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1.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 34(1): e971, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289521

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comparar las mediciones biométricas realizadas con el IOL Master 500 y el Pentacam AXL. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio transversal en 99 ojos de 99 pacientes miopes con criterio de cirugía fotoablativa, atendidos en el período de enero del año 2019 a enero de 2020, en el Servicio de Cirugía Refractiva del Instituto Cubano de Oftalmología "Ramón Pando Ferrer". Las variables estudiadas fueron edad, sexo, equivalente esférico y características biométricas preoperatorias (longitud axial, profundidad de la cámara anterior y queratometrías), así como su relación, aportadas automáticamente por el IOL Master 500 y el Pentacam AXL para evitar los factores dependientes del operador. El análisis estadístico se realizó con la Prueba t para datos pareados, utilizando una significación del 95 por ciento. Una diferencia con un valor de p < 0,05 fue considerado estadísticamente significativo. Resultados: El 60,61 por ciento de los pacientes eran de sexo femenino y el 39,39 por ciento del masculino, con una edad promedio de 25,67 ± 4,30 años. Se analizaron 51 ojos derechos y 48 izquierdos. El equivalente esférico medio fue de -3,30 ± 1,53 dioptrías. No hubo diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre los valores biométricos (longitud axial, profundidad de la cámara anterior y queratometrías) obtenidos con el IOL Master 500, en comparación con los del Pentacam-AXL (p > 0,05). Conclusión: Las mediciones biométricas (longitud axial, profundidad de la cámara anterior y queratometrías) obtenidas con el IOL Master 500 y el Pentacam-AXL son similares(AU)


Objective: Compare biometric measurements taken with IOL Master 500 and Pentacam AXL. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted of 99 eyes of 99 myopic patients with indication of photoablative surgery attending the Refractive Surgery Service at Ramón Pando Ferrer Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology from January 2019 to January 2020. The variables analyzed were age, sex, spherical equivalent and preoperative biometric characteristics (axial length, anterior chamber depth and keratometries) and the relationship to one another, automatically supplied by IOL Master 500 and Pentacam AXL to avoid operator-dependent factors. Statistical analysis was based on the paired T-test with a significance level of 95%. A difference with a p-value < 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Results: Of the patients studied, 60.61 percent were female and 39.39 percent were male; mean age was 25.67± 4.30 years. A total 51 right eyes and 48 left eyes were analyzed. Mean spherical equivalent was -3.30 ± 1.53 diopters. No statistically significant difference was found between the biometric values (axial length, anterior chamber depth and keratometries) obtained with IOL Master 500 versus Pentacam AXL (p > 0.05). Conclusion: Similar biometric measurements (axial length, anterior chamber depth and keratometries) are obtained with IOL Master 500 and Pentacam AXL(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Measurements, Methods and Theories , Statistical Analysis , Biometry/methods , Refractive Surgical Procedures/methods , Anterior Chamber/diagnostic imaging , Cross-Sectional Studies
2.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(4): 289-293, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131608

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Pharmacological pupillary dilation is performed in comprehensive ophthalmological examinations and before biometric measurements. So far, there is no consensus regarding its impact on biometric measurements. This study's aim was to investigate the effects of pharmacological pupillary dilation on ocular biometric measurements in healthy children. Methods: This was a prospective, observational, non-randomized study of children (4-18 years of age) who were admitted for routine ophthalmological examination. Biometric measurements were performed, using a non-contact optical biometry device, both before and after pharmacological pupillary dilation with cyclopentolate hydrochloride. Intraocular lens power calculations were performed using Hill-RBF, Barrett, Olsen, Sanders-Retzlaff-Kraff/Theoretical, Holladay, and Hoffer Q formulas. Descriptive statistical analyses were also performed. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to compare measurements before and after pharmacological pupillary dilation. Relationships between variables were analyzed using the Spearman-Brown rank correlation coefficient. Results: The study included 116 eyes of 58 children (mean age, 8.4 ± 0.32 years; 34 girls). Significant changes were observed after pupillary dilation, compared with before pupillary dilation, in terms of anterior chamber depth, aqueous depth, and central corneal and lens thicknesses. No significant change was observed in axial length. Intraocular lens power calculations revealed no significant changes after pupillary dilation in most formulas except for the Olsen formula. The intraocular lens power was significantly inversely correlated with axial length and anterior chamber depth. Conclusions: Pharmacological pupillary dilation in children appeared to have no impact on axial length and intraocular lens power, but caused a significant increase in anterior chamber depth. The difference in anterior chamber depth measurements before and after pupillary dilation could be related to the optical biometry device model used. These outcomes should be considered in intraocular lens power calculations performed using anterior chamber depth parameters.


RESUMO Objetivo: A dilatação pupilar farmacológica é realizada em exames oftalmológicos abrangentes e antes das medições biométricas. Até o momento, não há consenso sobre seu impacto nas medições biométricas. O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar os efeitos da dilatação pupilar nas medidas biométricas oculares em crianças saudáveis. Métodos: Estudo prospectivo, observacional e não randomizado de crianças (4-18 anos) que foram admitidas para exame oftalmológico de rotina. As medidas biométricas foram realizadas usando um dispositivo de biometria óptica sem contato, antes e após a dilatação pupilar farmacológica com cloridrato de ciclopentolato. Os cálculos de potência das lentes intraoculares foram realizados utilizando as fórmulas de Hill-RBF, Barrett, Olsen, Sanders-Retzlaff-Kraff/ Teórica, Holladay e Hoffer Q. Análises estatísticas descritivas também foram realizadas. O teste dos postos sinalizados de Wilcoxon foi usado para comparar as medidas antes e após a dilatação pupilar farmacológica. As relações entre as variáveis foram analisadas pelo coeficiente de correlação de Spearman-Brown. Resultados: O estudo incluiu 116 olhos de 58 crianças (idade média de 8,4 ± 0,32 anos; 34 meninas). Alterações significativas foram observadas após a dilatação pupilar, em termos de profundidade da câmara anterior, profundidade do humor aquoso e espessura central da córnea e do cristalino. Nenhuma mudança significativa ocorreu no comprimento axial. Os cálculos de potência da lente intraocular não revelaram alterações significativas após a dilatação pupilar na maioria das fórmulas, com exceção da fórmula Olsen. O poder da lente intraocular foi significativamente inversa correlacionada com o comprimento axial e a profundidade da câmara anterior. Conclusões: A dilatação pupilar farmacológica em crianças parece não ter impacto no comprimento axial e no poder da lente intraocular, mas causou um aumento significativo na profundidade da câmara anterior. A diferença nas medidas da profundidade da câmara anterior antes e após a dilatação pupilar pode estar relacionada ao modelo do dispositivo de biometria óptica utilizado. Tais resultados devem ser considerados nos cálculos de potência da lente intraocular realizados usando parâmetros de profundidade da câmara anterior.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Biometry , Dilatation , Axial Length, Eye/diagnostic imaging , Anterior Chamber/anatomy & histology , Anterior Chamber/diagnostic imaging , Refraction, Ocular , Prospective Studies , Optics and Photonics , Lenses, Intraocular
3.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(2): 141-145, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088976

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To compare the postoperative refractive predictability of IOLMaster 500 and Pentacam HR on the basis of keratometry and anterior chamber depth values in eyes with an indication for multifocal intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. Methods: This was a retrospective study conducted on 118 eyes treated with phacoemulsification and multifocal intraocular lens implantation. Only the eyes that achieved emmetropia in the dynamic refraction performed on postoperative day 30 were included. Haigis' formula was used in each case to calculate the intraocular lens power, and the intraocular lens with the target refraction closest to emmetropia was implanted. Four lens calculation scenarios were tested by combining keratometry and anterior chamber depth measurements obtained using the two devices. Results: IOLMaster 500 and Pentacam HR differed with regard to mean keratometry (D 0.07 ± 0.03 D; p=0.0065) and anterior chamber depth (D 0.08 ± 0.01 mm; p<0.001). In the analysis of covariance, the following differences were obtained using the Haigis' formula when confronted with the biometric values obtained by inserting keratometry and anterior chamber depth values, respectively: Penta/IOL x IOL/Penta (0.13 ± 0.03; p<0.0001); Penta/Penta × IOL/Penta (0.13 ± 0.03; p<0.0001); Penta/IOL × IOL/IOL (0.11 ± 0.03; p=0.001); Penta/Penta × IOL/IOL (0.11 ± 0.03; p=0.002); IOL/IOL × IOL/Penta (0.02 ± 0.03; p=0.865); and Penta/IOL × Penta/Penta (0.002 ± 0.03; p=0.99). The difference was smaller when measuring the anterior chamber depth using the IOLMaster 500, regardless of which device was used to measure keratometry. Conclusions: Pentacam HR significantly differed from IOLMaster 500 when calculating keratometry. As regards the anterior chamber depth, the two devices were equally accurate.


RESUMO Objetivo: Comparar a previsibilidade refrativa pós-operatória do IOLMaster 500 e Pentacam HR com base nos valores de ceratometria e profundidade de câmara anterior nos olhos com indicação de implante de lentes intraoculares multifocais. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo realizado em 118 olhos tratados com facoemulsificação e implante de lentes intraoculares multifocal. Apenas os olhos que atingiram a emetropia na refração dinâmica no 30º dia pós-operatório foram incluídos. A fórmula de Haigis foi usada em cada caso para calcular o poder das lentes intraoculares, e a lente intraocular com a refração alvo mais próxima da emetropia foi implantada. Cenários de cálculo de quatro lentes foram testados pela combinação de medidas de ceratometria e profundidade de câmara anterior obtidas usando os dois dispositivos. Resultados: IOLMaster 500 e Pentacam HR diferiram quanto à média de ceratometria (D 0,07 ± 0,03 D; p=0,0065) e profundidade de câmara anterior (D 0,08 ± 0,01 mm; p<0,001). Na análise da covariância, as seguintes diferenças foram obtidas usando a fórmula de Haigis quando confrontadas com os valores biométricos obtidos pela inserção dos valores de ceratometria e profundidade de câmara anterior, respectivamente: Penta/IOL x IOL/Penta (0,13 ± 0,03; p<0,0001); Penta/Penta x IOL/Penta (0,13 ± 0,03; p<0,0001); Penta/IOL x IOL/IOL (0,11 ± 0,03; p=0,001); Penta/Penta x IOL/IOL (0,11 ± 0,03; p=0,002); IOL/IOL x IOL/Penta (0,02 ± 0,03; p=0,865); Penta/IOL x Penta/Penta (0,002 ± 0,03; p=0,99). A diferença foi menor ao medir a profundidade da câmara anterior usando o IOLMaster 500, independentemente de qual dispositivo foi usado para medir a ceratometria. Conclusões: O Pentacam HR diferiu significativamente do IOLMaster 500 no cálculo de ceratometria. Quanto à profundidade da câmara anterior, os dois dispositivos foram igualmente precisos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Phacoemulsification/methods , Cornea/pathology , Corneal Topography/instrumentation , Lens Implantation, Intraocular/methods , Multifocal Intraocular Lenses , Anterior Chamber/pathology , Postoperative Period , Reference Values , Refraction, Ocular/physiology , Time Factors , Visual Acuity/physiology , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Biometry , Treatment Outcome , Cornea/diagnostic imaging , Interferometry/instrumentation , Interferometry/methods , Anterior Chamber/diagnostic imaging
4.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(6): 507-510, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038689

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate anterior segment parameters and corneal aberrations in patients with retinitis pigmentosa using Scheimpflug imaging and to compare the findings with those for healthy controls. Methods: This single-center, case-control study included patients diagnosed with retinitis pigmentosa who were followed up at the Department of Ophthalmology of Kayseri Training and Research Hospital between February and June 2018. Age- and sex-matched healthy individuals with no known ophthalmologic disease formed the control group. Both patients with retinitis pigmentosa and controls underwent comprehensive ophthalmic assessments, including the measurement of the best-corrected visual acuity calculation of the spherical equivalent, slit-lamp examination, stereoscopic fundus examination, computerized visual field test, and electroretinography. Topographic and aberrometric values were measured using Scheimpflug-based tomography. Results: This study was performed on 52 eyes of 26 patients with retinitis pigmentosa (14 men) and 52 eyes of 26 healthy controls (11 men). The average keratometry (K avg) values for the patient and control groups were similar (43.87 ± 2.23 versus 43.61 ± 1.68; p=0.546), but the maximum keratometry (K max) value was significantly higher in the patient group (45.85 ± 2.35 and 44.69 ± 1.86; p=0.015). Patients with retinitis pigmentosa had a significantly lower central corneal thickness (518.5 ± 42.3 versus 534.1 ± 24.5, respectively; p=0.042) and maximal corneal thickness (509.1 ± 50.5 versus 530.5 ± 24.1, respectively; p=0.015). Additionally, the iridocorneal angle for the patients was significantly lower (31.6 ± 9.2 versus 35.9 ± 7.7, p=0.025). The aberrometric findings indicated that patients with retinitis pigmentosa had significantly more higher-order aberrations than those in the healthy controls (0.794 ± 51 and 0.398 ± 08, respectively; p<0.001). Conclusions: The results of the present study demonstrated that patients with retinitis pigmentosa have different anterior segment parameters and corneal aberrations compared to healthy controls. These results should be supported by further studies.


RESUMO Objetivo: Este estudo visou avaliar parâmetros do segmento anterior e aberrações corneanas em pacientes com retinite pigmentosa através de imagens de Scheimpflug e comparar os achados com os de controles saudáveis. Métodos: Este foi um estudo caso-controle unicêntrico que incluiu pacientes com o diagnóstico de retinite pigmentosa em acompanhamento no Departamento de Oftalmologia do Hospital de Treinamento e Pesquisa de Kayseri, entre fevereiro e junho de 2018. Indivíduos saudáveis pareados por idade e sexo, sem nenhum conhecimento da doença oftalmológica formou o grupo controle. Ambos os pacientes com retinite pigmentosa quanto os controles foram submetidos a avaliações oftalmológicas abrangentes, incluindo a medição do cálculo da acuidade visual melhor corrigida, o cálculo do equivalente esférico, biomicroscopia, fundoscopia estereoscópica, campimetria computadorizada e eletrorretinografia. Os valores topográficos e de aberrometria foram medidos através de tomografia baseada no sistema Scheimpflug. Resultados: O estudo incluiu 52 olhos de 26 pacientes com retinite pigmentosa (14 homens) e 52 olhos de 26 controles saudáveis (11 homens). Os valores médios da ceratometria (K avg) para grupos dos pacientes e controle foram semelhantes (43,87 ± 2,23 versus 43,61 ± 1,68, p=0,546), mas o valor máximo da ceratometria (K max) foi significativamente maior no grupo de pacientes (45,85 ± 2,35 e 44,69 ± 1,86; p=0,015). Pacientes com retinite pigmentosa apresentaram uma espessura corneana central significativamente menor (518,5 ± 42,3 versus 534,1 ± 24,5, respectivamente; p=0,042) e espessura corneana máxima (509,1 ± 50,5 verus 530,5 ± 24,1, respectivamente; p=0,015). Além disso, o ângulo iridocorneano para os pacientes foi significativamente menor (31,6 ± 9,2 versus 35,9 ± 7,7; p=0,025). Os achados da aberrometria indicaram que os pacientes com retinite pigmentosa apresentaram significativamente mais aberrações de ordem superior em comparação com os controles saudáveis (respectivamente 0,794 ± 51 e 0,398 ± 08, respectivamente; p<0,001). Conclusões: Os resultados do presente estudo demonstraram que pacientes com retinite pigmentosa têm diferentes parâmetros do segmento anterior e aberrações corneanas em comparação com controles saudáveis. Estes resultados precisam ser confirmados por novos estudos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Retinitis Pigmentosa/pathology , Cornea/pathology , Anterior Chamber/pathology , Reference Values , Case-Control Studies , Retinitis Pigmentosa/diagnostic imaging , Statistics, Nonparametric , Cornea/abnormalities , Cornea/diagnostic imaging , Corneal Topography/methods , Aberrometry/methods , Corneal Pachymetry/methods , Anterior Chamber/diagnostic imaging
5.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 77(4): 184-188, jul.-ago. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-959100

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the correlation of optical biometry and target with variable ages, anterior chamber depth, axial length, R1/K1 and R2/K2 established by two optical biometry devices in patients with cataract. Methods: The study included the analysis of 348 medical records, from which 503 cataract eyes were selected, which underwent evaluation by the optical biometric devices IOL Master 700 and Lenstar LS 900 in the period of April to July 2017. Data collected were: age, anterior chamber depth, axial length, R1/K1 and R2/K2. Results: The average of the biometrics obtained using Lenstar was 21.02, varying 3.46, more or less, with an average target of -0.02, varying 0.45. In relation to the IOL Master it was 21.19, with a variation of 3.40 and average target of -0.01, a variation of 0.11. It can be observed that despite close values in relation to the mean, there was significance (p<0.001). Axial length (p<0.001) and R1/K1 (p<0.001) had an influence on the difference of the biometric values between the devices. Conclusion: A high degree of clinical and statistical correspondence was observed between the results obtained by the biometry devices in patients with cataract.


RESUMO Objetivos: Avaliar a correlação da biometria óptica e target com as variáveis idade, profundidade da câmara anterior, comprimento axial, R1/K1 e R2/K2 estabelecidos por dois dispositivos de biometria óptica em pacientes com catarata. Métodos: O trabalho abrangeu a análise de 348 prontuários dos quais foram selecionados 503 olhos com catarata ,que passaram pela avaliação nos dispositivos de biometria óptica IOL Master 700 e Lenstar LS 900 no período de abril a julho de 2017. Os dados colhidos foram: idade, profundidade da câmara anterior, comprimento axial, R1/K1 e R2/K2 . Resultados: A média da biometria obtida utilizando o Lenstar foi de 21,02, variando 3,46 para mais ou para menos, com target médio de -0,02, variando 0,45. Já em relação ao IOL Master foi de 21,19, com variação de 3,40 e target médio de -0,01, variação de 0,11. Pode-se observar que apesar de valores próximos em relação à média, houve significância (p < 0,001). Houve a concordância da biometria em relação ao comprimento axial (p < 0,001) e R1/K1(p < 0,001). Conclusão: Observou-se alto grau de correspondência clínica e estatística entre os resultados obtidos pelos dispositivos de biometria em pacientes com catarata.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Refractive Errors/diagnostic imaging , Cataract/diagnosis , Biometry/instrumentation , Biometry/methods , Axial Length, Eye/diagnostic imaging , Lenses, Intraocular/standards , Anterior Chamber/diagnostic imaging , Refraction, Ocular/physiology , Cataract Extraction/methods , Visual Acuity , Cross-Sectional Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Cornea/diagnostic imaging , Corneal Topography/instrumentation , Lens Implantation, Intraocular/methods , Preoperative Period , Electronic Health Records , Observational Study , Lens, Crystalline/diagnostic imaging
6.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 80(5): 327-329, Sept.-Oct. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888150

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT We report a case of a 49-year-old female who presented to the emergency department with blurred vision and vomiting, hours after taking two tablets of 250 mg of acetazolamide. The anterior chamber was bilaterally flat, with normal intraocular pressure in both eyes. An ultrasound biomicroscopic (UBM) examination showed bilateral ciliary effusion and complete appositional angle closure in all quadrants. Acetazolamide-induced bilateral angle closure was diagnosed. Steroid and cycloplegic therapy were initiated, and acetazolamide was discontinued. The following day, the anterior chamber had regained its volume without substantial change in the effusion size. Three weeks later, complete resolution of the ciliary effusion was verified by means of a third UBM scan.


RESUMO Relatamos um caso de uma mulher de 49 anos que se apresentou ao departamento de emergência informando visão borrada e vômitos, horas após ter tomado dois comprimidos de 250 mg de acetazolamida. A câmara anterior era bilateralmente plana com pressão intraocular normal em ambos os olhos. Um exame de biomicroscopia ultrassônica (UBM) mostrou efusão ciliar bilateral e fechamento completo do ângulo aposicional em todos os quadrantes. O bloqueio angular bilateral induzido por acetazolamida foi diagnosticado. O tratamento com esteróides e cicloplégicos foi iniciado e a acetazolamida foi descontinuada. No dia seguinte, a câmara anterior recuperou seu volume sem alterações substanciais no tamanho da efusão. Três semanas depois, a resolução completa da efusão ciliar foi verificada por meio de uma terceira biomicroscopia ultrassônica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors/adverse effects , Microscopy, Acoustic/methods , Anterior Chamber/drug effects , Anterior Chamber/diagnostic imaging , Acetazolamide/adverse effects , Myopia/chemically induced , Steroids/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Intraocular Pressure , Mydriatics/therapeutic use , Myopia/drug therapy , Myopia/diagnostic imaging
8.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 79(6): 363-365, Nov.-Dec. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-838750

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: This study aimed to explore the effects of the Valsalva maneuver (VM) on ectatic corneas during anterior segment tomography scans using a Scheimpflug camera. Methods: This prospective observational study included 100 eyes of 50 patients with bilateral keratoconus (KC). Anterior segment tomography was first performed when the patients were in a resting position and immediately repeated as the participant performed VM. Scheimpflug images were taken using a Pentacam®. Results: The mean age of the participants was 24.14 ± 6.59 years. Of the 100 eyes included in the study, 7% had stage 1 KC, 47% had stage 2 KC, 32% had stage 3 KC, and 14% had stage 4 KC. The indices of KC were not significantly affected by VM. Similarly, no statistically significant differences were found between the stages of KC, or with the mean pachymetric progression index during VM. Pupil diameter showed a statistically significant increase during VM (p=0.017). There was a statistically significant decrease in the anterior chamber angle measurement during VM (p=0.001). Maximum curvature power in the front of the cornea decreased more during VM in stage 4 KC than for the other stages (p=0.014). Conclusions: No changes associated with VM were found in the KC indices or the stage of the disease. However, an increase in pupil diameter and a decrease in anterior chamber angle value were found. These changes were comparable to values obtained from previous studies performed on normal corneas.


RESUMO Objetivo: Este estudo tem como objetivo explorar os efeitos da manobra de Valsalva (VM) na córnea ectásica durante a varredura tomográfica do segmento anterior usando a câmera de Scheimpflug. Métodos: Foi conduzido estudo observacional, prospectivo envolvendo 100 olhos de 50 pacientes que apresentavam ceratocone (KC) bilateral. Tomografia do segmento anterior foi realizada inicialmente quando os pacientes estavam em posição de repouso e imediatamente depois, no curso de VM. Imagens de Scheimpflug foram feitas usando Pentacam®. Resultados: A média de idade dos participantes foi 24,14 ± 6,59 anos de idade. Dos olhos incluídos no estudo, 7% apresentava KC estágio 1,47% apresentava estágio 2,32% apresentava estágio 3, e 14% apresentava estágio 4. Índices de KC não foram significativamente afetadas pela VM. Não houve diferenças estatisticamente significativas com o estágio do KC, e o índice médio de progressão paquimétrica durante a VM. O diâmetro da pupila (PD) mostrou aumento estatisticamente significativo durante a VM (p=0,017). Houve diminuição estatisticamente significativa na medida do ângulo da câmara anterior durante a VM (p=0,001). O poder máximo de curvatura anterior da córnea no KC estágio 4 diminuiu mais do que os outros estágios durante o VM (p=0,014). Conclusões: Não foram encontradas alterações nos índices KC e no estágio da doença por causa da VM. Verificou-se que houve aumento na PD e uma diminuição no valor do ângulo da câmara anterior. Estas alterações foram comparáveis aos valores obtidos a partir de estudos realizados em córneas normais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Photography/methods , Valsalva Maneuver/physiology , Cornea/diagnostic imaging , Corneal Topography/methods , Keratoconus/diagnosis , Anterior Chamber/diagnostic imaging , Prospective Studies , Disease Progression , Corneal Pachymetry/methods , Keratoconus/pathology , Keratoconus/diagnostic imaging
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-51222

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the influence of biometric variables on refractive outcomes after cataract surgery in angle-closure glaucoma (ACG) patients. METHODS: In this case-control study, 42 ACG patients, 40 open-angle glaucoma (OAG) patients, and 35 controls without glaucoma who had undergone conventional cataract surgery were enrolled consecutively. Electronic medical records, including preoperative biometric variables (keratometric diopter, axial length, anterior chamber depth, and lens thickness), the refractive change (RC), and the absolute value of refractive change (ARC) were reviewed. RESULTS: In the control and OAG patients, the anterior chamber depth was negatively correlated with the ARC (r = -0.344, p = 0.043 and r = -0.431, p = 0.006, respectively), whereas there was no correlation in the ACG patients. Lens thickness was positively correlated with the RC, but not with the ARC, in the control and OAG groups (r = 0.391, p = 0.020 and r = 0.501, p = 0.001, respectively). In contrast, lens thickness in the ACG group was not correlated with the RC but was positively correlated with the ARC (r = 0.331, p = 0.032). CONCLUSIONS: In contrast with the anterior chamber depth, preoperatively measured lens thickness may be a useful predictor of the direction of the RC after cataract surgery in control and OAG patients. However, in ACG patients, a thicker lens was correlated with a larger RC, regardless of the direction of the shift (hyperopic or myopic).


Subject(s)
Aged , Anterior Chamber/diagnostic imaging , Biometry/methods , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Glaucoma, Angle-Closure/complications , Glaucoma, Open-Angle/complications , Humans , Intraocular Pressure , Male , Middle Aged , Phacoemulsification , Refraction, Ocular/physiology , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, Optical Coherence
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-19708

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To determine the relationship between the differences in the ocular component values with the degree of anisomyopia. METHODS: Refraction, corneal power (CP), and biometry were examined in 50 myopic adults with refractive differences (RD) over 1.50 diopters (D). Ocular components were measured by ultrasound biometry and keratometry. The correlation between the differences in the ocular component values with the degree of anisomyopia was analyzed by linear regression analysis. RESULTS: Among 50 adults with anisomyopia, 5 had RD from 1.50 to 2.99 D, 11 had RD from 3.00 to 3.99 D, 9 had RD from 4.00 to 5.99 D, 12 had RD from 6.00 to 7.99 D, 7 had RD from 8.00 to 11.99 D, and 6 had > or =12.00 D. There was no significant correlation between the ocular components (CP, crystalline lens thickness [LT], and anterior chamber depth [ACD], and the length from the cornea to the posterior surface of the lens [ACD + LT]) and the RD (p > 0.05). The RD showed a significantly positive correlation with vitreous chamber depth (VCD), and axial length (r = 0.963, p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: The severity of anisomyopia was not correlated with the between-eye differences in the anterior chamber values of the eye (CP, ACD, LT, ACD + LT). The severity of anisomyopia was significantly correlated with the between-eye differences in VCD.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Anisometropia/complications , Anterior Chamber/diagnostic imaging , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Microscopy, Acoustic/methods , Middle Aged , Myopia/complications , Refraction, Ocular , Retrospective Studies , Severity of Illness Index , Young Adult
11.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2011 Sept; 59(5): 400-402
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-136219

ABSTRACT

Anterior megalophthalmos, a rare hereditary disorder, is macrocornea (horizontal corneal diameter more than 13 mm) in association with enlarged lens-iris diaphragm and ciliary ring. One of the major challenging issues in the cataract surgery of these patients is preventing intraocular lens (IOL) malposition, because of probable large capsular bag. Several approaches have been selected by previous surgeons, such as, custom-made anterior chamber IOLs. In this study, we show a normal capsular bag diameter despite ciliary ring enlargement, with application of ultrasound biomicroscopy (UMB). We suggest that in cases of anterior megalophthalmos without phacodonesis, UBM could measure the actual size of the capsular bag and obviate the need for further procedures.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anterior Chamber/abnormalities , Anterior Chamber/surgery , Anterior Chamber/diagnostic imaging , Cataract Extraction/methods , Diagnosis, Differential , Eye Abnormalities/surgery , Eye Abnormalities/diagnostic imaging , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Microscopy, Acoustic , Preoperative Care/methods , Reproducibility of Results
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-22613

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To assess the risk factors for endothelial cell loss after phacoemulsification with implantation of intraocular lens according to anterior chamber depth (ACD). METHODS: This prospective study included 94 eyes of 94 patients undergoing phacoemulsification cataract surgery. To assess the risk factors for corneal endothelial cell loss, we examined seven variables at 1 day, 1 week, 6 weeks, and 12 weeks postoperatively in each ACD-stratified group. RESULTS: Multiple linear regression analysis showed that the only variable influencing the percentage decrease in corneal endothelial cell density throughout the postoperative follow-up period in the long ACD group (ACD III) was nucleosclerosis. The variables influencing the percentage decrease in corneal endothelial cell density in the short ACD group (ACD I) at one day and one week postoperatively were corneal incisional tunnel length and nucleosclerosis. CONCLUSIONS: Risk factors for endothelial cell loss after phaoemulsification were different according to ACD. Long corneal tunnel length can be one of the risk factors for endothelial cell loss in short ACD eyes.


Subject(s)
Anterior Chamber/diagnostic imaging , Cataract/diagnostic imaging , Cataract Extraction/methods , Cornea/pathology , Corneal Endothelial Cell Loss/etiology , Humans , Lens Implantation, Intraocular , Phacoemulsification/adverse effects , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-115059

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the correlation between peripheral anterior synechia (PAS) and the quantitative anterior chamber angle parameters measured by ultrasound microscopy (UBM) in angle-closure glaucoma suspect (ACGS) eyes. METHODS: Eyes were defined ACGS as having occludable angles and intraocular pressure less than 21 mm Hg without glaucomatous optic nerve head. The gonioscopic criteria for ACGS were the trabecular meshwork invisible in 3 or more quadrants of the entire angle and the angular width less than 20 degrees by Shaffer classification. Twenty-seven eyes of 20 patients underwent anterior chamber angle and ciliary body imaging with UBM. Angle opening distance (AOD500), angle recess area (ARA), trabecular-ciliary process distance (TCPD) and trabecular-iris angle (TIA) were measured from the UBM images at each quadrant. RESULTS: The AOD500, ARA, and TIA were not significantly different between the eyes with PAS (9 eyes) and without PAS (18 eyes) at each quadrant. However, the TCPD was significantly shorter in the superior quadrant when compared with the eyes without PAS (mean: 405.3+/-70.9 micrometer vs 536.4+/-140.5 micrometer) (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that the shorter distance from trabecular meshwork to ciliary body or the anterior placement of ciliary process may play a role in the development of PAS in ACGS eyes.


Subject(s)
Aged , Anterior Chamber/diagnostic imaging , Ciliary Body/pathology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Glaucoma, Angle-Closure/pathology , Gonioscopy , Humans , Male , Microscopy, Acoustic/methods , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Severity of Illness Index , Trabecular Meshwork/pathology
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-172734

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Protein C deficiency is an autosomal recessive disorder, which predisposes the patient to potentially blinding and widespread lethal thromboembolic complications, especially in the homozygous type. We here report the first Korean case of ophthalmic involvement and its surgical treatment in homozygous protein C deficiency. METHODS: A 3.4kg, full term girl was born by normal delivery but showed bilateral leukocoria on day 2. Laboratory results disclosed a very low protein C activity level (10%) in the patient and moderately decreased levels in the other family members. Ophthalmic examination showed bilateral corneal opacity and shallow anterior chamber. B-scan ultrasonography which showed intravitreal mass lesions without microphthalmos and a funnel-shaped retinal detachment suggested bilateral retinal dysplasia. RESULTS: As the eyes were under progression of secondary glaucoma, bilateral lensectomies were performed at 2 months old and corneal opacity was regressed to some degree. However, at 14 months old, the left eye showed moderate corneal opacity with a band keratopathy. CONCLUSIONS: Although visual outcome was very poor after surgery, we could impede or slow down the progression of secondary glaucoma and save the eyeballs in the infant with homozygous protein C deficiency.


Subject(s)
Anterior Chamber/diagnostic imaging , Cataract/etiology , Female , Glaucoma/etiology , Homozygote , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Lens, Crystalline/surgery , Protein C Deficiency/complications , Retinal Diseases/etiology
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-195370

ABSTRACT

In order to evaluate the morphologic types of appositional angle-closure glaucoma, biometric measurements were made in angle-closure glaucoma patients using Ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM). Twenty-six patients with primary angle-closure glaucoma and 21 cataract patients with as a control group were examined. The angle-closure glaucomatous eyes were classified as type B in which the angle closure started at the bottom of the angle and type S in which the angle closure occurred in the vicinity of Schwalbe's line. The trabecular-ciliary process distance (TCPD, type B; 873.20+/-86.77 microm, type S; 832.52+/-82.96 microm, control; 1233.50+/-73.01 microm, p = 0.000) and the angle opening distance (AOD500, type B; 89.75+/-63.27 microm, type S; 88.85+/-72.95 microm, control; 304.40+/-104.30 microm, p = 0.000) were significantly shorter in patients with angle closure vice control group. No significant difference were noted in the three groups of patients in regards to iris thickness or ciliary process-iris angle. In this study, we have demonstrated that there are two types of appositional angle-closure and have shown the forward rotation of the ciliary process without changes of the ciliary process-iris angle in cases of angle-closure glaucoma.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anterior Chamber/diagnostic imaging , Comparative Study , Female , Glaucoma, Angle-Closure/diagnostic imaging , Gonioscopy/methods , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Weights and Measures
16.
Scientific Journal of Al-Azhar Medical Faculty [Girls] [The]. 2000; 21 (Supp. 1): 1413-1419
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-55690

ABSTRACT

A biometric study using A-mode ultrasonography was performed on 45 eyes with and without ocular accommodation. During accommodation, an increased Lt and decreased anterior chamber death [ACD] were noted in group I only. The axial length was not significantly changed during accommodation or after the offset of any accommodative effect. It was concluded that axial length [AL] measurement performed on a dilated pupil can give an accurate result that was not statistically different than those obtained without papillary dilatation


Subject(s)
Humans , Lenses, Intraocular , Biometry , Ultrasonography , Anterior Chamber/diagnostic imaging
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