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1.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 50(3): e1418, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1357312

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La longitud axial ocular, la profundidad de la cámara anterior y el grosor corneal central, son tres índices biométricos oculares importantes. Estas medidas son útiles para mostrar los cambios en la población vietnamita con presbicia. Objetivos: Determinar los índices biométricos oculares, longitud axial ocular, profundidad de la cámara anterior y espesor corneal central, en población vietnamita y evaluar la correlación entre ellos y con la edad y el sexo. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio transversal en población vietnamita, con edad de 46 a 65 años. Se recogieron los datos de longitud axial ocular, profundidad de la cámara anterior y grosor corneal central. Se utilizaron la prueba t de Student y ANOVA para comparar las medias de los índices, agrupados por edad y sexo. La relación entre los índices biométricos oculares fue probada mediante la correlación de Pearson, con un nivel de significación de p < 0,05. Resultados: Se analizaron 390 ojos de 195 personas. La longitud media del eje ocular fue 23,13 ± 0,66 mm, la profundidad de la cámara anterior, 3,15 ± 0,36 mm, el grosor corneal central, 529,15 ± 30,57 µm. Los tres índices biométricos disminuyeron con la edad y fueron mayores en los hombres (p < 0,05). La longitud del eje ocular tuvo relación positiva con la profundidad de la cámara anterior (r = 0,411 y p < 0,001) y el espesor corneal central (r = 0,141 y p < 0,001). No hubo relación entre la profundidad de la cámara anterior y el grosor corneal central (r = 0,039 y p = 0,44). Conclusión: Los tres índices biométricos oculares disminuyeron con la edad y fueron mayores en los hombres. La longitud del eje ocular se relacionó con la profundidad de la cámara anterior y el grosor de la córnea central(AU)


Introduction: Ocular axial length, anterior chamber depth and central corneal thickness are three important ocular biometric indices. These measurements are useful to show changes in the Vietnamese population with presbyopia. Objectives: To determine the ocular biometric indices, ocular axial length, anterior chamber depth and central corneal thickness, in Vietnamese population and evaluate the correlation between these indices. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in a Vietnamese population, aged 46 to 65 years. Data on ocular axial length, anterior chamber depth and central corneal thickness were collected. The Student's t test and ANOVA were used to compare the means of the indices, grouped by age and sex. The relationship between the ocular biometric indices was tested using Pearson's correlation, with a significance level of p <0.05. Results: 390 eyes of 195 people were analyzed. The mean length of the ocular axis was 23.13 ± 0.66 mm, the depth of the anterior chamber, 3.15 ± 0.36 mm, and the central corneal thickness, 529.15 ± 30.57 µm. The three biometric indices decreased with age and were higher in men (p <0.05). The length of the ocular axis had a positive relationship with the depth of the anterior chamber (r = 0.411 and p <0.001) and the central corneal thickness (r = 0.141 and p <0.001). There was no relationship between anterior chamber depth and central corneal thickness (r = 0.039 and p = 0.44). Conclusion: Three ocular biometric indices decreased with age and were higher in men. The length of the ocular axis was related to the depth of the anterior chamber and the thickness of the central cornea(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Axial Length, Eye/physiology , Anterior Chamber/physiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Biometry/methods
2.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 34(3): e1028, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1352027

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comparar los resultados del implante secundario de lentes intraoculares de cámara anterior rígido con apoyo angular y de lentes intraoculares plegables de cámara posterior suturados a iris, en cuanto a efectividad, seguridad y calidad de vida relacionada con la función visual (cuestionario NEI VFQ-23). Métodos: Se realizó un estudio cuasi experimental de 50 ojos de pacientes afáquicos sin soporte capsular, después de la cirugía de catarata, divididos en dos grupos según el tratamiento. Resultados: Se observó que en el grupo de pacientes tratados con lente intraocular suturado a iris el porcentaje de pacientes con una visión de 20/40 o más fue significativamente superior (96,0 vs. 60,0 , p = 0,000), mientras que los resultados del cuestionario de calidad de vida fueron menores en cuanto a la frecuencia de pacientes con visión de 20/200 o menos (0,0 vs. 16,0 por ciento, p = 0,110); la inducción de astigmatismo, la disminución de la densidad de células endoteliales (361,6 ± 220,5 vs. 556,1 ± 340, p = 0,021) y el porcentaje de pacientes con complicaciones (36,0 vs. 52,0 por ciento, p = 0,254). Conclusiones: Se logran mejores resultados con el implante de lente intraocular plegable suturado a iris(AU)


Objective: Compare the results of secondary implantation of rigid angle-supported intraocular lenses in the anterior chamber versus foldable iris-suture-fixated intraocular lenses in the posterior chamber, in terms of effectiveness, safety and vision-related quality of life (questionnaire NEI VFQ-23). Methods: A quasi-experimental study was conducted of 50 eyes of aphakic patients without capsular support after cataract surgery, who were divided into two groups according to the treatment indicated. Results: It was found that in the group treated with iris-suture-fixated intraocular lens implantation the percentage of patients with 20/40 vision or more was significantly higher (96.0 vs. 60.0 percent, p = 0.000), whereas the results of the quality of life questionnaire were lower in terms of frequency of patients with 20/200 vision or less (0.0 vs. 16.0 percent, p = 0.110), induction of astigmatism, endothelial cell density reduction (361.6 ± 220.5 vs. 556.1 ± 340, p = 0.021) and percentage of patients with complications (36.0 vs 52.0 percent, p = 0.254). Conclusions: Better results were obtained with the implantation of foldable iris-suture-fixated intraocular lenses(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Cataract Extraction/methods , Lens Implantation, Intraocular/methods , Endothelial Cells , Anterior Chamber/injuries , Quality of Life
3.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 84(3): 220-224, May-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248974

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the corneal and anterior chamber morphology in phakic eyes with noninfectious intraocular inflammation. Methods: This study included 59 eyes with active uveitis, 62 with inactive uveitis, and 95 healthy eyes. Corneal endothelial cell density, hexagonal cell ratio, coefficient of variation (CV), corneal thickness and volume, maximum keratometry, and anterior chamber volume and depth (ACD) measurements were performed using a specular microscope and Pentacam HR. Results: The mean duration of uveitis was 24.6 ± 40.5 (0-180) months. The mean number of uveitis attacks was 2.8 ± 3.0 (1-20). Coefficient of variation was significantly higher in the active uveitis group compared with inactive uveitis group (p=0.017, Post Hoc Tukey). Anterior segment parameters other than coefficient of variation were not significantly different between active/inactive uveitis and control groups (p>0.05). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that coefficient of variation was greater in active uveitis compared with inactive uveitis after adjusting for the duration of uveitis, type of uveitis, having a rheumatologic disease, and having immunosuppressive treatment (p=0.003). The duration of uveitis and number of attacks were not significantly correlated with ocular parameters (p>0.05, Spearman's correlation). The difference in parameters was not significant based on uveitis type (p>0.05). Conclusions: Coefficient of variation was higher in eyes with active uveitis than that in eyes with inactive uveitis, whereas corneal endothelial cell density and anterior chamber morphology did not significantly differ between active/inactive uveitis and control groups.(AU)


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a morfologia da córnea e da câmara anterior em olhos fácicos com inflamação intraocular não infecciosa. Métodos: Esse estudo incluiu 59 olhos com uveíte ativa, 62 olhos com uveíte inativa e 95 olhos saudáveis. A densidade de células endoteliais da córnea, a proporção de células hexagonais, o coeficiente de variação, o volume e a espessura da córnea, a ceratometria máxima e o volume e profundidade da câmara anterior foram medidos com um microscópio especular e uma Pentacam HR. Resultados: A duração média da uveíte foi de 24,6 ± 40,5 (0-180) meses. O número médio de crises de uveíte foi de 2,8 ± 3,0 (1-20). O coeficiente de variação foi significativamente maior no grupo com uveíte ativa do que no grupo com uveíte inativa (p=0,017, Tukey post-hoc). Não houve diferença significativa nos demais parâmetros do segmento anterior entre os grupos com uveíte ativa, com uveíte inativa e controle (p>0,05). A análise de regressão linear múltipla demonstrou que o coeficiente de variação foi maior na uveíte ativa do que na uveíte inativa, após ajustes para a duração e tipo de uveíte e a presença ou não de doença reumática e de tratamento imunossupressor (p=0,003). A duração da uveíte e o número de crises não demonstraram correlação significativa com os parâmetros oculares (p>0,05, correlação de Spearman). A diferença nos parâmetros não demonstrou correlação significativa com o tipo de uveíte (p>0,05). Conclusões: O coeficiente de variação foi maior nos olhos com uveíte ativa do que naqueles com uveíte inativa, ao passo que a densidade de células endoteliais e a morfologia da câmara anterior não mostraram diferenças significativas entre os grupos com uveíte ativa, com uveíte inativa e controle.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Uveitis/physiopathology , Endothelium, Corneal/anatomy & histology , Cell Count/instrumentation , Cornea/anatomy & histology , Anterior Chamber/anatomy & histology
4.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 34(1): e1027, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289528

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comparar los resultados refractivos del implante secundario de lentes intraoculares rígidos de la cámara anterior con apoyo angular y de lentes intraoculares plegables de la cámara posterior suturados a iris. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio casi experimental con control no equivalente (cohorte histórica). Se estudiaron 50 pacientes (50 ojos) con afaquia e inadecuado soporte capsular después de la cirugía de catarata, a quienes se les realizó implante secundario de lente intraocular con dos técnicas diferentes: lente intraocular en la cámara anterior con apoyo angular (25 ojos) y lente intraocular plegable de la cámara posterior suturado a iris (25 ojos). Resultados: Se observó que en el grupo de pacientes tratados con lente intraocular suturado a iris el porcentaje de pacientes con una visión de 20/40 o más fue significativamente superior (96,0 por ciento vs. 60,0 por ciento, p= 0,000) en los resultados refractivos obtenidos según el grupo de tratamiento. En el grupo A predominaron los pacientes que quedaron emétropes, seguidos de los pacientes miopes. En el grupo B predominaron los pacientes miopes y a diferencia del grupo anterior ningún paciente quedó hipermétrope. Conclusiones: La lente intraocular plegable de la cámara posterior suturada a iris mostró ser más eficaz, indujo menos astigmatismo y fue mejor en la predictibilidad de la esfera en un rango estricto de ± 1,00 dioptrías(AU)


Objective: Compare the refractive results of secondary implantation of rigid angle-supported intraocular lenses in the anterior chamber and foldable iris-suture-fixated intraocular lenses in the posterior chamber. Methods: A quasi-experimental non-equivalent control (historical cohort) study was conducted of 50 patients (50 eyes) with aphakia and inadequate capsular support after cataract surgery, who underwent secondary intraocular lens implantation with two different techniques: angle-supported intraocular lens in the anterior chamber (25 eyes) and foldable iris-suture-fixated intraocular lens in the posterior chamber (25 eyes). Results: In the group treated with iris-suture-fixated intraocular lens implantation the percentage of patients with 20/40 vision or more was significantly higher (96.0 percent vs. 60.0 percent, p= 0.000) in the refractive results obtained for each treatment group. In Group A a predominance was found of emmetropic, followed by myopic patients. In Group B myopic patients prevailed and unlike the other group no patient was hyperopic. Conclusions: Foldable iris-suture-fixated posterior chamber intraocular lenses proved more effective, induced less astigmatism and displayed better sphere predictability in a strict range of ± 1.00 diopters(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Aphakia/etiology , Astigmatism/etiology , Lens Implantation, Intraocular/methods , Anterior Chamber/surgery , Cohort Studies
5.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 34(1): e971, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289521

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comparar las mediciones biométricas realizadas con el IOL Master 500 y el Pentacam AXL. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio transversal en 99 ojos de 99 pacientes miopes con criterio de cirugía fotoablativa, atendidos en el período de enero del año 2019 a enero de 2020, en el Servicio de Cirugía Refractiva del Instituto Cubano de Oftalmología "Ramón Pando Ferrer". Las variables estudiadas fueron edad, sexo, equivalente esférico y características biométricas preoperatorias (longitud axial, profundidad de la cámara anterior y queratometrías), así como su relación, aportadas automáticamente por el IOL Master 500 y el Pentacam AXL para evitar los factores dependientes del operador. El análisis estadístico se realizó con la Prueba t para datos pareados, utilizando una significación del 95 por ciento. Una diferencia con un valor de p < 0,05 fue considerado estadísticamente significativo. Resultados: El 60,61 por ciento de los pacientes eran de sexo femenino y el 39,39 por ciento del masculino, con una edad promedio de 25,67 ± 4,30 años. Se analizaron 51 ojos derechos y 48 izquierdos. El equivalente esférico medio fue de -3,30 ± 1,53 dioptrías. No hubo diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre los valores biométricos (longitud axial, profundidad de la cámara anterior y queratometrías) obtenidos con el IOL Master 500, en comparación con los del Pentacam-AXL (p > 0,05). Conclusión: Las mediciones biométricas (longitud axial, profundidad de la cámara anterior y queratometrías) obtenidas con el IOL Master 500 y el Pentacam-AXL son similares(AU)


Objective: Compare biometric measurements taken with IOL Master 500 and Pentacam AXL. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted of 99 eyes of 99 myopic patients with indication of photoablative surgery attending the Refractive Surgery Service at Ramón Pando Ferrer Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology from January 2019 to January 2020. The variables analyzed were age, sex, spherical equivalent and preoperative biometric characteristics (axial length, anterior chamber depth and keratometries) and the relationship to one another, automatically supplied by IOL Master 500 and Pentacam AXL to avoid operator-dependent factors. Statistical analysis was based on the paired T-test with a significance level of 95%. A difference with a p-value < 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Results: Of the patients studied, 60.61 percent were female and 39.39 percent were male; mean age was 25.67± 4.30 years. A total 51 right eyes and 48 left eyes were analyzed. Mean spherical equivalent was -3.30 ± 1.53 diopters. No statistically significant difference was found between the biometric values (axial length, anterior chamber depth and keratometries) obtained with IOL Master 500 versus Pentacam AXL (p > 0.05). Conclusion: Similar biometric measurements (axial length, anterior chamber depth and keratometries) are obtained with IOL Master 500 and Pentacam AXL(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Biometry/methods , Refractive Surgical Procedures/methods , Anterior Chamber/diagnostic imaging , Cross-Sectional Studies
6.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(4): 289-293, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131608

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Pharmacological pupillary dilation is performed in comprehensive ophthalmological examinations and before biometric measurements. So far, there is no consensus regarding its impact on biometric measurements. This study's aim was to investigate the effects of pharmacological pupillary dilation on ocular biometric measurements in healthy children. Methods: This was a prospective, observational, non-randomized study of children (4-18 years of age) who were admitted for routine ophthalmological examination. Biometric measurements were performed, using a non-contact optical biometry device, both before and after pharmacological pupillary dilation with cyclopentolate hydrochloride. Intraocular lens power calculations were performed using Hill-RBF, Barrett, Olsen, Sanders-Retzlaff-Kraff/Theoretical, Holladay, and Hoffer Q formulas. Descriptive statistical analyses were also performed. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to compare measurements before and after pharmacological pupillary dilation. Relationships between variables were analyzed using the Spearman-Brown rank correlation coefficient. Results: The study included 116 eyes of 58 children (mean age, 8.4 ± 0.32 years; 34 girls). Significant changes were observed after pupillary dilation, compared with before pupillary dilation, in terms of anterior chamber depth, aqueous depth, and central corneal and lens thicknesses. No significant change was observed in axial length. Intraocular lens power calculations revealed no significant changes after pupillary dilation in most formulas except for the Olsen formula. The intraocular lens power was significantly inversely correlated with axial length and anterior chamber depth. Conclusions: Pharmacological pupillary dilation in children appeared to have no impact on axial length and intraocular lens power, but caused a significant increase in anterior chamber depth. The difference in anterior chamber depth measurements before and after pupillary dilation could be related to the optical biometry device model used. These outcomes should be considered in intraocular lens power calculations performed using anterior chamber depth parameters.


RESUMO Objetivo: A dilatação pupilar farmacológica é realizada em exames oftalmológicos abrangentes e antes das medições biométricas. Até o momento, não há consenso sobre seu impacto nas medições biométricas. O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar os efeitos da dilatação pupilar nas medidas biométricas oculares em crianças saudáveis. Métodos: Estudo prospectivo, observacional e não randomizado de crianças (4-18 anos) que foram admitidas para exame oftalmológico de rotina. As medidas biométricas foram realizadas usando um dispositivo de biometria óptica sem contato, antes e após a dilatação pupilar farmacológica com cloridrato de ciclopentolato. Os cálculos de potência das lentes intraoculares foram realizados utilizando as fórmulas de Hill-RBF, Barrett, Olsen, Sanders-Retzlaff-Kraff/ Teórica, Holladay e Hoffer Q. Análises estatísticas descritivas também foram realizadas. O teste dos postos sinalizados de Wilcoxon foi usado para comparar as medidas antes e após a dilatação pupilar farmacológica. As relações entre as variáveis foram analisadas pelo coeficiente de correlação de Spearman-Brown. Resultados: O estudo incluiu 116 olhos de 58 crianças (idade média de 8,4 ± 0,32 anos; 34 meninas). Alterações significativas foram observadas após a dilatação pupilar, em termos de profundidade da câmara anterior, profundidade do humor aquoso e espessura central da córnea e do cristalino. Nenhuma mudança significativa ocorreu no comprimento axial. Os cálculos de potência da lente intraocular não revelaram alterações significativas após a dilatação pupilar na maioria das fórmulas, com exceção da fórmula Olsen. O poder da lente intraocular foi significativamente inversa correlacionada com o comprimento axial e a profundidade da câmara anterior. Conclusões: A dilatação pupilar farmacológica em crianças parece não ter impacto no comprimento axial e no poder da lente intraocular, mas causou um aumento significativo na profundidade da câmara anterior. A diferença nas medidas da profundidade da câmara anterior antes e após a dilatação pupilar pode estar relacionada ao modelo do dispositivo de biometria óptica utilizado. Tais resultados devem ser considerados nos cálculos de potência da lente intraocular realizados usando parâmetros de profundidade da câmara anterior.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Biometry , Dilatation , Axial Length, Eye/diagnostic imaging , Anterior Chamber/anatomy & histology , Anterior Chamber/diagnostic imaging , Refraction, Ocular , Prospective Studies , Optics and Photonics , Lenses, Intraocular
7.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(2): 141-145, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088976

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To compare the postoperative refractive predictability of IOLMaster 500 and Pentacam HR on the basis of keratometry and anterior chamber depth values in eyes with an indication for multifocal intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. Methods: This was a retrospective study conducted on 118 eyes treated with phacoemulsification and multifocal intraocular lens implantation. Only the eyes that achieved emmetropia in the dynamic refraction performed on postoperative day 30 were included. Haigis' formula was used in each case to calculate the intraocular lens power, and the intraocular lens with the target refraction closest to emmetropia was implanted. Four lens calculation scenarios were tested by combining keratometry and anterior chamber depth measurements obtained using the two devices. Results: IOLMaster 500 and Pentacam HR differed with regard to mean keratometry (D 0.07 ± 0.03 D; p=0.0065) and anterior chamber depth (D 0.08 ± 0.01 mm; p<0.001). In the analysis of covariance, the following differences were obtained using the Haigis' formula when confronted with the biometric values obtained by inserting keratometry and anterior chamber depth values, respectively: Penta/IOL x IOL/Penta (0.13 ± 0.03; p<0.0001); Penta/Penta × IOL/Penta (0.13 ± 0.03; p<0.0001); Penta/IOL × IOL/IOL (0.11 ± 0.03; p=0.001); Penta/Penta × IOL/IOL (0.11 ± 0.03; p=0.002); IOL/IOL × IOL/Penta (0.02 ± 0.03; p=0.865); and Penta/IOL × Penta/Penta (0.002 ± 0.03; p=0.99). The difference was smaller when measuring the anterior chamber depth using the IOLMaster 500, regardless of which device was used to measure keratometry. Conclusions: Pentacam HR significantly differed from IOLMaster 500 when calculating keratometry. As regards the anterior chamber depth, the two devices were equally accurate.


RESUMO Objetivo: Comparar a previsibilidade refrativa pós-operatória do IOLMaster 500 e Pentacam HR com base nos valores de ceratometria e profundidade de câmara anterior nos olhos com indicação de implante de lentes intraoculares multifocais. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo realizado em 118 olhos tratados com facoemulsificação e implante de lentes intraoculares multifocal. Apenas os olhos que atingiram a emetropia na refração dinâmica no 30º dia pós-operatório foram incluídos. A fórmula de Haigis foi usada em cada caso para calcular o poder das lentes intraoculares, e a lente intraocular com a refração alvo mais próxima da emetropia foi implantada. Cenários de cálculo de quatro lentes foram testados pela combinação de medidas de ceratometria e profundidade de câmara anterior obtidas usando os dois dispositivos. Resultados: IOLMaster 500 e Pentacam HR diferiram quanto à média de ceratometria (D 0,07 ± 0,03 D; p=0,0065) e profundidade de câmara anterior (D 0,08 ± 0,01 mm; p<0,001). Na análise da covariância, as seguintes diferenças foram obtidas usando a fórmula de Haigis quando confrontadas com os valores biométricos obtidos pela inserção dos valores de ceratometria e profundidade de câmara anterior, respectivamente: Penta/IOL x IOL/Penta (0,13 ± 0,03; p<0,0001); Penta/Penta x IOL/Penta (0,13 ± 0,03; p<0,0001); Penta/IOL x IOL/IOL (0,11 ± 0,03; p=0,001); Penta/Penta x IOL/IOL (0,11 ± 0,03; p=0,002); IOL/IOL x IOL/Penta (0,02 ± 0,03; p=0,865); Penta/IOL x Penta/Penta (0,002 ± 0,03; p=0,99). A diferença foi menor ao medir a profundidade da câmara anterior usando o IOLMaster 500, independentemente de qual dispositivo foi usado para medir a ceratometria. Conclusões: O Pentacam HR diferiu significativamente do IOLMaster 500 no cálculo de ceratometria. Quanto à profundidade da câmara anterior, os dois dispositivos foram igualmente precisos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Phacoemulsification/methods , Cornea/pathology , Corneal Topography/instrumentation , Lens Implantation, Intraocular/methods , Multifocal Intraocular Lenses , Anterior Chamber/pathology , Postoperative Period , Reference Values , Refraction, Ocular/physiology , Time Factors , Visual Acuity/physiology , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Biometry , Treatment Outcome , Cornea/diagnostic imaging , Interferometry/instrumentation , Interferometry/methods , Anterior Chamber/diagnostic imaging
8.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(1): 43-47, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088951

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of anterior chamber depth and axial length on clinical performance of the Spot Vision Screener in detecting amblyopia risk factors in children aged 3-10 years. Methods: A total of 300 eyes from 150 patients aged 3-10 years were prospectively tested with Spot Vision Screener (firmware version 3.0.02.32, software version 3.0.04.06) and a standard autorefractometer (Nidek ARK-1). The anterior chamber depth and axial length were measured with an optical biometer (Nidek AL-Scan). The sensitivity and specificity values for detecting significant refractive errors using the referral criteria of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus were determined. Pearson's correlation analysis was employed to evaluate the relationship between the Spot Vision results and the anterior chamber depth and axial length. Results: Compared with the standard autorefractometer results, the Spot Vision Screener's sensitivity and specificity was 59% and 94%, respectively. The differences between the cycloplegic autorefractometer and the Spot Vision Screener spherical equivalents were negatively correlated with anterior chamber depth (r=-0.48; p<0.001) and axial length (r=-0.45; p<0.001). Conclusion: The Spot Vision Screener has moderate sensitivity and high specificity, using the criteria of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus. The anterior chamber depth and axial length affect the Spot Vision results.


RESUMO Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito da profundidade da câmara anterior e do comprimento axial sobre o desempenho clínico do Spot Vision Screener, na deteção de fatores de risco para a ambliopia em crianças de 3 a 10 anos de idade. Métodos: Um total de 300 olhos de 150 pacientes de 3-10 anos de idade foram prospectivamente testados com o Spot Vision Screener (firmware: 3.0.02.32, software: 3.0.04.06) e com autorefratómetro padrão (Nidek ARK-1). Todas as medições de profundidade e comprimento axial da câmara anterior dos pacientes foram realizadas através de Nidek AL Scan. A sensibilidade e especificidade para a deteção de erros refrativos significativos foram determinadas de acordo com os critérios de referência da Associação Americana de Oftalmologia e Estrabismo Pediátricos. A análise da Correlação de Pearson foi utilizada para avaliar a correlação entre os resultados do Spot Vision e a profundidade ou comprimento axial da câmara anterior dos pacientes. Resultados: Em comparação com os resultados do autorefratómetro padrão, a sensibilidade do Spot foi de 59% e a especificidade de 94%. As diferenças entre os equivalentes esféricos do autorefratómetro cicloplégico e o Spot Vision Screener foram correlacionados negativamente com a profundidade (r=-0,48; p<0,001) e o comprimento axial (r=-0,45; p<0,001) da câmara anterior dos casos. Conclusão: O Spot Vision Screener possui uma sensibilidade moderada e uma especificidade elevada utilizando os critérios da Associação Americana de Oftalmologia Pediátrica e Estrabismo; a profundidade da câmara anterior e o comprimento axial dos pacientes afetam os resultados do Spot Vision.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Vision Screening/instrumentation , Amblyopia/diagnosis , Refractive Errors/diagnosis , Amblyopia/etiology , Strabismus , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sensitivity and Specificity , Retinoscopy , Axial Length, Eye , Anterior Chamber
9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811322

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To report a case of corneal collagen cross-linking for corneal ulcer caused by the Moraxella group.CASE SUMMARY: A 77-year-old male had decreased visual acuity for several days in his right eye. The patient showed severe stromal ring infiltrates with a corneal epithelial defect measuring (5.0 × 7.0 mm), a corneal endothelial plaque, and a hypopyon measuring less than 1.0 mm in height in the anterior chamber of the right eye. There was no abnormal finding in the right eye using B-scan ultrasonography. Before starting treatment, a corneal culture was conducted. The culture tests showed the presence of the Moraxella group. Because the patient was diagnosed with a corneal ulcer caused by the Moraxella group, corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) was performed. The antimicrobial susceptibility test confirmed that this Moraxella group was sensitive to ceftazidime, so the patient was treated with 5% ceftazidime eye drops and 0.5% moxifloxacin eye drops every 2 hours for 9 months after corneal collagen CXL. The uncorrected visual acuity was 0.1 in the right eye, and there was almost no corneal stromal melting on anterior segment optical coherence tomography.CONCLUSIONS: This is the first known case of a corneal ulcer, in the Republic of Korea, caused by the Moraxella group and treated with corneal collagen CXL. Corneal collagen CXL should be considered as a surgical treatment for patients who have an impending corneal perforation due to a corneal ulcer because it is a simple procedure and causes fewer serious complications than other treatments.


Subject(s)
Aged , Anterior Chamber , Ceftazidime , Collagen , Cornea , Corneal Perforation , Corneal Ulcer , Freezing , Humans , Male , Moraxella , Ophthalmic Solutions , Republic of Korea , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Ultrasonography , Visual Acuity
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811321

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To report a case of Epstein-Barr virus-related corneal endotheliitis accompanied by secondary glaucoma.CASE SUMMARY: A 73-year-old male presented with blurred vision in his right eye. In the ophthalmic evaluation, there were dispersed keratic precipitates overlying corneal edema. The anterior chamber showed trace ~1+ graded inflammation and an endothelial density decrease. His best-corrected visual acuity and intraocular pressure in the right eye were 0.2 and 34 mmHg, respectively. Paracentesis was performed on the anterior chamber of the right eye to confirm the diagnosis under the suspicion of corneal endotheliitis with trabeculectomy for the intraocular pressure control. Epstein-Barr virus was confirmed using a multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and oral and eye drops of Acyclovir were used to treat the patient. There was no evidence of a recurrence over 2 years and his intraocular pressure was 12 mmHg and best-corrected visual acuity was maintained at 0.5.CONCLUSIONS: A case of Epstein-Barr virus-related corneal endotheliitis was diagnosed using PCR of the aqueous humor. The patient was treated with an oral antiviral agent and eyedrops without a recurrence.


Subject(s)
Acyclovir , Aged , Anterior Chamber , Aqueous Humor , Corneal Edema , Diagnosis , Glaucoma , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Humans , Inflammation , Intraocular Pressure , Male , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Ophthalmic Solutions , Paracentesis , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Recurrence , Trabeculectomy , Visual Acuity
11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811320

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To report a patient with a pseudophakic bullous keratopathy (PBK) who underwent Descemet's membrane stripping endothelial keratoplasty (DSEK) with manual preparation of the donor corneal graft.CASE SUMMARY: A 61-year-old female presented with visual disturbance in her right eye. Five months prior, she was treated with phacoemulsification and intraocular lens exchange surgery of the right eye, and a very severe corneal edema was revealed by slit-lamp examination. We diagnosed PBK and planned DSEK with manual preparation of a donor corneal graft because of the non-availability of a microkeratome or a femtosecond laser. After making the corneal graft using an artificial anterior chamber, crescent knife and cornea dissector, the keratoplasty proceeded using the graft. Three months after surgery, her graft was well-maintained on the right eye. The patient's visual acuity was 0.3, and the corneal endothelial cell count was 1,844/mm².CONCLUSIONS: Manual preparation of the donor corneal graft for DSEK is suitable as a second choice treatment method when the availability of surgical devices is limited.


Subject(s)
Anterior Chamber , Cornea , Corneal Edema , Corneal Transplantation , Descemet Membrane , Endothelial Cells , Female , Humans , Lenses, Intraocular , Methods , Middle Aged , Phacoemulsification , Tissue Donors , Transplants , Visual Acuity
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811315

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: In this study, we evaluated changes in the anterior chamber structure and lens position before and after phacoemulsification in eyes grouped by axial length (AL).METHODS: This study included 65 eyes (16 short eyes [AL < 22.5 mm], 33 normal eyes [22.5 mm < AL < 25.0 mm], and 16 long eyes [AL > 25.5 mm]) that underwent cataract surgery. Pre- and postoperative anterior chamber depth (ACD) was measured using Pentacam® and IOL Master®,. In addition, we evaluated the anterior chamber angle (ACA), anterior chamber volume (ACV), epithelium-iris distance, and iris-lens (intraocular lens [IOL]) distance.RESULTS: The change in ACD was significantly smaller in long eyes (Pentacam®,, p = 0.000; IOL Master®,, p = 0.001). The change in ACA was significantly larger in short eyes (p = 0.000), and the change in ACV was significantly smaller in long eyes (p = 0.000). The change in the epithelium–iris distance was significantly smaller in long eyes (p = 0.000), and the change in the iris-lens (IOL) distance was significantly smaller in short eyes (p = 0.000).CONCLUSIONS: In short eyes, changes in ACD, ACA, and ACV were found to be larger than those of other groups as the iris moved backward. In long eyes, greater backward movement of the IOL was observed. Therefore, the appropriate IOL power should be chosen, considering the postoperative position of the IOL during cataract surgery of short and long eyes.


Subject(s)
Anterior Chamber , Cataract , Iris , Lenses, Intraocular , Phacoemulsification
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811303

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To report a case of retinal toxicity after an intravitreal ganciclovir injection to treat acute retinal necrosis in an eye filled with silicone oil.CASE SUMMARY: A 56-year-old male presented with ocular pain and visual loss in his right eye. His best-corrected visual acuity was 20/25, inflammatory cells in the anterior chamber, multiple retinitis lesions and retinal vessel occlusions in the peripheral retina and vitreous opacity were showed. Acute retinal necrosis was suspected, anterior chamber polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test was done. Aciclovir 2,400 mg/day intravenously and ganciclovir 2.0 mg were administered by intravitreal injection. After 4 days, retinitis was worsened and PCR test was positive for varicella zoster virus. Ganciclovir intravitreal injections were increased twice a week. After 16 days, retinal detachment occurred, so scleral encircling, vitrectomy, laser photocoagulation, and silicone oil tamponade were conducted. Ganciclovir 1.0 mg was injected at the end of surgery. The patient's visual acuity decreased to hand motion, and multiple crystal deposits with multiple retinal hemorrhages were observed in the right eye the next day. Visual acuity did not recover and optical coherent tomography showed that the macula was thinned.CONCLUSIONS: Visual loss seemed to be related with the retinal toxicity of ganciclovir. The increased local concentration due to the silicone oil tamponade is thought to have caused the toxicity.


Subject(s)
Acyclovir , Anterior Chamber , Ganciclovir , Hand , Herpesvirus 3, Human , Humans , Intravitreal Injections , Light Coagulation , Male , Middle Aged , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Retina , Retinal Detachment , Retinal Hemorrhage , Retinal Necrosis Syndrome, Acute , Retinal Vessels , Retinaldehyde , Retinitis , Silicon , Silicones , Visual Acuity , Vitrectomy
14.
West Afr. j. radiol ; 27(2): 75-80, 2020. ilus
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1273555

ABSTRACT

Background: Measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) and anterior chamber depth (ACD) by ultrasound is increasingly used as a marker to detect raised intracranial pressure and other eye pathologies. Knowledge of normal ONSD and ACD in a healthy population is essential in the interpretation of pathological conditions.Aim: The study aimed at evaluating the ONSD and ACD of the eye in apparently healthy adults in Kano State.Materials and Methods: This was a prospective and cross-sectional study conducted among apparently healthy adults in Kano State from April 2019 to October 2019. Using convenience sampling method, 384 adults participated in the study. An ethical approval was obtained from the Human Research and Ethics Committee of the Kano State Ministry of Health, and informed consent was obtained from all the selected participants. A portable digital ultrasound machine, Nortek CS 3 with a 7.5 MHz linear transducer, was used to obtain ACD and ONSD at 3 mm behind the globe, and the values were recorded in data capture sheet. The obtained data were analyzed using SPSS version 23.0.Results: The mean and standard deviation of the right and left ONSDs for males was 4.42 ± 1.38 mm and 4.44 ± 1.41 mm and for the females was 4.39 ± 1.31 mm and 4.41 ± 1.31, respectively. The mean and standard deviation of the right and left ACDs for males was 3.16 ± 0.37 mm and 3.14 ± 0.35 mm and for females was 3.12 ± 0.40 mm and 3.11 ± 1.39 mm, respectively.Conclusion: The study has established normative values for the ONSD and ACD of the eye in Kano State, Nigeria


Subject(s)
Anterior Chamber , Nigeria
15.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(6): 507-510, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038689

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate anterior segment parameters and corneal aberrations in patients with retinitis pigmentosa using Scheimpflug imaging and to compare the findings with those for healthy controls. Methods: This single-center, case-control study included patients diagnosed with retinitis pigmentosa who were followed up at the Department of Ophthalmology of Kayseri Training and Research Hospital between February and June 2018. Age- and sex-matched healthy individuals with no known ophthalmologic disease formed the control group. Both patients with retinitis pigmentosa and controls underwent comprehensive ophthalmic assessments, including the measurement of the best-corrected visual acuity calculation of the spherical equivalent, slit-lamp examination, stereoscopic fundus examination, computerized visual field test, and electroretinography. Topographic and aberrometric values were measured using Scheimpflug-based tomography. Results: This study was performed on 52 eyes of 26 patients with retinitis pigmentosa (14 men) and 52 eyes of 26 healthy controls (11 men). The average keratometry (K avg) values for the patient and control groups were similar (43.87 ± 2.23 versus 43.61 ± 1.68; p=0.546), but the maximum keratometry (K max) value was significantly higher in the patient group (45.85 ± 2.35 and 44.69 ± 1.86; p=0.015). Patients with retinitis pigmentosa had a significantly lower central corneal thickness (518.5 ± 42.3 versus 534.1 ± 24.5, respectively; p=0.042) and maximal corneal thickness (509.1 ± 50.5 versus 530.5 ± 24.1, respectively; p=0.015). Additionally, the iridocorneal angle for the patients was significantly lower (31.6 ± 9.2 versus 35.9 ± 7.7, p=0.025). The aberrometric findings indicated that patients with retinitis pigmentosa had significantly more higher-order aberrations than those in the healthy controls (0.794 ± 51 and 0.398 ± 08, respectively; p<0.001). Conclusions: The results of the present study demonstrated that patients with retinitis pigmentosa have different anterior segment parameters and corneal aberrations compared to healthy controls. These results should be supported by further studies.


RESUMO Objetivo: Este estudo visou avaliar parâmetros do segmento anterior e aberrações corneanas em pacientes com retinite pigmentosa através de imagens de Scheimpflug e comparar os achados com os de controles saudáveis. Métodos: Este foi um estudo caso-controle unicêntrico que incluiu pacientes com o diagnóstico de retinite pigmentosa em acompanhamento no Departamento de Oftalmologia do Hospital de Treinamento e Pesquisa de Kayseri, entre fevereiro e junho de 2018. Indivíduos saudáveis pareados por idade e sexo, sem nenhum conhecimento da doença oftalmológica formou o grupo controle. Ambos os pacientes com retinite pigmentosa quanto os controles foram submetidos a avaliações oftalmológicas abrangentes, incluindo a medição do cálculo da acuidade visual melhor corrigida, o cálculo do equivalente esférico, biomicroscopia, fundoscopia estereoscópica, campimetria computadorizada e eletrorretinografia. Os valores topográficos e de aberrometria foram medidos através de tomografia baseada no sistema Scheimpflug. Resultados: O estudo incluiu 52 olhos de 26 pacientes com retinite pigmentosa (14 homens) e 52 olhos de 26 controles saudáveis (11 homens). Os valores médios da ceratometria (K avg) para grupos dos pacientes e controle foram semelhantes (43,87 ± 2,23 versus 43,61 ± 1,68, p=0,546), mas o valor máximo da ceratometria (K max) foi significativamente maior no grupo de pacientes (45,85 ± 2,35 e 44,69 ± 1,86; p=0,015). Pacientes com retinite pigmentosa apresentaram uma espessura corneana central significativamente menor (518,5 ± 42,3 versus 534,1 ± 24,5, respectivamente; p=0,042) e espessura corneana máxima (509,1 ± 50,5 verus 530,5 ± 24,1, respectivamente; p=0,015). Além disso, o ângulo iridocorneano para os pacientes foi significativamente menor (31,6 ± 9,2 versus 35,9 ± 7,7; p=0,025). Os achados da aberrometria indicaram que os pacientes com retinite pigmentosa apresentaram significativamente mais aberrações de ordem superior em comparação com os controles saudáveis (respectivamente 0,794 ± 51 e 0,398 ± 08, respectivamente; p<0,001). Conclusões: Os resultados do presente estudo demonstraram que pacientes com retinite pigmentosa têm diferentes parâmetros do segmento anterior e aberrações corneanas em comparação com controles saudáveis. Estes resultados precisam ser confirmados por novos estudos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Retinitis Pigmentosa/pathology , Cornea/pathology , Anterior Chamber/pathology , Reference Values , Case-Control Studies , Retinitis Pigmentosa/diagnostic imaging , Statistics, Nonparametric , Cornea/abnormalities , Cornea/diagnostic imaging , Corneal Topography/methods , Aberrometry/methods , Corneal Pachymetry/methods , Anterior Chamber/diagnostic imaging
16.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(5): 389-393, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019426

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the modified Yamane technique with sutureless transconjunctival intrascleral intraocular lens fixation. Methods: Sutureless transconjunctival intrascleral haptic fixated intraocular lens implantation was performed in patients with aphakia and dislocated intraocular lenses. A clear corneal incision (2.8 mm) was made into the temporal quadrant and a three-piece intraocular lens was implanted into the anterior chamber. The haptics of the intraocular lens were externalized with a 27 G needle via transconjunctival scleral tunnels at the 6 and 12 o'clock positions. The transconjunctival scleral tunnels were prepared to conform to the haptic position and curvature. The site of the scleral tunnels was 2mm from the limbus with a length of 2 mm in the sclera and was aimed at the end of the posterior chamber. The tips of the haptics were cauterized to create a terminal knob. The haptics were pushed back and the knobs were implanted into the scleral tunnels. Results: The study cohort included 21 patients with unilateral aphakia and dislocated intraocular lenses. All patients were examined postoperatively and at postoperative day 1, day 7, month 1, and month 3. All examinations revealed formation of the anterior chamber and well-centralized intraocular lenses. No haptic-related complications of exposure, foreign body sensation, or discomfort were observed. Conclusion: Sutureless transconjunctival intrascleral haptic fixated intraocular lensimplantation is an effective, safe, and practical surgical alternative. This technique was superior to the Yamane method with regard to comfort and surgical duration. Further studies with longer follow-up evaluations are warranted to verify long-term complications.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a eficácia e a segurança da técnica de Yamane modificada com a fixação de lenta intraocular transconjuntival sem sutura. Métodos: O implante de lente intraocular intraescleral e transconjuntival sem sutura foi realizado em pacientes com afacia e lentes intraoculares luxadas. Uma incisão em córnea clara (2,8 mm) foi feita no quadrante temporal e uma lente intraocular de três peças foi implantada na câmara anterior. Os hápticos da lente intraocular foram externalizados com uma agulha 27G através de túneis esclerais transconjuntivais nas posições de 6 e 12 horas. Os túneis esclerais transconjuntivais foram preparados para se ajustarem à posição e curvatura hápticas. O local dos túneis esclerais foi de 2 mm do limbo com um comprimento de 2 mm na esclera e foi destinado ao final da câmara posterior. As pontas dos hápticos foram cauterizadas para criar uma saliência terminal. Os hápticos foram empurrados para tras e as saliências foram implantadas nos túneis esclerais. Resultados: A coorte do estudo incluiu 21 pacientes com afacia unilateral e lentes intraocular deslocada. Todos os pacientes foram examinados no pós-operatório e no dia 1, 7, 1 mês e 3 meses do pós-operatório. Todos os exames revelaram formação da uma câmara anterior e lentes intraoculares bem centralizadas. Nenhuma complicação hápticas relacionada à exposição, sensação de corpo estranho ou desconforto foram observadas. Conclusão: O implante de lente intraocular transconjuntival intraescleral sem sutura é uma alternativa cirúrgica eficaz, segura e prática. Esta técnica foi superior ao método de Yamane no que diz respeito ao conforto e duração cirúrgica. Mais estudos com avaliações de seguimento mais prolongados são necessários para verificar as complicações de longo prazo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aphakia, Postcataract/surgery , Sclera/surgery , Lens Implantation, Intraocular/methods , Aphakia, Postcataract/physiopathology , Sclera/physiopathology , Visual Acuity , Suture Techniques , Sutureless Surgical Procedures , Lenses, Intraocular , Anterior Chamber/surgery
17.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(4): 329-331, July-Aug. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019407

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Intraoperative and postoperative cataract surgery in eyes with anterior megalophthalmos are challenging procedures. Herein we describe the case of a 53-year-old male with anterior megalophthalmos who developed unilateral Urrets-Zavalia Syndrome following cataract surgery.


RESUMO O intraoperatório e o pós-operatório de cirurgia de catarata em olhos com megaloftalmo anterior é desafiador. Descrevemos o caso de um homem de 53 anos com megaloftalmo anterior que desenvolveu a Síndrome de Urrets-Zavalia unilateral após cirurgia de catarata.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Eye Diseases, Hereditary/surgery , Pupil Disorders/etiology , Phacoemulsification/adverse effects , Genetic Diseases, X-Linked/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Syndrome , Visual Acuity , Eye Diseases, Hereditary/complications , Pupil Disorders/pathology , Genetic Diseases, X-Linked/complications , Intraocular Pressure , Anterior Chamber/surgery
18.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 78(3): 179-182, May-June 2019. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013673

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Os AA fazem considerações sobre clínica, diagnóstico e tratamento do Glaucoma Facomórfico, e ilustram com a apresentação e discussão em quatro pacientes.


ABSTRACT The AA present Phacomorphic Glaucoma discussing the clinic presentation, diagnose and treatment of the disease in four patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Glaucoma/surgery , Glaucoma/diagnosis , Glaucoma/physiopathology , Intraocular Pressure , Cataract , Cataract Extraction/methods , Phacoemulsification/methods , Lens Implantation, Intraocular , Anterior Chamber
19.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 32(1): e705, ene.-mar. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1093677

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: Determinar la existencia de contaminación bacteriana en cámara anterior durante la cirugía de catarata. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio transversal de serie de casos, en el cual participaron los pacientes sometidos a cirugía de catarata en el Servicio de Microcirugía Ocular del Instituto Cubano de Oftalmología Ramón Pando Ferrer, en el período comprendido de enero del año 2015 a diciembre 2016. Se relacionaron los antecedentes patológicos personales oculares y sistémicos, los factores de riesgo asociados y las complicaciones transoperatorias con la presencia de bacterias en la cámara anterior al final de la cirugía. Los pacientes fueron seleccionados aleatoriamente en el salón de cirugía. La muestra quedó constituida por 200 pacientes y divididos en tres grupos dependiendo de la experiencia de los cirujanos. Resultados: Al inicio del proceder quirúrgico, el 100 por ciento de los cultivos fueron negativos, mientras que al final de la cirugía se detectó crecimiento bacteriano en el 3 por ciento. Los gérmenes Gram positivos fueron los de mayor frecuencia (66,6 por ciento) donde el Staphylococcus epidermidis se aisló en un 50 por ciento de los casos. No existió relación significativa entre antecedentes patológicos personales oculares, sistémicos y los factores de riesgo asociados. La ruptura de la cápsula posterior fue la complicación transoperatoria más frecuente y al 4,7 por ciento se le detectó crecimiento bacteriano. Conclusión: Se detecta una baja frecuencia de contaminación de la cámara anterior al final de la cirugía de catarata y los gérmenes comúnmente encontrados están relacionados con la microbiota de la superficie ocular(AU)


ABSTRACT Objective: Determine the presence of anterior chamber bacterial contamination during cataract surgery. Methods: A cross-sectional case-series study was conducted of patients undergoing cataract surgery at the Ocular Microsurgery Service of Ramón Pando Ferrer Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology from January 2015 to December 2016. Personal ocular and systemic pathological antecedents, associated risk factors and perioperative complications, were related to the presence of anterior chamber bacterial contamination at the end of surgery. Patients were randomly selected in the operating room. The sample was composed of 200 patients, who were divided into three groups according to the surgeons' experience. Results: At the start of the surgical procedure, 100 percent of the cultures were negative, whereas at the end 3 percent bacterial growth was detected. Gram-positive germs were the most common (66.6 percent), with Staphylococcus epidermidis isolated in 50 percent of the cases. No significant relationship was found between personal ocular or systemic pathological antecedents and associated risk factors. Posterior capsule rupture was the most frequent intraoperative complication, with 4.7 percent bacterial growth detected. Conclusion: Low frequency of anterior chamber contamination was detected at the end of cataract surgery, and the germs commonly found are related to the ocular surface microbiota(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Cataract Extraction/methods , Eye Infections, Bacterial/complications , Endophthalmitis/epidemiology , Anterior Chamber/microbiology , Cross-Sectional Studies
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766893

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We report a case of infectious keratitis caused by Shewanella putrefaciens in a patient after fishing. CASE SUMMARY: A 75-year-old male with no underlying disease other than hypertension was admitted to our hospital because of decreased visual acuity and congestion in his left eye for 2 weeks. At the first ophthalmic examination, the best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of the left eye was counting fingers. Slit lamp examination showed stromal infiltrates with 2.0 × 2.0 mm corneal epithelial defects, endothelial inflammatory plaques and 1 mm height hypopyon with severe inflammation in the anterior chamber. Bacterial culture tests were performed by corneal scraping, which were positive for Shewanella putrefaciens, followed by treatment with moxifloxacin and ceftazidime topical antibiotics. After 2 months of treatment, the BCVA of the left eye improved to 0.4 and the corneal lesion clinically improved with residual mild stromal opacity. CONCLUSIONS: Shewanella putrefaciens should be considered as a causal pathogen of infectious keratitis in patients after fishing. We report a case of infectious keratitis caused by Shewanella putrefaciens, which has never previously been reported in the Republic of Korea.


Subject(s)
Aged , Anterior Chamber , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Ceftazidime , Corneal Ulcer , Estrogens, Conjugated (USP) , Fingers , Humans , Hypertension , Inflammation , Keratitis , Male , Republic of Korea , Shewanella putrefaciens , Shewanella , Slit Lamp , Visual Acuity
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