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Prensa méd. argent ; 106(4): 279-285, 20200000. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1368340


Background: Alopecia areata (AA) is a typical hair issue, which may have obliterating mental and social outcomes and is portrayed by the nearness of nonscarring alopecia. Objective: This examination has targets to assess the serum nutrient D levels , with AA; contrast the outcome and clearly sound control; and confirm relationship between AA types and serum nutrient D levels. Patients Also Methods: the examine might have been led clinched alongside Tikrit educating healing facility throughout those time starting with June 2019 of the limit for January 2020. Irrefutably the quantity of subjects associated with the assessment was ninety individuals isolated in two social events; the patients bundle were forty five the people who whimper of AA while the resulting gathering including a forty five age and sex-made solid volunteers were picked as a benchmark gathering. The degree and movement of the alopecia were noted and the patients were meticulously broke down for signs of various ailments. Research center assessments were led to patients and also to those control population, these included serum vitamin D levels were measured as 25-hydroxyvitamin D {25(OH)D} using a chemiluminescence microparticle immunoassay. Blood models were gotten starting with patients and control subjects after totally taught consent was gotten. Results : An essential complexity may have been found for serum 25-OH Vit D levels between patients other than controls. Vitamin D sufficiency were more common in controls than in patients. Serum Vitamin D was deficient in both cases and controls group; but, the deficiency was significantly more throughout AA group (35. 6%) compared to the handle group (11. 1%). Among the list patients gathering, levels associated with nutrient D were totally higher in guys in contrast with females. Conclusions: AA might be related with nutrient D deficiency as mean degrees of nutrient D of patients were seen as fundamentally lower than typical sound controls.

Humans , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Treponema Immobilization Test , Nutrients/deficiency , Antibodies, Antinuclear/immunology , Alopecia Areata/diagnosis , Case-Control Studies
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827195


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the significance of antinuclear antibody and antinuclear antibody spectrum in the stage and prognosis of lymphoma patients.@*METHODS@#79 cases of lymphoma (lymphoma group) treated in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University and 50 cases of healthy people (control group) were selected. Antinuclear antibodies (ANA) were detected by indirect innmunofluorescence and ANA spectrums were detected by linear Western blot, the expression level of ANA and ANA spectrum in the two groups were analyzed. The lymphoma group was divided into the positive and the negative group according to ANA level, the levels of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), white blood cell (WBC), disease type, stage and prognosis of the two groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#In the lymphoma group, the positive rate of ANA was 48.1%, while the positive rate was 8.0% in the health control group, both of them showed statistically significant (χ=22.42, P<0.05). ANA fluorescence karyotype in lymphoma group was mainly speckle type. In the Lymphoma group, the positive rate of ANA spectrum was 29.1%, while the positive rate in the control group was 4.0%, both of them showed statistically significant (χ=12.36, P<0.05). The target antigen distribution of ANA spectrum in the lymphoma group was relatively complex, mainly RO52 and SSA, while that in the control group was simple. The positive rate of ANA in lymphoma patients showed increased with age, the titer was mainly 1∶100 low titer positive, the positive rate of ANA in female patients was higher than that in male patients; The average count±standard deviation of LDH and WBC in the ANA positive and negative group were (253.67±255.85) U/L, (218.18±208.34) U/L, (6.34±3.31)×10/L and (6.81±3.91)×10/L respectively, which showed no statistical significance between the two groups (t=0.59 P>0.05; t=0.57 P>0.05); B-cell lymphoma was the main disease in both groups, which accounted for 81.6% (31/38) and 68.3% (28/41) respectively; while in B-cell lymphoma, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma was the main lymphoma. For the patients with B-cell lymphoma, the patients at stage IV in ANA positive group was 58.1% (18/31), while that in the ANA negative group was 28.6% (8 / 28), and both of them showed statistically significant (χ=5.19, P<0.05). Follow-up showed that the survival rate of the patients in ANA negative group was higher than that in ANA positive group, which showed statistically significant difference (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The postive rate of antinuclear antibody and antinuclear antibody spectrum are higher in lymphoma patients, which have considerable significance for the stage and prognosis of lymphoma treatment.

Antibodies, Antinuclear , Blotting, Western , Female , Humans , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Lymphoma , Male , Prognosis
Adv Rheumatol ; 60: 10, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088655


Abstract Background: Urinary parameters, anti-dsDNA antibodies and complement tests were explored in patients with childhood-Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (cSLE) early-onset lupus nephritis (ELN) from a large multicenter cohort study. Methods: Clinical and laboratory features of cSLE cases with kidney involvement at presentation, were reviewed. Disease activity parameters including SLEDAI-2 K scores and major organ involvement at onset and follow up, with accrued damage scored by SLICC-DI, during last follow up, were compared with those without kidney involvement. Autoantibodies, renal function and complement tests were determined by standard methods. Subjects were grouped by presence or absence of ELN. Results: Out of the 846 subjects enrolled, mean age 11.6 (SD 3.6) years; 427 (50.5%) had ELN. There was no significant difference in the ELN proportion, according to onset age, but ELN frequency was significantly higher in non-Caucasians (p = 0.03). Hematuria, pyuria, urine casts, 24-h proteinuria and arterial hypertension at baseline, all had significant association with ELN outcome (p < 0.001). With a similar follow up time, there were significantly higher SLICC-DI damage scores during last follow up visit (p = 0.004) and also higher death rates (p < 0.0001) in those with ELN. Low C3 (chi-square test, p = 0.01), but not C3 levels associated significantly with ELN. High anti-dsDNA antibody levels were associated with ELN (p < 0.0001), but anti-Sm, anti-RNP, anti-Ro, anti-La antibodies were not associated. Low C4, C4 levels, low CH50 and CH50 values had no significant association. High erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) was associated with the absence of ELN (p = 0.02). Conclusion: The frequency of ELN was 50%, resulting in higher morbidity and mortality compared to those without ELN. The urinary parameters, positive anti-dsDNA and low C3 are reliable for discriminating ELN.(AU)

Humans , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/physiopathology , Complement C3 , Complement C4 , Biomarkers , Antibodies, Antinuclear , Cohort Studies
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 78(5): 293-296, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042378


Abstract Objective: To study the association of dry eye with lupus disease activity and cumulative damage. To verify if epidemiological, treatment and autoantibody profile of SLE (systemic Lupus erythematosus) patients influence the presence of dry eye. Methods: We studied 70 SLE patients for the presence of dry eye by Schirmer test, disease activity by SLEDAI (SLE-Disease activity index) and cumulative damage by SLICC/ACR DI (Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics/American College of Rheumatology Damage Index). Patients were also submitted to the OSDI (Ocular Surface Disease Index) questionnaire. Epidemiological and treatment data and autoantibody profile were extracted from the charts. Results: Dry eye by Schirmer test was present in 51.4% of the sample. No association of the presence of dry eye with SLEDAI and SLICC DI were found (p = ns). Subjective symptoms of dry eye measured by OSDI showed a modest correlation with SLEDAI (Spearman rho = 0.32). Treatment profile did not influence in the presence of dry eye that was more common in older patients (p < 0.0001). Anti dsDNA had a negative association with the presence of positive Schirmer test (p = 0.0008). Conclusions: Dry eye detected by Schirmer test in SLE patients has no association with disease activity nor cumulative damage. Anti dsDNA seems to have a protective effect in this context.

Resumo Objetivos: Estudar a associação do olho seco com a atividade do lúpus eritematoso sistêmico (LES) e seus danos cumulativos. Verificar se o perfil epidemiológico, de tratamento e de auto anticorpos de pacientes com LES influencia a presença de olho seco. Métodos: Foram estudados 70 pacientes com LES para a presença de olho seco pelo teste de Schirmer, atividade da doença por SLEDAI (SLE Disease Activity Index) e dano cumulativo por SLICC/ACR DI (Clínicas Colaborativas Internacionais de Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/American College of Rheumatology Damage Index). Os pacientes também foram submetidos ao questionário OSDI (índice de doenças da superfície ocular). Os dados epidemiológicos e de tratamento e o perfil de auto anticorpos foram extraídos dos prontuários. Resultados: Olho seco pelo teste de Schirmer esteve presente em 51,4% da amostra. Nenhuma associação da presença de olho seco com SLEDAI e SLICC/ACR DI foi encontrada (p = ns). Os sintomas subjetivos do olho seco medidos por OSDI mostraram uma correlação modesta com SLEDAI (Rho de Spearman = 0,32) . O perfil do tratamento não influenciou na presença de olho seco que era mais comum em uns pacientes mais idosos (p < 0, 1). Anti dsDNA teve uma associação negativa com a presença de teste positivo de Schirmer (p = 0, 8). Conclusões: Olho seco detectado pelo teste de Schirmer em pacientes com LES não tem associação com atividade da doença nem dano cumulativo. Anti dsDNA parece ter um efeito protetor neste contexto.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Dry Eye Syndromes/diagnosis , Dry Eye Syndromes/etiology , Dry Eye Syndromes/immunology , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/complications , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/immunology , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/therapy , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/epidemiology , Quality of Life , Autoantibodies , Tears/metabolism , Severity of Illness Index , DNA/immunology , Antibodies, Antinuclear/immunology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 95(4): 419-427, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040348


Abstract Objective: This large study with a long-term follow-up aimed to evaluate the clinical presentation, laboratory findings, histological profile, treatments, and outcomes of children and adolescents with autoimmune hepatitis. Methods: The medical records of 828 children and adolescents with autoimmune hepatitis were reviewed. A questionnaire was used to collect anonymous data on clinical presentation, biochemical and histological findings, and treatments. Results: Of all patients, 89.6% had autoimmune hepatitis-1 and 10.4% had autoimmune hepatitis-2. The female sex was predominant in both groups. The median age at symptom onset was 111.5 (6; 210) and 53.5 (8; 165) months in the patients with autoimmune hepatitis 1 and autoimmune hepatitis-2, respectively. Acute clinical onset was observed in 56.1% and 58.8% and insidious symptoms in 43.9% and 41.2% of the patients with autoimmune hepatitis-1 and autoimmune hepatitis-2, respectively. The risk of hepatic failure was 1.6-fold higher for autoimmune hepatitis-2. Fulminant hepatic failure occurred in 3.6% and 10.6% of the patients with autoimmune hepatitis-1 and autoimmune hepatitis-2, respectively; the risk was 3.1-fold higher for autoimmune hepatitis-2. The gamma globulin and immunoglobulin G levels were significantly higher in autoimmune hepatitis-1, while the immunoglobulin A and C3 levels were lower in autoimmune hepatitis-2. Cirrhosis was observed in 22.4% of the patients; biochemical remission was achieved in 76.2%. The actuarial survival rate was 93.0%. A total of 4.6% underwent liver transplantation, and 6.9% died (autoimmune hepatitis-1: 7.5%; autoimmune hepatitis-2: 2.4%). Conclusions: In this large clinical series of Brazilian children and adolescents, autoimmune hepatitis-1 was more frequent, and patients with autoimmune hepatitis-2 exhibited higher disease remission rates with earlier response to treatment. Patients with autoimmune hepatitis-1 had a higher risk of death.

Resumo Objetivo: Este estudo com acompanhamento de longo prazo visou a avaliar o quadro clínico, os achados laboratoriais, o perfil histológico, os tratamentos e os resultados de crianças e adolescentes com hepatite autoimune. Métodos: Foram analisados os prontuários médicos de 828 crianças e adolescentes com HAI. Foi usado um questionário para coletar os dados anônimos sobre o quadro clínico, os achados bioquímicos e histológicos e os tratamentos. Resultados: De todos os pacientes, 89,6% tinham hepatite autoimune-1 e 10,4% hepatite autoimune-2. O sexo feminino foi predominante nos dois grupos. A idade média no início dos sintomas foi 111,5 (6; 210) e 53,5 (8; 165) meses nos pacientes com hepatite autoimune-1 e hepatite autoimune-2, respectivamente. Foi observado início clínico agudo em 56,1% e 58,8% e sintomas insidiosos em 43,9% e 41,2% dos pacientes com hepatite autoimune-1 e hepatite autoimune-2, respectivamente. A probabilidade de insuficiência hepática foi 1,6 vezes maior para hepatite autoimune-2; 3,6% e 10,6% dos pacientes com hepatite autoimune-1 e hepatite autoimune-2, respectivamente, apresentaram insuficiência hepática fulminante; o risco foi 3,1 vezes maior para hepatite autoimune-2. Os níveis de gamaglobulina e imunoglobulina G foram significativamente maiores nos pacientes com hepatite autoimune-1, ao passo que os níveis de imunoglobulina A e C3 foram menores em pacientes com hepatite autoimune-2; 22,4% dos pacientes apresentaram cirrose e a remissão bioquímica foi atingida em 76,2%. A taxa de sobrevida atuarial foi de 93,0%. Um total de 4,6% pacientes foram submetidos a transplante de fígado e 6,9% morreram (hepatite autoimune-1: 7,5%; hepatite autoimune-2: 2,4%). Conclusões: Nesta grande série clínica de crianças e adolescentes brasileiros, a hepatite autoimune-1 foi mais frequente e os pacientes com hepatite autoimune-2 mostraram maiores taxas de remissão da doença com respostas mais rápidas aos tratamentos. Os pacientes com hepatite autoimune-1 apresentaram maior risco de óbito.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Azathioprine/therapeutic use , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Hepatitis, Autoimmune/pathology , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Autoantibodies/analysis , Biopsy, Needle , Brazil , Immunoglobulins/analysis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Survival Analysis , Antibodies, Antinuclear/blood , Retrospective Studies , Immunosuppression , Treatment Outcome , Hepatitis, Autoimmune/immunology , Hepatitis, Autoimmune/drug therapy , Liver/pathology
Rev. méd. hered ; 30(1): 33-39, ene.-mar. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LIPECS, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1014343


Objetivos: Determinar la frecuencia de patrones de tinción de anticuerpos antinucleares identificados por inmunofluorescencia indirecta en pacientes con enfermedad del tejido conectivo en un hospital de nivel III de Lima, Perú. Material y métodos: Estudio de tipo cuantitativo, observacional y transversal, realizado en el Servicio de Inmunología del Hospital Nacional Arzobispo Loayza entre enero 2017 y junio 2017. Se revisaron 291 historias clínicas de pacientes con enfermedad del tejido conectivo y con detección de los patrones de tinción de anticuerpos antinucleares en suero, usando la técnica de Inmunofluorescencia Indirecta. Resultados: La frecuencia de estudios de anticuerpos antinucleares fue 322 (100 %), los patrones de anticuerpos antinucleares fueron PCNA6 (1,86%), patrón homogéneo 109(33,85%), patrón centromérico 34(10,56%), patrón moteado 135(41,93%), patrón citoplasmático 25(7,76%), patrón nucleolar 9(2,80%), patrón NUMA 1- Huso Acromático 3(0,93%) y patrón lisosoma 1(0,31%). La positividad de anticuerpos antinucleares se determinó mayormente en pacientes con lupus eritematoso sistémico 85(29.21%), esclerosis sistémica progresiva limitada (CREST) 34(11,68%), síndrome de Sjögren 77(26,46%), esclerodermia 15(5,15%), enfermedades mixtas del tejido conectivo72 (24,74%) y polimiositis 8 (2,75%). Conclusiones: Se encontró elevada frecuencia del patrón homogéneo y del patrón moteado en pacientes con enfermedad del tejido conectivo. El patrón homogéneo se asoció fuertemente al lupus eritematoso sistémico y el patrón moteado se asoció al síndrome de Sjögren. Por lo tanto, el método ANA-IFI puede reducir el gasto de un trabajo inmunológico detallado con una pérdida mínima en la exactitud diagnóstica de la enfermedad. (AU)

Objectives: To determine the antinuclear antibody staining patterns identified by indirect immunofluorescence in patients with connective tissue disease in hospital level III in Lima, Peru. Methods: Cross-sectional study performed at the Servicio de Inmunología of the Hospital Nacional Arzobispo Loayza between January and June 2017. We reviewed 291 clinical charts of patients with connective tissue disease who had determination of antinuclear antibodies by indirect immunofluorescence. Results: 322 determinations were analyzed; patterns detected were PCNA 6 (1.86%); homogeneous pattern 109(33.85%), centromeric pattern 34(10.56%), speckled pattern 135(41.93%), cytoplasmic pattern 25(7.76%), nucleolar pattern 9(2.80%), NUMA 1- Huso achromatic pattern 3(0.93%) and lysosomal pattern 1(0.31%). The spectrum of diseases in which antinuclear antibodies were looked for were systemic lupus 85(29.21%), limited progressive systemic sclerosis CREST) 34(11.68%), Sjögren´s syndrome 77(26.46%), scleroderma 15(5.15%), mixed connective tissue disorders 72 (24.74%) and polymyositis 8 (2.75%). Conclusions: A high frequency of homogeneous and speckled patterns were observed, the former associated with systemic lupus and the latter with Sjögren´s syndrome. Detection of antinuclear antibodies by indirect immunofluorescence is an accurate diagnostic method. (AU)

Humans , Antibodies, Antinuclear , Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect , Undifferentiated Connective Tissue Diseases , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Studies as Topic
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 525-533, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774810


BACKGROUND@#Serum antinuclear antibodies (ANAs) are positive in some patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), but the prognostic value of ANAs remains unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of ANAs as a prognostic factor in CLL.@*METHODS@#This study retrospectively analyzed clinical data from 216 newly diagnosed CLL subjects with ANAs test from 2007 to 2017. Multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to screen the independent prognostic factors related to time to first treatment (TTFT), progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Receiver operator characteristic curves and area under the curve (AUC) were utilized to assess the predictive accuracy of ANAs together with other independent factors for OS.@*RESULTS@#The incidence of ANAs abnormality at diagnosis was 13.9%. ANAs positivity and TP53 disruption were independent prognostic indicators for OS. The AUC of positive ANAs together with TP53 disruption was 0.766 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.697-0.826), which was significantly larger than that of either TP53 disruption (AUC: 0.706, 95% CI: 0.634-0.772, P = 0.034) or positive ANAs (AUC: 0.595, 95% CI: 0.520-0.668, P < 0.001) in OS prediction. Besides, serum positive ANAs as one additional parameter to CLL-international prognostic index (IPI) obtained superior AUCs in predicting CLL OS than CLL-IPI alone.@*CONCLUSION@#This study identified ANAs as an independent prognostic factor for CLL, and further investigations are needed to validate this finding.

ADP-ribosyl Cyclase 1 , Blood , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antibodies, Antinuclear , Blood , Autoimmunity , Physiology , Female , Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell , Blood , Mortality , Male , Middle Aged , Multivariate Analysis , Mutation , Genetics , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies , Survival Analysis , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , Blood , Young Adult , ZAP-70 Protein-Tyrosine Kinase , Blood
Adv Rheumatol ; 59: 28, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088624


Abstract Background: The V Brazilian Consensus for determination of autoantibodies against cellular constituents on HEp-2 cells, held in Brasilia (DF, Brazil) on August 27, 2016, discussed the harmonization between the Brazilian Consensus on ANA (BCA) guidelines and the International Consensus on ANA Patterns (ICAP) recommendations ( Initial guidelines were formulated by the group of Brazilian experts with the purpose of guiding and enabling Brazilian clinical laboratories to adopt recommendations and to provide a common standard for national and international consensuses. Mainbody: Twenty Brazilian researchers and experts from universities and clinical laboratories representing the various geographical regions of the country participated in the meeting. Three main topics were discussed, namely the harmonization between the BCA guidelines and latest recommendations of the ICAP initiative, the adjustment of the terminology and report on HEp-2 patterns, and a reassessment of quality assurance parameters. For the three topics, our aim was to establish specific guidelines. All recommendations were based on consensus among participants. There was concrete progress in the adjustment of the BCA guidelines to match the ICAP guidelines. To a certain extent, this derives from the fact that ICAP recommendations were largely based on the algorithm and recommendations of the IV Brazilian ANA Consensus, as consistently recognized in the ICAP publications and presentations. However, although there is great overlap between the two Consensuses, there are some point divergences. These specific items were individually and extensively discussed, and it was acknowledged that in several points ICAP improved recommendations previously issued by the Brazilian ANA Consensus and these changes were readily implemented. Regarding some specific topics, the BCA panel of experts felt that the previously issued recommendations remained relevant and possibly will require further discussion with ICAP. The term anti-cell antibodies was adopted as the recommended designation, recognizing that the assay addresses antibodies against antigens in the nucleus and in other cell compartments. However, the acronym ANA HEp-2 was maintained due to historical and regulatory reasons. It was also signalized that the latest trend in ICAP is to adopt the term Indirect Immunofluorescent Assay on HEp-2 cell substrate (HEp-2 IIFA). In addition, the quality assurance strategies previously presented were ratified and emphasized. Conclusion: The V BCA edition was successful in establishing an overall harmonization with the ICAP recommendations for interpretation of the HEp-2 IIFA test, pinpointing the perspectives in filling the remaining gaps between both initiatives.

Autoantibodies/analysis , Hep G2 Cells , Antibodies, Antinuclear , Guidelines as Topic/standards , Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect/instrumentation
Clinics ; 74: e631, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011897


OBJECTIVE: Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSjS) is a chronic autoimmune disease that causes dry eye and mouth. No laboratory parameters to monitor the activation of this disease have been identified. Therefore, any possible relationships between salivary and blood myxovirus resistance 1 (MX1) and pSjS must be prospectively studied. METHODS: Thirty female patients with pSjS, 30 women with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) without secondary Sjögren's syndrome (SjS) and 28 healthy control women were enrolled in this investigation. Analyses of MX1 by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method, SS-A (Ro) and SS-B (La) tests by the strip immunoblot method, anti-nuclear antibody (ANA) tests by immunofluorescence and the measurement of serum rheumatoid factor (RF), C3, C4, immunoglobulin A (IgA), immunoglobulin M (IgM), and immunoglobulin G (IgG) were performed. RESULTS: The serum level of MX1 in patients without Raynaud phenomenon was higher than in those with Raynaud phenomenon (p:0.029, p<0.05, statistically significant). There was a statistically significant positive association between hemoglobin levels and MX1 serum levels. No statistically significant association was found among the other parameters. Low MX1 levels were shown to be associated with both a low disease activity score based on the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) Sjögren's Syndrome Disease Activity Index (ESSDAI) and hydroxychloroquine use in all patients. CONCLUSION: MX1 levels have a considerable impact on the assessment of the disease activity in SjS. We believe that more-comprehensive studies should be performed on patients with pSjS who do not use hydroxychloroquine to prove this relationship and that MX1 levels should be used as a routine marker for the assessment of pSjS disease activity. Further studies are needed to create awareness of the role that MX1 has in the diagnosis of pSjS, which may help to uncover novel pathways for new therapeutic modalities.

Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Saliva/chemistry , Immunoglobulin Isotypes/blood , Sjogren's Syndrome/metabolism , Myxovirus Resistance Proteins/immunology , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulin M/blood , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Biomarkers/analysis , Sjogren's Syndrome/diagnosis , Sjogren's Syndrome/immunology , Antibodies, Antinuclear/blood
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766185


Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) are a heterogeneous group of autoimmune muscle diseases with systemic involvement. Patients with IIM present with varying degrees of muscle disease, cutaneous manifestations, and internal organ involvement. The diagnosis and classification of IIM is based primarily on the classification system composed of clinical features, laboratory value and muscle biopsy. In addition, the identification and characterization of myositis-related autoantibodies can help diagnosis and classification. Recently, many studies have also demonstrated that the physician can define the clinical syndromes, establish treatment strategy and predict outcomes based on the patients' myositis-specific autoantibodies (MSA) and myositis-associated antibodies (MAA) profiles. MSAs are found exclusively in IIMs and facilitate the identification of subsets of patients with relatively homogeneous clinical features. MAAs are frequently found in association with other MSA; however, they may also be detected in various connective diseases.

Antibodies , Antibodies, Antinuclear , Autoantibodies , Biopsy , Classification , Dermatomyositis , Diagnosis , Humans , Myositis , Polymyositis
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 431-437, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759958


Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) is a reversible vasospasm that is aggravated by cold or emotional stress. Before confirming RP, it is essential to consider other possible causes including compressive neuropathy, sensori-neuropathy, thyroid disease, hematologic conditions and offending drugs. RP is typically characterized by the three-step color change that turns pallor (white), cyanosis (blue), and then erythema (red) of reperfusion. Once RP is diagnosed, it is important to determine whether it is primary or secondary RP. To distinguish primary from the secondary RP, the specialized tests performing in clinical practice are antinuclear antibody (ANA) and nailfold capillary microscopy (NFC). The combination of ANA and NFC is most helpful for discriminating secondary RP due to autoimmune rheumatic disease. Thereby, normal findings of NFC in primary RP distinguished from secondary RP should be understood. Patients with primary RP usually improves with symptomatic treatment focused on lifestyle modification and patient education, but those with secondary RP should be treated together with associated disease or causes.

Antibodies, Antinuclear , Capillaries , Cyanosis , Erythema , Humans , Life Style , Microscopic Angioscopy , Microscopy , Pallor , Patient Education as Topic , Reperfusion , Rheumatic Diseases , Stress, Psychological , Thyroid Diseases
Clin. biomed. res ; 39(1): 89-96, 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1026207


A Doença Mista do Tecido Conjuntivo (DMTC) é uma doença autoimune crônica composta por um misto de quatro doenças: Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico, Esclerose Sistêmica, Dermatomiosite/Polimiosite e Artrite Reumatoide. Por se tratar de uma combinação de doenças autoimunes o diagnóstico é bastante complexo. Atualmente existem quatro combinações sugeridas por diferentes autores para a realização de um diagnóstico preciso, são eles: Kasukawa, Alarcón-Segovia e Villareal, Kahn e Appeboom e Sharp. Desde a sua descoberta em 1972 por Sharp, passaram-se 46 anos e desta forma o objetivo desta revisão foi verificar a evolução do diagnóstico da DMTC desde a sua descoberta até a atualidade. Para isso utilizou-se sites de busca PUBMED e SCIELO. Por se tratar de uma doença autoimune que leva ao desenvolvimento de um quadro inflamatório crônico utilizou-se a ferramenta STRING que permite a análise da interação de proteínas. Até a presente data, não existe um consenso de qual critério deve ser usado para o diagnóstico correto e eficiente desta doença. A baixa relação de interações observadas a partir da ferramenta STRING demonstra que ainda não existem dados suficientes na literatura para que a ligação entre proteínas marcadoras e a DTMC possa ser estabelecida. (AU)

Mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) is a chronic autoimmune disorder consisting of a mixture of four diseases: systemic lupus erythematosus, systemic sclerosis, dermatomyositis/polymyositis, and rheumatoid arthritis. Because it is a combination of different autoimmune disorders its diagnosis is quite complex. Currently there are four combinations suggested by the following authors to establish an accurate diagnosis: Kasukawa, Alarcón-Segovia & Villareal, Kahn, and Appeboom & Sharp. It has been 46 years since Sharp reported the disease in 1972 and thus the purpose of this review was to investigate the evolution of the diagnosis of MCTD since then. PubMed and SciELO databases were used for this investigation. Because MCTD is an autoimmune disease that leads to the development of a chronic inflammatory condition, the STRING tool was used to allow the analysis of protein interaction. To date, there is no consensus as to what criterion should be used for a correct and efficient diagnosis of this disease. The low ratio of interactions observed from the STRING tool demonstrates that there is not yet enough data in the literature for establishing the binding between marker proteins and MCTD. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Mixed Connective Tissue Disease/diagnosis , Mixed Connective Tissue Disease/genetics , Antibodies, Antinuclear/genetics , Antibodies, Antinuclear/blood , Computational Biology/methods
Rev. argent. reumatol ; 29(4): 40-43, dic. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1008382


La presencia de anticuerpos antinucleares (ANA) es el denominador común de muchas enfermedades autoinmunes sistémicas. Su presencia puede ser indicativa de una enfermedad reumática; sin embargo, estos autoanticuerpos también pueden estar presentes en individuos sanos o con infecciones. El objetivo del presente trabajo es presentar un paciente con dolor musculoesquelético y ANA positivos. En ausencia de una sintomatología que haga sospechar una enfermedad reumática, la positividad de los ANA no tiene significado diagnóstico

The antinuclear antibodies are present in many systemic autoimmune diseases. Their presence may be indicative of a rheumatic disease; however, these autoantibodies may also be present in healthy children or infections. We present a patient with musculoskeletal pain and ANA positivity. When definite signs and symptoms have not been developed, the ANA positivity has no diagnostic significance

Pediatrics , Antibodies, Antinuclear
Rev. cuba. med ; 57(4): e403, oct.-dic. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093588


Introducción: La prueba de anticuerpos antinucleares es una poderosa herramienta en el diagnóstico de las enfermedades reumáticas. Los anticuerpos antinucleares se determinan en el laboratorio por un algoritmo o secuencia que se inicia con prueba de cribado y sigue con la identificación de las especificidades antinucleares más comunes. Pero, ¿cómo interpretar los resultados discordantes entre los dos niveles de estudio de anticuerpos antinucleares? Objetivo: Determinar las especificidades antinucleares menos frecuentes en pacientes positivos de cribado de ANA y negativos de las especificidades más comunes. Métodos: Estudio prospectivo de 88 pacientes consecutivos remitidos para la detección rutinaria de ANA con resultado positivo de cribado por ensayo inmuno-adsorbente ligado a enzima (ELISA) pero negativo de anticuerpos anti-ADN de doble cadena (dc, IgG) y anti-antígenos nucleares extraíbles comunes (ENAc). Las muestras séricas correspondientes fueron evaluadas por inmunofluorescencia indirecta sobre células de carcinoma epidermoide laríngeo humano (IFI-HEp-2) y por ELISA para la detección individual de ANA específicos. Resultados: La prueba de ANA por IFI/HEp-2 resultó positiva en 56/88 (63,6 por ciento) y las especificidades antinucleares se detectaron en 57/88 (64,8 por ciento) muestras, en el orden decreciente de Anti-Nucs: 16/88 (18,2 por ciento); anti-centrómero (CENP-B): 15/88 (17,0 por ciento); -histona: 15/88 (17 por ciento); -PM/Scl: 13/88 (14,8 por ciento); -ADNsc: 11/88 (12,5 por ciento) y -ENAc individuales: 8/88 (9,1 por ciento). La sensibilidad de la IFI-HEp-2 para las especificidades antinucleares fue de 0,83 (IC95 por ciento: 0,72-0,93). De los pacientes negativos de subserología (26/31), 83,9 por ciento no tenían antecedentes de enfermedad reumática asociada a ANA. Conclusiones: La mayoría de los pacientes con resultados discordantes entre el primer y segundo nivel de ANA fueron positivos de especificidades antinucleares menos comunes, pero de reconocido valor diagnóstico(AU)

Introduction: The antinuclear antibody test is a powerful tool for diagnosing rheumatic diseases. Antinuclear antibodies are determined in the laboratory by an algorithm or sequence that starts with a screening test and continues with the identification of the most common antinuclear specificities. But how to interpret the discordant results between the two levels of study of antinuclear antibodies? Objective: To determine the less frequent antinuclear specificities in positive patients of ANA screening and negative of the most common specificities. Methods: A prospective study was done on 88 consecutive patients referred for the routine ANA screening with a positive result of screening by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) but negative for anti-double-stranded DNA (dc, IgG) and common extractable anti-nuclear antigens (ENAc). The corresponding serum samples were evaluated by indirect immunofluorescence on human laryngeal epidermoid carcinoma cells (IFI-HEp-2) and by ELISA for the individual detection of specific ANA. Results: The ANA test by IFI / HEp-2 was positive in 56/88 (63.6 percent) and the antinuclear specificities were detected in 57/88 (64.8 percent) samples, in decreasing Anti-Nucs order: 16/88 (18.2 percent); anti-centromere (CENP-B): 15/88 (17.0 percent); -histona: 15/88 (17 percent); -PM / Scl: 13/88 (14.8 percent); -ADNsc: 11/88 (12.5 percent) and -ENAc individual: 8/88 (9.1 percent). The sensitivity of IFI-HEp-2 for antinuclear specificities was 0.83 (95 percent CI: 0.72-0.93). No history of rheumatic disease associated with ANA was read in (26/31) 83.9 percent patients with negative subserology. Conclusions: The majority of patients with discordant results between the first and second level of ANA were positive of less common antinuclear specificities, but of recognized diagnostic value(AU)

Humans , Algorithms , Mass Screening , Antibodies, Antinuclear , Rheumatic Diseases/diagnosis , Prospective Studies
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 78(5): 329-335, oct. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-976121


Cut-off values for anti-dsDNA, anti-nucleosome and anti-C1q antibodies tests and for complement-mediated hemolytic activity (CH50) were explored to identify patients with high risk of developing severe lupus nephritis (LN). Forty-one patients with confirmed systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) were identified; their levels for the three antibodies and complement had been measured on a same serum sample. These patients were classified based on the presence of renal involvem ent; sixteen had active proliferative LN. With the cut-off values accepted in the laboratory for SLE diagnosis (anti-dsDNA > 100 UI/ml, anti-nucleosome > 50 U/ ml or CH50 < 190 UCH50%) no significant differences were found between patients with and without LN. Anti-C1q > 40 U/ml showed a statistically significant association with LN and had 80% of specificity. Cut-off values for LN identified by Receiver Operating Characteristic curves (ROC) were higher for anti-dsDNA (> 455 IU/ml) and anti-nucleosome (>107 U/ml), lower for CH50 (< 150 UCH50%) and, for anti-C1q (> 41 U/ml) coincided with the cut-off values accepted for SLE. Anti-C1q > 134 U/ml had a 92% of specificity, 56% of sensibility and was associated with a fifteen-fold increased risk of LN. The simultaneous presence of anti-nucleosome > 107 U/ml and anti-C1q > 134 U/ml was associated with a 27-fold higher probability for LN. According to these results, the cut-off values used to detect SLE activity could be inadequate to identify patients at high risk of severe LN.

Se exploraron valores de corte para los ensayos de anti-ADNdc, anti-nucleosoma, anti-C1q y complemento hemolítico total (CH50) capaces de identificar los casos con mayor riesgo de nefritis lúpica (NL) grave. Se seleccionaron 41 pacientes ≥ 16 años con lupus eritematoso sistémico (LES) confirmado que tenían titulados los niveles de los tres anticuerpos y CH50, en una misma muestra de suero. Fueron clasificados según presencia de compromiso renal; 16 presentaron formas proliferativas de NL activa. Con los valores de corte aceptados por el laboratorio para el diagnóstico de LES (anti-ADNdc > 100 UI/ml, anti-nucleosoma > 50 U/ml o un CH50 < 190 UCH50%) no se encontraron diferencias significativas entre casos con y sin NL. Un anti-C1q > 40 U/ml tuvo una especificidad del 80% y mostró una asociación estadísticamente significativa con NL. Al aplicar curvas Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) para NL, se identificaron valores de corte más altos para anti-ADNdc (> 455 IU/ml) y anti-nucleosoma (> 107 U/ml), más bajo para CH50 (< 150 UCH50%) y para el anti-C1q (> 41 U/ml) coincidió con el aceptado para diagnóstico de LES. Un anti-C1q > 134 U/ml presentó una sensibilidad del 56%, una especificidad del 92% y se asoció con quince veces más riesgo de NL. La presencia simultánea de anti-C1q > 134 U/ml y anti-nucleosoma > 107 U/ml se asoció 27 veces más riesgo de NL. De acuerdo a estos resultados los valores de corte empleados para actividad en pacientes con LES podrían resultar inadecuados para identificar pacientes con mayor riesgo de NL grave.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Immunologic Tests/standards , Lupus Nephritis/blood , Reference Standards , Severity of Illness Index , Immunologic Tests/methods , Lupus Nephritis/diagnosis , Nucleosomes/immunology , Biomarkers/blood , Complement C1q/immunology , Complement Hemolytic Activity Assay/methods , Complement Hemolytic Activity Assay/standards , Antibodies, Antinuclear/blood , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sensitivity and Specificity , Risk Assessment/methods , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/immunology , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/blood
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 25(3): 169-176, jul.-set. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-990946


Resumen Introducción: Entre un 15 y un 20% de los pacientes con fenómeno de Raynaud progresarán a una enfermedad autoinmune sistémica. La presencia de autoanticuerpos o alteraciones capilaroscópicas es fundamental para el diagnóstico temprano. Objetivos: Determinar las características de la videocapilaroscopia del lecho ungular y de los anticuerpos antinucleares en una cohorte de pacientes con enfermedad autoinmune sistémica. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio transversal en sujetos con fenómeno de Raynaud. Estos fueron evaluados con videocapilaroscopia y anticuerpos antinucleares. Las variables cualitativas se describieron con frecuencias absolutas y relativas; las variables cuantitativas, según la distribución de los datos, se reportaron como media o mediana, con desviación estándar y rango intercuartílico, respectivamente. Resultados: Se incluyeron 58 individuos; el 91,4% eran mujeres. La edad promedio fue 40,9 ± 14,1 arios. En 41 sujetos, los anticuerpos antinucleares fueron positivos; el patrón más común fue el moteado (41,5%), con una mediana de dilución de 1:640 (rango inter-cuartílico 1:320-1:1.280). Se encontró enfermedad autoinmune sistémica en 10 individuos (19,2%), 8 de ellos con esclerosis sistémica. Las alteraciones capilares más frecuentes fueron: megacapilares (n = 10), microhemorragias (n = 10) y zonas avasculares (n = 8). Conclusiones: En este grupo de pacientes con fenómeno de Raynaud sometidos a video-capilaroscopia, el diagnóstico de enfermedad autoinmune sistémica fue realizado en un porcentaje similar a lo reportado en la literatura. Se encontró una mayor dilución de anticuerpos antinucleares que la descrita.

Abstract Introduction: Between 15 and 20% of patients with Raynaud's phenomenon will progress to a systemic autoimmune disease. The presence of autoantibodies or capillaroscopy alterations are fundamental for early diagnosis. Objectives: To determine the characteristics of nailfold videocapillaroscopy and antinuclear antibodies in a cohort of patients with systemic autoimmune disease. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in subjects with Raynaud s phenomenon. These were evaluated with videocapillaroscopy and antinuclear antibodies. The qualitative variables were described with absolute and relative frequencies. The quantitative variables, according to the distribution of data, were reported as mean or median, with standard deviation and interquartile range, respectively. Results: The study included 58 individuals, of which 91.4% were women. The mean age was 40.9 ± 14.1 years. Antinuclear antibodies were positive in 41 subjects. The most common pattern was speckled (41.5%), with a median dilution of 1:640 (interquartile range 1:3201:1,280). A systemic autoimmune disease was found in 10 (19.2%) patients, 8 of them with systemic sclerosis. The most frequent capillary alterations were: mega-capillaries (n = 10), micro-haemorrhages (n = 10), and avascular zones (n = 8). Conclusions: In this group of patients with Raynaud's phenomenon subjected to videocapillaroscopy, a diagnosis of systemic autoimmune disease was made in a similar percentage to that reported in the literature. A higher dilution of antinuclear antibodies was found than that described.

Humans , Raynaud Disease , Autoimmune Diseases , Early Diagnosis , Antibodies, Antinuclear , Microscopic Angioscopy
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(2): e4547, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889021


Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic, autoimmune disorder that affects nearly all organs and tissues. As knowledge about the mechanism of SLE has increased, some immunosuppressive agents have become routinely used in clinical care, and infections have become one of the direct causes of mortality in SLE patients. To identify the risk factors indicative of infection in SLE patients, a case control study of our hospital's medical records between 2011 and 2013 was performed. We reviewed the records of 117 SLE patients with infection and 61 SLE patients without infection. Changes in the levels of T cell subsets, immunoglobulin G (IgG), complement C3, complement C4, globulin, and anti-double-stranded DNA (anti-ds-DNA) were detected. CD4+ and CD4+/CD8+ T cell levels were significantly lower and CD8+ T cell levels were significantly greater in SLE patients with infection than in SLE patients without infection. Additionally, the concentrations of IgG in SLE patients with infection were significantly lower than those in SLE patients without infection. However, complement C3, complement C4, globulin, and anti-ds-DNA levels were not significantly different in SLE patients with and without infection. Therefore, clinical testing for T cell subsets and IgG is potentially useful for identifying the presence of infection in SLE patients and for distinguishing a lupus flare from an acute infection.

Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Infections/pathology , Infections/blood , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/blood , Complement C3/analysis , Complement C4/analysis , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Antibodies, Antinuclear/blood , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Risk Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric , Flow Cytometry , Infections/immunology