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1.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(3): 185-189, Mar. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251295

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The objective of the present study was to analyze the reasons that led to hormone therapies (HTs) regimen changes in women with breast cancer. Methods This was a retrospective cross-sectional study from a single-institution Brazilian cancer center with patient records diagnosed with breast cancer between January 2012 and January 2017. Results From 1,555 women who were in treatment with HT, 213 (13.7%) women had HT switched, either tamoxifen to anastrozole or vice-versa. Most women included in the present study who switched HT were > 50 years old, postmenopausal, Caucasian, and had at least one comorbidity. From the group with therapy change, 'disease progression' was reason of change in 124 (58.2%) cases, and in 65 (30.5%) patients, 'presence of side effects' was the reason. From those women who suffered with side effects, 24 (36.9%) had comorbidities. Conclusion The present study demonstrated a low rate of HT switch of tamoxifen to anastrozole. Among the reasons for changing therapy, the most common was disease progression, which includes cancer recurrence, metastasis or increased tumor. Side effects were second; furthermore, age and comorbidities are risk factors for side effects.


Resumo Objetivo O objetivo do presente estudo foi analisar os motivos que levaram às mudanças no esquema hormonioterápico (HT) em mulheres com câncer de mama. Métodos Estudo transversal retrospectivo realizado no Hospital da Mulher de Campinas e consequente pesquisa de prontuários de mulheres diagnosticados com câncer de mama entre janeiro de 2012 e janeiro de 2017. Resultados De 1.555 mulheres em tratamento com HT, 213 (13,7%) mulheres tiveram HT alterado, tamoxifeno para anastrozol ou vice-versa. A maioria das mulheres incluídas no presente estudo que tiveram mudança de HT tinha > 50 anos, estava na pós-menopausa, era caucasiana e tinha pelo menos uma comorbidade. Os principais motivos de troca de HT foram devido a 'progressão da doença', ocorrendo em 124 (58,2%) casos e a 'presença de efeitos colaterais' (n = 65; 30,5%). Das mulheres que sofreram efeitos colaterais, 24 (36,9%) apresentaram comorbidades. Conclusão O presente estudo demonstrou uma baixa taxa na alteração de tamoxifeno para anastrozol. Entre as razõesmais comuns para alterar a HT estava a progressão da doença, que inclui recorrência do câncer, metástase ou aumento do tumor. Os efeitos colaterais foram a segunda causa e, além disso, a idade e as comorbidades foram fatores de risco para efeitos colaterais.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal/therapeutic use , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/drug therapy , Patient Participation , Tamoxifen/administration & dosage , Tamoxifen/adverse effects , Tamoxifen/therapeutic use , Medical Records , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Disease Progression , Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal/administration & dosage , Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal/adverse effects , Anastrozole/administration & dosage , Anastrozole/analogs & derivatives , Anastrozole/therapeutic use
3.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(11): 726-730, Nov. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144176

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: The objective of the present study is to observe the frequency and severity of urinary symptoms in women with breast cancer (BC) being treated with oral hormone therapy, associating them to drug adherence. Methods: The participants were interviewed once from June to October 2016. The evaluation of urinary symptoms was performed by two questionnaires: International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire - Short Form (ICIQ-SF) and International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Overactive Bladder Module (ICIQ-OAB). Adherence was evaluated by the Morisky-Green method. Statistical analysis was performed by the Mann-Whitney test, linear regression, and Spearman correlation. Results: Fifty-eight women were interviewed: 42 treated with tamoxifen and 16 with aromatase inhibitor. Twenty-seven women (46.5%) presented urinary incontinence symptoms and 15 (25.8%) presented stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Fourteen (24.1%) women had symptoms of overactive bladder (OAB). There was no statistical difference in symptoms between both treatments and duration of treatments. Higher scores in the ICIQ-SF questionnaire were associated with low/medium adherence and advanced age. Higher scores in the ICIQ-OAB questionnaire were associated with low/medium adherence. Conclusion: The present study showed a high prevalence of urinary symptoms, such as urinary incontinence and OAB, associated with low/medium adherence and older age in women with BC being treated with oral hormone therapy. Health professionals should be alert to these symptoms since it could influence life quality and adherence to treatment.


Resumo Objetivo: O objetivo do presente estudo foi observar a frequência e a gravidade dos sintomas urinários em mulheres com câncer de mama em uso de terapia hormonal oral, associando estes com a adesão ao tratamento. Métodos: As pacientes foram entrevistadas uma única vez, entre junho e outubro de 2016. A avaliação dos sintomas urinários foi realizada por dois questionários: International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire - Short Form (ICIQ-SF, na sigla em inglês) e o Questionário Sobre Bexiga Hiperativa (ICIQ-OAB, na sigla em inglês). A adesão foi avaliada pelo método Morisky-Green. A análise estatística foi realizada pelo teste de Mann-Whitney, regressão linear e correlação de Spearman. Resultados: Foram entrevistadas 58 mulheres: 42 tratadas com tamoxifeno e 16 com inibidor de aromatase. Vinte e sete mulheres (46,5%) apresentaram sintomas de incontinência urinária (IU) e 15 (25,8%) apresentaram incontinência urinária por estresse (IUS). Quatorze (24,1%) das mulheres tinham sintomas de bexiga hiperativa. Não houve diferença estatística nos sintomas entre os tratamentos e a duração dos tratamentos. Os escores mais elevados no questionário ICIQ-SF estiveram associados à baixa/média adesão e à idade avançada. Os escores mais elevados no questionário da ICIQ-OAB foram associados à baixa/média adesão. Conclusão: O presente estudo mostrou alta prevalência de sintomas urinários, como IU e bexiga hiperativa, associadas à baixa/média adesão e à idade mais avançada em mulheres com câncer de mama em tratamento com hormonioterapia oral. Os profissionais de saúde devem estar atentos a esses sintomas, pois eles podem influenciar a qualidade de vida e a adesão ao tratamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Urinary Incontinence/epidemiology , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Urinary Bladder, Overactive/epidemiology , Medication Adherence , Portugal/epidemiology , Tamoxifen/administration & dosage , Tamoxifen/adverse effects , Urinary Incontinence/chemically induced , Cross-Sectional Studies , Interviews as Topic , Administration, Oral , Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal/administration & dosage , Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal/adverse effects , Aromatase Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Aromatase Inhibitors/adverse effects , Urinary Bladder, Overactive/chemically induced , Anastrozole/administration & dosage , Anastrozole/adverse effects , Middle Aged
4.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(10): 649-658, Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144157

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogues (GnRH-a) have been used preoperatively before hysteroscopic myomectomy to decrease the size and vascularization of the myomas, but evidence to support this practice is weak. Our objective was to analyze the use of GnRH-a in the reduction of submucous fibroid as a facilitator for surgical hysteroscopy from published clinical trials. Data sources Studies from electronic databases (Pubmed, Scielo, EMBASE, Scopus, PROSPERO), published between 1980 and December 2018. The keywords used were fibroid, GnRH analogue, submucous, histeroscopy, histeroscopic resection and their correspondents in Portuguese. Study selection The inclusion criteria were controlled trials that evaluated the GnRH-a treatment before hysteroscopic resection of submucous myomas. Four clinical trials were included in the meta-analysis. Data collection Two review authors extracted the data without modification of the original data, using the agreed form. We resolved discrepancies through discussion or, if required, we consulted a third person. Data synthesis The present meta-analysis included a total of 213 women and showed no statistically significant differences in the use of GnRH-a compared with the control group for complete resection of submucous myoma (relative risk [RR]: 0.94; 95%; confidence interval [CI]: 0.80-1.11); operative time (mean difference [MD]: - 3.81; 95%;CI : - 3.81-2.13); fluid absorption (MD: - 65.90; 95%;CI: - 9.75-2.13); or complications (RR 0.92; 95%;CI: 0.18-4.82). Conclusion The present review did not support the routine preoperative use of GnRH-a prior to hysteroscopic myomectomy. However, it is not possible to determine its inferiority when compared with the other methods due to the heterogeneity of existing studies and the small sample size.


Resumo Objetivo Análogos de hormônio liberador de gonadotrofina (GnRH-a) têm sido usados no pré-operatório de miomectomia histeroscópica para reduzir o tamanho e vascularização dos miomas, mas a evidência que suporta essa prática é fraca. Nosso objetivo foi analisar o uso de GnRH-a na redução do mioma submucoso como um facilitador de histeroscopia cirúrgica em ensaios clínicos publicados. Fonte de dados Estudos de bases de dados eletrônicas (Pubmed, Scielo, EMBASE, Scopus, PROSPERO), publicados entre 1980 e dezembro de 2018. As palavras-chave usadas foram fibroid, GnRH analogue, submucous, histeroscopy, histeroscopic resection e seus correspondentes em português. Seleção dos estudos Os critérios de inclusão foram ensaios clínicos controlados que avaliaram o tratamento com GnRH-a antes da ressecção histeroscópica de miomas submucosos. Quatro ensaios clínicos foram incluídos na meta-análise Coleta de dados Dois autores revisores extraíram os dados, sem modificarem os dados originais, usando a forma acordada. Nós resolvemos as discrepâncias através de discussão ou, se necessário, consultando um terceiro autor. Síntese dos dados A meta-análise incluiu um total de 213 mulheres e não demonstrou diferença estatisticamente significativa no uso de GnRH-a comparado com o grupo controle para ressecção completa de mioma submucoso (risco relativo [RR]: 0.94. índice de confiança [IC] 95%;: 0.80-1.11); tempo cirúrgico (diferença de média [MD]: - 3.81; IC95%;: -3.81-2.13); absorção de fluidos (MD: - 65.90; IC95%;: - 9.75-2.13); ou complicações (RR 0.92; IC95%;: 0.18-4.82). Conclusão A presente revisão sistemática não suporta o uso pré-operatório rotineiro de GnRH-a antes de miomectomia histeroscópica. No entanto, não é possível determinar sua inferioridade quando comparado aos outros métodos devido à heterogeneidade dos estudos existentes e ao pequeno tamanho da amostra.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Uterine Neoplasms/surgery , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone/analogs & derivatives , Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal/administration & dosage , Leiomyoma/blood , Hysteroscopy , Operative Time
5.
Rev. Méd. Clín. Condes ; 31(3/4): 352-357, mayo.-ago. 2020. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223783

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN El cáncer de mama es el tipo de cáncer que se diagnostica con mayor frecuencia en mujeres y la segunda causa más común de muerte por cáncer en este género. Dentro de las indicaciones de tratamiento, se encuentran: cirugía, radioterapia, quimioterapia y terapia endocrina. Esta última se basa en el uso de tamoxifeno, cuyo uso de forma prolongada puede producir efectos secundarios como sequedad vaginal, ardor, irritación, picazón, disuria, incontinencia urinaria, entre otros OBJETIVO Caracterizar la incontinencia urinaria en mujeres premenopáusicas con cáncer de mama en tratamiento con tamoxifeno por 5 años en el Instituto Nacional del Cáncer MATERIAL Y MÉTODO Estudio descriptivo de corte transversal. Se incluyeron mujeres diagnosticadas con cáncer de mama inscritas y tratadas en el Instituto Nacional del Cáncer. Se aplicó cuestionario ICIQ ­SF a la población de estudio con el fin de caracterizar la presencia de incontinencia urinaria. Además, se calculó la proporción entre mujeres con incontinencia urinaria y nuliparidad/mujeres con incontinencia urinaria y paridad RESULTADOS Se evaluaron 15 pacientes. 93,33% presentaron incontinencia urinaria. El promedio de edad de mujeres con incontinencia urinaria fue de 51,21 (± 4,74) años. La razón de mujeres con nuliparidad/con paridad fue de 4:15 CONCLUSIÓN 99,33% de las pacientes presentaron incontinencia urinaria. Los resultados entregados en este estudio deben ser considerados como un elemento que contribuya a detectar la magnitud del problema en la población inscrita y tratada en el Instituto Nacional del Cáncer.


BACKGROUND Breast cancer is the type of cancer diagnosed most frequently in women, and the second most common cause of death from cancer in this gender. Within the indications of treatment, they are: surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and endocrine therapy. The last is based on the use of tamoxifen, whose prolonged use can produce side effects such as vaginal dryness, burning, irritation, itching, dysuria, urinary incontinence, among others OBJECTIVE To characterize urinary incontinence in pre-menopausal women with breast cancer treated with tamoxifen for 5 years at the Instituto Nacional del Cáncer MATERIAL AND METHOD Descriptive cross-sectional study. We included women diagnosed with breast cancer enrolled and treated at the Instituto Nacional del Cáncer. The ICIQ -SF questionnaire was applied to the study population to characterize the presence of urinary incontinence. In addition, the proportion between women with urinary incontinence and nulliparity / women with urinary incontinence and parity was calculated RESULTS 93,33% presented urinary incontinence. The average age of women with urinary incontinence was 51,21 (± 4,74) years. The ratio of women with nulliparity / with parity was 4:15 CONCLUSION 99,33% of the patients presented urinary incontinence. The results delivered in this study should be considered as one element that helps to detect the magnitude of this problem in the population registered and treated in the Instituto Nacional del Cáncer. Keywords:


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Tamoxifen/adverse effects , Urinary Incontinence/chemically induced , Urinary Incontinence/epidemiology , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Premenopause , Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal/adverse effects , Parity , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
6.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(3): 383-389, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090602

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is the mainstay of therapy for advanced prostate cancer. Studies addressing the efficacy of different depot formulations of long acting luteinizing hormone releasing hormone agonists in the Brazilian population are lacking. We aimed to compare the efficacy of three schedules of leuprolide acetate in lowering PSA in a real world population. Materials and Methods: We reviewed the medical records of patients with prostate cancer seen at our institution between January 2007 and July 2018. We analyzed patients treated with long-acting leuprolide acetate and grouped these patients into three strata according to the administration of ADT every 1, 3 or 6 months. The primary outcome was the serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels at 6 and 12 months after treatment initiation. We used Friedman test to compare the distribution of PSA levels at baseline and at 6 and 12 months within each treatment stratum. We considered two-sided P values <0.05 as statistically significant. We analyzed toxicity descriptively. Results: We analyzed a total of 932 patients, with a median age of 72 years and a median time since diagnosis of prostate cancer of 8.5 months. ADT was administered monthly in 115 patients, quarterly in 637, and semiannually in 180. Nearly half of the patients had locally advanced disease. In comparison with baseline, median serum PSA levels were reduced at 12 months by at least 99.7% in the three strata (P <0.001 in all cases). Sexual impotence and hot flashes were the most frequently reported toxicities. Conclusion: To our knowledge, this is the largest assessment of real-world data on alternative schedules of leuprolide in a Brazilian population. Our study suggests that PSA levels can be effectively be reduced in most patients treated with monthly, quarterly, or semiannual injections of long-acting leuprolide acetate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Prostatic Neoplasms , Leuprolide/therapeutic use , Prostate-Specific Antigen/metabolism , Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal/therapeutic use , Brazil/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Androgen Antagonists , Acetates
8.
Rev. epidemiol. controle infecç ; 10(1): 86-93, jan.-mar. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1179208

ABSTRACT

Justificativa e objetivos: A terapia antineoplásica oral apresenta vantagens comparada a outras terapias para o tratamento do câncer, por ser administrada em domicílio, de forma simples e rápida, no entanto, essa terapia aumenta a responsabilidade do paciente em relação ao seu tratamento e a adesão é fundamental para a sua eficácia. Evidenciam-se poucos estudos referente ao acompanhamento farmacoterapêutico na terapia antineoplásica oral, nesses contexto, o presente estudo busca avaliar a adesão ao tratamento com tamoxifeno em mulheres com câncer de mama, antes e após acompanhamento farmacoterapêutico. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo clínico randomizado e quantitativo. A coleta de dados foi realizada durante seis meses. A randomização aleatória dividiu-se em Grupo Controle e Grupo Acompanhamento, sendo o acompanhamento subdividido: Antes e Após o Acompanhamento. O Grupo acompanhamento recebeu mensalmente intervenções farmacêuticas individuais. A adesão foi avaliada pelo Brief Medication Questionnair e Problemas Relacionados aos Medicamentos quanto Necessidade, Efetividade e Segurança. Resultados: Após acompanhamento farmacêutico observou-se diferença entre os grupos Grupo Acompanhamento e Grupo Controle quanto à prática de atividade física (p=0,043), adesão ao tratamento (p=0,006), redução de efeitos adversos (p=0,003) e doenças associadas (p=0,002). Os Problemas Relacionados a Medicamentos mais frequentes foram de segurança e adesão, para os quais foram realizadas 54 intervenções farmacêuticas. As reações adversas descritas pelas pacientes acometiam principalmente sistema genital e trato gastrintestinal. Conclusão: Evidenciou-se que o acompanhamento farmacoterapêutico contribuiu efetivamente na adesão ao tratamento com tamoxifeno e as intervenções farmacêuticas realizadas contribuíram para prevenção e redução dos problemas associados a farmacoterapia.(AU)


Background and objectives: Oral antineoplastic therapy has advantages compared to other therapies for the treatment of cancer, because it is administered at home, in a simple and fast, however, this therapy increases the responsibility of the patient regarding its treatment and adherence is critical to its effectiveness. There are few studies on pharmacotherapeutic monitoring in oral antineoplastic therapy. In this context, the present study aims to evaluate to adherence with tamoxifen in women with breast cancer, before and after of pharmaceutical care. Methods: It is a randomized and quantitative clinical study. Data collection was performed during six months. Random randomization was divided into Control Group and Monitoring Group. The follow-up was subdivided: Before and After Monitoring. The Monitoring Group received monthly individual pharmaceutical interventions. Adherence was assessed by the Brief Medication Questionnaire and Drug Related Problems as Need, Effectiveness, and Safety. Results: There was a significant difference between the follow-up group and control group regarding physical activity (p = 0.043), adherence to treatment (p = 0.006), reduction of adverse effects (p = 0.003) and associated diseases (p = 0.002). The most frequent drug-related problems were safety and adherence, for which 54 pharmaceutical interventions were performed. The adverse reactions described by the patients mainly affected the genital system and the gastrointestinal tract. Conclusion: It was evidence the pharmaceutical care effectively contributed to the adherence to tamoxifen treatment and the performed pharmaceutical interventions contributed to the prevention and reduction of the problems associated with phamacoterapy.(AU)


Justificación y objetivo: La terapia antineoplásica oral presenta ventajas comparadas a otras terapias para el tratamiento del cáncer, por ser administrada a domicilio, de forma simple y rápida, sin embargo, esta terapia aumenta la responsabilidad del paciente en relación a su tratamiento y la adhesión es fundamental para su eficacia. Se evidencian pocos estudios referentes al seguimiento farmacoterapéutico en la terapia antineoplásica oral, en ese contexto, el presente estudio busca evaluar la adhesión al tratamiento con tamoxifeno en mujeres con cáncer de mama, antes y después de seguimento farmacoterapéutico. Métodos: Se trata de un estudio clínico aleatorizado y cuantitativo. La recolección de datos se realizó durante seis meses. La aleatorización aleatoria se dividió en Grupo Control y Grupo Seguimiento, siendo el acompañamiento subdividido: Antes y Después del Acompañamiento. El Grupo de seguimiento recibió mensualmente intervenciones farmacéuticas individuales. La adhesión fue evaluada por el Brief Medication Questionnair y los problemas relacionados con los medicamentos como la necesidad, la eficacia y la seguridad. Resultados: Después del seguimiento farmacéutico se observó diferencia entre los grupos Grupo Acompañamiento y Grupo Control en cuanto a la práctica de actividad física (p = 0,043), adhesión al tratamiento (p = 0,006), reducción de efectos adversos (p = 0,003) y enfermidades asociadas (p = 0,003) p = 0,002). Los problemas relacionados con los medicamentos más frecuentes fueron de seguridad y adhesión, para los que se realizaron 54 intervenciones farmacéuticas. Las reacciones adversas descritas por las pacientes acometieron principalmente sistema genital y tracto gastrointestinal. Conclusión: Se evidenció que el seguimiento farmacoterapéutico contribuyó efectivamente a la adherencia al tratamiento con tamoxifeno y las intervenciones farmacéuticas realizadas contribuyeron a la prevención y reducción de los problemas asociados con la farmacoterapia.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Tamoxifen , Breast Neoplasms , Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal , Drug Therapy , Treatment Adherence and Compliance , Pharmaceutical Services
9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-750275

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate relationships among menopausal symptoms, functional status, and distress and to identify factors influencing distress in premenopausal breast cancer patients who had been on endocrine therapy. METHODS: A descriptive correlational study was conducted. Data were collected using questionnaires from 140 patients with breast cancer undergoing endocrine therapy at a general hospital. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Tukey HSD test, Pearson's correlation analysis and hierarchical regression analysis. RESULTS: The mean scores for menopausal symptom, functional status, and distress were 19.65±7.86, 2.67±0.33 and 3.69±2.19, respectively. The menopausal symptoms and distress were positively correlated (r=.76, p<.001). The menopausal symptoms and functional status (r=−.43, p<.001) and functional status and distress (r=−.31, p<.001) were negatively correlated. The most influential factor for distress was menopausal symptoms (β=.79, p<.001). CONCLUSION: Based on the findings of this study, developing nursing intervention programs focusing on decreasing menopausal symptoms and distress are recommended.


Subject(s)
Activities of Daily Living , Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Female , Hospitals, General , Humans , Menopause , Nursing , Stress, Psychological
10.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 17(2): eGS4414, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989781

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the addition of chemotherapy or abiraterone to androgen deprivation. Methods We developed an analytical model to determine the cost-effectiveness of the addition of docetaxel or abiraterone versus androgen deprivation therapy alone. Direct and indirect costs were included in the model. The effects were expressed in Quality-Adjusted Life Years adjusted for side effects. Results Compared to androgen deprivation therapy alone, the addition of chemotherapy and of abiraterone generated 0.492 and 0.999, respectively, in Quality-Adjusted Life Years. Abiraterone led to a Quality-Adjusted Life Years gain of 0.506 compared to docetaxel. The incremental costs per Quality-Adjusted Life Years were R$ 133.649,22 for docetaxel, R$ 330.828,70 for abiraterone and R$ 571.379,42 for abiraterone compared to docetaxel, respectively. Conclusion The addition of chemotherapy to androgen deprivation therapy is more cost-effective than the addition of abiraterone to androgen deprivation therapy. However, discounts on abiraterone cost might improve cost-effectiveness.


RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar a relação custo-efetividade da adição de quimioterapia ou abiraterona à terapia de privação hormonal. Métodos Um modelo analítico foi desenvolvido para determinar a relação custo-efetividade da adição de docetaxel ou abiraterona comparada à terapia de privação hormonal isolada. Custos diretos e indiretos foram incluídos no modelo. Os efeitos foram expressos em Anos de Vida Ajustados para Qualidade corrigidos pelos efeitos colaterais de cada terapia. Resultados A adição de quimioterapia e de abiraterona à terapia de privação hormonal aumentou os Anos de Vida Ajustados para Qualidade em 0,492 e 0,999, respectivamente, em comparação à terapia de privação hormonal isolada. A abiraterona promoveu ganho de Anos de Vida Ajustados para Qualidade de 0,506 em relação ao docetaxel. O custo incremental por Anos de Vida Ajustados para Qualidade foi R$ 133.649,22 para o docetaxel, R$ 330.828,70 para a abiraterona e R$ 571.379,42 para a abiraterona comparada ao docetaxel. Conclusão A adição de quimioterapia à terapia de privação hormonal é mais custo-efetiva que a adição de abiraterona à terapia de privação hormonal. Contudo, descontos no custo da abiraterona poderiam tornar esse tratamento mais custo-efetivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatic Neoplasms/economics , Prostatic Neoplasms/drug therapy , Cost-Benefit Analysis/methods , Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal/economics , Docetaxel/economics , Androgen Antagonists/economics , Androstenes/economics , Placebos/economics , Placebos/therapeutic use , Prostatic Neoplasms/mortality , Reference Values , Time Factors , Brazil , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/economics , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Quality-Adjusted Life Years , Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal/therapeutic use , Docetaxel/therapeutic use , Progression-Free Survival , Androgen Antagonists/therapeutic use , Androstenes/therapeutic use
11.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 40(12): 794-799, Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-977806

ABSTRACT

Abstract Tamoxifen (TMX) is the main drug used both in pre and postmenopausal women as adjuvant treatment for hormone receptor-positive breast cancer. An important barrier to the use of TMXis the development ofdrug resistance causedby molecular processes related to genetic and epigenetic mechanisms, such as the actions of cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) polymorphisms and of its metabolites. The present study aimed to review recent findings related to the impact of CYP2D6 polymorphisms and how they can affect the results of TMX in breast cancer treatment. The keywords CYP2D6, tamoxifen, and breast cancer were searched in the PubMed, Scopus, The Cochrane Library, Scielo, and Bireme databases. Studies related to other types of neoplasms or based on other isoenzymes from cytochrome P450, but not on CYP2D6, were excluded. The impact of CYP2D6 polymorphisms in the TMX resistance mechanism remains unclear. The CYP2D6 gene seems to contribute to decreasing the efficacy of TMX, while the main mechanism responsible for therapy failure, morbidity, and mortality is the progression of the disease.


Resumo Otamoxifeno é a principal drogaque pode ser utilizada comotratamentohormonal adjuvante empacientesportadoras de câncer demamareceptor hormonal positivotanto na pré- quanto na pós-menopausa.Umadasmaiores barreirasemseu uso é o desenvolvimento de resistência medicamentosa causada por meio de processos moleculares relacionados a mecanismos genéticos e epigenéticos, como a ação dos polimorfismos do gene citocromo P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) e seus metabólitos.Opresente estudo busca revisar as descobertas recentes acerca dos impactos dos polimorfismos do gene CYP2D6 e de como eles podem afetar os resultados do tamoxifeno na terapêutica do câncer de mama. As palavras-chave CYP2D6, tamoxifeno e câncer de mama foram buscadas nas bases de dados Pubmed, Scopus, The Cochrane Library, Scielo e Bireme. Estudos relacionados com outros tipos de câncer ou relacionados a outras isoenzimas do citocromo P450 que não o CYP2D6 foram excluídos. O impacto do polimorfismo do CYP2D6 nos mecanismos de resistência ao tamoxifeno permanecem controversos. O gene CYP2D6 parece reduzir a eficácia do TMX; entretanto, os principais fatores associados a falha terapêutica são morbimortalidade e a progressão da doença


Subject(s)
Polymorphism, Genetic , Tamoxifen/therapeutic use , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/genetics , Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal/therapeutic use , Cytochrome P-450 CYP2D6/genetics
12.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 16(3): 176-179, jul.-set. 2018. tab., ilus.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047953

ABSTRACT

A miocardiopatia não compactada é uma doença congênita rara, que pode ocorrer isoladamente ou associada a outros defeitos, por falha no processo de compactação das fibras miocárdicas, resultando na persistência de trabeculações e recessos profundos. A associação entre a miocardiopatia não compactada e gestação é incomum na literatura, assim como a relação com macroglobulinemia de Waldenstrom, um tipo de linfoma não Hodgkin. Descrevemos aqui a rara associação destas três patologias. Trata-se de paciente do sexo feminino, sem antecedentes hematológicos, neoplasias ou cardiopatias, que procurou o serviço com queixa de astenia progressiva, dores no corpo, perda ponderal importante e anemia. Na investigação diagnóstica, a imunoeletroforese de proteína constatou pico monoclonal em IgM Kappa, com inventário medular por imunofenotipagem e biópsia de medula óssea com Kappa+, CD19+, CD20+, CD38 e CD79b, confirmando diagnóstico de neoplasia de linfócitos B maduros. Na terapêutica, optou-se pelo esquema de primeira linha com dexametasona, rituximabe e ciclofosfamida (DRC) − este último considerado agente alquilante cardiotóxico. Em triagem pré-quimioterápica, o eletrocardiograma mostrou alteração da repolarização ventricular anterosseptal. O ecocardiograma transtorácico evidenciou trabeculações excessivas no ápice do ventrículo esquerdo, sugerindo não compactação do miocárdio. A ressonância magnética confirmou o diagnóstico. Foi iniciada terapia com metoprolol e ácido acetilsalisílico. Todavia, após o último ciclo de terapia quimioterápica, paciente descobriu gravidez (G1P1A0). O período gestacional e o puerpério evoluíram sem manifestações clínicas de insuficiência cardíaca, em classe funcional I (New York Heart Association), mesmo com redução da fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo ao ecocardiograma transtorácico. (AU)


Non-compaction cardiomyopathy is a rare congenital disease that can occur in isolation or associated with other defects, due to failure in compaction of myocardial fiber, resulting in persistence of myocardial trabeculations and deep recesses. The association between non-compaction cardiomyopathy and gestation, as well as the relationship with Waldenstrom's macrobulinemia, a type of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL), are not common in the literature. This study describes the rare association of these three pathologies. This is the case of a female patient with no history of hematological, neoplastic, or heart diseases, who sought the service with complaints of progressive weakness, body aches, important weight loss, and anemia. During the diagnostic investigation, protein immunoelectrophoresis showed a monoclonal peak in IgM Kappa monoclonal gammopathy, with a medullary inventory by immunophenotyping and bone marrow biopsy with Kappa+, CD19+, CD20+, CD38 and CD79b, confirming the diagnosis of mature B-cell lymphocyte neoplasm. The first line therapy chosen was dexamethasone, rituximab, and cyclophosphamide (CKD), with the latter being considered a cardiotoxic alkylating agent. At pre-chemotherapy screening, the electrocardiogram showed an alteration of the anteroseptal ventricular repolarization. Transthoracic echocardiography (ETT) showed excessive trabeculations at the apex of the left ventricle (LV), suggesting no compaction of the myocardium. The magnetic resonance imaging confirmed the diagnosis.Therapy with metoprolol and acetylsalicylic acid was started. However, after the last cycle of chemotherapy, the patient found she was pregnant (G1P1A0). The gestational and puerperium period progressed with no clinical manifestations of heart failure, in functional class I (New York Heart Association), albeit the reduction of the ejection fraction of the left ventricular shown in the transthoracic echocardiography. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/diagnostic imaging , Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic/diagnosis , Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia/diagnosis , Cardiomyopathies/diagnostic imaging , Thrombocytopenia/drug therapy , Biopsy, Needle , Dexamethasone/therapeutic use , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Echocardiography , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia/drug therapy , Adrenergic beta-Antagonists/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating/therapeutic use , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Electrocardiography , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological/therapeutic use
13.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 116(4): 500-507, ago. 2018. graf, tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-950042

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los niños con síndrome de Down (SD) tienen mayor frecuencia de leucemia linfoblástica aguda (LLA) y menor supervivencia que pacientes sin síndrome de Down (NSD). Analizamos las características clínicas, demográficas-biológicas y respuestas al tratamiento en SD-LLA versus NSD-LLA. Pacientes y métodos: Pacientes (0-19 años) con LLA desde enero de 1990 a noviembre de 2016. Se compararon características demográficas biológicas y respuestas al tratamiento con chi cuadrado y Wilcoxon rank sum. La supervivencia global y el intervalo libre de eventos (ILE) se analizaron con Kaplan-Meier y el test log-rank. Resultados: Se incluyeron 1795 pacientes, 54 con SD. Los SD-LLA presentaron edad mayor (p= 0,0189). T odos inmuno fenotipo precursor-B, con menor incidencia de anomalías recurrentes (p < 0,0001). Demostraron mejor tasa de respuesta a prednisona (p= 0,09) y mayor mortalidad en inducción y remisión completa (p < 0,0001). Todas las muertes de los SD-LLA fueron relacionadas con el tratamiento. La sobrevida libre de eventos en niños SD-LLA vs.NSD-LLA fue 47 (± 8)% vs. 73 (± 1)% (p= 0,006) y el ILE de los SD-LLA vs. NSD-LLA fue 54 (± 9)% vs. 75 (± 1)% (p= 0,0297). La tasa de recaídas fue similar en ambos grupos (p= 0,6894). El ILE de los SD-LLA fue menor en el grupo de 6-9 años: 39 (± 19)% (p= 0,7885). Conclusiones: Los niños de 6-9 años con SD-LLA años presentó menor sobrevida. Aunque estos niños presentaron una mejor respuesta temprana, la sobrevida libre de eventos e ILE fueron menores debido a la mortalidad relacionada con el tratamiento.


Introduction. Children with Down syndrome (DS) more commonly have acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and a lower survival rate than those without Down syndrome (WDS). We analyzed the clinical, demographic, and biological characteristics and treatment response of children with DS-ALL versus those WDS-ALL. Patients and methods: Patients with ALL between January 1990 and November 2016. The demographic and biologic characteristics and treatment response were compared using the χ² and Wilcoxon rank-sum tests. The overall survival and event-free interval (EFI) were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier and log-rank tests. Results. 1795 patients were included; 54 had DS. Patients with DS-ALL were older (p= 0.0189). All had B-cell precursor immunophenotype and a lower incidence of recurrent abnormalities (p < 0.0001). They showed a better response rate to prednisone (p= 0.09) and a higher mortality in induction and complete remission (p < 0.0001). All deaths of patients with DS-ALL were treatment-related. The event-free survival (EFS) was 47% (± 8%) versus 73% (± 1%) (p= 0.006) and the EFI was 54% (± 9%) versus 75% (± 1%) (p= 0.0297) among patients with DS-ALL versus those WDS-ALL, respectively. The rate of relapse was similar in both groups (p= 0.6894). The EFI of patients with DS-ALL was lower in the group aged 6-9 years: 39% (± 19%) (p= 0.7885). Conclusions. A lower survival was observed among children aged 6-9 years with DS-ALL. Although these children showed a better early response, their EFS and EFI were lower due to treatment-related mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Prednisone/administration & dosage , Down Syndrome/complications , Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal/administration & dosage , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/epidemiology , Recurrence , Remission Induction , Survival Rate , Retrospective Studies , Age Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric , Disease-Free Survival , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/pathology , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy
14.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 111(2): 205-212, Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950222

ABSTRACT

Abstract Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed tumor in women worldwide, with a significant impact on morbidity and mortality. Chemotherapy and hormone therapy have significantly reduced mortality; however, the adverse effects are significant. Aspirin has been incorporated into clinical practice for over 100 years at a low cost, making it particularly attractive as a potential agent in breast cancer prevention and as an adjunct treatment to endocrine therapy in the prophylaxis of cardiovascular complications. The objective of this study was to evaluate the role of aspirin in reducing the incidence of breast cancer and to evaluate the impact of its use on morbidity and mortality and reduction of cardiovascular events as adjuvant therapy during breast cancer treatment with selective estrogen receptor modulators. A systematic review was performed using the PRISMA methodology and PICO criteria, based on the MEDLINE, EMBASE and LILACS databases. The original articles of clinical trials, cohort, case-control studies and meta-analyses published from January 1998 to June 2017, were considered. Most studies showed an association between the use of selective estrogen receptor modulators and the increase in thromboembolic events. The studies suggest a protective effect of aspirin for cardiovascular events during its concomitant use with selective estrogen receptor modulators and in the prevention of breast cancer. This systematic review suggests that aspirin therapy combines the benefit of protection against cardiovascular events with the potential reduction in breast cancer risk, and that the evaluation of the benefits of the interaction of endocrine therapy with aspirin should be further investigated.


Resumo O câncer de mama é o tumor mais frequentemente diagnosticado em mulheres de todo o mundo, com impacto importante na morbimortalidade. A quimioterapia e a terapia hormonal reduziram significativamente a mortalidade, mas os efeitos adversos são consideráveis. A aspirina está incorporada à prática clínica há mais de 100 anos, com baixo custo, tornando-a particularmente atraente como potencial agente na prevenção do câncer de mama e auxiliar durante o tratamento endócrino, na profilaxia de complicações cardiovasculares. Objetivou-se avaliar o papel da aspirina na redução da incidência do câncer de mama e avaliar o impacto de seu uso na morbimortalidade e na redução de eventos cardiovasculares como terapia adjuvante durante o tratamento do câncer de mama com moduladores seletivos do receptor do estrogênio. Procedeu-se à revisão sistemática utilizando-se a metodologia PRISMA e os critérios PICO, nas bases MEDLINE, EMBASE e LILACS. Foram considerados os artigos originais do tipo ensaio clínico, coorte, caso-controle e metanálises, publicados no período de janeiro de 1998 até junho de 2017. Na maioria dos estudos, houve relação entre o uso dos moduladores seletivos do receptor do estrogênio e o aumento de eventos tromboembólicos. Os estudos sugerem efeito protetor da aspirina para eventos cardiovasculares em uso concomitante aos moduladores seletivos do receptor do estrogênio e na prevenção do câncer de mama. Esta revisão sistemática sugere que o tratamento com aspirina combina o benefício da proteção contra eventos cardiovasculares com a potencial redução do risco de câncer de mama, e que a avaliação dos benefícios da interação da terapia endócrina com a aspirina deve ser melhor investigada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Aspirin/administration & dosage , Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal/administration & dosage , Evidence-Based Medicine
15.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 31(4): 439-445, jul.-ago. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-973385

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Investigar a prevalência e incidência de neuropatia periférica relacionada ao tratamento com antineoplásicos de pessoas com mieloma múltiplo bem como a associação entre os esquemas quimioterápicos e a neuropatia periférica após o tratamento. Método Estudo documental, correlacional, realizado em dois locais de referência para tratamento oncológico, localizados nos estados do Ceará e Minas Gerais, com análise de pacientes atendidos entre janeiro/2013 e janeiro/2016. Os dados foram analisados utilizando-se análise descritiva e inferencial a partir dos testes qui-quadrado e exato de fisher. Resultados Foram avaliados 100 prontuários de pessoas com mieloma múltiplo com média de idade de 62,7 anos, maioria de homens (64%). O esquema quimioterápico mais utilizado (60%) foi o bortezomibe, dexametasona e ciclofosfamida; 20% dos pacientes apresentavam neuropatia periférica antes do tratamento, 68% desenvolveram durante o tratamento e 56% ao finalizar o tratamento. Não houve associação entre os esquemas quimioterápicos e a neuropatia periférica após o tratamento. Conclusão O presente estudo mostrou um aumento da incidência de NP em indivíduos em tratamento para o MM, 80% apresentaram sintomas de neuropatia antes e/ou durante e/ou após o tratamento com esquemas quimioterápicos. A predominância foi de homens idosos aposentados. O esquema quimioterápico mais utilizado foi o VDC e não foi identificada associação entre os esquemas utilizados e a NP após término o tratamento. As implicações dessas observações recaem sobre a necessidade de avaliação contínua da NP em pessoas com MM, além da monitorização rigorosa desse evento no decorrer do tratamento e após o mesmo, bem como o manejo dos eventos adversos e alterações relacionadas a doença. Não houve associação entre os esquemas quimioterápicos e a neuropatia periférica após o tratamento. Espera-se que os resultados obtidos auxiliem na organização de um registro de dados sobre NP em pacientes com câncer, com o objetivo principal de determinar alvos de intervenção, tornando o cuidado mais eficiente e integral.


Resumen Objetivo investigar la prevalencia e incidencia de la neuropatía periférica relacionada al tratamiento con antineoplásicos de personas con mieloma múltiple, así como la asociación entre los regímenes de quimioterapia y neuropatía periférica después de tratamiento. Método Estudio documental, correlativo, realizado en dos puntos de referencia para el tratamiento del cáncer, los cuales se encuentran en los estados de Ceará y Minas Gerais, con análisis de pacientes tratados entre enero / 2013 y enero / 2016. Los datos fueron analizados utilizando el análisis descriptivo e inferencial a partir de las pruebas qui-cuadrado y exacto de Fisher. Resultados Fueron evaluados 100 expedientes de personas con mieloma múltiple con una edad media de 62,7 años, siendo la mayoría hombres (64%). El esquema quimioterápico más utilizado (60%) fue el bortezomib, dexametasona y ciclofosfamida; el 20% de los pacientes presentaban neuropatía periférica antes del tratamiento, el 68% la desarrolló durante el tratamiento y el 56% al finalizar el tratamiento. No hubo asociación entre los esquemas quimioterápicos y la neuropatía periférica después del tratamiento. Conclusión Este estudio mostró una mayor incidencia de NP en individuos que reciben tratamiento para MM, el 80% presentó síntomas de neuropatía antes y / o durante y / o después del tratamiento con regímenes de quimioterapia. La predominancia fue de hombres ancianos jubilados. El esquema quimioterápico más utilizado fue el VDC y no se identificó asociación entre los esquemas utilizados y la NP después de terminar el tratamiento. Las implicaciones de estas observaciones recaen sobre la necesidad de evaluación continua de la NP en personas con MM, además del monitoreo riguroso de dicho evento durante el tratamiento y después del mismo, así como el manejo de los eventos adversos y alteraciones relacionadas con la enfermedad. No hubo asociación entre los esquemas quimioterápicos y la neuropatía periférica después del tratamiento. Se espera que los resultados obtenidos ayuden en la organización de un registro de datos sobre NP en pacientes con cáncer, con el objetivo principal de determinar metas de intervención, obteniendo una atención más eficiente e integral.


Abstract Objective To investigate the prevalence and incidence of peripheral neuropathy (PN) related to antineoplastic therapy in people with multiple myeloma and the association between chemotherapy regimens and peripheral neuropathy after treatment. Method This is a documentary and correlational study carried out in two reference sites for cancer treatment, located in the Brazilian states of Ceará and Minas Gerais, with an analysis of patients treated between January 2013 and January 2016. A descriptive and inferential analysis of data was carried out by means of chi-square and Fischer's exact tests. Results The study assessed 100 medical records of people with multiple myeloma, who were aged 62.7 years on average and were mostly men (64%). The most used chemotherapy regimen (60%) was bortezomib, dexamethasone, and cyclophosphamide; 20% of patients had peripheral neuropathy before treatment, 68% had it during treatment and 56% at the end of treatment. There was no association between chemotherapy regimens and peripheral neuropathy after treatment. Conclusion Our study showed an increase in the incidence of PN in individuals undergoing treatment of multiple myeloma, 80% had symptoms of neuropathy before and/or during and/or after treatment with chemotherapy regimens. Predominance was of elderly retired men. The most common chemotherapy regimen was bortezomib/dexamethasone/cyclophosphamide and there was no association between regimens used and PN after treatment. The implications of these observations rest on the need for a permanent assessment of PN in people with multiple myeloma, in addition to a strict follow-up to this event in the course of treatment and after it, as well as the management of adverse events and alterations related to the disease. There was no association between chemotherapy regimens and peripheral neuropathy after treatment. It is expected that the results obtained help in the organization of a data record about PN in patients with cancer, with the main purpose of establishing targets of intervention, thus making care more efficient and comprehensive.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Dexamethasone/therapeutic use , Medical Records , Neurotoxicity Syndromes , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Bortezomib/therapeutic use , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy , Neurologic Manifestations , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating/therapeutic use , Drug Therapy, Combination , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Correlation of Data , Octogenarians , Statistical Inference , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use
16.
Clinics ; 73(supl.1): e756s, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974949

ABSTRACT

Malignancy must be considered in the management of adrenal lesions, including those incidentally identified on imaging studies. Adrenocortical carcinomas (ACCs) are rare tumors with an estimated annual incidence of 0.7-2 cases per year and a worldwide prevalence of 4-12 cases per million/year. However, a much higher incidence of these tumors (>15 times) has been demonstrated in south and southeastern Brazil. Most ACCs cause hypersecretion of steroids including glucocorticoids and androgens. ACC patients have a very poor prognosis with a 5-year overall survival (OS) below 30% in most series. Pheochromocytoma or paraganglioma (PPGL) is a metabolically active tumor originating from the chromaffin cells of the adrenal medulla. The incidence of PPGL is 0.2 to 0.9 cases per 100,000 individuals per year. Pheochromocytomas are present in approximately 4-7% of patients with adrenal incidentalomas. Classically, PPGL manifests as paroxysmal attacks of the following 4 symptoms: headaches, diaphoresis, palpitations, and severe hypertensive episodes. The diagnosis of malignant PPGL relies on the presence of local invasion or metastasis. In this review, we present the clinical and biochemical characteristics and pathogenesis of malignant primary lesions that affect the cortex and medulla of human adrenal glands.


Subject(s)
Humans , Paraganglioma/therapy , Pheochromocytoma/therapy , Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms/therapy , Adrenal Gland Neoplasms/therapy , Adrenocortical Carcinoma/therapy , Paraganglioma/diagnosis , Paraganglioma/pathology , Pheochromocytoma/diagnosis , Pheochromocytoma/pathology , Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms/diagnosis , Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms/pathology , Adrenal Gland Neoplasms/diagnosis , Adrenal Gland Neoplasms/pathology , Adrenocortical Carcinoma/diagnosis , Adrenocortical Carcinoma/pathology , Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal/therapeutic use , Mitotane/therapeutic use
17.
Rev. chil. cir ; 70(5): 464-473, 2018. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978017

ABSTRACT

El cáncer de mama es la primera causa de muerte por cáncer en mujeres chilenas. Mientras la mayoría de las personas logra curarse de esta enfermedad, un 5% de los casos se presenta inicialmente con enfermedad avanzada y hasta un 20-30% de pacientes con enfermedad localizada pueden sufrir recurrencias sistémicas. La mayoría de las neoplasias mamarias son dependientes del estímulo estrogénico, de allí que la deprivación de estrógenos es la principal estrategia terapéutica. Recientemente, el uso de terapias molecularmente dirigidas en combinación con la terapia endocrina ha logrado mejorar los resultados de sobrevida del cáncer de mama avanzado, con menos efectos colaterales que aquellos producidos por la quimioterapia convencional. El conocimiento de los mecanismos de acción de estas nuevas terapias, sus toxicidades, vías de resistencia y selección de pacientes para lograr los mejores beneficios terapéuticos son aspectos relevantes en el manejo de la enfermedad. Presentamos una revisión del estado actual del manejo del cáncer de mama metastásico hormonodependiente con enfásis en el uso de terapias endocrinas combinadas con terapias moleculares.


Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in Chilean women. While most patientes are cured, five percent of cases present with advanced disease initially and up to 20-30% of patients with localized disease may suffer systemic recurrences. The majority of breast neoplasms are dependent on the estrogenic stimulus, hence the deprivation of estrogen is the main therapeutic strategy. Recently, the use of molecular targeted therapies in combination with endocrine therapy has been successful in improving the survival outcomes of advanced breast cancer, with fewer side effects than those produced by conventional chemotherapy. Knowledge of the mechanisms of action of these new therapies, their toxicities, resistance pathways and patient selection to achieve the best therapeutic benefits are relevant aspects in the management of the disease. We present a review of the current state of management of hormone-dependent metastatic breast cancer with emphasis on the use of endocrine therapies combined with molecular therapies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Patient Selection , Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators/therapeutic use , Aromatase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 4/antagonists & inhibitors , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 6/antagonists & inhibitors , Neoplasm Metastasis
18.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 20(4): 636-649, Out.-Dez. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-898618

ABSTRACT

RESUMO: Introdução: A hormonioterapia no câncer de mama é fundamental para a transição do tratamento ativo aos cuidados de sobrevivência, pois melhora significativamente os resultados de sobrevida em longo prazo, além de propiciar melhor qualidade de vida e reduzir os custos de hospitalização. Porém, para atingir resultados desejáveis, são importantes a adesão e a persistência no tratamento recomendado. Metodologia: Estudo de coorte retrospectivo com 182 mulheres em tratamento hormonal identificadas em unidade oncológica de alta complexidade da Região Sudeste do Brasil e acompanhadas até 2014. Foram realizadas análise bivariada, para investigar os fatores associados à adesão, e regressão multivariada de Cox, para identificar variáveis associadas à descontinuidade do tratamento ao longo do tempo. Resultados: A adesão geral foi de 85,2% e a persistência, de 45,4% após 5 anos. Não foi encontrada associação entre as variáveis independentes estudadas e a adesão. Mulheres com estadiamento avançado (hazard ratio - HR = 2,24; intervalo de confiança de 95% - IC95% 1,45 - 3,45), que não realizaram cirurgia (HR = 3,46; IC95% 2,00 - 5,97) e com 3 ou mais internações hospitalares (HR = 6,06; IC95% 2,53 - 14,54) exibiram maior risco de descontinuidade. Discussão: As variáveis associadas à persistência refletem a relação entre a maior gravidade da doença e a interrupção do tratamento hormonal adjuvante. Conclusão: Apesar da alta adesão, observa-se aumento progressivo do número de pacientes que não persistem no tratamento, devido a características relacionadas à gravidade da doença, contribuindo para uma resposta terapêutica inadequada.


ABSTRACT: Introduction: Hormonal therapy in breast cancer is essential to the transition from active treatment to care survival, because it improves long-term survival and provides a better quality of life. reducing hospital costs as well. However, adherence and persistence in the recommended treatment are important to achieve the desirable results. Methodology: This is a cohort retrospective study of 182 women on hormonal treatment identified at a high complexity oncology unit, in the southeastern region of Brazil, and followed-up until 2014. We performed a bivariate analysis to analyze the factors associated with adherence and we conducted the multivariate Cox regression to identify variables associated with discontinuity of treatment over time. Results: Overall adherence was 85.2% and persistence was 45.4% at the end of 5 years. No association was found between the studied independent variables and adherence. Women with advanced stage (HR = 2.24; 95% confidence interval 1.45 - 3.45), who did not undergo surgery (HR = 3.46; 95%CI 2.00 - 5.97), and with three or more hospitalizations (HR = 6.06; 95%CI 2.53 - 14.54) exhibited increased risk of discontinuity. Discussion: The variables associated with persistence reflect the relation between the highest disease severity and the discontinuity of adjuvant hormonal treatment. Conclusion: Despite the high adherence level, there is a progressive increase in non-persistence among women on hormonal therapy, influenced by characteristics related to disease severity, which contributes to an inadequate therapeutic response.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal/therapeutic use , Medication Adherence/statistics & numerical data , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Middle Aged
19.
An. bras. dermatol ; 92(5): 694-697, Sept.-Oct. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887025

ABSTRACT

Abstract: We report a case of granulomatous slack skin, a rare and indolent subtype of mycosis fungoides. It affects mainly men between the third and fourth decades. It is characterized by hardened and erithematous plaques that mainly affect flexural areas and become pedunculated after some years. Histological examination shows a dense infiltrate of small atypical lymphocytes involving the dermis (and sometimes the subcutaneous tissue) associated with histiocytic and multinucleated giant cells containing lymphocytes and elastic fibers (lymphophagocytosis and elastophagocytosis, respectively). Patients affected by this entity can develop secondary lymphomas. There are several but little effective therapeutic modalities described. Despite the indolent behavior of granulomatous slack skin, its early recognition and continuous monitoring by a dermatologist becomes essential for its management and prevention of an unfavorable outcome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Skin Neoplasms/diagnosis , Lymphoma, T-Cell, Cutaneous/diagnosis , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Skin Neoplasms/drug therapy , Biopsy , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Immunohistochemistry , Photography , Lymphoma, T-Cell, Cutaneous/pathology , Lymphoma, T-Cell, Cutaneous/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal/therapeutic use
20.
rev. cuid. (Bucaramanga. 2010) ; 8(3): 1826-1838, sep.-dic. 2017. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-963420

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: O diagnóstico e o tratamento do câncer de próstata podem provocar modificações significativas na vida dos homens, alterando a sua qualidade de vida. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde de pacientes com câncer de próstata em tratamento de hormonioterapia e radioterapia. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Estudo descritivo, transversal, com dados sociodemográficos, clínicos e de avaliação da qualidade de vida de 213 pacientes, obtidos por roteiro de entrevista e pelo questionário Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite. Utilizou-se estatística descritiva. RESULTADOS: Houve predominância de homens acima de 50 anos, brancos, casados, com baixa escolaridade e aposentados, com diagnóstico inicial obtido pelas alterações no exame de Antígeno Prostático Específico e estadiamento II. As médias dos escores obtidos no domínio da função sexual indicaram queda na qualidade de vida, para ambos os tratamentos. DISCUSSÃO: Tanto a hormonioterapia como a radioterapia podem causar algum tipo de efeito na função sexual, diretamente relacionado a um significativo impacto na qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde para muitos homens. CONCLUSÕES: Ainda que os resultados tenham sido obtidos e analisados pela primeira vez no hospital do estudo, oferecem subsídios para o conhecimento da realidade local e corroboram com os achados de outros estudos realizados em locais e realidades diferentes.


INTRODUCTION: The diagnosis and treatment of prostate cancer can cause significant modifications in the lives of men, altering their quality of life. The aim of this study was to assess the health-related quality of life of patients with prostate cancer in hormone therapy and radiotherapy treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Descriptive, cross-sectional study with sociodemographic, clinical data and quality of life evaluation of 213 patients, obtained from the interview script and through the questionnaire Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite. Descriptive statistics were used. RESULTS: There was a predominance of white men over 50 years of age, married, with low schooling, and retirees with initial diagnosis obtained by alterations on the specific prostatic antigen test and stage II. The mean scores obtained in the sexual function domain indicated a decrease in quality of life for both treatments. DISCUSSION: Hormone therapy and radiotherapy can cause some type of type of effect on the sexual function, directly related to a significant impact on the quality of life related to health for many men. CONCLUSIONS: Although the results were obtained and analyzed for the first time in the study hospital, they offer subsidies for the knowledge of the local reality and corroborate with findings from other studies carried out in different places and realities.


INTRODUCCIÓN: El diagnóstico y el tratamiento del cáncer de próstata pueden provocar cambios significativos en la vida de los hombres, alterando su calidad de vida. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud de pacientes con cáncer de próstata en tratamiento de hormonioterapia y radioterapia. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: Estudio descriptivo, transversal, con datos sociodemográficos, clínicos y de evaluación de la calidad de vida de 213 pacientes, obtenidos por un guión de entrevista y por el cuestionario Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite. Se utilizó estadística descriptiva. RESULTADOS: Hubo predominio de hombres mayores de 50 anos, blancos, casados, con baja escolaridad y jubilados, con diagnóstico inicial obtenido por las alteraciones en el examen de Antígeno Prostático Específico y estadio II. Las medias de las puntuaciones obtenidas en el dominio de la función sexual indicaron caída en la calidad de vida, para ambos tratamientos. DISCUSIÓN: Tanto la hormonioterapia como la radioterapia pueden causar algún tipo de efecto en la función sexual, directamente relacionado con un significativo impacto en la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud para muchos hombres. CONCLUSIONES: Aunque los resultados han sido obtenidos y analizados por primera vez en el hospital del estudio, ofrecen subsidios para el conocimiento de la realidad local y corroboran los resultados con otros estudios realizados en locales y realidades diferentes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prostatic Neoplasms , Quality of Life , Radiotherapy , Therapeutics , Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
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