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1.
Rev. ADM ; 80(6): 307-311, nov.-dic. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1555293

ABSTRACT

Introducción: durante diciembre de 2019 se identificó en Wuhan, China, un nuevo coronavirus, denominado SARS-CoV-2 por el Comité Internacional de Taxonomía de Virus. Después de haber presentado esta enfermedad se han encontrado secuelas como ansiedad y depresión. Objetivo: determinar el nivel de ansiedad y depresión en los pacientes post-COVID-19 en primer nivel de atención. Material y métodos: estudio observacional, descriptivo, transversal, unicéntrico, homodémico, prospectivo, prolectivo. Se realizó en una Unidad de Primer Nivel de Atención del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, en el periodo de enero de 2021 a enero de 2022. Se aplicó la Escala de Hamilton para la Ansiedad y el Inventario de Beck para Depresión. Se realizó un análisis estadístico en el programa SPSS 25, los datos se expresaron como media ± desviación estándar o mediana, según la distribución. Las variables cualitativas se expresaron en frecuencias y porcentajes. Resultados: el promedio de edad fue de 27 años; con predominio del sexo femenino (62.4%), presentaron depresión moderada 6%, depresión grave 1.5%, ansiedad leve 20.9% y ansiedad moderada o grave 9.8%. Conclusión: existe una asociación entre el nivel de depresión y ansiedad en los pacientes post-COVID-19, con una p significativa (AU)


Introduction: during December 2019, a new coronavirus, named SARSCoV-2, by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses, was identified in Wuhan, China. After presenting with this disease, sequelae such as anxiety and depression have been found. Objective: determine the level of anxiety and depression in post-COVID-19 patients of the Family Medicine Unit No. 34. Material and methods: observational, descriptive, cross-sectional, unicentric, homodemic, prospective, prolective study. It was conducted in a first level unit of the Mexican Institute of Social Security, in the period from January 2021 to January 2022. The Hamilton Anxiety Scale and the Beck Depression Inventory were applied. Statistical analysis was performed in the SPSS 25 program, data were expressed as mean ± standard deviation or median, according to the distribution. Qualitative variables were expressed as frequencies and percentages. Results: the mean age was 27 years; with a predominance of females (62.4%), 6% presented moderate depression, 1.5% severe depression, 20.9% mild anxiety and 9.8% moderate or severe anxiety. Conclusions: there is an association between the level of depression and anxiety in post-COVID-19 patients, with a significant p (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Anxiety Disorders/etiology , Primary Health Care/methods , Depression/etiology , Post-Acute COVID-19 Syndrome/complications , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Academies and Institutes , Mexico/epidemiology
2.
Rev. cuba. enferm ; 37(1): e3914, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, CUMED | ID: biblio-1341385

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las personas con tratamiento quirúrgico presentan ansiedad, lo cual impide llegar al periodo operatorio en óptimas condiciones. El cuidado espiritual puede resultar efectivo en momentos como este. Objetivo: Evaluar el efecto del cuidado espiritual en el nivel de ansiedad situacional en pacientes quirúrgicos. Métodos: Investigación cuantitativa, preexperimental con pretest postest, en el Hospital Regional de Ayacucho, Perú, durante marzo a mayo de 2016. Población constituida por 123 pacientes quirúrgicos, entre los que se seleccionaron 30 entre 24 y 57 años, con ansiedad y dispuestos a participar en la investigación. La ansiedad se midió con el Test de Zung, las necesidades espirituales con un cuestionario validado por expertos y pilotaje con alfa de Cronbach > 0,75. Para los ejes temáticos y metodológicos de la intervención (cuidados espirituales) se revisó bibliografía sobre el tema, tuvieron en cuenta las necesidades de cuidados y niveles de ansiedad identificada. Se procesó la información con frecuencias absolutas, porcentajes, media, desviación típica, valor mínimo y máximo. Para contrastar hipótesis se utilizó la Prueba no paramétrica de rangos con signo de Wilcoxon. Para la relación entre necesidad de cuidado espiritual y evolución del nivel de ansiedad se utilizó Chi-cuadrada de Pearson (X2), con probabilidad de error del 5 por ciento. Resultados: El nivel de ansiedad situacional previo a la aplicación del cuidado espiritual fue de marcada a severa en 86,66 por ciento, aplicado el cuidado espiritual estuvo ausente en el 96,66 por ciento. Conclusión: La intervención con cuidados espirituales aplicada resultó efectiva en la disminución del nivel de ansiedad situacional en pacientes quirúrgicos estudiados(AU)


Introduction: People who should undergo surgical treatment present anxiety, which keeps them from reaching the operative period in optimal conditions. Spiritual care can be effective at times like this. Objective: To assess the effect of spiritual care on the level of situational anxiety in surgical patients. Methods: Quantitative pre-experimental research with pre- and post-test carried out in the Regional Hospital of Ayacucho, Peru, during March to May 2016. The population was made up of 123 surgical patients, of which 30 aged 24-57, with anxiety and willing to participate in the study were chosen. Anxiety was measured with the Zung test; spiritual needs, with a questionnaire validated by experts; and piloting, with Cronbach's alpha > 0.75. For the thematic and methodological axes of the intervention (spiritual care), a bibliography on the subject was reviewed, taking into account the care needs and levels of anxiety identified. The information was processed with absolute frequencies, percentages, mean, standard deviation, minimum and maximum values. The Wilcoxon signed rank test was used to test hypotheses. Pearson's chi-square (X2) was used for the relationship between need for spiritual care and evolution of anxiety level, with a probability of error of 5 percent. Results: The level of situational anxiety prior to the application of spiritual care was remarkable to severe in 86.66%; applied spiritual care was absent in 96.66 percent.. Conclusion: The intervention with spiritual care applied was effective in reducing the level of situational anxiety in the surgical patients studied.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Anxiety Disorders/etiology , Nursing Care , Postoperative Care/methods , Spiritual Therapies/methods
3.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(3): e10428, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153523

ABSTRACT

There is increasing evidence that neurofilament light chain (NF-L) can be considered as a biomarker for neuro-axonal damage. This polypeptide can be released into the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and the blood, where it can be quantified. The concentration of NF-L is elevated in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and psychiatric disorders. We aimed to investigate the NF-L levels in the CSF from treated MS patients and the relationship with depression or anxiety. The study involved three groups: control group (individuals without inflammation), the relapse-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS)-untreated group, and the RRMS-Fingo group (RRMS patients who were treated with fingolimod). MS disability was assessed by the Expanded Disability Status Scale, and depression and anxiety were evaluated by a neuropsychologist, using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Beck Depression Inventory-II, and the Beck Anxiety Inventory. Individual CSF samples were collected to measure NF-L levels. The results of the statistical analysis on levels of NF-L in the CSF of control subjects, RRMS-untreated patients, and RRMS-Fingo patients were significant. The relationship between depression and anxiety in RRMS-Fingo patients and NF-L levels was not statistically significant. In conclusion, MS events such as anxiety and depression appear to contribute to the onset of clinical relapses, subclinical cases, and neurodegeneration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anxiety Disorders/etiology , Depression/etiology , Multiple Sclerosis/complications , Intermediate Filaments , Biomarkers , Neurofilament Proteins
5.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(6): 704-709, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054884

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Rosacea may result in emotional distress and anxiety. However, data on the presence of generalized anxiety disorder in rosacea patients are scarce. Objective: The aim of the study was to detect the frequency and level of anxiety and depression in patients with rosacea. Methods: A total of 194 consecutive rosacea patients and 194 age- and sex-matched controls were enrolled. Severity of rosacea was assessed in patients according to the criteria of the National Rosacea Society Ethics Committee. Both patients and controls were evaluated by the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item scale, and severity was measured by the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-Adult. Results: Individuals who were diagnosed with an anxiety and/or depressive disorder were more common in patient group (24.7% vs. 7.2%, p < 0,01). Female patients were particularly at risk for having generalized anxiety disorder (OR = 2.8; 95% CI 1.15-7.37; p = 0.02). Study limitations: Single center study and limited sample size. Conclusions: Rosacea patients show greater risk of having anxiety disorders, including generalized anxiety disorder. Female patients, those with lower educational levels, those with phymatous subtype, untreated patients, and patients with prior psychiatric morbidity may be at particular risk for anxiety. It is essential to consider the psychological characteristics of patients to improve their well-being.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Anxiety Disorders/etiology , Anxiety Disorders/epidemiology , Rosacea/complications , Rosacea/epidemiology , Depressive Disorder/etiology , Depressive Disorder/epidemiology , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Quality of Life , Case-Control Studies , Logistic Models , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Analysis of Variance , Educational Status
7.
Trends psychiatry psychother. (Impr.) ; 41(3): 227-236, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1043524

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: An important subject in evaluation of the efficacy of treatments is to examine how the intervention is effective and to identify the consequences of that treatment. In this regard, the current study investigates the role of emotion regulation as the mediator of the treatment outcomes of therapy using the Unified Protocol (UP) for transdiagnostic treatment of emotional disorders. Method: This article describes a double-blind randomized clinical trial. A sample of 26 individuals was selected based on cut-off scores for the Beck Depression Inventory and Beck Anxiety Inventory and their final diagnoses were confirmed with the Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule for DSM-IV (ADIS-IV). The sample was randomly divided into two groups: control and treatment (13 patients each). The treatment group received 20 one-hour UP sessions. The Beck Depression Inventory, the Beck Anxiety Inventory, and the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale were administered at two stages, pre-treatment and post-treatment. Results: The UP reduced anxiety and depression in patients through improvement in emotion regulation. Furthermore, the results showed that the difficulty engaging in goal-directed behavior and non-acceptance of emotional response subscales were capable of predicting 62% of variance in anxiety scores. In turn, two subscales, difficulty engaging in goal-directed behavior and lack of emotional clarity, predicted 72% of variance in depression scores. Conclusion: Emotion regulation can be considered as a potential mediating factor and as predictive of outcomes of transdiagnostic treatment based on the UP. Clinical trial registration: Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials, IRCT2017072335245N1.


Resumo Objetivo: É importante, na avaliação da eficácia de tratamentos, examinar como a intervenção tem efeito e identificar suas consequências. O presente estudo investiga o papel da regulação emocional enquanto mediadora de desfechos do tratamento que emprega o Protocolo Unificado (PU) para o tratamento transdiagnóstico de transtornos psicológicos. Método: Este artigo descreve um ensaio clínico randomizado duplo-cego. Uma amostra de 26 indivíduos foi selecionada com base em escores pré-estabelecidos para o Inventário de Depressão de Beck e o Inventário de Ansiedade de Beck, e seus diagnósticos finais foram confirmados utilizando o instrumento Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule for DSM-IV (ADIS-IV). A amostra foi dividida aleatoriamente em dois grupos: controle e tratamento (13 pacientes em cada). O grupo tratamento recebeu 20 sessões de PU de 1 hora cada. O Inventário de Depressão de Beck, Inventário de Ansiedade de Beck Beck e Escala de Dificuldades de Regulação Emocional foram administrados em duas etapas, antes e depois do tratamento. Resultados: O PU reduziu a ansiedade e a depressão em pacientes, ao melhorar a regulação emocional. Além disso, os resultados mostraram que as subescalas dificuldade de se engajar em comportamentos orientados por objetivos e não aceitação de resposta emocional responderam por 62% da variância nos escores de ansiedade. Nos escores de depressão, duas subescalas, dificuldade de se engajar em comportamentos orientados por objetivos e falta de claridade emocional, explicaram 72% da variância. Conclusão: A regulação emocional pode ser considerada o principal fator mediador e também preditora de desfechos do tratamento transdiagnóstico baseado no PU. Registro do ensaio clínico: Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials, IRCT2017072335245N1.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Anxiety Disorders/prevention & control , Affective Symptoms/therapy , Depressive Disorder/prevention & control , Anxiety Disorders/etiology , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Clinical Protocols , Double-Blind Method , Treatment Outcome , Affective Symptoms/psychology , Depressive Disorder/etiology
8.
Trends psychiatry psychother. (Impr.) ; 41(3): 276-282, July-Sept. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1043528

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Preeclampsia is a serious complication during pregnancy that not only influences maternal and fetal physical health, but also has maternal mental health outcomes such as anxiety. Prenatal anxiety has negative short- and long-term effects on pre- and postpartum maternal mental health, delivery, and mental health in subsequent pregnancies. Objective To investigate the effectiveness of individual psycho-educational counseling on anxiety in pregnant women with preeclampsia. Methods This was a randomized, intervention-controlled study involving two governmental hospitals in the municipality of Sirjan, Kerman, from January 30 2017 to March 31 2017. A total of 44 pregnant women with preeclampsia were assessed. The women were randomized into two groups: control (n=22) and intervention (n=22). The intervention consisted of two sessions of individual psycho-educational counseling. The level of anxiety was measured using the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) as pretest before the first session and as posttest after the second session during the hospitalization period. Results There was a significant reduction in the anxiety level after the counselling sessions in the intervention group (p<0.005). In addition, there was a slight increase in the anxiety level in the control group after the study. Conclusion According to the results, psycho-educational counseling can significantly reduce the anxiety level in pregnant women with preeclampsia. Therefore, it is recommended that healthcare providers provide this type of therapeutic intervention for pregnant women after hospitalization, in order to reduce their anxiety level and its subsequent negative outcomes. Clinical trial registration: IRCT2017082029817N3.


Resumo Introdução A pré-eclâmpsia é uma complicação séria durante a gravidez que não apenas influencia a saúde física da mãe e do feto, mas também tem consequências para a saúde mental materna, por exemplo ansiedade. A ansiedade pré-natal tem efeitos negativos e de longo prazo sobre a saúde mental da mãe antes e após o parto, sobre o parto, assim como sobre a saúde mental em gestações subsequentes. Objetivo Investigar a eficácia do aconselhamento psicoeducacional individual com relação aos níveis de ansiedade em gestantes com pré-eclâmpsia. Métodos Este foi um estudo randomizado, controlado, que envolveu dois hospitais governamentais na cidade de Sirjan, Kerman, de 30 de janeiro de 2017 a 31 de março de 2017. Um total de 42 gestantes com pré-eclâmpsia foram avaliadas. As mulheres foram randomicamente divididas em dois grupos: controle (n=22) e intervenção (n=22). A intervenção consistiu de duas sessões de aconselhamento psicoeducacional individual. O nível de ansiedade foi medido usando-se o Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) antes da primeira sessão (pré-teste) e após a segunda seção (pós-teste), durante o período de hospitalização. Resultados Houve uma redução significativa no nível de ansiedade após as sessões de aconselhamento no grupo intervenção (p<0,005). Além disso, houve um discreto aumento no nível de ansiedade no grupo controle após o estudo. Conclusão De acordo com os resultados deste estudo, o aconselhamento psicoeducacional pode reduzir de forma significativa o nível de ansiedade em gestantes com pré-eclâmpsia. Assim, recomenda-se que os profissionais de saúde ofereçam esse tipo de intervenção terapêutica para gestantes após a hospitalização, a fim de reduzir o nível de ansiedade e seus desfechos negativos. Registro do ensaio clínico: IRCT2017082029817N3.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Anxiety Disorders/therapy , Pre-Eclampsia/psychology , Psychotherapy/methods , Patient Education as Topic/methods , Counseling/methods , Anxiety Disorders/etiology , Prenatal Care , Treatment Outcome , Middle Aged
9.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 35(5): e00093718, 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001665

ABSTRACT

Resumo: O objetivo foi avaliar o efeito da exposição e do tempo de exposição ao aleitamento materno na ocorrência de transtornos mentais comuns (TMC) entre adolescentes escolares brasileiros. Este trabalho analisou dados do Estudo de Riscos Cardiovasculares em Adolescentes (ERICA), avaliando aqueles que tiveram o questionário referente ao aleitamento materno respondido pelos pais ou responsáveis. A presença de TMC foi identificada pelo General Health Questionnaire, versão 12 itens (GHQ-12), considerando-se dois pontos de corte (escores ≥ 3 e ≥ 5). As associações foram testadas em análises bivariadas e por meio de modelos de regressão logística múltipla, com ajustes por variáveis potenciais de confusão. Dentre os 41.723 adolescentes avaliados, a maioria foi composta por estudantes do sexo feminino (54,6%), que tinham idades entre 12 e 15 anos (71%), estudavam em escolas públicas (83,1%), residiam na Região Sudeste (51,9%) e eram das classes econômicas B (53,8%) e C (34,1%). Cerca de metade das mães dos adolescentes não tinha o ensino médio completo (51,7%). O grupo de adolescentes com mais de seis meses de aleitamento materno (51,8%) apresentou uma menor prevalência de TMC para os dois pontos de corte do GHQ-12 avaliados, quando comparado com o grupo que não recebeu aleitamento materno ou que o recebeu por período ≤ 1 mês (RI = 0,82; IC95%:0,69-0,97 e RI = 0,74; IC95%: 0,59-0,91 para 3 e 5 pontos, respectivamente). O aleitamento materno prolongado parece desempenhar um papel protetor para a ocorrência de TMC na adolescência.


Abstract: This article sought to evaluate the effect of exposure, and exposure time, to breastfeeding on the occurrence of common mental disorders (CMD) among Brazilian adolescents enrolled in school. This study analyzed data from the Study of Cardiovascular Risk in Adolescents (ERICA), evaluating those whose questionnaire regarding breastfeeding had been filled out by parents or guardians. The presence of CMD was identified using the General Health Questionnaire, version 12 items (GHQ-12), and we considered two cutoff points (scores ≥ 3 and ≥ 5). We tested the associations in bivariate analyses and through multiple logistical regression models, adjusting for potential confounding variables. Of the 41,723 adolescents we evaluated, most were students of the female sex (54.6%), aged between 12 and 15 years (71%), attended public schools (83.1%), resided in the Southeastern region (51.9%) and belonged to the economic classes B (53.8%) and C (34.1%). Around half of the adolescents' mothers had not completed their secondary education (51.7%). The group of adolescents who were breastfed for more than six months (51.8%) had a lower CMD prevalence for both GHQ-12 cutoff points, when compared with the group who were not breastfed or who were breastfed for ≤ 1 month (IR = 0.82; 95%CI: 0.69-0.97 and IR = 0.74; 95%CI: 0.59-0.91 for 3 and 5 points, respectively). Prolonged breastfeeding seems to play a protective role on the occurrence of CMD in adolescence.


Resumen: El objetivo fue evaluar el efecto de la exposición y del tiempo de exposición a la lactancia materna en la ocurrencia de trastornos mentales comunes (TMC) entre adolescentes escolares brasileñas. Este trabajo analizó datos del Estudio de Riesgos Cardiovasculares en Adolescentes (ERICA), evaluando aquellos, cuyo cuestionario -referente a la lactancia materna- había sido respondido por los padres o responsables legales. La presencia de TMC fue identificada por el General Health Questionnaire, versión 12 ítems (GHQ-12), considerándose dos puntos de corte (puntuaciones ≥ 3 y ≥ 5). Las asociaciones fueron probadas en análisis bivariados, y a través de modelos de regresión logística múltiple, con ajustes por variables potenciales de confusión. Entre los 41.723 adolescentes evaluados, la mayoría estuvo compuesta por estudiantes que eran del sexo femenino (54,6%), que tenían una edad entre 12 y 15 años (71%), estudiaban en escuelas públicas (83,1%), residían en la región Sudeste (51,9%) y eran de las clases económicas B (53,8%) y C (34,1%). Cerca de la mitad de las madres de los adolescentes no contaba con la enseñanza media completa (51,7%). El grupo de adolescentes con más de seis meses de lactancia materna (51,8%) presentó una menor prevalencia de TMC para los dos puntos de corte del GHQ-12 evaluados, cuando se comparan con el grupo que no recibió lactancia materna o que la recibió durante un período ≤ 1 mes (RI = 0,82; IC95%: 0,69-0,97 y RI = 0,74 y IC95%: 0,59-0,91 para 3 y 5 puntos, respectivamente). La lactancia materna prolongada parece desempeñar un papel protector para la ocurrencia de TMC en la adolescencia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Breast Feeding/statistics & numerical data , Mental Disorders/prevention & control , Anxiety Disorders/etiology , Anxiety Disorders/prevention & control , Socioeconomic Factors , Time Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Surveys and Questionnaires , Adolescent Health , Depressive Disorder/etiology , Depressive Disorder/prevention & control , Mental Disorders/etiology , Mental Disorders/epidemiology
10.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(9): e8533, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019571

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of a newly designed intensive caregiver education program (ICEP) on reducing cognitive impairment, anxiety, and depression in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients. One hundred and ninety-six AIS patients were divided into ICEP group and Control group in a 1:1 ratio using blocked randomization method. In the ICEP group, the caregivers received ICEP, while in the Control group caregivers received usual education and guidance. All patients received conventional rehabilitation treatment. Cognitive impairment (assessed by Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) score and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) score), anxiety (assessed by Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)-A score and Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) score), and depression (assessed by HADS-D score and Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) score) were assessed at baseline (M0), 3 months (M3), 6 months (M6), and 12 months (M12). Cognitive impairment score at M12 and cognitive impairment score change (M12-M0) were increased, while cognitive impairment rate at M12 was reduced in the ICEP group compared with the Control group. Anxiety score change (M12-M0), anxiety score at M12, and anxiety rate at M12 were decreased in the ICEP group compared with the Control group. Depression score change (M12-M0), depression score at M12, and depression rate at M12 were lower in the ICEP group compared with the Control group. Further subgroup analysis based on baseline features also provided similar results. In conclusion, ICEP effectively reduced cognitive impairment, anxiety, and depression in AIS patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Anxiety/prevention & control , Anxiety Disorders/prevention & control , Health Education/methods , Caregivers , Stroke/nursing , Depressive Disorder/prevention & control , Cognitive Dysfunction/prevention & control , Anxiety/etiology , Anxiety Disorders/etiology , Case-Control Studies , Stroke/complications , Stroke/psychology , Depressive Disorder/etiology , Cognitive Dysfunction/etiology , Stroke Rehabilitation , Neuropsychological Tests
11.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 40(4): 349-353, Oct.-Dec. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-959250

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the association between abuse of and dependence on different psychoactive substances and the presence of anxiety disorders in a sample of young adults from a city in southern Brazil. Methods: Between 2007 and 2009, we carried out a cross-sectional, population-based study of individuals aged 18-24 years who lived in Pelotas, a city in southern Brazil. We evaluated anxiety disorders using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview 5.0 (MINI), and use of psychoactive substances with the Alcohol, Smoking, and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST 2.0/0MS). We used Fisher's exact test for univariate analysis, and Poisson regression models with robust variance for multivariable analysis. Results: The sample consisted of 1,560 young adults. The overall prevalence of abuse/dependence was 26.9% for alcohol, 24.9% for tobacco, and 7.3% for illicit substances. Individuals with agoraphobia had a 32% higher prevalence of tobacco abuse/dependence (prevalence ratio [PR] = 1.32 [95%CI 1.01-1.74]). Individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) had a 2.41-fold (95%CI 1.22-4.77) and 1.76-fold (95%CI 1.00-3.11) higher prevalence of illicit substance abuse/dependence, respectively. Conclusion: In this population-based sample, we found associations between GAD, PTSD, and increased prevalence of illicit substance abuse/dependence. In addition, individuals with agoraphobia seem to have increased tobacco abuse/dependence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Young Adult , Anxiety Disorders/epidemiology , Psychotropic Drugs/adverse effects , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/epidemiology , Tobacco Use Disorder/epidemiology , Alcohol-Related Disorders/epidemiology , Anxiety Disorders/complications , Anxiety Disorders/etiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Cluster Analysis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Alcohol-Related Disorders/complications , Agoraphobia/complications , Agoraphobia/etiology , Agoraphobia/epidemiology , Interview, Psychological , Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder/complications , Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder/epidemiology
12.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 111(5): 676-683, Nov. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973788

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Among patients with heart disease, depression and anxiety disorders are highly prevalent and persistent. Both depression and anxiety play a significant role in cardiovascular disease progression and are acknowledged to be independent risk factors. However, there is very little gender-related analysis concerning cardiovascular diseases and emotional disorders. Objective: We aimed to evaluate depression and anxiety levels in patients suffering from myocardial infarction [MI] within the first month after the MI and to assess the association between cardiovascular disease risk factors, demographic indicators and emotional disorders, as well as to determine whether there are gender-based differences or similarities. Methods: This survey included demographic questions, clinical characteristics, questions about cardiovascular disease risk factors and the use of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale [HADS]. All statistical tests were two-sided, and p values < 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results: It was determined that 71.4% of female and 60.4% of male patients had concomitant anxiety and/or depression symptomatology (p = 0.006). Using men as the reference point, women had an elevated risk of having some type of psychiatric disorder (odds ratio, 2.86, p = 0.007). The HADS-D score was notably higher in women (8.66 ± 3.717) than men (6.87 ± 4.531, p = 0.004). It was determined that male patients who developed depression were on average younger than those without depression (p = 0.005). Conclusions: Women demonstrated an elevated risk of having anxiety and/or depression disorder compared to men. Furthermore, depression severity increased with age in men, while anxiety severity decreased. In contrast, depression and anxiety severity was similar for women of all ages after the MI. A higher depression score was associated with diabetes and physical inactivity, whereas a higher anxiety score was associated with smoking in men. Hypercholesterolemia was associated with both higher anxiety and depression scores, and a higher depression score was associated with physical inactivity in women.


Resumo Fundamento: Os pacientes com doença cardíaca, depressão e transtornos de ansiedade são altamente prevalentes e persistentes. A depressão e a ansiedade desempenham um papel significativo na progressão da doença cardiovascular e são reconhecidas como fatores de risco independentes. No entanto, há muito pouca análise relacionada ao gênero em relação às doenças cardiovasculares e transtornos emocionais. Objetivo: Avaliar os níveis de depressão e ansiedade em pacientes com infarto do miocárdio (IM) no primeiro mês após o IM e avaliar a relação entre os fatores de risco para doença cardiovascular, indicadores demográficos e distúrbios emocionais, bem como determinar se existem diferenças ou semelhanças baseadas no sexo do paciente. Métodos: Esta pesquisa incluiu questões demográficas, características clínicas, questões sobre fatores de risco de doença cardiovascular e a Escala Hospitalar de Ansiedade e Depressão [HADS]. Todos os testes estatísticos foram bilaterais, e valores de p < 0,05 foram considerados estatisticamente significativos. Resultados: Determinou-se que 71,4% dos pacientes do sexo feminino e 60,4% dos pacientes do sexo masculino apresentavam sintomatologia concomitante de ansiedade e/ou depressão (p = 0,006). Utilizando os homens como o ponto de referência, as mulheres mostraram um risco elevado de apresentar qualquer distúrbio psiquiátrico (odds ratio, 2,86, p = 0,007). O escore da HADS-D foi notavelmente maior nas mulheres (8,66 ± 3,717) do que nos homens (6,87 ± 4,531, p = 0,004). Foi determinado que os pacientes do sexo masculino que desenvolveram depressão eram em média mais jovens do que aqueles sem depressão (p = 0,005). Conclusões: As mulheres demonstraram risco mais elevado de apresentar distúrbio de ansiedade e/ou depressão em comparação aos homens. Além disso, a gravidade da depressão aumentou com a idade entre os homens, enquanto o gravidade da ansiedade diminuiu. Em contraste, a gravidade da depressão e ansiedade foram semelhantes para mulheres de todas as idades após o IM. Um maior escore de depressão foi associado com diabetes e inatividade física, e o maior escore de ansiedade foi associado ao tabagismo nos homens. A hipercolesterolemia foi associada tanto aos maiores escores de ansiedade e depressão, enquanto um maior escore de depressão foi associado à inatividade física entre mulheres.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anxiety/etiology , Depression/etiology , Myocardial Infarction/complications , Anxiety/diagnosis , Anxiety Disorders/diagnosis , Anxiety Disorders/etiology , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Severity of Illness Index , Smoking , Sex Factors , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Diabetes Complications/complications , Depression/diagnosis , Depressive Disorder/diagnosis , Depressive Disorder/etiology , Diabetes Mellitus , Sedentary Behavior , Hypercholesterolemia/complications
13.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 51(3): 357-360, Apr.-June 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041469

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Studies have linked human T-cell lymphotropic virus type-1 (HTLV-1) to psychiatric disease. METHODS: Patients with HTLV-1 were compared to patients seen by family doctors using a semi-structured questionnaire and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. RESULTS: Participants with (n=58) and without (n=340) HTLV were compared. Anxiety and depression were associated with greater age, being a woman, spastic paraparesis (depression: PR=4.50, 95% CI: 3.10-6.53; anxiety: PR=2.96, 95% CI: 2.08-4.21), and asymptomatic HTLV (depression: PR=4.34, 95% CI: 3.02-6.24; anxiety: PR=2.81, 95% CI: 2.06-3.85). CONCLUSIONS: Symptomatic and asymptomatic patients with HTLV-1 experienced more anxiety and depression than uninfected patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Anxiety Disorders/etiology , HTLV-I Infections/complications , Depressive Disorder/etiology , Anxiety Disorders/psychology , HTLV-I Infections/psychology , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Depressive Disorder/psychology , Educational Status
14.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 40(1): 72-77, Jan.-Mar. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-899398

ABSTRACT

Objective: Extensive research has implicated identification with characters in mass media in the emergence of disordered eating behavior in adolescents. We explored the possible influence of the models offered by television (TV) on adolescents' body image, body uneasiness, eating-disordered behavior, depression, and anxiety. Methods: Three hundred and one adolescents (aged 14-19) from southern Italy participated. They completed a questionnaire on media exposure and body dissatisfaction, the Eating Disorder Inventory-2, the Body Uneasiness Test, the Beck Depression Inventory, and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory - Form Y. Results: The main factors contributing to females' eating-disordered behaviors were their own desires to be similar to TV characters, the amount of reality and entertainment TV they watched, and the discrepancy between their perceptions of their bodies and those of TV characters. Friends' desire to be similar to TV characters contributed most to depression, anxiety, body uneasiness, and eating disorders for both males and females. Conclusion: Our data confirm that extensive watching of reality and entertainment TV correlates with eating-disordered behavior among females. Moreover, the well-known negative effects of the media on adolescents' eating-disordered behaviors may also be indirectly transmitted by friends who share identification with TV characters.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Anxiety Disorders/etiology , Television , Body Image , Feeding and Eating Disorders/etiology , Depression/etiology , Depressive Disorder/etiology , Anxiety Disorders/psychology , Students/statistics & numerical data , Feeding and Eating Disorders/psychology , Body Mass Index , Sex Factors , Surveys and Questionnaires , Adolescent Behavior/psychology , Depression/psychology , Depressive Disorder/psychology , Feeding Behavior , Italy , Mass Media
15.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 15(1): 58-60, Jan.-Mar. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840295

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To investigate the frequency of anxiety and depression and their association with clinical features of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Methods This is a cross-sectional and descriptive study including a consecutive series of patients with sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis according to Awaji’s criteria. Patients underwent clinical and psychiatric assessment (anxiety and depression symptoms). Results We included 76 patients. The men/women ratio was 1.6:1. Participants’ mean age at disease onset was 55 years (SD±12.1). Sixty-six patients (86.8%) were able to complete psychiatric evaluation. Clinically significant anxiety was found in 23 patients (34.8%) while clinically significant depression was found in 24 patients (36.4%). When we compared patients with and without depression a significant difference was seen only in the frequency of anxiety symptoms (p<0.001). We did further analysis comparing subgroups of patients classified according to the presence or not of anxiety and or depression, without any significant difference regarding sex, age at onset, initial form, disease duration or functional measures. A positive correlation between anxiety and depressive symptoms was found (p<0.001). Conclusion Anxiety and depressive symptoms were highly correlated and frequent in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. In addition, anxiety and depression were not associated with disease duration and presentation, sex, age at onset, and functional score.


RESUMO Objetivo Investigar a frequência de ansiedade e depressão e sua associação com aspectos clínicos da esclerose lateral amiotrófica. Métodos Estudo transversal e descritivo de uma série consecutiva de pacientes com esclerose lateral amiotrófica esporádica conforme os critérios de Awaji. Os pacientes foram submetidos à avaliação clínica e psiquiátrica (sintomas depressivos e ansiosos). Resultados Foram incluídos 76 pacientes. A relação homem/mulher foi de 1,6:1. A média de idade de início dos sintomas foi de 55 anos (DP±12,1). Foram capazes de completar a avaliação psiquiátrica 66 (86,8%) pacientes. Ansiedade clinicamente significativa foi encontrada em 23 pacientes (34,8%), enquanto depressão clinicamente significativa foi encontrada em 24 pacientes (36,4%). Ao comparar os pacientes com e sem depressão, houve diferença significativa apenas na frequência de sintomas de ansiedade (p<0,001). Posteriormente, foram comparados subgrupos de pacientes categorizados em relação à presença ou não de ansiedade e/ou depressão, sem diferença significativa em relação a sexo, idade de início dos sintomas, forma inicial, duração da doença ou na escala funcional. Foi encontrada correlação positiva entre os sintomas de ansiedade e depressão (p<0,001). Conclusão Sintomas de ansiedade e depressão são frequentes em pacientes com esclerose lateral amiotrófica e estiveram altamente correlacionados. Ansiedade e depressão não foram associadas com duração da doença, forma inicial, sexo, idade de início dos sintomas e pontuação na escala funcional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anxiety Disorders/etiology , Anxiety Disorders/epidemiology , Depressive Disorder/etiology , Depressive Disorder/epidemiology , Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis/psychology , Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis/epidemiology , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Reference Values , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Age of Onset , Statistics, Nonparametric , Middle Aged
16.
São Paulo med. j ; 134(5): 423-429, Sept.-Oct. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-830893

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Diabetes mellitus and depressive disorders frequently coexist. However, this relationship has been little evaluated across stages of hyperglycemia and for a broad range of common mental disorders (CMDs). The objective here was to investigate the association between CMDs and stages of glycemia. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study conducted among civil servants aged 35-74 years participating in the ELSA-Brasil cohort. METHODS: CMDs were classified using the Clinical Interview Schedule - Revised (CIS-R). Glycemia was classified in stages as normal, intermediate hyperglycemia, newly classified diabetes or previously known diabetes, based on oral glucose tolerance testing, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), self-reported diabetes and medication use. Blood glucose control was assessed according to HbA1c. RESULTS: CMDs were most prevalent in individuals with previously known diabetes. After adjustments, associations weakened considerably and remained significant only for those with a CIS-R score ≥ 12 (prevalence ratio, PR: 1.15; 95% confidence interval, CI: 1.03-1.29). Intermediate hyperglycemia did not show any association with CMDs. For individuals with previously known diabetes and newly classified diabetes, for every 1% increase in HbA1c, the prevalence of depressive disorders became, respectively, 12% and 23% greater (PR: 1.12; 95% CI: 1.00-1.26; and PR: 1.23; 95% CI: 1.04-1.44). CONCLUSION: Individuals with previously known diabetes had higher CIS-R scores. Among all individuals with diabetes, worse blood glucose control was correlated with depressive disorder. No relationship between intermediate hyperglycemia and CMDs was observed, thus suggesting that causal processes relating to CMDs, if present, must act more proximally to diabetes onset.


RESUMO CONTEXTO E OBJETIVO: Diabetes mellitus e transtornos depressivos frequentemente coexistem. No entanto, essa relação tem sido pouco avaliada nos estágios hiperglicêmicos e em uma amplitude maior de transtornos mentais comuns (TMCs). O objetivo foi investigar a associação entre TMCs e estágios de glicemia. TIPO DE ESTUDO E LOCAL: Estudo transversal realizado com funcionários públicos com idade entre 35-74 anos participantes da coorte ELSA-Brasil. MÉTODOS: TMCs foram classificados usando o instrumento Clinical Interview Schedule - Revised (CIS-R). Para a classificação dos estágios de glicemia, foi utilizado o teste de tolerância a glicose, hemoglobina glicada (HbA1c), relato pessoal de diabetes e uso de medicamentos. A glicemia foi categorizada como: normal, hiperglicemia intermediária, classificação nova de diabetes, e diabetes prévio. Controle glicêmico foi avaliado pela HbA1c. RESULTADOS: TMCs foram mais prevalentes nos pacientes com diabetes prévio. Após ajustes, as associações foram consideravelmente enfraquecidas, permanecendo significativas somente para aqueles com escore do CIS-R ≥ 12 (razão de prevalência, RP: 1,15; intervalo de confiança de 95%, IC: 1,03-1,29). Hiperglicemia intermediária não teve associação com CMDs. Para aqueles com diabetes prévio e classificação nova de diabetes, para cada aumento de 1% na HbA1c, a prevalência de transtorno depressivo foi, respectivamente, 12% e 23% maior (RP: 1,12; IC: 1,00-1,26 e RP: 1,23; IC: 1,04-1,44). CONCLUSÃO: Aqueles com diabetes prévio tiveram escore do CIS-R mais elevado. Entre todos com diabetes, o controle glicêmico pior foi relacionado ao transtorno depressivo. Não foi observada relação entre hiperglicemia intermediária e TMCs, sugerindo que a relação causal relacionada aos TMCs, se presente, deve agir de forma mais próxima ao início de diabetes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Anxiety Disorders/etiology , Anxiety Disorders/blood , Diabetes Complications/physiopathology , Depressive Disorder/etiology , Depressive Disorder/blood , Hyperglycemia/complications , Anxiety Disorders/physiopathology , Blood Glucose/analysis , Brazil , Glycated Hemoglobin , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Depressive Disorder/physiopathology , Glucose Tolerance Test , Hyperglycemia/physiopathology
17.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 23(5): 855-864, Sept.-Oct. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: lil-763270

ABSTRACT

Objective: to identify the relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder, trait and state anxiety, and intimate partner violence during pregnancy.Method: observational, cross-sectional study developed with 358 pregnant women. The Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist - Civilian Version was used, as well as the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and an adapted version of the instrument used in the World Health Organization Multi-country Study on Women's Health and Domestic Violence.Results: after adjusting to the multiple logistic regression model, intimate partner violence, occurred during pregnancy, was associated with the indication of posttraumatic stress disorder. The adjusted multiple linear regression models showed that the victims of violence, in the current pregnancy, had higher symptom scores of trait and state anxiety than non-victims.Conclusion: recognizing the intimate partner violence as a clinically relevant and identifiable risk factor for the occurrence of anxiety disorders during pregnancy can be a first step in the prevention thereof.


Objetivo: identificar a relação entre transtorno de estresse pós-traumático, ansiedade-traço e estado e violência por parceiro íntimo, durante a gestação.Método: estudo observacional e transversal, desenvolvido com 358 gestantes. Foram utilizados o Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist - Civilian Version, o Inventário de Ansiedade Traço-Estado e uma versão adaptada do instrumento usado no World Health Organization Multi-country Study on Women's Health and Domestic Violence.Resultados: após se ajustar ao modelo de regressão logística múltipla, a violência por parceiro íntimo, ocorrida durante a gestação, associou-se com o indicativo de transtorno de estresse pós-traumático. Os modelos de regressão linear múltipla ajustados evidenciaram que as vítimas de violência, na atual gestação, apresentaram maiores escores dos sintomas de ansiedade-traço e estado do que as não vítimas.Conclusão: reconhecer a violência por parceiro íntimo como um fator de risco clinicamente relevante e identificável, para a ocorrência de transtornos ansiosos, durante a gestação, pode ser um primeiro passo na prevenção desses problemas.


Objetivos: identificar la relación entre el trastorno de estrés postraumático, ansiedad estado-rasgo y la convivencia con pareja íntima violenta durante el embarazo.Método: estudio observacional y transversal, desarrollado con 358 mujeres embarazadas. Fueran utilizados el Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist - Civilian Version, el Inventario de Ansiedad Estado-Rasgo y una versión adaptada del instrumento utilizado por World Health Organization Multi-country Study on Women's Health and Domestic Violence.Resultados: después de ajustar el modelo de regresión logística múltiple, el comportamiento violento de las parejas, que se produjo durante el embarazo, se asoció con la indicación de trastorno de estrés postraumático. Los modelos de regresión lineal múltiple ajustados evidenciaron que las víctimas de violencia, en el embarazo actual, tenían una puntuación más alta de síntomas de ansiedad estado-rasgo que las que no son o no fueran víctimas de violencia.Conclusión: reconocer que la pareja íntima violenta es factor de riesgo clínicamente relevante e identificable para la aparición de los trastornos de ansiedad durante el embarazo y que puede ser un primer paso en la prevención de esos problemas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Anxiety Disorders/etiology , Anxiety Disorders/epidemiology , Pregnancy Complications/etiology , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/etiology , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/epidemiology , Intimate Partner Violence/statistics & numerical data , Nursing Staff/education , Pregnancy Complications/psychology , Vocational Education , Cross-Sectional Studies
18.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 37(3): 203-210, July-Sept. 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-759434

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between individual and co-occurring childhood sexual, physical, and verbal abuse, prenatal depressive (PDS) and anxiety symptoms (PAS), and history of suicidal behavior (HSB) among Mexican pregnant women at risk of depression.Methods:A sample of 357 women screened for PDS was interviewed using the Childhood Experience of Care and Abuse Questionnaire (CECA-Q), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II), the anxiety subscale of the Hopkins Symptoms Checklist (SCL-90), and specific questions on verbal abuse and HSB.Results:Logistic regression analyses showed that women who had experienced childhood sexual abuse (CSA) were 2.60 times more likely to develop PDS, 2.58 times more likely to develop PAS, and 3.71 times more likely to have HSB. Childhood physical abuse (CPA) increased the risk of PAS (odds ratio [OR] = 2.51) and HSB (OR = 2.62), while childhood verbal abuse (CVA) increased PDS (OR = 1.92). Experiencing multiple abuses increased the risk of PDS (OR = 3.01), PAS (OR = 3.73), and HSB (OR = 13.73).Conclusions:Childhood sexual, physical, and verbal abuse, especially when they co-occur, have an impact on PDS and PAS and lifetime HSB. These findings suggest that pregnant women at risk for depression should also be screened for trauma as a risk factor for perinatal psychopathology.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Young Adult , Adult Survivors of Child Abuse/psychology , Anxiety Disorders/etiology , Depressive Disorder/etiology , Pregnancy Complications/psychology , Pregnant Women/psychology , Suicidal Ideation , Suicide, Attempted , Anxiety Disorders/psychology , Depressive Disorder/psychology , Mexico , Prenatal Diagnosis/psychology , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Risk , Stress Disorders, Traumatic/etiology , Stress Disorders, Traumatic/psychology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Test Anxiety Scale
19.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 7(2): 2591-2602, abr.-jun. 2015. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: lil-755398

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the understanding of the concept of spiritual distress and existing methods toidentify it. Method: it is an integrative literature review conducted in LILACS, MEDLINE, BDENf, CINAHL,IBECS, PUBMED, using the terms "spiritual distress", "spiritual suffering", together with the descriptor: nursing. Results: after analysis of 30 articles, nine were selected, and only four (44.4%) conceptualized spiritual distress, some using more than one concept, with the deficiencies in the constructs of transcendence, connection, beliefs/values systems, sense of meaning and purpose in life that most prevailed. Strategies to identify the phenomenon range from close observation of the patient to the application of psychometric assessment instruments. Conclusion: he combined use of all methods will enable healthcare professionals to have the means to identify and assess spiritual distress and thus offer care that meets the spiritual needs of the patient.


Objetivo: Investigar sobre a compreensão do conceito de angústia espiritual e os métodos existentes para identificá-la. Método: trata-se de uma revisão integrativa de literatura realizada nas bases de dados LILACS, MEDLINE, BDENF, CINAHL, IBECS, PUBMED, utilizando os termos: “angústia espiritual” (spiritual distress), “sofrimento espiritual” (spiritual suffering), juntamente com o descritor: enfermagem (nursing). Resultados: após análise de 30 artigos, nove foram selecionados, apenas quatro (44,4%) conceituaram a angústia espiritual, alguns utilizaram mais de uma conceituação, sendo as deficiências nos construtos de transcendência, conexão, sistemas de crenças/valores, senso de significado e propósito na vida que mais prevaleceram. Estratégias para identificar o fenômeno abrangem desde observação atentado paciente até a aplicação de instrumentos de avaliação psicométricas. Conclusão: a utilização combinada de todos os métodos possibilitará que profissionais da área da saúde tenham meios de identificar e avaliar a angústia espiritual e assim oferecer um cuidado que supra a necessidade espiritual do paciente.


Objetivo: Investigar la comprensión del concepto de la angustia espiritual y los métodos existentes para identificarlo. Método: Se trata de una revisión integradora de la literatura realizada en las bases de datos LILACS, MEDLINE, BDENF, CINAHL, IBECS, PUBMED, usando los términos "angustia espiritual" (spiritual distress), "sufrimiento espiritual" (spiritual suffering), junto con el descriptor: enfermería (nursing). Resultados: después del análisis de 30 artículos, se seleccionaron nueve, sólo cuatro (44,4%) conceptuaran la angustia espiritual, algunas utilizaran más de un concepto, siendo las diferencias en los conceptos de trascendencia, conexión, sistemas de creencia/valores, el concepto de significado y propósito en la vida que más prevalecieron. Estrategias para identificar el fenómeno abarcan desde una estrecha observación del paciente hasta la aplicación de los instrumentos de evaluación psicométricas. Conclusión: El uso combinado de todos los métodos permiten a los profesionales de la salud que tengan medios para identificar y evaluar la angustia espiritual y así ofrecer una atención que responda a las necesidades espirituales del paciente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Life Change Events , Spirituality , Stress, Psychological/nursing , Stress, Psychological/etiology , Anxiety Disorders/nursing , Anxiety Disorders/etiology , Brazil , Spiritual Therapies/nursing , Spiritual Therapies/methods
20.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 36(4): 305-312, Oct-Dec/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-730597

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate whether internalizing disorders are associated with quality of life (QoL) in adolescents, even after accounting for shared risk factors. Methods: The sample comprised 102 adolescents from a community cross-sectional study with an oversampling of anxious subjects. Risk factors previously associated with QoL were assessed and divided into five blocks organized hierarchically from proximal to distal sets of risk factors. Results: Multiple regression analysis yielded a hierarchical model accounting for 72% of QoL variance. All blocks were consistently associated with QoL (p < 0.05), accounting for the following percentages of variance: 12% for demographics; 5.2% for family environment; 37.8% for stressful events; 10% for nutritional and health habits; and 64.2% for dimensional psychopathological symptoms or 22.8% for psychiatric diagnoses (dichotomous). Although most of the QoL variance attributed to internalizing symptoms was explained by the four proximal blocks in the hierarchical model (43.2%), about 21% of the variance was independently associated with internalizing symptoms/diagnoses. Conclusions: QoL is associated with several aspects of adolescent life that were largely predicted by our hierarchical model. Our findings reinforce the hypothesis that internalizing disorders and internalizing symptoms in adolescents have a high impact on QoL and deserve proper clinical attention. .


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Anxiety Disorders/psychology , Depressive Disorder/psychology , Quality of Life/psychology , Anxiety Disorders/etiology , Anxiety Disorders/physiopathology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Depressive Disorder/etiology , Depressive Disorder/physiopathology , Feeding Behavior , Life Change Events , Models, Psychological , Predictive Value of Tests , Surveys and Questionnaires , Regression Analysis , Risk Factors , Self-Assessment , Social Environment
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