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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(5): 1394-1399, oct. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521051

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Telocytes are a cell population described in 2011 with a multitude of functions such as tissue support, regulation of stem cell niches or intercellular signal transmission. However, there are no studies about their embryonic origin, their function in development, or their moment of appearance. The objective of this work is to try to answer these questions through histological and immunofluorescence studies with samples from the embryological collection of the Department of Anatomy of the University of Granada. In the results obtained, as demonstrated by immunofluorescence for CD34, the presence of these cells can be seen in the fourth week of embryonic development in the perinotochordal region. Its presence is evident from the sixth week of development in a multitude of organs such as the heart, skeletal muscle tissue and supporting tissue of various organs such as the kidney, brain or pericardium. Its function seems to be when the embryonic histological images are analyzed in an evolutionary way, to act as a scaffold or scaffold for the subsequent population by mature tissue elements. In conclusion, telocytes appear at a very early stage of embryonic development and would have a fundamental role in it as scaffolding and directors of organ and tissue growth.


Los telocitos son una población celular descrita en 2011 con multitud de funciones como el sostén tisular, la regulación de los nichos de células madre o la transmisión de señales intercelulares. Sin embargo, no existen estudios acerca del origen embrionario de los mismos, su función en el desarrollo ni su momento de aparición. El objetivo de este trabajo es tratar de responder a estos interrogantes mediante estudios histológicos y por inmunofluorescencia con muestras de la colección embriológica del Departamento de Anatomía de la Universidad de Granada. En los resultados se puede observar como se demuestra mediante inmunofluorescencia para CD34, la presencia de estas células en la cuarta semana del desarrollo embrionario en la región perinotocordal. Su presencia se evidencia a partir de la sexta semana del desarrollo en multitud de órganos como corazón, tejidos músculo esqueléticos y tejidos de sostén de diversos órganos como riñón, encéfalo o pericardio. Su función parece ser al ser analizadas las imágenes histológicas embrionarias de forma evolutiva, la de actuar como un andamiaje o scafold para el posterior poblamiento por elementos tisulares maduros. Como conclusión, los telocitos aparecen en un momento muy precoz del desarrollo embrionario y presentarían una función fundamental en el mismo como andamiajes y directores del crecimiento de los órganos y tejidos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Telocytes/metabolism , Telocytes/ultrastructure , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Antigens, CD34
2.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 683-689, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985758

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of breast myofibroblastoma. Methods: The clinicopathological data and prognostic information of 15 patients with breast myofibroblastoma diagnosed at the Department of Pathology of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China from 2014 to 2022 were collected. Their clinical characteristics, histological subtypes, immunophenotypes and molecular characteristics were analyzed. Results: There were 12 female and 3 male patients, ranging in age from 18 to 78 years, with a median and average age of 52 years. There were 6 cases in the left breast and 9 cases in the right breast, including 12 cases in outer upper quadrant, 2 cases in inner upper quadrant and 1 case in outer lower quadrant. Most of the cases showed a well-defined nodule grossly, including pushing growth under the microscope in 13 cases, being completely separated from the surrounding breast tissue in 1 case, and infiltrating growth in 1 case. Among them, 12 cases were classic subtype and composed of occasional spindle cells with varying intervals of collagen fiber bundles; eight cases had a small amount of fat; one case had focal cartilage differentiation; one case was epithelioid subtype, in which epithelioid tumor cells were scattered in single filing or small clusters; one case was schwannoma-like subtype, and the tumor cells were arranged in a significant palisade shape, resembling schwannoma, and one case was invasive leiomyoma-like subtype, in which the tumor cells had eosinophilic cytoplasm and were arranged in bundles, and infiltrating into the surrounding mammary lobules like leiomyoma. Immunohistochemical studies showed that the tumor cells expressed desmin (14/15) and CD34 (14/15), as well as ER (15/15) and PR (15/15). Three cases with histologic subtypes of epithelioid subtype, schwannoma-like subtype and infiltrating leiomyoma-like subtype showed RB1 negative immunohistochemistry. Then FISH was performed to detect RB1/13q14 gene deletion, and identified RB1 gene deletion in all three cases. Fifteen cases were followed up for 2-100 months, and no recurrence was noted. Conclusions: Myofibroblastoma is a rare benign mesenchymal tumor of the breast. In addition to the classic type, there are many histological variants, among which the epithelioid subtype is easily confused with invasive lobular carcinoma. The schwannoma-like subtype is similar to schwannoma, while the invasive subtype is easily misdiagnosed as fibromatosis-like or spindle cell metaplastic carcinoma. Therefore, it is important to recognize the various histological subtypes and clinicopathological features of the tumor for making correct pathological diagnosis and rational clinical treatment.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Antigens, CD34 , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Leiomyoma/pathology , Neoplasms, Muscle Tissue/pathology , Neurilemmoma
3.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 205-215, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980998

ABSTRACT

Vascular wall-resident stem cells (VW-SCs) play a critical role in maintaining normal vascular function and regulating vascular repair. Understanding the basic functional characteristics of the VW-SCs will facilitate the study of their regulation and potential therapeutic applications. The aim of this study was to establish a stable method for the isolation, culture, and validation of the CD34+ VW-SCs from mice, and to provide abundant and reliable cell sources for further study of the mechanisms involved in proliferation, migration and differentiation of the VW-SCs under various physiological and pathological conditions. The vascular wall cells of mouse aortic adventitia and mesenteric artery were obtained by the method of tissue block attachment and purified by magnetic microbead sorting and flow cytometry to obtain the CD34+ VW-SCs. Cell immunofluorescence staining was performed to detect the stem cell markers (CD34, Flk-1, c-kit, Sca-1), smooth muscle markers (SM22, SM MHC), endothelial marker (CD31), and intranuclear division proliferation-related protein (Ki-67). To verify the multipotency of the isolated CD34+ VW-SCs, endothelial differentiation medium EBM-2 and fibroblast differentiation medium FM-2 were used. After culture for 7 days and 3 days respectively, endothelial cell markers and fibroblast markers of the differentiated cells were evaluated by immunofluorescence staining and q-PCR. Furthermore, the intracellular Ca2+ release and extracellular Ca2+ entry signaling were evaluated by TILLvisION system in Fura-2/AM loaded cells. The results showed that: (1) High purity (more than 90%) CD34+ VW-SCs from aortic adventitia and mesenteric artery of mice were harvested by means of tissue block attachment method and magnetic microbead sorting; (2) CD34+ VW-SCs were able to differentiate into endothelial cells and fibroblasts in vitro; (3) Caffeine and ATP significantly activated intracellular Ca2+ release from endoplasmic reticulum of CD34+ VW-SCs. Store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) was activated by using thapsigargin (TG) applied in Ca2+-free/Ca2+ reintroduction protocol. This study successfully established a stable and efficient method for isolation, culture and validation of the CD34+ VW-SCs from mice, which provides an ideal VW-SCs sources for the further study of cardiovascular diseases.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Endothelial Cells , Cell Differentiation/physiology , Stem Cells , Adventitia , Fibroblasts , Cells, Cultured , Antigens, CD34/metabolism
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 227-232, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971129

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of hypoxia-supported umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cell (UC-MSC) on the expansion of cord blood mononuclear cell (MNC) in vitro.@*METHODS@#The isolated cord blood mononuclear cells were inoculated on the preestablished umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cell layer and cultured under hypoxic conditions (3% O2) and the experimental groups were normoxia (MNCs were cultured under normoxic conditions), hypoxia (MNCs were cultured under hypoxic conditions), UC-MSC (MNCs were cultured with UC-MSC under normoxic conditions), and UC-MSC+hypoxia (MNCs were cultured with UC-MSC under hypoxic conditions). To further investigate the combinational effect of 3 factors of SCF+FL+TPO (SFT) on expansion of cord blood MNCs in vitro in hypoxia-supported UC-MSC culture system, the experiments were further divided into group A (MNCs were cultured with UC-MSC and SFT under normoxic conditions), group B (MNCs were cultured with UC-MSC under hypoxic conditions), group C (MNCs were cultured with UC-MSC and SFT under hypoxic conditions). The number of nucleated cells (TNC), CD34+ cell, CFU and CD34+CXCR4+, CD34+CD49d+, CD34+CD62L+ cells of each groups were detected at 0, 7, 10 and 14 days, respectively.@*RESULTS@#Compared with group hypoxia and UC-MSC, group UC-MSC+hypoxia effectively promoted the expansion of TNC, CD34+ cell and CFU, and upregulated the expression level of adhesion molecule and CxCR4 of the cord blood CD34+ cell(P<0.05). After culturing for 14 days, compared with group A and group B, group C effectively promoted the expansion of cord blood MNC at different time points(P<0.05), and the effect of group A was better than that of group B at 7 and 10 days(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Hypoxia-supported UC-MSC efficiently promoted the expansion and expression of adhesion molecule and CXCR4 of cord blood CD34+ cell, and the effect of expansion could be enhanced when SFT 3 factors were added.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cells, Cultured , Fetal Blood , Cell Proliferation , Umbilical Cord/metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Antigens, CD34/metabolism , Hypoxia/metabolism
5.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 44(1): 49-55, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364889

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background This study aims to validate the single-platform method for enumeration of CD34+ cells, by comparing the performance of two different commercial kits, as well as to evaluate the efficiency of the AccuriTM C6 cytometer in providing direct counts of absolute cell numbers. Method We evaluated 20 samples from umbilical cord blood (UCB), comparing the two different methodologies for enumeration of CD34+ cells: single and dual-platform. For the assessment of the single-platform, Procount and SCE kits were used, both of which use fluorescent beads as a counting reference to obtain absolute CD34+ cells numbers. Moreover, after the acquisition of samples in flow cytometer AccuriTM C6, following the protocol established for each kit, the number of CD34+ cells was recalculated, considering the cell count provided by the AccuriTM C6. Main Results In our analysis, the results showed a strong correlation between the number of CD34+ cells/μL (r2 = 0.77) when comparing the SCE kit and the current dual-platform method. On the other hand, the comparison between Procount kit and dual-platform results showed a moderate correlation for the number of CD34+/μL cells (r2 = 0.64). Conclusion Our results showed that the AccuriTM C6 flow cytometer can be used safely, applying both the dual and single platform analysis strategy. Considering the ISHAGE protocol-based single-platform approach, as the most appropriate methodology for CD34+ cells enumeration, our results demonstrated that the SCE kit has great potential for national standardization of UCB samples analysis methodology.


Subject(s)
Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Antigens, CD34 , Fetal Blood , Transplantation, Homologous , Flow Cytometry
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 286-291, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928707

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect and safety of G-CSF combined with Plerixafor on the mobilization of peripheral blood hematopoietic stem cells from healthy related donors of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).@*METHODS@#It was analyzed retrospectively that the data of peripheral blood hematopoietic stem cells from 33 (observation group) related donors mobilized by G-CSF plus Plerixafor in Hebei Yanda Lu Daopei Hospital from April 2019 to April 2021. Bone marrow and peripheral blood hematopoietic stem cells (PBSCs) of these donors were respectively collected on the fourth and fifth day of G-CSF-induced mobilization. Following the administration of Plerixafor on the night of the fifth day, PBSCs were collected on the sixth day once again. 46 donors using "G-CSF only" mobilization method in the same period were randomly selected as the control and respectively analyzed the differences of CD34+ cell counts on the fifth and the sixth day in two groups. And the donors' adverse reaction to Plerixafor in the form of questionnaire was also observed. Then it was compared that the patients who underwent allo-HSCT in "G-CSF+Plerixafor" group and "G-CSF only" group in terms of acute GVHD at grade I-IV or III-IV, CMV reactivation and EBV reactivation.@*RESULTS@#CD34+ cells count (M±Q) among PBSCs collected on the fifth and the sixth day in the observation group were (1.71±1.02)×106/kg and (4.23±2.33)×106/kg, respectively. CD34+ cell counts on the sixth day was significantly higher than that of the fifth day (P<0.001); While the counterparts in the control group were (2.47±1.60)×106/kg and (1.87±1.37)×106/kg, respectively. By statistical analysis, CD34+ cell counts on the sixth day was significantly less than that of the fifth day (P<0.001). The adverse reaction to Plerixafor for the donors in the study were all grade 1 or 2 (mild or moderate) according to CTCAE 5.0 and disappeared in a short time. The patients who underwent allo-HSCT in the "G-CSF+Plerixafor" group and "G-CSF only" group were not statistically significant in terms of acute GVHD at grade I-IV or III-IV, CMV reactivation and EBV reactivation (P>0.1).@*CONCLUSION@#The cell mobilization program of G-CSF combined with Plerixafor is safe and effective for being applied to allo-HSCT. The addition of Plerixafor can significantly increase the number of CD34 postive cells in the PBSC collection. Key words  ; ;


Subject(s)
Humans , Antigens, CD34 , Benzylamines , Cyclams , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilization , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Heterocyclic Compounds , Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Retrospective Studies
7.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 62(3): 227-231, dic. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1435082

ABSTRACT

El tumor fibroblástico superficial de tejidos blandos positivo para antígeno CD34 (CD34) es un tumor raro, de baja frecuencia, que se caracteriza histológicamente por un marcado pleomorfismo, baja actividad mitótica, e inmunoreactividad difusa para CD34. Puede tener un comportamiento similar al de un tumor mesenquimal de malignidad intermedia. Existen sólo 52 casos publicados en la literatura. Se presenta el caso de una paciente de 31 años con una masa en tejidos blandos en región inguinal izquierda, de crecimiento progresivo, de varios meses de evolución dolorosa. La masa fue biopsiada y, con la sospecha de un tumor fibroblástico superficial positivo para CD34, fue posteriormente tratada con una resección ampliada de la lesión y con cobertura del defecto en la piel con un colgajo local de avance de V-Y, con una evolución satisfactoria en su seguimiento postquirúrgico. El reporte de patología confirmó la sospecha diagnóstica de un tumor con reactividad fuerte para CD34, con proteína P53 en 60% a 70%, antígeno Ki67 menor al 15%, sin pérdida de proteína nuclear INI-1, y negatividad para CD31, CD163, AE1AE3, CAM5.2, EMA, CD30, receptores de progestágenos, proteína S100, y desmina, con bordes negativos.


Superficial CD34 (CD34) antigen positive fibroblastic soft-tissue tumor is a rare, lowfrequency tumor, characterized histologically by marked pleomorphism, low mitotic activity, and diffuse immunoreactivity for CD34. It may behave like a mesenchymal tumor of intermediate malignancy. There are only 52 cases published in the literature. We present the case of a 31-year-old patient with a long progressive and painful growth of a soft-tissue lesion in the left inguinal region. The mass was biopsied and, with the suspicion of a superficial CD34-positive fibroblast tumor, it was subsequently treated with an enlarged resection of the lesion and covering the skin defect with a local V-Y advancement flap, with a satisfactory evolution in the postoperative follow-up. The pathology report confirmed the diagnostic suspicion of a tumor with strong reactivity for CD34, with P53 protein in 60% to 70%, Ki67 antigen in less than 15%, without loss of INI-1, and with negativity for CD31, CD163, AE1AE3, CAM5.2, EMA, CD30, progestin receptors, S100 protein and desmin, with negative borders.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Soft Tissue Neoplasms/surgery , Soft Tissue Neoplasms/pathology , Antigens, CD34 , Skin Neoplasms/pathology
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 951-956, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880174

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To retrospectively analyze the efficacy and safety of pegylated recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (PEG-rhG-CSF) in hematopoietic stem cell mobilization in 71 normal healthy donors for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).@*METHODS@#From March 2018 to July 2019, 71 patients received allo-HSCT in The General Hospital of Western Theater Command were enrolled in the study, a single dose of PEG-rhG-CSF was injected subcutaneously at 12 mg to all the stem cell donors. After injection for 4 days, CD34@*RESULTS@#Seventy-one healthy stem cell donors included 39 males and 32 females with a median age of 38 (16-58) years old. The median number of CD34@*CONCLUSION@#For allo-HSCT donor mobilization, PEG-rh-G-CSF is effective, safe, and convenient, providing more options for HSC mobilization.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antigens, CD34 , Graft vs Host Disease , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilization , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Recombinant Proteins , Retrospective Studies
9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 832-839, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880155

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the quantitative expression of immunophenotype of CD34@*METHODS@#Multi-parameter flow cytometry (FCM) was used to detect the proportion and mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) of each antigen of bone marrow CD34@*RESULTS@#Bone marrow blast cell proportion (P<0.01), RBC level (P<0.01), and Hb level (P<0.05) of high-risk MDS patients were higher, while EPO level (P<0.05) was lower than those of low-risk patients. The proportion of CD34@*CONCLUSION@#The immunophenotype of CD34


Subject(s)
Humans , Antigens, CD34 , Bone Marrow , Bone Marrow Cells , Flow Cytometry , Immunophenotyping , Myelodysplastic Syndromes
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 43-48, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880029

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the predict significance of the high aldehyde dehydrogenase activity (ALDH@*METHODS@#Bone marrow samples of 23 t(8;21) AML patients diagnosis and achieved complete remission in our hospital from April 2015 to June 2016 were collected, then flow cytometry method was used to detect the activity of ALDH, relationship between it and relapse was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up for a median of 32 (2-52) months. The median percentage of CD34@*CONCLUSION@#The percentage of CD34


Subject(s)
Humans , ADP-ribosyl Cyclase 1 , Antigens, CD34 , Flow Cytometry , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Neoplastic Stem Cells , Prognosis , Recurrence , Remission Induction
11.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 43-48, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879807

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the association of different maternal and infant factors with the number of total nucleated cells and CD34@*METHODS@#A prospective study was performed for the umbilical cord blood samples of 130 neonates who were born in Dalian Women and Children's Medical Center from June 2019 to January 2020, with a male/female ratio of 1:1. Related perinatal information was collected, including maternal age and blood type, presence or absence of gestational diabetes or gestational hypertension, pregnancy method, mode of delivery, singleton pregnancy/twin pregnancy, body weight and sex of neonates, Apgar score after birth, and the conditions of placenta, amniotic fluid, and umbilical cord.@*RESULTS@#The neonates were grouped according to maternal blood type, gestational diabetes, gestational hypertension, pregnancy method, mode of delivery, singleton pregnancy/ twin pregnancy, sex of neonates, Apgar score after birth, placental morphology, meconium staining of amniotic fluid, and umbilical cord around the neck. The comparison between groups showed no significant differences in the numbers of total nucleated cells and CD34@*CONCLUSIONS@#The number of CD34


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Pregnancy , Antigens, CD34 , Fetal Blood , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Prospective Studies , Umbilical Cord
12.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 40(1): 12-19, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090846

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background This study defines the disease profile in south Indian population and determine the clinic-pathological aspects of Gastro-Intestinal Stromal Tumors. Method In this prospective study patients diagnosed of gastrointestinal stromal tumors were taken thorough clinical examination and a database of Anthropometric details and clinical details were analyzed. Pathological data included tumor size, presence or absence necrosis, mitotic counts, immunohistochemistry for CD-117, CD-34. Results There were 44 patients with confirmed diagnosis of gastro-intestinal stromal tumor. The highest incidence was found in the 6th decade. The most common symptoms were abdominal pain and gastrointestinal bleed. Stomach was most frequent site for gastro-intestinal stromal tumors. Immunochemistry for CD-117 was positive in 93.18% cases. Majority of tumors (79.5%) had pure spindle cell morphology and mitotic activity showed that 34% of the GISTs were of the high risk group. Forty two patients were suggestive of surgery as the primary treatment after presentation. Conclusion Abdominal pain was the most common presenting complaint. Majority of the tumors aroused from the stomach. The majority of the tumors had pure spindle cell morphology and 93% of the tumors were CD-117 positive. A significant relationship between tumor size, tumor necrosis and mitotic activity with large tumors having necrosis and high mitotic rate having high risk of malignancy, was observed. Surgical resection is considered mainstay of treatment of gastro-intestinal stromal tumor. Imatinib therapy should be given to patients in moderate to severe risk categories.


Resumo Justificativa Este estudo define o perfil da doença na população do sul da Índia e determina os aspectos clínicos e patológicos dos tumores estromais gastrointestinais. Método Neste estudo prospectivo, os pacientes diagnosticados com tumor estromal gastrointestinl foram submetidos a um exame clínico completo, e uma série de dados dos pacientes, incluindo detalhes antropométricos e clínicos, foram analisados. Os dados patológicos incluíram tamanho do tumor, presença ou ausência de necrose, contagem mitótica e imuno-histoquímica para CD-117, CD-34. Resultados Havia 44 pacientes com diagnóstico confirmado de tumor estromal gastrointestinal. A maior incidência foi encontrada na 6ª década de vida. Os sintomas mais comuns foram dor abdominal e sangramento gastrointestinal. O estômago foi o local mais frequente para tumores estromais gastrointestinais. A imuno-histoquímica para CD-117 foi positiva em 93,18% dos casos. A maioria dos tumores (79,5%) apresentava morfologia pura de células fusiformes e a atividade mitótica mostrou que 34% dos GISTs pertenciam ao grupo de alto risco. Quarenta e dois pacientes receberam indicação para cirurgia como tratamento primário após a apresentação. Conclusão A dor abdominal foi a queixa mais comum. A maioria dos tumores afetava o estômago, apresentava morfologia pura de células fusiformes e 93% eram CD-117 positivos. Foi observada uma relação significativa entre o tamanho do tumor, a necrose tumoral e a atividade mitótica, com os tumores grandes apresentando necrose e alta taxa mitótica com alto risco de malignidade. A ressecção cirúrgica é considerada o principal tratamento do tumor estromal gastrointestinal. A terapia com imatinibe deve ser administrada a pacientes em categoria de risco de moderadas a grave.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/pathology , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit/immunology , Antigens, CD34/immunology , Imatinib Mesylate/therapeutic use , India , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use
13.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 42(1): 70-76, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090469

ABSTRACT

Abstract Inflammation and angiogenesis are linked to the development of cancer since both can support the establishment of a tumor-prone microenvironment. The CCR5 is a major regulatory molecule involved in inflammation. The CD34 molecule is commonly described as a hematopoietic stem cell marker, and CD34+ cells are involved in the regulation of distinct physiological processes, including angiogenesis. CCR5 participates in the development of various types of cancer, and recently, a reduced CCR5 expression was associated with low CD34+ cell counts in human cord blood. A naturally occurring genetic variant of the CCR5 gene, the so-called CCR5Δ32 polymorphism, consists of a 32 base-pair deletion in the DNA, interfering in the CCR5 protein levels on the cell surface. When in homozygosis, this variant leads to a total absence of CCR5 expression on the cell surface. In heterozygous individuals, CCR5 surface levels are reduced. Based on these key findings, we hypothesize that a functional interaction can connect CCR5 and CD34 molecules (giving rise to a "CCR5-CD34 axis"). According to this, a CCR5-CD34 interaction can potentially support the development of different types of cancer. Consequently, the lack of CCR5 in association with reduced CD34+ cell counts could indicate a protective factor against the development of cancer. It is required to characterize in detail the functional relationship between CCR5 and CD34 proteins, as well as the real influence of both molecules on the susceptibility and development of cancer at population level. If our hypothesis is confirmed, the CCR5-CD34 axis may be a potential target in the development of anti-cancer therapies.


Subject(s)
Antigens, CD34 , Receptors, CCR5 , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents , Carcinogenesis , Inflammation , Neoplasms
14.
An. Facultad Med. (Univ. Repúb. Urug., En línea) ; 6(2): 25-34, dic. 2019. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1291263

ABSTRACT

El estudio de la megacariopoyesis humana se ha visto obstaculizado por la relativa escasez de megacariocitos en la médula ósea (0,05-0,2 % de las células medulares), lo que ha llevado a la optimización de protocolos de expansión in vitro a partir de precursores de diversos orígenes (cordón umbilical, médula ósea y sangre periférica con o sin movilización previa). Los cultivos celulares a partir de precursores han permitido la producción y el estudio tanto de megacariocitos así como de proplaquetas y plaquetas Sin embargo, la producción in vitro óptima de megacariocitos que culminen todos los estadios de diferenciación es un reto aún no resuelto. En este trabajo reportamos los hallazgos concernientes a la determinación de las condiciones y concentraciones de trombopoyetina para lograr una óptima relación entre la cantidad de trombopoyetina empleada y el porcentaje y grado de diferenciación megacariocítica en muestras obtenidas de cinco donantes alogénicos aceptados para trasplante de médula ósea.


The study of human megakaryocytopoiesis has been hampered by the relative scarcity of megakaryocytes in bone marrow (0.05-0.2 % of medullary cells), which has led to the optimization of protocols of in vitro expansion of precursors from diverse sources (umbilical cord, bone marrow and peripheral blood with or without previous mobilization). Cell cultures from different precursors have allowed the production and study of megakaryocytes as well as proplatelets and platelets. However, the in vitro production of megakaryocytes that culminate all stages of differentiation is a challenge that has not yet been resolved. In this work we report the findings related to the determination of thrombopoietin treatment conditions and concentrations to achieve an optimal relationship between the amount of thrombopoietin and the percentage and degree of megakaryocytic differentiation in five allogeneic donors that were accepted for bone marrow transplantation.


O estudo da megacariopoiese humana tem sido dificultado pela relativa escassez de megacariócitos na medula óssea (0,05-0,2 % das células medulares), o que levou à otimização dos protocolos de expansão in vitro a partir de precursores de diversas origens (cordão umbilical, medula óssea e sangue periférico com ou sem mobilização prévia). Culturas de células a partir de precursores permitiram a produção e o estudo tanto de megacariócitos e de proplaquetas e plaquetas. No entanto, a produção ótima in vitro de megacariócitos que culminam em todas as fases de diferenciação é um desafio ainda não resolvido. Neste trabalho, relatamos as descobertas relativas à determinação das condições e concentrações de trombopoietina para obter uma relação ótima entre a quantidade de trombopoietina usada e a taxa e o grau de diferenciação megacariocítica em amostras obtidas de cinco doadores alogênicos aceitos para transplante de medula óssea.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thrombopoietin/analysis , Megakaryocytes/cytology , Antigens, CD34/analysis , Cells, Cultured/cytology , Leukapheresis , Platelet Membrane Glycoprotein IIb/analysis , Integrin beta3/analysis , Culture Techniques/methods
15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1761-1766, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781400

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the apoptosis of CD34CD38-KG1a leukemia stem cells induced by Qinba selenium-mushroom extract(FA-2-b-β), and its related mechanism.@*METHODS@#CD34CD38--KG1a cells were isolated from KG1a cell line by magnetic activated cell sorting. The proliferation ability of KG1a stem cells treatd by various concentration of FA-2-b-β(1.2-2.4 mg/ml) in vitro for 24 and 48 hours were tested by cell counting Kit-8(CCK8). Flow cytometry was used to detect the apoptosis rate of KG1a stem cells in each group after treated by FA-2-b-β in vitro. Expression of BAX,BCL-2,Casepase-3 and Cyclin D1 protein were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The proportion of CD34CD38--KG1a stem cells was (95.35±2.63)% after immunomagnetic isolation. The proliferation of KG1a stem cells was inhibited significantly by FA-2-b-β, which shows a time- and dose-dependent manner (24 h,r=0.943; 48 h,r=0.976). Flow cytometry shows that with the increasing of drug concentration, the apoptosis was also increased, when KG1a stem cells was treated by FA-2-b-β for 24 h. Western blot indicated that the expression of apoptosis-related protein BAX and Casepase-3 were up-regulated, the expression of BCL-2 and Cyclin D1 were down-regulated.@*CONCLUSION@#FA-2-b-β can regulate proliferation and apoptosis KG1a stem cells, the involved mechanism may be related with the activation of mitochondrial-mediated apoptotic pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , ADP-ribosyl Cyclase 1 , Antigens, CD34 , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Membrane Glycoproteins , Neoplastic Stem Cells , Selenium
16.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 512-516, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776002

ABSTRACT

To study the clinicopathologic characteristics,immunohistochemical features,differential diagnosis,and prognosis of solitary fibrous tumours(SFT)/hemangiopericytomas(HPC)in the maters(meninx). Methods A series of 7 cases previously diagnosed as SFT/HPC at the Department of Pathology,Peking Union Medical College Hospital,during the period from 2008 to 2018 were analyzed for clinical data,histopathology,and immunohistochemical findings.The patients were followed up and the relevant literatures were reviewed. Results These seven patients included two males and 5 females aged 22 to 77 years(mean,49 years).Headache was the most common symptom.The magnetic resonance imaging of SFT/HPC showed irregularly contoured masses and dural tail sign was observed at the periphery of the lesion in 4 cases.The major axis of the tumor ranged from 1.8 cm to 10 cm(mean,4 cm).The tumors were located in the mater in 6 cases and in the spinal meninx in 1 case.The tumors were surgically removed in all cases.Under light microscope,the tumors were formed by long round,oval or spindle cells,with rich branching vascular pattern and varying quantity of collagenous fibers bands in both sparse areas and dense areas.According the WHO classification,2 cases were in WHO grade Ⅰ,2 cases in WHO grade Ⅱ,and 3 cases in WHO grade Ⅲ.Immunohistochemistry of the paraffin-embedded tissues in all cases showed positive immunoreativity for CD34 and vimentin in all seven cases,along with positive signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 in 4 cases,negative epithelial membrane antigen and S-100 in 7 cases,and negative progestational hormone and somatostatin receptor 2 in 6 cases.The Ki-67 index ranged from 1% to 15%.Five patients with follow-up data(including 1 current case)were alive,while 2 patients were lost to follow-up. Conclusions The SFT/HPC are rare in the maters(meninx)and is clinically difficult to be differentiated from other meningioma.The combination of CD34 and signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 helps to diagnose this disease.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Antigens, CD34 , Metabolism , Diagnosis, Differential , Hemangiopericytoma , Diagnosis , Pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Meninges , Pathology , Prognosis , STAT6 Transcription Factor , Metabolism , Solitary Fibrous Tumors , Diagnosis , Pathology
17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 585-593, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771915

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To screen the antioxidant small molecular compounds with optimal efficiency of expansing the human hematopoietic stem cells (hHSC) In vitro based on antioxidant small molecular compound database of LKT laboratory, and to verify the effects of these compounds on the biological functions of hHSC.@*METHODS@#The umbilial cord blood CD34 cells were enriched by using the MACS beads; the absolute number and percentage of CD34 cells and CD34 CD49f cells were detected by high throughput flow cytometry after culture of hHSC with compounds in vitro for 1 week, the SR1 (1 μmol/L) was used as positive control, the candidate compounds were screened out; then 4 compounds were selected for follow-up experiments by comprehensive evaluation of concentration, safety and expansion efficacy, the optimal used concentrations of selected compounds were determined through the concentration gradient analysis, and CFC short-term colony-forming cell test was performed by using the determined concentration so as to verify the effect of compounds on the self-renewal, multilineage differentiation.@*RESULTS@#Out of 85 antioxidant small molecular compounds, 4 compounds (C2968, D3331, B1753 and B3358) with obvious expansion efficacy for CD34 cells and CD34 CD49f cells were screened out by high throughput flow cytometry; their optimal concentrations of 4 compounds were 0.5 μmol/L for C2968, 1.5 μmol/L for D3331 and 1.5 μmol/L for B1753 and 15 μmol/L for B3358. The CFC assay showed the colony formation number in compound-treated group significantly increased as compared with control group, moreover the self-renewal and multilineage differentiation were maintained.@*CONCLUSION@#The antioxidant small molecular compounds C2968 (0.5 μmol/L), D3331 (1.5 μmol/L), B1753 (1.5 μmol/L) and B3358 (1.5 μmol/L) possess good expansion efficacy for hHSC, they can maintain hHSC self-renewal, at the same time ensure the multilineage differentiation potentiality of hHSC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antigens, CD34 , Antioxidants , Cells, Cultured , Fetal Blood , Flow Cytometry , Hematopoietic Stem Cells
18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 935-941, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771858

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy of directional erythroid differentiation in different serum free culture systems and to screen the optimal culture systems for inducing the differentiation of umbilical cord blood hematopoietic stem and progenior cells (HSPC) to erythroid cells.@*METHODS@#The CD34 cells from umbilical blood munonuclear cells were sorted by using the magnetic beads, and were inoculated into 3 different of culture systems (system 1, 2 and 3 respectively), to induce erythrold differentiation by 3 stage culture. The living cells were counted in different differentiation stages and were observed by Wright-Giemsa staining; the expression of CD71 and CD235a on cell surface was detected by flow cytometry, the erythroid differentiation pteency was detected via colony-forming test.@*RESULTS@#The ability of system 2 to promote the HSPC proliferation was the strongest, the efficacy of system 3 to promote the erythroid differentiation of HSPC was the most optimal; the proliferation ability of cells cultured in system 2 for 2-15 days all was higher than that of cells cutured in system 1 and 3 (P<0.05). The flow cytometry detection showed that the expression of CD71 and CD235a on surface of cells cultured in system 3 was the highest, the CD235a percentage on day 15 of differentiation in system 3 was (92.33±3.89)%, that in system 2 was (84.67±3.12)%, while that in system 1 was (72.17±6.83)% (P<0.05). Cell morplologic detection showed that throid differentiation was accelerated on day 12, the percentage of orthochromatic erythrocytes in system 3 was (67.67±2.08)% which was 10.69 and 25.34 times higher than that in system 2 and 1 respectively (P<0.05). The colony-forming test showed the ratio of BFU-E in system 3 increased gradually on day 3-9 (r=0.99, P<0.05), which was significanlly higher than that in system 2 and 1 on day 9 (90.35±5.52% vs 77.06±2.26% and 74.50±3.95%).@*CONCLUSION@#Culture system 3 is the most effective serum-free erythroid differentiation system, and the culture system 2 is the most powerful HSPC proliferation system. This study results provide a technical basis for further efficiently increasing and inducing the erythroid proliferation and differentiation of HSPC, and also provide culture system in vitro for the clinical application and basic research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antigens, CD34 , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Culture Media, Serum-Free , Erythroid Precursor Cells , Fetal Blood
19.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 40(3): 213-218, July-Sept. 2018. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-953842

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Due to laboratory logistic issues, our center has traditionally scheduled peripheral blood stem cell harvests based on timing from the start of mobilization. This has proved to be useful in some cases, but also resulted in many fruitless harvests due to poor mobilization. In order to improve the efficiency of collections and compare the effectiveness of peripheral blood CD34+ cells as a predictor with data from other reports, this study analyzed the implementation of this routine. Methods: Peripheral blood and leukapheresis samples were quantified by flow cytometry and the association between these parameters was assessed. Results: Sixty-six consecutive leukapheresis samples were collected from 34 patients after the collection of peripheral blood samples for CD34+ quantification. A moderate positive correlation was observed between peripheral blood CD34+ cell count and total CD34+ cell count/kg (r = 0.596; p-value < 0.001). A multivariable regression model also confirmed this association and allowed the estimation that for every increase in five CD34+ cells/µL in the peripheral blood, a mean increase of 0.38 × 106 CD34+ cells/kg could be predicted. Demographic characteristics, baseline comorbidities and mobilization regimen did not influence final CD34+ cell count in this sample. Conclusions: As observed in other centers, quantification of peripheral blood CD34+ progenitor cells is a strong predictor of effectiveness to guide stem cell harvesting. Due to the results of this study, a modification in the peripheral blood stem cell harvesting logistics was implemented at our center in order to incorporate this routine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Stem Cells , Blood Component Removal , Antigens, CD34 , Flow Cytometry
20.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 387-392, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689746

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Objective</b>To investigate the effect of finasteride on the microvascular density (MVD) and the expression of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the seminal vesicle of rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty male SD rats were randomly and equally divided into groups A, B, C and D, those in groups A and B fed with normal saline as the control and those in C and D with finasteride at 40 mg per kg of the body weight per day, A and C for 14 days and B and D for 28 days. Then the seminal vesicles of the animals were harvested for HE staining, measurement of MVD, determination of the expressions of CD34 and VEGF by immunohistochemistry, and observation of histomorphological changes in the seminal vesicle.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expressions of CD34 in groups C and D were decreased by 6.7% and 15.8% as compared with those in A and B (P<0.01), and that in group D decreased by 9.3% in comparison with that in C (P<0.01). The expression indexes of VEGF in groups C and D were decreased by 6.9% and 14.1% as compared with those in A and B (P<0.01), and that in group D decreased by 9.0% in comparison with that in C (P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Finasteride can inhibit the expression of VEGF in the seminal vesicle tissue of the rat and hence suppress the angiogenesis of microvessels of the seminal vesicle.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Angiogenesis Inhibitors , Pharmacology , Antigens, CD34 , Metabolism , Finasteride , Pharmacology , Immunohistochemistry , Neovascularization, Physiologic , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Seminal Vesicles , Metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Metabolism
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