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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(4): 1118-1122, ago. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514334

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The evaluation of the invertor and evertor muscle strength and proprioception are important in terms of determining the risk of injury in handball players. The aim of this study was to determine the isokinetic strength and proprioception profile of the ankle invertor and evertor muscles of elite female handball players. Fifteen elite female handball players were included. Ankle invertor and evertor muscle strength and proprioception were evaluated using the isokinetic system. The isokinetic strength test was performed in concentric mode at 30°/s (5 repetitions) and 120°/s (10 repetitions). Proprioception sense was evaluated as active joint position sense. There was no statistically significant difference between the dominant and nondominant sides in terms of invertor and evertor muscle strength, evertor/invertor (Ever/Inver) ratio, and active joint position sense at both angular speeds (p>0.05). The Ever/Inver ratio on both sides was lower than normal values. It was concluded that the female handball players showed bilateral symmetry in the invertor and evertor muscles. However, the fact that the Ever/Inver strength ratio was lower than normal values on both sides suggested that caution should be exercised in terms of risks such as ankle sprain or chronic ankle instability. Pre-season evaluations should be made and it would be beneficial to add strengthening exercises to related muscle groups in training programs to normalize the unilateral ratios in these athletes.


La evaluación de la fuerza muscular inversora y eversora y la propiocepción son importantes para determinar el riesgo de lesión en los jugadores de balonmano. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la fuerza isocinética y el perfil de propiocepción de los músculos inversores y eversores del tobillo de jugadoras de balonmano de élite. Se incluyeron 15 jugadoras de élite de balonmano. La fuerza muscular inversora y eversora del tobillo y la propiocepción se evaluaron mediante el sistema isocinético. El test de fuerza isocinética se realizó en modo concéntrico a 30º/s (5 repeticiones) y 120º/s (10 repeticiones). El sentido de propiocepción se evaluó como sentido activo de posición articular. No hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los lados dominante y no dominante en términos de fuerza muscular inversora y eversora, relación eversor/inversor (Ever/ Inver) y sentido activo de la posición de la articulación en ambas velocidades angulares (p>0.05). La relación Ever/Inver en ambos lados fue inferior a los valores normales. Se concluyó que las jugadoras de balonmano presentaron simetría bilateral en los músculos inversores y eversores. Sin embargo, el hecho de que la relación de fuerza Ever/Inver fuera inferior a los valores normales en ambos lados sugirió que se debe tener precaución en términos de riesgos como el esguince de tobillo o la inestabilidad crónica de tobillo. Se deben realizar evaluaciones de pretemporada y sería beneficioso agregar ejercicios de fortalecimiento a los grupos musculares relacionados en los programas de entrenamiento para normalizar las proporciones unilaterales en estas atletas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Proprioception , Sports , Muscle Strength , Ankle/physiology
2.
Rev. venez. cir. ortop. traumatol ; 55(1): 46-52, jun. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1512109

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este trabajo es determinar la utilidad del bloqueo del tobillo con lidocaína y Bupivacaína para amputación de los radios del pie en pacientes atendidos en el Hospital General del Sur Dr. Pedro Iturbe, Maracaibo, Venezuela, desde mayo 2019 hasta mayo 2021. Se realizó un estudio pre-experimental, prospectivo y longitudinal. Se incluyeron pacientes de ambos sexos, entre 18 a 90 años, con amputaciones traumáticas, pie diabético e insuficiencia vascular periférica. Se incluyeron 50 pacientes, con edad promedio de 50,76 ± 25,0 años, 35(70,0%) de sexo masculino. Con antecedente de diabetes 13(26,0%) pacientes, fumadores 4(8,0%), cardiópatas 4(8,0%), hipertensos/diabéticos 6(12,0%), obesidad 5(10,0%), trauma 6(12,0%), nefrópatas 2(4,0%), drogas 1(2,0%) y sin antecedentes 9(18,0%). Diagnóstico preoperatorio predominante: amputación traumática 19 pacientes (38,0%), El promedio de tiempo de inicio del bloqueo fue 5-15min en 21(42,0%) casos. El bloqueo fue satisfactorio en 46(92,0%) pacientes. La duración del bloqueo en 22(44,0%) pacientes fue prolongada. Según la EVA del dolor en 19(38,0%) casos fue leve. No se evidenciaron complicaciones asociadas al procedimiento en 50(100,0%) pacientes. El bloqueo con lidocaína y bupivacaína es una técnica útil en la amputación de los radios del pie, inmediata, ambulatoria, a bajo costo, de duración prolongada y satisfactoria, de bajo dolor postoperatorio, poco requerimiento de analgésicos y con bajas complicaciones(AU)


The objective to determine the usefulness of the ankle block with lidocaine and Bupivacaine for amputation of the foot rays in patients treated at the Hospital General del Sur Dr. Pedro Iturbe during the period May 2019 to May 2021. A pre-experiment, prospective and longitudinal study was made. Patients of both sexes, between 18 and 90 years old, with traumatic amputations, diabetic foot and peripheral vascular Insufficiency were included. A descriptive statistical analysis was applied. Mean age 50,76±25,0 years, 35(70,0%) male patients. Patients history: Diabetes 13(26,0%), smokers 4(8,0%), heart patients 4(8,0%), hypertensive/diabetics 6(12,0%) patients, obesity 5(10,0%), trauma 6(12,0%), kidney disease 2(4,0%), drugs 1(2,0%), no history 9(18,0%). Predominant preoperative diagnosis: traumatic amputation 19(38,0%) patients, Block onset time: medium (5-15min) 21(42,0%) patients. The blockade was satisfactory in 46 patients (92.0%). Block duration in 22(44,0%) patients was prolonged. Pain scale 19(38,0%) patients mild pain. There were no complications associated with the procedure in 50(100,0%) patients. Conclusions: The blockade with lidocaine and bupivacaine is useful in the amputation of the foot rays since it is performed immediately, on an outpatient basis, at low cost, with a long and satisfactory duration, presenting mild postoperative pain, little need for analgesics and they do not represent a risk for the patient since there were no complications related to the technique(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Foot/physiopathology , Amputation, Traumatic , Lidocaine/administration & dosage , Ankle , Diabetic Foot
3.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(2): 607-611, abr. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440297

ABSTRACT

El complejo ligamentoso lateral de la articulación talocrural o «tobillo» (CLT) contempla básicamente tres estructuras denominadas como ligamento talofibular anterior (LTFA), ligamento calcaneofibular (LCF) y ligamento talofibular posterior (LTFP). En los últimos artículos publicados en relación con la morfología del CLT, se clasifica al LTFA en tres tipos, basada en el número de bandas o fascículos. Esta variabilidad morfológica plantea nuevos desafíos de estudios anatómicos en la biomecánica y estabilidad de la región talocrural. El objetivo de este estudio fue profundizar la anatomía de este complejo, en base a disecciones por capa que nos permitan visualizar las relaciones existentes entre estos ligamentos y estructuras aledañas. Se utilizaron 10 piezas congeladas pertenecientes al Departamento de Anatomía y Medicina Legal de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad de Chile, cuyos ligamentos fueron localizados y medidos en ancho y longitud. Para el LTFA se observó un patrón único en 5 muestras, bifurcado en 4, mientras que en un caso se visualizó un patrón trifurcado. El conocimiento del complejo ligamentoso lateral de tobillo, así como de su dirección, biometría y bandas o fascículos son un importante aporte para la imagenología, rehabilitación, clínica y cirugías que aborden esta región.


SUMMARY: The lateral ankle complex (LAC) basically includes three structures called anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL), calcaneofibular ligament (CFL) and posterior talofibular ligament (PTFL). In recent works published in relation to the morphology of LAC, ATFL is classified into three types, based on the number of bands or fascicles. This morphological modification poses new challenges for anatomical studies in biomechanics and ankle stability. The objective of this is to deepen in greater detail the anatomy of this complex, based on dissections by layer that allow us to study the existing relationships between these ligaments and surrounding structures. 10 frozen pieces belonging to the Department of Anatomy and Legal Medicine of the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Chile were used; whose ligaments were located and measured in width and length. For ATFL, a single pattern was found in 5 samples, bifurcated in 4, while a trifurcated pattern was seen in one case. Knowledge of the lateral ligamentous complex of the ankle, as well as its direction, biometry and bands or fascicles, are an important contribution to imaging, rehabilitation, clinics and surgeries that address this region.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Lateral Ligament, Ankle/anatomy & histology , Ankle Joint/anatomy & histology , Ankle/anatomy & histology
4.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 504-508, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986059

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the protective effect of parachute ankle brace on ankle joint during simulated parachuting landing. Methods: In August 2021, 30 male paratroopers were selected as the test subjects by simple random sampling method. They jumped from the 1.5 m and 2.0 m height platforms respectively with and without parachute ankle brace, and landed on the sandy ground in a semi-squat parachute landing position. The experiment was divided into 1.5 m experimental group and control group and 2.0 m experimental group and control group. Angle sensor and surface electromyograph were used to measure and analyze the coronal tilt range of the ankle joint and the percentage of maximal voluntary contraction (MVE%) of the muscles around the ankle joint, respectively, to evaluate the protective effect of the parachute ankle brace. Results: At the same height, the tilt range of coronal plane of ankle in experimental group was significantly reduced compared with control group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Under the same protection state, the tilt range of the coronal plane of the ankle in the 1.5 m group was significantly reduced compared with that in the 2.0 m group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The coronal plane inclination range of the ankle in 2 m experimental group was significantly lower than that in 1.5 m control group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Compared with 1.5 m control group, MVE% of right tibialis anterior muscle and bilateral lateral gastrocnemius decreased in 1.5 m experimental group, while MVE% of bilateral peroneus longus increased, with statistical significance (P<0.05). Compared with 2.0 m control group, the MVE% of bilateral tibialis anterior muscle and right lateral gastrocnemius decreased in 2.0 m experimental group, while the MVE% of bilateral peroneus longus increased, with statistical significance (P<0.05). The MVE% of bilateral tibialis anterior muscle, bilateral lateral gastrocnemius muscle and right peroneus longus muscle in 1.5 m experimental group decreased compared with 2.0 m experimental group, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). Compared with 2.0 m control group, the MVE% of bilateral tibialis anterior muscle, right lateral gastrocnemius muscle and right peroneus longus muscle in 1.5 m control group decreased, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05) . Conclusion: Wearing parachute ankle brace can effectively limit the coronal plane inclination range of ankle joint, improve the stability of ankle joint and reduce the load on the muscles around ankle joint by landing. Reducing the height of the jumping platform can reduce the coronal plane incline range of the ankle and the muscle load around the ankle during landing.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Ankle , Ankle Joint/physiology , Lower Extremity/physiology , Muscle, Skeletal/physiology , Electromyography
5.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 168-175, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971657

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Treatment duration of wrist-ankle acupuncture (WAA) is uncertain for post-thyroidectomy pain relief.@*OBJECTIVE@#This study evaluated the effect of different WAA treatment duration on post-operative pain relief and other discomforts associated with thyroidectomy.@*DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTION@#This randomized controlled trial was conducted at a single research site in Guangzhou, China. A total of 132 patients receiving thyroidectomy were randomly divided into the control group (sham WAA, 30 min) and three intervention groups (group 1: WAA, 30 min; group 2: WAA, 45 min; group 3: WAA, 60 min), with group allocation ratio of 1:1:1:1. Acupuncture was administered within 1 hour of leaving the operating room.@*OUTCOMES AND MEASURES@#Primary outcome was patients' pain at the surgical site assessed by visual analogue scale (VAS) at the moment after acupuncture treatment (post-intervention). Secondary outcomes included the patients' pain VAS scores at 6, 12, 24, 48 and 72 h after the thyroidectomy, the 40-item Quality of Recovery (QoR-40) score, the grade of post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV), and the use of additional analgesic therapy.@*RESULTS@#The adjusted mean difference (AMD) in VAS scores from baseline to post-intervention in group 1 was -0.89 (95% confidence interval [CI], -1.02 to -0.76). The decrease in VAS score at post-intervention was statistically significant in group 1 compared to the control group (AMD, -0.43; 95% CI, -0.58 to -0.28; P < 0.001), and in groups 2 and 3 compared to group 1 (group 2 vs group 1: AMD, -0.65; 95% CI, -0.81 to -0.48; P < 0.001; group 3 vs group 1: AMD, -0.66; 95% CI, -0.86 to -0.47; P < 0.001). The VAS scores in the four groups converged beyond 24 h after the operation. Fewer patients in group 2 and group 3 experienced PONV in the first 24 h after operation. No statistical differences were measured in QoR-40 score and the number of patients with additional analgesic therapy.@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with the 30 min intervention, WAA treatment with longer needle retention time (45 or 60 min) had an advantage in pain relief within 6 h after surgery. WAA's analgesic effect lasted for 6-12 h post-operatively. Please cite this article as: Han XR, Yue W, Chen HC, He W, Luo JH, Chen SX, Liu N, Yang M. Treatment duration of wrist-ankle acupuncture for relieving post-thyroidectomy pain: A randomized controlled trial. J Integr Med. 2023; 21(2): 168-175.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Ankle , Wrist , Duration of Therapy , Thyroidectomy , Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting/drug therapy , Acupuncture Therapy , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Pain/drug therapy
6.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 253-257, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971317

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effect of wrist-ankle acupuncture (WAA) in pain and functional recovery after total knee arthroplasty (TKA).@*METHODS@#From June to September 2020, 94 participants were included from the Second Hospital of Tangshan and randomly assigned to the WAA group (47 cases) and the sham WAA group (47 cases) by a random number table, receiving real or sham WAA treatment, respectively. The primary outcome measure involved the visual analogue scale (VAS) scores at rest and in motion. The secondary outcomes involved the range of motion (ROM) of the knee joints, straight-leg raising time, postoperative weight-bearing time, sufentanil consumption within 48 h of patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) pump, length of hospital stay, and postoperative complications.@*RESULTS@#The VAS scores on the 3rd, 5th, and 7th postoperative days at rest and in motion was significantly lower in the WAA group than that of the sham WAA group (P<0.01). The ROM on the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd PODs was significantly higher in the WAA group than that of the sham WAA group (P<0.01). In comparison to the sham WAA group, the sufentanil consumption within 48 h of PCA pump was significantly less in the WAA group (156.3 ± 12.2 µg vs. 128.8 ± 9.8 µg, P<0.01). There was no significant difference in active straight-leg raising time, postoperative weight-bearing time, length of hospital stay, and postoperative complications between the two groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#WAA could alleviate post-TKA pain, improve knee joint function, and reduce the sufentanil consumption within 48 h of PCA pump. WAA is a safe and effective treatment in the perioperative analgesic management for TKA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/adverse effects , Ankle , Wrist , Sufentanil , Pain, Postoperative/therapy , Acupuncture Therapy/adverse effects , Analgesia , Knee Joint
7.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 156-159, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971289

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the difference in sensitivity between X-ray and three-dimensional reconstruction of computed tomography (3D-CT) for the diagnosis of distal fibular avulsion fracture, and the radiographic presentation of the ossicle.@*METHODS@#From January to October 2018, 92 patients with distal fibular avulsion fracture were visited for surgical treatment in Department of Sports Medicine, Peking University Third Hospital, and 60 cases were finally enrolled according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Intraoperative detection was regarded as the gold standard, and the diagnostic sensitivity of preoperative ankle X-ray and 3D-CT for the distal fibular avulsion fractures was statistically determined. The ossicle maximum diameter as well as the degree of its displacement were also measured. On 3D-CT, the distance from the ossicle center point to the anterior fibular tuberosity (a), the distance to the fibular tip (b), and the a/b value was used to present the ossicle displacement.@*RESULTS@#Among the 60 patients, 36 and the 52 patients were correctly detected by X-ray and 3D-CT, respectively, and the sensitivities was 60.0% and 86.7%, respectively (P=0.004). The mean diameter of the ossicle on X-ray and 3D-CT was (9.2±3.9) mm and (10.5±3.2) mm, respectively. The mean distance from the ossicle center to the anterior fibular tuberosity (a) was (17.5±3.6) mm and the mean distance to the fibular tip (b) was (17.4±4.8) mm, with mean a/b values of 1.1±0.7. The intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) for each measurement ranged from 0.891-0.998 with a high degree of consistency.@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with X-ray, 3D-CT has higher sensitivity in diagnosing distal fibular avulsion fractures, can help clinicians evaluate ossicle's location and choose surgical methods, and is recommended to be performed in patients with suspected distal fibula avulsion fractures in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fibula/surgery , Fractures, Avulsion , Ankle , X-Rays , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Ankle Fractures , Ankle Joint , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
8.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 296-302, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969777

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the impact of individual and combined assessment of age- and sex-specific brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and pulse pressure (PP) on all-cause mortality. Methods: This study is a prospective cohort study. Individuals participated in the Kailuan Study and completed baPWV measurements between 2010 and 2016 were included in this study. After stratifying by sex, 75th percentile baPWV and PP values for different age group were calculated at five years interval. BaPWV and PP values below the 75th percentile were defined as normal, and those above or equal to the 75th percentile were defined as increased. The participants were allocated to four groups according to their PP and baPWV status: normal baPWV/PP group, high baPWV/normal PP group, normal baPWV/high PP group and high baPWV/PP group. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality during the follow-up period. Cox proportional hazards models were used to explore the impact of individual and combined assessment of baPWV and PP on all-cause mortality events. Results: A total of 39 339 participants were enrolled in this study, aged (49.3±12.8) years, of which 28 731 (73.03%) were males. There were 23 268, 6 025, 6 210 and 3 836 cases in the normal baPWV/PP group, high baPWV/normal PP group, normal baPWV/high PP group and high baPWV/PP group, respectively. The average follow-up duration was (4.98±2.53) years. During the follow-up period, all-cause mortality occurred in 998 individuals. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed increased risk of all-cause mortality in the high baPWV/normal PP group (HR=1.27, 95%CI 1.07-1.50), and in the high baPWV/PP group (HR=1.33, 95%CI 1.08-1.65) compared to the normal baPWV/PP group. Increased pulse pressure alone had no impcat on all-cause death (HR=1.06, 95%CI 0.87-1.29). Conclusions: The risk of all-cause mortality significantly increases with increased age-and sex-specific baPWV and PP values. BaPWV may be a better predictor of all-cause mortality than PP in this cohort.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Blood Pressure , Ankle Brachial Index , Prospective Studies , Pulse Wave Analysis , Ankle , Vascular Stiffness , Risk Factors
9.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 802-809, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981671

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the short-term effectiveness of INBONE TM Ⅱ total ankle prosthesis arthroplasty in the treatment of moderate to severe varus-type ankle arthritis.@*METHODS@#The clinical and radiographic data of patients with moderate to severe varus-type ankle arthritis, who were admitted between May 2017 and November 2021 and treated with total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) using INBONE TM Ⅱ prosthesis, was retrospectively analyzed. A total of 58 patients (58 ankles) met the selection criteria and were included in the study. Among them, there were 24 males and 34 females, with an average age of 62.6 years (range, 41-85 years). According to the preoperative tibiotalar angle (TTA), the patients were divided into a moderate varus group (group A, TTA 5°-15°, n=34) and a severe varus group (group B, TTA>15°, n=24). There was no significant difference in gender, side, etiology, preoperative American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score, ankle dorsiflexion, plantarflexion, and total range of motion, and tibial lateral surface angle (TLS) between the two groups ( P>0.05). Yet the patients in group A were younger than group B, the degrees of oesteoarthritis (Takakura stage) and ankle pain [visual analogue scale (VAS) score] were milder, and the TTA, talar tilt angle (TT), hindfoot alignment angle (HAA) were smaller while the tibial articular surface angle (TAS) was larger, showing significant differences ( P<0.05). The pre- and post-operative VAS score, AOFAS score, the occurrence of early and late complications, the radiographic parameters of the ankle (TTA, TAS, TT, HAA, TLS), ankle dorsiflexion, plantarflexion, and total range of motion were recorded and compared.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up 19-72 months, with an average of 38.9 months. Compared with the preoperative data, the VAS score of all patients significantly decreased ( P<0.05); the AOFAS score, ankle dorsiflexion range of motion, and total range of motion significantly increased ( P<0.05); and the TTA, TAS, TT, HAA, and TLS significantly improved at last follow-up ( P<0.05); but there was no significant difference in plantarflexion range of motion ( P>0.05). Early complications occurred in 13 patients, and only 1 patient underwent revision surgery due to a larger size of the talar component. At last follow-up, there was no significant difference in the difference of clinical parameters before and after operation between the two groups ( P>0.05); there was a significant difference in the difference of other radiographic parameters ( P<0.05) except TLS. No significant difference in the incidence of complications between the two groups was found ( P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#TAA using the INBONE TM Ⅱtotal ankle prosthesis is an effective treatment for moderate or severe varus-type ankle arthritis, and good clinical and radiographic results can be obtained. Correcting bony deformities and balancing soft tissue are the keys to successful surgery.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Ankle/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Ankle/methods , Arthritis/surgery , Ankle Joint/surgery , Joint Prosthesis , Treatment Outcome
10.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 796-801, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981670

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish the finite element model of varus-type ankle arthritis and to implement the finite element mechanical analysis of different correction models for tibial anterior surface angle (TAS) in supramalleolar osteotomy.@*METHODS@#A female patient with left varus-type ankle arthritis (Takakura stage Ⅱ, TAS 78°) was taken as the study object. Based on the CT data, the three-dimensional model of varus-type ankle arthritis (TAS 78°) and different TAS correction models [normal (TAS 89°), 5° valgus (TAS 94°), and 10° valgus (TAS 99°)] were created by software Mimics 21.0, Geomagic Wrap 2021, Solidworks 2017, and Workbench 17.0. The 290 N vertical downward force was applied to the upper surface of the tibia and 60 N vertical downward force to the upper surface of the fibula. Von Mises stress distribution and stress peak were calculated.@*RESULTS@#The finite element model of normal TAS was basically consistent with biomechanics of the foot. According to biomechanical analysis, the maximum stress of the varus model appeared in the medial tibiotalar joint surface and the medial part of the top tibiotalar joint surface. The stress distribution of talofibular joint surface and the lateral part of the top tibiotalar joint surface were uniform. In the normal model, the stress distributions of the talofibular joint surface and the tibiotalar joint surface were uniform, and no obvious stress concentration was observed. The maximum stress in the 5° valgus model appeared at the posterior part of the talofibular joint surface and the lateral part of the top tibiotalar joint surface. The stress distribution of medial tibiotalar joint surface was uniform. The maximum stress of the 10° valgus model appeared at the posterior part of the talofibular joint surface and the lateral part of the top tibiotalar joint surface. The stress on the medial tibiotalar joint surface increased.@*CONCLUSION@#With the increase of valgus, the stress of ankle joint gradually shift outwards, and the stress concentration tends to appear. There was no obvious obstruction of fibula with 10° TAS correction. However, when TAS correction exceeds 10° and continues to increase, the obstruction effect of fibula becomes increasingly significant.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Tibia/surgery , Finite Element Analysis , Ankle , Arthritis , Fibula/surgery , Ankle Joint/surgery
11.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 788-795, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981669

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the effectiveness of supramalleolar osteotomy (SMOT) as a therapeutic intervention for varus-type ankle arthritis, while also examining the associated risk factors that may contribute to treatment failure.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 82 patients (89 feet) diagnosed with varus-type ankle arthritis and treated with SMOT between January 2016 and December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The patient cohort consisted of 34 males with 38 feet and 48 females with 51 feet, with the mean age of 54.3 years (range, 43-72 years). The average body mass index was 24.43 kg/m 2 (range, 20.43-30.15 kg/m 2). The preoperative tibial anterior surface angle (TAS) ranged from 77.6° to 88.4°, with a mean of 84.4°. The modified Takakura stage was used to classify the severity of the condition, with 9 feet in stage Ⅱ, 41 feet in stage Ⅲa, and 39 feet in stage Ⅲb. Clinical functional assessment was conducted using the Maryland sore, visual analogue scale (VAS) score, and psychological and physical scores in Health Survey 12-item Short From (SF-12). Radiology evaluations include TAS, talar tilt (TT), tibiocrural angle (TC), tibial medial malleolars (TMM), tibiocrural distance (TCD), tibial lateral surface angle (TLS), and hindfoot alignment angle (HAA). The results of clinical failure, functional failure, and radiology failure were statistically analyzed, and the related risk factors were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The operation time ranged from 45 to 88 minutes, with an average of 62.2 minutes. No complication such as fractures and neurovascular injuries was found during operation. There were 7 feet of poor healing of the medial incision; 9 pin tract infections occurred in 6 feet using external fixator; there were 20 cases of allograft and 3 cases of autograft with radiographic bone resorption. Except for 1 foot of severe infection treated with bone cement, the remaining 88 feet were primary healing, and the healing area was more than 80%. All patients were followed up 24-82 months, with an average of 50.2 months. Maryland score, VAS score, SF-12 psychological and physiological scores, and TAS, TC, TLS, TCD, TT, TMM, HAA, and Takakura stage were significantly improved at last follow-up ( P<0.05). Postoperative clinical failure occurred in 13 feet, functional failure in 15 feet, and radiology failure in 23 feet. Univariate analysis showed that obesity, TT>10°, and Takakura stage Ⅲb were risk factors for clinical failure, HAA≥15° and Takakura stage Ⅲb were risk factors for functional failure, and TT>10° was risk factor for radiographic failure ( P<0.05). Further logistic regression analysis showed that TT>10°, HAA≥15°, and TT>10° were risk factors for clinical failure, functional failure, and radiographic failure, respectively ( P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#SMOT is effective in the mid- and long-term in the treatment of varus-type ankle arthritis, but it should be used with caution in patients with obesity, severe hindfoot varus, severe talus tilt, and preoperative Takakura stage Ⅲb.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Ankle , Ankle Joint/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Osteoarthritis/surgery , Osteotomy/methods , Risk Factors
12.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 782-787, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981668

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the short-term effectiveness of calcaneal lateral displacement osteotomy with lateral ligament repair in the treatment of Takakura stage Ⅱ varus-type ankle arthritis.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of 13 patients with Takakura stage Ⅱ varus-type ankle arthritis treated with calcaneal lateral displacement osteotomy with lateral ligament repair between January 2016 and December 2020. There were 6 males and 7 females aged 31-65 years, with an average age of 53.6 years. The preoperative tibial-ankle surface angle (TASA) was (88.13±1.01)°, medial distal tibial angle (MDTA) was (86.36±1.49)°, tibial talar surface angle (TTSA) was (6.03±1.63)°, talar tilting angle (TTA) was (81.95±2.15)°, and tibiocalcaneal axis angle (TCAA) was (-5.74±6.81)°. The preoperative American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score was 56.3±7.1 and the pain visual analogue scale (VAS) score was 3.7±0.5. AOFAS scores, VAS scores, TTSA, TTA, and TCAA were compared between pre- and post-operatively.@*RESULTS@#All 13 patients were followed up 14-41 months, with an average of 28.7 months. The osteotomies healed in all patients. The last follow-up revealed TTA, TTSA, and TCAA to be (88.27±1.19)°, (-0.13±1.37)°, and (2.09±5.10)° respectively, the AOFAS score was 84.3±4.2 and the VAS score was 0.7±0.5, all showing significant improvement when compared to preoperative values ( P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#For patients with Takakura stage Ⅱ varus-type ankle arthritis, calcaneal lateral displacement osteotomy with lateral ligament repair can correct the lower limb force line, regain ankle stability, and achieving good short-term effectiveness.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Ankle , Retrospective Studies , Ankle Joint/surgery , Osteoarthritis/surgery , Osteotomy , Collateral Ligaments , Treatment Outcome
13.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 776-781, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981667

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the early effectiveness of a new minimally invasive plate in the treatment of varus-type ankle arthritis.@*METHODS@#A clinical data of 15 patients with varus-type ankle arthritis who met the selection criteria between March 2021 and October 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. All the patients were treated with medial open-wedge supramalleolar osteotomy and fibular osteotomy. The osteotomies were fixed with the new minimally invasive plate. There were 7 males and 8 females with an average age of 49.8 years (range, 16-71 years). The causes of ankle arthritis included post-fracture deformity in 1 case, sprain in 8 cases, and acquired clubfoot in 1 case; and 5 cases were without obvious factors. The disease duration ranged from 1 to 12 years, with an average of 4.1 years. Comparisons were made between pre-operation and the last follow-up in the Takakura staging, the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score, foot function index (FFI), visual analogue scale (VAS) score, tibial anterior surface angle (TAS), tibial lateral surface angle (TLS), and talar tilt (TT).@*RESULTS@#All incisions healed by first intention. All patients were followed up 7-18 months (mean, 12.8 months). At last follow-up, the AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score, FFI, VAS score, and Takakura staging significantly improved when compared with the preoperative ones ( P<0.05). X-ray films showed that the osteotomy healed at 3 months after operation. At last follow-up, TAS significantly increased and TT decreased when compared with the preoperative ones ( P<0.05), and the difference in TLS between pre- and post-operation was not significant ( P>0.05). Complications included 1 case of intraoperative screw breakage and 2 cases of nerve injury of the affected foot. None of the patients complained of significant discomfort at the plate placement during follow-up, and no loosening of the internal fixator occurred. Eleven patients were very satisfied with the effeectiveness, while 4 were relatively satisfied.@*CONCLUSION@#The new minimally invasive plate for the varus-type ankle arthritis has good early effectiveness in relieving ankle pain, correcting deformity, improving limb alignment and ankle function, and reducing the incidence of postoperative incisional complications.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Aged , Ankle , Ankle Joint/surgery , Osteoarthritis/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Tibia/surgery , Treatment Outcome
14.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 769-775, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981666

ABSTRACT

Ankle arthritis affects approximately 1% of the adult population worldwide and represents a serious global disease burden. However, compared with hip arthritis and knee arthritis, the clinical understanding and treatment of ankle arthritis are still in their infancy. For end-stage ankle arthritis, ankle arthrodesis was considered as the "gold standard" in the past. However, ankle arthrodesis will result in loss of joint mobility, altered gait, limited daily activities, and accelerated degeneration of adjacent joints. Therefore, how to preserve the range of motion of the ankle joint while relieving pain is the key to the treatment of ankle arthritis. Currently, the surgical treatment of ankle arthritis includes arthroscopic debridement, periarticular osteotomies, osteochondral transplantation, ankle distraction arthroplasty, ankle arthrodesis, and total ankle arthroplasty. The choice of treatment should be individualized and based on various factors such as the patient's symptoms, signs, imaging performance, complaints, and financial situation. However, there are no guidelines that give clear treatment recommendations. Therefore, it is necessary to conduct extensive and in-depth discussions on the diagnosis and treatment of ankle arthritis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Ankle/surgery , Arthritis/surgery , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Ankle , Ankle Joint/surgery , Physical Therapy Modalities , Arthrodesis/methods , Treatment Outcome
15.
An. Facultad Med. (Univ. Repúb. Urug., En línea) ; 9(1): e204, jun. 2022. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1383560

ABSTRACT

La neuroartropatia de Charcot es una complicación devastadora para los pacientes diabéticos, generando deformidades osteoarticulares con riesgo de ulceración, infección y amputación de miembros inferiores. El objetivo fue analizar en una población de pacientes diabéticos con secuela de neuroartropatía de Charcot, el motivo de re consulta y los tratamientos a los que fueron sometidos. El mismo se realizó en forma retrospectiva mediante observación de historias clínicas y estudios radiológicos de 22 pacientes tratados entre 2014 y 2018 en el Hospital Policial de Montevideo - Uruguay, con un tiempo de evolución mínimo de un año al momento de la revisión. Se contó con la aprobación del Comité de Ética de dicho hospital habiéndose completado un formulario con datos demográficos, tratamiento inicial, causas de las re consultas y tratamientos secundarios. Si bien al inicio de la enfermedad se siguieron los protocolos de tratamiento con alto nivel de recomendación, se observaron en las re consultas elevados porcentajes de re ulceración y necesidad de cirugías complementarias (59%). Se vinculan los resultados a la falta de categorización de paciente de riesgo para lograr seguimiento y captación precoz. El categorizar al paciente de riesgo permite establecer estrategias de educación y de tratamientos tendientes a disminuir porcentajes de nuevas lesiones que lleven a la necesidad de tratamientos secundarios o amputaciones.


One of the most devastating complications within diabetic patients is Diabetic Charcot neuroarthropathy. It can lead to osteoarticular deformities, with risk of ulceration, infection or even lower limb amputation. In this paper, a population of diabetic patients with Charcot neuroarthropathy sequelae was studied. Data was analyzed on the reasons for the patients re consultation, the treatments they were subjected to and the obtained results. The study was conducted retrospectively by the examination of medical records from 22 patients that were treated between 2014 and 2018, with a follow-up of at least a year, at the Hospital Policial in Montevideo, Uruguay. Furthermore, it had the hospital's Ethics Committee approval. The data analysis was conducted by the completion of a form including demographic data, initial treatment, reasons for re consultation and secondary treatments. According to the findings, even though highly recommended protocols were followed at the onset of the disease, high percentage of ulceration and complementary surgeries were observed (59%) within the patient's data. The results are linked to the lack of risk patient´s categorization in order to achieve early uptake. Categorizing the patient at risk makes it possible to establish health education and treatment strategies aimed at reducing percentages of new injuries that lead to the need for secondary treatments or amputations.


A neuroartropatia de Charcot é uma complicação devastadora para os pacientes com diabetes, gerando deformidades osteoarticulares residuais com risco de úlceras, infecção e amputação maior dos membros inferiores. O objetivo foi analisar em uma população de pacientes diabéticos com sequelas da neuroartropatia de Charcot, o motivo da nova consulta e os tratamentos a que foram submetidos, bem como os resultados obtidos. Foi realizado retrospectivamente por meio de observação de histórias clinicas e estudos radiológicos de 22 pacientes atendidos no periodo de 2014 a 2018 no Hospital da Polícia de Montevidéu - Uruguai, com tempo de evolução mínimo de um ano na época da revisão. Foi aprovado pelo Comité de Ética do referido hospital, tendo sido preenchido um formulário com dados demográficos, tratamento inicial, causas das novas consultas e tratamentos secundários. Embora protocolos de tratamento com alto nível de recomendação tenham sido seguidos no início da doença, elevados percentuais de re ulcerações e cirurgias complementares (59%) foram observados nas novas consultas. Os resultados estão ligados à falta de categorização dos pacientes de risco para obter captação precoces A categorização do paciente de risco permite estabelecer estratégias de educação e tratamento com o objetivo de reduzir os percentuais de novas lesões que levam à necessidade de tratamentos secundários ou amputações.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Office Visits , Arthropathy, Neurogenic/therapy , Diabetic Foot/therapy , Arthropathy, Neurogenic/etiology , Arthropathy, Neurogenic/epidemiology , Comorbidity , Retrospective Studies , Diabetic Foot/complications , Diabetic Foot/epidemiology , Ankle
16.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 36(2): e476, abr.-jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1409066

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El síndrome de impacto posterior es una condición que resulta de la compresión de tejidos blandos entre la cara posterior del astrágalo y el área posteroinferior de la tibia durante el movimiento de flexión plantar del tobillo y provoca inflamación de los tejidos blandos circundantes. Objetivo: Presentar un caso de síndrome de impacto posterior secundario a proceso de Stieda. Presentación de caso: Se presenta el caso de un varón de 53 años, cocinero de profesión que se quejaba de dolor en la región posterior del tobillo derecho, que se exacerbaba con la flexión plantar del tobillo sin traumatismo previo. Se descartaron lesiones de tipo tendinosas y ligamentosas al examen físico, por lo que se indica radiografía convencional. A través de la radiografía de tobillo se define proceso de Stieda el cual justifica la clínica. Por esto no se realizaron otros estudios. Conclusiones: La radiografía convencional en el contexto clínico de un síndrome de impacto posterior del tobillo permite establecer el diagnóstico sin requerir estudios de imagen de mayor complejidad(AU)


Introduction: The posterior impingement syndrome is a condition resulted of compressed posterior soft tissues, between the posterior talus and the calcaneus. Classically, this is seen at activities that cause extreme plantar flexion. Objective: To describe a posterior Ankle Impingement case secondary to a Stieda process. Case report: We report a 53 years old male, cook profession, with a chronic pain history within the posterior ankle, previous trauma was denied. At clinical examination tendon and ligament injuries were not found. Initial evaluation with conventional radiography showed the presence of a Stieda's process as cause of clinical manifestations. No further imaging studies were required. Conclusion: Conventional radiograph allows to clarify diagnosis in the posterior impingement syndrome(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Lateral Ligament, Ankle/pathology , Ankle , Ankle Joint/diagnostic imaging
17.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(4): 631-636, fev 11, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359508

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar os efeitos de um programa de prevenção de lesão sobre a função muscular do quadril, a amplitude de movimento (ADM) de dorsiflexão do tornozelo e o controle postural em militares. Metodologia: foram incluídos no estudo nove militares (30,56±8,33 anos), que foram avaliados pré e pós intervenção por meio dos seguintes instrumentos: a) Avaliação funcional do quadril através dos testes funcionais para o músculo glúteo máximo e glúteo médio; b) Avaliação da ADM de dorsiflexão do tornozelo, por meio do teste de Lunge realizado com uma fita métrica; c) Avaliação do equilíbrio, por meio da Posturografia Dinâmica Computadorizada (sistema EquiTest® NeuroCom), incluindo os testes de organização sensorial (TOS), que é dividido em seis condições e o índice geral do equilíbrio (composite). Os militares foram submetidos a um programa de prevenção de lesão durante 10 semanas, aplicado 2 vezes semanais com duração de aproximadamente 50 minutos. O programa foi constituído de exercícios em 4 categorias, incluindo aquecimento / corrida, fortalecimento muscular, equilíbrio e alongamento. Resultados: houve melhorias significativas sobre a função muscular de glúteo médio não-dominante (p=0,01), a ADM de dorsiflexão do tornozelo dominante (p=0,02) e sobre o controle postural, através do aumento da condição V dos TOS (p=0,04), valor de composite (p=0,02) e do sistema vestibular (p=0,03). Conclusão: O programa de exercícios proposto melhorou os parâmetros de função muscular glútea, mobilidade de tornozelo e controle postural em militares.


Objective: to analyze the effects of an injury prevention program on hip muscle function, range of motion (ADM) of ankle dorsiflexion and postural control in the military. Methodology: nine military personnel (30.56 ± 8.33 years) were included in the study, who were evaluated before and after intervention through the following instruments: a) Functional assessment of the hip ­ through functional tests for the gluteus maximus and gluteus medius muscles; b) Evaluation of the ADM of ankle dorsiflexion ­ by means of the Lunge test performed with a tape measure; c) Evaluation of balance ­ through Computational Dynamic Posturography (EquiTest® NeuroCom system), including sensory organization tests (TOS), which is divided into six conditions and the general equilibrium index (composite). The military underwent an injury prevention program for 10 weeks, applied twice weekly with a duration of approximately 50 minutes. The program consisted of exercises in 4 categories, including warm up / running, muscle strengthening, balance and stretching. Results: there were significant improvements in non-dominant gluteus medial muscle function (p = 0.01), dominant ankle dorsiflexion ROM (p = 0.02) and postural control, through an increase in the TOS V condition (p = 0.04), composite value (p = 0.02) and vestibular system (p = 0.03). Conclusion: a exercises program improved of gluteal muscle function, ankle mobility and postural control in the military.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Buttocks , Exercise , Postural Balance , Muscle Strength , Hip , Ankle , Military Personnel , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Evaluation Studies as Topic
19.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(1): 73-76, Jan. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360699

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the relationship and prognostic significance of cardio-ankle vascular index, which is a measure of arterial stiffness that can lead to endothelial dysfunction and poor cardiovascular issues in COVID-19 patients, with COVID-19. METHODS: The study included 115 patients, of which 65 patients in the case group with Real time reversetranscription-polymerasechainreaction test positive and diagnosed for COVID-19 and 50 volunteers in the control group. Patients with COVID-19 were classified as moderate/severe or mild COVID-19 in the subgroup analysis based on the severity of the disease. We investigated the relationship between cardio-ankle vascular index and COVID-19 by using the VaSera VS-1000 device to automatically measure each patient's cardio-ankle vascular index and ankle-brachial pressure index. RESULTS: The mean age of participants included in the study was 65.7±10.7 years. Patients and volunteers were statistically similar in terms of age, gender, comorbidities, Charlson comorbidity index scores, and body mass index values (p>0.05). The right-cardio-ankle vascular index value was 9.6±2.4 in the case group and 8.5±1.1 in the control group (p=0.004). The left-cardio-ankle vascular index value was 9.4±2.7 in the case group and 8.5±1.2 in the control group (p=0.01). The right-cardio-ankle vascular index value was 10.8±3.4 in the moderate/severe disease group and 8.8±0.9 in the mild disease group (p=0.008). The left-cardio-ankle vascular index value was 10.7±3.6 in the moderate/severe disease group and 8.5±1.5 in the mild disease group (p<0.001). The right-cardio-ankle vascular index and left-cardio-ankle vascular index values were found to be significantly higher in COVID-19 patients in our study. When receiver operating characteristic analysis was performed to distinguish moderate/severe COVID-19 patients from mild patients, right-cardio-ankle vascular index was area under the curve 0.757 (0.630-0.884), and left-cardio-ankle vascular index was area under the curve 0.782 (0.661-0.902). CONCLUSION: The right-cardio-ankle vascular index and left-cardio-ankle vascular index values increased in COVID-19 patients in our study, and this was thought to be prognostically significant.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Vascular Stiffness , COVID-19/diagnosis , Ankle Brachial Index , SARS-CoV-2 , Ankle , Middle Aged
20.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 79-85, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929008

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To summarize our experience with the sural neurofasciocutaneous flap for reconstructing the soft tissue defects over the forefoot distal to the connecting line of midpoints in the metatarsal bones, and to compare the outcomes between the flap for resurfacing the defects distal and proximal to the connecting line.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 425 sural neurofasciocutaneous flaps for repairing the soft tissue defects in the middle and lower leg, ankle, and foot between Apr. 2002 and Apr. 2020 were reviewed. Based on the connecting line of midpoints of the metatarsals, the sural neurofasciocutaneous flaps were divided into a forefoot group (flaps with furthest edges distal to the connecting line) and a peri-ankle group (flaps with the furthest edges proximal to the connecting line).@*RESULTS@#The partial necrosis rate in the forefoot group (14.5%, 10/69) was significantly higher than that in the peri-ankle group (7.0%, 25/356), with significant difference (P<0.05). Using the flap alone or in combination with a simple salvage treatment, the ratio of successful coverages of the defects was 98.6% (68/69) in the forefoot group, and 97.8% (348/356) in the peri-ankle group, respectively, with no statistical difference (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The sural neurofasciocutaneous flap is a better choice for covering the soft tissue defects over the forefoot distal to the connecting line of midpoints of the metatarsal bones. The survival reliability of the sural neurofasciocutaneous flap reconstructing the soft tissue defect proximal to the connecting line is superior to that of the flap reconstructing the defect distal to the connecting line.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ankle/surgery , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Reproducibility of Results , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Surgical Flaps
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