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1.
Infectio ; 25(3): 169-175, jul.-set. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1250088

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Verificación del desempeño de las pruebas serológicas rápidas utilizadas en el departamento de Risaralda, Colombia. Métodos: Estudio analitico, de corte transversal. Incluyó muestras de sueros de trabajadores de la salud de la ciudad de Pereira, quienes tuvieron sospecha clínica y epidemiológica por SARS-CoV-2. El procesamiento y validación de las pruebas fue realizado en las instalaciones de la Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira. Se calculó sensibilidad y especificidad de las pruebas rápidas serológicas IgM/IgG usando como prueba de oro la RT-PCR. Resultados: Se incluyeron las muestras de 144 profesionales de la salud. Las pruebas serológicas rápidas evidenciaron ser útiles para identificar o descartar la presencia de anticuerpos IgM e IgG, especialmente en pacientes sintomáticos, en quienes el inicio de los síntomas es superior a 11 días. Discusión: El uso de pruebas rápidas se encuentra en aumento, no solo por la rapidez de sus resultados, sino también por los bajos costos asociados y la necesidad de identificar pacientes no susceptibles, quienes deben priorizar su retorno a actividades laborales en comunidad como parte de la reactivación económica de Colombia. Es necesario confirmar el desempeño de la prueba para aumentar la probabilidad de una adecuada clasificación antes de proceder a su uso rutinario.


Abstract Objective: We aimed to realize a verification of the performance of the rapid serological tests used in Risaralda department. Methods: Analytical, cross-sectional study. Serum samples from health workers in Pereira city, who had a clinical and epidemiological suspicion for SARS-CoV-2 were included. The processing and validation of the tests was carried out at Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira. Sensitivity and specificity of rapid IgM / IgG sero logical tests were calculated using RT-PCR as the gold standard test. Results: 144 samples of health professionals were included. Rapid serological tests useful to identify or rule out the presence of IgM and IgG antibodies, especially in symptomatic patients, in whom the onset of symptoms is longer than 11 days. Discussion: The use of rapid tests is increasing, not only due to the speed of their results, but also due to the low associated costs and the need to identify non-susceptible patients, who must prioritize their return to work activities in the community as part of the economic reactivation of Colombia. It is necessary to confirm the adequate performance of the test to increase the probability of an adequate classification before proceeding with the routine use of this test.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Serologic Tests , Health Personnel , SARS-CoV-2 , Cross-Sectional Studies , COVID-19/diagnosis , Antibodies , Occupational Groups , Antigens
2.
Goiânia; SES-GO; 31 ago 2021. 1-9 p. ilus.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, CONASS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1290834

ABSTRACT

Em janeiro de 2020, os testes para detectar o SARS-CoV-2 em amostras coletadas de pacientes foram desenvolvidos logo após o sequenciamento e divulgação do genoma do vírus (CORMAN et al., 2020) e, desde então, diferentes metodologias de testagem , têm sido empregadas em contextos distintos. Embora sejam o padrão de referência para diagnóstico da infecção aguda pelo SARS-CoV-2, os testes moleculares de reação em cadeia da polimerase (RT-PCR) não podem ser dimensionados para atender às demandas extensas da saúde pública (MINA & ANDERSEN, 2021). O processo é limitado para algumas regiões devido à necessidade de equipamentos sofisticados, operadores extremamente qualificados ao tempo que pode decorrer. Contudo, os testes de antígeno, permitem limitar de forma eficaz a disseminação da COVID-19 e responder a surtos da pandemia. Foram levantadas no estudo as recomendações quanto aos testes de antígeno emitidos pela Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS), pela Europa, pelo Reino Unido, Estados Unidos, Israel e Brasil.


In January 2020, tests to detect SARS-CoV-2 in samples collected from patients were developed soon after the sequencing and dissemination of the virus genome (CORMAN et al., 2020) and, since then, different testing methodologies, have been used in different contexts. Although they are the reference standard for diagnosing acute SARS-CoV-2 infection, molecular polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) tests cannot be scaled to meet the extensive demands of public health (MINA & ANDERSEN, 2021 ). The process is limited to some regions due to the need for sophisticated equipment, extremely qualified operators and the time that may elapse. However, antigen tests effectively limit the spread of COVID-19 and respond to pandemic outbreaks. Recommendations for antigen tests issued by the World Health Organization (WHO), Europe, the United Kingdom, the United States, Israel and Brazil were raised in the study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , COVID-19/prevention & control , Antigens/administration & dosage
3.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 116: e200560, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154882

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND Anisakis simplex antigens present immunomodulatory properties by the induction of tolerogenic dendritic cells (DCs) in mice. OBJECTIVES To study the capacity of DCs stimulated with A. simplex excretory-secretory (ES) or crude extract (CE) to generate Tregs. To investigate in vitro effects of antigens on the metabolic activity of splenocytes induced by LPS or CpG. METHODS Phenotypic and functional characterization of T cells co-cultured with A. simplex-pulsed DCs was performed by flow cytometry. Lymphocyte mitochondrial respiratory activity was estimated by the Alamar Blue® Assay. FINDINGS In C57BL/6J, CD4+CD25-Foxp3+ and CD8+CD25-Foxp3+ populations increased by CE-stimulated-DCs. In BALB/c, CE-stimulated-DCs caused the expansion of CD4+CD25+Foxp3+IL-10+ and CD8+CD25+Foxp3+IL-10+. IFN-γ expression raised in BALB/c CD4+CD25+ and CD4+CD25- for CE and ES, respectively. ES-stimulated-DCs increased CD4+CD25+ Foxp3+ and CD8+CD25- Foxp3+ expression in T cells. The association of ES or CE with LPS produced the increase in splenocyte activity in C57BL/6J. The association of CE with CpG decreased the proliferation caused by CpG in C57BL/6J. MAIN CONCLUSIONS A. simplex increase the frequency of Tregs, which in turn produce IL-10 and IFN-γ. The host genetic base is essential in the development of anti-Anisakis immune responses (Th2, Th1, Treg).


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Anisakis , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Antigens/metabolism , Bone Marrow , Dendritic Cells , Forkhead Transcription Factors , Interleukin-2 Receptor alpha Subunit , Larva , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred C57BL
4.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 64(spe): e21210127, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285571

ABSTRACT

Abstract The rapid and accurate diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB), especially considering limited resources, is still a challenge. Development of new methodologies and tests are needed to overcome several disadvantages of the available standard tests. We evaluated the diagnostic potential of two antigens specific for Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the CFP10 and ESAT6 recombinant proteins, and developed stable formulations thereof. Sensitivity and specificity of the delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) skin testing and the induction of gamma interferon production (IFN-γ) by lymphocytes, as a non-invasive test, were evaluated using the CFP10 and ESAT6 protein formulations. The recombinant proteins produced by our group presented a high DTH response and the ability to differentiate between tuberculosis infection, BCG vaccination, and the contact with non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM). The production of IFN-γ by stimulation with individual and combined proteins was detected in a panel of 40 individuals and showed a specificity of 100% and a sensitivity of 90% when the two proteins were used together. Lyophilized formulations were stable under all conditions, while soluble formulations were stable under freezing at -20 ºC and -80 ºC. The proposed formulations containing the ESAT6 and CFP10 recombinant antigens constitute satisfactory tools for TB testing, suitable to be developed and implemented in a large-scale trial.


Subject(s)
Tuberculosis/diagnosis , Interferon-gamma , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/isolation & purification , Antigens/chemistry
5.
Cienc. tecnol. salud ; 8(1): 82-92, 2021. il 27 c
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIGCSA, DIGIUSAC | ID: biblio-1352960

ABSTRACT

Se determinó la respuesta inmunológica a proteínas recombinantes de Helicobacter pylori en pacientes dis-pépticos (adultos y niños), pacientes con cáncer gástrico y sus familiares asintomáticos adultos viviendo con ellos. Se utilizó la prueba recomLine® Helicobacter IgG e IgA, y con base en el reconocimiento de los factores de virulencia VacA y CagA se determinó si la cepa de H. pylori era de tipo I o II. El análisis de los datos fue descriptivo y analítico y se estimaron los intervalos de confianza de 95%, con un nivel de error de 0.05 y Odds ratio. El 58.7% (121/206) de los pacientes presentó la bacteria en tinción histológica de biopsia, positividad que disminuyó con la edad y daño histológico. La frecuencia de la respuesta a los anticuerpos IgG fue mayor que IgA, en ambos casos ésta fue menor en los niños. Las proteínas del H. pylori más reconocidas tanto por IgA como IgG fueron VacA y CagA, y la respuesta a las otras proteínas investigadas fue mayor al aumentar el daño histológi-co. La cepa tipo I fue la que predominó en la población en estudio con 66% (136/206). Se deben continuar con los estudios de prevalencia de la cepa tipo I del H. pylori y del reconocimiento de sus antígenos en la población guatemalteca a fin de determinar su utilidad en el diagnóstico y pronóstico de la infección.


The immune response to recombinant Helicobacter pylori proteins was determined in dyspeptic patients (adults and children), patients with gastric cancer and their asymptomatic adults' relatives living with them. The recomLine® Helicobacter IgG and IgA test was used and based on the recognition of the virulence factors VacA and CagA, it was determined whether the H. pylori strain was type I or II. The data analysis was descriptive and analytic, and 95% confidence intervals were estimated, with an error level of 0.05, and Odds ratio. The patients that presented the bacterium in histological biopsy were 58.7% (121/206), positivity that decreased with age and histological damage. The frecuency of response to IgG antibodies was higher than IgA, in both cases it was lower in children. VacA and CagA were the H. pylori proteins most recognized by both IgA and IgG and it was observed that the number of recognized proteins was greater with increasing histological damage. The type I strain was the one that predominated in the study population 66% (136/206). Prevalence studies of the type I strain of H. pylori ant the recognition of its antigens in the Guatemalan population should continue in order to determine its usefulness in the diagnosis and prognosis of infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adult , Middle Aged , Stomach Neoplasms/immunology , Immunoglobulin A/analysis , Immunoglobulin G/analysis , Helicobacter pylori/immunology , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Biopsy , Recombinant Proteins/analysis , Helicobacter pylori/pathogenicity , Diagnosis , Dyspepsia/complications , Guatemala/epidemiology , Antibodies , Antigens
6.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2021. 117 p. ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349190

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Os testes rápidos para diagnóstico de malária (RDTs) mais usados se baseiam na identificação do antígeno HRP2 de P. falciparum. O antígeno HRP3, também presente no P. falciparum é um análogo estrutural do antígeno HRP2 e por isso pode ter reação cruzada com o HRP2 nesses testes. O antígeno HRP2 é expresso pelo gene pfhrp2, enquanto o antígeno HRP3 é expresso pelo gene pfhrp3. São crescentes os estudos que relatam deleções naturais dos genes pfhrp2 e pfhrp3 em P. falciparum em diversos países endêmicos para malária, inclusive em países que fazem fronteira com o Brasil. No país foi descrita a presença de isolados mutantes circulando na região da Bacia do Rio Amazonas. A confirmação da presença de parasitos com essas deleções em áreas endêmicas do país é fundamental, visto que indivíduos infectados por P. falciparum com deleção dos genes pfhrp2/3 podem apresentar resultados falso negativo no RDT. O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a prevalência de deleções dos genes pfhrp2/3 em amostras de pacientes infectados com P. falciparum de área endêmica de malária no Brasil no período de 2003 a 2016, e bem como identificar a população acometida e a diferenciação clínica entre indivíduos infectados por parasitos com deleção e parasitos sem deleção. Métodos: Foram analisadas amostras procedentes do biorrepositório do Laboratório de Doenças Parasitárias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz coletadas no período de 2003 a 2016 no município de Barcelos (AM) de indivíduos sintomáticos e assintomáticos infectados por P. falciparum. O diagnóstico de Plasmodium spp. foi realizado através da detecção do gene 18S de rRNA por PCR. O controle de qualidade do DNA foi realizado pela amplificação de msp1 e msp2. A detecção dos genes pfhrp2 e pfhrp3 foi realizada de acordo com protocolos publicados e bem padronizados pela OMS. Resultados: Foram selecionadas 82 amostras, 28 amostras apresentaram deleção exclusiva do gene pfhrp2, 19, deleção exclusiva do gene pfhrp3 e 15 dupla deleção. Infecção assintomática ocorreu com mais frequência em indivíduos mais velhos e com grande número episódios prévios da doença. A chance de um indivíduo assintomático estar infectado por um parasito com dupla deleção foi maior do que entre os sintomáticos. Conclusão: A alta prevalência de parasitos com deleções de pfhrp2/3 encontrada no município de Barcelos é motivo de preocupação e mostram a necessidade de se implementar um programa de vigilância para monitorar e mapear deleções de pfhrp2/3 nesta área e em outros locais da região amazônica. O padrão clínico pode estar associado às deleções encontradas nos parasitos infectantes.


Introduction: The most used rapid tests for the diagnosis of malaria are based on the identification of the P. falciparum antigen HRP2. The HRP3 antigen, also present in P. falciparum, is a structural analogue of the HRP2 antigen and, therefore, may cross-react with HRP2 in these tests. The HRP2 antigen is expressed by the pfhrp2 gene, while the HRP3 antigen is expressed by the pfhrp3 gene. Studies reporting natural deletions of the pfhrp2 and pfhrp3 genes in P. falciparum are growing in several countries endemic for malaria, including countries bordering Brazil. In the country, the presence of mutant isolates circulating in the Amazon River Basin region has been described. Confirmation of the presence of parasites with these deletions in other endemic areas of the country is fundamental, since individuals infected with P. falciparum with deletion of the pfhrp2/3 genes can present false negative result in the RDT. The objective of this study was to investigate the deletions of the pfhrp2/3 genes in samples from patients infected with P. falciparum in an endemic area for malaria in Brazil from 2003 to 2016, in order to describe the prevalence of the gene (s) ( s) deleted in the studied endemic area; as well as to identify the affected population and the clinical differentiation between individuals infected by parasites with deletion and parasites without deletion. Methods: Samples from the biorepository of the Laboratory of Parasitic Diseases of the Oswaldo Cruz Institute collected from 2003 to 2016 in the municipality of Barcelos (AM) from symptomatic and asymptomatic individuals infected with P. falciparum were analyzed. The diagnosis of Plasmodium spp. was performed by detecting the 18S rRNA gene by PCR. DNA quality control was performed by amplifying msp1 and msp2. The detection of the pfhrp2 and pfhrp3 genes was carried out according to published protocols and well standardized by the WHO. Results: 82 samples were selected, 28 samples showed exclusive deletion of the pfhrp2 gene, 19, exclusive deletion of the pfhrp3 gene and 15 double deletion. Asymptomatic infection occurred more frequently in older individuals and with a large number of previous episodes of the disease. The chance of an asymptomatic individual being infected by a parasite with double deletion was greater than among symptomatic individuals. Conclusion: The high prevalence of parasites with deletions of fhrp2/3 found in the municipality of Barcelos is a cause for concern and shows the need to implement a surveillance program to monitor and map deletions of pfhrp2 / 3 in this area and elsewhere in the Amazon region. The clinical pattern may be associated with the deletions found in the infectious parasites.


Subject(s)
Parasitic Diseases , Plasmodium falciparum , Prevalence , Genes , Malaria , Antigens
7.
Rev. panam. salud pública ; 45: e87, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289871

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O Plano Global de Eliminação da Filariose Linfática, lançado pela Organização Mundial da Saúde em 2000, propõe o uso de testes de detecção de antígeno circulante filarial como ferramenta diagnóstica para avaliação e monitoramento das ações de controle da parasitose. Entretanto, esses testes, apesar de apresentarem alta sensibilidade, não conseguem detectar com eficiência a infecção em seu estágio inicial, quando ainda não existe a presença de helmintos adultos. Considerando essa limitação, a pesquisa de anticorpos antifilariais tem sido apontada como uma alternativa, uma vez que os anticorpos produzidos contra as larvas infectantes do parasito são detectados antes da presença de antígeno circulante filarial. O objetivo deste estudo foi definir o ponto de corte e avaliar a acurácia do kit Filaria Detect™ IgG4 produzido com o antígeno recombinante Wb123 para diagnóstico da filariose linfática no Brasil. Para isso, foi realizado um estudo de avaliação de teste diagnóstico, no qual foram utilizadas 256 amostras de soro: 79 (30,9%) obtidas de indivíduos microfilarêmicos e 177 (60,1%), de indivíduos amicrofilarêmicos e que testaram negativo para os testes imunológicos Bm14 CELISA e Og4C3 ELISA. A definição do ponto de corte ideal, bem como da acurácia do kit Filaria Detect™ IgG4, foi obtida através da construção de curvas ROC, sendo a densidade óptica de 0,239 aquela na qual o teste obteve melhor desempenho, com sensibilidade de 81,0% e especificidade de 96,6%. Os resultados obtidos demonstraram que o kit Filaria Detect™ IgG4 é uma ferramenta promissora para investigação e monitoramento de áreas submetidas ao tratamento em massa para filariose linfática.


ABSTRACT The Global Programme to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis, launched by the World Health Organization in the year 2000, proposes the use of circulating filarial antigen tests as a diagnostic tool to assess and monitor initiatives to control filarial infection. However, despite a high sensitivity, these tests are not efficient to detect infection at early stages, before worms have reached the adult stage. Considering this limitation, anti-filarial antibody testing has been suggested as an alternative, given that the antibodies produced against the larvae are detectable before the presence of circulating filarial antigen. The objective of the present study was to determine the diagnostic cut-off and the accuracy of the Filaria Detect™ IgG4 kit employing recombinant Wb123 antigen for diagnosis of lymphatic filariasis in Brazil. For that, we performed a diagnostic evaluation study in which 256 serum samples were analyzed: 79 (30.9%) obtained from microfilaremic individuals and 177 (60.1%) from amicrofilaremic individuals who tested negative with the Bm14 CELISA and Og4C3 ELISA immunologic tests. The ideal cutoff as well as the Filaria Detect™ IgG4 kit accuracy were determined based on ROC curve analyses, with an optical density of 0.239 identified as the cutoff with the best performance, with 81.0% sensitivity and 96.6% specificity. The results show that the Filaria Detect™ IgG4 kit is a promising tool for investigation and monitoring of areas undergoing mass drug administration for lymphatic filariasis.


RESUMEN En el programa mundial de eliminación de la filariasis linfática, puesto en marcha por la Organización Mundial de la Salud en el año 2000, se propone el uso de pruebas de detección del antígeno filárico circulante como instrumento de diagnóstico para la evaluación y el seguimiento de las medidas de control de la parasitosis. Sin embargo, esas pruebas, a pesar de tener un alto grado de sensibilidad, no permiten detectar con eficiencia la infección en su fase inicial, cuando todavía no existen helmintos adultos. En vista de esa limitación, se ha señalado como una opción el estudio de anticuerpos antifiláricos, puesto que los anticuerpos producidos contra las larvas infectantes del parásito se detectan antes de la existencia de antígeno filárico circulante. El objetivo de este estudio fue definir el punto de corte y evaluar la exactitud del estuche Detect™ para pruebas de anticuerpos antifiláricos IgG4, fabricado con el antígeno recombinante Wb123, para el diagnóstico de la filariasis linfática en Brasil. Para ello, se realizó un estudio de evaluación de la prueba diagnóstica, en el cual se utilizaron 256 muestras de suero, a saber, 79 (30,9%) obtenidas de personas microfilarémicas y 177 (60,1%) de personas amicrofilarémicas, que arrojaron resultados seronegativos en las pruebas inmunológicas CELISA Bm14 y ELISA Og4C3. La definición del punto de corte ideal y de la exactitud del estuche Detect™ se obtuvo con la construcción de curvas de la característica operativa del receptor (ROC); una densidad óptica de 0,239 marcó el mejor nivel de desempeño de la prueba, con una sensibilidad de 81,0% y una especificidad de 96,6%. Los resultados obtenidos demostraron que el estuche Detect™ es un instrumento prometedor para la investigación y el seguimiento de las regiones donde se realiza un tratamiento masivo de la filariasis linfática.


Subject(s)
Humans , Reagent Kits, Diagnostic , Elephantiasis, Filarial/diagnosis , Immunoglobulin G/immunology , Antigens/immunology , Brazil , Predictive Value of Tests , Reproducibility of Results , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity
8.
Rev. Méd. Clín. Condes ; 31(3/4): 256-269, mayo.-ago. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223737

ABSTRACT

Las vacunas son altamente efectivas en prevenir enfermedades infecciosas a través del desarrollo en el individuo de una respuesta inmune protectora, sin desarrollar la enfermedad. Los distintos tipos de vacunas producen diferentes tipos de respuestas inmunes y variadas estrategias se han desarrollado para mejorar esta respuesta. El sistema inmune sufre cambios con la edad y esta inmunosenecencia altera la capacidad de responder frente a ellas. Por otro lado, si bien el sistema inmune puede reconocer elementos presentes en las vacunas y montar respuestas de hipersensibilidad ante ellos, las alergias a las vacunas son raras, teniendo que distinguirlas adecuadamente de otro tipo de reacciones. En caso que un paciente presente una reacción compatible con alergia, es importante conocer todos los componentes de la vacuna para realizar un estudio adecuado.


Vaccines are highly effective in preventing infectious diseases through the development in the individual a protective immune response, without developing the disease. Different types of vaccines produce different types of immune responses, and varied strategies have been developed to improve this response. The immune system undergoes changes with age, and this inmunosenescence alters the ability to respond to them. On the other hand, although the immune system can recognize elements present in vaccines and establish hypersensitivity responses to them, vaccine allergies are rare, having to properly distinguish them from other types of reactions. In the event that a patient has an allergy-compatible reaction, it is important to know all the components of the vaccine to conduct a proper study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Vaccines/adverse effects , Vaccines/immunology , Immunization/adverse effects , Hypersensitivity/immunology , Immunity/immunology , Vaccines, Attenuated/adverse effects , Vaccines, Attenuated/immunology , Vaccines, Inactivated/adverse effects , Vaccines, Inactivated/immunology , Immunosenescence , Anaphylaxis/immunology , Antigens/immunology
9.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 54(4): 407-414, jul. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1149030

ABSTRACT

Resumen La identificación inequívoca del antígeno D en medicina transfusional es de vital importancia para evitar reacciones postransfusionales y la enfermedad hemolítica del recién nacido. Es común el uso de reactivos serológicos monoclonales o tarjetas de gel y su interpretación está definida por cruces, de acuerdo con la reacción serológica. El propósito de este estudio fue determinar la frecuencia del factor Rh y las variantes del antígeno D en una población afroecuatoriana. Se trató de un estudio descriptivo, transversal con muestreo aleatorio simple de 541 pobladores. Para la tipificación del factor Rh se utilizó la metodología en tubo con antisueros monoclonales y para la detección de las variantes de D se utilizaron tarjetas de gel IDCoombs Anti-IgG. Las lecturas se verificaron mediante el análisis del índice kappa. Se aplicó estadística descriptiva y el análisis de Chi cuadrado para establecer la relación de las variables y su significación. Se identificó una frecuencia del 92% de individuos Rh(D) positivo y un 8% Rh(D) negativo. El 4,80% de los individuos presentaban la variante D débil y el 79% reacciones serológicas entre 2 y 3(+) indicativas de otras variantes del antígeno D. El fenotipo más común fue el R0/R0. Estos datos demuestran la necesidad de confirmar la existencia de variantes del antígeno D en esta población para un mejor manejo de la sangre. Una limitante constituye la disponibilidad de técnicas moleculares para la genotipificación de D; sin embargo, se podría implementar la fenotipificación RHCE como estrategia pretransfusional.


Abstract The unequivocal identification of D antigen in transfusion medicine is of vital importance to avoid post-transfusion reactions and hemolytic disease of the newborn. The use of monoclonal serological reagents or gel cards is common and their interpretation is defined according to the serological reaction by crosses. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of Rh factor and D antigen variants in the Afro-Ecuadorian population. This was a descriptive, cross-sectional study with simple random sampling of 541 residents. Tube typing with monoclonal antisera was used to typify Rh factor and ID-Coombs Anti-IgG gel cards were used to detect D variants, and the readings were verified by analysis of the kappa index. Descriptive statistics and Chi-square analysis were applied for the relationship of the variables and their significance. A frequency of 92% of Rh(D) positive individuals and 8% Rh(D) negative individuals were identified. Almost 5% (4.80%) of the individuals presented the weak D variant and 79% serological reactions between 2-3(+) indicative of other D antigen variants, the most common phenotype being R0/R0. These data demonstrate the need to confirm the existence of D antigen variants in this population for better management and availability of blood. A limitation is the availability of molecular techniques for D genotyping, however, RHCE phenotyping could be implemented as a pretransfusion strategy.


Resumo A identificação inequívoca do antígeno D na medicina transfusional é de vital importância para evitar reações pós-transfusionais e a doença hemolítica do recém-nascido. É comum o uso de reagentes sorológicos monoclonais ou cartões de gel e sua interpretação é definida por cruzamentos de acordo com a reação sorológica. O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a frequência do fator Rh e as variantes do antígeno D numa população afro-equatoriana. Foi um estudo descritivo, transversal, com amostragem aleatória simples de 541 residentes. Para a tipagem do fator Rh foi utilizada a metodologia em tubo com anti-soros monoclonais e para a detecção das variantes de D, os cartões de gel ID-Coombs Anti-IgG. As leituras foram verificadas por análise do índice kappa. Foi aplicada estatística descritiva e para estabelecer a relação das variáveis e sua significação se utilizou a análise do qui-quadrado. Identificando uma frequência de 92% dos indivíduos Rh (D) positivos e 8% Rh (D) negativos. 4,80% dos indivíduos apresentavam a variante D fraca e 79% reações sorológicas entre 2 e 3(+) indicativas de outras variantes do antígeno D, sendo o fenótipo mais comum o R0/R0. Esses dados demonstram a necessidade de confirmar a existência de variantes do antígeno D nessa população para melhor gerenciamento e disponibilidade de sangue. Uma limitação é a disponibilidade de técnicas moleculares para a genotipagem de D, no entanto, a fenotipagem de RHCE poderia ser implementada como uma estratégia de pré-transfusão.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Rh-Hr Blood-Group System/analysis , Rh-Hr Blood-Group System/blood , Antigens/analysis , Population , Rh-Hr Blood-Group System , Blood , Infant, Newborn , Cross-Sectional Studies , Transfusion Medicine , Indicators and Reagents , Infant, Newborn, Diseases/prevention & control , Antigens
10.
Rev. argent. reumatolg. (En línea) ; 31(2): 25-30, jun. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1143928

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: Determinar la relación de los anticuerpos con los antígenos del núcleo extraíble y las enfermedades del tejido conectivo identificadas por Immunoblot en un hospital de Lima, Perú. Material y métodos: Estudio de tipo observacional, ciencias básicas, analíticas y transversales, realizado en el Servicio de Inmunología del Hospital Nacional Arzobispo Loayza entre enero de 2018 y junio de 2018. Analizamos 291 historias clínicas de pacientes con enfermedad del tejido conectivo y para la detección de anticuerpos contra los antígenos extraíbles del núcleo se empleó el método de Immunoblots. Resultados: La frecuencia de los anticuerpos contra antígenos nucleares extraíbles en pacientes con enfermedad del tejido conectivo identificados por Immunoblot fue 789 (100%). Se demostró que existe una relación significativa p <0.05 de Anti-histonas (X2 = 64.19; p = 0,000), anti-nucleosomas (X2 = 71,16; p = 0,000), anti-dsDNA (X2 = 71,44; p = 0,000), anti-SM (X2 = 10,08; p = 0,003) y lupus eritematoso sistémico con prueba de Chi-cuadrado de Pearson. Se demostró que existe una relación significativa p <0.05 del Anti-SSA (X2 = 61,33; p = 0.001), anti-SSB (x2 = 51,00; p = 0.001), anti-Ro 52 (X2 = 62,60; p = 0,000) y síndrome de Sjogren con prueba de Chi-cuadrado de Pearson. Se demostró que existe una relación significativa p <0.05 de Anti-CENP B (p = 0.001) y calcinosis, fenómeno de Raynaud, dismotilidad esofágica, esclerodactilia y Telangiectasia (CREST) con Fisher. Conclusiones: Existe relación de anticuerpos con antígenos de núcleo extraíbles y lupus eritematoso sistémico, síndrome de Sjogren, enfermedad mixta del tejido conectivo, enfermedad del CREST, esclerodermia y polimiositis.


Objectives: To determine the relationship of antibodies to extractable nucleus antigens and connective tissue diseases identified by Immunoblot in a hospital in Lima, Peru. Material and methods: Study of the observational type, basic sciences, analytical and transversal, carried out in the Immunology service of the national Hospital Archbishop Loayza between January 2018 and June 2018. We analyzed 291 clinical histories of patients with connective tissue disease and for the detection of antibodies to the extractable antigens of the nucleus the method of Immunoblot was employed. Results: The frequency of the antibodies against extractable nuclear antigens in patients with connective tissue disease identified by Immunoblot was 789 (100%). It was demonstrated that there is significant relationship p < 0.05 of Anti-histones (X2 = 64.19; p = 0,000), anti-nucleosomas (X2 = 71,16; p = 0,000), anti-dsDNA (X2 = 71,44; p = 0,000), anti-SM (X2 = 10,08; p = 0,003) and Lupus Systemic erythematosus with Pearson Chi-square test. It was demonstrated that there is significant relationship p < 0.05 of the Anti-SSA (X2 = 61,33; p = 0.001), anti-SSB (X2 = 51,00; p = 0.001), anti-Ro 52 (X2 = 62,60; p = 0,000) and Sjogren's syndrome with Pearson Chi-square test. It was demonstrated that there is significant relationship p < 0.05 of Anti-CENP B (p = 0.001) and calcinosis, Raynaud's phenomenon, esophageal dysmotility, sclerodactyly and Telangiectasia (CREST) with exact Fisher statistician. Conclusions: There is a relationship of antibodies to extractable nucleus antigens and systemic lupus erythematosus, Sjogren's syndrome, mixed connective tissue disease, calcinosis, Raynaud's phenomenon, esophageal dysmotility, sclerodactyly and Telangiectasias (CREST), Scleroderma and Polymyositis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antibodies , Connective Tissue , Connective Tissue Diseases , Mixed Connective Tissue Disease , Antigens
11.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(2): 175-184, abr. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115514

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: revisar los diferentes métodos de diagnóstico de la tricomoniasis vaginal disponibles hasta el presente. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: se revisó la bibliografía latinoamericano e internacional a través de los sitios electrónicos de Pub-Med y Scielo. RESULTADOS: la Tricomonas vaginalis es considera como la enfermedad de transmisión sexual no viral, curable más frecuente y prevalente en el mundo. Se revisan los diferentes de métodos para diagnosticar la presencia de la tricomonas vaginalis en pacientes femeninos con síntomas y signos de la infección producida por el protozoario flagelado. CONCLUSIONES: se revisaron los diferentes métodos de diagnostico de la infección producida por la Tricomonas vaginalis en pacientes femeninas, desde los clásicos hasta los más actuales que emplean alta tecnología.


OBJECTIVE: to review the different diagnostic methods of Trichomonas vaginal available at the present time. MATERIAL AND METHOD: it was reviewed the Latin-American and international bibliography using the Pub-Med and Scielo web sites. RESULTS: Trichomonas vaginalis is considered the most common and prevalent sexual transmitted disease curable and non-viral worldwide. It was reviewed the different methods to diagnose the presence of Trichomonas vaginalis in female patients with symptoms and signs of infection produces by the flagellate protozoa. CONCLUSION: Different methods of diagnosis of the infection produced by Trichomonas vaginalis, since the classics to the most current methods that use high technology, were reviewed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Trichomonas Vaginitis/diagnosis , Trichomonas vaginalis , Vaginal Smears , Sexually Transmitted Diseases/diagnosis , Sensitivity and Specificity , Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques , Culture Techniques , Antigens/analysis
12.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 54(1): 55-60, mar. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130579

ABSTRACT

En el campo de la medicina transfusional la correcta identificación de los fenotipos del sistema Rh y en especial del antígeno D debe ser de manera inequívoca por su relevancia clínica. El antígeno D tiene variantes denominadas D parcial, D débil y DEL, las que se producen por mutaciones de los alelos RHD/RHCE o por una supresión en la expresión fenotípica. Se trató de un estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo de corte transversal en el que se realizó una revisión de registros primarios durante el período 2011-2014 validados de acuerdo con el protocolo de Hernández-Sampieri R. Se utilizó estadística descriptiva mediante la aplicación del software informático SPSS versión 22.0 y se estableció la relación entre variables independientes a través del análisis estadístico de Chi-cuadrado. Se determinó una prevalencia de donantes RhD negativos de 1,8 a 2,5% y RhD débil de 1,79 a 2,28%. La fenotipificación serológica permitió identificar que los tipos 2 y 5 eran los más frecuentes. También se estableció la existencia de aloinmunización por anti-D, anti-C y anti-E. Se estableció de esta manera la existencia de D débil y una importante aloinmunización en la población de donantes de sangre tipificados como D negativo y D débil, por lo que se recomienda implementar un algoritmo de identificación del antígeno D en servicios de medicina transfusional.


In the field of transfusion medicine, the correct identification of the phenotypes of the Rh system and especially of the D antigen must be unequivocal for clinical relevance. The D antigen has variants called partial D, weak D and DEL. These are produced by mutations of the RHD/RHCE alleles or a suppression in phenotypic expression. The objective of this study was to establish the frequency of weak D antigen in the population of blood donours from 17 Ecuadorian states and their phenotypic combinations. It was a descriptive, retrospective cross-sectional study performed during the 2011-2014 period and validated with primary records in accordance with the Hernández-Sampieri R protocol. A descriptive statistics through the application of SPSS computer software version 22.0 was used and the relationship between independent variables through the Chi-square statistic method was established. A prevalence of RhD negative donours from 1.8 to 2.5% and weak D 1.79 to 2.28% was observed The serological phenotyping made it possible to identify that type 2 and 5 were the most frequent. The presence of alloimmunization by anti-D, anti-C and anti-E was also established. Besides, the presence of weak D types and significant alloimmunization in the donour population of blood typed as D negative and weak was established, so it is recommended to implement an algorithm for the identification of D antigen in transfusional medicine services.


No campo da medicina transfusional, a correta identificação dos fenótipos do sistema Rh e especialmente do antígeno D deve ser inequívoca devido a sua relevância clínica. O antígeno D tem variantes chamadas de D parcial, D fraca e DEL, as quais são produzidos por mutações dos alelos RHD/RHCE ou por uma supressão na expressão fenotípica. O objetivo deste estudo foi estabelecer a frequência do antígeno D fraco em uma população de doadores de sangue de 17 províncias equatorianas e suas combinações fenotípicas. Foi uma estudo descritivo, retrospectivo de corte transversal em que se realizou uma revisão dos registros primários validados de acordo com o Protocolo Hernández-Sampieri R durante o período 2011-2014. Utilizou-se estatísticas descritivas através da aplicação do software informático SPSS versão 22.0 e a relação entre variáveis independentes através da análise estatística de qui-quadrado. Foi determinada uma prevalência de doadores RhD negativos de 1,8 a 2,5% e RhD fraco de 1,79 a 2,28%. A genotipagem serológica permitiu identificar que os tipos 2 e 5 são os mais frequente. A existência de alo imunização por anti-D, anti-C e anti-E também foi estabelecida. A existência de D fraco e uma alo imunização significativa na população de doadores de sangue tipificados como D negativo e fraco, por isso é recomendado implementar um algoritmo de identificação do antígeno D em serviços de medicina transfusional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Phenotype , Blood Donors , Prevalence , Antigens/analysis , Antigens/classification , Volunteers , Blood , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistical Analysis , Immunization , Courtship , Alleles , Hematology , Antigens/blood
13.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2443-2450, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878500

ABSTRACT

To establish a method for identifying protein epitopes recognized by therapeutic monoclonal antibodies, the programmed death receptor-1 (PD-1) was selected as the target protein. Based on the alanine scanning strategy, a rapid expression method of antigen mutants combining site-directed mutagenesis with mammalian cell expression system was established, the conditions for eukaryotic expression element amplification and cell transfection expression were established. 150 PD-1 protein mutants were co-expressed, and the binding ability of these mutants to anti-PD-1 antibody Pembrolizumab was identified. The epitopes of Pembrolizumab were determined based on the binding ability of protein mutants to antibodies and combined with protein structure analysis, which was highly consistent with the reported crystal structure-based epitopes, indicating that this method is simple and accurate and can be used for epitope mapping of therapeutic monoclonal antibodies.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Antigens , Epitope Mapping , Epitopes/genetics
14.
J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis ; 26: e20200032, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | ID: biblio-1135160

ABSTRACT

Liposomes are highly useful carriers for delivering drugs or antigens. The association of glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored proteins to liposomes potentially enhances the immunogenic effect of vaccine antigens by increasing their surface concentration. Furthermore, the introduction of a universal immunoglobulin-binding domain can make liposomes targetable to virtually any desired receptor for which antibodies exist. Methods: We developed a system for the production of recombinant proteins with GPI anchors and histidine tags and Strep-tags for simplified purification from cells. This system was applied to i) the green fluorescent protein (GFP) as a reporter, ii) the promising Plasmodium falciparum vaccine antigen PfRH5 and iii) a doubled immunoglobulin Fc-binding domain termed ZZ from protein A of Staphylococcus aureus. As the GPI-attachment domain, the C-terminus of murine CD14 was used. After the recovery of these three recombinant proteins from Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells and association with liposomes, their vaccine potential and ability to target the CD4 receptor on lymphocytes in ex vivo conditions were tested. Results: Upon immunization in mice, the PfRH5-GPI-loaded liposomes generated antibody titers of 103 to 104, and showed a 45% inhibitory effect on in vitro growth at an IgG concentration of 600 µg/mL in P. falciparum cultures. Using GPI-anchored ZZ to couple anti-CD4 antibodies to liposomes, we created immunoliposomes with a binding efficiency of 75% to CD4+ cells in splenocytes and minimal off-target binding. Conclusions: Proteins are very effectively associated with liposomes via a GPI-anchor to form proteoliposome particles and these are useful for a variety of applications including vaccines and antibody-mediated targeting of liposomes. Importantly, the CHO-cell and GPI-tagged produced PfRH5 elicited invasion-blocking antibodies qualitatively comparable to other approaches.(AU)


Subject(s)
Plasmodium falciparum , Vaccines , Glycosylphosphatidylinositols , Liposomes , Antigens
15.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1069-1082, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826869

ABSTRACT

Monoclonal antibody (mAb) is an important biological macromolecule and widely used in immune detection, in vitro diagnostics, and drug discovery. However, the inherent properties of mAb restrict its further development, such as high molecular weight and complex structure. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop alternatives for mAb. Various types of miniaturized antibodies have been developed, among which the variable domain of immunoglobulin new antigen receptor (VNAR) is very attractive. The shark single-domain antibody, also known as shark VNAR, is an antigen-binding domain obtained by genetic engineering technology based on the immunoglobulin new antigen receptor (IgNAR) that naturally exists in selachimorpha. It has a molecular weight of 12 kDa, which is the smallest antigen-binding domain found in the known vertebrates at present. Compared with mAb, the shark VNAR exhibits various superiorities, such as low molecular weight, high affinity, tolerance to the harsh environment, good water solubility, strong tissue penetration, and recognition of the hidden epitopes. It has attracted wide attention in the fields of immunochemical reagents and drug discovery. In this review, various aspects of shark VNAR are elaborated, including the structural and functional characteristics, generating and humanization techniques, affinity maturation strategies, application fields, advantages and disadvantages, and prospects.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Allergy and Immunology , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized , Allergy and Immunology , Antigens , Epitopes , Metabolism , Protein Domains , Allergy and Immunology , Receptors, Antigen , Chemistry , Allergy and Immunology , Sharks
16.
Rev. patol. trop ; 49(3): 177-190, 2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151954

ABSTRACT

In Latin America 96% of the cases of schistosomiasis occur in Brazil in low-socioeconomic status populations. The epidemiological characteristics and occurrence predictors of Schistosoma mansoni infection were determined in the Bananeiras community, located in Capistrano, a town in Ceará state, Brazil. Sanitary, environmental, socioeconomic, and behavioral data were collected using a semi-structured questionnaire. An investigation to assess S. mansoni infection was conducted using the Kato-Katz and Point-of-Care Circulating Cathodic Antigen (POC-CCA) methods. From the 258 subjects were analyzed, 54.3% (n=140) were women, median age 30 years. Thirty-three (12.8%) individuals were positive by either egg- and/or CCA-positivity. The highest positivity rate was found in the 30-39 year old group. There was no piped water supply, sewage network or municipal refuse collection service. Most individuals were illiterate or had not finished elementary school (66.3%). About 29.1% of the families had a monthly income below one Brazilian minimum wage and 91.1% reported contact with natural water sources. We found an association between infection and age group of 20-40 years, illiteracy, household with 7 inhabitants or more, household with up to 3 rooms and an outhouse. Contrarily, being 40 years old or older and household with up to 6 inhabitants were not risk factors. Schistosomiasis remains a public health problem in this municipality, evidencing a strong association with low socioeconomic conditions and high vulnerability. These findings reinforce the importance of identifying the factors associated with the infection for more effective guidance in actions in control programs targeting schistosomiasis prevention and control.


Subject(s)
Humans , Poverty , Schistosoma mansoni , Schistosomiasis , Epidemiology , Infections , Antigens
17.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 35(4): e986, oct.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093295

ABSTRACT

percentIntroducción: El sistema Rh está compuesto por más de 56 antígenos capaces de producir enfermedad hemolítica, definidos por métodos serológicos. Los más importantes y, por ello denominados antígenos mayores del sistema, son los antígenos D, C, c, E y e. Estos antígenos se ubican sobre dos proteínas que se expresan en la membrana de los eritrocitos Rh D y RhCE. Objetivo: Determinar la frecuencia de los antígenos C, c, E y e del sistema Rh en donantes de sangre Rh negativos del Hemocentro Centro Oriente Colombiano. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo de corte transversal que incluyó 193 donantes voluntarios de sangre del Hemocentro Centro Oriente Colombiano, la fenotipificación de los antígenos del sistema Rh se realizó utilizando la técnica en tarjeta gel. Se calculó la frecuencia fenotípica de los antígenos del sistema Rh, en porcentajes y para el procesamiento de la información se utilizó el paquete estadístico SPSS versión 21.0 donde se realizó el análisis de los datos de la población. Como criterios de inclusión ser donante voluntario de sangre y de exclusión, estar hemoclasificado como antígeno DEL, D débil y D parcial. Resultados: Las muestras analizadas fueron obtenidas de la tubuladura central de la unidad fraccionada de glóbulos rojos, identificándose tres fenotipos con la siguiente frecuencia: cde/cde (95,86 por ciento), cde/cdE (3,10 por ciento) y cde/Cde (1,04 por ciento). Los participantes del estudio provenían de diversos municipios del departamento de Boyacá y otras regiones del país como llanos Orientales, Santander y Cundinamarca. Los antígenos del sistema Rh son altamente polimórficos a nivel de poblaciones, dada la importancia inmunológica de los antígenos del sistema Rh, los cuales se ven directamente relacionados con el desarrollo de anemia hemolítica postransfusional y perinatal, la fenotipificación ampliada brinda mayor seguridad transfusional y seguimiento al estado del feto o neonato(AU)


Introduction: The Rh system is composed of more than 56 antigens capable of producing hemolytic disease, defined by serological methods; being the most important and therefore the largest antigens of the system, the antigens D, C, c, E and e. These antigens are located on two proteins that are expressed in the membrane of erythrocytes Rh D and RhCE. Objective: To determine the frequency of the C, c, E and e antigens of the Rh system in Rh negative blood donors of Hemocentro Centro Oriente Colombiano. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study that included 193 blood donors from the Hemocentro Centro Oriente Colombiano, phenotyping the antigens of the Rh system, using the gel card technique. The phenotypic frequency of the Rh antigen was calculated, in percentages and for the processing of the information, the statistical package SPSS version 21.0 was used in Spanish where all the analysis of the population data was performed. With inclusion criteria to be a voluntary blood donor and exclusion, be hemoclasified as DEL antigen, weak D and partial D. Results: The analyzed samples were obtained from the central tubulant of the fractionated unit of red blood cells, three phenotypes were identified with a frequency of :cde / cde95.86 percent, cde / cdE 3.10 percent and cde / Cde 1, 04 percent; it was evidenced that the participants come from diverse municipalities of the department of Boyacá and other regions of the country like Eastern Plains, Santander and Cundinamarca. The Rh factor and the antigens of the Rh system are highly polymorphic at the population level, given the immunological importance of the antigens of the Rh system, which are directly related to the development of post transfusion hemolytic anemia and perinatal hemolytic disease, the extended phenotyping provides greater transfusional safety and follow-up to the status of the fetus or neonate(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Rh-Hr Blood-Group System/analysis , Blood Donors , Antigens/analysis , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Biological Variation, Population
18.
Rev. med. Risaralda ; 25(1): 30-32, ene.-jun. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1058568

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El sistema Kell está formado por dos antígenos principales: el Kell (K) y el Cellano (k), estos son capaces de causar reacciones graves, tales como reacción hemolítica postransfusional y la enfermedad hemolítica del recién nacido. Los antígenos de este sistema son altamente inmunogénicos lo que les confiere el tercer lugar en importancia clínica. Objetivo: Determinar la frecuencia del antígeno Kell y procedencia de las mujeres donantes de sangre con antígeno Kell positivo en el Hemocentro del Centro Oriente Colombiano (HCOC). Metodología: Estudio descriptivo de corte transversal que incluyó 186 donantes voluntarias de sangre del Hemocentro Centro Oriente Colombiano, se realizó la fenotipificación del antígeno Kell, utilizando la técnica Aglutinación en lámina, la cual se basa en enfrentar glóbulos rojos del donante con anticuerpo monoclonal anti K. Se calculó la frecuencia fenotípica del antígeno Kell, en porcentajes y para el procesamiento de la información se utilizó el paquete estadístico SPSS versión 21.0 en español donde se realizó todo el análisis de los datos de la población. Resultados: Se procesaron 177 muestras obtenidas en 9 campañas de donación de sangre realizadas en diferentes municipios del departamento de Boyacá, obteniéndose una frecuencia fenotípica del 7,5% para el antígeno Kell, en la población de mujeres donantes de sangre del HCOC, siendo esta similar con la frecuencia encontrada en Colombia y Latinoamérica. Conclusión: Se determinó que la frecuencia del antígeno Kell en las mujeres donantes de sangre del HCOC fue del 7,5%, y se logró identificar que no existe una relación estadísticamente entre la procedencia y la presencia del antígeno Kell en las donantes, lo anterior está relacionado con el mestizaje y los procesos de migración.


Abstract Introduction: The Kell system consists of two major antigens: Kell (K) and Cellano (K), which are capable of causing serious reactions, such as posttransfusion hemolytic reaction and hemolytic disease of the newborn. The antigens of this system are highly immunogenic which gives them the third place in clinical importance. Objective: To determine the frequency of Kell antigen and origin of blood donors in the Hemocenter of the Centro Oriente Colombiano (H.C.O.C). Methods: Cross-sectional descriptive study involving 186 blood donors from the Centro Oriente Colombian Hemocenter, phenotyping of the Kell antigen was carried out, using the technique Aglutination in lamina, which is based on facing donor red blood cells with anti-K monoclonal antibody. Calculated the phenotypic frequency of the Kell antigen in percentages and for the processing of the information was used the statistical package SPSS version 21.0 in Spanish where all the analysis of the data of the population was carried out. Results: 177 samples obtained in 9 blood donation campaigns were carried out in different municipalities of the department of Boyacá, obtaining a phenotypic frequency of 7.5% for the Kell antigen in the population of female HCOC blood donors. Similar to the frequency found in Colombia and Latin America. Conclusion: It was determined that the frequency of Kell antigen in the female HCOC donors was 7.5%, and it was possible to identify that there is no statistically relation between the origin and the presence of Kell antigen in the donors, Is related to mestizaje and migration processes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Blood , Blood Donors , Kell Blood-Group System , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Antigens , Tissue Donors , Agglutination , Erythroblastosis, Fetal
19.
Mundo saúde (Impr.) ; 43(2): [390-405], abr., 2019. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054507

ABSTRACT

Amasonia campestris (Aubl.) Moldenke, belongs to the Lamiaceae family, found in the North, Northeast, Midwestand Southeast regions of Brazil. A. campestris tea is popularly used for the fight against malaria, diabetes among otherdiseases. Its common names are mendoca, macaw tail, macaw bamboo. The present study evaluated the genotoxic andantigenotoxic potential of the methanol extract of the roots of Amasonia campestris in polychromatic erythrocytes of Swissmice. The animals were treated with different concentrations of Amasonia campestris (250, 500, 1000 and 2000 mg/kgb.w.) including positive control groups (doxorubicin, DXR 16 mg/kg body weight), negative (water) and solvent (dimethylsulfoxide, DMSO). Concentrations were administered to the animals via a gavage as well as the negative control andsolvent. The positive control was given intraperitoneally. The animals were treated daily with the respective doses for 15days for genotoxic evaluation. after that, samples of caudal peripheral blood were collected at the hours: 24 and 48hrs afterthe first gavage, and on days 7 and 15. For the antigenotoxic evaluation, mice were treated on day 14 with intraperitonealinjections of DXR and caudal peripheral blood samples were collected 24 and 48hrs after this intervention. After thetreatments, 2,000 polychromatic erythrocytes were counted per animal from each group to evaluate the frequency ofMicronuclei. The results showed that the methanol extracts of the roots of A. campestris were not genotoxic because nostatistically significant difference was observed when compared with the negative control. Animals treated with differentconcentrations of Amasonia campestris extracts associated with DXR had a significant reduction of micronucleatedpolychromatic erythrocytes when compared with the positive control. In conclusion, the methan...


Amasonia campestris (Aubl.) Moldenke, pertencente à família Lamiaceae, encontrada nas regiões Norte, Nordeste, Centro-Oeste e Sudeste do Brasil. O chá da A. campestris é utilizado popularmente para o combate à malária, diabetes entreoutras enfermidades. Seu nome popular é mendoca, rabo de arara, bambã de arara. Diante disso, o presente estudoavaliou o potencial genotóxico e antigenotóxico do extrato metanólico das raízes de Amasonia campestris em eritrócitospolicromáticos de camundongos Swiss. Os animais foram tratados com diferentes concentrações da Amasonia campestris(250, 500, 1000 e 2000 mg/kg p.c,) incluindo grupos de controle positivo (doxorrubicina, DXR, 16 mg/kg p.c), negativo(água) e solvente (Dimetilsulfóxido, DMSO). As concentrações foram administradas nos animais via gavagem assimcomo o controle negativo e solvente. O controle positivo foi administrado intraperitonealmente. Os animais receberamtratamento diariamente com as respectivas doses durante 15 dias para avaliação genotóxica, após isso foram coletadasamostras de sangue periférico caudal nas horas: 24 e 48h após a primeira gavagem, e nos dias 7 e 15. Para avaliaçãoantigenotóxica no dia 14 os camundongos foram tratados com injeções intraperitoneal de DXR e foram coletadas amostrasde sangue periférico caudal nas horas: 24 e 48h ao término dessa intervenção. Após os tratamentos, foi feita a contagem de2 mil eritrócitos policromáticos por animal de cada grupo, para avaliação da frequência de Micronúcleos. Os resultados,demonstraram que os extratos metanólicos das raízes da A. campestris não eram genotóxicos, pois não apresentaramdiferença estatisticamente significativa quando comparados ao controle Negativo. Os animais tratados com as diferentesconcentrações do extrato da Amasonia campestris associados a DXR obtiveram uma redução de Eritrócitos PolicromáticosMicronucleados significativa quando comparada ao controle positivo...


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Antigens , Erythrocytes , Genotoxicity , Toxicity
20.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 35(1): e927, ene.-mar. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1003884

ABSTRACT

La leucemia linfoide crónica (LLC) es una neoplasia maligna que afecta principalmente a pacientes de mediana edad y ancianos. Se caracteriza por la proliferación de linfocitos morfológicamente maduros pero inmunoincompetentes que se acumulan en sangre periférica, médula ósea y tejido linfático. Presenta gran heterogeneidad clínica. Se describen diversos fenotipos, aunque predomina la expansión clonal de células B CD5+CD23+. Los factores pronósticos en la LLC incluyen el subgrupo citogenético, estado mutacional de inmunoglobulina, la expresión de ZAP-70, CD38 y CD49d. El tratamiento se basa en usar modernos algoritmos terapéuticos aprobados, que produzcan mayores respuestas y menores eventos secundarios, en lograr la remisión clínica completa y mejorar la calidad de vida de estos pacientes(AU)


Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a malignancy that mainly affects middle-aged and elderly patients. It is characterized by the proliferation of morphologically mature but immunoincompetent lymphocytes that accumulate in blood, bone marrow and lymphatic tissue. It presents great clinical heterogeneity. Several phenotypes are described, although the clonal expansion of CD5 + CD23 + B cells predominates. Prognostic factors include the cytogenetic subgroup, immunoglobulin mutational status, expression of ZAP-70, CD38, and CD49d. The treatment is based on using modern approved therapeutic algorithms that produce greater responses and minor secondary events, to achieve complete clinical remission and to improve the quality of life of these patients(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Lymphoid/genetics , Immunophenotyping/methods , Prognosis , Leukemia, Lymphoid/etiology , Flow Cytometry/methods , Antigens/metabolism
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