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2.
Med. infant ; 30(3): 274-280, Septiembre 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1515976

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La resistencia del HIV a los antirretrovirales (ARVs) es una de las principales causas de fallo terapéutico en niños, niñas y adolescentes que conviven con el virus. Desde el año 2006, el Laboratorio de Biología Celular y Retrovirus del Hospital Garrahan realiza el estudio genotípico de resistencia (ER) del HIV-1 a los ARVs a fin de identificar mutaciones que disminuyen la susceptibilidad del virus a los fármacos que componen el tratamiento ARV. Objetivos: El objetivo del trabajo fue estudiar el tipo y frecuencia de resistencia del HIV a los ARVs, a través de un análisis de 371 ER realizados entre los años 2006 y 2021 en niños, niñas y adolescentes con HIV-1 adquirido por transmisión vertical y con solicitud médica de ER por presentar fallo terapéutico. Resultados: Entre los años 2006 y 2013 la proporción de casos con resistencia a al menos una clase de fármaco ARV fue mayor al 90%, sugiriendo una asociación directa entre el fallo virológico y la disminución en la susceptibilidad del HIV-1 a uno o más componentes del TARV. A partir del año 2012, se observa una disminución progresiva del nivel de resistencia de HIV-1, llegando al 50% en 2021 (p<0.0001). La frecuencia de mutaciones de resistencia fue diferente para cada una de las clases de ARVs. Mientras que la resistencia a INNTR no sufrió cambios significativos a lo largo del período de estudio, oscilando entre 27% y 75%. La proporción de mutaciones a IPs en pacientes con fallo virológico disminuyó de 87% en 2006 a 17% en 2021 y para los INTR, disminuyó de 79% en 2006 a 45% en 2021. Conclusión: El nivel de resistencia a los ARVs ha disminuido de manera sustancial a lo largo de los últimos 16 años, probablemente por el uso de nuevos fármacos ARV con alta potencia que posibilitaron la intensificación de los tratamientos ARV y la implementación de criterios de fallo terapéutico más estrictos tanto a nivel clínico como virológico (AU)


Introduction: HIV resistance to antiretroviral (ARV) drugs is one of the main causes of therapeutic failure in children and adolescents living with the virus. Since 2006, the Cell Biology and Retrovirus Laboratory of the Garrahan Hospital has been performing the genotypic study of HIV-1 resistance to ARV drugs in order to identify mutations that reduce the susceptibility of the virus to the drugs that constitute ARV treatment. Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the type and frequency of HIV resistance to ARV drugs through an analysis of 371 genotype studies performed between 2006 and 2021 in children and adolescents with HIV-1 acquired through motherto-child transmission and with medical request for genotype study due to therapeutic failure. Results: Between 2006 and 2013, the proportion of cases with resistance to at least one ARV drug class was greater than 90%, suggesting a direct association between virologic failure and decreased susceptibility of HIV-1 to one or more components of ART. From 2012 onwards, a progressive decrease in the level of HIV-1 resistance was observed, reaching 50% in 2021 (p<0.0001). The frequency of resistant mutations was different for each of the ARV classes, while resistance to non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) did not change significantly over the study period, ranging from 27% to 75%. The proportion of drug-resistant mutations to protease inhibitors (PI) in patients with virologic failure decreased from 87% in 2006 to 17% in 2021 and for NNRTIs from 79% in 2006 to 45% in 2021. Conclusion: The level of resistance to ARV drugs has decreased substantially over the last 16 years, probably due to the use of new ARV drugs with high potency that allowed the intensification of ARV treatments and the implementation of stricter criteria for therapeutic failure both clinically and virologically (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , HIV Infections/drug therapy , Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical , Drug Resistance, Viral/genetics , Anti-Retroviral Agents/therapeutic use , Mutation , Argentina/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
3.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 960-965, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985620

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the survival time of reported HIV/AIDS and influencing factors of Yunnan Province from 1989 to 2021. Methods: The data were extracted from the Chinese HIV/AIDS comprehensive response information management system. The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The life table method was applied to calculate the survival probability. Kaplan-Meier was used to draw survival curves in different situations. Furthermore, the Cox proportion hazard regression model was constructed to identify the factors related to survival time. Results: Of the 174 510 HIV/AIDS, the all-cause mortality density was 4.23 per 100 person-years, the median survival time was 20.00 (95%CI:19.52-20.48) years, and the cumulative survival rates in 1, 10, 20, and 30 years were 90.75%, 67.50%, 47.93% and 30.85%. Multivariate Cox proportional risk regression model results showed that the risk of death among 0-14 and 15-49 years old groups were 0.44 (95%CI: 0.34-0.56) times and 0.51 (95%CI:0.50-0.52) times of ≥50 years old groups. The risk for death among the first CD4+T lymphocytes counts (CD4) counts levels of 200-349 cells/μl, 350-500 cells/μl and ≥501 cells/μl groups were 0.52 (95%CI: 0.50-0.53) times, 0.41 (95%CI: 0.40-0.42) times and 0.35 (95%CI: 0.34-0.36) times of 0-199 cells/μl groups. The risk of death among the cases that have not received antiretroviral therapy (ART) was 11.56 (95%CI: 11.26-11.87) times. The risk for death among the cases losing to ART, stopping to ART, both losing and stopping ART was 1.66 (95%CI:1.61-1.72) times, 2.49 (95%CI:2.39-2.60) times, and 1.65 (95%CI:1.53-1.78) times of the cases on ART. Conclusions: The influencing factors for the survival time of HIV/AIDS cases were age at diagnosis in Yunnan province from 1989 to 2021. The first CD4 counts levels, antiretroviral therapy, and ART compliance. Early diagnosis, early antiretroviral therapy, and increasing ART compliance could extend the survival time of HIV/AIDS cases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , China/epidemiology , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/epidemiology , Anti-Retroviral Agents/therapeutic use , Asian People
4.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 27: e20220082, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1404751

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo desenvolver e avaliar um inquérito de Conhecimento, Atitude e Prática sobre estilo de vida saudável em pessoas com vírus da imunodeficiência humana. Método estudo de desenvolvimento, com elaboração do inquérito por meio de revisão integrativa e análise das diretrizes; análise de conteúdo e aparência por 22 juízes especialistas; e análise semântica por 22 pacientes em acompanhamento ambulatorial. Mensurada a proporção de avaliações positivas dos itens, considerando-se percentual igual ou maior a 85%. Resultados o inquérito teve três domínios e sete eixos: doenças crônicas em pessoas com vírus da imunodeficiência humana; controle do peso corporal; alimentação saudável; prática de exercício físico; evitar fumo, álcool e drogas ilícitas; controle/redução do estresse; adesão aos antirretrovirais e outros medicamentos. Domínios conhecimento e atitude tiveram 10 perguntas, e o de prática, 11. Na avaliação pelos juízes especialistas, participaram enfermeiros, médicos e nutricionista, com concordância positiva dos itens acima de 85%. Os pacientes fizeram a análise semântica, com concordância positiva nos domínios de 100%. Conclusão e implicações para a prática o inquérito teve evidência de validade adequada, para ser utilizado por enfermeiros e outros profissionais de saúde, para subsidiar a assistência, estratégias educativas e pesquisas com pessoas vivendo com o vírus da imunodeficiência humana.


Resumen Objetivo elaborar y evaluar una encuesta de conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas sobre estilo de vida saludable en personas con virus de inmunodeficiencia humana. Método estudio de desarrollo, con la elaboración de la encuesta a través de una revisión y análisis integrador de las directrices; análisis de contenido y apariencia por 22 jueces expertos; y análisis semántico por 22 pacientes ambulatorios. Se midió la proporción de valoraciones positivas de los ítems, considerando un porcentaje igual o superior al 85%. Resultados la encuesta tuvo tres dominios y siete ejes: enfermedades crónicas en personas portadoras del virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana; control del peso corporal; alimentación saludable; ejercicio físico; evitación del tabaquismo, alcohol y drogas ilícitas; control/reducción del estrés; adherencia a los antirretrovirales y otros medicamentos. Los dominios conocimientos y actitudes tenían 10 preguntas y los dominios práctica tenían 11. En la evaluación de los jueces expertos, participaron enfermeros, médicos y nutricionistas, con concordancia positiva de los ítems superior al 85%. Los pacientes fueron sometidos a análisis semántico, con 100% de concordancia positiva en los dominios. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica la encuesta tuvo pruebas adecuadas de validez, para ser utilizada por enfermeros y otros profesionales de la salud, para apoyar la asistencia, las estrategias educativas y la investigación con personas que viven con el virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana.


Abstract Objective to develop and assess a Knowledge, Attitude and Practice survey on healthy lifestyle in people with human immunodeficiency virus. Method a development study, with the elaboration of survey through of an integrative review and analysis of the guidelines; content and appearance analysis by 22 expert judges; and semantic analysis by 22 outpatients. The proportion of positive assessments of the items was measured, considering a percentage equal to or greater than 85%. Results the survey had three domains and seven axes: chronic diseases in people with human immunodeficiency virus; body weight control; healthy eating; physical exercise; avoiding smoking, alcohol and illicit drugs; stress control/reduction; antiretroviral and other medication compliance. Knowledge and attitude domains had 10 questions, and practice domains had 11. In the assessment by expert judges, nurses, doctors and nutritionists participated, with positive agreement of items above 85%. Patients underwent semantic analysis, with 100% positive agreement in the domains. Conclusion and implications for practice the survey had adequate evidence of validity, to be used by nurses and other health professionals, to support care, educational strategies and research with people living with the human immunodeficiency virus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , HIV Infections/therapy , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Surveys and Questionnaires , HIV , Healthy Lifestyle , Chronic Disease/therapy , Anti-Retroviral Agents/therapeutic use , Medication Adherence , Health Literacy
5.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 27: e20210507, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1404752

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo compreender as perspectivas e desafios no cotidiano de pessoas após a descoberta do viver com VIH em Bissau, Guiné-Bissau, tendo em vista diferentes contextos de vulnerabilidade. Método estudo exploratório-descritivo, que utilizou entrevista semiestruturada com 16 pessoas vivendo com VIH, acompanhadas em um hospital de Bissau. Empregou-se técnica de análise de conteúdo temática. Os relatos dos participantes foram analisados a partir de duas categorias empíricas: A descoberta, os impactos e os desafios de viver com VIH; e Experiência com o antirretroviral: recomeço e perspectivas. Resultados sinalizaram que os desafios iniciam com a revelação do diagnóstico que, geralmente, desperta uma diversidade de sentimentos e comportamentos. O estigma e a discriminação estimulam a adoção do sigilo sobre o status sorológico, resultando na fragilidade de suporte emocional no enfrentamento à soropositividade. A terapia antirretroviral foi vislumbrada como esperança para o enfrentamento da doença. A vulnerabilidade social foi a dimensão que mais se destacou, e violações dos direitos humanos foram constatadas. Conclusão e implicações para a prática o estudo permite compreender as perspectivas, desafios e vulnerabilidades de pessoas que vivem com VIH. O viver com VIH merece atenção especial por parte dos profissionais de saúde que atuam no cuidado dessas pessoas, destacando-se como contribuição a relevância de um cuidado de saúde integral, em que a ética e a subjetividade estejam presentes.


RESUMEN Objetivo este estudio cualitativo tuvo como objetivo comprender perspectivas y desafíos en la vida cotidiana de las personas que viven con VIH en Bissau, Guinea-Bissau, considerando diferentes contextos de vulnerabilidad. Método estudio exploratorio-descriptivo, que utilizó una entrevista semiestructurada con 16 personas que viven con el VIH, seguido en un hospital de Bissau. Se utilizó la técnica de análisis de contenido temático. Los informes de los participantes se analizaron a partir de dos categorías empíricas: El descubrimiento, los impactos y los desafíos de vivir con el VIH; y La experiencia antirretroviral: un nuevo comienzo y perspectivas. Resultados los resultados indicaron que los desafíos comienzan con la divulgación del diagnóstico, que generalmente suscita una diversidad de sentimientos y conductas. El estigma y la discriminación fomentan la adopción del secreto sobre el estado serológico, lo que resulta en un apoyo emocional débil para hacer frente a la seropositividad. La terapia antirretroviral es una esperanza para hacer frente a la enfermedad. La vulnerabilidad social fue la dimensión que más se destacó y se encontraron violaciones a sus derechos humanos. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica el estudio permite comprender las perspectivas, los desafíos y las vulnerabilidades de las personas que viven con el VIH. Vivir con VIH merece especial atención por parte de los profesionales de la salud que actúan en el cuidado de estas personas, destacando como aporte la relevancia de la atención integral en salud, en la que la ética y la subjetividad están presentes.


ABSTRACT Objective to understand perspectives and challenges in the daily lives of people after the discovery of living with HIV in Bissau, Guinea-Bissau, considering different contexts of vulnerability. Method an exploratory-descriptive study conducted through semi-structured interviews with sixteen people living with HIV attending a hospital in the city of Bissau. We used the thematic content analysis technique. Participants' reports were analyzed following two empirical categories: Discovery, impacts and challenges of living with HIV; and Experience with antiretroviral therapy: new beginning and perspectives. Results the results indicate that the challenges start with the disclosure of diagnosis, which arouses a diversity of feelings and behaviors. Stigma and discrimination encourage the adoption of confidentiality about serological status, which increases the fragility of emotional support in coping with seropositivity. Antiretroviral therapy was seen as a hope for coping with the disease. Social vulnerability was the dimension that stood out the most, and human rights violations involving people living with HIV were verified. Conclusion and implications for practice the study makes it possible to understand the perspectives, challenges and vulnerabilities of people living with HIV. Living with HIV deserves special attention from health professionals who work in the care of these people, highlighting as a contribution the relevance of comprehensive health care, in which ethics and subjectivity are present.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Public Health , HIV Seropositivity/therapy , Anti-Retroviral Agents/therapeutic use , Health Vulnerability , Social Support , Adaptation, Psychological , HIV Infections/diagnosis , Qualitative Research , Medication Adherence , Social Stigma , Treatment Adherence and Compliance , Guinea-Bissau
6.
Acta sci., Health sci ; 44: e53630, Jan. 14, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1367783

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate adverse reactions to Dolutegravir, a drug recently made available by the Unified Health System (SUS) for treating HIV infections. The frequency, severity and sex distribution of adverse reactions to Dolutegravir were identified over the first 18 months of its availability in users in the state of Paraná. Information was obtained through the pharmacovigilance questionnaire prepared by the Ministry of Health, accessed through the Logistics Control System for Medicines(SICLOM). During the study period, dolutegravirwas dispensed to 9,865 patients in the state. However, 9,207 users (93.3%) answered the pharmacovigilance questionnaire. Among them, 1.75% reported 279 adverse reactions. This population was composed mainly of male people (69.57%), in the ratio of 2.29 men for each woman, white (67.08%), aged between 20 and 29 years (26.71%), single (45.34%) and with education between 8 and 11 years of study (41.61%). Gastrointestinal (36.92%) and nervous system (14.34%) disorders were the most prevalent. 77.78% adverse reactions were considered non-serious by users. It can be concluded that dolutegravirhad a low prevalence of adverse reactions in users in the state of Paraná, demonstrating to be safe for use by the population in therapy against HIV, in accordance with clinical trials.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , HIV Infections/drug therapy , HIV Integrase Inhibitors/adverse effects , Anti-Retroviral Agents/adverse effects , Anti-Retroviral Agents/pharmacology , Pharmacovigilance , Unified Health System , Severity of Illness Index , Sex Distribution , HIV Integrase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Anti-Retroviral Agents/therapeutic use
7.
Acta sci., Health sci ; 44: e56764, Jan. 14, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1367790

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate possible factors related to antiretroviral therapy (ART) that contribute to the understanding of the highest rate of Aids detection on the coast of the state of Paraná, a port region identified administratively as the 1stRegional Health Division (1stHD) in the state of Paraná. Data on the sociodemographic profile of the population undergoing antiretroviral treatment (ART), medication changes, dropout of therapy, proportion of the population undergoing treatment and viral load were obtained through computerized systems. Between July 1, 2018 and June 31, 2019, 1,393 people were on ART in the 1stRS. Of these, 57.6% were male. During this period, 110 people started ART with a predominance of the age group between 30 and 39 years old. ART was switched for169 people and 211 patient dropouts were detected. The proportion of people diagnosed with HIV without treatment (gap) is still high, however 92.7% people on ART have suppressed viral load. It can be concluded that the lower educational level of the population undergoing treatment, the late diagnosis of those infected and the treatment gapprobably contribute to the highest rate of Aids detection in the 1stRS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/epidemiology , Pharmacoepidemiology/methods , Anti-Retroviral Agents/therapeutic use , Sociodemographic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Incidence , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/prevention & control , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/drug therapy , Health Strategies , Viral Load
11.
Psico USF ; 26(1): 53-65, Jan. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1287595

ABSTRACT

O estudo examinou fatores sociodemográficos, clínicos e psicossociais que afetam a continuidade do tratamento e a adesão à medicação antirretroviral em mulheres nos primeiros três meses após o parto. Participaram 56 mulheres vivendo com HIV, com idades entre 18 e 43 anos, na sua grande maioria brancas e casadas. Foram utilizadas entrevistas sobre dados sociodemográficos e clínicos, exames laboratoriais e escalas psicológicas. Análises estatísticas revelaram que mais de um terço das participantes (37,5%) descontinuaram o próprio tratamento após o parto. A qualidade de vida e o apoio instrumental podem favorecer a continuidade do tratamento de HIV após o parto, e as condições de trabalho e a situação clínica dessas mulheres pode afetar a adesão após o parto. Tais resultados podem contribuir para o desenvolvimento de intervenções que favoreçam a continuidade do tratamento e adesão das mulheres no pós-parto. (AU)


This study examined sociodemographic, clinical, and psychosocial factors affecting retention in HIV care and antiretroviral adherence in women during the first three months after delivery. Participants were 56 women living with HIV, aged between 18 and 43 years, mostly white and married. We used interviews about socio-demographic and clinical data, laboratory tests, and psychological scales. Statistical analyses revealed that more than one-third of women (37.5%) discontinued their treatment after delivery. Quality of life and instrumental support may contribute to retention in HIV care after childbirth, and the working conditions and clinical status of these women may affect adherence after childbirth. These findings may contribute to the development of interventions that promote retention in HIV care and adherence during the postpartum period. (AU)


Este estudio examinó los aspectos sociodemográficos, clínicos y psicosociales que afectan la continuidad del tratamiento del VIH y adherencia a los antirretrovirales en las mujeres en los tres meses después del parto. Participaron 56 madres infectadas por VIH, con edades comprendidas entre 18 y 43 años. La mayoría eran blancas y estaban casadas. Se utilizaron entrevistas sobre datos sociodemográficos y clínicos, exámenes de laboratorio y escalas psicológicas. Los análisis estadísticos revelaron que más de un tercio de las mujeres (37,5%) interrumpieron su tratamiento después del parto. La calidad de vida y el apoyo instrumental pueden favorecer la continuidad del tratamiento del VIH después del parto, y que las condiciones laborales y la situación clínica de estas mujeres pueden afectar la adherencia después del parto. Estos resultados pueden contribuir al desarrollo de intervenciones para favorecer la continuidad del tratamiento y la adherencia de las mujeres en el posparto. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Quality of Life/psychology , Social Support , HIV , Anti-Retroviral Agents/therapeutic use , Postpartum Period/psychology , Medication Adherence/psychology , Socioeconomic Factors , Interview
12.
Rev. chil. salud pública ; 25(1): 15-27, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1367351

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. Analizar la relación entre el estigma percibido por VIH y la adherencia al tratamiento antirretroviral (TAR) en personas con VIH en la ciudad de México. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS. Se utilizó un diseño mixto incluyendo una encuesta transversal y entrevistas a profundidad. En la encuesta se aplicó un cuestionario a 557 personas con VIH de dos instituciones públicas. En el cuestionario se incluyó una escala de estigma asociado al VIH con dos variables: ocultamiento de su seroestado a personas no cercanas y revelación de su seroestado a familiares y amigos. Mediante modelos de regresión logística se evaluó la asociación del estigma percibido con la baja adherencia al TAR, i.e. la omisión de la toma de medicamentos antirretrovirales en el día, la semana y el mes previos. Las entrevistas a profundidad tuvieron la finalidad para explorar las experiencias respecto a las dificultades para adherirse al TAR. RESULTADOS. Las personas que ocultaban su enfermedad tuvieron mayor probabilidad de no adherencia (RM=2.33). Los entrevistados que no habían revelado su seroestado a personas cercanas también tuvieron una mayor probabilidad de no adherencia (RM=2.35). Coincidentemente, en las entrevistas se evidenció que las experiencias de discriminación o las expectativas de ser discriminado hacen que las personas oculten su enfermedad y esto propicia la omisión de toma de medicamentos. DISCUSIÓN. Es necesario promover acciones orientadas a eliminar el estigma asociado al VIH como una medida fundamental para incrementar la adherencia al TAR. (AU)


INTRODUCTION. To analyze the relationship between HIV-associated perceived stigma and adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) in people with HIV in Mexico City. MATERIAL AND METHODS. A mixed methods approach was used including in-depth interviews and a cross-sectional survey. In-depth interviews were conducted to explore barriers to ART adherence. In the survey, a questionnaire was given to 557 people with HIV treated in two public health institutions. The questionnaire included an assessment of HIV-associated perceived stigma; exploratory factor analysis demonstrated two outcomes: concealment of serostatus and revelation of the serostatus to family and friends. Logistic regression models were used to assess the association of HIV-associated stigma with low ART adherence on the previous day, week and month. RESULTS. People who concealed their disease had higher risk of non-adherence (RM=2.33). Participants who had not revealed their serostatus to friends or relatives also had a higher probability of non-adherence (RM= 2.35). Coincidentally, the interviews showed that the experiences of discrimination or the expectations of being discriminated against make people conceal their illness and are thus prone to non-adherence. DISCUSSION. It is necessary to promote actions aimed at eliminating HIV-related stigma as a fundamental measure to increase adherence to ART. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , HIV Infections/psychology , HIV Infections/drug therapy , Anti-Retroviral Agents/therapeutic use , Social Stigma , Treatment Adherence and Compliance , Logistic Models , Interviews as Topic , Surveys and Questionnaires , Factor Analysis, Statistical , Longitudinal Studies , Healthcare Disparities , Mexico
13.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 19: eAO5800, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350699

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To characterize the sociodemographic profile of the population undergoing antiretroviral treatment in the state of Paraná, Brazil, to investigate the proportion of people undergoing treatment among all those diagnosed, and to analyze the proportion of patients with suppressed viral load in different regions of the state. Methods: Observational descriptive and analytical study carried out with information referring to the period from January 2018 to January 2019. Data were obtained from the Sistema Informatizado de Monitoramento Clínico das Pessoas Vivendo com HIV/AIDS [Computerized System for Clinical Monitoring of People Living with HIV/AIDS] and Sistema de Controle Logístico de Medicamentos[Drug Supply Control System]. The proportion of people on antiretroviral treatment in the state and the proportion of patients with viral load ≤1,000 copies/mL and ≤50 copies/mL were calculated. The results were compared with the corresponding parameters of the World Health Organization goal 90-90-90. Results: The state of Paraná managed to reach the second and third parameters of the 90-90-90 goal of the World Health Organization. Among those diagnosed, 93.12% were on antiretroviral treatment, and 90.0% of them had a viral load below 50 copies of viral RNA/mL of blood, indicating virologic success. Conclusion: The health policy aimed at the population living with HIV/AIDS, and the health services available in Paraná have been successful in parameters relevant to the control of the epidemic. However, it is necessary to ensure the diagnosis of people infected with HIV in the population.


RESUMO Objetivo: Caracterizar o perfil sociodemográfico da população em tratamento antirretroviral no estado do Paraná, investigar a proporção de pessoas em tratamento entre todos os diagnosticados e analisar a proporção de pacientes com carga viral suprimida nas diferentes regiões do estado. Métodos: Estudo observacional descritivo e analítico realizado com informações referentes ao período de janeiro de 2018 a janeiro de 2019. Os dados foram obtidos do Sistema Informatizado de Monitoramento Clínico das Pessoas Vivendo com HIV/AIDS e do Sistema de Controle Logístico de Medicamentos. Foram calculadas as proporções de pessoas em tratamento antirretroviral no estado e de pacientes com carga viral ≤1.000 cópias/mL e ≤50 cópias/mL. Os resultados foram comparados com os parâmetros correspondentes da meta 90-90-90 da Organização Mundial da Saúde. Resultados: O estado do Paraná alcançou o segundo e o terceiro parâmetros da meta 90-90-90 da Organização Mundial da Saúde. Entre os diagnosticados, 93,12% encontravam-se em tratamento antirretroviral, e 90,0% destes apresentavam carga viral abaixo 50 cópias do RNA viral/mL de sangue, indicando sucesso virológico. Conclusão: A política de saúde voltada à população vivendo com HIV/AIDS e os serviços de saúde disponibilizados no Paraná têm obtido êxito em parâmetros relevantes para o controle da epidemia. Entretanto, é necessário assegurar o diagnóstico das pessoas infectadas por HIV na população.


Subject(s)
Humans , HIV Infections/drug therapy , Anti-HIV Agents/therapeutic use , Brazil , RNA, Viral , Viral Load , Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active , Anti-Retroviral Agents/therapeutic use
14.
Rev. bras. cancerol ; 67(2): e-09825, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223491

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A capacidade do vírus da imunodeficiência humana (HIV) de invadir células do sistema imunológico, principalmente células T CD4+, para se multiplicar e manter-se vivo, quando não revertido, possui, como desfecho inevitável, a síndrome da imunodeficiência adquirida (SIDA), evento no qual os pacientes começam a apresentar doenças secundárias como infecções oportunistas e câncer. Objetivo:Identificar casos de linfoma de Hodgkin em pacientes HIV+ em uso dos antirretrovirais de alta efetividade. Método: Estudo do tipo observacional transversal com delineamento exploratório e descritivo e abordagem quali-quantitativa, realizado durante o mês de outubro de 2018, a partir da análise de 57prontuários de pacientes HIV+ diagnosticados com câncer e internados em um hospital localizado em Fortaleza, CE. Resultados: Foi identificado um total de 21 cânceres não definidores de SIDA. Destes, os mais comuns foram o câncer de pele com 14,3% (3); seguido do câncer de mama com 9,5% (2); linfoma de Hodgkin com 9,5% (2); e o câncer de estômago com 9,5% (2) dos casos. Conclusão: Os dados obtidos no presente estudo colocam o linfoma de Hodgkin em segundo lugar entre os cânceres não definidores de SIDA encontrados. Contudo, ao considerar o baixo número de casos, resultante das limitações da pesquisa, essas informações não permitem concluir sobre a real quantidade de linfomas de Hodgkin entre os demais cânceres não definidores de SIDA ocorridos em pacientes HIV+ na localidade, tampouco estimar a participação do HIV, carga viral, condição imunológica e coinfecções como fatores de risco.


Introduction: The ability of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) of invading immune system cells, especially CD4+ to multiply and stay alive, when not reversed, has as inevitable outcome the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), an event in which patients start to develop secondary diseases such as opportunistic infections and cancer. Objective: To identify cases of Hodgkin's lymphoma in HIV+ patients using highly effective antiretrovirals. Method: Cross-sectional observational study with exploratory and descriptive design and qualitative and quantitative approach, carried out during the month of October 2018 based on the analysis of 57 HIV-infected patients' charts diagnosed with cancer and admitted to a hospital located in Fortaleza, CE. Results: A total of 21 non-AIDS-defining cancers were detected. Of these, skin cancer, with 14.3% (3) followed by breast cancer, with 9.5% (2), Hodgkin's lymphoma, 9.5% (2) and stomach cancer, with 9.5% (2) were the most common cases. Conclusion: The data obtained in the present study rank Hodgkin's lymphoma in second place among the non-AIDS-defining cancers encountered. However, while considering the small number of cases, due to the study limitations, these data are scanty to conclude the actual quantity of Hodgkin's lymphoma among the non-AIDS-defining cancers occurred in HIV-positive patients locally or to estimate the participation of HIV, viral load, immune condition and co-infection as risk factors.


Introducción: La capacidad del virus de inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH) para invadir las células del sistema inmunitario, especialmente las células T CD4 + para multiplicarse y mantenerse con vida, cuando no se revierte, tiene el resultado inevitable del síndrome de inmunodeficiencia adquirida (SIDA), evento en el que los pacientes comienzan a presentar enfermedades secundarias como infecciones oportunistas y cáncer. Objetivo: Identificar los casos de linfoma de Hodgkin en pacientes VIH+ utilizando los antirretrovirales de alta eficacia. Método: Este es un estudio observacional transversal con diseño exploratorio y descriptivo y enfoque cualitativo, realizado durante octubre de 2018 a partir del análisis de 57 registros médicos de pacientes VIH + diagnosticados con cáncer y hospitalizados en un hospital ubicado en Fortaleza, CE. Resultados: Se identificaron un total de 21 cánceres que no definen el SIDA. De estos, los más comunes fueron cáncer de piel con 14,3% (3), seguido de cáncer de seno con 9,5% (2), linfoma de Hodgkin 9,5% (2) y cáncer de estómago con 9,5% (2) de los casos. Conclusión: Los datos obtenidos en el presente estudio colocan al linfoma de Hodgkin en segundo lugar entre los cánceres no definitorios de SIDA encontrados. Sin embargo, considerando el bajo número de casos resultantes de las limitaciones de la investigación, esta información no nos permite concluir acerca de la cantidad real de linfoma de Hodgkin entre los otros cánceres no definitorios de SIDA en pacientes VIH + en la localidad, ni estimar la participación del VIH, la carga viral, la condición inmune y las coinfecciones como factores de riesgo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Hodgkin Disease , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , Anti-Retroviral Agents/therapeutic use , Neoplasms , HIV
15.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 25(spe): e20210176, 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | BDENF, LILACS | ID: biblio-1284230

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar as mudanças na rotina das pessoas vivendo com HIV decorrentes da pandemia da COVID-19. Método: pesquisa qualitativa, desenvolvida por meio de entrevista semiestruturada, junto à 46 pessoas vivendo com HIV atendidas em um serviço especializado em doenças infectocontagiosas do interior de Minas Gerais, Brasil. Os dados foram submetidos à análise lexicográfica, com auxílio do software IRaMuTeQ, pelos métodos de Estatística Textual Clássica, Nuvem de Palavras e Classificação Hierárquica Descendente. Resultados: foram identificadas distintas mudanças na rotina diária de pessoas vivendo com HIV decorrentes da pandemia da COVID-19, dentre elas, o uso de medidas preventivas, como a utilização de máscara e isolamento social, além de mudanças no ambiente de trabalho e de lazer, no convívio familiar, aspectos emocionais individuais e de tratamento. Conclusão e implicações para a prática: muitas mudanças e desafios de ordem física, biológica e psicossocial demonstraram serem vivenciados pelos participantes diante do cenário mundial pandêmico, decorrentes, principalmente, do isolamento social. Para tal, estratégias de enfrentamento tornam-se fundamentais no dia-a-dia das pessoas vivendo com HIV visando garantir a continuidade e tratamento ininterrupto, e a prevenção de uma sindêmia, mitigando, assim, as repercussões da COVID-19 na saúde destes indivíduos que pertencem ao grupo de risco


Objective: to identify the changes in the routine of people living with HIV resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic. Method: a qualitative research study, developed through a semi-structured interview, with 46 people living with HIV treated at a service specialized in infectious diseases in the inland of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The data were submitted to lexicographic analysis, with the aid of the IRaMuTeQ software, using the methods of Classical Textual Statistics, Word Cloud and Descending Hierarchical Classification. Results: distinct changes were identified in the daily routine of people living with HIV due to the COVID-19 pandemic, including the use of preventive measures, such as wearing a mask and social isolation, in addition to changes in the work and leisure environment, in family life, individual emotional aspects and treatment. Conclusion and implications for the practice: many changes, challenges of a physical, biological and psychosocial nature have been shown by the participants in the face of the global pandemic scenario, mainly resulting from social isolation. To this end, coping strategies become essential in the everyday lives of people living with HIV in order to guarantee continuity and uninterrupted treatment, and the prevention of a syndemic, thus mitigating the repercussions of COVID-19 on the health of the individuals who belong to the risk group


Objetivo: identificar los cambios en la rutina de las personas que viven con VIH como resultado de la pandemia de COVID-19. Método: investigación cualitativa, desarrollada a través de una entrevista semiestructurada, con 46 personas que viven con VIH atendidas en un servicio especializado en enfermedades infecciosas en el interior de Minas Gerais, Brasil. Los datos fueron sometidos a análisis lexicográfico, con la ayuda del software IRaMuTeQ, y utilización de los métodos de Estadística Textual Clásica, Nube de Palabras y Clasificación Jerárquica Descendente. Resultados: se identificaron distintos cambios en la rutina diaria de las personas que viven con VIH debido a la pandemia de COVID-19, incluido el uso de medidas preventivas, como la utilización de barbijo y aislamiento social, además de cambios en el entorno laboral y de ocio, en la vida familiar, en aspectos emocionales individuales y en el tratamiento. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica: muchos cambios y desafíos de naturaleza física, biológica y psicosocial han atravesado a los participantes ante el escenario de la pandemia global, principalmente debido al aislamiento social. Para ello, las estrategias de afrontamiento se vuelven imprescindibles en el día a día de las personas que viven con VIH a fin de garantizar la continuidad y el tratamiento ininterrumpido, y la prevención de una sindemia, con el objetivo de mitigar las repercusiones del COVID-19 en la salud de estos sujetos que pertenecen al grupo de riesgo


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , HIV Infections , HIV , COVID-19/prevention & control , HIV Infections/drug therapy , Hand Disinfection , Qualitative Research , Anti-Retroviral Agents/therapeutic use , Family Relations , Feeding Behavior , Coinfection/prevention & control , Teleworking , Physical Distancing , Masks
16.
Rev. enferm. UFSM ; 11: e54, 2021. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1255350

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar a representação social da terapia antirretroviral para pessoas vivendo com HIV. Método: estudo qualitativo, com a utilização da teoria das representações sociais. A coleta de dados incluiu 50 participantes, sendo realizada de fevereiro a setembro de 2020, utilizando um questionário de caracterização sociodemográfica e um formulário para evocações livres. O cenário do estudo foi uma unidade de tratamento de HIV na região metropolitana do Rio de Janeiro. A análise dos dados foi realizada pelo software EVOC. Resultados: o núcleo central da representação da terapia antirretroviral reforça o controle do HIV e a imagem do medicamento como algo bom. Conclusão: a estrutura representacional sugere que o grupo tende à normalização da terapia antirretroviral, fazendo referência a um medicamento que controla o HIV. O estudo possibilitou reconhecer os diferentes conteúdos representacionais da terapia antirretroviral para o grupo estudado, além da variada complexidade entre as imagens identificadas.


Objective: analyzing the social representation of antiretroviral therapy for people living with HIV. Method: a qualitative study using the Theory of Social Representations. Data collection included 50 participants, being performed from February to September 2020 using a sociodemographic characterization questionnaire and a form for free evocations. The study scenario was an HIV treatment unit in the metropolitan region of Rio de Janeiro. Data analysis was performed by the EVOC software. Results: the central nucleus of the representation of antiretroviral therapy reinforces HIV control and the image of the drug as something good. Conclusion: the representational structure suggests that the group tends to normalize antiretroviral therapy, referring to a drug that controls HIV. The study made it possible to recognize the different representational contents of antiretroviral therapy for the studied group, in addition to the varied complexity among the images identified.


Objetivo: analizar la representación social de la terapia antirretroviral para las personas que viven con el VIH. Método: un estudio cualitativo utilizando la Teoría de las Representaciones Sociales. La recolección de datos incluyó a 50 participantes, realizándolos de febrero a septiembre de 2020 utilizando un cuestionario de caracterización sociodemográfica y un formulario para evocaciones libres. El escenario del estudio fue una unidad de tratamiento del VIH en la región metropolitana de Río de Janeiro. El análisis de los datos fue realizado por el software EVOC. Resultados: el núcleo central de la representación de la terapia antirretroviral refuerza el control del VIH y la imagen del fármaco como algo bueno. Conclusión: la estructura representacional sugiere que el grupo tiende a normalizar la terapia antirretroviral, refiriéndose a un fármaco que controla el VIH. El estudio ha permitido reconocer los diferentes contenidos representacionales de la terapia antirretroviral para el grupo estudiado, además de la variada complejidad entre las imágenes identificadas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , HIV Infections/drug therapy , Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active , Anti-Retroviral Agents/therapeutic use , Treatment Adherence and Compliance
17.
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 31: 31101, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291243

ABSTRACT

A terapia antirretroviral (TARV) promoveu reduções drásticas na morbidade e mortalidade de pessoas vivendo com HIV (PVH). A utilização adequada da TARV requer monitoramento contínuo para avaliar a resposta terapêutica e identificar eventos adversos relacionados à administração a longo prazo. Trata-se de um estudo de coorte, realizado em centro de referência em doenças infecciosas, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, com o objetivo de avaliar a efetividade da TARV entre 2012 e 2018. A população do estudo foi composta por 82 PVH que tiveram indicação para início da TARV entre janeiro a dezembro de 2012. A efetividade da TARV, definida como carga viral < 50 cópias/mL, foi de 75,6% e 80,5% após 12 e 66 meses de seu início, respectivamente. Os casos de falha terapêutica continham em prontuário informações sobre má-adesão e/ou abandono. Apesar da introdução tardia da TARV, a resposta terapêutica foi melhor às estimadas pelo Ministério da Saúde e semelhante a estudos de eficácia, demonstrando efetividade da TARV nos períodos analisados. Estes dados ratificam que a política brasileira de enfrentamento da epidemia de HIV/ Aids, de distribuição universal, é exitosa e deve ser mantida e aprimorada para evitar eventuais falhas terapêuticas.


The antiretroviral therapy (ART) has caused a significant reduction in morbidity and mortality in people living with HIV (PLH). The appropriate use of the ART demands continuous monitoring in order to assess the therapeutic response and identify adverse events related to medium and long-term ART exposure. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of ART between 2012 and 2018. It is a prospective cohort study carried out at a reference centre of infectious diseases in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais - Brazil. The population of this study was composed of 82 PLH who had indication for the beginning of ART between January and December 2012. The effectiveness of ART, defined as viral load < 50 copies/mL, was of 75.6% and 80.5% after 12 and 66 months, respectively. The cases of treatment failure registered in medical records had information of poor adhesion and abandonment of treatment. In spite of the late introduction of ART in this population, the therapeutic response was better than the values described by Ministry of Health and similar to efficacy studies. These data ratify that the Brazilian public policies of combating HIV/AIDS epidemic, of universal distribution, have been successful and must be kept and improved to avoid possible treatment failures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Effectiveness , Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active , Anti-Retroviral Agents/therapeutic use , Communicable Diseases , HIV , Viral Load
18.
Más Vita ; 2(3,Extraord): 19-29, dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1373022

ABSTRACT

La adherencia al tratamiento constituye actualmente una de las principales preocupaciones en relación al control del VIH/sida, asociándose fuertemente al éxito o fracaso terapéutico. Este estudio muestra la adherencia al tratamiento antirretroviral identificando diversos factores que podrían ser facilitadores u obstáculos por medio de la aplicación de los instrumentos cuantitativo y cualitativo. Objetivo: Validación los instrumentos cuantitativo y cualitativo para determinar los factores que influyen en la adherencia al tratamiento antirretroviral y analizar la percepción del paciente sobre el seguimiento que recibe en el Servicio de Farmacia Integral. Métodos: La investigación es mixta, de corte transversal y de tipo exploratorio, descriptivo. El diseño es no experimental. La validación de los instrumentos se realizará mediante juicio de expertos, se utilizó una prueba piloto para el cuantitativo con 15 pacientes, seleccionados de forma no aleatoria, no probabilística. Para el instrumento cualitativo se utiliza un paciente. Resultados: 98.8% de confiabilidad de los instrumentos cualitativos y 85% cuantitativo. De las conductas o comportamiento individual de los pacientes depende exclusivamente la adherencia terapéutica. La percepción del usuario es buena sobre el desempeño profesional al realizar el seguimiento terapéutico, pero todavía se demuestra que deben incrementarse las acciones para que se logre una verdadera descentralización de la atención. Conclusiones: El instrumento es apto para aplicar a los usuarios, los factores sociodemográficos, comportamiento individual y conductas frente al tratamiento influyen en la adherencia terapéutica(AU)


Adherence to treatment is currently one of the main concerns in relation to the control of HIV / AIDS, strongly associated with therapeutic success or failure. This study shows adherence to antiretroviral treatment by identifying various factors that could be facilitators or obstacles through the application of quantitative and qualitative instruments. Objective: Validation of the quantitative and qualitative instruments to determine the factors that influence adherence to antiretroviral treatment and analyze the patient's perception of the follow-up they receive at the Comprehensive Pharmacy Service. Methods: The research is mixed, cross-sectional and exploratory, descriptive. The design is non-experimental. The validation of the instruments was carried out through expert judgment; a pilot test was used for the quantitative with 15 patients, selected in a non-random, non-probabilistic way. One patient selected for the qualitative instrument. Results: 98.8% reliability of the qualitative instruments and 85% quantitative. The conduct or individual behavior of the patients depends exclusively on therapeutic adherence. The user's perception is good on the professional performance when carrying out the therapeutic follow-up, but it is showing yet, that the actions must be increase so that achieve a true decentralization of care. Conclusions: The instrument is suitable to apply to users, sociodemographic factors, individual behavior and behaviors towards treatment influence therapeutic adherence(AU)


Subject(s)
HIV/drug effects , Anti-Retroviral Agents/therapeutic use , Treatment Adherence and Compliance , Alcohol Drinking , Epidemiology , Communicable Diseases , Life Style
19.
Rev. cient. Esc. Univ. Cienc. Salud ; 7(2): 42-47, jun.-dic. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BIMENA | ID: biblio-1343962

ABSTRACT

Honduras reportó dos primeros casos de enfermedad por coronavirus (COVID19) el 11 de marzo del 2020, actualmente reporta un total de 46,365 casos confirmados con 1,465 fallecidos que estiman una tasa letalidad de 3.16%, es por esto que se ha cuestionado si la infección por virus de inmunodeficien- cia humana (VIH) incrementa el riesgo de contagio y severidad de la COVID-19 debido a su riesgo de inmunosupresión. En el presente estudio de casos se incluyeron 6 pacientes con VIH coinfectados con COVID-19 tratados en el Hospital Nacional Dr. Mario Catarino Rivas (HNMCR) desde el inicio de la pandemia en marzo hasta julio del 2020. Se codificaron como P1 a P6, todos los pacientes recibían tratamiento antirretroviral, 4 de ellos en estado crítico con hipoxia severa que ameritó soporte venti- latorio y fallecieron (P2, P3, P5, P6). Un paciente (P1) en estado estable fue dado de alta tras 7 días de estancia hospitalaria. Un paciente (P4) fue asintomático. La evidencia científica aún sigue siendo escasa sobre el riesgo de contagio con el SARS-CoV-2 en pacientes con VIH. Las personas infectadas por el VIH no están protegidas de la infección por SARS-CoV-2 ni tienen un riesgo menor de padecer una enfermedad grave y por lo general, deben recibir el mismo enfoque de tratamiento aplicado a la población general. El presente trabajo se limita a la descripción de una serie de casos por lo que no se puede generalizar en todos los pacientes con VIH, sin embargo, se pretende contribuir a conocer la coinfección...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , HIV Infections/diagnosis , COVID-19 , Anti-Retroviral Agents/therapeutic use
20.
Rev. cuba. reumatol ; 22(3): e786, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144536

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La osteonecrosis es un trastorno asociado al déficit de riego sanguíneo con isquemia en los vasos nutricios de los huesos interesados, causa dolor crónico y discapacidad funcional. Con el desarrollo de la epidemia de VIH, se aprecia un marcado incremento de esta afección. Objetivo: Determinar la frecuencia y caracterizar clínica y epidemiológicamente a los pacientes cubanos con VIH/sida que desarrollaron osteonecrosis. Métodos: Estudio analítico prospectivo de pilotaje en una serie de 285 pacientes adultos, con infección por HIV/sida atendidos en el Instituto de Medicina Tropical Pedro Kourí en la era posterior a la terapia antirretroviral (TARVAE), años 2003-2018. Los pacientes ofrecieron su consentimiento informado. Se evaluaron variables epidemiológicas consideradas factores de riesgo (estatus procoagulante, alcoholismo, tabaquismo, hipercolesterolemia e hiperlipidemia, consumo de esteroides, conteo de células T, CD4+ y drogas antirretrovirales). Resultados: La edad promedio de la serie fue de 41 años, con una supervivencia de 12 años, marcado predominio del sexo masculino y piel blanca. El modo de adquisición del VIH prevaleciente fue la vía sexual y de hombres que tienen sexo con hombres (67,3 por ciento). Tres pacientes desarrollaron osteonecrosis (1,05 por ciento), necrosis avascular de caderas (2 casos en la derecha y uno bilateral), con cambios radiográficos por esta afección. Entre los factores asociados, un paciente tenía hiperlipidemia, dos eran fumadores, uno consumía alcohol, y los tres tenían conteo de células T CD4+ de más de 200. Todos tenían instaurada la TARVAE con inhibidores de proteasas y de la transcriptasa inversa, incluido tenofovir. Conclusiones: En esta serie de 285 pacientes con VIH, hubo una baja frecuencia de osteonecrosis. No se establecieron relaciones causales entre los factores de riesgo reconocidos en la literatura, la TARVAE y la aparición de osteonecrosis. Queda por definir el papel desempeñado por la infección VIH per se en el desarrollo de esta complicación, o develar si existen otras variables no exploradas en este estudio(AU)


Introduction: Avascular Necrosis or Osteonecrosis (ON) is a process associated with the blood supply deficit with ischemia in the nutritional vessels of the interested bones determining chronic pain, functional disability. In recent years with the growing development of the HIV epidemic, a marked increase in this condition has been observed. Objective: To determine an characterize in the clinical and epidemiological order the Cuban HIV + patients, who developed ON in the context of the HIV epidemic in a series of 285 HIV + cases with highly effective ARV therapy including tenofovir. Methods: Prospective analytical pilot study in a series of 285 patients, with HIV-AIDS infection adults treated in the IPK of Cuba in the later era (years 2003-17) to high-efficiency ARV therapy (TARVAE). Patients diagnosed with HIV / AIDS who offered their informed consent to participate in the study were included, and the research was approved by the IPK Ethics Committee. Results: Average age 41 (15-71) years (p <0.05). Survival 12 years by studies of Kaplan and Maier. Marked male predominance with 230 (81 percent), 55 (19.2 percent) women, white skin color, and 50-59 age group with 146 (51.2 percent) (p <0.05); data similar to the rest of the Cuban population according to other COPCORD Epidemiological studies. (18) Sexual and HIVH prevalent HIV acquisition mode with 192 (67.3 percent). 154 (54 percent) had an undetectable viral load. We found 3 (1.05 percent) patients who developed ON, with an average age of 52 (40-61a), 2 patients in right hip, and one bilateral avascular necrosis of the hips, all with radiological changes of this condition. As associated FR, one patient had hyperlipidemia, another 2 smoker, and 1 alcohol, all 3 with CD4 + T cell count <200 And high viral load. All cases had TARVAE with protease inhibitors, and reverse transcriptase, including Tenofovir. Conclusions: Our report is aimed at showing a low frequency of ON in our series of 285 patients studied in the Cuban HIV epidemic. The hips were the sites of ON, with 1 patients bilateral involvement. Hyperlipidemia, tabaquism and alcohol were the principal risk factors presented and low level of CD4 + T cels, and high viral load. We were unable to establish causal relationships between the recognized risk factors reported in the literature, HAART and the appearance of ON, all of which leave the role played by HIV infection per se in the development of this complication, or the effects of other variables that we have not explored in this preliminary study(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Osteonecrosis/epidemiology , HIV Infections/complications , Anti-Retroviral Agents/therapeutic use , Epidemiologic Studies , Prospective Studies , Cuba/epidemiology
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