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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(1): 231-236, feb. 2023. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430516

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Doxorubicin (DOX) is one of the drugs necessary for the treatment of the 10 most common types of cancer. The leading adverse effect limiting clinical use of DOX is cardiotoxicity. Given that literature data indicate a protective role of carotenoids in doxorubicin-induced toxicity, in our study we compared the cardioprotective effect of a mixture of pumpkin carotenoids and a commercially available antioxidant preparation. Animals were distributed in 8 groups (Control - S; NADES - N; Doxorubicin - Dox; Carotenoids - Car; CardiofortIN - CF; NADES-Doxorubicin - N-Dox; Carotenoids-Doxorubicin - Car-Dox; CardiofortIN-Doxorubicin - CF-Dox). Histological sections were stained with the hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and analyzed for the presence of myocardial damage by doxorubicin damage score (DDS). From the heart tissue homogenate were determined the intensity of lipid peroxidation and specific antioxidative enzyme activity (superoxide dismutase; catalase; glutathione S-transferase; glutathione peroxidase). In Car-DOX and CF-DOX groups, lipid peroxidation is significantly reduced compared to DOX group. Pretreatment of animals with carotenoids and in lesser extent with CardiofortIN led to higher antioxidative enzymes activity, compared to DOX group. Pretreated with carotenoids, only 50 % of animals had some degree of myocardial damage, and no animals had extensive damage. CardiofortIN pretreatment showed less protective effect. Pretreatment with carotenoid extract, reduced DDS significantly, so Car-DOX group has changes equivalent to mild myocardial damage. Although CardiofortIN pretreatment lowered DDS score values, animals still had moderate level of myocardium damage. This in vivo study and its findings indicate that carotenoids extracted from pumpkin may be a promising cardioprotective agent against doxorubicin induced cardiotoxicity, at least in part mediated through inhibition of DOX-induced oxidative stress.


La doxorrubicina (DOX) es uno de los fármacos necesarios para el tratamiento de los 10 tipos más comunes de cáncer. El principal efecto adverso que limita el uso clínico de DOX es la cardiotoxicidad. Debido a que los datos de la literatura indican un papel protector de los carotenoides en la toxicidad inducida por doxorrubicina, en nuestro estudio comparamos el efecto cardioprotector de una mezcla de carotenoides de calabaza y una preparación antioxidante disponible comercialmente. Los animales se distribuyeron en 8 grupos (Control - S; NADES - N; Doxorrubicina - Dox; Carotenoides - Car; CardiofortIN - CF; NADES-Doxorrubicina - N-Dox; Carotenoides-Doxorrubicina - Car-Dox; CardiofortIN- Doxorrubicina - CF-Dox). Las secciones histológicas se tiñeron con hematoxilina-eosina (HE) y se analizaron para detectar la presencia de daño miocárdico mediante la puntuación de daño por doxorrubicina (DDS). A partir del homogeneizado de tejido cardíaco se determinó la intensidad de la peroxidación lipídica y la actividad enzimática antioxidante específica (superóxido dismutasa, catalasa, glutatión S-transferasa, glutatión peroxidasa). En los grupos Car-DOX y CF-DOX, la peroxidación lipídica se redujo significativamente en comparación con el grupo DOX. El pre tratamiento de los animales con carotenoides y, en menor medida, con CardiofortlN condujo a una mayor actividad de las enzimas antioxidantes, en comparación con el grupo DOX. Al ser pre tratados con carotenoides, solo el 50 % de los animales tenían algún grado de daño miocárdico y ningún animal tenía daño extenso. El pre tratamiento con CardiofortIN mostró un efecto protector menor. El pre tratamiento con extracto de carotenoides redujo significativamente el DDS, por lo que el grupo Car-DOX mostró cambios equivalentes a un daño miocárdico leve. Aunque el pre tratamiento con CardiofortIN redujo los valores de la puntuación DDS, los animales aún tenían un nivel moderado de daño al miocardio. Este estudio in vivo y sus hallazgos indican que los carotenoides extraídos de la calabaza pueden ser un agente cardioprotector prometedor contra la cardiotoxicidad inducida por doxorrubicina, al menos en parte mediada por la inhibición del estrés oxidativo inducido por DOX.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Carotenoids/administration & dosage , Doxorubicin/toxicity , Cucurbita/chemistry , Cardiotoxicity/prevention & control , Cardiotonic Agents , Lipid Peroxidation , Catalase , Rats, Wistar , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Glutathione Peroxidase , Glutathione Transferase , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic/toxicity , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Antioxidants
2.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(1): 51-58, feb. 2023. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430524

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: An experimental morphological and morphometric study of the antifibrotic function of blueberry and grape extracts was carried out on a model of lung injury in mice induced by intraperitoneal administration of bleomycin. During intraperitoneal administration of bleomycin to mice, acute and subacute damage to the pulmonary system was noted. Both patterns had the same prevalence and severity. The administration of polyphenolic extracts of blueberry and grape to mice showed a significant reduction in the severity of the acute and subacute pattern of lung injury. Blueberry and grape extracts reduce the acute phase of damage to the microvasculature, enhance phagocytic function, have an anti-inflammatory effect, reducing the degree of lymphohistiocytic infiltration and locoregional foci of residual inflammatory effects.


Se realizó un estudio experimental morfológico y morfométrico de la función antifibrótica de extractos de arándano y uva en un modelo de lesión pulmonar en ratones inducida por la administración intraperitoneal de bleomicina. Durante la administración intraperitoneal de bleomicina a ratones, se observaron daños agudos y subagudos en el sistema pulmonar. Ambos patrones tuvieron la misma prevalencia y severidad. La administración de extractos polifenólicos de arándano y uva a ratones mostró una reducción significativa en la severidad del patrón agudo y subagudo de lesión pulmonar. Los extractos de arándano y uva reducen la fase aguda del daño a la microvasculatura, mejoran la función fagocítica, tienen un efecto antiinflamatorio, reducen el grado de infiltración linfohistiocítica y los focos locorregionales de efectos inflamatorios residuales.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Pulmonary Fibrosis/drug therapy , Bleomycin/toxicity , Plant Extracts/administration & dosage , Blueberry Plants/chemistry , Polyphenols/administration & dosage , Antifibrotic Agents/administration & dosage , Pulmonary Fibrosis/chemically induced , Disease Models, Animal , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic/toxicity
3.
Clin. biomed. res ; 42(2): 186-189, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1391649

ABSTRACT

O sarcoma de Kaposi é uma neoplasia maligna associada à infecção pelo herpes vírus humano 8 em doentes imunossupressos. O sarcoma de Kaposi Epidêmico é o tipo epidemiológico mais frequente e afeta indivíduos VIH-positivos. A região anoperineal é raramente envolvida e as lesões suspeitas devem ser biopsiadas para confirmação histológica. A base do tratamento é a restauração imune do doente. Relatamos o caso de um jovem, com diagnóstico recente de infeção pelo VIH, sem tratamento, que foi admitido no serviço de infectologia apresentando sintomas constitucionais, adenomegalias inguinais e extensa lesão verrucosa e ulcerada na região anoperineal. As biópsias confirmaram o diagnóstico de sarcoma de Kaposi e o doente iniciou terapia antirretroviral e quimioterapia. Houve recuperação clínica, regressão das lesões e desaparecimento das adenomegalias. Este relato objetiva alertar as equipes médicas no sentido de se incluir o sarcoma de Kaposi no diagnóstico diferencial das lesões que afetam a região anoperineal.


Kaposi's sarcoma is a malignant neoplasm associated with human herpesvirus 8 infection in immunocompromised patients. Epidemic Kaposi's sarcoma is the most common epidemiological type and affects HIV-positive patients. Perineal involvement is rare, and suspicious lesions should be biopsied to confirm histological diagnosis. Treatment consists of restoring the patient's immune system. We report the case of a young patient recently diagnosed with HIV, without treatment, who was admitted to the Department of Infectious Diseases with nonspecific symptoms, inguinal lymphadenopathy, and an extensive verrucous ulcerated lesion in the perineal region. Biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of Kaposi's sarcoma, and the patient was started on antiretroviral therapy and chemotherapy. Clinical recovery was achieved, with lesion reduction and inguinal adenopathy resolution. This case report aims to encourage physicians to include Kaposi's sarcoma in the differential diagnosis of perineal lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Anus Neoplasms/diagnosis , Sarcoma, Kaposi/diagnosis , HIV Infections/diagnosis , Anus Neoplasms/drug therapy , Sarcoma, Kaposi/drug therapy , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , HIV Infections/drug therapy , Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active/statistics & numerical data , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic/therapeutic use
4.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 81(4): 566-572, dic. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389809

ABSTRACT

Los quistes subglóticos adquiridos son una causa rara de estridor en la infancia, cuyo reporte ha ido en aumento en las últimas décadas. Su aparición se relaciona con la prematurez y la intubación en el periodo neonatal. Histológicamente, se observa una obstrucción de las glándulas mucosas de la subglotis debido una metaplasia escamosa del epitelio respiratorio. Esta es una condición que usualmente requiere de un alto índice de sospecha para llegar al diagnóstico, ya que pueden confundirse con otras patologías como laringitis aguda (croup), laringomalacia o asma. La nasofibroscopía permite sospechar su presencia, pero el gold standard diagnóstico lo constituye la laringo-tra-queo-broncoscopía directa en pabellón. Existen diversas técnicas para su manejo, siendo las más frecuentemente utilizadas la marsupialización con instrumental frío y láser. La recurrencia es frecuente, por lo que algunos autores han utilizado mitomicina C y la terapia antirreflujo para intentar disminuirla. Sin embargo, hasta la fecha falta evidencia de calidad que permita llegar a un consenso respecto al manejo ideal de esta patología. En este trabajo, presentamos tres casos clínico de pacientes con antecedentes de prematurez que fueron diagnosticados con quistes subglóticos adquiridos y manejados en un hospital pediátrico de alta complejidad.


Acquired subglottic cysts are an infrequent cause of stridor in infants, which has been increasingly reported in the last decades. Its appearance is related to prematurity and intubation in the neonatal period. Histologically, findings are characterized by an obstruction of the mucosal glands, due to squamous metaplasia of the respiratory epithelium. This condition usually requires a high index of suspicion to be diagnosed, as it can be misdiagnosed as croup, laryngomalacia or asthma. Flexible nasendoscopy allows an initial exploration of the larynx, but direct laryngo-tracheo-bronchoscopy in the operating room is the diagnostic gold standard. There are several techniques for its management, but the most frequently used are cold-steel marsupialization and laser. Recurrence is common, and some authors have used mitomycin C and antireflux therapy to try to decrease it. However, up to date, there is a lack of high-quality evidence, regarding the ideal management of this pathology, which prevents reaching a consensus. In this article, we present three clinical cases of premature patients who were diagnosed with subglottic cysts, treated in a tertiary pediatric hospital.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Laryngeal Diseases/therapy , Cysts/therapy , Infant, Premature, Diseases/therapy , Laryngoscopy/methods , Infant, Premature , Laryngeal Diseases/diagnosis , Laryngeal Diseases/drug therapy , Mitomycin/therapeutic use , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic/therapeutic use
5.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 81(4): 573-576, dic. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389810

ABSTRACT

La atresia de coana es una rara malformación congénita improbable de encontrar de forma bilateral en un adolescente o adulto. Hasta la fecha, no se ha descrito ningún caso de atresia bilateral en un adulto con una malformación asociada de cabeza y cuello que haya requerido tratamiento conjunto. El tratamiento de elección de la atresia de coana bilateral continúa siendo la cirugía endoscópica, con controversia en el uso intraoperatorio de mitomicina o la colocación de stents para evitar estenosis. Lo que no está claro es el orden de tratamiento y la simultaneidad del procedimiento si se asocian otras posibles patologías que tengan una indicación quirúrgica. Presentamos un caso clínico que cumple con todos estos requisitos.


Choanal atresia is a rare congenital malformation that is unlikely to be found bilaterally and is seldom diagnosed in adulthood. To date, no clinical case of bilateral atresia has been described with a head and neck malformation that requires surgical treatment in an adult. The preferred treatment is still endoscopic sinonasal surgery with discrepancies of the use or not of intraoperative topical mitomycin or the placement of stents to avoid restenosis. What is not clear is the order of treatment and simultaneity of the procedure with other possible associated pathologies that have a surgical indication. We present a clinical case that meets all these requirements.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Choanal Atresia/surgery , Choanal Atresia/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Stents , Mitomycin/therapeutic use , Endoscopy/methods , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic/therapeutic use
6.
Cambios rev. méd ; 20(2): 53-59, 30 Diciembre 2021. ilus, tabs.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368287

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. Los linfangiomas son una malformación infrecuente a escala mundial y constituye una preocupación para los padres del infante; está asociado a problemas estéticos y a posibles efectos deletéreos debido a la obstrucción o compresión de órganos vitales. Se ha descrito a la escleroterapia como la mejor opción de tratamiento. OBJETIVO. Determinar la eficiencia del tratamiento con bleomicina en linfangiomas en la población pediátrica de 0 a 18 años. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Estudio transversal analítico retrospectivo. Población y muestra conocida de 20 datos de Historias Clínicas electrónicas de pacientes diagnosticados con linfangiomas y tratados con bleomicina en el Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín, desde enero 2015 a enero 2018. Criterios de inclusión: pacientes de 0 a 18 años de edad con diagnóstico de linfangioma mediante ecografía y angiotomografía computarizada. Criterios de exclusión: pacientes mayores de 18 años de edad o sospecha diagnóstica de linfangioma sin estudios de imagen, y/o que no acudieron a la cita de control, pacientes diagnosticados de linfangioma que no recibieron bleomicina para su tratamiento, niños con otras malformaciones vasculares. El análisis de datos se realizó en el programa estadístico International Business Machines Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. RESULTADOS. La mediana de edad en mujeres fue de 6,25 años y 3,8 años en hombres. 10 pacientes fueron hombres. El promedio de seguimiento fue de 26,86 +/- 16,78 meses. El tamaño promedio de los linfangiomas fue de 5,77 +/- 3,73 cm. La localización más frecuente fue cervical con un 52,38%. La mayoría fueron macronodulares con un 85,71%. La respuesta fue buena o excelente en el 81,00% de los casos con la primera infiltración y subió al 95,00% con la segunda y tercera, según requerimiento. CONCLUSIÓN. El tratamiento de los linfangiomas con bleomicina fue muy efectivo en la población estudiada.


INTRODUCTION. Lymphatic malformation is a rare malformation worldwide and is a concern for the parents of the infant; it is associated with aesthetic problems and possible deleterious effects due to obstruction or compression of vital organs. Sclerotherapy has been described as the best treatment option. OBJECTIVE. To determine the efficiency of bleomycin treatment in lymphangiomas in the pediatric population aged 0 to 18 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Retrospective analytical cross-sectional study. Population and known sample of 20 data from Electronic Medical Records of patients diagnosed with lymphangiomas and treated with bleomycin at the Carlos Andrade Marín Specialties Hospital, from January 2015 to January 2018. Inclusion criteria: patients aged 0 to 18 years with diagnosis of lymphangioma by ultrasound and computed angiotomography. Exclusion criteria: patients older than 18 years of age or diagnostic suspicion of lymphangioma without imaging studies, and/or who did not attend the control appointment, patients diagnosed with lymphangioma who did not receive bleomycin for treatment, children with other vascular malformations. Data analysis was performed in the statistical program International Business Machines Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. RESULTS. The median age in women was 6,25 years and 3,8 years in men. Ten patients were men. The average follow-up was 26,86 +/- 16,78 months. The average size of the lymphatic malformations was 5,77 +/- 3,73 cm. The most frequent location was cervical with 52,38%. Most were macronodular with 85,71%. The response was good or excellent in 81,00% of cases with the first infiltration and rose to 95,00% with the second and third, as required. CONCLUSION. The treatment of lymphangiomas with bleomycin was very effective in the population studied.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Bleomycin/therapeutic use , Lower Extremity , Upper Extremity , Head and Neck Neoplasms/drug therapy , Lymphangioma/drug therapy , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic/therapeutic use , Axilla , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Neck
7.
Int. j. morphol ; 39(4): 1123-1131, ago. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385439

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Adriamycin (ADR) is an anthracycline antibiotic used for treatment of many types of cancer. However, its applications may damage to healthy tissues. Chloroquine (CLQ) is an anti-inflammatory agent used in treatment of many inflammation associated diseases such as malaria and rheumatoid arthritis. Moreover, it is used in the treatment of pneumonia caused by COVID-19. The aim of this study is to determine possible therapeutic effects of Chloroquine on Adriamycin-induced testicular toxicity in rats. We investigated the effect of CLQ on testicular injury caused by ADR. Rats were divided into four groups: Control, ADR, CLQ, ADR+CLQ. After administrations, animals were sacrificed, and testis tissues were extracted from the animals for the further examinations. Histopathological changes in testis tissues were evaluated and TNF-α and IL-6 immunostaining were performed to determine the expression levels of these cytokines. TUNEL method were used for evaluation of apoptotic index. Moreover, serum testosterone levels were measured by ELISA assay. We observed that ADR group showed histopathological deterioration when compared to the Control group and CLQ treatment ameliorated this damage induced by Adriamycin.An increase in TNF-α and IL-6 immunoreactivities and in the number of apoptotic cells and a decrease in serum testosterone levels were determined in the ADR group compared to the Control and CLQ group. Furthermore, our examinations showed an improvement in testicular tissue in ADR+CLQ group in terms of these parameters when compared to the ADR group. We suggest that CLQ can be used as a protective agent to reduce the toxic effects of Adriamycin as a result of its anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic properties.


RESUMEN: La adriamicina (ADR) es un antibiótico de antraciclina que se usa para el tratamiento de muchos tipos de cáncer. Sin embargo, sus aplicaciones pueden dañar los tejidos sanos. La cloroquina (CLQ) es un agente antiinflamatorio que se utiliza en el tratamiento de enfermedades asociadas a la inflamación, tal como la malaria y la artritis reumatoide. También se utiliza en el tratamiento de la neumonía causada por COVID-19. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar los posibles efectos terapéuticos de la cloroquina sobre la toxicidad testicular inducida por adriamicina en ratas. Investigamos el efecto de CLQ sobre la lesión testicular causada por ADR. Las ratas se dividieron en cuatro grupos: Control, ADR, CLQ, ADR + CLQ. Después de las administraciones, se sacrificaron los animales y se extrajeron los testículos de los animales para los exámenes adicionales. Se evaluaron los cambios histopatológicos en los tejidos testiculares y se realizó la inmunotinción de TNF-α e IL-6 para determinar los niveles de expresión de estas citocinas. Se utilizó el método TUNEL para la evaluación del índice apoptótico. Además, los niveles de testosterona en suero se midieron mediante un ensayo ELISA. El grupo ADR mostró un deterioro histopatológico en comparación con el grupo Control y observamos que el tratamiento con CLQ mejoró el daño inducido por Adriamicina. Un aumento en las inmunorreactividades de TNF-α e IL-6 y en el número de células apoptóticas además de una disminución en los niveles séricos de testosterona se determinaron en el grupo de ADR en comparación con el grupo de control y CLQ. Además, nuestros exámenes mostraron una mejora en el tejido testicular en el grupo ADR + CLQ en términos de estos parámetros en comparación con el grupo ADR. Sugerimos que CLQ se puede utilizar como agente protector para reducir los efectos tóxicos de la Adriamicina, gracias a sus propiedades antiinflamatorias y antiapoptóticas.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Testicular Diseases/chemically induced , Testicular Diseases/drug therapy , Doxorubicin/adverse effects , Chloroquine/administration & dosage , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Immunohistochemistry , Interleukin-6 , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Rats, Wistar , Apoptosis/drug effects , In Situ Nick-End Labeling , Inflammation , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic/adverse effects
8.
Medisur ; 19(3): 508-517, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287332

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El pseudotumor orbitario es la tercera causa de oftalmoplejía dolorosa; constituye un desafío diagnóstico pues obliga a descartar enfermedades de etiología muy diversa que lo provocan. Se presenta el caso de una paciente femenina, de color de piel blanca, de procedencia urbana, ama de casa, fumadora, que no practica ejercicios ni lleva dieta, con antecedentes de hipertensión arterial y artritis reumatoidea, que acudió al Servicio de Oftalmología por presentar síntomas inflamatorios anexiales: edema palpebral, quemosis conjuntival, vasos conjuntivales dilatados, que se acompañaban de proptosis, oftalmoplejía dolorosa con diplopía y de una masa tumoral palpable a nivel de la porción supero-externa de la órbita. Se ingresó y se le realizaron estudios imagenológicos e histológicos, que solo aportaron signos inflamatorios y una pansinusitis. Se concluyó como un pseudotumor orbitario en su forma aguda de aparición, asociada a la artritis reumatoidea, cuyo diagnóstico se realizó por exclusión sobre la base de los resultados negativos de los estudios imagenológicos y de la biopsia. Llevó tratamiento con antibióticos parenterales y altas dosis de esteroides orales con regresión del cuadro y mejoría clínica. Se decidió la presentación del caso porque en la provincia no existen reportes sobre esta entidad, y por el énfasis en cómo llegar al diagnóstico y su correcto manejo, evitando con ello secuelas en el órgano visual.


ABSTRACT Orbital pseudotumor is the third cause of painful ophthalmoplegia; it constitutes a diagnostic challenge as it forces us to rule out diseases of very diverse etiology that cause it. A female patient, of white skin color, of urban origin, housewife, smoker, who does not practice exercises or is not on a diet, with a history of high blood pressure and rheumatoid arthritis, who attended the Ophthalmology service for presenting Adnexal inflammatory symptoms: eyelid edema, conjunctival chemosis, dilated conjunctival vessels, which were accompanied by proptosis, painful ophthalmoplegia with diplopia and a palpable tumor mass at the level of the superior-external portion of the orbit was presented. She was admitted and imaging and histological studies were performed, which only revealed inflammatory signs and pansinusitis. It was concluded as an orbital pseudotumor in its acute onset form, associated with rheumatoid arthritis, the diagnosis of which was made by exclusion on the basis of the negative results of imaging studies and biopsy. She was treated with parenteral antibiotics and high doses of oral steroids with regression of the symptoms and clinical improvement. The presentation of the case was decided because in the province there are no reports on this entity, and because of the emphasis on how to reach the diagnosis and its correct management, thereby avoiding effects in the visual organ.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Steroids/therapeutic use , Orbital Pseudotumor/therapy , Orbital Pseudotumor/diagnostic imaging , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic/therapeutic use
9.
Colomb. med ; 52(1): e2034542, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249639

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Acute leukemias are the most frequent malignancies in children. Advances in treatment have improved the overall survival to 80%. Almost 10% of children with cancer develop clinical cardiac toxicity. Total anthracycline cumulative dose is a risk factor for early-onset cardiotoxicity. Objective: To describe the incidence of early-onset cardiotoxicity in children with acute leukemia treated with chemotherapy. Methods: A prospective descriptive study of patients >1 y and <18 years diagnosed with acute leukemia. Assessed with electrocardiograma, echocardiography, and blood biomarkers at diagnosis and during the follow-up. Results: 94 patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia and 18 with acute myeloid leukemia were included. 20 patients (17.9%) developed early-onset cardiotoxicity. Statistically significant data was seen after anthracycline dose >150 mg/m2, between the first echocardiographic evaluation and posterior analyses in the left ventricular fraction ejection with Teicholz p 0.05, Simpson p 0.018 and GLS p 0.004. In this study, there was no relation between blood biomarkers and cardiotoxicity. Conclusions: Cancer therapeutic-related cardiac dysfunction is related to anthracycline cumulative dose. In this study, echocardiographic follow-up was useful to predict risk factors for early cardiac dysfunction.


Resumen Antecedentes: Las leucemias son la principal causa de cáncer infantil. Los avances en el tratamiento han llevado a los pacientes a una supervivencia global hasta del 80%. Cerca del 10% de los niños con cáncer tienen toxicidad cardiovascular sintomática, la dosis acumulada de antraciclinas es un factor de riesgo para afección cardíaca. Objetivo: Describir la frecuencia de afectación cardíaca temprana en niños con leucemias agudas que recibieron tratamiento antineoplásico. Métodos: Estudio prospectivo observacional, de pacientes <18 años con diagnóstico confirmado de leucemia aguda. Fueron evaluados con electrocardiograma, ecocardiograma bidimensional y biomarcadores séricos en diferentes momentos durante el tratamiento. Resultados: Se evaluaron 94 pacientes con leucemia linfoide aguda y 18 con leucemia mieloide aguda. 20 pacientes (17.9%) tuvieron disfunción cardiaca de inicio temprano. Se observaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas, después de recibir 150 mg/m2 de antraciclinas, entre la evaluación del ecocardiograma basal y evaluaciones posteriores de la fracción de eyección ventricular izquierda por Teicholz p 0.05, fracción de eyección ventricular izquierda por Simpson p 0.018 y la deformación longitudinal global p 0.004. No se encontraron alteraciones en los niveles séricos de las troponinas y péptido natriurético cerebral. Conclusiones: La disfunción cardíaca relacionada con quimioterapia estuvo directamente relacionada con las dosis acumuladas de antraciclinas. En este estudio el uso del ecocardiograma como método de seguimiento permitió identificar factores predictores de riesgo para disfunción cardiaca temprana.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Infant , Leukemia , Cardiotoxicity , Prospective Studies , Anthracyclines/adverse effects , Cardiotoxicity/etiology , Cardiotoxicity/epidemiology , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic/adverse effects
10.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 64: e21190750, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249207

ABSTRACT

Abstract In this paper, the antibacterial activity of triazole functionalized cyclodextrin (CD.Click) and cyclodextrin-triazole-titanium based nanocomposite (CD.COM) was evaluated. The results indicated that CD.Click and CD.COM perform a wide range of antibacterial activity against both gram positive (Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis) and gram negative (Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) bacteria. The cytotoxic effect of CD.COM was investigated in vitro on cancerous cell lines (cervical cancer, breast carcinoma and sarcoma osteogenic) and fibroblast cells by MTT assay. The cell viability evaluation confirmed that the growth of cancerous cells is inhibited in a dose and time dependent way without any significant effect on the normal fibroblast cells.


Subject(s)
Triazoles/chemical synthesis , beta-Cyclodextrins/chemical synthesis , In Vitro Techniques/instrumentation , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
11.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(5): 885-893, nov. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | SES-SP, LILACS | ID: biblio-1142279

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: A cardiotoxicidade pode ser uma consequência do tratamento com doxorrubicina (DOX). Objetivos: Verificar o efeito do exercício aeróbio na prevenção da disfunção cardíaca de murinos expostos à DOX. Método: Uma busca abrangente foi realizada em nove bases de dados, em dezembro de 2017. Estudos que avaliaram a função cardíaca de murinos expostos à DOX foram incluídos. O nível de significância adotado foi de 5%. Resultados: Na comparação entre 230 murinos submetidos a exercício aeróbio mais DOX e 222 controles (tratados somente com DOX), a fração de encurtamento mostrou uma melhora de 5,33% a favor do grupo experimental (p = 0,0001). A pressão desenvolvida no ventrículo esquerdo também mostrou um aumento de 24,84 mmHg a favor do grupo de 153 murinos que realizaram exercício em comparação com o grupo controle de 166 murinos (p = 0,00001). Conclusão: Estudos pré-clínicos incluídos nesta metanálise indicaram que o exercício é uma boa estratégia não farmacológica para preservar a função cardíaca pós-DOX.


Abstract Background: Cardiotoxicity may be a consequence of treatments with doxorubicin (DOX). Objectives: To investigate the effect of aerobic exercise on the prevention of cardiac dysfunction in murines exposed to DOX. Method: A comprehensive search was conducted in 9 databases in December 2017. Studies that evaluated the cardiac function of murines exposed to DOX were included. The significance level adopted was 5%. Results: In a comparison between 230 murines that underwent aerobic exercise plus DOX treatment and 222 control murines (DOX treatment only), fractional shortening showed an improvement of 5.33% in favor of the experimental group (p = 0.00001). Left ventricle developed pressure also showed an increase of 24.84 mm Hg in favor of the group of 153 murines that performed exercise in comparison to the control group of 166 murines (p = 0.00001). Conclusion: Preclinical studies included in this meta-analysis indicated that exercise is a good nonpharmacological strategy for preserving post-DOX cardiac function.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Physical Conditioning, Animal , Heart Diseases , Exercise , Doxorubicin/adverse effects , Cardiotoxicity/etiology , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
12.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 617-623, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826582

ABSTRACT

As a new type of anthracyclines, pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) is widely used in the treatment of a variety of malignant tumors, including soft tissue sarcoma, ovarian cancer, breast cancer, multiple myeloma, and so on. Compared with traditional anthracyclines, PLD can significantly decrease the incidences of adverse events such as cardiac toxicity and alopecia. However, the use of PLD will be accompanied with toxic side effects such as hand-foot syndrome, oral mucositis, and infusion reaction. This consensus will mainly focus on the mechanism, prevention and treatment of adverse events of PLD, in order to improve the therapeutic efficacy of PLD and life quality of patients.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic , Therapeutic Uses , Consensus , Doxorubicin , Therapeutic Uses , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Hand-Foot Syndrome , Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Polyethylene Glycols , Therapeutic Uses , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Stomatitis
13.
Arq. odontol ; 56: 1-10, jan.-dez. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | BBO, LILACS | ID: biblio-1145405

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar e comparar os efeitos antimicrobiano e antibiofilme, e a citotoxicidade promovida pela associação do hidróxido de cálcio ao óleo essencial de Melaleuca alternifolia (MA), em diferentes concentrações, e ao propilenoglicol (PG). Métodos: As seguintes medicações compuseram os grupos experimentais: G1) HC/MA 1%; G2) HC/MA 5%; G3) HC/MA 10%; G4) HC/MA 20%; e G5) HC/PG. Solução salina 0,85% e meio DMEM serviram como controle nos testes antimicrobianos e de citotoxidade em fibroblastos do ligamento periodontal humano (FbLP), respectivamente. A atividade antimicrobiana (n = 12) foi avaliada por meio do teste de difusão em ágar. O efeito antibiofilme (n = 12) imediato das medicações foi avaliado por meio do teste de viabilidade bacteriana em biofilmes de 72 horas de E. faecalis, formados sobre discos de dentina e tratados por sete dias com as medicações. Após a coleta microbiológica do biofilme remanescente, os discos de dentina foram imersos em meio estéril e armazenados por mais sete dias, para a análise do efeito antibiofilme residual das medicações, quando nova coleta microbiológica foi realizada. A atividade metabólica de FbLP foi avaliada por meio do ensaio colorimétrico MTS (n = 9). Os valores médios dos halos de inibição, em mm, das unidades formadoras de colônia, e o percentual de atividade metabólica celular foram analisados pelos testes Kruskal-Wallis e post hoc Dunn (α = 5%). Resultados:Todas as medicações experimentais apresentaram superior ação antimicrobiana e antibiofilme comparadas ao controle, solução salina (p < 0,05), e mantiveram viáveis os FbLP, semelhante ao controle DMEM (p > 0,05). Conclusão: A associação do óleo essencial de Melaleuca alternifolia, nas concentrações de 1%, 5%, 10% e 20%, ao hidróxido de cálcio promoveu excelente ação antimicrobiana, antibiofilme e biocompatibilidade com fibroblastos, de forma semelhante à associação com propilenoglicol.


Aim:To evaluate and compare the antimicrobial and antibiofilm effect, as well as the cytotoxicity of calcium hydroxide (CH) associated with the Melaleuca alternifolia (MA)essential oil, in different concentrations, and with propylene glycol. Methods: The following medications composed the experimental groups: G1) CH/MA 1%; G2) CH/MA 5%; G3) CH/MA 10%; G4) CH/MA 20%; and G5) CH/PG. Saline solution and culture medium DMEM were used as a control in antimicrobial and cytotoxicity tests in human periodontal ligament fibroblasts (PDLF), respectively. The antimicrobial activity (n = 12) was evaluated by the disk-diffusion agar method. The immediate antibiofilm effect (n = 12) of the medications was evaluated for bacterial viability in 72 hours-biofilms of E. faecalis, formed on the dentin disc surface and treated for seven days with medications. After microbiological sampling of the remaining biofilm, the dentin discs were immersed in sterile culture medium and stored for another seven days, for analysis of the residual antibiofilm effect of the medications, when a new microbiological sampling was performed. PDLF viability was evaluated by MTS colorimetric assay (n = 9). The mean values of the inhibition halos, in mm, the colony forming units, and the metabolic cell activity percentage were analyzed by means of Kruskal-Wallis and post hoc Dunn (α = 5%) tests. Results:All of the experimental medications presented higher antimicrobial and antibiofilm effects, when compared to the saline solution control (p < 0.05), and maintained the PDLF feasible, similar to the DMEM control (p > 0.05). Conclusions:The association of the Melaleuca alternifolia essential oil, at concentrations of 1%, 5%, 10%, and 20%, with calcium hydroxide promoted an excellent antimicrobial and antibiofilm activity, and biocompatibility with fibroblasts, similarly to the association with propylene glycol.


Subject(s)
Calcium Hydroxide/analysis , Oils, Volatile/therapeutic use , Endodontics , Anti-Infective Agents/analysis , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic , Enterococcus faecalis , Fibroblasts , Regenerative Endodontics
14.
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(4): 451-461, Out.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056616

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Hypertension and Diabetes mellitus are the two main causes of chronic kidney disease that culminate in the final stage of kidney disease. Since these two risk factors are common and can overlap, new approaches to prevent or treat them are needed. Macitentan (MAC) is a new non-selective antagonist of the endothelin-1 (ET-1) receptor. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of chronic blockade of ET-1 receptor with MAC on the alteration of renal function observed in hypertensive and hyperglycemic animals. Genetically hypertensive rats were divided into control hypertensive (HT-CTL) group, hypertensive and hyperglycemic (HT+DIAB) group, and hypertensive and hyperglycemic group that received 25 mg/kg macitentan (HT-DIAB+MAC25) via gavage for 60 days. Kidney function and parameters associated with oxidative and nitrosative stress were evaluated. Immunohistochemistry for neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), ET-1, and catalase in the renal cortex was performed. The HT+DIAB group showed a decrease in kidney function and an increase in NGAL expression in the renal cortex, as well as an increase in oxidative stress. MAC treatment was associated with attenuated ET-1 and NGAL production and increases in antioxidant defense (catalase expression) and nitric oxide production. In addition, MAC prevented an increase in oxidant injury (as measured by urinary hydroperoxide and lipid peroxidation), thus improving renal function. Our results suggest that the antioxidant effect of the ET-1 receptor antagonist MAC is involved in the improvement of kidney function observed in hypertensive and hyperglycemic rats.


RESUMO Hipertensão e Diabetes Mellitus figuram como as duas principais causas de doença renal crônica que culmina em doença renal terminal. Uma vez que os dois fatores de risco são comuns e podem se sobrepor, novas abordagens preventivas e terapêuticas se fazem necessárias. O macitentan (MAC) é um novo antagonista não-seletivo dos receptores da endotelina-1 (ET-1). O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar os efeitos do bloqueio crônico dos receptores da ET-1 com MAC sobre a alteração da função renal em animais hipertensos e hiperglicêmicos. Ratos geneticamente hipertensos foram divididos em grupos com animais hipertensos de controle (HT-CTL), hipertensos e hiperglicêmicos (HT+DIAB) e hipertensos e hiperglicêmicos tratados com 25 mg/kg de macitentan (HT-DIAB+MAC25) via gavagem por 60 dias. Foram avaliados função renal e parâmetros associados ao estresse oxidativo e nitrosativo. Exames de imunoistoquímica foram realizados para lipocalina associada à gelatinase neutrofílica (NGAL), ET-1 e catalase no córtex renal. O grupo HT+DIAB exibiu diminuição da função renal e aumento na expressão de NGAL no córtex renal, bem como estresse oxidativo aumentado. O tratamento com MAC foi associado a atenuação da produção de ET-1 e NGAL e maior ativação das defesas antioxidantes (expressão de catalase) e elevação da produção de óxido nítrico. Além disso, o MAC evitou exacerbação da lesão oxidante (medida por hidroperóxidos urinários e peroxidação lipídica), melhorando assim a função renal. Nossos resultados sugerem que o efeito antioxidante do antagonista dos receptores da ET-1 MAC esteja imbricado no aprimoramento da função renal observada em ratos hipertensos e hiperglicêmicos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Hyperglycemia/complications , Kidney/drug effects , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Rats/genetics , Risk Factors , Endothelin-1/metabolism , Administration, Intravenous , Endothelin Receptor Antagonists/administration & dosage , Endothelin Receptor Antagonists/therapeutic use , Hyperglycemia/chemically induced , Hypertension/complications , Hypertension/physiopathology , Kidney/physiopathology , Kidney/injuries , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic/administration & dosage
15.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 90(6): 662-667, dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058198

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El síndrome de CLOVES se caracteriza por sobrecrecimiento lipomatoso asociado a malformaciones vasculares, representando un desafío diagnóstico y terapéutico. La rapamicina, un inhibidor de la vía mTOR, ha demostrado ser una buena alternativa terapéutica en un grupo de anomalías vasculares. Reportamos dos casos de síndrome de CLOVES con buena respuesta al tratamiento con rapamicina oral. OBJETIVO: Reportar la experiencia del uso de rapamicina oral en el tratamiento de dos pacientes con síndrome de CLOVES. CASOS CLÍNICOS: Caso 1: preescolar femenino de tres años de edad con sín drome de CLOVES e historia de hospitalizaciones reiteradas por infección severa de malformaciones linfáticas macroquísticas y episodios trombóticos. Evoluciona con mala calidad de vida, múltiples hospitalizaciones, riesgo quirúrgico y progresión de las lesiones, por lo que se indicó rapamicina oral. A los 6 meses de tratamiento se evidenció reducción clínica y radiológica del tamaño de las masas lipomatosas y linfáticas, ausencia de linforrea cutánea y mejoría significativa de la calidad de vida, sin requerir nuevas hospitalizaciones. Caso 2: escolar femenino de diez años de edad, portadora de síndrome de CLOVES, que desarrolló escoliosis y deterioro de su capacidad motora, haciéndose dependiente del uso de silla de ruedas. Se indicó rapamicina oral, evidenciándose a los cuatro meses de tratamiento mejoría en su capacidad física, independencia y autovalencia, con desaparición de la linforrea. CONCLUSIÓN: Proponemos la rapamicina oral para el tratamiento de pacientes con sín drome de CLOVES que presenten complicaciones y deterioro de la calidad de vida producto de su enfermedad.


INTRODUCTION: CLOVES syndrome is characterized by lipomatous overgrowth associated with vascular malforma tions, representing a diagnostic and a therapeutic challenge. Rapamycin, an mTOR inhibitor, has proved to be a good therapeutic option in some vascular anomalies. In this article, we report two ca ses of CLOVES syndrome with good response to oral rapamycin treatment. OBJECTIVE: To report the outcome of two patients with CLOVES syndrome treated with oral rapamycin. CLINICAL CASES: Case 1: A three-year-old female preschooler with CLOVES syndrome and history of repeated hospita lizations due to severe infections resulting from macrocystic lymphatic malformations and due to thrombotic episodes. The patient evolved with poor quality of life, multiple hospitalizations, surgical risk and progression of the lesions, therefore, oral rapamycin was indicated. After six months of treatment, clinical and radiological reduction in the size of the lipomatous and lymphatic masses, cutaneous lymphorrhea absence and a significant improvement of her quality of life were observed, without requiring new hospitalizations. Case 2: a ten-year-old female schooler with CLOVES syndro me, who developed scoliosis and deterioration of her motor skills, becoming wheelchair-dependent. Oral rapamycin was indicated, showing improvement in her physical capacity, independence and au tonomy, and absence of lymphorrhea after four months of treatment. CONCLUSION: We propose oral rapamycin for the treatment of patients with CLOVES syndrome who present with complications and deterioration in the quality of life as a result of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Sirolimus/therapeutic use , Vascular Malformations/drug therapy , Lipoma/drug therapy , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic/therapeutic use , Musculoskeletal Abnormalities/drug therapy , Nevus/drug therapy , Administration, Oral , Sirolimus/administration & dosage , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic/administration & dosage
16.
Rev. gastroenterol. Perú ; 39(4): 367-369, oct.-dic 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144624

ABSTRACT

La quimioembolización transarterial hepática es uno de los tratamientos del carcinoma hepatocelular irresecable en el que se han descrito de forma infrecuente lesiones isquémicas asociadas. Ante la aparición de sintomatología gastrointestinal alta inusual o que exceda el denominado síndrome postquimiembolización tras el procedimiento debe valorarse la realización de una gastroscopia para descartar la aparición de dichas complicaciones. Las variantes anatómicas con origen común de arterias gástricas y hepáticas pueden favorecer la migración de las microesferas hacia territorio gástrico obligando a valorar la eventual modificación de la técnica para prevenirlo.


Transarterial hepatic chemoembolization is one of the treatments of unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma in which associated ischemic lesions have been described infrequently. When unusual upper gastrointestinal symptoms or exceeding the so-called post-chemoembolization syndrome after the procedure, the performance of a gastroscopy should be assessed to rule out the occurrence of these complications. The anatomical variants with common origin of gastric and hepatic arteries can favor the migration of the microspheres into gastric territory, forcing the possible modification of the technique to prevent it.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Peptic Ulcer/etiology , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic/adverse effects , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/therapy , Liver Neoplasms/therapy , Doxorubicin/administration & dosage , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic/methods , Hepatic Artery , Ischemia/complications , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic/administration & dosage
17.
Rev. costarric. cardiol ; 21(1): 7-13, ene.-jun. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042858

ABSTRACT

Resumen La Cardio-oncología es una nueva disciplina que busca enfocarse en el tamizaje, monitoreo y tratamiento de los pacientes con cáncer que presentan enfermedad cardiaca durante o después de recibir tratamiento. Esto debido a que el efecto cardiotóxico asociado a los quimioterapéuticos es ampliamente conocido y respaldado por abundantes estudios clínicos. Sin embargo, no es hasta épocas recientes que en Costa Rica se desarrollaron por primera vez Unidades Cardio-oncológicas, los cuales actualmente se ubican en diversos centros médicos de nuestro sistema de salud público. A continuación, se presenta un resumen de las manifestaciones clínicas de las diversas terapias oncológicas diferentes a las antraciclinas que tenemos a disposición en la Caja Costarricense del Seguro Social (CCSS).


Abstract Cardio-oncology is a new discipline that looks to focus on the screening, monitoring and treatment of patients withcancer that show up with heart disease during and after their treatment. This is due to the fact that the cardiotoxic effectsassociated to chemotherapeutics is widely known and backed up with abundant clinical trials. Nevertheless, it is not untilrecently that in Costa Rica the Cardio-oncologic Units were created for the first time, which now can be found in multiplemedical centers of our public health system. Up next, we present a summary of the clinical manifestations of the diversenon-anthracycline oncologic therapies that are available in the "Caja Costarricense del Seguro Social".


Subject(s)
Humans , Abnormalities, Radiation-Induced , Doxorubicin , Anthracyclines , Costa Rica , Cyclophosphamide , Drug Therapy , Cardiotoxicity , Trastuzumab , Sorafenib , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic , Antineoplastic Agents
18.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(12): e8467, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055474

ABSTRACT

The aim of our study was to assess the efficacy, safety, and prognostic factors of drug-eluting bead transarterial chemoembolization (DEB-TACE) in Chinese hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. Patients (n=102) diagnosed as primary HCC were consecutively enrolled in this retrospective cohort study. Treatment responses were assessed following the modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were evaluated, and adverse events (AEs) as well as liver function-related laboratory indexes of all DEB-TACE records (N=131) were assessed. Complete response (CR) rate, objective response rate, and disease control rate were 51.0, 87.3, and 95.1%, respectively, at 1-3 months post DEB-TACE. The mean PFS and OS were 227 (95%CI: 200-255) days and 343 (95%CI: 309-377) days, respectively. Multivariate logistic regression revealed that portal vein invasion and abnormal total protein (TP) were independent predictive factors for worse CR, and multivariate Cox's regression analysis showed that multifocal disease independently correlated with shorter PFS. Most of the liver function-related laboratory indexes worsened at 1 week but recovered at 1-3 months post-treatment, only the percentage of patients with abnormal ALP increased at 1-3 months. In addition, 112 (85.5%), 84 (64.1%), 53 (40.5%), 40 (30.5%), and 16 (12.2%) patients had pain, fever, nausea, vomiting, and other AEs, respectively. DEB-TACE is efficient and safe in Chinese HCC patients, and portal vein invasion, abnormal TP level as well as multifocal disease could be used as unfavorable prognostic factors to DEB-TACE treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Epirubicin/administration & dosage , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic/methods , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/therapy , Liver Neoplasms/therapy , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic/administration & dosage , Prognosis , Survival Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Treatment Outcome
19.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 16(4): 235-237, out.-dez. 2018. ilus.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1025924

ABSTRACT

A síndrome POEMS é um distúrbio multissistêmico. Sua patogênese não está totalmente estabelecida, mas sabe-se que tem relação com fator de crescimento vascular endotelial, interleucinas e fator de necrose tumoral alfa. A idade média de incidência é 50 anos, com maior prevalência em homens. Neuropatia periférica e gamopatia monoclonal estão presentes em todos os pacientes e são consideradas critérios maiores; quando associadas a pelo menos um critério menor, estabelecem diagnóstico da síndrome. As opções de tratamento são radioterapia, corticosteroides e quimioterapia, além de transplante autólogo de células-tronco hematopoiéticas. (AU)


POEMS syndrome is a multisystem disorder. Its pathogenesis isn't fully established, but it is known to be related to endothelial vascular growth factor, interleukins, and tumoral necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α). The mean age at incidence is 50 years, with a higher prevalence in men. Peripheral neuropathy and monoclonal gammopathy are present in all patients, and are considered major criteria; when associated with at least one minor criterium, they establish the diagnosis of the syndrome. Treatment options are radiotherapy, corticosteroids, chemotherapy, as well as autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , POEMS Syndrome/diagnosis , Osteosclerosis/etiology , Paraproteinemias/etiology , Polyneuropathies/diagnosis , Splenomegaly/diagnostic imaging , Thyroid Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Dexamethasone/therapeutic use , Castleman Disease , POEMS Syndrome/complications , POEMS Syndrome/drug therapy , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Vasculitis, Leukocytoclastic, Cutaneous/diagnosis , Polyradiculoneuropathy, Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Diagnosis, Differential , Electromyography , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic/therapeutic use , Multiple Myeloma , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use
20.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 31(6): 616-626, Nov.-Dez. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-989001

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Identificar os sinais e sintomas apresentados por pacientes com Linfoma de Hodgkin submetidos ao protocolo quimioterápico composto por Doxorrubicina, Bleomicina, Vimblastina e Dacarbazina (ABVD) por meio de aconselhamento telefônico e comparar os escores de gradação dos sinais e sintomas apresentados nos ciclos do protocolo. Métodos Descritivo, prospectivo, quantitativo. Sete pacientes receberam aconselhamento telefônico, em 24 tempos de chamadas programadas e não programadas, correspondentes a 6 ciclos de quimioterapia com protocolo ABVD. Utilizou-se o Inventário de Sintomas do M.D Anderson e o Critério Comum de Terminologia para Eventos Adversos, para a gradação dos sintomas e um protocolo de condutas. Realizou-se análise descritiva e analítica. Resultados Duzentas e oitenta e seis chamadas telefônicas geraram1.870 queixas sintomáticas. Nas chamadas programadas, as queixas com maior prevalência foram fadiga, preocupações, falta de apetite, vômitos e náuseas. Quanto a interferência nas atividades de vida diária, os itens relacionados a atividades em geral, no trabalho e dificuldade para caminhar, além de alterações no humor foram relatados em maior frequência. Nas chamadas não programadas, a falta de apetite e desregulação menstrual foram as queixas mais recorrentes. Na análise da progressão dos sintomas, observou-se aumento de náuseas e vômitos (p=0,02), diminuição da fadiga e falta de ar (p≤0,03), melhora do sono (p=0,02) e diminuição do estresse (p=0,02). Conclusão A fadiga, náusea, vômito e alteração nas atividades de trabalho foram relatados frequentemente. Houve progressão de náuseas e vômitos, mas regressão da fadiga e do estresse. O aconselhamento telefônico permitiu a comunicação e o manejo rápido de um número expressivo de sintomas.


Resumen Objetivo Identificar los signos y síntomas presentados por pacientes con linfoma de Hodgkin sometidos al protocolo quimioterápico compuesto por doxorrubicina, bleomicina, vinblastina y dacarbazina (ABVD) mediante consulta telefónica, y comparar los puntajes de graduación de los signos y síntomas presentados en los ciclos del protocolo. Métodos Descriptivo, prospectivo, cuantitativo. Siete pacientes recibieron asesoramiento telefónico en 24 momentos de llamadas programadas y no programadas, correspondientes a 6 ciclos de quimioterapia con protocolo ABVD. Se utilizó el Inventario de Síntomas de M. D. Anderson y el Criterio de Terminología Común para Efectos Adversos, para la puntuación de lis síntomas, y un protocolo de conductas. Se realizó análisis descriptivo y analítico. Resultados Doscientas ochenta y seis llamadas telefónicas determinaron 1.870 quejas sintomáticas. En las llamadas programadas, las quejas más prevalentes fueron: fatiga, preocupaciones, falta de apetito, vómitos y náuseas. Respecto a interferencia en actividades cotidianas, los ítems relacionados con actividad en general, laboral y dificultad para caminar, además de cambios del humor, fueron informados con mayor frecuencia. En llamadas no programadas, la falta de apetito y la irregularidad menstrual resultaron las quejas más habituales. En el análisis de progresión de los síntomas se observó aumento de náuseas y vómitos (p=0,02), disminución de fatiga y falta de aire (p≤0,03), mejora del sueño (p=0,02) y disminución del estrés (p=0,02). Conclusión Hubo informe frecuente de fatiga, náuseas, vómitos y cambios en actividades laborales. Existió progresión de náuseas y vómitos, y regresión de fatiga y estrés. La consulta telefónica permitió comunicación y rápido manejo de una expresiva cantidad de síntomas.


Abstract Objective To identify through telephone counselling the signs and symptoms presented by patients with Hodgkin's Lymphoma undergoing chemotherapy with the protocol composed by doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine and dacarbazine and to compare severity scores of the signs and symptoms presented in the cycles of the protocol. Methods Descriptive, prospective, quantitative study. Seven patients received telephone counselling in 24 scheduled and unscheduled calls, corresponding to 6 ABVD chemotherapy cycle. The MD Anderson Symptom Inventory and the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events were used for scoring the symptoms, along with a conduct protocol. A descriptive and analytical analysis was conducted. Results Two hundred and eighty-six telephone calls generated 1,870 symptomatic complaints. In scheduled calls, the most prevalent complaints were fatigue, distress, lack of appetite, vomiting and nausea. As for the interference in daily life activities, the items related to general activities, work, difficulty walking, and mood changes were reported more frequently. In unscheduled calls, lack of appetite and irregular menstruation were the most recurring complaints. The analysis of the progression of symptoms showed an increase in nausea and vomiting (p=0.02), decrease in fatigue and shortness of breath (p≤0.03), improvement in sleep (p=0.02) and decrease of stress (p=0.02). Conclusion Fatigue, nausea, vomiting and alterations in work activities were frequently reported. There was progression of nausea and vomiting but regression of fatigue and stress. Telephone consultation allowed a rapid communication and management of an expressive number of symptoms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Telephone , Hodgkin Disease/drug therapy , Health Education , Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating/adverse effects , Distance Counseling , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic/adverse effects , Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/adverse effects , Vinblastine/adverse effects , Bleomycin/adverse effects , Doxorubicin/adverse effects , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Dacarbazine/adverse effects , Evaluation Studies as Topic
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