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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 68-72, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877955

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) originating from different seizure onset zones had distinct electrophysiological characteristics and surgical outcomes. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between the origin and prognosis of TLE, and the stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) features.@*METHODS@#Thirty patients with TLE, who underwent surgical treatment in our functional neurosurgery department from January 2016 to December 2017, were enrolled in this study. All patients underwent anterior temporal lobectomy after an invasive pre-operative evaluation with SEEG. Depending on the epileptic focus location, patients were divided into those with medial temporal lobe seizures (MTLS) and those with lateral temporal lobe seizures (LTLS). The Engel classification was used to evaluate operation effectiveness, and the Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to detect seizure-free duration.@*RESULTS@#The mean follow-up time was 25.7 ± 4.8 months. Effectiveness was 63.3% for Engel I (n = 19), 13.3% for Engel II, 3.3% for Engel III, and 20.0% for Engel IV. According to the SEEG, 60.0% (n = 18) had MTLS, and 40.0% (n = 12) had LTLS. Compared with the MTLS group, the operation age of those with LTLS was significantly greater (26.9 ± 6.9 vs. 29.9 ± 12.5 years, t = -0.840, P = 0.009) with longer epilepsy duration (11.9 ± 6.0 vs. 17.9 ± 12.1 years, t = -1.801, P = 0.038). Patients with MTLS had a longer time interval between ictal onset to seizure (67.3 ± 59.1 s vs. 29.3 ± 24.4 s, t = 2.017, P = 0.008). The most common SEEG ictal pattern was a sharp/spike-wave rhythm in the MTLS group (55.6%) and low-voltage fast activity in the LTLS group (58.3%). Compared with the LTLS group, patients with MTLS had a more favorable prognosis (41.7% vs. 77.8%, P = 0.049). Post-operative recurrence was more likely to occur within three months after the operation for both groups, and there appeared to be a stable long-term outcome.@*CONCLUSION@#Patients with MTLS, who accounted for three-fifths of patients with TLE, showed a more favorable surgical outcome.


Subject(s)
Anterior Temporal Lobectomy , Electroencephalography , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe/surgery , Humans , Stereotaxic Techniques , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765344

ABSTRACT

Epilepsy surgery that eliminates the epileptogenic focus or disconnects the epileptic network has the potential to significantly improve seizure control in patients with medically intractable epilepsy. Magnetic resonance-guided laser interstitial thermal therapy (MRgLITT) has been an established option for epilepsy surgery since the US Food and Drug Administration cleared the use of MRgLITT in neurosurgery in 2007. MRgLITT is an ablative stereotactic procedure utilizing heat that is converted from laser energy, and the temperature of the tissue is monitored in real-time by MR thermography. Real-time quantitative thermal monitoring enables titration of laser energy for cellular injury, and it also estimates the extent of tissue damage. MRgLITT is applicable for lesion ablation in cases that the epileptogenic foci are localized and/or deep-seated such as in the mesial temporal lobe epilepsy and hypothalamic hamartoma. Seizure-free outcomes after MRgLITT are comparable to those of open surgery in well-selected patients such as those with mesial temporal sclerosis. Particularly in patients with hypothalamic hamartoma. In addition, MRgLITT can also be applied to ablate multiple discrete lesions of focal cortical dysplasia and tuberous sclerosis complex without the need for multiple craniotomies, as well as disconnection surgery such as corpus callosotomy. Careful planning of the target, the optimal trajectory of the laser probe, and the appropriate parameters for energy delivery are paramount to improve the seizure outcome and to reduce the complication caused by the thermal damage to the surrounding critical structures.


Subject(s)
Anterior Temporal Lobectomy , Craniotomy , Drug Resistant Epilepsy , Epilepsy , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe , Hamartoma , Hot Temperature , Humans , Laser Therapy , Malformations of Cortical Development , Neurosurgery , Sclerosis , Seizures , Thermography , Tuberous Sclerosis , United States Food and Drug Administration
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788772

ABSTRACT

Epilepsy surgery that eliminates the epileptogenic focus or disconnects the epileptic network has the potential to significantly improve seizure control in patients with medically intractable epilepsy. Magnetic resonance-guided laser interstitial thermal therapy (MRgLITT) has been an established option for epilepsy surgery since the US Food and Drug Administration cleared the use of MRgLITT in neurosurgery in 2007. MRgLITT is an ablative stereotactic procedure utilizing heat that is converted from laser energy, and the temperature of the tissue is monitored in real-time by MR thermography. Real-time quantitative thermal monitoring enables titration of laser energy for cellular injury, and it also estimates the extent of tissue damage. MRgLITT is applicable for lesion ablation in cases that the epileptogenic foci are localized and/or deep-seated such as in the mesial temporal lobe epilepsy and hypothalamic hamartoma. Seizure-free outcomes after MRgLITT are comparable to those of open surgery in well-selected patients such as those with mesial temporal sclerosis. Particularly in patients with hypothalamic hamartoma. In addition, MRgLITT can also be applied to ablate multiple discrete lesions of focal cortical dysplasia and tuberous sclerosis complex without the need for multiple craniotomies, as well as disconnection surgery such as corpus callosotomy. Careful planning of the target, the optimal trajectory of the laser probe, and the appropriate parameters for energy delivery are paramount to improve the seizure outcome and to reduce the complication caused by the thermal damage to the surrounding critical structures.


Subject(s)
Anterior Temporal Lobectomy , Craniotomy , Drug Resistant Epilepsy , Epilepsy , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe , Hamartoma , Hot Temperature , Humans , Laser Therapy , Malformations of Cortical Development , Neurosurgery , Sclerosis , Seizures , Thermography , Tuberous Sclerosis , United States Food and Drug Administration
4.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 75(6): 359-365, June 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-838921

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Research into memory and epilepsy has focused on measuring problems and exploring causes with limited attention directed at the role of neuropsychological rehabilitation in alleviating post-operative memory difficulties. Objectives To assess the effects of a memory rehabilitation program in patients with left temporal lobe epilepsy following surgery. Methods Twenty-four patients agreed to participate and 18 completed the study; nine received memory rehabilitation while nine had no input and were designated as controls. Verbal learning efficiency, naming abilities, memory subjective ratings, ecological activity measures and a language fMRI paradigm were used as outcome measures. Results Improved verbal learning and naming test performance, increase in memory strategy use and improved self-perception were observed following the rehabilitation. Changes in fMRI activation patterns were seen in the rehabilitation group over the long term. Conclusion The findings support the potential role of a cognitive rehabilitation program following left temporal lobe surgery.


RESUMO As publicações na área de epilepsia e memória se focam em mensurar prejuízos e investigar causas, com poucos dados sobre reabilitação neuropsicológica em pacientes pós-cirúrgicos. Objetivos Avaliar os efeitos da reabilitação neuropsicológica em pacientes submetidos a lobectomia temporal dominante. Métodos Vinte e quatro pacientes iniciaram o estudo, apenas dezoito o concluíram, dos quais 9 foram participantes de sessões de reabilitação com enfoque em memória. Todos os participantes foram avaliados quanto a autopercepção de dificuldades de memória; ao uso de estratégias para minimizar tais dificuldades; a habilidade de nomeação e a aprendizagem verbal e foram submetidos à ressonância magnética funcional. Resultados Foi encontrado efeito significativo da reabilitação neuropsicológica na autopercepção de dificuldades de memória; no uso de estratégias compensatórias; na aprendizagem verbal e na nomeação. Alterações no padrão de ativação na RMf foram observadas no grupo submetido a reabilitação. Conclusão A reabilitação neuropsicológica pode beneficiar pacientes submetidos a lobectomia temporal antero-mesial dominante com prejuízos de memória.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Cognitive Behavioral Therapy/methods , Cognition Disorders/etiology , Cognition Disorders/rehabilitation , Anterior Temporal Lobectomy/rehabilitation , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe/surgery , Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted , Brain Mapping , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Treatment Outcome , Educational Status , Neuropsychological Tests
5.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 74(1): 35-43, Jan. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-772599

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To contribute our experience with surgical treatment of patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (mTLE) undergoing anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) or selective amygdalohippocampectomy (SelAH). Method This is a retrospective observational study. The sample included patients with medically refractory mTLE due to unilateral mesial temporal sclerosis who underwent either ATL or SelAH, at Hospital de Clinicas – UFPR, from 2005 to 2012. We report seizure outcomes, using Engel classification, cognitive outcomes, using measurements of verbal and visuospatial memories, as well as operative complications. Result Sixty-seven patients (33 ATL, 34 SelAH) were studied; median follow-up was 64 months. There was no statistically significant difference in seizure or neuropsychological outcomes, although verbal memory was more negatively affected in ATL operations on patients’ dominant hemispheres. Higher number of major complications was observed in the ATL group (p = 0.004). Conclusion Seizure and neuropsychological outcomes did not differ. ATL appeared to be associated with higher risk of complications.


RESUMO Objetivo Contribuir com nossa experiência para o tratamento cirúrgico de pacientes com epilepsia do lobo temporal mesial submetidos a lobectomia temporal anterior (LTA) ou amigdalohipocampectomia seletiva (AHS). Método Estudo retrospectivo observacional. Foram incluídos pacientes com epilepsia refratária devido a esclerose mesial temporal unilateral, submetidos a LTA ou AHS no Hospital de Clínicas – UFPR, entre 2005-2012. Foram comparados os resultados cognitivos (análises de memórias verbal e visuoespacial), controle de crises (Engel) e complicações cirúrgicas. Resultados Sessenta e sete pacientes (33 LTA, 34 AHS) foram estudados; o período de acompanhamento médio foi de 64 meses. Não houve diferença no controle das crises ou resultado neuropsicológico, mas a memória verbal foi mais negativamente afetada nos pacientes submetidos à LTA no hemisfério dominante. Maior número de complicações graves ocorreu no grupo de LTA (p = 0.004). Conclusão Controle de crises e resultados neuropsicológicos não diferiram. LTA pareceu estar associada a um maior risco cirúrgico.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Amygdala/surgery , Anterior Temporal Lobectomy/methods , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe/surgery , Hippocampus/surgery , Neuropsychological Tests/statistics & numerical data , Anterior Temporal Lobectomy/adverse effects , Drug Resistant Epilepsy/surgery , Follow-Up Studies , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Memory , Retrospective Studies , Seizures/epidemiology , Seizures/prevention & control , Treatment Outcome
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-88936

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the effects of anterior temporal lobectomy with amygdalohippocampectomy (ATL-AH) on central auditory processing (CAP) in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis (mTLE-HS), and to identify factors that may contribute to the postoperative worsening of CAP. METHODS: Frequency-pattern, duration-pattern, and dichotic tests were performed before and after epilepsy surgery in 22 patients with normal hearing according to pure-tone audiometry. RESULTS: No significant difference in CAP scores was detected between pre- and postoperative tests, but there was a strong association between surgery in the language-dominant temporal lobe and postoperative worsening in the non-dominant-side dichotic test (p<0.05). The probability of a decreased performance in a non-dominant-side dichotic test after surgery was 7.5-fold greater in patients who underwent surgery on the dominant temporal lobe compared with the nondominant temporal lobe. No significant association of postoperative worsening in CAP with the verbal, nonverbal intelligence quotient, or right- or left-side lobectomy was noted. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that ATL-AH on the dominant side in patients with mTLE-HS worsens the CAP ability in the non-dominant-side dichotic test.


Subject(s)
Anterior Temporal Lobectomy , Audiometry, Pure-Tone , Auditory Perceptual Disorders , Epilepsy , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe , Hearing , Hippocampus , Humans , Intelligence , Language Development Disorders , Sclerosis , Temporal Lobe
8.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 19(4): 302-308, Oct.-Dec. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-768333

ABSTRACT

Introduction About 50 million people have epilepsy and 30% of them have epilepsy that does not respond to properly conducted drug treatment. Objective Verify the incidence of language disorders in oral language, speech, and written language of subjects with difficult to control temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and compare the occurrence of these disorders in subjects before and after surgery. Methods Cross-sectional study with quantitative analysis, exploratory type. A questionnaire for data collection was administered covering the following aspects: oral language, speech complaints, and writing production and comprehension. Criteria for inclusion of subjects were a diagnosis of TLE refractory to drug treatment and at least 4 years of schooling. Results The sample of 63 patients with TLE was divided into two groups: presurgical (n = 31) and postsurgical (n = 32). In the postsurgical group, there was a higher frequency of left lobectomy (75%) than right (25%). Conclusion Statistical analysis was performed with the chi-square test (significance level of 0.05). Complaints related to speech-language attention were more predominant in postsurgical subjects. Analysis of oral language, speech, and written language in subjects with epilepsy who underwent temporal lobectomy or not showed findings consistent with symptoms related to transient aphasia, with the presence of paraphasias, as well as changes in speech prosody and melody. These symptoms appeared more associated with recurrence after having a temporal lobectomy.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Epilepsy , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences , Anterior Temporal Lobectomy , Surveys and Questionnaires
9.
Rev. Hosp. El Cruce ; (17): 1-6, 20151022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-948075

ABSTRACT

El propósito del trabajo fue analizar las características clínicas y electrofisiológicas de pacientes que presentaron crisis originadas en ambas regiones temporales en los registros de Video- EEG de scalp. Del total de la población con epilepsia temporal mesial (ET), resistente a las drogas, que ingresó a la Unidad de Video-EEG del Hospital Municipal Ramos Mejía y del Hospital de Alta Complejidad en Red El Cruce Dr. Néstor C. Kirchner, desde marzo de 2009 a marzo de 2014 (n=150), se seleccionaron 9 pacientes con crisis originadas en ambas regiones temporales (40 crisis focales con compromiso de la conciencia). Del total de los pacientes con epilepsia del lóbulo temporal fármaco-resistente, candidatos a cirugía de la epilepsia, en un 6% de los casos resultó difícil lateralizar la zona epileptógena con el registro de Video-EEG de scalp.


Subject(s)
Diagnostic Imaging , Anterior Temporal Lobectomy , Epilepsy , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2588-2593, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318611

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) is the most common surgical treatment for temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), although long-term prognosis is often less favorable than short-term outcomes. This study aimed to examine the outcomes of patients with TLE 5 years after undergoing ATL, and to seek possible predictors of prognosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We examined the clinical records of 121 patients with TLE who underwent ATL in our institution between January 2005 and December 2008. The Engel seizure classification was used to divide patients into "seizure free" and "non-seizure free" groups. Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analyses were used to identify potential prognostic indicators, including history, clinical features of seizures, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and video-electroencephalography (EEG) findings.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The majority of patients were seizure free during the follow-up period: 71.9% 1 year after surgery; 71.6% after 2 years; 75.8% after 3 years; 78.8% after 4 years after surgery and 68.8% after 5 years. There were significant differences between seizure-free and non-seizure-free groups in terms of preoperative seizure duration, history of febrile seizures, type of seizure, and MRI and video-EEG findings (P < 0.05), but not in terms of sex, age at seizure onset, age at surgery, side of surgery, auras, family history of seizure, or history of traumatic brain injury, perinatal anoxia or intracranial infection history (P > 0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that a preoperative seizure duration <10 years, a history of febrile seizures, simple complex partial seizures, positive MRI findings, hippocampal sclerosis and unilateral localized video-EEG spikes predicted better outcome (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>ATL appears to be an effective means of treating TLE. Patients undergoing ATL for TLE require careful and comprehensive assessment to ensure optimal outcomes and to allow patients to make informed decisions about their treatment.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Anterior Temporal Lobectomy , Reference Standards , Child , Child, Preschool , Electroencephalography , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe , General Surgery , Female , Humans , Logistic Models , Male , Middle Aged , Temporal Lobe , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
11.
Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis [The]. 2014; 63 (1): 273-275
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-154324

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary sequestration is a rare congenital bronchopulmonary foregut malformation in which a segment of lung parenchyma is not connected to the tracheobronchial tree. This abnormal segment receives blood supply from the systemic circulation. Varying clinical techniques have been utilized to manage this disease process including surgical intervention, endovascular procedures and operative approaches. The most common presentation of this entity is involvement of the left lower lobe. We present a rare case of intralobar pulmonary sequestration in an adult male involving the right lower lobe with secondary infection


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Bronchopulmonary Sequestration/pathology , Adult , Male , Respiratory Function Tests , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Thoracostomy/statistics & numerical data , Anterior Temporal Lobectomy
12.
Clinics ; 68(7): 1065-1070, jul. 2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-680699

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This pilot study was designed to utilize stroke volume variation and cardiac index to ensure fluid optimization during one-lung ventilation in patients undergoing thoracoscopic lobectomies. METHODS: Eighty patients undergoing thoracoscopic lobectomy were randomized into either a goal-directed therapy group or a control group. In the goal-directed therapy group, the stroke volume variation was controlled at 10%±1%, and the cardiac index was controlled at a minimum of 2.5 L.min-1.m-2. In the control group, the MAP was maintained at between 65 mm Hg and 90 mm Hg, heart rate was maintained at between 60 BPM and 100 BPM, and urinary output was greater than 0.5 mL/kg-1/h-1. The hemodynamic variables, arterial blood gas analyses, total administered fluid volume and side effects were recorded. RESULTS: The PaO2/FiO2-ratio before the end of one-lung ventilation in the goal-directed therapy group was significantly higher than that of the control group, but there were no differences between the goal-directed therapy group and the control group for the PaO2/FiO2-ratio or other arterial blood gas analysis indices prior to anesthesia. The extubation time was significantly earlier in the goal-directed therapy group, but there was no difference in the length of hospital stay. Patients in the control group had greater urine volumes, and they were given greater colloid and overall fluid volumes. Nausea and vomiting were significantly reduced in the goal-directed therapy group. CONCLUSION: The results of this study demonstrated that an optimization protocol, based on stroke volume variation and cardiac index obtained with a FloTrac/Vigileo device, increased the PaO2/FiO2-ratio and reduced the overall fluid volume, intubation time and postoperative complications (nausea and vomiting) in thoracic surgery patients requiring one-lung ventilation. .


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anterior Temporal Lobectomy/methods , Fluid Therapy/methods , One-Lung Ventilation/methods , Pneumonectomy/methods , Stroke Volume/physiology , Thoracoscopy/methods , Arterial Pressure/physiology , Blood Gas Analysis , Heart Rate/physiology , Monitoring, Physiologic , Pilot Projects , Reproducibility of Results , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-814927

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of long-term video-electroencephalography (VEEG) monitoring and intracranial electrode EEG monitoring in the surgical treatment of temporal lobe epilepsy.@*METHODS@#We compared the preoperative long-term VEEG and intraoperative intracranial electrode EEG in 44 patients undergoing surgical treatment of temporal lobe epilepsy.@*RESULTS@#The 44 patients were followed up for 1 to 5 years. The clinical attack was controlled completely in 36 patients (81.8%), the time of clinical attack was decreased significantly in 6 patients (13.6%), 2 patients (4.5%) still had epileptic seizure, but the degree was relieved and the seizure time shortened. The nerve psychological function was improved to different extent in 40 patients (90.9%).@*CONCLUSION@#Preoperative long-term VEEG and intraoperative intracranial electrode EEG are accurate in the localization of the focus, which is important in the surgical treatment of temporal lobe epilepsy.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Anterior Temporal Lobectomy , Methods , Child , Electrodes, Implanted , Electroencephalography , Methods , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe , General Surgery , Female , Humans , Male , Monitoring, Intraoperative , Methods , Video Recording , Young Adult
14.
SQUMJ-Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal. 2013; 13 (1): 156-161
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-126067

ABSTRACT

Eating epilepsy [EE], where seizures are triggered by eating, is rare and has not been reported in the Gulf region. In EE, the ictal semiology includes partial or generalised seizures. Focal brain changes on imaging, if present, are often confined to the temporal lobe or perisylvian region. Therapeutic options, especially in those patients who are refractory to pharmacotherapy, have not been well-established. We report a series of five patients with EE from Oman, a country located in the eastern part of the Arabian Gulf region, and highlight the usefulness of temporal lobectomy in one patient who had medically-intractable EE. Surgical intervention could be considered as a potential therapeutic option in carefully selected patients with medically-intractable seizures


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Male , Epilepsy, Reflex/diagnosis , Anterior Temporal Lobectomy
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-12398

ABSTRACT

Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is the most common type of medically intractable epilepsy in adults and children, and mesial temporal sclerosis is the most common underlying cause of TLE. Unlike in the case of adults, TLE in infants and young children often has etiologies other than mesial temporal sclerosis, such as tumors, cortical dysplasia, trauma, and vascular malformations. Differences in seizure semiology have also been reported. Motor manifestations are prominent in infants and young children, but they become less obvious with increasing age. Further, automatisms tend to become increasingly complex with age. However, in childhood and especially in adolescence, the clinical manifestations are similar to those of the adult population. Selective amygdalohippocampectomy can lead to excellent postoperative seizure outcome in adults, but favorable results have been seen in children as well. Anterior temporal lobectomy may prove to be a more successful surgery than amygdalohippocampectomy in children with intractable TLE. The presence of a focal brain lesion on magnetic resonance imaging is one of the most reliable independent predictors of a good postoperative seizure outcome. Seizure-free status is the most important predictor of improved psychosocial outcome with advanced quality of life and a lower proportion of disability among adults and children. Since the brain is more plastic during infancy and early childhood, recovery is promoted. In contrast, long epilepsy duration is an important risk factor for surgically refractory seizures. Therefore, patients with medically intractable TLE should undergo surgery as early as possible.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Anterior Temporal Lobectomy , Brain , Child , Epilepsy , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe , Humans , Infant , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Malformations of Cortical Development , Quality of Life , Risk Factors , Sclerosis , Seizures , Temporal Lobe , Vascular Malformations
16.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 70(5): 319-324, May 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-622570

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze retrospectively a series of patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS), and the association of patterns of hippocampal sclerosis with clinical data and surgical prognosis. METHOD: Sixty-six patients with medically refractory TLE with unilateral MTS after anterior temporal lobectomy were included. Quantitative neuropathological evaluation was performed on NeuN-stained hippocampal sections. Patient's clinical data and surgical outcome were reviewed. RESULTS: Occurrence of initial precipitating insult (IPI), as well as better postoperative seizure control (i.e. Engel class 1), were associated with classical and severe patterns of hippocampal sclerosis (MTS type 1a and 1b, respectively). CONCLUSION: Quantitative evaluation of hippocampal neuronal loss patterns predicts surgical outcome in patients with TLE-MTS.


OBJETIVO: Analisar retrospectivamente uma série de pacientes com epilepsia do lobo temporal (ELT) e esclerose mesial temporal (EMT), bem como correlacionar os padrões de esclerose hipocampal com os dados clínicos e o prognóstico cirúrgico. MÉTODOS: Foram incluídos neste estudo 66 pacientes com ELT refratária a tratamento medicamentoso e com EMT unilateral submetidos à lobectomia temporal anterior. A análise neuropatológica quantitativa foi realizada em seções hipocampais imunomarcadas com NeuN. Dados clínicos e resultados do acompanhamento pós-cirúrgico foram revisados. RESULTADOS: Ocorrência de evento precipitante inicial e melhor controle de crises após a cirurgia (i.e. classe 1 de Engel) foram associados aos padrões clássico (EMT tipo 1a) e severo (EMT tipo 1b) de esclerose hipocampal. CONCLUSÃO: A análise quantitativa do padrão de perda neuronal do hipocampo é capaz de predizer o prognóstico cirúrgico em pacientes com ELT-EMT.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe/pathology , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe/surgery , Hippocampus/pathology , Neurons/pathology , Temporal Lobe/pathology , Anterior Temporal Lobectomy , Cell Count , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe/complications , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Sclerosis , Treatment Outcome
18.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 68(5): 737-743, Oct. 2010. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-562800

ABSTRACT

Epileptic seizures generate cognitive and behavioral impacts in individuals who suffer from epilepsy. Declarative memory is one of the cognitive functions that can be affected by epileptic seizures. The main objective of this work was to investigate neurocognitive function, especially the emotional working memory of patients with unilateral mesial temporal lobe epilepsy, and that of patients submitted to unilateral mesial temporal lobectomy. A face recognition test that can simultaneously recruit the frontal lobe (working memory) and mesial temporal lobe (emotional memory) was used to investigate emotional working memory. Our findings showed that the epilepsy factor significantly compromised the performance in the emotional memory test. On the other hand, surgical removal of the epileptic focus promoted an improvement in the emotional working memory of these patients, in addition to the significantly decrease in the number of seizures.


Crises epilépticas geram impactos comportamentais e cognitivos em indivíduos que sofrem de epilepsia. Uma das funções cognitivas que pode ser afetada pelas crises epilépticas é a memória declarativa. O objetivo do nosso estudo foi investigar funções cognitivas, especialmente a memória operacional emocional de pacientes com epilepsia temporal mesial unilateral e pacientes submetidos a lobectomia temporal mesial unilateral. Para investigar a memória operacional emocional foi utilizado um teste de reconhecimento de faces que pode recrutar simultaneamente o lobo frontal (memória operacional) e o lobo temporal mesial (memória emocional). Nossos resultados demonstram que o fator epilepsia compromete de forma significativa o desempenho no teste de memória emocional. Por outro lado, a remoção cirúrgica do foco epiléptico promoveu uma melhora na memória emocional desses pacientes, além de diminuir o número de crises.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Anterior Temporal Lobectomy , Emotions/physiology , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe/surgery , Memory/physiology , Age Factors , Case-Control Studies , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe/physiopathology , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe/psychology , Functional Laterality , Photic Stimulation/methods , Sex Factors , Treatment Outcome
19.
Rev. chil. neuropsicol. (En línea) ; 5(2): 128-136, jul. 2010. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-579528

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La memoria episódica resulta vulnerable a la lobectomía temporal. Nuestro objetivo es describir los cambios que aparecen en este subsistema de memoria, en pacientes sometidos a lobectomía temporal realizada como estrategia para control de crisis. Pacientes y Métodos: La muestra está compuesta por 11 pacientes, los cuales fueron evaluados antes de realizar la lobectomía temporal y al año de ésta, utilizando una batería de pruebas neuropsicológicas. Resultados: Observamos disminución en el rendimiento mnésico, en la modalidad ipsilateral al hemisferio donde se realiza la lobectomía y aumento en la modalidad relacionada con el hemisferio contralateral a la intervención. Sin embargo estas diferencias en elrendimiento entre los dos momentos evaluativos no se manifiestan en igual magnitud en todas las variables evaluadas ni alcanzan valor estadístico significativo. Conclusiones: Asociado a la lobectomía temporal el perfil neuropsicológico de la memoria episódica muestra disminución del rendimiento en la modalidad ipsilateral a la cirugía y mejoría en la modalidad contralateral, evolución esta que refuerza el supuesto de lateralización funcional.


Introduction: Episodic memory is vulnerable to temporal lobectomy. Our objective is to describe the changes that appear in this memory sub-system in patients submitted to temporal lobectomy, as a strategy to crisis control. Patients and methods: The simple is composed of 11 patients who were evaluated before performing the temporal lobectomy and a year after, using neuropsychologic tests.Results: We observed a diminishing in the mnesic rendering, in the ipsilateral modality to the hemisphere where the lobectomy is performed and an increase in the modality related with the contralateral hemisphere to that of the intervention. But nevertheless, these differences as to the rendering of the evaluative moments that neither manifest themselves in thesame magnitude in all evaluated variables nor reach significant statistical value. Conclusions: The neuropsychologic profile of episodic memory associated to temporal lobectomy shows a diminishing in therendering of ipsilateral modality to surgery, but an improvement in the contralateral modality an evolution that reinforces the supposing of a functional lateralization.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Female , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe/surgery , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe/physiopathology , Anterior Temporal Lobectomy/adverse effects , Neuropsychological Tests , Memory Disorders/etiology , Memory Disorders/physiopathology , Age of Onset , Educational Status , Memory, Short-Term/physiology , Neurosurgical Procedures/adverse effects , Vision Disorders/etiology , Vision Disorders/physiopathology , Language Disorders/etiology , Language Disorders/physiopathology
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-101199

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The focus of this study is brain plasticity associated with semantic aspects of language function in patients with medial temporal lobe epilepsy (mTLE). METHODS: Using longitudinal functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), patterns of brain activation were observed in twelve left and seven right unilateral mTLE patients during a word-generation task relative to a pseudo-word reading task before and after anterior temporal section surgery. RESULTS: No differences were observed in precentral activations in patients relative to normal controls (n = 12), and surgery did not alter the phonological-associated activations. The two mTLE patient groups showed left inferior prefrontal activations associated with semantic processing (word-generation > pseudo-word reading), as did control subjects. The amount of semantic-associated activation in the left inferior prefrontal region was negatively correlated with epilepsy duration in both patient groups. Following temporal resection, semantic-specific activations in inferior prefrontal region became more bilateral in left mTLE patients, but more left-lateralized in right mTLE patients. The longer the duration of epilepsy in the patients, the larger the increase in the left inferior prefrontal semantic-associated activation after surgery in both patient groups. Semantic activation of the intact hippocampus, which had been negatively correlated with seizure frequency, normalized after the epileptic side was removed. CONCLUSION: These results indicate alternation of semantic language network related to recruitment of left inferior prefrontal cortex and functional recovery of the hippocampus contralateral to the epileptogenic side, suggesting an intra- and inter-hemispheric reorganization following surgery.


Subject(s)
Anterior Temporal Lobectomy , Brain , Epilepsy , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe , Hippocampus , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Magnetics , Magnets , Plastics , Prefrontal Cortex , Seizures , Semantics , Temporal Lobe
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