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Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 533-537, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985904


Objective: To explore the clinical features and prognosis of children with histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis (HNL). Methods: The clinical data of 118 children with HNL diagnosed and treated in the Department of Rheumatology and Immunology of Children's Hospital, Capital Institute of Pediatrics from January 2014 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The clinical symptoms, laboratory examination, imaging examination, pathological findings, treatment and follow-up were analyzed. Results: Among the 118 patients, 69 were males and 49 were females. The age of onset was 10.0 (8.0, 12.0) years, ranging from 1.5 to 16.0 years. All the children had fever lymph node enlargement, blood system involvement in 74 cases (62.7%), skin injury in 39 cases (33.1%). The main manifestations of laboratory examination were increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate in 90 cases (76.3%), decreased hemoglobin in 58 cases (49.2%), decreased white blood cells in 54 cases (45.8%) and positive antinuclear antibody in 35 cases (29.7%). Ninety-seven cases (82.2%) underwent B-mode ultrasound of lymph nodes, showing nodular lesions with low echo in the neck; 22 cases (18.6%) underwent cervical X-ray and (or) CT; 7 cases (5.9%) underwent cervical magnetic resonance imaging. Lymph node biopsy was performed in all 118 cases, and the pathological results did not support malignant diseases such as lymphoma or Epstein-Barr virus infection, suggesting HNL. Fifty-seven cases (48.3%) recovered without treatment, 61 cases (51.7%) received oral steroid therapy, and 4 cases (3.4%) received indomethacin as anal stopper. The 118 cases were followed up for 4 (2, 6) years, ranging from 1 to 7 years, 87 cases (73.7%) had one onset and did not develop into other rheumatological diseases, and 24 cases (20.3%) had different degrees of recurrence, 7 cases (5.9%) had multiple system injuries, and all of the tested autoantibodies were positive for medium and high titers. All of them developed into other rheumatic immune diseases, among which 5 cases developed into systemic lupus erythematosus and 2 cases developed into Sjogren's syndrome; 7 cases were given oral steroid therapy, including 6 cases plus immunosuppressant and 2 cases receiving methylprednisolone 20 mg/kg shock therapy. Conclusions: The first-onset HNL portion is self-healing, hormone-sensitive and has a good prognosis. For HNL with repeated disease and multiple system injury, antinuclear antibody titer should be monitored during follow-up, and attention should be paid to the possibility of developing into other rheumatological diseases, with poor prognosis.

Female , Male , Humans , Child , Histiocytic Necrotizing Lymphadenitis/drug therapy , Antibodies, Antinuclear , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Retrospective Studies , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Prognosis , Steroids
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 45(2): 204-210, Apr.-June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1448339


Abstract Introduction Autoimmune haemolytic anaemia (AIHA) is an autoimmune disorder that can present in primary or secondary forms. The literature looking at impact of baseline fluorescent antinuclear antibody (FANA) positivity on outcomes of AIHA patients is infrequent. Objective To study the impact of baseline FANA positivity in patients with primary AIHA. Method A prospective cohort study involving 29 consecutive primary AIHA patients presenting to the Haematology department from 2013 to 2015 was analysed. After recording baseline investigations including fluorescent ANA, all patients were treated as per the standard therapeutic protocols. Clinical remission, disease free survival, relapse, mortality were compared between the FANA positive and FANA Negative AIHA groups. Results Baseline FANA positivity was found in 17 patients (58.62%). Both the groups were comparable in terms of age, sex, Hemoglobin, LDH at presentation, number of lines of treatment needed and duration of follow up. Evan's syndrome was seen in six of FANA positive patients which was statistically significant (0 v/s 6, p= 0.023). FANA positive patients had significantly higher rates of relapse per patient month follow up (1.22 v/s 3.57, p= 0.023) and lower rates of complete response (83.33% v/s 35.29%, p= 0.0118) and relapse free survival at five years. Morbidity and mortality were numerically higher in FANA positive patients. Conclusion Baseline FANA positivity among AIHA patients was found to be associated with lower complete response rates and higher relapse rates with possible higher rates of morbidity. Presence of FANA will give us prognostic value and help us in deciding the treatment options.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Anemia, Hemolytic, Autoimmune , Antibodies, Antinuclear , Anemia , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic
Singapore medical journal ; : 147-151, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927271


INTRODUCTION@#The antinuclear antibody (ANA) test is a screening test for systemic autoimmune rheumatic disease (SARD). We hypothesised that the presence of anti-DFS70 in ANA-positive samples was associated with a false-positive ANA test and negatively associated with SARD.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis of patient samples received for ANA testing from 1 January 2016 to 30 June 2016 was performed. Patient samples underwent ANA testing via indirect immunofluorescence method and anti-DFS70 testing using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.@*RESULTS@#Among a total of 645 ANA-positive samples, the majority (41.7%) were positive at a titre of 1:80. The commonest nuclear staining pattern (65.5%) was speckled. Only 9.5% of ANA-positive patients were diagnosed with SARD. Anti-DFS70 was found to be present in 10.0% of ANA-positive patients. The majority (51/59, 86.4%) of patients did not have SARD. Seven patients had positive ANA titre > 1:640, the presence of anti-double stranded DNA and/or anti-Ro60. The presence of anti-DFS70 in ANA-positive patients was not associated with the absence of SARD (Fisher's exact test, p = 0.245).@*CONCLUSION@#The presence of anti-DFS70 was associated with a false-positive ANA test in 8.6% of our patients. Anti-DFS70 was not associated with the absence of SARD.

Humans , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing , Antibodies, Antinuclear , Autoimmune Diseases/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Rheumatic Diseases/diagnosis , Transcription Factors
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942320


A 41-year-old female patient was admitted in Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Peking University Third Hospital because of having cough for a year. Multiple subpleural ground grass and solid nodules could be seen on her CT scan. Four months before admission, she began to experience dry mouth and eyes, blurred vision, finger joints pain, muscle pain and weakness in both lower limbs and weight loss. At the time of admission, the patient's vital signs were normal, no skin rash was seen, breath sounds in both lungs were clear, no rales or wheeze, no deformities in her hands, no redness, swelling, or tenderness in the joints. There was no edema in both lower limbs. Some lab examinations were performed. Tumor markers including squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) antigen, neuron-specific enolase (NSE), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), Cyfra21-1, pro-gastrin-releasing peptide (proGRP), carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA125) and carbohydrate antigen 199 (CA199) were all normal. The antinuclear antibody, rheumatoid factor, antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody, anti-dsDNA antibody, anti-Sm antibody, anti-SSA/SSB antibody, anti-ribonucleoprotein (RNP) antibody, anti-Jo-1 antibody, anti-SCL-70 antibody and anti-ribosomal antibody were all negative. The blood IgG level was normal. The blood fungal β-1.3-D glucose, aspergillus galactomannan antigen, sputum bacterial and fungal culture, and sputum smear test for acid-fast staining were all negative. Lung function was normal. Bronchoscopy showed the airways and mucosa were normal. To clarify the diagnosis, she underwent thoracoscopic lung biopsy, the histopathology revealed follicular bronchiolitis (FB) with nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP). She did not receive any treatment and after 7 months, the lung opacities were spontaneously resolved. After 7 years of follow-up, the opacities in her lung did not relapse. To improve the understanding of FB, a literature research was performed with "follicular bronchiolitis" as the key word in Wanfang, PubMed and Ovid Database. The time interval was from January 2000 to December 2018. Relative articles were retrieved and clinical treatments and prognosis of FB were analyzed. Eighteen articles concerning FB with complete records were included in the literature review. A total of 51 adult patients with FB were reported, including 18 primary FB and 33 secondary FB, and autoimmune disease was the most common underlying cause. Forty-one (80.4%) patients were prescribed with corticosteroids and/or immunosuppressive agents, 6 (11.8%) patients were treated with anti-infective, 5 (9.8%) patients did not receive any treatment. The longest follow-up period was 107 months. Among the 5 patients without any treatment, 1 patients died of metastatic melanoma, the lung opacities were unchanged in 1 patient and getting severe in 3 patients. In conclusion, FB is a rare disease, the treatment and prognosis are controversial. Corticosteroid and immunosuppressive agents could be effective. This case report suggests the possibility of spontaneous remission of FB.

Adult , Female , Humans , Antibodies, Antinuclear , Antigens, Neoplasm , Bronchiolitis , Keratin-19 , Lung Diseases, Interstitial , Remission, Spontaneous
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942300


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical and immunological features of cardiac involvement in patients with anti-synthetase syndrome (ASS).@*METHODS@#In the study, 96 patients diagnosed with ASS hospitalized in the Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Peking University People's Hospital from April 2003 to November 2020 were included. The patients were divided into two groups according to whether they were accompanied with cardiac involvement. Demographic features, clinical characteristics (Gottron's sign/papules, muscle damage, etc.), comorbidities, laboratory indices (creatine kinase, inflammatory indicators, immunoglobulin, complement, lymphocyte subset, autoantibodies, etc.) were collected and the differences between the two groups were analyzed statistically.@*RESULTS@#The prevalence of cardiac involvement in the patients with ASS was 25.0% (24/96). The ASS patients complicated with cardiac involvement presented with elevated cardiac troponin I (cTnI, 75.0%, 18/24), pericardial effusion (33.3%, 8/24), reduction of left ventricular function (33.3%, 8/24) and valves regurgitation (33.3%, 8/24). The age of onset of the patients with cardiac involvement was older than that of the patients without cardiac involvement [(54.58±10.58) years vs. (48.47±13.22) years, P=0.043). Arthritis was observed less frequently in the patients with cardiac involvement than those without cardiac involvement (37.5% vs. 61.1%, P=0.044). In addition, rapidly progressive interstitial lung disease (54.2% vs. 30.6%, P=0.037) was observed more frequently in the patients with cardiac involvement than those without cardiac involvement. As compared with the ASS patients without cardiac involvement, C-reactive protein (CRP) [(13.55 (8.96, 38.35) mg/L vs. 4.60 (1.37, 17.40) mg/L, P=0.001], and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) [408.0 (255.0, 587.0) U/L vs. 259.5 (189.8, 393.8) U/L, P=0.007] were significantly higher in the patients with cardiac involvement. Anti-Ro-52 antibody was detected more commonly in the ASS patients with cardiac involvement compared with the patients without cardiac involvement (91.7% vs. 69.4%, P=0.029). No significant differences were found in the comorbidities, alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), creatine kinase (CK), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), ferritin (Fer), immunoglobulin G (IgG), complement 3 (C3), complement 4 (C4), lymphocyte subset between the two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Cardiac involvement is common in ASS, mainly manifested as myocardial damage. It is necessary to be aware of cardiac complications in patients with elevated CRP, elevated LDH and positive anti-Ro-52 antibody.

Adult , Aged , Humans , Middle Aged , Antibodies, Antinuclear , Autoantibodies , Blood Sedimentation , C-Reactive Protein , Heart Diseases/complications , Immunoglobulin G , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Myositis/diagnosis
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942278


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the application value of serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D] in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).@*METHODS@#Data of 158 patients with SLE in Department of Rheumatology and Immunology in the People's Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region from July 2016 to July 2019. All the SLE patients were divided into two groups by SLE scores of the disease activity index (SLEADI): 59 cases of active group (SLEADI > 4), 99 cases of non-active group (SLEDAI ≤4). Fifty healthy people were selected as healthy control group. The patients' general information and their laboratory data including serum 25(OH)D levels were collected. Statistical methods used were t-test, Spearman's correalation analysis and Logistic regression analysis.@*RESULTS@#(1) A total of 208 cases were included in this study. The level of 25(OH)D in SLE group [10.4(5.6, 15.8) μg/L] was significantly lower than that in healthy control group [25.5(22.8, 32.3) μg/L, P < 0.01]. 25(OH)D level in active SLE patients [6.2(3.7, 13.8) μg/L] was significantly lower than that in remission SLE patients [12.3(7.2, 16.7) μg/L, P < 0.01]. The serum 25(OH)D level in lupus nephritis [6.7 (4.4, 12.9) μg/L] was significantly lower than that in SLE without renal involvement [13.3 (7.4, 18.7) μg/L, P < 0.01]. (2) A significant negative correlation was demonstrated between the serum level of 25(OH)D and SLEDAI (r=-0.35, P < 0.01), and the 24h urinary protein excretion (r=-0.39, P < 0.01).Positive correlation was demonstrated between the serum level of 25(OH)D and C3 that decreased (r=0.249, P < 0.05). (3) Univariate analysis showed anti- dsDNA antibodies(ds-DNA), anti-Sm antibodies(Sm), IgG, C3, C4, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), 24h urinary protein quantification(24h-pro) and 25(OH)D were associated with disease activity in the SLE patients; Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that 25(OH)D was associated with the disease activity of the lupus patients.@*CONCLUSION@#The decrease of vitamin D level is related to the disease activity of SLE patients, and may be related to lupus nephritis, which plays an important role in the occurrence and development of SLE.

Humans , Antibodies, Antinuclear , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Lupus Nephritis , Vitamin D/analogs & derivatives
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942277


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical and serological features of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) overlap syndrome (Rhupus syndrome).@*METHODS@#We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 21 patients with Rhupus syndrome who were hospitalized at Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, People's Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region between January 2010 and January 2018. We compared the joint involvement, autoantibodies and clinical manifestations of Rhupus syndrome with 81 cases of RA-alone and 51 cases of SLE-alone.@*RESULTS@#In 21 patients with Rhupus syndrome, there are 3 males and 18 females. Compared with the SLE-alone group, the patients with Rhupus syndrome were older [(49.43±11.66) vs. (40.59±12.73), P=0.008]. The median age of the patients with Rhupus syndrome at RA onset was significantly younger than that of the RA-alone patients [(32.58±11.14) vs. (43.11±11.83), P=0.010]. Of the 21 patients with Rhupus syndrome, the initial diagnosis was RA in 57% (12/21), except 2 male patients, the other 10 patients with SLE manifestations were menopause, the mean age of amenorrhea or menopause was (44.30±5.33) (36-50) years. The mean interval between the onset of SLE and RA was 10.83 years. Two patients started with SLE manifestations. Moreover, both diseases simultaneously developed in 33.3% of the patients. Except one male patient, 3 patients were in menopause stage when RA and SLE appeared. The positive rate of specific antibody Rhupus syndrome was similar to that of RA. Renal damage was relatively rare in SLE related manifestations, but the incidence of interstitial lung disease was higher. There were no significant differences in the prevalence of complements C3 and C4, antinuclear antibody (ANA), anti-double-stranded DNA (anti-dsDNA), anti-SSA or anti-SSB antibody between the Rhupus syndrome and SLE-alone group.@*CONCLUSION@#Rhupus syndrome is an overlapping syndrome in which RA and SLE coexist. Most of the diseases occur in RA and the related manifestations of RA are more serious than those of SLE. The incidence of Rhupus syndrome may be related to the change of sex hormone levels.

Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antibodies, Antinuclear , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/epidemiology , Autoantibodies , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies
Prensa méd. argent ; 106(4): 279-285, 20200000. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1368340


Background: Alopecia areata (AA) is a typical hair issue, which may have obliterating mental and social outcomes and is portrayed by the nearness of nonscarring alopecia. Objective: This examination has targets to assess the serum nutrient D levels , with AA; contrast the outcome and clearly sound control; and confirm relationship between AA types and serum nutrient D levels. Patients Also Methods: the examine might have been led clinched alongside Tikrit educating healing facility throughout those time starting with June 2019 of the limit for January 2020. Irrefutably the quantity of subjects associated with the assessment was ninety individuals isolated in two social events; the patients bundle were forty five the people who whimper of AA while the resulting gathering including a forty five age and sex-made solid volunteers were picked as a benchmark gathering. The degree and movement of the alopecia were noted and the patients were meticulously broke down for signs of various ailments. Research center assessments were led to patients and also to those control population, these included serum vitamin D levels were measured as 25-hydroxyvitamin D {25(OH)D} using a chemiluminescence microparticle immunoassay. Blood models were gotten starting with patients and control subjects after totally taught consent was gotten. Results : An essential complexity may have been found for serum 25-OH Vit D levels between patients other than controls. Vitamin D sufficiency were more common in controls than in patients. Serum Vitamin D was deficient in both cases and controls group; but, the deficiency was significantly more throughout AA group (35. 6%) compared to the handle group (11. 1%). Among the list patients gathering, levels associated with nutrient D were totally higher in guys in contrast with females. Conclusions: AA might be related with nutrient D deficiency as mean degrees of nutrient D of patients were seen as fundamentally lower than typical sound controls.

Humans , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Treponema Immobilization Test , Nutrients/deficiency , Antibodies, Antinuclear/immunology , Alopecia Areata/diagnosis , Case-Control Studies
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942111


OBJECTIVE@#To analyse the clinical and laboratory characteristics of antinuclear antibody (ANA) positive rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients.@*METHODS@#The clinical and laboratory data of 428 RA cases from Department of of Rheumatology and Immunology Peking University Third Hospital from Jan 2013 to Dec 2018 were collected and used to analyse characters between ANA positive group and ANA negative group. T test was used for the quantitative data in accordance with normal distribution. Wilcoxon rank sum test was used for the quantitative data of non normal distribution. The qualitative data were analyzed by chi square test. But while 1≤theoretical frequency < 5, chi square test of corrected four grid table was used. And Fisher exact probability method was used when theoretical frequency < 1.@*RESULTS@#The number of ANA positive group was 231 (54%). The female rate was obviously higher in ANA positive group (82.7% vs. 63.5%, χ2=20.355, P < 0.01). The rate of metatarsophalangeal joints (MTPJs) involvement was lower in ANA positive group (22.1%) than in ANA negative group (33.0) (χ2=6.414, P < 0.05). The incidence of secondary Sjögren's syndrome (sSS) was much higher in ANA positive group(19.5% vs. 4.1%, χ2=23.300, P < 0.01). The positivity of rheumatoid factor (RF), as well as the positivity of anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide(CCP) antibody was much higher in ANA positive group (77.1% vs. 53.8%, χ2=25.743, P < 0.01, 74.9% vs. 59.4%, χ2=11.694, P < 0.01, respectively). The levels of immunoglobulin G (IgG) and immunoglobulin M (IgM) of ANA positive group were higher [(15.1±5.1) g/L vs. (13.8±5.3) g/L, t=2.359, P < 0.05, 1.25 (0.92) g/L vs. 1.05 (0.65) g/L, Z=-3.449, P < 0.01, respectively]. But the levels of hemoglobin (Hb) and platelet (PLT) was lower in ANA positive group[(109.64±17.98) vs. (114.47±18.48) g/L, t=-2.734, P < 0.01; (266.4×109±104.6×109) vs. (295.9×109±100.1×109) /L, t=-2.970, P < 0.01, respectively].@*CONCLUSION@#The incidence of sSS was obviously higher in ANA positive group than in ANA negative group. Serum IgG of ANA positive group was higher, but Hb and PLT were lower.

Female , Humans , Antibodies, Antinuclear , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/epidemiology , Autoantibodies , Laboratories , Peptides, Cyclic , Rheumatoid Factor
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942109


OBJECTIVE@#To detect the serum level of a novel autoantibody, anti-tubulin-α-1C, in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) and to investigate its clinical significance.@*METHODS@#Anti-tubulin-α-1C antibody levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 62 patients with SSc, 38 systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), 24 primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) patients, and 30 healthy controls (HCs). Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), immunoglobulin A(IgA), immunoglobulin M (IgM), immunoglobulin G (IgG), C3, C4, rheumatoid factor (RF), antinuclear antibody(ANA), anti-centromere antibodies(ACA), anticardiolipin (aCL), anti-dsDNA antibody, anti-Sm antibody, anti-RNP antibody, anti-Scl-70 antibody, anti-Ro52 antibody, anti-SSA antibody, anti-SSB antibody, centromere protein A(CENP-A), centromere protein B (CENP-B) were measured by standard laboratory techniques. Raynaud's phenomenon and modified Rodnan skin score(MRSS) were recorded to evaluate the disease status of SSc. Independent sample t test, Chi square test, Mann-Whitney U test, Spearman rank correlation were used for statistical analyses.@*RESULTS@#The serum anti-tubulin-α-1C antibody concentration in SSc group was 81.24±34.38, the serum anti-tubulin-α-1C antibody concentration in SLE group was 87.84±38.52, the serum anti-tubulin-α-1C antibody concentration in pSS group was 59.79±25.24, and the serum anti-tubulin-α-1C antibody concentration in healthy group was 39.37±18.7. Multivariate analysis revealed that anti-tubulin-α-1C antibody levels were significantly increased in the SSc and SLE patients. The expression level of anti-tubulin-α-1C antibody in SSc was higher compared with the pSS group and the health control group (P < 0.01). Further analysis demonstrated that the elevated anti-tubulin-α-1C antibody were correlated with the SSc inflammation and disease activity markers ESR(r=0.313, P=0.019), The levels of anti-tubulin-α-1C antibody were also significantly correlated with MRSS(r=0.636, P < 0.01). The best cut-off value for the diagnose of SSc was 76.77 as mean+2SD value. The proportion of Raynaud's phenomenon was higher in the group of anti-tubulin-α-1C autoantibody-postive SSc patients than that in anti-tubulin-α-1C autoantibody negative group(71.4% vs. 37.5%, P=0.039). The proportions of anti-Scl-70 antibody, anti-CENP antibody and anti-cardiolipin antibody were higher in the group of anti-tubulin-α-1C autoantibody-postive SSc patients than in the anti-tubulin-α-1C autoantibody negative group (37.9% vs. 15.2%, 34.5% vs. 12.1%, 13.8 vs. 0, respectively, all P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Based on this explorative stu-dy, the level of anti-tubulin-α-1C antibody increased in the serum of the patients with SSc. There were correlations between anti-tubulin-α-1C autoantibody and clinical and laboratory indicators of the SSc patients. It may become a novel biomarker indicative of active SSc and could be applied in future clinical practice.

Humans , Antibodies, Antinuclear , Autoantibodies , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Scleroderma, Systemic , Sjogren's Syndrome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827195


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the significance of antinuclear antibody and antinuclear antibody spectrum in the stage and prognosis of lymphoma patients.@*METHODS@#79 cases of lymphoma (lymphoma group) treated in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University and 50 cases of healthy people (control group) were selected. Antinuclear antibodies (ANA) were detected by indirect innmunofluorescence and ANA spectrums were detected by linear Western blot, the expression level of ANA and ANA spectrum in the two groups were analyzed. The lymphoma group was divided into the positive and the negative group according to ANA level, the levels of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), white blood cell (WBC), disease type, stage and prognosis of the two groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#In the lymphoma group, the positive rate of ANA was 48.1%, while the positive rate was 8.0% in the health control group, both of them showed statistically significant (χ=22.42, P<0.05). ANA fluorescence karyotype in lymphoma group was mainly speckle type. In the Lymphoma group, the positive rate of ANA spectrum was 29.1%, while the positive rate in the control group was 4.0%, both of them showed statistically significant (χ=12.36, P<0.05). The target antigen distribution of ANA spectrum in the lymphoma group was relatively complex, mainly RO52 and SSA, while that in the control group was simple. The positive rate of ANA in lymphoma patients showed increased with age, the titer was mainly 1∶100 low titer positive, the positive rate of ANA in female patients was higher than that in male patients; The average count±standard deviation of LDH and WBC in the ANA positive and negative group were (253.67±255.85) U/L, (218.18±208.34) U/L, (6.34±3.31)×10/L and (6.81±3.91)×10/L respectively, which showed no statistical significance between the two groups (t=0.59 P>0.05; t=0.57 P>0.05); B-cell lymphoma was the main disease in both groups, which accounted for 81.6% (31/38) and 68.3% (28/41) respectively; while in B-cell lymphoma, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma was the main lymphoma. For the patients with B-cell lymphoma, the patients at stage IV in ANA positive group was 58.1% (18/31), while that in the ANA negative group was 28.6% (8 / 28), and both of them showed statistically significant (χ=5.19, P<0.05). Follow-up showed that the survival rate of the patients in ANA negative group was higher than that in ANA positive group, which showed statistically significant difference (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The postive rate of antinuclear antibody and antinuclear antibody spectrum are higher in lymphoma patients, which have considerable significance for the stage and prognosis of lymphoma treatment.

Female , Humans , Male , Antibodies, Antinuclear , Blotting, Western , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Lymphoma , Prognosis
Adv Rheumatol ; 60: 10, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088655


Abstract Background: Urinary parameters, anti-dsDNA antibodies and complement tests were explored in patients with childhood-Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (cSLE) early-onset lupus nephritis (ELN) from a large multicenter cohort study. Methods: Clinical and laboratory features of cSLE cases with kidney involvement at presentation, were reviewed. Disease activity parameters including SLEDAI-2 K scores and major organ involvement at onset and follow up, with accrued damage scored by SLICC-DI, during last follow up, were compared with those without kidney involvement. Autoantibodies, renal function and complement tests were determined by standard methods. Subjects were grouped by presence or absence of ELN. Results: Out of the 846 subjects enrolled, mean age 11.6 (SD 3.6) years; 427 (50.5%) had ELN. There was no significant difference in the ELN proportion, according to onset age, but ELN frequency was significantly higher in non-Caucasians (p = 0.03). Hematuria, pyuria, urine casts, 24-h proteinuria and arterial hypertension at baseline, all had significant association with ELN outcome (p < 0.001). With a similar follow up time, there were significantly higher SLICC-DI damage scores during last follow up visit (p = 0.004) and also higher death rates (p < 0.0001) in those with ELN. Low C3 (chi-square test, p = 0.01), but not C3 levels associated significantly with ELN. High anti-dsDNA antibody levels were associated with ELN (p < 0.0001), but anti-Sm, anti-RNP, anti-Ro, anti-La antibodies were not associated. Low C4, C4 levels, low CH50 and CH50 values had no significant association. High erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) was associated with the absence of ELN (p = 0.02). Conclusion: The frequency of ELN was 50%, resulting in higher morbidity and mortality compared to those without ELN. The urinary parameters, positive anti-dsDNA and low C3 are reliable for discriminating ELN.(AU)

Humans , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/physiopathology , Complement C3 , Complement C4 , Biomarkers , Antibodies, Antinuclear , Cohort Studies
Rev. Asoc. Colomb. Cien. Biol. (En línea) ; 1(32): 145-153, 20200000. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1379202


Objetivo: Correlacionar los niveles de anticuerpos antinucleares obtenidos por las técnicas de inmunofluorescencia indirecta (FANA) e inmunoensayo lineal (ANA-LIA) en pacientes diagnosticados o con sospecha clínica de enfermedad autoinmune. Métodos: Se incluyeron 100 pacientes que dieron su consentimiento informado para participar en el estudio. Los ensayos e interpretación de los resultados de las pruebas de FANA y ANA-LIA se realizaron siguiendo las recomendaciones del fabricante. Resultados: el 97,4% de los pacientes estudiados eran de sexo femenino con edad promedio de 42 años, siendo la Artritis reumatoide, Poliartritis y Lupus Eritematoso Sistémico las enfermedades que con mayor frecuencia acompañaron la solicitud médica. Se observó que ambos métodos fueron positivos en el 21% de los casos y que el indice de correlaciòn de Kappa entre las pruebas fue moderado (k= 0,51; p< 0,05), la sensibilidad y especificidad de los métodos fue del 71,4% y 84,8% respectivamente, se observó también que para un determinado patrón fluorescente puede haber positividad de más de un antígeno de la prueba de ANA-LIA y viceversa. Conclusiones: FANA es el método de tamizaje aceptado en la práctica clínica para orientar hacia un diagnóstico clínico de enfermedad autoinmune más probable, debido a la subjetividad en la interpretación de sus resultados y necesidad de entrenamiento en la identificación de los patrones fluorescentes, se requiere del apoyo de otros métodos de laboratorio que permitan identificar con mayor precisión los antígenos reconocidos por los autoanticuerpos, ANA-LIA es una herramienta de laboratorio costo-efectiva de elevada sensibilidad y especificidad que se ajusta a este requerimiento.

Objective: To correlate levels of antinuclear antibodies obtained by indirect immunofluorescence techniques (FANA) and linear immunoassay (ANA-LIA) in patients diagnosed or with clinical suspicion of autoimmune disease. Methods: 100 patients who gave their informed consent to participate in the study were included. Assays and interpretation of results of FANA and ANA-LIA test were performed following the manufacturer's recommendations. Results: 97,4% of the patients studied were female with an average age of 42 years, being rheumatoid arthritis, polyarthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus the diseases that most frequently accompanied the medical request. It was observed that both methods were positive in 21% of the cases and that the Kappa correlation index was moderate between the tests (k = 0,51; p <0,05), the sensitivity and specificity of the methods was 71,4% and 84,8% respectively. It was also observed that for a given fluorescent pattern there may be positivity of more than one antigen of the ANA-LIA test and vice versa. Conclusions: FANA is the screening method accepted in the clinical practice to guide towards a more probable clinical diagnosis of autoimmune disease. Due to the subjectivity in the interpretation of its results and the need for training in the identification of fluorescent patterns, the support of other laboratory methods that allow the identification of antigens recognized by autoantibodies with greater precision is necessary, ANA-LIA is a cost-effective laboratory tool of high sensitivity and specificity that meets this requirement.

Humans , Antibodies, Antinuclear , Biomarkers , Rheumatic Diseases
Rev. gastroenterol. Perú ; 39(4): 344-347, oct.-dic 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144619


Background: Diabetes mellitus type 1 (T1DM) is one of the childhood diseases with growing prevalence. Various accompanying autoimmune diseases were seen with type 1 diabetes. The most common autoimmune diseases with T1DM are autoimmune thyroiditis and celiac disease. In some reports, autoimmune hepatitis has been reported in association with DM-1. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate autoimmune hepatitis autoantibodies in children with T1DM. Materials and methods: In this crosssectional study, 202 children with T1DM were evaluated (47.5% were males and 52.5% were girls). Liver enzymes, autoimmune hepatitis related autoantibodies such as anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA), anti-smooth muscle (ASMA) and anti liver and kidney microsomal antibodies (LKM-1) were measured. Liver ultrasound was done for participants and biopsy of liver was taken for children with increased echogenicity of the liver, hepatomegaly or elevated liver enzymes. Results analyzed by statistical software spss-16, Descriptive statistics and chi-square test, paired T-TEST. Level of less than 5% was considered statistically significant. Results: In 6 patients ANA and in 4 patients (2%) ASMA was positive,1 patient was ASMA positive but ANA negative. None of the patients were Anti LKM-1 positive. 3 patients had positive ANA and ASMA, and increased liver echogenicity on ultrasound simultaneously. Histological evaluation was showed that 2 patients had findings in favor of autoimmune hepatitis. Conclusion: Auto antibodies were positive in 10 cases. ANA was positive in 6 (2.97%) of all cases. ASMA was positive in 4 (1.98%) cases. Increased echogenicity was found in 3 cases. Histological evaluation showed 2 patients had biopsy confirmed autoimmune hepatitis. AIH-2 was not seen among our cases.

Antecedentes: La diabetes mellitus tipo 1 (DM1) es una de las enfermedades infantiles con mayor prevalencia. Se observaron varias enfermedades autoinmunes acompañantes con diabetes tipo 1. Las enfermedades autoinmunes más comunes con DM1 son la tiroiditis autoinmune y la enfermedad celíaca. En algunos reportes, se ha encontrado hepatitis autoinmune en asociación con DM-1. Objetivos: El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar los autoanticuerpos de hepatitis autoinmunes en niños con DM1. Materiales y métodos: En este estudio transversal, se evaluaron 202 niños con DM1 (47,5% eran hombres y 52,5% eran niñas). Se midieron las enzimas hepáticas, los autoanticuerpos autoinmunes relacionados con la hepatitis, como los anticuerpos antinucleares (ANA), el músculo liso (ASMA) y los anticuerpos microsomales hepáticos y renales (LKM-1). Se realizó una ecografía hepática para los participantes y se tomó una biopsia del hígado para niños con mayor ecogenicidad del hígado, hepatomegalia o enzimas hepáticas elevadas. Los resultados fueron analizados por el software estadístico spss-16 usando estadística descriptiva y prueba de chi-cuadrado, T-TEST pareado. Se consideró estadísticamente significativo un nivel menor del 5%. Resultados: En 6 pacientes con ANA y en 4 pacientes (2%) ASMA fue positiva, 1 paciente fue ASMA positiva pero ANA negativa. Ninguno de los pacientes fue anti LKM-1 positivo. 3 pacientes tuvieron ANA y ASMA positivas, y aumentaron la ecogenicidad hepática en la ecografía simultáneamente. La evaluación histológica mostró que 2 pacientes tenían hallazgos a favor de la hepatitis autoinmune. Conclusión: Los autoanticuerpos fueron positivos en 10 casos. ANA fue positivo en 6 (2,97%) de todos los casos. La ASMA fue positiva en 4 (1,98%) casos. Se encontró mayor ecogenicidad en 3 casos. La evaluación histológica mostró que 2 pacientes tenían biopsia confirmada de hepatitis autoinmune. AIH-2 no fue visto entre nuestros casos.

Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Young Adult , Autoantibodies/blood , Hepatitis, Autoimmune/immunology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/immunology , Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood , Microsomes, Liver/immunology , Antibodies, Antinuclear/blood , Cross-Sectional Studies , Alanine Transaminase/blood , Kidney/immunology , Microsomes/immunology , Muscle, Smooth/immunology
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 78(5): 293-296, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042378


Abstract Objective: To study the association of dry eye with lupus disease activity and cumulative damage. To verify if epidemiological, treatment and autoantibody profile of SLE (systemic Lupus erythematosus) patients influence the presence of dry eye. Methods: We studied 70 SLE patients for the presence of dry eye by Schirmer test, disease activity by SLEDAI (SLE-Disease activity index) and cumulative damage by SLICC/ACR DI (Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics/American College of Rheumatology Damage Index). Patients were also submitted to the OSDI (Ocular Surface Disease Index) questionnaire. Epidemiological and treatment data and autoantibody profile were extracted from the charts. Results: Dry eye by Schirmer test was present in 51.4% of the sample. No association of the presence of dry eye with SLEDAI and SLICC DI were found (p = ns). Subjective symptoms of dry eye measured by OSDI showed a modest correlation with SLEDAI (Spearman rho = 0.32). Treatment profile did not influence in the presence of dry eye that was more common in older patients (p < 0.0001). Anti dsDNA had a negative association with the presence of positive Schirmer test (p = 0.0008). Conclusions: Dry eye detected by Schirmer test in SLE patients has no association with disease activity nor cumulative damage. Anti dsDNA seems to have a protective effect in this context.

Resumo Objetivos: Estudar a associação do olho seco com a atividade do lúpus eritematoso sistêmico (LES) e seus danos cumulativos. Verificar se o perfil epidemiológico, de tratamento e de auto anticorpos de pacientes com LES influencia a presença de olho seco. Métodos: Foram estudados 70 pacientes com LES para a presença de olho seco pelo teste de Schirmer, atividade da doença por SLEDAI (SLE Disease Activity Index) e dano cumulativo por SLICC/ACR DI (Clínicas Colaborativas Internacionais de Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/American College of Rheumatology Damage Index). Os pacientes também foram submetidos ao questionário OSDI (índice de doenças da superfície ocular). Os dados epidemiológicos e de tratamento e o perfil de auto anticorpos foram extraídos dos prontuários. Resultados: Olho seco pelo teste de Schirmer esteve presente em 51,4% da amostra. Nenhuma associação da presença de olho seco com SLEDAI e SLICC/ACR DI foi encontrada (p = ns). Os sintomas subjetivos do olho seco medidos por OSDI mostraram uma correlação modesta com SLEDAI (Rho de Spearman = 0,32) . O perfil do tratamento não influenciou na presença de olho seco que era mais comum em uns pacientes mais idosos (p < 0, 1). Anti dsDNA teve uma associação negativa com a presença de teste positivo de Schirmer (p = 0, 8). Conclusões: Olho seco detectado pelo teste de Schirmer em pacientes com LES não tem associação com atividade da doença nem dano cumulativo. Anti dsDNA parece ter um efeito protetor neste contexto.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Dry Eye Syndromes/diagnosis , Dry Eye Syndromes/etiology , Dry Eye Syndromes/immunology , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/complications , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/immunology , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/therapy , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/epidemiology , Quality of Life , Autoantibodies , Tears/metabolism , Severity of Illness Index , DNA/immunology , Antibodies, Antinuclear/immunology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 95(4): 419-427, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040348


Abstract Objective: This large study with a long-term follow-up aimed to evaluate the clinical presentation, laboratory findings, histological profile, treatments, and outcomes of children and adolescents with autoimmune hepatitis. Methods: The medical records of 828 children and adolescents with autoimmune hepatitis were reviewed. A questionnaire was used to collect anonymous data on clinical presentation, biochemical and histological findings, and treatments. Results: Of all patients, 89.6% had autoimmune hepatitis-1 and 10.4% had autoimmune hepatitis-2. The female sex was predominant in both groups. The median age at symptom onset was 111.5 (6; 210) and 53.5 (8; 165) months in the patients with autoimmune hepatitis 1 and autoimmune hepatitis-2, respectively. Acute clinical onset was observed in 56.1% and 58.8% and insidious symptoms in 43.9% and 41.2% of the patients with autoimmune hepatitis-1 and autoimmune hepatitis-2, respectively. The risk of hepatic failure was 1.6-fold higher for autoimmune hepatitis-2. Fulminant hepatic failure occurred in 3.6% and 10.6% of the patients with autoimmune hepatitis-1 and autoimmune hepatitis-2, respectively; the risk was 3.1-fold higher for autoimmune hepatitis-2. The gamma globulin and immunoglobulin G levels were significantly higher in autoimmune hepatitis-1, while the immunoglobulin A and C3 levels were lower in autoimmune hepatitis-2. Cirrhosis was observed in 22.4% of the patients; biochemical remission was achieved in 76.2%. The actuarial survival rate was 93.0%. A total of 4.6% underwent liver transplantation, and 6.9% died (autoimmune hepatitis-1: 7.5%; autoimmune hepatitis-2: 2.4%). Conclusions: In this large clinical series of Brazilian children and adolescents, autoimmune hepatitis-1 was more frequent, and patients with autoimmune hepatitis-2 exhibited higher disease remission rates with earlier response to treatment. Patients with autoimmune hepatitis-1 had a higher risk of death.

Resumo Objetivo: Este estudo com acompanhamento de longo prazo visou a avaliar o quadro clínico, os achados laboratoriais, o perfil histológico, os tratamentos e os resultados de crianças e adolescentes com hepatite autoimune. Métodos: Foram analisados os prontuários médicos de 828 crianças e adolescentes com HAI. Foi usado um questionário para coletar os dados anônimos sobre o quadro clínico, os achados bioquímicos e histológicos e os tratamentos. Resultados: De todos os pacientes, 89,6% tinham hepatite autoimune-1 e 10,4% hepatite autoimune-2. O sexo feminino foi predominante nos dois grupos. A idade média no início dos sintomas foi 111,5 (6; 210) e 53,5 (8; 165) meses nos pacientes com hepatite autoimune-1 e hepatite autoimune-2, respectivamente. Foi observado início clínico agudo em 56,1% e 58,8% e sintomas insidiosos em 43,9% e 41,2% dos pacientes com hepatite autoimune-1 e hepatite autoimune-2, respectivamente. A probabilidade de insuficiência hepática foi 1,6 vezes maior para hepatite autoimune-2; 3,6% e 10,6% dos pacientes com hepatite autoimune-1 e hepatite autoimune-2, respectivamente, apresentaram insuficiência hepática fulminante; o risco foi 3,1 vezes maior para hepatite autoimune-2. Os níveis de gamaglobulina e imunoglobulina G foram significativamente maiores nos pacientes com hepatite autoimune-1, ao passo que os níveis de imunoglobulina A e C3 foram menores em pacientes com hepatite autoimune-2; 22,4% dos pacientes apresentaram cirrose e a remissão bioquímica foi atingida em 76,2%. A taxa de sobrevida atuarial foi de 93,0%. Um total de 4,6% pacientes foram submetidos a transplante de fígado e 6,9% morreram (hepatite autoimune-1: 7,5%; hepatite autoimune-2: 2,4%). Conclusões: Nesta grande série clínica de crianças e adolescentes brasileiros, a hepatite autoimune-1 foi mais frequente e os pacientes com hepatite autoimune-2 mostraram maiores taxas de remissão da doença com respostas mais rápidas aos tratamentos. Os pacientes com hepatite autoimune-1 apresentaram maior risco de óbito.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Azathioprine/therapeutic use , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Hepatitis, Autoimmune/pathology , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Autoantibodies/analysis , Biopsy, Needle , Brazil , Immunoglobulins/analysis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Survival Analysis , Antibodies, Antinuclear/blood , Retrospective Studies , Immunosuppression Therapy , Treatment Outcome , Hepatitis, Autoimmune/immunology , Hepatitis, Autoimmune/drug therapy , Liver/pathology
Rev. méd. hered ; 30(1): 33-39, ene.-mar. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1014343


Objetivos: Determinar la frecuencia de patrones de tinción de anticuerpos antinucleares identificados por inmunofluorescencia indirecta en pacientes con enfermedad del tejido conectivo en un hospital de nivel III de Lima, Perú. Material y métodos: Estudio de tipo cuantitativo, observacional y transversal, realizado en el Servicio de Inmunología del Hospital Nacional Arzobispo Loayza entre enero 2017 y junio 2017. Se revisaron 291 historias clínicas de pacientes con enfermedad del tejido conectivo y con detección de los patrones de tinción de anticuerpos antinucleares en suero, usando la técnica de Inmunofluorescencia Indirecta. Resultados: La frecuencia de estudios de anticuerpos antinucleares fue 322 (100 %), los patrones de anticuerpos antinucleares fueron PCNA6 (1,86%), patrón homogéneo 109(33,85%), patrón centromérico 34(10,56%), patrón moteado 135(41,93%), patrón citoplasmático 25(7,76%), patrón nucleolar 9(2,80%), patrón NUMA 1- Huso Acromático 3(0,93%) y patrón lisosoma 1(0,31%). La positividad de anticuerpos antinucleares se determinó mayormente en pacientes con lupus eritematoso sistémico 85(29.21%), esclerosis sistémica progresiva limitada (CREST) 34(11,68%), síndrome de Sjögren 77(26,46%), esclerodermia 15(5,15%), enfermedades mixtas del tejido conectivo72 (24,74%) y polimiositis 8 (2,75%). Conclusiones: Se encontró elevada frecuencia del patrón homogéneo y del patrón moteado en pacientes con enfermedad del tejido conectivo. El patrón homogéneo se asoció fuertemente al lupus eritematoso sistémico y el patrón moteado se asoció al síndrome de Sjögren. Por lo tanto, el método ANA-IFI puede reducir el gasto de un trabajo inmunológico detallado con una pérdida mínima en la exactitud diagnóstica de la enfermedad. (AU)

Objectives: To determine the antinuclear antibody staining patterns identified by indirect immunofluorescence in patients with connective tissue disease in hospital level III in Lima, Peru. Methods: Cross-sectional study performed at the Servicio de Inmunología of the Hospital Nacional Arzobispo Loayza between January and June 2017. We reviewed 291 clinical charts of patients with connective tissue disease who had determination of antinuclear antibodies by indirect immunofluorescence. Results: 322 determinations were analyzed; patterns detected were PCNA 6 (1.86%); homogeneous pattern 109(33.85%), centromeric pattern 34(10.56%), speckled pattern 135(41.93%), cytoplasmic pattern 25(7.76%), nucleolar pattern 9(2.80%), NUMA 1- Huso achromatic pattern 3(0.93%) and lysosomal pattern 1(0.31%). The spectrum of diseases in which antinuclear antibodies were looked for were systemic lupus 85(29.21%), limited progressive systemic sclerosis CREST) 34(11.68%), Sjögren´s syndrome 77(26.46%), scleroderma 15(5.15%), mixed connective tissue disorders 72 (24.74%) and polymyositis 8 (2.75%). Conclusions: A high frequency of homogeneous and speckled patterns were observed, the former associated with systemic lupus and the latter with Sjögren´s syndrome. Detection of antinuclear antibodies by indirect immunofluorescence is an accurate diagnostic method. (AU)

Humans , Antibodies, Antinuclear , Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect , Undifferentiated Connective Tissue Diseases , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Studies as Topic