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1.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 23(3): 349-370, mayo 2024. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1538077

ABSTRACT

Age-related neurological disorders (ANDs), including neurodegenerative diseases, are complex illnesses with an increasing risk with advancing years. The central nervous system's neuropathological conditions, including oxidative stress, neuroinflammation, and protein misfolding, are what define ANDs. Due to the rise in age-dependent prevalence, efforts have been made to combat ANDs. Vitis viniferahas a long history of usageto treat a variety of illness symptoms. Because multiple ligand sites may be targeted, Vitis viniferacomponents can be employed to treat ANDs. This is demonstrated by the link between the structure and action of these compounds. This review demonstrates that Vitis viniferaand its constituents, including flavonoids, phenolic compounds, stilbenoidsandaromatic acids, are effective at reducing the neurological symptoms and pathological conditions of ANDs. This is done by acting as an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory. The active Vitis vinifera ingredients have therapeutic effects on ANDs, as this review explains.


Las enfermedades neurológicas asociadas a la edad (AND, por su sigla en inglés) incluyendo las enfermedades neurodegenerativas, son enfermedades complejas con un riesgo creciente con la edad. Las condiciones neuropatológicas del sistema nervioso central, que incluyen el estrés oxidativo, la neuro inflamación, y el plegado erróneo de proteínas, son lo que define las AND. Debido al aumento en la prevalencia dependiente de la edad, se han hecho esfuerzos para combatir las AND. Vitis vinifera tiene una larga historia de uso para el tratamiento de síntomas. Puesto que puede hacer objetivo a muchos sitios ligando, los componentes de Vitis viniferase pueden utilizar para tratar AND. Esto se demuestra por el vínculo entre la estructura y la acción de estos compuestos. Esta revisión demuestra que la Vitis viniferay sus constituyentes, incluídos los flavonoides, componentes fenólicos, estilbenoides, y ácidos aromáticos, son efectivos para reducir los síntomas neurológicos y las condiciones patológicas de AND. Esto se produce por su acción como antioxidante y antiinflamatorio. Los ingredientes activos de Vitis vinifera tienen efectos terapéuticos en AND, y esta revisión lo explica.


Subject(s)
Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Vitis/chemistry , Nervous System Diseases/drug therapy , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Antioxidants/therapeutic use
2.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 23(1): 61-74, ene. 2024. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1552900

ABSTRACT

Although numerous studies have demonstrated the biomedical potential of Myrtus communis L., (Myrtaceae) data on myrt le from Montenegro are scarce. T o evaluate antioxidant, antimutagenic and antibacterial activity of myrtle methanolic extracts. Antioxidant activity was evaluated by measuring free radicals scavenging activity, reducing power and enzyme inhibition. The strongest scavenging activity was towards DPPH radical ( 2,2 - diphenyl - 1 - picry lhydrazyl) (IC 50 1.69 - 2.25 mg/mL) and superoxide anion (IC 50 0.56 to 0.88 mg/mL), followed by high reducing power (428 - 472 mgAA/g.DE) and inhibition of XOD (IC 50 0.308 - 0.6261mg/mL). Antimutagenic activity was evaluated in reverse mutation assays with Esche richia coli WP2 oxyR mutant IC202 and deficient in the induction of antioxidant enzymes. The myrtle extracts strongly inhibited mutagenesis induced by t - BOOH, reaching 70% at the highest concentration applied. Antimicrobial activity was examined on eight different bacterial strains. Gram - positive bacteria, S. epidermis , S. aureus and M. flavus demonstrated the highest sensitivity towards extracts (MICs 4.5 - 9 mg/mL), but significantly lower towards essential oil (MIC 0.42 - 3.32 mg/mL).


Aunque numerosos estudios han demostrado el potencial biomédico de Myrtus communis L., (Myrtaceae), los datos sobre el mirto de Montenegro son escasos. E valuar la actividad antioxidante, antimutagéni ca y antibacteriana de extractos metanólicos de mirto. La actividad antioxidante se evaluó midiendo la actividad de eliminación de radicales libres, el poder reductor y la inhibición enzimática. La actividad secuestrante más fuerte fue hacia DPPH radical ( IC 50 1.69 - 2.25 mg/mL) y radicales de anión superóxido (IC 50 0.56 a 0.88 mg/mL), seguido de alto poder reductor (428 - 472 m gAA/g.DE) e inhibición de XOD (I C 50 0,308 - 0,6261 mg/m L ). La actividad antimutagénica se evaluó en ensayos de mutación inversa con Esche richia coli WP2 oxyR mutante IC202 y deficiente en la inducción de enzimas antioxidantes. Los extractos de mirto inhibieron fuertemente la mutagénesis inducida por t - BOOH, alcanzando el 70% a la mayor concentración aplicada. La actividad antimicrobiana se examinó en octo cepas bacterianas diferentes. Las bacterias grampositivas, S. epidermis , S. aureus y M. flavus demostraron la sensibilidad más alta hacia los extractos (MIC 4.5 - 9 mg/mL), pero significativamente más baja hacia el aceite esencial (MIC 0.42 - 3 .32 mg/mL). Los resultados muestran la gran perspectiva nutrafarmacéutica de la especie montenegrina Myrtus communis .


Subject(s)
Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Myrtus/chemistry , Anti-Infective Agents , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Antioxidants/therapeutic use , Antioxidants/pharmacology
3.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 37: e220069, 2024. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1559144

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Oxidative stress is triggered by malnutrition and antioxidant losses due to dialysis in hemodialysis patients and thus, oxidative stress increases the risk of mortality in patients with cardiovascular disease and obesity. The study aims to determine differences in cardiovascular risk scores and obesity indices between hemodialysis and control groups and to examine the relationship between the tertiles of dietary total antioxidant capacity with cardiovascular risk, and obesity in hemodialysis and control groups. Methods: This is a cross-sectional case-control study involving hemodialysis patients (n=46) and healthy individuals (n=46). Participants' general characteristics were obtained via a questionnaire, and the Framingham Risk Score was calculated. The dietary total antioxidant capacity was calculated using two methods based on a seven-day food record. Obesity indices, such as Basal Metabolism Index and Body Shape Index, were calculated using anthropometric measurements. Results: The mean age of the participants was 51.1±10.4 years. In the hemodialysis group, obesity indices including body weight, Basal Metabolism Index, waist circumference, fat mass index, and fat-free mass index were lower, while Framingham Risk Score values ​​were higher than the control group (p<0.05). Energy-adjusted dietary total antioksidant capacity values were lower ​​in hemodialysis group, and most patients were in the low tertiles of Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity, total radical-trapping antioxidant parameter, ferric reducing-antioxidant power and vitamin C equivalent antioxidant capacity (p<0.05). Conclusion: Providing hemodialysis patients with a healthy diet can increase the dietary total antioxidant capacity, and potentially reduce cardiovascular risk, and obesity indices.


RESUMO Objetivo: O estresse oxidativo é desencadeado pela desnutrição e perdas de antioxidantes devido à diálise em pacientes em hemodiálise, portanto, o estresse oxidativo aumenta o risco de mortalidade em pacientes com doenças cardiovasculares e obesidade. O estudo visa determinar as diferenças nos escores de risco cardiovascular e índices de obesidade entre os grupos de hemodiálise e controle, bem como examinar a relação entre os tercis da capacidade antioxidante total da dieta e o risco cardiovascular e obesidade nos grupos de hemodiálise e controle. Métodos: Este é um estudo transversal de caso-controle envolvendo pacientes em hemodiálise (n=46) e indivíduos saudáveis (n=46). As características gerais dos participantes foram obtidas por meio de um questionário, e o Escore de Risco de Framingham foi calculado. A capacidade antioxidante total da dieta foi calculada utilizando dois métodos baseados em um registro alimentar de sete dias. Índices de obesidade como o Índice de Metabolismo Basal e o Índice de Forma Corporal, foram calculados por meio de medidas antropométricas. Resultados: A média de idade dos participantes foi de 51.1±10.4 anos. No grupo de hemodiálise, os índices de obesidade, incluindo peso corporal, Índice de Metabolismo Basal, circunferência da cintura, índice de massa gorda e índice de massa livre de gordura, foram menores, enquanto os valores do Escore de Risco de Framingham foram maiores do que no grupo controle (p<0.05). Os valores de dTAC ajustados pela energia foram menores no grupo de foram hemodiálise, e a maioria dos pacientes estava nos tercis mais baixos de Capacidade antioxidante equivalente ao Trolox, parâmetro antioxidante total de captura de radicais, poder antioxidante redutor férrico e capacidade antioxidante equivalente à vitamina C (p <0.05). Conclusão: Fornecer aos pacientes em hemodiálise uma dieta saudável pode aumentar a capacidade antioxidante total da dieta, reduzindo potencialmente o risco cardiovascular e os índices de obesidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Renal Dialysis/adverse effects , Oxidative Stress , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Antioxidants/therapeutic use , Patients/statistics & numerical data , Body Weight , Body Mass Index , Malnutrition , Waist Circumference , Obesity
4.
Rev. cuba. med ; 62(4)dic. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1550876

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El ejercicio físico puede generar especies reactivas de oxígeno que dañan componentes celulares esenciales, como la fatiga. Los flavonoides, debido a su baja toxicidad y actividad antioxidante, se han estudiado como potenciales suplementos alimenticios para mejorar el rendimiento deportivo. Objetivo: Describir la evidencia científica que se ha obtenido sobre la eficacia del uso de flavonoides como suplementos para mejorar el rendimiento físico deportivo. Métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda sobre la eficacia del uso de flavonoides como suplementos para el rendimiento físico y deportivo en las bases de datos PubMed y Google Scholar. Se utilizaron las palabras clave: flavonoid, supplementation, sport, exercise, fatigue, muscle, fats, physical activity, y se tomaron en cuenta los artículos publicados entre los años 2018 y 2022, en idioma inglés que cumplieron con los criterios de selección. Resultados: Los flavonoides son capaces de disminuir la fatiga debido al esfuerzo físico en un contexto deportivo, principalmente debido a su capacidad de regular la actividad de agentes antioxidantes endógenos como las enzimas superóxido dismutasa, catalasa y glutatión peroxidasa, que se encargan de la neutralización de las especies reactivas de oxígeno. Además, son capaces de favorecer la neutralización de metabolitos tóxicos que se generan durante el ejercicio y de aumentar las reservas energéticas (glicógeno en el hígado y músculos) y la resistencia muscular. Conclusiones: Existe evidencia científica de que los flavonoides son capaces de mejorar el rendimiento físico deportivo principalmente al disminuir la fatiga e incrementar la resistencia muscular(AU)


Introduction: Physical exercise can generate reactive oxygen species that damage essential cellular components, such as fatigue. Flavonoids, due to their low toxicity and antioxidant activity, have been studied as potential dietary supplements to improve sports performance. Objective: To describe the scientific evidence that has been obtained on the efficacy of the use of flavonoids as supplements to improve sports physical performance. Methods: A search was carried out, in PubMed and Google Scholar databases, on the efficacy of the use of flavonoids as supplements for physical and sports performance. The keywords were used flavonoid, supplementation, sport, exercise, fatigue, muscle, fats, physical activity. Articles published from 2018 to 2022, in English, that met the selection criteria were taken into account. Results: Flavonoids are capable of reducing fatigue due to physical exertion in a sports context, mainly due to their ability to regulate the activity of endogenous antioxidant agents such as superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase enzymes, which are responsible for the neutralization of reactive oxygen species. In addition, they are capable of favoring the neutralization of toxic metabolites that are generated during exercise and of increasing energy reserves (glycogen in the liver and muscles) and muscular resistance. Conclusions: There is scientific evidence that flavonoids are capable of improving sports physical performance, mainly by reducing fatigue and increasing muscular resistance(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Exercise/physiology , Fatigue , Phytochemicals/therapeutic use , Antioxidants/therapeutic use
5.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 818-824, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010289

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To quantify phytochemicals using liquid chromatography and mass spectroscopy (LCMS) analysis and explore the therapeutic effect of Aesculus hippocastanum L. (AH) seeds ethanolic extract against gastric ulcers in rats.@*METHODS@#Preliminary phytochemical testing and LCMS analysis were performed according to standard methods. For treatment, the animals were divided into 7 groups including normal control, ulcer control, self-healing, AH seeds low and high doses, ranitidine and per se groups. Rats were orally administered with 10 mg/kg of indomethacin, excluding the normal control group (which received 1% carboxy methyl cellulose) and the per se group (received 200 mg/kg AH seeds extract). The test group rats were then given 2 doses of AH seeds extract (100 and 200 mg/kg, respectively), while the standard group was given ranitidine (50 mg/kg). On the 11th day, rats in all groups were sacrificed, and their stomach was isolated to calculate the ulcer index, and other parameters such as blood prostaglandin (PGE2), tissue superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), malonyldialdehyde (MDA), and glutathione (GSH). All isolated stomach tissues were analyzed for histopathological findings.@*RESULTS@#The phytochemical examination shows that the AH seeds contain alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, phenolic components, and glycosides. LCMS analysis confirms the presence of quercetin and rutin. The AH seeds extract showed significant improvement in gastric mucosa conditions after indomethacin-induced gastric lesions (P<0.01). Further marked improvement in blood PGE2 and antioxidant enzymes, SOD, CAT, MDA and GSH, were observed compared with self-healing and untreated ulcer-induced groups (P<0.01). Histopathology results confirmed that AH seeds extract improved the mucosal layer and gastric epithelial membrane in treated groups compared to untreated ulcer-induced groups.@*CONCLUSIONS@#LCMS report confirms the presence of quercetin and rutin in AH seeds ethanolic extract. The therapeutic effect of AH seeds extract against indomethacin-induced ulcer in rat model indicated the regenerated membrane integrity, with improved cellular functions and mucus thickness. Further, improved antioxidant enzyme level would help to reduce PGE2 biosynthesis.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Stomach Ulcer/pathology , Antioxidants/therapeutic use , Ranitidine/adverse effects , Aesculus , Ulcer/drug therapy , Quercetin , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Indomethacin/therapeutic use , Glutathione , Superoxide Dismutase , Rutin/adverse effects , Prostaglandins/adverse effects , Phytochemicals/therapeutic use
6.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3): 1019-1032, set-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1414336

ABSTRACT

Arctium lappa L. é indicada no Formulário de Fitoterápicos da Farmacopeia Brasileira para o tratamento de distúrbios urinários leves. Estudos já demonstraram o potencial antioxidante, anti-inflamatório e antidiabético deste extrato, onde foram identificados fenóis, lignanas, taninos e flavonoides. O objetivo deste trabalho foi otimizar o método extrativo de raízes de A. lappa. Realizou-se o preparo de extratos por diferentes métodos: Ultrassom, Soxhlet, maceração e turbo extração. A otimização foi realizada por turbo extração seguindo um planejamento fatorial 23, empregando como fatores: teor alcoólico, concentração da matéria prima e tempo de extração. Os extratos foram avaliados quanto ao resíduo seco, teores de fenóis e flavonoides, e atividade antioxidante. Com relação ao resíduo seco, e aos teores de fenóis e flavonoides, os métodos de ultrassom e turbo extração demonstraram melhor poder extrativo. Devido ao menor tempo e custo operacional, a otimização foi realizada por turbo extração, e o extrato otimizado foi obtido utilizando álcool 60%, em proporção matéria prima solvente 1:10 e tempo de extração de 15 minutos. Estas análises poderão nortear futuros testes de transposição de método para escala industrial, diminuindo mão de obra, tempo e custos, visando obter produtos fitoterápicos mais eficientes, com valor acessível à população.


Arctium lappa L. is indicated in the Brazilian Pharmacopeia Herbal Medicines Form for the treatment of mild urinary disorders. Studies have already demonstrated the antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antidiabetic potential of this extract, where phenols, lignans, tannins and flavonoids were identified. The objective of this work was to optimize the extractive method of A. lappa roots. Extracts were prepared by different methods: Ultrasound, Soxhlet, maceration and vortical extraction. The optimization was performed by vortical extraction following a 23 full factorial design, using as factors: alcohol content, drug concentration and extraction time. The extracts were evaluated for dry residue, phenols and flavonoids contents, and antioxidant activity. Regarding the dry residue, and the phenols and flavonoids contents, the ultrasound and vortical extraction methods showed better extractive power. Due to the lower operating time and cost, the optimization was performed by vortical extraction, and the optimized extract was obtained using 60% alcohol, in a 1:10 drug solvent ratio and extraction time of 15 minutes. These assessments guide the future tests of transposition of the method to an industrial scale, reducing manpower, time and costs, aiming to obtain more efficient phytotherapic products, with affordable value for the population.


Arctium lappa L. está indicado en la Formulacao de Fitoterápicos da Farmacopeia Brasileira para el tratamiento de trastornos urinarios leves. Los estudios han demostrado el potencial antioxidante, antiinflamatorio y antidiabético de este extracto, donde se identificaron fenoles, lignanos, taninos y flavonoides. El objetivo de este trabajo fue optimizar el método extractivo de las raíces de A. lappa. Los extractos se prepararon por diferentes métodos: Ultrasonido, Soxhlet, maceración y turboextracción. La optimización se realizó mediante turboextracción siguiendo una planificación factorial de 23, empleando como factores: tenor alcohólico, concentración de materia prima y tiempo de extracción. Se evaluaron los extractos para determinar el residuo seco, el contenido de fenoles y flavonoides y la actividad antioxidante. En cuanto al contenido de residuo seco, fenoles y flavonoides, los métodos de extracción por ultrasonidos y turbo demostraron un mejor poder de extracción. Debido al menor tiempo y coste operativo, la optimización se realizó mediante turboextracción, y el extracto optimizado se obtuvo utilizando alcohol 60%, en proporción disolvente-materia 1:10 y tiempo de extracción de 15 minutos. Estos análisis podrán orientar futuros ensayos de transposición del método para escala industrial, reduciendo mano de obra, tiempo y costes, con el objetivo de obtener productos fitoterapéuticos más eficientes, con valor accesible para la población.


Subject(s)
Arctium/drug effects , Phytotherapeutic Drugs , Process Optimization , Flavonoids/therapeutic use , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Plant Roots/drug effects , Phenolic Compounds , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Antioxidants/therapeutic use
7.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(2): 214-219, Mar.-Apr. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364976

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Various studies are ongoing related to the radioprotective agents. Herbal preparations are currently becoming popular because of their beneficial effects with fewer side effects compared to the synthetic/semi-synthetic medicines, and Nigella sativa oil (NSO) is only one of them. Objective To investigate NSO for its antioxidant effects on the heart tissue of rats exposed to ionizing radiation (IR). Methods Thirty six male albino Wistar rats, divided into four groups, were designated to group I (IR plus NSO group) that received both 5 Gray of gamma IR to total cranium and NSO; group II (IR alone group) that received IR plus saline, group III (control group of NSO) that received saline and did not receive NSO or IR; group IV (control group) that received only sham IR. Alterations in Total antioxidant status (TAS) and Total oxidant status (TOS), Oxidative stres index (OSI), Sulhydryl group (SH), Lipid hydroperoxide (LOOH), Paraoxonase (PON) levels, Arylesterase (ARE) and Ceruloplasmin (CER) activities in homogenized heart tissue of rats were measured by biochemical methods. Results In heart tissue of the rats in the IR alone group (group II) LOOH, TOS and OSI levels were found to be higher, ARE activity and TAS level were found to be lower than all of the other groups (p < 0.01). These results also support that IR increases oxidative stress and NSO's protective effect. Conclusion NSO would reduce the oxidative damage in the irradiated heart tissue in the experimental rat model.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Radiation-Protective Agents/therapeutic use , Plant Oils/therapeutic use , Nigella sativa , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Heart/radiation effects , Antioxidants/therapeutic use , Plants, Medicinal , Radiation-Protective Agents/analysis , Rats, Inbred Strains , Rats, Wistar , Oxidative Stress/radiation effects , Plant Preparations/therapeutic use , Cardiotoxicity/drug therapy , Heart/drug effects , Phytotherapy
8.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(1): 131-156, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356297

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Sperm DNA fragmentation (SDF) and seminal oxidative stress are emerging measurable factors in male factor infertility, which interventions could potentially reduce. We evaluated (i) the impact of lifestyle changes combined with oral antioxidant intake on sperm DNA fragmentation index (DFI) and static oxidation-reduction potential (sORP), and (ii) the correlation between DFI and sORP. Materials and Methods: We conducted a prospective study involving 93 infertile males with a history of failed IVF/ICSI. Ten healthy male volunteers served as controls. Semen analysis was carried out according to 2010 WHO manual, whereas seminal sORP was measured using the MiOXSYS platform. SDF was assessed by sperm chromatin structure assay. Participants with DFI >15% underwent a three-month lifestyle intervention program, primarily based on diet and exercise, combined with oral antioxidant therapy using multivitamins, coenzyme Q10, omega-3, and oligo-elements. We assessed changes in semen parameters, DFI, and sORP, and compared DFI results to those of volunteers obtained two weeks apart. Spearman rank correlation tests were computed for sORP and DFI results. Results: Thirty-eight (40.8%) patients had DFI >15%, of whom 31 participated in the intervention program. A significant decrease in median DFI from 25.8% to 18.0% was seen after the intervention (P <0.0001). The mean DFI decrease was 7.2% (95% CI: 4.8-9.5%; P <0.0001), whereas it was 0.42% (95%CI; -4.8 to 5.6%) in volunteers (P <0.00001). No differences were observed in sperm parameters and sORP. Based on paired sORP and DFI data from 86 patients, no correlation was observed between sORP and DFI values (rho=0.03). Conclusion: A 3-month lifestyle intervention program combined with antioxidant therapy reduced DFI in infertile men with elevated SDF and a history of failed IVF/ICSI. A personalized lifestyle and antioxidant intervention could improve fertility of subfertile couples through a reduction in DFI, albeit controlled trials evaluating reproductive outcomes are needed before firm conclusions can be made. Trial registration number and date: clinicaltrials.gov NCT03898752, April 2, 2019.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infertility, Male/drug therapy , Antioxidants/metabolism , Antioxidants/therapeutic use , Spermatozoa , Fertilization in Vitro , Pilot Projects , Prospective Studies , Oxidative Stress , DNA Fragmentation , Life Style
9.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 68(1): 87-93, Jan. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360707

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the hepatoprotective effect and mechanism of action of artichoke leaf extract in hepatic ischemia/reperfusion injury. METHODS: Rats were divided into three groups such as sham, control, and artichoke leaf extract groups. Antioxidant enzyme activities and biochemical parameters were examined from the tissue and serum obtained from the subjects. Histopathological findings were scored semiquantitatively. RESULTS: Statistically, the antioxidant activity was highest in the artichoke leaf extract group, the difference in biochemical parameters and C-reactive protein was significant compared with the control group, and the histopathological positive effects were found to be significantly higher. CONCLUSIONS: As a result, artichoke leaf extract had a hepatoprotective effect and that this effect was related to the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of artichoke.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Reperfusion Injury/drug therapy , Cynara scolymus , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Liver , Antioxidants/metabolism , Antioxidants/therapeutic use , Antioxidants/pharmacology
10.
Odontoestomatol ; 24(39): 1-14, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY-Odon, BNUY | ID: biblio-1370336

ABSTRACT

Numerosos reportes demuestran la presencia de biomarcadores de estrés oxidativo en la saliva de fumadores y hay un creciente interés en correlacionar estos procesos moleculares con la etiología de algunas enfermedades orales, como la periodontitis, una enfermedad inmunoinflamatoria crónica relacionada con un desequilibrio de la homeostasis redox celular. Objetivo: realizar una revisión narrativa sobre la relación entre la disminución de la capacidad antioxidante salival inducida por humo de tabaco, la periodontitis y el potencial uso de farmacología redox para el tratamiento de esta patología. Métodos: se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica en bases de datos como PUBMED (NLM, NIH, NCBI) y SciELO. Resultados: existe evidencia que relaciona la baja capacidad antioxidante salival con un retraso en el restablecimiento de las condiciones normales en la cavidad oral ante el desarrollo de periodontitis. A su vez, el estado inflamatorio asociado colabora sinérgicamente, provocando un mayor daño tisular con pérdida de tejidos de soporte dentario, fenómeno que podría ser modulado por la acción de farmacología redox. Conclusiones: la intervención con farmacología redox, podría atenuar los biomarcadores de progresión de la enfermedad periodontal, constituyendo una herramienta prometedora para utilizar en conjunto con las estrategias de tratamiento tradicionales.


Numerous reports demonstrate the presence of oxidative stress biomarkers in the saliva of smokers and there is a growing interest in correlating these molecular processes with the etiology of some oral diseases, such as periodontitis, a chronic immunoinlammatory disease related to an imbalance of cellular redox homeostasis. Aims: achieve a narrative review on the relationship between the decrease in salivary antioxidant capacity induced by tobacco smoke, periodontitis, and the potential use of redox pharmacology for the treatment of this pathology. Methods: a bibliographic search was carried out in databases such as PUBMED (NLM, NIH, NCBI) and SciELO. Results: there is evidence that relates the low salivary antioxidant capacity with a delay in the reestablishment of normal conditions in the oral cavity before the development of periodontitis. In turn, the associated inflammatory state collaborates synergistically, causing greater tissue damage with loss of dental support tissues, a phenomenon that could be modulated by the action of redox pharmacology. Conclusions: intervention with redox pharmacology could attenuate the biomarkers of periodontal disease progression, constituting a promising tool to be used in conjunction with traditional treatment strategies.


Muitos artigos demonstram a presença de biomarcadores de estresse oxidativo na saliva de fumantes e há um interesse crescente em correlacionar esses processos moleculares com a etiologia de algumas doenças bucais, como a periodontite, uma doença imunoinlamatória crônica relacionada a um desequilíbrio da redox celular homeostase. Objetivo: realizar uma revisão narrativa sobre a relaçã o entre a diminuiçã o da capacidade antioxidante salivar induzida pela fumaça do tabaco, periodontite e o uso potencial da farmacologia redox para o tratamento desta patologia. Métodos: uma pesquisa bibliográica foi realizada usando bases de dados como PUBMED (NLM, NIH, NCBI) e SciELO. Resultados: há evidências que relacionam a baixa capacidade antioxidante salivar com o retardo no restabelecimento das condições normais da cavidade oral antes do desenvolvimento da periodontite. Por sua vez, o estado inflamatório associado colabora sinergicamente, causando maior dano tecidual com perda de tecidos de suporte dentário, fenômeno que poderia ser modulado pela açã o da farmacologia redox. Conclusões: a intervençã o com a farmacologia redox poderia atenuar os biomarcadores de progressã o da doença periodontal, constituindo-se em uma ferramenta promissora para ser utilizada em conjunto com estratégias tradicionais de tratamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontitis/etiology , Periodontitis/drug therapy , Saliva/metabolism , Oxidative Stress , Tobacco Smoking/adverse effects , Antioxidants/therapeutic use , Oxidation-Reduction , Biomarkers , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Homeostasis
11.
Int. j. morphol ; 39(3): 876-885, jun. 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385415

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The present study was aimed to investigate the hepatoprotective effects of date palm hydroalcoholic extract (DP)in diabetic rats using biochemical and histopathological approaches. Diabetes was induced by administration of 60 mg/kg of streptozotocin intraperitoneally. In this analysis 32 adult rats were randomly divided into four groups; group 1: non-diabetic control whic received 0.1 mL normal saline, group 2:served as non-diabetic control which treated with 270 mg/kg of DP, group 3: served as untreated diabetic, and group 4: diabetic rats treated with 270 mg/kg of DP. Diabetic rats treated with the DP extracts exhibited lower hepatic oxidative stress and lower hepatic enzymes level. Extract treatment decreased the level of malondealdehyde (MDA) as a marker of lipid peroxidation. Stereological estimations revealed a significant increase in the liver volume in diabetic rats which was reduced in DP-treated rats. Immunofluorescence staining showed high synthesis of acrolein as a byproduct of lipid proxidation. While, optical density measurement revealed significant decrease in acrolein after DP administration. Histopathological examination showed severe changes in untreated diabetic liver tissue manifested by dilated portal vein, leukocytic infiltration, fatty degeneration and necrotic nuclei, whereas, DP treatment attenuated the adverse effects of diabetes on the liver represented by relatively healthy hepatocytes and sinusoids. The obtained results indicated that date pam extract was beneficial in the prevention of diabetes-induced hepatotoxicity due to its natural antioxidant constituents. Further preclinical and clinical studies are needed for considering this plant in management of prediabetes and diabetes hepatic complications.


RESUMEN: El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo investigar los efectos hepatoprotectores del extracto hidroalcohólico (DP) de la palmera datilera en ratas diabéticas utilizando enfoques bioquímicos e histopatológicos. La diabetes fue inducida mediante la administración de 60 mg / kg de estreptozotocina por vía intraperitoneal. Se dividieron al azar 32 ratas adultas en cuatro grupos; grupo 1: control no diabético que recibió 0,1 mL de solución salina normal, grupo 2: control no diabético tratado con 270 mg / kg de DP, grupo 3: fue separado como diabético no tratado, y grupo 4: ratas diabéticas tratadas con 270 mg / kg de DP mg / kg de DP. Las ratas diabéticas tratadas con los extractos de DP mostraron menor estrés oxidativo hepático y menor nivel de enzimas hepáticas. El tratamiento con extracto disminuyó el nivel de malondealdehído (MDA) como marcador de la proxidación de lípidos. Las estimaciones estereológicas revelaron un aumento significativo en el volumen del hígado en ratas diabéticas que se redujo en las ratas tratadas con DP. La tinción por inmunofluorescencia mostró una alta síntesis de acroleína como subproducto de la proxidación de lípidos. Mientras que, la medición de la densidad óptica reveló una disminución significativa de la acroleína después de la administración de DP. El examen histopatológico mostró cambios significativos en el tejido hepático diabético no tratado manifestados por vena porta dilatada, infiltración leucocítica, degeneración grasa y núcleos necróticos, mientras que el tratamiento con DP atenuó los efectos adversos de la diabetes en el hígado representados por hepatocitos y sinusoides relativamente sanos. Los resultados obtenidos indicaron que el extracto de palmera datilera fue beneficioso en la prevención de la hepatotoxicidad inducida por diabetes debido a sus constituyentes antioxidantes naturales. Se necesitan más estudios clínicos para considerar esta planta en el manejo de la prediabetes y las complicaciones hepáticas de la diabetes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Diabetes Complications , Phoeniceae , Liver Diseases/etiology , Liver Diseases/drug therapy , Acrolein , Immunohistochemistry , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Protective Agents/therapeutic use , Disease Models, Animal , Liver/drug effects , Antioxidants/therapeutic use
12.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 19(2): 128-138, abr.-jun. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1379287

ABSTRACT

O vitiligo é uma desordem dermatológica complexa, cuja patogênese ainda não é totalmente esclarecida. Apesar de não apresentar complicações funcionais no organismo dos pacientes acometidos, o vitiligo pode resultar em um grande impacto psicossocial. Desse modo, é importante que os médicos saibam como conduzir o tratamento dessa patologia. O objetivo deste estudo foi documentar as terapias disponíveis para o tratamento do vitiligo, assim como apontar pesquisas que relataram a utilização dessas opções terapêuticas e os dados resultantes. As terapias abordadas foram corticoides tópicos e sistêmicos, fototerapia e fotoquimioterapias, antioxidantes, imunomoduladores, fenilalanina, despigmentação, procedimentos cirúrgicos e novas abordagens. A monoterapia parece ser menos eficaz no tratamento do vitiligo. A associação de medicação tópica e/ou sistêmica com o uso da fototerapia ultravioleta B de banda estreita parece ser o padrão-ouro para a repigmentação da pele dos pacientes. Medicamentos novos estão em estudo, porém sua eficácia e o estudo dos possíveis efeitos colaterais, principalmente a longo prazo, têm que ser melhores investigados. É necessário que o médico dermatologista, em conjunto com o paciente, escolha a melhor terapia dentre as disponíveis, de acordo com critérios clínicos e a possibilidade de acesso ao tratamento pelo portador. O acompanhamento e a abordagem por uma equipe multiprofissional também são importantes. (AU)


Vitiligo is a complex dermatological disorder, whose pathogenesis has not yet been fully elucidated. Although it does not present functional complications in the affected patients' body, vitiligo can result in a great psychosocial impact. Therefore, it is important that physicians know how to conduct its treatment. This study aimed at documenting the available therapies for the treatment of vitiligo, as well as pointing out studies reporting the use of these therapeutic options and their resulting data. The therapies addressed were topical and systemic corticosteroids, phototherapy, and photochemotherapies, antioxidants, immunomodulators, phenylalanine, depigmentation, surgical procedures, and new approaches. Monotherapy appears to be less effective in the treatment of vitiligo. The combination of topical and/or systemic medication with the use of narrowband ultraviolet B phototherapy seems to be the gold standard for the patients' skin repigmentation. New drugs are under study, but their effectiveness and study of possible side effects, especially in the long run, have to be better investigated. It is necessary that the dermatologist, together with the patient, choose the best therapy among those available, according to clinical criteria and the possibility of access to treatment by the patient. Monitoring and approach by a multiprofessional team is also important. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Vitiligo/therapy , Phototherapy/methods , Phenylalanine/therapeutic use , Vitiligo/drug therapy , Vitiligo/radiotherapy , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Plant Preparations/therapeutic use , Polypodium , Immunologic Factors/therapeutic use , Phytotherapy , Antioxidants/therapeutic use
13.
Int. j. morphol ; 39(2): 469-476, abr. 2021. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385371

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Renal ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI)is an unavoidable consequence in renal transplantation and multiple clinical settings. A debate has been raised about the particular role of hypoxia-inducible factor (HF-1α) in the renal injury pathogenesis and the renal cortex ultrastructural alterations. Also, we investigated the antioxidant/anti-inflammatory effect of thymoquinone and its modulatory role on HIF-1α in protection against renal IRI.Adult male Wister albino rats were assigned into 3 groups (n=16); 1) Sham-operated, 2) IRI model and 3) renal IRI pre-treated with thymoquinone 10 mg.kg-1.day-1 (TQ-IRI) for 10 days and at the reperfusion onset. Following the operation, 8 rats from each group were euthanized after 3 hours and the remaining 8 rats at 24 hours. Renal injury was assessed by the increased blood urea nitrogen, creatinine level, and the EGTI histological injury scoreat both 3 and 24h. HIF-1α was upregulated (p<0.01) and was correlated with renal tissue reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and total oxidant capacity (TAC) consumption. Elevated inflammatory markers (NFkB, MCP-1 and VCAM-1) were associated with renal IRI.Thymoquinone treatment inhibited the accumulation of HIF-1α (p<0.01), reduced renal oxidation/inflammation process and markedly diminished renal injury.


RESUMEN: La lesión por isquemia-reperfusión renal (IRR) es una consecuencia inevitable en el trasplante renal como también en múltiples contextos clínicos. Se ha suscitado una discusión referente a la relación particular del factor inducible por hipoxia (HF- 1α) en la patogénesis de la lesión renal y las alteraciones ultraestructurales de la corteza renal. Además, investigamos el efecto antioxidante / antiinflamatorio de la timoquinona y su papel modulador sobre HIF-1α en la protección contra IRR. Se utilizaron ratas albinas Wister macho adultas divididas en 3 grupos (n = 16); 1) Intervención simulada, 2) modelo IRR y 3) IRR pretratado con timoquinona 10 mg/kg-1. día-1 (TQ-IRR) durante 10 días y al inicio de la reperfusión. Posterior a la operación, 8 ratas de cada grupo fueron sacrificadas después de 3 horas y las 8 ratas restantes a las 24 horas. La lesión renal se evaluó por el aumento de nitrógeno ureico en sangre, el nivel de creatinina y la puntuación de lesión histológica EGTI tanto a las 3 como a las 24 horas. HIF-1α se incrementó (p <0,01) y se correlacionó con la producción de especies de oxígeno reactivo (ROS) del tejido renal y el consumo de capacidad oxidante total. Los marcadores inflamatorios elevados (NFkB, MCP-1 y VCAM-1) se asociaron con IRR. El tratamiento con timoquinona inhibió la acumulación de HIF-1α (p <0,01), redujo el proceso de oxidación / inflamación renal y disminuyó notablemente la lesión renal.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Reperfusion Injury/drug therapy , Benzoquinones/therapeutic use , Acute Kidney Injury/drug therapy , Rats, Wistar , Oxidative Stress , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1/antagonists & inhibitors , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Antioxidants/therapeutic use
14.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(2): 311-319, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1248952

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to evaluate the rate of conception, metabolic, and structural conditions of cryopreserved bovine sperm cells, plus extender with IGF-1 and glutathione (GSH). 12 ejaculations of Nelore bulls were used, submitted to treatments: control, gSH (2mM/mL), IGF-1 (100ng/mL) and gSH (1mM/mL) + IGF-1 (50ng/mL). After cryopreservation and thawing the semen passed the fast thermo resistance test (TTR), plasma membrane and acrosomal integrity (PIAI), mitochondrial membrane potential (AP), oxidative stress, and conception rate. Tukey test was used for the statistical analysis of the parametric variables and the Friedman test for nonparametric. The gestation percentage was compared by the Chi-square test. There was no statistical difference (P<0.05) between treatments for the TTRr variable. Otherwise in the oxidative stress evaluated with the CellROX probe was noted that the IGF-1 showed the highest number of reactive cells (P<0.05). The PIAI, AP and gestation rate showed no difference among treatments (P>0.05), with an average of conceptions of 36.58%. It is concluded that IGF-1, gSH and their association did not cause changes in sperm motility, mitochondrial potential, plasma and acrosomal membrane integrity. IGF-1 increased oxidative stress, however, there was no difference in the gestation rate among the treatments.(AU)


Objetivou-se avaliar a taxa de concepção, as condições metabólicas e estrutural das células espermáticas bovinas criopreservadas, acrescidas de diluidores com fator de crescimento semelhante à insulina do tipo 1(IGF-1) e glutationa (GSH). Foram utilizados 12 ejaculados de touros da raça Nelore, submetidos aos tratamentos: controle, gSH (2mM/mL), IGF-1 (100ng/mL) e gSH (1mM/mL) + IGF-1 (50ng/mL). Após a criopreservação e descongelação, o sêmen passou pelos testes de termorresistência rápida (TTRr), integridade de membrana plasmática e acrossomal (PIAI), alto potencial mitocondrial (AP), estresse oxidativo e taxa de concepção. Utilizou-se o teste de Tukey para as análises estatísticas das variáveis paramétricas e o teste de Friedman para as não paramétricas, com significância de 5%. A percentagem de gestação foi comparada pelo teste do qui-quadrado. Não hove diferença estatística (P<0,05) entre os tratamentos para a variável TTRr. Já no estresse oxidativo avaliado com a sonda CellROX, observou-se que o IGF-1 apresentou maior quantidade de células reativas (P<0,05), 36,38± 24,10. A PIAI, o AP e a taxa de gestação não apresentaram diferença entre tratamentos (P>0,05), com média de concepções de 36,58%. Conclui-se que o IGF-1, a gSH e a sua associação não causaram mudanças na motilidade espermática, no potencial mitocondrial, na integridade da membrana plasmática e acrossomal. O IGF-1 aumentou o estresse oxidativo, porém sem diferença na taxa de gestação entre os tratamentos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Cattle , Semen Preservation/methods , Semen Preservation/veterinary , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I , Cryopreservation/veterinary , Glutathione , Antioxidants/therapeutic use
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1897-1907, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887658

ABSTRACT

Oxidative stress is caused by the imbalance between the generation of free radicals/reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the antioxidant defense systems, which can activate various transcription factors and affect their transcriptional pathways. Oxidative stress plays an important role in the occurrence and development of leukemia and is closely related to the treatment and prognosis of leukemia. The standard chemotherapy strategies for the pre-treatment of leukemia have many drawbacks. Hence, the usage of antioxidants and oxidants in the treatment of leukemia is being explored and has been preliminarily applied. This article reviews the research progress of oxidative stress and leukemia. In addition, the application of antioxidants treatment in leukemia has been summarized.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antioxidants/therapeutic use , Leukemia/drug therapy , Oxidative Stress , Reactive Oxygen Species
16.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 32(1): 108-114, jan.-mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138452

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a efetividade da estratificação para identificar e escolher alvos para terapia antioxidante em um modelo de sepse letal em animais e pacientes que desenvolveram hipotensão prolongada. Métodos: Submeteu-se um grupo de ratos à sepse induzida por ligadura e punção do ceco. Os animais foram divididos em dois grupos: os com níveis plasmáticos altos e os com níveis plasmáticos baixos de interleucina-6. Após a estratificação, administrou-se aos animais N-acetilcisteína mais desferroxamina ou soro fisiológico a partir de 3 e 12 horas após a cirurgia. Em pacientes hipotensos, N-acetilcisteína mais desferroxamina ou placebo foram administrados dentro de 12 horas após o cumprimento dos critérios para inclusão. Resultados: O uso de N-acetilcisteína mais desferroxamina aumentou a sobrevivência no modelo com ligadura mais punção do ceco quando a administração ocorreu 3 e 12 horas após indução da sepse. Ao utilizar os níveis de interleucina-6 para separar os animais que receberam antioxidantes, o efeito protetor só foi observado nos animais que tinham níveis elevados de interleucina-6. O efeito antioxidante de N-acetilcisteína mais desferroxamina foi similar nos dois grupos, porém observou-se diminuição significante dos níveis plasmáticos de interleucina-6 no grupo que apresentava elevado nível de interleucina-6. Em comparação com pacientes tratados com antioxidantes no subgrupo que tinha baixos níveis plasmáticos de interleucina-6, aqueles que tinham níveis elevados de interleucina-6 tiveram menor incidência de lesão renal aguda, porém não foram diferentes em termos de severidade da lesão renal aguda ou da mortalidade na unidade de terapia intensiva. Conclusão: Direcionar a terapia antioxidante para um elevado fenótipo inflamatório selecionaria uma população responsiva.


ABSTRACT Objective: To examine the effectiveness of stratification to identify and target antioxidant therapy for animal models of lethal sepsis and in patients who develop sustained hypotension. Methods: Rats were subjected to sepsis induced by cecal ligation and puncture. Animals were divided into two groups: those with high and low plasma levels of interleukin-6. Following stratification, N-acetylcysteine plus deferoxamine or saline was administered to animals starting 3 and 12 hours after surgery. N-Acetylcysteine plus deferoxamine or placebo was administered within 12 hours of meeting the inclusion criteria in hypotensive patients. Results: N-Acetylcysteine plus deferoxamine increased survival in the cecal ligation and puncture model when administered 3 and 12 hours after sepsis induction. When dividing animals that received antioxidants using plasma interleukin-6 levels, the protective effect was observed only in those animals with high IL-6 levels. The antioxidant effect of N-acetylcysteine + deferoxamine was similar in the two groups, but a significant decrease in plasma interleukin-6 levels was observed in the high-interleukin-6-level group. Compared with patients treated with antioxidants in the low-interleukin-6 subgroup, those in the high-interleukin-6 subgroup had a lower incidence of acute kidney injury but were not different in terms of acute kidney injury severity or intensive care unit mortality. Conclusion: Targeting antioxidant therapy to a high inflammatory phenotype would select a responsive population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Rats , Acetylcysteine/therapeutic use , Sepsis/drug therapy , Deferoxamine/therapeutic use , Antioxidants/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar
17.
Acta cir. bras ; 35(1): e202000103, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088520

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose To investigate the protective effect of Ganoderma lucidum on testicular torsion/detorsion (T/D)-induced ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Methods Thirty male Wistar albino rats were randomly categorized into 3 groups: Group 1: sham, Group 2 ( T/D): 2,5 hours of ischemia and 7 days of reperfusion, Group 3 (T/D+ G. lucidum ): 2,5 hours of ischemia and 7 days of reperfusion and 7 days of 20 mg/kg via gastric gavage G. lucidum polysaccharides per day. Biochemical assays of Malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), Catalase (CAT), Glutathione (GSH) levels , histopathology and expression levels of VEGF and Bcl-2 with immunohistochemical methods were examined in testicular tissue. Results G. lucidum treatment was found to have prevented the T/D-induced I/R injury by decreasing MDA levels of the testis. SOD, CAT and GSH activities were decreased in group 2, while they were increased in group 3 (p<0.001) and significant improvement in the tube diameter was observed in group 3. Bcl-2-positive germinal cells were lowered in group 3 compared to the group 2. VEGF expression showed an increase in group 2, whereas it decreased in group 3. Conclusion The antioxidant G. lucidum is thought to induce angiogenesis by reducing the apoptotic effect in testicular torsion-detorsion.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Spermatic Cord Torsion/complications , Testis/blood supply , Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Reishi/chemistry , Antioxidants/therapeutic use , Spermatic Cord Torsion/metabolism , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism , Testis/drug effects , Testis/pathology , Reperfusion Injury/etiology , Catalase/metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Malondialdehyde/metabolism , Antioxidants/pharmacology
18.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20200131, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132247

ABSTRACT

Abstract Gallic acid (GA), as a strong antioxidant, was selected in this study to investigate its possible nephroprotective effects against gentamicin (GM)-induced nephrotoxicity. Twenty-four rats were separated into three groups (n=8): group 1 (control group) received saline (0.5 mL/day), group 2 (GM group) received GM (100 mg/kg/day), and group 3 (treated group) received GM (100 mg/kg/day) and GA (100mg/kg/day). All treatments were performed intraperitoneally for 12 days. After 12 days, the rats were euthanized, and kidneys were removed immediately. For serum preparation, blood samples were collected before killing. Kidney paraffin sections were prepared from one of the kidneys and stained by the periodic acid-Schiff process. GA significantly decreased GM-induced renal histopathological injuries, including tubular necrosis, tubular cast, and leucocyte infiltration compared with the GM group. Additionally, GA significantly improved proteinuria, serum levels of urea and creatinine, and serum activities of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) compared with nephrotoxic animals. Furthermore, GA caused a significant improvement in the levels of cholesterol (Chol), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), and cardiac risk ratios 1 and 2 in comparison with nephrotoxic animals. GA administration was observed to significantly improve the levels of lipid peroxidation, nitric oxide (NO), and glutathione (GSH) compared with the GM group. Finally, the activities and gene expression levels of catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPX) significantly increased following GA administration compared with the GM group. Our results indicated that GA has potential protective effects against GM nephrotoxicity by reducing oxidative stress in rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Gentamicins/adverse effects , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Gallic Acid/therapeutic use , Kidney Diseases/drug therapy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/adverse effects , Antioxidants/therapeutic use , Biomarkers , Cholesterol , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal , Gallic Acid/chemistry , Kidney Diseases/chemically induced , Kidney Diseases/pathology , Lipoproteins, HDL , Lipoproteins, LDL
19.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1101285

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To investigate the expression of High Mobility Group Box 1 (HMGB1) and Heat Shock Protein-70 (HSP-70) during orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) after (-)- Epigallocatechin-3-Gallate (EGCG) in East Java Green Tea (Camelia Sinensis) Methanolic Extract (GTME) administration in vivo. Material and Methods: 28 Wistar rats (Rattus Novergicus) was used and divided into 4 groups accordingly: K- without EGCG and OTM; K+ with OTM, without EGCG for 14 days; T1with OTM for 14 days and EGCG for 7 days; treatment group 2 (T2) with OTM and EGCG for 14 days. OTM animal model was achieved through the installation of the OTM device by means of NiTi close coil spring with 10g force placed between the first incisor and first maxillary molars. The samples were terminated on Day 14. The pre-maxillary was isolated for the immunohistochemical examination. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) then continued with Tukey Honest Significant Difference (HSD) (p<0.05) was performed to analyze the data. Results: The highest HMGB1 and HSP-70 expression were found in the K+ group pressure side, meanwhile the lowest HMGB1 and HSP-70 expression were found in K- group tension side in the alveolar bone. There was a significant decrease of HMGB1 and HSP-70 expression in T2 compared to T1 and K+ with significant between groups (p<0.05; p=0.0001). Conclusion: The decreased expression of HMGB1 and HSP-70 in alveolar bone of OTM wistar rats due to post administration of GTME that consisted EGCG.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Tooth Movement Techniques/instrumentation , Rats, Wistar , HMGB1 Protein , Heat-Shock Proteins , Antioxidants/therapeutic use , Tea , Bone and Bones , Immunohistochemistry , Analysis of Variance , Models, Animal , Incisor , Indonesia , Molar
20.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(4): 1422-1428, Dec. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040148

ABSTRACT

Paracetamol (also called acetaminophen, or APAP) overdose causes acute damage to the liver and kidneys in both humans and experimental animal models via the induction of the oxidative stress pathway. We sought to determine whether the combined antioxidants and anti-inflammatory compounds, resveratrol (RES) and quercetin (QUR) can protect against kidney injury induced by a toxic dose of APAP in a rat model of APAP-induced acute kidney injury. Rats were either received a single dose of APAP (2 g/kg) before being sacrificed after 24 hours or were pre-treated for 7 days with combined doses of RES (30 mg/kg) and QUR (50 mg/kg) before being given a single dose of APAP and then sacrificed 24 hours post APAP ingestion. Harvested kidney tissues were prepared for light microscopy staining, and tissue samples were assayed for (i) biomarkers of oxidative stress and antioxidant, malondialdehyde (MDA) and superoxide dismutase (SOD); and (ii) biomarkers of inflammation, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). Hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) stained images showed that APAP overdose induced acute kidney injury as demonstrated by widening of glomeruli space (Bowman space), tubular dilatation, numerous cellular debris in the renal tubules with tubular epithelial degeneration, and vacuolization, which were effectively protected by RES+QUR except a partial protection of the glomeruli space was observed. In addition, APAP significantly (p<0.05) modulated tissue levels of MDA, SOD, TNF-α, and IL-6, which were protected by RES+QUR. Furthermore, a significant (p<0.0001) positive correlation was observed between glomeruli space and TNF-α, (r=0.8899), IL-6 (r=0.8986), and MDA (r=0.8552), whereas glomeruli space scoring versus SOD showed negative correlation (r= - 0.7870). We conclude that resveratrol plus quercetin substantially protects against APAP-induced acute kidney injury in rats, possibly via the augmentation of antioxidants and inhibition of oxidative stress and inflammation.


La sobredosis de paracetamol (también llamado acetaminofen o APAP) causa un daño agudo en el hígado y los riñones, tanto en humanos como en modelos animales experimentales, a través de la inducción de la vía del estrés oxidativo. Intentamos determinar si los antioxidantes y los compuestos antiinflamatorios combinados, el resveratrol (RES) y la quercetina (QUR) pueden proteger contra la lesión renal inducida por una dosis tóxica de APAP en un modelo de rata de lesión renal aguda inducida por APAP. Las ratas recibieron una dosis única de APAP (2 g / kg) antes de ser sacrificadas después de 24 horas o se trataron previamente durante 7 días con dosis combinadas de RES (30 mg / kg) y QUR (50 mg / kg), antes de ser tratadas, se administró una dosis única de APAP y luego fueron sacrificadas 24 horas después de la ingestión. Los tejidos renales recolectados se tiñeron con H-E y fueron observados a través de microscopía óptica. Las muestras de tejido se analizaron para (i) biomarcadores de estrés oxidativo y antioxidante, malondialdehído (MDA) y superóxido dismutasa (SOD); y (ii) biomarcadores de inflamación, factor de necrosis tumoral alfa (TNF-α) e interleucina-6 (IL-6). Las imágenes teñidas con H & E mostraron que la sobredosis de APAP indujo daño renal agudo como lo demuestra la ampliación del espacio glomerular, la dilatación tubular, numerosos desechos celulares en los túbulos renales con degeneración epitelial tubular y la vacuolización, que se protegieron eficazmente con RES + QUR Se observó una protección parcial del espacio glomerular. Además, APAP modificó significativamente (p <0.05) los niveles tisulares de MDA, SOD, TNF-α e IL-6, que estaban protegidos por RES + QUR. Además, se observó una correlación positiva significativa (p <0,0001) entre el espacio glomerular y el TNF-α, (r = 0,8899), IL-6 (r = 0,8986) y MDA (r = 0,8552), mientras que la puntuación del espacio glomerular versus SOD mostró correlación negativa (r = - 0,7870). Concluimos que el resveratrol más quercetina protege sustancialmente contra la lesión renal aguda inducida por APAP en ratas, posiblemente a través del aumento de antioxidantes y la inhibición del estrés oxidativo y la inflamación.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Quercetin/therapeutic use , Acute Kidney Injury/drug therapy , Resveratrol/therapeutic use , Acetaminophen/toxicity , Quercetin/pharmacology , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Disease Models, Animal , Drug Therapy, Combination , Acute Kidney Injury/chemically induced , Resveratrol/pharmacology , Acetaminophen/antagonists & inhibitors , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Antioxidants/therapeutic use
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