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J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190215, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1056582


Abstract Objective: This study evaluated the angiogenesis-enhancing potential of a tricalcium silicate-based mineral trioxide aggregate (ProRoot MTA), Biodentine, and a novel bioceramic root canal sealer (Well-Root ST) in human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs), human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPLSCs), and human tooth germ stem cells (hTGSCs). Methodology: Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium was conditioned for 24 h by exposure to ProRoot MTA, Biodentine, or Well-Root ST specimens (prepared according to the manufacturers' instructions). The cells were cultured in these conditioned media and their viability was assessed with 3-(4,5-dimethyl-thiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxy-methoxy-phenyl)-2-(4-sulfo-phenyl)-2H tetrazolium (MTS) on days 1, 3, 7, 10, and 14. Angiogenic growth factors [platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)] were assayed by sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) on days 1, 7, and 14. Human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) migration assays were used to evaluate the vascular effects of the tested materials at 6-8 h. Statistical analyses included Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney U, and Friedman and Wilcoxon signed rank tests. Results: None of tricalcium silicate-based materials were cytotoxic and all induced a similar release of angiogenic growth factors (PDGF, FGF-2, and VEGF) (p>0.05). The best cell viability was observed for hDPSCs (p<0.05) with all tricalcium silicate-based materials at day 14. Tube formation by HUVECs showed a significant increase with all tested materials (p<0.05). Conclusion: The tricalcium silicate-based materials showed potential for angiogenic stimulation of all stem cell types and significantly enhanced tube formation by HUVECs.

Humans , Root Canal Filling Materials/pharmacology , Stem Cells/drug effects , Ceramics/pharmacology , Silicates/pharmacology , Calcium Compounds/pharmacology , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents/pharmacology , Periodontal Ligament/cytology , Periodontal Ligament/drug effects , Tooth Germ/cytology , Tooth Germ/drug effects , Biocompatible Materials/pharmacology , Materials Testing , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor/analysis , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor/drug effects , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Cell Survival/drug effects , Reproducibility of Results , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2/analysis , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2/drug effects , Statistics, Nonparametric , Neovascularization, Physiologic/drug effects , Dental Pulp/cytology , Dental Pulp/drug effects , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/analysis , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/drug effects , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/drug effects , Flow Cytometry
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(4): 310-316, July-Aug. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019421


ABSTRACT Purpose: Chronic instillation of benzalkonium chloride, a preservative, has inflammatory effects on the ocular surface. However, addition of the anti-inflammatory agent cyclosporine to a therapeutic protocol may mitigate these effects. This study compared the toxic effects of a 0.1% benzalkonium chloride solution and the possible protective effect of 0.05% cyclosporine when applied topically to the rabbit conjunctiva. Methods: Fifteen age- and weight-matched, female New Zealand white rabbits were categorized into three groups and treated for 30 consecutive days. Group 1, 2, and 3 - benzalkonium chloride received 0.1% every 24 h, 0.05% cyclosporine every 6 h, and both treatments, respectively. In each rabbit, the left eye was subjected to treatment and the right eye was a control. The rabbits were euthanized at after the experiment. Goblet cells and blood vessels were then enumerated in conjunctival tissues stained with periodic acid-Schiff and hematoxylin-eosin, respectively. Differences between treated and untreated eyes and between groups were compared using the t-test and analysis of variance. Results: Benzalkonium chloride treatment, with and without cyclosporine, significantly reduced (p≤0.05) in the number of goblet cells in treatment eyes compared with that in respective control eyes. Alternatively, adding cyclosporine to benzalkonium chloride did not prevent the loss of conjunctival goblet cells, and a significant reduction in the number of goblet cells was noted. Benzalkonium chloride-induced significant increase in the number of new blood vessels was mitigated significantly by the addition of cyclosporine. Conclusion: This study demonstrated the magnitude of conjunctival injury caused by chronic instillation of benzalkonium chloride. Although cyclosporine did not mitigate the effects on goblet cells, its addition minimized inflammatory angiogenesis induced by benzalkonium chloride.

RESUMO Objetivo: A instilação crônica de cloreto de benzal­cônio, um conservante, tem efeitos inflamatórios na superfície ocular. No entanto, a adição do agente anti-inflamatório ciclosporina a um protocolo terapêutico pode atenuar esses efeitos. Este estudo comparou os efeitos tóxicos de uma solução de cloreto de benzalcônio a 0,1% e o possível efeito protetor de ciclosporina a 0,05% quando aplicado topicamente à conjuntiva de coelho. Métodos: Quinze coelhos fêmeas brancos da raça Nova Zelândia, pareados por idade e peso, foram categorizados em três grupos e tratados por 30 dias consecutivos. Os grupos 1, 2 e 3 - receberam cloreto de benzalcônio 0,1% a cada 24h, ciclosporina a 0,005% a cada 6h e ambos os tratamentos, respectivamente. Em cada coelho, o olho esquerdo foi submetido a tratamento e o olho direito foi controle. Os coelhos foram submetidos à eutanásia após o experimento. Células caliciformes e vasos sanguíneos foram então enumerados em tecidos conjuntivais corados com ácido periódico-Schiff e hematoxilina-eosina, respectivamente. As diferenças entre os olhos tratados e não tratados e entre os grupos foram comparadas usando o teste t e análise de variância. Resultados: O tratamento com cloreto de benzalcônio, com e sem ciclosporina, reduziu significativamente (p£0,05) o número de células caliciformes nos olhos tratados em comparação com os olhos controle correspondentes. Alternativamente, a adição de ciclosporina ao cloreto de benzalcônio não impediu a perda de células caliciformes conjuntivais, e foi observada uma redução significativa no número de células caliciformes. O aumento significativo induzido pelo cloreto de benzalcônio no número de novos vasos sanguíneos foi significativamente mitigado pela adição da ciclosporina. Conclusão: Este estudo demonstrou a magnitude da lesão conjuntival resultante da instilação crônica de cloreto de benzalcônio. Embora a ciclosporina não tenha atenuado os efeitos nas células caliciformes, sua adição minimizou a angiogênese inflamatória induzida pelo cloreto de benzalcônio.

Animals , Female , Rats , Preservatives, Pharmaceutical/adverse effects , Benzalkonium Compounds/adverse effects , Cyclosporine/pharmacology , Conjunctiva/drug effects , Protective Agents/pharmacology , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Time Factors , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Conjunctiva/pathology , Goblet Cells/drug effects , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents/pharmacology
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e059, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039303


Abstract We recently demonstrated that a co-culture system of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) could enhance angiogenesis ability in vitro. However, whether tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) could promote blood vessel formation during pulp regeneration remained unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of TNF-α on the formation of endothelial tubules and vascular networks in a co-culture system of hDPSCs and HUVECs. hDPSCs were co-cultured with HUVECs at a ratio of 1:5. The Matrigel assay was performed to detect the total tubule branching lengths and numbers of branches, and the Cell-Counting Kit 8 assay was performed to examine the effect of TNF-α on cell proliferation. Real-time polymerase chain reactions and western blot were used to detect vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) mRNA and protein expression. The Matrigel assay showed significantly greater total branching lengths and numbers of branches formed in the experimental groups treated with different concentrations of TNF-α compared with the control group. The decomposition times of the tubule structures were also significantly prolonged (P < 0.05). Treatment with 50 ng/ml TNF-α did not significantly change the proliferation of co-cultured cells, but it significantly increased the VEGF mRNA and protein expression levels (p < 0.05). In addition, the migration abilities of HUVECs and hDPSCs increased after co-culture with TNF-α (p < 0.05). TNF-α enhanced angiogenic ability in vitro in the co-culture system of hDPSCs and HUVECs.

Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/pharmacology , Neovascularization, Physiologic/drug effects , Dental Pulp/cytology , Dental Pulp/drug effects , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents/pharmacology , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/drug effects , Proteoglycans , Reference Values , Time Factors , Cell Count , Cells, Cultured , Blotting, Western , Reproducibility of Results , Collagen , Laminin , Neovascularization, Physiologic/physiology , Dental Pulp/physiology , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/analysis , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/physiology , Drug Combinations , Cell Migration Assays , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/physiology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
Acta cir. bras ; 34(12): e201901202, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054685


Abstract Purpose To explore the potential role and unclear molecular mechanisms of vaccarin in wound healing. Methods Rats' skin excision model to study the effects of vaccarin on wound healing in vivo . Hematoxylin and eosin staining was performed to evaluate Histopathologic characteristics. Immunohistochemistry was employed to assess the effects of vaccarin in accelerating angiogenesis. Western blot was used to evaluate relative protein expressed levels. Results Vaccarin could significantly promote wound healing and endothelial cells and fibroblasts proliferation in the wound site. Immunohistochemistry and Western blot studies showed that the nodal proteins and receptor (bFGFR) related to angiogenesis signaling pathway were activated, and the microvascular density in the wound site was markedly higher than that in the control group. Conclusions The present study was the first to demonstrate that vaccarin is able to induce angiogenesis and accelerate wound healing in vivo by increasing expressions of p-Akt, p-Erk and p-bFGFR. This process is mediated by MAPK/ERK and PI3K/AKT signaling pathways.

Animals , Male , Wound Healing/drug effects , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/drug effects , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases/drug effects , Caryophyllaceae/chemistry , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents/pharmacology , Time Factors , Immunohistochemistry , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Signal Transduction , Blotting, Western , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/analysis , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases/analysis , Endothelial Cells/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 1/analysis , Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 1/drug effects , Fibroblasts/drug effects
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 53(1): e15079, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839445


ABSTRACT The present study was designed to evaluate the in vivo effect of Allium sativum (garlic) hydroalcoholic extract on wound healing in rats. For this purpose, 72 mature Wistar rats were divided into four groups (n=18/each) to receive no treatment, placebo, Cicalfate(r), or 2% Allium sativum (AS) extract, administered topically to the wound area, for 21 days. Following the experimental period, tissue samples were dissected out and underwent to histopathological analyses. Fibroblasts, fibrocytes, mast cells, intra-cytoplasmic carbohydrate ratio, neovascularization, collagen deposition, and re-epithelialization were analyzed in all groups. Animals in the treated groups showed significant enhancement in fibroblast, fibrocyte, and mast-cell distribution. Significantly higher neovascularization was observed on day 3 after wound induction in AS-treated animals versus those in the placebo, Cicalfate, and untreated groups (P<0.05). A dose-dependent, significantly higher intra-cytoplasmic carbohydrate storage was observed in treated animals. Our data show that AS promotes wound healing due to its preliminary impact on mast-cell distribution, which enhanced collagen synthesis and upregulated angiogenesis, and shortened the healing process by enhancing the intra-cytoplasmic carbohydrate ratio.

Animals , Rats , Wound Healing , Plant Extracts/analysis , Garlic/metabolism , Rats/classification , Wounds and Injuries/prevention & control , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents/pharmacology
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-50646


PURPOSE: To investigate the properties of angiogenin (ANG) as a potential tool for the diagnosis and grading of dry eye syndrome (DES) by analyzing tear protein profiles. METHODS: Tear samples were collected with capillary tubes from 52 DES patients and 29 normal individuals as controls. Tear protein profiles were analyzed with an immunodot blot assay as a screening test. To confirm that the tear ANG levels were in inverse proportion to the disease severity grade, the ANG and lactoferrin (LF) tear contents of normal controls and DES patients were compared in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: In the immunodot blot assay, the ANG area was lower in patients with grades 3 and 4 DES than in normal controls. The areas of basic fibroblast growth factor, transforming growth factor β2, and interleukin 10 were significantly greater than those of normal controls only in grade 4 DES patients, but these proteins were not linearly correlated with dry eye severity. Upon enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay analysis, the mean concentrations of ANG and LF decreased significantly as dry eye severity increased, except between grades 1 and 2. In addition, the ratios of ANG and LF to total tear proteins were correlated significantly with DES severity. CONCLUSIONS: ANG level was significantly lower in DES patients than in normal controls, and was significantly correlated with the worsening severity of DES, except between grades 1 and 2, as was LF. Therefore, ANG may be a useful measure of DES severity through proteomic analysis.

Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents/pharmacology , Dry Eye Syndromes/diagnosis , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Follow-Up Studies , Immunoblotting , Proteomics/methods , Ribonuclease, Pancreatic/pharmacology , Severity of Illness Index , Tears/chemistry
Braz. j. biol ; 75(3): 752-758, Aug. 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-761569


AbstractTo assess the pro-angiogenic activity of Euphorbia tirucalli, commonly known as “avelós” plant, we performed a series of tests by applying an aqueous E. tirucalli latex solution (10 mg/mL) to the chorioallantoic membranes (CAMs) of 80 fertilized chicken eggs incubated in a temperature- and humidity-controlled automatic incubator. The results indicated that the aqueous latex solution increased vascular network formation compared to that with the negative control (p < 0.05) and the inhibitor control (p < 0.05). This suggests that under the experimental conditions tested, the aqueous latex solution induced an inflammatory response leading to neoangiogenesis.

ResumoCom o objetivo de analisar a atividade angiogênica apresentada pela Euphorbia tirucalli, popularmente conhecida comumente como “avelós”, foram realizados ensaios utilizando solução aquosa de látex na concentração de 10 mg/ml, aplicada em membrana corioalantóide (MCA) de 80 ovos férteis de galinha, incubado em estufa automática com temperatura e umidade controladas. Os resultados apontaram que a ação da solução aquosa provocou aumento da percentagem da rede vascular formada em relação aos controles negativo (p<0,05) e inibidor (p<0,05), indicando que nas condições deste experimento, foi responsável pela ativação da resposta inflamatória e crescimento de novos vasos sanguíneos.

Animals , Chick Embryo , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents/pharmacology , Euphorbia/chemistry , Latex/pharmacology , Chickens , Chorioallantoic Membrane
Acta cir. bras ; 26(1): 19-24, jan.-fev. 2011. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-572229


Purpose: In this work, angiogenic activity of Calendula officinalis L. (Asteraceae) ethanolic extract and dichloromethane and hexanic fractions were evaluated, considering medicinal properties, especially healing activity, are attributed to this plant. Methods: Models using 36 rats and 90 embryonated eggs were used to evaluate healing and angiogenic activities of extracts and fractions of the plant, through the induction of skin wounds and the chorioallantoic membrane, respectively. The effect of vascular proliferation was also tested from the study to verify the intensity of expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in cutaneous wounds in rats. Results: The angiogenic activity of the extract and the fractions was evidenced in both experimental models. It was verified that this effect is not directly related to the expression of VEGF and it could be associated to other pro-angiogenic factors. Conclusion: The healing activity referred to C. officinalis is related, among other factors, to its positive effect on angiogenesis, characterized by the induction of neovascularization.

Objetivo: Neste trabalho a atividade sobre a angiogênese do extrato etanólico (EEC) e das frações diclorometano e hexânica das flores de Calendula officinalis L. (Asteraceae) cultivada no Brasil foram avaliados, visto que propriedades medicinais têm sido atribuídas às flores da planta, destacando-se a atividade cicatrizante. Métodos: Modelos utilizando 36 ratos e 90 ovos embrionados foram usados para avaliar as atividades cicatrizante e angiogênica dos extratos e frações da planta, por meio da indução de feridas cutâneas e da membrana corioalantóide, respectivamente. O efeito proliferativo vascular foi também testado a partir do estudo imunoistoquímico, realizado para verificar a intensidade da expressão do fator de crescimento endotelial vascular (VEGF) na derme de ratos. Resultados: A atividade angiogênica do extrato e das frações foi evidenciada nos dois modelos experimentais empregados. Foi evidenciado que este efeito não estava diretamente relacionado à expressão do VEGF, podendo estar associado a outros fatores pró-angiogênicos. Conclusão: A atividade cicatrizante referida a C. officinalis está relacionada ao seu efeito positivo sobre a angiogênese, e este foi caracterizado pela indução de neovascularização.

Animals , Chick Embryo , Female , Rats , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents/pharmacology , Calendula/chemistry , Flowers/chemistry , Neovascularization, Physiologic/drug effects , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism , Wound Healing/drug effects , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents/isolation & purification , Chorioallantoic Membrane/blood supply , Chorioallantoic Membrane/drug effects , Neovascularization, Physiologic/physiology , Plant Extracts/isolation & purification , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Statistics, Nonparametric , Skin/blood supply , Skin/injuries , Skin/metabolism , Wound Healing/physiology
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-161891


BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study aimed to better understand gene expression profiles of human hepatic stellate cell (HSC) activation and the relationship with the Wnt signaling pathway. METHODS: The global transcript levels in platelet derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB)-stimulated hTERT HSCs were analyzed using oligonucleotide microarrays. Oligonucleotide microarrays with 19K human oligo chips were performed to obtain gene expression profiles associated with proliferation in human hTERT HSCs. The microarray data was verified by real time quantitative PCR and expression of the components of Wnt signaling was analyzed by Western blot. RESULTS: Microarray data showed 243 up-regulated and 265 down-regulated genes in PDGF-BB-treated HSCs. The changes in expression of glypican3 and BH3 interacting domain death agonist (BID) mRNA in real time quantitative PCR, especially among the highly up- or down-regulated genes, were statistically consistent with the microarray data. The Wnt signaling pathway components, frizzled10 (FZD10) and calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II alpha (CAMK2A), showed increased expression in the short time course microarray and the up-regulation of FZD10 also occurred at the protein level. Our data showed various gene expression profiles during activation of human HSC. CONCLUSIONS: The up-regulated expression of FZD10 and CAMK2A suggests that the Wnt/Ca2+ signaling pathway is active in hTERT HSCs and may participate in HSC activation and proliferation

Humans , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents/pharmacology , Blotting, Western , Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase Type 2/genetics , Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Frizzled Receptors/genetics , Gene Expression Profiling , Hepatic Stellate Cells/cytology , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor/pharmacology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled/genetics , Signal Transduction , Up-Regulation , Wnt Proteins/genetics
Biol. Res ; 42(3): 377-389, 2009. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-531971


Angiogenesis, the development of new capillary vessels, has a host of clinical manifestations. The identification of agents that increase or decrease angiogenesis is of great pharmaceutical interest. Classically, in vitro angiogenesis utilizes human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) grown in matrigel. This valid and simple method has the drawbacks that each cell population is distinct and the constraint of obtaining primary source material. Herein we utilize the established EA.hy926 endothelial cell line as our model for in vitro angiogenesis and present a novel formula to quantify endothelial cell remodeling to identify pro- and anti-angiogenic agents. Furthermore, our technique details the procedures to identify and quantify compounds that have the capacity to generate pro- or anti-angiogenic factors when given to non-endothelial cells, which we define herein as angiogenic potential. In conclusion, we propose a novel formula that we are confident accurately reflects the degree of in vitro angiogenesis allowing the quantification of prospective angiogenic compounds.

Humans , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents/pharmacology , Collagen/pharmacology , Endothelial Cells/drug effects , Laminin/pharmacology , Neovascularization, Physiologic/drug effects , Proteoglycans/pharmacology , Cell Line , Drug Combinations , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Neovascularization, Physiologic/physiology
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-177635


DNA chip has been used as a powerful tool to study the genetic reprogramming of cells and its link to cellular phenotype such as angiogenesis. To evaluate the angiogenesis related genetic reprogramming more efficiently, we here developed an angiogenesis- focused cDNA chip containing 153 angiogenesis related genes arrayed in duplicate on a slide glass. In order to validate the functionality of the angiogenesis-focused cDNA chip, we examined gene expression profiles in HT1080 cells treated with either fetal bovine serum, a well known pro-angiogenic factor, or trichostatin A, a known angiogenesis inhibitor, using the cDNA chip. All duplicate data from the analysis are well matched with each other and gene expression profiles are well consistent with previously reported data. These results demonstrate that the angiogenesis-focused cDNA chip developed here can be a useful tool towards angiogenesisrelated researches.

Humans , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents/pharmacology , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/pharmacology , Gene Expression/drug effects , Gene Expression Profiling/instrumentation , Neovascularization, Pathologic/genetics , Neovascularization, Physiologic/genetics , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis/instrumentation , Tumor Cells, Cultured