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1.
Arq Asma Alerg Imunol ; 7(3): 311-312, Jul.Set.2023. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1524185

ABSTRACT

Relato de caso de paciente com rinossinusite crônica com polipose nasal em tratamento com dupilumabe. São descritos os aspectos clínicos e o impacto na qualidade da vida do paciente. Imagens tomográficas evidenciam a melhora do processo inflamatório e a regressão dos pólipos nasais.


We report the case of a patient with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps treated with dupilumab. The clinical features and impact on the patient's quality of life are described. Computed tomography shows improvement of the inflammatory process and regression of the nasal polyps.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
2.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(5): 822-825, Sept.-Oct. 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1529946

ABSTRACT

Abstract Ewing sarcoma is the most common malignant bone tumor of the pelvis in children and young adults. Even with aggressive treatment, its survival rate is amongst the poorest. Classical presentation may not be the rule. It may simulate clinically, imagiologically and histopathologically other nonmalignant entities. Therefore, its suspicion should not be overlooked. We report two cases of pelvic Ewing sarcoma: the first mimicking eosinophilic granuloma, and the second mimicking osteomyelitis. In the latter, we also report an atypical finding of its natural history: an initial response to antibiotic and anti-inflammatory treatment. In both cases, we highlight the possibility of an inconclusive percutaneous bone biopsy and the importance of immunochemistry and cytogenetics for the definitive diagnosis.


Resumo O sarcoma de Ewing é o tumor ósseo maligno da pelve mais comum em crianças e adultos jovens. Mesmo com tratamento agressivo, sua taxa de sobrevivência está entre as piores. A apresentação clássica pode não ser a regra. Ele pode simular clinicamente, imaginologicamente e histopatologicamente outras entidades não malignas. Portanto, sua suspeita não deve ser negligenciada. Relatamos dois casos de sarcoma pélvico: o primeiro imitando granuloma eosinofílico e o segundo imitando osteomielite. Neste último, também relatamos um achado atípico de sua história natural: uma resposta inicial ao antibiótico e ao tratamento anti-inflamatório. Em ambos os casos, destacamos a possibilidade de uma biópsia óssea percutânea inconclusiva e a importância da imunoquímica e da citogenética para o diagnóstico definitivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Osteomyelitis , Pelvic Neoplasms , Sarcoma, Ewing , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Kimura Disease
3.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 111(2): 1110811, mayo-ago. 2023. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1532448

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Determinar los hábitos de medicación sistémica de odontólogos especialistas y no especialistas en endodoncia ante diferentes patologías pulpares previos al tratamiento en- dodóntico en Argentina. Materiales y métodos: Se diseñó una encuesta para evaluar la prescripción de antibióticos, tipo de antibióticos, tiempo de prescripción, indicación de antinflamatorios no es- teroides y esteroides ante diferentes patologías pulpares. Se envió a 635 odontólogos especialistas y no especialistas en endodoncia a través de SurveyMonkey. Por medio de la prue- ba de Chi cuadrado se evaluaron las diferencias de medica- ción entre los grupos estudiados. Resultados: En pulpitis se medicó con antibióticos en el 3,48% de los casos y con antinflamatorios en un 62,60%. En necrosis pulpar sin fístula no se indicó ninguna medica- ción en un 64,47% de los casos, seguido de antibióticos en un 24,56%. En necrosis con fístula, el 52,38% no indicó nin- guna medicación, seguido de medicación con antibióticos en un 35,49%. En periodontitis apical aguda la principal medica- ción fue con antinflamatorios (52,79%), seguido de antibió- ticos (32,87%); y en el absceso alveolar agudo, un 57,10% indicó antibióticos seguido de antinflamatorios. El antibiótico de elección fue la penicilina en un 65,23% de los casos, y en caso de alergia a la misma, el antibiótico elegido fue azitromi- cina (30,12%). El tiempo de prescripción fue de 7 días. En la comparación entre especialistas y no especialistas hubo dife- rencias estadísticamente significativas para pulpitis y necrosis con fístula (p<0,01) y no las hubo entre necrosis sin fístula, periodontitis apical aguda y absceso alveolar agudo (p> 0,05). Conclusiones: La penicilina fue el antibiótico de elec- ción de la mayoría de los odontólogos argentinos encuestados junto al ibuprofeno como anti-inflamatorio. Existiría una so- bremedicación en patologías endodónticas que podría contri- buir a la resistencia microbiana a los antibióticos (AU)


Aim: Determine the systemic medication habits of den- tists specialists and non-specialists in endodontists in differ- ent pulp pathologies prior to root canal treatment in Argen- tina. Materials and methods: A survey was designed to evaluate the prescription of antibiotics, the type of antibiotics, prescription time, indication of non-steroidal anti-inflamma- tory drugs in different pulp pathologies. It was sent to 635 general dentists and endodontic specialists via SurveyMon- key. A Chi-square test was made to evaluate the differences in medication between the studied groups. Results: In pulpitis, antibiotics were prescribed in 3.48% of cases and anti-inflammatories in 62.60%. In pul- pal necrosis without fistula, no medication was indicated in 64.47% of cases, followed by antibiotics in 24.56%. In ne- crosis with fistula, 52.38% did not indicate any medication, followed by medication with antibiotics in 35.49%. In acute apical periodontitis the main medication was anti-inflamma-tories (52.79%), followed by antibiotics (32.87%); and for acute alveolar abscess, 57.10% indicated antibiotics, fol- lowed by anti-inflammatories. The antibiotic of choice was penicillin in 65.23% of the cases, and in case of allergy to it, the chosen antibiotic was azithromycin (30.12%). The prescription time was 7 days. In the comparison between specialists and non-specialists, there were significant dif- ferences for pulpitis and necrosis with fistula (p<0.01) and there were no significant differences between necrosis without fistula, acute apical periodontitis and acute alveo- lar abscess (p>0.05). Conclusions: Penicillin was the antibiotic of choice for the majority of the surveyed Argentine dentists, as well as ibuprofen as an anti-inflammatory drug. These could reflect an overmedication in endodontics pathologies that could con- tribute to microbial resistance to antibiotics (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Penicillins/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Dental Pulp Diseases/drug therapy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Specialties, Dental/standards , Chi-Square Distribution , Administration, Oral , Surveys and Questionnaires , Endodontics/trends
4.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 111(2): 1110851, mayo-ago. 2023. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533086

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de Ehlers-Danlos es una enfermedad heredita- ria, producida por mutaciones cromosómicas que pueden llegar a tener un comportamiento autosómico dominante, recesivo o ligado al cromosoma X. Se caracteriza por defectos en las enzi- mas encargadas de la estructura y síntesis de colágeno. En vista de los 20 tipos de colágeno que existen, este síndrome es extre- madamente heterogéneo tanto en su presentación clínica como en su progresión y evolución. Dentro de los signos y síntomas habituales encontramos la hiperlaxitud articular, hiperelastici- dad de la piel e hiperequimosis de los vasos sanguíneos. Con relación a las complicaciones que pueden presentar es- tos pacientes, encontramos dislocaciones articulares, fragilidad en la piel, dolor articular, ruptura de grandes vasos sanguíneos, dificultad en la cicatrización y, en consecuencia, mayor inci- dencia de procesos infecciosos y de cicatrices poco estéticas. Presenta una incidencia de 1 caso cada 2.500-5.000 na- cidos vivos. Por ello, es fundamental que el odontólogo se encuentre familiarizado con el manejo médico-dental de estos pacientes, a fin de estar preparado para brindarles un trata- miento adecuado y responder ante las posibles complicacio- nes que se pueden presentar. En esta revisión se emplearon resultados extraídos manual- mente de artículos, indexados en las bases de datos PUBMED y EBSCO, que respondían a la búsqueda de los términos Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, dental management y oral surgery. El objetivo fue describir el manejo médico-odontológico del paciente con síndrome de Ehlers-Danlos hasta la fecha (AU)


Ehlers-Danlos syndrome is a hereditary disease, produced by chromosomal mutations that can have an autosomal behavior, which can be dominant, recessive or X-linked. It is characterized by defects in the enzymes responsible for the structure and syn- thesis of collagen. In view of the 20 existent types of collagen, this syndrome is extremely heterogeneous in its clinical presentation, as well as in its progression and evolution. Within the usual signs and symptoms, we find joint hyperlaxity, skin hyperelasticity and hyper-ecchymosis of the blood vessels. Regarding the complications that these patients can pres- ent, we find joint dislocations, skin fragility, joint pain, rupture of large blood vessels, difficulty in healing and, consequently, a higher incidence of infectious processes and unsightly scars. It presents an incidence of 1 case every 2.500-5.000 live births. Therefore, it is essential that the dentist is familiar with the medical-dental management of these patients, in order to be prepared to provide them with adequate treatment and re- spond to possible complications that may arise. In this review, results were manually extracted from ar- ticles, indexed in the PUBMED and EBSCO databases, that respond to the search for the terms Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, dental management and oral surgery. The aim was describing the medical-dental management of patients with Ehlers-Dan- los syndrome to date (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Oral Manifestations , Dental Care for Chronically Ill/methods , Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome/surgery , Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome/drug therapy , Patient Care Team , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Antibiotic Prophylaxis/methods , Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome/classification
5.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: 1-8, 2023. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1468849

ABSTRACT

Although propolis has been reported for having anti-inflammatory activities, its effects on complement system has not been much studied. This research was conducted to find out the effects of Indonesian propolis on the expression levels of C3, C1r/s, Bf, MBL, and C6 in zebrafish larvae which were induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Counting of macrophages migrating to yolk sac and liver histology were carried out. Larvae were divided into four groups: CON (cultured in E3 medium only), LPS (cultured in a medium containing 0.5 μg/L LPS), LPSIBU (cultured in a medium containing LPS, and then treated with 100 μg/L ibuprofen for 24 hours), and LPSPRO (cultured in a medium containing LPS, and then immersed in 14,000 μg/L propolis for 24 hours) groups. The results showed that complement gene expression in larvae from the LPSIBU and LPSPRO groups were generally lower than in larvae from the LPS group. The number of macrophage migrations to the yolk in the LPSPRO group was also lower than in the LPS group. Histological structure of liver in all groups were considered normal. This study shows that Indonesian propolis has the potential to be used as an alternative to the substitution of NSAIDs.


Embora a própolis tenha sido relatada por ter atividade anti-inflamatória, seus efeitos no sistema complemento, uma parte do sistema imunológico inato, não foram muito estudados. Esta pesquisa foi conduzida para descobrir os efeitos da própolis da Indonésia nos níveis de expressão de C3, C1r/s, Bf, MBL e C6 em larvas de peixe-zebra induzidas por lipopolissacarídeo (LPS). Foram realizadas contagens de macrófagos que migram para o saco vitelino e histologia do fígado. As larvas foram divididas em quatro grupos: CON (cultivadas apenas em meio E3), LPS (cultivadas em meio contendo 0,5 μg/L de LPS), LPSIBU (cultivadas em meio contendo LPS e, em seguida, tratadas com 100 μg/L de ibuprofeno por 24 horas) e LPSPRO (cultivado em meio contendo LPS, e então imerso em própolis 14,000 μg/L por 24 horas). Os resultados mostraram que a expressão do gene do complemento em larvas dos grupos LPSIBU e LPSPRO foi geralmente menor que em larvas do grupo LPS. O número de migrações de macrófagos para a gema no grupo LPSPRO também foi menor que no grupo LPS. A estrutura histológica do fígado em todos os grupos foi considerada normal. Este estudo mostra que a própolis indonésia tem potencial para ser utilizada como alternativa na substituição dos AINEs (anti-inflamatórios não esteroides).


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Liver/anatomy & histology , Zebrafish/genetics , Zebrafish/metabolism , Propolis/analysis , Yolk Sac/drug effects , Immune System/drug effects
6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 13-21, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970496

ABSTRACT

Rheumatoid arthritis(RA) is a chronic degenerative joint disease characterized by inflammation. Due to the complex causes, no specific therapy is available. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents and corticosteroids are often used(long-term, oral/injection) to interfere with related pathways for reducing inflammatory response and delaying the progression of RA, which, however, induce many side effects. Microneedle, an emerging transdermal drug delivery system, is painless and less invasive and improves drug permeability. Thus, it is widely used in the treatment of RA and is expected to be a new strategy in clinical treatment. This paper summarized the application of microneedles in the treatment of RA, providing a reference for the development of new microneedles and the expansion of its clinical application.


Subject(s)
Humans , Drug Delivery Systems , Administration, Cutaneous , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , Needles
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 329-335, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970469

ABSTRACT

Rheumatoid arthritis(RA) is an autoimmune disease that seriously affects the physical and mental health of patients, but its pathogenesis is still unclear. At present, clinical treatment drugs include conventional synthetic disease modifing anti-rheumatic drugs(csDMARDs), nonsteroid anti-inflammtory drugs(NSAIDs), hormones, small molecule targeted drugs, biological agents, etc. These drugs can relieve the clinical symptoms of most patients with RA to a certain extent, but there are still many limitations, such as drug adverse reactions and individual differences in drug efficacy. Therefore, the research on drug treatment targets and the development of low-toxicity drugs helps further improve the precise prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of RA. There is an urgent need for efficient and low-toxic treatments to delay the clinical progress of RA. As a treasure of Chinese culture, traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) is widely used as an alternative therapy in the treatment of various diseases, and has a significant clinical efficacy. TCM therapy(including monomer traditional Chinese medicine, classical compounds, and non-drug therapies) has a significant curative effect on RA. Based on the literature research in recent years, this paper reviewed the clinical and mechanism research of TCM therapy in the treatment of RA, and provided more in-depth thinking for the wide application of TCM therapy in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , Antirheumatic Agents/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use
8.
Rev. ADM ; 79(6): 318-324, nov.-dic. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1434701

ABSTRACT

Los antiinflamatorios no esteroideos (AINE) son un grupo de fármacos que han sido comúnmente prescritos por sus propiedades antiinflamato- rias, antipiréticas y analgésicas, mismas que se deben a la inhibición de la formación de prostaglandinas. Este mecanismo ha sido ampliamente respaldado en la literatura; sin embargo, en la actualidad poco se co- noce sobre las propiedades adicionales de estos medicamentos como el efecto antirresortivo y antimicrobiano. La función antirresortiva se debe principalmente al bloqueo de la producción de prostaglandinas en específico la PGE2, que posee gran potencial osteoclastogénico, esencial para la aparición de lesiones periapicales; asimismo, la acción antimicrobiana de los AINE está relacionada con la afectación directa de la perpetuación de biopelícula, potencian la acción de los antibióticos, entre otros. Dichos efectos combinados podrían contribuir en la cura- ción de lesiones periapicales. El objetivo de este estudio es recopilar información actualizada sobre estas funciones agregadas de los AINE, con el fin de dar a conocer a los profesionales estos beneficios en la terapéutica de las lesiones periapicales (AU)


Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAIDs) are a group of drugs that have been commonly prescribed for their anti-inflammatory, antipyretic and analgesic properties, which are due to the inhibition of prostaglandin formation. This mechanism has been widely supported in the literature; however, currently little is known about the additional properties of these drugs such as the antiresorptive and antimicrobial effect. The antiresorptive function is mainly due to the blockage of prostaglandin production, specifically PGE2, which has great osteoclastogenic potential, and is essential for the appearance of periapical lesions; likewise, the antimicrobial action of NSAIDs is related to the fact that they directly affect the perpetuation of biofilms, enhance the action of antibiotics, among others. These combined effects could contribute to the healing of periapical lesions. The aim of this study is to gather updated information on these added functions of NSAIDs, in order to inform professionals about these benefits in the therapy of periapical lesion (AU)


Subject(s)
Periapical Diseases/drug therapy , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Bacterial Infections/drug therapy , Tooth Resorption/drug therapy
10.
Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 72(5): 637-647, Sept.-Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420588

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Burns are a common trauma that cause acute severe pain in up to 80% of patients. The objective of this narrative review is to evaluate the efficacy of opioids, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, paracetamol, gabapentinoids, ketamine, and lidocaine in the treatment of acute pain in burn victims. Methodology The databases explored were PubMed, Embase, ClinicalTrials, and OpenGrey. The included randomized, controlled clinical trials assessed the analgesic efficacy of these drugs on hospitalized patients, had no age limit, patients were in the acute phase of the burn injury and were compared to placebo or other analgesic drugs. Studies describing deep sedation, chronic opioid use, chronic pain, and patients taken to reconstructive surgeries were excluded. The Jadad scale was used to evaluate quality. Results Six randomized controlled clinical trials (397 patients) that evaluated the analgesic efficacy of fentanyl (n = 2), nalbuphine (n = 1), ketamine (n = 1), gabapentin (n = 1), and lidocaine (n = 1) to treat post-procedural pain were included. Fentanyl, nalbuphine, and ketamine were effective, while lidocaine was associated with a slight increase in reported pain and gabapentin showed no significant differences. Two studies were of high quality, one was of medium high quality, and three were of low quality. No studies on the efficacy of NSAIDs or paracetamol were found. Conclusion Evidence of efficacy is very limited. Fentanyl, nalbuphine, and ketamine seem to be effective for controlling acute pain in burn patients, whereas gabapentin and lidocaine did not show any efficacy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Burns/complications , Analgesics, Non-Narcotic , Acute Pain/etiology , Acute Pain/drug therapy , Pain, Procedural , Ketamine/therapeutic use , Nalbuphine/therapeutic use , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Fentanyl , Gabapentin , Analgesics , Analgesics, Opioid/therapeutic use , Lidocaine , Acetaminophen
11.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 13(n.esp1): 1-7, set. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1397236

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Identificar e analisar os anti-inflamatórios não esteroides tópicos para o alívio da dor artrítica, benefícios para idosos. Métodos: Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa realizada nas bases de dados no mês de maio de 2020, mediante consulta às bases de dados MEDLINE/PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, Web of Science, SCOPUS e índice bibliométrico LILACS, acessados por meio do Portal Periódicos da Comissão de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Ensino Superior, utilizando os descritores: idoso (Aged/elderly), anti-inflamatório não esteroide (Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal) artrite (Arthritides/Polyarthritis). No qual foram selecionados 13 artigos sem limitador para tempo e idioma. Resultados: Detectou se que as variáveis mais evidenciadas foram: inglês (100%); artigos indexados na MEDLINE/PubMed (69,2%); pais com mais publicações Inglaterra (46%). Destaca-se que 69,3% dos artigos foram ensaios clínicos randomizados controlados; anti-inflamatório tópico mais usado diclofenaco sódico (61,5% seguido do cetoprofeno (38,7%). Conclusão: Concluiu se o diclofenaco e o cetoprofeno apresentam eficácia e segurança no alívio da dor artrítica, e baixa toxicidade cutânea local. (AU)


Objective To identify and analyze topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for the relief of arthritic pain, benefits for the elderly. Methods: This is an integrative review carried out on the databases in May 2020, by consulting the MEDLINE / PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, Web of Science, SCOPUS and LILACS bibliometric index databases, accessed through the Portal Journals of the Higher Education Personnel Improvement Commission, using the descriptors: elderly (Aged / elderly), non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non Steroidal) arthritis (Arthritides / Polyarthritis). In which 13 articles were selected without time and language limitations. Results: It was found that the most evident variables were: English (100%); articles indexed in MEDLINE / PubMed (69.2%); parents with the most publications in England (46%). It is noteworthy that 69.3% of the articles were randomized controlled clinical trials; most commonly used topical anti-inflammatory diclofenac sodium (61.5% followed by ketoprofen (38.7%). Conclusion: Diclofenac and ketoprofen were concluded to be effective and safe in relieving arthritic pain and low local skin toxicity. (AU)


Objetivo: Identificar y analizar medicamentos antiinflamatorios no esteroideos tópicos para el alivio del dolor artrítico, beneficios para los ancianos. Métodos: Esta es una revisión integradora realizada en las bases de datos en mayo de 2020, consultando las bases de datos del índice bibliométrico MEDLINE / PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, Web of Science, SCOPUS y LILACS, a las que se accede a través del Portal Revistas de la Comisión de Mejoramiento del Personal de Educación Superior, utilizando los descriptores: artritis de edad avanzada (Ancianos / ancianos), antiinflamatorios no esteroideos (agentes antiinflamatorios, no esteroideos) (artritis / poliartritis). En el que se seleccionaron 13 artículos sin limitaciones de tiempo e idioma. Resultados: se encontró que las variables más evidentes fueron: inglés (100%); artículos indexados en MEDLINE / PubMed (69,2%); padres con más publicaciones en Inglaterra (46%). Es de destacar que el 69,3% de los artículos fueron ensayos clínicos controlados aleatorios; diclofenaco sódico antiinflamatorio tópico más utilizado (61.5% seguido de ketoprofeno (38.7%). Conclusión: Se concluyó que el diclofenaco y el ketoprofeno son efectivos y seguros para aliviar el dolor artrítico y la baja toxicidad local de la piel. (AU)


Subject(s)
Aged , Arthritis , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
12.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 36(2): e523, abr.-jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1409060

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los antiinflamatorios no esteroideos son comúnmente usados para el tratamiento de las tendinopatías, pero la evidencia sobre este tratamiento es escasa. Objetivo: Realizar una revisión sistemática acerca de los efectos de los en las tendinopatías. Métodos: Se desarrolló una búsqueda bibliográfica en PubMed, WOS, PEDro, Medline, Cinahl y SPORTDiscus. Se incluyeron un total de 13 ensayos clínicos con una calidad metodológica media de 7,15/10 en la escala PEDro. Conclusiones: En la mayoría de los artículos se observó una mejoría corto plazo en el dolor y la funcionalidad con el uso de AINEs. Los ensayos clínicos incluidos no analizaron la presencia de inflamación en esta patología. Se necesitan más estudios que determinen la función de la inflamación en la tendinopatía que justifique el uso de los antiinflamatorios no esteroideos(AU)


Introduction: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are commonly used for the treatment of tendinopathies, but the evidence on this treatment is scarce. Objective: To carry out a systematic review about the effects of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in tendinopathies. Methods: A bibliographic search was carried out in PubMed, WOS, PEDro, Medline, Cinahl and SPORTDiscus. A total of 13 clinical trials with a mean methodological quality of 7.15/10 on the PEDro scale were included. Conclusions: In most of the articles, a short-term improvement in pain and functionality was observed with the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. The clinical trials included did not analyze the presence of inflammation in this pathology. More studies are needed to determine the role of inflammation in tendinopathy that justifies the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Tendinopathy/drug therapy
13.
Arq. Asma, Alerg. Imunol ; 6(2): 214-224, abr.jun.2022. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1400202

ABSTRACT

A urticária aguda é uma causa frequente de consulta com alergistas, caracterizada por urticas e/ou angioedema. Embora autolimitada e benigna, pode causar desconforto significativo e raramente representar uma doença sistêmica grave ou reação alérgica com risco de vida. Nesta revisão, elaborada pelo Departamento Científico de Urticária da Associação Brasileira de Alergia e Imunologia, foram abordadas as principais questões referentes ao tema para auxiliar o médico especialista e generalista.


Acute urticaria is a frequent cause of consultations with allergists, being characterized by wheals and/or angioedema. Although self-limited and benign, it may cause significant discomfort and uncommonly represent a serious systemic disease or life-threatening allergic reaction. In this review prepared by the Urticaria Scientific Department of the Brazilian Association of Allergy and Immunology, the main questions about this topic are addressed to help specialists and general practitioners.


Subject(s)
Humans , Urticaria , Epinephrine , Milk Hypersensitivity , Egg Hypersensitivity , Drug Hypersensitivity , Shellfish Hypersensitivity , Nut and Peanut Hypersensitivity , Histamine H1 Antagonists , Anaphylaxis , Spider Bites , Physicians , Societies, Medical , Therapeutics , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Sweet Syndrome , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Hypereosinophilic Syndrome , Schnitzler Syndrome , Mastocytosis, Cutaneous , Diagnosis , Allergy and Immunology , Erythema , Angioedemas, Hereditary , Food Hypersensitivity , Allergists , Hypersensitivity , Angioedema
14.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 36(1)abr. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1409052

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Intervertebral disc disorders (IDDs) are being commonly observed nowadays among the young and middle aged population. Objectives: This hospital record based study was done to study the risk factors, clinical presentation, imaging findings and management practices among patients with all types of IDDs. Methods: A validated proforma was used to obtain information of patients confirmed with IDDs over the past three years. Results: Mean age at onset of disc disorders among the 219 patients was 44.7±14.2 years. History of poor exercising habits were present among 72(32.9 percent) patients. The most common site of disc involvement was L4-L5 [151(68.9 percent)]. 143(65.3 percent) patients had single site disc involvement. The most common clinical symptom was lower back pain [180(82.2 percent)]. Nerve root compression was present among 154(70.3 percent) patients. Disc bulge, protrusion, extrusion and sequestration were present among 116(53 percent), 90(41.1 percent), 52(23.7 percent) and 4(1.8 percent) patients respectively. Age at onset >65 years (p=0.035), age at onset ≤55 years (p=0.004) and history of direct impact to the neck region (p=0.017) were associated with disc prolapse at L2-L3 level, L4-L5 level and C5-C6 level respectively, among patients with single site disc involvement. Risk of multiple level disc involvement was found to increase after 35 years (p<0.001). It was seen more involving cervical vertebrae (p=0.0068). Lumbar (p<0.0001) and lumbosacral vertebrae (p<0.0001) involvement were seenmore among patients with single site disc involvement. NSAIDs [155(70.8 percent)] were the most the commonly used medication. Microdiscectomy was done among 35(76.1 percent) out of the 46 patients who underwent surgical management. Conclusions: Exercising habits need to be encouraged among people for the prevention of IDDs. The various high risk groups identified in this study need to be periodically screened for IDDs(AU)


Introducción: Actualmente, los trastornos de los discos intervertebrales (TDI) son frecuentes en la población joven y de mediana edad. Objetivos: Este estudio hospitalario de las historias clínicas se realizó para examinar los factores de riesgo, la presentación clínica, los hallazgos imagenológicos y las prácticas de tratamiento entre los pacientes con todos los tipos de trastornos de los discos intervertebrales. Métodos: Se utilizó una proforma validada para obtener información de los pacientes confirmados con trastornos de los discos intervertebrales en los últimos tres años. Resultados: La edad media de aparición de los trastornos discales entre los 219 pacientes fue de 44,7 ± 14,2 años. El historial de malos hábitos de ejercicio estuvo presente en 72 (32,9 por ciento) pacientes. El sitio más común de afectación del disco fue L4-L5 [151 (68,9 por ciento)]. 143 (65,3 por ciento) pacientes tenían compromiso de disco en un solo sitio. El síntoma clínico más frecuente fue el dolor lumbar [180(82,2 por ciento)]. La compresión de la raíz nerviosa estuvo presente en 154 (70,3 por ciento) pacientes. Se mostró presencia de protuberancia, protrusión, extrusión y secuestro discal en 116 (53 por ciento), 90 (41,1 por ciento), 52 (23,7 por ciento) y 4 (1,8 por ciento) pacientes, respectivamente. La edad de inicio >65 años (p=0,035), la edad de inicio ≤55 años (p=0,004) y el antecedente de impacto directo en la región del cuello (p=0,017) se asociaron con prolapso discal a nivel L2-L3, L4- Nivel L5 y nivel C5-C6 respectivamente, entre pacientes con compromiso discal en un solo sitio. Se encontró que el riesgo de afectación del disco en múltiples niveles aumenta después de 35 años (p<0,001). Se vio más involucradas las vértebras cervicales (p=0,0068). La afectación de las vértebras lumbares (p<0,0001) y lumbosacras (p<0,0001) se observó más entre los pacientes con afectación del disco en un solo sitio. Los fármacos anti-inflamatorios no esteroideos (AINE) [155 (70,8 por ciento)] fueron los medicamentos más utilizados. La microdiscectomía se realizó en 35 (76,1 por ciento) de los 46 pacientes que se sometieron a manejo quirúrgico. Conclusiones: Es necesario fomentar hábitos de ejercicio entre las personas para la prevención de los TDI. Los diversos grupos de alto riesgo identificados en este estudio deben someterse a pruebas periódicas de IDD(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Physical Examination/methods , Spinal Diseases/therapy , Intervertebral Disc/diagnostic imaging , Exercise , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/administration & dosage
15.
Medicina UPB ; 41(1): 67-74, mar. 2022. tab, Ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1362702

ABSTRACT

La hemorragia del tracto digestivo superior (HTDS) es el sangrado originado por encima del ángulo de Treitz. A pesar del aumento en las estrategias de prevención, del incremento en los tratamientos con Inhibidor de bomba de protones (IBP) y de la intervención endoscópica temprana, esta patología sigue siendo una causa frecuente de consulta a urgencias, con una morbimortalidad no despreciable y alta carga para el sistema de salud. Esta revisión se enfoca en la HTDS de causa diferente a las varices. La principal causante de esta entidad es la enfermedad ácido-péptica, que es consecuencia del gran consumo de antiinflamatorios no esteroideos (AINES) y de la infección por Helicobacter Pylori. Otras causas son el síndrome de Mallory Weiss, la esofagitis erosiva, las malformaciones arteriovenosas y la malignidad.


Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) refers to any bleeding originating above the angle of Treitz. Despite an increase in prevention strategies, proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy and early endoscopic intervention, this pathology continues to be an important cause of admission to the emergency department for gastrointestinal causes, having a pretty high morbidity and mortality in addition to a high burden on the health system. This review focuses on non-variceal UGIB. The main cause of this entity being peptic acid disease, due to great consumption of NSAIDs and Helicobacter Pylori infection. Other causes are Mallory Weiss syndrome, erosive esophagitis, arteriovenous malformations, and malignancy.


A hemorragia do trato digestivo superior (HTDS) é o sangrado originado acima do ângulo de Treitz. Apesar do aumento nas estratégias de prevenção, do incremento nos tratamentos com Inibidor da bomba de prótons (IBP) e da intervenção endoscópica precoce, esta patologia segue sendo uma causa frequente de consulta a urgências, com uma morbimortalidade não depreciável e alta carga para o sistema de saúde. Esta revisão se enfoca na HTDS de causa diferente às varizes. A principal causante desta entidade é a doença ácido-péptica, que é consequência do grande consumo de anti-inflamatórios não esteróideos (AINES) e da infecção por HelicobacterPylori. Outras causas são a síndrome de Mallory Weiss, a esofagites erosiva, as malformações arteriovenosas e a malignidade. Palavras-chave: hemorragia gastrointestinal; úlcera péptica; endoscopia gastrointestinal; inibidores da bomba de prótons; medicina geral.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Peptic Ulcer , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Helicobacter pylori , Gastrointestinal Tract , Emergency Service, Hospital , Esophagitis , Proton Pump Inhibitors , Mallory-Weiss Syndrome , Neoplasms
16.
Rev. ADM ; 79(1): 38-47, ene.-feb. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361906

ABSTRACT

Las urgencias odontológicas son, quizá, las razones principales de atención en el consultorio, muchas veces el significado de dolor se encuentra acompañado por inflamación; el uso de antiinflamatorios no esteroideos (AINES) es común en el ejercicio de la odontología por la excelente respuesta analgésica y antiinflamatoria que tiene, por lo que es importante conocer la fisiopatología de la inflamación y el dolor y cómo actúan los AINES, ya que algunos de estos fármacos tienen respuestas adversas y sitios de acción importantes. Los factores de riesgo por inflamación y dolor nos obligan a conocer la variedad de fármacos que no entran en la clasificación de AINES y que tenemos a disposición, hay más opciones para la elección ante la presencia de inflamación por un factor en particular, cada uno de éstos tienen indicaciones y contraindicaciones que conoceremos, lo cual nos ampliará el conocimiento para dar una prescripción ante la presencia de eventos inflamatorios. Se realizó un estudio detallado de artículos bibliográficos de cada tema, los fármacos más usados en odontología son los AINES, hay poco uso y conocimiento de antiinflamatorios que podemos usar en urgencias, el porcentaje de uso de los AINES derivados del ácido propiónico es alto por la excelente respuesta en pacientes y otras veces por el desconocimiento de más opciones (AU)


Dental emergencies are perhaps the main reasons for care in the office, many times the meaning of pain is accompanied by inflammation, the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs is common in the practice of dentistry due to the excellent analgesic and anti-inflammatory response it has, important is knowing the pathophysiology of inflammation and pain, how NSAIDs act, some of these drugs have adverse responses and important sites of action, risk factors for inflammation and pain require us to know the variety of drugs that do not enter the classification of NSAIDs and we have at our disposal, there are more options for choosing in the presence of inflammation due to a particular factor, each of these have indications and contraindications that we will know, it expands our knowledge to give a prescription in the presence of inflammatory events. A detailed study of bibliographic articles on each topic was carried out, the drugs most used in dentistry are NSAIDs, there is little use and knowledge of anti-inflammatories that we can use in the emergency room, the percentage of use of NSAIDs derived from propionic acid is high, due to the excellent response in patients and others due to lack of knowledge of more options (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Toothache , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Inflammation , Pain/pathology , Pain, Postoperative , Propionates , Prostaglandins/physiology , Drug Interactions , Cyclooxygenase 1/pharmacology , Cyclooxygenase 2 , Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors , Narcotics
17.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e20123, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403715

ABSTRACT

Abstract In this study, microemulsions containing etofenamate were prepared and evaluated as dermal delivery carriers. The developed microemulsions consist of oleic acid, Span 80, Tween 20, Cremophor EL, Transcutol and ethanol. The percentage of etofenamate loading in the microemulsions was 5% (w/w). The characterization of formulations included droplet size, zeta potential, pH, conductivity, PDI, refractive index and viscosity. Moreover, ex vivo penetration study was carried out using mice abdominal skin. The developed formulations were analyzed for their cytotoxicity via MTT assay and tested for their anti-inflammatory properties opposed to LPS-stimulated nitrite prοduction in RAW 264.7 cells. As ideal formulation, M2ETF, was chosen due to its greater permeation, lower penetration as well as higher anti-inflammatory


Subject(s)
Osteoarthritis/pathology , Polysorbates , Refractometry/methods , Skin , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/adverse effects , RAW 264.7 Cells/classification , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
18.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e18655, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364423

ABSTRACT

Abstract Periodontitis is an oral disease associated with inflammation and pain with swollen and bleeding gums. In the present study, dental pastes containing NSAIDs, namely, diclofenac sodium and nimesulide (1 % w/w) were prepared to treat periodontitis. Dental pastes of diclofenac sodium and nimesulide (1 % w/w) were prepared with/without mucoadhesive hydrocolloid polymers such as sodium carboxy methyl cellulose (NaCMC), hydroxyl ethyl cellulose (HEC) and methyl cellulose (MC) by conventional trituration method. The pH, drug content, viscosity, tube spreadability and tube extrudability of these prepared dental pastes were measured. These dental pastes of diclofenac sodium and nimesulide (1 % w/w) were characterized by FTIR analyses for drug-excipient compatibility. The in vitro drug releases from these dental pastes in 6.4 pH phosphate buffer solution displayed sustained release over longer period and the drug release rate was found to be decreased when the concentration of mucoadhesive polymer was increased. These dental pastes displayed good adhesion to the oral mucosa revealing more retention time in mouth when tested for ex vivo mucoadhesion using bovine cheek pouch. The stability study results reveal that the DC3 and NC3 dental paste formulations were found stable enough over a longer period in different storage conditions. The present study revealed that the prepared mucoadhesive dental pastes of diclofenac sodium and nimesulide (1 % w/w) had good adhesion with the oral mucosa to maintain consistent release of drugs over prolonged time.


Subject(s)
Toothpastes/analysis , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/analysis , Mouth , Mouth Mucosa/abnormalities , Periodontitis , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Diclofenac/adverse effects , Disease/classification , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , Drug Liberation , Gingiva/abnormalities , Inflammation/complications
19.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e18691, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374574

ABSTRACT

Abstract Two sensitive and selective methods were developed for the simultaneous determination of four commonly used non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), namely; paracetamol (PCM), diclofenac sodium (DCF), ibuprofen (IBP), and indomethacin (IND) in wastewater effluents. The first method used HPLC for the determination of the studied drugs using a mobile phase consisting of phosphate buffer (pH 3.0) and acetonitrile at a flow rate of 1 mL/min. in gradient elution mode and detection at 220 nm. The separation process was performed on BDS Hypersil Cyano column (250 x 4.6 mm, 5 µm). The second method was a TLC-densitometric one which was performed using n-Hexane: ethyl acetate: acetic acid in the ratio (6:3.5:0.5) as a developing system. The proposed chromatographic methods were successfully applied for the selective determination of the four studied drugs in simulated and real pharmaceutical wastewater samples after their solid-phase extraction


Subject(s)
Industrial Effluents , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/analysis , Drug Industry/classification , Wastewater/parasitology , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Acetates/adverse effects
20.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e191058, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383991

ABSTRACT

Abstract Whole-body bone scintigraphy (WB-BS) is used for detecting and monitoring metastatic spread of prostate cancer (PCa) and to investigate bone pain episodes. To investigate the impact of a positive WB-BS on pain-relieving medicine prescription in PCa patients, a single-center, retrospective cohort study with PCa patients classified as positive for bone metastases (BM) by WB-BS was conducted. Demographic, clinical, and ambulatory pain-relieving medicine prescription data were evaluated. Pain-relieving medicines were categorized according to the WHO 'Analgesic Ladder'. Regimens adopted before and after WB-BS were compared. Differences were considered significant at p<0.05. A total of 180 PCa patients were diagnosed with BM, 64.4% of whom were ≥65 years of age. Thirty-three patients were prescribed analgesics only after WB-BS, mostly including NSAIDs and weak opioids. Pain-relieving prescription changed after WB-BS in patients with prescriptions before and after WB-BS, with a reduction in NSAIDs and adjuvants and an increase in weak and strong opioids. In addition, 40% of patients with WHO analgesic step 1 drugs and 21.7% of patients with WHO step 2 drugs before WB-BS changed to other WHO steps after WB-BS. Pain-relieving prescriptions changed after a positive WB-BS, providing evidence that it could contribute to clinical management of painful metastatic PCa patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Patients/classification , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Radionuclide Imaging/instrumentation , Retrospective Studies , Neoplasm Metastasis/diagnosis , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/adverse effects , Diagnosis , Analgesics/administration & dosage , Analgesics, Opioid/adverse effects
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