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1.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 37(1): e1249, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251713

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Con el protocolo LPM-TOA para tratamiento de la leucemia promielocítica, se han obtenido excelentes resultados, ya que se logra sobrevida global prolongada y posible curación de los enfermos. En la inducción se utilizan dos drogas cardiotóxicas: las antraciclinas y el trióxido de arsénico y en la consolidación los enfermos reciben una dosis elevada de arsénico. Objetivo: Evaluar la toxicidad cardíaca tardía en pacientes con leucemia promielocítica tratados según el protocolo LPM-TOA. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo, prospectivo y longitudinal que incluyó 20 pacientes tratados con protocolo LPM-TOA, seguidos en consulta entre enero y julio 2019. Los pacientes tenían más de dos años de haber recibido las drogas cardiotóxicas. Se revisaron las historias clínicas y se determinó la fracción de eyección ventricular izquierda y la deformidad longitudinal global, mediante ecocardiograma. Resultados: Se presentaron hombres y mujeres con igual frecuencia, edad promedio 41,5 ± 11,0 años. Durante la inducción, en menos de la mitad de los enfermos se suspendió el arsénico por elevación del segmento QT corregido; en la mayoría solo se suspendió por uno o dos días. La mayor parte de los pacientes tuvo la fracción de eyección ventricular izquierda con valores entre 61 y 70 por ciento y la deformidad longitudinal global fue - 24 - 22 por ciento Conclusiones: En los pacientes estudiados, el tiempo de haber recibido el trióxido de arsénico y la dosis recibida, no influyó en la función cardíaca(AU)


Introduction: The PML-ATO protocol for the treatment of promyelocytic leukemia has obtained excellent results, achieving high overall survival rates and the possible healing of patients. Two cardiotoxic drugs are used in the induction process: anthracyclines and arsenic trioxide, whereas during consolidation patients receive a high dose of arsenic. Objective: Evaluate the late cardiotoxicity in patients with promyelocytic leukemia treated by the PML-ATO protocol. Methods: An observational prospective longitudinal descriptive study was conducted of 20 patients treated with the PML-ATO protocol and followed-up in outpatient consultation from January to July 2019. More than two years had elapsed since the patients received the cardiotoxic drugs. A review was carried out of the patients' medical records and echocardiographic determination was made of left ventricular ejection fraction and overall longitudinal deformity. Results: Men and women presented the same frequency; mean age was 41.5 ± 11.0 years. During induction, arsenic was suspended in less than half the patients due to corrected QT elevation. In most it was only suspended for one or two days. Most patients had left ventricular ejection fraction values between 61 percent and 70 percent, whereas overall longitudinal deformity was - 24 percent - 22 percent. Conclusions: In the patients studied, cardiac function was not affected by the time elapsed since arsenic trioxide administration or the dose received(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute/mortality , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute/therapy , Anthracyclines , Arsenic Trioxide/therapeutic use , Medical Records , Survival Rate , Cardiotoxicity/drug therapy
2.
Rev. venez. oncol ; 33(1): 46-59, mar. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1147479

ABSTRACT

El cáncer de mama Triple Negativo es un subtipo molecular que se caracteriza por ausencia de expresión de receptores de estrógeno, progesterona y proteína HER2. Representa el 10 % a 15 % de todos los subtipos de cáncer de mama con impacto en el pronóstico y en las líneas de tratamiento; siendo negativo para receptores hormonales y HER2, la terapéutica hormonal y anti-HER2 no cuentan para su manejo. Aún no se dispone de productos dirigidos a blancos específicos para esta categoría.(AU)


The Triple Negative breast cancer is a molecular subtype characterized by no expression of the estrogen, the progesterone and the HER2 protein receptors. They represents 10 % to 15 % of all the breast cancer subtypes with an impact on the prognosis and in the treatment lines; is negative for the hormone receptors and for the HER2, hormonal and the anti-HER2 therapeutics do not count for the management of them. The products targeting specific to this category are not yet available(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Biomarkers, Tumor , Anthracyclines/therapeutic use , Taxoids/therapeutic use , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/epidemiology , Mammography , Drug Therapy , Medical Oncology
3.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 34(4): eabc215, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358883

ABSTRACT

Fundamento: A quimioterapia para o câncer de mama está associada a complicações cardiovasculares graves, como a insuficiência cardíaca. A fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo é o principal parâmetro para avaliar a função sistólica nessas pacientes. Todavia, a ocorrência de disfunção diastólica pode preceder à disfunção sistólica. Objetivos: Avaliar as funções diastólica e sistólica do ventrículo esquerdo de portadoras de câncer de mama em tratamento quimioterápico com antraciclinas. Métodos: Trata-se de estudo observacional, longitudinal, analítico e prospectivo. Estudaram-se 62 mulheres com câncer de mama, com idades de 21 a 75 anos, que realizaram ecocardiogramas basais e após 3 meses de tratamento. Avaliaram-se parâmetros de função diastólica, e as pacientes foram classificadas em disfunção diastólica tipos:1, 2 ou 3. Definiu-se a disfunção sistólica como fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo ≤ 53%. Resultados: Decorridos 3 meses de tratamento, 35 pacientes (56,4%) apresentavam disfunção diastólica tipo 1, e apenas uma (1,6%) do tipo 2. A disfunção diastólica ocorreu em 26 pacientes já na etapa basal e surgiu em dez indivíduos no decurso do tratamento. Os parâmetros de função diastólica velocidade de onda E e relação E/A diminuíram significativamente (p < 0,05) com a quimioterapia, todavia, os demais não tiveram variação significativa. Apenas três pacientes apresentaram disfunção sistólica, porém verificou-se maior redução da fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo no grupo que desenvolveu disfunção diastólica durante o tratamento comparativamente ao grupo que apresentava já disfunção diastólica no período basal (p = 0,04). Conclusão: A disfunção diastólica ocorre precocemente em portadoras de câncer de mama submetidas à quimioterapia. O surgimento de disfunção diastólica no decurso do tratamento se associa à redução significativa da fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo. (AU)


Background: Chemotherapy for breast cancer is associated with serious cardiovascular complications such as heart failure. The left ventricular ejection fraction is the main parameter used to assess systolic function in these patients. However, the occurrence of diastolic dysfunction may precede that of systolic dysfunction. Objectives: To evaluate left ventricle diastolic and systolic functions in women with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy using anthracyclines. Methods: This observational, longitudinal, analytical, and prospective study included 62 women with breast cancer aged 21­75 years old who underwent echocardiography at baseline and after three months of treatment. Diastolic function parameters were evaluated, and the patients were classified as diastolic dysfunction type 1, 2, or 3. Systolic dysfunction was defined as a left ventricular ejection fraction ≤ 53%. Results: After three months of treatment, 35 patients (56.4%) had type 1 diastolic dysfunction, while one (1.6%) had type 2. Diastolic dysfunction was identified in 26 patients at baseline and developed in 10 patients during treatment. Diastolic function parameters, E wave velocity, and E/A ratio decreased significantly (p < 0.05) with chemotherapy; however, the others showed no significant variations. Only three patients had systolic dysfunction, but there was a greater reduction in left ventricular ejection fraction in the group that developed diastolic dysfunction during treatment versus the group with diastolic dysfunction at baseline (p = 0.04). Conclusion: Diastolic dysfunction occurs early in women with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy. Its onset during the course of treatment is associated with a significantly reduced left ventricular ejection fraction. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/etiology , Cardiotoxicity/complications , Heart Failure/physiopathology , Heart Failure/mortality , Time Factors , Echocardiography/methods , Anthracyclines/administration & dosage , Anthracyclines/toxicity , Anthracyclines/therapeutic use
4.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 42(3): 252-254, July-Sept. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134035

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction:: Most adults with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) will eventually relapse from their disease. The combination of 7-day cytarabine and an anthracycline on days 1-3 (the so called "7 + 3" regimen) can be considered standard of care of younger patients with AML. However, the treatment of the elderly ineligible for intensive chemotherapy remains a challenge. Low-dose of subcutaneous cytarabine or hypomethylating agents (HMA) have been studied this group. There are no studies investigating physician practice variation in treating AML in Brazil. Methods:: We developed a survey with ten questions in order to explore the approach to AML in Brazil. Results:: The sample size comprised 100 hematologists. Most reported regular (63%) or occasional (29%) treatment of AML patients. Karyotype analysis and polymerase chain reaction were available in 88% and 71% of institutions, respectively. Next generation sequencing analysis was used in 7% of instituitions. Younger patients receive the "7 + 3" protocol with continuous infusion of cytarabine and anthracycline in 98% of cases. The preferred anthracycline is daunorubicin (64%), followed by idarubicin (34%). The most prescribed daunorubicin dose was 60 mg/m2 (56%). Consolidation after CR with high cytarabine doses (HIDAC) was indicated by 84% of hematologists and 70% use 3 g/m2 twice a day for 3 days. Elderly and unfit patients received HMA (47%) as the preferred treatment. Conclusion:: We showed that the most prevalent AML treatments were according to current guidelines. There is room to improve on the availability of diagnostic tools and the capacity to perform bone marrow transplantation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brazil , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Surveys and Questionnaires , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Idarubicin/therapeutic use , Daunorubicin/therapeutic use , Anthracyclines/therapeutic use , Cytarabine/therapeutic use
5.
Oncol. (Guayaquil) ; 30(2): 149-158, 31 de agosto del 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145226

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los esquemas de quimioterapia en el tratamiento de cáncer de mama incluyen Antraciclinas con una efectividad de respuesta alta, sin embargo en algunos casos el potencial efecto terapéutico se ve limitado por la Cardiomiopatía Inducida por Antraciclinas (CIPA).El objetivo del estudio fue establecer la prevalencia longitudinal de esta entidad. Métodos:Este estudiolongitudinalfue realizado en el Instituto Oncológico Nacional "Dr.Juan Tanca Marengo" -SOLCA-Guayaquil. El período de exposición fue abril a diciembredel 2008,laobservación terminó enjunio 2020.Seincluyó mujeres con cáncer de mama, en tratamiento con antraciclinas, clasificadas por riesgo Cardiovascular de Framingham Bajo (A), moderado (B) y alto (C).Se midió lasalteraciones electrocardiográficas (AEKG) basales, a las 6 y 24 horas.Desarrollo de CIPA en seguimiento a 12 años.La muestra fue no probabilística tipo censo. Se utiliza estadística descriptivacon Intervalo de confianza para proporciones. Resultados: Ingresaron al estudio 50 casos son AEKG. El desarrollo de AEKG a 6 horas en 18/50 casos (36% IC95% 34.1-37.9%), estas AEKG persistieron hasta las 24 horas. Las AEKG se presentaron en un 18.5% en mujeres con Riesgo A, 52.4% enRiesgo B y 100%en Riesgo C. El desarrollo de CIPA a12 años fue de 3.6% (2.3-4.9%) en CIPA-Subaguda y de 7.1% (5.3-9.0%)en CIPA crónica. CIPA Subaguda+ crónica 10.7% (8.6-12.9%). Conclusiones: los eventos de cardiotoxicidad aguda fueron detectados por AEKG,en el seguimiento a largo plazo laCIPAsedesarrollóen un porcentaje un poco mayor a la literatura reportada.


Introduction:Chemotherapy regimens in the treatment of breast cancer include Anthracyclines with a high response effectiveness, however in some cases the potential therapeutic effect is limited by Anthracycline Induced Cardiomyopathy (CIPA). The objective of the study was to establish the longitudinal prevalence of this entity. Methods: This longitudinal, observational study was conducted at the National Oncological Institute "Dr. Juan Tanca Marengo "-SOLCA-Guayaquil. The exposure period was April to December 2008. The observation period ended on June 30, 2020. It included women> 18 years with breast cancer, treated with anthracyclines, classified by Framingham Cardiovascular Risk as Low Risk (A) , moderate risk (B) and high risk (C). Electrocardiographic abnormalities (AEKG) were measured at baseline, at 6 hours and at 24 hours and development of CIPA at 12-yearfollow-up. The sample was non-probabilistic, census type. Descriptive statistics with confidence interval for proportions are used. Results: Fifty cases entered the study are AEKG. The development of AEKG at 6 hours in 18/50 cases (36% 95% CI 34.1-37.9%),these AEKG persisted until 24 hours. AEKG were presented in 18.52% in women with Risk A, 52.38% in Risk B and 100% in Risk C. The development of CIPA at 12 years was 3.57% (2.27-4.87%) in CIPA-Subacute and 7.14 % (5.34-8.95% in chronic CIPA. Subacute + chronic CIPA 10.71% (8.55-12.88%). Conclusions: In this study it is concluded that acute cardiotoxicity events were detected by electrocardiographic changes and that in the long-term follow-up they were evident in a slightly higher percentage than that reported in the international literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stroke Volume , Anthracyclines , Cardiomyopathies , Breast Neoplasms , Doxorubicin , Electrocardiography
6.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 156(3): 218-224, may.-jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249897

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La cardiotoxicidad es una reacción adversa asociada al uso de antraciclinas. Objetivo: Estimar los factores asociados al desarrollo de cardiotoxicidad por antraciclinas en pacientes pediátricos supervivientes de cáncer. Método: Cohorte retroprolectiva de niños con diagnóstico de cáncer tratados con antraciclinas. Se realizó determinación ecocardiográfica basal de la fracción de expulsión (FEVi0) antes del inicio del tratamiento y a los 12 meses (FEVi1). Del expediente se obtuvieron las características demográficas y el tratamiento. Se realizó un modelo de regresión logística múltiple (RLM); la FEVi1 < 50 % fue la variable dependiente, que se ajustó por las principales variables confusoras. Resultados: Se incluyeron 65 pacientes, 36.9 % fue del sexo femenino y 56.8 % presentó un tumor sólido. La FEVi0 fue de 74.79 ± 7.3 % y la FEVi1, de 67.96 ± 6.7 % (p = 0.001); 60 % desarrolló cardiotoxicidad. En la RLM solo la dosis acumulada > 430 mg se asoció a cardiotoxicidad (p = 0.001). Conclusiones: En los niños mexicanos se debe evitar una dosis acumulada > 430 mg de antraciclinas para evitar la cardiotoxicidad.


Abstract Introduction Cardiotoxicity is an adverse reaction associated with the use of anthracyclines. Objective: To estimate the factors associated with the development of anthracycline cardiotoxicity in pediatric patients surviving cancer. Method: Retro-prolective cohort of children diagnosed with cancer and treated with anthracyclines. Baseline echocardiographic determination of ejection fraction (LVEF0) was carried out before the start of treatment and again at 12 months (LVEF1). Demographic characteristics and treatment were obtained from the medical record. A multiple logistic regression (MLR) model was constructed; LVEF1 < 50 % was the dependent variable, which was adjusted for the main confounding variables. Results: Sixty-five patients were included, out of which 36.9 % were females and 56.8 % had a solid tumor. LVEF0 was 74.79 ± 7.3 % and LVEF1, 67.96 ± 6.7 % (p = 0.001); 60 % developed cardiotoxicity. In the MLR, only a cumulative dose > 430 mg was associated with cardiotoxicity (p = 0.001). Conclusions: In Mexican children, an anthracycline cumulative dose > 430 mg should be avoided in order to prevent cardiotoxicity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Anthracyclines/adverse effects , Cardiotoxicity/epidemiology , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Stroke Volume , Risk Factors , Cohort Studies , Ventricular Function, Left , Anthracyclines/administration & dosage , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Cardiotoxicity/etiology , Cancer Survivors , Mexico
7.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 36(1): e1105, ene.-mar. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126543

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La leucemia mieloide aguda es una enfermedad heterogénea caracterizada por la expansión clonal de precursores indiferenciados que provoca un fallo medular. Objetivo: Analizar la supervivencia de los pacientes adultos con leucemia mieloide aguda no promielocítica tratados con altas dosis de antraciclinas en la inducción. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio analítico, retrospectivo y longitudinal en 53 pacientes adultos menores de 60 años, tratados en el Instituto de Hematología e Inmunología, desde septiembre de 2013 hasta diciembre de 2018. Estos pacientes tenían diagnóstico de leucemia mieloide aguda no promielocítica y recibieron altas dosis de antraciclinas (daunorribicina) en el tratamiento de inducción. Resultados: Las probabilidades de supervivencia global a los 12 meses fue mayor para el grupo de 19 a 29 años con 59 por ciento y más baja para el de 40 a 49 años con 21 por ciento. En cuanto a la probabilidad de supervivencia libre de evento fue de 65 por ciento. Esta resultó mayor para los pacientes de los grupos de 19 a 29 años y de 30 a 39 años con 39 por ciento y 40 por ciento, respectivamente. En el grupo de 40-49 años disminuyó hasta 20 por ciento. En relación con la supervivencia global relacionada con los genes reordenados fue mayor para los pacientes que tenían los genes NPM1 y AML1-ETO y menor para los que tenían los genes FLT3 y BCR/ABL. Conclusiones: Los grupos de edades y las alteraciones genéticas no modifican la supervivencia de los pacientes con leucemias mieloide aguda no promielocítica tratados con dosis altas de antraciclinas(AU)


Introduction: Acute myeloid leukemia is a heterogeneous disease characterized by the clonal expansion of undifferentiated precursors that causes bone marrow failure. Objective: To analyze the survival of adult patients with non-promyelocytic acute myeloid leukemia treated with high doses of induced anthracyclines at induction. Methods: An analytical, retrospective and longitudinal study was carried out with 53 adult patients younger than 60 years, treated at the Institute of Hematology and Immunology, from September 2013 to December 2018. These patients had a diagnosis of non-promyelocytic acute myeloid leukemia and received high doses of anthracyclines (daunoribicin) under induction therapy. Results: The probabilities of overall survival at 12 months were higher for the group of 19- 29 years, accounting for 59%, and lower for the group of 40-49 years, accounting for 21 percent. In the age group of 19-29 years, the probability of event-free survival was 65 percent and the probability of disease-free survival was 44 percent. In the group of 40-49 years, it decreased to 27 percent; while in the group of 50-59 it increased, reaching 80 percent. Regarding overall survival associated with the rearranged genes, it was higher for the patients who had the NPM1 and AML1-ETO genes and lower for those who had the FLT3 and BCR/ABL genes. Conclusions: Age groups and genetic alterations do not modify the survival of patients with non-promyelocytic acute myeloid leukemias treated with high doses of anthracyclines(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Anthracyclines/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Survivorship
8.
J. health med. sci. (Print) ; 6(1): 21-27, ene.-mar. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1096529

ABSTRACT

El cáncer de mama es una de las patologías más frecuentes a nivel mundial y en el Ecuador ocupa un sitio importante dentro de la mortalidad; en pacientes con tumores de estadios avanzados la quimioterapia neodyuvante es el procedimiento indicado para lograr una reducción tumoral satisfactoria. El objetivo fue determinar la respuesta clínica y patológica en pacientes con cáncer de mama tratadas con quimioterapia neoadyuvante según cada subtipo molecular, atendidos en el hospital "Teodoro Maldonado Carbo" en el período 2015 a 2017. Se hizo uso de un diseño no experimental, transversal de tipo correlacional. Pacientes con cáncer de mama que recibieron neoadyuvancia, en su mayoría con quimioterapia basada en antraciclinas y taxanos. Se clasificó a las pacientes por sus subtipos moleculares, los mismos se obtuvieron en base a las características inmunohistoquímicas de los reportes de patología que constan en el sistema AS-400. Se comprobó la respuesta clínica al tratamiento usando los Criterios RECIST 1.1. Como resultado los 171 pacientes fueron analizados. La edad promedio de las pacientes fue 55 13 años de edad; el 25% fueron luminal B (HER+), 24% luminal B (HER-), 22% triple negativo, 18% HER2+ y 12% luminal A; el 52% de las pacientes tuvieron estadio III de la enfermedad; el 75% (129) de las pacientes fue realizada una mastectomía radical modificada. Se pudo concluir que la respuesta patológica completa en pacientes con tratamiento neoadyuvante se relaciona con los subtipos moleculares y esto es estadísticamente significativo. Además, se evidenció las mayores tasas de respuesta patológica completa en los grupos moleculares de HER2+ y triple negativo.


Breast cancer is one of the most frequent pathologies worldwide and in Ecuador it occupies an important place in mortality. In patients with advanced stage tumors, the neo-adjuvant chemotherapy is the indicated procedure to achieve a satisfactory tumor reduction. The aim was to determine the clinical and pathological response in patients with breast cancer treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy according to each molecular subtype, treated at the "Teodoro Maldonado Carbo" hospital in the period 2015 to 2017. We used a non-experimental, crosssectional type design. Patients with breast cancer who received neoadjuvant, mostly with chemotherapy based on anthracyclines and taxanes. The patients were classified by their molecular subtypes, they were obtained based on the immunohistochemical characteristics of the pathology reports that appear in the AS-400 system. The clinical response to treatment was checked using the RECIST 1.1 Criteria. As a result, a sum of 171 patients were analyzed. The average age of the patients was 55 + 13 years old; 25% were luminal B (Her +), 24% luminal B (Her-), 22% triple negative, 18% Her2 + and 12% luminal A; 52% of the patients had stage III of the disease; 75% (129) of the patients underwent a modified radical mastectomy. As a conclusion, the complete pathological response in patients with neoadjuvant treatment is related to molecular subtypes and this is statistically significant. Also, the highest rates of complete pathological response in the molecular groups of Her2 + and triple negative were evident.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Anthracyclines/therapeutic use , Taxoids/therapeutic use , Breast Neoplasms/classification , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drug Therapy, Combination
9.
Rev. costarric. cardiol ; 21(1): 7-13, ene.-jun. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042858

ABSTRACT

Resumen La Cardio-oncología es una nueva disciplina que busca enfocarse en el tamizaje, monitoreo y tratamiento de los pacientes con cáncer que presentan enfermedad cardiaca durante o después de recibir tratamiento. Esto debido a que el efecto cardiotóxico asociado a los quimioterapéuticos es ampliamente conocido y respaldado por abundantes estudios clínicos. Sin embargo, no es hasta épocas recientes que en Costa Rica se desarrollaron por primera vez Unidades Cardio-oncológicas, los cuales actualmente se ubican en diversos centros médicos de nuestro sistema de salud público. A continuación, se presenta un resumen de las manifestaciones clínicas de las diversas terapias oncológicas diferentes a las antraciclinas que tenemos a disposición en la Caja Costarricense del Seguro Social (CCSS).


Abstract Cardio-oncology is a new discipline that looks to focus on the screening, monitoring and treatment of patients withcancer that show up with heart disease during and after their treatment. This is due to the fact that the cardiotoxic effectsassociated to chemotherapeutics is widely known and backed up with abundant clinical trials. Nevertheless, it is not untilrecently that in Costa Rica the Cardio-oncologic Units were created for the first time, which now can be found in multiplemedical centers of our public health system. Up next, we present a summary of the clinical manifestations of the diversenon-anthracycline oncologic therapies that are available in the "Caja Costarricense del Seguro Social".


Subject(s)
Humans , Abnormalities, Radiation-Induced , Doxorubicin , Anthracyclines , Costa Rica , Cyclophosphamide , Drug Therapy , Cardiotoxicity , Trastuzumab , Sorafenib , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic , Antineoplastic Agents
10.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 35(1): e942, ene.-mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1003886

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La leucemia mieloide aguda representa el 80 por ciento de las leucemias agudas entre los adultos; el tratamiento de inducción a la remisión, para los pacientes menores de 60 años, está basado en la combinación de antraciclinas y arabinósido de citosina. Objetivo: incorporar las altas dosis de antraciclinas al tratamiento de inducción de la leucemia mieloide aguda no promielocítica en pacientes adultos menores de 60 años. Método: Se realizó un estudio cuasiexperimental en 41 pacientes con este diagnóstico, atendidos en el servicio de Adultos del Instituto de Hematología e Inmunología, desde septiembre del 2013 hasta diciembre del 2016. A todos los pacientes se les realizó estudios morfológicos, inmunológicos, citogenéticos y moleculares al inicio de la enfermedad y ecocardiografía para determinar la fracción de eyección y de acortamiento del ventrículo izquierdo al año de finalizado el tratamiento, para determinar la cardiotoxicidad por el uso de las altas dosis de antraciclinas. Resultados: La distribución por edad fue mayor en el grupo de 46 a 52 años representado por el 26,8 por ciento de los casos y predominó el sexo masculino 60,9 por ciento. En el 85 por ciento de los casos la enfermedad apareció de novo. Según los criterios morfológicos de la clasificación Franco Británico Americana el 31,7 por ciento correspondió a la variante M1, en estrecha relación con las determinaciones por citometría de flujo, para esta variedad. Los genes más comúnmente involucrados fueron el NPM1 y el AML/ETO, para el 24 por ciento y 22 por ciento, respectivamente. El 56,1 por ciento de los pacientes alcanzó la remisión hematológica con un solo ciclo de tratamiento y el 14,6 por ciento, necesitó realizar un segundo esquema de inducción. No se reportaron eventos de cardiotoxocidad por antraciclina durante el tratamiento, ni al año de culminado este. Conclusiones: Con el uso de las altas dosis de antraciclina se lograron remisiones hematológicas, sin toxicidad cardiovascular demostrada(AU)


Introduction: Acute myeloid leukemia represents 80 percent of acute leukemias among adults; the induction treatment to obtain remission in patients under 60 years old is based on the combination of anthracyclines and cytosine arabinoside. Objective: to incorporate the high doses of anthracyclines to the treatment of induction of non-promyelocytic acute myeloid leukemia in adult patients under 60 years of age. Method: We conducted a quasi-experimental study in 41 patients with this diagnosis, at the adult clinic service of the Institute of Hematology and Immunology, from september 2013 to december 2016. Morphological, immunological, cytogenetic and molecular studies were carried out at the beginning of the disease and also echocardiography was performed to determine the ejection fraction and shortening of the left ventricle a year after the end of treatment, to determine cardiotoxicity due to the use of high doses of anthracyclines. Results: The distribution by age was higher in the group of 46 to 52 years represented by 26.8 percent of the cases and the male sex predominated 60.9 percent. In 85 percent of the cases the disease appeared de novo. According to the morphological criteria of the French American British classification, 31.7 percent corresponded to the M1 variant, in close relation with the determinations by flow cytometry, for this variety. The genes most commonly involved were NPM1 and AML / ETO, for 24 percent and 22 percent respectively. 56.1 percent of patients achieved hematological remission with a single treatment cycle and 14.6 percent of patients needed a second induction scheme. No anthracycline cardiotoxicity events were reported during the treatment, nor a year after the treatment, in the patients evaluated. Conclusions: With the use of high doses of anthracycline, have been hematological remissions, without demonstrated cardiovascular toxicity(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Anthracyclines/therapeutic use , Remission Induction/methods
11.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 112(1): 50-56, Jan. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973832

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Chemotherapeutic agents of anthracyclines class and humanized monoclonal antibodies are effective treatments for breast cancer, however, they present a potential risk of cardiotoxicity. Several predictors have been recognized as predictors in the development of cardiac toxicity, and the evaluation of left ventricular segmental wall motion abnormalities (LVSWMA) has not been studied. Objective: To analyze prospectively the role of LVSWMA among echocardiographic parameters in the prediction of development of cardiotoxicity in breast cancer patients undergoing treatment with chemotherapy. Methods: Prospective cohort of patients diagnosed with breast cancer and in chemotherapy treatment with potential cardiotoxicity medications including doxorubicin and trastuzumab. Transthoracic echocardiograms including speckle tracking strain echocardiography were performed at standard times before, during and after the treatment to assess the presence (or lack thereof) of cardiotoxicity. Cardiotoxicity was defined by a 10% decrease in the left ventricular ejection fraction, on at least one echocardiogram. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to verify the predictors related to the occurrence of cardiotoxicity over time. Results: Of the 112 patients selected (mean age 51,3 ± 12,9 years), 18 participants (16.1%) had cardiotoxicity. In the multivariate analysis using the logistic regression model, those with LVWMA (OR = 6.25 [CI 95%: 1.03; 37.95], p < 0,05), LV systolic dimension (1.34 [CI 95%: 1.01; 1.79], p < 0,05) and global longitudinal strain by speckle tracking (1.48 [CI 95%: 1.02; 2.12], p < 0,05) were strongly associated with cardiotoxicity. Conclusion: In the present study, we showed that LVWMA, in addition to global longitudinal strains, were strong predictors of cardiotoxicity and could be useful in the risk stratification of these patients.


Resumo Fundamento: Os agentes quimioterápicos da classe das antraciclinas e dos anticorpos monoclonais humanizados são tratamentos eficazes para o câncer de mama, entretanto, apresentam alto risco de cardiotoxicidade. Diversos parâmetros têm sido reconhecidos como preditores no desenvolvimento de toxicidade cardíaca, sendo que a avaliação da alteração contrátil segmentar ventricular esquerda (ACSVE) ainda não foi estudada. Objetivo: Analisar a associação entre o surgimento de ACSVE e o desenvolvimento de cardiotoxicidade em pacientes com câncer de mama em tratamento com quimioterapia. Métodos: Coorte prospectiva de pacientes diagnosticados com câncer de mama e em tratamento quimioterápico com doxorrubicina e/ou trastuzumab. Foram realizados ecocardiogramas transtorácicos antes, durante e depois do tratamento para avaliar a presença ou não de cardiotoxicidade. A cardiotoxicidade foi definida por um decréscimo de 10% na fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo, em pelo menos um ecocardiograma. Modelos de regressão logística multivariada foram utilizados para verificar os fatores preditores na ocorrência de cardiotoxicidade ao longo do tempo. Resultados: Dos 112 pacientes selecionados (idade média = 51,3 ± 12,9 anos), 18 (16,1%) apresentaram cardiotoxicidade. Na análise multivariada os pacientes com ACSVE (OR = 6,25 [IC 95%: 1,03; 37,95], p < 0,05), diâmetro sistólico do VE (OR = 1,34 [IC 95%:1,01; 1,79], p < 0,05) e strain longitudinal global pela técnica de speckle tracking (OR = 1,48 [IC 95%: 1,02; 2,12], p < 0,05) foram preditores significativos e independentes na predição de cardiotoxidade. Conclusão: Mostramos que ACSVE, bem como a redução do strain longitudinal global foram preditores independentes para cardiotoxicidade, podendo ser úteis na estratificação de risco destes pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/chemically induced , Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects , Stroke Volume/drug effects , Echocardiography/methods , Doxorubicin/adverse effects , Logistic Models , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , ROC Curve , Anthracyclines/adverse effects , Cardiotoxicity/etiology , Trastuzumab/adverse effects
12.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 35(9): e00191518, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039419

ABSTRACT

Resumo: O câncer em indivíduos de 0 a 19 anos é considerado raro, quando comparado à incidência em faixas etárias maiores, sendo estimado entre 2% e 3% de todos os tumores malignos registrados no Brasil. O uso de antraciclinas está frequentemente associado ao aparecimento de cardiotoxicidade e faz parte de aproximadamente 60% dos protocolos terapêuticos em oncologia pediátrica. Dentre as estratégias existentes para a prevenção de cardiotoxicidade, o dexrazoxano obteve resultados favoráveis pautados em desfechos intermediários (marcadores bioquímicos e medidas ecocardiográficas). Foi desenvolvida, neste trabalho, uma avaliação de custo-efetividade que compare o uso do dexrazoxano em diferentes populações, além de uma avaliação do impacto orçamentário causado pela possível incorporação da tecnologia. Foi utilizado o horizonte temporal de toda a vida do paciente e a perspectiva de análise do Sistema Único de Saúde. Uma análise de impacto orçamentário para cada tecnologia também foi construída. Após uma busca na literatura, foi desenvolvido um modelo de Markov capaz de comparar o uso do dexrazoxano em seis perfis de pacientes com risco de desenvolver cardiotoxicidade. Usar o medicamento nas crianças menores de cinco anos de idade se mostrou a alternativa mais custo-efetiva (razão de custo-efetividade incremental - RCEI de R$ 6.156,96), seguida de usar em todos os pacientes (RCEI de R$ 58.968,70). Caso o preço diminua a um valor menor que R$ 250,00 por frasco, a alternativa de usar em todas as crianças se torna a mais custo-efetiva. O impacto orçamentário ao final de cinco anos foi de R$ 30.622.404,81 para uso apenas nas crianças menores de cinco anos. Usar a tecnologia em todas as crianças produziria um impacto incremental de R$ 94.352.898,77.


Abstract: Cancer in individuals 0 to 19 years of age is considered rare when compared to incidence in older age brackets, and is estimated at 2% to 3% of all malignant tumors recorded in Brazil. The use of anthracyclines is frequently associated with cardiotoxicity, and these drugs are part of approximately 60% of treatment protocols in pediatric oncology. Among the existing strategies for the prevention of cardiotoxicity, dexrazoxane obtained favorable results based on intermediate outcomes (biochemical markers and echocardiographic parameters). This study was based on a cost-effectiveness assessment comparing the use of dexrazoxane in different populations, besides an assessment of the budget impact from the technology's potential incorporation. The patient's lifetime was used as the timeline, and the analysis was performed from the perspective of the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS). A budget impact analysis was also performed for each technology. After a literature search, a Markov model was developed, capable of comparing the use of dexrazoxane in six profiles of patients at risk of developing cardiotoxicity. Use of the drug in children under 5 years of age proved to be the most cost-effective alternative (incremental cost effectiveness ratio - ICER of BRL 6,156.96), followed by use in all patients (ICER of BRL 58,968.70). If the price decreased to less than BRL 250.00 per vial, the alternative of using the drug in all children would become the most cost-effective. The budget impact at 5 years was BRL 30,622,404.81 for use only in children under 5 years of age. Using the technology in all the children could produce an incremental impact of BRL 94,352,898.77.


Resumen: El cáncer en individuos de 0 a 19 años está considerado raro, cuando se compara la incidencia en franjas etarias mayores, estimándose entre 2% y 3% de todos los tumores malignos registrados en Brasil. El uso antraciclinas está frecuentemente asociado a la aparición de cardiotoxicidad y forma parte de aproximadamente un 60% de los protocolos terapéuticos en oncología pediátrica. Entre las estrategias existentes para la prevención de cardiotoxicidad, el dexrazoxano obtuvo resultados favorables pautados en desenlaces intermedios (marcadores bioquímicos y medidas ecocardiográficas). Se desarrolló en este trabajo, una evaluación de costo efectividad que compare el uso del dexrazoxano en diferentes poblaciones, además de una evaluación del impacto presupuestario causado por la posible incorporación de la tecnología. Se utilizó el horizonte temporal de toda la vida del paciente y la perspectiva de análisis del SUS. También se realizó un análisis del impacto presupuestario para cada tecnología. Tras una búsqueda en la literatura, se desarrolló un modelo de Markov capaz de comparar el uso del dexrazoxano en 6 perfiles de pacientes con riesgo de desarrollar cardiotoxicidad. Usar el medicamento en los niños menores de 5 años de edad se mostró la alternativa más costo-efectiva (relación costo-efectividad incremental - RCEI de BRL 6.156,96), seguido de usarlo en todos los pacientes (RCEI de BRL 58.968,7). En caso de que el precio disminuya a un valor inferior a BRL 250,00 por frasco, la alternativa de usarlo en todos los niños se convierte en la más costo-efectiva. El impacto presupuestario tras 5 años fue de BRL 30.622.404,81 para su uso exclusivo en niños menores de 5 años. Usar esta tecnología en todos los niños, tendría un impacto presupuestario incrementándolo hasta los BRL 94.352.898,77.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Cardiotonic Agents/economics , Anthracyclines/adverse effects , Dexrazoxane/economics , Heart/drug effects , Heart Failure/prevention & control , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Cardiotonic Agents/therapeutic use , Age Factors , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Dexrazoxane/therapeutic use , Cardiotoxicity/prevention & control , Heart Failure/chemically induced
13.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1041-1051, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763175

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We compared the oncologic outcomes of breast-conserving surgery plus radiation therapy (BCS+RT) and modified radical mastectomy (MRM) under anthracycline plus taxane-based (AT) regimens and investigated the role of adjuvant radiation therapy (RT) in patients with pathologic N1 (pN1) breast cancer treated by mastectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 2,011 patients with pN1 breast cancer who underwent BCS+RT or MRM alone at 12 institutions between January 2006 and December 2010. Two-to-one propensity score matching was performed for balances in variables between the groups. RESULTS: The median follow-up duration for the total cohort was 69 months (range, 1 to 114 months). After propensity score matching, 1,074 patients (676 in the BCS+RT group and 398 in the MRM-alone group) were analyzed finally. The overall survival, disease-free survival, locoregional failure-free survival, and regional failure-free survival (RFFS) curves of the BCS+RT group vs. MRM-alone group were not significantly different. The subgroup analysis revealed that in the group with both lymphovascular invasion (LVI) and histologic grade (HG) III, the BCS+RT showed significantly superior RFFS (p=0.008). Lymphedema (p=0.007) and radiation pneumonitis (p=0.031) occurred more frequently in the BCS+RT group than in the MRM-alone group, significantly. CONCLUSION: There are no differences in oncologic outcomes between BCS+RT and MRM-alone groups under the AT chemotherapy regimens for pN1 breast cancer. However, BCS+RT group showed superior RFFS to MRM-alone group in the patients with LVI and HG III. Adjuvant RT might be considerable for pN1 breast cancer patients with LVI and HG III.


Subject(s)
Anthracyclines , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Cohort Studies , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lymphedema , Mastectomy , Mastectomy, Modified Radical , Mastectomy, Segmental , Medical Records , Propensity Score , Radiation Pneumonitis , Retrospective Studies
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719418

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Dexrazoxane has been used as an effective cardioprotector against anthracycline cardiotoxicity. This study intended to analyze cardioprotective efficacy and secondary malignancy development, and elucidate risk factors for secondary malignancies in dexrazoxane-treated pediatric patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data was collected from 15 hospitals in Korea. Patients who received any anthracyclines, and completed treatment without stem cell transplantation were included. For efficacy evaluation, the incidence of cardiac events and cardiac event-free survival rates were compared. Data about risk factors of secondary malignancies were collected. RESULTS: Data of total 1,453 cases were analyzed; dexrazoxane with every anthracyclines group (D group, 1,035 patients) and no dexrazoxane group (non-D group, 418 patients). Incidence of the reported cardiac events was not statistically different between two groups; however, the cardiac event-free survival rate of patients with more than 400 mg/m2 of anthracyclines was significantly higher in D group (91.2% vs. 80.1%, p=0.04). The 6-year cumulative incidence of secondary malignancy was not different between both groups after considering follow-up duration difference (non-D, 0.52%±0.37%; D, 0.60%±0.28%; p=0.55). The most influential risk factor for secondary malignancy was the duration of anthracycline administration according to multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: Dexrazoxane had an efficacy in lowering cardiac event-free survival rates in patients with higher cumulative anthracyclines. As a result of multivariate analysis for assessing risk factors of secondary malignancy, the occurrence of secondary malignancy was not related to dexrazoxane administration.


Subject(s)
Anthracyclines , Cardiotoxicity , Dexrazoxane , Disease-Free Survival , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Incidence , Korea , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasms, Second Primary , Risk Factors , Stem Cell Transplantation
15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1033-1039, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771843

ABSTRACT

@#]Objective:To investigate the efficacy and safety of induction regimens containing arsenite, allo-transretinoic acid (ATRA) and anthracyclines of different doses as induction chemotherapy for acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 129 consecutive hospitalized newly diagnosed APL patients from January 2011 to December 2017 were collected and retrospectively analyzed. Sixty-six patients received arsenite, ATRA and anthracyclines of low doses (low dose group), while other 63 patients received arsenite, ATRA and anthracyclines of standard doses (standard dose group), the efficacy and safety were compared and analyzed in 2 groups.@*RESULTS@#There were no statistically significant differences in terms of age, sex, routine blood indexes,LDH level, bone marrow promyelocyte count,prognostic stratification between patients in two groups (P>0.05). During the treatment, WBC count peak and its time point were not significantly different between two groups (P>0.05). Both induction regimens showed good efficacy, the PML-RARα gene conversion rate from positive into negative, the 2-year overall survival rate and disease-free survival rate in the low-dose group were similar to those in the standard dose group(P>0.05). The recovery time of neutrophils and platelets in the low-dose group was 0 d and 11 d, respectively, which were statistically  significantly shorter than those in the standard dose group (3 d,15 d) (both P=0.000). The median value of platelet and erythrocyte transfusion in the low-dose group was 6.9 U and 4.2 U, respectively, which were statistically significantly lower than that in the standard dose group (8.4 U,6.8 U) (P=0.037,0.000). And the inpatient time in the low and the standard dose groups were 30.98 and 30.71 days, respectively (P=0.770).@*CONCLUSION@#For newly diagnosed patients with APL, the efficacy was similar between induction therapy containing arsenite,ATRA and low dose anthracyclines and the induction therapy containing arsenite, ATRA and standard dose anthracyclines, however, the former appears even safer.


Subject(s)
Anthracyclines , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Humans , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Tretinoin
16.
Rev. costarric. cardiol ; 20(2): 44-47, dic. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-990969

ABSTRACT

Resumen La cardiotoxicidad asociada al uso de quimioterapéuticos ha sido ampliamente corroborada a través de diversos estudios clínicos. En Costa Rica se han empezado a desarrollar Unidades Cardio-oncológicas en diversos centros médicos con el fin de detectar de manera precoz el efecto deletéreo cardiovascular asociado a los diferentes quimioterapéuticos. A con tinuación, se presenta un resumen de las manifestaciones clínicas cardiovasculares asociadas al uso de antraciclinas que tenemos a disposición en la Caja Costarricense del Seguro Social (CCSS)


Abstract Cardiotoxicity of anthracycline-type chemotherapeutics in the official list of medicines of the Caja Costarricense del Seguro Social Cardiotoxicity associated with the use of chemotherapy has been largely corroborated along multiple clinical trials. In Costa Rica, the development of Cardio-oncologic Units has begun recently in various medical centers with the purpose of achieving an early detection of the deleterious cardiovascular effect associated with different chemotherapeutics. This review consists of a summary of the clinical manifestations related to the use of anthracyclines available in the Costa Rican public health system.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anthracyclines , Costa Rica , Drug Therapy , Cardiotoxicity , Antineoplastic Agents
17.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 111(5): 721-728, Nov. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973792

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Chemotherapy with doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide, although efficient for treating breast cancer, is associated with cardiovascular complications. Recent studies seek to identify methods that can early detect cardiological and vascular changes as a strategy to decrease the incidence of cardiovascular comorbidities. Objective: To evaluate the role of arterial stiffness measurement in the monitoring of doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide-induced cardiotoxicity in breast cancer patients. Methods: Prospective longitudinal study in 24 breast cancer patients undergoing treatment with doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide. Patients underwent an indirect evaluation of arterial stiffness through non-invasive measurement of hemodynamic parameters such as pulse wave velocity with the Mobil-O-Graph® 24H PWA device at three different times of the chemotherapy treatment (pre-chemotherapy, after the first and the fourth cycle). The left ventricular ejection fraction was also evaluated by Doppler echocardiography (pre-chemotherapy and after the fourth chemotherapy cycle). Data were considered significant when p ≤ 0.05. Results: Patients had a mean age of 52.33 ± 8.85 years and body mass index of 31 ± 5.87 kg/m2. There was no significant difference between the hemodynamic parameters evaluated by the oscillometric method or in the left ventricular ejection fraction in the different evaluated periods. Conclusion: Evaluations of arterial stiffness by oscillometry and measurement of left ventricular ejection fraction by Doppler echocardiography showed equivalence in the values found, suggesting that the evaluation method of arterial stiffness studied could be used as a marker for cardiovascular adverse events associated with doxorrubicin-based chemotherapy drugs.


Resumo Fundamento: O tratamento quimioterápico com doxorrubicina e ciclofosfamida, apesar de eficiente no combate ao câncer de mama, está associado a complicações cardiovasculares. Trabalhos recentes identificam métodos que possam detectar alterações cardiológicas e vasculares precocemente, visando a uma estratégia para diminuição na incidência de comorbidades cardiovasculares. Objetivo: Avaliar o papel da medida da rigidez arterial no acompanhamento da ocorrência de eventos adversos cardiovasculares induzidos por doxorrubicina e ciclofosfamida em pacientes com câncer de mama. Métodos: Estudo longitudinal prospectivo realizado com 24 pacientes com câncer de mama em tratamento com doxorrubicina e ciclofosfamida. As pacientes foram submetidas à avaliação indireta da rigidez arterial, por mensuração não invasiva de parâmetros hemodinâmicos, como a velocidade de onda de pulso, pelo equipamento Mobil-O-Graph® 24H PWA em três diferentes momentos do tratamento quimioterápico (pré-quimioterapia, após o primeiro e após o quarto ciclos). Foi avaliada também a fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo pelo ecoDopplercardiograma (pré-quimioterapia e após o quarto ciclo quimioterápico). Os valores de p ≤ 0,05 foram considerados significativos. Resultados: As pacientes apresentaram média de idade de 52,33 ± 8,85 anos e índice de massa corporal de 31 ± 5,87 kg/m2. Não houve diferença significativa entre os parâmetros hemodinâmicos avaliados pelo método oscilométrico ou na fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo, nos diferentes períodos avaliados. Conclusão: As avaliações de rigidez arterial por oscilometria e medida da fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo por ecoDopplercardiograma mostraram equivalência nos valores encontrados, sugerindo que o método de avaliação da rigidez arterial estudado possa ser utilizado como mais um marcador para eventos adversos cardiovasculares associados aos medicamentos quimioterápicos baseados em doxorrubicina.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/chemically induced , Doxorubicin/adverse effects , Anthracyclines/adverse effects , Cyclophosphamide/adverse effects , Vascular Stiffness , Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Echocardiography, Doppler , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , Doxorubicin/pharmacology , Pilot Projects , Longitudinal Studies , Ventricular Function, Left/drug effects , Anthracyclines/therapeutic use , Anthracyclines/pharmacology , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Cyclophosphamide/pharmacology , Cardiotoxicity/physiopathology , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology
19.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 64(8): 745-754, Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-976841

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVES This study aimed at assessing the role of beta-blockers on preventing anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity in adults. METHODS A systematic review was performed on electronic databases, including relevant studies that analysed beta-blockers as cardioprotective agents before the use of anthracyclines by adult oncologic patients. RESULTS After application of eligibility and selection criteria, eight articles were considered as high quality, complying with the proposed theme; all eight clinical trials, four of them placebo-controlled, with a total number of 655 patients included. From this sample, 281 (42.9%) used beta-blocker as intervention, and carvedilol was the most frequent (167 patients - 25.5%). Six studies were considered positive regarding the cardioprotection role played by beta-blockers, although only four demonstrated significant difference on left ventricle ejection fraction after chemotherapy on groups that used beta-blockers compared to control groups. Carvedilol and nebivolol, but not metoprolol, had positive results regarding cardioprotection. Other beta-blockers were not analysed in the selected studies. CONCLUSIONS Despite the potential cardioprotective effect of beta-blockers, as demonstrated in small and unicentric clinical trials, its routine use on prevention of anthracycline-associated cardiotoxicity demands greater scientific evidence.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Este estudo teve como objetivo analisar o papel dos betabloqueadores na prevenção da cardiotoxicidade induzida pelas antraciclinas em adultos. MÉTODOS Foi realizada uma revisão sistemática em bases de dados eletrônicos, incluindo os estudos relevantes que analisaram fármacos betabloqueadores como agentes cardioprotetores antes do início do uso de antraciclinas por pacientes oncológicos adultos. RESULTADOS Após aplicação dos critérios de elegibilidade e seleção, foram obtidos oito artigos considerados de boa qualidade, que se adequavam à temática proposta, sendo todos ensaios clínicos, quatro placebo-controlados, totalizando 655 pacientes incluídos. Destes, 281 (42,9%) fizeram uso de algum betabloqueador como intervenção, sendo o carvedilol o mais utilizado (167 pacientes - 25,5%). Seis estudos foram considerados positivos quanto à cardioproteção exercida pelos betabloqueadores, porém apenas quatro demonstraram diferença na fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo após a quimioterapia nos grupos que usaram betabloqueadores em relação aos grupos controle. O carvedilol e o nebivolol, mas não o metoprolol, tiveram resultados positivos quanto à cardioproteção. Outros betabloqueadores não foram avaliados nos estudos incluídos. CONCLUSÕES Apesar de haver um potencial efeito cardioprotetor dos betabloqueadores, conforme demonstrado em ensaios clínicos pequenos e unicêntricos, sua utilização rotineira na prevenção da cardiotoxicidade associada às antraciclinas requer maiores comprovações científicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Cardiotonic Agents/pharmacology , Adrenergic beta-Antagonists/pharmacology , Anthracyclines/adverse effects , Heart Diseases/chemically induced , Heart Diseases/prevention & control , Stroke Volume , Cardiotonic Agents/therapeutic use , Reproducibility of Results , Adrenergic beta-Antagonists/therapeutic use , Cardiotoxicity/prevention & control , Carvedilol/therapeutic use , Carvedilol/pharmacology
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