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1.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 18(6): 942-956, nov.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), CUMED | ID: biblio-1093918

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los estudiantes de medicina suelen ser vulnerables a sufrir trastornos de salud mental como la ansiedad y una mala calidad de sueño. Ambos pueden repercutir negativamente en su conducta alimentaria, lo cual podría generar problemas de anemia a mediano o largo plazo durante su carrera. Objetivo: Conocer la prevalencia de ansiedad y mala calidad de sueño y evaluar la asociación con la presencia de anemia en estudiantes de medicina de una universidad pública peruana. Material y Métodos: Estudio transversal analítico realizado en 80 estudiantes de medicina del primer al cuarto año. Usamos el Inventario de Ansiedad de Beck (BAI) y el Índice de Calidad de Sueño de Pittsburgh (ICSP) para evaluar síntomas de ansiedad y la calidad de sueño, respectivamente. Incluimos también data sociodemográfica, académica y conductual. Así mismo, determinamos la presencia de anemia a través de la obtención de hemoglobina, siguiendo los procedimientos estipulados por el Ministerio de Salud. Resultados: Encontramos que el porcentaje de ansiedad y mala calidad de sueño fueron de 62,5 por ciento y 63,7 por ciento, respectivamente. Ser mujer (RPa: 1,39; 95 por ciento CI: 1,01-1,91) y tener anemia moderada (RPa: 1,31; CI 95 por ciento: 1,06-1,64) se asociaron a tener ansiedad. Por su parte, los factores asociados a una mala calidad de sueño fueron estar en Clínicas (RPa: 1,54; CI 95 por ciento: 1,17-2,02) y tener anemia moderada (RPa: 1,52; CI 95 por ciento: 1,09-2,11). Conclusión: La ansiedad y la calidad de sueño fueron problemas frecuentes en los estudiantes de medicina evaluados. Tener anemia moderada fue un factor asociado para ambos casos(AU)


Introduction: Medical students are often vulnerable to mental health disorders such as anxiety and poor sleep quality. Both can have a negative impact on their eating behavior, which could generate middle- and long-term anemia-related problems during their studies. Objective: To identify the prevalence of anxiety and poor sleep quality and to evaluate the association with anemia in medical students of a Peruvian public university. Material and Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional analytical study in 80 medical students from the first to the fourth year. We used the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) to assess anxiety symptoms and sleep quality, respectively. We also included sociodemographic, academic, and behavioral data. Likewise, we determined the presence of anemia by obtaining hemoglobin results, following the procedures stipulated by the Peruvian Ministry of Health. Results: We found a percentage of anxiety and poor sleep quality of 62.5 percent and 63,7 percent , respectively. To be female (RPa: 1,39; 95 percent CI: 1,01-1,91) and to have moderate anemia (PRa: 1,31; 95 percent CI: 1,06-1,64) were associated with anxiety. On the other hand, the factors associated with poor sleep quality were to be located in Clinics (PRa: 1,54, 95 percent CI: 1,17-2,02) and to have moderate anemia (PRa: 1,52, CI95 percent : 1,09-2,11). Conclusion: Anxiety and sleep quality were frequent problems in the medical students studied. Moderate anemia was an associated factor for both cases(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Anxiety/complications , Students, Medical/psychology , Sleep Hygiene/ethics , Anemia/complications , Anxiety/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies
2.
Arch. Clin. Psychiatry (Impr.) ; 46(2): 40-43, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1011146

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives The aim of the present study was to evaluate the associations of parental bonding and adolescents' Internet addiction symptoms with depression and anxiety in parents of adolescents with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Methods Parental depression and anxiety symptoms, parental bonding, and adolescents' Internet addiction symptoms were assessed in 46 parent-child dyads using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI), and Chen Internet Addiction Scale, respectively. Forward stepwise multiple regression analysis was used to examine the associations of parental bonding and adolescents' Internet addiction symptoms with parental depression and anxiety. Results Low care/affection on the PBI was significantly associated with parental depression, and overprotection on the PBI and adolescents' Internet addiction were significantly associated with parental anxiety. Discussion Parental bonding and adolescents' Internet addiction are related to depression and anxiety in parents of adolescents with ADHD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Anxiety/complications , Behavior, Addictive/etiology , Depression/complications , Family Relations/psychology , Anxiety/diagnosis , Parents/psychology , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity , Internet , Depression/diagnosis
3.
ABCS health sci ; 43(3): 181-185, 20 dez 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-967947

ABSTRACT

A ansiedade é caracterizada pelo sentimento de tensão, nervosismo, apreensão e preocupação que pode alterar a modulação do sistema nervoso autônomo sobre a condução elétrica ligada ao coração, determinando a intensidade nos batimentos cardíacos modificando a variabilidade da frequência cardíaca que é um importante indicador de condições normais e patológicas. Assim, o objetivo do estudo foi analisar a relação existente entre a ansiedade e o processo de regulação autonômica cardíaca. Este estudo trata-se de uma revisão integrativa desenvolvido por meio de buscas nas bases de dados da Lilacs, Medline e SciELO, com os descritores em ciências da saúde e operador booleano: ansiedade AND frequência cardíaca e, ansiedade AND sistema nervoso autônomo. A busca foi realizada durante o mês de setembro de 2017, sendo incluídos artigos disponíveis na íntegra; em português e inglês e; publicados nos últimos 06 anos. Excluiu-se artigos que não fossem originais, teses, dissertações e monografias. Obteve-se um total de 10 artigos, nos quais observou-se que a ansiedade altera a resposta autonômica, assim quando o corpo entra em tensão, aumenta-se a frequência cardíaca, o predomínio do sistema simpático e no relaxamento ocorre o domínio parassimpático. Assim indivíduos portadores de ansiedade apresentam menor variação na frequência cardíaca e possuem uma capacidade menor de interação social. Com isto, evidencia-se uma baixa adaptação do sistema nervoso autônomo em casos de ansiedade, sendo que a variabilidade da frequência cardíaca encontra-se reduzida; condição esta que pode ser classificada como patológica.


The anxiety is characterized by the sensation of tension, nervousness, apprehension and worry that can alter the modulation of autonomic nervous system on the electrical conduction linked to the heart, determining the intensity in the heart beats modifying the heart rate variability, which is an important indicator of conditions normal and pathological. Thus, the study objective is to analyze the relationship between anxiety and the process of autonomic cardiac regulation. This study is an integrative review developed through searches in the databases of Lilacs, Medline and SciELO, with the descriptors in health sciences and boolean operator: anxiety AND heart rate and anxiety AND autonomic nervous system. The search was performed during the month of September of 2017, being included articles available in full; in Portuguese and English and; published in the last 6 years. Was excluded articles that were not original, theses, dissertations and monographs. Was obtained a total of 10 articles, in which it was observed that anxiety alters the autonomic response, so when the body is in tension, increases your heart rate, the predominance of the sympathetic system and in the relaxation occurs the domain of the parasympathetic. Thus, individuals with anxiety present lower variation in heart rate and have a lower capacity for social interaction. With this, it is evident a low adaptation of the autonomic nervous system in cases of anxiety, being that the variability of the heart rate is reduced; condition that can be classified as pathological.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anxiety , Anxiety/complications , Anxiety/physiopathology , Autonomic Nervous System/physiopathology , Heart Rate
4.
Trends psychiatry psychother. (Impr.) ; 40(1): 16-20, Jan.-Mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-904606

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The current study presents the translation and adaptation of the 20-item Taiwan version of the Borderline Personality Inventory (BPI) into Brazilian Portuguese (BPI-P). Methods After translation and back-translation, the Brazilian Portuguese version was administered to three samples: patients with borderline personality disorder, psychiatric patients with comorbid substance use disorder and volunteers with no reported mental disorders. Results Significant differences between groups for borderline scores (analysis of variance [ANOVA], F = 52.923, p = 0.01) were found but there were no significant correlations between scores for borderline personality disorder and alcohol or nicotine dependence. The BPI-P had satisfactory validity for borderline personality disorder, even when anxiety and depression were present, with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.931 at a cutoff point of 14. Conclusion This study provides support for the potential utility of the BPI-P as a screening instrument for clinical practice in Portuguese speaking countries, including outpatients with alcohol and nicotine use disorders in early or sustained remission.


Resumo Objetivo Este estudo apresenta a tradução e adaptação do Inventário de Taiwan para Transtorno de Personalidade Borderline (IPB) de 20 itens, para o português brasileiro (IPB-P). Métodos Após tradução e retrotradução, a versão em português brasileiro foi aplicada em três amostras: pacientes com transtorno de personalidade borderline, pacientes psiquiátricos com comorbidade de transtorno de uso de substâncias e voluntários sem transtornos mentais relatados. Resultados Diferenças significantes entre os grupos em relação aos graus para borderline (análise de variância [ANOVA], F = 52,923, p = 0,01) foram encontradas mas não houve correlações significantes entre as pontuações para transtorno de personalidade borderline e dependência de álcool ou nicotina. O IPB-P teve uma validade satisfatória para transtorno de personalidade borderline mesmo quando ansiedade e depressão estavam presentes, com uma área sob a ROC (receiver operating characteristic curve) de 0,931 no ponto de corte de 14. Conclusão Este estudo dá suporte para a utilidade potencial do IPB-P como um instrumento de rastreamento para a prática clínica em países de língua portuguesa, incluindo pacientes ambulatoriais com transtorno de uso de álcool e nicotina em remissão precoce ou sustentada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Borderline Personality Disorder/diagnosis , Anxiety/complications , Anxiety/diagnosis , Translating , Borderline Personality Disorder/complications , Borderline Personality Disorder/psychology , Analysis of Variance , Sensitivity and Specificity , Substance-Related Disorders/complications , Substance-Related Disorders/diagnosis , Depression/complications , Depression/diagnosis
5.
Rev. bras. psiquiatr ; 40(1): 1-5, Jan.-Mar. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-899410

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of alcohol abuse and/or dependence in a population-based sample of young adults and assess the prevalence of comorbid mood disorders, anxiety, and suicide risk in this population. Methods: This cross-sectional, population-based study enrolled 1,953 young adults aged 18-35 years. The CAGE questionnaire was used to screen for alcohol abuse and/or dependence, with CAGE scores ≥ 2 considered positive. Psychiatric disorders were investigated through the structured Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI). Results: Alcohol abuse and/or dependence was identified in 187 (9.60%) individuals (5.10% among women and 15.20% among men). Alcohol abuse and/or dependence were more prevalent among men than women, as well as among those who used tobacco, illicit drugs or presented with anxiety disorder, mood disorder, and suicide risk. Conclusion: These findings suggest that alcohol abuse and/or dependence are consistently associated with a higher prevalence of psychiatric comorbidities, could be considered important predictors of other psychiatric disorders, and deserve greater public heath attention, pointing to the need for alcohol abuse prevention programs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Anxiety/epidemiology , Anxiety Disorders/epidemiology , Suicide, Attempted/statistics & numerical data , Mood Disorders/epidemiology , Alcoholism/epidemiology , Anxiety/complications , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Illicit Drugs , Comorbidity , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Alcoholism/psychology
6.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 26: e3040, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-961187

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: to identify the presence of compulsive overeating disorder in patients with cardiovascular diseases and to verify its relation with sociodemographic, clinical variables and the presence of anxiety and depressive symptoms. Method: cross-sectional, correlational study with a sample of 111 patients with cardiovascular diseases. The presence of anxiety and depressive symptoms was assessed by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale instrument and compulsive overeating disorder was assessed through a likert instrument called the Periodic Eating Disorder Scale (Binge Eating Scale). Results: there was a predominance of patients without compulsive overeating disorder (n=91, 82%), followed by moderated compulsive overeating (n=15, 13.5%) and severe (n=5, 4.5%) associating to high levels of body mass index (p=0.010) and the presence of anxiety (p=0.017). Conclusion: Compulsive overeating disorder was present in 18% of the patients, being associated with body mass index and anxiety, suggesting that health professionals should pay attention to the comprehensive evaluation of patients with cardiovascular diseases. Important results emerged from this study, emphasizing the need to implement programs to improve the patients' mental and physical health in both primary and specialized care services.


RESUMO Objetivos: identificar a presença de compulsão alimentar em pacientes com doenças cardiovasculares e verificar sua relação com variáveis sociodemográficas e clínicas e presença de sintomas ansiosos e depressivos. Método: estudo correlacional, de corte transversal, com amostra constituída por 111 pacientes com doenças cardiovasculares. A presença de sintomas ansiosos e depressivos foi avaliada pelo instrumento hospital anxiety and depression scale e a compulsão alimentar foi avaliada por meio de um instrumento likert denominado Escala de compulsão alimentar periódica (binge eating scale). Resultados: houve predomínio de pacientes sem compulsão alimentar (n=91; 82%), seguida da presença de pacientes com compulsão alimentar moderada (n=15; 13,5%) e grave (n=5; 4,5%), sendo associada a níveis elevados de índice de massa corporal (p=0,010) e à presença de sintomas ansiosos (p=0,017). Conclusão: a compulsão alimentar esteve presente em 18% dos pacientes, estando associada ao índice de massa corporal e à ansiedade, sugerindo que os profissionais da saúde devem se atentar para a avaliação integral do paciente com doenças cardiovasculares. Importantes resultados emergiram deste estudo, ressaltando a necessidade da implementação de programas para melhorar a saúde mental e física dos pacientes em serviços de atenção tanto primária como especializada.


RESUMEN Objetivos: identificar la presencia de compulsión alimenticia en pacientes con enfermedades cardiovasculares y verificar su relación con las variables sociodemográficas, clínicas y la presencia de síntomas ansiosos y depresivos. Método: estudio correlacional, de corte transversal, con muestra constituida por 111 pacientes con enfermedades cardiovasculares. La presencia de síntomas ansiosos y depresivos fue evaluada con el instrumento Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale y la compulsión alimenticia fue evaluada por medio de una escala tipo Likert denominada Escala de Compulsión Alimenticia Periódica (Binge Eating Scale). Resultados: hubo predominio de pacientes sin compulsión alimenticia (n=91; 82%), seguida de la presencia de compulsión alimenticia moderada (n=15; 13,5%) y grave (n=5; 4,5%), siendo asociada a niveles elevados de índice de masa corporal (p=0,010) y a la presencia de síntomas ansiosos (p=0,017). Conclusión: la compulsión alimenticia estuvo presente en 18% de los pacientes, estando asociada al índice de masa corporal y a la ansiedad, sugiriendo que los profesionales de la salud deben prestar atención a la evaluación integral del paciente con enfermedades cardiovasculares. Importantes resultados surgieron de ese estudio, destacándose la necesidad de la implementación de programas para mejorar la salud mental y física de los pacientes, tanto en servicios de atención primaria como especializada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anxiety/complications , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Hyperphagia/complications , Depression/complications , Food Addiction/complications , Socioeconomic Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies
7.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 93(5): 452-459, Sept.-Oct. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-894048

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: Maternal depression and anxiety have been found to negatively affect fetal and neonatal growth. However, the independent effects of maternal depression and anxiety on fetal-neonatal growth outcomes and trajectories remain unclear. This study aimed to analyze simultaneously the effects of maternal prenatal depression and anxiety on (1) neonatal growth outcomes, and (2), on fetal-neonatal growth trajectories, from the 2nd trimester of pregnancy to childbirth. Methods: A sample of 172 women was recruited and completed self-reported measures of depression and anxiety during the 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy, and at childbirth. Fetal and neonatal biometrical data were collected from clinical reports at the same assessment moments. Results: Neonates of prenatally anxious mothers showed lower weight (p = 0.006), length (p = 0.025), and ponderal index (p = 0.049) at birth than neonates of prenatally non-anxious mothers. Moreover, fetuses-neonates of high-anxiety mothers showed a lower increase of weight from the 2nd trimester of pregnancy to childbirth than fetuses-neonates of low-anxiety mothers (p < 0.001). Considering maternal depression and anxiety simultaneously, only the effect of maternal anxiety was found on these markers of fetal-neonatal growth outcomes and trajectories. Conclusion: This study demonstrates the independent longitudinal effect of maternal anxiety on major markers of fetal-neonatal growth outcomes and trajectories, simultaneously considering the effect of maternal depression and anxiety.


Resumo Objetivo: Foi constatado que a depressão e ansiedade materna afetam negativamente o crescimento fetal e neonatal. Contudo, o efeito independente da depressão e ansiedade materna sobre os resultados e as trajetórias de crescimento fetal e neonatal continua incerto. Este estudo visou a analisar simultaneamente o efeito da depressão e ansiedade materna pré-natal (1) sobre os resultados de crescimento neonatal e (2) sobre as trajetórias do crescimento fetal-neonatal a partir do 2° trimestre de gravidez até o parto. Métodos: Uma amostra de 172 mulheres foi recrutada e elas relataram graus de depressão e ansiedade no 2° e 3° trimestre de gravidez e parto. Os dados biométricos fetais e neonatais foram coletados dos prontuários clínicos nas mesmas ondas de avaliação. Resultados: Os neonatos de mães ansiosas no período pré-natal mostraram menor peso (p = 0,006), comprimento (p = 0,025) e índice ponderal (p = 0,049) no nascimento do que os neonatos de mães não ansiosas no período pré-natal. Além disso, os neonatos de mães muito ansiosas mostraram um menor aumento de peso do 2° trimestre de gravidez até o parto que os fetos-neonatos de mães pouco ansiosas (p < 0,001). Considerando simultaneamente a depressão e a ansiedade maternal, apenas o efeito da ansiedade materna foi constatado nesses marcadores de resultados e trajetórias de crescimento fetal-neonatal. Conclusão: Este estudo demonstra o efeito longitudinal independente da ansiedade materna sobre os principais marcadores de resultados e trajetórias de crescimento fetal-neonatal, considerando simultaneamente o efeito da depressão e ansiedade materna.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Anxiety/complications , Pregnancy Complications/psychology , Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects , Depression/complications , Fetal Growth Retardation/psychology , Pregnancy Trimester, Second , Socioeconomic Factors , Pregnancy Outcome
8.
Trends psychiatry psychother. (Impr.) ; 39(1): 19-28, Jan.-Mar. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-846399

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to determine which individual characteristics of smokers are associated with their adherence to a support group for smoking cessation. Methods: Smokers from Porto Alegre, Brazil, were invited to participate in a support group for smoking cessation consisting of four weekly sessions. Demographic data, smoking history, presence of tobacco-related diseases, severity of nicotine dependence, stage of motivation, and symptoms of anxiety and depression were evaluated at baseline. Adherence was defined as attendance at group sessions and was measured at the second and fourth sessions of the program. Results: The study recruited 167 smokers who attended the first meeting and met criteria for admission to the study. One hundred and two of the participants returned to the second session and only 55 of those who attended the first meeting completed the four-week program. For immediate adherence (second session), adult smokers over the age of 35 were more likely to adhere to the treatment (p = 0.004), whereas smoking higher numbers of cigarettes per day was associated with lower adherence to attendance at group meetings (p = 0.031). For final adherence (fourth session), only minimal level symptoms of anxiety were associated with a higher likelihood of adherence (p = 0.02). Conclusions: Older smokers, those who smoked fewer cigarettes per day, and those with lower levels of anxiety exhibited higher rates of adherence to a smoking cessation support group.


Resumo Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar quais características individuais de fumantes estão associadas à sua adesão a um grupo de apoio para a cessação do tabagismo. Métodos: Fumantes de Porto Alegre, Brasil, foram convidados a participar de um grupo de apoio para a cessação do tabagismo realizado em quatro reuniões semanais. Dados sociodemográficos, história tabagística, presença de doenças relacionadas ao tabaco, severidade da dependência de nicotina, estágio motivacional e sintomas de ansiedade e depressão foram avaliados no início do estudo. Adesão foi definida como estar presente nas reuniões do grupo, e foi medida na segunda e na quarta sessões do programa. Resultados: O estudo recrutou 167 fumantes que compareceram ao primeiro encontro e preencheram os critérios de inclusão. Desses participantes, 102 retornaram para a segunda sessão, e apenas 55 completaram as quatro semanas do programa. Com relação à adesão imediata (segunda sessão), adultos com idade superior a 35 anos mostraram maior probabilidade de aderir ao tratamento (p = 0.004), enquanto um maior número de cigarros por dia foi associado com menor adesão (p = 0.031). Para a adesão final (quarta sessão), apenas um nível mínimo de ansiedade foi associado com maior probabilidade de adesão (p = 0.02). Conclusões: Fumantes mais velhos, que fumavam menos cigarros por dia, e com menores níveis de ansiedade exibiram maiores taxas de adesão ao programa de apoio para a cessação do tabagismo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Self-Help Groups , Tobacco Use Disorder/therapy , Smoking/therapy , Patient Compliance , Smoking Cessation/methods , Anxiety/complications , Anxiety/epidemiology , Self-Help Groups/statistics & numerical data , Socioeconomic Factors , Time Factors , Tobacco Use Disorder/psychology , Tobacco Use Disorder/epidemiology , Severity of Illness Index , Brazil , Smoking/psychology , Multivariate Analysis , Longitudinal Studies , Age Factors , Patient Compliance/psychology , Patient Compliance/statistics & numerical data , Smoking Cessation/psychology , Smoking Cessation/statistics & numerical data , Depression/complications , Depression/epidemiology , Developing Countries , Motivation
9.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e36, 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-839512

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aims of the present study were to evaluate possible associations between trait anxiety, dental fear and the predictors of these interactions including demographic characteristics and dental history of patients applied to the dental care center in Ankara, Turkey. A sample of 607 participants (mean age: 21.02 ± 2.32) responded to a Turkish version of the Modified Dental Fear Survey (MDFS), the State–Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-T) and a questionnaire regarding previous negative dental experience. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to identify the association between dental fear and the independent variables including trait anxiety, age groups, education level, dental visit frequency, experience and the source of dental knowledge. There was a trend for increasing in trait anxiety scores with greater levels of dental fear in a medium level of the dental fear group (OR = 1.055, 95%CI [1.025–1.086]; p < 0.001) and in a high level of the dental fear group (OR = 1.090 [1.057–1.124]; p < 0.001). Comparing to the low level of dental fear group; participants of medium dental fear level intended more likely to go to the dentist when they have a complaint instead of regularly going (odds ratio; OR = 3.177, 95%CI [1.304–7.741]; p = 0.011). Participants of high dental fear level tended to be less likely to have experienced no problem (OR = 0.476, 95%CI [0.284–0.795]; p = 0.005) than the low level of the dental fear group. We strongly indicate that higher dental fear scores have a predisposition of having high trait anxiety scores. Unpleasant dental experiences increased the risk for high dental fear levels. Patients with dental fear tended only to visit a dentist when necessary, avoiding regular visits.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Anxiety/complications , Dental Anxiety/etiology , Dental Anxiety/psychology , Age Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dental Care , Dentist-Patient Relations , Educational Status , Logistic Models , Psychological Tests , Sex Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric , Surveys and Questionnaires , Turkey
10.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 43(5): 354-359, Sept.-Oct. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-829597

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to compare the intensity of reflex sweating with the degree of anxiety and its interference in the quality of life of patients undergoing Thoracoscopic (VATS) sympathectomy in the pre- and postoperative period. Methods: we evaluated 54 patients with a mean age of 26 years (16-49 years) undergoing sympathectomy in the R3-R4 level. We applied two questionnaires at three different times: "Quality of life in patients with primary hyperhidrosis" and "Scale for anxiety and depression". Results: of the patients studied, 93% showed significant improvement in quality of life 30 days after surgery, the effects remaining after six months. There were no postoperative complications. The patient's level of anxiety is highly correlated with the intensity of reflex sweating after 30 and 180 days. Conclusion: Thoracoscopic sympathectomy improves quality of life of patients with primary hyperhidrosis, even with the emergence of reflex sweating. Anxiety directly relates to the intensity of reflex sweating, without compromising the degree of patient satisfaction.


RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar a intensidade de sudorese reflexa com o grau de ansiedade e sua interferência na qualidade de vida de indivíduos submetidos à simpatectomia por videotoracoscopia nos períodos pré e pós-operatório. Métodos: foram avaliados 54 pacientes com média de idade de 26 anos (16 a 49 anos), submetidos à simpatectomia em nível R3-R4. Dois questionários foram aplicados em três momentos diferentes: "Qualidade de vida em pacientes com hiperidrose primária e "Escala para ansiedade e depressão". Resultados: dos pacientes estudados, 93% mostrou melhora significativa na qualidade de vida após 30 dias da cirurgia, com os efeitos remanescentes após seis meses. Não houve complicações pós-operatórias. A análise mostrou que o nível de ansiedade do paciente é altamente correlacionado com a intensidade da sudorese reflexa após 30 e 180 dias. Conclusão: a simpatectomia torácica por videotoracoscopia melhora a qualidade de vida de pacientes com hiperidrose primária, mesmo com o surgimento de sudorese reflexa. A ansiedade está diretamente relacionada com a intensidade da sudorese reflexa, sem comprometer o grau de satisfação do paciente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Anxiety/epidemiology , Quality of Life , Reflex , Sweating , Sympathectomy/methods , Thoracoscopy , Depression/epidemiology , Hyperhidrosis/surgery , Anxiety/complications , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Prospective Studies , Depression/complications , Hyperhidrosis/complications , Middle Aged
11.
Rev. Assoc. Paul. Cir. Dent ; 70(3): 333-337, jul.-set. 2016. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BBO | ID: lil-797093

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O objetivo desta pesquisa foi avaliar o conhecimento de pacientes sobre técnica de sedação consciente com benzodiazepínicos e sua aceitação no controle de medo e ansiedade para o tratamento odontológico. Método: Esta pesquisa baseou-se em um estudo quantitativo com abordagem descritiva através da coleta de dados realizada pelo próprio pesquisador com a finalidade de assegurar uniformidade de interpretação dos resultados através de questionários. Os pacientes antes do atendimento receberam orientação do questionário e então foram convidados a responder. Nesse momento foram prestados os devidos esclarecimentos aos responsáveis quanto à finalidade dos questionários e orientados no sentido de que os dados seriam mantidos em sigilo. Os dados foram analisados por meio de tabelas cruzando a classe socioeconômica de 150 pacientes, selecionados igualitariamente entre as classes A/B, C e D/E. A associação entre a classe social e as respostas às questões foram avaliados pelo teste exato de Fisher. Resultados: A questão 1, primeira consulta ao Cirurgião-Dentista, destaca que todos os pacientes da Classe A/B já haviam comparecido ao Cirurgião-Dentista antes, contra 86% da classe C e 94% da Classe D/E. A questão 2 aborda se o Cirurgião-Dentista afere sinais vitais na anamnese,40% dos Cirurgiões-Dentistas classe A/B afere sinais vitais e apenas 20% dos odontólogos que trabalham com uma população de classe C, D e E. As questões 3, 4 e 5 (sobre medo do cirurgião, doenças e vícios) se mostraram semelhantemente distribuída entre as classes. E as questões 6 e 7 sobre o uso de ansiolítico destaca a maior frequência na Classe A/B, o dobro da Classe C, que por sua vez também é o dobro da Classe D/E. Das sete questões avaliadas, quatro se mostraram significativamente associadas à classe social. Conclusão: Classes sociais A/B têm mais aceitação e conhecimento sobre o uso de benzodiazepínicos no controle de medo e ansiedade na Odontologia.


Objective: The aim of this search was to avaluate the knowledge of patients on technique of conscious sedation with benzodiazepines and their acceptance in the controlo the fear, pain and anxiety during dental treatment. Method: this research was based on quantitative study with descriptive approach through data gathering, conducted by the own researcher, in order to ensure uniformity in the interpretation of the results of the questionnaires. Patients were instructed about the questionnaire before treatment and then, invited to answer it. At this moment, was provided the appropriate explanations to the responsables about the purpose of the questionnaires and orientedin the sense that the data will be kept confidential. Data were analyzed by means of tables crossing the socio-economic class of 150 patients, selected equally between classes A/B, C and D/E. The association between social class and the answers to the questions were evaluated by Fisher’s exact test (Agresti, 2002; Bussab e Morettin, 2006). Results: Question 1, first visit to the dentist, highlights thatall patients Class A/B were attended by dentist before, against 86% of the class C and 94% of ClassD/E. Question 2 addresses if the dentist assesses vital signs at the anamnesis. 40% of dental surgeons class A/B assesses vital signs, against only 20% of dentists who Works with a population of class C, Dand E. Questions 3, 4 and 5 (about fear surgeon, diseases and addictions) show then selves similar lydistributed between classes. And finally, questions 6 and 7, about the use of anxiolytic highlights the most frequently in Class A/B, class C twice, which in turn is also twice the Class D/E. From 7 questions avaluated, 4 of them show thenselves significantly associated to social classes. Conclusion: Social classes A/B have more acceptence and knowledge about the use of benzodiazepines in the control of the fear and anxiety in dentistry.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Anxiety/complications , Anxiety/diagnosis , Anxiety/prevention & control , Dental Care/methods , Dental Care , Dental Care , Conscious Sedation , Conscious Sedation/adverse effects , Conscious Sedation/methods , Conscious Sedation/trends
12.
Rev. bras. psiquiatr ; 38(3): 239-242, July-Sept. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-792755

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the association of three polymorphisms of the serotonin receptor 1Dβ gene (HTR1B) in the etiology of eating disorders and their relationship with clinical characteristics. Methods: We analyzed the G861C, A-161T, and A1180G polymorphisms of the HTR1B gene through a family-based association test (FBAT) in 245 nuclear families. The sample was stratified into anorexia nervosa (AN) spectrum and bulimia nervosa (BN) spectrum. In addition, we performed a quantitative FBAT analysis of anxiety severity, depression severity, and Yale-Brown-Cornell Eating Disorders Scale (YBC-EDS) in the AN and BN-spectrum groups. Results: FBAT analysis of the A-161T polymorphism found preferential transmission of allele A-161 in the overall sample. This association was stronger when the sample was stratified by spectrums, showing transmission disequilibrium between the A-161 allele and BN spectrum (z = 2.871, p = 0.004). Quantitative trait analysis showed an association between severity of anxiety symptoms and the C861 allele in AN-spectrum participants (z = 2.871, p = 0.004). We found no associations on analysis of depression severity or preoccupation and ritual scores in AN or BN-spectrum participants. Conclusions: Our preliminary findings suggest a role of the HTR1B gene in susceptibility to development of BN subtypes. Furthermore, this gene might have an impact on the severity of anxiety in AN-spectrum patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Anorexia Nervosa/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT1B/genetics , Bulimia Nervosa/genetics , Genetic Association Studies/methods , Anxiety/complications , Anxiety/physiopathology , Test Anxiety Scale , Severity of Illness Index , Family , Anorexia Nervosa/physiopathology , Predictive Value of Tests , Risk Factors , Depression/complications , Depression/physiopathology , Bulimia Nervosa/physiopathology , Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism Analysis , Genotyping Techniques , Gene Frequency
13.
Rev. cuba. obstet. ginecol ; 42(3): 309-320, jul.-set. 2016. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-845023

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el parto pretérmino se define como el parto antes de las 37 semanas. Se han establecido diversos factores desencadenantes, entre los cuales se encuentra la ansiedad. En Perú se han realizado pocos estudios en relación con el tema. Objetivo: determinar la asociación entre la ansiedad materna durante el tercer trimestre de embarazo y el desarrollo de parto pretérmino. Métodos: estudio de tipo cohorte prospectiva realizado en un hospital público de Lima-Perú, que incluyó a 247 gestantes (enero de 2014 a enero de 2015). Se evaluó a gestantes entre las semanas 28 y 35 de embarazo, durante la visita prenatal. Los datos perinatales se obtuvieron del libro de partos y de la historia clínica materna. El instrumento utilizado para medir la ansiedad fue la encuesta State Trait Anxiety Inventori (STAI). El análisis de datos se realizó mediante STATA versión 11.1. Resultados: la mediana de edad de las participantes fue 27, 68,1 por ciento fueron convivientes y 58 por ciento tuvieron secundaria completa. Se encontró una incidencia de parto pretérmino de 11,6 por ciento. En el análisis multivariado ajustado, se encontró un riesgo relativo de 1,23 (IC 95 por ciento: 0,57-2,65) para ansiedad de estado y un riesgo relativo de 0,97 (IC 95 por ciento: 0,45-2,06) para ansiedad de rasgo. En el análisis bivariado se encontró una asociación significativa con preeclampsia. Conclusión: Se recomienda realizar más estudios longitudinales para establecer mejor la asociación ansiedad materna - parto pretérmino(AU)


Introduction: preterm delivery is defined as delivery before 37 weeks of gestational age. Several triggering factors have been established, anxiety being one of them. Few studies on the subject have been conducted in Peru. Objective: determine the association between maternal anxiety during the third trimester of pregnancy and preterm delivery. Methods: a prospective cohort study was conducted at a public hospital in Lima, Peru, from January 2014 to January 2015. The study sample consisted of 247 pregnant women of 28-35 weeks of pregnancy. Evaluation was performed during prenatal visits. Perinatal data were obtained from the labor and delivery registry and the patients' medical records. The tool used to measure anxiety was the survey State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). Data were analyzed with STATA version 11,1. Results: mean age of participants was 27 years; 68,1 percent cohabitated with their partners, and 58 percent had completed high school. Preterm delivery had an incidence of 11,6 percent. Adjusted multivariate analysis revealed a relative risk of 1,23 (95 percent CI 0,57-2,65) for state anxiety and ,.97 (95 percent CI 0,45-2,06) for trait anxiety. Bivariate analysis found a significant association with preeclampsia. Conclusion: anxiety during the third trimester of pregnancy was found to be a risk factor for preterm delivery. It is recommended to perform other longitudinal studies to more clearly determine the association between maternal anxiety and preterm delivery(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Anxiety/complications , Maternal Health , Obstetric Labor, Premature/epidemiology , Peru , Pregnancy Trimester, Third/psychology , Prospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Ethics Committees
14.
São Paulo; s.n; 2016. 76 p. ilus, tab. (BR).
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BBO | ID: biblio-867918

ABSTRACT

O objetivo principal deste estudo foi avaliar a efetividade de dois intervalos de retorno clinico na incidência de cárie em pré-escolares que apresentaram alto risco de cárie. Também, foram avaliadas como desfechos secundários a paralisação de lesões de cárie já existentes, o nível de ansiedade, e a qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde bucal (QVRSB), de acordo com cada intervalo empregado. A amostra foi composta por 224 crianças entre 3 a 5 anos de idade, de ambos os gêneros, com alto risco de cárie, de acordo com os critérios clínicos adaptados da Secretaria da Saúde do Estado de Saúde de São Paulo. As crianças foram alocadas aleatoriamente em dois grupos: Grupo 1 (G1) - exame clínico bucal mais, orientação de cuidados de higiene bucal e dieta com intervalos de retornos clínicos de 4 meses; Grupo 2 (G2) - exame clínico bucal mais, orientação de cuidados de higiene bucal e dieta com intervalos de retornos de 8 meses. Os exames clínicos bucais foram realizados por um único examinador treinado e calibrado, cego aos grupos de estudo em que as crianças estavam alocadas. O exame clínico bucal abrangeu a detecção e atividade de lesões de cárie de acordo com o índice ICDAS (International Caries Detection and Asessment System) e as características clínicas de lesões de cárie ativas e inativas foram associadas com os critérios descritos no manual do Comitê ICDAS. Um dentista externo cego aos grupos de estudo realizou as orientações sobre cuidados de saúde bucal, avaliou o nível de ansiedadeatravés da Escala de Imagem Facial, e a QVRSB mensurada pelo B-ECOHIS. Todos os grupos foram acompanhados durante um período de 8meses, totalizando duas consultas de retorno para o G1 e uma consulta para o G2. Todas as análises foram realizadas por intenção de tratar (ITT). A curto prazo, os resultados apresentam que retorno de 4 e 8 meses apresentaram-se similares em todos os desfechos do estudo para pré-escolares com alto de risco de cárie a nível de saúde pública.


The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of two clinical recall intervals in the incidence of caries in preschool children who has high risk of caries. Was also evaluated as secondary endpoints the stoppage of existing caries lesions, the level of anxiety, and oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL), according to each interval was assess. The sample consisted of 224 children between 3-5 years of age, of both genders, with high risk of caries, according to clinical criteria adapted the Municipal Department of Health of São Paulo. Children were randomly allocated into two groups: Group 1 (G1) - oral clinical examination, orientation for oral hygiene and diet with a 4-months intervals of clinical returns; Group 2 (G2) - oral clinical examination, orientation for oral hygiene and diet with a 8-month intervals of clinical returns. The oral clinical examination of each child consist in detection and activity of caries lesions according to the ICDAS index (International Caries Detection and Asessment System) and clinical characteristics of active and inactive caries lesions were associated with the criteria described in the manual ICDAS committee. An external dentist, blind to the study groups conducted the assessment of oral health care, level of anxiety using the Facial Image Scale, and also assessed the QVRSB measured by B-ECOHIS. All groups were followed for a period of 8 months, totaling two return visits for G1 and one return visit to the G2. All analyzes were done by intention to treat (ITT). In a short time, both returns, 4 and 8 moths are similar in all outcomes of this study for preschool children with high caries risk in terms of health service.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Anxiety/complications , Anxiety/diagnosis , Anxiety/prevention & control , Child , Dental Caries/complications , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Quality of Life
15.
EMHJ-Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal. 2016; 22 (11): 817-823
in English | IMEMR (Eastern Mediterranean) | ID: emr-184223

ABSTRACT

Sporadic cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome caused by a novel corona virus [MERS-CoV] were first detected in Saudi Arabia in June 2012. The number of cases was highest during April and May 2014. To assess determinants of psychobehavioural responses among the general population in Jeddah, western Saudi Arabia, a cross-sectional survey was conducted at the end of June 2014. Data included sociodemographic characteristics, level of anxiety, protective measures and social avoidance responses. A total of 358 participants completed the questionnaire; 58.4% were female, and the age range was 18-72 years. None of the participants was diagnosed with MERS-CoV. More than half [57.7%] recorded a moderate anxiety score using a visual analogue scale. Anxiety level was significantly associated with increased perception of susceptibility to infection and social avoidance behaviours related to travel and being in public places


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Male , Young Adult , Adult , Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus/pathogenicity , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Anxiety/complications , Behavior Therapy/trends
16.
Rev. fac. cienc. méd. (Impr.) ; 12(2): 10-18, jul.-dic. 2015. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-898

ABSTRACT

La esquizofrenia es una enfermedad crónica, con expresión genética tardía y con múltiples factores que contribuyen en su etiopatogenia. La prevalenciamundial oscila entre 0.9-3.8 casos por 1000 habitantes. Objetivo: Determinar factores asociados en pacientesdiagnosticados con esquizofrenia atendidos en el Hospital Psiquiátrico Mario Mendoza. Material y Métodos: Estudio analítico caso-control, pareado por edad (± 2 años) en una muestra por conveniencia de 44 pacientes diagnosticados con esquizofrenia (casos)y 88 pacientes con otros diagnósticos psiquiátricos (controles): 44 con trastorno ansioso y 44 con trastornodepresivo mayor. Los datos fueron obtenidos a través de una entrevista tipo cuestionario. Resultados: Seestudiaron 132 personas, 40.9% hombres y 59.1% mujeres; en los casos 70.4% eran hombres, mientras queen los controles 73.9% eran mujeres (p<0.01); la edad promedio fue 34.5 años en los casos y 35.2 años en loscontroles (p>0.5). La media de edad de diagnóstico en los casos fue 23.7 años y en los controles 27.4 años (p=0.04). 7(15.9%) casos tenían pareja en comparación con 46(52.3%) de los controles (p<0.001). En relacióna ocupación, 19(43.2%) de los casos se encontraban desempleados en comparación con 6(6.8%) de loscontroles con ansiedad (p < 0.001) y 2(4.5%) de los controles con depresión (p<0.001). Para familiares de primero y segundo grado de consanguinidad, seencontró una asociación }estadísticamente significativaentre esquizofrenia y ansiedad y tener antecedente familiar con la misma patología. Conclusiones: Elestudio muestra una agregación familiar significativa en las enfermedades mentales estudiadas. En familiasque concentran patología mental se deben realizar investigaciones genéticas para identificar alteracionescromosómicas, que contribuyan a esclarecer la etiología multifactorial de la esquizofrenia y de otra patología mental, con el fin de desarrollar estrategias diferenciadas para establecer un diagnóstico...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Anxiety/complications , Depression/complications , Mental Disorders , Psychotic Disorders , Schizophrenia/diagnosis
17.
Trends psychiatry psychother. (Impr.) ; 37(3): 157-160, jul. set. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-764669

ABSTRACT

Objective: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with impaired daily functioning in a wide range of domains. Resilience, the ability to overcome and recover from challenges, has been scarcely investigated in ADHD and could potentially provide novel strategies for treatment. However, since ADHD is often comorbid with other clinical conditions, it is necessary to better understand if it impairs resilience levels when controlled for other variables. This pilot study is the first to investigate the correlation between quantitative measures of resilience and ADHD using strict diagnostic criteria by controlling this correlation for comorbid conditions.Methods:Twelve adolescents diagnosed with ADHD via semi-structured interview using Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV) were compared to 12 adolescents exhibiting typical development, regarding resilience, in an analysis controlled for anxiety and depression levels, socioeconomic status, and intelligence quotient (IQ).Results: The ADHD group was less resilient than the control group (p < 0.01). Importantly, resilience in the ADHD group was not correlated with depression or anxiety, age, intelligence level, and socioeconomic status.Conclusions:ADHD seems to be associated with lower resilience, which cannot be explained by depression, anxiety, intelligence level, age, or socioeconomic status.


Objetivo: O transtorno de déficit de atenção com hiperatividade (TDAH) se associa a comprometimento funcional em diferentes domínios. Resiliência, o modo como indivíduos enfrentam e superam dificuldades, não foi investigada de modo suficiente no TDAH e poderia sugerir potenciais novas estratégias terapêuticas. Entretanto, sendo o TDAH frequentemente comórbido com outras condições clinicas, é necessário entender se ele compromete a resiliência de modo independente de outras variáveis. Este estudo piloto é o primeiro a investigar a correlação entre medidas quantitativas de resiliência e TDAH diagnosticado de modo estrito controlando-a por variáveis clínicas.Método: Os níveis de resiliência de 12 adolescentes diagnosticados com TDAH de acordo com os critérios do sistema Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais, 4ª edição (DSM-IV) através de entrevista semiestruturada foram comparados aos de 12 adolescentes com desenvolvimento típico, em uma análise controlada por níveis de ansiedade e depressão, status socioeconômico e inteligência.Resultados: O grupo TDAH apresentou menor resiliência do que o grupo controle (p < 0,01). Não houve correlação entre resiliência e depressão ou ansiedade, idade, inteligência ou nível socioeconômico.Conclusões: TDAH parece estar associado a baixos níveis de resiliência que não podem ser justificados por depressão, ansiedade, inteligência, idade ou condição socioeconômica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/epidemiology , Resilience, Psychological , Anxiety/complications , Anxiety/epidemiology , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/complications , Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/psychology , Social Class , Case-Control Studies , Pilot Projects , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , Depression/complications , Depression/epidemiology , Intelligence , Intelligence Tests , Interview, Psychological
18.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 13(2): 243-248, Apr-Jun/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-751419

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To correlate epidemiological data, lifestyle, and psychosocial factors as predictors for clinical manifestation of back pain in patients treated at the orthopedic emergency unit of a Brazilian tertiary care hospital, and to evaluate their interest in participating in a hypothetical program for physical rehabilitation. Methods: This is an observational cross-sectional study. We evaluated 210 patients from the emergency department of a tertiary hospital with a major complaint of back pain. We used: epidemiological multiple-choice questionnaires developed for this study; Oswestry questionnaire for physical disability; Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD) scale. Data analyses were performed using SAS - Statistical Analysis System (SAS Institute, 2001). Measurements were performed with the SAS functions Proc MEANS and Proc Freq. Results: The mean age was 39.1 years and there was no predominance between genders. The usual work activity was administrative (65.2% of cases). The mean body mass index was 26.0, indicating overweight. The majority (83.3%) of patients had low physical disability (Oswestry 0 – 40%). The number of medical visits in the previous 6 months (p=0.04) and the scores of anxiety and depression (p=0.05), independently, were correlated with physical disability. Most patients (77%) would agree to participate in a hypothetical program of physical rehabilitation for prevention of back pain. Conclusion: Patients with back pain complaints were predominantly young adults, sedentary or hypoactive, overweight, and with recurrent complaints of symptoms. Most participants had low levels of physical disability and would accept participation in a hypothetical physical rehabilitation program for the prevention of back pain. .


RESUMO Objetivo: Correlacionar dados epidemiológicos, hábitos de vida e fatores psicossociais como preditivos para manifestação clínica de dorsolombalgia em pacientes atendidos no setor de urgências ortopédicas de hospital terciário brasileiro, além de avaliar o interesse em participar de programa hipotético para reabilitação física. Métodos: Trata-se de estudo observacional do tipo transversal. Foram avaliados 210 pacientes provenientes do pronto atendimento de um hospital terciário, com queixa predominante de dor nas costas. Foram utilizados: questionários epidemiológicos do tipo múltipla escolha desenvolvidos para o presente estudo; questionário Oswestry para incapacidade física; e escala Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD). As análises dos dados foram realizadas por meio do programa SAS - Statistical Analysis System (SAS Institute, 2001). Os cálculos foram realizados com as funções Proc MEANS e Proc Freq do SAS. Resultados: A média de idade foi de 39,1 anos e não houve predominância entre os gêneros. A atividade laborativa mais frequente foi a administrativa (65,2% dos casos). Observou-se índice de massa corporal médio de 26,0, que indicou sobrepeso. A maioria (83,3%) dos pacientes apresentou baixa incapacidade física (Oswestry de 0 – 40%). O número de visitas nos 6 meses anteriores (p=0,04) e os escores de ansiedade e depressão (p=0,05), isoladamente, tiveram correlação com a incapacidade física. A maioria dos pacientes (77%) aceitaria participar de programa hipotético de reabilitação física para prevenção de dores nas costas. Conclusão: Os pacientes com queixa de dorsolombalgia foram, predominantemente, adultos jovens, sedentários ou hipoativos, com sobrepeso e com queixas recorrentes dos sintomas. A maioria dos participantes apresentou baixa incapacidade física e aceitaria participar de programa hipotético de reabilitação física para a prevenção de dores nas costas. .


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Back Pain/epidemiology , Disability Evaluation , Life Style , Low Back Pain/epidemiology , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/psychology , Anxiety/complications , Anxiety/diagnosis , Body Mass Index , Back Pain/complications , Back Pain/psychology , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Depression/complications , Depression/diagnosis , Emergency Service, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Low Back Pain/complications , Low Back Pain/psychology , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Severity of Illness Index , Sex Distribution , Sports , Surveys and Questionnaires , Smoking/epidemiology , Tertiary Care Centers/statistics & numerical data
19.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 78(3): 197-201, May-Jun/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-753027

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT A systematic review was conducted to investigate the relationship between visual impairment and depression in the elderly. We searched electronic databases (LILACS, SciELO, MEDLINE, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials) from inception to August 2014 and researched the described references. The search strategy used the following terms: (visual impairment or blindness) and (elderly) and (depression). Of the 641 electronics, 42 works were selected in full and another 20 were identified as being possibly relevant. Ten studies were included. The studies ranged in sample size from 31 to 21,995 participants. Depression was associated with visual impairment in all studies; however, without standardization of diagnostic tests, we could not conduct a meta-analysis or establish a relationship between visual impairment and depression in the elderly.


RESUMO A revisão sistemática foi realizada para investigar a correlaçõa entre deficiência visual e depressão em idosos. Foram pesquisados nas bases eletrônicas (LILACS, SCIELO, MEDLINE e Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials) do início até agosto de 2014 e pesquisas de referências descritas. A estratégia de busca utilizou os termos: (deficiência visual ou cegueira) e (idosos) e (depressão). Dos 641 eletrônicos, 42 trabalhos na íntegra foram selecionados e mais 20 trabalhos foram identificados como possivelmente relevantes da lista destes. Do total de estudos, 10 foram incluidos. Os estudos variaram entre 31 e 21.995 participantes. A depressão foi relacionada com deficiência visual em todos os estudos, mas sem padronização de testes diagnósticos não foi possível realizar a metanálise, nem estabelecer relação entre deficiência visual e depressão em idosos.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Depression/epidemiology , Vision Disorders/epidemiology , Activities of Daily Living , Anxiety/complications , Bias , Blindness/diagnosis , Blindness/psychology , Databases, Bibliographic , Observational Studies as Topic , Severity of Illness Index , Socioeconomic Factors , Vision Disorders/diagnosis , Vision Disorders/psychology
20.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 23(3): 435-440, May-June 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: lil-755955

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:

to identify the prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome among nursing personnel, and its association with occupational stress, anxiety and depression.

METHOD:

a descriptive correlational study undertaken with 226 nursing personnel from a teaching hospital. Data collection was undertaken through application of the Job Stress Scale, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and a sociodemographic questionnaire, with variables of Metabolic Syndrome. Univariate analyses and Chi-squared and Pearson tests were used for correlation between the variables, with a level of significance of 5%.

RESULTS:

86 (38.1%) workers presented Metabolic Syndrome, of whom 183 (81.1%) were female, and 43 (19.9%) male, aged between 23 and 66 years old. In relation to anxiety and depression, 154 (68.1%) presented anxiety, with 48 (31.2%) also presenting Metabolic Syndrome; 185 (81.8%) presented depression, of whom 62 (33.5%) also had Metabolic Syndrome. It was ascertained that 61 (27.0%) workers presented stress and that of these, 14 (22.9%) presented Metabolic Syndrome.

CONCLUSION:

a correlation was observed between the variables of anxiety and Metabolic Syndrome and stress and Metabolic Syndrome, there being no correlation between the variables of depression and Metabolic Syndrome.

.

OBJETIVO:

identificar a prevalência da Síndrome Metabólica entre trabalhadores de enfermagem e sua associação com estresse ocupacional, ansiedade e depressão.

MÉTODO:

estudo descritivo, correlacional, com 226 trabalhadores de enfermagem de um hospital universitário. A coleta de dados foi realizada por meio da aplicação da Job Stress Scale, da Escala Hospitalar de Ansiedade e Depressão e de questionário sociodemográfico, com variáveis da Síndrome Metabólica. Foram utilizadas análises univariadas e testes quiquadrado e de Pearson para correlação entre as variáveis, com nível de significância de 5%.

RESULTADOS:

os trabalhadores que apresentaram Síndrome Metabólica foram 86 (38,1%), destes, 183 eram (81,1%) do sexo feminino e 43 (19,9%) do sexo masculino, com idades entre 23 e 66 anos. Em relação à ansiedade e depressão, 154 (68,1%) apresentaram ansiedade, sendo que 48 (31,2%) também apresentaram a Síndrome Metabólica e 185 (81,8%) apresentaram depressão, onde 62 (33,5%) também tinham Síndrome Metabólica. Verificou-se que 61 (27,0%) trabalhadores apresentaram estresse e, destes, 14 (22,9%) apresentaram Síndrome Metabólica.

CONCLUSÃO:

constatou-se correlação entre as variáveis ansiedade e Síndrome Metabólica e estresse e Síndrome Metabólica, sem correlação entre as variáveis depressão e Síndrome Metabólica.

.

OBJETIVO:

identificar la prevalencia del Síndrome Metabólico entre trabajadores de enfermería y su asociación con el estrés ocupacional, ansiedad y depresión.

MÉTODO:

estudio descriptivo, correlacional, con 226 trabajadores de enfermería de un hospital universitario. La recolección de datos fue realizada por medio de la aplicación de la Job Stress Scale, de la Escala Hospitalaria de Ansiedad y Depresión y del cuestionario sociodemográfico, con variables del Síndrome Metabólico. Fueron utilizados análisis univariados y pruebas Chi-cuadrado y de Pearson para evaluar la correlación entre las variables, con nivel de significación de 5%.

RESULTADOS:

los trabajadores que presentaron Síndrome Metabólico fueron 86 (38,1%); de los trabajadores que tomaron parte en el estudio 183 eran (81,1%) del sexo femenino y 43 (19,9%) del sexo masculino, con edades entre 23 y 66 años. En relación a la ansiedad y depresión, 154 (68,1%) presentaron ansiedad, siendo que 48 (31,2%) también presentaron el Síndrome Metabólico; 185 (81,8%) presentaron depresión, de los cuales 62 (33,5%) también tenían el Síndrome Metabólico; y, se verificó que 61 (27,0%) trabajadores presentaron estrés y de estos 14 (22,9%) presentaron el Síndrome Metabólico.

CONCLUSIÓN:

se constató correlación entre las variables ansiedad y Síndrome Metabólico y estrés y Síndrome Metabólico, sin correlación entre las variables depresión y Síndrome Metabólico.

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Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Anxiety/complications , Stress, Psychological/complications , Nursing , Metabolic Syndrome/complications , Metabolic Syndrome/epidemiology , Occupational Diseases/complications , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Depression
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