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1.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 40(2): 107-120, 15 de junio 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1379494

ABSTRACT

Objective. To determine the effect of interdisciplinary discharge planning on treatment adherence and readmission in the patients undergoing coronary artery angioplasty in the south of Iran in 2020. Methods. This experimental study had an intervention group and a control group with pre-test and post-test. 70 patients participated in the study who were randomly divided into the groups (intervention group (n=35) and control group (n=35)). In the intervention group, discharge planning was performed based on an interdisciplinary approach. Treatment adherence before, immediately, and one month after the intervention was evaluated with a 10-question survey scored from 1 to 5 (maximum score = 50), as well as readmission three months after the discharge was examined in both groups. Results. Before the intervention, there was no statistically significant difference between the intervention and the control groups in the treatment adherence score (18.22 versus 17.37; p=0.84) but immediately and one month after the intervention statistically significant differences between the groups were showed (21.51 versus 46.14 and 23.28 versus 43.12, respectively; p<0.001). Within three months after discharge, the readmission rate was 11.4% in the control group, while no readmission was reported in the intervention group. Within three months after discharge, the readmission rate was 11.4% in the control group, while no readmission was reported in the intervention group. Conclusion. The implementation of interdisciplinary discharge planning had positive effects on treatment adherence and readmission rate in patients undergoing coronary artery angioplasty; therefore, it is suggested that health care system managers make the necessary plans to institutionalize this new educational approach for other patients discharge planning


Objetivo. Determinar el efecto de la planificación interdisciplinaria del alta en la adherencia al tratamiento y el reingreso en los pacientes sometidos a angioplastia de la arteria coronaria en el sur de Irán en 2020. Métodos. Este estudio experimental contó con un grupo de intervención y un grupo de control con evaluación pre-test y post-test. Participaron en el estudio 70 pacientes que se dividieron aleatoriamente en los grupos. En el grupo de intervención, la planificación del alta se realizó sobre la base de un enfoque interdisciplinario. En ambos grupos se examinó la adherencia al tratamiento antes, inmediatamente y un mes después de la intervención con una encuesta de 10 preguntas puntuadas de 1 a 5 (máximo puntaje = 50), así como el reingreso hasta tres meses después del alta. Resultados. Antes de la intervención, no hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre el grupo de intervención y el de control en la puntuación de la adherencia al tratamiento (18.22 versus 17.37; p=0.84), pero inmediatamente y un mes después de la intervención los grupos mostraron una diferencia estadísticamente significativa (21.51 versus 46.14 y 23.28 versus. 43.12, respectivamente; p<0.001). A los tres meses del alta, la tasa de reingreso fue del 11.4% en el grupo de control, mientras que no se registró ningún reingreso en el grupo de intervención. Conclusión. La aplicación de la planificación interdisciplinaria del alta tuvo efectos positivos la adherencia del tratamiento y la tasa de reingreso en los pacientes sometidos a angioplastia de las arterias coronarias; por lo tanto, se sugiere que los gestores del sistema sanitario hagan los planes necesarios para institucionalizar este nuevo enfoque educativo para la planificación del alta de otros pacientes


Objetivo. Determinar o efeito do planejamento de alta interdisciplinar na adesão ao tratamento e readmissão em pacientes submetidos à angioplastia de artéria coronária no sul do Irã em 2020. Métodos. Este estudo experimental contou com um grupo intervenção e um grupo controle com avaliação pré-teste e pós-teste. Participaram do estudo 70 pacientes que foram divididos aleatoriamente em grupos. No grupo intervenção, o planejamento da alta foi realizado com base na abordagem interdisciplinar. Em ambos os grupos, a adesão ao tratamento foi examinada antes, imediatamente e um mês após a intervenção com um questionário de 10 questões pontuadas de 1 a 5 (pontuação máxima = 50), bem como a readmissão até três meses após a alta. Resultados. Antes da intervenção, não houve diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre os grupos intervenção e controle na pontuação de adesão ao tratamento (18.22 vr. 17.37; p = 0.84), mas imediatamente e um mês após a intervenção os grupos apresentaram diferença estatisticamente significativa (21.51 vr. 46.14 e 23.28 vr. 43.12, respectivamente; p <0.001). Aos três meses após a alta, a taxa de readmissão foi de 11.4% no grupo de controle, enquanto nenhuma readmissão foi registrada no grupo de intervenção. Conclusão. A aplicação do planejamento de alta interdisciplinar teve efeitos positivos na adesão ao tratamento e na taxa de readmissão em pacientes submetidos à angioplastia de artéria coronária; portanto, sugere-se que os gestores do sistema de saúde façam os planos necessários para institucionalizar essa nova abordagem educativa para o planejamento da alta de outros pacientes


Subject(s)
Humans , Patient Discharge , Patient Readmission , Patient Compliance , Angioplasty , Interprofessional Relations
2.
Medicina UPB ; 41(1): 75-79, mar. 2022. Ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1362712

ABSTRACT

Los aneurismas de las arterias coronarias (AAC) son poco comunes, con una incidencia de 0.3-5.3%. Se definen como una dilatación 1.5 veces mayor al diámetro interno de la arteria normal adyacente. La arteria coronaria derecha es la más comúnmente afectada. Su fisiopatología es poco clara, pero se cree que una de sus principales causas es la aterosclerosis. Los AAC son generalmente asintomáticos o pueden estar asociados a isquemia miocárdica. Su tratamiento aún no está bien establecido, debido al desconocimiento general sobre su historia natural, e incluye desde un manejo conservador hasta el tratamiento quirúrgico. A continuación, se reporta el caso de un paciente con infarto agudo de miocardio y elevación del segmento ST, llevado a coronariografía que evidenció aneurisma de la coronaria derecha, que requirió trombectomía, angioplastia y manejo médico vitalicio ambulatorio.


Coronary artery aneurysms (CAA) are a rare entity with an incidence of 0.3-5.3%. They are dilations of 1.5 times larger than normal adjacent artery, with the right coronary artery as the most affected vessel. Its pathophysiology is unclear but atherosclerosis is believed to be the main cause. CAA are generally asymptomatic but can cause coronary ischemia. Its treatment is yet to be established due to general ignorance about its nature. It ranges from conservative management to surgery. In the following text, we report a case of a patient with acute myocardial infarction presenting ST-segment elevation, who showed a right coronary artery aneurysm in coronary angiography. The patient required thrombectomy, angioplasty and subsequent lifetime outpatient medical management.


Os aneurismas das artérias coronárias (AAC) são pouco comuns, com uma incidência de 0.3-5.3%. Se definem como uma dilatação 1.5 vezes maior ao diâmetro interno da artéria normal adjacente. A artéria coronária direita é a mais comumente afetada. Sua fisiopatologia é pouco clara, mas se crê que uma das suas principais causas é a aterosclerose. Os AAC são geralmente assintomáticos ou podem estar associados a isquemia miocárdica. Seu tratamento ainda não está bem estabelecido, devido ao desconhecimento geral sobre sua história natural, e inclui desde um manejo conservador até o tratamento cirúrgico. A continuação, se reporta o caso de um paciente com infarto agudo de miocárdio e elevação do segmento ST, levado a coronariografia que evidenciou aneurisma da coronária direita, que requereu trombectomia, angioplastia e manejo médico vitalício ambulatório.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aneurysm , Coronary Angiography , Myocardial Ischemia , Angioplasty , Coronary Vessels , Myocardial Infarction
3.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 41(1): 1-6, 07/03/2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362064

ABSTRACT

Objectives To establish the success rate in endovascular internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis recanalization using the double-layer stent Casper-RX (Microvention, Inc 35 Enterprise, Aliso Viejo, California, United States of America) and to identify the main comorbidities in individuals with ICA stenosis, morphological characteristics of the stenosis, diagnostic methods, intraoperative complications, as well as morbidity and mortality within 30 days of the surgical procedure. Materials and Methods Retrospective analysis of 116 patients undergoing ICA angioplasty with a degree of stenosis > 70% using Casper-RX stenting who underwent this procedure from April 2015 to December 2019. Results Technical success was achieved in 99.1% of the patients. Three of them had postprocedural complications: one transient ischemic attack (TIA) and two puncture site hematomas. A cerebral protection filter was not used in only two procedures, as these consisted of dissection of the carotid. There was satisfactory recanalization and adequate accommodation of the stents in the previously stenosed arteries, with no restenosis in 99.4% of the cases. Conclusion The endovascular treatment of extracranial carotid stenoses using the Casper-RX stent showed good applicability and efficacy. Although only two cases of thromboembolic complications occurred during the procedure, fu


Subject(s)
Carotid Artery, Internal/surgery , Stents , Carotid Stenosis/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Prognosis , Medical Records , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Treatment Outcome , Carotid Stenosis/diagnostic imaging , Angioplasty/methods , Endovascular Procedures/methods
4.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 49-54, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935102

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the efficacy and safety of percutaneous transluminal pulmonary angioplasty (PTPA) in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). Methods: This prospective single arm study included 19 CTEPH patients (7 male, age(56.3±12.5)years) admitted to Wuhan Asia Heart Hospital from January 2017 to June 2019 and received PTPA interventional therapy. Baseline data, including age, sex, WHO functional class, 6-minute walk distance (6MWD), NT-proBNP, right heart catheterization values, were collected. Patients received single or repeated PTPA. Number of dilated vessels from each patient was analyzed, patients were followed up for 24 weeks and right heart catheterization was repeated at 24 weeks post initial PTPA. All-cause death, perioperative complications, and reperfusion pulmonary edema were reported. WHO functional class, 6MWD, NT-proBNP, right heart catheterization values were compared between baseline and at 24 weeks follow up. Results: Nineteen CTEPH patients received a total of 56 PTPA treatments. The pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) decreased from (40.11±7.55) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) to (27.53±4.75) mmHg (P<0.001), and the total pulmonary resistance (TPR) decreased from (13.00±3.56) Wood U to (5.48±1.56) Wood U (P<0.001), cardiac output increased from (3.19±0.63) L/min to (5.23±0.94) L/minutes (P<0.01) at 24 weeks post PTPA. The WHO functional class improved significantly (P<0.001), 6MWD increased from (307.08±129.51) m to (428.00±112.64) m (P=0.002), the NT-proBNP decreased at 24 weeks post PTPA (P=0.002). During the follow-up period, there was no death; hemoptysis occurred in 4 patients during the operation, none of which resulted in serious adverse clinical consequences. One patient developed reperfusion pulmonary edema and recovered after treatment. Conclusion: PTPA treatment is safe and can significantly improve the hemodynamics and WHO functional class of patients with CTEPH.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Angioplasty , Angioplasty, Balloon , Chronic Disease , Humans , Hypertension, Pulmonary/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Pulmonary Artery/surgery , Pulmonary Embolism , Treatment Outcome
5.
J. vasc. bras ; 21: e20210130, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365073

ABSTRACT

Resumo Contexto A maior sobrevida dos doentes dialíticos somada à incapacidade de obtenção de órgãos suficientes para atender a demanda, bem como à dificuldade de acesso aos serviços de saúde, levou ao aumento da fila para transplante e ao prolongamento do tempo de utilização do acesso venoso central para hemodiálise. A etiologia mais comum de estenose de veia central é o acesso venoso central prolongado, pelas lesões intimais decorrentes da presença do cateter. Objetivos Avaliar resultados de angioplastia para tratamento de doença oclusiva venosa central com fístula arteriovenosa periférica funcionante. Métodos Estudo tipo coorte retrospectivo com revisão de prontuários de 47 doentes com lesões estenóticas ou oclusivas. A avaliação dos doentes foi realizada em 30 dias, 6 meses e 1 ano após a recanalização ou correção da estenose com ATP ou ATP/aplicação de stent. Resultados Lesões estenóticas foram encontradas em 25 doentes (53%), e oclusões, em 22 (47%) doentes. A angioplastia percutânea transluminal (ATP) com stent foi utilizada em 64% dos doentes, e angioplastia isolada com balão, em 36% deles. A análise de resultados clínicos mostrou elevada taxa de melhora clínica precoce (30 dias) em 82% dos doentes (intervalo de confiança [IC] 71-93%). Após 1 ano de seguimento, a taxa de perviedade primária foi de 57%, e a taxa de perviedade primária assistida foi de 72% (IC 57-84%). Conclusão O tratamento endovascular das estenoses ou oclusões de veia central sugere melhora clínica dos sintomas e taxas adequadas de perviedade no período de 1 ano, apesar da limitação no tamanho amostral.


Abstract Background The increased survival of dialysis patients and the inability to obtain sufficient organs to meet demand for transplantation, compounded by poor access to health services, have caused the transplant waiting lists to grow, extending the time spent using central venous accesses for hemodialysis. The most common etiology of central vein stenosis is prolonged central venous access, due to intimal injuries caused by the presence of the catheter. Objectives To assess the results of angioplasty to treat central vein occlusion in patients with functioning peripheral arteriovenous fistulas. Methods Retrospective cohort study with review of medical records from 47 patients with stenotic or occlusive lesions. Patients were assessed at 30 days, 6 months, and 1 year after recanalization or correction of stenosis with transluminal percutaneous angioplasty (TPA) or TPA/stenting. Results Stenotic lesions were detected in 25 patients (53%) and occlusions were found in 22 (47%) patients. TPA with stenting was used in 64% of patients and balloon angioplasty in isolation was used in 36%. Analysis of clinical results showed a high rate of early clinical improvement (30 days), seen in 82% of patients (confidence interval [CI] 71-93%). After 1 year of follow-up, the primary patency rate was 57% and the assisted primary patency rate was 72% (CI 57-84%). Conclusions Endovascular treatment of central vein stenosis or occlusions suggests clinical improvement of symptoms and adequate rates of patency at 1 year, notwithstanding the limited sample size.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Arterial Occlusive Diseases/therapy , Arteriovenous Fistula/therapy , Angioplasty/methods , Constriction, Pathologic/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Upper Extremity
6.
J. vasc. bras ; 21: e20210157, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365071

ABSTRACT

Resumo A dissecção da artéria mesentérica superior é uma causa rara de dor abdominal, com quadro clínico variável. Seu diagnóstico é difícil, e não existe consenso sobre suas opções terapêuticas; elas variam em torno de tratamento conservador, correção aberta, endovascular ou combinada. Descrevemos o caso de um homem de 45 anos com dissecção isolada da artéria mesentérica superior, com quadro de dor abdominal persistente após tentativa de tratamento conservador. Ele foi submetido à revascularização cirúrgica aberta devido à localização e complexidade da dissecção. O tratamento com endarterectomia, arterioplastia com remendo de pericárdio bovino e acesso retrógrado para abertura da mesentérica com stent foi realizado com sucesso. A angina abdominal foi totalmente resolvida após estabilização do quadro. A combinação de abordagem aberta e endovascular deve ser considerada como terapia para casos de dissecção complexa isolada da artéria mesentérica superior.


Abstract Dissection of the superior mesenteric artery is a rare cause of abdominal pain, with a variable clinical picture. It is difficult to diagnose and there is no consensus on treatment options, which range from conservative treatment to open, endovascular, or combination repair. We describe the case of a 45-year-old man with isolated dissection of the superior mesenteric artery and persistent abdominal pain after conservative treatment had been attempted. He underwent open surgical revascularization due to the location and complexity of the dissection. Treatment consisting of endarterectomy, arterioplasty with bovine pericardium patch, and retrograde access to open the mesenteric artery with a stent was successful. Abdominal angina was completely resolved after the condition had stabilized. A combination of open and endovascular approaches should be considered as treatment for cases of isolated complex dissection of the superior mesenteric artery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angioplasty , Endarterectomy , Endovascular Procedures , Mesenteric Vascular Occlusion , Stents , Mesenteric Artery, Superior , Mesenteric Vascular Occlusion/diagnostic imaging
7.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 24(281): 6299-6308, out.-2021.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1344292

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar a qualidade de vida dos pacientes submetidos a revascularização por Angioplastia. Métodos: Tratase de um estudo descritivo, transversal, quantitativo, realizado nos meses de março a abril de 2019 com 25 pacientes de um hospital público de referência em cardiologia de Recife (PE). Foi utilizado o questionário WHOQOL-Bref para avaliação da qualidade de vida. Resultados: Verificou-se que 56% (n: 14) da amostra são do gênero masculino e tinham uma mediana de idade de 63 anos. A avaliação da qualidade de vida dos pacientes apresentou resultado moderado, com necessidade de melhora em todos os domínios. O domínio "físico" obteve o escore mais baixo (3,20 ± 1,08), enquanto o domínio relações pessoais obteve o melhor índice (3,71 ± 1,08). A média do escore total foi de 3,38 (DP: 1,11). Conclusão: Os resultados refletiram um grau moderado de qualidade de vida e sua melhora depende do processo de mudança comportamental do indivíduo.(AU)


Objective: To evaluate the quality of life of patients undergoing revascularization by angioplasty. Methods: This is a descriptive, cross-sectional, quantitative study conducted in the months of March to April 2019 with 25 patients from a public cardiology referral hospital in Recife (PE). The WHOQOL-Bref questionnaire was used to assess quality of life. Results: It was found that 56% (n: 14) of the sample were male, with a median age of 63 years. The patients' quality of life assessment showed moderate results, with need for improvement in all domains. The physical domain had the lowest score (3.20 ± 1.08), while the personal relationships domain had the best score (3.71 ± 1.08). The mean total score was 3.38 (SD: 1.11). Conclusion: The results reflected a moderate degree of quality of life and its improvement depends on the individual's behavioral change process.(AU)


Objetivo: Evaluar la calidad de vida de los pacientes sometidos a revascularización mediante angioplastia. Métodos: Se trata de un estudio descriptivo, transversal y cuantitativo realizado en los meses de marzo a abril de 2019 con 25 pacientes de un hospital público de referencia en cardiología de Recife (PE). Se utilizó el cuestionario WHOQOL-Bref para evaluar la calidad de vida. Resultados: Se encontró que el 56% (n: 14) de la muestra eran hombres y tenían una edad media de 63 años. La evaluación de la calidad de vida de los pacientes mostró un resultado moderado, con necesidad de mejora en todos los dominios. El dominio "físico" obtuvo la puntuación más baja (3,20 ± 1,08), mientras que el dominio relaciones personales obtuvo el mejor índice (3,71 ± 1,08). La puntuación total media fue de 3,38 (DE: 1,11). Conclusión: Los resultados reflejaron un grado moderado de calidad de vida y su mejora depende del proceso de cambio de conducta del individuo.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Quality of Life , Cardiology , Angioplasty , Myocardial Revascularization , Referral and Consultation , Surveys and Questionnaires , Hospitals, Public
8.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 40(2): 120-124, 15/06/2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362185

ABSTRACT

Subclavian steal syndrome is a group of symptoms resulting fromretrograde flow in the vertebral artery, "stealing" blood from the posterior intracranial circulation and other territories, caused by stenosis or occlusion of the subclavian artery proximal to the origin of the same vertebral artery, or even of the brachiocephalic trunk. Most of the time, it is an incidental finding in patients with other conditions or cerebrovascular risk factors. We report a series of 29 patients with an angiographic diagnosis, in which 7 received treatment (all endovascular), all with symptoms directly related to this condition. Advanced age, systemic arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking and stroke were comorbidities frequently related. Six patients improved completely after the procedure and one remained with vertigo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Subclavian Artery/abnormalities , Subclavian Steal Syndrome/physiopathology , Subclavian Steal Syndrome/therapy , Subclavian Steal Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Brazil/epidemiology , Medical Records , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Angioplasty/methods
9.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 19(1): 20-28, março 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361697

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comparar os tempos de tratamento dor-porta e porta-balão em indivíduos com infarto agudo do miocárdio com supradesnivelamento ST com os desfechos cardiovasculares em 30 dias. Métodos: Trata-se de uma coorte histórica, realizada por meio da pesquisa de prontuários eletrônicos e dos bancos de dados já existentes dos serviços de hemodinâmica de todos os indivíduos atendidos com diagnóstico de infarto agudo do miocárdio com supradesnivelamento ST e submetidos à angioplastia, no período de março de 2015 a setembro de 2016, em dois hospitais públicos de grande porte de Porto Alegre (RS). Os desfechos foram o óbito intra-hospitalar e em 30 dias e os eventos cardíacos maiores hospitalares e em 30 dias. Resultados: Foram avaliadas as informações de 808 indivíduos, sendo 26,9% provenientes do Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre e 73,1% do Instituto de Cardiologia ­ Fundação Universitária de Cardiologia. Não houve diferença significativa na caracterização da amostra. Um terço dos indivíduos analisados apresentou tempo dor- -porta menor ou igual a 180 minutos, e 72% tiveram tempo porta-balão menor que 90 minutos. A mediana do tempo total de isquemia foi de 338 minutos. Na avaliação dos tempos não houve diferença significativa entre os dois hospitais. Para eventos cardíacos maiores e óbitos intra- -hospitalares, o único tempo que se mostrou significativo, após o ajuste multivariado, foi o porta-balão, em que os indivíduos com tempo maior que 90 minutos apresentaram razão de risco de 1,06 (IC95% 1,02-1,11) e 5,78 (IC95% 1,44-23,2), respectivamente, para eventos cardíacos maiores e óbitos intra-hospitalares. Para eventos cardíacos maiores total e óbito total, nenhum dos três tempos se associou significativamente com o desfecho após ajuste. Contudo, o tempo porta-balão maior ou igual a 90 minutos também foi significativo para razão de risco bruto para ambos, assim como a dor-porta para óbito total. Conclusão: Os dados da pesquisa corroboram as recomendações internacionais para cumprimento dos menores tempos de atendimento, em especial do tempo porta-balão, para o bom prognóstico. Infelizmente, no país, o tempo de isquemia miocárdica ainda está muito aquém do ótimo, necessitando de melhorias na área para melhorar os desfechos nesses indivíduos.


Objective: To compare symptom-onset-to-door and door- -to-balloon times in individuals with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction to the 30-day cardiovascular outcomes. Methods: This is a historical cohort, using electronic medical records and the existing databases of hemodynamic services of all individuals diagnosed with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing angioplasty between March 2015 and September 2016, in two large public hospitals in Porto Alegre. The outcomes were in-hospital death and death in 30 days, and major adverse cardiac events in hospital and in 30 days. Results: The information of 808 patients was evaluated, with 26.9% from Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, and 73.1% from the Instituto de Cardiologia ­ Fundação Universitária de Cardiologia. There was no significant difference in the characterization of the sample. One-third of the individuals evaluated presented symptom-onset-to-door of 180 minutes or less, and 72% had door-to- -balloon time below 90 minutes. The median total ischemic time was 338 minutes. In the evaluation of the times, there was no significant difference between the two hospitals. For more major cardiac events and intra-hospital deaths, the only time that proved to be significant after the multivariate adjustment was the door-to-balloon time, in which individuals with time higher than 90 minutes had a risk ratio of 1.06 (95% CI 1.02-1.11) for major cardiac events and 5.78 (95% CI 1.44-23.2), for intra-hospital deaths. For total major adverse cardiac events and total death, none of the 3 times was significantly associated with the outcome after adjustment; however, door-to-balloon of 90 minutes or more was also significant for crude risk ratio for both, as well as symptom-onset-to-door for total death. Conclusion: The research data corroborate the international recommendations to meet shorter service times, especially door-to-balloon time, for a good prognosis. Unfortunately, in the country, the time of myocardial ischemia is still far from optimal, requiring improvement in the area to improve the outcomes in these individuals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care , Angioplasty , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/therapy , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/epidemiology , Time Factors , Cohort Studies
11.
Rev. int. sci. méd. (Abidj.) ; 23(1): 86-89, 2021. figures
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1397430

ABSTRACT

Introduction. L'insuffi sance mitrale ischémique est une complication fréquente et représente un facteur de mauvais pronostic. Sa prise en charge thérapeutique est diffi cile. L'objectif de ce travail est de réévaluer l'intérêt de la revascularisation par angioplastie en cas d'insuffi sance mitrale ischémique importante. Observation et conclusion. Nous rapportons le cas d'un patient âgé de 48 ans ayant comme facteurs de risque cardiovasculaire ; une hypertension artérielle non suivie et un tabagisme actif (20 Paquets/année) qui s'était présentait pour un syndrome coronaire aigu compliqué d'une insuffi sance mitrale sévère et d'une insuffi sance cardiaque gauche avec une altération de la fraction d'éjection ventriculaire gauche à l'échocardiographie. La coronarographie montrait une atteinte tritronculaire. La revascularisation complète par angioplastie a permis une bonne évolution à cinq (5) ans


Subject(s)
Humans , Angioplasty , Mitral Valve Insufficiency , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Myocardial Ischemia
12.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 19: eRC5521, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154093

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Sophisticated imaging systems have helped to redefine the clinical presentation of acute macular neuroretinopathy and have markedly enhanced diagnostic sensitivity. The proposed mechanism of paracentral acute middle maculopathy is related to ischemia at the level of the superficial and deep retinal capillary plexi. This is a case report of a patient who developed an acute macular neuroretinopathy after an uneventful angioplasty with stents in the coronary artery.


RESUMO Sistemas de imagem sofisticados ajudaram a redefinir a apresentação clínica da neurorretinopatia macular aguda e têm sensibilidade diagnóstica marcadamente aumentada. A maculopatia média aguda paracentral tem sido relacionada à isquemia ao nível dos plexos capilares superficial e profundo da retina. Este é um relato de caso de paciente que desenvolveu uma neurorretinopatia macular aguda após uma cirurgia de angioplastia com stents da artéria coronária sem complicações.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Stents/adverse effects , Angioplasty/adverse effects , Coronary Vessels/surgery , Atherosclerosis/surgery , Fluorescein Angiography , Acute Disease , Tomography, Optical Coherence , White Dot Syndromes/etiology , White Dot Syndromes/diagnostic imaging , Macular Degeneration , Middle Aged
13.
J. vasc. bras ; 20: e20210054, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351015

ABSTRACT

Abstract Renal transplant remains the preferred therapy for end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Given the shortage of suitable donor kidneys, use of an expanded criteria donor (ECD) allows marginal kidneys to be transplanted; albeit at risk of increased graft failure due to lower nephron mass. To reduce the risk of graft failure, double kidney transplant (DKT) is advocated, with favorable outcomes. Transplant renal artery stenosis (TRAS) is one of the most common vascular complications following renal transplant. Unlike single kidney transplants, where TRAS usually presents with fluid overload, uncontrolled hypertension, and worsening kidney functions; it may be clinically silent in DKT patients since they have two functional transplanted kidneys. We hereby report a case of TRAS in a DKT patient who had 2 years of favorable clinical outcomes following successful endovascular stenting. He however recently died of COVID-19 associated pneumonitis.


Resumo O transplante renal continua sendo a terapia preferida para doenças renais em fase terminal. Dada a escassez de rins de doadores adequados, o doador com critérios expandidos permite que rins marginais sejam transplantados, embora haja um maior risco de falha do enxerto devido à diminuição da massa nefrótica. Para diminuir o risco de falha do enxerto, recomenda-se o transplante renal duplo (TRD), com resultados favoráveis. A estenose de artéria renal transplantada (EART) é uma das complicações vasculares mais comuns após o transplante renal. Ao contrário dos transplantes de rim simples, nos quais a EART geralmente se manifesta como sobrecarga de fluido, hipertensão descontrolada e piora das funções renais, ela pode ser clinicamente silenciosa em pacientes com TRD, pois eles têm dois rins funcionais transplantados. Relatamos aqui um caso de EART em um paciente com TRD que teve resultados clínicos favoráveis por dois anos após o sucesso do implante de stent endovascular. No entanto, ele morreu recentemente de pneumonite associada à covid-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Renal Artery Obstruction/therapy , Thrombosis , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Angioplasty , Drug-Eluting Stents , Renal Artery , Kidney Transplantation/methods , Donor Selection/methods , Endovascular Procedures , Transplant Recipients
14.
J. vasc. bras ; 20: e20210035, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340180

ABSTRACT

Abstract Various vascular complications following renal transplantation include renal artery and vein thrombosis, renal artery stenosis, pseudoaneurysm, and iliac artery dissection. Transplant renal artery stenosis (TRAS) is the most common, while iliac artery dissection is the rarest of these various vascular complications. We describe an elderly male, who had both external iliac artery dissection and TRAS at 2 months following renal transplantation. He underwent successful percutaneous endovascular intervention of both complications. The post-intervention course was uneventful, with improvement in graft renal functions and left lower limb perfusion.


Resumo As diversas complicações vasculares possíveis após um transplante renal incluem trombose da veia e artéria renais, estenose da artéria renal, pseudoaneurisma e dissecção da artéria ilíaca. Entre essas diversas complicações, a estenose da artéria renal transplantada é a mais comum, enquanto a dissecção da artéria ilíaca é a mais rara. Relatamos o caso de um homem idoso que desenvolveu tanto dissecção da artéria ilíaca quanto estenose da artéria renal transplantada 2 meses após transplante renal. As intervenções endovasculares percutâneas foram bem-sucedidas em ambas as complicações. O período pós-intervenção cursou sem complicações, com melhora na função renal do enxerto e na perfusão do membro inferior esquerdo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Renal Artery/pathology , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Angioplasty , Iliac Artery/pathology , Stents , Constriction, Pathologic , Endovascular Procedures
15.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 27(6): 602-606, nov.-dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1289278

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los mixomas son los tumores cardíacos primarios más comunes. La mayoría tiene curso benigno y pueden tratarse de hallazgos incidentales o ser casi asintomáticos. Los síntomas dependen de su ubicación, en cuyo caso la más frecuente es la aurícula izquierda, de ahí que el riesgo embólico sea elevado. El principal lugar de embolia es el sistema nervioso central; sin embargo, en ocasiones puede afectar los sistemas respiratorio, periférico o coronario(1). Se expone el caso de una paciente con mixoma auricular izquierdo, el cual se manifiesta con accidente cerebral isquémico transitorio, seguido de infarto agudo de miocardio con elevación del segmento ST en la pared ínfero-posterior.


Abstract The myxomas are the most common primary cardiac tumours. The majority of them are benign and can be an incidental finding or be almost asymptomatic. The symptoms depend on their location, with the most common being the left atrium, which carries an increased risk of clots. The main effects of the clots are on the central nervous system, but occasionally they can involve the respiratory, peripheral, or coronary system. The case is presented of a patient with left atrial myxoma, as well as a transient ischaemic stroke and acute myocardial infarction with ST elevation in the inferior-posterior wall.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Myxoma , Angiography , Thrombolytic Therapy , Cerebral Infarction , Angioplasty , Myocardial Infarction
17.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 90(4): 452-466, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152820

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: La dispersión transmural de la repolarización ventricular (DTMRV) es un factor de riesgo para muerte en pacientes con síndrome isquémico coronario agudo (SICA). Con el objetivo de conocer el efecto de la realización de angioplastia sobre la DTMRV, se estudió la relación Tp-f/QTc en pacientes con SICA sometidos a angioplastia. Método: Se diseñó un estudio observacional, retrospectivo y descriptivo. Se incluyeron 150 pacientes (N = 150) con diagnóstico de SICA. Se valoró la relación Tp-f/QTc inicial y se evaluó su acortamiento posangioplastia. Como objetivo secundario, se comparó la asociación de dichos cambios en la relación Tp-f/QTc con la mortalidad cardiovascular y los eventos adversos cardiovasculares. Resultados: El promedio en la relación Tp-f/QTc inicial fue de 0.2529, mientras que posangioplastia fue de 0.2397. Por medio de prueba de rangos de Wilcoxon se evidenció un descenso significativo en la relación Tp-f/QTc posterior a la angioplastia, con un valor Z de −2.051 y una p < 0.04. En el análisis secundario se encontró que una Tp-f/QTc ≥ 0.29 posangioplastia es factor de riesgo para presentación de los siguientes eventos adversos: muerte intrahospitalaria (7.4 vs 0%; p < 0.003), nuevo SICA en seguimiento a 1 año (25.9 vs. 18.5%; p < 0.006) y reintervención en seguimiento a 1 año (29.6 vs. 15.0%; p < 0.002). Conclusiones: Existe un acortamiento significativo en la relación Tp-f/QTc posangioplastia en pacientes con SICA. Esta medida de la DTMRV puede servir como un predictor de muerte intrahospitalaria, eventos cardiovasculares y reintervención a 1 año en pacientes con SICA tratados con angioplastia.


Abstract Objective: Transmural Dispersion of Repolarization (TDR) is a Risk factor for Death in patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS). In order to know the effect of angioplasty on TDR, the Tp-e/QTc ratio was studied in patients with ACS undergoing angioplasty. Method: An observational, retrospective and descriptive study was designed. 150 patients (N = 150) with diagnosis of ACS were included. The initial Tp-e/QTc ratio was assessed and then its post-angioplasty shortening was evaluated. As a secondary objective, we compared the association of these Tp-e/QTc ratio changes with cardiovascular mortality and cardiovascular adverse events. Results: The average in the initial Tp-e/QTc ratio was 0.2529, while post-angioplasty was 0.2397. Through a Wilcoxon rage test, a significant decrease in the Tp-e/QTc ratio after angioplasty was observed, with a Z value of −2.051 and p < 0.04. In the secondary analysis, it was found that a Tp-e/QTc ≥ 0.29 post-angioplasty is a risk factor for presenting the following adverse events: in-hospital death (7.4 vs. 0%; p < 0.003), new ACS in 1-year follow-up (25.9 vs. 18.5%; p < 0.006), and reintervention in 1-year follow up (29.6 vs. 15%; p < 0.002). Conclusions: There is a significant shortening in the Tp-e/QTc ratio post-angioplasty in patients with ACS. This measure of TDR can serve as a predictor of in-hospital death, cardiovascular events and 1-year reintervention in patients with ACS treated initially by angioplasty.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Angioplasty/methods , Acute Coronary Syndrome/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Follow-Up Studies , Angioplasty/adverse effects , Electrocardiography
18.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 38(3): [e05], Octubre 20 2020. Table 1, Table 2, Table 3
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1128918

ABSTRACT

Objective. To explore the relation between adherence to secondary prevention and factors that influence on said adherence in people with acute coronary syndrome, who underwent percutaneous coronary angioplasty in a clinic in Medellín. Methods. Cross-sectional study on a random sample of 128 volunteer patients. A questionnaire was used for sociodemographic variables, the "Scale to measure therapeutic adherence for patients with chronic diseases, based on explicit behaviors" by Trujano, Vega, and Nava and the "Instrument to evaluate adherence by patients according to influential cardiovascular risk factors" validated by Consuelo Ortiz. Results. Socioeconomic factors influenced in very low manner on the adherence to secondary prevention; factors related with the therapy did so moderately and patient factors influenced in low manner. No relation was found between the health provider factor and said adherence. Conclusion. Factors exist that influence in a lesser or higher measure on adherence to secondary prevention and which must be recognized in people with coronary angioplasty to design strategies to improve this aspect of self-care.


Objetivo. Explorar la relación entre la adherencia a la prevención secundaria y los factores que influyen en dicha adherencia en personas con Síndrome Coronario Agudo, a quienes se les realizó angioplastia coronaria percutánea en una clínica de Medellín. Métodos. Estudio de corte transversal en una muestra aleatoria de 128 pacientes voluntarios. Se utilizó un cuestionario para variables sociodemográficas, la "Escala para medir la adherencia terapéutica para pacientes con enfermedades crónicas, basada en comportamientos explícitos" de Trujano, Vega y Nava y el "Instrumento para evaluar la adherencia de los pacientes según factores influyentes de riesgo cardiovascular" validado por Consuelo Ortiz. Resultados. Los factores socioeconómicos influyeron de manera muy baja en la adherencia a la prevención secundaria, los factores relacionados con la terapia lo hicieron en forma moderada y los factores del paciente influyeron de manera baja. No se encontró relación entre el factor del proveedor de salud y dicha adherencia. Conclusión. Existen factores que influyen en menor o mayor medida en la adherencia a la prevención secundaria y que deben ser reconocidos en las personas con angioplastia coronaria para que se diseñen estrategias para el mejoramiento de este aspecto del autocuidado


Objetivo. Explorar a relação entre a adesão à prevenção secundária e os fatores que influenciam essa adesão em pessoas com Síndrome Coronariana Aguda, submetidas a angioplastia coronária percutânea em uma clínica de Medellín (Colômbia). Métodos. Estudo transversal em amostra aleatória de 128 pacientes voluntários. Foi utilizado um questionário para variáveis sócio-demográficas, a "Escala para medir a adesão terapêutica para pacientes com doenças crônicas, baseada em comportamentos explícitos" de Trujano, Vega e Nava, e o "Instrumento para avaliar a adesão do paciente de acordo com fatores de risco cardiovascular influenciadores" validado por Consuelo Ortiz. Resultados. Os fatores socioeconômicos tiveram uma influência muito baixa na adesão à prevenção secundária, os fatores relacionados à terapia tiveram uma influência moderada e os fatores do paciente tiveram uma influência baixa. Não foi encontrada relação entre o fator provedor de saúde e a referida adesão. Conclusão. Existem fatores que influenciam em menor ou maior grau a adesão à prevenção secundária e que devem ser reconhecidos em pessoas com angioplastia coronariana para que estratégias possam ser traçadas para melhorar esse aspecto do autocuidado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Self Care , Cross-Sectional Studies , Angioplasty , Acute Coronary Syndrome , Secondary Prevention , Treatment Adherence and Compliance
19.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 27(5): 380-387, sep.-oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1289246

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To determine the association between body mass index and indication of angioplasty with stent implantation in women over 50 years of age. Material and methods: Retrospective analytical study, cross-sectional. It were evaluated 83 clinical records of women older than 50 years of age who underwent angiography due to coronary artery disease and were hospitalized in Peruvian Naval Medical Center between 2010 and 2017. A Poisson regression analysis was performed to determine the association. Results: The mean ± standard deviation of age was 66.51 ± 8.94 years. 81.93% had two or more comorbidities. The frequency of angioplasties with stent implantation was 58%. Body mass index in range of obesity (45.83%) was more frequent in patients who received the implant. In the adjusted regression model, overweight patients had lower probability (PR 0.83, 95% CI 0.68 - 0.98) to have the indication of implantation as compared to patients with body mass index less than 25 kg/m2. Conclusions: Although obesity paradox relationship between body mass index and angioplasty with stent indication has been demonstrated by the multivariate analysis of this study, it is necessary to evaluate obesity with better markers than body mass index before assuming that obesity is a good prognostic factor for coronary artery disease in our patient.


Resumen Objetivo: Determinar la asociación entre índice de masa corporal e indicación de angioplastia con implantación de stent en mujeres mayores de 50 años. Material y métodos: Estudio analítico retrospectivo y transversal. Se evaluaron 83 historias clínicas de mujeres mayores de 50 años, a quienes se les practicó angiografía debido a cardiopatía coronaria y fueron hospitalizadas en el Centro Médico Naval de Perú entre 2010 y 2017. Se realizó un análisis de regresión de Poisson para determinar la asociación. Resultados: La media ± desviación estándar de la edad fue de 66,51 ± 8,94 años. El 81,93% de los casos tenía dos o más comorbilidades. La frecuencia de angioplastias con implantación de stent fue del 58%. El índice de masa corporal en rango de obesidad (45,83%) fue más frecuente en las pacientes que recibieron el implante. En el modelo de regresión ajustado, las pacientes con sobrepeso tuvieron menor probabilidad (PR 0,83, 95% IC 0,68 - 0,98) de indicación de implantación, en comparación con las pacientes con índice de masa corporal inferior a 25 kg/m2. Conclusiones: Aunque la paradoja de la relación de la obesidad entre índice de masa corporal y angioplastia con indicación de stent ha sido demostrada por el análisis multivariante de este estudio, es necesario evaluar la obesidad con mejores marcadores que el índice de masa corporal, antes de asumir que la obesidad es un buen factor pronóstico de cardiopatía coronaria en las pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angioplasty , Coronary Disease , Peru , Coronary Artery Disease , Angiography , Stents , Cross-Sectional Studies
20.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(5): 706-712, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137338

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Diffuse coronary artery disease (CAD) has a poor prognosis and many patients are ineligible for conventional coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). This study evaluated the 12-month outcomes of coronary artery reconstruction and surgical patch angioplasty of the coronary artery for diffuse CAD. Methods: A retrospective cohort study of patients who underwent CABG with surgical patch angioplasty of the coronary artery (reconstruction group) or standard CABG alone (standard group) at the Cardiovascular Surgery Department of the local Hospital between January 2014 and January 2016. Follow-up was censored at 12 months after surgery. Results: Cardiopulmonary bypass and aortic cross-clamping durations were longer in the reconstruction group (n=32) than in the standard group (n=125) (P<0.05). There were no differences in graft blood flow and postoperative levels of cardiac markers between the two groups (P>0.05). In the reconstruction group, one patient died; a vein graft showed occlusion. In the standard group, two patients died; one left internal mammary artery graft and three vein grafts showed occlusion. There were no significant differences in mortality, major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events, and patency between the two groups (P>0.05). Conclusion: Coronary artery reconstruction and surgical patch angioplasty of the coronary artery can be performed for diffuse CAD. Patient outcomes were not significantly different from those of patients who underwent standard CABG.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Angioplasty , Stroke Volume , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Ventricular Function, Left
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