Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 426
Filter
1.
Cambios rev. méd ; 20(2): 5-11, 30 Diciembre 2021. tabs.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368176

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. En Ecuador, las enfermedades cerebrovasculares son la tercera causa de muerte en la población general; existen pocos datos en la literatura médica sobre la hemorragia subaracnoidea aneurismática y aneurismas no rotos, por lo que fue fundamental describir un perfil clínico. OBJETIVO. Caracterizar la clínica de los pacientes con diagnóstico de aneurisma cerebral. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Estudio observacional descriptivo. Población de 450 y muestra de 447 pacientes con diagnóstico de aneurisma cerebral atendidos en la Unidad de Neurología del Hospital Carlos Andrade Marín, periodo enero 2010 a diciembre 2018. Los datos clínicos e imagenológicos fueron recolectados a través de la revisión de historias clínicas digitales obtenidas del sistema informático MIS/AS400, y se analizaron en el programa estadístico International Business Machines Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, versión 23. RESULTADOS. Se identificaron 605 aneurismas en 447 pacientes. El 80,5% (360; 447) presentó aneurismas rotos, de éstos el 81,4% (293; 360) tuvo un solo aneurisma. El factor de riesgo más frecuente fue la hipertensión arterial con el 44,3% (198; 447), las manifestaciones observadas fueron: hemorragia subaracnoidea con el 98,9% (356; 360) en aneurismas rotos; y cefalea con el 65,5% (57; 87) en aneurismas no rotos. DISCUSIÓN. Se encontró datos relevantes no coincidentes con la literatura científica mundial, como el bajo número de aneurismas asintomáticos y no rotos, comparados con su contraparte. CONCLUSIÓN. Se evidenció que los aneurismas intracraneales produjeron una amplia gama de manifestaciones clínicas, que fluctuaron desde la hemorragia subaracnoidea como la más frecuente en el grupo de aneurismas rotos, hasta pacientes completamente asintomáticos en el grupo de aneurismas no rotos.


INTRODUCTION. In Ecuador, cerebrovascular diseases are the third leading cause of death in the general population; there are few data in the medical literature on aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and unruptured aneurysms, so it was essential to describe a clinical profile. OBJECTIVE. To characterize the clinical profile of patients diagnosed with cerebral aneurysm. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Descriptive observational study. Population of 450 and sample of 447 patients with a diagnosis of cerebral aneurysm seen in the Neurology Unit of the Carlos Andrade Marín Hospital, period January 2010 to December 2018. Clinical and imaging data were collected through the review of digital medical records obtained from the MIS/AS400 computer system, and were analyzed in the statistical program International Business Machines Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, version 23. RESULTS. A total of 605 aneurysms were identified in 447 patients. A total of 80,5% (360; 447) had ruptured aneurysms, of which 81,4% (293; 360) had a single aneurysm. The most common risk factor was hypertension with 44,3% (198; 447), the manifestations observed were: subarachnoid hemorrhage with 98,9% (356; 360) in ruptured aneurysms; and headache with 65,5% (57; 87) in unruptured aneurysms. DISCUSSION. We found relevant data not consistent with the world scientific literature, such as the low number of asymptomatic and unruptured aneurysms, compared with its counterpart. CONCLUSION. It was evidenced that intracranial aneurysms produced a wide range of clinical manifestations, ranging from subarachnoid hemorrhage as the most frequent in the group of ruptured aneurysms, to completely asymptomatic patients in the group of unruptured aneurysms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage , Intracranial Aneurysm , Aneurysm, Ruptured , Headache , Aneurysm , Neurology , Angiography, Digital Subtraction , Cerebral Arterial Diseases , Statistics, Nonparametric , Ecuador , Hemorrhagic Stroke , Hypertension
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888345

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the methods and efficacy of unilateral extra-pedicle precision puncture percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) or percutaneous kyphoplasty(PKP) by digital subtraction angiography (DSA) for the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 68 patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures treated from August 2015 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 20 males and 48 females, aged 56 to 90(73.5±8.0) years, 40 cases of double segments, 28 cases of three segments, a total of 168 vertebrae. All the patients were performed PVP orPKP through unilateral extra pedicle precision puncture under the guidance of DSA. The vertebrae were distributed in T@*RESULTS@#All the punctures were successful in 68 patients. All the puncture needles reached the midline of vertebral body, and the bone cement was well dispersed in the vertebral body with symmetrical distribution. The operation time was 35 to 60 (41.6±3.2) minutes, and there was no puncture complications. The injection volume of bone cement was 3 to 5 (3.6±0.5) ml in each vertebra. There were 8 cases of bone cement leakage, with a leakage rate of 11.76%. All 68 patients were followed up from 12 to 27 (14.3±3.5) months in the study. VAS score and ODI at 3 days after surgery and at final follow-up time were significantly improved (@*CONCLUSION@#PVP or PKP under the guidance of DSA via a unilateral extrapedicular approach with precision puncture can effectively relieve pain, restore vertebral body height and spinal function, which is a safe, fast and effective method in the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures.


Subject(s)
Angiography, Digital Subtraction , Female , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Humans , Kyphoplasty , Male , Osteoporotic Fractures/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Vertebroplasty
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880644

ABSTRACT

In recent years, in the absence of venous component, dilated, overlapping, and tortuous arteries forming a mass of arterial loops with a coil-like appearance have been defined as pure arterial malformation (PAM). It is extremely rare, and its etiology and treatment have not yet been fully elucidated. Here, we reported 2 cases of PAM with associated aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage in this paper. Both patients had severe headache as the first symptom. Subarachnoid hemorrhage was found by CT and computed tomography angiography (CTA) and PAM with associated aneurysm was found by digital subtraction angiography (DSA). In view of the distribution of blood and the location of aneurysms, the aneurysm rupture was the most likely to be considered. Based on the involvement of the lesion in the distal blood supply, only the aneurysm was clamped during the operation. It used to be consider that PAM is safety, because of the presentation and natural history of previously reported cases. Through the cases we reported, we have doubted about "the benign natural history" and discussed its treatment. PAM can promote the formation of aneurysms and should be reviewed regularly. The surgical indications for PAM patients with aneurysm formation need to be further clarified. Management of PAM patients with ruptured aneurysm is the same as that of ruptured aneurysm. Whether there are indications needed to treat simple arterial malformations remains to be further elucidated with the multicenter, randomized controlled studies on this disease.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm, Ruptured/surgery , Angiography, Digital Subtraction , Cerebral Angiography , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm/surgery , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage/etiology
4.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 368-373, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922705

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#To explore the diagnosis and treatment of traumatic external carotid branch pseudoaneurysms.@*METHODS@#Eleven cases of traumatic external carotid artery branch pseudoaneurysms were admitted in our hospital. Digital subtraction angiography was performed in all patients. It revealed that the pseudoaneurysms originated from the internal maxillary artery in 5 cases, superficial temporal artery in 5 cases and occipital artery in 1 case. Five cases of internal maxillary artery pseudoaneurysms and 2 cases of superficial temporal artery pseudoaneurysms were treated by embolization; the other 3 cases were surgically resected.@*RESULTS@#Complete cessation of nasal bleeding was achieved in all the 5 pseudoaneurysms of internal maxillary artery after the endovascular therapies. Scalp bleeding stopped and scalp defect healed up in 2 patients with superficial temporal artery pseudoaneurysms treated by interventional therapy. All patients were followed up for 0.5-2.0 years without recurrence of nosebleed and scalp lump.@*CONCLUSION@#For patients with repeated severe epistaxis after craniocerebral injury, digital subtraction angiography should be performed as soon as possible to confirm traumatic pseudoaneurysm. Endovascular therapy is an effective method for traumatic internal maxillary artery pseudoaneurysms. For patients with scalp injuries and pulsatile lumps, further examinations including digital subtraction angiography should be performed to confirm the diagnosis. Surgical treatment or endovascular therapy for scalp traumatic pseudoaneurysm is effective.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm, False/therapy , Angiography, Digital Subtraction , Carotid Artery Injuries/therapy , Carotid Artery, External/diagnostic imaging , Embolization, Therapeutic , Humans
5.
Clinics ; 75: e1973, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133348

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to analyze the incidence and epidemiological, angiographic, and surgical aspects associated with incomplete clipping of brain aneurysms in a cohort of patients undergoing microsurgical treatment. METHODS: The medical record data of patients who underwent microsurgery for cerebral aneurysm treatment and postoperative digital subtraction angiography, treated at the same teaching hospital between 2014 and 2019, were retrospectively analyzed. The studied variables involved epidemiological and clinical data, as well as neurological status and findings on neuroimaging. The time elapsed between hemorrhage and microsurgical treatment, data on the neurosurgical procedure employed for aneurysm occlusion, and factors associated with the treated aneurysm, specifically location and size, were also evaluated. RESULTS: One hundred and seventeen patients were submitted to 139 neurosurgical procedures, in which 167 aneurysms were clipped. The overall rate of residual injury was 23%. Smoking (odds ratio [OR]: 3.38, 95% confidence interval [CI95%]: 1.372-8.300, p=0.008), lesion size >10 mm (OR: 5.136, CI95%: 2.240-11.779, p<0.001) and surgery duration >6 h (OR: 8.667, CI95%: 2.713-27.681, p<0.001) were found to significantly impact incomplete aneurysm occlusion in the univariate analyses. CONCLUSION: Incomplete microsurgical aneurysm occlusion is associated with aneurysm size, complexity, and current smoking status. Currently, there is no consensus on postoperative assessment of clipped aneurysms, hindering the correct assessment of treatment outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm/surgery , Intracranial Aneurysm/epidemiology , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Aneurysm, Ruptured/surgery , Angiography, Digital Subtraction , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Neurosurgical Procedures , Microsurgery
6.
Clinics ; 75: e1339, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089602

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Cerebral ischemia seriously threatens human health and is characterized by high rates of incidence, disability and death. Developing an ideal animal model of cerebral ischemia that reflects the human clinical features is critical for pathological studies and clinical research. The goal of this study is to establish a local cerebral ischemia model in rhesus macaque, thereby providing an optimal animal model to study cerebral ischemia. METHODS: Eight healthy rhesus monkeys were selected for this study. CT scans were performed before the operation to exclude cerebral vascular and intracranial lesions. Under guidance and monitoring with digital subtraction angiography (DSA), a microcatheter was inserted into the M1 segment of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) via the femoral artery. Then, autologous white thrombi were introduced to block blood flow. Immediately following embolization, multisequence MRI was used to monitor cerebrovascular and brain parenchymal conditions. Twenty-four hours after embolization, 2 monkeys were sacrificed and subjected to perfusion, fixation and pathological examination. RESULTS: The cerebral ischemia model was established in 7 rhesus monkeys; one animal died during intubation. DSA and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) indicated the presence of an arterial occlusion. MRI showed acute local cerebral ischemia. HE staining revealed infarct lesions formed in the brain tissues, and thrombi were present in the cerebral artery. CONCLUSION: We established a rhesus macaque model of local cerebral ischemia by autologous thrombus placement. This model has important implications for basic and clinical research on cerebral ischemia. MRI and DSA can evaluate the models to ensure accuracy and effectiveness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Cerebral Infarction/diagnostic imaging , Brain Ischemia/diagnostic imaging , Angiography, Digital Subtraction , China , Macaca mulatta , Models, Biological , Models, Cardiovascular
7.
Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo ; 29(3 Supl): 291-296, jul.-set. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1023081

ABSTRACT

Avaliar a eficácia diagnóstica da angiotomografia coronariana (AC) comparada com a cineangiocoronariografia (CAT). Material e Métodos: Foram avaliados retrospectivamente 146 pacientes submetidos a AC e CAT com angiografia coronariana quantitativa (ACQ), com intervalo médio de um mês entre os exames. O estudo foi realizado no Hospital Cardiológico Costantini. Foram avaliados os fatores de risco da amostra, a localização das lesões e o grau de severidade da obstrução coronariana nos grandes vasos (TCE, DA, CX e CD). Os resultados dos métodos diagnósticos foram comparados pelo coeficiente de correlação de Pearson. A partir dos achados positivos foi realizada a avaliação de correlação entre os métodos perante a severidade das lesões. Resultados: A amostra foi composta predominantemente por homens (73,97%), sendo a hipertensão arterial (HAS) (71,91%) o fator de risco mais frequente. A artéria mais acometida foi a DA. Quanto ao grau de severidade das lesões, os resultados foram os seguintes na comparação entre AC e CAT: lesões discretas com correlação r = 0,23; moderadas com r = 0,53 e severas com r = 0,70. Na comparação entre AC e ACQ: lesões discretas com correlação r = 0,45; moderadas com r = 0,70 e severas com r = 0,67. Conclusão: A AC apresentou moderada com ACQ e CAT em lesões moderadas e severas, e forte correlação na ausência de lesões quando comparada com ACQ


To evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of multislice CT coronary angiotomography compared with coronary cineangiography. Material and Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 146 patients submitted to MSCT and CA with quantitative coronary angiography (QCA), with a mean interval of one month between the exams. The study was carried out at the Costantini Cardiology Hospital. The risk factors for the sample, the location of the lesions and the degree of severity of the coronary obstruction in the large vessels (LCT, AD, CX and RC).The results of the diagnostic methods were compared using Pearson correlation coefficient. From the positive findings, a correlation evaluation was performed between the methods for the severity of the lesions. Results: The sample consisted predominantly of men (73.97%), and hypertension (SAH) (71.91%) was the most frequent risk factor. The most affected artery was AD. Regarding the degree of severity of the lesions, the results were as follows in the comparison between MSCT and CA: mild lesions with correlation r = 0.23, moderate with r = 0.53 and severe with r = 0.70. In the comparison between MSCT and QCA: mild lesions with correlation r = 0.45, moderate with r = 0.70 and severe with r = 0.67. Conclusion: MSCT showed moderate correlation with QCA and CA in moderate and severe lesions, and a strong correlation in the absence of lesions when compared with QCA


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Angiography/methods , Angiography, Digital Subtraction/methods , Coronary Angiography/methods , Diagnostic Imaging/methods , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Magnetic Resonance Angiography/methods , Computed Tomography Angiography/methods , Hypertension
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788810

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: While the risk of aneurysmal rebleeding induced by catheter cerebral angiography is a serious concern and can delay angiography for a few hours after a subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), current angiographic technology and techniques have been much improved. Therefore, this study investigated the risk of aneurysmal rebleeding when using a recent angiographic technique immediately after SAH.METHODS: Patients with acute SAH underwent immediate catheter angiography on admission. A four-vessel examination was conducted using a biplane digital subtraction angiography (DSA) system that applied a low injection rate and small volume of a diluted contrast, along with appropriate control of hypertension. Intra-angiographic aneurysmal rebleeding was diagnosed in cases of extravasation of the contrast medium during angiography or increased intracranial bleeding evident in flat-panel detector computed tomography scans.RESULTS: In-hospital recurrent hemorrhages before definitive treatment to obliterate the ruptured aneurysm occurred in 11 of 266 patients (4.1%). Following a univariate analysis, a multivariate analysis using a logistic regression analysis revealed that modified Fisher grade 4 was a statistically significant risk factor for an in-hospital recurrent hemorrhage (p =0.032). Cerebral angiography after SAH was performed on 88 patients ≤3 hours, 74 patients between 3–6 hours, and 104 patients >6 hours. None of the time intervals showed any cases of intra-angiographic rebleeding. Moreover, even though the DSA ≤3 hours group included more patients with a poor clinical grade and modified Fisher grade 4, no case of aneurysmal rebleeding occurred during erebral angiography.CONCLUSION: Despite the high risk of aneurysmal rebleeding within a few hours after SAH, emergency cerebral angiography after SAH can be acceptable without increasing the risk of intra-angiographic rebleeding when using current angiographic techniques and equipment.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Aneurysm, Ruptured , Angiography , Angiography, Digital Subtraction , Catheters , Cerebral Angiography , Emergencies , Hemorrhage , Humans , Hypertension , Intracranial Aneurysm , Logistic Models , Multivariate Analysis , Risk Factors , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765383

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: While the risk of aneurysmal rebleeding induced by catheter cerebral angiography is a serious concern and can delay angiography for a few hours after a subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), current angiographic technology and techniques have been much improved. Therefore, this study investigated the risk of aneurysmal rebleeding when using a recent angiographic technique immediately after SAH. METHODS: Patients with acute SAH underwent immediate catheter angiography on admission. A four-vessel examination was conducted using a biplane digital subtraction angiography (DSA) system that applied a low injection rate and small volume of a diluted contrast, along with appropriate control of hypertension. Intra-angiographic aneurysmal rebleeding was diagnosed in cases of extravasation of the contrast medium during angiography or increased intracranial bleeding evident in flat-panel detector computed tomography scans. RESULTS: In-hospital recurrent hemorrhages before definitive treatment to obliterate the ruptured aneurysm occurred in 11 of 266 patients (4.1%). Following a univariate analysis, a multivariate analysis using a logistic regression analysis revealed that modified Fisher grade 4 was a statistically significant risk factor for an in-hospital recurrent hemorrhage (p =0.032). Cerebral angiography after SAH was performed on 88 patients ≤3 hours, 74 patients between 3–6 hours, and 104 patients >6 hours. None of the time intervals showed any cases of intra-angiographic rebleeding. Moreover, even though the DSA ≤3 hours group included more patients with a poor clinical grade and modified Fisher grade 4, no case of aneurysmal rebleeding occurred during erebral angiography. CONCLUSION: Despite the high risk of aneurysmal rebleeding within a few hours after SAH, emergency cerebral angiography after SAH can be acceptable without increasing the risk of intra-angiographic rebleeding when using current angiographic techniques and equipment.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Aneurysm, Ruptured , Angiography , Angiography, Digital Subtraction , Catheters , Cerebral Angiography , Emergencies , Hemorrhage , Humans , Hypertension , Intracranial Aneurysm , Logistic Models , Multivariate Analysis , Risk Factors , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765322

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To describe our experiences with a fully equipped high-end digital subtraction angiography (DSA) system within a hybrid operating room (OR). METHODS: A single-plane DSA system with 3-dimensional rotational angiography, cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT), and real-time navigation software was used in our hybrid OR. Between April 2014 and January 2018, 191 sessions of cerebrovascular procedures were performed in our hybrid OR. After the retrospective review of all cases, the procedures were categorized into three subcategorical procedures : combined endovascular and surgical procedure, complementary rescue procedure during intervention and surgery, and frameless stereotaxic operation. RESULTS: Forty-nine of 191 procedures were performed using hybrid techniques. Four cases of blood blister aneurysms and a ruptured posterior inferior cerebellar artery aneurysm were treated using bypass surgery and endovascular trapping. Eight cases of ruptured aneurysm with intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) were treated by partial embolization and surgical clipping. Six cases of ruptured arteriovenous malformation with ICH were treated by Onyx embolization of nidus and subsequent surgical removal of nidus and ICH. Two (5.4%) of the 37 cases of pre-mature rupture during clipping were secured by endovascular coil embolization. In one (0.8%) complicated case of 103 intra-arterial thrombectomy procedures, emergency surgical embolectomy with bypass surgery was performed. In 27 cases of ICH, frameless stereotaxic hematoma aspiration was performed using XperGuide® system (Philips Medical Systems, Best, the Netherlands). All procedures were performed in single sessions without any procedural complications. CONCLUSION: Hybrid OR with a fully equipped DSA system could provide precise and safe treatment strategies for cerebrovascular diseases. Especially, we could suggest a strategy to cope flexibly in complex lesions or unexpected situations in hybrid OR. CBCT with real-time navigation software could augment the usefulness of hybrid OR.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Aneurysm, Ruptured , Angiography , Angiography, Digital Subtraction , Arteries , Arteriovenous Malformations , Blister , Cerebrovascular Disorders , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Embolectomy , Embolization, Therapeutic , Emergencies , Hematoma , Intracranial Hemorrhages , Operating Rooms , Retrospective Studies , Rupture , Surgical Instruments , Thrombectomy
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764179

ABSTRACT

Although many imaging modalities can play some roles in the diagnosis of vertebral artery dissection (VAD), digital subtraction angiography (DSA) remains the gold standard method, with the highest detection rate and ability to assist in planning for endovascular treatment. However, this tool is often avoided in children because its invasive nature and it exposes them to radiation. High resolution magnetic resonance imaging (HR-MRI) have been suggested to be a reliable and non-invasive alternative, but it has never been discussed in children in whom vertebral artery dissection is a rare condition. In this report, we evaluate a case of a 2-year-old child who initially presented with cerebellar symptoms, and was early diagnosed with vertebral artery dissection using HR-MRI and was successfully treated.


Subject(s)
Angiography, Digital Subtraction , Child , Child, Preschool , Diagnosis , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Methods , Vertebral Artery Dissection , Vertebral Artery
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760265

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To determine the correlation between cerebral blood flow (CBF) on arterial spin labeling (ASL) MRI and the degree of postoperative revascularization assessed on digital subtraction angiography in children with moyamoya disease (MMD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one children (9 boys and 12 girls; mean age, 8.4 ± 3.6 years; age range, 3–16 years) with MMD who underwent both pseudocontinuous ASL MRI at 1.5T and catheter angiography before and after superficial temporal artery encephaloduroarteriosynangiosis were included in this retrospective study. The degree of revascularization in the middle cerebral artery (MCA) territory was evaluated on external carotid angiography and was graded on a 3-point scale. On ASL CBF maps, regions of interest were manually drawn over the MCA territory of the operated side at the level of the centrum semi-ovale and over the cerebellum. The normalized CBF (nCBF) was calculated by dividing the CBF of the MCA territory by the CBF of the cerebellum. Changes in nCBFs were calculated by subtracting the preoperative nCBF values from the postoperative nCBF values. The correlation between nCBF changes measured with ASL and the revascularization grade from direct angiography was evaluated. RESULTS: The nCBF value on the operated side increased after the operation (p = 0.001). The higher the degree of revascularization, the greater the nCBF change was: poor revascularization (grade 1), −0.043 ± 0.212; fair revascularization (grade 2), 0.345 ± 0.176; good revascularization (grade 3), 0.453 ± 0.182 (p = 0.005, Jockheere-Terpstra test). The interobserver agreement was excellent for the measured CBF values of the three readers (0.91–0.97). CONCLUSION: The nCBF values of the MCA territory obtained from ASL MRI increased after the revascularization procedure in children with MMD, and the degree of nCBF change showed a significant correlation with the degree of collateral formation evaluated via catheter angiography.


Subject(s)
Angiography , Angiography, Digital Subtraction , Catheters , Cerebellum , Cerebral Revascularization , Cerebrovascular Circulation , Child , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Middle Cerebral Artery , Moyamoya Disease , Perfusion , Retrospective Studies , Temporal Arteries
13.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 542-546, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762081

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The prevalence and clinical outcomes of asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis (CAS) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) have not been thoroughly studied. We examined the prevalence and predictors of asymptomatic CAS detected by carotid angiography and determined the impact of concomitant CAS on prognosis in patients undergoing coronary angiography (CAG) due to CAD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2013 and July 2015, 395 patients who underwent carotid digital subtraction angiography to screen for CAS during CAG were analyzed. The presence of CAS was defined as angiographically significant stenosis (≥50%). Major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular event (MACCE) rates were compared between patients with and without CAS. MACCEs included a composite of cardiac death, cerebrovascular death, acute myocardial infarction, and stroke. RESULTS: Of the 395 patients, 101 (25.5%) patients had significant CAS. The independent predictors of CAS were age, male sex, hypertension, diabetes, and multi-vessel disease. In patients with CAD, the presence of CAS was as an independent predictor for MACCEs after adjusting for confounding factors (hazard ratio 2.47, 95% confidence interval 1.16–5.24, p=0.018). CONCLUSION: Asymptomatic CAS was documented in up to 25% of patients with CAD. The presence of CAS in patients with CAD was associated with a higher rate of MACCEs. Therefore, detection of CAS by carotid angiography during CAG may be important for risk stratification for CAD patients, particularly those with multi-vessel disease.


Subject(s)
Angiography , Angiography, Digital Subtraction , Carotid Arteries , Carotid Stenosis , Constriction, Pathologic , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Artery Disease , Death , Humans , Hypertension , Male , Myocardial Infarction , Prevalence , Prognosis , Stroke
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785934

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Several studies have reported that periprocedural dual antiplatelet therapy lowers the incidence of thromboembolic complications (TEC) associated with coiling of unruptured aneurysms. We hypothesized that preprocedural administration of dual antiplatelet agents (aspirin and cilostazol) for 7days may reduce the risk of complications associated with diagnostic cerebral digital subtraction angiography (DSA).METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of patients who underwent diagnostic cerebral DSA between September 2015 and April 2018. Of the 419 patients included (149 men, 270 women, mean age 58.5 years), 221 (72 men, 149 women, mean age 57.8 years) who underwent cerebral DSA between September 2015 and June 2016 were not premedicated with antiplatelet therapy. The remaining 198 (77 men, 121 women, mean age 59.4 years) who underwent cerebral DSA between July 2016 and April 2018 were premedicated with dual antiplatelet therapy (aspirin and cilostazol). We defined ischemic stroke as a cerebral DSA-induced complication identified on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) among patients with neurological symptoms.RESULTS: Of the 221 patients who did not receive antiplatelet therapy, 210 (95.0%) showed no neurological symptoms; however, 11 (5.0%) developed neurological symptoms with MRI-proven ischemic stroke, which represents a TEC. Of the 198 patients who received dual antiplatelet therapy, 196 patients (99.0%) showed no evidence of TEC. The remaining 2 (1.0%) developed diplopia and motor weakness each, and MRI confirmed acute ischemic stroke (p=0.019).CONCLUSIONS: The use of dual antiplatelet agents (aspirin and cilostazol) for 7 days before DSA may reduce the risk of cerebral DSA-induced TEC.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Angiography, Digital Subtraction , Diplopia , Female , Humans , Incidence , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Premedication , Retrospective Studies , Stroke , Thromboembolism
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785930

ABSTRACT

We present the case of a 38-year-old male who complained of repeated dizziness and syncope. Rotational vertebral artery syndrome (RVAS) was diagnosed via videonystagmoraphy (VNG), computed tomography angiography (CTA) and three-position digital subtraction angiography (DSA). In the neutral position, CTA and DSA revealed left vertebral artery (VA) stenosis at the C2 transverse foramen and right VA hypoplasia. When the head was turned to the right, the blood flow stopped at the C2 level. The bony structure around the VA at the C2 transverse foramen was decompressed via an anterior surgical approach, and the symptoms resolved. This case present the precise stenotic point evaluation by three-position DSA is crucial for the planning of surgical treatment.


Subject(s)
Adult , Angiography , Angiography, Digital Subtraction , Constriction, Pathologic , Decompression , Dizziness , Head , Humans , Male , Syncope , Vertebral Artery
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785920

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The spot sign on computed tomography angiography is little known about the relationship between the spot sign and the results of cerebral angiography We retrospectively analyzed the spot sign, digital subtraction angiography results, and other factors.MATERIAL AND METHODS: From December 2009 to May 2014, DSA was performed in 52 ICH patients with non-specific location or abnormalities on CTA findings. 26 of those patients, whose initial CTA showed the spot sign, were analyzed. Two groups, one with the spot sign in the ventricle (Group A) and others with the spot sign in another location (Group B) were statistically compared.RESULTS: The mean age of the study subjects was 46.9 years (range, 15 to 80 years) and the percentage of males was 53.8%. Thirteen of 26 patients had ICH without intraventricular hemorrhage, and 6 patients had co-existing IVH. In 17 cases, the DSA results were negative. Seven patients were diagnosed with pseudoaneurysms, and two cases showed developmental venous anomalies. Group A consisted of the 8 patients (30.8%) who showed the spot sign in a ventricle. The number of pseudoaneurysms was statistically significantly higher in Group A than in Group B (71.4% versus 28.6%; OR, 13.3; 95% CI, 1.7-103.8 P = 0.014). All three patients who underwent endovascular treatment were members of Group A (P = 0.022), whereas most (92.3%) of those in Group B underwent surgical evacuation. (P = 0.030).CONCLUSION: When CTA shows the spot sign in a ventricle, it is a clue that an existing underlying vascular lesion requires endovascular treatment.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm, False , Angiography , Angiography, Digital Subtraction , Cerebral Angiography , Cerebral Hemorrhage , Hemorrhage , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies
17.
Neurointervention ; : 63-67, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741671

ABSTRACT

The aim of the study is to evaluate the hemodynamic changes and the parenchymal perfusion associated with carotid cavernous fistulas before and after embolization using two-dimensional (2D) parenchymal blood flow analysis. A 15-year-old boy presented with 2-month history of progressive right eye proptosis, chemosis, and diplopia after a motor vehicle accident. Intracranial liquid embolization using Onyx-18 through the inferior petrosal approach was done with balloon protection at the opening of the fistula in the internal carotid artery, resulting in complete occlusion of the fistula. Parenchymal blood flow analysis was done before and immediately after embolization. 2D parametric parenchymal blood flow analysis is newly introduced software that can provide data cannot be conveyed by conventional digital subtraction angiography alone. The software allows for objective assessment of the arterial steal and the parenchymal perfusion both pre, and post-embolization. Pre-embolization assessment may influence the therapeutic decision, while post-embolization assessment can evaluate the treatment efficacy.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Angiography, Digital Subtraction , Carotid Artery, Internal , Diplopia , Embolization, Therapeutic , Exophthalmos , Fistula , Hemodynamics , Humans , Male , Motor Vehicles , Perfusion , Treatment Outcome
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788751

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To describe our experiences with a fully equipped high-end digital subtraction angiography (DSA) system within a hybrid operating room (OR).METHODS: A single-plane DSA system with 3-dimensional rotational angiography, cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT), and real-time navigation software was used in our hybrid OR. Between April 2014 and January 2018, 191 sessions of cerebrovascular procedures were performed in our hybrid OR. After the retrospective review of all cases, the procedures were categorized into three subcategorical procedures : combined endovascular and surgical procedure, complementary rescue procedure during intervention and surgery, and frameless stereotaxic operation.RESULTS: Forty-nine of 191 procedures were performed using hybrid techniques. Four cases of blood blister aneurysms and a ruptured posterior inferior cerebellar artery aneurysm were treated using bypass surgery and endovascular trapping. Eight cases of ruptured aneurysm with intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) were treated by partial embolization and surgical clipping. Six cases of ruptured arteriovenous malformation with ICH were treated by Onyx embolization of nidus and subsequent surgical removal of nidus and ICH. Two (5.4%) of the 37 cases of pre-mature rupture during clipping were secured by endovascular coil embolization. In one (0.8%) complicated case of 103 intra-arterial thrombectomy procedures, emergency surgical embolectomy with bypass surgery was performed. In 27 cases of ICH, frameless stereotaxic hematoma aspiration was performed using XperGuide® system (Philips Medical Systems, Best, the Netherlands). All procedures were performed in single sessions without any procedural complications.CONCLUSION: Hybrid OR with a fully equipped DSA system could provide precise and safe treatment strategies for cerebrovascular diseases. Especially, we could suggest a strategy to cope flexibly in complex lesions or unexpected situations in hybrid OR. CBCT with real-time navigation software could augment the usefulness of hybrid OR.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Aneurysm, Ruptured , Angiography , Angiography, Digital Subtraction , Arteries , Arteriovenous Malformations , Blister , Cerebrovascular Disorders , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Embolectomy , Embolization, Therapeutic , Emergencies , Hematoma , Intracranial Hemorrhages , Operating Rooms , Retrospective Studies , Rupture , Surgical Instruments , Thrombectomy
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772488

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a digital subtraction angiography (DSA) information management and image analysis system to realize scientific management of DSA image information and efficient processing of image data.@*METHODS@#Based on Java Web under Windows 7 environment, a dynamic Browser/Server mode system was constructed by JSP and Servlet on the network. Eclipse and MySQL were used as development tool and database development platform. Tomcat network information service was used as application server. Matlab codes were embedded to analyze DSA image.@*RESULTS@#The system consists of five modules:image information management, image processing, image analysis, advanced retrieval and clinical data management. It may complete such process as storing, deleting, saving, analyzing of DSA image and basic information of patients.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The main interface of the system is user-friendly and easy to operate. The system will be helpful to the clinical, teaching and scientific research work related to DSA.


Subject(s)
Angiography, Digital Subtraction , Databases, Factual , Humans , Indonesia , Information Management , Internet , Software , User-Computer Interface
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785312

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Transforaminal epidural block (TFEB) is an effective treatment option for radicular pain. To reduce complications from intravascular injection during TFEB, use of imaging modalities such as real-time fluoroscopy (RTF) or digital subtraction angiography (DSA) has been recommended. In this study, we investigated whether DSA improved the detection of intravascular injection during TFEB at the whole spine level compared to RTF.METHODS: We prospectively examined 316 patients who underwent TFEB. After confirmation of final needle position using biplanar fluoroscopy, 2 mL of nonionic contrast medium was injected at a rate of 0.5 mL/s under RTF; 30 s later, 2 mL of nonionic contrast medium was injected at a rate of 0.5 mL/s under DSA.RESULTS: Thirty-six intravascular injections were detected for an overall rate of 11.4% using RTF, with 45 detected for a rate of 14.2% using DSA. The detection rate using DSA was statistically different from that using RTF (p=0.004). DSA detected a significantly higher proportion of intravascular injections at the cervical level than at the thoracic (p=0.009) and lumbar (p=0.011) levels.CONCLUSION: During TFEB at the whole spine level, DSA was better than RTF for the detection of intravascular injection. Special attention is advised for cervical TFEB, because of a significantly higher intravascular injection rate at this level than at other levels.


Subject(s)
Analgesia , Angiography, Digital Subtraction , Fluoroscopy , Humans , Needles , Prospective Studies , Radiculopathy , Spine
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL