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1.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(1): 33-40, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365743

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives The aim of the present study is to systematically review and analyze the functional outcome of lateral extraarticular tenodesis (LET) procedure in addition to anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) in studies with a high level of evidence. Methods We performed a literature search for clinical studies comparing the LET method as an augmentation to ACL reconstruction with ACL reconstruction alone. The primary outcomes were the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score, the Lysholm score, and graft failures. Continuous variables were reported as means and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Results Six clinical studies with 1,049 patients were included in the metaanalysis. The follow-up period was, in average, 24 months (range, 6-63 months). The addition of the LET procedure to ACLR results in better functional outcome based on the IKDC score (p< 0.05). Graft failure was found to be lower in the ACLR plus LET group (16 of 342 patients) compared with the ACLR-only group (46 of 341 patients) (p< 0.05). Conclusion There is high-level evidence that LET procedure in addition to ACLR is preferable in terms of functional outcome and graft failure.


Resumo Objetivos O objetivo deste estudo é revisar e analisar sistematicamente o desfecho funcional do procedimento de tenodese extra-articular lateral (TEL) em complemento à reconstrução do ligamento cruzado anterior (RLCA) em de estudos com alto nível de evidências. Métodos Realizamos a pesquisa bibliográfica para estudos clínicos comparando o método TEL como complemento à RCLA com a RLCA isolada. Os resultados principais foram a pontuação no Comitê Internacional de Documentação de Joelho (IKDC, na sigla em inglês), pontuação de Lysholm, e falhas no enxerto. Variáveis contínuas foram relatadas, como médias e intervalos de confiança (ICs) de 95%. Resultados Seis estudos clínicos com 1,049 pacientes foram incluídos na metanálise. O período de seguimento foi de, em média, 24 meses (intervalo de 6-63 meses). A adição do procedimento TEL à reconstrução do LCA resultou em melhor resultado funcional com base no escore IKDC (p< 0,05). A falha do enxerto foi menor no grupo RLCA mais TEL (16 dos 342 pacientes) em comparação com o grupo apenas RLCA (46 dos 341 pacientes) (p< 0,05). Conclusão Há evidências de alto nível de que o procedimento TEL como complemento à RLCA é preferível em termos de resultado funcional e falha do enxerto.


Subject(s)
Tenodesis , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries , Joint Instability
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922353

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#To retrospectively analyze the clinical outcomes of meniscus repair with simultaneous anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction and explore the causes of failure of meniscus repair.@*METHODS@#From May 2013 to July 2018, the clinical data of 165 patients who were treated with meniscus surgery and simultaneous ACL reconstruction, including 69 cases of meniscus repair (repair group) and 96 cases of partial meniscectomy (partial meniscectomy group) were retrospectively analyzed. The exclusion criteria were as follows: (1) ACL rupture associated with fracture, collateral ligament injury, or complex ligament injury; (2) a history of knee surgery; or (3) a significant degree of osteoarthritis. The 69 patients in the repair group were divided into the non-failure group (62 cases) and the failure group (7 cases) depending on the repair effect. Postoperative outcomes of the repair group and the partial meniscectomy group were compared. General conditions and postoperative outcomes of the failure group and the non-failure group were compared. During the median follow-up period of 28 months (range, 4 - 65 months) after the second arthroscopy, postoperative outcomes of seven patients in the failure group were summarized. SPSS 25.0 statistical software was used for statistical analysis. A p value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.@*RESULTS@#Seven patients in the failure group who underwent the second arthroscopy were followed up for (30 ± 17.4) months and their postoperative outcomes were summarized. Compared with the partial meniscectomy group, the International Knee Documentation Committee scores of patients in the repair group improved significantly (p = 0.031). Compared with the non-failure group, more patients in the failure group were younger than 24 years (p = 0.030). The median follow-up period was 39.5 months. All patients recovered well after subsequent partial meniscectomy and relieved clinical symptoms. Visual analog scale scores decreased significantly (p = 0.026), and the International Knee Documentation Committee and Lysholm scores improved significantly (p = 0.046 for both).@*CONCLUSION@#The failure rate of meniscus repair in this study was 10.1% (7/69), all of which were medial meniscus tears. However, the surgical outcomes of ACL reconstruction were not affected, and there might be a role for graft protection. Therefore, meniscus retears can be successful treated by performing subsequent partial meniscectomy in patients with repair failure.


Subject(s)
Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Humans , Menisci, Tibial/surgery , Meniscus , Retrospective Studies
3.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 29(1): 8-13, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1369634

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La artritis séptica (AS) posterior a la cirugía de reconstrucción del LCA (RLCA) es una complicación infrecuente pero potencialmente devastadora. Para disminuir el riesgo de esta complicación, en el 2019 comenzamos a utilizar el tratamiento local del injerto de LCA con vancomicina previo a su colocación. El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar la incidencia de AS postoperatoria en pacientes en los que se utilizó este protocolo con el período inmediatamente anterior, en el que no se usó. Materiales y métodos: Se efectuó un estudio de cohorte retrospectiva con inclusión de todos los pacientes a los que se les realizó una RLCA primaria. Se analizaron dos períodos consecutivos: enero de 2016 a febrero de 2019 (grupo sin tratamiento local con vancomicina) y marzo de 2019 a marzo de 2021 (grupo con protocolo con vancomicina). Se estimó la incidencia de AS postoperatoria en ambos grupos. Se registraron también los casos de infección superficial del sitio quirúrgico y los casos de rigidez postoperatoria. Resultados: se incluyeron un total de ochocientos ocho pacientes. El grupo sin vancomicina quedó conformado por quinientos cincuenta y un (68%) pacientes y el grupo con vancomicina por doscientos cincuenta y siete (32%). En total, siete de los quinientos cincuenta y un pacientes en los cuales no se utilizó vancomicina desarrollaron AS, lo que arrojó una incidencia del 1.27% (IC 95%: 0.5% - 2.5%), mientras que no se registraron casos de AS en el grupo de pacientes en los cuales se utilizó el protocolo con vancomicina (p = 0.07). Con respecto a las infecciones superficiales, se registraron cuatro casos, todas también en el grupo sin vancomicina (p = 0.17). En cuanto a los casos de rigidez postoperatoria se registraron en total catorce, doce del primer grupo (2.1%) y dos del segundo grupo (0.78%) (p = 0.156). Conclusión: El tratamiento local de los injertos con vancomicina previo a la RLCA evitó la AS postoperatoria durante el período de estudio, en comparación con el período inmediatamente anterior, en el que no se utilizó vancomicina. Nivel de Evidencia: III


Introduction: Postoperative septic arthritis (SA) after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is a rare but potentially devastating complication. To decrease this risk in 2019 we started presoaking ACL grafts with vancomycin prior to implantation. The purpose of this study was to compare the rate of postoperative SA with and without vancomycin presoaked grafts. Materials and methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted including all patients who underwent primary ACLR. Consecutive periods were studied, inclusive of January 2016 through February 2019 (group without vancomycin) and March 2019 through March 2021 (group with vancomycin protocol). The final outcome studied was occurrence of postoperative SA in both groups. Cases of superficial wound infection and cases of postoperative arthrofibrosis were also recorded. Results: a total of 808 patients were included in the study: 551 (68%) in the group without vancomycin and 257 (32%) in the vancomycin protocol group. Seven cases of postoperative SA were noted in the first group (rate 1.27%, IC95%: 0,5% - 2,5%), while no cases of SA were noted in the vancomycin group during the study period (p = 0.07). Regarding superficial wound infection, four cases were noted, all of them in the first group (p = 0.17). A total of fourteen cases of arthrofibrosis were treated with a mobilization under anesthesia, twelve from the first group (2.1%) and two from the vancomycin group (0.78%) (p = 0.156). Conclusion: Presoaking of autografts in vancomycin for primary ACLR prevented the occurrence of postoperative SA during the study period as compared with no soaking of the grafts. Level of Evidence: III


Subject(s)
Adult , Postoperative Complications , Vancomycin , Arthritis, Infectious , Bone Transplantation , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Infections
4.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(2): 256-257, Apr.-June 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251335

ABSTRACT

Abstract The arthroscopic reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament is a common surgery performed by the orthopedic surgeons willing to restore the knee stability of physically active patients. Despite the fact that it is usually an uneventful procedure, surgeons must always look for better post-operative results; in this scenario, the arthroscopic reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament without a tourniquet is a promising alternative. The aim of the present paper is to share with other orthopedic surgeons around the world our experience with this procedure and some technical tips that may be helpful.


Resumo A reconstrução artroscópica do ligamento cruzado anterior é uma cirurgia comum realizada pelos cirurgiões ortopédicos dispostos a restaurar a estabilidade do joelho de pacientes fisicamente ativos. Apesar de ser geralmente um procedimento sem intercorrências, os cirurgiões devem sempre procurar melhores resultados pós-operatórios; neste cenário, a reconstrução artroscópica do ligamento anterior sem torniquete é uma alternativa promissora. O objetivo deste artigo é compartilhar com outros cirurgiões ortopédicos ao redor do mundo nossa experiência com este procedimento e algumas dicas técnicas que podem ser úteis.


Subject(s)
Tourniquets , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries , Orthopedic Surgeons , Knee/surgery
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888328

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the three-approach and traditional anterior medial technique to establish the femoral tunnel of position, length, and coronal angle and the early efficacy of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.@*METHODS@#Through retrospective research, from December 2018 to June 2019, a total of 36 patients diagnosed with simple anterior cruciate ligament tear and undergoing surgery were collected. All patients had a clear history of knee sprains and were divided into two groups. A group of 16 patients, including 11 males and 5 females, with an average age of (30.13±6.54) years and an injury time of 7 to 60 (30.19±15.78) days, three-approach technique was used to drill the femoral tunnel to reconstruct the anterior cruciate ligament. Another group of 20patients, including 15 males and 5 females, with an average age of (30.80±8.60) years, and an injury time of 7 to 60 (27.35±15.50) days, the traditional anterior medial approach was used to drill the femoral tunnel to reconstruct anterior cruciate ligament. CT 3D reconstruction technique was used to evaluate the femoral tunnel and the knee joint function was evaluated by Lysholm score of the knee joint.@*RESULTS@#All patients achieved primary healing after the surgical incision. No femoral tunnel fracture, vascular and nerve damage, difficulty in graft passage during the operation, and venous thrombosis occurred. All 36 patients were followed up on an outpatient basis, with a follow up period of 9 to 15 (12.00±2.83) months. Three-dimensional CT reconstruction was used to evaluate the femoral tunnel of the patients. The position of the femoral tunnel was described using the quartile method as the three-approach group:the lower (27.83±1.97) % of the femoral condyle and the posterior (25.57±3.20) %;the traditional approach group:the lower (28.38±3.21) % of the femoral condyle and the posterior (26.23±3.20) %. Bone tunnel length, three-approach group:(35.20±5.52) mm in total length, (23.20±2.07) mm in thick bone tunnel;traditional approach group:(34.60±4.26) mm in total length, (22.56±2.50) mm in thick bone tunnel. Coronal plane angle, three-approach group:(47.93±5.98) °;traditional approach group:(41.78±6.62) °. Knee joint Lysholm score, three-approach group:48.67±4.18 before surgery;97.00±2.48 at last follow up;traditional approach group:49.75±5.33 before surgery, 97.30±2.68 at last follow up, there were significant differences before and after surgery, no significant statistical difference between two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#The positions of the femoral tunnel drilled by the two methods were within the range of the anatomic stop of the anterior cruciate ligament, and there was no statistical difference. Compared with the traditional anterior medial approach, the coronal plane angle of the femoral tunnel drilled by the three-approach approach is relatively large, and there were no statistical differences in the length of the tunnel, the early postoperative effect of the two surgical methods, and the operation time. But the three approach has a wider and clearer vision. In addition, the knee flexion angle required for drilling the femoral tunnel during surgery is significantly smaller than that of traditional approach technology, which reduces the difficulty of surgery.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Female , Femur/surgery , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Male , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921936

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the femoral and tibial tunnel positions of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using the modified transtibial (MTT) technique and anteromedial (AM) portal technique.@*METHODS@#Between January 2017 and September 2020, 78 patients with anterior cruciate ligament rupture underwent single-bundle reconstruction with the modified transtibial technique in 39 cases (group MTT) and through anteromedial approach in 39 cases (group AM). There were 25 males and 14 females in group MTT, with an average age of (37.0±2.3) years old; 27 males and 12 females in group AM, with an average age of (37.5±2.2) years old. CT scan of the affected knee was conducted one week after the surgery to measure and compare the femoral tunnels positioning (Fx, Fy), tibial tunnels positioning in the frontal plane(Tx1), tibial tunnels positioning in the sagittal plane (Ty1), and tibial tunnels positioning in the axial plane (Tx2, Ty2) in patients undergoing anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction through Mimics software.@*RESULTS@#Three-dimensional CT reconstruction after the surgery showed that the average Fx and Fy were(25.2±2.1)% and (34.9±3.0)% respectively and the Tx1 and Ty1 were (45.5±3.3)% and (44.7± 3.0)% respectively, while the Tx2 and Ty2 were (47.0±3.0)% and (39.9±4.2)% respectively in group MTT. In group AM, the average Fx and Fy were (26.0±2.0)% and (36.1±3.9)% respectively and the Tx1 and Ty1 were (46.5±3.1)% and (45.6± 3.1)% respectively, while the Tx2 and Ty2 were (47.4±2.5)% and (39.6±3.9)% respectively. There were no statistically significant differences in the femoral and tibial tunnels between the two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Both the MTT and AM technique can achieve good anatomical positioning of the femoral and tibial tunnels, without significant differences in the positioning of the bone tunnels.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Female , Femur/surgery , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Male , Software , Tibia/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921931

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate and compare the clinical efficacies of remnant-preserving and remnant-non-preserving, remnant-non-preserving remnant segment preserving and remnant root preserving with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.@*METHODS@#From March 2014 to December 2017, 204 patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries were treated by single-bundle ACL reconstruction with hamstring tendon autograft. According to the different methods of remnant preservation, the procedures were divided into remnant segment preserving group (A), remnant root preserving group (B), and remnant-non-preserving group (C). There were 37 males and 39 femalesin group A aged from 16 to 43 years old with an average of (28.80±5.41) years old. The time from injury to operation ranged from 2 to 11 weeks with an average of (3.68±1.04) weeks. In group B, there were 39 males and 25 females aged from 18 to 41 years old with an average of (28.42±5.60) years old. The time from injury to operation ranged from 2 to 10 weeks with an average of (3.36±1.68) weeks. In group C, there were 37 males and 27 females aged from 18 to 43 years old with an average of (29.10±6.11) years old. The time from injury to operation ranged from 3 to 11 weeks with an average of (3.54±1.46) weeks. The range of motion (ROM) of the knee was used to assess the range of extension and flextion of the knee at pre-operation and 24 months after operation. Lysholm score and the international knee documentation committee (IKDC) score were used to assess the knee function. The differences among three procedures were judged by comparing among the three groups at 6, 12 and 24 months postoperatively.@*RESULTS@#All incisions got a one stage healing, and no complications, such as vascular injury, nerve damage and articular infect or the like, occurred. All the patients were followed up, and the follow-up duration of group A ranged from 24.00 to 45.96 months with a mean of (35.52±14.40) months;the follow up duration of group B ranged from 27.96 to 48.00 months with a mean of (37.56±10.68) month;and the follow up duration of group C ranged from 24.00 to 66.00 months with a mean of (37.08±13.44) month. There were no significant differences in follow up time among three groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with remnant-non-preserving group, the residual tissue of anterior cruciate ligament is preserved, which is conducive to promote the healing and remodeling of tendon graft and accelerate the recovery of joint function. Proper fixation of residual tissue and restoration of its tension are the key factors affecting the postoperative efficacy.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Arthroscopy , Case-Control Studies , Female , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Male , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879428

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical outcomes of arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction (ACLR) with a tibialis anterior allograft (TAA)versus hamstring tendon autograft (HTA) after 10 years follow-up.@*METHODS@#A clinical data of 107 patients who underwent arthroscopic ACLR with a single bundle tendon between March 2007 and March 2010 was retrospectively analyzed. Among the patients, 48 patients were reconstructed with a tibialis anterior allograft (TAA group), including 26 males and 22 females, ranging in age from 16 to 38 years, with a mean of 27.2±6.2 years;59 patients were reconstructed with a hamstring tendon autograft (HTA group), including 31 males and 28 females, ranging in age from 16 to 40 years, with a mean of 28.0±7.6 years. The preoperative tibial anterior displacement and knee joint function, as well as knee joint stability, tibial anterior displacement and knee joint function at 10 years after operation were observed. Lachman test was used to evaluate the forward joint stability and pivot shift test to evaluate the rotational stability of the knee;KT-2000 side-to-side difference (SSD) was used to measure tibial anterior displacement;International Knee Documentation Committee(IKDC) score and Lysholm score were used to evaluate knee function.@*RESULTS@#The incisions of both groups were healed by first intention, and no early complications occurred after operation. All patients were followed-up 10 to 13 years, the mean time was 11.7 years. There was no graft failure were found during the follow up period. The KT-2000 SSD of the TAA group and the HTA group at ten years after operation were 1.9±0.7 and 1.8±0.6 respectively, which were significantly improved than 8.8±0.9 and 8.6±1.0 preoperatively(@*CONCLUSION@#The TAA and HTA have equal long term effect in ACL reconstruction, doctors and patients can choose the graft according to the actual situation.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Allografts , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Arthroscopy , Autografts , Female , Hamstring Tendons , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Male , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879260

ABSTRACT

The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction mostly relies on the experience of surgeons. To improve the effectiveness and adaptability of the tension after ACL reconstruction in knee joint rehabilitation, this paper establishes a lateral force measurement model with relaxation characteristics and designs an on-line stiffness measurement system of ACL. In this paper, we selected 20 sheep knee joints as experimental material for the knee joint stability test before the ACL reconstruction operation, which were divided into two groups for a comparative test of single-bundle ACL reconstruction through the anterolateral approach. The first group of surgeons carried out intraoperative detection with routine procedures. The second group used ACL on-line stiffness measurement system for intraoperative detection. After that, the above two groups were tested for postoperative stability. The study results show that the tension accuracy is (- 2.3 ± 0.04)%, and the displacement error is (1.5 ± 1.8)%. The forward stability, internal rotation stability, and external rotation stability of the two groups were better than those before operation (


Subject(s)
Animals , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Biomechanical Phenomena , Cadaver , Joint Instability/surgery , Knee Joint/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular , Rotation , Sheep
10.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1358330

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El desgarro del ligamento cruzado anterior es una lesión frecuente en ortopedia y traumatología, presentando la reconstrucción artroscópica excelentes resultados. No obstante, pueden existir complicaciones tales como artritis séptica, hemartrosis, infección del sitio quirúrgico, hematomas o TVP, entre otras. El objetivo del trabajo es describir y evaluar las complicaciones a corto plazo de la reconstrucción artroscópica de la plástica del ligamento cruzado anterior con autoinjerto de isquiotibiales y analizar la frecuencia de aparición de las mismas en cuanto a edad y sexo. Material y Métodos: Se analizó de forma retrospectiva una serie de 631 pacientes con reconstrucción artroscópica del LCA operados en nuestro centro entre los años 2015 y 2019. Se agrupó a los pacientes según sexo (femenino-masculino) y rango etario (<20, 20-29, 30-39 y >40), evaluando las complicaciones encontradas luego de la plástica ligamentaria dentro de los primeros 45 días de postoperatorio. Resultados: Las complicaciones observadas fueron en el 6,5% del total de los pacientes. La proporción en varones fue de hasta 5-8:1. El mayor número de complicación se presentó en pacientes menores de 20 años con un 8,1%. Se observó en el total de la muestra derrame con requerimiento de artrocentesis evacuadora en 2,69%, celulitis resuelta con antibióticos en 2,06% y artritis séptica en 1,42%, habiendo un porcentaje menor al 1% de hematoma resuelto con antibióticos y TVP. Conclusiones: Consideramos importante la evaluación de factores inmodificables como el sexo y la edad para un seguimiento más cercano de estos pacientes en las primeras etapas del postoperatorio, así como también conocer las complicaciones más frecuentes a corto plazo que se presentan en este tipo de intervención que nos permitirá su correcto abordaje y tratamiento. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Subject(s)
Young Adult , Postoperative Complications , Arthroscopy , Age Factors , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Autografts
11.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(3): 210-215, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1348318

ABSTRACT

Introducción: En la reconstrucción del LCA, la pérdida de tejido muscular durante la extracción del injerto de tendones isquiotibiales dependerá del tamaño de stripper (tenótomo) que se utilice. El objetivo de este trabajo es comparar y cuantificar la pérdida de tejido muscular sano al realizar la extracción del injerto, y de esta forma poder evaluar una estrategia para reducir la morbilidad de la zona dadora.Materiales y métodos: realizamos un trabajo comparativo. Utilizamos diez preparados anatómicos (veinte rodillas) a los que se les realizó la extracción del injerto de isquiotibiales, semitendinoso y recto interno utilizando dos tenótomos (strippers) de distinto diámetro, de 5 y 7 mm. Evaluamos peso y volumen del tejido muscular resecado. Resultados: se compararon los resultados obtenidos, los que mostraron una diferencia estadísticamente significativa (p <0.01) tanto en el volumen como en el peso del material muscular extraído, en ambos músculos involucrados. Conclusión: nuestra hipótesis fue confirmada, encontramos diferencias que varían desde un 33 hasta un 65% más de peso de músculo sano extraído por la simple utilización de un tenótomo (stripper) de mayor diámetro al requerido. Recomendamos la utilización de tenótomo de 5 mm para disminuir la morbilidad de la zona dadora, y resecar menor volumen de tejido muscular. Nivel de Evidencia: III


Introduction: The loss of muscle tissue during hamstring graft harvest in ACL reconstruction, will depend on the size of the tendon stripper used. Our aim is to compare and quantify the loss of healthy muscle tissue when the graft is extracted, thus, be able to evaluate a strategy to reduce the donor site morbidity. Materials and methods: we harvested hamstring graft, semitendinosus and gracilis, in ten cadaver specimens (twenty knees) using two tendon strippers of 5 mm and 7 mm respectively. Then, we measured the weight and volume of the resected muscle tissue by each stripper. Results: outcome measures were compared, showing a statistically significant difference (p <0.01) in both, volume and weight of the extracted material, for both muscles involved.Conclusion: our hypothesis was confirmed. Results show a 33 to 65% higher weight and volume of healthy muscle tissue extraction, only by using a higher diameter stripper than the one required. We strongly recommend using a 5 mm stripper to reduce donor site morbidity and resect a lower volume of muscle tissue. Level of Evidence: III


Subject(s)
Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction/methods , Hamstring Tendons , Epidemiology, Experimental
12.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(3): 232-237, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1348325

ABSTRACT

Las lesiones del ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA) son una patología creciente en la población juvenil. Los resultados reportados con tratamiento conservador no son satisfactorios. Las técnicas de reconstrucción empleadas en los adultos no pueden ser utilizadas para el tratamiento en pacientes esqueléticamente inmaduros ya que aumentan el riesgo de deformidades angulares o discrepancia de longitud de miembros. Algunas técnicas de reconstrucción epifisarias están descriptas, sin embargo, su capacidad de estabilización articular no está completamente comprendida. Presentamos una técnica todo-adentro de reconstrucción de LCA epifisaria combinada para pacientes esqueléticamente inmaduros, donde los túneles femoral y tibial son realizados en forma retrógrada y respetando la epífisis. El autoinjerto de isquiotibiales fue fijado con botones corticales tanto en fémur como en tibia


Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are an increasingly recognized problem in the juvenile population. Unfortunately, outcomes with conservative treatment are extremely poor. Adult reconstruction techniques are inappropriate to treat skeletally immature patients due to the risk of growth disturbances, including limb-length discrepancy and angular deformities. A considerable number of Physeal-sparing reconstruction techniques have been described, but their ability to restore knee joint stability is not well understood. We present a combined epiphyseal ACL reconstruction technique in skeletally immature patients, with an all-inside technique where both femoral and tibial tunnels drilled retrograde; both tunnels are entirely within the epiphysis. Cortical button fixation of the hamstring autograft is achieved on the femur and tibia


Subject(s)
Child , Arthroscopy/methods , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Knee Joint/surgery
13.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(2): 106-111, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1282672

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El objetivo del trabajo es evaluar y comparar de manera retrospectiva la tasa de artritis séptica (AS) postquirúrgicas en reconstrucción de LCA entre dos grupos de estudio: A, sin el uso local de vancomicina en el injerto autólogo de isquiotibiales, versus grupo B, con profilaxis antibiótica local.Materiales y métodos: se trabajaron dos grupos compuestos por 683 pacientes en total, con diagnóstico primario de ruptura de LCA. Grupo A, operados entre 2016 y 2017, en los que no se utilizó profilaxis antibiótica del autoinjerto; y el grupo B, intervenidos entre 2018 y 2019, donde se sumergió el autoinjerto de isquiotibiales en 500 mg de vancomicina en 100 ml de solución fisiológica como profilaxis local. En ambos grupos se llevó a cabo el protocolo usual pre, intra y postquirúrgico. Resultados: se analizó la relación entre presencia de infección y las diferentes variables estudiadas, se observó que el uso local de vancomicina en el injerto autólogo de isquiotibiales está asociado a menor infección (p <0.05). La edad, el sexo y el sanatorio donde se realiza la cirugía no condicionan necesariamente la presencia de infección (p >0.05).Conclusión: presentamos este trabajo como prueba en nuestro medio del claro beneficio que se obtuvo, ya que los pacientes que fueron sometidos a la profilaxis local de vancomicina del autoinjerto mostraron una disminución notable de artritis séptica.Tipo de estudio: Artículo Original ­ Descriptivo-transversal. Nivel de evidencia: III


Introduction: The aim of the study is to evaluate and retrospectively compare the rate of postoperative septic arthritis (SA) in ACL reconstruction, between two study groups: A without local use of vancomycin in autologous hamstring graft versus group B with local antibiotic prophylaxisMaterials and methods: two groups composed of 683 patients in total, with a primary diagnosis of ACL rupture, were studied. Group A, operated on in 2016 and 2017, in which antibiotic prophylaxis of the autograft was not used; and the second group B, between 2018 and 2019, where the hamstring autograft was submerged in 500 mg of vancomycin in 100 ml of physiological solution as local prophylaxis. Preoperative intravenous antibiotic prophylaxis was carried out in both groups as the usual protocol.Results: it was obtained as a result that in group A, the two years that they worked without "pre-soaking" of antibiotics in the autograft and the relationship between the presence of infection and the different variables studied was analyzed, where they found that the use Local vancomycin in the autologous hamstring graft is associated with a minor infection (p <0.05). However, age, sex and the sanatorium where the surgery is performed do not necessarily determine the presence of infection (p >0.05)Conclusion: we present this work as proof in our environment of the clear benefit that we obtained, since the patients who underwent local prophylaxis of vancomycin of the autograft, showed a notable decrease in septic arthritis.Type of study: Original Article - Descriptive-cross-sectional. Level of Evidence: III


Subject(s)
Vancomycin/therapeutic use , Arthritis, Infectious/prevention & control , Antibiotic Prophylaxis , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction
14.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(2): 149-156, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1282680

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El objetivo primario de nuestro trabajo es analizar los resultados funcionales y retorno deportivo de una serie de pacientes operados de revisión de LCA aislado y aquellos en quien se asoció una plástica extraarticular lateral (PEAL). Como objetivo secundario analizamos la tasa de re-ruptura en ambos grupos. Materiales y métodos: cohorte retrospectiva con recolección de datos prospectivo. Se evaluaron pacientes consecutivos operados de revisión de LCA aislado entre 2014 y 2015 (Grupo 1), y en quienes se asoció una plástica extraarticular lateral (PEAL) entre 2015 y 2016 (Grupo 2). Fueron estudiados a través de un examen clínico, escalas subjetivas de Lysholm, IKDC, evaluación artrométrica con KT-1000, retorno deportivo y una resonancia magnética (RM) al año. Analizamos la tasa de re-ruptura.Resultados: treinta y seis pacientes, dieciocho en cada grupo con un seguimiento promedio de cincuenta y tres meses (rango 37-73). Para la PEAL se realizó una tenodesis extraarticular lateral con fascia lata en trece casos y una reconstrucción con aloinjerto en cinco casos. La mediana de edad fue de 30.5 (RIC 27-36 años) en el Grupo 1 y 26.5 (RIC 24-33 años) en el Grupo 2. La mediana de la escala de Lysholm pre y postoperatoria fue 65 (RIC 61-72) y 91 (RIC 87-98) en el Grupo 1, y 72 (RIC 53-75) y 90 (RIC 79-95) en el Grupo 2 (p 0.1). La mediana de la escala de IKDC pre y postoperatoria fue 55 (RIC 45-65) y 80 (RIC 75-94) en el Grupo 1, y 56 (RIC 48-67) y 76 (RIC 68-84) en el Grupo 2 (p 0.11). Dieciséis (89%) pacientes en cada grupo retornaron al deporte. La tasa de re-ruptura fue 17% (n = 3) para el Grupo 1 y 5.5% (n = 1) para el Grupo 2 (p >0.6) en un promedio de veinticuatro meses. Conclusión: los resultados clínicos y de retorno al deporte han demostrado ser satisfactorios ambos grupos. Si bien la tasa de re-ruptura fue tres veces menor en el Grupo 2, esta diferencia no fue significativa. Se requiere mayor número de pacientes y tiempo para establecer una conclusión.Tipo de estudio: Cohorte retrospectiva. Nivel de evidencia: III


Introduction: The aim of this study is to compare the clinical outcomes and return to sports of a consecutive series of patients treated for revision ACL with and without a lateral extra-articular reconstruction. The secondary objective was to analyze the failure rate in both groups.Materials and methods: we retrospectively evaluated a series of patients treated for isolated revision ACL between 2014 and 2015 (Group 1) and revision ACL associated with a lateral extra-articular plasty from 2015 to 2016 (Group 2). All patients were evaluated with clinical examination, subjective scales of Lysholm and IKDC, return to sports, arthrometric KT-1000 evaluation, magnetic resonance (MR) at one-year follow-up and failure rate.Results: thirty-six patients were evaluated, eighteen in each Group with a mean follow-up of fifty-three months (range 37-73). For the LEAP, in thirteen cases we performed a lateral tenodesis with ilio-tibial band and in five cases a reconstruction using allograft. The median age was 30.5 (IQR 27-36 years) for Group 1 and 26.5 (IQR 24-33 years) for Group 2. The median pre and postoperative Lysholm score was 65 (IQR 61-72) and 91 (IQR 87-98) in Group 1, and 72 (IQR 53-75) and 90 (IQR 79-95) in Group 2 (p 0.1). The median pre and postoperative IKDC score was 55 (IQR 45-65) and 80 (IQR 74-94) in Group 1, and 56 (IQR 48-67) and 76 (IQR 68-84) in Group 2 (p 0.11). Sixteen (89%) patients return to sports in each Group. The failure rate was 17% (n = 3) for Group 1 and 5.5% (n = 1) for Group 2 (p >0.6) at a mean of twenty-four months.Conclusion: clinical outcomes and return to sports were similar for both groups. Even though the failure rate was three times less in Group 2, this difference was not statistically significant. Greater number of patients and more follow-up is necessary to establish any conclusion.Type of study: Retrospective cohort . Level of evidence: III


Subject(s)
Adult , Middle Aged , Arthroscopy/methods , Reoperation , Tenodesis , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Return to Sport
15.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(2): 157-164, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1282681

ABSTRACT

Las cirugías de revisión de plástica del ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA) son cada vez más frecuentes debido a la creciente demanda y a la ruptura de las cirugías primarias. Además, el desarrollo y aprendizaje de nuevas técnicas quirúrgicas permiten al paciente cursar un período postoperatorio más breve, reincorporándose precozmente a sus actividades deportivas habituales o a nuevas modalidades. Las cirugías de revisión del LCA son siempre un desafío para el cirujano y su equipo, ya sea por la técnica demandante como por las opciones de injertos a elegir, o por las expectativas del paciente y del propio equipo médico, con fines de restaurar la estabilidad y funcionalidad articular con buenos resultados clínicos. En la literatura médica actual, existen muchas configuraciones disponibles para realizar una revisión del LCA, desde combinaciones entre tipos y orígenes de los injertos (autólogos, aloinjertos, sintéticos; isquiotibiales, rotuliano, cuadricipital; ipsilateral, contralateral) a gestos quirúrgicos (reconstrucciones, aumentaciones, refuerzos; extra o intraarticulares). El presente trabajo es un reporte de caso de una re-revisión del LCA con injerto autólogo ipsilateral de tendón cuadricipital de espesor completo con taco óseo, sutura meniscal interna y externa, sumado a la aumentación extraarticular con reconstrucción del ligamento anterolateral (LAL), con empleo de aloinjerto de tendón tibial anterior reforzado con un InternalBracetm sintético a través de técnica mini invasiva por dos incisiones, haciendo hincapié en los detalles técnicos y posibles complicaciones asociados a dicho procedimiento


Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) revision surgeries are becoming more frequent due to the increasing demand and rupture of primary surgeries. In addition to this, the development and learning of new surgical techniques allow the patient to complete a shorter postoperative period, returning their usual sports activities or new sports modalities early. ACL revision surgeries are always a challenge for the surgeon and his team, whether due to the demanding technique, the graft options to choose from, or the expectations of the patient and the medical team itself, to restore joint stability and functionality with good clinical results. In the current medical literature, there are many configurations available to perform an ACL revision, from combinations of graft types and origins (autologous, allograft, synthetic; hamstring, patellar, quadriceps; ipsilateral, contralateral) to surgical techniques options (reconstructions, augmentations, reinforcements; extra or intra-articular). The present study is a case report of a re-revision of the ACL with autologous ipsilateral full thickness quadriceps tendon graft with bone block, internal and external meniscal suture, added to the extra-articular augmentation with anterolateral ligament (ALL) reconstruction using tendon allograft tibialis anterior reinforced with a synthetic InternalBrace tm through a mini-invasive technique with two incisions, emphasizing the technical details and possible complications associated with this procedure


Subject(s)
Adult , Reoperation , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Ligaments, Articular/surgery
16.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(1): 1-12, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1248390

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el propósito de este trabajo es hacer una evaluación retrospectiva clínica, funcional e imagenológica de una serie de pacientes con esqueleto inmaduro Tanner I y II intervenidos quirúrgicamente mediante la técnica de preservación fisaria de reconstrucción extra e intraarticular con autoinjerto de bandeleta iliotibial, técnica de Micheli. Evaluar si existieron alteraciones del crecimiento o angulares relacionadas con la cirugía. Materiales y métodos: se analizaron un total de veintidós rodillas en veinte pacientes con edad ósea promedio de 10.1 años y un seguimiento promedio de 5.6 años. Se realizó una evaluación clínica de movilidad, estabilidad incluyendo artrometría KT-1000, escalas funcionales y valoración por imágenes de discrepancia de longitud de miembros inferiores, alteraciones angulares y evaluación de integridad por resonancia magnética.Resultados: no hubo déficit de la movilidad con respecto a la rodilla contralateral, el test de Lachman, Pivot shift y la evaluación con KT-1000 fue normal en el 91, 95 y 95% de los pacientes, respectivamente. Se presentaron dos re-rupturas del injerto (9%). No hubo deformidades angulares del fémur o tibia ni discrepancia longitudinal de las extremidades inferiores. Las escalas funcionales mostraron un IKDC de 95.4 y un IKDC pediátrico de 92.3 en los pacientes a los que se les alcanzó a aplicar esta escala. Lysholm de 94.1 y un Tegner de 7 con un retorno al mismo deporte o actividad que causó la lesión del 90%. En la evaluación por resonancia magnética, el 100% de los pacientes que no presentaron re-ruptura tuvieron integridad del injerto. Conclusión: el procedimiento quirúrgico es seguro, reproducible, restaura la estabilidad anteroposterior y rotacional de la rodilla, sin causar alteraciones del crecimiento en este grupo poblacional, obteniendo excelentes puntajes en las escalas de valoración subjetivas, y un alto índice de retorno deportivo con un porcentaje menor de re-rupturas. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: the purpose of this paper is to retrospectively evaluate clinical, functional and imagenological outcomes of a series of patients with skeletal immaturity Tanner 1 and 2, surgically intervened by physis preservation intra and extra articular reconstruction with iliotibial band autograft method described by Micheli. Evaluate growth or angular disturbances related to the surgical technique. Materials and methods: twenty-two knees in twenty patients with average bone age 10.1 years were evaluated with a 5.6 year follow up. Clinical evaluation of ROM and stability was made by arthrometry KT-1000, functional scales were applied, image evaluation of length discrepancy, angular deformity and integrity evaluation by magnetic resonance were also done. Results: no ROM deficit compared with the contralateral knee was observed, Lachman, Pivot shift tests and KT-1000 evaluation were normal in 91, 95 and 95% of patients, respectively. There were two cases of graft rupture (9%). No angular femoral or tibial deformities or length discrepancies were observed. Functional scales showed IKDC 95.4, pediatric IKDC 92.3 in patients who underwent the scale, Lysholm 94.1 and Tegner 7 with return to sports of 90% to pre level activity. 100% of patients without graft rupture had graft integrity in the RM evaluation. Conclusion: the surgical technique is safe and reproductible, restores anteroposterior and rotational stability of the knee without growth arrest in this population, obtaining excellent scores in subjective rating scales, high return to sports index with low rerupture rates. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Child , Follow-Up Studies , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction/methods , Autografts , Knee Injuries , Knee Joint/surgery
17.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(1): 69-73, 2021.
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1252450

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Complications in the recent postoperative period of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction are common. Among them, pain, hemarthrosis, and difficulty of complete range of motion. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the use of the intra-articular carboxymethylcellulose ­ polysaccharide B bicomponent shortly after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, and to compare the results obtained for pain control, hemarthrosis, and knee range of motion with a control group. Materials and methods: randomized, and prospective clinical trial of thirty-two patients divided into two groups: reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament with an intra-articular injection of a bicomponent carboxymethylcellulose-polysaccharide B (n = 16) and without the bicomponent (n = 16). Pain, hemarthrosis and knee range of motion were evaluated in the first postoperative week. Results: the group with bicomponent presented less pain on the third (p = 0.017) and fifth (p = 0.029) postoperative day when compared to the control group. Hemarthrosis was significantly lower on the first postoperative day (p = 0.001), and there was a significant improvement in the range of motion on the seventh day of surgery (p = 0.008) in this same group. Conclusions: the use of intra-articular carboxymethylcellulose-polysaccharide B showed superior results for pain control, hemarthrosis, and gain in the knee range of motion in the recent postoperative period (up to seven days) after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, when compared to patients from the control group


Subject(s)
Adult , Hemostatic Techniques , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Hemarthrosis , Knee Joint
18.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(1): 92-96, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1252457

ABSTRACT

La artritis séptica es una complicación poco común después de una reconstrucción del ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA), por lo que las estrategias de prevención no han sido estudiadas extensamente. Esta revisión se enfocará en la recopilación de diferentes estrategias publicadas para la prevención de infección del LCA postoperatoria. Hay estudios que muestran aumento del riesgo de infección en consumidores de tabaco. El uso de antibióticos intravenosos preoperatorios profilácticos debería ser parte del manejo habitual de todos los pacientes que se sometan a una artroscopía de rodilla. No existe evidencia de los beneficios del uso de drenajes intraarticulares, por lo que deben evitarse. La literatura sugiere que el autoinjerto del tendón patelar tiene menor riesgo de infección que los otros injertos, por lo tanto, se recomienda su uso si se quiere minimizar la tasa de infección después una reconstrucción del LCA. La implementación de un protocolo clínico mejora significativamente la calidad del cuidado de los pacientes que se someten a una reconstrucción del LCA, disminuyendo las tasas de infección. La irrigación de gentamicina en solución podría tener un efecto protector para el desarrollo de artritis séptica después de la reconstrucción artroscópica del LCA, pero se necesitan más estudios para confirmar su efectividad. La inmersión previa de los injertos con vancomicina ha demostrado reducir drásticamente la tasa de infección después de una reconstrucción del LCA y especialmente cuando se realiza una reconstrucción del LCA con autoinjerto de tendones de los isquiotibiales


As septic arthritis after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is an uncommon complication, information on prevention strategies has not been extensively studied before. This review will focus on collecting different published strategies for prevention of post-operative ACL infection. Regarding tobacco use, there is evidence that it increases the risk of infection; therefore, its use should be strongly discouraged. Preoperative intravenous antibiotics should be the standard of care of any patient undergoing an arthroscopic procedure in the knee. Intra-articular drains have no positive evidence for its use and therefore should be avoided. The literature suggests that patellar tendon autograft has the lowest risk of infection of any graft, recommending its use if the infection rate after ACL reconstruction wants to be minimized. Implementing a clinical pathway significantly improves the quality and consistency of care for patients undergoing ACL reconstruction and decreases the infection rates. Gentamicin irrigation solution may have a protective effect against septic arthritis development following arthroscopic ACL reconstruction, but more studies are needed to confirm its usefulness. Vancomycin presoaking of the grafts has shown to dramatically reduce the infection rate after ACL reconstruction and its use is strongly recommended especially when performing hamstrings autograft ACL reconstruction


Subject(s)
Postoperative Complications , Vancomycin , Arthritis, Infectious , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Infections , Anti-Bacterial Agents
19.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(6): 613-619, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155774

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives There are no consensus of the ideal technique to provide analgesia in knee ligament reconstructions. The aim of this study was to compare the intensity of postoperative pain in these patients under different modalities of analgesia. Method Randomized and controlled clinical trial of patients undergoing reconstruction of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) with flexor tendons between December 2013 and 2014. All patients underwent spinal anesthesia and rescue analgesia with tramadol. The groups C, M, R0,375 and R0,25 was compared with only the previously described technique, subarachnoid morphine (100░µg), or Femoral Nerve Block (BNF) with 25░mL of 0.375% ropivacaine and 0.25%, respectively. Pain intensity at 6, 12 and 24░hours, age, sex, rescue analgesia, adverse reactions and satisfaction were evaluated. Results Among the 83 eligible patients, a predominance of males (85.7%) was observed, between 28 and 31 years. The group C requested more opioid (27.3%) than the other groups, without significance when compared. There were no significant differences in pain intensity at 6, 12 and 24░hours. There was a higher incidence of urinary retention in the M group (23.8%) than in the R0,375 (0%) and prolonged quadriceps motor block in the R0,375 group (30%) than in the M and C groups (0%), with statistical significance (p░<░0.05). Conclusion There was no difference in the intensity of postoperative pain in patients submitted to ACL reconstruction with flexor tendons under the analgesic modalities evaluated, despite the predominance of urinary retention in the M group and motor block in the R0,375 group.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos Não há consenso sobre qual é a técnica ideal para prover analgesia em reconstruções ligamentares de joelho. Objetivou‐se comparar a intensidade da dor pós‐operatória desses pacientes sob diferentes modalidades de analgesia. Método Ensaio clínico randomizado e controlado de pacientes submetidos à reconstrução do ligamento cruzado anterior com tendões flexores entre dezembro de 2013 e 2014. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos a raquianestesia e analgesia de resgate com tramadol. Compararam‐se os grupos C, M, R0,375 e R0,25; aos quais se ofertou apenas a técnica anteriormente descrita, morfina subaracnóidea (100 µg) ou bloqueio de nervo femoral com 25 mL de ropivacaína 0,375% e 0,25%, respectivamente. Avaliou‐se intensidade da dor em 6, 12 e 24 horas, idade, sexo, analgesia de resgate, reações adversas e satisfação. Resultados Entre os 83 pacientes elegíveis, observou‐se predomínio do sexo masculino (85,7%) entre 28 e 31 anos. O Grupo C solicitou mais opioide (27,3%) do que os demais grupos, sem significância quando comparados. Não houve diferenças significativas na intensidade da dor em 6, 12 e 24 horas. Houve maior incidência de retenção urinária no Grupo M (23,8%) do que no R0,375 (0%) e de bloqueio motor prolongado do quadríceps no Grupo R0,375 (30%) do que nos Grupos M e C (0%), com significância estatística (p< 0,05). Conclusão Não houve diferença na intensidade da dor pós‐operatória nos pacientes submetidos à reconstrução de ligamento cruzado anterior com tendões flexores sob as modalidades analgésicas avaliadas, apesar do predomínio de retenção urinária no Grupo M e bloqueio motor no Grupo R0,375.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Femoral Nerve , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Analgesics, Opioid/administration & dosage , Anesthesia, Spinal/methods , Morphine/administration & dosage , Nerve Block/methods , Time Factors , Tramadol/administration & dosage , Pain Measurement , Urinary Retention/chemically induced , Quadriceps Muscle/drug effects , Acute Pain/drug therapy , Ropivacaine/administration & dosage , Analgesia/methods , Anesthetics, Local/administration & dosage
20.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1142106

ABSTRACT

Dada la creciente popularidad de las actividades deportivas, el número de roturas del ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA) y lesiones meniscales ha aumentado en particular en niños y adolescentes. El manejo de estas lesiones es desafiante debido las fisis abiertas. Por un lado las opciones de reconstrucción del LCA incluyen técnicas: transfisarias, extra-articulares y intraepifisarias. Por otro lado se han descrito diferentes técnicas de reparación meniscal: "all-inside", "inside-out" y "outside-in". Estas tiene como objetivo lograr la cicatrización meniscal, evitando los efectos adversos de la meniscectomía. Presentamos un reporte de caso de un adolescente de 14 años con una rotura completa del LCA y una lesión del cuerno posterior del menisco interno que fue sometido a una reconstrucción transfisaria del LCA y a una reparación meniscal "inside-out".


With the raising popularity of sporting activity, the number of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) ruptures and meniscal tears has increased in particular in children and adolescents. Management of these injuries is challenging due to open growth plates. On the one hand the ACL reconstructions options includes: transphyseal, extra-articular and epiphyseal-only techniques. On the other hand there have been described different meniscal repair techniques: "all-inside", "inside-out" and "outside-in". These aim to achieve meniscal healing, avoiding the adverse effects of meniscectomy. We present a case report of a 14-year adolescent with an ACL complete rupture and a posterior horn tear of the medial meniscus who underwent an ACL transphyseal reconstruction and a "inside-out" meniscal repair.


Dada a crescente popularidade das atividades esportivas, o número de rupturas do ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA) e lesões meniscais aumentou especialmente em crianças e adolescentes. O manejo destas lesões é desafiador devido às fissuras abertas. Por um lado as opções de reconstrução do LCA incluem técnicas: transfisárias, extra-articulares e intraepifisárias. Por outro lado, foram descritas diferentes técnicas de reparação meniscal: "all-inside", "inside-out" e "outside-in". Estes têm como objetivo alcançar a cicatrização meniscal, evitando os efeitos adversos da meniscectomia. Apresentamos um relatório de caso de um adolescente de 14 anos com uma ruptura completa do LCA e uma lesão do corno posterior do menisco interno que foi submetido a uma reconstrução transfisária do LCA e a uma reparação meniscal "inside-out".


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction/instrumentation , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction/methods , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Tibial Meniscus Injuries/surgery , Tibial Meniscus Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Age Factors , Treatment Outcome , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction/adverse effects
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