pré-eclâmpsia (PE) é uma síndrome específica da gravidez caracterizada por níveis anormais de citocinas e fatores angiogênicos, que desempenham um papel no desenvolvimento da doença. Este estudo avaliou se os marcadores imunológicos estão associados à idade gestacional e à gravidade da doença em mulheres com pré-eclâmpsia. Métodos Noventa e cinco mulheres que desenvolveram PE foram estratificadas pela idade gestacional em PE pré-termo (< 37 semanas) e PE a termo (≥ 37 semanas de gestação) e comparadas quanto à gravidade da doença, bem como à concentração plasmática de fatores angiogênicos e citocinas. As concentrações de fator de crescimento placentário (PlGF), fator de crescimento endotelial vascular (VEGF), tirosina quinase solúvel semelhante a Fms (sFlt-1) e endoglina solúvel (sEng), bem como as citocinas, fator de necrose tumoral alfa (TNF- α) e interleucina 10 (IL-10), foram determinados porensaio de imunoabsorção enzimática (ELISA, na sigla em inglês). Resultados A comparação entre os grupos com pré-eclâmpsia mostrou maior porcentagem de casos graves em PE pré-termo (82,1%) do que em PE a termo (35,9%). Da mesma forma, as concentrações de TNF-α, sFlt-1 e sEng, bem como as razões TNF-α/IL-10 e sFlt-1/PlGF foram significativamente maiores no grupo de PE pré-termo. Em contraste, as concentrações de PlGF, VEGF e IL-10 foram significativamente menores em mulheres com PE pré-termo. Correlações negativas entre TNF-α e IL-10 (r = 0.5232) e entre PlGF e sFlt1 (r = 0.4158) foram detectadas no grupo de PE pré-termo. Conclusão Em gestantes com PE pré-termo, ocorre um desequilíbrio entre os marcadores imunológicos, com predomínio de fatores antiangiogênicos e TNF-α, associados a desfechos clínicos maternos adversos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Pre-Eclampsia , Biomarkers , Antigens, CD , Cytokines , Receptors, Cell Surface , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-1 , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents , Placenta Growth Factor
2.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(6): 474-478, June 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1135644

ABSTRACT

This work aimed to evaluate the effect of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on advancement skin flaps in dogs regarding improvement of vascularization, with focus on increasing its viable area, since there are reports that it is a potential angiogenesis stimulator. The experimental group was composed of eight adult bitches, in which two advancement skin flaps were made in the ventral abdominal region. No product was applied in the control flap (CF), while PRP was used in the contralateral flap, called treated flap (TF). The areas were clinically evaluated every two days until the 7th postoperative day regarding skin color and presence of necrosis. At 10 days, both flaps were removed and submitted to histological examination and blood vessel morphometry. The vessels counted in each group were statistically analyzed by the F-test at 1% probability. Results showed no significant difference in macroscopic changes in the wound, or CF and TF vascularization, thus suggesting that PRP gel did not improve advancement skin flap angiogenesis in bitches under the experimental conditions in which this research was developed.(AU)


Objetivou-se com o presente artigo avaliar a ação angiogênica do gel de plasma rico em plaquetas (PRP) em flapes cutâneos de avanço em animais da espécie canina, visando aumentar a viabilidade da pele após o procedimento, uma vez que existem relatos de que o produto é um potente estimulador da angiogênese. O grupo experimental foi composto por oito cadelas adultas, onde foram confeccionados dois flapes de avanço (de padrão subdérmico) na região abdominal ventral. Em um dos flapes, considerado controle (FC) não foi aplicado nenhum produto, enquanto que no flape contralateral, denominado tratado (FT), foi usado o gel de PRP. As áreas foram macroscopicamente avaliadas a cada dois dias até o 7º dia de pós-operatório em relação à coloração da pele e presença de área de necrose, e com 10 dias ambos os flapes foram coletados por biópsia e submetidos ao exame histológico e morfometria dos vasos sanguíneos. Os vasos contados em cada grupo foram estatisticamente analisados pelo teste de F ao nível de 1% de probabilidades. Os resultados demonstraram que não houve diferença significativa nas alterações macroscópicas das feridas e na morfometria vascular dos FC e FT, sugerindo dessa maneira que dentro das condições experimentais nas quais a pesquisa foi executada, que o gel de PRP não incrementou a angiogênese de flapes de avanço em cadelas.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Skin Transplantation/veterinary , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents/therapeutic use , Platelet-Rich Plasma
3.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 33(1): e830, ene.-mar. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126728

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El pterigión se trata de un crecimiento fibrovascular de morfología triangular que se extiende desde la conjuntiva hacia la córnea. Está clasificado dentro de las degeneraciones no involutivas o tumoraciones epiteliales benignas corneales y se presenta en el 10,2 por ciento de la población. El tratamiento quirúrgico es el más indicado, y tiene una tasa de recidiva independientemente de la técnica quirúrgica utilizada del 10,7 por ciento; esta tasa de recidiva se evidencia por la neovascularización y el tejido cicatrizal antes de los dos meses después de la cirugía. Lo anterior ha incentivado la investigación de nuevos tratamientos que disminuyan esta complicación, por lo que el objetivo de esta revisión bibliográfica fue la búsqueda de alternativas terapéuticas para el pterigión recidivante. Se realizó una búsqueda automatizada sobre el tema, utilizando la plataforma Infomed, cuya información fue resumida para la elaboración del informe final. Concluimos que existen diferentes tratamientos adyuvantes para disminuir la tasa de recurrencia, y es necesario realizar estudios donde se determine el tiempo y la frecuencia en la aplicación de estos para obtener resultados más efectivos en su uso(AU)


ABSTRACT Pterygium is a fibrovascular growth of triangular shape that extends from the conjunctiva to the cornea. It has been classified as a noninvolutionary degeneration or benign corneal epithelial tumor which affects 10.2 percent of the population. The treatment most commonly indicated is surgery, which has a recurrence rate of 10.7 percent, irrespective of the surgical technique used. Recurrence takes the form of neovascularization and scar tissue within two months after surgery. This has fostered research into new treatments to reduce this complication. The objective of the present bibliographic review was precisely to search for therapeutic alternatives for recurrent pterygium. An automated search was conducted about the topic on the platform Infomed. Data were summarized to write the final report. We concluded that there are several adjuvant treatments to reduce recurrence, and it is necessary to carry out studies determining the time and frequency of their application to obtain more effective results(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pterygium/surgery , Pterygium/epidemiology , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents/therapeutic use , Corneal Transplantation/methods
4.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 42(1): 70-76, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090469

ABSTRACT

Abstract Inflammation and angiogenesis are linked to the development of cancer since both can support the establishment of a tumor-prone microenvironment. The CCR5 is a major regulatory molecule involved in inflammation. The CD34 molecule is commonly described as a hematopoietic stem cell marker, and CD34+ cells are involved in the regulation of distinct physiological processes, including angiogenesis. CCR5 participates in the development of various types of cancer, and recently, a reduced CCR5 expression was associated with low CD34+ cell counts in human cord blood. A naturally occurring genetic variant of the CCR5 gene, the so-called CCR5Δ32 polymorphism, consists of a 32 base-pair deletion in the DNA, interfering in the CCR5 protein levels on the cell surface. When in homozygosis, this variant leads to a total absence of CCR5 expression on the cell surface. In heterozygous individuals, CCR5 surface levels are reduced. Based on these key findings, we hypothesize that a functional interaction can connect CCR5 and CD34 molecules (giving rise to a "CCR5-CD34 axis"). According to this, a CCR5-CD34 interaction can potentially support the development of different types of cancer. Consequently, the lack of CCR5 in association with reduced CD34+ cell counts could indicate a protective factor against the development of cancer. It is required to characterize in detail the functional relationship between CCR5 and CD34 proteins, as well as the real influence of both molecules on the susceptibility and development of cancer at population level. If our hypothesis is confirmed, the CCR5-CD34 axis may be a potential target in the development of anti-cancer therapies.


Subject(s)
Antigens, CD34 , Receptors, CCR5 , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents , Carcinogenesis , Inflammation , Neoplasms
5.
Rev. Salusvita (Online) ; 39(1): 23-42, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1119323

ABSTRACT

Avaliou-se a interferência das nanopartículas de prata sobre a angiogênese relacionada ao crescimento tumoral. A pesquisa científica foi realizada através da incubação de 42 ovos embrionados de galinhas. Após 24 horas de incubação, esses mesmos ovos foram separados em seis grupos contendo sete ovos cada, para os tratamentos com: Grupo 1: Soro fisiológico; Grupo 2: Tumor de Ehrlich (TE); Grupo 3: Nanopartículas de prata; Grupo 4: Prednisolona; Grupo 5: Nanopartículas de prata e Tumor de Ehrlich; Grupo 6: Prednisolona e Tumor de Ehrlich. Após o tempo total de incubação, as membranas corioalantoideas (MCAs) foram removidas, e analisadas através do microscópio de luz e fotografadas. O grupo 1 apresentou um padrão normal de crescimento e foi utilizado como controle negativo; O grupo 2 apresentou um aumento na quantidade de vasos sanguíneos; o grupo 3 apresentou baixa interferência na angiogenese embrionária e não contribuiu para o desenvolvimento do tumor; O grupo 4 demonstrou diminuição no desenvolvimento de vasos sanguíneos; O grupo 5 indicou que as nanopartículas de prata, quando associadas ao TE, não favorece o desenvolvimento tumoral e o grupo 6 demonstrou que o fármaco prednisolona associado ao TE, se comporta como um excelente inibidor de neoangiogese tumoral. Considera-se através da técnica realizada a possibilidade de utilizar nanopartículas de prata para o tratamento de células tumorais de Ehrlich, porém devem ser realizados testes confirmatórios para estudar a relação da substância descrita às células tumorais empregadas.


The interference of silver nanoparticles on angiogenesis related to tumor growth was evaluated. Scientific research was carried out by incubating 42 embryonated chicken eggs. After 24 hours of incubation, these same eggs were separated into six groups containing seven eggs each, for treatments with: Group 1: Saline; Group 2: Ehrlich's tumor (ET); Group 3: Silver nanoparticles; Group 4: Prednisolone; Group 5: Silver nanoparticles and Ehrlich's Tumor; Group 6: Prednisolone and Ehrlich's Tumor. After the total incubation time, the chorioallantoid membranes (MCAs) were removed, and analyzed using a light microscope and photographed. Group 1 showed a normal growth pattern and was used as a negative control; Group 2 showed an increase in the amount of blood vessels; group 3 showed low interference in embryonic angiogenesis and did not contribute to the development of the tumor; Group 4 demonstrated a decrease in the development of blood vessels; Group 5 indicated that silver nanoparticles, when associated with TE, do not favor tumor development and group 6 demonstrated that the drug prednisolone associated with TE, behaves as an excellent inhibitor of tumor neoangiogenesis. Through the technique performed, the possibility of using silver nanoparticles for the treatment of Ehrlich tumor cells is considered, however, confirmatory tests should be performed to study the relationship of the substance described to the tumor cells employed.


Subject(s)
Neoplasms , Silver Nitrate , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents
6.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190215, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1056582

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: This study evaluated the angiogenesis-enhancing potential of a tricalcium silicate-based mineral trioxide aggregate (ProRoot MTA), Biodentine, and a novel bioceramic root canal sealer (Well-Root ST) in human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs), human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPLSCs), and human tooth germ stem cells (hTGSCs). Methodology: Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium was conditioned for 24 h by exposure to ProRoot MTA, Biodentine, or Well-Root ST specimens (prepared according to the manufacturers' instructions). The cells were cultured in these conditioned media and their viability was assessed with 3-(4,5-dimethyl-thiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxy-methoxy-phenyl)-2-(4-sulfo-phenyl)-2H tetrazolium (MTS) on days 1, 3, 7, 10, and 14. Angiogenic growth factors [platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)] were assayed by sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) on days 1, 7, and 14. Human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) migration assays were used to evaluate the vascular effects of the tested materials at 6-8 h. Statistical analyses included Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney U, and Friedman and Wilcoxon signed rank tests. Results: None of tricalcium silicate-based materials were cytotoxic and all induced a similar release of angiogenic growth factors (PDGF, FGF-2, and VEGF) (p>0.05). The best cell viability was observed for hDPSCs (p<0.05) with all tricalcium silicate-based materials at day 14. Tube formation by HUVECs showed a significant increase with all tested materials (p<0.05). Conclusion: The tricalcium silicate-based materials showed potential for angiogenic stimulation of all stem cell types and significantly enhanced tube formation by HUVECs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Filling Materials/pharmacology , Stem Cells/drug effects , Ceramics/pharmacology , Silicates/pharmacology , Calcium Compounds/pharmacology , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents/pharmacology , Periodontal Ligament/cytology , Periodontal Ligament/drug effects , Tooth Germ/cytology , Tooth Germ/drug effects , Biocompatible Materials/pharmacology , Materials Testing , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor/analysis , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor/drug effects , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Cell Survival/drug effects , Reproducibility of Results , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2/analysis , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2/drug effects , Statistics, Nonparametric , Neovascularization, Physiologic/drug effects , Dental Pulp/cytology , Dental Pulp/drug effects , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/analysis , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/drug effects , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/drug effects , Flow Cytometry
7.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; ilus; 2020. 67 p. ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252406

ABSTRACT

A hanseníase é uma doença infecciosa de evolução crônica, porém o curso natural da doença pode ser interrompido por episódios reacionais agudos que são caracterizados por uma ativação da resposta inflamatória acelerando o agravamento no dano tecidual e neural. O Eritema Nodoso Hansênico (ENH), um desses episódios reacionais, é uma complicação imunológica grave que acomete os pacientes multibacilares (BL e LL). A presença de neutrófilos na lesão de pele dos pacientes com ENH é considerada uma marca histológica dessa reação, porém ainda não é claro como ocorre o recrutamento desses neutrófilos para o sítio inflamatório e como este tipo celular participa dos mecanismos patológicos. Já foi visto na literatura que a angiogênese está presente de forma aumentada em lesões de pele de pacientes lepromatosos (LL) com e sem ENH sendo associada ao aumento da carga bacilar e progressão da doença. Embora o mecanismo de formação de novos vasos tenha sido bastante estudado na hipóxia tecidual e em outros processos inflamatórios, na hanseníase ainda não está bem descrito. Levando em consideração que a angiogênese está presente nos achados histopatológicos da hanseníase LL e no ENH, esse estudo propõe avaliar os níveis proteicos e a expressão gênica de VEGF-A, VEGFR1, PDGF, HIF1A e ITGB3 em amostras de sangue e pele de pacientes LL com e sem ENH e controles (pacientes BT e doadores sadios). 13 pacientes BT e 28 LL antes de iniciar o tratamento com a poliquimioterapia e 23 pacientes ENH antes do início do tratamento anti-reacional, 13 pacientes ENH 7 dias após o início do tratamento com talidomida e 3 doadores sadios foram recrutados no Ambulatório Souza Araújo, Rio de Janeiro.


Os níveis séricos de VEGF-A e PDGF-BB foram determinados por ELISA. A expressão proteica de VEGFR1 na superfície de neutrófilos circulantes foi determinada por citometria de fluxo multiparamética. A expressão de RNAm de VEGF-A, PDGF-A, HIF1A e ITGB3 na pele foram determinadas por RT-qPCR. Os níveis circulantes de VEGF-A em pacientes LL foram significativamente aumentados quando comparados com pacientes BT. Pacientes LL com e sem ENH apresentaram níveis séricos de VEGF-A comparáveis, porém 7 dias após o início do tratamento com talidomida houve redução. Neutrófilos circulantes de pacientes BT apresentaram maior expressão de VEGFR1 quando comparados com pacientes LL. Os neutrófilos de pacientes LL apresentaram níveis de VEGFR1 similares aos neutrófilos de doadores sadios. A expressão de VEGFR1 em neutrófilos assim com a frequência de neutrófilos VEGFR1+ foi menor em pacientes ENH quando comparados a todos os grupos de pacientes e doadores saudáveis. Os níveis de RNAm de VEGF-A foi significativamente maior na pele de pacientes ENH quando comparados aos pacientes BT e LL não reacionais. A expressão gênica de HIF1A foi maior nas lesões de pele de pacientes ENH quando comparados com LL e BT. Os níveis de PDGFA e ITGB3 nas lesões LL com e sem ENH foram comparáveis. Os nossos resultados sugerem que neutrófilos de pacientes ENH migrem para as lesões de pele através da via VEGF-A/VEGFR1 e que a angiogênese detectada nas lesões de pele de pacientes ENH induzem a expressão de HIF. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers , Leprosy, Lepromatous , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents , Erythema Nodosum
8.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 38(3): 225-235, dic. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058068

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: El Premio Nobel 2019 en Fisiología-Medicina se confirió a los Profesores Gregg Semenza, William Kaelin y Sir Peter Ratcliffe por sus investigaciones en la maquinaria molecular que regula la expresión de genes sensibles a los cambios en los niveles de oxígeno. La síntesis de eritropoyetina inducida por la disminución de los niveles sanguíneos de oxígeno condujo al estudio del gen de la eritropoyetina y descubrimiento de los elementos de respuesta a hipoxia (HRE) en la región promotora y posteriormente al factor transcripcional inducible por hipoxia tipo 1 (HIF-1). Este factor consta de dos subunidades: HIF-1α, sensible al oxígeno, y HIF-1β, expresada constitutivamente. HIF1 activa la transcripción de genes que codifican enzimas, transportadores y proteínas mitocondriales que disminuyen la utilización de oxígeno al cambiar el metabolismo oxidativo al metabolismo glicolítico y además aquellos involucrados en la angiogénesis y diferenciación celular. Las investigaciones paralelas en la enfermedad von Hippel-Lindau (VHL), un desorden autosómico dominante, permitieron descubrir el mecanismo de degradación de HIF1 en condiciones de normoxia y como se estabiliza bajo hipoxia. El impacto de HIF en clínica radica en el establecimiento de nuevas dianas terapéuticas para combatir la anemia y diversas enfermedades cardiovasculares. HIF promueve la angiogénesis a través de la expresión del factor de crecimiento vascular endotelial (VEGF), agente cardioprotector con potencial para tratar la isquemia/reperfusión, hipertrofia patológica e insuficiencia cardíaca.


ABSTRACT: The Nobel Prize in Physiology-Medicine was awarded to Drs. Gregg Semenza, William Kaelin and Sir Peter Ratcliffe for their research in the molecular machinery that regulates the expression of genes sensitive to the change in oxygen levels. The synthesis of erythropoietin induced by the decrease levels of oxygen in the blood led to investigate the promoter of the erythropoietin gene where the so-called hypoxia response elements (HRE) were described. Semenza et al. described a protein that binds to HREs and called it hypoxia-inducible transcriptional factor (HIF) that regulates gene expression among those involved in angiogenesis, cell differentiation and glycolytic enzymes. HIF presents two oxygen-sensitive subunits HIF-1α and HIF-1β constitutively expressed. In parallel, Kaelin et al. investigated von Hippel-Lindau disease (VHL), an autosomal dominant disorder, discovering a mutation of this protein generated a behavior similar to hypoxia. The impact of HIF-1α lies in the search for new strategies such as hydrolase inhibitors to combat prevalent diseases, including anemia and cardiovascular diseases These compounds promote the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a cardioprotective agent with potential use in pre- and post-conditioning therapy, cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cardiovascular Diseases , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1/genetics , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit , Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents , Heart Failure , von Hippel-Lindau Disease/genetics , Hypoxia , Nobel Prize
9.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(4): 310-316, July-Aug. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019421

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Chronic instillation of benzalkonium chloride, a preservative, has inflammatory effects on the ocular surface. However, addition of the anti-inflammatory agent cyclosporine to a therapeutic protocol may mitigate these effects. This study compared the toxic effects of a 0.1% benzalkonium chloride solution and the possible protective effect of 0.05% cyclosporine when applied topically to the rabbit conjunctiva. Methods: Fifteen age- and weight-matched, female New Zealand white rabbits were categorized into three groups and treated for 30 consecutive days. Group 1, 2, and 3 - benzalkonium chloride received 0.1% every 24 h, 0.05% cyclosporine every 6 h, and both treatments, respectively. In each rabbit, the left eye was subjected to treatment and the right eye was a control. The rabbits were euthanized at after the experiment. Goblet cells and blood vessels were then enumerated in conjunctival tissues stained with periodic acid-Schiff and hematoxylin-eosin, respectively. Differences between treated and untreated eyes and between groups were compared using the t-test and analysis of variance. Results: Benzalkonium chloride treatment, with and without cyclosporine, significantly reduced (p≤0.05) in the number of goblet cells in treatment eyes compared with that in respective control eyes. Alternatively, adding cyclosporine to benzalkonium chloride did not prevent the loss of conjunctival goblet cells, and a significant reduction in the number of goblet cells was noted. Benzalkonium chloride-induced significant increase in the number of new blood vessels was mitigated significantly by the addition of cyclosporine. Conclusion: This study demonstrated the magnitude of conjunctival injury caused by chronic instillation of benzalkonium chloride. Although cyclosporine did not mitigate the effects on goblet cells, its addition minimized inflammatory angiogenesis induced by benzalkonium chloride.


RESUMO Objetivo: A instilação crônica de cloreto de benzal­cônio, um conservante, tem efeitos inflamatórios na superfície ocular. No entanto, a adição do agente anti-inflamatório ciclosporina a um protocolo terapêutico pode atenuar esses efeitos. Este estudo comparou os efeitos tóxicos de uma solução de cloreto de benzalcônio a 0,1% e o possível efeito protetor de ciclosporina a 0,05% quando aplicado topicamente à conjuntiva de coelho. Métodos: Quinze coelhos fêmeas brancos da raça Nova Zelândia, pareados por idade e peso, foram categorizados em três grupos e tratados por 30 dias consecutivos. Os grupos 1, 2 e 3 - receberam cloreto de benzalcônio 0,1% a cada 24h, ciclosporina a 0,005% a cada 6h e ambos os tratamentos, respectivamente. Em cada coelho, o olho esquerdo foi submetido a tratamento e o olho direito foi controle. Os coelhos foram submetidos à eutanásia após o experimento. Células caliciformes e vasos sanguíneos foram então enumerados em tecidos conjuntivais corados com ácido periódico-Schiff e hematoxilina-eosina, respectivamente. As diferenças entre os olhos tratados e não tratados e entre os grupos foram comparadas usando o teste t e análise de variância. Resultados: O tratamento com cloreto de benzalcônio, com e sem ciclosporina, reduziu significativamente (p£0,05) o número de células caliciformes nos olhos tratados em comparação com os olhos controle correspondentes. Alternativamente, a adição de ciclosporina ao cloreto de benzalcônio não impediu a perda de células caliciformes conjuntivais, e foi observada uma redução significativa no número de células caliciformes. O aumento significativo induzido pelo cloreto de benzalcônio no número de novos vasos sanguíneos foi significativamente mitigado pela adição da ciclosporina. Conclusão: Este estudo demonstrou a magnitude da lesão conjuntival resultante da instilação crônica de cloreto de benzalcônio. Embora a ciclosporina não tenha atenuado os efeitos nas células caliciformes, sua adição minimizou a angiogênese inflamatória induzida pelo cloreto de benzalcônio.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Preservatives, Pharmaceutical/adverse effects , Benzalkonium Compounds/adverse effects , Cyclosporine/pharmacology , Conjunctiva/drug effects , Protective Agents/pharmacology , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Time Factors , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Conjunctiva/pathology , Goblet Cells/drug effects , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents/pharmacology
10.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(12): e201901202, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054685

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose To explore the potential role and unclear molecular mechanisms of vaccarin in wound healing. Methods Rats' skin excision model to study the effects of vaccarin on wound healing in vivo . Hematoxylin and eosin staining was performed to evaluate Histopathologic characteristics. Immunohistochemistry was employed to assess the effects of vaccarin in accelerating angiogenesis. Western blot was used to evaluate relative protein expressed levels. Results Vaccarin could significantly promote wound healing and endothelial cells and fibroblasts proliferation in the wound site. Immunohistochemistry and Western blot studies showed that the nodal proteins and receptor (bFGFR) related to angiogenesis signaling pathway were activated, and the microvascular density in the wound site was markedly higher than that in the control group. Conclusions The present study was the first to demonstrate that vaccarin is able to induce angiogenesis and accelerate wound healing in vivo by increasing expressions of p-Akt, p-Erk and p-bFGFR. This process is mediated by MAPK/ERK and PI3K/AKT signaling pathways.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Wound Healing/drug effects , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/drug effects , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases/drug effects , Caryophyllaceae/chemistry , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents/pharmacology , Time Factors , Immunohistochemistry , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Signal Transduction , Blotting, Western , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/analysis , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases/analysis , Endothelial Cells/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 1/analysis , Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 1/drug effects , Fibroblasts/drug effects
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771509

ABSTRACT

This research was aimed to evaluate the protective effect and potential mechanism of Yiqi Tongluo Particles(YQTLs).Firstly,an animal model of multiple cerebral infarction(MCI) with Qi deficiency and blood stasis was established.Rats were randomly divided into six groups:SHAM group,Vehicle group,Buyang Huanwu decoction original group(BYHWO),EGb761 group,high and low dose of YQTLs group.Rats underwent sleep deprivation after one week of MCI and the tongues and pulses of rats after six weeks of sleep deprivation were detected,followed by collecting blood to analysis the blood coagulation.Differential expression of angiogenesis associated proteins was examined using proteomic research and verified by immunohistochemical.RESULTS: showed that neurological function score was obviously declined,G and B value of tongue surface was increased significantly and the pulse distension,the activated partial thromboplatin time(APTT) as well as prothrombin time(PT) were recovered following YQTLs 7.56 g·kg-1 treatment.Furthermore,G value of tongue surface,APTT and PT were also improved by YQTLs 3.78 g·kg-1.The results of proteomic technology showed that proteins associated with angiogenesis were reversed compared with Vehicle group.Moreover,the expression of VEGFR2 from immunohistochemical was promoted after YQTLs treatment.The MCI with Qi deficiency and blood stasis was alleviated obviously following YQTLs treatment and the possible mechanism was that YQTLs may enhance angiogenesis during cerebral ischemia.


Subject(s)
Angiogenesis Inducing Agents , Pharmacology , Animals , Cerebral Infarction , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Proteomics , Qi , Random Allocation , Rats
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761730

ABSTRACT

Malarial infection induces tissue hypoxia in the host through destruction of red blood cells. Tissue hypoxia in malarial infection may increase the activity of HIF1α through an intracellular oxygen-sensing pathway. Activation of HIF1α may also induce vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) to trigger angiogenesis. To investigate whether malarial infection actually generates hypoxia-induced angiogenesis, we analyzed severity of hypoxia, the expression of hypoxia-related angiogenic factors, and numbers of blood vessels in various tissues infected with Plasmodium berghei. Infection in mice was performed by intraperitoneal injection of 2×10⁶ parasitized red blood cells. After infection, we studied parasitemia and survival. We analyzed hypoxia, numbers of blood vessels, and expression of hypoxia-related angiogenic factors including VEGF and HIF1α. We used Western blot, immunofluorescence, and immunohistochemistry to analyze various tissues from Plasmodium berghei-infected mice. In malaria-infected mice, parasitemia was increased over the duration of infection and directly associated with mortality rate. Expression of VEGF and HIF1α increased with the parasitemia in various tissues. Additionally, numbers of blood vessels significantly increased in each tissue type of the malaria-infected group compared to the uninfected control group. These results suggest that malarial infection in mice activates hypoxia-induced angiogenesis by stimulation of HIF1α and VEGF in various tissues.


Subject(s)
Angiogenesis Inducing Agents , Animals , Hypoxia , Blood Vessels , Blotting, Western , Erythrocytes , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Immunohistochemistry , Injections, Intraperitoneal , Malaria , Mice , Mortality , Parasitemia , Plasmodium , Plasmodium berghei , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
13.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e059, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039303

ABSTRACT

Abstract We recently demonstrated that a co-culture system of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) could enhance angiogenesis ability in vitro. However, whether tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) could promote blood vessel formation during pulp regeneration remained unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of TNF-α on the formation of endothelial tubules and vascular networks in a co-culture system of hDPSCs and HUVECs. hDPSCs were co-cultured with HUVECs at a ratio of 1:5. The Matrigel assay was performed to detect the total tubule branching lengths and numbers of branches, and the Cell-Counting Kit 8 assay was performed to examine the effect of TNF-α on cell proliferation. Real-time polymerase chain reactions and western blot were used to detect vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) mRNA and protein expression. The Matrigel assay showed significantly greater total branching lengths and numbers of branches formed in the experimental groups treated with different concentrations of TNF-α compared with the control group. The decomposition times of the tubule structures were also significantly prolonged (P < 0.05). Treatment with 50 ng/ml TNF-α did not significantly change the proliferation of co-cultured cells, but it significantly increased the VEGF mRNA and protein expression levels (p < 0.05). In addition, the migration abilities of HUVECs and hDPSCs increased after co-culture with TNF-α (p < 0.05). TNF-α enhanced angiogenic ability in vitro in the co-culture system of hDPSCs and HUVECs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/pharmacology , Neovascularization, Physiologic/drug effects , Dental Pulp/cytology , Dental Pulp/drug effects , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents/pharmacology , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/drug effects , Proteoglycans , Reference Values , Time Factors , Cell Count , Cells, Cultured , Blotting, Western , Reproducibility of Results , Collagen , Laminin , Neovascularization, Physiologic/physiology , Dental Pulp/physiology , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/analysis , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/physiology , Drug Combinations , Cell Migration Assays , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/physiology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
14.
Belo Horizonte; s.n; 2018. 75 p. ilus, graf, tab.
Thesis in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-912474

ABSTRACT

A progressão e desenvolvimento de patologias pulpares e periapicais estão intimamente relacionados à presença de microrganismos e seus subprodutos nos sistema de canais radiculares (SCR), que induzem uma resposta de defesa adjacente ao ápice radicular. A angiogênese é apontada como fator essencial na patogênese das alterações periapicais crônicas, estando relacionada ao seu estabelecimento e manutenção, por ser fonte constante de citocinas, quimiocinas e proteases. A angiogênse também está relacionada ao reparo tecidual que segue à resolução das alterações perirradiculares após a realização da terapia endodôntica. Neste estudo, avaliou-se a expressão de fatores pró-angiogêncios e citocinas relacionadas, em amostras coletadas de pacientes (n=20) com dentes portadores de Periodontite Apical Crônica imediatamente após a instrumentação dos SCR e 7 dias após os procedimentos de desinfecção. As amostras foram analisadas por meio de reação em cadeia da polimerase em tempo real (PCR-RT). Verificou-se a expressão gênica de fatores pró-angiogênicos e citocinas Angiopoetina-1 (AGT1), Fator de crescimento endotelial vascular-A (VEGF-A), Fator de crescimento fibroblástico básico (FGF-ß), Proteína quimiotática de monócitos (CCL2/MCP-1), Proteína inflamatória de macrófagos-1ß (CCL4), C-X-C Receptor de quimiocina tipo 4 (CXCR4), C-C Receptor de quimiocina tipo 6 (CCR6), TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-17, IL-10, IL6, RANK-L e MMP-9. A expressão do mRNA dos mediadores avaliados revelou aumento significativo nos níveis de AGT1, CCL2/MCP-1, CCL4, CCR6, TNF-α, IFN- γ, IL-10, RANK-L e MMP-9 no dia 7 quando comparado com o dia 0 (P <0,05). Para VEGF-A, FGF-ß, CXCR4, IL-17 e IL-6 as expressões de mRNA foram semelhantes em ambos tempos mensurados (P> 0,05). Pode-se concluir que, após desinfecção do SCR, houve aumento nos níveis de expressão de mRNA de importantes mediadores envolvidos nos fenômenos angioproliferativos e osteogênicos.(AU)


The progression and development of pulpal and periapical pathologies are closely related to the presence of microorganisms and their by-products in the infected root canal system (RCS), which induces a defense response adjacent to the root apex. Angiogenesis has been identified as an essential factor in the pathogenesis of chronic periapical alterations, being related to its establishment and maintenance, being a constant source of cytokines, chemokines and proteases. Angiogenesis is also related to the tissue repair that follows the resolution of the periradicular alterations after the implementation of endodontic therapy. In this study, was evaluated the expression of pro-angiogenic factors and correlated cytokines in samples collected from patients (n = 20) on teeth with Chronic Apical Periodontitis immediately after RCS instrumentation and 7 days after disinfection procedures. Samples were analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The gene expression of pro-angiogenic factors and cytokines Angiopoetin-1 (AGT1), Vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A), Basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-ß), Monocyte Chemoattractant Protein-1 (CCL2/MCP-1), Macrophage inflammatory protein-1ß (CCL4), C-X-C chemokine receptor motif 4 (CXCR4), C-C chemokine receptor motif 6 (CCR6), TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-17, IL-10, IL-6, RANK-L and MMP-9. The mRNA expression of the mediators evaluated revealed a significant increase in levels of AGT1, CCL2/MCP-1, CCL4, CCR6, TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-10, RANK-L and MMP-9 on day 7 when compared to day 0 (P <0.05). As for VEGF-A, FGF-ß, CXCR4, IL-17 and IL-6 their mRNA expressions was similar at both observed times (P> 0.05). In conclusion, after cleaning and shaping procedures of the RCS, there was an increase in mRNA expression levels of important mediators involved in angioproliferative and osteogenic phenomenon.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents , Cytokines , Dental Pulp Necrosis , Gene Expression , Pulpitis , Receptors, Chemokine , Endodontics , Periapical Diseases
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691393

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the pro-angiogenic effects of paeoniflorin (PF) in a vascular insufficiency model of zebrafish and in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In vivo, the pro-angiogenic effects of PF were tested in a vascular insufficiency model in the Tg(fli-1:EGFP)y1 transgenic zebrafish. The 24 h post fertilization (hpf) embryos were pretreated with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor II (VRI) for 3 h to establish the vascular insufficiency model and then post-treated with PF for 24 h. The formation of intersegmental vessels (ISVs) was observed with a fluorescence microscope. The mRNA expression of fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (flt-1), kinase insert domain receptor (kdr), kinase insert domain receptor like (kdrl) and von Willebrand factor (vWF) were analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). In vitro, the pro-angiogenic effects of PF were observed in HUVECs in which cell proliferation, migration and tube formation were assessed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>PF (6.25-100 μmol/L) could rescue VRI-induced blood vessel loss in zebrafish and PF (25-100 μmol/L), thereby restoring the mRNA expressions of flt-1, kdr, kdrl and vWF, which were down-regulated by VRI treatment. In addition, PF (0.001-0.03 μmol/L) could promote the proliferation of HUVECs while PF stimulated HUVECs migration at 1.0-10 μmol/L and tube formation at 0.3 μmol/L.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PF could promote angiogenesis in a vascular insufficiency model of zebrafish in vivo and in HUVECs in vitro.</p>


Subject(s)
Angiogenesis Inducing Agents , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Animals , Animals, Genetically Modified , Cells, Cultured , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Embryo, Nonmammalian , Glucosides , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Physiology , Humans , Monoterpenes , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Neovascularization, Physiologic , Phytotherapy , Vascular Diseases , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Zebrafish
16.
Experimental Neurobiology ; : 299-308, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716237

ABSTRACT

Angiogenic factors contribute to cerebral angiogenesis following cerebral hypoperfusion, and understanding these temporal changes is essential to developing effective treatments. The present study examined temporal alterations in angiogenesis-related matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and angiopoietin-2 (ANG-2) expression in the hippocampus following bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (BCCAo). Male Wistar rats (12 weeks of age) were randomly assigned to sham-operated control or experimental groups, and expression levels of MMP-9 and ANG-2 were assessed after BCCAo (1 week, 4 weeks, and 8 weeks), using western blotting. Protein expression increased 1 week after BCCAo and returned to control levels at 4 and 8 weeks. In addition, immunofluorescence staining demonstrated that the MMP-9- and ANG-2-positive signals were primarily observed in the NeuN-positive neurons with very little labeling in non-neuronal cells and no labeling in endothelial cells. In addition, these cellular locations of MMP-9- and ANG-2-positive signals were not altered over time following BCCAo. Other angiogenic factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor and hypoxia-inducible factor did not differ from controls at 1 week; however, expression of both factors increased at 4 and 8 weeks in the BCCAo group compared to the control group. Our findings increase understanding of alterations in angiogenic factors during the progression of cerebral angiogenesis and are relevant to developing effective temporally based therapeutic strategies for chronic cerebral hypoperfusion-associated neurological disorders such as vascular dementia.


Subject(s)
Angiogenesis Inducing Agents , Angiopoietin-2 , Animals , Blotting, Western , Carotid Artery, Common , Dementia, Vascular , Endothelial Cells , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Hippocampus , Humans , Male , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Nervous System Diseases , Neurons , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716168

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The fabrication of microchannels in hydrogel can facilitate the perfusion of nutrients and oxygen, which leads to guidance cues for vasculogenesis. Microchannel patterning in biomimetic hydrogels is a challenging issue for tissue regeneration because of the inherent low formability of hydrogels in a complex configuration. We fabricated microchannels using wire network molding and immobilized the angiogenic factors in the hydrogel and evaluated the vasculogenesis in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: Microchannels were fabricated in a hyaluronic acid-based biomimetic hydrogel by using “wire network molding” technology. Substance P was immobilized in acrylated hyaluronic acid for angiogenic cues using Michael type addition reaction. In vitro and in vivo angiogenic activities of hydrogel with microchannels were evaluated. RESULTS: In vitro cell culture experiment shows that cell viability in two experimental biomimetic hydrogels (with microchannels and microchannels + SP) was higher than that of a biomimetic hydrogel without microchannels (bulk group). Evaluation on differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) in biomimetic hydrogels with fabricated microchannels shows that the differentiation of hMSC into endothelial cells was significantly increased compared with that of the bulk group. In vivo angiogenesis analysis shows that thin blood vessels of approximately 25–30 µm in diameter were observed in the microchannel group and microchannel + SP group, whereas not seen in the bulk group. CONCLUSION: The strategy of fabricating microchannels in a biomimetic hydrogel and simultaneously providing a chemical cue for angiogenesis is a promising formula for large-scale tissue regeneration.


Subject(s)
Angiogenesis Inducing Agents , Biomimetics , Blood Vessels , Cell Culture Techniques , Cell Survival , Cues , Endothelial Cells , Fungi , Humans , Hyaluronic Acid , Hydrogels , Hydrogels , In Vitro Techniques , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Oxygen , Perfusion , Regeneration , Substance P
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716160

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The interplay between neurogenesis and angiogenesis is crucial during the development mediated by neuro-angiogenic morphogens. In particular, the angiogenic activity of neuropeptides and their role in tissue regeneration have long been investigated for better understanding of their biological mechanisms and further applications. However, there have been few studies for direct comparison of angiogenic activities of neuropeptides for in vitro and in vivo models. In this study, we report that direct comparison of the angiogenic activities of neuropeptide Y, secretoneurin, and substance P (SP) immobilized on hydrogels in in vitro and in vivo experiments. METHODS: A hyaluronic acid-based hydrogel is prepared by utilizing acrylated hyaluronic acid and thiolated peptides as a crosslinker and angiogenic factors, respectively. Angiogenic activities of three neuropeptides are evaluated not only by in vitro angiogenic and gene expression assays, but also by an in vivo chronic myocardial infarction model. RESULTS: The comparison of in vitro angiogenic activities of three peptides demonstrates that the SP-immobilized hydrogel shows a higher degree of cell network formation and angiogenic-specific genes than those of the other peptides and the control case. In addition, a three-dimensional angiogenic assay illustrates that more sprouting is observable in the SP group. Evaluation of regenerative activity in the chronic myocardial infarction model reveals that all three peptideimmobilized hydrogels induce increased cardiac function as well as structural regeneration. Among all the cases, the SP group provided the highest regenerative activity both in vitro and in vivo. CONCLUSION: In our comparison study, the SP-immobilized hydrogel shows the highest angiogenic activity and tissue regeneration among the test groups. This result suggests that nerve regeneration factors help angiogenesis in damaged tissues, which also highlights the importance of the neuro-angiogenic peptides as an element of tissue regeneration.


Subject(s)
Angiogenesis Inducing Agents , Gene Expression , Hyaluronic Acid , Hydrogels , Hydrogels , In Vitro Techniques , Myocardial Infarction , Nerve Regeneration , Neurogenesis , Neuropeptide Y , Neuropeptides , Peptides , Regeneration , Substance P
19.
Journal of Stroke ; : 350-361, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717270

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The pathogenesis of moyamoya disease (MMD) remains poorly understood, and no reliable molecular biomarkers for MMD have been identified to date. The present study aimed to identify epigenetic biomarkers for use in the diagnosis of MMD. METHODS: We performed integrated analyses of gene expression profiles and DNA methylation profiles in endothelial colony forming cells (ECFCs) from three patients with MMD and two healthy individuals. Candidate gene mRNA expression and DNA methylation status were further validated using reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and pyrosequencing analysis of an expanded ECFC sample set from nine patients with MMD and ten controls. We evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of the potential biomarkers identified here using receiver operating characteristic curve analyses and further measured major angiogenic factor expression levels using a tube formation assay and RT-qPCR. RESULTS: Five candidate genes were selected via integrated analysis; all five were upregulated by hypomethylation of specific promoter CpG sites. After further validation in an expanded sample set, we identified a candidate biomarker gene, sortilin 1 (SORT1). DNA methylation status at a specific SORT1 promoter CpG site in ECFCs readily distinguished patients with MMD from the normal controls with high accuracy (area under the curve 0.98, sensitivity 83.33%, specificity 100%). Furthermore, SORT1 overexpression suppressed endothelial cell tube formation and modulated major angiogenic factor and matrix metalloproteinase-9 expression, implying SORT1 involvement in MMD pathogenesis. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that DNA methylation status at the SORT1 promoter CpG site may be a potential biomarker for MMD.


Subject(s)
Angiogenesis Inducing Agents , Biomarkers , Diagnosis , DNA Methylation , Endothelial Cells , Epigenomics , Humans , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Moyamoya Disease , Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity , Transcriptome
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758808

ABSTRACT

Adipose tissue-derived stem cell (ASCs) are an attractive source of stem cells with therapeutic applicability in various fields for regenerating damaged tissues because of their stemness characteristics. However, little has reported on evaluating adverse responses caused by human ASC therapy. Therefore, in the present study, a clinical assessment after human ASC transplantation into dogs was undertaken. A total of 12 healthy male dogs were selected and divided into four groups: saline infusion, saline bolus, ASC infusion, and ASC bolus groups. Physical assessment and blood analysis were performed following ASC transplantation, and the concentrations of angiogenic factors, and pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). There were no adverse vital sign responses among the dogs. Blood analyses revealed no remarkable complete blood count or serum chemistry results. ELISA results for angiogenic and anti-inflammatory factors including matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), and interleukin-10 (IL-10) were significantly higher in the two ASCs groups than in the controls. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that transplantation of human ASCs produced no adverse effects and could be used safely in dogs. In addition, human ASCs could be involved in modulating secretions of angiogenic factors including MMP9, VEGF, bFGF, and HGF and anti-inflammatory factor IL-10.


Subject(s)
Angiogenesis Inducing Agents , Animals , Blood Cell Count , Chemistry , Cytokines , Dogs , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 , Hepatocyte Growth Factor , Humans , Interleukin-10 , Male , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Stem Cell Transplantation , Stem Cells , Transplantation , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Vital Signs
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