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1.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 22: e20236639, 01 jan 2023. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1442731

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Comparar o atendimento de infartados submetidos à angioplastia antes e durante a pandemia da COVID-19. MÉTODO: Pesquisa transversal, de abordagem retrospectiva, com 498 pacientes, por meio de prontuários eletrônicos e físicos, referente a atendimentos antes e durante a pandemia, no serviço de hemodinâmica de hospital de referência para doenças cardiovasculares. Dados analisados por estatística descritiva e inferencial. RESULTADOS: Em 2019, pré-pandemia, realizaram-se 157 procedimentos de intervenção coronária percutânea. Em 2020, início da pandemia, 166 procedimentos, aumento de 5,73%. Em 2021, ocorreram 175 procedimentos, acréscimo de 11,46% em comparação a 2019. CONCLUSÃO: Houve aumento no número de procedimentos de ATC, em 11,46% de 2019 a 2021, com consequente elevação da assistência de enfermagem e multiprofissional durante a pandemia da COVID-19.


OBJECTIVE: To compare the care provided to infarcted patients submitted to angioplasty before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHOD: Cross-sectional research, with a retrospective approach, conducted with 498 patients through the assessment of electronic and physical medical records, referring to care provided before and during the pandemic in the hemodynamics clinic of a reference hospital for cardiovascular diseases. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used. RESULTS: In 2019, pre-pandemic period, 157 percutaneous coronary angioplasties were performed. In 2020, at the pandemic's beginning, 166 procedures were performed ­ an increase of 5.73%. In 2021, there were 175 procedures ­an increase of 11.46% compared to 2019. CONCLUSION: There was an increase in percutaneous coronary angioplasties by 11.46% from 2019 to 2021, with a consequent increase in nursing and multidisciplinary care during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Angioplasty , COVID-19 , Myocardial Infarction/therapy , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Heart Disease Risk Factors
2.
J. nurs. health ; 12(3): 212320603, out.2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1426056

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: descrever as principais complicações pós-angioplastia primária em um hospital universitário. Método: pesquisa descritiva, com análise documental de registros de 78 pacientes submetidos à angioplastia primária. A coleta de dados ocorreu de setembro a novembro de 2020, em prontuários impressos, através de instrumento previamente elaborado. A análise foi por estatística descritiva. Resultados: predomínio de idosos, com média de 60,7 anos, do sexo masculino (76%), hipertensos (67,9%) e tabagistas (35,9%). As principais complicações encontradas foram hematoma (17,9%), nefropatia induzida por contraste (12,8%) e retenção urinária (5,1%). Os eventos cardíacos adversos maiores mais prevalentes foram reestenose coronariana (7,7%), óbito cardíaco (3,8%), infarto agudo do miocárdio (1,3%) e cirurgia de revascularização do miocárdio de urgência (1,3%). Conclusões: a identificação das complicações pós-angioplastia primária pode ofertar subsídios para qualificar o cuidado através da criação de protocolos de prevenção e intervenção precoce aos eventos adversos aos pacientes submetidos ao procedimento.(AU)


Objective: to describe the main complications after primary percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty in a university hospital. Method: descriptive, research with documentary analysis with data of 78 patients submitted to primary angioplasty. Data collection took place from September to November 2020, in printed medical records, using a previously prepared instrument. The analysis was by descriptive statistics. Results: predominance of elderly, with an average of 60.7 years, male (76%), hypertensive (67.9%) and smokers (35.9%). The main complications found were hematoma (17.9%), contrast-induced nephropathy (12.8%) and urinary retention (5.1%). The most prevalent major adverse cardiac events were coronary restenosis (7.7%), cardiac death (3.8%), acute myocardial infarction (1.3%) and urgent myocardial revascularization surgery (1.3%). Conclusions: the identification of complications after primary angioplasty can offer subsidies to qualify care through the creation of prevention and early intervention protocols for adverse events in patients undergoing the procedure.(AU)


Objetivo: describir las principales complicaciones posteriores a la angioplastia coronaria transluminal percutánea primaria en un hospital universitario. Método: investigación por análisis documental de registros de 78 pacientes sometidos a angioplastia primario. La recolección de datos fue en septiembre a diciembre de 2020, en historias clínicas impresas, por instrumento preparado previamente. El análisis fue descriptivo. Resultados: predominio de ancianos, con una media de 60,7 años, varones (76%), hipertensos (67,9%) y fumadores (35,9%). Las principales complicaciones encontradas fueron hematoma (17,9%), nefropatía por contraste (12,8%) y retención urinaria (5,1%). Los eventos cardíacos adversos mayores más prevalentes fueron la reestenosis coronaria (7,7%), muerte cardíaca (3,8%), infarto agudo de miocardio (1,3%) y cirugía urgente de revascularización del miocardio (1,3%). Conclusiones: la identificación de las complicaciones después de la angioplastia primaria puede ofrecer subsidios para calificar la atención mediante la creación de protocolos de prevención e intervención temprana de eventos adversos en pacientes sometidos al procedimiento.(AU)


Subject(s)
Angioplasty , Myocardial Infarction , Postoperative Complications
3.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408201

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La diabetes mellitus constituye un factor de riesgo distintivo en la enfermedad arterial periférica. Esta produce típicamente la afectación de los vasos infrageniculares, asociada con mayor predisposición a ulceración y amputación que en pacientes no diabéticos. Debido al desenlace sombrío de estos pacientes es necesario revascularizar con el fin de salvar la extremidad. Objetivo: Presentar un caso en el que se utilizó la angioplastia simple de la arteria tibial posterior para salvar la extremidad de un paciente diabético. Presentación del caso: Se presenta un caso con diagnóstico de pie diabético isquémico infectado en la extremidad inferior izquierda. Al examen físico se constató lesión isquémica infectada en el quinto y cuarto dedos con extensión al dorso y planta del pie, y patrón esteno-oclusivo distal. Se detectó disminución de los índices de presiones distales. En la arteriografía se apreció oclusión de las arterias tibial anterior y peronea desde su origen, y lesiones esteno-oclusivas en la tibial posterior en el tercio inferior de la pierna. Se realizó angioplastia transluminal percutánea de la tibial posterior y el paciente recuperó pulso en tibial posterior con mejoría hemodinámica. Evolucionó satisfactoriamente y egresó con tratamiento médico. A los cinco meses de operado mantenía su pulso tibial posterior presente y la lesión cicatrizada. Conclusiones: La angioplastia simple de una de las arterias de la pierna puede resultar beneficiosa para la cicatrización de lesiones en el pie, aun siendo estas extensas(AU)


Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is a distinctive risk factor in peripheral artery disease. This typically produces the involvement of the infragenicular vessels, associated with a greater predisposition to ulceration and amputation than in non-diabetic patients. Due to the bleak outcome of these patients it is necessary to revascularize in order to save the limb. Objective: To present a case in which simple angioplasty of the posterior tibial artery was used to save the limb of a diabetic patient. Case Presentation: It is presented a case with a diagnosis of infected ischemic diabetic foot in the left lower extremity. On physical examination, infected ischemic lesion was found in the fifth and fourth toes with extension to the back and soles of the foot, and distal steno-occlusive pattern. Decreases in distal pressure indices were detected. Arteriography showed occlusion of the anterior tibial and peroneal arteries from their origin, and steno-occlusive lesions in the posterior tibial in the lower third of the leg. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty of the posterior tibial was performed and the patient recovered pulse in the posterior tibial with hemodynamic improvement. The patient progressed satisfactorily and was discharged with medical treatment. Five months after surgery, the kept posterior tibial pulse present and the injury healed. Conclusions: Simple angioplasty of one of the arteries of the leg can be beneficial for the healing of foot injuries, even if these are extensive(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Risk Factors , Angioplasty/methods , Diabetic Foot/diagnosis , Diabetes Mellitus , Peripheral Arterial Disease/therapy , Angiography
4.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 40(2): 107-120, 15 de junio 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1379494

ABSTRACT

Objective. To determine the effect of interdisciplinary discharge planning on treatment adherence and readmission in the patients undergoing coronary artery angioplasty in the south of Iran in 2020. Methods. This experimental study had an intervention group and a control group with pre-test and post-test. 70 patients participated in the study who were randomly divided into the groups (intervention group (n=35) and control group (n=35)). In the intervention group, discharge planning was performed based on an interdisciplinary approach. Treatment adherence before, immediately, and one month after the intervention was evaluated with a 10-question survey scored from 1 to 5 (maximum score = 50), as well as readmission three months after the discharge was examined in both groups. Results. Before the intervention, there was no statistically significant difference between the intervention and the control groups in the treatment adherence score (18.22 versus 17.37; p=0.84) but immediately and one month after the intervention statistically significant differences between the groups were showed (21.51 versus 46.14 and 23.28 versus 43.12, respectively; p<0.001). Within three months after discharge, the readmission rate was 11.4% in the control group, while no readmission was reported in the intervention group. Within three months after discharge, the readmission rate was 11.4% in the control group, while no readmission was reported in the intervention group. Conclusion. The implementation of interdisciplinary discharge planning had positive effects on treatment adherence and readmission rate in patients undergoing coronary artery angioplasty; therefore, it is suggested that health care system managers make the necessary plans to institutionalize this new educational approach for other patients discharge planning


Objetivo. Determinar el efecto de la planificación interdisciplinaria del alta en la adherencia al tratamiento y el reingreso en los pacientes sometidos a angioplastia de la arteria coronaria en el sur de Irán en 2020. Métodos. Este estudio experimental contó con un grupo de intervención y un grupo de control con evaluación pre-test y post-test. Participaron en el estudio 70 pacientes que se dividieron aleatoriamente en los grupos. En el grupo de intervención, la planificación del alta se realizó sobre la base de un enfoque interdisciplinario. En ambos grupos se examinó la adherencia al tratamiento antes, inmediatamente y un mes después de la intervención con una encuesta de 10 preguntas puntuadas de 1 a 5 (máximo puntaje = 50), así como el reingreso hasta tres meses después del alta. Resultados. Antes de la intervención, no hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre el grupo de intervención y el de control en la puntuación de la adherencia al tratamiento (18.22 versus 17.37; p=0.84), pero inmediatamente y un mes después de la intervención los grupos mostraron una diferencia estadísticamente significativa (21.51 versus 46.14 y 23.28 versus. 43.12, respectivamente; p<0.001). A los tres meses del alta, la tasa de reingreso fue del 11.4% en el grupo de control, mientras que no se registró ningún reingreso en el grupo de intervención. Conclusión. La aplicación de la planificación interdisciplinaria del alta tuvo efectos positivos la adherencia del tratamiento y la tasa de reingreso en los pacientes sometidos a angioplastia de las arterias coronarias; por lo tanto, se sugiere que los gestores del sistema sanitario hagan los planes necesarios para institucionalizar este nuevo enfoque educativo para la planificación del alta de otros pacientes


Objetivo. Determinar o efeito do planejamento de alta interdisciplinar na adesão ao tratamento e readmissão em pacientes submetidos à angioplastia de artéria coronária no sul do Irã em 2020. Métodos. Este estudo experimental contou com um grupo intervenção e um grupo controle com avaliação pré-teste e pós-teste. Participaram do estudo 70 pacientes que foram divididos aleatoriamente em grupos. No grupo intervenção, o planejamento da alta foi realizado com base na abordagem interdisciplinar. Em ambos os grupos, a adesão ao tratamento foi examinada antes, imediatamente e um mês após a intervenção com um questionário de 10 questões pontuadas de 1 a 5 (pontuação máxima = 50), bem como a readmissão até três meses após a alta. Resultados. Antes da intervenção, não houve diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre os grupos intervenção e controle na pontuação de adesão ao tratamento (18.22 vr. 17.37; p = 0.84), mas imediatamente e um mês após a intervenção os grupos apresentaram diferença estatisticamente significativa (21.51 vr. 46.14 e 23.28 vr. 43.12, respectivamente; p <0.001). Aos três meses após a alta, a taxa de readmissão foi de 11.4% no grupo de controle, enquanto nenhuma readmissão foi registrada no grupo de intervenção. Conclusão. A aplicação do planejamento de alta interdisciplinar teve efeitos positivos na adesão ao tratamento e na taxa de readmissão em pacientes submetidos à angioplastia de artéria coronária; portanto, sugere-se que os gestores do sistema de saúde façam os planos necessários para institucionalizar essa nova abordagem educativa para o planejamento da alta de outros pacientes


Subject(s)
Humans , Patient Discharge , Patient Readmission , Patient Compliance , Angioplasty , Interprofessional Relations
5.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1410480

ABSTRACT

Background: Coronary artery disease represents the condition with the highest prevalence worldwide. The treatment of this disease is through Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI). Aiming: To outline the clinical epidemiological profile of health users who have undergone PCI, in a Hospital in the state of Rio Grande do Sul. Methods: Exploratory research, with a quantitative approach carried out on 188 medical records of health users who were submitted to elective or emergency PCI, with the use of stents or not in the year 2018. Values of p <0.05 represented significant statistical differences. Results: Users with a diagnosis of unstable angina (n = 16; 17.8%), diagnostic symptoms of unstable angina (n = 61; 67.8%) and a diagnosis of angina pectoris (n = 52; 57.8%) presented significantly more likely to be submitted to the PCI in elective way (p <0.001). Users diagnosed with Acute Myocardial Infarction - AMI (n = 59; 60.2%) and symptoms with evolution greater than 24 hours (n = 30; 30.6%) and less than 24 hours (n = 24; 24.5%), with dyslipidemia (n = 38; 38.8%) and who underwent catheterization on the same day (n = 87; 88.8%) are significantly more likely to perform emergency surgery (p <0.05). In addition, the data showed that the diagnosis of unstable angina potentiates new cardiomyopathies (n = 9, 47.4%; p <0.001) and restenosis (n = 5; 26.3%; p = 0.002). Conclusion: It is necessary to create strategies to strengthen the Health Care Network (HCN) with actions for prevention, promotion and rehabilitation to health, aiming quality in diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation.


ntrodução: A doença arterial coronariana representa a afecção de maior prevalência mundial. O tratamento desta doença se dá pela intervenção coronária percutânea (ICP). Objetivo: Delinear o perfil clínico-epidemiológico dos usuários de saúde submetidos à ICP em um Hospital do estado do Rio Grande do Sul. Métodos: Pesquisa exploratória, de abordagem quantitativa realizada em 188 prontuários de usuários de saúde submetidos à ICP eletiva ou de urgência com uso de stent ou não no ano de 2018. Valores de p< 0,05 representaram diferenças estatísticas significativas. Resultados: Usuários com diagnóstico de angina instável (n=16; 17,8%), sintomas diagnósticos de angina instável (n= 61; 67,8%) e diagnóstico de angina pectoris (n=52; 57,8%) apresentaram significativamente maior probabilidade de serem submetidos à ICP em caráter eletivo (p<0,001). Usuários com diagnóstico para infarto agudo do miocárdio (n=59; 60,2%) e sintomatologia com evolução maior que 24 horas (n=30; 30,6%) e menor que 24 horas (n=24; 24,5%), com dislipidemia (n=38; 38,8%) e que fizeram cateterismo no mesmo dia (n=87; 88,8%) são significativamente mais propensos a realizar cirurgia de urgência (p<0,05). Além disso, os dados evidenciaram que o diagnóstico de angina instável potencializa novas cardiomiopatias (n=9, 47,4%; p<0,001) e reestenose (n=5; 26,3%; p= 0,002). Conclusão: É necessário criar estratégias para fortalecer a Rede de Atenção à Saúde (RAS) com ações de prevenção, promoção e reabilitação à saúde, visando a qualidade no diagnóstico, tratamento e reabilitação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Health Profile , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Angioplasty , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
6.
Medicina UPB ; 41(1): 75-79, mar. 2022. Ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1362712

ABSTRACT

Los aneurismas de las arterias coronarias (AAC) son poco comunes, con una incidencia de 0.3-5.3%. Se definen como una dilatación 1.5 veces mayor al diámetro interno de la arteria normal adyacente. La arteria coronaria derecha es la más comúnmente afectada. Su fisiopatología es poco clara, pero se cree que una de sus principales causas es la aterosclerosis. Los AAC son generalmente asintomáticos o pueden estar asociados a isquemia miocárdica. Su tratamiento aún no está bien establecido, debido al desconocimiento general sobre su historia natural, e incluye desde un manejo conservador hasta el tratamiento quirúrgico. A continuación, se reporta el caso de un paciente con infarto agudo de miocardio y elevación del segmento ST, llevado a coronariografía que evidenció aneurisma de la coronaria derecha, que requirió trombectomía, angioplastia y manejo médico vitalicio ambulatorio.


Coronary artery aneurysms (CAA) are a rare entity with an incidence of 0.3-5.3%. They are dilations of 1.5 times larger than normal adjacent artery, with the right coronary artery as the most affected vessel. Its pathophysiology is unclear but atherosclerosis is believed to be the main cause. CAA are generally asymptomatic but can cause coronary ischemia. Its treatment is yet to be established due to general ignorance about its nature. It ranges from conservative management to surgery. In the following text, we report a case of a patient with acute myocardial infarction presenting ST-segment elevation, who showed a right coronary artery aneurysm in coronary angiography. The patient required thrombectomy, angioplasty and subsequent lifetime outpatient medical management.


Os aneurismas das artérias coronárias (AAC) são pouco comuns, com uma incidência de 0.3-5.3%. Se definem como uma dilatação 1.5 vezes maior ao diâmetro interno da artéria normal adjacente. A artéria coronária direita é a mais comumente afetada. Sua fisiopatologia é pouco clara, mas se crê que uma das suas principais causas é a aterosclerose. Os AAC são geralmente assintomáticos ou podem estar associados a isquemia miocárdica. Seu tratamento ainda não está bem estabelecido, devido ao desconhecimento geral sobre sua história natural, e inclui desde um manejo conservador até o tratamento cirúrgico. A continuação, se reporta o caso de um paciente com infarto agudo de miocárdio e elevação do segmento ST, levado a coronariografia que evidenciou aneurisma da coronária direita, que requereu trombectomia, angioplastia e manejo médico vitalício ambulatório.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aneurysm , Coronary Angiography , Myocardial Ischemia , Angioplasty , Coronary Vessels , Myocardial Infarction
7.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 41(1): 1-6, 07/03/2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362064

ABSTRACT

Objectives To establish the success rate in endovascular internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis recanalization using the double-layer stent Casper-RX (Microvention, Inc 35 Enterprise, Aliso Viejo, California, United States of America) and to identify the main comorbidities in individuals with ICA stenosis, morphological characteristics of the stenosis, diagnostic methods, intraoperative complications, as well as morbidity and mortality within 30 days of the surgical procedure. Materials and Methods Retrospective analysis of 116 patients undergoing ICA angioplasty with a degree of stenosis > 70% using Casper-RX stenting who underwent this procedure from April 2015 to December 2019. Results Technical success was achieved in 99.1% of the patients. Three of them had postprocedural complications: one transient ischemic attack (TIA) and two puncture site hematomas. A cerebral protection filter was not used in only two procedures, as these consisted of dissection of the carotid. There was satisfactory recanalization and adequate accommodation of the stents in the previously stenosed arteries, with no restenosis in 99.4% of the cases. Conclusion The endovascular treatment of extracranial carotid stenoses using the Casper-RX stent showed good applicability and efficacy. Although only two cases of thromboembolic complications occurred during the procedure, fu


Subject(s)
Carotid Artery, Internal/surgery , Stents , Carotid Stenosis/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Prognosis , Medical Records , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Treatment Outcome , Carotid Stenosis/diagnostic imaging , Angioplasty/methods , Endovascular Procedures/methods
8.
J. vasc. bras ; 21: e20210157, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365071

ABSTRACT

Resumo A dissecção da artéria mesentérica superior é uma causa rara de dor abdominal, com quadro clínico variável. Seu diagnóstico é difícil, e não existe consenso sobre suas opções terapêuticas; elas variam em torno de tratamento conservador, correção aberta, endovascular ou combinada. Descrevemos o caso de um homem de 45 anos com dissecção isolada da artéria mesentérica superior, com quadro de dor abdominal persistente após tentativa de tratamento conservador. Ele foi submetido à revascularização cirúrgica aberta devido à localização e complexidade da dissecção. O tratamento com endarterectomia, arterioplastia com remendo de pericárdio bovino e acesso retrógrado para abertura da mesentérica com stent foi realizado com sucesso. A angina abdominal foi totalmente resolvida após estabilização do quadro. A combinação de abordagem aberta e endovascular deve ser considerada como terapia para casos de dissecção complexa isolada da artéria mesentérica superior.


Abstract Dissection of the superior mesenteric artery is a rare cause of abdominal pain, with a variable clinical picture. It is difficult to diagnose and there is no consensus on treatment options, which range from conservative treatment to open, endovascular, or combination repair. We describe the case of a 45-year-old man with isolated dissection of the superior mesenteric artery and persistent abdominal pain after conservative treatment had been attempted. He underwent open surgical revascularization due to the location and complexity of the dissection. Treatment consisting of endarterectomy, arterioplasty with bovine pericardium patch, and retrograde access to open the mesenteric artery with a stent was successful. Abdominal angina was completely resolved after the condition had stabilized. A combination of open and endovascular approaches should be considered as treatment for cases of isolated complex dissection of the superior mesenteric artery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angioplasty , Endarterectomy , Endovascular Procedures , Mesenteric Vascular Occlusion , Stents , Mesenteric Artery, Superior , Mesenteric Vascular Occlusion/diagnostic imaging
9.
J. vasc. bras ; 21: e20210130, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365073

ABSTRACT

Resumo Contexto A maior sobrevida dos doentes dialíticos somada à incapacidade de obtenção de órgãos suficientes para atender a demanda, bem como à dificuldade de acesso aos serviços de saúde, levou ao aumento da fila para transplante e ao prolongamento do tempo de utilização do acesso venoso central para hemodiálise. A etiologia mais comum de estenose de veia central é o acesso venoso central prolongado, pelas lesões intimais decorrentes da presença do cateter. Objetivos Avaliar resultados de angioplastia para tratamento de doença oclusiva venosa central com fístula arteriovenosa periférica funcionante. Métodos Estudo tipo coorte retrospectivo com revisão de prontuários de 47 doentes com lesões estenóticas ou oclusivas. A avaliação dos doentes foi realizada em 30 dias, 6 meses e 1 ano após a recanalização ou correção da estenose com ATP ou ATP/aplicação de stent. Resultados Lesões estenóticas foram encontradas em 25 doentes (53%), e oclusões, em 22 (47%) doentes. A angioplastia percutânea transluminal (ATP) com stent foi utilizada em 64% dos doentes, e angioplastia isolada com balão, em 36% deles. A análise de resultados clínicos mostrou elevada taxa de melhora clínica precoce (30 dias) em 82% dos doentes (intervalo de confiança [IC] 71-93%). Após 1 ano de seguimento, a taxa de perviedade primária foi de 57%, e a taxa de perviedade primária assistida foi de 72% (IC 57-84%). Conclusão O tratamento endovascular das estenoses ou oclusões de veia central sugere melhora clínica dos sintomas e taxas adequadas de perviedade no período de 1 ano, apesar da limitação no tamanho amostral.


Abstract Background The increased survival of dialysis patients and the inability to obtain sufficient organs to meet demand for transplantation, compounded by poor access to health services, have caused the transplant waiting lists to grow, extending the time spent using central venous accesses for hemodialysis. The most common etiology of central vein stenosis is prolonged central venous access, due to intimal injuries caused by the presence of the catheter. Objectives To assess the results of angioplasty to treat central vein occlusion in patients with functioning peripheral arteriovenous fistulas. Methods Retrospective cohort study with review of medical records from 47 patients with stenotic or occlusive lesions. Patients were assessed at 30 days, 6 months, and 1 year after recanalization or correction of stenosis with transluminal percutaneous angioplasty (TPA) or TPA/stenting. Results Stenotic lesions were detected in 25 patients (53%) and occlusions were found in 22 (47%) patients. TPA with stenting was used in 64% of patients and balloon angioplasty in isolation was used in 36%. Analysis of clinical results showed a high rate of early clinical improvement (30 days), seen in 82% of patients (confidence interval [CI] 71-93%). After 1 year of follow-up, the primary patency rate was 57% and the assisted primary patency rate was 72% (CI 57-84%). Conclusions Endovascular treatment of central vein stenosis or occlusions suggests clinical improvement of symptoms and adequate rates of patency at 1 year, notwithstanding the limited sample size.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Arterial Occlusive Diseases/therapy , Arteriovenous Fistula/therapy , Angioplasty/methods , Constriction, Pathologic/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Upper Extremity
10.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 49-54, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935102

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the efficacy and safety of percutaneous transluminal pulmonary angioplasty (PTPA) in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). Methods: This prospective single arm study included 19 CTEPH patients (7 male, age(56.3±12.5)years) admitted to Wuhan Asia Heart Hospital from January 2017 to June 2019 and received PTPA interventional therapy. Baseline data, including age, sex, WHO functional class, 6-minute walk distance (6MWD), NT-proBNP, right heart catheterization values, were collected. Patients received single or repeated PTPA. Number of dilated vessels from each patient was analyzed, patients were followed up for 24 weeks and right heart catheterization was repeated at 24 weeks post initial PTPA. All-cause death, perioperative complications, and reperfusion pulmonary edema were reported. WHO functional class, 6MWD, NT-proBNP, right heart catheterization values were compared between baseline and at 24 weeks follow up. Results: Nineteen CTEPH patients received a total of 56 PTPA treatments. The pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) decreased from (40.11±7.55) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) to (27.53±4.75) mmHg (P<0.001), and the total pulmonary resistance (TPR) decreased from (13.00±3.56) Wood U to (5.48±1.56) Wood U (P<0.001), cardiac output increased from (3.19±0.63) L/min to (5.23±0.94) L/minutes (P<0.01) at 24 weeks post PTPA. The WHO functional class improved significantly (P<0.001), 6MWD increased from (307.08±129.51) m to (428.00±112.64) m (P=0.002), the NT-proBNP decreased at 24 weeks post PTPA (P=0.002). During the follow-up period, there was no death; hemoptysis occurred in 4 patients during the operation, none of which resulted in serious adverse clinical consequences. One patient developed reperfusion pulmonary edema and recovered after treatment. Conclusion: PTPA treatment is safe and can significantly improve the hemodynamics and WHO functional class of patients with CTEPH.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angioplasty , Angioplasty, Balloon , Chronic Disease , Hypertension, Pulmonary/surgery , Prospective Studies , Pulmonary Artery/surgery , Pulmonary Embolism , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408184

ABSTRACT

El pseudoaneurisma se puede definir como un hematoma pulsátil repermeabilizado y encapsulado, en comunicación con la luz de un vaso dañado. Los pseudoaneurismas de las extremidades son los más frecuentes; entre ellos se destacan los iatrogénicos de la arteria femoral. Su incidencia es del 2 por ciento-8 por ciento cuando se realizan angioplastia/stent coronarios y del 0,2 por ciento-0,5 por ciento cuando únicamente se hace angiografía diagnóstica. Se presenta un paciente con diagnóstico de pseudoaneurisma femoral derecho posterior a un cateterismo cardíaco, con el objetivo de demostrar la importancia del diagnóstico temprano de las pseudaeurismas para el tratamiento quirúrgico oportuno y evitar complicaciones posteriores. Al mes del procedimiento, el paciente comenzó con aumento de volumen en la región inguinal derecha y a la auscultación se apreció un soplo a ese nivel. Se le realizó exérisis del pseudoaneurisma y reparación quirúrgica de la arteria femoral. En las consultas de evaluación posoperatoria se mostró una evolución clínica y radiológica satisfactoria. El diagnóstico rápido de estas entidades vasculares evita que se presenten complicaciones posteriores y aseguran una evolución rápida y satisfactoria de los pacientes que la padecen(AU)


Pseudoaneurysm can be defined as a repermeabilized and encapsulated pulsatile hematoma, in communication with the light of a damaged vessel. Pseudoaneurysms of the limbs are the most frequent; among them are the iatrogenic of the femoral artery. Its incidence is 2 percent -8 percent when coronary angioplasty/stent is performed and 0.2 percent-0.5 percent when only diagnostic angiography is performed. A patient with a diagnosis of right femoral pseudoaneurysm after cardiac catheterization is presented, with the aim of demonstrating the importance of early diagnosis of pseudoaneurysms for timely surgical treatment and avoiding subsequent complications. A month after the procedure, the patient began with an increase in volume in the right inguinal region and auscultation showed a murmur at that level. Pseudoaneurysm exeresis and surgical repair of the femoral artery were performed. In the postoperative evaluation consultations, a satisfactory clinical and radiological evolution was shown. The rapid diagnosis of these vascular entities prevents subsequent complications from occurring and ensures a rapid and satisfactory evolution of patients who suffer from it(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Angiography/methods , Angioplasty/adverse effects , Femoral Artery/injuries , Cardiac Catheterization
12.
Nursing (Ed. bras., Impr.) ; 24(281): 6299-6308, out.-2021.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1344292

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar a qualidade de vida dos pacientes submetidos a revascularização por Angioplastia. Métodos: Tratase de um estudo descritivo, transversal, quantitativo, realizado nos meses de março a abril de 2019 com 25 pacientes de um hospital público de referência em cardiologia de Recife (PE). Foi utilizado o questionário WHOQOL-Bref para avaliação da qualidade de vida. Resultados: Verificou-se que 56% (n: 14) da amostra são do gênero masculino e tinham uma mediana de idade de 63 anos. A avaliação da qualidade de vida dos pacientes apresentou resultado moderado, com necessidade de melhora em todos os domínios. O domínio "físico" obteve o escore mais baixo (3,20 ± 1,08), enquanto o domínio relações pessoais obteve o melhor índice (3,71 ± 1,08). A média do escore total foi de 3,38 (DP: 1,11). Conclusão: Os resultados refletiram um grau moderado de qualidade de vida e sua melhora depende do processo de mudança comportamental do indivíduo.(AU)


Objective: To evaluate the quality of life of patients undergoing revascularization by angioplasty. Methods: This is a descriptive, cross-sectional, quantitative study conducted in the months of March to April 2019 with 25 patients from a public cardiology referral hospital in Recife (PE). The WHOQOL-Bref questionnaire was used to assess quality of life. Results: It was found that 56% (n: 14) of the sample were male, with a median age of 63 years. The patients' quality of life assessment showed moderate results, with need for improvement in all domains. The physical domain had the lowest score (3.20 ± 1.08), while the personal relationships domain had the best score (3.71 ± 1.08). The mean total score was 3.38 (SD: 1.11). Conclusion: The results reflected a moderate degree of quality of life and its improvement depends on the individual's behavioral change process.(AU)


Objetivo: Evaluar la calidad de vida de los pacientes sometidos a revascularización mediante angioplastia. Métodos: Se trata de un estudio descriptivo, transversal y cuantitativo realizado en los meses de marzo a abril de 2019 con 25 pacientes de un hospital público de referencia en cardiología de Recife (PE). Se utilizó el cuestionario WHOQOL-Bref para evaluar la calidad de vida. Resultados: Se encontró que el 56% (n: 14) de la muestra eran hombres y tenían una edad media de 63 años. La evaluación de la calidad de vida de los pacientes mostró un resultado moderado, con necesidad de mejora en todos los dominios. El dominio "físico" obtuvo la puntuación más baja (3,20 ± 1,08), mientras que el dominio relaciones personales obtuvo el mejor índice (3,71 ± 1,08). La puntuación total media fue de 3,38 (DE: 1,11). Conclusión: Los resultados reflejaron un grado moderado de calidad de vida y su mejora depende del proceso de cambio de conducta del individuo.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Quality of Life , Cardiology , Angioplasty , Myocardial Revascularization , Referral and Consultation , Surveys and Questionnaires , Hospitals, Public
13.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 28(5): 473-477, sep.-oct. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1357215

ABSTRACT

Resumen Se presenta el caso de un hombre de 31 años, con historia de fibrilación auricular paroxística, a quien se realizó exitosamente una ablación por radiofrecuencia de venas pulmonares guiada por un sistema de mapeo tridimensional EnSite™. Tres meses después del procedimiento presentó hemoptisis y dolor torácico de características pleuríticas, motivo por el cual se le realizó una angiotomografía computarizada coronaria que evidenció una estenosis grave de la vena pulmonar superior izquierda y una estenosis moderada de la vena inferior izquierda. El paciente fue sometido a angioplastia con balón, con la cual se normalizó la perfusión pulmonar.


Abstract We report the case of a 31-year-old male patient with a history of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, who underwent a successful radiofrequency pulmonary vein ablation using EnSite™ three-dimensional mapping system. Three months after the procedure, patient presented with hemoptysis and pleuritic chest pain. A coronary computed tomography angiography was performed, which showed a severe left superior pulmonary vein stenosis and a moderate left inferior pulmonary vein stenosis. A balloon angioplasty was performed with subsequent restoration of pulmonary perfusion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pulmonary Veins , Angioplasty , Atrial Fibrillation , Catheter Ablation
14.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 40(2): 120-124, 15/06/2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362185

ABSTRACT

Subclavian steal syndrome is a group of symptoms resulting fromretrograde flow in the vertebral artery, "stealing" blood from the posterior intracranial circulation and other territories, caused by stenosis or occlusion of the subclavian artery proximal to the origin of the same vertebral artery, or even of the brachiocephalic trunk. Most of the time, it is an incidental finding in patients with other conditions or cerebrovascular risk factors. We report a series of 29 patients with an angiographic diagnosis, in which 7 received treatment (all endovascular), all with symptoms directly related to this condition. Advanced age, systemic arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking and stroke were comorbidities frequently related. Six patients improved completely after the procedure and one remained with vertigo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Subclavian Artery/abnormalities , Subclavian Steal Syndrome/physiopathology , Subclavian Steal Syndrome/therapy , Subclavian Steal Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Brazil/epidemiology , Medical Records , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Angioplasty/methods
15.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 40(1): 47-53, abr. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388077

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Reportamos el caso de un hombre de 67 años, con múltiples factores de riesgo cardiovascular, quien en el año 2015 presentó muerte súbita por fibrilación ventricular sin lesiones coronarias significativas, tras lo cual se implantó un desfibrilador automático. En el año 2019 presentó un nuevo episodio de fibrilación ventricular en relación con síndrome coronario agudo con supradesnivel del ST localizado en pared anterior, registrado y adecuadamente resuelto por el dispositivo. Se demostró una oclusión aterotrombótica en la porción proximal de la arteria descendente anterior. Fue precoz y exitosamente manejado con angioplastía coronaria percutánea e implante de stent fármaco activo, guiado por tomografía por coherencia óptica intracoronaria. A las 48 horas post angioplastía, presentó episodio de taquicardia ventricular polimorfa reconocido y tratado por el cardiodesfibrilador, sin consecuencias. Electivamente se efectuó angioplastía e implante de stent metálico en arteria coronaria derecha distal, con buen resultado angiográfico. La posterior evolución del paciente fue satisfactoria, sin manifestaciones de insuficiencia cardíaca, angina ni arritmias.


Abstract: A 67-year-old man, with multiple cardiovascular risk factors who in 2015 presented sudden death due to ventricular fibrillation without significant coronary lesions, after which an implantable automatic defibrillator (ICD) was implanted. In 2019, he presented a new episode of ventricular fibrillation adequately resolved by the device, in relation to an acute coronary syndrome with ST elevation in the anterior wall of the left ventricle, due to atherothrombotic occlusion in the proximal portion of the anterior descending artery. He was early and successfully managed with percutaneous coronary angioplasty by the insertion of a drug eluting stent, implanted guided by intracoronary optical coherence tomography. Forty eight hours later, he presented an episode polymorphic ventricular tachycardia recognized and treated by the ICD. Angioplasty with a bare metal stent implantation were performed in the distal right coronary artery, with good angiographic results. The subsequent course was satisfactory, with no manifestations of heart failure, angina or arrhythmias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Ventricular Fibrillation/complications , Death, Sudden, Cardiac , Myocardial Ischemia/complications , Defibrillators, Implantable , Ventricular Fibrillation/therapy , Myocardial Ischemia/therapy , Angioplasty , Electrocardiography , Drug-Eluting Stents
16.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 19(1): 20-28, março 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361697

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comparar os tempos de tratamento dor-porta e porta-balão em indivíduos com infarto agudo do miocárdio com supradesnivelamento ST com os desfechos cardiovasculares em 30 dias. Métodos: Trata-se de uma coorte histórica, realizada por meio da pesquisa de prontuários eletrônicos e dos bancos de dados já existentes dos serviços de hemodinâmica de todos os indivíduos atendidos com diagnóstico de infarto agudo do miocárdio com supradesnivelamento ST e submetidos à angioplastia, no período de março de 2015 a setembro de 2016, em dois hospitais públicos de grande porte de Porto Alegre (RS). Os desfechos foram o óbito intra-hospitalar e em 30 dias e os eventos cardíacos maiores hospitalares e em 30 dias. Resultados: Foram avaliadas as informações de 808 indivíduos, sendo 26,9% provenientes do Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre e 73,1% do Instituto de Cardiologia ­ Fundação Universitária de Cardiologia. Não houve diferença significativa na caracterização da amostra. Um terço dos indivíduos analisados apresentou tempo dor- -porta menor ou igual a 180 minutos, e 72% tiveram tempo porta-balão menor que 90 minutos. A mediana do tempo total de isquemia foi de 338 minutos. Na avaliação dos tempos não houve diferença significativa entre os dois hospitais. Para eventos cardíacos maiores e óbitos intra- -hospitalares, o único tempo que se mostrou significativo, após o ajuste multivariado, foi o porta-balão, em que os indivíduos com tempo maior que 90 minutos apresentaram razão de risco de 1,06 (IC95% 1,02-1,11) e 5,78 (IC95% 1,44-23,2), respectivamente, para eventos cardíacos maiores e óbitos intra-hospitalares. Para eventos cardíacos maiores total e óbito total, nenhum dos três tempos se associou significativamente com o desfecho após ajuste. Contudo, o tempo porta-balão maior ou igual a 90 minutos também foi significativo para razão de risco bruto para ambos, assim como a dor-porta para óbito total. Conclusão: Os dados da pesquisa corroboram as recomendações internacionais para cumprimento dos menores tempos de atendimento, em especial do tempo porta-balão, para o bom prognóstico. Infelizmente, no país, o tempo de isquemia miocárdica ainda está muito aquém do ótimo, necessitando de melhorias na área para melhorar os desfechos nesses indivíduos.


Objective: To compare symptom-onset-to-door and door- -to-balloon times in individuals with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction to the 30-day cardiovascular outcomes. Methods: This is a historical cohort, using electronic medical records and the existing databases of hemodynamic services of all individuals diagnosed with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing angioplasty between March 2015 and September 2016, in two large public hospitals in Porto Alegre. The outcomes were in-hospital death and death in 30 days, and major adverse cardiac events in hospital and in 30 days. Results: The information of 808 patients was evaluated, with 26.9% from Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, and 73.1% from the Instituto de Cardiologia ­ Fundação Universitária de Cardiologia. There was no significant difference in the characterization of the sample. One-third of the individuals evaluated presented symptom-onset-to-door of 180 minutes or less, and 72% had door-to- -balloon time below 90 minutes. The median total ischemic time was 338 minutes. In the evaluation of the times, there was no significant difference between the two hospitals. For more major cardiac events and intra-hospital deaths, the only time that proved to be significant after the multivariate adjustment was the door-to-balloon time, in which individuals with time higher than 90 minutes had a risk ratio of 1.06 (95% CI 1.02-1.11) for major cardiac events and 5.78 (95% CI 1.44-23.2), for intra-hospital deaths. For total major adverse cardiac events and total death, none of the 3 times was significantly associated with the outcome after adjustment; however, door-to-balloon of 90 minutes or more was also significant for crude risk ratio for both, as well as symptom-onset-to-door for total death. Conclusion: The research data corroborate the international recommendations to meet shorter service times, especially door-to-balloon time, for a good prognosis. Unfortunately, in the country, the time of myocardial ischemia is still far from optimal, requiring improvement in the area to improve the outcomes in these individuals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care , Angioplasty , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/therapy , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/epidemiology , Time Factors , Cohort Studies
18.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 19: eRC5521, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154093

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Sophisticated imaging systems have helped to redefine the clinical presentation of acute macular neuroretinopathy and have markedly enhanced diagnostic sensitivity. The proposed mechanism of paracentral acute middle maculopathy is related to ischemia at the level of the superficial and deep retinal capillary plexi. This is a case report of a patient who developed an acute macular neuroretinopathy after an uneventful angioplasty with stents in the coronary artery.


RESUMO Sistemas de imagem sofisticados ajudaram a redefinir a apresentação clínica da neurorretinopatia macular aguda e têm sensibilidade diagnóstica marcadamente aumentada. A maculopatia média aguda paracentral tem sido relacionada à isquemia ao nível dos plexos capilares superficial e profundo da retina. Este é um relato de caso de paciente que desenvolveu uma neurorretinopatia macular aguda após uma cirurgia de angioplastia com stents da artéria coronária sem complicações.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Stents/adverse effects , Angioplasty/adverse effects , Coronary Vessels/surgery , Atherosclerosis/surgery , Fluorescein Angiography , Acute Disease , Tomography, Optical Coherence , White Dot Syndromes/etiology , White Dot Syndromes/diagnostic imaging , Macular Degeneration , Middle Aged
19.
J. vasc. bras ; 20: e20210035, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340180

ABSTRACT

Abstract Various vascular complications following renal transplantation include renal artery and vein thrombosis, renal artery stenosis, pseudoaneurysm, and iliac artery dissection. Transplant renal artery stenosis (TRAS) is the most common, while iliac artery dissection is the rarest of these various vascular complications. We describe an elderly male, who had both external iliac artery dissection and TRAS at 2 months following renal transplantation. He underwent successful percutaneous endovascular intervention of both complications. The post-intervention course was uneventful, with improvement in graft renal functions and left lower limb perfusion.


Resumo As diversas complicações vasculares possíveis após um transplante renal incluem trombose da veia e artéria renais, estenose da artéria renal, pseudoaneurisma e dissecção da artéria ilíaca. Entre essas diversas complicações, a estenose da artéria renal transplantada é a mais comum, enquanto a dissecção da artéria ilíaca é a mais rara. Relatamos o caso de um homem idoso que desenvolveu tanto dissecção da artéria ilíaca quanto estenose da artéria renal transplantada 2 meses após transplante renal. As intervenções endovasculares percutâneas foram bem-sucedidas em ambas as complicações. O período pós-intervenção cursou sem complicações, com melhora na função renal do enxerto e na perfusão do membro inferior esquerdo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Renal Artery/pathology , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Angioplasty , Iliac Artery/pathology , Stents , Constriction, Pathologic , Endovascular Procedures
20.
J. vasc. bras ; 20: e20210054, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351015

ABSTRACT

Abstract Renal transplant remains the preferred therapy for end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Given the shortage of suitable donor kidneys, use of an expanded criteria donor (ECD) allows marginal kidneys to be transplanted; albeit at risk of increased graft failure due to lower nephron mass. To reduce the risk of graft failure, double kidney transplant (DKT) is advocated, with favorable outcomes. Transplant renal artery stenosis (TRAS) is one of the most common vascular complications following renal transplant. Unlike single kidney transplants, where TRAS usually presents with fluid overload, uncontrolled hypertension, and worsening kidney functions; it may be clinically silent in DKT patients since they have two functional transplanted kidneys. We hereby report a case of TRAS in a DKT patient who had 2 years of favorable clinical outcomes following successful endovascular stenting. He however recently died of COVID-19 associated pneumonitis.


Resumo O transplante renal continua sendo a terapia preferida para doenças renais em fase terminal. Dada a escassez de rins de doadores adequados, o doador com critérios expandidos permite que rins marginais sejam transplantados, embora haja um maior risco de falha do enxerto devido à diminuição da massa nefrótica. Para diminuir o risco de falha do enxerto, recomenda-se o transplante renal duplo (TRD), com resultados favoráveis. A estenose de artéria renal transplantada (EART) é uma das complicações vasculares mais comuns após o transplante renal. Ao contrário dos transplantes de rim simples, nos quais a EART geralmente se manifesta como sobrecarga de fluido, hipertensão descontrolada e piora das funções renais, ela pode ser clinicamente silenciosa em pacientes com TRD, pois eles têm dois rins funcionais transplantados. Relatamos aqui um caso de EART em um paciente com TRD que teve resultados clínicos favoráveis por dois anos após o sucesso do implante de stent endovascular. No entanto, ele morreu recentemente de pneumonite associada à covid-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Renal Artery Obstruction/therapy , Thrombosis , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Angioplasty , Drug-Eluting Stents , Renal Artery , Kidney Transplantation/methods , Donor Selection/methods , Endovascular Procedures , Transplant Recipients
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