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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e250235, 2023. graf
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339353

ABSTRACT

Abstract The Neotropical freshwater cladoceran Bergamina lineolata (Sars, 1901) was found in a small temporal pond in the Magdalena department. Hitherto, it has been reported in Brazil and El Salvador. It was originally described as Alonella lineolata by Sars, 1901 from Brazil and then placed to the genus Bergamina by Elmoor-Loureiro et al. (2013). This is the first record of this species in Colombia. B. lineolata can be identified by a unique combination of characters including: 1) a remarkably large and oblong postabdomen, with three denticles on distal corner; 2) basal spine of the claw very short, length less than the half claw diameter at base; 3) IDL with two setae shorter than ODL seta, armed with fine setules unilaterally in terminal half; 4) endite 1 of trunk limb I with a long smooth seta between endites 1 and 2.


Resumo O cladócero neotropical de água doce Bergamina lineolata (Sars, 1901) foi encontrado em uma pequena lagoa temporária no departamento de Magdalena, na Colômbia. Até o momento, havia sido relatado no Brasil e em El Salvador. Foi originalmente descrito como Alonella lineolata por Sars, 1901 no Brasil, e, em seguida, colocado no gênero Bergamina por Elmoor-Loureiro et al. (2013). Esse é o primeiro registro dessa espécie na Colômbia. B. lineolata pode ser identificada por uma combinação única de caracteres, incluindo: 1) um pós-abdômen notavelmente grande e oblongo, com três dentículos no ângulo distal; 2) espinho basal da garra muito curto, comprimento menor que o diâmetro da metade da garra na base; 3) IDL com duas cerdas mais curtas que cerdas ODL, armadas com sétulas finas unilateralmente na metade terminal; e 4) endito 1 do toracópodo I com uma longa cerda lisa entre os enditos 1 e 2.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cladocera , Brazil , Colombia , Body Size , Animal Distribution
2.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(3): 693-702, May-June 2021. tab, graf, mapas
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278362

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to evaluate the spatial distribution of purebred Bos taurus taurus bovine breeds raised in Brazil in association with climatic, physical and socioeconomic variables. The breeds Aberdeen Angus, Ayrshire, Braford, Brangus, Charolais, Devon, Flemish, Hereford, Pinzgauer, Shorthorn and Simental were classified according to their aptitude (milk, meat or dual-purpose). They were spatialized according to their aptitude using state and municipal information. The milk breeds were found in the states of Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina, while the dual-purpose breeds were found in Minas Gerais and Rio Grande do Sul states and the beef breeds were concentrated in the southern region. Only the Aberdeen Angus meat breed showed higher dispersion in other regions. Meat and dual-purpose breeds tended to be raised in regions with lower maximum temperature, average temperature, thermal amplitude and temperature-humidity index. Dual-purpose breeds were found in municipalities with high humidity and altitude, but with a low gross domestic product, little technical guidance received from cooperatives and the government, low control of diseases and parasites, as well as low use of pasture rotation systems. The spatial distribution of Brazilian bovine taurine breeds, regardless of aptitude, was related to climatic, physical and socioeconomic factors.(AU)


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a distribuição espacial de raças bovinas puras Bos taurus taurus criadas no Brasil, associadas a variáveis climáticas, físicas e socioeconômicas. As raças Aberdeen Angus, Ayrshire, Braford, Brangus, Charolês, Devon, Flamenga, Hereford, Pinzgauer, Shorthorn e Simental foram classificadas de acordo com sua aptidão (leite, carne ou duplo-propósito). Elas foram espacializadas de acordo com sua aptidão a partir de informações estaduais e municipais. As raças leiteiras foram encontradas nos estados do Rio Grande do Sul e de Santa Catarina, enquanto as raças de duplo-propósito foram encontradas nos estados de Minas Gerais e Rio Grande do Sul, e as raças de carne concentraram-se na região Sul. Apenas a raça de carne Aberdeen Angus apresentou maior dispersão nas demais regiões. As raças de carne e de duplo-propósito tendem a ser criadas em regiões com menores temperatura máxima, temperatura média, amplitude térmica e índice de temperatura e umidade. As raças de duplo-propósito foram encontradas em municípios com alta umidade e altitude, mas com baixo produto interno bruto, pouca orientação técnica recebida de cooperativas e do governo, baixo controle de doenças e de parasitas e baixo uso de sistema de rotação de pastagens. A distribuição espacial das raças taurinas bovinas brasileiras, independentemente da aptidão, foi relacionada a fatores climáticos, físicos e socioeconômicos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Adaptation, Biological , Socioeconomic Analysis , Climate , Animal Distribution , Animal Husbandry/methods , Brazil
3.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 28(1): 42-47, jan./mar. 2021. il.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1368591

ABSTRACT

Os animais sinantrópicos, dentre eles os pombos, constituem uma fonte de incômodo e problemas de saúde pública no meio urbano. Encontram-se dispersos por todo o território brasileiro. Devido a sua domesticação e distribuição no ambiente, os pombos-domésticos (Columba livia) levam a queixas por nidificações, infestação por ácaros e notificações de doenças humanas. Diante disto, foi efetuado levantamento documental dos registros de reclamações feitas pela população à Diretoria de Vigilância Ambiental (DIVAL) do Distrito Federal, no período de 2014 a 2016, com o objetivo de mapear as áreas com vulnerabilidade e propor soluções para reduzir a presença desses animais sinantrópicos e a incidência de agravos. Alimento, abrigo e água são elementos essenciais para a aproximação e permanência com o homem. A distribuição das reclamações apresenta expansão principalmente na zona urbana, e outras onde nunca houve notificação, sendo que o número de notificações para estabelecimentos privados se mostrou maior que para públicos. O controle populacional desses animais é complexo e os serviços de controle encontram dificuldades em suas atividades.


Synanthropic animals, including pigeons, are a source of nuisance and public health problems in the urban environment. Dispersedthroughout the Brazilian territory due to their domestication and distribution, domestic pigeons (Columba livia) of the Columbiformes class lead to complaints of mite infestation, nesting and notification of human diseases. In view of this, a documentary survey of the records of complaints made by the population to the Environmental Surveillance Directorate (DIVAL) of the Federal District was carried out, in the period from 2014 to 2016, in order to map the vulnerable areas and propose solutions to reduce the presence of these synanthropic animals and the incidence of injuries. The distribution of complaints is expanding mainly in the urban area, and others where there was never any notification, with the number of notifications for private establishments being higher than for public ones.The population control of these animals is complex and the control services face difficulties in their activities.


Subject(s)
Animals , Columbidae , Population Control/methods , Veterinary Public Health , Data Collection/statistics & numerical data , Environmental Health Surveillance , Animal Distribution
4.
Acta amaz ; 50(3): 252-255, jul. - set. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1118849

ABSTRACT

The rare Amazonian snake Eutrachelophis papilio is known from only five individuals, from four localities, belonging to its type-series, the more recent collected over 10 years ago. Here, we expand its distribution and describe its color in life for the first time. We also provide an estimate of its distribution area using the minimum convex polygon method and identify the values of anthropic pressure within its known distribution range with the Human Footprint Index. The new occurrence is located 291 km from the nearest known locality and its distribution is associated with pristine forests. Considering its rarity, and the absence of demographic and biological data, we suggest that the species should be classified as Data Deficient by IUCN criteria. (AU)


Subject(s)
Snakes , Forests , Animal Distribution
5.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20190504, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101440

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: The study of the landscape ecology, biological microhabitat, and epidemiological implications for the distribution of the main vectors Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus contribute to the prevention and control actions regarding the diseases they transmit. METHODS: This study sought to assess data on positive properties of the vector control program activities from 1998 to 2010. An entomological survey was also carried out on a sample of buildings collecting larvae and pupae from containers between October and April (spring / summer) from 2002 to 2005. We assessed the physico-chemical data of the water in 20% of positive containers. The vegetation and urbanization were assessed with the aid of satellite images and microenvironments were classified as urbanized, woods, and shrubs. The data were analyzed using statistical and geoprocessing software. RESULTS: Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus colonized all types of microhabitats and microenvironments, predominantly in the urbanized area, in isolation and in coexistence. The microhabitat of Ae. aegypti showed a temperature gradient greater than that of Ae. albopictus, and there was an association with urbanized areas for the first species and wooded areas for the last species. CONCLUSIONS: Landscape ecology and intra-urban differences favor different microclimates, which contribute to the coexistence of species in the urban environment in an area close to the forest, raising the risk of other arbovirus infections in urban areas. The ecological niche should be considered for Ae. albopictus. Entomological and virologic monitoring are suggested as arbovirus surveillance actions in urban infested centers near preserved forests.


Subject(s)
Animals , Ecosystem , Aedes/physiology , Mosquito Vectors/physiology , Arbovirus Infections/transmission , Seasons , Urban Population , Brazil , Population Density , Aedes/classification , Spatial Analysis , Animal Distribution , Mosquito Vectors/classification
6.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20190538, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101455

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Leishmaniasis constitutes a serious but neglected tropical disease. Recently, socio-environmental, biological and physical changes have altered the range of leishmaniasis, causing it to spread into urban areas. In Minas Gerais, the disease is endemic, exhibiting regional differences and reaching urban centers. The purpose of this study was to evaluate entomological aspects related to the ecoepidemiology of leishmaniasis in Itaúna. METHODS: Monthly catches with HP traps were carried out from June 2017 to May 2018, in three ecological areas (urban, rural, and forest). The adaptability of the species to anthropic environments was assessed using the synanthropy index (SI). RESULTS: We collected 1306 specimens of phlebotomine sand flies. Of the species of medical importance, Lutzomyia longipalpis, the vector of Leishmania infantum, represented 90.4% of the specimens identified at species level (n=1260). Nyssomyia whitmani, the vector of Leishmania braziliensis, represented 1.6% of the total. Lu. longipalpis displayed an SI of +95.8, a value that denotes a marked preference for human environments. For Ny. whitmani, the SI was -25, expressing the tendency of this species to occupy uninhabited areas. The population of the three most numerous species captured increased with rain, high temperatures, and high relative humidity. Although captured at low numbers, Ny. whitmani showed a different profile concerning the climate variables analyzed. CONCLUSIONS: Understanding the epidemiology of the disease may assist the health services in formulating effective control measures for improving community health and contributing to the establishment of a dynamic relationship and a global awareness of the health/disease process.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Psychodidae/classification , Insect Vectors/classification , Rural Population , Seasons , Urban Population , Brazil , Leishmaniasis/transmission , Animal Distribution
7.
Arq. Inst. Biol ; 87: e1202018, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1121077

ABSTRACT

The objective was to identify the dispersion of Tibraca limbativentris (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in different phenological phases of irrigated rice. The research was carried out in an area of 20.12 ha, subdivided in four fields of 0.25 to 14.1 ha with the irrigated rice culture, grown under the technical recommendations of the culture. In each field, a sampling grid of 30 × 30 m was generated, with each sampling point corresponding to 1·m-2 (200 plants), sampling was through direct counting. The number of adults of T. limbativentris·m-2 was subjected to descriptive and geostatistical analyzes. Tibraca limbativentris presents border dispersion towards the center of the irrigated rice cultivation area. The highest population densities were estimated in the anthesis and elongation phase.(AU)


O objetivo foi identificar a dispersão de Tibraca limbativentris (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) em diferentes fases fenológicas do arroz irrigado. A pesquisa foi realizada em uma área de 20,12 ha, subdividida em quatro lavouras de 0,25 a 14,1 ha com a cultura de arroz irrigado, cultivadas sob as recomendações técnicas da cultura. Em cada lavoura, foi gerado um grid de amostragem de 30 × 30 m sendo cada ponto amostral correspondente a 1·m-2 (200 plantas), a amostragem realizada foi através de contagem direta. O número de adultos de T. limbativentris·m-2 foi submetido a análises descritivas e geoestatística. Tibraca limbativentris apresenta dispersão das bordaduras para o centro da área de cultivo de arroz irrigado. As maiores densidades populacionais foram estimadas na fase de antese e elongação.(AU)


Subject(s)
Oryza , Agricultural Irrigation , Animal Distribution , Hemiptera , Brazil , Population Density
8.
J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis ; 26: e20190053, 2020. graf, mapas, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1091020

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Crotalus durissus is considered one of the most important species of venomous snakes in Brazil, due to the high mortality of its snakebites. The venom of Crotalus durissus contains four main toxins: crotoxin, convulxin, gyroxin and crotamine. Venoms can vary in their crotamine content, being crotamine-negative or -positive. This heterogeneity is of great importance for producing antivenom, due to their different mechanisms of action. The possibility that antivenom produced by Butantan Institute might have a different immunorecognition capacity between crotamine-negative and crotamine-positive C. durissus venoms instigated us to investigate the differences between these two venom groups. Methods: The presence of crotamine was analyzed by SDS-PAGE, western blotting and ELISA, whereas comparison between the two types of venoms was carried out through HPLC, mass spectrometry analysis as well as assessment of antivenom lethality and efficacy. Results: The results showed a variation in the presence of crotamine among the subspecies and the geographic origin of snakes from nature, but not in captive snakes. Regarding differences between crotamine-positive and -negative venoms, some exclusive proteins are found in each pool and the crotamine-negative pool presented more phospholipase A2 than crotamine-positive pool. This variation could affect the time to death, but the lethal and effective dose were not affected. Conclusion: These differences between venom pools indicate the importance of using both, crotamine-positive and crotamine-negative venoms, to produce the antivenom.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Antivenins , Crotalus , Crotalid Venoms/analysis , Animal Distribution
9.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 115: e190496, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1135286

ABSTRACT

The geographic distribution of Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti (L.) in South America has been expanding during the last decades. Herein we present two new distribution records that extend its southern limits towards localities with extremer environmental conditions than reported to date. San Antonio Oeste constitutes the southernmost finding for the continent (40º44'S), whereas Tandil is the infested locality with the coldest mean annual temperature in Argentina (14.17ºC). The projection of a previous distribution model for Ae. aegypti predicts these two cities as positive and suggests several other localities with suitable conditions for vector proliferation beyond its assumed distribution limits.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Aedes/classification , Mosquito Vectors/classification , Population Density , Potentilla , Animal Distribution
10.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 115: e190437, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1135272

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus are the most important arbovirus vectors in the world. OBJECTIVES This study aimed to investigate and compare the infestation pattern of these species in a neighbourhood of Recife, Brazil, endemic for arboviruses in 2005 (T1) and 2013 (T2). METHODS Infestation, distribution and relative abundance of these sympatric species were recorded by egg collection using a network of 59 sentinel ovitraps (s-ovt) at fixed sampling stations for 12 months in T1 and T2. FINDINGS A permanent occupation pattern was detected which was characterised by the presence of egg-laying females of one or both species with a high ovitrap positivity index (94.3 to 100%) throughout both years analysed. In terms of abundance, the total of eggs collected was lower (p < 0.005) in T2 (146,153) than in T1 (281,103), although ovitraps still displayed a high index of positivity. The spatial distribution showed the presence of both species in 65.1% of the 148 s-ovt assessed, while a smaller number of traps exclusively contained Ae. aegypti (22%) or Ae. albopictus (13.2%) eggs. MAIN CONCLUSIONS Our comparative analysis demonstrated the robustness of the spatial occupation and permanence of Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus populations in this endemic urban area.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Aedes/classification , Mosquito Vectors/classification , Oviposition , Arbovirus Infections/transmission , Arbovirus Infections/epidemiology , Seasons , Brazil/epidemiology , Population Density , Endemic Diseases , Aedes/physiology , Animal Distribution , Mosquito Vectors/physiology
11.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 115: e190390, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056771

ABSTRACT

The mosquito Culex pipiens s.s. L. occurs as two bioforms that differ in physiology and behaviour affecting virus transmission cycles. To assess the occurrence of Cx. pipiens bioforms in the southernmost limit of its distribution, specimens were collected aboveground in southern Buenos Aires Province and east Patagonia, Argentina. Ten larvae and 25 adults were individually processed and identified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of Ace-2 and CQ11 loci. Culex quinquefasciatus Say (one larva, two adults), Cx. pipiens f. molestus (one larva, one adult) and one adult of hybrid origin were identified in Buenos Aires Province; only Cx. pipiens f. molestus was recorded in Patagonia (eight larvae, 21 adults). The potential absence of bioform pipiens and its implications in arbovirus enzootic cycles is discussed.


Subject(s)
Animals , Culex/physiology , Mosquito Vectors/physiology , Argentina , Seasons , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Culex/genetics , Culex/virology , Encephalitis, St. Louis/transmission , Animal Distribution , Mosquito Vectors/genetics , Mosquito Vectors/virology
12.
Acta toxicol. argent ; 27(3): 109-119, Dec. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1149064

ABSTRACT

Se ha observado la presencia de especies de Tityus en diferentes regiones del país, en las cuales su presencia no había sido comunicada previamente: 1- Tityus bahiensis en las provincias de Entre Ríos y Buenos Aires, en esta última en la localidad de Lanús y en San Clemente del Tuyú, y 2- Tityus confluens en la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires (CABA) y en la provincia de Buenos Aires en las localidades de Pilar, La Plata, Mar del Plata y Bahía Blanca. Estos hallazgos modifican el mapa de la distribución de escorpiones de importancia sanitaria en Argentina por lo que ante la picadura de escorpiones deben considerarse estos nuevos hallazgos. Esto es especialmente importante en el ámbito de la CABA y la provincia de Buenos Aires, en donde la enorme mayoría de los accidentes por escorpiones han sido causados por T. trivittatus y en donde ahora, al menos en algunas de sus regiones se pueden encontrar T. confluens y T. bahiensis. Se discuten posibles razones de esta nueva distribución así como la ocurrencia de accidentes graves en zonas donde no ocurrían históricamente y de sus posibles causas. En base a los casos graves producidos en los últimos tiempos y a este nuevo mapa de distribución, se hace énfasis en la necesidad de capacitación al personal de salud en general y de los médicos de guardia y terapistas en particular, para tratar adecuadamente los accidentes por escorpiones.


Several species of Tityus have been described in regions of Argentina where their presence had not been previously described. These are: 1- Tityus bahiensis in the provinces of Entre Ríos and Buenos Aires (in the localities of Lanús and San Clemente del Tuyú), and 2- Tityus confluens in the city of Buenos Aires and in the province of Buenos Aires in the localities of Pilar, La Plata, Mar del Plata and Bahía Blanca. These findings modify the distribution map of scorpions of sanitary importance in Argentina, reason for which this new distribution must be considered when facing a scorpion sting. This is especially important in the city of Buenos Aires and the province of Buenos Aires, where most of the accidents by scorpions are caused by Tityus trivittatus, and where at least in some of their regions, T. confluens or T. bahiensis can be found at present. The possible reasons of this new distribution, as well as the possible causes for the occurrence of severe envenomations in regions where these were not observed historically, are discussed. Based on the severe envenomations observed and on this new distribution map, emphasis is placed on the need to capacitate health personnel in general and intensivists or critical care physicians in particular to adequately treat scorpion accidents.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Scorpion Venoms/toxicity , Scorpions/classification , Antivenins/therapeutic use , Animal Distribution , Argentina/epidemiology , Public Health , Scorpion Stings/drug therapy , Scorpion Stings/therapy , Scorpion Stings/epidemiology
13.
Braz. j. biol ; 79(3): 466-469, July-Sept. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001459

ABSTRACT

Abstract Epipompilus aztecus (Cresson, 1869) was registered in South America in 2010. The aim of this paper is to report the first record of E. aztecus in the Brazilian Pantanal. Two female individuals of E. aztecus were collected in the northern portion of the Brazilian Pantanal in Mato Grosso State during November 2015. This new record of E. aztecus represents a range extension for the species.


Resumo Epipompilus aztecus (Cresson, 1869) foi registrado para a América do Sul em 2010. O objetivo deste estudo é relatar o primeiro registro de E. aztecus para o Pantanal brasileiro. Duas fêmeas de E. aztecus foram coletadas na parte norte do Pantanal brasileiro no estado de Mato Grosso, em novembro de 2015. O novo registro de E. aztecus representa uma extensão da distribuição de ocorrência para esta espécie.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Wasps/anatomy & histology , Wasps/physiology , Animal Distribution , Brazil
14.
Braz. j. biol ; 79(3): 395-403, July-Sept. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001451

ABSTRACT

Abstract The objective of this trial was to characterize the assemblage structure of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) by determining the diversity and faunal indices. Fruit flies were collected for ten years between 2003 and 2015 in six municipalities of the Metropolitan Region of Curitiba, Paraná. The orchards were divided into three crop protection strategies: organic, conventional, and integrated pest management. The characteristic of each community was determined using the Shannon-Wiener, Margalef, and Pielou's indexes. The frequency, constancy, and dominance indexes were also determined. Biological material was analyzed using the explanatory variables: site, crop, plant protection strategy, and susceptibility period. A total of 8,089 fruit flies were collected, of which 4,681 were females. The species Anastrepha daciformis Bezzi, A. dissimilis Stone, A. distincta Greene and A. pickeli Lima were recorded for the first time in Paraná State, the occurrence of three other species was recorded for the first time in the Metropolitan Region of Curitiba (A. montei Lima, A. obliqua Macquart, and A. sororcula Zucchi), in addition A. fraterculus (Wiedemann), A. grandis (Macquart) and Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). A. fraterculus accounted for 98.5% of the collected species. Only A. fraterculus and A. sororcula were found in fruits. Fruit flies occurred predominantly in peach trees cultivated under organic conditions. The Shannon index indicated that the municipality of Cerro Azul had the highest diversity and richness whereas apple orchards had the lowest diversity. Crops cultivated under organic conditions exhibited the highest diversity whereas those cultivated under conventional conditions had the highest evenness index. The largest specimens number was collected during the period of crop susceptibility.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi caracterizar agrupamento de espécies de moscas-das-frutas (Diptera: Tephritidae) pela determinação da diversidade e dos índices faunísticos. As moscas-das-frutas foram coletadas por dez anos entre 2003 e 2015 em seis municípios da Região Metropolitana de Curitiba, no Paraná. Os pomares foram divididos em três estratégias de proteção de culturas: orgânica, convencional e integrada. A característica de cada comunidade foi determinada usando os índices de Shannon-Wiener, Margalef e Pielou. Os índices de freqüência, constância e dominância também foram determinados. O material biológico foi analisado utilizando as variáveis explicativas: local, cultura, estratégia de proteção e período de susceptibilidade. Foram coletadas 8.089 moscas-das-frutas, sendo 4.681 fêmeas. As espécies Anastrepha daciformis Bezzi, A. dissimilis Stone, A. distincta Greene e A. pickeli Lima foram registradas pela primeira vez no Estado do Paraná, e pela primeira vez, na Região Metropolitana de Curitiba, as espécies A. montei Lima, A. obliqua Macquart e A. sororcula Zucchi), além de A. fraterculus (Wiedemann), A. grandis (Macquart) e Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). A. fraterculus foi responsável por 98,5% das espécies coletadas. Apenas A. fraterculus e A. sororcula foram encontrados em frutos. As moscas-das-frutas ocorreram predominantemente em pessegueiros cultivados sob condições orgânicas. O índice de Shannon indicou que o município de Cerro Azul teve a maior diversidade e riqueza, enquanto que a cultura macieira teve a menor diversidade. As culturas sob condição orgânica exibiram a maior diversidade, enquanto as cultivadas em condições convencionais apresentaram o maior índice de uniformidade. O maior número de espécimes foi coletado durante o período de suscetibilidade à cultura.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Crops, Agricultural/growth & development , Tephritidae/physiology , Biodiversity , Animal Distribution , Crop Production/methods , Brazil , Forests , Citrus/growth & development , Rosaceae/growth & development , Tephritidae/classification , Organic Agriculture
15.
Acta amaz ; 49(3): 208-212, jul. - set. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1119041

ABSTRACT

The fringed leaf frog, Cruziohyla craspedopus is rarely sampled in the Brazilian Amazon, probably due to low detection probability associated with its arboreal habit. The knowledge about the species' distribution stems from successive additions of occasional occurrence records, which indicate that the species is widely distributed throughout Amazonia. We present new occurrence records to update the geographic range of the species, which is hereby extended 224 km to the northeast. We also present morphological data from collected specimens and discuss the updated range from the geographic and ecological points of view. We show that the range of the leaf frog crosses several main tributaries along the southern bank of the Amazonas River, although the species occurrence is apparently limited by a minimum tree cover of 70%. (AU)


Subject(s)
Trees , Amazonian Ecosystem , Animal Distribution
16.
Acta amaz ; 49(2): 131-138, abr. - jun. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1119161

ABSTRACT

As they spend most of their time buried in the substrate and are not a fishery resource, heterenchelyids are seldom seen. These eels are characterized by their greatly reduced eyes, which are covered by semi-transparent skin, the absence of a pectoral fin or lateral line, and no pores on the head or body. Pythonichthys sanguineus is a particularly poorly-known species, with only eight scientific records from Cuba, Puerto Rico, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, and Suriname. The present study is based on six adult specimens of P. sanguineus captured by vessels of the shrimp trawling fleet along the northern Brazilian coast, in the vicinity of the Amazon Reef. We provide meristic, morphometric and DNA barcoding data. These findings provide insights into the distribution of the species off the northern Brazilian coast and contribute to the discussion about the southern limit of the Greater Caribbean fauna. (AU)


Subject(s)
Brazil , Conservation of Natural Resources , Eels , Animal Distribution , Fisheries
17.
Acta amaz ; 49(1): 36-40, jan. - mar. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1119186

ABSTRACT

Camponotus (Formicinae) is the most specious and abundant genus of the family Formicidae. The genus is represented by ants that both forage and nest in the most diverse terrestrial and arboreal environments. Among the arboreal species of Camponotus are those of the subgenus Dendromyrmex. We recorded, for the first time, evidence of Camponotus chartifex (Smith, 1860) in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil, and expanded the distributions of Camponotus nidulans (Smith, 1860) and Camponotus apicalis (Mann, 1916). We include information on the biology of the species and a discussion on the sampling of arboreal and winged ants. (AU)


Subject(s)
Ants , Ecosystem , Animal Distribution
18.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 53: 29, jan. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-991645

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether sites with large amount of potential breeding sites for immature forms of Aedes aegypti, called strategic points, influence in the active vector's dispersion into properties in their surroundings. METHODS: We selected four areas in the municipality of Campinas, three of them with strategic points classified as high, moderate, and low risk according to infestation and a control area, without strategic points. Between October 2015 and September 2016, we monthly installed oviposition traps and evaluated the infestation by Ae. aegypti in all properties of each selected area. To verify if there was vector dispersion from each strategic point, based on its location, we investigated the formation of clusters with excess of eggs or larvae or pupae containers, using the Gi spatial statistics. RESULTS: The amount of eggs collected in the ovitraps and the number of positive containers for Ae. aegypti did not show clusters of high values concerning its distance from the strategic point. Both presented random distribution not spatially associated with the positioning of strategic points in the area. CONCLUSIONS: Strategic points are not confirmed as responsible for the vector's dispersion for properties in their surroundings. We highlight the importance of reviewing the current strategy of the vector control program in Brazil, seeking a balance from the technical, operational, and economic point of view, without disregarding the role of strategic points as major producers of mosquitoes and their importance in the dissemination of arboviruses in periods of transmission.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Avaliar se locais com grande quantidade de potenciais criadouros de formas imaturas de Aedes aegypti, denominados pontos estratégicos, influenciam a dispersão ativa do vetor aos imóveis no seu entorno. MÉTODOS: Foram selecionadas quatro áreas no município de Campinas, três delas com pontos estratégicos classificados como alto, médio e baixo risco segundo a infestação e uma área controle, sem ponto estratégico. Entre outubro de 2015 e setembro de 2016, instalaram-se mensalmente armadilhas de oviposição e avaliou-se a infestação por Ae. aegypti em todos os imóveis de cada área selecionada. Para verificar se houve dispersão do vetor a partir de cada ponto estratégico, com base em sua localização, investigou-se a formação de aglomerados com excesso de ovos ou de recipientes com larvas ou pupas, utilizando a estatística espacial Gi. RESULTADOS: o número de ovos coletados nas ovitrampas e o número de recipientes positivos para Ae. aegypti não apresentaram aglomerados de altos valores relativos à sua distância do ponto estratégico. Ambos apresentaram distribuição aleatória não associada espacialmente com o posicionamento dos pontos estratégicos na área. CONCLUSÕES: Pontos estratégicos não se confirmaram como responsáveis pela dispersão do vetor para os imóveis no seu entorno. Destaca-se a importância de rever a estratégia atual do programa de controle de vetores do Brasil, buscando um equilíbrio do ponto de vista técnico, operacional e econômico, sem desconsiderar o papel dos pontos estratégicos como grandes produtores de mosquitos e sua importância na disseminação de arboviroses em momentos de transmissão.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Oviposition/physiology , Pupa/growth & development , Mosquito Control/methods , Aedes/growth & development , Dengue/prevention & control , Mosquito Vectors/growth & development , Urban Population , Brazil , Environmental Monitoring , Mosquito Control/statistics & numerical data , Risk Factors , Aedes/virology , Dengue/transmission , Spatial Analysis , Animal Distribution/physiology , Mosquito Vectors/virology
19.
Braz. j. biol ; 79(1): 111-119, Jan.-Mar 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-983992

ABSTRACT

Abstract Analysis of abundance and population structure of Plesionika narval was performed on data concerning 5,255 specimens obtained from 62 fishing sets carried out off the Madeira archipelago (Northeastern Atlantic) between 2004 and 2008 in a depth range from 101 to 350 m. Abundance ranged from 0.01 to 19.74 specimens-per-trap and significant differences were found between seasons, probably as a result of an increment of population in the spring during the recruitment season. The analysis of size distribution revealed that the carapace length (CL) ranged from 2.45 to 28.61 mm and that mean female size consistently exceeded that of males. Differences in mean CL were statistically significant between depth strata and seasons. Of the specimens sampled, 57.00% were males, 41.88% females and 1.42% undetermined. Sex ratio also differed significantly between seasons according to depth strata, consolidating the hypothesis of the existence of seasonal migrations related with the reproductive cycle of this species. Ovigerous females showed larger sizes and occurred all year around and remain in shallow waters in winter, summer and autumn and move to deeper waters in spring. The highest frequency of ovigerous females was recorded in summer, between 151 and 200 m deep supporting the hypothesis that spawning of this species occurs in shallow waters, especially in late summer.


Resumo O estudo de abundância e dinâmica populacional de Plesionika narval foi efetuado com 5.255 espécimes provenientes de 62 lances de pesca realizados ao largo do arquipélago da Madeira (Atlântico Nordeste) de 2004 a 2008 entre 101 e 350 m de profundidade. A abundância oscilou entre 0,01 e 19,74 espécimes-por-armadilha com diferenças significativas entre estações provavelmente devido ao aumento da população na primavera durante o período de recrutamento. A análise da distribuição de tamanhos revelou que o comprimento da carapaça (CL) variou entre 2,45 e 28,61 mm e que o tamanho médio das fêmeas excedeu o dos machos. Verificaram-se diferenças significativas no CL médio entre estrato de profundidade e estação. Do total amostrado, 57,00% foram machos, 41,88% fêmeas e 1,42% indeterminados. A razão de sexos também diferiu significativamente entre estações de acordo com a profundidade, consolidando a hipótese da existência de migrações sazonais relacionadas com o ciclo reprodutivo desta espécie. As fêmeas ovadas apresentaram maiores tamanhos e ocorreram durante todo o ano permanecendo em águas pouco profundas no inverno, verão e outono e migrando para águas profundas na primavera. A maior frequência de fêmeas ovadas foi registada no verão, entre 151 e 200 m de profundidade reforçando a hipótese de que a desova desta espécie ocorre em águas menos profundas, especialmente no final do verão.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Pandalidae/physiology , Animal Distribution , Portugal , Reproduction , Seasons , Sex Ratio , Atlantic Ocean , Population Dynamics , Body Size
20.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 52: e20180474, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990440

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Leishmaniasis is a complex vector-borne infectious diseases caused by protozoan parasites in the genus Leishmania and spread by hematophagous phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae, Phlebotominae). The aim of this study was to investigate the phlebotomine fauna, endophily and exophily of the species found, and possible influence of climatic factors on their populations. METHODS: The study was conducted in the Xakriabá Indigenous Reserve (XIR) in the municipality of São João das Missões in northern Minas Gerais state, Brazil. Insects were collected over three consecutive nights in the last week of each month for 12 months from July 2015 to May 2016 from four houses in four different villages. Two traps were set up in each house: one in the intra-domicile and another in the peri-domicile. RESULTS: A total of 2,012 phlebotomine sand fly specimens representing 23 species and belonging to 10 different genera were captured and identified. Among the studied villages, Riacho do Brejo showed the highest density and diversity of phlebotomine sand flies. The species Lutzomyia longipalpis (80.3%) and Nyssomyia intermedia (7.3%), which are major vectors of visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis, respectively, had the highest population densities, both in the intra- and peri-domicile. No correlation was observed between climatic factors and the density of phlebotomine sand flies. CONCLUSIONS: The results of the present study may contribute to a better understanding and targeting of the measures for preventing and controlling leishmaniasis by the authorities responsible for indigenous health.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Psychodidae/physiology , Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous/transmission , Conservation of Natural Resources , Insect Vectors/physiology , Leishmaniasis, Visceral/transmission , Seasons , Time Factors , Brazil , Analysis of Variance , Population Density , Sex Distribution , Ecosystem , Animal Distribution
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