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Ethiop. med. j. (Online) ; 61(1): 1-13, 2023.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1416376


Introduction: Pulmonary embolism is one of the complications of COVID-19, with reported incidence ranging from 3 to 33 % in non-ICU patients to as high as 40% among ICU patients. Since the clinical presentations of COVID-19 and Pulmonary embolism overlap, it is difficult to differentiate between these cases. This study aimed to assess the incidence of pulmonary embolism and associated factors among confirmed Covid-19 Patients in Ethiopia. Methods: A nested case control study was conducted among 131 patients with COVID-19 (40 COVID-19 patients with Pulmonary embolism and 91 COVID-19 patients with no PE) who were on follow up from May, 2021 to May, 2022. Data was summarized using frequencies with percentages. A chi-square test/ Fisher's exact test was run to determine the presence of a significant difference between the exposure variables and the development of PE. To identify factors associated with the development of Pulmonary embolism, a multivariable Binary Logistic Regression model with sensitivity analysis was run. Results: The incidence of PE was 30.5% (95% CI, 22.9% - 37.4%) in the cohort of patients for whom upfront CTPA was performed. The Chi-square/ Fisher's exact test results showed a significantly higher proportion of patients with PE tend to present with shortness of breath, chest pain and anosmia/ageusia than those with no PE. However, in a subsequent regression analysis, only chest pain was found to be significantly associated with the development of PE in COVID-19 patients (AOR= 3.24, 95% CI= 1.10, 9.54, p-value=0.033). Conclusion: The incidence of PE among COVID-19 patients was found to be relatively lower than reports from other countries. Having chest pain was found to be a significant factor that indicates the development of PE, implying that in a setting where performing upfront CTPA is not practical, detailed symptom inquiry could serve as an important clinical criteria.

COVID-19 , Pulmonary Embolism , Angiography , Incidence , Diagnosis , Pandemics , COVID-19 Nucleic Acid Testing
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984173


OBJECTIVES@#To explore the difference in CT values between pulmonary thromboembolism and postmortem clot in postmortem CT pulmonary angiography (CTPA) to further improve the application value of virtual autopsy.@*METHODS@#Postmortem CTPA data with the definite cause of death from 2016 to 2019 were collected and divided into pulmonary thromboembolism group (n=4), postmortem clot group (n=5), and control group (n=5). CT values of pulmonary trunk and left and right pulmonary artery contents in each group were measured and analyzed statistically.@*RESULTS@#The average CT value in the pulmonary thromboembolism group and postmortem clot group were (168.4±53.8) Hu and (282.7±78.0) Hu, respectively, which were lower than those of the control group (1 193.0±82.9) Hu (P<0.05). The average CT value of the postmortem clot group was higher than that of the pulmonary thromboembolism group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#CT value is reliable and feasible as a relatively objective quantitative index to distinguish pulmonary thromboembolism and postmortem clot in postmortem CTPA. At the same time, it can provide a scientific basis to a certain extent for ruling out pulmonary thromboembolism deaths.

Humans , Autopsy , Thrombosis , Pulmonary Embolism/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Angiography , Cadaver
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 82: e0032, 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449770


ABSTRACT This report describes a case of retinal racemose hemangioma that first presented as a vitreous hemorrhage. The authors present the case of a 47-year-old woman with a sudden 5-day painless visual loss in her left eye. At the first visit, the best-correct visual acuities were 20/20 in the right eye and hand motions in the left eyes. Ultrasonography showed an attached retina and a massive vitreous hemorrhage. Pars plana vitrectomy was performed and a dilatation of large vessels was detected bulging from the optic disc. The best-correct visual acuities on day 30 postoperatively was 20/25 in the left eye. Fundus angiography and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography angiography showed anomalous arteriovenous communications with no intervening capillaries. The diagnosis was racemose hemangioma, an arteriovenous malformation of group 2 retina based on the Archer classification.

RESUMO Este relato descreve um caso de hemangioma racemoso da retina que se apresentou inicialmente como hemorragia vítrea. Os autores apresentam o caso de uma mulher de 47 anos com perda visual súbita e indolor 5 dias antes no olho esquerdo. Na primeira visita, a melhor acuidade visual corrigida foi de 20/20 no olho direito e movimentos das mãos no olho esquerdo. A ultrassonografia mostrou uma retina aderida e uma hemorragia vítrea maciça. Foi realizada vitrectomia pars plana, sendo detectada proliferação de grandes vasos salientes do disco óptico. A acuidade visual no dia 30 de pós-operatório foi de 20/25 no olho esquerdo. A angiografia de retina e a angiotomografia de coerência óptica de domínio espectral mostraram comunicações arteriovenosas anômalas sem capilares intermediários. O diagnóstico foi hemangioma racemoso, uma malformação arteriovenosa da retina do grupo 2 com base na classificação de Archer.

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Arteriovenous Malformations/complications , Retinal Vessels/abnormalities , Vitreous Hemorrhage/etiology , Angiography , Hemangioma/complications , Arteriovenous Malformations/surgery , Arteriovenous Malformations/diagnosis , Retinal Diseases , Retinal Vessels/diagnostic imaging , Vitrectomy , Vitreous Hemorrhage/surgery , Vitreous Hemorrhage/diagnosis , Ultrasonography , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Hemangioma/surgery , Hemangioma/diagnosis
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971174


BACKGROUND@#With the extensive application of segmental lung resection in the treatment of early-stage lung cancer, how to complete segmentectomy more accurately and minimally invasively has become a research hotspot. The aim of this study is to explore the application of three-dimensional computed tomography bronchography and angiography (3D-CTBA) combined with perfusion area recognition technique in single-hole thoracoscopic complex segmentectomy.@*METHODS@#From January 2021 to January 2022, the clinical data of 112 consecutive patients undergoing single-port thoracoscopic complex segmentectomy in the Department of Thoracic Surgery, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. The three-dimensional reconstruction combined with perfusion area identification technique was used to perform the operation and the clinical data were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The average operation time was (141.1±35.4) min; the initial time of intersegmental plane display was (12.5±1.7) s; the maintenance time of intersegmental plane was (114.3±10.9) s; the intersegmental plane was clearly displayed (100%); the amount of bleeding was [10 (10, 20)] mL; the total postoperative drainage volume was (380.5±139.7) mL; the postoperative extubation time was (3.9±1.2) d; and the postoperative hospitalization time was (5.2±1.6) d. Postoperative complications occurred in 8 cases.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The advantages of 3D-CTBA combined with perfusion area recognition technique are fast, accurate and safe in identifying intersegmental boundary in single-port thoracoscopic complex segmentectomy, which could provide guidances for accuratding resection of tumors, shortening operation time and reducing surgical complications.

Humans , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Bronchography , Pneumonectomy/methods , Retrospective Studies , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Angiography/methods , Perfusion
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 23(3): e354, sept.-dic. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408204


La enfermedad arterial periférica se considera la mayor causa de hospitalización, con riesgo de amputación de la extremidad afectada y muerte debido a la enfermedad per se o sus complicaciones. Se reporta la experiencia del tratamiento a un paciente con macroangiopatía diabética, estenosis del 64 por ciento de la arteria ilíaca izquierda y afectación de los segmentos fémoro-poplíteos bilaterales, al cual, a través de un acceso percutáneo vía arteria braquial izquierda, se le realizó revascularización mediante la implantación de stent de cromo-cobalto liberado por balón catéter. El objetivo de este estudio fue describir la utilidad del 2D-ASD y su valor como herramienta para determinar el transproceder y la repercusión en el flujo sanguíneo de la revascularización realizada, y establecer un pronóstico funcional para el paciente. Se utilizó la angiografía por perfusión bidimensional como herramienta para evaluar el éxito técnico del proceder y la repercusión inmediata en la perfusión distal de la extremidad afecta, y describir la utilidad de la escala paramétrica de colores y las curvas de densidad en función del tiempo obtenidos en el estudio(AU)

Peripheral artery disease is considered the leading cause of hospitalization, with risk of amputation of the affected limb and death due to the disease per se or its complications. It is reported the experience of treatment in a patient with diabetic macroangiopathy, stenosis of 64 precent of the left iliac artery and involvement of the bilateral femoro-popliteal segments, to which, through a percutaneous access via the left brachial artery, revascularization was performed through the implantation of cobalt-chromium stent released by balloon catheter. The objective of this study was to describe the usefulness of 2D-ASD and its value as a tool to determine the trans-procedure and the impact on blood flow of the revascularization performed, and to establish a functional prognosis for the patient. Two-dimensional perfusion angiography was used as a tool to evaluate the technical success of the procedure and the immediate impact on distal perfusion of the affected limb, and to describe the usefulness of the parametric color scale and density curves as a function of the time obtained in the study(AU)

Angiography/adverse effects , Peripheral Arterial Disease/complications , Amputation, Surgical/methods , Hospitalization
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408201


Introducción: La diabetes mellitus constituye un factor de riesgo distintivo en la enfermedad arterial periférica. Esta produce típicamente la afectación de los vasos infrageniculares, asociada con mayor predisposición a ulceración y amputación que en pacientes no diabéticos. Debido al desenlace sombrío de estos pacientes es necesario revascularizar con el fin de salvar la extremidad. Objetivo: Presentar un caso en el que se utilizó la angioplastia simple de la arteria tibial posterior para salvar la extremidad de un paciente diabético. Presentación del caso: Se presenta un caso con diagnóstico de pie diabético isquémico infectado en la extremidad inferior izquierda. Al examen físico se constató lesión isquémica infectada en el quinto y cuarto dedos con extensión al dorso y planta del pie, y patrón esteno-oclusivo distal. Se detectó disminución de los índices de presiones distales. En la arteriografía se apreció oclusión de las arterias tibial anterior y peronea desde su origen, y lesiones esteno-oclusivas en la tibial posterior en el tercio inferior de la pierna. Se realizó angioplastia transluminal percutánea de la tibial posterior y el paciente recuperó pulso en tibial posterior con mejoría hemodinámica. Evolucionó satisfactoriamente y egresó con tratamiento médico. A los cinco meses de operado mantenía su pulso tibial posterior presente y la lesión cicatrizada. Conclusiones: La angioplastia simple de una de las arterias de la pierna puede resultar beneficiosa para la cicatrización de lesiones en el pie, aun siendo estas extensas(AU)

Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is a distinctive risk factor in peripheral artery disease. This typically produces the involvement of the infragenicular vessels, associated with a greater predisposition to ulceration and amputation than in non-diabetic patients. Due to the bleak outcome of these patients it is necessary to revascularize in order to save the limb. Objective: To present a case in which simple angioplasty of the posterior tibial artery was used to save the limb of a diabetic patient. Case Presentation: It is presented a case with a diagnosis of infected ischemic diabetic foot in the left lower extremity. On physical examination, infected ischemic lesion was found in the fifth and fourth toes with extension to the back and soles of the foot, and distal steno-occlusive pattern. Decreases in distal pressure indices were detected. Arteriography showed occlusion of the anterior tibial and peroneal arteries from their origin, and steno-occlusive lesions in the posterior tibial in the lower third of the leg. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty of the posterior tibial was performed and the patient recovered pulse in the posterior tibial with hemodynamic improvement. The patient progressed satisfactorily and was discharged with medical treatment. Five months after surgery, the kept posterior tibial pulse present and the injury healed. Conclusions: Simple angioplasty of one of the arteries of the leg can be beneficial for the healing of foot injuries, even if these are extensive(AU)

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Risk Factors , Angioplasty/methods , Diabetic Foot/diagnosis , Diabetes Mellitus , Peripheral Arterial Disease/therapy , Angiography
Int. j. morphol ; 40(4): 1147-1151, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405244


SUMMARY: The ongoing advances in the technology of coronary artery angiograms have put high demands on the basic knowledge of coronary arteries. This study describes the angiographic morphology of the ostium (orifice) of the left coronary artery among Sudanese with respect to sex, age, length, and BMI. The study design is a cross-sectional retrospective hospital-based conducted from 2014 to 2016. The inclusion criterion of participants is adult males and females presented to the cardiac centers for elective angiograms. The exclusion criteria are age below 18 years, documented congenital heart disease, and previous coronary bypass. Angiograms were done using a digital radiographic system. Data was collected through a predesigned data collection sheet. The data were entered and analyzed using SPSS v27. A test of correlation was done between the different variables. The data were presented in the form of tables. A P-value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant. The total number of participants was 441; males and females represent 42.9 % and 57,1 %, respectively. The mean age of participants was 56.24±8.68 years. The left coronary artery originated from the left aortic sinus. The mean diameter and length of the left coronary artery were 3.8±0.70 mm and 8.1576±4.32 mm, respectively. A significant negative correlation was reported between the diameter of the orifice and both age and length of the left coronary artery. A non-significant difference between males and females in the diameter of the left coronary artery at ostium (P=0.058) and a significant difference in the length (P=0.00). Sudanese have the smallest diameter of the orifice of the left coronary artery among Africans. Sudanese males have a smaller diameter of orifice than females; females have the longest arteries. A wider orifice of the left coronary artery is associated with a short arterial length.

RESUMEN: Los avances en la tecnología de los angiogramas de las arterias coronarias constituyen importantes exigencias al conocimiento básico de las arterias coronarias. Este estudio describe la morfología angiográfica del ostio de la arteria coronaria izquierda (ACI) entre los sudaneses respecto al sexo, la edad, la longitud y el IMC. El estudio es un diseño hospitalario retrospectivo transversal realizado entre 2014 y 2016. El criterio de inclusión de los participantes, hombres y mujeres adultos, fue aquellos que se realizaron angiografías electivas en los centros cardiológicos Los criterios de exclusión fueron: edad menor de 18 años, cardiopatía congénita documentada y bypass coronario previo. Los angiogramas se realizaron utilizando un sistema radiográfico digital. Los datos se obtuvieron a través de una ficha de datos prediseñada. Estos fueron ingresados y analizados con SPSS v27. Se realizó una prueba de correlación entre las diferentes variables. Los datos se presentaron en forma de tablas. Un valor P de <0,05 se consideró estadísticamente significativo. El número total de participantes fue de 441; Hombres y mujeres representanron el 42,9 % y 57,1 %, respectivamente. La edad media de los participantes fue de 56,24±8,68 años. La arteria coronaria izquierda se originaba en el seno aórtico izquierdo. El diámetro medio y la longitud de la arteria coronaria izquierda fueron 3,8±0,70 mm y 8,1576±4,32 mm, respectivamente. Se encontró una correlación negativa significativa entre el diámetro del ostio, la edad y la ACI. Además se encontró una diferencia no significativa entre hombres y mujeres en el diámetro del ostio de la ACI (P=0,058) y una diferencia significativa en la longitud (P=0,00). Los sudaneses tienen el diámetro del ostio de la arteria coronaria izquierda más pequeño entre los africanos. Los hombres sudaneses tienen un diámetro del ostio de la arteria coronaria izquierda más pequeña y las mujeres tienen las arterias más largas. Un ostio más ancho de la arteria coronaria izquierda se asocia con una longitud arterial corta.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Coronary Vessels/diagnostic imaging , Sudan , Angiography , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Coronary Vessels/anatomy & histology
J. vasc. bras ; 21: e20190001, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365069


Resumo A artéria femoral profunda, devido às suas características anatômicas, se encontra protegida da maioria dos traumatismos vasculares. Relatamos um caso de pseudoaneurisma de ramo perfurante da artéria femoral profunda, associado à fístula arteriovenosa, secundário a rotura completa do músculo vasto medial em paciente jogador de futebol. A ressonância magnética demonstrou lesão muscular associada a pseudoaneurisma, e a angiotomografia confirmou a presença de pseudoaneurisma associado a fístula arteriovenosa de ramo da artéria femoral profunda. Foi realizado tratamento endovascular da fístula através da embolização com micromolas fibradas e drenagem cirúrgica do hematoma muscular. O paciente evoluiu bem, sem queixas clínicas no 30º dia de pós-operatório e também após 1 ano.

Abstract Due to its anatomical characteristics, the deep femoral artery is protected from most vascular injuries. We report a case of a soccer player with pseudoaneurysm of a perforating branch of the deep femoral artery, associated with an arteriovenous fistula and secondary to complete rupture of the vastus medialis muscle. Magnetic resonance imaging showed muscle damage associated with a pseudoaneurysm and angiotomography confirmed the presence of a pseudoaneurysm associated with a deep arteriovenous fistula of a branch of the deep femoral artery. Endovascular treatment of the fistula was performed by embolization with fibrous microcoils and surgical drainage of the muscle hematoma. The patient recovered well, was free from clinical complaints on the 30th postoperative day and also after 1 year.

Humans , Male , Adult , Arteriovenous Fistula/therapy , Aneurysm, False , Quadriceps Muscle/injuries , Femoral Artery/injuries , Rupture , Angiography , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Ultrasonography, Doppler , Embolization, Therapeutic , Femoral Artery/diagnostic imaging , Endovascular Procedures
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928287


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the short-term clinical effect of lumbar nerve root canal injection under X-ray angiography in the treatment of sciatica.@*METHODS@#The clincal data of 78 patients with sciatica underwent lumbar nerve root canal injection under X-ray angiography from December 2017 to February 2020 was retrospectively analyzed. Including 31 males and 47 females, aged from 22 to 88 years old with a median of 65 years. There were 55 cases of lumbar disc herniation and 23 cases of lumbar spinal stenosis, the course of disease ranged from 1 to 8 weeks with a median of 3 weeks. There were 71 cases of single segment disc herniation or stenosis, including L3,4 of 5 cases, L4,5 of 61 cases, L5S1 of 5 cases, and 7 cases of multisegment herniation or stenosis. The pain visual analogue scale (VAS) was recorded and Macnab was used to evaluate the clinical effect.@*RESULTS@#All patients completed standardized treatment without serious adverse reactions. VAS were (3.21±0.76) scores immediately after treatment, (2.89±0.33) scores 1 hour after treatment, (1.80±0.27) scores 6 hours after treatment, (1.10±0.20) scores 24 hours after treatment, (2.53±0.35) scores 1 week after treatment and (4.27±0.36) scores 1 month after treatment. There were significant differences in VAS between before treatment(7.83±0.56) and each time period after treatment(P<0.05). According to Macnab low back pain evaluation standard, 42 cases were effective, 34 cases were markedly effective and 2 cases were ineffective within 24 hours after treatment, with an effective rate of 97.4%;38 cases were effective, 25 cases were markedly effective, 15 cases were ineffective within one week after treatment, the effective rate was 80.0%;32 cases were effective, 22 cases were markedly effective, 24 cases were ineffective within one month after treatment, the effective rate was 69.2%.@*CONCLUSION@#The short-term clinical effect of nerve root canal injection under X-ray radiography in the treatment of sciatica is good and it is an effective method to relieve sciatica.

Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Angiography , Dental Pulp Cavity , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/diagnostic imaging , Lumbar Vertebrae/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Sciatica/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome , X-Rays
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978912


Objective@#This study compared the peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL) microangiographic properties [vessel area density (VAD) and blood flux index (BFI)] of unilateral open-angle glaucomatous eyes to contralateral eyes-at-risk, and to eyes of healthy age- and sex-matched subjects.@*Methods@#This was a single-center, case-control study of Filipinos diagnosed with unilateral primary openangle glaucoma (POAG) or normal-tension glaucoma (NTG). Mean overall and quadrantal VAD and BFI of the three groups were measured with optical coherence tomography- angiography (OCT-A). Area under the receiver operating characteristic (AROC) was used to measure diagnostic ability.@*Results@#Twenty-two (22) glaucomatous subjects (15 POAG and 7 NTG eyes), 22 contralateral eyes-at-risk, and 22 normal eyes from age- and sex-matched control subjects completed the study. Eyes with glaucoma showed lower mean overall VAD (40%) and BFI (0.37) compared to eyes-at-risk (44.4% and 0.42, respectively; p <0.001) and control eyes (45.6% and 0.44, respectively; p <0.001). Mean VAD and BFI values of eyes-at-risk and control groups did not significantly differ from each other. Overall pRNFL thickness showed highest diagnostic accuracy for glaucoma (AROC = 0.97), followed by VAD (0.94), and BFI (0.88) (p=0.46).@*Conclusion@#VAD and BFI were significantly diminished in unilateral open-angle glaucoma, suggesting that the utility of OCT-A in the detection of glaucoma is comparable to pRNFL thickness.

Microcirculation , Glaucoma , Angiography
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939624


Blood velocity inversion based on magnetoelectric effect is helpful for the development of daily monitoring of vascular stenosis, but the accuracy of blood velocity inversion and imaging resolution still need to be improved. Therefore, a convolutional neural network (CNN) based inversion imaging method for intravascular blood flow velocity was proposed in this paper. Firstly, unsupervised learning CNN is constructed to extract weight matrix representation information to preprocess voltage data. Then the preprocessing results are input to supervised learning CNN, and the blood flow velocity value is output by nonlinear mapping. Finally, angiographic images are obtained. In this paper, the validity of the proposed method is verified by constructing data set. The results show that the correlation coefficients of blood velocity inversion in vessel location and stenosis test are 0.884 4 and 0.972 1, respectively. The above research shows that the proposed method can effectively reduce the information loss during the inversion process and improve the inversion accuracy and imaging resolution, which is expected to assist clinical diagnosis.

Humans , Angiography , Blood Flow Velocity , Constriction, Pathologic , Neural Networks, Computer
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 481-485, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936035


The accurate diagnosis of burn wound depth is particularly important for evaluating the disease prognosis of burn patients. In the past, the diagnosis of burn wound depth often relied on the subjective judgment of doctors. With the continuous development of diagnostic technology, the methods for judging the depth of burn wound have also been updated. This paper mainly summarizes the research progress in the applications of indocyanine green angiography, laser Doppler imaging, laser speckle contrast imaging, and artificial intelligence in the diagnosis of burn wound depth, and compares the advantages and disadvantages of these techniques, so as to provide ideas for accurate diagnosis of burn wound depth.

Humans , Angiography , Artificial Intelligence , Burns/diagnosis , Laser-Doppler Flowmetry/methods , Skin , Wound Healing
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927640


OBJECTIVE@#We wanted to investigate the radial peripapillary capillary (RPC) network in patients with Bietti crystalline dystrophy (BCD).@*METHODS@#We compared RPC densities in the disk and different peripapillary regions, obtained using optical coherence tomography angiography in 22 patients with BCD (37 eyes) and 22 healthy subjects (37 eyes). The BCD group was then divided into Stage 2 and Stage 3 subgroups based on Yuzawa staging, comparing the RPC densities of the two.@*RESULTS@#The disk area RPC density was 38.8% ± 6.3% in the BCD group and 49.2% ± 6.1% in the control group ( P < 0.001), and peripapillary region RPC density was significantly lower in the BCD group than in the control group (49.1% ± 4.7% and 54.1% ± 3.0%, respectively, P < 0.001). There were no significant RPC density differences between the tempo quadrant and inside disk of Stages 2 and 3 subgroups; the other areas showed a significantly lower RPC density in Stage 3 than in Stage 2 BCD.@*CONCLUSION@#The BCD group RPC density was significantly lower than the control group. The reduction of RPC density in the tempo quadrant occurred mainly in the Stage 1 BCD. In contrast, the reduction of RPC density in superior, inferior, and nasal quadrants occurred mainly in Stage 2.

Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angiography , Corneal Dystrophies, Hereditary/physiopathology , Microvascular Density , Microvessels/physiopathology , Retinal Diseases/physiopathology , Retinal Vessels/physiopathology , Tomography, Optical Coherence
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408184


El pseudoaneurisma se puede definir como un hematoma pulsátil repermeabilizado y encapsulado, en comunicación con la luz de un vaso dañado. Los pseudoaneurismas de las extremidades son los más frecuentes; entre ellos se destacan los iatrogénicos de la arteria femoral. Su incidencia es del 2 por ciento-8 por ciento cuando se realizan angioplastia/stent coronarios y del 0,2 por ciento-0,5 por ciento cuando únicamente se hace angiografía diagnóstica. Se presenta un paciente con diagnóstico de pseudoaneurisma femoral derecho posterior a un cateterismo cardíaco, con el objetivo de demostrar la importancia del diagnóstico temprano de las pseudaeurismas para el tratamiento quirúrgico oportuno y evitar complicaciones posteriores. Al mes del procedimiento, el paciente comenzó con aumento de volumen en la región inguinal derecha y a la auscultación se apreció un soplo a ese nivel. Se le realizó exérisis del pseudoaneurisma y reparación quirúrgica de la arteria femoral. En las consultas de evaluación posoperatoria se mostró una evolución clínica y radiológica satisfactoria. El diagnóstico rápido de estas entidades vasculares evita que se presenten complicaciones posteriores y aseguran una evolución rápida y satisfactoria de los pacientes que la padecen(AU)

Pseudoaneurysm can be defined as a repermeabilized and encapsulated pulsatile hematoma, in communication with the light of a damaged vessel. Pseudoaneurysms of the limbs are the most frequent; among them are the iatrogenic of the femoral artery. Its incidence is 2 percent -8 percent when coronary angioplasty/stent is performed and 0.2 percent-0.5 percent when only diagnostic angiography is performed. A patient with a diagnosis of right femoral pseudoaneurysm after cardiac catheterization is presented, with the aim of demonstrating the importance of early diagnosis of pseudoaneurysms for timely surgical treatment and avoiding subsequent complications. A month after the procedure, the patient began with an increase in volume in the right inguinal region and auscultation showed a murmur at that level. Pseudoaneurysm exeresis and surgical repair of the femoral artery were performed. In the postoperative evaluation consultations, a satisfactory clinical and radiological evolution was shown. The rapid diagnosis of these vascular entities prevents subsequent complications from occurring and ensures a rapid and satisfactory evolution of patients who suffer from it(AU)

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Angiography/methods , Angioplasty/adverse effects , Femoral Artery/injuries
Medicina UPB ; 40(2): 84-87, 13 oct. 2021. Ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1342239


Se describe el caso de un paciente de 70 años que consultó por cefalea súbita, tipo trueno, sin alteración del estado de consciencia, acompañada de dolor torácico de una hora de evolución y de baja intensidad. A su ingreso fue enfocado como cefalea en trueno, que es clasificada, en cuanto a la atención, como bandera roja. La medición de troponina fue negativa y una tomografía de cráneo fue leída como normal. Desde el ingreso presentaba signos vitales normales, cuando iba a ser dado de alta se torna hipotenso (completamente asintomático) y por su síntoma cardinal (cefalea), que se asoció a dolor torácico leve y no anginoso, se solicitó angiotomografía toracoabdominal, con la que se demostró aneurisma disecante de la aorta. Con la presentación de este caso, se busca resaltar la importancia en el servicio de urgencias de la asociación de la cefalea tipo trueno, con condiciones vasculares como la disección aórtica.

We describe the case of a 70-year-old patient, who seeks medical advice due to sudden, thunder headache, without alteration of the state of consciousness, accompanied by chest pain of 1 hour of evolution and of low intensity. Upon his admission, the patient was treated as a thunderclap headache, which is considered a red flag. His troponin was negative, and his head tomography was interpreted as normal. From admission he had normal vital signs, but when he was going to be discharged, he became hypotensive (completely asymptomatic) and due to his cardinal symptom (headache) that was asso-ciated with mild non-anginal chest pain, a thoracoabdominal angioCT was requested, with which dissecting aneurysm of the aorta was evidenced. With the presentation of this case, we seek to highlight the importance of the association of thunder-type headache with possible vascular conditions such as aortic dissection in the emergency department.

Descrevemos o caso de uma paciente de 70 anos que consultou por quadro de cefaleia súbita, tipo trovão, sem alteração do estado de consciência, acompanhada de dor torácica de uma hora de evolução e de baixa intensidade. Na admissão, foi tratado como cefaleia em trovoada, que é classificada, em termos de atenção, como bandeira vermelha. A me-dição da troponina foi negativa e uma tomografia de crânio foi lida como normal. Desde a admissão apresentava sinais vitais normais, quando ia receber alta ficou hipotenso (totalmente assintomático) e devido ao seu sintoma cardinal (cefaleia), que se associou a dores torácicas ligeiras e não anginosas, foi solicitada angiografia toracoabdominal, com cujo aneurisma dissecante da aorta foi demonstrado. Com a apresentação deste caso, o objetivo é destacar a importância no pronto-socorro da associação da cefaleia do tipo trovão com afecções vasculares como a dissecção da aorta.

Humans , Aortic Dissection , Aorta , Chest Pain , Angiography , Headache
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(2): 263-266, abr.-jun. 2021. graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289307


Resumen La hemobilia es una causa poco frecuente de hemorragia del tracto gastrointestinal superior. La principal etiología es de origen iatrogénico y la posibilidad de hemobilia debe considerarse en cualquier paciente con hemorragia gastrointestinal y un historial reciente de procedimientos hepatobiliares. Otras causas menos frecuentes incluyen el trauma de abdomen, la enfermedad oncológica de la vía biliar o las enfermedades inflamatorias del páncreas o la vía biliar. La presentación clínica varía según la gravedad del sangrado; generalmente se presenta con dolor abdominal, ictericia y melenas, aunque puede cursar al ingreso con rectorragia e hipotensión. Un alto porcentaje de estas presenta resolución espontánea, sin requerir procedimientos adicionales. La angiografía es el estándar de oro para el diagnóstico de la hemobilia, pero los avances en la angiotomografía permiten que esta sea una opción menos invasiva y con mayor disponibilidad. La angioembolización es el tratamiento principal para estos pacientes, pero existen otras alternativas como la colocación de stent vascular o de stent en el conducto biliar.

Abstract Hemobilia is a rare cause of upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract bleeding. Its main etiology is iatrogenic, and the possibility of hemobilia should be considered in any patient with GI bleeding and a recent history of hepatobiliary surgery. Other less frequent causes include abdominal trauma, oncologic disease of the biliary tract, or inflammatory diseases of the pancreas or bile duct. Its clinical presentation varies depending on the severity of the bleeding. It usually presents with abdominal pain, jaundice, and tarry stools, although patients may also present with rectorrhagia and hypotension on admission. A high percentage of these symptoms have a spontaneous resolution, without requiring additional procedures. Angiography is the gold standard for the diagnosis of hemobilia, but advances in computed tomography angiography make it a less invasive and more widely available option. Endovascular embolization is the main treatment for these patients, but there are other alternatives such as vascular or bile duct stent placement.

Humans , Female , Aged , Hemobilia , Angiography , Abdominal Pain , Upper Gastrointestinal Tract , Diagnosis , Computed Tomography Angiography , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Jaundice
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 84(3): 235-240, May-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248975


ABSTRACT Purposes: To evaluate the optical coherence tomography angiography findings in patients with Behçet disease with and without ocular involvement. Methods: A total of 40 patients with Behçet disease and 30 healthy controls were enrolled in the study. Retinal vessel density in the superficial capillary plexus and deep capillary plexus, foveal avascular zone area and perimeter, acirculatory index, foveal density, and nonflow area in the superficial retina were automatically measured using the optical coherence tomography angiography software AngioVue and compared between the groups. Results: The mean parafoveal and perifoveal vessel densities in the superficial capillary plexus and deep capillary plexus and foveal density were significantly lower in the eyes with Behçet uveitis compared to the eyes without Behçet uveitis and eyes of the healthy controls. In the eyes with Behçet uveitis, logMAR visual acuity showed a moderate correlation with parafoveal and perifoveal vessel densities and foveal density (r=-0.43, p=0.006; r=-0.62, p<0.001; r=-0.42, p=0.008; respectively). Conclusion: Behçet disease with posterior uveitis was associated with significant perifoveal and parafoveal vascular decrements in the superficial and deep retina.(AU)

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar achados de angiografia por tomografia de coerência óptica em pacientes com doença de Behçet com e sem acometimento ocular. Métodos: Foram incluídos 40 pacientes com doença de Behçet e 30 controles saudáveis. A densidade vascular retiniana nos plexos capilares superficial e profundo, a zona avascular foveal, o índice de circularidade, a densidade foveal e a área sem fluxo da retina superficial foram medidos automaticamente, através do software AngioVue para angiografia por tomografia de coerência óptica, e comparados entre os grupos. Resultados: A densidade vascular parafoveal e perifoveal média nos plexos capilares superficial e profundo, bem como a densidade foveal, foram significativamente menores nos olhos com uveíte de Behçet em comparação com os olhos sem uveíte de Behçet e os olhos dos controles saudáveis. Nos olhos com uveíte de Behçet, a acuidade visual logMAR mostrou correlação moderada com a densidade vascular parafoveal e perifoveal e com a densidade foveal (respectivamente, r=-0,43, p=0,006; r=-0,62, p<0,001; e r=-0,42, p = 0,008). Conclusão: A doença de Behçet com uveíte posterior foi associada a decréscimos significativos da vascularização perifoveal e parafoveal na retina superficial e profunda.(AU)

Humans , Uveitis/pathology , Angiography/instrumentation , Behcet Syndrome/physiopathology , Tomography, Optical Coherence/instrumentation , Fovea Centralis/blood supply
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(3): 421-426, 20210000. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1253955


Introducción. La mayoría de las lesiones de carótida cervical en nuestra institución se manejan por vía endovascular. El objetivo de este estudio fue describir los desenlaces del manejo de las lesiones de carótida cervical en un hospital de cuarto nivel en la ciudad de Cali, Colombia. Métodos. Estudio de series de casos, retrospectivo, descriptivo, en pacientes con trauma de carótida (penetrante y cerrado), admitidos en un centro de alta complejidad de la ciudad de Cali, en el periodo comprendido desde enero de 2018 hasta enero de 2020. Resultados. Se evaluaron 20 pacientes con lesión de carótida, de los cuales 90 % tenía trauma penetrante, en su mayoría por proyectil de arma de fuego. La zona más frecuentemente afectada fue la carótida interna (65 %) y el 40 % de los pacientes presentaban síntomas neurológicos al ingreso. Se realizó manejo endovascular en 13 pacientes, con un 75 % de éxito en el manejo endovascular al ingreso. La mortalidad general fue del 20 %, que en su mayoría estuvo relacionada con traumatismo en otros órganos. El 69 % de los pacientes quedaron sin secuelas neurológicas al alta y el 25 % con secuelas mínimas. Discusión. Se muestra una serie de casos con lesión de carótida donde, teniendo en cuenta las variables de mal pronóstico para hacer una selección adecuada de los pacientes candidatos a este tipo de terapia, el resultado del manejo endovascular fue exitoso

Introduction. Most cervical carotid injuries in our institution are managed by endovascular approach. The objective of this study was to describe the outcomes of the endovascular management of cervical carotid lesions in at a I Level Trauma Center in Cali, Colombia. Methods. Retrospective, descriptive case series study in patients with both penetrating and blunt carotid trauma who were admitted to a I Level Trauma Center between January 2018 and January 2020. Results. Twenty patients with carotid injury were evaluated, of which 90% had penetrating trauma, mostly from a firearm projectile. The most frequently affected area was the internal carotid (65%) and 40% of the patients had neurological symptoms on admission. Endovascular management was performed in 13 patients, with a 75% success rate in endovascular management on admission. Overall mortality was 20%, most of which was related to trauma to other organs; 69% of the patients were left without neurological sequelae at discharge and 25% with minimal sequelae.Discussion. We describe a case series of patients with cervical carotid injury, taking into account the variables of poor prognosis to make an adequate selection of patients for endovascular management, the result of endovascular management was successful

Humans , Carotid Artery Injuries , Endovascular Procedures , Wounds and Injuries , Multiple Trauma , Angiography , Embolization, Therapeutic
Gac. méd. Méx ; 157(2): 166-173, mar.-abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279097


Resumen Introducción: Distintos protocolos de angiotomografía de coherencia óptica evalúan la mácula. Objetivo: R2) entre las densidades vascular y de perfusión de dos protocolos de angiotomografía de coherencia óptica, para determinar si sus mediciones podían intercambiarse. Método: Estudio observacional, comparativo, prospectivo, transversal entre dos protocolos de angiotomografía de coherencia óptica (AngioPlex, Zeiss) en sujetos sanos. Se identificó la R2 entre las densidades vascular y de perfusión central, interna y completa (protocolo de 3 x 3 mm), y central, interna, externa y completa (protocolo de 6 x 6 mm). Resultados: 78 ojos, mediana de edad 23 años. Hubo R2 altas entre las densidades interna y completa del protocolo de 3 x 3 mm (0.96), externa y completa del de 6 x 6 mm (0.96), y centrales vasculares y de perfusión (≥ 0.96); la R2 entre las densidades centrales vascular y de perfusión de distintos protocolos fue ≤ 0.71. Conclusiones: Las densidades vasculares y de perfusión tienen R2 alta dentro de un protocolo, pero no entre protocolos, porque estos miden preferentemente zonas distintas, lo cual limita intercambiar mediciones.

Abstract Introduction: Different optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) scanning protocols evaluate the macula. Objective: To compare the determination coefficients (R2) between vessel and perfusion densities of two OCTA scanning protocols, to learn whether their metrics could be interchanged. Method: Non-experimental, comparative, prospective, observational, cross-sectional study, between two OCTA scanning protocols (Angioplex, Zeiss) in healthy subjects. We found the R2 between central, inner, and full densities (3 x 3 mm protocol), and between central, inner, outer and full densities (6 x 6 mm protocol), both for vessel and perfusion densities. Results: 78 eyes, median age 23 years. There were high R2 between inner and full densities in the 3 x 3 mm protocol (0.96), between outer and full densities in the 6 x 6 mm protocol (0.96) and between central vessel and perfusion densities (≥0.96); R2 between central vessel and perfusion densities of different protocols (≤0.71). Conclusions: Vessel and perfusion densities have high determination coefficients within a scanning protocol, but not between protocols, because each preferentially measures different macular areas. The metrics of different protocols should not be interchanged for follow-up.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Angiography/methods , Tomography, Optical Coherence/methods , Macula Lutea/blood supply , Regional Blood Flow/physiology , Blood Vessels/diagnostic imaging , Visual Acuity , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Healthy Volunteers , Macula Lutea/diagnostic imaging