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1.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 10(1): 1-8, 01/jan./2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361739

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: contribuir para a compreensão do desenvolvimento histórico do conceito de ansiedade, das classificações dos transtornos ansiosos e suas manifestações clínicas, bem como para a atualização sobre o processo de avaliação diagnóstica. Métodos: todas as edições das classificações da Organização Mundial de Saúde (OMS) - CID e da Associação Psiquiátrica Americana (APA) - DSM foram examinadas, além de livros-texto de referência de psiquiatria clínica, de publicações sobre a história e a evolução desses diagnósticos e de publicações produzidas pelas equipes responsáveis pela revisão das classificações atuais. Resultados: entende-se por ansiedade um estado afetivo normal, como um sintoma ou um termo para nomear um grupo de transtornos mentais. Nas primeiras e subsequentes edições das classificações da OMS e da APA, entre 1948 e 1975, os quadros ansiosos faziam parte do grupo das psiconeurose/neuroses. A partir do DSM-III (1980), o grupo das neuroses foi fragmentado em diversos outros, entre os quais os transtornos de ansiedade, o que foi seguido pela CID-10 (1992), apesar de alguma distinção na composição dos subtipos. Para as últimas versões, houve um empenho de compatibilização entre as duas, contudo restaram diferenças: o DSM-5 (2013) adota critérios diagnósticos; a CID-11 (2019) utiliza descrições clínicas e diretrizes diagnósticas, além de abordagens dimensionais para alguns transtornos. Conclusão: ocorreram modificações nas classificações psiquiátricas atuais, no grupo dos transtornos de ansiedade, que precisam ser disseminadas e agregadas a estratégias de formação e qualificação profissionais, incrementando habilidades diagnósticas e permitindo uma comunicação mais uniforme e precisa na prática clínica.


Objectives: to contribute to the understanding of the historical development of the concept of anxiety, the classifications of anxiety disorders and their clinical manifestations, as well as to update on the diagnostic evaluation process. Methods: all editions of the classifications of the World Health Organization (WHO) - ICD and the American Psychiatric Association (APA) - DSM were examined, in addition to reference textbooks on clinical psychiatry, publications on the history and evolution of these diagnoses, and scientific articles produced by the teams responsible for reviewing the current classifications. Results: anxiety is understood as a normal affective state, as a symptom, or as a term to name a group of mental disorders. In the first and subsequent editions of the WHO and APA classifications, between 1948 and 1975, anxiety disorders were part of the psychoneuroses/neuroses group. As of DSM-III (1980) onwards, the neuroses group was fragmented into several others, including anxiety disorders, which was followed by ICD-10 (1992), despite some different choices of subtypes. For the latest versions, there was a compatibility effort between them. However, differences remained: DSM-5 (2013) adopts diagnostic criteria; ICD-11 (2019) uses clinical description and diagnostic guidelines, in addition to dimensional approaches for some disorders. Conclusion: modifications have occurred in current psychiatric classifications, in the group of anxiety disorders, which need to be disseminated and added to professional training and qualification strategies, increasing diagnostic skills and providing for more uniform and accurate communication in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Anxiety , Anxiety Disorders , Psychiatry , Health , Health Strategies , Diagnosis , History , Mental Disorders
2.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 27(3): 957-968, mar. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364694

ABSTRACT

Abstract The COVID-19 pandemic accelerated the pace of science. Many scientific data are published on preprint repositories, prior to peer review, which raises questions about the credibility of the information not yet validated by other scientists. We analyzed 76 stories published from January to July 2020 by three newspapers (The New York Times - USA, The Guardian - UK and Folha de S. Paulo - Brazil), having as topic studies on COVID-19 published on preprint platforms. The objective was to analyze how the media covered non-peer-reviewed research, in countries marked by conflicting discourses prompted by the denialist attitude of their government leaders. The results show that the newspapers did not provide a detailed explanation of what a preprint platform is, how the process of publishing research results works, and the implications of a study that has not yet been peer reviewed. The analysis also reveals how these news outlets were guided by the anxiety from an unknown disease, focusing on research on drug trials and seroprevalence. The study leads us to reflect on the challenges and weaknesses of covering fast science and the need to broaden the public's understanding of the methods and processes of science.


Resumo A pandemia COVID-19 acelerou o ritmo da ciência. Muitos dados científicos são publicados em repositórios de pré-print, antes da revisão por pares, o que levanta questionamentos sobre a credibilidade das informações ainda não validadas por outros cientistas. Analisamos 76 matérias publicadas de janeiro a julho de 2020 por três jornais (The New York Times - EUA, The Guardian - Reino Unido e Folha de S. Paulo - Brasil), que tiveram como tema estudos sobre COVID-19 publicados em plataformas de pré-print. O objetivo foi analisar como a mídia cobriu pesquisas não revisadas por pares, em países marcados por discursos conflitantes motivados pelo negacionismo de seus governantes. Os resultados mostram que os jornais não fornecem explicações detalhadas sobre o que é uma plataforma de pré-print, como funciona o processo de publicação de resultados de pesquisas e as implicações de um estudo que ainda não foi revisado por pares. A análise também revela como esses veículos foram guiados pela ansiedade gerada por uma doença desconhecida, com foco em pesquisas sobre testes de medicamentos e soroprevalência. O estudo nos leva a refletir sobre os desafios e fragilidades na cobertura de uma ciência rápida e a necessidade de ampliar a compreensão do público sobre os métodos e processos da ciência.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Anxiety Disorders , United States , Brazil/epidemiology , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Pandemics
3.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 42: e235684, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1360641

ABSTRACT

Resumo Estima-se que um a cada cinco estudantes universitários ao redor do mundo apresenta algum tipo de transtorno psicológico, dentre os quais os transtornos de ansiedade são os mais prevalentes. Este estudo consiste em um ensaio clínico randomizado com o objetivo de avaliar a eficácia e efetividade de um protocolo semiestruturado de psicoterapia em grupo baseado nos princípios da Terapia de Aceitação e Compromisso (ACT) para o tratamento de ansiedade entre estudantes universitários. Os participantes foram alocados aleatoriamente entre os grupos intervenção e controle. Os níveis de ansiedade pré e pós-intervenção foram avaliados por meio do instrumento General Anxiety Disorders-7 (GAD-7). A amostra final do estudo foi composta por 15 pessoas, dentre as quais 10 foram alocadas no grupo intervenção e 5, no grupo controle. Os resultados foram analisados de duas formas: a) por protocolo (Per-protocol analysis); e b) por intenção de tratar (Intention-to-treat Analysis). Este tratamento reduziu a sintomatologia ansiosa em 39,7% entre os pacientes que completaram o tratamento (por protocolo, p=0,030) e em 30,8% entre todos alocados para o grupo intervenção (i.e., por intenção de tratar, incluindo os dropouts, p=0,035), enquanto os controles não tiveram redução significativa no mesmo período. Portanto, recomenda-se a utilização deste protocolo dentro do contexto universitário como uma alternativa viável ao acompanhamento individual em situações de transtornos de ansiedade. Pesquisas futuras com amostras maiores podem contribuir na consolidação deste protocolo.


Abstract One in every five university students around the world is estimated to have some type of psychological disorder, considering anxiety disorders as the most prevalent. This study consists in a randomized clinical trial aimed to evaluate efficacy and effectiveness of a semi-structured group psychotherapy protocol based on the principles of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) for the treatment of anxiety among university students. Participants were randomly allocated in the intervention and control groups. Pre- and post-intervention anxiety levels were measured using the General Anxiety Disorders-7 (GAD-7) questionnaire. The study sample was composed of 15 people, 10 of whom were allocated to the intervention group and 5 to the control group. Results were analyzed in two ways: 1) Per protocol analysis; and 2) Intention-to-treat analysis. This treatment reduced anxiety symptoms by 39.7% among patients who completed treatment (Per protocol, p=0.003) and by 30.8% among all those allocated to the intervention group (i.e., by Intention-to-treat, including dropouts, p=0.035), whereas controls showed no significant reduction in same period. Therefore, we recommend the use of this protocol within the university context as a viable alternative to individual counselling in situations of anxiety disorders. Future research with larger samples may contribute to consolidate this protocol.


Resumen Se estima que uno de cada cinco estudiantes universitarios en todo el mundo tiene algún tipo de trastorno psicológico, entre los cuales los trastornos de ansiedad son los más frecuentes. Este estudio consiste en un ensayo clínico aleatorizado cuyo objetivo fue evaluar la eficacia y efectividad de un protocolo de psicoterapia grupal semiestructurada basado en los principios de la Terapia de Aceptación y Compromiso (ACT) para el tratamiento de la ansiedad en estudiantes universitarios. Se asignaron aleatoriamente a los participantes en los grupos de intervención y control. Los niveles de ansiedad antes y después de la intervención se midieron utilizando el instrumento General Anxiety Disorders-7 (GAD-7). La muestra final del estudio estuvo compuesta por 15 personas, de las cuales 10 fueron asignadas al grupo de intervención y 5 al grupo de control. Los resultados se analizaron de dos maneras: 1) por protocolo (Per protocol analysis); y 2) por intención de tratar (Intention-to-treat Analysis). Con este tratamiento los síntomas de ansiedad se redujeron en un 39,7% entre los pacientes que completaron el tratamiento (por protocolo, p=0,030) y en un 30,8% entre todos los asignados al grupo de intervención (es decir, por intención de tratar, incluidos los dropouts, p=0,035), mientras que los controles no tuvieron una reducción significativa en el mismo periodo. Por lo tanto, se recomienda utilizar este protocolo dentro del contexto universitario como una alternativa viable a lo asesoramiento individual en situaciones de trastornos de ansiedad. La investigación futura con muestras más grandes puede contribuir a la consolidación de esta modalidad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Anxiety Disorders , Psychotherapy, Group , Students , Randomized Controlled Trial , Acceptance and Commitment Therapy , Anxiety , Patients , Psychotherapy , Psychotherapy, Group , Therapeutics , Universities , Patient Health Questionnaire , Persons
4.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 16-28, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922663

ABSTRACT

Chronic stress leads to many psychiatric disorders, including social and anxiety disorders that are associated with over-activation of neurons in the basolateral amygdala (BLA). However, not all individuals develop psychiatric diseases, many showing considerable resilience against stress exposure. Whether BLA neuronal activity is involved in regulating an individual's vulnerability to stress remains elusive. In this study, using a mouse model of chronic social defeat stress (CSDS), we divided the mice into susceptible and resilient subgroups based on their social interaction behavior. Using in vivo fiber photometry and in vitro patch-clamp recording, we showed that CSDS persistently (after 20 days of recovery from stress) increased BLA neuronal activity in all the mice regardless of their susceptible or resilient nature, although impaired social interaction behavior was only observed in susceptible mice. Increased anxiety-like behavior, on the other hand, was evident in both groups. Notably, the CSDS-induced increase of BLA neuronal activity correlated well with the heightened anxiety-like but not the social avoidance behavior in mice. These findings provide new insight to our understanding of the role of neuronal activity in the amygdala in mediating stress-related psychiatric disorders.


Subject(s)
Amygdala , Animals , Anxiety/etiology , Anxiety Disorders , Avoidance Learning , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Social Behavior , Stress, Psychological/complications
5.
Rev. Nac. (Itauguá) ; 13(2): 18-28, DICIEMBRE, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1344187

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: la pandemia de COVID-19 ha incrementado los casos de ansiedad y causado grandes modificaciones en la forma de prestar atención médica. Objetivo: describir las características epidemiológicas de los trastornos de ansiedad atendidos a través de telepsiquiatría en un Hospital Universitario. Metodología: estudio observacional, descriptivo, de corte transversal. Se realizó un muestreo no aleatorio intencional. Se utilizaron fichas electrónicas de pacientes tratados en el Servicio de Psiquiatría del Hospital de Clínicas, Paraguay, entre febrero y mayo de 2021. Se realizó estadística descriptiva de todas las variables. Se calcularon medidas de tendencia central y dispersión para las variables cuantitativas. Las cualitativas se resumieron en frecuencias y porcentajes. Resultados: el análisis incluyó 804 pacientes. El 71,5 % (575) de los pacientes procedían del ámbito rural. De todos los pacientes con diagnóstico de algún trastorno de ansiedad (20,49 % n = 165), el 69,1 % (114) correspondían a mujeres y el 49,7 % (82) presentaron trastorno de pánico (ansiedad paroxística episódica), 28,5 % (47) fueron diagnosticados con trastorno de ansiedad generalizada, y 21,8 % (36) tuvieron un trastorno de ansiedad no especificado. Conclusión: más del 20 % de los pacientes que consultaron a través de la modalidad de telepsiquiatría presentó algún cuadro del espectro ansioso. La presentación de casos se dio tanto en el ámbito rural como en el urbano y de preferencia en mujeres. El trastorno de pánico emergió como el trastorno de más alta frecuencia en la población accesible, representando casi la mitad de todos los casos de ansiedad diagnosticados.


ABSTRACT Introduction: the COVID-19 pandemic has increased anxiety cases and caused big modifications in the way medical care is provided. Objective: to describe the epidemiological characteristics of anxiety disorders treated through telepsychiatry in a University Hospital. Methodology: observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study. A non-random purposive sampling was performed. Electronic records of patients treated in the Psychiatry Department of the "Hospital de Clínicas", Paraguay, between February and May 2021 were used. Descriptive statistics were performed for all variables. Measures of central tendency and dispersion were calculated for quantitative variables. Qualitative variables were summarized in frequencies and percentages. Results: the analysis included 804 patients. Out of the patients, 71,5 % (575) were from rural areas. Out of all patients diagnosed with an anxiety disorder (20,49 % n = 165), 69,1 % (114) were female and 49,7 % (82) had panic disorder (episodic paroxysmal anxiety), 28,5 % (47) were diagnosed with generalized anxiety disorder, and 21,8 % (36) had an unspecified anxiety disorder. Conclusion: more than 20 % of the patients who consulted through the telepsychiatry modality presented with an anxiety spectrum disorder. Cases were presented in both rural and urban areas and preferably in females. Panic disorder emerged as the most frequent disorder in the accessible population, representing almost half of all diagnosed anxiety cases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Anxiety/epidemiology , Anxiety Disorders/epidemiology , Pandemics , Telepsychiatry , Paraguay/epidemiology , Mental Health/trends , Panic Disorder/epidemiology , Remote Consultation/methods , Age and Sex Distribution , COVID-19
6.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(12): 5997-6004, Dez. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350513

ABSTRACT

Resumo Os Agentes Comunitários de Saúde possuem papel fundamental para o atendimento à população. Devido à complexidade de funções e situações que são expostos podem apresentar problemas emocionais. O objetivo deste artigo foi verificar a prevalência dos sintomas de ansiedade e a associação com os fatores sociodemográficos e ocupacionais entre agentes comunitários de saúde. Estudo transversal, populacional, no qual utilizou-se o Inventário de Ansiedade Traço Estado (IDATE- Traço e IDATE-Estado) e um questionário sobre as condições sociodemográficas e ocupacionais. Realizou-se análises descritivas e de regressão múltipla de Poisson com variância robusta, considerando um nível de significância de 5% (p<0,05) para o modelo final. Foram avaliados 673 agentes comunitários de saúde, a prevalência dos sintomas de ansiedade no IDATE-estado foi de 47,4% e no IDATE-traço, 42,4%. O tempo de trabalho acima de cinco anos esteve associado ao IDATE-estado (p<0,001) e ao IDATE-traço (p=0,018), o sexo feminino ficou associado ao IDATE-traço (p=0,011). Verificou-se alta prevalência de sintomas de ansiedade entre os agentes comunitários da saúde. Há necessidade de estratégias que visem a promoção, proteção, monitoramento da saúde mental desses trabalhadores, reduzindo os transtornos de ansiedade.


Abstract Community Health Agents (CHAs) play a crucial role in assisting the population. Due to the complexity of functions and situations to which they are exposed, they can present with emotional problems. The aim of this article was to verify the prevalence of anxiety symptoms and the association with sociodemographic and occupational factors in community health agents. It is a cross-sectional and populational study that used a questionnaire to collect data on the sociodemographic, economic and occupational conditions and the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). Descriptive analyses and multiple Poisson regression were performed with robust variation, considering a 5% significance level (p <0.05) for the final model. A total of 673 community health agents were evaluated. The prevalence of anxiety symptoms in the STAI-State was 47.4% and in the STAI-trait, 42.4%. The time working as a CHA longer than five years was associated with the STAI-state (p<0.001) and the STAI-trait (p=0.018), where as the female gender was associated with the STAI-trait (p=0.011). A high prevalence of anxiety symptoms in community health agents was verified. Health promotion strategies aimed at improving and monitoring the mental health of these workers by reducing anxiety disorders is required.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Anxiety/epidemiology , Public Health , Anxiety Disorders/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies
7.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(6): 700-705, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355641

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Lichen simplex chronicus is a dermatological condition due to excessive scratching, with few studies on psychoneuroimmunology. Objective: We aimed to estimate the levels of stress, depression, and anxiety, and to measure serum levels of neurotrophins in patients with lichen simplex chronicus, and to correlate these parameters with the severity of the disease and pruritus. Methods: Thirty-six patients with lichen simplex chronicus and 36 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were included. Each participant was administered the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and Perceived Stress Scale questionnaires, along with a visual analog scale for pruritus. Levels of neurotrophins (brain-derived neurotrophic factor, neurotrophin-3, nerve growth factor, glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor) were determined by ELISA assays. Results: The scores of Perceived Stress Scale-10, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale were statistically higher in patients (p < 0.05 for all). The serum levels of all neurotrophins were significantly lower in patients compared to healthy controls (p < 0.05 for all). Disease severity showed no correlation with all four neurotrophins. In linear regression models applied for increased visual analog scale-pruritus scores and disease severity these two variables were statistically significant predictors (p = 0.043). Study limitations: A direct causal relationship was not addressed. Conclusion: Lichen simplex chronicus patients are at risk of increased levels of stress, anxiety, depression, and present decreased levels of neurotrophins, that may suggest a role in the pathophysiology of this disorder.


Subject(s)
Humans , Neurodermatitis , Anxiety , Anxiety Disorders , Pruritus , Depression
8.
Revista brasileira de ciência e movimento ; 29(1): [1-12], nov. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348081

ABSTRACT

O presente estudo analisou a relação entre cronotipo, níveis de ansiedade, depressão e estresse, bem como níveis de condicionamento cardiorrespiratório em jovens. Métodos: Foi analisado um total de 36 participantes com idades entre 18 e 28 a nos, saudáveis e que atendessem ao cronotipo matutino e vespertino. Análises de nível de atividade física, consumo máximo de oxigênio, níveis de depressão, ansiedade e estresse foram realizadas com testes específicos. Em todos os cálculos foram utilizados um alfa de p<0.05 para análise estatística. Resultados: O nível de atividade física mostrou que a porcentagem dos matutinos suficientemente ativos foi de 58% comparado com 23.5% dos vespertinos. Mulheres com cronotipo vespertino apresentaram níveis menores de VO2máx quando comparados com as mulheres com cronotipo matutino (p=0.04). Os participantes vespertinos apresentaram níveis maiores de ansiedade (p=0.02) comparados com os matutinos e esses dados foram evidentes nos participantes do sexo feminino onde as mulheres do cronotipo vespertino apresentaram níveis maiores de ansiedade (p=0.03) comparados com mulheres de cronotipo matutino. Conclusão: Portanto, o estudo conclui que indivíduos do cronotipo vespertino apresentaram menores níveis de atividade física e maiores níveis de ansiedade evidenciados principalmente nas mulheres.(AU)


The present study analyzed a relationship between schedule, anxiety, depression and stress levels, as well as cardiorespiratory fitness levels in young people. Methods: A total of 36 healthy participants aged 18 to 28 years who met the criteria for chronotypes morning type and evening type were analyzed. Analyzes of physical activity level, maximal oxygen uptake, depression, anxiety and stress levels were performed. In all calculations, an alpha of p <0.05 was used for statistical analysis. Results: The level of physical activity was higher in morning types 58% compared to 23.5% of evening types. Women with evening chronotype had lower VO2max levels compared with women with a morning chronotype (p= 0.04). Evening types had higher anxiety levels (p= 0.02) compared to morning types and these data were evidenced in female participants with higher anxiety levels (p=0.03) compared to women with a morning chronotype. Conclusion: Therefore, the study concludes that young people with a evening chronotype exhibited lower levels of physical activity and higher anxiety levels, especially in women.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Anxiety , Exercise , Sleep Disorders, Circadian Rhythm , Depression , Cardiorespiratory Fitness , Anxiety Disorders , Oxygen Consumption , Biological Clocks , Heart Rate
9.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(9): 4087-4099, set. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339604

ABSTRACT

Resumo Esta revisão visa a conhecer e analisar os efeitos dos probióticos na depressão, ansiedade e estresse psicológico. Esses distúrbios estão entre as principais causas de incapacidades no mundo. As farmacoterapias convencionais costumam apresentar fraca resposta ou efeitos colaterais adversos. Estudos mais recentes têm demonstrado uma densa comunicação bidirecional chamada de eixo cérebro-intestino. Pesquisas estão evidenciando as relações entre alterações no microbioma entérico e distúrbios psiquiátricos, abrindo caminho para o surgimento de terapêuticas alternativas. Fez-se uma busca sistemática por ensaios clínicos randomizados duplo/triplo cego controlados por placebo no PubMed, Scopus e Lilacs. Para seleção dos estudos usaram-se as recomendações dos principais itens para relatar revisões sistemáticas e meta-análises (PRISMA). Nove artigos preencheram os critérios e foram analisados quanto aos efeitos na depressão, ansiedade, estresse psicológico e em biomarcadores. Sete encontraram resultados positivos em ao menos um dos itens. Conclui-se que o uso de probióticos para aliviar sintomas desses distúrbios é promissor, principalmente, por seu potencial efeito anti-inflamatório, mas são necessários ensaios clínicos randomizados duplo-cegos mais amplos e rigorosos para balizar tais conclusões.


Abstract This review aims to understand and analyse the effects of probiotics on depression, anxiety and psychological stress. These disorders are among the leading causes of disability worldwide. Conventional pharmacotherapies usually have a poor response or adverse side effects. In this context, recent studies have demonstrated a dense bi-directional communication named gut-brain axis. Evidences are demonstrating the relationship between disturbance in the enteric microbiome and psychiatric disorders, paving the way for the emergence of alternative therapies. A systematic search for randomized double/triple blind placebo-controlled clinical trials was performed in PubMed, Scopus and Lilacs. The studies selection followed the recommendations of the main items for report systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA). Nine articles met the criteria and were analysed for effects on depression, anxiety, psychological stress and biomarkers. Seven found positive results in at least one of the items. We concluded that the use of probiotics to alleviate depressive symptoms and anxiety is promising, mainly due to its potential anti-inflammatory effect, but additional and more rigorous double blind randomized clinical trials are necessary to endorse such conclusions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Complementary Therapies , Probiotics , Anxiety/therapy , Anxiety Disorders/therapy , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Depression/therapy
10.
Rev. psicanal ; 28(2): 293-309, Agosto 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359264

ABSTRACT

O artigo aborda alguns pontos teóricos sobre a técnica, pontos estes relacionados aos pacientes que funcionam de forma ao nível da falha básica, como descreve o psicanalista Michael Balint. O objetivo é trazer reflexões para o atendimento dos pacientes que apresentam quadros regressivos, no sentido de permitir a vivência do novo começo. O texto discute algumas ideias da teoria balintiana sobre a questão da regressão em psicanálise (Au)


The article addresses some theoretical points about the technique related to patients who function more at the level of basic failure, as described by psychoanalyst Michael Balint. The objective is to bring reflections for the care of patients who present regressive conditions in order to allow the experience of the new beginning. The text discusses some ideas of the Balintian theory on the issue of regression in psychoanalysis.


El artículo aborda algunos puntos teóricos sobre la técnica, puntos que se relacionan con pacientes que funcionan en el nivel de falla básica, como lo describe el psicoanalista Michael Balint. El objetivo es traer reflexiones para el cuidado de los pacientes que presentan condiciones regresivas, a fin de permitir la experiencia de un nuevo comienzo. El texto analiza algunas ideas de la teoría balintiana sobre el tema de la regresión en psicoanálisis


Subject(s)
Regression, Psychology , Anxiety Disorders , Psychoanalytic Theory , Child Behavior , Psychological Techniques
12.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 93(1): e1206, ene.-mar. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251744

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Ante la pandemia de COVID-19, los profesionales dedicados a la atención de la salud mental de la población pediátrica han visto aumentado el número de consultas a estos pacientes. Objetivo: Examinar el perfil clínico y epidemiológico de niños con manifestaciones psiquiátricas durante la pandemia de COVID-19. Métodos: Estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal de 87 niños atendidos en el Servicio de Salud Mental del Hospital Pediátrico Provincial Docente "José Martí" de Sancti Spíritus entre marzo-mayo de 2020. Todos los pacientes se caracterizaron según edad, sexo, antecedentes de salud mental y situación familiar. Se analizaron, además, las manifestaciones psicopatológicas y los trastornos psiquiátricos presentes. Resultados: El mayor número de pacientes atendidos fue el grupo de 11 a 15 años con predominio del sexo femenino. Hubo mayor porcentaje de niños con historia de buena salud mental anterior que aquellos que tenían seguimiento por psiquiatría o psicología. Provenían de hogares con situaciones familiares inadecuadas el 75,86 por ciento de los niños estudiados. Los trastornos de ansiedad, adaptativos, de personalidad descompensada estuvieron presentes en gran parte de la muestra y muchos requirieron tratamiento farmacológico. Conclusiones: Dentro del grupo estudiado son los adolescentes los más afectados. El estado de buena salud mental anterior no es determinante para la presencia o no de manifestaciones psicopatológicas, entre ellas, la ansiedad, el insomnio y alteraciones del sueño, entre las más frecuentes y en correspondencia con los principales trastornos psiquiátricos dados por estados de ansiedad, adaptativos y de personalidad descompensada, de ahí que la mayoría requirió tratamiento psicofarmacológico(AU)


Introduction: In the face of the COVID-19 pandemic, professionals dedicated to the mental health care of the pediatric population have seen an increase in the number of consultations to these patients. Objective: Examine the clinical and epidemiological profile of children with psychiatric manifestations during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: Observational, descriptive and cross sectional study of 87 children attended in the Mental Health Service of "José Martí" Provincial Pediatric Teaching Hospital of Sancti Spíritus from March to May, 2020. All patients were characterized by age, sex, mental health history and family situation. Psychopathological manifestations and psychiatric disorders were also analyzed. Results: The largest number of patients treated was the 11 to 15-year-old group with predominance of the female sex. There was a higher percentage of children with a history of previous good mental health than those who were tracked by psychiatric or psychological disorders. 75.86 percent of the children studied came from households with inadequate family situations. Anxiety, adaptive, and of decompensated personality´s disorders were present in much of the sample and many required drug treatment. Conclusions: Within the studied group adolescents were the most affected. The previous state of good mental health is not a determinant for the presence or not of pathological manifestations, including anxiety, insomnia and sleep disturbances, among the most common and in correspondence with the main psychiatric disorders given by states of anxiety, adaptation and decompensated personality; hence most required psychopharmacological treatment(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Anxiety Disorders , Psychiatry , World Health Organization , Mental Health , Coronavirus Infections , Mental Health Services
13.
SMAD, Rev. eletrônica saúde mental alcool drog ; 17(1): 39-47, jan.-mar. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1280639

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: caracterizar os idosos atendidos em um Serviço de Urgência e Emergência Psiquiátrica quanto ao perfil sociodemográfico, diagnóstico psiquiátrico, prescrição de medicamentos e conduta médica e avaliar suas associações com o sexo. MÉTODO: estudo transversal, quantitativo, em que os dados foram obtidos a partir dos prontuários de pacientes atendidos no referido serviço, entre julho/2015 e junho/2016. A variável independente foi o sexo e as dependentes foram: idade; procedência; informante; tratamento psiquiátrico anterior; diagnóstico; medicamentos prescritos e conduta. RESULTADOS: nos 152 prontuários analisados, observam-se idade prevalente entre 60 a 69 anos, maioria de mulheres, procedência do município local e comparecimento com acompanhante. Os diagnósticos prevalentes são a esquizofrenia e os transtornos mentais e comportamentais decorrentes do uso de substâncias psicoativas. As medicações prescritas com maior frequência são da classe dos antipsicóticos e anti-histamínicos, seguidas dos ansiolíticos/sedativos. O critério de Beers considera a prescrição de medicamentos do grupo dos benzodiazepínicos, antipsicóticos e anti-histamínicos inapropriada para idosos. A principal conduta foi a alta, sem encaminhamento a outro serviço. CONCLUSÃO: embora haja incentivo do Ministério da Saúde, com a criação de novas políticas de saúde mental, muitos profissionais mantêm o modelo de atendimento baseado na queixa e conduta, dificultando a reabilitação psicossocial dos pacientes.


OBJECTIVE: characterize the elderly treated in a Psychiatric Emergency and Urgency Service regarding their sociodemographic profile, psychiatric diagnosis, prescription of medication and medical conduct and evaluate their associations with sex. METHOD: a cross-sectional, quantitative study in which data was obtained from the medical records of patients seen in the referred service, between July/2015 and June/2016. The independent variable was gender and dependents were: age; origin; informant; previous psychiatric treatment; diagnosis; prescribed drugs and conduct. RESULTS: in the 152 medical records analyzed, the prevailing age is between 60 and 69 years old, most of them women, coming from the local municipality and attending with a companion. The prevalent diagnoses are schizophrenia and mental and behavioral disorders resulting from the use of psychoactive substances. The most frequently prescribed medications are in the class of antipsychotics and antihistamines, followed by anxiolytics/sedatives. Beers' criteria consider the prescription of benzodiazepine, antipsychotic and antihistamine medications inappropriate for the elderly. The main conduct was discharge, without referral to another service. CONCLUSION: although there is encouragement from the Ministry of Health, with the creation of new mental health policies, many professionals maintain the model of care based on complaint and conduct, hindering the psychosocial rehabilitation of patients.


OBJETIVO: caracterizar a los ancianos atendidos en un servicio psiquiátrico de emergencia y urgencia en relación con el perfil sociodemográfico, el diagnóstico psiquiátrico, la prescripción de medicamentos y la conducta médica; y evaluar sus asociaciones con el sexo. MÉTODO: un estudio cuantitativo y transversal en el que se obtuvieron datos de los registros médicos de los pacientes tratados en el citado servicio, del 2015 al 2016 de julio. La variable independiente era el sexo y los dependientes eran: edad, procedencia, informante, tratamiento psiquiátrico previo, diagnóstico, medicamentos recetados y conducta. RESULTADOS: de los 152 registros médicos analizados, se observa que: la edad predominante es de 60 a 69 años, la mayoría de ellos son mujeres, desde el municipio local y atendido a la atención de un acompañante. Los diagnósticos prevalentes son la esquizofrenia y los trastornos mentales y conductuales resultantes del uso de sustancias psicoactivas. Los medicamentos recetados con mayor frecuencia son la clase antipsicótica y anti-histamina, seguida de ansiolíticos/sedantes. El criterio de Beers considera que la prescripción de fármacos del grupo de benzodiazepinas, antipsicóticos y antihistaminas, es inadecuada para los ancianos. La conducta principal era alta, sin remisión a otro servicio. CONCLUSIÓN: aunque hay aliento del Ministerio de salud con la creación de nuevas políticas de salud mental, muchos profesionales mantienen el modelo de cuidado basado en la queja y la conducta, obstaculizando la rehabilitación psicosocial de los pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Anxiety Disorders/drug therapy , Schizophrenia/therapy , Antipsychotic Agents/therapeutic use , Anti-Anxiety Agents/therapeutic use , Mentally Ill Persons , Psychiatric Rehabilitation , Mental Disorders/therapy
14.
Rev. cuba. enferm ; 37(1): e3914, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, CUMED | ID: biblio-1341385

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las personas con tratamiento quirúrgico presentan ansiedad, lo cual impide llegar al periodo operatorio en óptimas condiciones. El cuidado espiritual puede resultar efectivo en momentos como este. Objetivo: Evaluar el efecto del cuidado espiritual en el nivel de ansiedad situacional en pacientes quirúrgicos. Métodos: Investigación cuantitativa, preexperimental con pretest postest, en el Hospital Regional de Ayacucho, Perú, durante marzo a mayo de 2016. Población constituida por 123 pacientes quirúrgicos, entre los que se seleccionaron 30 entre 24 y 57 años, con ansiedad y dispuestos a participar en la investigación. La ansiedad se midió con el Test de Zung, las necesidades espirituales con un cuestionario validado por expertos y pilotaje con alfa de Cronbach > 0,75. Para los ejes temáticos y metodológicos de la intervención (cuidados espirituales) se revisó bibliografía sobre el tema, tuvieron en cuenta las necesidades de cuidados y niveles de ansiedad identificada. Se procesó la información con frecuencias absolutas, porcentajes, media, desviación típica, valor mínimo y máximo. Para contrastar hipótesis se utilizó la Prueba no paramétrica de rangos con signo de Wilcoxon. Para la relación entre necesidad de cuidado espiritual y evolución del nivel de ansiedad se utilizó Chi-cuadrada de Pearson (X2), con probabilidad de error del 5 por ciento. Resultados: El nivel de ansiedad situacional previo a la aplicación del cuidado espiritual fue de marcada a severa en 86,66 por ciento, aplicado el cuidado espiritual estuvo ausente en el 96,66 por ciento. Conclusión: La intervención con cuidados espirituales aplicada resultó efectiva en la disminución del nivel de ansiedad situacional en pacientes quirúrgicos estudiados(AU)


Introduction: People who should undergo surgical treatment present anxiety, which keeps them from reaching the operative period in optimal conditions. Spiritual care can be effective at times like this. Objective: To assess the effect of spiritual care on the level of situational anxiety in surgical patients. Methods: Quantitative pre-experimental research with pre- and post-test carried out in the Regional Hospital of Ayacucho, Peru, during March to May 2016. The population was made up of 123 surgical patients, of which 30 aged 24-57, with anxiety and willing to participate in the study were chosen. Anxiety was measured with the Zung test; spiritual needs, with a questionnaire validated by experts; and piloting, with Cronbach's alpha > 0.75. For the thematic and methodological axes of the intervention (spiritual care), a bibliography on the subject was reviewed, taking into account the care needs and levels of anxiety identified. The information was processed with absolute frequencies, percentages, mean, standard deviation, minimum and maximum values. The Wilcoxon signed rank test was used to test hypotheses. Pearson's chi-square (X2) was used for the relationship between need for spiritual care and evolution of anxiety level, with a probability of error of 5 percent. Results: The level of situational anxiety prior to the application of spiritual care was remarkable to severe in 86.66%; applied spiritual care was absent in 96.66 percent.. Conclusion: The intervention with spiritual care applied was effective in reducing the level of situational anxiety in the surgical patients studied.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Anxiety Disorders/etiology , Nursing Care , Postoperative Care/methods , Spiritual Therapies/methods
15.
ABCS health sci ; 46: e021229, 09 fev. 2021. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349409

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and its consequences have created anxiety in various segments of society. In particular, the transition to online education brought by this process has made the education process of university students difficult. Therefore, in the COVID-19 pandemic, it is important to examine the anxiety levels of university students and their relationship with somatic symptoms. OBJECTIVE: To examine the level of generalised anxiety disorder and to reveal the relationship between somatic symptoms and the generalised anxiety disorder level of Turkish university students. METHODS: Empirical research. Participants in the research constituted a total of 605 students studying at a private university in Istanbul. The Generalised Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7) was used to collect data. Data were analysed using the chi-square test and Pearson correlation analysis. RESULTS: It was found that, among the participants, 193 (31.90%) of the students had mild anxiety, 149 (24.63%) had moderate anxiety and 121 (20.00%) had severe anxiety. The study revealed that there is a significant positive relationship between the number of somatic symptoms and generalised anxiety disorder scores of university students. CONCLUSION: Most of the university students are affected by anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic and this effect is correlated with the frequency of somatic symptoms. In this context, it would be beneficial for universities to plan for acute and long-term psychological services and to cooperate with the government to provide timely crisis-oriented psychological services.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Anxiety Disorders , Students/psychology , Turkey , Universities , Student Health , Medically Unexplained Symptoms , Patient Health Questionnaire , COVID-19
16.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 84(1): 31-36, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153098

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Our goal was to analyze the prevalence of depression and anxiety among patients with glaucoma and to identify risk factors related to these disorders. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out between August 2016 and August 2017 at the Hospital das Clínicas of Universidade Estadual de Campinas and at the Hospital Oftalmológico de Brasília to evaluate the prevalence of depressive and anxiety disorders among patients diagnosed with glaucoma. All patients underwent a complete ophthalmologic examination with standard automated perimetry to confirm the diagnosis of glaucoma. All participants were asked to complete the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale questionnaire. Results: One hundred and twenty-nine patients were included in the study. Seventy-four were men (57.36%) and 55 (42.64%) were women. The mean age of the patients was 70.14 ± 15.8 years. Ninety participants were white (69.77%) and 38 (29.46%) were black. The study demonstrated a prevalence of depression and/or anxiety at 10.08%. Logistic regression revealed that women were at higher risk for anxiety and/or depression (OR: 5.25, p=0.015) and patients with a larger number of comorbidities also were at higher risk for anxiety and/or depressive disorders (OR: 2.82, p=0.038). Conclusion: A significant proportion of patients with glaucoma present with depression and/or anxiety. Females and patients with comorbidities are at greater risk for these disorders.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a prevalência de transtornos de depressão e ansiedade em pacientes com glaucoma e identificar fatores de riscos associados. Métodos: Estudo transversal em pacientes com glaucoma, avaliados durante Agosto de 2016 e Agosto de 2017 no Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade de Campinas e no Hospital Oftalmológico de Brasília. Todos pacientes foram submetidos à exame oftalmológico completo para confirmar o diagnóstico de glaucoma. Todos pacientes preencheram o questionário "Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale". Resultados: Foram incluídos 129 pacientes no estudo, sendo 74 homens (57.36%) e 55 (42.64%) mulheres, 90 pacientes eram brancos (69.77%) e 38 (29.46%) eram negros. A idade média foi de 70.14 ± 15.8 anos. O estudo demonstrou uma prevalência de 10.08% de transtornos depressivo e/ou ansiedade. A regressão logística demonstrou que mulheres apresentam maior risco de desenvolver transtornos depressivos e/ou ansiedade (Risco relativo: 5.25, p=0.015), assim como pacientes com maior número de comorbidades clínicas (Risco relativo: 2.82, p=0.038). Conclusão: Uma proporção significativa dos pacientes com glaucoma podem apresentar transtornos de depressão e/ou ansiedade. Pacientes com glaucoma do sexo feminino e que apresentem maiores comorbidades clínicas apresentam maior risco de apresentar esses transtornos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Glaucoma , Depressive Disorder , Anxiety/epidemiology , Anxiety Disorders/epidemiology , Glaucoma/complications , Glaucoma/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Depression/etiology , Depression/epidemiology , Depressive Disorder/epidemiology
17.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(3): e10428, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153523

ABSTRACT

There is increasing evidence that neurofilament light chain (NF-L) can be considered as a biomarker for neuro-axonal damage. This polypeptide can be released into the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and the blood, where it can be quantified. The concentration of NF-L is elevated in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and psychiatric disorders. We aimed to investigate the NF-L levels in the CSF from treated MS patients and the relationship with depression or anxiety. The study involved three groups: control group (individuals without inflammation), the relapse-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS)-untreated group, and the RRMS-Fingo group (RRMS patients who were treated with fingolimod). MS disability was assessed by the Expanded Disability Status Scale, and depression and anxiety were evaluated by a neuropsychologist, using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Beck Depression Inventory-II, and the Beck Anxiety Inventory. Individual CSF samples were collected to measure NF-L levels. The results of the statistical analysis on levels of NF-L in the CSF of control subjects, RRMS-untreated patients, and RRMS-Fingo patients were significant. The relationship between depression and anxiety in RRMS-Fingo patients and NF-L levels was not statistically significant. In conclusion, MS events such as anxiety and depression appear to contribute to the onset of clinical relapses, subclinical cases, and neurodegeneration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anxiety Disorders/etiology , Depression/etiology , Multiple Sclerosis/complications , Intermediate Filaments , Biomarkers , Neurofilament Proteins
18.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1281084

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La carrera que siguen es el principal factor para depresión o ansiedad en estudiantes de ciencias de salud, quiénes presentan elevados índices de depresión y de ansiedad. Sin embargo, aquellos estudiantes con buena inteligencia emocional muestran menos síntomas físicos, de ansiedad y depresión. Objetivos: determinar la asociación entre inteligencia emocional y niveles de ansiedad y depresión en estudiantes de Medicina. Materiales y métodos: estudio observacional analítico, transversal, retrospectivo, no probabilístico por conveniencia. La investigación incluyó a 276 estudiantes, quienes fueron evaluados con el test TMMS-24, Beck's Depression Inventory ­ second version (BD-II )y con la Generalised Anxiety Disorder Assessment (GAD-7). Se utilizó estadística descriptiva para todas las variables. Para buscar asociaciones entre variables categóricas se utilizó la prueba de chi cuadrado. Para determinar correlación entre variables se utilizó el coeficiente de correlación de Pearson, consideró una p<0,05 como significativa en todos los casos. Resultados: el 65,5 % de la muestra era del sexo femenino, con edades comprendidas entre 18 a 31 años (21,79±2,66). Se encontró 61,4 % de los participantes con síntomas de depresión y 67,7 % con síntomas de ansiedad. Se halló significancia con relación al sexo y la inteligencia emocional (atención y reparación de emociones), así como entre la inteligencia emocional (claridad y reparación de emociones) con los promedios de depresión y ansiedad. Se presentó mayor riesgo relativo en el sexo femenino asociado a ansiedad y depresión. Conclusión: en estudiantes de Medicina se encuentra una tendencia elevada de depresión y ansiedad, las cuales presentan relación con la inteligencia emocional.


Introduction: The course of studies they choose is the main factor for depression or anxiety in health sciences students, who have high rates of these disorders. Nevertheless, those students with good emotional intelligence show fewer physical symptoms, or symptoms of anxiety and depression. Objectives: We aimed to determine the association between emotional intelligence and levels of anxiety and depression in medical students. Materials and methods: analytical, cross-sectional, retrospective, non-probabilistic observational study, of convenience sampling. The research included 276 students, who were evaluated with the TMMS-24 test, the Beck Depression Inventory ­ second version (BD-II) and the Generalised Anxiety Disorder Assessment (GAD-7). Descriptive statistics were used for all variables. The chi-square test was used to search for associations between categorical variables. To determine correlation between variables, Pearson's correlation coefficient was used, considering p <0.05 as significant in all cases. Results: 65.5% of the sample was female, aged between 18 and 31 years (21.79 ± 2.66). 61.4% of the participants had symptoms of depression and 67.7% symptoms of anxiety. Significance was found in relation to sex and emotional intelligence (attention and repair of emotions), as well as between emotional intelligence (clarity and repair of emotions) with the average levels of depression and anxiety. Females had a higher relative risk for anxiety and depression. Conclusion: In medical students there is a high tendency to develop symptoms of depression and anxiety, which are related to emotional intelligence.


Subject(s)
Anxiety , Anxiety Disorders , Depression , Students, Medical , Emotions , Health Sciences
19.
Rev. bras. educ. méd ; 45(2): e061, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1180906

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Introduction: Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a common pathology in modern life. Furthermore, Brazil ranks among one of the countries in Latin America with the highest increase in the number of suicides. Objective: The goal of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of GAD and suicide risk and their association in medical students from Belém - PA. Methods: The observational, cross-sectional and quantitative study included undergraduate medical students attending the 1st, 3rd and 5th years of Universidade do Estado do Pará as subjects of this research, totaling 153 students. It used a protocol created by the authors and the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview. The software BioEstat® 5.3 was used to perform the statistical analysis. Results: 52 (32,7%) of the 159 students have GAD and 48 (30,2%) pose a suicide risk, of which 18 have a mild risk (11,3%), 17 a moderate risk (10,7%) and 13 a high risk (8,2%). 46,7% and 50% of the 1st and 3rd-year students, respectively, have higher risk of suicide, which could be related to the competition faced during the University admission process and also during the first years of the clinical cycle. Of the 5th year students who pose a suicide risk, only 21,7% have high risk. Conclusion: It can be observed that GAD and suicide risk show high prevalence among medical students, which has to be investigated and treated aiming to reduce the impacts of those disorders on health professionals and students.


Resumo: Introdução: O transtorno de ansiedade generalizada (TAG) é uma patologia comum da modernidade. Além disso, o Brasil figura entre um dos países da América Latina com o maior aumento do número de suicídios. Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a prevalência de TAG e risco de suicídio e a associação entre eles em estudantes de Medicina de Belém, no Pará. Métodos: O estudo observacional, transversal e quantitativo teve como sujeitos da pesquisa graduandos do curso de Medicina que estavam matriculados no primeiro, terceiro e quinto anos na Universidade do Estado do Pará, totalizando 159. Utilizaram-se questionário de autoria dos pesquisadores e o Mini International Neurophsychiatric Interview, sendo a análise estatística feita com o software BioEstat® 5.3. Resultados: Dos 159 estudantes, 52 (32,7%) apresentaram TAG; e 48 (30,2%), risco de suicídio, dos quais 18 tiveram risco leve (11,3%); 17, risco moderado (10,7%); e 13, risco elevado (8,2%). Dos alunos, 46,7% e 50%, respectivamente do primeiro e terceiro anos, apresentaram risco elevado de suicídio, fato que pode estar associado com a pressão do vestibular e do início do ciclo clínico. Dos alunos do quinto ano com risco de suicídio, somente 21,7% apresentaram risco elevado. Conclusão: Percebe-se uma importante taxa de TAG e de risco de suicídio entre os estudantes de Medicina, o que precisa ser investigado e trabalhado para minimizar os impactos desses transtornos nos discentes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Anxiety Disorders/epidemiology , Suicide, Attempted/statistics & numerical data , Anxiety Disorders/psychology , Socioeconomic Factors , Suicide, Attempted/psychology , Brazil/epidemiology , Sex Factors , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Age Factors
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877668

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of five-element acupuncture on the cognitive function repair of migraine patients with depression/anxiety disorder.@*METHODS@#The migraine patients with depression/anxiety disorder (19 cases, 5 cases dropped off) were taken as the observation group, and received five-element acupuncture twice a week for 8 weeks. Healthy subjects (19 cases) were selected by demographic data matching as the control group. The cognitive function was evaluated with the event related potential (ERP) technique, and the latency and amplitude of visual evoked potential P300 were adopted as the observation indexes. The headache days (every 4 weeks), headache intensity [visual analogue scale(VAS) score], and headache impact test-6 (HIT-6) score, Hamilton depression scale (HAMD) score and Hamilton anxiety scale (HAMA) score were used as the observation indexes for curative effect.@*RESULTS@#Before the treatment, latency of target stimulus at Fz [ (417.5±34.3) ms] in the observation group was extended compared with the healthy subjects of the control group [(388.6±42.1) ms, @*CONCLUSION@#There are some cognitive impairments in migraine patients with depression/anxiety disorder. Five-element acupuncture not only relieves headache, anxiety and depression effectively, but also improves the activation level of the frontal lobe. It significantly repairs the impaired cognitive function.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Anxiety Disorders , Cognition , Depression/therapy , Evoked Potentials, Visual , Humans , Migraine Disorders/therapy , Treatment Outcome
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