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1.
Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo ; 29(3 Supl): 291-296, jul.-set. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1023081

ABSTRACT

Avaliar a eficácia diagnóstica da angiotomografia coronariana (AC) comparada com a cineangiocoronariografia (CAT). Material e Métodos: Foram avaliados retrospectivamente 146 pacientes submetidos a AC e CAT com angiografia coronariana quantitativa (ACQ), com intervalo médio de um mês entre os exames. O estudo foi realizado no Hospital Cardiológico Costantini. Foram avaliados os fatores de risco da amostra, a localização das lesões e o grau de severidade da obstrução coronariana nos grandes vasos (TCE, DA, CX e CD). Os resultados dos métodos diagnósticos foram comparados pelo coeficiente de correlação de Pearson. A partir dos achados positivos foi realizada a avaliação de correlação entre os métodos perante a severidade das lesões. Resultados: A amostra foi composta predominantemente por homens (73,97%), sendo a hipertensão arterial (HAS) (71,91%) o fator de risco mais frequente. A artéria mais acometida foi a DA. Quanto ao grau de severidade das lesões, os resultados foram os seguintes na comparação entre AC e CAT: lesões discretas com correlação r = 0,23; moderadas com r = 0,53 e severas com r = 0,70. Na comparação entre AC e ACQ: lesões discretas com correlação r = 0,45; moderadas com r = 0,70 e severas com r = 0,67. Conclusão: A AC apresentou moderada com ACQ e CAT em lesões moderadas e severas, e forte correlação na ausência de lesões quando comparada com ACQ


To evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of multislice CT coronary angiotomography compared with coronary cineangiography. Material and Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 146 patients submitted to MSCT and CA with quantitative coronary angiography (QCA), with a mean interval of one month between the exams. The study was carried out at the Costantini Cardiology Hospital. The risk factors for the sample, the location of the lesions and the degree of severity of the coronary obstruction in the large vessels (LCT, AD, CX and RC).The results of the diagnostic methods were compared using Pearson correlation coefficient. From the positive findings, a correlation evaluation was performed between the methods for the severity of the lesions. Results: The sample consisted predominantly of men (73.97%), and hypertension (SAH) (71.91%) was the most frequent risk factor. The most affected artery was AD. Regarding the degree of severity of the lesions, the results were as follows in the comparison between MSCT and CA: mild lesions with correlation r = 0.23, moderate with r = 0.53 and severe with r = 0.70. In the comparison between MSCT and QCA: mild lesions with correlation r = 0.45, moderate with r = 0.70 and severe with r = 0.67. Conclusion: MSCT showed moderate correlation with QCA and CA in moderate and severe lesions, and a strong correlation in the absence of lesions when compared with QCA


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Angiography/methods , Angiography, Digital Subtraction/methods , Coronary Angiography/methods , Diagnostic Imaging/methods , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Magnetic Resonance Angiography/methods , Computed Tomography Angiography/methods , Hypertension
2.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 33(3): 309-311, May-June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-958415

ABSTRACT

Abstract Moyamoya disease is a rare, idiopathic, progressive, occlusive disease of the internal carotid artery characterized by the development of collateral vasculature in the brain base. In patients with accompanying coronary artery disease, cardiopulmonary bypass posses a potential risk for perioperative cerebral ischemic complication. Herein, we report a 53-year-old male case of Moyamoya disease and coronary artery disease who was treated with off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Stenosis/complications , Coronary Artery Bypass, Off-Pump/methods , Moyamoya Disease/surgery , Angiography, Digital Subtraction/methods , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Coronary Angiography/methods , Ultrasonography, Doppler/methods , Coronary Stenosis/diagnostic imaging , Moyamoya Disease/diagnostic imaging
3.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 74(9): 713-717, Sept. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-796056

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Intracranial aneurysm (IA) rupture is responsible for 80% of spontaneous arachnoid hemorrhages and associated with an extremely high mortality rate. Two possible surgical interventions are endovascular embolization and microsurgical clipping. Three-dimensional (3D) prototyping models help in surgical planning minimizing perioperative risks in both methods and reducing operating time. Methods 3D biomodels were printed with flexible material (elastomer) using angiotomographic DICOM acquired images and compared to 3D digital subtraction angiography (DSA) images. Results 3D biomodels represented the aneurysm angioarchitecture exactly, especially the neck and domus features. Conclusion Elastomers 3D biomodels proved to be a trustworthy representation of the angiotomographic images and could be used to help surgical planning in IA treatment.


RESUMO A ruptura dos aneurismas intracranianos é responsável por 80% das hemorragias subaracnóideas espontâneas e está associada a uma taxa de mortalidade extremamente alta. Duas intervenções cirúrgicas viáveis são embolização endovascular e clipagem microcirúrgica. Os modelos de prototipagem tridimensional (3D) auxiliam no planejamento cirúrgico e na diminuição dos riscos intra-operatórios nos dois procedimentos e redução do tempo da cirurgia. Métodos Foram impressos biomodelos em 3D com material flexível (elastômero) utilizando imagens DICOM de angiotomografia e comparados com imagens de angiografia por subtração digital em 3D (DAS). Resultados Biomodelos em 3D representam com exatidão a angioarquitetura do aneurisma, particularmente os detalhes do colo e domus. Conclusão Biomodelos em 3D com elastômeros mostraram ser uma representação confiável das imagens angiotomográficas, podendo ser utilizados no planejamento cirúrgico no tratamento de IA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Angiography, Digital Subtraction/methods , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Elastomers , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Models, Anatomic , Time Factors , Reproducibility of Results , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Simulation Training/methods , Microsurgery/methods
4.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 30(6): 650-656, Nov.-Dec. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-774548

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: Despite the patient and medical staff exposure to radiation in endovascular aneurysm repair, the benefits of this abdominal aortic aneurysm type of surgical management are justfied by minor recovery time and hospitalization, as well as an option for patients not elected to conventional open repair. In this minimally invasive surgical aproach, time of procedure and radiation doses can be substantial - and the increasing frequency of these procedures and it's complexity have impelled vascular surgeons to face additional and successive risk to occupational radiation exposure. Meticulous study of the computed tomography angiography during the endovascular aneurysm repair preparation allows reduction of unnecessary radiation exposure, as also reduces consecutive image acquisition and contrast use (that may be related to renal overload in susceptible patients). Some studies have proposed strategies to optimize endovascular intervention to reduce contrast use and X-ray exposure. Although they might prove to be effective, they rely on use of additional specific and advanced equipment, available only in major centers. As an alternative to this expensive and restrict technology, it is presented a simpler technique through image manipulation on software OsiriX, aiming to reduce both exposures. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the efficacy of the adoption of a study protocol and a script-based guide in preparation for endovascular aneurysm repair through verifying it's impact over the surgical procedure - as referred to intravascular contrast infuse, effects over renal function, blood loss and operatory time. METHODS: A longitudinal prospective study from March 2014 through March 2015, where 30 performed endovascular aneurysm repair were compared to a historic control group. The planning for endovascular aneurysm repair through the patient's tomographic image manipulation in the prospective group was performed with OsiriX MD software. A script-based guide upon gathering detailed computed tomography angiography images was elaborated by the author and distributed to the performing surgical team for appreciation, instruction and pre operatory judgment. Based upon the script, the C-arm gantry angle was specifically corrected in each case of endovascular aneurysm repair, for image optimization and aneurysm's neck visualization. Arteriography was performed under digital subtraction angiography after catheters were positioned according to predicted level description in the referred guide. Statistical analysis were performed with a significance level of 5% (P value<0.05). RESULTS: There was a statistically significant relationship between the two studied periods and the variables: contrast volume (284.5 vs. 31.8 mL), operative time (207.5 vs. 140.4 min.) and blood loss (798.1 vs. 204.4 mL), revealing that they are considerably larger in the historical control group than in the script guided current group. There was no difference related to the volume of contrast used in the two groups and the occurrence of renal impairment. CONCLUSION: In the present paper it was possible to demonstrate the impact of the ability to manipulate digital formats of medical images without the need of sophisticated equipment, in adoption of a guide based on the compilation of informations collected with assistance of an accessible software performed on a personal computer. Although we could not prove relation to occurrence of renal impairment, there were direct results on reduction of intravascular contrast use, even as surgical time and blood loss, compared to a previous historical period.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Radiation Exposure/prevention & control , Angiography, Digital Subtraction/methods , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal , Blood Loss, Surgical/prevention & control , Contrast Media/administration & dosage , Contrast Media/adverse effects , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted/methods , Longitudinal Studies , Operative Time , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
5.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 73(7): 607-610, 07/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-752386

ABSTRACT

Indocyanine green (ICG) video angiography has been used for several medical indications in the last decades. It allows a real time evaluation of vascular structures during the surgery. This study describes the surgical results of a senior vascular neurosurgeon. We retrospectively searched our database for all aneurysm cases treated with the aid of intraoperative ICG from 2009 to 2014. A total of 61 aneurysms in 56 patients were surgically clipped using intraoperative ICG. Clip reposition after ICG happened in 2 patients (3.2%). Generally, highly variable clip adjustment rates of 2%–38% following ICG have been reported since the introduction of this imaging technique. The application of ICG in vascular neurosurgery is still an emerging challenge. It is an adjunctive strategy which facilitates aneurismal evaluation and treatment in experienced hands. Nevertheless, a qualified vascular neurosurgeon is still the most important component of a high quality work.


A angiografia intraoperatória com indocianina verde (ICG) já foi aplicada em diversas situações clínicas por vários anos. O ICG permite avaliação em tempo real de estruturas vasculares durante a cirurgia. Este artigo descreve os resultados cirúrgicos do autor sênior. Avaliamos retrospectivamente os casos de aneurismas intracranianos operados de 2009 a 2014. Um total de 61 aneurismas em 56 pacientes foram operados com ICG. O reposicionamento do clip ocorreu em 2 casos (3.2%). Geralmente, taxas variáveis de reposicionamento do clip têm sido descritas (2%–38%). A aplicação de ICG na neurocirurgia vascular ainda é um desafio crescente. É um artifício que auxilia na avaliação e tratamento de aneurismas intracranianos em mãos experientes. No entanto, um neurocirurgião vascular continua sendo o principal componente de um resultado cirúrgico de alto nível.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Coloring Agents , Cerebral Angiography/methods , Indocyanine Green , Intracranial Aneurysm , Intracranial Aneurysm/surgery , Monitoring, Intraoperative/methods , Angiography, Digital Subtraction/methods , Intraoperative Period , Neurosurgical Procedures/methods , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Surgical Instruments , Treatment Outcome , Video-Assisted Surgery/methods
6.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 403-409, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-141641

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose was to evaluate the incidence and risk factors for rebleeding during cerebral angiography in ruptured intracranial aneurysms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Among 1896 patients with ruptured intracranial aneurysms between September 2006 and December 2013, a total of 11 patients who experienced rebleeding of the ruptured aneurysms during digital subtraction angiography (DSA) were recruited in this study. RESULTS: There were 184 patients (9.7%) who had suffered rebleeding prior to the securing procedure. Among them, 11 patients experienced rebleeding during DSA and other 173 patients at a time other than DSA. Eight (72.7%) of the 11 patients experienced rebleeding during three-dimensional rotational angiography (3DRA). The incidence of rebleeding during DSA was 0.6% in patients with ruptured intracranial aneurysms. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that aneurysm location in anterior circulation [odds ratio=14.286; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.877 to 250.0; p=0.048] and higher aspect ratio (odds ratio=3.040; 95% CI, 1.896 to 10.309; p=0.041) remained independent risk factors for rebleeding during DSA. CONCLUSION: Ruptured aneurysms located in anterior circulation with a high aspect ratio might have the risk of rebleeding during DSA, especially during 3DRA.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aneurysm, Ruptured , Angiography, Digital Subtraction/methods , Cerebral Angiography/methods , Female , Humans , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Incidence , Intracranial Aneurysm/epidemiology , Intracranial Hemorrhages/epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Recurrence , Risk Factors , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
7.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 403-409, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-141640

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose was to evaluate the incidence and risk factors for rebleeding during cerebral angiography in ruptured intracranial aneurysms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Among 1896 patients with ruptured intracranial aneurysms between September 2006 and December 2013, a total of 11 patients who experienced rebleeding of the ruptured aneurysms during digital subtraction angiography (DSA) were recruited in this study. RESULTS: There were 184 patients (9.7%) who had suffered rebleeding prior to the securing procedure. Among them, 11 patients experienced rebleeding during DSA and other 173 patients at a time other than DSA. Eight (72.7%) of the 11 patients experienced rebleeding during three-dimensional rotational angiography (3DRA). The incidence of rebleeding during DSA was 0.6% in patients with ruptured intracranial aneurysms. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that aneurysm location in anterior circulation [odds ratio=14.286; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.877 to 250.0; p=0.048] and higher aspect ratio (odds ratio=3.040; 95% CI, 1.896 to 10.309; p=0.041) remained independent risk factors for rebleeding during DSA. CONCLUSION: Ruptured aneurysms located in anterior circulation with a high aspect ratio might have the risk of rebleeding during DSA, especially during 3DRA.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aneurysm, Ruptured , Angiography, Digital Subtraction/methods , Cerebral Angiography/methods , Female , Humans , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Incidence , Intracranial Aneurysm/epidemiology , Intracranial Hemorrhages/epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Recurrence , Risk Factors , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
8.
Rev. chil. neurocir ; 40(2): 111-116, 2014. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-997446

ABSTRACT

Aneurismas cerebrales son una enfermedad grave, a pesar del alto grado de conocimiento respecto su fisiopatología y patogenia. La letalidad de ruptura de un aneurisma cerebral es todavía alrededor de 50%, allá de altas tasas de morbilidad. El tratamiento endovascular ha evolucionado en las últimas décadas para mejorar los resultados. Se presenta el caso de un paciente con síntomas neurológicos graves secundarios a la hemorragia subaracnoidea, cuya investigación mostró múltiples aneurismas. Varios dispositivos fueron utilizados en modalidades terapéuticas endovasculares consecutivas, incluyendo la embolización con remodelación, colocación de stents y desviador de flujo, con buen resultado clínico y angiográfico.


Cerebral aneurysms are a serious illness, despite the high degree of knowledge about its pathophysiology and pathogenesis. The lethality of cerebral aneurysm´s rupture is still about 50% beyond high morbidity. Endovascular treatment has evolved in recent decades to improve outcomes. It is reported the case of a patient with severe neurological symptoms secondary to subarachnoid hemorrhage, whose examination showed multiple aneurysms. Several devices were used on consecutive endovascular therapeutic modalities, including remodeling embolization, stenting and flow diverter, with good clinical and angiographic outcome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Intracranial Aneurysm/surgery , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnosis , Intracranial Aneurysm/mortality , Anterior Cerebral Artery/injuries , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Diagnostic Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Angiography, Digital Subtraction/methods , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-184378

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the interobserver and intermodality agreement in the interpretation of time-of-flight (TOF) MR angiography (MRA) for the follow-up of coiled intracranial aneurysms with the Enterprise stent. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two experienced neurointerventionists independently reviewed the follow-up MRA studies of 40 consecutive patients with 44 coiled aneurysms. All aneurysms were treated with assistance from the Enterprise stent and the radiologic follow-up intervals were greater than 6 months after the endovascular therapy. Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) served as the reference standard. The degree of aneurysm occlusion was determined by an evaluation of the maximal intensity projection (MIP) and source images (SI) of the TOF MRA. The capability of the TOF MRA to depict the residual flow within the coiled aneurysms and the stented parent arteries was compared with that of the DSA. RESULTS: DSA showed stable occlusions in 25 aneurysms, minor recanalization in 8, and major recanalization in 11. Comparisons between the TOF MRA and conventional angiography showed that the MIP plus SI had almost perfect agreement (kappa = 0.892, range 0.767 to 1.000) and had better agreement than with the MIP images only (kappa = 0.598, range 0.370 to 0.826). In-stent stenosis of more than 33% was observed in 5 cases. Both MIP and SI of the MRA showed poor depiction of in-stent stenosis compared with the DSA. CONCLUSION: TOF MRA seemed to be reliable in screening for aneurysm recurrence after coil embolization with Enterprise stent assistance, especially in the evaluation of the SI, in addition to MIP images in the TOF MRA.


Subject(s)
Angiography, Digital Subtraction/methods , Cerebral Angiography/methods , Embolization, Therapeutic/instrumentation , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnosis , Magnetic Resonance Angiography/methods , Male , Middle Aged , Observer Variation , Recurrence , Reference Standards , Stents
10.
J. vasc. bras ; 11(1): 18-21, -mar. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-623425

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Avaliar o resultado do implante de filtro em veia cava inferior empregando angiografia digital por subtração com dioxide de carbono (CO2) como meio de contraste. MÉTODOS: No período de abril de 2010 a fevereiro de 2011, sete pacientes foram submetidos ao implante de filtro na veia cava inferior, utilizando-se CO2 como meio de contraste em subtração digital. Os pacientes apresentaram como critério de inclusão trombose venosa profunda no setor ilíaco-femoral e contraindicação à anticoagulação. RESULTADOS: Foi obtido sucesso técnico em todos os casos, com adequada visualização da veia cava e veias renais, não havendo complicações relacionadas ao uso do CO2 ou ao procedimento. CONCLUSÃO: O implante de filtro de veia cava utilizando o CO2 como meio de contraste é segura e efetiva em pacientes portadores de alergia ao contraste iodado ou com insuficiência renal não dialítica.


OBJECTIVE: To assess the use of digital subtraction with carbon dioxide (CO2 ) for vena cava filter implant. METHODS: From April (2)010 to February (2)011, seven patients underwent inferior vena cava filter placement with digital subtraction angiography with the use of CO2 as contrast media. All patients had iliac and femoral deep venous thrombosis and contraindications for anticoagulation. RESULTS: Technical success was achieved in all cases. Inferior vena cava e renal veins were identified in all cases. There were no evidences of complications related to the use of CO2 during or after the procedure. CONCLUSION: The placement of inferior vena cava filter with CO2 and digital subtraction angiography is safe and effective with good results in patients with renal insufficiency and allergy to iodine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angiography, Digital Subtraction/methods , Carbon Dioxide , Venous Thrombosis/diagnosis , Vena Cava Filters
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-28655

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the pattern of right gastric venous drainage by use of digital subtraction angiography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A series of 100 consecutive patients who underwent right gastric arteriography during transcatheter arterial chemoembolization for hepatocellular carcinoma were included in this study. Angiographic findings were retrospectively analyzed with respect to the presence or absence of the right and aberrant gastric veins, multiplicity of draining veins, aberrant right gastric venous drainage sites, and the termination pattern of aberrant right gastric veins (ARGVs). We also compared the relative size of the right and left gastric veins. RESULTS: A total of 49 patients collectively had 66 ARGVs. The common drainage sites for the ARGVs included the hepatic segment IV (n = 35) and segment I (n = 15). The termination pattern of ARGV could be classified into 4 different types. The most common type was termination as a superficial parenchymal blush formation in small areas without demonstrable portal branches. A statistically significant difference was found for the dominancy of the right gastric vein in gastric venous drainage between the two groups with or without ARGV (p < 0.05, Fisher's exact test). In the group of patients without ARGV (n = 51), the right gastric vein was equal to (n = 9) or larger than (n = 17) the left gastric vein in 26 patients (26 of 51, 51%). CONCLUSION: The incidence of ARGV is higher than expected with four distinct types in its termination pattern. The right gastric vein may play a dominant role in gastric venous drainage.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Angiography, Digital Subtraction/methods , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/therapy , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic/methods , Contrast Media , Female , Humans , Iohexol/analogs & derivatives , Liver Neoplasms/therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Stomach/blood supply , Veins
12.
Clinics ; 66(4): 641-648, 2011. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-588917

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To compare the time-of-flight and contrast-enhanced- magnetic resonance angiography techniques in a 3 Tesla magnetic resonance unit with digital subtraction angiography with the latest flat-panel technology and 3D reconstruction in the evaluation of embolized cerebral aneurysms. INTRODUCTION: Many embolized aneurysms are subject to a recurrence of intra-aneurismal filling. Traditionally, imaging surveillance of coiled aneurysms has consisted of repeated digital subtraction angiography. However, this method has a small but significant risk of neurological complications, and many authors have advocated the use of noninvasive imaging methods for the surveillance of embolized aneurysms. METHODS: Forty-three aneurysms in 30 patients were studied consecutively between November 2009 and May 2010. Two interventional neuroradiologists rated the time-of-flight-magnetic resonance angiography, the contrast-enhanced-magnetic resonance angiography, and finally the digital subtraction angiography, first independently and then in consensus. The status of aneurysm occlusion was assessed according to the Raymond scale, which indicates the level of recanalization according to degrees: Class 1: excluded aneurysm; Class 2: persistence of a residual neck; Class 3: persistence of a residual aneurysm. The agreement among the analyses was assessed by applying the Kappa statistic. RESULTS: Inter-observer agreement was excellent for both methods (K = 0.93; 95 percent CI: 0.84-1). Inter-technical agreement was almost perfect between time-of-flight-magnetic resonance angiography and digital subtraction angiography (K = 0.98; 95 percent CI: 0.93-1) and between time-of-flight-magnetic resonance angiography and contrast-enhanced-magnetic resonance angiography (K = 0.98; 95 percent CI: 0.93-1). Disagreement occurred in only one case (2.3 percent), which was classified as Class I by time-of-flight-magnetic resonance angiography and Class II by digital subtraction angiography. The agreement between contrast-enhanced-magnetic resonance angiography and digital subtraction angiography was perfect (K = 1; 95 percent CI: 1-1). In three patients, in-stent stenosis was identified by magnetic resonance angiography but not confirmed by digital subtraction angiography. CONCLUSION: Digital subtraction angiography and both 3T magnetic resonance angiography techniques have excellent reproducibility for the assessment of aneurysms embolized exclusively with coils. In those cases also treated with stent remodeling, digital subtraction angiography may still be necessary to confirm eventual parent artery stenosis, as identified by magnetic resonance angiography.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angiography, Digital Subtraction/methods , Contrast Media , Embolization, Therapeutic , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnosis , Magnetic Resonance Angiography/methods , Epidemiologic Methods , Embolization, Therapeutic/instrumentation , Intracranial Aneurysm/therapy , Observer Variation , Recurrence
13.
Radiol. bras ; 43(1): 29-33, jan.-fev. 2010. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-542686

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Relatar os resultados preliminares da aplicação da técnica de "remodelagem do colo" no tratamento dos aneurismas de colo largo da artéria renal. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Cinco pacientes (três mulheres e dois homens, com idade média de 62 anos, intervalo de 49-72 anos) com aneurismas da artéria renal variando de 10 a 25 mm de diâmetro, de colo largo, foram tratados com técnicas de embolização assistidas por "remodelagem do colo" com balão durante o período de três anos. O microbalão era posicionado diante do colo do aneurisma e insuflado, temporariamente, durante a colocação das micromolas destacáveis no interior do aneurisma. RESULTADOS: O posicionamento do balão e a colocação das micromolas foram realizados com êxito em todos os casos. Oclusão completa do aneurisma, sem protrusão de micromolas ou obstrução do vaso parental, foi alcançada em todos os pacientes. CONCLUSÃO: Nossa experiência preliminar indica que a aplicação da técnica de "remodelagem do colo" no tratamento dos aneurismas de colo largo da artéria renal é tecnicamente viável e eficaz para o tratamento endovascular de aneurismas complexos da artéria renal, sem o sacrifício de qualquer ramo arterial.


OBJECTIVE: To report preliminary results of aneurysm neck remodeling in the management of wide-necked renal artery aneurysms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five patients (three women and two men between 49-72 years; mean age, 62 years) with wide-necked renal artery aneurysms measuring from 10 to 25 mm in diameter were submitted to balloon-assisted coil embolization along a three-year period. The micro-balloon was placed along the aneurysm neck and temporarily inflated for introduction of detachable microcoils into the aneurysmal sac. RESULTS: Balloon positioning and microcoil embolization were successfully completed in all of the cases with achievement of complete aneurysm occlusion without coil protrusion or parent vessel obstruction. CONCLUSION: The present preliminary experiment indicates that the "aneurysm neck remodeling" is technically feasible and effective in the management of complex renal artery aneurysms without sacrificing any arterial branch.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aneurysm , Renal Artery/injuries , Angiography, Digital Subtraction/methods , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color/methods
14.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 69(6): 837-843, nov.-dez. 2006. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-440421

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Avaliar a segurança, eficiência e custos do exame angiofluoresceinográfico utilizando menor dosagem de contraste e aparelho digital com máquina de fotocópia a laser. MÉTODOS: Estudo prospectivo e comparativo entre um grupo de 70 pacientes que foi submetido à avaliação angiográfica com retinógrafo convencional, injetando-se 5 ml de fluoresceína sódica a 10 por cento (grupo controle), e um grupo de 70 pacientes que foi submetido à avaliação angiográfica com retinógrafo digital injetando-se 2 ml de fluoresceína a 10 por cento (grupo estudo). Pressão arterial, freqüência cardíaca e oximetria foram avaliadas antes e após a injeção de contraste. Reações orgânicas, relacionadas ao exame, foram notificadas. A qualidade das fotografias e os custos foram comparados entre as duas técnicas. RESULTADOS: Observou-se que os pacientes do grupo controle apresentaram maior aumento da pressão arterial sistólica e diastólica. Freqüência cardíaca, oximetria e reações adversas não demonstraram diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre os dois grupos. Quanto à qualidade das fotografias foi notado melhor desempenho no grupo controle. Quanto aos custos observou-se que o exame realizado no grupo estudo proporcionou economia de aproximadamente 54,8 por cento por exame em relação ao grupo controle. CONCLUSÃO: A realização do exame com menor dosagem de fluoresceína, utilizando equipamento digital com máquina de fotocópia a laser, proporcionou maior estabilidade da pressão arterial sistólica e diastólica, porém não exerceu influência sobre a freqüência cardíaca, oximetria e reações adversas como náusea, vômito, síncope e urticária. A qualidade das fotografias pode ser considerada inferior, porém possibilitou a realização de diagnóstico e orientação terapêutica para quem executou o exame. Economicamente apresentou geração de lucro de 66,26 por cento contra 25,81 por cento do equipamento convencional.


PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety, effectiveness, and cost of angiofluoresceinographic examination by using both the least amount of dye as well as digital equipment along with a laser photocopier. METHODS: Prospective and comparative study carried out in a group of 70 patients, who underwent an angiographic evaluation with a conventional retinographer injecting 5 ml sodium fluorescein at 10 percent (control group) as well as a group of 70 patients who underwent an angiographic evaluation with a digital retinographer injecting 2 ml fluorescein at 10 percent (study group). Arterial pressure, heart rate and oximetry were assessed prior to and after the dye injection. Organic reactions related to the examination were reported. Photograph quality as well as cost between the two techniques were compared. RESULTS: Control group patients showed a greater increase in systolic and diastolic arterial pressure. Heart rate, oximetry measurement and adverse reactions did not show any significant statistical differences between both groups. As for the quality of photographs, a better performance was noticed in the control group. As for the cost, the examination carried out in the study group required lower cost and thus saved around 54.8 percent per examination in relation to the control group. CONCLUSION: The examination carried out with a lower dose of fluorescein using digital equipment along with a laser photocopier provided greater stability in the systolic and diastolic arterial pressure. However, it did not have any influence on heart rate, oximetry or adverse reactions such as nausea, vomiting, syncope and rashes. The quality of photographs was poor although they enabled diagnosis as well as therapy follow-up for those who carried out the examination. Moreover, economically the above procedure represented a gain of 66.26 percent, against 25.81 percent in relation to the conventional equipment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Contrast Media/administration & dosage , Fluorescein Angiography/economics , Fluorescein Angiography/standards , Fluorescein/administration & dosage , Retinal Diseases/diagnosis , Angiography, Digital Subtraction/economics , Angiography, Digital Subtraction/methods , Angiography, Digital Subtraction/standards , Blood Pressure/drug effects , Costs and Cost Analysis , Contrast Media/adverse effects , Copying Processes/standards , Fluorescein Angiography/methods , Fluorescein/adverse effects , Heart Rate/drug effects , Lasers , Oximetry , Prospective Studies , Time Factors , Vomiting/etiology
15.
Neurol India ; 2005 Sep; 53(3): 287-9; discussion 290
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-120353

ABSTRACT

AIMS: Three-dimensional reconstruction of intracranial vessels is of interest for evaluation of aneurysms. This study determined diagnostic difference of three-dimensional digital subtraction angiography (3D-DSA, volume-rendering image) versus 2D-DSA for evaluating ruptured intracranial aneurysms, particularly focusing on the size of aneurysms as depicted in both images. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Sixty-nine patients underwent 3D-DSA and 2D-DSA. The relative size of an aneurysm, which is the ratio of the maximal diameter of an aneurysm to the diameter of a major vessel, was compared between imaging techniques. In addition, relative sizes of smaller aneurysms (< 5 mm) were compared with those of larger aneurysms (>10 mm). Statistical analysis used: For comparison of aneurysm size and location of aneurysm, statistical analysis was performed with the Yates chi square test; statistical significance was set with a P value of less than 0.05. RESULTS: Sixty-three (73.3%) of the 86 total aneurysms were bigger when measured with 3D-DSA versus 2D-DSA. When measured with 3D-DSA, 28 (84.8%) of the 33 smaller aneurysms were bigger, and 50% of the larger aneurysms were bigger versus measurements of 2D-DSA images (P < 0.05). In ACA and ICA territories, which tended to have smaller mean aneurysmal size, relative size of the aneurysm was bigger when measured with 3D-DSA (81.5% and 81.0%, respectively). In MCA, where the mean aneurysmal size was the largest, relative size of aneurysms was bigger when measured with 3D-DSA in 15 cases (53.6%, P < 0.05). In the posterior circulation, aneurysm size was similar between 3D-DSA and 2D-DSA measurements. CONCLUSIONS: 3D-DSA, especially volume-rendering images, tends to depict ruptured intracranial aneurysms bigger than 2D-DSA. This is particularly true with cerebral aneurysms that are < 5 mm in size and are located in the anterior circulation, especially ICA and ACA territories.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm, Ruptured/diagnostic imaging , Angiography, Digital Subtraction/methods , Cerebral Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted/methods , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies
16.
J. vasc. bras ; 3(3): 277-280, set. 2004. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-404086

ABSTRACT

A doença cística da artéria poplítea é rara, mas é uma causa conhecida de claudicação intermitente. Sua etiologia permanece controversa e a literatura apresenta várias hipóteses para a sua origem. O diagnóstico começa com a história e o exame físico sendo complementado pelo eco-Doppler, pela angiografia digital e pela ressonância nuclear magnética. Apresentamos uma paciente de 69 anos de idade com intensa dor tipo queimação e claudicação intermitente para 50 m, com longo tempo de evolução. Os exames revelaram a presença de um cisto da artéria poplítea, causando oclusão completa da luz. A cirurgia foi realizada com a ressecção do cisto e preferimos não usar a veia safena em enxerto devido ao ótimo resultado observado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Popliteal Artery/surgery , Popliteal Artery/injuries , Intermittent Claudication/complications , Intermittent Claudication/diagnosis , Angiography, Digital Subtraction/methods
18.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 908-914, 2003.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-205356

ABSTRACT

We report a hemodynamical assessment of the blood turnover pattern as well as the imaging of cavernous hemangioma in a cavernous sinus using time-resolved contrast enhanced 2D projection MRA, also known as MR-DSA, and conventional digital subtraction angiography (DSA), before and after radiotherapy. MR-DSA showed very fast dynamical images of a contrast turnover pattern and was well matched with the findings obtained from DSA. MR-DSA is a non-invasive study, and can replace DSA in examining a vascular tumor for the initial work-up and follow-up examination.


Subject(s)
Angiography, Digital Subtraction/methods , Cavernous Sinus/diagnostic imaging , Female , Hemangioma, Cavernous/diagnostic imaging , Hemodynamics , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Angiography , Middle Aged
19.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 138-142, 2003.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-26470

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and safety of using gadolinium-chelates for digital subtraction angiography (DSA) in patients with contraindications to iodinated contrast material, and to assess the clinically effective concentration of gadolinium (Gd). Gadopentetate dimeglumine and iopromide were used in density measurements. Using 20 mL disposable syringes, serial dilutions of Gd and iopromide with saline were performed. Computed tomography scanning was done and the attenuation of each was recorded as mean Hounsfield units using region of interest analysis. Clinical trials were done in twelve patients with the following types of angiogram or intervention: hemodialysis access, percutaneous biliary drainage, percutaneous nephrostomy, cerebral angiography and transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) in hepatocellular carcinoma. The density of 1 : 1 diluted Gd was nearly equal to that of 1 : 4 dilution of iopromide, and that of pure Gd was similar to or less than that of 1 : 1 dilution of iopromide. Serum creatinine level was not elevated in any of the patients. Gd is a safe alternative agent in patients with contraindications to iodinated contrast materials. Pure Gd without dilution is the most clinically useful concentration.


Subject(s)
Angiography, Digital Subtraction/methods , Contrast Media/adverse effects , Feasibility Studies , Gadolinium DTPA/adverse effects , Humans , Safety
20.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 59(2B): 435-439, Jun. 2001. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-286431

ABSTRACT

Apresentamos o caso de um menino com seis anos de idade, de descendência japonesa, nascido na cidade de Säo Paulo, Brasil, com súbita instalaçäo de déficit de força muscular em hemicorpo esquerdo. A tomografia computadorizada do crânio evidenciou área isquêmica fronto-parietal direita e através da angiografia cerebral digital por cateterismo de artéria femural, confirmamos o diagnóstico de doença cérebrovascular oclusiva crônica (moyamoya). Revisando a literatura, verificamos que com alguma frequência, precedendo a instalaçäo do quadro neurológico ocorrem sintomas sugestivos de infecçäo de vias aéreas superiores, fato que também ocorreu no caso que relatamos, contribuindo para a etiologia inflamatória-imunológica desta patologia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Moyamoya Disease , Angiography, Digital Subtraction/methods , Cerebral Angiography/methods , Moyamoya Disease/etiology
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