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1.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 40(1): 53-66, 01/03/2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1367716

ABSTRACT

Objective. The study aimed to measure the effect of auditory, tactile, visual, and vestibular (ATVV) stimulation therapy on sucking effectiveness (SE), infant-feeding mode, weight, height, and head circumference (HC) of full-term infants. Methods. A single-blinded randomized trial with a sample of 107 mother-child dyads. Inclusion criteria were healthy first-time mothers and full-term infants with no known pathological conditions, weighing between 2500 and 4000 grams, and recommendation of exclusive or predominant breastfeeding. The mothers in the experimental group (EG) received training in ATVV stimulation therapy and provided it from birth (first 24 hours of life) until the end of the follow-ups at week 5. The control group (CG) received only standard care that included education on warning signs and basic guidance on breastfeeding. SE, infant-feeding mode, and neonatal growth were measured at weeks 2 and 5. Results. In contrast to CG infants, the EG infants drank 2.02 cc more human milk in one minute of effective breastfeeding (p=0.002) at week 2 and 5.51 cc more at week 5 (p<0.0001). They showed greater adherence to breastfeeding at week 5 (p=0.025) and gained more weight: 8.35 grams/day (p=0.009) and 4.19 grams/day (p=0.008). HC did not differ between groups, and height difference was statistically significant at week 5 (p=0.025). Conclusion: ATVV stimulation therapy has a positive effect on neonatal health as it promotes effective sucking and exclusive breastfeeding, reduces weight loss, and improves neonatal growth.


Objetivos. Medir el efecto de la terapia de estimulación auditiva, táctil, visual y vestibular en la succión eficaz, el modo de alimentación, el peso, talla y perímetro cefálico de los neonatos a término. Métodos. Ensayo aleatorizado ciego, con una muestra de 107 díadas madre-hijo. Los criterios de inclusión fueron madres primerizas sanas y bebés a término sin condiciones patológicas conocidas, con peso entre 2500 y 4000 gramos e indicación de lactancia materna exclusiva o predominante. En el grupo experimental las madres recibieron entrenamiento en la terapia de estimulación auditiva, táctil, visual y vestibular y lo aplicaron desde el nacimiento (primeras 24 horas de vida) hasta el final del seguimiento. El grupo control recibió solamente la atención estándar que incluyó la educación sobre los signos de alarma y las indicaciones básicas sobre la lactancia materna. Se midió la eficacia de la succión, el tipo de alimentación y el crecimiento neonatal en la semana 2 y la semana 5. Resultados. Los bebés del grupo experimental comparados con el grupo control bebieron 2.02 cc más leche humana en un minuto de lactancia efectiva (p=0.002) en la segunda semana y 5.51 cc más en la quinta semana (p<0.0001); las madres registraron una mayor adherencia a la lactancia a las 5 semanas (p=0.025) y los bebés ganaron más peso: 8.35 gramos/día (p=0.009) y 4.19 gramos/día (p=0.008). El perímetro cefálico no presentó diferencias entre grupos, mientras que la diferencia en la talla fue estadísticamente significativa en la semana 5 (p=0.025). Conclusión. La terapia de estimulación auditiva, táctil, visual y vestibular tiene un efecto positivo en la salud neonatal, promueve la succión eficaz, la lactancia materna exclusiva, atenúa la pérdida de peso y mejora el crecimiento neonatal.


Objetivos. Medir o efeito da terapia de estimulação auditiva, táctil, visual e vestibular na sucção eficaz, o modo de alimentação, o peso, tamanho e perímetro cefálico dos neonatos a término. Métodos. Ensaio aleatório cego, com uma mostra de 107 díade mãe-filho. Os critérios de inclusão foram mães de primeira viagem saudáveis e bebês a término sem condições patológicas conhecidas, com peso entre 2500 e 4000 gramas e indicação de lactância materna exclusiva ou predominante. No grupo experimental as mães receberam treinamento na terapia de estimulação auditiva, táctil, visual e vestibular e a aplicaram desde o nascimento (primeiras 24 horas de vida) até o final do seguimento; o grupo de controle recebeu somente a atenção padrão que incluiu a educação sobre os sinais de alarme e as indicações básicas sobre a lactância materna. Se mediu a eficácia da sucção, o tipo de alimentação e o crescimento neonatal na 2ª semana e na 5ª semana. Resultados. Os bebês do grupo experimental comparados com o grupo de controle beberam 2.02 cc mais leite humana num minuto de lactância efetiva (p=0.002) na segunda semana e 5.51 cc mais na quinta semana (p<0.0001); as mães registraram uma maior aderência à lactância às 5 semanas (p=0.025) e os bebês ganharam mais peso: 8.35 gramas/dia (p=0.009) e 4.19 gramas/dia (p=0.008). O perímetro cefálico não apresentou diferenças entre grupos, enquanto a diferença no tamanho foi estatisticamente significativa na 5ª semana (p=0.025). Conclusão. A terapia de estimulação auditiva, táctil, visual e vestibular tem um efeito positivo na saúde neonatal, promove a sucção eficaz, a lactância materna exclusiva, atenua a perda de peso e melhora o crescimento neonatal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Physical Stimulation , Breast Feeding , Infant, Newborn , Anthropometry , Neonatal Nursing , Mother-Child Relations/psychology
2.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 72(1): 23-30, mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1368353

ABSTRACT

La obesidad se define por un exceso de masa grasa, sin embargo, hay otros indicadores antropométricos que pueden ser útiles para el diagnóstico de sobrepeso u obesidad; Objetivo. Determinar la exactitud diagnóstica del índice de masa corporal (IMC), circunferencia de la cintura (CC) e índice de forma corporal (ABSI) para el diagnóstico de sobrepeso u obesidad en una población adulta del Ecuador. Materiales y métodos. Se desarrolló un estudio observacional de corte transversal en el que participaron 253 sujetos con edades entre 20 y 60 años. Se midió peso, estatura, circunferencia de la cintura y porcentaje de grasa corporal (PGC). Se correlacionó el PGC con IMC, CC y ABSI y se estableció la sensibilidad y especificidad de estos indicadores para el diagnóstico de sobrepeso u obesidad con curvas ROC. Resultados. El PGC fue menor en hombres que en mujeres (30,9 vs 41,87), ABSI y CC fue mayor en hombres que en mujeres (0,079 vs 0,075) y (99,76 vs 91,25) respectivamente. Se encontró una correlación positiva fuerte (≥0,75) entre el PGC e IMC y CC. En la curva ROC, el área bajo la curva más alta se observa para el IMC (0,949), mientras que el área más baja se observa para ABSI (0,395). Conclusión. El IMC es el indicador con mayor precisión diagnóstica de sobrepeso u obesidad. ABSI no sería un indicador útil en el diagnóstico de sobrepeso u obesidad(AU)


Obesity is defined by an excess of fat mass, however, there are other anthropometric indicators that can be useful for the diagnosis of overweight or obesity; Objetive. To determine the diagnostic accuracy of the body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and body shape index (ABSI) for the diagnosis of overweight or obesity in an adult population of Ecuador. Materials and methods. An observational cross-sectional study was carried out in which 253 subjects aged between 20 and 60 years participated. Weight, height, waist circumference and percentage body fat (PBF) were measured. The PBF was correlated with BMI, WC and ABSI and the sensitivity and specificity of these indicators were established for the diagnosis of overweight or obesity with ROC curves. Results. The PBF was lower in men than in women (30.09 vs 41.87), ABSI and CC were higher in men than in women (0.079 vs 0.075) and (99.76 vs 91.25) respectively. A strong positive correlation (≥0.75) was found between % body fat and BMI and WC. On the ROC curve, the area under the highest curve is observed for BMI (0.949), while the lowest area is observed for ABSI (0.395). Conclusion. The BMI is the indicator with the highest diagnostic precision of overweight or obesity. ABSI would not be a useful indicator in the diagnosis of overweight or obesity(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Body Mass Index , Adipose Tissue , Overweight , Body Fat Distribution , Obesity , Anthropometry , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diagnosis , Ecuador , Waist Circumference
3.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 72(1): 1-10, mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1368331

ABSTRACT

Sugar-sweetened beverages and fast-food consumption have been associated with non-communicable diseases. Objective. Was to analyze consumption of non-alcoholic beverage and fast-food consumption among first- and fourth-year nursing students. Materials and methods. A questionnaire-based survey was conducted among first-and fourth-year nursing students in Madrid, Spain. Anthropometric data (weight and height) and demographic data were collected, as were data on consumption of specific foods and beverages. Results. The survey was completed by 436 students. Mean (SD) age was 22.0 (6.8) years, 84.1 % of were women.26.2 % of the students were underweight; 6.3 % were overweight. Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and diet drinks was moderate. Slightly more than three-quarters of the students (75.5 %) purchased fast food in the previous month. Burger bars were the most frequently visited fast-food outlet (77.2 %). A direct relationship was observed between BMI and fast-food consumption (rho = 0.099; p = 0.042) and between BMI and consumption of diet cola or carbonated drinks (rho = 0.120; p = 0.013). Conclusion. We provide new epidemiological data from a specific university population that could be useful to promote more studies that help design appropriate strategies to increase a healthy lifestyle(AU)


Las bebidas azucaradas y el consumo de comida rápida se han asociado con enfermedades no transmisibles. Objetivo. Analizar el consumo de bebidas no alcohólicas y el consumo de comida rápida entre estudiantes universitarios de primer y cuarto curso de enfermería. Materiales y métodos. Cuestionario validado entre estudiantes de enfermería de primer y cuarto año en Madrid, España. Se recopilaron datos antropométricos (peso y altura) y demográficos, así como datos sobre consumo de alimentos y bebidas específicos. Resultados. La encuesta fue completada por 436 estudiantes. La edad media (DE) fue de 22,0 (6,8) años, el 84,1 % eran mujeres; el 26,2 % de los estudiantes tenían bajo peso y el 6,3% mostraban sobrepeso. El consumo de bebidas azucaradas y bebidas dietéticas fue moderado. Más de tres cuartas partes de estudiantes (75,5%) compraron comida rápida en el mes anterior. Las hamburgueserías fueron el restaurante de comida rápida más visitado (77,2%). Se observó una relación directa entre el IMC y el consumo de comida rápida (rho = 0,099; p = 0,042) y entre el IMC y el consumo de refrescos dietéticos o bebidas gaseosas (rho = 0,120; p = 0,013). Conclusión. Aportamos nuevos datos epidemiológicos de una población universitaria concreta, que podrían ser de utilidad para promover más estudios que ayuden a diseñar estrategias adecuadas para incrementar un estilo de vida saludable(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Students, Nursing , Fast Foods , Sugar-Sweetened Beverages , Spain , Universities , Weight by Height , Body Mass Index , Anthropometry , Surveys and Questionnaires , Overweight
4.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211883, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253946

ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim of the study was to investigate perceived family cohesion and adaptability and its association with trauma, malocclusion and anthropometry in school adolescents. Methods: Cross-sectional study with a representative sample of 921 adolescents from 13 to 19 years old of both sexes, enrolled in state public schools of a northeastern Brazilian municipality. A questionnaire with sociodemographic questions, the FACES III scale was applied and a clinical oral examination (dental trauma and malocclusion) and anthropometric (BMI by age) were performed. For statistical analysis, was evaluated by the Chi-square test. The variables that presented significance in the bivariate analysis of up to 25% were taken to the multivariate analysis (multinomial logistic regression), variables that presented significance in bivariate analysis of up to 25% were taken to multivariate analysis and all conclusions were drawn considering the significance level of 5%. Results: As a result, it was identified that displaced families were associated with low maternal education, agglutinated families associated with the absence of caries. Rigid families were associated with marked overjet and caries. The prevalence of dental trauma (37.5%) was considered high. Conclusion: It was concluded that family cohesion and adaptability were associated with oral health and socioeconomic factors


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Anthropometry , Oral Health , Adolescent , Tooth Injuries/epidemiology , Holistic Health , Malocclusion/epidemiology
5.
Ciênc. cogn ; 26(2): 233-243, 31 dez. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353090

ABSTRACT

A aptidão física e parâmetros antropométricos têm sido associados ao aproveitamento acadêmico e melhoria da função cognitiva. Neste sentido, o objetivo do presente estudo foi de associar a função executiva, antropometria e aptidão física de escolares com idades entre 11 e 15 anos. Para tanto, 179 estudantes (85 meninas e 94 meninos) (13,18 ± 1,26 anos; 49,73 ± 12,30 kg; 159,21 ± 9,40 cm; 19,46 ± 3,79 kg/m²) foram submetidos a mensurações antropométricas (massa corporal, estatura e circunferência da cintura, com posterior cálculo de índice de massa corporal e relação cintura-estatura), realizaram dois testes cognitivos (Teste de Stroop e Teste de Trilhas) e realizaram uma bateria de testes físicos (PROESP-BR). Os dados foram analisados no SPSS versão 22.0 por meio de estatística descritiva e Correlação de Spearman. O nível de significância adotado foi de p<0,05. Os resultados indicaram que a maior parte dos escolares apresentou baixo desempenho nos testes de aptidão física. Nenhuma associação significativa foi encontrada entre as variáveis antropométricas e o tempo para completar os testes cognitivos. Por outro lado, correlações significativas negativas foram observadas na associação entre os testes de aptidão física e os testes cognitivos, indicando que participantes com melhor aptidão física necessitam de menos tempo para completar os testes cognitivos. Conclui-se que escolares com idades entre 11 e 15 anos apresentam baixa aptidão física. Ademais, foram observadas correlações negativas significativas entre a aptidão física e o tempo para completar os testes cognitivos.


Physical fitness and body composition parameters have been associated with academic performance and improved cognitive function. Thus, the aim of the present study was to associate executive function, anthropometry and physical fitness of students aged 11 to 15 years. In order to do so, 179 participants (85 girls and 94 boys) (13.18 ± 1.26 years; 49.76 ± 12.30 kg; 159.21 ± 9.40 cm; 19.46 ± 3.79 kg/m²) underwent anthropometric measurements (body mass, stature and waist circumference. Body mass index and waist-to-height ratio were also calculated), performed two cognitive tests (Stroop test and Trail making test) and performed physical fitness tests (PROESP-BR). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Spearman's Correlation. The level of significance adopted was p<0.05. Results showed that the majority of the participants presented a weak performance in the physical fitness tests. No statistically significant associations were found between anthropometric indicators and time to complete the cognitive tests. However, significantly negative correlations occurred when associating the physical tests with the cognitive tests, indicating that students with better physical fitness need less time to complete the cognitive tests. School students aged 11 to 15 years presented low physical fitness. Moreover, negatively statistically significant correlations were found between the physical fitness tests and time to complete the cognitive tests.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Child , Anthropometry , Adolescent , Exercise Test , Stroop Test
6.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(3): 394-399, dez 20, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354226

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a Doença Inflamatória Intestinal (DII) é decorrente de vários fatores que provocam alteração na homeostase do microbioma na resposta imune e no aumento da permeabilidade intestinal. O estado nutricional inadequado, principalmente em pacientes pediátricos com DII, representa prognóstico ruim e pode influenciar na resposta ao tratamento, à morbidade e à mortalidade. Objetivo: esse estudo teve objetivo de caracterizar o estado antropométrico de pacientes pediátricos atendidos em um ambulatório referência para DII. Metodologia: a amostra foi constituída por pacientes atendidos em primeira consulta no ambulatório, de junho de 2020 até fevereiro de 2021. Foram incluídos pacientes com diagnóstico clínico de Doença de Cronh e Colite Ulcerativa, de ambos sexos, com idade entre 2 a 19 anos. Resultados: dos pacientes com CU, 54,7% apresentaram adequado estado nutricional e 45,3% dos pacientes com DC. O percentual de déficit de massa muscular foi de 47,6% dos pacientes com CU e 52,4% dos pacientes com DC. A baixa estatura foi de 37,5% nos pacientes com CU e 62,5% com DC. Conclusão: a avaliação nutricional de crianças e adolescentes portadores de doenças inflamatórias intestinais deve fazer parte da rotina de atendimento, para que sejam promovidas práticas alimentares saudáveis que favoreçam o crescimento, recuperação ponderal e manutenção de massa muscular.


Background: Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) is due to several factors that cause changes in microbiome homeostasis, immune response and increased intestinal permeability. Inadequate nutritional status, especially in pediatric patients with IBD, represents a poor prognosis and can influence treatment response, morbidity and mortality. Objective: the aim of this study was to characterize the anthropometric status of pediatric patients seen at the reference outpatient clinic for IBD. Methods: the sample consisted of patients seen in the first consultation at the clinic, from June 2020 to February 2021. Patients with a clinical diagnosis of Cronh's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis, of both genders, aged between 2 and 19 years were included. Results: of patients with UC 54.7% had an adequate nutritional status and 45.3% of patients with CD. The percentage of muscle mass deficit was 47.6% of patients with UC and 52.4% of patients with CD. Short stature was 37.5% in patients with UC and 62.5% with CD. Conclusion: nutritional assessment of children and adolescents with inflammatory bowel diseases should be part of the routine of care, so that healthy eating practices that favor growth, weight recovery and maintenance of muscle mass are promoted.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Pediatrics , Colitis, Ulcerative , Crohn Disease , Anthropometry
7.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(12): 6141-6152, Dez. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350501

ABSTRACT

Resumo Nas últimas décadas aconteceram várias alterações no padrão de organização das famílias, como mudanças no tamanho, estrutura e composição. Dentre os novos arranjos familiares, destaca-se o crescimento de famílias monoparentais femininas. Este arranjo tende a se encontrar em situação de maior vulnerabilidade social em relação a outros arranjos. Diante disso, este estudo buscou analisar a relação entre o arranjo monoparental feminino e o estado nutricional de crianças menores de cinco anos, com dados da Pesquisa de Orçamentos Familiares (POF/IBGE) de 2008-2009. Para isso, estimaram-se duas equações para análise de índices antropométricos, tendo como variáveis dependentes o escore z da "altura para idade" e o escore z do "peso para altura". Os resultados mostraram que, controlando para outras variáveis importantes como renda, escolaridade e características domiciliares, pertencer ao arranjo "monoparental feminino" teve efeito positivo sobre o escore z da "altura para idade" quando comparado ao arranjo "casal com filhos", indicando que a presença da mãe, sem o cônjuge, contribui para melhorar esse indicador de saúde de longo prazo.


Abstract In the last decades several alterations have occurred in the dynamics of the organization of families, including changes in size, structure, and composition. Among new family arrangements, the increase in female single-parent families stands out. This structure tends to be in a situation of greater social vulnerability in relation to other arrangements. With this in mind, the scope of this study sought to analyze the relationship between the female single-parent family arrangement and anthropometric measurements of under five-year-old offspring, with data from the 2008-2009 Brazilian household budget survey (POF/IBGE). Two equations for the analysis of anthropometric measurements, with the z-score of "height-for-age" and the z-score of "weight-for-height" as dependent variables, were estimated. The results revealed that, taking other important variables into consideration, such as income, education and domestic characteristics pertaining to the "female single-parent" arrangement, had a positive effect on anthropometric measurements when compared with the "couple with children" arrangement, indicating that in households in which the mother does not have a spouse in residence, children had better long-term health indicators than in households in which the spouse was present.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Single-Parent Family , Social Vulnerability , Anthropometry , Family Characteristics , Income
8.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(6): 386-393, dic. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1342806

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El mobiliario escolar influye en la postura sedente que adopta el alumnado en el aula, con efectos en su salud y aprendizaje. Por ello, es preciso determinar la existencia de un posible desajuste entre las dimensiones del mobiliario escolar y la antropometría del alumnado, así como realizar una propuesta de tallas en base a la realidad del aula y las normativas de Galicia y la Unión Europea. Población y métodos. Un evaluador experto en antropometría realizó las mediciones de peso, talla, altura poplítea, hombro y codo sentado, con un antropómetro, comparándolas posteriormente con las sillas y mesas utilizadas actualmente. Las técnicas de análisis empleadas fueron: descriptivo (medidas de tendencia central), análisis de la varianza de un factor, prueba t, prueba de chi cuadrado (en software SPSS®) y tamaño del efecto (d de Cohen). El nivel de significación establecido fue de p ≤ 0,05. Resultados. La muestra se compuso de 108 estudiantes españoles de educación primaria (de entre 6 y 12 años). El 91,7 % y el 97,2 % del alumnado emplea, respectivamente, una silla y una mesa que no se ajusta a sus características antropométricas, y utiliza mobiliario con un tamaño superior al que le corresponde. La normativa de tallas de mobiliario que rige actualmente en la población estudiada no es apropiada, al no tener sillas y mesas adecuadas a los primeros cursos de primaria. Conclusiones. Existe un alto grado de desajuste entre el mobiliario y la antropometría del alumnado. Se propone seguir las tallas de la normativa europea, utilizando varias tallas por curso o mobiliario regulable, para adaptarse a las características antropométricas de todo el alumnado.


Introduction. School furniture affects the sitting position of students in the classroom, as well as their health and learning. Therefore, it is necessary to determine the existence of a potential mismatch between school furniture dimensions and students' anthropometric characteristics, as well as to propose dimensions based on classroom actuality and the regulations in place in both Galicia and the European Union. Population and methods. An evaluator with experience in anthropometry measured weight, height, popliteal height, sitting shoulder height, and sitting elbow height using an anthropometer and then compared values with the chairs and desks currently used. Analysis techniques were descriptive (measures of central tendency), single-factor analysis of variance, t test, χ² test (using the SPSS® software), and effect size (Cohen's d test). The significance level was established at p ≤ 0.05.Results. The sample was made up of 108 Spanish children in primary school (aged 6-12 years). Of them, 91.7 % and 97.2 % use, respectively, a chair and a desk that do not adjust to their anthropometric characteristics and use furniture that is larger than what they need. The regulations for furniture dimensions currently in place for the studied population are not adequate because the chairs and desks included are not adequate for the first grades of primary school. Conclusions. There is a high mismatch level between school furniture and students' anthropometric characteristics. We propose the use of the European regulations for furniture dimensions, with varying heights per grade or adjustable furniture that can be adapted to the anthropometric characteristics of all students.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Schools , Interior Design and Furnishings , Spain , Students , Pilot Projects , Anthropometry
10.
Revista brasileira de ciência e movimento ; 29(1): [1-23], nov. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344082

ABSTRACT

: Este estudo investigou o impacto de 5 semanas de treinamento pliométrico em membros superiores e inferiores sobre o desempenho físico em estudantes de Educação Física. Foram recrutados 16 estudantes do sexo masculino de 18 a 23 anos divididos em 2 grupos (Controle e Treino). O grupo Treino foi submetido ao treinamento pliométrico de membros superiores e inferiores por 5 semanas com 3 sessões/semana de 30-40 minutos/sessão, composta de 10 exercícios de braço e perna (10-20 repetições/exercício). Antes e imediatamente após o programa de treinamento pliométrico, os indivíduos foram avaliados por parâmetros antropométricos (peso, estatura, índice de massa corporal e percentual de gordura), nível de flexibilidade e desempenho físico (forças de toque e de ataque, salto vertical, sprint de 20 m e agilidade). Dados de flexibilidade e desempenho físico foram avaliados por análise de covariância (ANCOVA), além da correlação de Pearson entre as variáveis de desempenho físico após 5 semanas de treinamento. O grupo Treino exibiu maior ganho de desempenho no salto vertical quando comparado ao grupo Controle (p< 0,05). Todavia, não foi observada diferença significativa entre os grupos Treino e Controle nos ganhos de força de toque e de ataque, no desempenho do teste de sprint de 20 m, no teste de agilidade e de flexibilidade (p> 0,05). Houve correlação positiva entre os testes de forças de toque e de ataque com o salto vertical (p< 0,001, r= 0,633; e p< 0,001, r= 0,639; respectivamente), como também correlação dos testes salto vertical com os testes de velocidade (p< 0,001, r= -0,768) e agilidade (p< 0,002, r= -0,537) após o treinamento. Conclui-se que 5 semanas de treinamento pliométrico de membros superiores e inferiores exibiram melhora no desempenho do salto vertical de estudantes de Educação Física, bem como observou-se correlação entre os parâmetros neuromusculares anaeróbicos de membros inferiores e superiores após o período de treinamento.(AU)


This study investigated the impact of 5 weeks of plyometric training on upper and lower limbs on physical performance parameters in Physical Education students. Sixteen male college students aged 18 to 23 years were divided into 2 groups (Control and Training). The Training group was submitted to 5 weeks of plyometric training for upper and lower limbs, with 3 sessions per week for 30-40 minutes per session. Training sessions consisted of 10 arm and leg exercises (10-20 repetitions per exercise). Anthropometric parameters (weight, height, body mass index and body fat percentage), level of flexibility and physical performance (touch and attack strength, vertical jump, 20m sprint, agility) were assessed before and immediately after the plyometric training program. Flexibility and physical performance data were assessed by covariance analysis (ANCOVA), in addition to Pearson's correlation among physical performance parameters after 5 weeks of training. The Training group showed a greater gain in the vertical jump performance when compared to the Control group. However, no significant difference was observed between the Training and Control groups for touch and attack strength gains, for 20 m sprint performance gains, and for agility and flexibility test gains. There was a positive correlation between the tests of touch and attack strengths with vertical jump performance. There was also positive correlation between touch and attack strength with vertical jump (p< 0.001, r= 0.633; e p< 0,001, r= 0.639; respectively), and between vertical jump performance and 20m sprint performance (p< 0.001, r= -0,768) and agility test after training (p< 0.002, r= -0,537). It is concluded that 5 weeks of plyometric training for upper and lower limbs showed improvement in the vertical jump performance in Physical Education students. There was also a correlation between the anaerobic neuromuscular parameters of lower and upper limbs after the training period.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Reaction Time , Athletic Performance , Resistance Training , Plyometric Exercise , Physical Education and Training , Students , Anthropometry , Lower Extremity , Upper Extremity , Mentoring
11.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(8): 423-429, 20210000. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358770

ABSTRACT

El propósito del estudio fue analizar la dinámica de los cambios relacionados con la edad de las estructuras craneofaciales de acuerdo con los parámetros antropométricos en hombres y mujeres de 17 a 24 años, y determinar la correlación, definida por análisis antropométrico, entre las formas de morfología craneofacial y los tipos de anomalías dento-maxilares. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un examen antropométrico de 851 individuos (418 hombres y 433 mujeres) de 17 a 24 años y la evaluación de 45 mediciones entre puntos de referencia de tejidos blandos. Además, se realizó una valoración odontológica general, que incluyó la clasificación de las anomalías dentomaxilares. Resultados: Se detectó que el ancho de la cabeza, el largo de la cabeza, así como el ancho de la mandíbula y el ancho morfológico facial en las hembras alcanzan valores máximos de crecimiento a la edad de 20 años. Además, se obtuvieron datos que indicaron la continuación del crecimiento de los parámetros antropométricos craneofaciales mencionados anteriormente en los hombres durante el período de transición de la adolescencia a la edad adulta. Conclusión: la mordida profunda distal es la anomalía dento-maxilar (DMAn) más común en hombres y mujeres bielorrusos de 17 a 24 años. Junto con esto, la frecuencia de ocurrencia de maloclusión de mordida profunda distal en individuos con morfología craneofacial dolicocefálica es mayor en hombres y mujeres en comparación con otras formas de morfología craneofacial. La mordida profunda distal se acompaña de la disminución de los parámetros antropométricos de la altura facial, en comparación con la mordida mesial y abierta en la que hay un aumento estadístico. Además, se observa una disminución estadística en el valor de la profundidad facial inferior en individuos diagnosticados con mordida distal, en comparación con individuos con mordida mesial y normal. Estos resultados obtenidos del análisis antropométrico podrían ser útiles en el diagnóstico de anomalías dentofaciales y dento-maxilares, y en la simulación de resultados de tratamiento estéticamente estables.


The purpose of the study was to analyze the dynamics of age-related changes of craniofacial structures according to anthropometric parameters in males and females aged 17­24 years, and to determine the correlation, defined by anthropometric analysis, between forms of craniofacial morphology and the type of dento-maxillary anomalies. Materials and Methods: An anthropometric examination of 851 individuals (418 males and 433 females) aged 17­24 years and the evaluation of 45 measurements between soft tissue landmarks was performed. In addition, general dental assessment was conducted, which included the classification of the dento-maxillary anomalies. Results: It was detected that the head width, head length, as well as the mandible width, and the morphological facial width in females reach growth peak values at the age of 20 years. Furthermore, data was obtained which indicated growth continuation of the stated above craniofacial anthropometric parameters in males during the transitional period from adolescence to adulthood. Conclusion: Distal deep bite is the most commonly prevailed dento-maxillary anomalies (DMAn) in Belarusian men and women aged 17­24 years. Along with this, the frequency of distal deep bite malocclusion occurrence in individuals with dolichocephalic craniofacial morphology is higher in men and women when compared to other forms of craniofacial morphology. Distal deep bite is accompanied by the decrease of facial height anthropometric parameters, when compared to mesial and open bite in which there is a statistical increase. Moreover, a statistical decrease in the value of the inferior facial depth is observed in individuals diagnosed with distal bite, when compared to individuals with mesial and normal bite. These obtained results from anthropometric analysis could be useful in diagnosis of dentofacial and dento-maxillary anomalies, and in the simulation of aesthetically stable treatment results


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Body Weights and Measures , Anthropometry , Cephalometry , Maxillofacial Abnormalities , Open Bite/physiopathology , Head/growth & development , Age Factors
12.
Fisioter. Bras ; 22(5): 724-732, Nov 11, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353559

ABSTRACT

O Método Pilates (MP) se desenvolveu muito nos últimos anos, fazendo-se necessário compreender seus efeitos na composição corporal de seus praticantes. Objetivo: Avaliar e comparar o Índice de Massa Corporal (IMC) e a composição corporal de mulheres praticantes do MP de duas cidades do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul. Métodos: Foram avaliadas 30 mulheres praticantes do MP contemporâneo há pelo menos três meses, com frequência de uma ou duas vezes por semana, com idade média 40,50 ± 10,94 anos, sendo 15 delas em Encruzilhada do Sul (GE), e as outras 15, em Viamão (GV). Foram aferidas seis dobras cutâneas, seis perímetros, nove diâmetros e nove comprimentos, além de peso e altura para obter o IMC. Foi realizada estatística descritiva e teste t para amostras independentes, adotando nível de significância de p < 0,05. Resultados: Não foram encontradas diferenças estatísticas significativa entre os grupos na composição corporal e no IMC. Ocorreu diferença estatística significativa entre os dois grupos com relação ao tempo de prática (p = 0,01). Conclusão: Conclui-se que os grupos apresentam composição corporal e IMC semelhantes. Porém, evidencia-se uma tendência a maiores níveis de gordura corporal e índices de obesidade no GV, devido ao menor tempo de prática do MP. (AU)


Subject(s)
Female , Body Composition , Body Mass Index , Exercise , Anthropometry , Exercise Movement Techniques
13.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353129

ABSTRACT

The restriction of sodium intake, one of the pillars of antihypertensive treatment, has been associated with the increase in cholesterol levels. Given this, we hypothesize that a sodium intake restriction may increase cholesterol levels in hypertensive women. The present study aimed to evaluate the influence of sodium intake, sociodemo-graphic, lifestyle and anthropometric variables on the blood cholesterol levels of hypertensive women. This was a cross-sectional study with hypertensive and nondiabetic women aged 20 to 59 years, recruited from the primary healthcare units of Maceio, Alagoas, in the Brazilian Northeast. Sodium intake was estimated by the 24-hour urinary excretion of sodium; and blood cholesterol was estimated by capillary blood. Age (years), education level (<4 or ≥4 years), race (white or nonwhite), smoking and alcohol consumption were evaluated. The weight, height and waist circumference were measured and body mass index, conicity index and waist-to-height ratio were quantified. The percentage of body fat was measured using a tetrapolar bioelectrical impedance device. The relationship between blood cholesterol and other variables was assessed by multiple regression analysis. A significance level of 5% was used in the final model. This study included 165 hypertensive women. In linear regression, blood cholesterol was directly proportional to age (p<0.001), education level (p=0.01) and race (p=0.04). These variables, as well as sodium intake (p = 0.07) and conicity index (p = 0.12), were included in the multiple regression analysis. Sodium intake (p=0.03) and age (p=0.001) were related, in an inverse and a direct way, respectively, to the blood choles-terol in the hypertensive women studied. (AU)


ção da ingestão de sódio, um dos pilares do tratamento anti-hipertensivo, tem sido associada ao aumen-to dos níveis de colesterol. Diante disso, levantou-se a hipótese de que a ingestão de sódio influencia os níveis de colesterol de mulheres hipertensas, independentemente de outros fatores associados. Trata-se de um estudo transversal realizado com mulheres hipertensas e não diabéticas, na faixa etária entre 20 e 59 anos, recrutadas em unidades básicas de saúde de Maceió, Alagoas, situada no Nordeste do Brasil. A ingestão de sódio foi estimada pela excreção urinária de sódio de 24 horas; e o colesterol sérico foi mensurado por coleta de sangue capilar. Foram ava-liados idade (anos), escolaridade (<4 ou ≥4 anos), raça (branca ou não branca), tabagismo e consumo de álcool. O peso, a estatura e a circunferência da cintura foram aferidos e o índice de massa corporal, índice de conicidade e razão cintura/estatura foram calculados. A porcentagem de gordura corporal foi medida usando um dispositivo de impedância bioelétrica tetrapolar. A relação entre o colesterol sérico e as outras variáveis em estudo foi avalia-da por meio de análise de regressão múltipla, adotando-se um nível de significância de 5% no modelo final. Este estudo incluiu 165 mulheres hipertensas. Na análise de regressão linear, o colesterol sérico foi relacionado à idade (p<0,001), escolaridade (p=0,01) e raça (p=0,04). Essas variáveis, assim como o consumo de sódio (p=0,07) e o índice de conicidade (p=0,12), foram incluídas na análise de regressão múltipla. As variáveis que permaneceram no modelo final foram ingestão de sódio (p=0,03) e idade (p=0,001). A ingestão de sódio e a idade foram as variáveis que influenciaram o colesterol sérico de mulheres hipertensas. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Tobacco Use Disorder , Body Height , Alcohol Drinking , Capillaries , Anthropometry , Cholesterol , Hypertension , Life Style , Antihypertensive Agents , Obesity
14.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 71(3): 189-198, sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1353209

ABSTRACT

El objetivo del estudio fue determinar la asociación de valores de presión arterial (PA) con parámetros de adiposidad y nivel de actividad física (NAF) en escolares y adolescentes en la región de la Araucanía en Chile. Materiales y métodos. Estudio descriptivo, transversal y correlacional que consideró una muestra de 1.125 niños, niñas y adolescentes de 6 a 13 años. Se analizaron parámetros de adiposidad: índice de masa corporal, perímetro de cintura y del brazo, pliegue bicipital, tricipital, subescapular y suprailíaco y porcentaje de masa grasa, PA sistólica (PAS), diastólica (PAD) y NAF. Resultados. 60,4% de la muestra esta normotenso; 23,6% pre HTA y 16,0% HTA, sin asociación significativa entre la PA con el sexo (p>0,05). Se encontró para el total de la muestra una correlación significativa entre la PAS con todos los parámetros de adiposidad estudiados (p<0,001; p<0,050). Para la PAD solo el grupo de 6 a 8 años presentó asociación significativa con todos estos parámetros (p<0,001; p<0,050). El NAF se asoció con la clasificación de la PA. Esta asociación tuvo significancia estadística en el grupo de 6 a 8 años (p<0,05). Conclusiones. Se evidencia una elevada frecuencia de PA alta en escolares de una región de Chile. Se identifican asociaciones significativas entre la PA con algunas medidas de adiposidad corporal y el NAF en la muestra de estudio. Esta información puede ser de gran importancia para la predicción de la hipertensión en la infancia en el contexto de atención primaria en salud(AU)


The objective of the study was to determine the association of blood pressure (BP) values with parameters of adiposity and level of physical activity (NAF) in schoolchildren and adolescents in the Araucanía region of Chile. Materials and methods. Descriptive, cross-sectional and correlational study that considered a sample of 1.125 subjects, boys and girls between 6 and 13 years old. Adiposity parameters were analyzed: body mass index, waist and arm circumference, bicipital, tricipital, subscapular and suprailiac fold and% fat mass. Systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) and NAF were also analyzed. Results. 60.4% of the sample is normotensive; 23.6% preHTA and 16.0% HT, without significant association between BP and sex (p> 0.05). For the entire sample, there is a significant correlation between SBP and all the adiposity parameters studied (p <0.001; p <0.050). For DBP, only the 6 to 8-year-old group presented a significant association with all these parameters (p <0.001; p <0.050). The NAF was associated with the PA classification. This association is statistically significant in the 6 to 8-year-old group (p <0.050). Conclusions. A high frequency of high BP is evidenced in schoolchildren from a region of Chile. Significant associations were identified between BP with some measures of body adiposity and NAF in the study sample. This information can be of great importance for the prediction of hypertension in childhood in the context of primary health care(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Body Mass Index , Arterial Pressure , Pediatric Obesity/complications , Exercise , Anthropometry , Adiposity , Waist-Height Ratio
15.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(4): 251-258, agosto 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1280909

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El orquidómetro de Prader es el método estándar para medir el volumen testicular (VT) en niños y adolescentes. Objetivo. Evaluar la concordancia en la estimación del VT y del inicio puberal con las técnicas de orquidometría de Prader, Chipkevitch y Sotos. Métodos. Diseño descriptivo transversal realizado en varones de entre 9 y 20 años. Se midió el VT (ml) en cada adolescente con las técnicas de Prader (método de referencia), Chipkevitch (modelo gráfico) y Sotos (medición de ancho testicular con regla plástica y fórmula equivalente a ecuación elipsoide). Se excluyeron varones con patología urogenital y enfermedades que afectan el crecimiento testicular. Para la concordancia entre métodos, se utilizó kappa para el inicio puberal, y coeficiente de correlación intraclase (CCI) y gráficos de Bland-Altman (GBA) para el VT. Resultados. Se incluyeron 377 varones sanos. Para la concordancia en VT (ml), la comparación Prader-Chipkevitch obtuvo CCI: 0,994 y p < 0,001; y de CCI; 0,312 y p < 0,001 para la de Prader-Sotos. En los GBA se halló una media de las diferencias cercana a 0 ml en la comparación Prader-Chipkevitch y cercana a 8 ml en la de Prader-Sotos. El acuerdo en el inicio puberal obtuvo un valor de kappa 0,93 en la comparación Prader-Chipkevitch y de 0,75 en la de Prader-Sotos. Conclusión. Los orquidómetros de Prader y Chipkevitch tienen una excelente concordancia en la estimación del VT y el inicio puberal; por lo tanto, podrían intercambiarse en la atención diaria de varones adolescentes. El método de Sotos mostró una concordancia buena en la estimación del inicio puberal, pero baja en la medición del VT


Introduction. The Prader orchidometer is the standard method used to measure testicular volume (TV) in children and adolescents. Objective. To assess the concordance in the estimation of TV and puberty onset with the Prader, Chipkevitch, and Sotos orchidometric techniques. Methods. Cross-sectional descriptive study conducted among male children and adolescents aged 9-20 years. For each adolescent, TV was measured with the methods by Prader (gold standard), Chipkevitch (graphic model), and Sotos (measurement of testicular width with a plastic ruler and use of a formula equivalent to the ellipsoid equation). Male children and adolescents with urogenital conditions and disorders affecting testicular growth were excluded. Kappa statistics was used to determine concordance among methods for puberty onset, and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and Bland-Altman (B&A) plots for TV. Results. In total, 377 healthy males were included. Regarding the concordance for TV (mL), the Prader-Chipkevitch comparison obtained an ICC of 0.994 and a p < 0.001; while the Prader-Soto comparison obtained an ICC of 0.312 and a p < 0.001. With the B&A plots, mean differences were close to 0 mL in the Prader-Chipkevitch comparison and close to 8 mL in the Prader-Sotos comparison. Concordance for puberty onset obtained a kappa value of 0.93 and 0.75 in the Prader-Chipkevitch and Prader-Sotos comparisons, respectively. Conclusion. The Prader and Chipkevitch orchidometers show an excellent concordance in estimating TV and puberty onset; therefore, both methods could be used interchangeably in the daily care of male adolescents. The Sotos method showed a high concordance in estimating pubertal onset, but low in measuring TV.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Adolescent , Testis/anatomy & histology , Sexual Development , Pediatrics/instrumentation , Testis/growth & development , Anthropometry/instrumentation , Cross-Sectional Studies , Puberty
16.
J. Hum. Growth Dev. (Impr.) ; 31(2): 257-266, May-Aug. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1340085

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Investigating the of overweight or obese adolescents' nutritional quality is substantial to guide healthy eating strategiesOBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of a multi-professional approach on anthropometric parameters, body composition, and the level of food processing in adolescentsMETHODS: Twelve overweight/obese male adolescents between 13-17 years old participated in a series of 12-week multi-professional interventions led by physical education, nutrition, and psychology professionals. The participants were assessed before the intervention as well as at 6 and 12 weeks. Anthropometric assessments were performed, including body weight, stature, and body mass index; body composition, with fat mass (FM), body fat (%BF), skeletal muscle mass, and resting metabolic rate (RMR), and by filling in a three-day food record, to assess the ingested foods by its level of processing: fresh, minimally processed, processed, and ultra-processedRESULTS: No differences were observed in anthropometric parameters performed at different stages (p>0.05). Reductions in FM and %BF and increases in SMM and RMR (p<0.05) were identified after, the 12-week intervention. There was an increase in the consumption of natural foods/g and increased the caloric consumption of processed foods/kcal after 12-week of intervention (p<0.05CONCLUSION: The model resulted in a decrease in fat mass and body fat percentage, an in skeletal muscle mass, resting metabolic rate, natural foods/g, and processed foods/kcal


INTRODUÇÃO: Investigar a qualidade nutricional de adolescentes com sobrepeso ou obesidade é substancial para orientar estratégias de alimentação saudávelOBJETIVO: Avaliar os efeitos de uma abordagem multiprofissional sobre os parâmetros antropométricos, de composição corporal e o nível de processamento de alimentos em adolescentesMÉTODO: Doze adolescentes do sexo masculino com sobrepeso/obesidade, entre 13-17 anos participaram de uma série de intervenções multiprofissionais ao longo de 12 semanas, que foram conduzidas por profissionais de educação física, nutricionistas e psicólogos. Os participantes foram avaliados antes da intervenção, após 6 e após 12 semanas. As avaliações antropométricas foram realizadas, incluindo o peso corporal, a estatura e o índice de massa corporal; para a composição corporal foram incluídas: a massa gorda (MG), percentual de gordura corporal (%G), massa muscular esquelética (MME) e taxa metabólica basal (TMB), bem como o preenchimento do registro alimentar de três dias, para avaliar os alimentos ingeridos, via nível de processamento: in natura, minimamente processado, processado e ultraprocessadoRESULTADOS: Não foram observadas diferenças significativas nos parâmetros antropométricos realizados nas diferentes etapas (p>0,05). Reduções na MG e %G e aumentos na MME e TMB (p<0,05) foram identificados após 12 semanas de intervenção. Houve um aumento do consumo de alimentos in natura/g e aumento do consumo calórico de alimentos industrializados/kcal, após 12 semanas de intervenção (p<0,05CONCLUSÃO: O modelo proposto resultou em uma diminuição da massa gorda e percentual de gordura corporal, aumento da massa muscular esquelética, taxa metabólica basal, consumo de alimentos naturais/g e alimentos processados/kcal


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Patient Care Team , Exercise , Anthropometry , Adolescent Health , Eating , Health Promotion , Obesity
17.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 28(4): 202-213, ago. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342938

ABSTRACT

o estudo teve como objetivo verificar as adaptações geradas pelo treinamento de força (TF) nos parâmetros neuromusculares e na composição corporal de adolescentes. A amostra foi composta por 10 adolescentes do sexo masculino (16,4 ± 1,0 anos), o protocolo de treinamento de força teve duração de 10 semanas com 3 sessões semanais, divididos em treinos A e B. Para comparação do desempenho, foram avaliadas variáveis antropométricas e composição corporal (estatura, peso, índice de massa corporal e percentual de gordura), bem como, neuromusculares, por meio da resistência muscular de membros superiores (teste de flexão de braços), força explosiva de membros inferiores (teste de salto horizontal), flexibilidade (teste de sentar e alcançar), e força muscular (supino, puxada e leg press 45º). Para comparar os resultados pré e pós intervenção foram utilizadas as diferenças de médias estandardizadas e seus respectivos intervalos de confiança (IC= 90%) e as probabilidades (maior/similar/menor). Foram encontrados aumentos substanciais entre os períodos pré e pós intervenção, para a resistência muscular localizada de membros superiores (92/7/1, Likely), um impacto benéfico de força no supino (86/11/2, Likely), puxada (82/15/3, Likely) e leg press 45° (84/14/2, Likely), e redução em média de 3% na gordura corporal. Os resultados contribuem para uma reflexão crítica em relação ao incentivo a prática de TF em adolescentes, pois com supervisão adequada, planejamento, individualização das cargas de treino e educação técnica correta de cada exercício, os riscos foram suprimidos e os benefícios amplificados.(AU)


Our aim was to investigate the adaptations caused by strength training (ST) in neuromuscular parameters and body composition of adolescents. The sample consisted of 10 male adolescents (16.4 ± 1.0 years) and the strength training protocol lasted 10 weeks with 3 weekly sessions, divided into training sessions A and B. Anthropometric variables and body composition (height, weight, body mass index and percentage of fat) as well as neuromuscular performance (upper limb endurance strength, horizontal jump height, flexibility and muscle strength in bench-press, lat pull-down and 45º leg press exercises). Pre- and post-intervention results were compared using standardized mean differences and their respective confidence intervals (CI = 90%) and likelihood (greater / similar / lower). Substantial increases were found between the pre- and post-intervention periods for upper-limb muscle endurance (92/7/1, Likely) and bench press (86/11/2, Likely), lat pull-down (82 / 15/3, Likely) and leg press (84/14/2, Likely) strength, while a beneficial reduction of 3% in body fat was observed. The results contribute to a critical reflection regarding the incentive to practice ST in adolescents. With proper supervision, planning, individualization of training loads and correct technical education of each exercise, the potential risks were suppressed and the benefits amplified.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adolescent , Muscle Strength , Resistance Training , Neuromuscular Monitoring , Endurance Training , Physical Education and Training , Body Composition , Anthropometry , Lower Extremity , Upper Extremity
18.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 28(4): 129-137, ago. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342789

ABSTRACT

Considerando as técnicas fundamentais do polo aquático (PAq), o objetivo deste estudo foi verificar a existência de relação entre a velocidade da bola após o arremesso à gol (VB) e a altura alcançada em teste vertical realizado dentro da água (HEB) por jogadores recreacionais de PAq. Participaram 13 jogadores de PAq do sexo masculino (idade: 30,4 ± 6,5 anos, massa corporal de 81,4 ± 9,9 kg, estatura de 1,78 ± 0,05 m e envergadura de 1,81 ± 0,06 m). VB foi mensurada com radar e HEB com videogrametria. Resultados: VB foi de 15,8 ± 1,4 m∙s -1 e HEB foi de 128,0 ± 12,0 cm. Encontrou-se correlação positiva, forte e significativa (r = 0,71 e p = 0,004) entre a VB e a HEB. Jogadores recreacionais adultos de polo aquático tem desempenho no teste de velocidade da bola e no de salto vertical na água próximos ou abaixo daquele apresentado por jogadoras de elevado nível de desempenho e atletas mais jovens de bom desempenho.(AU)


Considering the fundamental techniques of water polo (WP), the aim of this study was to verify the existence of a relationship between the speed of the ball in the throw to the goal (SB) and the height reached in vertical test performed in water (HEB) by WP players. Thirteen WP male players participated (age: 30.4 ± 6.5 years, body mass 81.4 ± 9.9 kg, height 1.78 ± 0.05 m and wingspan of 1.81 ± 0, 06 m). SB was measured with radar and HEB with videogrammetry. Results: SB was 15.8 ± 1.4 m∙s -1 and HEB was 128.0 ± 12.0 cm. Positive, strong and significant correlation (r = 0.71 and p = 0.004) between SB and HEB was found. Adult male recreational water polo players perform the throw to the goal and the vertical jump near or below that of high-performance female players and younger but high-level athletes.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Efficiency , Athletic Performance , Athletes , Water Sports , Sports , Water , Recreational Water , Anthropometry , Human Body , Hand Strength , Upper Extremity , Muscle Strength , Torso
19.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 28(4): 231-240, ago. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343014

ABSTRACT

A avaliação da força de preensão palmar é considerada um indicador simples, de baixo custo e que pode ser utilizada como um marcador de saúde geral de pessoas atendidas pela atenção básica. O presente estudo tem como objetivo analisar a associação entre os índices de obesidade e hipertensão arterial sistêmica com a força de preensão palmar relativa em mulheres adultas. Foi realizado um estudo transversal com 258 mulheres, com idade entre 18 e 59 anos, usuárias do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS). Foram avaliadas a pressão arterial de repouso, força de preensão palmar, medidas antropométricas e obtidas informações sociodemográficas. A força de preensão palmar relativa pelo peso corporal (kgf/kg) foi categorizada como baixa (tercil inferior) e normal (tercil intermediário e superior). Análise de regressão logística múltipla usando a classificação de baixa força muscular como variável dependente, foi utilizada para verificar a relação com as variáveis de obesidade e hipertensão arterial. A prevalência de obesidade (IMC ≥ 30 kg/m2 ), obesidade abdominal (circunferência de cintura ≥ 88 cm), níveis pressóricos alto em repouso (≥ 130/80 mmHg) e uso de medicamento anti-hipertensivo foi de 58,9%, 58,5%, 42,2% e 32,6%, respectivamente. Foi observado associação positiva entre obesidade (OR: 9,36 [IC 95%: 3,07 - 28,51]) e obesidade abdominal (OR: 21,75 [IC 95%: 4,90 - 96,43]) com baixa força muscular relativa, após ajustes de idade e fatores sociodemográficos. Mulheres que apresentavam níveis pressóricos alto em repouso tiveram 2,02 (IC 95% 1,03; 3,96) vezes mais chances de ter baixa força muscular relativa, independentemente da idade, fatores sociodemográficos e obesidade. Em adição, mulheres que utilizavam anti-hipertensivos apresentaram 2,77 (IC 95%: 1,42; 5,41) vezes mais chances de ter baixa força muscular relativa. Em conclusão, mulheres adultas que possuem maiores índices de obesidade, pressão arterial em repouso e que usam anti-hipertensivo tendem apresentar baixa força de preensão palmar relativa.(AU)


The assessment of handgrip strength is considered a simple, low-cost indicator that can be used as a general health marker for people assisted by primary care. The current study aims to analyze the association between obesity index and systemic arterial hypertension with the relative handgrip strength in adult women. A cross-sectional study was carried out with 258 women aged between 18 and 59 years, users of the Unified Health System (SUS). Resting blood pressure, handgrip strength, anthropometric measurements, and sociodemographic information were assessed. The relative handgrip strength by body weight (kgf/kg) was categorized as low (lower tertile) and standard (intermediate and upper tertile). Multiple logistic regression analysis using the classification of low muscle strength as a dependent variable was used to verify the relationship between obesity and hypertension. The prevalence of obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 ), abdominal obesity (waist circumference ≥ 88 cm), high blood pressure levels at rest (≥ 130/80 mmHg), and use of antihypertensive medication was 58.9%, 58.5%, 42.2%, and 32.6%, respectively. A positive association was observed between obesity (OR: 9.36 [95% CI: 3.07 - 28.51]) and abdominal obesity (OR: 21.75 [95% CI: 4.90 - 96.43]) with low relative muscle strength, after age adjustments and sociodemographic factors. Women who had high blood pressure levels at rest were 2.02 (95% CI 1.03; 3.96) times more likely to have low relative muscle strength, regardless of age, sociodemographic factors, and obesity. Besides, women who used antihypertensive drugs were 2.77 (95% CI: 1.42; 5.41) times more likely to have low relative muscle strength. In conclusion, adult women who have higher obesity rates, resting blood pressure, and who use antihypertensive drugs tend to have low relative handgrip strength.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Primary Health Care , Women , Unified Health System , Hypertension , Obesity , Body Weight , Anthropometry , Muscle Strength , Obesity, Abdominal , Arterial Pressure , Antihypertensive Agents
20.
Rev. Méd. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 59(4): 313-321, 01/07/2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359020

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la relación de los indicadores antropométricos y de composición corporal, con la evolución de la enfermedad renal en pacientes con diabetes tipo 2 sigue siendo controversial. Objetivo: identificar la asociación de los indicadores de la enfermedad renal con indicadores de control metabólico y antropométricos en pacientes con diabetes tipo 2. Material y métodos: se realizó un estudio transversal analítico en 395 pacientes del primer nivel de atención. La glucosa, hemoglobina glucosilada (HbA1c), perfil de lípidos y creatina se midió en ayuno. La enfermedad renal crónica (ERC) se consideró cuando la excreción de albumina urina- ria (EAU) > 30 mg/g y con la reducción del nivel de la tasa de filtrado glomerular < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2, utilizando la ecuación CKD-EPI. Se midió el peso y circunferencia de cintura, así como la composición corporal a través de bioimpedancia. Resultados: un 17% de la población presentó ERC con alteración de la EAU y 6.6% con una TFG reducida. Un mayor tiempo de diagnóstico de la enfermedad, mayor nivel de HbA1c y menor nivel grasa corporal se asoció a una EAU > 30 mg/g, (p < 0.05). La disminución de la TFG (< 60 mL/ min/1.73 m2) se asoció con mayor edad, ser mujer, tener mayor circunferencia de cintura y menor porcentaje de grasa corporal (p < 0.05). Conclusiones: un mayor nivel de circunferencia de cintura y menor porcentaje de grasa corporal se asocian a mayor evolución de la ERC en pacientes con diabetes tipo 2. El descontrol glucémico se identificó en pacientes con mayor excreción de albumina urinaria.


Background: The relationship of anthropometric and body composition indicators with the evolution of kidney disease in patients with type 2 diabetes, is still inconsistent. Objective: To identify the association of indicators of kid- ney disease with indicators of metabolic and anthropometric control in patients with type 2 diabetes. Material and methods: An analytical cross-sectional study was carried out in 395 patients of the first level of care. The glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), creatinine and lipid profile were measured. The kidney disease (CKD) was made when urinary albumin excretion (UAE) > 30 mg/g and with a reduction in the level of glomerular filtration rate < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2, using the CKD-formula. Weight and waist circumference were measured, as well as the body composition through bioimpedance. Results: Seventeen percent of the population has a diagnosed with CKD with alteration of the UAE and 6.6% had a reduced GFR. A longer time of diagnosis of the diabetes, hig- her HbA1c level and body fat were associated with an UAE > 30 mg/g, (p < 0.05). The decline in GFR (< 60 mL/min/ 1.73 m2) was associated with older age, being a woman, greater waist circumference, and a higher percentage of body fat (p < 0.05). Conclusions: A higher level of waist circumference and a lower percentage of body fat are associated with a greater evolution of chronic kidney disease in patients with type 2 diabetes. Glycemic uncontrol is identified in patients with high urinary albumin excretion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anthropometry , Cross-Sectional Studies , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Primary Health Care , Association , Blood Chemical Analysis
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