Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 67
Filter
1.
Arq. Ciênc. Vet. Zool. UNIPAR (Online) ; 25(2): e8895, jul-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1399615

ABSTRACT

O hemangiossarcoma é uma neoplasia mesenquimal maligna agressiva com elevada taxa de morbidade e de mortalidade em cães e gatos; que se desenvolve mais frequentemente em baço, fígado, coração, ossos além de poder manifestar metástases regionais. O presente relato tem por objetivo descrever um caso de um canino diagnosticado com hemangiossarcoma hepático em lobo caudado submetido a uma lobectomia total. A técnica cirúrgica consistiu na utilização da sutura de guilhotina modificada na base do lobo acometido utilizando fio de polidioxanona e, com o auxílio de um bisturi elétrico unipolar, e respeitando o distanciamento de 0,5 cm da sutura, foi realizada a lobectomia. Após a remoção do lobo, foi fixada uma esponja hemostática de colágeno na região da incisão como forma de auxílio no controle hemorrágico. Foi indicado também a realização de tratamento quimioterápico adjuvante, entretanto o tutor do animal optou pela não realização da mesma. Ainda assim, o paciente do presente relato obteve uma boa resposta ao procedimento, e o tutor ficou muito satisfeito, relatando que houve uma grande melhora na qualidade de vida do animal e que ele não sentia mais dor, voltando a ter o seu comportamento habitual.(AU)


Hemangiosarcoma is an aggressive malignant mesenchymal neoplasm with a high rate of morbidity and mortality in dogs and cats; which develops more frequently in the spleen, liver, heart, bones, in addition to being able to manifest regional metastases. The present report aims to describe a case of a canine diagnosed with hepatic hemangiosarcoma in the caudate lobe submitted to a total lobectomy. The surgical technique consisted of using a modified guillotine suture at the base of the affected lobe using polydioxanone thread and, with the aid of a unipolar electric scalpel, and respecting the distance of 0.5 cm from the suture, lobectomy was performed. After removing the lobe, a hemostatic collagen sponge was fixed in the region of the incision as an aid in hemorrhagic control. Adjuvant chemotherapy treatment was also indicated, however the animal's tutor chose not to perform it. Even so, the patient in the present report had a good response to the procedure, and the tutor was very satisfied, reporting that there was a great improvement in the animal's quality of life and that he no longer felt pain, returning to his usual behavior.(AU)


El hemangiosarcoma es una neoplasia mesenquimatosa maligna agresiva con una alta tasa de morbilidad y mortalidad en perros y gatos; la cual se desarrolla con mayor frecuencia en bazo, hígado, corazón, huesos, además de poder manifestar metástasis regionales. El presente reporte tiene como objetivo describir un caso de un canino con diagnóstico de hemangiosarcoma hepático en el lóbulo caudado sometido a una lobectomía total. La técnica quirúrgica consistió en utilizar una sutura de guillotina modificada en la base del lóbulo afectado con hilo de polidioxanona y, con la ayuda de un bisturí eléctrico unipolar, y respetando la distancia de 0,5 cm de la sutura, se realizó la lobectomía. Después de retirar el lóbulo, se fijó una esponja hemostática de colágeno en la región de la incisión como ayuda para el control hemorrágico. También se indicó tratamiento de quimioterapia adyuvante, sin embargo el tutor del animal optó por no realizarlo. Aun así, el paciente del presente reporte tuvo una buena respuesta al procedimiento, y el tutor quedó muy satisfecho, informando que hubo una gran mejoría en la calidad de vida del animal y que ya no sintió dolor, volviendo a su comportamiento habitual.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Dogs , Anterior Temporal Lobectomy/methods , Hemangiosarcoma/surgery , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Animal Welfare , Liver/surgery
2.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1391842

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La epilepsia del lóbulo temporal suele producir déficits mnésicos, atencionales y del lenguaje. En la mayoría de los casos, se trata con fármacos an-tiepilépticos, pero falla en un tercio de ellos. Por tal razón, una opción terapéutica es la lobectomía temporal, que contribuye a menguar las crisis. Sin embargo, los procedimientos quirúrgicos pueden conllevar secuelas, entre ellas consecuencias a nivel cognitivo. Para contrarrestar dichos efectos, se acostumbra llevar a cabo una rehabilitación neuropsicológica que va en pro de recuperar, fortalecer y sostener en el tiempo habilidades que ya venían afectándose desde antes de la cirugía. Objetivo. Brindar una reflexión en torno a la intervención neuropsicológica de la epilepsia en el lóbulo temporal. Método. La reflexión sobre el tema parte de un interés clínico y posteriormente se fue ampliando a partir de la revisión de la literatura en diferentes bases de datos como PubMed, Medline y Scopus entre los años 2000 y 2021. Reflexión. Son amplias las opciones terapéuticas a nivel neuropsicológico y pueden contribuir de manera positiva en la recuperación del paciente, por lo cual los profe-sionales requieren conocer las posibilidades de ello para poder utilizar las estrategias más adecuadas según cada caso y brindar opciones que beneficien la calidad de vida, teniendo en cuenta que ninguna es más efectiva que otra. Conclusión. Como resultado, se presenta un panorama general de la rehabilitación neuropsicológica en pacientes pre y posquirúrgicos con lobectomía, haciendo énfasis en la rehabilitación neuropsicológica tradicional y la rehabilitación basada en inteli-gencia artificial, realidad virtual y computación


Introduction. Temporal lobe epilepsy usually produces mnestic, attentional, and language deficits. In most cases, it is treated with antiepileptic drugs, but one third of them fail, so one therapeutic option is temporal lobectomy, which helps to reduce seizures. However, surgical procedures can have sequelae, including cognitive con-sequences. To counteract these effects, neuropsychological rehabilitation is usually carried out in order to recover, strengthen, and sustain in time skills that were already affected before the surgery. Objective. To provide a reflection on the neuropsychological intervention of tem-poral lobe epilepsy. Method. The reflection on the subject starts from a clinical interest and was sub-sequently expanded from the review of the literature in different databases such as PubMed, Medline, and Scopus between 2000 and 2021. Reflection. There are many therapeutic options at the neuropsychological level and they can contribute positively to the patient's recovery, so professionals need to know the possibilities in order to use the most appropriate strategies according to each case and provide options that benefit the quality of life, taking into account that none is more effective than the other one.Conclusion. As a result, an overview of neuropsychological rehabilitation in pre- and post-surgical patients with lobectomy is presented, with emphasis on traditional neuropsychological rehabilitation and rehabilitation based on artificial intelligence, virtual reality, and computation


Subject(s)
Rehabilitation/psychology , Epilepsy , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe , Neurological Rehabilitation/psychology , Temporal Lobe , Anterior Temporal Lobectomy , Drug Resistant Epilepsy , Neurological Rehabilitation , Anticonvulsants , Neuropsychology
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 68-72, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877955

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) originating from different seizure onset zones had distinct electrophysiological characteristics and surgical outcomes. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between the origin and prognosis of TLE, and the stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) features.@*METHODS@#Thirty patients with TLE, who underwent surgical treatment in our functional neurosurgery department from January 2016 to December 2017, were enrolled in this study. All patients underwent anterior temporal lobectomy after an invasive pre-operative evaluation with SEEG. Depending on the epileptic focus location, patients were divided into those with medial temporal lobe seizures (MTLS) and those with lateral temporal lobe seizures (LTLS). The Engel classification was used to evaluate operation effectiveness, and the Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to detect seizure-free duration.@*RESULTS@#The mean follow-up time was 25.7 ± 4.8 months. Effectiveness was 63.3% for Engel I (n = 19), 13.3% for Engel II, 3.3% for Engel III, and 20.0% for Engel IV. According to the SEEG, 60.0% (n = 18) had MTLS, and 40.0% (n = 12) had LTLS. Compared with the MTLS group, the operation age of those with LTLS was significantly greater (26.9 ± 6.9 vs. 29.9 ± 12.5 years, t = -0.840, P = 0.009) with longer epilepsy duration (11.9 ± 6.0 vs. 17.9 ± 12.1 years, t = -1.801, P = 0.038). Patients with MTLS had a longer time interval between ictal onset to seizure (67.3 ± 59.1 s vs. 29.3 ± 24.4 s, t = 2.017, P = 0.008). The most common SEEG ictal pattern was a sharp/spike-wave rhythm in the MTLS group (55.6%) and low-voltage fast activity in the LTLS group (58.3%). Compared with the LTLS group, patients with MTLS had a more favorable prognosis (41.7% vs. 77.8%, P = 0.049). Post-operative recurrence was more likely to occur within three months after the operation for both groups, and there appeared to be a stable long-term outcome.@*CONCLUSION@#Patients with MTLS, who accounted for three-fifths of patients with TLE, showed a more favorable surgical outcome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anterior Temporal Lobectomy , Electroencephalography , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe/surgery , Stereotaxic Techniques , Treatment Outcome
4.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 353-360, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765344

ABSTRACT

Epilepsy surgery that eliminates the epileptogenic focus or disconnects the epileptic network has the potential to significantly improve seizure control in patients with medically intractable epilepsy. Magnetic resonance-guided laser interstitial thermal therapy (MRgLITT) has been an established option for epilepsy surgery since the US Food and Drug Administration cleared the use of MRgLITT in neurosurgery in 2007. MRgLITT is an ablative stereotactic procedure utilizing heat that is converted from laser energy, and the temperature of the tissue is monitored in real-time by MR thermography. Real-time quantitative thermal monitoring enables titration of laser energy for cellular injury, and it also estimates the extent of tissue damage. MRgLITT is applicable for lesion ablation in cases that the epileptogenic foci are localized and/or deep-seated such as in the mesial temporal lobe epilepsy and hypothalamic hamartoma. Seizure-free outcomes after MRgLITT are comparable to those of open surgery in well-selected patients such as those with mesial temporal sclerosis. Particularly in patients with hypothalamic hamartoma. In addition, MRgLITT can also be applied to ablate multiple discrete lesions of focal cortical dysplasia and tuberous sclerosis complex without the need for multiple craniotomies, as well as disconnection surgery such as corpus callosotomy. Careful planning of the target, the optimal trajectory of the laser probe, and the appropriate parameters for energy delivery are paramount to improve the seizure outcome and to reduce the complication caused by the thermal damage to the surrounding critical structures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anterior Temporal Lobectomy , Craniotomy , Drug Resistant Epilepsy , Epilepsy , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe , Hamartoma , Hot Temperature , Laser Therapy , Malformations of Cortical Development , Neurosurgery , Sclerosis , Seizures , Thermography , Tuberous Sclerosis , United States Food and Drug Administration
5.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 353-360, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788772

ABSTRACT

Epilepsy surgery that eliminates the epileptogenic focus or disconnects the epileptic network has the potential to significantly improve seizure control in patients with medically intractable epilepsy. Magnetic resonance-guided laser interstitial thermal therapy (MRgLITT) has been an established option for epilepsy surgery since the US Food and Drug Administration cleared the use of MRgLITT in neurosurgery in 2007. MRgLITT is an ablative stereotactic procedure utilizing heat that is converted from laser energy, and the temperature of the tissue is monitored in real-time by MR thermography. Real-time quantitative thermal monitoring enables titration of laser energy for cellular injury, and it also estimates the extent of tissue damage. MRgLITT is applicable for lesion ablation in cases that the epileptogenic foci are localized and/or deep-seated such as in the mesial temporal lobe epilepsy and hypothalamic hamartoma. Seizure-free outcomes after MRgLITT are comparable to those of open surgery in well-selected patients such as those with mesial temporal sclerosis. Particularly in patients with hypothalamic hamartoma. In addition, MRgLITT can also be applied to ablate multiple discrete lesions of focal cortical dysplasia and tuberous sclerosis complex without the need for multiple craniotomies, as well as disconnection surgery such as corpus callosotomy. Careful planning of the target, the optimal trajectory of the laser probe, and the appropriate parameters for energy delivery are paramount to improve the seizure outcome and to reduce the complication caused by the thermal damage to the surrounding critical structures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anterior Temporal Lobectomy , Craniotomy , Drug Resistant Epilepsy , Epilepsy , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe , Hamartoma , Hot Temperature , Laser Therapy , Malformations of Cortical Development , Neurosurgery , Sclerosis , Seizures , Thermography , Tuberous Sclerosis , United States Food and Drug Administration
6.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 37(3): 247-251, 2018.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362852

ABSTRACT

Germ cell tumors of the central nervous system (CNS) are usually located along the midline. Yolk sac tumor is a rare germ cell tumor very uncommonly located outside the midline, and, in such cases, it can be mistaken with other primary tumors. We report a case of a 32-year-old male patient who presented with a right temporal lobe tumor suggestive of a high grade glioma. He was submitted to a right temporal lobectomy with complete tumor removal. The histological exam revealed a germ cell tumor (later confirmed to be a yolk sac tumor). The search for a primary tumor outside of the CNS (including a positron emission tomography scan) was negative, making this a primary temporal lobe yolk sac tumor. The patient was submitted to chemotherapy and radiotherapy, but died 7 months after the surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Temporal Lobe , Endodermal Sinus Tumor/drug therapy , Endodermal Sinus Tumor/radiotherapy , Endodermal Sinus Tumor/diagnostic imaging , Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal/diagnosis , Anterior Temporal Lobectomy/methods
7.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 75(6): 359-365, June 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-838921

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Research into memory and epilepsy has focused on measuring problems and exploring causes with limited attention directed at the role of neuropsychological rehabilitation in alleviating post-operative memory difficulties. Objectives To assess the effects of a memory rehabilitation program in patients with left temporal lobe epilepsy following surgery. Methods Twenty-four patients agreed to participate and 18 completed the study; nine received memory rehabilitation while nine had no input and were designated as controls. Verbal learning efficiency, naming abilities, memory subjective ratings, ecological activity measures and a language fMRI paradigm were used as outcome measures. Results Improved verbal learning and naming test performance, increase in memory strategy use and improved self-perception were observed following the rehabilitation. Changes in fMRI activation patterns were seen in the rehabilitation group over the long term. Conclusion The findings support the potential role of a cognitive rehabilitation program following left temporal lobe surgery.


RESUMO As publicações na área de epilepsia e memória se focam em mensurar prejuízos e investigar causas, com poucos dados sobre reabilitação neuropsicológica em pacientes pós-cirúrgicos. Objetivos Avaliar os efeitos da reabilitação neuropsicológica em pacientes submetidos a lobectomia temporal dominante. Métodos Vinte e quatro pacientes iniciaram o estudo, apenas dezoito o concluíram, dos quais 9 foram participantes de sessões de reabilitação com enfoque em memória. Todos os participantes foram avaliados quanto a autopercepção de dificuldades de memória; ao uso de estratégias para minimizar tais dificuldades; a habilidade de nomeação e a aprendizagem verbal e foram submetidos à ressonância magnética funcional. Resultados Foi encontrado efeito significativo da reabilitação neuropsicológica na autopercepção de dificuldades de memória; no uso de estratégias compensatórias; na aprendizagem verbal e na nomeação. Alterações no padrão de ativação na RMf foram observadas no grupo submetido a reabilitação. Conclusão A reabilitação neuropsicológica pode beneficiar pacientes submetidos a lobectomia temporal antero-mesial dominante com prejuízos de memória.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Cognitive Behavioral Therapy/methods , Cognition Disorders/etiology , Cognition Disorders/rehabilitation , Anterior Temporal Lobectomy/rehabilitation , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe/surgery , Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted , Brain Mapping , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Treatment Outcome , Educational Status , Neuropsychological Tests
8.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 74(1): 35-43, Jan. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-772599

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To contribute our experience with surgical treatment of patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (mTLE) undergoing anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) or selective amygdalohippocampectomy (SelAH). Method This is a retrospective observational study. The sample included patients with medically refractory mTLE due to unilateral mesial temporal sclerosis who underwent either ATL or SelAH, at Hospital de Clinicas – UFPR, from 2005 to 2012. We report seizure outcomes, using Engel classification, cognitive outcomes, using measurements of verbal and visuospatial memories, as well as operative complications. Result Sixty-seven patients (33 ATL, 34 SelAH) were studied; median follow-up was 64 months. There was no statistically significant difference in seizure or neuropsychological outcomes, although verbal memory was more negatively affected in ATL operations on patients’ dominant hemispheres. Higher number of major complications was observed in the ATL group (p = 0.004). Conclusion Seizure and neuropsychological outcomes did not differ. ATL appeared to be associated with higher risk of complications.


RESUMO Objetivo Contribuir com nossa experiência para o tratamento cirúrgico de pacientes com epilepsia do lobo temporal mesial submetidos a lobectomia temporal anterior (LTA) ou amigdalohipocampectomia seletiva (AHS). Método Estudo retrospectivo observacional. Foram incluídos pacientes com epilepsia refratária devido a esclerose mesial temporal unilateral, submetidos a LTA ou AHS no Hospital de Clínicas – UFPR, entre 2005-2012. Foram comparados os resultados cognitivos (análises de memórias verbal e visuoespacial), controle de crises (Engel) e complicações cirúrgicas. Resultados Sessenta e sete pacientes (33 LTA, 34 AHS) foram estudados; o período de acompanhamento médio foi de 64 meses. Não houve diferença no controle das crises ou resultado neuropsicológico, mas a memória verbal foi mais negativamente afetada nos pacientes submetidos à LTA no hemisfério dominante. Maior número de complicações graves ocorreu no grupo de LTA (p = 0.004). Conclusão Controle de crises e resultados neuropsicológicos não diferiram. LTA pareceu estar associada a um maior risco cirúrgico.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Amygdala/surgery , Anterior Temporal Lobectomy/methods , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe/surgery , Hippocampus/surgery , Neuropsychological Tests/statistics & numerical data , Anterior Temporal Lobectomy/adverse effects , Drug Resistant Epilepsy/surgery , Follow-Up Studies , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Memory , Retrospective Studies , Seizures/epidemiology , Seizures/prevention & control , Treatment Outcome
9.
Journal of Clinical Neurology ; : 151-159, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-88936

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the effects of anterior temporal lobectomy with amygdalohippocampectomy (ATL-AH) on central auditory processing (CAP) in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis (mTLE-HS), and to identify factors that may contribute to the postoperative worsening of CAP. METHODS: Frequency-pattern, duration-pattern, and dichotic tests were performed before and after epilepsy surgery in 22 patients with normal hearing according to pure-tone audiometry. RESULTS: No significant difference in CAP scores was detected between pre- and postoperative tests, but there was a strong association between surgery in the language-dominant temporal lobe and postoperative worsening in the non-dominant-side dichotic test (p<0.05). The probability of a decreased performance in a non-dominant-side dichotic test after surgery was 7.5-fold greater in patients who underwent surgery on the dominant temporal lobe compared with the nondominant temporal lobe. No significant association of postoperative worsening in CAP with the verbal, nonverbal intelligence quotient, or right- or left-side lobectomy was noted. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that ATL-AH on the dominant side in patients with mTLE-HS worsens the CAP ability in the non-dominant-side dichotic test.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anterior Temporal Lobectomy , Audiometry, Pure-Tone , Auditory Perceptual Disorders , Epilepsy , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe , Hearing , Hippocampus , Intelligence , Language Development Disorders , Sclerosis , Temporal Lobe
11.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 19(4): 302-308, Oct.-Dec. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-768333

ABSTRACT

Introduction About 50 million people have epilepsy and 30% of them have epilepsy that does not respond to properly conducted drug treatment. Objective Verify the incidence of language disorders in oral language, speech, and written language of subjects with difficult to control temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and compare the occurrence of these disorders in subjects before and after surgery. Methods Cross-sectional study with quantitative analysis, exploratory type. A questionnaire for data collection was administered covering the following aspects: oral language, speech complaints, and writing production and comprehension. Criteria for inclusion of subjects were a diagnosis of TLE refractory to drug treatment and at least 4 years of schooling. Results The sample of 63 patients with TLE was divided into two groups: presurgical (n = 31) and postsurgical (n = 32). In the postsurgical group, there was a higher frequency of left lobectomy (75%) than right (25%). Conclusion Statistical analysis was performed with the chi-square test (significance level of 0.05). Complaints related to speech-language attention were more predominant in postsurgical subjects. Analysis of oral language, speech, and written language in subjects with epilepsy who underwent temporal lobectomy or not showed findings consistent with symptoms related to transient aphasia, with the presence of paraphasias, as well as changes in speech prosody and melody. These symptoms appeared more associated with recurrence after having a temporal lobectomy.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Epilepsy , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences , Anterior Temporal Lobectomy , Surveys and Questionnaires
12.
Rev. Hosp. El Cruce ; (17): 1-6, 20151022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-948075

ABSTRACT

El propósito del trabajo fue analizar las características clínicas y electrofisiológicas de pacientes que presentaron crisis originadas en ambas regiones temporales en los registros de Video- EEG de scalp. Del total de la población con epilepsia temporal mesial (ET), resistente a las drogas, que ingresó a la Unidad de Video-EEG del Hospital Municipal Ramos Mejía y del Hospital de Alta Complejidad en Red El Cruce Dr. Néstor C. Kirchner, desde marzo de 2009 a marzo de 2014 (n=150), se seleccionaron 9 pacientes con crisis originadas en ambas regiones temporales (40 crisis focales con compromiso de la conciencia). Del total de los pacientes con epilepsia del lóbulo temporal fármaco-resistente, candidatos a cirugía de la epilepsia, en un 6% de los casos resultó difícil lateralizar la zona epileptógena con el registro de Video-EEG de scalp.


Subject(s)
Diagnostic Imaging , Anterior Temporal Lobectomy , Epilepsy , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe
13.
Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis [The]. 2014; 63 (1): 273-275
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-154324

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary sequestration is a rare congenital bronchopulmonary foregut malformation in which a segment of lung parenchyma is not connected to the tracheobronchial tree. This abnormal segment receives blood supply from the systemic circulation. Varying clinical techniques have been utilized to manage this disease process including surgical intervention, endovascular procedures and operative approaches. The most common presentation of this entity is involvement of the left lower lobe. We present a rare case of intralobar pulmonary sequestration in an adult male involving the right lower lobe with secondary infection


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Bronchopulmonary Sequestration/pathology , Adult , Male , Respiratory Function Tests , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Thoracostomy/statistics & numerical data , Anterior Temporal Lobectomy
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2588-2593, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318611

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) is the most common surgical treatment for temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), although long-term prognosis is often less favorable than short-term outcomes. This study aimed to examine the outcomes of patients with TLE 5 years after undergoing ATL, and to seek possible predictors of prognosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We examined the clinical records of 121 patients with TLE who underwent ATL in our institution between January 2005 and December 2008. The Engel seizure classification was used to divide patients into "seizure free" and "non-seizure free" groups. Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analyses were used to identify potential prognostic indicators, including history, clinical features of seizures, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and video-electroencephalography (EEG) findings.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The majority of patients were seizure free during the follow-up period: 71.9% 1 year after surgery; 71.6% after 2 years; 75.8% after 3 years; 78.8% after 4 years after surgery and 68.8% after 5 years. There were significant differences between seizure-free and non-seizure-free groups in terms of preoperative seizure duration, history of febrile seizures, type of seizure, and MRI and video-EEG findings (P < 0.05), but not in terms of sex, age at seizure onset, age at surgery, side of surgery, auras, family history of seizure, or history of traumatic brain injury, perinatal anoxia or intracranial infection history (P > 0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that a preoperative seizure duration <10 years, a history of febrile seizures, simple complex partial seizures, positive MRI findings, hippocampal sclerosis and unilateral localized video-EEG spikes predicted better outcome (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>ATL appears to be an effective means of treating TLE. Patients undergoing ATL for TLE require careful and comprehensive assessment to ensure optimal outcomes and to allow patients to make informed decisions about their treatment.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Anterior Temporal Lobectomy , Reference Standards , Electroencephalography , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe , General Surgery , Logistic Models , Temporal Lobe , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
15.
Clinics ; 68(7): 1065-1070, jul. 2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-680699

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This pilot study was designed to utilize stroke volume variation and cardiac index to ensure fluid optimization during one-lung ventilation in patients undergoing thoracoscopic lobectomies. METHODS: Eighty patients undergoing thoracoscopic lobectomy were randomized into either a goal-directed therapy group or a control group. In the goal-directed therapy group, the stroke volume variation was controlled at 10%±1%, and the cardiac index was controlled at a minimum of 2.5 L.min-1.m-2. In the control group, the MAP was maintained at between 65 mm Hg and 90 mm Hg, heart rate was maintained at between 60 BPM and 100 BPM, and urinary output was greater than 0.5 mL/kg-1/h-1. The hemodynamic variables, arterial blood gas analyses, total administered fluid volume and side effects were recorded. RESULTS: The PaO2/FiO2-ratio before the end of one-lung ventilation in the goal-directed therapy group was significantly higher than that of the control group, but there were no differences between the goal-directed therapy group and the control group for the PaO2/FiO2-ratio or other arterial blood gas analysis indices prior to anesthesia. The extubation time was significantly earlier in the goal-directed therapy group, but there was no difference in the length of hospital stay. Patients in the control group had greater urine volumes, and they were given greater colloid and overall fluid volumes. Nausea and vomiting were significantly reduced in the goal-directed therapy group. CONCLUSION: The results of this study demonstrated that an optimization protocol, based on stroke volume variation and cardiac index obtained with a FloTrac/Vigileo device, increased the PaO2/FiO2-ratio and reduced the overall fluid volume, intubation time and postoperative complications (nausea and vomiting) in thoracic surgery patients requiring one-lung ventilation. .


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anterior Temporal Lobectomy/methods , Fluid Therapy/methods , One-Lung Ventilation/methods , Pneumonectomy/methods , Stroke Volume/physiology , Thoracoscopy/methods , Arterial Pressure/physiology , Blood Gas Analysis , Heart Rate/physiology , Monitoring, Physiologic , Pilot Projects , Reproducibility of Results , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
16.
SQUMJ-Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal. 2013; 13 (1): 156-161
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-126067

ABSTRACT

Eating epilepsy [EE], where seizures are triggered by eating, is rare and has not been reported in the Gulf region. In EE, the ictal semiology includes partial or generalised seizures. Focal brain changes on imaging, if present, are often confined to the temporal lobe or perisylvian region. Therapeutic options, especially in those patients who are refractory to pharmacotherapy, have not been well-established. We report a series of five patients with EE from Oman, a country located in the eastern part of the Arabian Gulf region, and highlight the usefulness of temporal lobectomy in one patient who had medically-intractable EE. Surgical intervention could be considered as a potential therapeutic option in carefully selected patients with medically-intractable seizures


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Male , Epilepsy, Reflex/diagnosis , Anterior Temporal Lobectomy
17.
Korean Journal of Pediatrics ; : 275-281, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-12398

ABSTRACT

Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is the most common type of medically intractable epilepsy in adults and children, and mesial temporal sclerosis is the most common underlying cause of TLE. Unlike in the case of adults, TLE in infants and young children often has etiologies other than mesial temporal sclerosis, such as tumors, cortical dysplasia, trauma, and vascular malformations. Differences in seizure semiology have also been reported. Motor manifestations are prominent in infants and young children, but they become less obvious with increasing age. Further, automatisms tend to become increasingly complex with age. However, in childhood and especially in adolescence, the clinical manifestations are similar to those of the adult population. Selective amygdalohippocampectomy can lead to excellent postoperative seizure outcome in adults, but favorable results have been seen in children as well. Anterior temporal lobectomy may prove to be a more successful surgery than amygdalohippocampectomy in children with intractable TLE. The presence of a focal brain lesion on magnetic resonance imaging is one of the most reliable independent predictors of a good postoperative seizure outcome. Seizure-free status is the most important predictor of improved psychosocial outcome with advanced quality of life and a lower proportion of disability among adults and children. Since the brain is more plastic during infancy and early childhood, recovery is promoted. In contrast, long epilepsy duration is an important risk factor for surgically refractory seizures. Therefore, patients with medically intractable TLE should undergo surgery as early as possible.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Humans , Infant , Anterior Temporal Lobectomy , Brain , Epilepsy , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Malformations of Cortical Development , Quality of Life , Risk Factors , Sclerosis , Seizures , Temporal Lobe , Vascular Malformations
18.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 31-35, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-814927

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of long-term video-electroencephalography (VEEG) monitoring and intracranial electrode EEG monitoring in the surgical treatment of temporal lobe epilepsy.@*METHODS@#We compared the preoperative long-term VEEG and intraoperative intracranial electrode EEG in 44 patients undergoing surgical treatment of temporal lobe epilepsy.@*RESULTS@#The 44 patients were followed up for 1 to 5 years. The clinical attack was controlled completely in 36 patients (81.8%), the time of clinical attack was decreased significantly in 6 patients (13.6%), 2 patients (4.5%) still had epileptic seizure, but the degree was relieved and the seizure time shortened. The nerve psychological function was improved to different extent in 40 patients (90.9%).@*CONCLUSION@#Preoperative long-term VEEG and intraoperative intracranial electrode EEG are accurate in the localization of the focus, which is important in the surgical treatment of temporal lobe epilepsy.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Anterior Temporal Lobectomy , Methods , Electrodes, Implanted , Electroencephalography , Methods , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe , General Surgery , Monitoring, Intraoperative , Methods , Video Recording
19.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 70(5): 319-324, May 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-622570

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze retrospectively a series of patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS), and the association of patterns of hippocampal sclerosis with clinical data and surgical prognosis. METHOD: Sixty-six patients with medically refractory TLE with unilateral MTS after anterior temporal lobectomy were included. Quantitative neuropathological evaluation was performed on NeuN-stained hippocampal sections. Patient's clinical data and surgical outcome were reviewed. RESULTS: Occurrence of initial precipitating insult (IPI), as well as better postoperative seizure control (i.e. Engel class 1), were associated with classical and severe patterns of hippocampal sclerosis (MTS type 1a and 1b, respectively). CONCLUSION: Quantitative evaluation of hippocampal neuronal loss patterns predicts surgical outcome in patients with TLE-MTS.


OBJETIVO: Analisar retrospectivamente uma série de pacientes com epilepsia do lobo temporal (ELT) e esclerose mesial temporal (EMT), bem como correlacionar os padrões de esclerose hipocampal com os dados clínicos e o prognóstico cirúrgico. MÉTODOS: Foram incluídos neste estudo 66 pacientes com ELT refratária a tratamento medicamentoso e com EMT unilateral submetidos à lobectomia temporal anterior. A análise neuropatológica quantitativa foi realizada em seções hipocampais imunomarcadas com NeuN. Dados clínicos e resultados do acompanhamento pós-cirúrgico foram revisados. RESULTADOS: Ocorrência de evento precipitante inicial e melhor controle de crises após a cirurgia (i.e. classe 1 de Engel) foram associados aos padrões clássico (EMT tipo 1a) e severo (EMT tipo 1b) de esclerose hipocampal. CONCLUSÃO: A análise quantitativa do padrão de perda neuronal do hipocampo é capaz de predizer o prognóstico cirúrgico em pacientes com ELT-EMT.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe/pathology , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe/surgery , Hippocampus/pathology , Neurons/pathology , Temporal Lobe/pathology , Anterior Temporal Lobectomy , Cell Count , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe/complications , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Sclerosis , Treatment Outcome
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL