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1.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 62-76, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971641

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The current study evaluated various new colchicine analogs for their anticancer activity and to study the primary mechanism of apoptosis and in vivo antitumor activity of the analogs with selective anticancer properties and minimal toxicity to normal cells.@*METHODS@#Sulforhodamine B (SRB) assay was used to screen various colchicine analogs for their in vitro cytotoxicity. The effect of N-[(7S)-1,2,3-trimethoxy-9-oxo-10-(pyrrolidine-1-yl)5,6,7,9-tetrahydrobenzo[a] heptalene-7-yl] acetamide (IIIM-067) on clonogenicity, apoptotic induction, and invasiveness of A549 cells was determined using a clonogenic assay, scratch assay, and staining with 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) and annexin V/propidium iodide. Mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels were observed using fluorescence microscopy. Western blot analysis was used to quantify expression of proteins involved in apoptosis, cell cycle, and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (AKT)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling. Pharmacokinetic and in vivo efficacy studies against Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC) and Ehrlich solid tumor models were conducted using Swiss albino mice.@*RESULTS@#IIIM-067 showed potent cytotoxicity and better selectivity than all other colchicine analogs screened in this study. The selective activity of IIIM-067 toward A549 cells was higher among other cancer cell lines, with a selectivity index (SI) value of 2.28. IIIM-067 demonstrated concentration- and time-dependent cytotoxicity against A549 cells with half-maximal inhibitory concentration values of 0.207, 0.150 and 0.106 μmol/L at 24, 48 and 72 h, respectively. It also had reduced toxicity to normal cells (SI > 1) than the parent compound colchicine (SI = 1). IIIM-067 reduced the clonogenic ability of A549 cells in a dose-dependent manner. IIIM-067 enhanced ROS production from 24.6% at 0.05 μmol/L to 82.1% at 0.4 μmol/L and substantially decreased the MMP (100% in control to 5.6% at 0.4 μmol/L). The annexin V-FITC assay demonstrated 78% apoptosis at 0.4 μmol/L. IIIM-067 significantly (P < 0.5) induced the expression of various intrinsic apoptotic pathway proteins, and it differentially regulated the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway. Furthermore, IIIM-067 exhibited remarkable in vivo anticancer activity against the murine EAC model, with tumor growth inhibition (TGI) of 67.0% at a dose of 6 mg/kg (i.p.) and a reduced mortality compared to colchicine. IIIM-067 also effectively inhibited the tumor growth in the murine solid tumor model with TGI rates of 48.10%, 55.68% and 44.00% at doses of 5 mg/kg (i.p.), 6 mg/kg (i.p.) and 7 mg/kg (p.o.), respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#IIIM-067 exhibited significant anticancer activity with reduced toxicity both in vitro and in vivo and is a promising anticancer candidate. However, further studies are required in clinical settings to fully understand its potential.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/pharmacology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Colchicine/pharmacology , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Mammals/metabolism
2.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 470-475, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981980

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the characteristics of vincristine-induced peripheral neuropathy (VIPN) in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and the factors influencing the development of VIPN.@*METHODS@#The children with ALL, aged 1-18 years, who were treated with CCCG-ALL2015 or CCCG-ALL2020 regimen in the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University from January 2018 to February 2022 were enrolled as subjects. According to the influence of age on risk, the children were divided into 1-10 years group with 91 children and >10 years group with 29 children. VIPN was graded according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (5th edition), and the incidence rate, severity, and type of VIPN were compared between different groups.@*RESULTS@#A total of 120 children were enrolled in this study, among whom 56 (46.7%) developed VIPN. The >10 years group had a significantly higher incidence rate of VIPN than the 1-10 years group (69% vs 40%, P<0.05). Among the 56 children with VIPN, 12 (21%) had grade 3 VIPN or above, and 44 (79%) had grade 2 VIPN. There were 77 cases of autonomic nerve symptoms (59.7%), 42 cases of peripheral nerve injury (32.5%), and 10 cases of cranial nerve injury (7.8%). There were no significant differences in the severity and type of VIPN between the groups with different ages, sexes, degrees of risk, or treatment regimens (P>0.05). The results of binary logistic regression analysis showed that age is the influencing factor for the occurrence of VIPN (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There is a relatively high incidence rate of VIPN in children with ALL, with the highest incidence rate of autonomic nervous symptoms. The incidence of VIP in children over 10 years old is relatively high.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Adolescent , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/adverse effects , Cohort Studies , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases/diagnosis , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , Vincristine/adverse effects
3.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 21(1): 108-122, ene. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1372494

ABSTRACT

Cota tinctoria is a medicinal plant which has been used for management of cancer in folk medicine of various regions. The aim of present study is to investigate cytotoxic activity of different concentrations of hydroalcoholic extract of C. tinctoria flowers on gastric (AGS) and liver (Hep-G2) cancer cell lines as well as Human Natural GUM fibroblast (HUGU) cells. Cell mortality rates were examined after 24, 48 and 72 h incubations using the MTT assay. IC50of extract on AGS cells after 24, 48 and 72h was 1.46, 1.29 and 1.14 µg/mL respectively. The extract demonstrated IC50 of 5.15, 3.92 and 2.89 µg/mL on Hep-G2 cells after 24, 48 and 72 h respectively. No cytotoxic effect was detected on HUGU (Human Natural GUM fibroblast) cells. C. tinctoria seems to have a promising potential to be considered as a source for anticancer drug discovery. However, more experimental and clinical studies are required.


Cota tinctoria es una planta medicinal que se ha utilizado para el tratamiento del cáncer en la medicina popular de varias regiones. El objetivo del presente estudio es investigar la actividad citotóxica de diferentes concentraciones de extracto hidroalcohólico de flores de C. tinctoria en líneas celulares de cáncer gástrico (AGS) e hígado (Hep-G2), así como en células de fibroblasto GUM humano natural (HUGU). Se examinaron las tasas de mortalidad celular después de incubaciones de 24, 48 y 72 h utilizando el ensayo MTT. La CI50 del extracto en células AGS después de 24, 48 y 72 h fue de 1,46; 1,29 y 1,14 µg respectivamente. El extracto demostró una CI50 de 5,15, 3,92 y 2,89 µg/mL en células Hep-G2 después de 24, 48 y 72 h, respectivamente. No se detectó ningún efecto citotóxico en las células HUGU (fibroblasto GUM humano natural). C. tinctoria parece tener un potencial prometedor para ser considerada como una fuente de descubrimiento de fármacos contra el cáncer. Sin embargo, se requieren más estudios experimentales y clínicos.


Subject(s)
Plant Extracts/administration & dosage , Asteraceae/chemistry , Cell Line, Tumor/drug effects , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/administration & dosage , Stomach Neoplasms/drug therapy , Flavonoids/analysis , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Cell Culture Techniques , Anthemis/chemistry , Phenolic Compounds/analysis , Hep G2 Cells/drug effects , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/pharmacology , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/chemistry
4.
Int. j. morphol ; 39(2): 564-570, abr. 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385368

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Cancer known as a malignant tumor, is a class of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body. The Ehrlich tumor is a mammary adenocarcinoma of mice developed in solid and ascitic forms. This study was aimed to investigate the effects of paclitaxel on Netrin 1 and Factor 8 expression and also in tumor cell proliferation, apoptosis, angiogenesis, and development of tumor in Ehrlich solid tumors treated with paclitaxel. In this study, 26 adult Balb/C male mice were used. 6 of them were used as stock. Ehrlich ascites cells taken from animals in stock were injected subcutaneously from the neck area to all animals. The mice were randomly assigned to two groups of ten rats per group. Paclitaxel treatment group 10 mg/kg were administered to mice intraperitoneally (i.p.) 4,9, and 14th days. 15th day the animals were sacrificed and tumor tissues were taken. Paraffin-embedded solid tumor sections were stained Hematoxylin & Eosin, Masson's Trichrome. Also solid tumor sections were stained immunohistochemically with Netrin1 and Factor 8. Tunel method was applied to determine apoptosis. Paclitaxel applied as a therapeutic Ehrlich solid tumor reduced the volume of tumors in the treatment groups. At the end of the experiments, in the treatment groups' significantly reduced the Netrin 1 expression and microvessel density compared to the group control. Also paclitaxel in the treatment group increased the number of apoptotic cells. We suggest that decreasing the expression of Netrin 1 would be reduced vessel density and increased apoptosis.


RESUMEN: El cáncer, conocido como tumor maligno, es una clase de enfermedad que involucra un crecimiento celular anormal con potencial de invadir o diseminarse a otras partes del cuerpo. El tumor de Ehrlich es un adenocarcinoma mamario de ratones desarrollado en formas sólidas y ascíticas. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo investigar los efectos del paclitaxel en la expresión de Netrin 1 y Factor 8 y también en la proliferación de células tumorales, apoptosis, angiogénesis y desarrollo de tumores sólidos de Ehrlich tratados con paclitaxel. En esta investigación se utilizaron 26 ratones machos Balb / C adultos. Seis de ellos se utilizaron como stock. Se inyectaron por vía subcutánea células de ascitis de Ehrlich tomadas de animales en la zona del cuello. Los ratones se asignaron aleatoriamente a dos grupos de diez ratas por grupo. Se administraron 10 mg/kg del grupo de tratamiento con paclitaxel a ratones por vía intraperitoneal (i.p.) 4, 9 y 14 días. El día 15 se sacrificaron los animales y se extrajeron los tejidos tumorales. Las secciones de tumor sólido incluidas en parafina se tiñeron con hematoxilina y eosina y tricrómico de Masson. También se tiñeron inmunohisto-químicamente secciones de tumor sólido con Netrin1 y Factor 8. Se aplicó el método Tunel para determinar la apoptosis. El paclitaxel aplicado como tumor sólido terapéutico de Ehrlich redujo el volumen de tumores en los grupos de tratamiento. Al final de los experimentos, en los grupos de tratamiento se redujo significativamente la expresión de Netrin 1 y la densidad de microvasos en comparación con el grupo control. Además, el paclitaxel en el grupo tratamiento aumentó el número de células apoptóticas. Sugerimos que la disminución de la expresión de Netrin 1 reduciría la densidad de los vasos y aumentaría la apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Carcinoma, Ehrlich Tumor/drug therapy , Paclitaxel/administration & dosage , Netrin-1/antagonists & inhibitors , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/administration & dosage , Factor VIII , Immunohistochemistry , Paclitaxel/pharmacology , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Microvascular Density/drug effects , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Neovascularization, Pathologic , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/pharmacology
5.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 528-535, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888781

ABSTRACT

In this study, three new germacranolide sesquiterpenes (1-3), together with six related known analogues (4-9) were isolated from the whole plant of Carpesium cernuum. Their structures were established by a combination of extensive NMR spectroscopic analysis, HR-ESIMS data, and ECD calculations. The anti-leukemia activities of all compounds towards three cell lines (HEL, KG-1a, and K562) were evaluated in vitro. Compounds 1-3 exhibited moderate cytotoxicity with IC


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/pharmacology , Asteraceae/chemistry , Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor , K562 Cells , Phytochemicals/pharmacology , Sesquiterpenes, Germacrane/pharmacology
6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2481-2488, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879151

ABSTRACT

The paclitaxel-loaded and folic acid-modified poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nano-micelles(PTX@FA-PLGA-NMs) were prepared by the emulsion solvent evaporation method, and the parameters of paclitaxel-loaded nano-micelles were optimized with the particle size and PDI as evaluation indexes. The morphology of the nano-micelles was observed by transmission electron microscopy(TEM), and the stability, drug loading and encapsulation efficiency were systematically investigated. In vitro experiments were performed to study the cytotoxic effects of nano-micelles, apoptosis, and cellular uptake. Under the optimal parameters, the nano-micelles showed the particle size of(125.3±1.2) nm, the PDI of 0.086±0.026, the zeta potential of(-20.0±3.8) mV, the drug loading of 7.2%±0.75%, and the encapsulation efficiency of 50.7%±1.0%. The nano-micelles were in regular spherical shape as observed by TEM. The blank FA-PLGA-NMs exhibited almost no inhibitory effect on the proliferation and growth of tumor cells, while the drug-loaded nano-micelles and free PTX exhibited significant inhibitory effects. The IC_(50) of PTX@FA-PLGA-NMs and PTX was 0.56 μg·mL~(-1) and 0.66 μg·mL~(-1), respectively. The paclitaxel-loaded nano-micelles were potent in inhibiting cell migration as assessed by the scratch assay. PTX@FA-PLGA-NMs had good pro-apoptotic effect on cervical cancer HeLa cells and significantly promoted the uptake of HeLa cells. The results of in vitro experiments suggested that PTX@FA-PLGA-NMs could target and treat cervical cancer HeLa cells. Therefore, as nanodrug carriers, PTX@FA-PLGA-NMs with anti-cancer activity are a promising nano-system for improving the-rapeutic effects on tumors.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Drug Carriers , Folic Acid , Glycolates , HeLa Cells , Micelles , Paclitaxel , Particle Size , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/drug therapy
7.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 465-477, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887717

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the molecular mechanism of high phosphorylation levels of cofilin-1 (p-CFL-1) associated with paclitaxel resistance in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) cells.@*Methods@#Cells displaying varying levels of p-CFL-1 and CFL-1 were created by plasmid transfection and shRNA interference. Cell inhibition rate indicating paclitaxel efficacy was assessed by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay. Apoptosis was assessed by flow cytometry and protein levels were detected by western blotting. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to measure the expression levels of phosphokinases and phosphatases of CFL-1. Survival analysis evaluated the correlation between the prognosis of EOC patients and the levels of p-CFL-1 and slingshot-1 (SSH-1).@*Results@#High levels of p-CFL-1 were observed in EOC cells that survived treatment with high doses of paclitaxel. SKOV3 cell mutants with upregulated p-CFL-1 showed impaired paclitaxel efficacy, as well as decreased apoptosis rates and pro-survival patterns of apoptosis-specific protein expression. Cytoplasmic accumulation of p-CFL-1 inhibited paclitaxel-induced mitochondrial apoptosis. SSH-1 silencing mediated CFL-1 phosphorylation in paclitaxel-resistant SKOV3 cells. Clinically, the high level of p-CFL-1 and the low level of SSH-1 in EOC tissues were closely related to chemotherapy resistance and poor prognosis in EOC patients.@*Conclusion@#The SSH-1/p-CFL-1 signaling pathway mediates paclitaxel resistance by apoptosis inhibition in EOC and is expected to be a potential prognostic predictor.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/therapeutic use , Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cofilin 1/metabolism , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Ovarian Neoplasms/metabolism , Paclitaxel/therapeutic use , Phosphoprotein Phosphatases/metabolism , Phosphorylation
8.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 64: e21200163, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153296

ABSTRACT

HIGHLIGHTS Isolate, fractionate and characterize extracts obtained from soursop leaves. Use of emerging green technologies such as microwave-ultrasound hybridization. The extracts contain kaempferol, procyanidins, catechin, and quercetin. The total ethanolic extract demonstrates cytotoxic effect on HeLa cells.


Abstract Cervical cancer is classified as the fourth most common malignancy in women. Natural compounds are a therapeutic alternative in cancer therapy. The aim of the study is to isolate, fractionate, and characterize extracts obtained from soursop leaves (Annona muricata L.) and determine their cytotoxic effect against HeLa cervical cancer cells and non-carcinogenic fibroblast 3T3 cells. The phytochemicals of soursop leaves were extracted through emerging green technologies such as the novel use of microwave-ultrasound hybridization and the use of environmentally friendly solvents (water and ethanol), in addition to the purification of extracts enriched in polyphenols by liquid chromatography with Amberlite XAD-16. Total aqueous and ethanolic extract were purified, as well as the fraction one of each extract. The extracts recovered from soursop leaves contained kaempferol and its isomers, procyanidins, catechin, and quercetin. The viability of the cells was determined with the MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay. HeLa and 3T3 cells were exposed to concentrations of 25, 50, 75, 100, 150, 200, and 250 ppm of a solution of soursop leaf extract powder. The MTT assay showed that soursop leaf extracts were toxic to both cell lines in general, however, the ethanolic extract at 25 and 50 ppm demonstrated inhibition in cell viability against the HeLa cancer line and low cytotoxicity for 3T3 fibroblast cells. In conclusion, the novel microwave-ultrasound hybridization technology allows the extraction of polyphenols that may have a potential cytotoxic effect on cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , HeLa Cells , Annona/chemistry , Polyphenols/isolation & purification , Phytochemicals/pharmacology , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/isolation & purification , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Catechin/chemistry , Chromatography, Liquid/methods , Ethanol , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/pharmacology
9.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(10): e10891, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285652

ABSTRACT

Juniperus communis (JCo) is a well-known traditional Chinese medicinal plant that has been used to treat wounds, fever, swelling, and rheumatism. However, the mechanism underlying the anticancer effect of JCo extract on colorectal cancer (CRC) has not yet been elucidated. This study investigated the anticancer effects of JCo extract in vitro and in vivo as well as the precise molecular mechanisms. Cell viability was evaluated using the MTT assay. Cell cycle distribution was examined by flow cytometry analysis, and cell apoptosis was determined by the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay. Protein expression was analyzed using western blotting. The in vivo activity of the JCo extract was evaluated using a xenograft BALB/c mouse model. The tumors and organs were examined through hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and immunohistochemistry. The results showed that JCo extract exhibited higher cytotoxicity against CRC cells than against normal cells and showed synergistic effects when combined with 5-fluorouracil. JCo extract induced cell cycle arrest at the G0/G1 phase via regulation of p53/p21 and CDK4/cyclin D1 and induced cell apoptosis via the extrinsic (FasL/Fas/caspase-8) and intrinsic (Bax/Bcl-2/caspase-9) apoptotic pathways. In vivo studies revealed that JCo extract suppressed tumor growth through the inhibition of proliferation and induction of apoptosis. In addition, there was no obvious change in body weight or histological morphology of normal organs after treatment. JCo extract suppressed CRC progression by inducing cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in vitro and in vivo, suggesting the potential application of JCo extract in the treatment of CRC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Colorectal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Adenocarcinoma/drug therapy , Juniperus , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/pharmacology , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Cell Cycle , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Mice, Inbred BALB C
10.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 745-748, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010553

ABSTRACT

Piper betle (PB), also known as "betel" in Malay language, is a tropical Asian vine. PB leaves are commonly chewed by Asians along with betel quid. It contains phenols such as eugenol and hydroxychavicol along with chlorophyll, β-carotene, and vitamin C (Salehi et al., 2019). Extracts from PB leaves have various medicinal properties including anticancer, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial effects (Salehi et al., 2019). Previous research has shown that PB induces cell cycle arrest at late S or G2/M phase and causes apoptosis at higher doses (Wu et al., 2014; Guha Majumdar and Subramanian, 2019). A combination of PB leaf extract has also been shown to enhance the cytotoxicity of the anticancer drug, 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), in cancer cells (Ng et al., 2014).


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/pharmacology , Cell Movement/drug effects , HT29 Cells , Microtubules/drug effects , Piper betle , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Plant Leaves
11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 444-450, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008356

ABSTRACT

The traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) decoction pieces for treating tumors in China-Japan Friendship Hospital in both outpatient and inpatient departments from January 1 to December 31, 2018 were analyzed in this paper, and the statistical analysis on the frequency and proportion of TCM decoction pieces, as well as the average dosage and dosage range were conducted. Such data were then compared with Chinese Pharmacopoeia. At the same time, data mining association rules were used to study the compatibility of TCM in oncology, and finally, the drug use in TCM was discussed. The top 20(use frequency) TCM decoction pieces for tumors were mainly based on tonic medicines; the use frequency of toxic TCM decoction pieces was low, mainly of small poisonous pieces, with dosage exceeding pharmacopoeia. The drug combinations with higher frequency included Fried Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma-Poria Cocos(16.11%), and Astragali Radix-Poria Cocos(15.10%). Drug pairs with strong associations included Achyranthes Bidentata→Parasitic Loranthus, Coix Seed→Achyranthes Bidentata, Achyranthes Bidentata→Hairyvein Agrimony, Cuscutae Semen→Achyranthes Bidentata and so on. According to the use of drugs, the drug monitoring can be emphasized from the aspects of usage and dosage, selection of processed TCM, compatibility, decoction methods, and patient education. Pharmacists can analyze the characteristics and regularity of the use of TCM for tumors through data mining methods, and this can be a cutting point for drug monitoring.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/therapeutic use , China , Data Mining , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Japan , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Neoplasms/drug therapy
12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 374-382, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008347

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to obtain low toxicity and high efficiency anti-tumor Chinese medicine through screening the combination ratios of Momordicae Semen and Epimedii Folium, and to explore the anti-tumor mechanism of the combination of two drugs by observing their effect on apoptosis-related proteins in cancer cells. Methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium(MTT) assay was used to observe the effect of drug combination on the proliferation of tumor cells from different tissue sources. The effects of the combination of the two drugs on tumor cells were analyzed by Compusyn software. Plate cloning assay was used to observe the effect of combination of these two drugs on the proliferation of A549 cells in vitro. The expression of reactive oxygen species(ROS) and apoptotic proteins p53, Bcl-2 and Bax were compared by using ROS kit and Western blot. Lewis lung cancer model was used to observe the anti-tumor effect of drugs in vivo. The results showed that the anti-tumor effect of their ethanol extract was more significant than that of water extract, and the anti-proliferation effect was strongest when the ratio was 1∶1(P<0.05). Compusyn analysis showed that the combination of the two drugs had synergistic effect. Further studies showed that after combined use, the number of clonogen formation in A549 cells was significantly reduced(P<0.01); ROS production was increased; the expression of apoptosis-related protein p53 was up-regulated, and the ratio of Bcl-2/Bax was decreased. In vivo animal study showed that the tumor inhibition rate was 53.06%(P<0.05) in the high dose group. As compared with the single use of the two drugs, the combination of the two drugs had more significant anti-proliferative effect on tumors, and the optimum ratio was 1∶1. The combination of the two drugs at a ratio of 1∶1 inhibited the proliferation of various tumor cells, and had no significant effect on normal liver cells LO2 when compared with other ratios. Therefore, it can be preliminarily inferred that the combination of the two drugs may have the effect of synergism and detoxification. Further studies showed that the combination of the two drugs can significantly inhibit the proliferation of A549 cells, and its mechanism may be related to the activation of endogenous apoptotic pathway. In vivo experiments also showed that the tumor inhibition rate increased with the increase of drug concentration.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , A549 Cells , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/pharmacology , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Epimedium/chemistry , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Momordica/chemistry , Neoplasms, Experimental/drug therapy , Plant Leaves/chemistry
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3617-3630, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828405

ABSTRACT

The tirucallane-type triterpenoids, composed of six isoprene units, belong to a group of tetracyclic triterpenoids. Although the naturally-derived tirucallane-type triterpenoids were found in a small amount, the kind of compounds showed various structures, which consist of apo-type, linear said-chain-type and cyclolike said-chain-type and broad bioactivities, such as cytotoxicity, anti-inflammation, antioxidation and anti-plasmin, etc. This paper summarized origins, structures and bioactivities of tirucallane-type triterpenoids in recent ten years. The future research and exploration of tirucallane-type triterpenoids were discussed and prospected.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Molecular Structure , Triterpenes
14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1418-1422, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008587

ABSTRACT

Polyphyllin D is a steroid saponin monomer in Polyphyllin, with antibacterial, analgesic, sedative, anti-tumor and other pharmacological effects, but is rarely reported in pancreatic cancer. This study detected apoptosis-relevant indicators, in order to explore the effect of polyphyllin D on the proliferation and apoptosis of human pancreatic cancer Panc-1 cells and relevant mechanisms of action. After pancreatic cancer Panc-1 cells were treated with polyphyllin D(0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 μg·μL~(-1)) for 24, 48 and 72 hours, CCK-8 method was used to detect the effect of polyphyllin D on the proliferation of pancreatic cancer Panc-1 cells. Flow cytometry was used to detect cell cycle and changes in mitochondrial membrane potential(MMP). The apoptosis was detected by Annexin V-FITC/PI staining, and Western blot was used to detect the protein expressions of cytochrome C(Cyto C), Bax, Bcl-2, cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved caspase-9. The results indicated that compared with the control group, polyphyllin D could inhibit the proliferative activity of Panc-1 cells in a time and concentration-dependent manner. Flow cytometry results showed that polyphyllin D could block the cells in S and G_2/M phase in a concentration manner, the MMP of the cells was significantly reduced, and the apoptosis rate increased with the concentration of polyphyllin D. Western blot results showed that polyphyllin D could concentration-dependently up-regulate the protein expression levels of Bax, Cyto C, cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved caspase-9, and down-regulate the protein expression level of Bcl-2. The above findings suggested that polyphyllin D could effectively inhibit the proliferation of Panc-1 cells, and its mechanism may be related to the blocking of cell growth cycle and the apoptosis induced by mitochondrial pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/pharmacology , Apoptosis , Caspase 3/metabolism , Caspase 9/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Diosgenin/pharmacology , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , Saponins/pharmacology , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/metabolism
15.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 890-897, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881034

ABSTRACT

Paclitaxel, a tetracyclic diterpenoid compounds, was firstly isolated from the bark of the Pacific yew trees. Currently, as a low toxicity, high efficiency, and broad-spectrum natural anti-cancer drug, paclitaxel has been widely used against ovarian cancer, breast cancer, uterine cancer, and other cancers. As the matter of fact, natural paclitaxel from Taxus species has been proved to be environmentally unsustainable and economically unfeasible. For this reason, researchers from all over the world are devoted to searching for new ways of obtaining paclitaxel. At present, other methods, including artificial cultivation of Taxus plants, microbial fermentation, chemical synthesis, tissue and cell culture have been sought and developed subsequently. Meanwhile, the biosynthesis of paclitaxel is also an extremely attractive method. Unlike other anti-cancer drugs, paclitaxel has its unique anti-cancer mechanisms. Here, the source, production, and anti-cancer mechanisms of paclitaxel were summarized and reviewed, which can provide theoretical basis and reference for further research on the production, anti-cancer mechanisms and utilization of paclitaxel.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/pharmacology , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Paclitaxel/pharmacology
16.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 249-252, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009621

ABSTRACT

The development and progression of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer is the major challenge in the treatment of advanced prostate cancer. The androgen receptor signaling pathway remains active in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. Docetaxel and cabazitaxel are the first- and second-line chemotherapy, respectively, for patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. These two taxanes, in general, function by (i) inhibiting mitosis and inducing apoptosis and (ii) preventing microtubule-dependent cargo trafficking. In prostate cancer, taxanes have been reported to inhibit the nuclear translocation and activity of the androgen receptor. However, whether this is attainable or not clinically remains controversial. In this review, we will provide a comprehensive view of the effects of taxanes on androgen receptor signaling in prostate cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/therapeutic use , Prostatic Neoplasms, Castration-Resistant/drug therapy , Receptors, Androgen/drug effects , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Taxoids/therapeutic use
17.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 477-486, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941837

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The current difficulties in the treatment of tumor include repeated administration and high recurrence rate after tumor resection. In order to reduce the number of doses, avoid side effects of chemotherapeutic drugs, suppress tumor growth and delay tumor recurrence after surgery, a temperature-sensitive in situ gel with paclitaxel microspheres (PTX/M gel) was prepared. PTX/M gel was administered by intratumoral injection once a month.@*METHODS@#First of all, paclitaxel microspheres (PTX/M) were prepared by emulsion solvent evaporation method. A laser particle size distribution analyzer was used to investigate the size, distribution, specific surface area of microspheres. Paclitaxel content was determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Then encapsulation efficiency of paclitaxel was calculated and in vitro release characteristics were studied. Secondly, PTX/M gel was prepared by cold dissolution method. The phase transition temperature, elastic modulus, dissolution curve, correlation between dissolution and release were measured. Finally, U87 MG and 4T1 subcutaneous tumor models were established respectively to study the efficacy of PTX/M gel in suppressing tumor growth and delaying tumor recurrence after surgery.@*RESULTS@#The median diameter of the selected PTX/M was (32.24±1.09) μm, the specific surface area was (206.61±10.23) m2/kg, the encapsulation efficiency was 85.29%±1.34%, and the cumulative release percentage of paclitaxel from PTX/M was 33.56%±3.33% in one month. Phase transition temperature of PTX/M gel was 33 °C. The elastic modulus of PTX/M gel at 25 °C and 37 °C were 4.2×103 Pa and 18×103 Pa, respectively. The gel could stay in the body for up to 48 hours. It could be seen from the results of animal experiments that were compared with the saline group and the Taxol group, and the tumor-bearing mice of the PTX/M gel group had the slowest tumor growth (P<0.05). Similarly, in the tumor recurrence experiments, the mice of PTX/M gel group had the latest tumor recurrence after surgery.@*CONCLUSION@#As a local sustained-release preparation, PTX/M gel can effectively suppress tumor growth and delay postoperative recurrence of tumors. It has potential advantages in tumor treatment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Cell Line, Tumor , Delayed-Action Preparations , Microspheres , Paclitaxel
18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1442-1449, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774537

ABSTRACT

The research of anti-hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC) drug has attracted more and more attention. Natural products are the important source of active compounds for cancer treatment. A biflavonoid HIS-4 was isolated from Resina draconis in our previous study. MTT assay, hoechst staining, and flow cytometry analysis were used to investigate the effects of HIS-4 on the proliferation and apoptosis of human hepatoma HepG2 and SK-HEP-1 cells. Moreover, the effects of HIS-4 on the migration and invasion ability of HepG2 and SK-HEP-1 cells were evaluated by wound healing assay and Transwell assay. In addition, MTT assay, flow cytometry analyses, Hoechst staining, wound healing assay, Transwell assay, and tube formation assay were used to explore the anti-angiogenic activity of HIS-4 in human umbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVECs). Mechanistically, the HIS-4 regulatory of signal pathways in H9 epG2 and SK-HEP-1 cells were analyzed by Western blot. This results showed that HIS-4 suppressed the proliferation of human hepatoma HepG2 and SK-HEP-1 cells. Moreover HIS-4 induced their apoptosis of HepG2 and SK-HEP-1 cells. HIS-4 inhibited the migration and invasion of HepG2 and SK-HEP-1 cells. Additionally, HIS-4 exhibited angiogenesis effects. Mechanistically, up-regulation of MAPK signaling pathway and down-regulation of mTOR signaling pathway may be responsible for anti-hepatoma activity of HIS-4. Therefore, HIS-4 may be a promising candidate drug for HCC treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , Biflavonoids , Pharmacology , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Dracaena , Chemistry , Hep G2 Cells , Liver Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Phytochemicals , Pharmacology
19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3391-3398, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773705

ABSTRACT

Tumors are major chronic diseases and seriously threaten human health all over the world. How to effectively control and cure tumors is one of the most pivotal problems in the medical field. At present,surgery,radiotherapy and chemotherapy are still the main treatment methods. However,the side effects of radiotherapy and chemotherapy cannot be underestimated. Therefore,it is of great practical significance to find new anti-cancer drugs with low toxicity,high efficiency and targeting to cancer cells. With the increasing incidence of tumor,the anti-tumor effect of traditional Chinese medicine has increasingly become a research hotspot. Triptolide,which is a natural diterpenoid active ingredient derived from of Tripterygium wilfordii,as one of the highly active components,has anti-inflammatory,immunosuppressive,anti-tumor and other multiple effects. A large number of studies have confirmed that it has good anti-tumor activity against various tumors in vivo and in vitro. It can play an anti-tumor role by inhibiting the proliferation of cancer cells,inducing apoptosis of cancer cells,inducing autophagy of cancer cells,blocking the cell cycle,inhibiting the migration,invasion and metastasis of cancer cells,reversing multidrug resistance,mediating tumor immunity and inhibiting angiogenesis. On the basis of literatures,this paper reviews the anti-tumor effect and mechanism of triptolide,and analyzes the current situation of triptolide combined with other chemotherapy drugs,in order to promote deep research and better clinical application about triptolide.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , Autophagy , Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Diterpenes , Pharmacology , Epoxy Compounds , Pharmacology , Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Phenanthrenes , Pharmacology , Tripterygium , Chemistry
20.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 169-174, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772103

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of methanol-ethyl acetate partitioned fractions from (MEDS) on the proliferation and apoptosis of human non-small cell lung cancer H1975 cells.@*METHODS@#The systemic solvent extraction method was used to preliminary separation of the effective fractions in the methanol extract of . The cytotoxicity of each extract (5, 10, 20, 40, and 80 μg/mL) was tested using MTT assay. Colony cloning method was used to assess the effect of different concentrations of methanol-ethyl acetate partitioned fractions from MEDS (5, 10, 20, 40, and 80 μg/ mL) on the proliferation of H1975 cells. Flow cytometric analysis with Annexin V-FITC/PI staining was performed to detect the apoptosis of the cells after treatment with different concentrations of MEDS fractions (10, 20, and 40 μg/mL). Western blotting was used to evaluate the effects of MEDS fractions on the expressions of apoptosis-related proteins Akt, Bax, and Bcl-2. The anti-tumor activity of 100 mg/kg MEDS fractions was tested in a nude mouse model bearing H1975 cell xenografts.@*RESULTS@#MTT assay and colony forming experiment showed that MEDS fractions significantly inhibited the proliferation of H1975 cells in a dose-and time-dependent manner ( < 0.05). The results of flow cytometry showed that MEDS fractions induced obvious apoptosis of H1975 cells in a concentration-dependent manner ( < 0.05). MEDS fractions also significantly decreased the expressions of Bcl-2 and Akt protein and increased the protein expression of Bax ( < 0.05). In the tumor-bearing nude mouse model, MEDS fractions showed potent anti-tumor effects with a low toxicity to affect the body weight and organs of the mice.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The methanol-ethyl acetate partitioned fractions from MEDS show potent anti-tumor activity both and , suggesting their value as promising therapeutic agents against lung cancer.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Acetates , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Heterografts , Lung Neoplasms , Pathology , Methanol , Mice, Nude , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology
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