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1.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(6): 1260-1265, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056329

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Testicle tumors are a rare entity among men population, accounting for only 1-1.5% of all cancers among men. The stromal tumors of the sexual cord correspond just 4% of all testicular cancers. Only 10% of them are malignant. The major representative of the sex cord-stromal tumors is the Leydig cell tumor, corresponding to 75 to 80% of the total. It has bimodal age incidence, involving children and adults between 30 and 60 years. We report the caso of a 91-year-old man with malignant Leydig cell tumor, presenting increase of the volume of scrotum, local pain and hyperemia. The are few cases in the literature, only 1 with pacient above 85 years old.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Testicular Neoplasms/pathology , Leydig Cell Tumor/pathology , Scrotum/pathology , Testicular Neoplasms/immunology , Rare Diseases , Leydig Cell Tumor/immunology , Antibodies, Neoplasm
3.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 191-201, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757346

ABSTRACT

Metastasis is the leading cause of death in breast cancer patients. However, the mechanisms underlying metastasis are not well understood and there is no effective treatment in the clinic. Here, we demonstrate that in MMTV-PyMT, a highly malignant spontaneous breast tumor model, IL-25 (also called IL-17E) was expressed by tumor-infiltrating CD4 T cells and macrophages. An IL-25 neutralization antibody, while not affecting primary tumor growth, substantially reduced lung metastasis. Inhibition of IL-25 resulted in decreased type 2 T cells and macrophages in the primary tumor microenvironments, both reported to enhance breast tumor invasion and subsequent metastasis to the lung. Taken together, our data suggest IL-25 blockade as a novel treatment for metastatic breast tumor.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Neoplasm , Pharmacology , Antibodies, Neutralizing , Pharmacology , Breast Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Allergy and Immunology , Pathology , Female , Humans , Interleukin-17 , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Interleukins , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Macrophages , Allergy and Immunology , Pathology , Mammary Neoplasms, Animal , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Mice , Neoplasm Metastasis , Tumor Microenvironment , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology
4.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 49(7): e5263, 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-785060

ABSTRACT

B7 homolog 1 (B7-H1) is the most potent immunoinhibitory molecule in the B7 family. In this study, we examined the effects of tumor-associated B7-H1 on T-cell proliferation in lung cancer. The expression of B7-H1 in human adenocarcinoma A549 and mouse Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC) cells were examined by flow cytometry. To assess the in vitro effect of tumor-associated B7-H1 on T-cell proliferation, we isolated T cells from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of healthy individuals, labeled them with carboxyfluorescein succinimidyl ester, and co-cultured them with A549 cells in the absence or presence of anti-B7-H1 antibody. For in vivo analysis, LLC cells were subcutaneously injected into mice treated or not with anti-B7-H1 antibody. T-cell proliferation in both in vitro and in vivo assays was analyzed by flow cytometry. In vitro, co-culturing T cells with A549 cells significantly inhibited the proliferation of the former compared with the proliferation of T cells alone (P<0.01), and the addition of B7-H1 blocking antibody dramatically reversed the inhibition of T-cell proliferation by A549 cells. Similarly, in mice bearing LLC-derived xenograft tumors, in vivo administration of anti-B7-H1 antibody significantly increased the total number of spleen and tumor T cells compared to levels in control mice that did not receive anti-B7-H1 antibody. Functionally, in vivo administration of anti-B7-H1 antibody markedly reduced tumor growth. Tumor-associated B7-H1 may facilitate immune evasion by inhibiting T-cell proliferation. Targeting of this mechanism offers a promising therapy for cancer immunotherapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , B7-H1 Antigen/analysis , Cell Proliferation , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , T-Lymphocytes/pathology , A549 Cells , Antibodies, Neoplasm/therapeutic use , B7-H1 Antigen/antagonists & inhibitors , Cells, Cultured , Flow Cytometry , Immunotherapy/methods , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Neoplasms, Experimental , Splenic Neoplasms/pathology , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239240

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify cancer-derived immunoglobulin G (IgG) whole molecule-interacting proteins to provide important clues for studying IgG biological functions.</p><p><b>METHOS</b>HeLa cell lysate was immunoprecipitated with rabbit antihuman IgG whole molecule antibody and normal rabbit IgG. The immunocomplex underwent sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and was detected with silver staining. Three prominently enhanced bands were subjected to protein identification with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), and the MS data were analyzed with Swiss-Prot database. Cancer-derived IgG whole molecule-interacting proteins were screened and functionally annotated.</p><p><b>RESULTS AND CONCLUSION</b>We identified 6 potential cancer-derived IgG whole molecule-interacting proteins with co-immunoprecipitation combined with LC-MS/MS, which provides valuable clues for studying the function of cancer-derived IgG.</p>


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Neoplasm , Allergy and Immunology , Chromatography, Liquid , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , HeLa Cells , Humans , Immunoglobulin G , Allergy and Immunology , Neoplasms , Allergy and Immunology , Proteins , Allergy and Immunology , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-36847

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Although several ginsenosides have been reported to have anti-arthritic activity, few in vivo studies of the anti-arthritic effects of compound K (CK), a major metabolite of ginsenosides, have been conducted. Therefore, we investigated the preventative and therapeutic effects of CK on collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). METHODS: CK was administered to CIA mice preventively and therapeutically and post-treatment bone microarchitectural characteristics, histopathological changes, and serum levels of anti-collagen antibodies, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and interleukin (IL)-17 were investigated. We also examined cytokine production by type II collagen (CII)-stimulated splenocytes and mRNA expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1, receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB ligand (RANKL), and osteoprotegerin (OPG) in the joint tissues. RESULTS: CK reduced the severity of CIA preventively and therapeutically (all p<0.05). Additionally, CK dose-dependently decreased histopathological signs of arthritis and improved microarchitectural characteristics (all p<0.05) at 10 to 20 mg/kg/d in CIA mice. CK treatment significantly decreased the serum levels of anti-CII immunoglobulin G (p<0.01) and the secretion of interferon-gamma and IL-2 from stimulated splenocytes (all p<0.05). Furthermore, MMP-3/TIMP-1 and RANKL/OPG ratios were suppressed in CK treated mice (all p<0.01). CONCLUSION: CK attenuated CIA via suppression of the humoral immune response and modulation of joint-destructive mediators. These results suggest that CK has therapeutic potential in rheumatoid arthritis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Neoplasm , Arthritis , Arthritis, Experimental , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Collagen Type II , Ginsenosides , Immunity, Humoral , Immunoglobulin G , Interferon-gamma , Interleukin-2 , Interleukins , Joints , Matrix Metalloproteinases , Mice , Necrosis , Osteoprotegerin , Panax , RANK Ligand , RNA, Messenger
7.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 48(spe): 145-151, 08/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: lil-731287

ABSTRACT




This study aimed to identify programmatic vulnerability to STDs/HIV/AIDS in primary health centers (PHCs). This is a descrip - tive and quantitative study carried out in the city of São Paulo. An online survey was applied (FormSUS platform), involving administrators from 442 PHCs in the city, with responses received from 328 of them (74.2%), of which 53.6% were nurses. At - tention was raised in relation to program - matic vulnerability in the PHCs regarding certain items of infrastructure, prevention, treatment, prenatal care and integration among services on STDs/HIV/AIDS care. It was concluded that in order to reach comprehensiveness of actions for HIV/ AIDS in primary health care, it is necessary to consider programmatic vulnerability, in addition to more investment and reor - ganization of services in a dialogue with the stakeholders (users, multidisciplinary teams, and managers, among others).


.


Objetivo Fue identificar la vulnerabilidad programática de las Unidades Básicas de Salud con la atención a las ETS/VIH/SIDA. Método Es un estudio descriptivo con un abordaje cuantitativo llevado a cabo en el Municipio de San Pablo. Fue utilizado un formulario online (el FormSUS) con los gerentes de las 442 Unidades Básicas de Salud del Municipio de San Pablo. Participaran en el estudio 74.2% de los gerentes, estos 53.6% eran enfermeros. Resultados Se destaca la vulnerabilidad programática de las Unidades Básicas de Salud en relación a algunos elementos de la infraestructura, acciones de prevención, tratamiento, prenatal y la integración entre los servicios en la atención a las ETS/VIH/SIDA. Conclusión La construcción de tales marcadores constituye un instrumento, presentado en otro artículo, el cual puede ayudar a apoyar la captura de vulnerabilidades de las mujeres en relación a las ETS/VIH en el contexto de los servicios de Atención Primaria de Salud. Los marcadores constituyen importante herramienta para operacionalizar el concepto de vulnerabilidad en la Atención Primaria. Además, promueven procesos de trabajo inter e multidisciplinar e inter e multisectorial. La propuesta de un instrumento basado en dichos marcadores puede apoyar la captura de la vulnerabilidad de las mujeres en relación a las ETS/VIH. .


Objetivo Identificar a vulnerabilidade programática às DST/HIV/aids na Atenção Básica para o enfrentamento do HIV/Aids. Método Estudo descritivo, com abordagem quantitativa, realizado no Município de São Paulo (MSP). Utilizou-se formulário online (FormSUS), com gerentes das 442 Unidades Básicas de Saúde (UBS) do MSP. Participaram do estudo 74,2% gerentes, dos quais 53,6% eram enfermeiros. Resultados Destaca-se a vulnerabilidade programática nas UBS com relação a alguns itens de infraestrutura, ações de prevenção, de tratamento, no pré-natal e de integração entre os serviços na atenção às DST/HIV/aids. Conclusão Para a efetivação da integralidade no enfrentamento do HIV/aids na Atenção Básica é necessário atentar para a vulnerabilidade programática, além de mais investimentos e reorganização dos serviços, num diálogo com os atores sociais envolvidos (usuários, equipe multiprofissional, gerentes, gestores, entre outros).


 .


Subject(s)
Humans , Antibodies, Monoclonal/genetics , Antibodies, Neoplasm/genetics , Immunoglobulin Variable Region/genetics , Antibody Specificity , Antigens, Neoplasm , Colorectal Neoplasms/immunology , Fixatives , Peptide Library , Stomach Neoplasms/immunology , Tumor Cells, Cultured
8.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 246-250, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-292317

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the expression of arginase-1 (Arg-1), glypican-3 (GPC3), hepatocyte paraffin antigen 1 (HepPar-1) and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), benign liver lesions (BLL) and metastatic carcinoma (MC), and their applications in diagnosis and differential diagnosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Immunohistochemical study (EnVision method) for Arg-1, GPC3, HepPar-1 and AFP was carried out in three groups of liver lesions, including 85 cases of HCC, 35 cases of BLL and 19 cases of MC. The relationship between expression of Arg-1, GPC3, HepPar-1 and AFP and clinicopathologic features in HCC was also analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The positive expression rate of Arg-1 was 90.6% (79/85) in HCC and 100% (35/35) in BLL. Arg-1 expression was observed in 1 of the 19 cases of MC studied. The positive expression rate of GPC3 was 82.4% (70/85) in HCC, 5.3% (1/19) in MC and 0 (0/35) in BLL. The positive expression rate of AFP was 47.1% (40/85) in HCC and 0 in BLL or MC. The positive expression rate of HepPar-1 was 72.9% (62/85) in HCC, 100% (35/35) in BLL and 2/19 in MC. Arg-1 has a higher sensitivity in highlighting hepatocellular lesions than AFP and HepPar-1 (P=0.000 versus P=0.002). The specificity of GPC3 expression in HCC was 98.1%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Arg-1 is a sensitive hepatocellular marker in delineation of liver lesions.GPC3 is a relatively specific marker in diagnosis of HCC.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Metabolism , Adult , Aged , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Metabolism , Antibodies, Neoplasm , Metabolism , Antigens, Neoplasm , Allergy and Immunology , Arginase , Metabolism , Biomarkers, Tumor , Metabolism , Breast Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Diagnosis , Metabolism , Pathology , Diagnosis, Differential , Female , Glypicans , Metabolism , Humans , Liver Diseases , Diagnosis , Metabolism , Liver Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Rectal Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Survival Rate , alpha-Fetoproteins , Metabolism
9.
JCPSP-Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan. 2014; 24 (3): 186-189
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-157537

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the diagnostic utility of Hep par-1 in differentiating hepatocellular carcinoma from metastatic carcinoma taking histopathology as a gold standard. Comparative cross-sectional study. Pathology Department, Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital and Research Centre, Lahore, from April 2007 to February 2008. Hep par-1 immunohistochemical stain was performed on 60 cases of liver carcinoma, 30 cases each of metastatic and hepatocellular carcinoma. Information regarding patient age, gender, sign and symptoms, radiographic findings, histological grade of tumour, and expression of Hep par-1 on hepatocellular and metastatic carcinoma were recorded on proforma sheet. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, and accuracy of Hep par-1 were calculated using the formulas. Hep par-1 expression was noted in 25 out of 30 cases of hepatocellular carcinoma [83%]. Out of 30 cases of metastatic carcinoma, only one case expressed staining in < 5% tumour cells and remaining 29 cases showed no reactivity. The age of the patients with hepatocellular carcinoma ranged from 40 to 76 years with a median age of 60.5 years and 40 - 75 years for metastatic carcinomas with a median age of 57.5 years. Hep par-1 is a reliable immunohistochemical marker for cases of hepatocellular carcinoma [HCC]. It can be used along with other markers in morphologically difficult cases when differential diagnosis lies between poorly differentiated HCC and metastatic carcinoma of liver


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/diagnosis , Cholangiocarcinoma/diagnosis , Cell Differentiation/immunology , Cholangiocarcinoma/pathology , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Antibodies, Neoplasm , Antibodies, Neoplasm/immunology , Neoplasm Metastasis , Predictive Value of Tests , Sensitivity and Specificity , Biomarkers, Tumor/immunology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diagnosis, Differential , Hepatocytes/immunology , Immunohistochemistry
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-814812

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship between tumor-associated carbohydrate antigen sTn and endometrial carcinoma, and to evaluate the diagnostic value of 2 test methods.@*METHODS@#A total of 200 patients were enrolled, including 100 subjects with endometrial carcinoma, 42 healthy nonpregnant women, 15 pregnant women without complications, and 43 patients with benign gynecologic diseases. The serum sTn-antigen concentrations were determined by 2 test methods (3P9 combined with 4A6, and B72.3 combined with CC49).@*RESULTS@#There was a significant difference in the value and the positive rate of sTn in the serum between the subjects and the contrasts (P<0.05). The sTn level in the pregnant women was high. The sTn level in the serum and its positive rate in endometrial carcinoma became higher with the clinical stage. 3P9 combined with 4A6 was better than B72.3 combined with CC49 in the detection of sTn in the serum as to sensitivity, specificity, positive-prediction, negative-prediction, and accuracy.@*CONCLUSION@#The sTn antigen may become a new serological marker for the diagnosis of endometrial carcinoma, but pregnant women should be excluded. 3P9 combined with 4A6 is better than B72.3 combined with CC49 in the detection of sTn in the serum.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Neoplasm , Blood , Antigens, Tumor-Associated, Carbohydrate , Allergy and Immunology , Biomarkers, Tumor , Blood , Case-Control Studies , Endometrial Neoplasms , Blood , Diagnosis , Female , Humans
12.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 31(4): 417-428, oct.-dic. 2012.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-660153

ABSTRACT

La liberación controlada de fármacos en el sitio del tumor y el desarrollo de técnicas no invasivas de monitoreo constituyen 2 de los principales retos que enfrentan las terapias antitumorales en la actualidad. En este trabajo se analizan algunas de las potencialidades del uso de liposomas como vehículos para el transporte de drogas hasta los tumores, especialmente de las variantes direccionalizadas a antígenos tumorales mediante el acoplamiento de anticuerpos (inmunoliposomas). Estas vesículas pueden a su vez ser utilizadas en combinación con el uso de imágenes de resonancia magnética, una de las técnicas de imagenología más utilizadas y de mayores potencialidades en la visualización a nivel molecular. El uso conjunto de estas 2 tecnologías permite controlar la cantidad de fármaco administrado, así como predecir la eficacia del tratamiento y monitorear la progresión de este


Controlled release of drugs at the tumor site and the development of non-invasive monitoring techniques are two of the main challenges currently facing antitumoral therapies. The paper analyzes some of the potential uses of liposomes as vehicles for the transport of drugs to the tumors, particularly directionalized variants to tumor antigens through antibody coupling (immunoliposomes). These vesicles may also be used in combination with magnetic resonance, one of the most widely used imaging techniques, and one exhibiting great visualization potential at molecular level. Joint use of these two techniques makes it possible to control the amount of drug administered, as well as predict the efficacy of the treatment and monitor its progress


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Neoplasm/administration & dosage , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Liposomes/therapeutic use , Neoplasms/therapy
13.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 64(6): 1524-1528, Dec. 2012. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-660220

ABSTRACT

The viability and the efficiency of imiquimod 5% cream in a cat which suffered from nasal actinic keratosis were evaluated. The procedures were carried out at home by the owners themselves. Six packets of the cream were used, one per week, in three consecutive daily applications, with a four-day interval (without treatment). The cytological results were negative for neoplastic cells 30 days after the end of the treatment. A clinical revision was conducted 18 months later and the animal showed no signs of recurrence. The cream proved to be safe and efficient. There are no reports regarding efficiency in animals concerning the treatment with imiquimod 5% cream and also regarding other effects related to this treatment. A case report presenting a positive response can reveal with terapeutical possibilities that it would be easily available and applicable for all professionals. In the future it would be a new alternative to avoid progressions of this kind of neoplasia which is often observed in the small animal clinic.


Avaliaram-se a viabilidade e a eficácia da utilização do imiquimod creme 5% em um gato portador de ceratose actínica nasal. As aplicações foram realizadas no domicílio, pelos proprietários, sendo utilizados seis sachês do creme, um por semana, em protocolo de três aplicações diárias consecutivas e quatro dias de descanso (sem tratamento). Após 30 dias do término do tratamento, obteve-se citologia negativa para células neoplásicas. Em revisão clínica 18 meses após o tratamento, o paciente apresentava-se sem sinais de recidiva. O protocolo mostrou-se seguro e eficaz. Em animais não há relatos sobre a eficácia da terapia com imiquimod, bem como sobre efeitos adversos decorrentes deste tratamento. A apresentação de um caso em que se observou resposta positiva pode descortinar uma nova possibilidade terapêutica, acessível a todo clínico, que poderá evitar a progressão destas neoplasias que são frequentemente observadas na clínica de pequenos animais.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic , Keratosis, Actinic/veterinary , Photosensitivity Disorders/veterinary , Antibodies, Neoplasm/analysis , Antibodies, Neoplasm/pharmacology , Immunologic Factors , Therapeutics/veterinary
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-347127

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the inhibitory activities of norcantharidin (NCTD), a demethylated analogue of cantharidin, on Hep3B cells (a human hepatoma cell line) with deficiency of p53.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The survival rate of the Hep3B cells after treating with NCTD was measured by MTT assay. Cell cycle of treated cells was analyzed by flow cytometry, and DNA fragmentation was observed by electrophoresis. The influence of inhibitors for various caspases and anti-death receptors antibodies on the NCTD-induced apoptosis in the cells was determined.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>NCTD treatment resulted in growth inhibition of Hep3B cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Cell cycle analysis of the cells after treatment with NCTD for 48 h shows that NCTD induced G(2)M phase arrest occurs at low concentration ([Symbol: see text] 25 μmol/L) but G(0)G(1) phase arrest at high concentration (50 μmol/L). The addition of both caspase-3 and caspase-10 inhibitors completely inhibited DNA fragmentation. Addition of anti-TRAIL/DR5 antibody significantly inhibited DNA fragmentation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>NCTD may inhibit the proliferation of Hep3B cells by arresting cell cycle at G(2)M or G(0)G(1) phase, and induce cells apoptosis via TRAIL/DR5 signal transduction through activation of caspase-3 and caspase-10 by a p53-independent pathway.</p>


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Neoplasm , Pharmacology , Antibodies, Neutralizing , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , Bridged Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic , Pharmacology , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Pathology , Caspase 10 , Metabolism , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Caspase Inhibitors , Pharmacology , Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , DNA Fragmentation , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Liver Neoplasms , Pathology , Receptors, TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand , Metabolism , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , Metabolism
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295506

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the correlation between familial clustering of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and the level of anti-P53 in human serum in Guangxi.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect anti-P53 in 164 members from 20 HCC families and 164 members from non-cancer control families. Univariate analysis was performed to assess the correlation between seral level of P53 antibody and familial clustering of HCC.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The level of P53 antibody was significantly higher in the members of HCC families than controls (Z=-3.04, P=0.002). After eliminating the interference of hepatitis B virus infection, this tendency still remains (P=0.011). And there was a significant difference between relatives of different degrees from HCC families (chi-square=11.593, P=0.021), with the expression of anti-P53 declining along with decrease in relationship coefficient. Furthermore, the number of individuals with high anti-P53 expression was also significantly greater in HCC families (95/164) than controls (71/164) (P=0.006). And the expression was rising along with the increasing HCC numbers (chi-square=16.068, P=0.000). Anti-P53 level was also greater in HCC families featuring sibling affection than parental affection (chi-square=12.679, P=0.002). Univariate analysis indicated that high expression of anti-P53 is a risk factor for development of HCC (OR=2.087, 95%CI: 1.270-3.431).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>High level of anti-P53 expression may be a factor for the clustering of HCC families in Guangxi, China.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Antibodies, Neoplasm , Blood , Genetics , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Blood , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Child , China , Cluster Analysis , Family Health , Female , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Blood , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Male , Risk Factors , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , Allergy and Immunology , Young Adult
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 664-668, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321442

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Immunosuppression for immunologically high-risk kidney transplant patients usually involves antithymocyte globulin induction with triple drug maintenance therapy. Alemtuzumab, a humanized anti-CD52 antibody, was expected to be a promising induction therapy agent for kidney transplantation. However, currently no consensus is available about its efficacy and safety. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of alemtuzumab as immune induction therapy in highly sensitized kidney transplant recipients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In this prospective, open-label, randomized, controlled trial, we enrolled 23 highly immunological risk patients (panel reactive antibody > 20%). They were divided into two groups: alemtuzumab group (trial group) and anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) group (control group). Patients in the alemtuzumab group received intravenous alemtuzumab (15 mg) as a single dose before reperfusion. At the 24th hour post-operation, another dosage of alemtuzumab (15 mg) was given. The control group received a bolus of rabbit ATG (9 mg/kg), which was given 2 hours before kidney transplantation and lasted until the removal of vascular clamps when the anastomoses were completed. Maintenance immunosuppression in both groups comprised standard triple therapy consisting of tacrolimus, prednisone, and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF). Acute rejection (AR) and infection episodes were recorded, and kidney function was monitored during a 2-year follow-up. χ(2) test, t test and Kaplan-Meier analysis were performed with SPSS17.0 software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Median follow-up was 338 days. In both the alemtuzumab group and ATG group, creatinine and blood urea nitrogen values in surviving recipients were similar (P > 0.05). White blood cell counts were significantly reduced in the alemtuzumab group for the most time points up to 6 months (P < 0.05). One patient receiving alemtuzumab died for acute myocardial infarction at the 65th day post-operation. Two ATG patients died for severe pulmonary infection or cardiac and pulmonary failure. Cumulative 2-year graft survival rate was 90.9% in the alemtuzumab group and 81.8% in ATG group (P > 0.05) respectively. There was one graft failure in the alemtuzumab group and two graft failures in ATG group, with all graft failures at tributed to rejection episodes. The alemtuzumab group had a 2-year cumulative freedom from rejection rate of 81.8%, compared with 72.7% for the ATG group (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Alemtuzumab induction therapy for highly sensitized kidney transplant recipients is an effective and safe protocol yielding an acceptable acute rejection rate.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Alemtuzumab , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Therapeutic Uses , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized , Antibodies, Neoplasm , Therapeutic Uses , Antilymphocyte Serum , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Graft Rejection , Allergy and Immunology , Graft Survival , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Immunosuppressive Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Kidney Transplantation , Allergy and Immunology , Male , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341664

ABSTRACT

A mouse-anti-human monoclonal antibody was produced by using the membrane proteins of human lung carcinoma cell line A549 as the immunogen to generate monoclonal antibodies against lung carcinoma with the use of hybridoma techniques. McAb4E7 was prepared successfully. To identify its antigen, proteomic technologies such as two-dimenstional electrophoresis, western blotting and mass spectrometry were employed. The targeting antigen of McAb4E7 expressed positive in human lung cancer cell lines A549 and human hepatocarcinoma cell line HepG2, moreover, the expression of the antigen was stronger in A549 cells. Finally, we obtained one positive protein in A549 cell line that has strong affinity and specificity for McAb4E7, which was identified to be ATP synthase beta subunit. We identified ATP synthase beta subunit as the targeting antigen of lung carcinoma special monoclonal antibody McAb4E7.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Chemistry , Allergy and Immunology , Antibodies, Neoplasm , Allergy and Immunology , Antibody Specificity , Antigens, Neoplasm , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Cell Line, Tumor , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Allergy and Immunology , Membrane Proteins , Allergy and Immunology , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mitochondrial Proton-Translocating ATPases , Allergy and Immunology
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289994

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To construct human renal cell carcinoma patient-specific full-length antibody library using mammalian cell surface display technique.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were isolated from patients with renal cell carcinoma. The repertoires of kappa light chain (LCkappa) and heavy chain variable region (VH) of antibody were amplified by RT-PCR. The LCkappa and VH libraries were inserted into the vector pDGB-HC-TM separately, and the ligated libraries were transformed into competent E.coli TOPO10 to construct the renal cell carcinoma patient-specific antibody heavy and light chain libraries. 293T cells were co-transfected with the libraries and the full-length human antibodies expressed on the surface of 293T cells were analyzed by flow cytometry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The libraries of renal cell carcinoma-specific antibody kappa light chain (LCkappa) and heavy chain (IgG1) were constructed. The expression of the full-length human antibodies on the surface of 293T cell was confirmed by flow cytometry. The libraries showed an expressible combinatory diversity of 7.5x10(10).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The expressible antibody library provides a useful platform for screening of renal cell carcinoma-specific antibodies.</p>


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Antibodies, Neoplasm , Allergy and Immunology , Antibody Specificity , Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Kidney Neoplasms , Allergy and Immunology , Molecular Sequence Data , Peptide Library
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-269634

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To construct a human phage antibody library and screen the single chain variable fragment (ScFv) antibudies to peroxiredoxin I (Prx I) of lung adenocarcinoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The total RNA was isolated from the lymph nodes of lung cancer patients to amplify V(H) and V(L) genes by RT-PCR. V(H) and V(L) were linked with a DNA linker by SOE-PCR to construct the single chain variable fragment gene. The ScFvs were coloned into the phage vector pCANTAB5E. The insert ratio of the ScFv antibody library was identified by PCR, and the products were digested by SfiI/NotI and analyzed with 1% agarose gel electrophoresis. Three rounds of panning against lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549 and Prx I were performed, and the positive clones were identified for soluble expression. The soluble antibodies were identified by SDS-PAGE and Western blotting, and ELISA and immunocytochemistry were used to characterize the activity of the antibodies.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A recombination phage antibody library was constructed. The insert ratio of ScFv gene was 77% (23/30), and enzyme digestion identified the target product. The sixth phage harvest resulted in a yield 180 folds of that of the first one. Positive reactions to A549 cells were detected in 6 of 10 random clones, with a positivity rate of 60%. The soluble human ScFvs against Prx I of lung adenocarcinoma were expressed in E. coli HB2151 and confirmed by SDS-PAGE and Western blotting. ELISA and immunocytochemistry demonstrated a relative specific affinity of the soluble antibodies to A549 cells.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>ScFv antibodies against lung adenocarcinoma have been acquired by phage display antibody library technique, and the soluble antibodies have a relative avidity specific to human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells overexpressing PrxI.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Allergy and Immunology , Pathology , Antibodies, Neoplasm , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Antibody Specificity , Cell Line, Tumor , Humans , Immunoglobulin Variable Region , Allergy and Immunology , Lung Neoplasms , Allergy and Immunology , Pathology , Peptide Library , Peroxiredoxins , Allergy and Immunology , Single-Chain Antibodies , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-188010

ABSTRACT

Despite the prophylaxis and preemptive strategies using potent antiviral agents, cytomegalovirus (CMV) remains a major infectious cause of morbidity and mortality in allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) recipients. Delayed immune reconstitution after SCT, such as cord blood and T-cell depleted SCT with the use of alemtuzumab, has been associated with an increased frequency of CMV disease as well as CMV reactivation. CMV disease involving central nervous system is an unusual presentation in the setting of SCT. We report a case of CMV ventriculoencephalitis after unrelated double cord blood SCT with an alemtuzumab-containing preparative regimen for Philadelphia-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Monoclonal/pharmacology , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized , Antibodies, Neoplasm/pharmacology , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Cord Blood Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Cytomegalovirus/drug effects , Cytomegalovirus Infections/drug therapy , Encephalitis/etiology , Fatal Outcome , Humans , Male , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/complications , Transplantation Conditioning/methods
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