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1.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(11): e11069, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339448

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore gene expression profiles that drive malignancy from low- to high-grade head and neck carcinomas (HNC), as well as to analyze their correlations with survival. Gene expressions and clinical data of HNC were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) repository. The significantly differential genes (SDGs) between low- and high-grade HNC were screened. Cox regressions were performed to identify prognostic SDGs of progression-free survival (PFS) and disease-specific survival (DSS). The genes were experimentally validated by RT-PCR in clinical tissue specimens. Thirty-five SDGs were identified in 47 low-grade and 30 high-grade HNC samples. Cox regression analyses showed that CXCL14, SLC44A1, and UBD were significantly associated with DSS, and PPP2R2C and SLC44A1 were associated with PFS. Patients were grouped into high-risk or low-risk groups for prognosis based on gene signatures. High-risk patients had significantly shorter DSS and PFS than low-risk patients (P=0.033 and P=0.010, respectively). Multivariate Cox regression showed HPV (P=0.033), lymph node status (P=0.032), and residual status (P<0.044) were independent risk factors for PFS. ROC curves showed the risk score had better efficacy to predict survival both for DSS and PFS (AUC=0.858 and AUC=0.901, respectively). The results showed CXCL14 and SLC44A1 were significantly overexpressed in the low-grade HNC tissues and the UBD were overexpressed in the high-grade HNC tissues. Our results suggested that SDGs had different expression profiles between the low-grade and high-grade HNC, and these genes may serve as prognostic biomarkers to predict survival.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Head and Neck Neoplasms/genetics , Antigens, CD , Organic Cation Transport Proteins , Transcriptome
2.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(6): 1539-1543, Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134474

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Meniscus tear is an important injury affecting the quality of life. This work is aimed to investigate the activity of CD68 and ADAMTS-5 in cells in synovial fluid in male and female patients with meniscal tear. In this study ,18 male and 22 female patients with meniscal tears were included. Local pain sensation during patients' physical examination, swelling, performing daily activities and difficulty in running-walking complaints were determined. 5 cc synovial fluids were aspirated from the lateral suprapatellar pouch part of the knees with meniscal pain. After routine histological follow-up of the samples, they were embedded in paraffin and sectioned with microtome and 5 micrometer thickness. CD68 and ADAMTS-5 primary antibodies were used for immunohistochemical analysis. Sections were taken and evaluated with a stylish microscope. The distribution of blood cells after meniscus tear was higher in female patients than in male patients. CD68 distribution in female patients appeared higher than in male patients. CD68 expression was high in macrophage cell cytoplasm. ADAMTS-5 expression was higher in female patients in degenerative cells and apoptotic cells. ADAMTS-5 is an important metallo-protein involved in the development of apoptotic signal and extracellular matrix synthesis in patients with ADAMTS-5 meniscus tear, and it may be an important criterion for the treatment developed after injury. CD68 and ADAMTS-5 activity was thought to be one of the important signal pathways that can be identified in the treatment of meniscus tear.


RESUMEN: La rotura del menisco es una lesión importante que afecta la calidad de vida. El objetivo fue investigar la actividad de CD68 y ADAMTS-5 en células del líquido sinovial en pacientes masculinos y femeninos con desgarro meniscal. Se incluyeron 18 pacientes masculinos y 22 femeninos con desgarros meniscales. Se determinó la sensación de dolor local durante el examen físico de los pacientes, la hinchazón, la realización de actividades diarias y la dificultad al correr y caminar. Se aspiraron 5 cc de líquido sinoviale de la parte de la bolsa suprapatelar lateral de las rodillas de los pacientes con dolor meniscal. Después del seguimiento histológico de rutina, las muestras se incluyeron en parafina y se seccionaron con un micrótomo de grosor de 5 micrómetros. Para el análisis inmunohistoquímico se usaron los anticuerpos primarios CD68 y ADAMTS-5. La distribución de las células sanguíneas después del desgarro del menisco fue mayor en pacientes femeninos que en pacientes masculinos. La distribución de CD68 en pacientes femeninos fue más alta que en pacientes masculinos. Además la expresión de CD68 fue alta en el citoplasma de los macrófagos. La expresión de ADAMTS-5 fue mayor en pacientes femeninos en las células degenerativas y células apoptóticas. ADAMTS-5 es una metaloproteína importante en el desarrollo de la señal apoptótica y la síntesis de matriz extracelular en pacientes con rotura de menisco ADAMTS-5, y puede ser un criterio importante para el tratamiento después de la lesión. La actividad de CD68 y ADAMTS-5 era una de las vías de señal importantes que se pueden identificar en el tratamiento de la rotura del menisco.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Tibial Meniscus Injuries/metabolism , Tibial Meniscus Injuries/pathology , Knee Joint/metabolism , Knee Joint/pathology , Synovial Fluid/chemistry , Immunohistochemistry , Antigens, CD/analysis , Synoviocytes/metabolism , ADAMTS5 Protein/analysis , Knee Joint/cytology
3.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(6): 1767-1778, Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134510

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Acrylamide (ACR) is a cytotoxic and carcinogenic material. It is a product of a Maillard reaction during the cooking of many types of fried fast food, e.g. potato chip fries, and chicken nuggets. ACR has a severe toxic effect on different body organs. This study investigates the hepatotoxic effect of ACR, and the protective effect of ascorbic acid and silymarin. For this purpose, forty adult, male, albino rats were divided into four groups and received the following treatments for fourteen days: Group I: (the control) normal saline; Group II: ACR only; Group III: ACR and ascorbic acid; and Group IV: ACR and silymarin. Under a light microscope, the liver from rats treated with ACR only presented disturbed liver architecture, degenerated hepatocytes, reduced glycogen contents, congested central vein, and increased collagen fibres with areas of fibrosis. Immunohistochemical examination revealed an increased mean number of CD68-, and α-SMA-positive cells. This indicates the presence of large numbers of stellate macrophages (Kupffer cells) and Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). The combination of ACR with either ascorbic acid or silymarin resulted in less hepatic degeneration, less fibrosis and fewer CD68 and α-SMA positive cells compared to the ACR only group. In conclusion, treatment with silymarin or ascorbic acid along with ACR appears to alleviate ACR-induced hepatotoxicity with more protection in silymarin treated rats.


RESUMEN: La acrilamida (ACR) es un material citotóxico y cancerígeno. Es producto de la reacción de Maillard durante la cocción de muchos tipos de comida rápida y frita, por ejemplo: papas fritas y nuggets de pollo. ACR tiene un efecto tóxico severo en diferentes órganos del cuerpo. Este estudio investigó el efecto hepatotóxico del ACR y el efecto protector del ácido ascórbico y la silimarina. Con este fin, cuarenta ratas albinas machos adultas se dividieron en cuatro grupos y recibieron los siguientes tratamientos durante catorce días: Grupo I (control), solución salina normal; Grupo II, solo ACR; Grupo III, ACR y ácido ascórbico; y Grupo IV, ACR y silimarina. Bajo microscopio óptico, el hígado de ratas tratadas con ACR solo presentó alteración de su arquitectura, entre ellos hepatocitos degenerados, contenido reducido de glucógeno, vena central congestionada y aumento de fibras de colágeno con áreas de fibrosis. El examen inmunohistoquímico reveló un aumento del número medio de células CD68 y α-SMA positivas. Esto indica la presencia de un gran número de macrófagos estrellados (células de Kupffer) y células estrelladas hepáticas (HSC). La combinación de ACR con ácido ascórbico o silimarina resultó en menos degeneración hepática, menos fibrosis y menos células positivas para CD68 y α-SMA en comparación con el grupo de ACR solo. En conclusión, el tratamiento con silimarina o ácido ascórbico junto con ACR parece aliviar la hepatotoxicidad inducida por ACR.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Ascorbic Acid/pharmacology , Silymarin/pharmacology , Acrylamide/toxicity , Liver/drug effects , Immunohistochemistry , Antigens, CD/analysis , Actins/analysis , Hepatocytes , Hepatic Stellate Cells , Liver/metabolism , Liver/pathology
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828939

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the effect of neutralizing CD96 on natural killer (NK) cell functions in mice with pulmonary infection and explore the possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#Male BALB/c mice were randomly divided into infection group (Cm group), anti-CD96 treatment group (anti-CD96 group) and control group (=5). In the former two groups, was inoculated intranasal administration to establish mouse models of pulmonary infection, and the mice in the control group received intranasal administration of the inhalation buffer. In anti-CD96 group, the mice were injected with anti-CD96 antibody intraperitoneally at the dose of 250 μg every 3 days after the infection; the mice in Cm group received intraperitoneal injections of saline. The body weight of the mice was recorded daily. The mice were sacrificed 5 days after infection, and CD96 expression was detected by quantitative real-time PCR and Western blotting. HE staining and pathological scores were used to evaluate pneumonia of the mice. The inclusion body forming units (IFUs) were detected in the lung tissue homogenates to assess lung tissue chlamydia load. Flow cytometry and ELISA were used to assess the capacity of the lung NK cells to produce interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and regulate macrophages and Th1 cells.@*RESULTS@# infection inhibited CD96 expression in NK cells of the mice. Compared with those in Cm group, the mice in antiCD96 mice showed significantly milder lung inflammation ( < 0.05) and reduced chlamydia load in the lung tissue ( < 0.05). Neutralizing CD96 with anti-CD96 significantly enhanced IFN-γ secretion by the NK cells ( < 0.05) and augmented the immunoregulatory effect of the NK cells shown by enhanced responses of the lung macrophages ( < 0.05) and Th1 cells ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Inhibition of CD96 alleviates pneumonia in -infected mice possibly by enhancing IFN-γ secretion by NK cells and augmenting the immunoregulatory effect of the NK cells on innate and adaptive immunity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antigens, CD , Chlamydia Infections , Chlamydia muridarum , Interferon-gamma , Killer Cells, Natural , Lung Injury , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred C57BL
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828520

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the effect of neutralizing CD96 on natural killer (NK) cell functions in mice with pulmonary infection and explore the possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#Male BALB/c mice were randomly divided into infection group (Cm group), anti-CD96 treatment group (anti-CD96 group) and control group (=5). In the former two groups, was inoculated intranasal administration to establish mouse models of pulmonary infection, and the mice in the control group received intranasal administration of the inhalation buffer. In anti-CD96 group, the mice were injected with anti-CD96 antibody intraperitoneally at the dose of 250 μg every 3 days after the infection; the mice in Cm group received intraperitoneal injections of saline. The body weight of the mice was recorded daily. The mice were sacrificed 5 days after infection, and CD96 expression was detected by quantitative real-time PCR and Western blotting. HE staining and pathological scores were used to evaluate pneumonia of the mice. The inclusion body forming units (IFUs) were detected in the lung tissue homogenates to assess lung tissue chlamydia load. Flow cytometry and ELISA were used to assess the capacity of the lung NK cells to produce interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and regulate macrophages and Th1 cells.@*RESULTS@# infection inhibited CD96 expression in NK cells of the mice. Compared with those in Cm group, the mice in antiCD96 mice showed significantly milder lung inflammation ( < 0.05) and reduced chlamydia load in the lung tissue ( < 0.05). Neutralizing CD96 with anti-CD96 significantly enhanced IFN-γ secretion by the NK cells ( < 0.05) and augmented the immunoregulatory effect of the NK cells shown by enhanced responses of the lung macrophages ( < 0.05) and Th1 cells ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Inhibition of CD96 alleviates pneumonia in -infected mice possibly by enhancing IFN-γ secretion by NK cells and augmenting the immunoregulatory effect of the NK cells on innate and adaptive immunity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antigens, CD , Metabolism , Chlamydia Infections , Allergy and Immunology , Chlamydia muridarum , Interferon-gamma , Genetics , Metabolism , Killer Cells, Natural , Metabolism , Lung Injury , Genetics , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred C57BL
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879791

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical-biological characteristics and prognosis of pediatric pro-B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (pro-B-ALL).@*METHODS@#A total of 64 patients aged less than 18 years old with pro-BALL were enrolled. Clinical characteristics, therapeutic effect and prognostic factors were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Pro-B-ALL occurred in 6.23% (64/1 028) of pediatric ALL. Among the 64 patients, 35 were male and 29 were female. The median age was 7.0 years (range 0.4-16.0 years) at diagnosis, of which 39% and 6% were ≥ 10 years old and < 1 year old respectively. The median WBC count was 25.5×10@*CONCLUSIONS@#Pediatric pro-B ALL is a heterogeneous disease with clinical and biological diversity. Biological characteristics, such as immunological markers, genetic alterations, and MRD at 3 months after chemotherapy may be important factors for the long-term prognosis.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Antigens, CD/genetics , Child , Child, Preschool , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase/genetics , Humans , Infant , Male , Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein/genetics , Neoplasm, Residual/diagnosis , Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
7.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e033, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089391

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of our study was to isolate populations of keratinocyte stem cells based on the expression of cell surface markers and to investigate whether the culture could affect their phenotype. keratinocytes from human oral mucosa were sorted based on the expression of the epithelial stem cell markers p75NTR and CD71. We also examined the co-expression of other epithelial stem markers such as integrins β1 and α6 and their stem cell-like proprieties in in vitro assays. Three passages after being sorted by MACS, more than 93% of the p75NTR+ve cells lost the expression of p75NTR, while 5.46% of the p75NTR-ve gained it. Within the small population of the p75NTR+ve cells, 88% co-expressed other epithelial stem cell markers such as integrins β1 and α6, while only 28% of p75NTR-ve cells co-expressed these markers. These results were confirmed by sorting cells by FACS. Additionally, when double staining was used for sorting cells, 99% of the p75NTR+veCD71-ve and 33% of the p75NTR-veCD71+ve cells expressed both integrins, but just one week after culture, only 1.74% of the p75NTR+veCD71-ve cells still expressed p75NTR and only 0.32% still expressed CD71. Similar results were obtained when co-culturing p75NTR+ve and p75NTR-ve populations before analysis. Our results suggest that phenotype changes may be part of an intrinsic cellular mechanism to conserve levels of protein expression as they may found in the human body. In addition, in vitro culture may not offer ideal conditions for epithelial stem cell maintenance due to phenotype changes under standard culture conditions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Phenotype , Stem Cells/cytology , Keratinocytes/cytology , Cell Culture Techniques/methods , Epithelial Cells/cytology , Mouth Mucosa/cytology , Receptors, Transferrin/analysis , Biomarkers/analysis , Antigens, CD/analysis , Cell Separation/methods , Reproducibility of Results , Receptors, Nerve Growth Factor/analysis , Flow Cytometry/methods , Nerve Tissue Proteins/analysis
8.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(2): 606-611, June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002265

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to examine the expression levels of the dental pulp to elucidate the role of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) and CD68 on vascular angiogenesis, inflammation and odontoblast differentiation in the pulp tissue of diabetic rats depending on the effect of possible damage induced by diabetes. Wistar rats were used in the study, divided into two groups. Control group was fed with standard rat chow and drinking water ad libitum for 8 weeks. Single dose of streptozotocin (STZ) (55 mg/kg), was disolved in sodium citrate buffer and administered by intraperitoneal injection. Blood glucose concentration of rats exceeding 250 mg/dl were accepted as diabetic. Rats were sacrificed under anesthesia. Tissues were immediately dissected, fixed and embedded in paraffin and cut with a microtome then examined under light microscope. In the cross-sections of pulp tissue of diabetic group; the dilation of blood vessels besides hemorrhage and a significant increase in inflammatory cells were seen. The expression of VEGF in the blood vessel endothelial cells of the pulp was increased. VEGF showed positive reaction for degenerative odontoblast cells in the pulp. In this study, increase in VEGF and CD68 expressions in pulp tissue due to the effect of diabetes was thought to delay pulp treatment by inducing soft tissue damage and hypoxia.


El propósito de este estudio fue examinar los niveles de expresión en la pulpa dental para dilucidar el papel del Factor de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular (VEGF) y el CD68 en la angiogénesis, la inflamación y la diferenciación de odontoblastos en el tejido pulpar de ratas diabéticas, dependiendo del efecto de daño inducido por la diabetes. Se utilizaron ratas Wistar divididas en dos grupos. El grupocontrol se alimentó con comida estándar para ratas y agua potable ad libitum durante 8 semanas. Se administró mediante inyección intraperitoneal dosis única de estreptozotocina (STZ) (55 mg / kg), se disolvió en tampón de citrato de sodio. La concentración de glucosa en sangre de ratas que excedían los 250 mg / dl se aceptó como diabética. Las ratas fueron sacrificadas bajo anestesia. Los tejidos se disecaron de inmediato, se fijaron en parafina y se cortaron para luego ser examinados con un microscopio óptico. En las secciones transversales del tejido pulpar del grupo diabético se observó la dilatación de los vasos sanguíneos además de hemorragia y un aumento significativo de células inflamatorias. La expresión de VEGF se incrementó en las células endoteliales de los vasos sanguíneos de la pulpa. VEGF mostró una reacción positiva para las células odontoblásticas degenerativas en la pulpa. El aumento en la expresión de VEGF y CD68 en el tejido de la pulpa debido al efecto de la diabetes puede retrasar el tratamiento de la pulpa al inducir hipoxia y daños en los tejidos blandos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Dental Pulp/metabolism , Dental Pulp/pathology , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Antigens, CD/metabolism , Blotting, Western , Rats, Wistar , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism , Inflammation , Neovascularization, Pathologic
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776003

ABSTRACT

To investigate the expressions of mucosal barrier proteins in colon cell line DLD-1 under hypoxic environment and its mechanism. Methods After DLD-1 cells were treated separately with hypoxia(l% O),vitamin D(100 nmol/L),or vitamin D plus hypoxia for 48 hours,the expressions of vitamin D receptor(VDR),tight junction proteins zonula occludens-1(ZO-1),occludin,Claudin-1,and adherent junction protein(E-cadherin)were determined by Western blot.Stable VDR knock-down(Sh-VDR)DLD-1 cell line and control DLD-1 cell line were established by lentivirus package technology and the protein expressions after hypoxia treatment were detected. Results Compared with control group,the expressions of occludin,Claudin-1,and VDR increased significantly after hypoxia treatment(all <0.001).In addition to the protein expressions of occludin,Claudin-1 and VDR,the expressions of ZO-1 and E-cadherin were also obviously higher in vitamin D plus hypoxia group than in single vitamin D treatment group(all <0.001).After hypoxia treatment,Sh-VDR cell line showed significantly decreased expressions of ZO-1(<0.001),occludin(<0.05),Claudin-1(<0.01)and E-cadherin(<0.001)when compared with untreated Sh-VDR cell line. Conclusion VDR acts as a regulator for the expressions of intestinal mucosal barrier proteins under hypoxia environment in DLD-1 colon cell line,indicating that VDR pathway may be another important protective mechanism for gut barrier in low-oxygen environment.


Subject(s)
Antigens, CD , Metabolism , Cadherins , Metabolism , Cell Hypoxia , Cell Line , Claudin-1 , Metabolism , Colon , Cell Biology , Humans , Occludin , Metabolism , Receptors, Calcitriol , Metabolism , Tight Junctions , Vitamin D , Pharmacology , Zonula Occludens-1 Protein , Metabolism
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772128

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role of MTBP in regulating the migration and invasion of human prostate cancer cells.@*METHODS@#The baseline expressions of MTBP in 3 different human prostate cancer cells lines (22RV1, DU145 and Lncap) were detected using Western blotting. The cells were transfected with a small interfering RNA (siRNA) for MTBP knockdown or MTBP plasmid for MTBP overexpression, and 48 h later, the cells were examined for MTBP expression with Western blotting; the changes in the migration abilities of the cells were evaluated using wound healing assay and Transwell assay, and the cell invasiveness was assessed using Matrigel Transwell assay. The expression of E-cadherin protein, a marker of epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT), was detected using Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#MTBP expression was the highest in DU145 cells followed by Lncap cells, and was the lowest in 22RV1 cells, indicating a positive correlation of MTBP expression with the level of malignancy of human prostate cancer cells. Transfection of the cells with siRNA or MTBP plasmids efficiently lowered or enhanced the expressions of MTBP in human prostate cancer cells. Wound healing assay showed that inhibition of MTBP expression decreased the migration ability of the prostate cancer cells, and MTBP overexpression significantly promoted the migration of the cells ( < 0.01). Transwell assay showed that MTBP knockdown significantly lowered the migration and invasion ability of the cells, while MTBP overexpression markedly increased the number of migrating and invading cells ( < 0.01); Western blotting results showed that MTBP knockdown increased the expression of E-cadherin protein, and MTBP overexpression decreased E-cadherin expression in the prostate cancer cells.@*CONCLUSIONS@#MTBP overexpression promotes the migration and invasion of human prostate cancer cells possibly relation to the induction of EMT.


Subject(s)
Antigens, CD , Metabolism , Cadherins , Metabolism , Carrier Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Humans , Male , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Prostatic Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , RNA, Small Interfering , Transfection
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771942

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for three patients with development delay and to correlate their clinical phenotypes with genetic findings.@*METHODS@#The karyotypes of the probands and their parents were analyzed by conventional G-banding. Chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) was used to detect microdeletion and microduplication.@*RESULTS@#No kartotypic abnormality was detected in the patients and their parents. CMA analysis identified a de novo 3.10 Mb deletion on chromosome 15q24.1q24.2 in case 1, a de novo 3.14 Mb deletion at 15q24.1q24.2 in case 2, and a 3.13 Mb deletion at 15q24.1q24.2 in case 3. All deletions have encompassed the CPLX3,SEMA7A and SIN3A genes.@*CONCLUSION@#The three patients were diagnosed with 15q24 microdeletion syndrome. CPLX3,SEMA7A and SIN3A may be the key genes responsible for this syndrome.


Subject(s)
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing , Genetics , Antigens, CD , Genetics , Child , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosome Disorders , Genetics , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 15 , Genetics , GPI-Linked Proteins , Genetics , Humans , Intellectual Disability , Genetics , Repressor Proteins , Genetics , Semaphorins , Genetics
12.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e047, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001602

ABSTRACT

Abstract: The aim of this study was to evaluate macrophage M1 and M2 subpopulations in radicular cysts (RCs) and periapical granulomas (PGs) and relate them to clinical and morphological aspects. M1 macrophages were evaluated by the percentage of CD68 immunostaining associated with the inflammatory cytokine TNF-α, and M2 macrophages, by its specific CD163 antibody. The CD68+/CD163+ ratio was adopted to distinguish between the two macrophage subpopulations. Clinical, radiographic, symptomatology, treatment, and morphological parameters of lesions were collected and a significance level of p = 0.05 was adopted for statistical analysis. The results showed that the CD68+/CD163+ ratio was higher in the RCs (median = 1.22, p = 0.002), and the highest TNF-α immunostaining scores were found in RCs (p = 0.018); in PGs, the CD68+/CD163+ ratio was lower and associated with a greater CD163+ immunostaining (median = 1.02, p <0.001). The TNF-α in cyst epithelium had a score of 3 in 10 cases and predominance of M1 macrophages by CD68+/CD163+ (median = 2.23). In addition, CD68+ cells had higher percentage of immunostaining in smaller RCs (p = 0.034). Our findings suggest that increased CD68 immunostaining associated with TNF-α cytokine in RCs results in a greater differentiation of the M1 phenotype. The higher CD163 immunostaining in PGs results in greater differentiation of the M2 phenotype. Therefore, the inflammatory state promoted by M1 macrophages is related to growth and progression of RCs; on the other hand, the immunomodulatory state of M2 macrophages is related to maintenance of PGs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Periapical Granuloma/pathology , Radicular Cyst/pathology , Macrophages/pathology , Reference Values , Immunohistochemistry , Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic/analysis , Antigens, CD/analysis , Chronic Disease , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Receptors, Cell Surface/analysis , Statistics, Nonparametric , Middle Aged
13.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 52: e20180353, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057248

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Dengue is an important mosquito-borne disease in tropical and subtropical regions. Adhesion molecules have not been systematically characterized in the renal tissue of patients with severe dengue (SD). The objective of this study was to detect viral antigens in samples from patients that evolved with SD, correlating with the expression of ICAM-1, VCAM-1, VE-cadherin, and E-selectin to contribute to a better understanding of the pathophysiology of SD. METHODS: Kidney specimens from patients with SD were selected according to clinical and laboratorial data and submitted to histological and immunohistochemistry analysis. A semiquantitative evaluation was performed considering positive immunostaining in 20 glomeruli. RESULTS: Viral antigens were mainly detected in distal tubules. The intense immunostaining of VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 was observed. The expression of E-selectin was discrete, and VE-cadherin expression varied from mild to moderate. VCAM-1 was slightly intense in the glomerular capsule; the expression of ICAM-1 was diffuse. E-selectin was diffuse, and VE-cadherin varied from mild to moderate. The most frequent histological findings were glomerular congestion, mild glomerulitis, acute renal injury, and glomerular atrophy. CONCLUSIONS: The results appear to demonstrate an imbalance between vascular endothelial permeability regulating events in renal lesions in SD. The increase in the expression of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 is an in-situ indicator of higher permeability with a consequent influx of cells favoring the inflammation of the endothelium. These molecules are important in the pathophysiology of the disease and provide the possibility of developing new markers for the evaluation, clinical follow-up, and therapeutic response of patients with SD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/physiology , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1/physiology , E-Selectin/physiology , Severe Dengue/physiopathology , Severe Dengue/blood , Endothelium/physiopathology , Immunohistochemistry , Biomarkers/blood , Antigens, CD/physiology , Antigens, CD/blood , Cadherins/physiology , Cadherins/blood , Up-Regulation , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/blood , Disease Progression , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1/blood , E-Selectin/blood , Middle Aged , Antigens, Viral/blood
14.
Rev. ADM ; 75(6): 309-315, nov.-dic. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-982196

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La lesión central (LCCG) y periférica (LPCG) de células gigantes de los maxilares, son lesiones reactivas con comportamiento clínico diferente. Objetivo: Comparar la inmunoexpresión de CD68 en células gigantes (CGm) mononucleares (CMn) en lesiones central y periférica de los maxilares. Material y métodos: Se evaluaron 35 casos de LCCG y 24 de LPCG en bloques de parafi na que podían ser procesadas para la expresión del anticuerpo CD68. La inmunoexpresión se valoró en el citoplasma de ambas poblaciones celulares, obteniendo proporciones; la inmunoexpresión se categorizó en intensa, moderada, leve. Las proporciones se compararon con χ2, siendo signifi cativo p ≤ 0.05. Resultados: Para las CGm de LCCG, CD68 se expresó en una proporción de 96 versus 84.2% LPCG (p < 0.005). La proporción de la tinción de la expresión intensa y moderada fue más frecuente en las LCCG (p = 0.032). Las proporciones entre las CMn 59.3% LCCG versus 18.6% en la LPCG (p < 0.001). Hubo diferencia en intensidad de CD68, en las CMn de LCCG fue mayor (p = 0.002). Conclusiones: La alta expresión de CD68 en las CGM y CMn en la lesión central y periférica confi rma su fenotipo de macrófago. Las diferencias entre las proporciones y la tinción a CD68 refl eja mayor actividad fagocítica posiblemente relacionada con el comportamiento clínico (AU)


Introduction: Central (CGCL) and Peripheral (PGCL) giant cell lesions of jaws are reactive lesions displaying diff erent behavior patterns. Objective: To compare CD68 immunoexpression between CGCL and PCGL in giant multinucleated and mononuclear cells. Material and methods: 35 CGCL and 24 PGCL were retrieved from paraffi n-embedded biopsy, as well as the feasibility to analyze CD68 immunoexpression. The immunoexpression was analyzed in cytoplasm both cell populations cellular, for and staining intensity was categorized as intense, moderate or faint. Proportions were compared by χ2, making a p ≤ 0.05 value signifi cate. Results: In 96% of CGCL's in GMCs displayed CD68, as compared to 84.2% in PGCL, (p < 0.005). The proportion of stained cells, intense to moderate staining was more frequent in CGCL (p = 0.032). The proportion CD68 was expressed in 59.3% or CGCL mononuclear cells, as compared to 18.6% in PGCL, (p < 0.001). There was diff erence in staining CD68 intensity between mononuclear cells in CGCL, (p = 0.002). Conclusions: The high CD68 expression frequency in GMCs and mononuclear cells in central and peripheral GCL confi rm a macrophage phenotype; a more intense staining in CGML and GMCs suggests a more active phagocytic activity, and possibility underline the diff erent clinical behavior (AU)


Subject(s)
Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Immunohistochemistry , Granuloma, Giant Cell/genetics , Jaw Diseases/immunology , Antigens, CD , Monocytes/chemistry , Statistical Analysis , Age and Sex Distribution , Macrophages/chemistry , Mexico
15.
Int. j. morphol ; 36(4): 1453-1462, Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975722

ABSTRACT

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can potentially lead to hemorrhages in all areas of the skull, which can damage cells and nerve connections. This study aims to investigate the protective effects of Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharides (GLPS) as a antioxidant on cerebellar cell tissues after traumatic brain injury in rats. Sprague Dawley rats were subjected to TBI with a weight-drop device using 300 g1m weight-height impact. The groups are consisted of control, trauma, and trauma+Ganoderma lucidum groups. At seven days post-brain injury, experimental rats were decapitated after intraperitoneal administration of ketamine HCL (0.15 ml/100 g body weight). Cereballar samples were taken for histological examination or determination of malondialdehyde (MDA) and glutathione (GSH) levels and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity. Significant improvement was observed in cells and vascular structures of Ganoderma lucidum treated groups when compared to untreated groups. It is believed that Ganoderma lucidum may have an effect on the progression of traumatic brain injury. Ganoderma lucidum application may affect angiogenetic development in blood vessel endothelial cells, decrease inflammatory cell accumulation by affecting cytokine mechanism and may create apoptotic nerve cells and neuroprotective mechanism in glial cells.


La lesión cerebral traumática (LCT) puede provocar hemorragias en todas las áreas del cráneo, lo que puede dañar las células y las conexiones nerviosas. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo investigar los efectos protectores de los polisacáridos de Ganoderma lucidum (GLPS) como antioxidante en los tejidos de las células del cerebelo después de la lesión cerebral traumática en ratas. Ratas Sprague Dawley fueron sometidas a TBI con un dispositivo de caída de peso usando un impacto de peso de 300 g-1 m. Se formaron los siguientes grupos: control, trauma y trauma + Ganoderma lucidum. Siete días después de la lesión cerebral, las ratas experimentales fueron decapitadas después de la administración intraperitoneal de ketamina HCL (0,15 ml / 100 g de peso corporal). Se tomaron muestras cerebrales para el examen histológico y para la determinación de niveles de malondialdehído (MDA) y glutatión (GSH) y actividad de mieloperoxidasa (MPO). Se observó una mejora significativa en las células y las estructuras vasculares de los grupos tratados con Ganoderma lucidum en comparación con los grupos no tratados. Durante el estudio se observó que Ganoderma lucidum puede tener un efecto sobre la progresión de la lesión cerebral traumática. La aplicación de Ganoderma lucidum puede afectar el desarrollo angiogénico en las células endoteliales de los vasos sanguíneos, disminuir la acumulación de células inflamatorias al afectar el mecanismo de las citocinas y puede crear células nerviosas apoptóticas y un mecanismo neuroprotector en las células gliales.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Cerebellum/drug effects , Reishi/chemistry , Brain Injuries, Traumatic/pathology , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Polysaccharides/pharmacology , Immunohistochemistry , Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic , Antigens, CD , Cerebellum/metabolism , Cerebellum/pathology , Blotting, Western , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Peroxidase/metabolism , Neuroprotective Agents , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism , Glutathione/analysis , Malondialdehyde/analysis
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775827

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To identify differentially expressed genes in peripheral blood mononuclear cells between patients with continuous mild-to-moderate asthma and healthy controls using mRNA microarray in order to explore the underlying signaling pathways and clarify the roles of CD4+ T cells in the pathogenesis of asthma.@*METHODS@#Global transcriptomic profiles of the CD4+ T cells were defined by using Agilent Sure Print G3 Human GE 8×60K microarray. Enrichment pathways were analyzed with Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA) software.@*RESULTS@#Compared with controls, 805 genes were up-regulated, 192 were down-regulated in asthma patients. Among these, the expression of 38 annotated genes have varied by 4 times or more. Expression of CD300A was inversely proportional to the absolute value of eosinophils (r=-0.89, P=0.02) as well as the proportion of eosinophils (r=-0.94, P=0.004), while CSF1R was inversely proportional to PD20 (r=-0.83, P=0.04) and AQLQ (r=-0.88, P=0.02) by correlation analysis.@*CONCLUSION@#Numerous pathophysiological pathways may be involved in the pathogenesis of asthma. Above findings have provided a basis for the delineation the pathogenesis of asthma.


Subject(s)
Antigens, CD , Genetics , Asthma , Allergy and Immunology , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Cell Biology , Case-Control Studies , Eosinophils , Gene Expression Profiling , Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , Receptors, Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor , Genetics , Receptors, Immunologic , Genetics , Transcriptome
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691036

ABSTRACT

<p><b>PURPOSE</b>Macrophages are known to be important for healing numerous injured tissues depending on their functional phenotypes in response to different stimuli. The objective of this study was to reveal macrophage phenotypic changes involved in exercise-induced skeletal muscle injury and regeneration.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats experienced one session of downhill running (16° decline, 16 m/min) for 90 min. After exercise the blood and soleus muscles were collected at 0 h, 6 h, 12 h, 1 d, 2 d, 3 d, 1 w and 2 w after exercise, separately.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>It was showed that CD68 M1 macrophages mainly infiltrated into muscle necrotic sites at 1-3 d, while CD163 M2 macrophages were present in muscles from 0 h to 2 weeks after exercise. Using transmission electron microscopy, we observed activated satellite cells 1 d after exercise. Th1-associated transcripts of iNOS and Ccl2 were inhibited post exercise, while COX-2 mRNA was dramatically increased 12 h after running (p < 0.01). M2 phenotype marker Arg-1 increased 12 h and 3 d (p < 0.05, p < 0.01) after exercise, and Clec10a and Mrc2 were up-regulated in muscles 12 h following exercise (p < 0.05, p < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The data demonstrate the dynamic patterns of macrophage phenotype in skeletal muscle upon eccentric exercise stimuli, and M1 and M2 phenotypes perform different functions during exercise-induced skeletal muscle injury and recovery.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Antigens, CD , Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic , Macrophages , Physiology , Male , Muscle, Skeletal , Wounds and Injuries , Pathology , Myoglobin , Blood , Phenotype , Physical Conditioning, Animal , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, Cell Surface
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690950

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effects of blocking TCR-CD3 and B7-CD28 signals on immune function of mice with chronic GVHD by using TJU103 and CTLA4-Ig.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>On the basis of foregoing murine model of chronic GVHD, according to interference modes after infusion 6×10 spleen cells of donor mice, the recipients were divided into 5 groups: blank control, cGVHD, TJU103 interference, CTLA4-Ig interference and TJU103+CTLA4-Ig interference groups. The score of clinical manifestation and tissue histopathology were used to evaluate the effects of all the interferences on chronic GVHD.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>TJU103 and CTLA4-Ig could not influence the formation of the mouse chimera. The analysis of Kaplan survival curve of mice with chronic GVHD showed that the CTLA4-Ig and TJU103+CTLA4-Ig reduced the incidence of chronic GVHD, the TJU103 could delay the occurrence of chronic GVHD, but all the interference factors could not change the severity of chronic GVHD.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>TJU103 can delay the onset time of chronic GVHD, and the CTLA4-Ig can reduce the incidences of cGVHD, the combining use of TJU103 and CTLA4-Ig can significantly reduce the incidence of chronic GVHD, but can not change the severity of chronic GVHD.</p>


Subject(s)
Abatacept , Animals , Antigen-Presenting Cells , Antigens, CD , Antigens, Differentiation , CTLA-4 Antigen , Chronic Disease , Graft vs Host Disease , Immunoconjugates , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , T-Lymphocytes
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690927

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of steadily down-regulating the expression of VE-cadherin on the chemotheraputic sensitivity of K562 cells, and explore its possible mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Specifically targeting interference sequences carrying human VE-cadherin were designed, the recombinant lentiviral vector containing the IRES-GFP and NEO segment was constructed; recombinant lentivirus was generated by three-plasmids packing system, and transfected into K562 cells, then the cells steadily down-regulated were sorted. CCK-8 assay was performed to evaluate the VE-cadherin of chemotherapeutic (Imatinib) sensitivity of K562 cells. The apoptosis was analyzed by flow cytometry with Annexin V/7-AAD double labeling. The expressions of CD133 and ALDH1 mRNA were determined by real time PCR. The protein expressions of VE-cadherin, BCR-ABL and β-catenin were analyzed by Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The recombinant lentiviral vector pLB-shVEC-NEO-IRES-GFP was successfully constructed, packed into the lentivirus, then the K562 cells steadily down-regulating VE-cadherin expression was obtained. When VE-cadherin was down-rengulated in K562 cells, the proliferation rate was reduced while the the apoptosis rate was increased; the mRNA levels of CD133 and ALDH1 also were reduced; BCR-ABL fusion protein was not obviously changed; the total β-catenin protein, as well as the nuclear β-catenin protein were decreased in the K562/shVEC cells. Conclution: K562 cells are more susceptible to chemotherapy when VE-cadherin is down-regulated, that may be realized via reducing the stability and the nuclear transfer of β-catenin protein.</p>


Subject(s)
Antigens, CD , Metabolism , Apoptosis , Cadherins , Metabolism , Cell Proliferation , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl , Humans , K562 Cells
20.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 452-456, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689734

ABSTRACT

Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG), as a pathogen of gonorrhea, is strictly limited to growth on the human host. In case of gonococcal infection, the body may recruit such inflammatory cells as neutrophils to resist the invasion of NG or initiate its adaptive immune response by antigen presentation to eliminate the pathogen. However, a series of immune escape mechanisms of NG make it difficult to clear up the infection. In the innate immune system, NG can not only secrete thermonuclease to degrade neutrophile granulocytes, inhibit respiratory burst to resist killing by neutrophils, activate NLRP3 to prompt the pyronecrosis of inflammatory cells, but also regulate the differentiation of macrophages to reduce the inflammatory response, combine with factor H to evade complement-mediated killing. NG infection can hardly give rise to effective adaptive immune response and immune memory, but can promote TGF-β production to inhibit Th1/Th2-mediated adaptive immune response, bind to CEACAM1 on the B cell surface to promote apoptosis in B cells, and combine with CEACAM1 on the T cell surface to inhibit helper T cell proliferation, which makes it difficult for B cells to produce high-affinity specific antibodies. With the increasing drug-resistance of NG, immunological studies may play a significant role in the development of novel therapies and effective vaccines against the infection.


Subject(s)
Adaptive Immunity , Antibodies , Allergy and Immunology , Antigens, CD , Allergy and Immunology , Cell Adhesion Molecules , Allergy and Immunology , Complement Factor H , Allergy and Immunology , Gonorrhea , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Immune Evasion , Allergy and Immunology , Immunity, Innate , Allergy and Immunology , Neisseria gonorrhoeae , Allergy and Immunology
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