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1.
Rev. cuba. med ; 60(1): e1509, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156555

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La enfermedad arterial periférica es bien conocida como predictor de morbilidad y mortalidad cardiovascular y cerebrovascular, de ahí la importancia de reconocer sus factores de riesgo. Objetivo: Determinar los factores de riesgo asociados a la enfermedad arterial periférica en pacientes diagnosticados por el índice tobillo brazo. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional analítico transversal, entre el 1ro de septiembre y 30 de noviembre de 2019. El universo fue de 290 pacientes, se trabajó con una muestra de 120, determinada por un muestreo aleatorio simple. Se emplearon estadígrafos descriptivos e inferenciales: prueba t de Student, el odds ratio de prevalencia y la regresión logística binomial. Resultados: Fueron categorizados con índice tobillo brazo < 0,9 un total de 43 pacientes (35,8 por ciento). La media de edad de la población fue de 58,43 ± 16,69. El sexo femenino predominó con 61 pacientes (50,8 por ciento). El índice de masa corporal promedio fue de 24,29 ± 3,29 kg/m2. La hipertensión arterial fue el factor de riesgo más frecuente presentándose en 67,5 por ciento de los pacientes. Se identificaron como factores de riesgo de índice tobillo brazo < 0,9 a la edad ≥ 60 años (OR: 6,41; IC 95 por ciento: 2,04-20,1; p=0,001); la hipertensión arterial (OR: 2,99; IC 95 por ciento: 1,02-8,73; p=0,045); la diabetes mellitus (OR: 3,89; IC 95 por ciento: 1,34-11,3; p=0,012) y la dislipidemia (OR: 4,35; IC 95 por ciento: 1,27-14,8; p=0,019). Conclusiones: La edad avanzada, la hipertensión arterial, la diabetes mellitus y la dislipidemia constituyeron factores de riesgo asociados a la enfermedad arterial periférica(AU)


Introduction: Peripheral arterial disease is well known as a predictor of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular morbidity and mortality, hence the importance of recognizing its risk factors. Objective: To determine the risk factors associated with peripheral arterial disease in patients diagnosed by the ankle brachial index. Methods: A cross-sectional analytical observational study was carried out from September 1 to November 30, 2019. The universe consisted of 290 patients, a sample of 120 was used, determined by simple random sampling. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used: Student's t test, prevalence odds ratio, and binomial logistic regression. Results: A total of 43 patients (35.8%) were categorized with ankle brachial index <0.9. The mean age of the population was 58.43 ± 16.69. The female sex predominated with 61 patients (50.8 percent). The average body mass index was 24.29 ± 3.29 kg / m2. Hypertension was the most frequent risk factor in 67.5 percent of the patients. Risk factors were identified in ankle brachial index <0.9 at age ≥60 years (OR: 6.41; 95 percent CI: 2.04-20.1; p = 0.001); arterial hypertension (OR: 2.99; 95 percent CI: 1.02-8.73; p = 0.045); diabetes mellitus (OR: 3.89; 95 percent CI: 1.34-11.3; p = 0.012) and dyslipidemia (OR: 4.35; 95 percent CI: 1.27-14.8; p = 0.019). Conclusions: Advanced age, arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus and dyslipidemia were risk factors associated with peripheral arterial disease(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Risk Factors , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology , Ankle Brachial Index/methods , Peripheral Arterial Disease/diagnosis , Arterial Pressure , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Study
2.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 148(4): 496-499, abr. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1127090

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background The ambulatory arterial stiffness index (AASI), derived from 24 h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) can be a good indicator of arterial stiffness. Aim To assess the correlation between AASI and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), ankle-brachial index (ABI) and cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus without hypertension. Material and Methods Cross sectional study in 28 diabetic patients aged 49 ± 7 years (40% women). AASI was calculated as 1 minus the regression slope of diastolic on systolic blood pressure, using ABPM data. ABPM was measured in the arm using an oscillometric device. ABI was calculated as the ratio between ankle and brachial systolic blood pressure. CAVI was derived from pulse wave velocity using the Vasera VS-1000 device. Correlations were calculated using a bivariate Spearman correlation. Results The mean values for AASI, ABI, baPWV and CAVI were 0.39 ± 0.14, 1.14 ± 0.09, 15.15 ± 2.71 m/s and 7.60 ± 1.90, respectively. There was a significant negative correlation between AASI and ABI (r = -0.491, p < 0.01). Conclusions In these diabetic patients, there was an association between AASI, an arterial stiffness marker and ABI, an indicator for the presence of atherosclerosis.


Antecedentes El índice de rigidez arterial ambulatorio (AASI), derivado del monitoreo ambulatorio de presión arterial de 24 h (MAPA), puede ser un buen indicador de rigidez arterial. Objetivo Evaluar la correlación entre el AASI y la velocidad de onda de pulso braquial (VOP), el índice tobillo-brazo (ITB) y el índice vascular cardio-tobillo (CAVI) en pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 sin hipertensión arterial. Material y Métodos Estudio transversal en 28 pacientes con diabetes de 49 ± 7 años (40% mujeres). El AASI se calculó como 1 menos la pendiente de regresión de la presión arterial diastólica sobre la sistólica, usando datos del MAPA de 24 h, el cual se midió en el brazo, usando un dispositivo oscilométrico. El ITB se calculó como la razón entre la presión arterial sistólica del tobillo sobre la del brazo. El CAVI se derivó de la velocidad de onda de pulso medida con el dispositivo Vasera VS-1000. Para el análisis estadístico se utilizó el coeficiente de correlación bivariada de Spearman. Resultados Los valores de AASI, VOP, ITB y CAVI fueron 0.39 ± 0.14, 1.14 ± 0.09, 15.15 ± 2.71 m/s y 7.60 ± 1.90, respectivamente. Hubo una correlación negativa significativa entre AASI e ITB (r = -0.491, p < 0.01). Conclusiones Hay una asociación entre AASI, un marcador de rigidez arterial e ITB, un indicador de aterosclerosis, en estos pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Arteries/physiopathology , Blood Pressure/physiology , Brachial Artery/physiopathology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Vascular Stiffness/physiology , Ankle/blood supply , Carotid Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Cross-Sectional Studies , Predictive Value of Tests , Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/blood , Ankle Brachial Index , Pulse Wave Analysis
3.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(3): 268-274, Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136203

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE To investigate the association between low serum vitamin D levels and peripheral arterial disease (PAD). METHODS A cross-sectional study with a consecutive sample of 133 individuals from Caxias do Sul, Brasil. We considered PAD patients those with an ankle-brachial index (ABI) ≤ 0.90 or with arterial revascularization. Vitamin D serum level was categorized as sufficient (≥30 ng/mL), insufficient (>20 to 29 ng/mL), and deficient (<20 ng/mL). Prevalence ratios (RP) were calculated through Poisson regression. RESULTS The prevalence of PAD was 50.7% (95% CI 42-59). After adjustment for potential PAD risk factors, RP were 1.08 (95% CI 0.66-1.76) for insufficient serum level and 1.57 (95% CI 0.96-2.57) for deficient vitamin D serum level; (p for trend = 0.020). CONCLUSION Vitamin D serum levels showed an inverse and significant dose-response relationship with PAD.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Investigar a associação entre níveis séricos de vitamina D e doença arterial obstrutiva periférica (DAOP). MÉTODOS Estudo transversal, com amostra consecutiva de 133 indivíduos. Foram considerados com DAOP pacientes com índice tornozelo braquial ≤ 0,90 ou com revascularização arterial. O nível sérico de vitamina D foi classificado em: suficiente (≥30 ng/mL), insuficiente (>20 a 29 ng/mL) e deficiente (<20 ng/mL). Razões de Prevalência (RP) foram calculadas por meio de regressão de Poisson. RESULTADOS A prevalência de DAOP foi de 50,7% (IC95% 42-59). Após ajuste para potenciais fatores de risco para DAOP, as RP foram de 1,08 (IC95% 0,66-1,76) para nível sérico insuficiente e de 1,57 (IC95% 0,96-2,57) para o nível sérico deficiente de vitamina D; (p para tendência = 0,020). CONCLUSÃO O nível sérico de vitamina D mostrou uma relação dose/resposta inversa e significativa com DAOP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Vitamin D/blood , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Peripheral Arterial Disease/etiology , Peripheral Arterial Disease/blood , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Vitamin D Deficiency/blood , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Ankle Brachial Index , Peripheral Arterial Disease/epidemiology , Middle Aged
4.
CorSalud ; 12(1): 104-108, ene.-mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124649

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La ateroesclerosis es una enfermedad sistémica que afecta múltiples lechos vasculares. Después de períodos prolongados de progresión comienzan las manifestaciones clínicas, de forma aguda o crónica (infarto agudo de miocardio, angina estable, claudicación intermitente, enfermedad cerebrovascular, entre otras); por lo que puede cursar de manera subclínica en pacientes con enfermedad arterial coronaria. Lo interesante de esta forma de presentación es que dentro de una serie de casos con enfermedad multivaso, asociado a un índice tobillo-brazo (ITB) < 0,9, después de un síndrome coronario agudo, hemos encontrado, como hallazgo angiográfico, la presencia de una fístula coronaria a ventrículo derecho en un paciente con ITB muy bajo y clínica de claudicación intermitente. Esta fístula es la causa de los síntomas que interrumpieron la rehabilitación cardiovascular; es una enfermedad poco frecuente y causa de dolor torácico, que se informa solo de 0,3 a 0,8%, como hallazgo incidental en angiografías coronarias.


ABSTRACT Atherosclerosis is a systemic disease that affects a number of vascular beds. Clinical manifestations whether acute or chronic (acute myocardial infarction, stable angina, intermittent claudication, cerebrovascular disease, among others) start after long periods of progression; so it may present subclinically in patients with coronary artery disease. What is particularly interesting about this form of presentation is that within a series of cases with multivessel disease, associated with an ankle-brachial index (ABI)<0.9, after an acute coronary syndrome, we have identified, as an angiographic finding, the presence of a coronary artery fistula to the right ventricle in a patient with very low ABI and clinical intermittent claudication. This fistula led to the symptoms that hampered cardiovascular rehabilitation. It is an infrequent disease characterized by chest pain; with low reporting (0.3 to 0.8%), as an incidental finding in coronary angiographies.


Subject(s)
Rehabilitation , Arterio-Arterial Fistula , Coronary Angiography , Ankle Brachial Index , Peripheral Arterial Disease , Ischemia
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829022

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Liver fibrosis is an important predictor of mortality in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Peripheral artery disease (PAD) and liver fibrosis share many common metabolic dysfunctions. We aimed to explore the association between PAD and risk of fibrosis deterioration in NAFLD patients.@*Methods@#The study recruited 1,610 NAFLD patients aged ≥ 40 years from a well-defined community at baseline in 2010 and followed up between August 2014 and May 2015. Fibrosis deterioration was defined as the NAFLD fibrosis score (NFS) status increased to a higher category at the follow-up visit. PAD was defined as an ankle-brachial index of 1.40.@*Results@#During an average of 4.3 years' follow-up, 618 patients progressed to a higher NFS category. PAD was associated with 92% increased risk of fibrosis deterioration [multivariable-adjusted odds ratio ( ): 1.92, 95% confidence interval ( ): 1.24, 2.98]. When stratified by baseline NFS status, the for progression from low to intermediate or high NFS was 1.74 (95% : 1.02, 3.00), and progression from intermediate to high NFS was 2.24 (95% : 1.05, 4.80). There was a significant interaction between PAD and insulin resistance (IR) on fibrosis deterioration ( for interaction = 0.03). As compared with non-PAD and non-IR, the coexistence of PAD and IR was associated with a 3.85-fold (95% : 2.06, 7.18) increased risk of fibrosis deterioration.@*Conclusion@#PAD is associated with an increased risk of fibrosis deterioration in NAFLD patients, especially in those with IR. The coexistence of PAD and IR may impose an interactive effect on the risk of fibrosis deterioration.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Ankle Brachial Index , China , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis , Epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease , Epidemiology , Peripheral Arterial Disease , Prevalence , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors
6.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 66(4): 407-413, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136234

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE Analyzing the association between ABI and the main risk factors for coronary artery disease in coronary patients. METHODS Were selected 156 adult patients from a hospital in Maceió, Alagoas. Were evaluated with risk factors age, obesity, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking, and dyslipidemia. PAOD screening was performed by the ankle-brachial index (ABI). The Mann-Whitney, chi-square, and Fisher's exact tests were used. Confidence Interval of 95% and a significance of 5%. RESULTS 67.3% (n=105) males, 52.6% (n=82) elderly, 23.1% (n = 34) obese, 72.4% 6% (n=113) hypertensive, 34.6% (n=54) diabetics, 53.2% (n=83) smokers, 34.6% (n=54) dyslipidemic and 70.5% (n=110) with a family history of CAD. 16.7% (n=26) of the individuals presented PAOD. Three factors were associated with PAOD: age group ≥ 60 years (OR:3.656; p=0.005), diabetes mellitus (OR:2.625; p=0.024) and hypertension (OR:5.528; p=0.008). No significant difference was observed in the variables smoking, dyslipidemia, family history of CAD, and obesity. CONCLUSION The independent risk factors for PAOD were age, diabetes mellitus, and systemic arterial hypertension.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Analisar a associação entre o ITB e os principais fatores de risco para doença arterial coronariana em indivíduos coronariopatas. MÉTODOS Foram selecionados 156 pacientes adultos de um hospital de Maceió, Alagoas. Foram avaliados como fatores de risco idade, obesidade, hipertensão, diabetes mellitus, tabagismo e dislipidemia. A triagem da DAOP foi realizada pelo índice tornozelo-braquial (ITB). Foram utilizados os testes de Mann-Whitney, qui-quadrado e exato de Fisher. Intervalo de Confiança de 95% e significância de 5%. RESULTADOS 67,3% (n=105) do sexo masculino, 52,6% (n=82) idosos, 23,1% (n=34) obesos, 72,4% (n=113) hipertensos, 34,6% (n=54) diabéticos, 53,2% (n=83) tabagistas, 34,6% (n=54) dislipidêmicos e 70,5% (n=110) com história familiar de DAC; 16,7% (n=26) dos indivíduos apresentaram DAOP. Três fatores foram associados à DAOP: faixa etária ≥60 anos (OR:3,656; p=0,005), diabetes mellitus (OR:2,625; p=0,024) e (OR:5,528; p=0,008). Não foi observada diferença significativa nas variáveis tabagismo, dislipidemia, história familiar de DAC e obesidade. CONCLUSÃO Os fatores de risco independentes para DAOP foram idade, diabetes mellitus e hipertensão arterial sistêmica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Aged , Coronary Artery Disease , Ankle Brachial Index , Risk Factors , Diabetes Mellitus , Hypertension
7.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 113(3): 410-416, Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038554

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Increases in daily physical activity levels is recommended for patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). However, despite this recommendation, little is known about the physical activity patterns of PAD patients. Objective: To describe the physical activity patterns of patients with symptomatic peripheral artery (PAD) disease. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 174 PAD patients with intermittent claudication symptoms. Patients were submitted to clinical, hemodynamic and functional evaluations. Physical activity was objectively measured by an accelerometer, and the time spent in sedentary, low-light, high-light and moderate-vigorous physical activities (MVPA) were obtained. Descriptive analysis was performed to summarize patient data and binary logistic regression was used to test the crude and adjusted associations between adherence to physical activity recommendation and sociodemographic and clinical factors. For all the statistical analyses, significance was accepted at p < 0.05. Results: Patients spent in average of 640 ± 121 min/day, 269 ± 94 min/day, 36 ± 27 min/day and 15 ± 16 min/day in sedentary, low-light, high-light and MVPA, respectively. The prevalence of patients who achieved physical activity recommendations was 3.4%. After adjustment for confounders, a significant inverse association was observed between adherence to physical activity recommendation and age (OR = 0.925; p = 0.004), while time of disease, ankle brachial index and total walking distance were not associated with this adherence criteria (p > 0.05). Conclusion: The patterns of physical activity of PAD patients are characterized by a large amount of time spent in sedentary behaviors and a low engagement in MVPA. Younger patients, regardless of the clinical and functional factors, were more likely to meet the current physical activity recommendations.


Resumo Fundamento: Aumentos nos níveis de atividade física diária são recomendados para pacientes com doença arterial periférica (DAP). No entanto, apesar dessa recomendação, pouco se sabe sobre os padrões de atividade física dos pacientes com DAP. Objetivo: Descrever os padrões de atividade física de pacientes com DAP sintomática. Métodos: Este estudo transversal incluiu 174 pacientes com DAP com sintomas de claudicação intermitente. Os pacientes foram submetidos a avaliações clínicas, hemodinâmicas e funcionais. A atividade física foi objetivamente medida por um acelerômetro, e o tempo gasto em atividades sedentárias, de baixa intensidade, de alta intensidade e atividade física moderada-a-vigorosa (AFMV) foi obtido. A análise descritiva foi realizada para resumir os dados dos pacientes e a regressão logística binária foi utilizada para testar as associações brutas e ajustadas entre a adesão à recomendação de atividade física e os fatores sociodemográficos e clínicos. Para todas as análises estatísticas, a significância foi estabelecida em p < 0,05. Resultados: Os pacientes gastaram em média 640 ± 121 min/dia, 269 ± 94 min / dia, 36 ± 27 min/dia e 15 ± 16 min/dia em atividades sedentárias, de baixa intensidade, alta intensidade e AFMV, respectivamente. A prevalência de pacientes que atingiram as recomendações de atividade física foi de 3,4%. Após ajuste para fatores de confusão, observou-se associação inversa significativa entre adesão à recomendação de atividade física e idade (OR = 0,925; p = 0,004), enquanto tempo de doença, ITB e distância total de caminhada não se associaram a esse critério de adesão (p> 0,05). Conclusão: Os padrões de atividade física dos pacientes com DAP são caracterizados por uma grande quantidade de tempo gasto em comportamentos sedentários e um baixo envolvimento na AFMV. Pacientes mais jovens, independentemente dos fatores clínicos e funcionais, apresentaram maior probabilidade de atender às recomendações atuais de atividade física.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Coronary Artery Disease/physiopathology , Exercise/physiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Walking/physiology , Ankle Brachial Index , Sedentary Behavior , Intermittent Claudication/physiopathology
8.
Med. leg. Costa Rica ; 36(1): 84-90, ene.-mar. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002561

ABSTRACT

Resumen La Enfermedad arterial periférica se desarrolla por la obstrucción a nivel arterial. La resultante reducción en el flujo sanguíneo puede ser asintomática o producir síntomas de insuficiencia arterial como claudicación intermitente, dolor en reposo en el grupo muscular afectado, así como la presencia de diversos grados de pérdida tisular, como úlceras, siendo éste uno de los signos más evidentes de isquemia de la extremidad. Debido a que la mayoría de los casos de Enfermedad arterial periférica tiene como etiología la ateroesclerosis resultante de la acumulación de lípidos y material fibroso entre las capas de la pared arterial en miembros inferiores, el presente artículo se centra en esta etiología como causa de la Enfermedad arterial periférica en miembros inferiores.


Abstract Peripheral artery disease is developed for an arterial obstruction. The reduction in blood flow can be asymptomatic or produce symptoms of arterial insufficiency such as intermittent claudication or rest pain in the affected muscle group, as well as the presence of different degrees of tissue loss, such as ulcers, being one of the most obvious signs of ischemia in the limb. Because the majority of cases of peripheral artery disease are caused for the atherosclerosis resulted for the accumulation of lipids and fibrous material between the layers of the artery in the lower limbs, the present article is focus on this etiology as the cause of peripheral artery disease in lower extremity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lower Extremity , Endothelium , Atherosclerosis , Ankle Brachial Index , Peripheral Arterial Disease/diagnosis , Intermittent Claudication
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765668

ABSTRACT

Serum cholesterol is major risk factor and contributor to atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). Therapeutic cholesterol-lowering drugs, especially statin, revealed that reduction in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) produces marked reduction of ASCVD events. In the preventive scope, lower LDL-C is generally accepted as better in proven ASCVD patients and high-risk patient groups. However, in patients with low to intermediate risk without ASCVD, risk assessment is clinically guided by traditional major risk factors. In this group, the complement approach to detailed risk assessment about traditional major risk factors is needed. These non-traditional risk factors include ankle-brachial index (ABI), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) level, lipoprotein(a) (Lp[a]), apolipoprotein B (apoB), or coronary artery calcium (CAC) score. CAC measurements have an additive role in the decision to use statin therapy in non-diabetic patients 40–75 years old with intermediate risk in primary prevention. This review comprises ASCVD lipid/biomarkers other than CAC. The 2013 and 2018 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guidelines suggest these factors as risk-enhancing factors to help health care providers better determine individualized risk and treatment options especially regarding abnormal biomarkers. The recent 2018 Korean guidelines for management of dyslipidemia did not include these biomarkers in clinical decision making. The current review describes the current roles of hsCRP, ABI, LP(a), and apoB in personal modulation and management of health based on the 2018 ACC/AHA guideline on the management of blood cholesterol.


Subject(s)
Ankle Brachial Index , Apolipoproteins , Apolipoproteins B , Biomarkers , C-Reactive Protein , Calcium , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cholesterol , Clinical Decision-Making , Complement System Proteins , Coronary Vessels , Dyslipidemias , Health Personnel , Heart , Humans , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors , Lipoprotein(a) , Lipoproteins , Primary Prevention , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764826

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of antibiotic-loaded cement spacers (ALCSs) for the treatment of diabetic foot infections with osteomyelitis as a salvage procedure and to analyze the risk factors of treatment failure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study reviewed retrospectively 39 cases of diabetic foot infections with osteomyelitis who underwent surgical treatment from 2009 to 2017. The mean age and follow-up period were 62±13 years and 19.2±23.3 months, respectively. Wounds were graded using the Wagner and Strauss classification. X-ray, magnetic resonance imaging (or bone scan) and deep tissue cultures were taken preoperatively to diagnose osteomyelitis. The ankle-brachial index, toe-brachial index (TBI), and current perception threshold were checked. Lower extremity angiography was performed and if necessary, percutaneous transluminal angioplasty was conducted preoperatively. As a surgical treatment, meticulous debridement, bone curettage, and ALCS placement were employed in all cases. Between six and eight weeks after surgery, ALCS removal and autogenous iliac bone graft were performed. The treatment was considered successful if the wounds had healed completely within three months without signs of infection and no additional amputation within six months. RESULTS: The treatment success rate was 82.1% (n=32); 12.8% (n=5) required additional amputation and 5.1% (n=2) showed delayed wound healing. Bacterial growth was confirmed in 82.1% (n=32) with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus being the most commonly identified strain (23.1%, n=9). The lesions were divided anatomically into four groups; the largest number was the toes: (1) toes (41.0%, n=16), (2) metatarsals (35.9%, n=14), (3) midfoot (5.1%, n=2), and (4) hindfoot (17.9%, n=7). A significant difference in the Strauss wound score and TBI was observed between the treatment success group and failure group. CONCLUSION: The insertion of ALCSs can be a useful treatment option in diabetic foot infections with osteomyelitis. Low scores in the Strauss classification and low TBI are risk factors of treatment failure.


Subject(s)
Amputation , Angiography , Angioplasty , Ankle Brachial Index , Classification , Curettage , Debridement , Diabetic Foot , Follow-Up Studies , Lower Extremity , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Metatarsal Bones , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus , Osteomyelitis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Toes , Transplants , Treatment Failure , Wound Healing , Wounds and Injuries
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762701

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a common vascular problem and has serious morbidity and mortality in advanced situations. However, the prevalence and risk factors for PAD in Korea have not been reported. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and risk factors of PAD in the Korean population. METHODS: The study was processed by visiting community welfare centers. Inclusion criteria were people who participated in this study. Screening was performed by history taking followed by the measurement of ankle brachial index (ABI). PAD was defined when an ABI of 0.9 or less was found in one or both legs. All statistical analyses were conducted with SPSS ver. 22.0. RESULTS: Between January 2008 and December 2012, a total of 2,044 participants were included with 810 men (39.6%) and 1,234 women (60.4%). PAD was detected in 95 (4.6%). Borderline ABI (0.91–0.99) showed in 212 (10.4%), and severe decreased ABI defined as 0.5 or less showed in 3 (0.1%). Significant risk factors for PAD were old age (odd ratio, 1.952; P = 0.045), hypertension (odd ratio, 1.645; P = 0.050), and cardiovascular disease (odd ratio, 2.047; P = 0.039). Significant risk factors for borderline PAD were old age (odd ratio, 1.019; P = 0.024), hypertension (odd ratio, 1.461; P = 0.038), and chronic obstructive lung disease (odd ratio, 3.393; P = 0.001). CONCLUSION: The prevalence of PAD in the Korean population was 4.6%. Old age, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease were significant risk factors for PAD. Further nationwide study is needed.


Subject(s)
Ankle Brachial Index , Cardiovascular Diseases , Female , Humans , Hypertension , Korea , Leg , Male , Mass Screening , Mortality , Peripheral Arterial Disease , Prevalence , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Risk Factors
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761470

ABSTRACT

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is the most frequent cause of reduced perfusion in peripheral arteries. Patients with PAD often have manifestations of atherosclerosis of the lower limb, although both symptomatic and asymptomatic disease is common. The clinical signs of PAD can differ in diabetic and non-diabetic patients. Diabetic patients are at high risk for PAD characterized by symptoms of intermittent claudication or critical limb ischemia. However, the majority of PAD patients are clinically asymptomatic. In addition to history taking, physical examinations including inspection of the skin, palpation of leg and foot pulses, and determination of the ankle-brachial index (ABI) are considered for diagnosis of PAD. The ABI measurement is the easiest and most common investigative technique for PAD. For hemodynamic assessment, additional diagnostic modalities could be considered.


Subject(s)
Ankle Brachial Index , Arteries , Asymptomatic Diseases , Atherosclerosis , Cardiology , Diabetes Mellitus , Diagnosis , Extremities , Foot , Heart , Hemodynamics , Humans , Intermittent Claudication , Investigative Techniques , Ischemia , Leg , Lower Extremity , Palpation , Perfusion , Peripheral Arterial Disease , Physical Examination , Skin
13.
Kosin Medical Journal ; : 168-172, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786384

ABSTRACT

Aortoiliac occlusive disease (AIOD), especially proximal to the transplant artery, in kidney transplant patient activates the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system by limiting graft renal perfusion and causes symptoms that can occur with transplant renal artery stenosis (TRAS) such as refractory hypertension, water retention, and graft renal dysfunction. Immediate clinical suspicion is difficult due to the nature of the progressive disease unlike TRAS. Herein, we present an interesting case of bilateral common iliac artery occlusion (AIOD, TASC II, type C) that manifested as uncontrolled blood pressure and decreased allograft function in a patient who had kidney transplant 17 years ago. The patient was successfully diagnosed with duplex scan, ankle-brachial index (ABI) and computed tomography angiography and treated with percutaneous luminal angioplasty and stent graft insertion.


Subject(s)
Allografts , Angiography , Angioplasty , Ankle Brachial Index , Arteries , Blood Pressure , Blood Vessel Prosthesis , Humans , Hypertension , Iliac Artery , Kidney Transplantation , Kidney , Perfusion , Phenobarbital , Renal Artery Obstruction , Renin-Angiotensin System , Transplants , Water
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787454

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The ankle-brachial index (ABI) is a simple, noninvasive clinical test that is useful in the diagnosis of peripheral artery disease (PAD). The borderline ABI value is 0.91–0.99 and has also been reported in endothelial dysfunction and preclinical PAD. We investigated the relationship between resting heart rate as a surrogate marker of autonomic balance and borderline ABI in apparently healthy individuals.METHODS: We evaluated the association between resting heart rate and borderline ABI in 618 participants (348 male and 270 female) in a health examination program. The odds ratios for borderline ABI were calculated using a multivariable logistic regression analysis after adjusting for confounding variables across heart rate quartiles (Q1≤56, Q2=57–62, Q3=63–68, and Q4≥69 beats/min).RESULTS: The overall prevalence of borderline ABI was 13.9%. The age- and sex-adjusted resting heart rate was significantly higher in the borderline ABI group than in the control group (66.9±0.9 vs. 63.0±0.4 beats/min, P < 0.001). The odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for the borderline ABI in each heart rate quartile were 1.00, 1.04 (0.43–2.52), 1.69 (0.73–3.93), and 3.52 (1.55–7.97) after adjusting for age, sex, smoking status, alcohol intake, regular exercise, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, fasting plasma glucose level, triglyceride level, high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol level, white blood cell count, C-reactive protein level, uric acid level, γ-glutamyltransferase level, hypertension medication, diabetes medication, and dyslipidemia medication.CONCLUSION: These findings indicate that a higher resting heart rate is independently associated with borderline ABI.


Subject(s)
Ankle Brachial Index , Biomarkers , Blood Glucose , Blood Pressure , Body Mass Index , C-Reactive Protein , Diagnosis , Dyslipidemias , Fasting , Heart Rate , Heart , Humans , Hypertension , Leukocyte Count , Logistic Models , Male , Odds Ratio , Peripheral Arterial Disease , Prevalence , Smoke , Smoking , Triglycerides , Uric Acid
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787453

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Elevated serum uric acid (UA) level is a known risk factor for atherosclerotic diseases, including peripheral arterial disease (PAD). PAD is easily diagnosed by determining the ankle-brachial index (ABI). The relationship between serum UA and subclinical atherosclerotic diseases remains controversial. We therefore aimed to explore an independent association between UA and ABI in healthy Korean men.METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 664 male participants aged ≥19 years who visited our Center for Health Promotion. The ABI and serum UA were determined for all participants and the relationship between these parameters and between ABI and other variables was assessed with the Pearson correlation coefficient. Multiple regression analysis was conducted to determine an independent correlation between serum UA and ABI after adjustment for certain variables. Analysis of covariance was employed to identify a trend in the ABI relative to UA quartiles.RESULTS: The ABI correlated inversely with UA and variables such as body mass index, diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, total cholesterol, triglycerides, and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol. UA showed an independent inverse correlation with the ABI after serial adjustment for these variables (β=−0.265, P < 0.001). A decreasing trend in the ABI was observed with increasing UA quartile (P < 0.001).CONCLUSION: UA shows an independent inverse correlation with ABI in healthy Korean men.


Subject(s)
Ankle Brachial Index , Ankle , Atherosclerosis , Blood Pressure , Body Mass Index , Cholesterol , Cross-Sectional Studies , Health Promotion , Heart Rate , Humans , Male , Peripheral Arterial Disease , Risk Factors , Triglycerides , Uric Acid
16.
J. vasc. bras ; 18: e20180084, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002489

ABSTRACT

O índice tornozelo-braquial (ITB) utiliza a razão entre a pressão arterial sistólica do tornozelo e do braço para diagnosticar de forma não invasiva a doença arterial periférica (DAP). A fotopletismografia (photoplethysmography, PPG) faz a medição e o registro das modificações de volume sanguíneo do corpo humano por meio de técnicas ópticas. Objetivos O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar o ITB com parâmetros de rigidez arterial e resistência periférica avaliados pela PPG em idosos e propor um modelo de predição para o ITB. Métodos Foi realizado um estudo transversal quantitativo. A amostra foi composta por idosos atendidos no ambulatório médico de especialidades da Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina (UNISUL). Foram verificados: idade, sexo, índice de massa corporal (IMC), presença de comorbidades, tabagismo e atividade física. Para comparação das variáveis obtidas com a PPG com o ITB, foi realizada regressão linear bivariada e multivariada, considerando erro α = 0,05. Resultados Foram avaliados 93 idosos, sendo 63,4% mulheres. Em 98,9% dos casos, o ITB apresentou-se dentro da normalidade. Na comparação do ITB e variáveis derivadas da PPG em relação à idade, foram demonstradas associações significativas. Contudo, não foram observadas associações significativas entre ITB e PPG. O modelo multivariado indicou que apenas idade, sexo e tabagismo foram associados ao ITB. Conclusões Como conclusão, o ITB e a PPG demonstraram associação com o envelhecimento arterial, tendo em vista sua correlação com a idade; contudo, o ITB foi relacionado apenas com idade, sexo e tabagismo. Mais estudos são necessários para avaliar o potencial uso da PPG como rastreio de doenças vasculares em rotinas ambulatórias


The ankle-brachial index (ABI) uses the ratio between systolic blood pressures at the ankle and the arm to diagnose peripheral arterial disease (PAD) noninvasively. Photoplethysmography (PPG) measures and records changes to the blood volume in the human body using optical techniques. Objectives The objective of this study was to compare ABI with arterial stiffness and peripheral resistance parameters assessed using PPG in elderly patients and to propose a model for prediction of ABI. Methods A cross-sectional, quantitative study was conducted. The sample comprised elderly patients seen at a medical specialties clinic at the Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina (UNISUL), Brazil. Age, sex, body mass index (BMI), comorbidities, smoking, and physical activity were recorded. The variables obtained using PPG and ABI were compared using bivariate and multivariate linear regression, with an α error of 0.05. Results A total of 93 elderly patients were assessed, 63.4% of whom were women. In 98.9% of cases, ABI was within normal limits. Comparison of ABI with variables acquired by PPG revealed significant associations with age. However, no significant associations were observed between ABI and PPG. The multivariate model indicated that only age, sex, and smoking were associated with ABI. Conclusions In conclusion, ABI and PPG exhibited associations with arterial aging, considering its correlation with age. However, ABI was only related to age, sex, and smoking. More studies are needed to evaluate the potential uses of PPG for screening for vascular diseases in ambulatory settings


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged , Risk Factors , Photoplethysmography/methods , Ankle Brachial Index/methods , Peripheral Arterial Disease/diagnosis , Tobacco Use Disorder/complications , Body Mass Index , Comorbidity , Sex Factors , Chronic Disease , Cross-Sectional Studies , Data Collection , Age Factors , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnosis , Heart Rate , Hypertension , Motor Activity
17.
J. vasc. bras ; 18: e20180073, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002487

ABSTRACT

Background Elevated arterial stiffness is associated with increased cardiovascular mortality. The relationship between arterial stiffness and critical limb ischemia (CLI) is not well established. Objectives The objective of this study is to analyze the relationship between arterial stiffness indices and the degree of limb ischemia measured by the ankle-brachial index (ABI). Methods A cross-sectional study comparing patients with CLI and controls. Arterial stiffness was measured using brachial artery oscillometry. The arterial stiffness indices pulse wave velocity (PWV) and augmentation index normalized to 75 beats/min (AIx@75) were determined. Multiple linear regression was applied to identify predictors of arterial stiffness indices. Results Patients in the CLI group had higher PWV (12.1±1.9 m/s vs. 10.1±1.9 m/s, p < 0.01) and AIx@75 (31.8±7.8% vs. 17.5±10.8%, p < 0.01) than controls. Central systolic pressure was higher in the CLI group (129.2±18.4 mmHg vs. 115.2±13.1 mmHg, p < 0.01). There was an inverse relationship between AIx@75 and ABI (Pearson coefficient = 0.24, p = 0.048), but there was no relationship between ABI and PWV (Pearson coefficient = 0.19, p = 0.12). In multiple regression analysis, reduced ABI was a predictor of elevated levels of AIx@75 (β = -25.02, p < 0.01). Conclusions Patients with CLI have high arterial stiffness measured by brachial artery oscillometry. The degree of limb ischemia, as measured by the ABI, is a predictor of increased AIx@75. The increased AIx@75 observed in CLI may have implications for the prognosis of this group of patients with advanced atherosclerosis


A rigidez arterial aumentada está associada ao aumento da mortalidade cardiovascular. A relação entre rigidez arterial e isquemia crítica do membro (IC) não está bem estabelecida. Objetivos O objetivo deste estudo é analisar a relação entre índices de rigidez arterial e o grau de isquemia de membro medido pelo índice tornozelo-braço (ITB). Métodos Foi feito um estudo transversal em pacientes com IC e controles. A rigidez arterial foi medida usando a oscilometria da artéria braquial. Os índices de rigidez arterial mensurados foram a velocidade de onda de pulso (VOP) e o índice de aumentação corrigido para a frequência cardíaca de 75 batimentos/min (AIx@75). Regressão linear múltipla foi aplicada para identificar preditores dos índices de rigidez arterial. Resultados Pacientes do grupo IC tiveram VOP (12,1±1,9 m/s vs. 10,1±1,9 m/s, p < 0,01) e AIx@75 (31,8±7,8% vs. 17,5±10,8%, p < 0,01) maiores que controles. Pressão sistólica central foi maior no grupo IC (129,2±18,4 mmHg vs. 115,2±13,1 mmHg, p < 0,01). Houve uma relação inversa entre o AIx@75 e o ITB (coeficiente de Pearson = 0,19, p = 0,12). A análise de regressão múltipla mostrou que o ITB reduzido foi um preditor de elevação do AIx@75 (β = -25,02, p < 0,01). Conclusões Pacientes com IC têm elevada rigidez arterial medida por oscilometria da artéria braquial. O grau de isquemia do membro, medido pelo ITB, é um preditor do AIx@75 elevado. O aumento do AIx@75 na IC pode ter implicações de prognóstico no grupo de pacientes com aterosclerose avançada


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Brachial Artery , Ankle Brachial Index , Vascular Stiffness , Ischemia/diagnosis , Oscillometry/methods , Blood Pressure , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Control Groups , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistical Analysis , Lower Extremity , Diabetes Mellitus , Atherosclerosis/complications , Peripheral Arterial Disease , Hypertension
18.
J. vasc. bras ; 18: e20160104, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-984684

ABSTRACT

O stent primário é uma opção de tratamento bem estabelecida para a doença arterial periférica em território femoropoplíteo. Estudos nacionais são escassos. Objetivos Avaliar desfechos clínicos e radiológicos em curto e médio prazo em pacientes classificados como Rutherford 3-6, tratados com o uso de stent em lesões femoropoplíteas. Métodos A análise foi realizada com base em um banco de dados prospectivamente mantido de doentes tratados entre julho de 2012 e julho de 2015. O objetivo primário foi a perviedade. Os objetivos secundários foram melhora na classificação de Rutherford, índice tornozelo/braço, revascularização do vaso-alvo, taxa de salvamento do membro e óbito em até 24 meses. Resultados Foram incluídos 64 pacientes, sendo 61 com lesões TASC II A/B (95%). A taxa de perviedade primária em 6, 12 e 24 meses foi de 95,2%, 79,1% e 57,9%, respectivamente. A análise de regressão de Cox revelou uma menor perviedade em pacientes com doença oclusiva (RR, 6,64, IC 95%, 1,52-28,99, p = 0,02), bem como uma perda de perviedade cerca de seis vezes maior em doentes TASC B do que TASC A (RR, 5,95, IC 95%, 1,67-21,3, p = 0,0061). Em 12 meses, 90,38% dos doentes permaneceram assintomáticos. A taxa de salvamento do membro em 24 meses foi de 94,3% (IC 95%, 87,9-100%). A ausência de revascularização do vaso-alvo em 24 meses foi de 90,5% (IC 95%, 82,8-98,9%). Conclusões Os resultados foram compatíveis com estudos internacionais, apesar do estágio mais avançado da doença vascular observada em nosso grupo. Piores desfechos foram associados a doença oclusiva e lesões complexas


Primary stenting is a well-established treatment option for femoropopliteal arterial obstructive disease. There is a shortage of Brazilian studies of the subject. Objectives To evaluate short and mid-term clinical and radiological outcomes in patients classified as Rutherford 3-6 and treated with stenting of femoropopliteal lesions. Methods Analysis based on a prospectively populated database of patients treated from July 2012 to July 2015. The primary endpoint was primary patency. Secondary endpoints were clinical and ankle/brachial index changes. Target Vessel Revascularization, limb salvage rate and death, within a 24-month follow-up period. Results 64 patients were enrolled, including 61 TASC II A / B lesions (95%). The primary patency rates at 6, 12, and 24 months were 95.2%, 79.1% and 57.9%, respectively. Cox regression analysis revealed lower patency rates in patients with occlusive disease (hazard ratio [HR], 6.64; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.52-28,99, p = 0.02), as well as patency loss about 6 times higher in TASC B than in TASC A patients ([HR], 5.95, 95% CI, 1.67-21.3, p = 0.0061). At 12 months, 90.38% of the patients remained asymptomatic. The limb salvage rate at 24 months was 94.3% (95% CI, 87.9-100%). Freedom from TVR at 24 months was 90.5% (95% CI 82.8-98.9%). Conclusions Results of primary patency were compatible with international studies, despite the more advanced stage of the vascular disease observed in our group. Occlusive disease and complex lesions were both associated with worse outcomes


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Stents , Ankle Brachial Index/methods , Femoral Artery , Peripheral Arterial Disease/therapy , Popliteal Artery , Thrombosis/therapy , Vascular Patency , Comorbidity , Retrospective Studies , Lower Extremity , Endovascular Procedures/methods
19.
Clinics ; 74: e978, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039572

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence of the reduced ankle-brachial index (ABI) in patients with heart failure (HF) with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) attended at a HF clinic in the metropolitan region of Porto Alegre, and to compar the patients to those with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). METHODS: A descriptive observational study, included patients referred to the heart failure clinic in HU-Ulbra with HFpEF or HFrEF and diastolic dysfunction, and measurements of ABIs using vascular Doppler equipment were performed in both groups. RESULTS: The sample consisted of 106 patients with HF, 53.9% of the patients had HFpEF, and 19.4% had a diagnosis of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) (ABI less than 0.9). PAD was identified in 24.1% of the patients with HFpEF, while15.8% of patients in the HFrEF group were diagnosed with PAD. CONCLUSION: Our results did not identify a significantly different prevalence of altered and compatible PAD values in patients with HFpEF. However, we showed a prevalence of 19.4%, a high value if we consider similar populations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Stroke Volume/physiology , Ankle Brachial Index , Peripheral Arterial Disease/physiopathology , Heart Failure/physiopathology , Urban Population , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Peripheral Arterial Disease/etiology , Heart Failure/complications
20.
Rev. APS ; 21(4): 488-503, 20181001.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1102552

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O Diabetes Mellitus (DM) é um problema de saúde pública relacionado a inúmeras condições adversas. Objetivo: Caracterizar indivíduos diabéticos tipo II cadastrados em uma Estratégia de Saúde da Família. Métodos: Estudo observacional de caráter transversal realizado, em visitas domiciliares, através da avaliação dos pés, da qualidade de vida, de variáveis sociodemográficas e clínicas, hábitos de vida e dos cálculos do Índice Tornozelo-Braço (ITB) e Risco Cardiovascular (RCV). Resultados: Amostra composta por 33 indivíduos com diabetes tipo 2, média etária de 62,94±11,43, a maioria acima do peso e com RCV aumentado. Não houve correlação entre ITB e RCV (p>0,05) e diferença para o valor do ITB em relação ao consumo de cigarros, bebida alcóolica e prática de atividade física (p>0,05). Conclusão: O acesso aos serviços da Atenção Básica facilita o controle do diabetes na população, mas atividades de promoção de saúde e prevenção secundária devem ser estimuladas.


Introduction: The Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a public health problem related to numerous adverse conditions. Objective: To characterize type II diabetic patients registered in a Family Health Strategy. Methods: An observational cross-sectional study carried out during home visits, through the assessment of the feet, quality of life, socio-demographic and clinical variables, lifestyle and calculations of the ankle-brachial index (ABI) and Cardiovascular Risk (RCV). Results: The sample was composed of 33 individuals, aged 62,94±11,43, mostly overweight and with increased cardiovascular risk (CVR). There was no correlation between ABI and CVR (p> 0.05) and there was a difference between the ABI and cigarette consumption, alcohol consumption and physical activity (p> 0.05). Conclusion: The access to primary care services facilitates diabetes control in the population, however, health promotion activities and secondary prevention should be encouraged.


Subject(s)
Quality of Life , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Self Care , Family Health Strategy , Ankle Brachial Index , House Calls
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