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1.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 80(2): 168-172, Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364368

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Among the comorbidities that accompany multiple sclerosis (MS), restless legs syndrome (RLS) is one of the most common. Anxiety and depression are common psychological comorbidities that impact the quality of life of patients with MS (PwMS), as well as patients with RLS. Objective: To investigate the psychiatric burden of MS and RLS coexistence, we conducted a nationwide, multicenter and cross-sectional survey. Methods: Participants were assessed by using demographic and clinical parameters along with the Hamilton Anxiety and Hamilton Depression Scales (HAM-A and HAM-D). Results: Out of the 1,068 participants, 173 (16.2%) were found to have RLS [RLS(+)] and 895 (83.8%) did not [RLS(-)]. The mean scores for HAM-A and HAM-D were significantly higher among RLS(+) subjects than among RLS(-) subjects (p<0.001 for all variables). Conclusions: According to our data, the presence of RLS in PwMS may increase the occurrence of both anxiety and depression symptoms. Awareness and treatment of RLS in PwMS could possibly reduce the symptoms of psychiatric comorbidities originating from RLS.


RESUMO Antecedentes: Considerando-se as comorbidades que acompanham a esclerose múltipla (EM), a síndrome das pernas inquietas (SPI) é uma das mais comuns, e ansiedade e depressão são comorbidades psicológicas comuns que afetam a qualidade de vida de pacientes com EM, bem como de pacientes com SPI. Objetivo: Investigar a carga psiquiátrica da coexistência de EM e SPI por meio de uma pesquisa nacional, multicêntrica e transversal. Métodos: Os participantes foram avaliados por parâmetros demográficos e clínicos, além da versão turca das escalas de ansiedade e depressão de Hamilton (HAM-A e HAM-D). Resultados: Dos 1.068 participantes, 173 (16,2%) apresentaram SPI [SPI (+)] e 895 (83,8%) não [SPI (-)]. As pontuações médias no HAM-A e no HAM-D foram significativamente maiores em indivíduos com SPI (+) do que naqueles com SPI (-) (p <0,001 para todas as variáveis). Conclusões: De acordo com nossos dados, a presença de SPI na EM pode aumentar a ocorrência de sintomas de ansiedade e depressão. A conscientização e o tratamento da SPI na EM podem reduzir os sintomas de comorbidades psiquiátricas originadas da SPI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Restless Legs Syndrome/diagnosis , Restless Legs Syndrome/epidemiology , Multiple Sclerosis/complications , Multiple Sclerosis/epidemiology , Anxiety/epidemiology , Quality of Life , Cross-Sectional Studies , Depression
2.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 38(3): e00198321, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364635

ABSTRACT

O objetivo foi analisar as associações entre a percepção de risco de adoecimento por COVID-19 e os sintomas de depressão, ansiedade e estresse em profissionais atuantes em unidades de saúde. Estudo transversal com trabalhadores de diversas categorias profissionais que buscaram voluntariamente um dos primeiros Centros de Referência em Testagem de COVID-19 no Município do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Os trabalhadores foram convidados a responder a um questionário online entre maio e agosto de 2020. Foram utilizadas a escala Percepção de Risco de Adoecimento por COVID-19 e a Escala de Depressão, Ansiedade e Estresse (DASS-21). Foram estimados razão de chance (OR) e intervalo de 95% de confiança. Do total (N = 2.996), 81,5% eram mulheres com idade média de 40,7 anos. Cerca da metade apresentava grau leve, moderado ou severo de depressão, ansiedade ou estresse, sendo a frequência de trabalhadores com sintomas severos, respectivamente, 18,5%, 29,6% e 21,5%. Observou-se que as associações entre a percepção de risco e os sintomas de depressão, ansiedade e estresse foram mais fortes à medida que aumentava a classificação de gravidade de cada sintoma. Os trabalhadores com alta percepção de risco de adoecimento por COVID-19 apresentaram OR mais elevadas para sintomas severos de depressão (OR = 4,67), ansiedade (OR = 4,35) e estresse (OR = 4,97). Os achados apontam a demanda por medidas de proteção à saúde dos trabalhadores, que não devem se restringir aos equipamentos de proteção individual. É essencial que os gestores promovam espaços coletivos de discussão e ações que favoreçam a recuperação dos trabalhadores em contexto pandêmico de longa duração.


The objective was to analyze associations between perceived risk from COVID-19 and symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress among workers in healthcare units. This was a cross-sectional study of workers from different professions who appeared voluntarily at one of the first COVID-19 Testing Centers in the municipality of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The workers were invited to answer an online questionnaire from May to August 2020. The COVID-19 Risk Perception Scale and the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS-21) were used. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals were estimated. Of the total sample (N = 2,996), 81.5% were women, and mean age was 40.7 years. About half presented mild, moderate, or severe depression, anxiety, or stress, and the rates for workers with severe symptoms were 18.5%, 29.6%, and 21.5%, respectively. The associations between perceived risk and symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress increased with the increase in each symptom's severity. Workers with higher perceived risk from COVID-19 showed higher OR for severe symptoms of depression (OR = 4.67), anxiety (OR = 4.35), and stress (OR = 4.97). The findings point to the demand for measures to protect workers' health and that should not be limited to personal protective equipment. It is essential for health system administrators to promote collective spaces for discussion and actions to favor workers' recovery in the context of a prolonged pandemic.


El objetivo fue analizar las asociaciones entre la percepción de riesgo de enfermedad por COVID-19 y los síntomas de depresión, ansiedad y estrés en profesionales activos en unidades de salud. Estudio transversal con trabajadores de diversas categorías profesionales que buscaron voluntariamente uno de los primeros Centros de Referencia en Tests de COVID-19 en el municipio de Río de Janeiro, Brasil. Los trabajadores fueron invitados a responder a un cuestionario online entre mayo y agosto de 2020. Se utilizaron la escala Percepción de Riesgo de Enfermedad por COVID-19 y la Escala de Depresión, Ansiedad y Estrés (DASS-21). Se estimaron razón de oportunidad (OR) e intervalo de 95% de confianza. Del total (N = 2.996), un 81,5% eran mujeres con una edad media de 40,7 años. Cerca de la mitad presentaba grado leve, moderado o severo de depresión, ansiedad o estrés, siendo la frecuencia de trabajadores con síntomas severos, respectivamente, 18,5%, 29,6% y 21,5%. Se observó que las asociaciones entre la percepción de riesgo y los síntomas de depresión, ansiedad y estrés fueron más fuertes a medida que aumentaba la clasificación de la gravedad de cada síntoma. Los trabajadores con alta percepción de riesgo de enfermedad por COVID-19 presentaron OR más elevadas para síntomas severos de depresión (OR = 4,67), ansiedad (OR = 4,35) y estrés (OR = 4,97). Los resultados apuntan la demanda de medidas de protección a la salud de los trabajadores, que no se deben restringir a equipamientos de protección individual. Es esencial que los gestores promuevan espacios colectivos de discusión y acciones que favorezcan la recuperación de los trabajadores en un contexto pandémico de larga duración.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Depression/epidemiology , COVID-19 , Anxiety/epidemiology , Stress, Psychological/diagnosis , Stress, Psychological/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Delivery of Health Care , COVID-19 Testing
3.
Rev. Nac. (Itauguá) ; 13(2): 18-28, DICIEMBRE, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1344187

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: la pandemia de COVID-19 ha incrementado los casos de ansiedad y causado grandes modificaciones en la forma de prestar atención médica. Objetivo: describir las características epidemiológicas de los trastornos de ansiedad atendidos a través de telepsiquiatría en un Hospital Universitario. Metodología: estudio observacional, descriptivo, de corte transversal. Se realizó un muestreo no aleatorio intencional. Se utilizaron fichas electrónicas de pacientes tratados en el Servicio de Psiquiatría del Hospital de Clínicas, Paraguay, entre febrero y mayo de 2021. Se realizó estadística descriptiva de todas las variables. Se calcularon medidas de tendencia central y dispersión para las variables cuantitativas. Las cualitativas se resumieron en frecuencias y porcentajes. Resultados: el análisis incluyó 804 pacientes. El 71,5 % (575) de los pacientes procedían del ámbito rural. De todos los pacientes con diagnóstico de algún trastorno de ansiedad (20,49 % n = 165), el 69,1 % (114) correspondían a mujeres y el 49,7 % (82) presentaron trastorno de pánico (ansiedad paroxística episódica), 28,5 % (47) fueron diagnosticados con trastorno de ansiedad generalizada, y 21,8 % (36) tuvieron un trastorno de ansiedad no especificado. Conclusión: más del 20 % de los pacientes que consultaron a través de la modalidad de telepsiquiatría presentó algún cuadro del espectro ansioso. La presentación de casos se dio tanto en el ámbito rural como en el urbano y de preferencia en mujeres. El trastorno de pánico emergió como el trastorno de más alta frecuencia en la población accesible, representando casi la mitad de todos los casos de ansiedad diagnosticados.


ABSTRACT Introduction: the COVID-19 pandemic has increased anxiety cases and caused big modifications in the way medical care is provided. Objective: to describe the epidemiological characteristics of anxiety disorders treated through telepsychiatry in a University Hospital. Methodology: observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study. A non-random purposive sampling was performed. Electronic records of patients treated in the Psychiatry Department of the "Hospital de Clínicas", Paraguay, between February and May 2021 were used. Descriptive statistics were performed for all variables. Measures of central tendency and dispersion were calculated for quantitative variables. Qualitative variables were summarized in frequencies and percentages. Results: the analysis included 804 patients. Out of the patients, 71,5 % (575) were from rural areas. Out of all patients diagnosed with an anxiety disorder (20,49 % n = 165), 69,1 % (114) were female and 49,7 % (82) had panic disorder (episodic paroxysmal anxiety), 28,5 % (47) were diagnosed with generalized anxiety disorder, and 21,8 % (36) had an unspecified anxiety disorder. Conclusion: more than 20 % of the patients who consulted through the telepsychiatry modality presented with an anxiety spectrum disorder. Cases were presented in both rural and urban areas and preferably in females. Panic disorder emerged as the most frequent disorder in the accessible population, representing almost half of all diagnosed anxiety cases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Anxiety/epidemiology , Anxiety Disorders/epidemiology , Pandemics , Telepsychiatry , Paraguay/epidemiology , Mental Health/trends , Panic Disorder/epidemiology , Remote Consultation/methods , Age and Sex Distribution , COVID-19
4.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(12): 932-939, Dec. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357094

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To study maternal anxiety in pregnant women without comorbidities in the context of the COVID-19 outbreak in Brazil and to study maternal knowledge and concerns about the pandemic. Methods This is a secondary analysis from a national multicenter cross-sectional study performed in 10 cities, from June to August, 2020, in Brazil. Interviewed postpartum women, without medical or obstetrical comorbidities, were included in the present subanalysis. A structured questionnaire and the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) were applied. Results Out of the 1,662 women, 763 (45.9%) met the criteria for the current analysis and 16.1% presented with moderate and 11.5% with severe maternal anxiety. Moderate or severe maternal anxiety was associated with high school education (odds ratio [OR]:1.58; 95% confidence interval [CI]:1.04-2.40). The protective factor was cohabiting with a partner (OR: 0.46; 95%CI: 0.29-0.73). There was a positive correlation between the total BAI score and receiving information about care in the pandemic (rpartial 0.15; p < 0.001); concern about vertical transmission of COVID-19 (rpartial 0.10; p = 0.01); receiving information about breastfeeding (rpartial 0.08; p = 0.03); concerns about prenatal care (rpartial 0.10; p = 0.01), and concerns about the baby contracting COVID-19 (rpartial 0.11; p = 0.004). The correlation was negative in the following aspects: self-confidence in protecting from COVID-19 (rpartial 0.08; p = 0.04), having learned (rpartial 0.09; p = 0.01) and self-confidence in breastfeeding (rpartial 0.22; p < 0.001) in the context of the pandemic. Conclusion The anxiety of pregnant women without medical or obstetrical comorbidities was associated to high school educational level and not living with a partner during the COVID-19 pandemic. Self-confidence in protecting against COVID-19 and knowledge about breastfeeding care during the pandemic reduced maternal anxiety.


Resumo Objetivo Estudar a ansiedade materna em gestantes sem comorbidades no contexto do surto de COVID-19 no Brasil e estudar o conhecimento e as preocupações maternas sobre a pandemia. Métodos Trata-se de análise secundária de um estudo transversal multicêntrico nacional realizado em 10 cidades, de junho a agosto de 2020, no Brasil. Mulheres no pós-parto entrevistadas, sem comorbidades médicas ou obstétricas, foram incluídas nesta subanálise. Foram aplicados um questionário estruturado e o Inventário de Ansiedade de Beck (BAI, na sigla em inglês). Resultados Das 1.662 mulheres, 763 (45,9%) atenderam aos critérios da análise atual e 16,1% apresentaram ansiedade materna moderada e 11,5% ansiedade materna grave. A ansiedade materna moderada ou grave foi associada à escolaridade no ensino médio (odds ratio [OR]: 1,58; intervalo de confiança [IC] 95%: 1,04-2,40). O fator protetor foi coabitar com companheiro (OR: 0,46; IC95%: 0,29-0,73). Houve correlação positiva entre a pontuação total do BAI e o recebimento de informações sobre cuidados na pandemia (rparcial 0,15; p < 0,001); preocupação com a transmissão vertical de COVID-19 (rparcial 0,10; p = 0,01); receber informações sobre amamentação (rparcial 0,08; p = 0,03); preocupações sobre cuidados pré-natais (rparcial 0,10; p = 0,01) e preocupações sobre o bebê contrair COVID-19 (rparcial 0,11; p = 0,004). A correlação foi negativa com os seguintes aspectos: ter autoconfiança para se proteger (rparcial 0,08; p = 0,04), aprender (rparcial 0,09; p = 0,01) e ter autoconfiança para amamentar (rparcial 0,22; p < 0,001) no contexto da pandemia. Conclusão A ansiedade de gestantes sem comorbidades médicas ou obstétricas esteve associada à escolaridade no ensino médio e não morar com companheiro durante a pandemia de COVID-19. A autoconfiança na proteção contra COVID-19 e o conhecimento sobre os cuidados com a amamentação durante a pandemia reduziram a ansiedade materna.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnant Women , COVID-19 , Anxiety/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Depression , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
5.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(12): 5997-6004, Dez. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350513

ABSTRACT

Resumo Os Agentes Comunitários de Saúde possuem papel fundamental para o atendimento à população. Devido à complexidade de funções e situações que são expostos podem apresentar problemas emocionais. O objetivo deste artigo foi verificar a prevalência dos sintomas de ansiedade e a associação com os fatores sociodemográficos e ocupacionais entre agentes comunitários de saúde. Estudo transversal, populacional, no qual utilizou-se o Inventário de Ansiedade Traço Estado (IDATE- Traço e IDATE-Estado) e um questionário sobre as condições sociodemográficas e ocupacionais. Realizou-se análises descritivas e de regressão múltipla de Poisson com variância robusta, considerando um nível de significância de 5% (p<0,05) para o modelo final. Foram avaliados 673 agentes comunitários de saúde, a prevalência dos sintomas de ansiedade no IDATE-estado foi de 47,4% e no IDATE-traço, 42,4%. O tempo de trabalho acima de cinco anos esteve associado ao IDATE-estado (p<0,001) e ao IDATE-traço (p=0,018), o sexo feminino ficou associado ao IDATE-traço (p=0,011). Verificou-se alta prevalência de sintomas de ansiedade entre os agentes comunitários da saúde. Há necessidade de estratégias que visem a promoção, proteção, monitoramento da saúde mental desses trabalhadores, reduzindo os transtornos de ansiedade.


Abstract Community Health Agents (CHAs) play a crucial role in assisting the population. Due to the complexity of functions and situations to which they are exposed, they can present with emotional problems. The aim of this article was to verify the prevalence of anxiety symptoms and the association with sociodemographic and occupational factors in community health agents. It is a cross-sectional and populational study that used a questionnaire to collect data on the sociodemographic, economic and occupational conditions and the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). Descriptive analyses and multiple Poisson regression were performed with robust variation, considering a 5% significance level (p <0.05) for the final model. A total of 673 community health agents were evaluated. The prevalence of anxiety symptoms in the STAI-State was 47.4% and in the STAI-trait, 42.4%. The time working as a CHA longer than five years was associated with the STAI-state (p<0.001) and the STAI-trait (p=0.018), where as the female gender was associated with the STAI-trait (p=0.011). A high prevalence of anxiety symptoms in community health agents was verified. Health promotion strategies aimed at improving and monitoring the mental health of these workers by reducing anxiety disorders is required.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Anxiety/epidemiology , Public Health , Anxiety Disorders/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies
6.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 21(4): 995-1004, Oct.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360726

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: to check the prevalence of anxiety and depression disorder and associated factors during the postpartum period in puerperal women in the city of Ponta Grossa, Paraná. Methods: cross-sectional study conducted in an outpatient clinic for newborn care in the city of Ponta Grossa, Paraná, Brazil, in 2016 and 2017. 250 puerperal women were evaluated with the application of a form to collect anxiety/depression, socioeconomic and gestational data. Descriptive and multiple correspondence analyses were performed. Results: most puerperal women (81.2%) had no depression or a mild depression, 14.4% with mild to moderate depression and 4.4% with moderate to severe depression. In relation to anxiety, 68.4% presented a minimum degree, 21.6% mild anxiety, 7.6% moderate anxiety and 2.4% severe anxiety. Concerning the associated factors with postpartum depression, no sociodemographic variables or those related to childbirth were associated. As for anxiety, yellow/indigenous skin color, lack of paternal support and having interrupted pregnancy were associated with more advanced anxiety conditions. Conclusion: there was no association between demographic and health conditions with postpartum depression; however, regarding anxiety, the yellow/indigenous skin color, the lack of paternal support and the interruption of previous pregnancies were associated with more advanced anxiety conditions.


Resumo Objetivos: verificar a prevalência do transtorno de ansiedade e de depressão e fatores associados no pós-parto de puérperas no município de Ponta Grossa, Paraná. Métodos: estudo transversal, realizado no ambulatório de atendimento de recémnascidos do município de Ponta Grossa, Paraná, nos anos de 2016 e 2017. Foram avaliadas 250 puérperas com aplicação de formulário para levantamento de ansiedade e depressão, dados socioeconômicos, gestacionais. Realizou-se análise descritiva e de correspondência múltipla. Resultados: a maioria das puérperas (81,2%) foi considerada sem depressão ou depressão leve, 14,4% com depressão leve a moderada e 4,4% com depressão moderada a grave. Em relação a ansiedade 68,4% apresentaram grau mínimo, 21,6% ansiedade leve, 7,6% ansiedade moderada e 2,4% ansiedade severa. No que tange aos fatores associados a depressão pós parto, nenhuma variável sociodemográfica e relacionada ao parto apresentouse associada. Já no que se refere à ansiedade, a cor amarela/indígena, a falta de suporte paterna e ter interrompido a gestação apresentaram associação às condições mais avançadas de ansiedade. Conclusão: não houve associação entre condições demográficas e de saúde com a depressão pós-parto, mas, em relação à ansiedade, a cor amarela/indígena, a falta de suporte paterna e a interrupção de gestações anteriores apresentaram associação as condições mais avançadas de ansiedade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Anxiety/epidemiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Demography , Depression, Postpartum/epidemiology , Postpartum Period/psychology , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
7.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(9): 676-681, Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351775

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To assess the most common psychological disturbances in women with deep endometriosis and bowel involvement who are waiting surgical treatment and to evaluate what forms of coping are used to solve the problem. Methods This was a cross-sectional observational study of 40 women diagnosed with deep endometriosis and intestinal symptoms. They completed two questionnaires: one for anxiety and depression (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale [ HADS]) and the Scale of Mode of Confronting Problems (EMEP, in the Portuguese acronym). Results We found that 77.1% of the patients had anxiety and depression, with anxiety being the most prevalent (87.5% of the patients); 90% of the patients used problem focused and religious introspection as their main modes of confronting problems. Conclusion In the use of the HADS questionary, two psychological aspects were the most present in women with deep endometriosis awaiting surgical treatment: anxiety and depression. The most used forms of coping to solve the problem were problem coping and religious practices.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar os distúrbios psicológicos mais comuns em mulheres com endometriose profunda e acometimento intestinal que aguardam tratamento cirúrgico e avaliar as formas de enfrentamento que são usadas para resolver o problema. Métodos Estudo observacional transversal com 40 mulheres com diagnóstico de endometriose profunda e acometimento intestinal. As pacientes responderam dois questionários: para ansiedade e depressão (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale [HADS, na sigla em inglês) e outro para enfrentamento dos problemas (EMEP). Resultados Constatamos que 77% das pacientess apresentaram ansiedade e depressão, sendo a ansiedade a mais prevalente (87,5%); 90% das pacientes usaram a forma religiosa e focada no problema como sua principal estratégia de enfrentamento. Conclusão Os aspectos psicológicos mais encontrados em mulheres com endometriose profunda e intestinal que aguardam tratamento cirúrgico são ansiedade e depressão. As formas mais usadas de enfrentamento para resolver o problema foram práticas religiosas e focada no problema.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Endometriosis/surgery , Endometriosis/complications , Anxiety/etiology , Anxiety/epidemiology , Stress, Psychological , Adaptation, Psychological , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Depression/etiology , Depression/epidemiology
8.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 79(8): 682-685, Aug. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339232

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Catastrophization is a psychological aspect of pain that alters its perception and expression. Objective: To investigate the feature of catastrophization in migraine. Methods: An online survey of individuals suffering from migraine attacks at least twice a month, for at least one year was carried out. Confidentiality was assured and participants gave details of their headache (including a visual analogue pain scale) and answered the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Catastrophization Scale questionnaires. Results: The survey included 242 individuals with migraine attacks at least twice a month. The median scores observed in this group of individuals were 7 for pain, 11 for anxiety, 7 for depression, and 2 for catastrophization. Catastrophization had no correlation with the duration (p=0.78) or intensity (p=0.79) of the migraine. There was no correlation between catastrophization and headache frequency (p=0.91) or the monthly amount of headache medication taken (p=0.85). High scores for catastrophization (≥3.0) were identified in one third of the participants. These high scores were not associated with age, headache duration, pain severity, frequency of attacks, or traits of depression or anxiety. There was a moderate association between both depression and anxiety traits with catastrophization. Conclusions: Catastrophization seems to be a trait of the individual and appears to be unrelated to the characteristics of the migraine.


RESUMO Antecedentes: A catastrofização é um aspecto psicológico da dor, alterando sua percepção e expressão. Objetivos: Investigar o fenômeno da catastrofização na enxaqueca. Métodos: Pesquisa online com indivíduos que sofrem de crises de enxaqueca pelo menos duas vezes por mês, por pelo menos um ano. O sigilo foi assegurado. O participante dava detalhes de sua dor de cabeça (incluindo escala de dor analógica visual) e respondeu à Escala de Ansiedade e Depressão Hospitalar e à Escala de Catastrofização. Resultados: A pesquisa identificou 242 indivíduos com ataques de enxaqueca pelo menos duas vezes por mês. Os escores medianos observados neste grupo de indivíduos foram 7 para dor, 11 para ansiedade, 7 para depressão e 2 para catastrofização. Catastrofização não teve correlação com a duração (p=0,78) ou intensidade (p=0,79) da dor na crise de enxaqueca. Não houve correlação entre catastrofização e frequência de crises (p=0,91) ou quantidade mensal de medicação usada para tratar a cefaleia (p=0,85). Foram identificados escores elevados para catastrofização (≥3,0) em um terço dos participantes. Esses escores elevados não foram associados à idade, duração da dor de cabeça, gravidade da dor, frequência de ataques e traços de depressão ou de ansiedade. Houve moderada associação entre casos com concomitante depressão e ansiedade e catastrofização. Conclusões: A catastrofização parece ser um traço do indivíduo e parece não estar relacionada às características da enxaqueca.


Subject(s)
Humans , Catastrophization , Migraine Disorders , Anxiety/epidemiology , Confidentiality , Depression/epidemiology
9.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 157(3): 228-233, may.-jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346101

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La pandemia de COVID-19 también ha afectado la salud mental. Objetivo: Evaluar la salud mental de la población mexicana durante la pandemia de COVID-19 mediante la medición de síntomas de estrés, depresión, ansiedad, insomnio y resiliencia. Métodos: Estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal. Con una encuesta se recabaron datos sociodemográficos y se aplicaron la Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale 21 (DASS 21), la Escala Atenas de Insomnio y la Escala de Resiliencia 14 Ítems (RS-14). Se obtuvieron medidas de tendencia central y de dispersión en las variables cuantitativas, así como frecuencias en las cualitativas. En el análisis bivariado se utilizó la prueba de χ2; el nivel alpha fue 0.05. Resultados: Se analizaron 1667 individuos con edad media de 33.78 ± 10.79 años. En la DASS 21 se encontró una media de 9.7 puntos (normal), 7.10 para ansiedad (normal) y 6.73 para depresión (normal). La Escala Atenas de Insomnio presentó una media de 9.33 puntos (alteración moderada) y la RS-14, 69.13 (resiliencia alta). Conclusiones: La intensidad de la sintomatología fue menor a la esperada en comparación con la registrada en otras poblaciones, probablemente por la alta resiliencia de la población mexicana.


Abstract Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic has also affected mental health. Objective: To evaluate Mexican population mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic by measuring symptoms of stress, depression, anxiety and insomnia, as well as resilience. Methods: Cross-sectional, descriptive, observational study. A survey was carried out to collect sociodemographic data, and the Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale 21 (DASS 21), Athens Insomnia Scale and the 14-item Resilience Scale (RS-14) were applied. Central tendency and dispersion measures were obtained for quantitative variables and frequencies for qualitative variables. The chi-square test was used for bivariate analysis; alpha level was 0.05. Results: 1,667 individuals with a mean age of 33.78 ± 10.79 years were analyzed. On DASS 21, a mean of 9.7 points (normal) was found, as well as 7.10 for anxiety (normal) and 6.73 for depression (normal). In the Athens Insomnia Scale, a mean of 9.33 points (moderate alteration), and in the RS-14 scale, 69.13 points (high resilience) were obtained. Conclusions: Symptoms' intensity was lower than expected in comparison with that recorded in other populations, probably due to the high levels of resilience of the Mexican population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Mental Health , Resilience, Psychological , COVID-19/psychology , Anxiety/epidemiology , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Stress, Psychological/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Depression/epidemiology , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/epidemiology , Mexico/epidemiology
10.
Rev. cuba. med. gen. integr ; 37(2): e1205, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1352001

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El envejecimiento poblacional constituye en la actualidad un serio problema de salud de carácter universal. Objetivo: Relacionar el funcionamiento familiar con ansiedad y depresión en adultos mayores. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo correlacional de serie de casos en el Área de Salud II de Cienfuegos, en el período de enero a mayo de 2019. El universo de estudio fue conformado por 12 774 adultos mayores del Área 2 de Cienfuegos. Se utilizó un muestreo aleatorio simple (n = 50). Los instrumentos en la recogida de la información fueron: Entrevista al paciente, Autoescala de Depresión de Zung y Conde, Prueba de Ansiedad Rasgo y Estado y Cuestionario de Funcionabilidad Familiar (FF-SIL).El análisis estadístico de la información se realizó a través del paquete estadístico SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences). Se utilizó de la estadística descriptiva la frecuencia absoluta y el por ciento. Resultados: Prevalecieron las familias unigeneracionales (36 por ciento), pequeñas (62 por ciento) y nucleares (64 por ciento). Predominaron las familias moderadamente funcionales (60 por ciento). Los adultos mayores presentaron ansiedad en niveles medios y alto (70 y 30 por ciento respectivamente); además, 76 por ciento presentó depresión moderada. En cuanto a la relación entre el funcionamiento familiar con la ansiedad y la depresión se obtuvieron valores menores al nivel de significación 0,05. Conclusiones: En los adultos mayores del estudio no hubo relación entre el funcionamiento familiar con la ansiedad y la depresión(AU)


Introduction: Population aging is currently a serious universal health concern. Objective: To relate family functioning with anxiety and depression in older adults. Methods: A correlational and descriptive study of case series was carried out in the health area II of Cienfuegos, in the period from January to May 2019. The study universe was made up of 12 774 older adults from the health area II of Cienfuegos. Simple random sampling (n=50) was used. The instruments used to collect the information were patient interview, the Zung and Conde's Autoscale for Depression, the State-Trait Anxiety Test, and the Family Functioning Perception Test (FF-SIL). The statistical analysis of the information was carried out using the statistical package SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences). As descriptive statistics, absolute frequency and the percentage were used. Results: Unigenerational (36 percent), small (62 percent) and nuclear (64 percent) families prevailed. Moderately functional families predominated (60 percent). Older adults presented anxiety at medium and high levels (70 percent and 30 percent, respectively). In addition, 76 percent presented moderate depression. Regarding the relationship between family functioning with anxiety and depression, values lower than the 0.05 level of significance were obtained. Conclusions: Among the older adults included in the study, there was no relationship of family functioning with anxiety and depression(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anxiety/epidemiology , Aged , Family , Depression/epidemiology
11.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 139(5): 496-504, May 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1290266

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The rapid spread of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak has led to extraordinary measures taken worldwide and has led to serious psychological disorders. With the measures taken, the difficulties in women's daily lives are increasing exponentially. This situation has caused women to experience more mental health problems. OBJECTIVE: To identify the relationship between women's health anxiety and psychological wellbeing and the factors affecting these situations during the COVID-19 pandemic. DESIGN AND SETTING: Descriptive study conducted online among women living in Adana, Turkey. METHOD: This descriptive study was conducted among 623 married women between April 1 and April 20, 2020, using a SurveyMonkey online questionnaire. Data were collected using the link that was established. The questions comprised personal information, perceptions regarding the pandemic, the Health Anxiety Inventory (Short Form) and the Psychological Wellbeing Scale. RESULTS: The women who participated were found to have a high level of anxiety and a moderate level of psychological wellbeing. A positive, moderate-level relationship was found between the scales. CONCLUSIONS: The COVID-19 pandemic has had negative effects on both physical and psychological health. Support for women, to be provided within their holistic understanding of care, is of great importance for maintaining the psychological health of society.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pandemics , COVID-19 , Anxiety/epidemiology , Stress, Psychological , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Women's Health , Depression , SARS-CoV-2
12.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 139(5): 489-495, May 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1290259

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: 2020 was a challenging year for all healthcare professionals worldwide. In São Paulo, Brazil, the virus SARS-CoV-2 took 47,222 lives up to December 29, 2020. The front line of medical professionals in São Paulo was composed of many residents, who were transferred from their rotations to cover the needs of the pandemic. OBJECTIVE: To identify medical residents' mental health and clinical issues, regarding symptoms of burnout, depression and anxiety during the pandemic, and to compare them among specialties. DESIGN AND SETTING: Quantitative study using a convenience sample of medical resident volunteers who responded to an anonymous online survey that was available during April 2020. METHODS: This investigation collected sociodemographic information and used the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory (OLBI) to measure burnout, the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) to measure depression and the General Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) scale to measure anxiety symptoms. This study also developed a COVID-19 Impact Questionnaire (CIQ-19) to assess the residents' beliefs and clinical practices relating to COVID-19 patients. RESULTS: The sample comprised 1,392 medical residents in São Paulo, Brazil. Clinical specialty physicians showed the highest rates of anxiety symptoms (52.6%) and burnout (51.2%), among the specialties. CONCLUSION: Clinical specialty residents are at higher risk of anxiety, depression and burnout. The symptoms of anxiety and depression have worsened during the COVID-19 pandemic. There is a general need for mental health support interventions for medical resident physicians, which requires reinforcement during this worldwide crisis.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 , Internship and Residency , Anxiety/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Mental Health , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Depression/diagnosis , Depression/epidemiology , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
13.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(5): 317-324, oct. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1292029

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Los trabajadores de la salud se encuentran sometidos a una gran tensión en el desarrollo de sus actividades, lo que genera alta frecuencia de estrés, desgaste laboral e impacto psicopatológico. La pandemia de COVID-19 podría provocar un incremento de estas entidades en los médicos. El objetivo fue describir la frecuencia de estrés, síndrome de desgaste profesional (burnout), ansiedad y depresión durante la pandemia, y analizar las asociaciones con distintas variables independientes. Métodos. Estudio observacional, transversal, realizado dos meses después del inicio de la cuarentena en Argentina. Se encuestó a médicos de especialidades clínicas, quirúrgicas, solo de emergencias, y a aquellos sin contacto directo con pacientes, mediante un cuestionario sociodemográfico y tres inventarios autoadministrados: Health Professions Stress Inventory, Maslach Burnout Inventory y la Escala de ansiedad y depresión hospitalaria. Resultados. La prevalencia de estrés fue del 93,7 % (IC95 %: 90,33-96,2), burnout 73,5 % (IC95 %: 68,2-78,4), ansiedad 44 % (IC95 %: 38,4-49,8) y depresión 21,9 % (IC95 %: 17,3-26,9). No se observó asociación entre la frecuencia y el tipo de especialidad realizada. La frecuencia de burnout, ansiedad y depresión fue significativamente mayor en los médicos residentes y en aquellos que trabajan en emergencias. Conclusiones. Los médicos residentes y quienes trabajan en emergencias en turnos de 24 horas mostraron porcentajes significativamente más altos de burnout, ansiedad y depresión, en comparación con médicos de planta y con aquellos en posiciones de liderazgo. Estos hallazgos pueden estar asociados con una mayor carga de trabajo y una menor experiencia. Es mandatorio tomar medidas preventivas y terapéuticas para preservar a quienes hacen frente a esta pandemia.


Introduction. Health care workers experience a tremendous strain while performing their activities, very frequently leading to stress, burnout syndrome, and psychopathological impact. The COVID-19 pandemic may cause physicians to suffer these effects even to a greater extent. Our objective was to describe the frequency of stress, burnout syndrome, anxiety, and depression during the pandemic, and analyze the associations with different independent outcome measures. Methods. Observational, cross-sectional study conducted 2 months after the lockdown was established in Argentina. Clinical specialists, surgeons, emergency physicians, and those with no direct contact with patients were surveyed using a sociodemographic questionnaire and 3 self-administered inventories: Health Professions Stress Inventory, Maslach Burnout Inventory, and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Results. The prevalence of stress was 93.7 % (95 % confidence interval [CI]: 90.33-96.2), burnout syndrome 73.5 % (95 % CI: 68.2-78.4), anxiety 44 % (95 % CI: 38.4-49.8), and depression 21.9 % (95 % CI: 17.3-26.9). No association was observed between the frequency and medical specialty. The frequency of burnout syndrome, anxiety, and depression was significantly higher among residents and physicians working in the emergency department. Conclusions. Residents and emergency physicians working 24-hour shifts showed significantly higher percentages of burnout syndrome, anxiety, and depression compared to staff and head physicians. These findings may be associated with a higher workload and less experience. It is compulsory to take preventive and therapeutic measures to protect those in the pandemic front line.


Subject(s)
Humans , Physicians , Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , COVID-19 , Anxiety/epidemiology , Communicable Disease Control , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Depression/epidemiology , Pandemics , Burnout, Psychological , SARS-CoV-2 , Hospitals, Teaching
14.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 21(supl.1): 133-143, Feb. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155313

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: to determine the frequency of stress, anxiety, and depression symptoms in symptomatic patients for COVID-19. To evaluate the associated factors involved in these variants. Methods: between May/June of 2020, it was conducted a prospective cross-section study with symptomatic participants for COVID-19 (n=300). It was applied an online questionnaire and the DASS-21 to evaluate the mental health of participants. Results: it was observed that 28.6%, 29.7% and 27% of the participants showed severe/extreme levels symptoms of stress, anxiety, and depression, respectively. The testing for COVID-19 application had constituted a protective factor for the development of psychiatric morbidity, once it had shown significant association in the low frequencies of severe/extreme depression [Odds Ratio (OR)]= 0.26; p=0.002) and stress (OR=0.39; p=0.01). Conclusion: individuals that are symptomatic for COVID-19 are a vulnerable group that may present high symptomatology for depression, anxiety, and stress. The identification of psychiatric morbidity frequency and its associated factors may contribute for the development of mental health strategies aiming at the prevention and mitigation of psychological impact in COVID-19 symptomatic population during the pandemic.


Resumo Objetivos: determinar a frequência de sintomas de estresse, ansiedade e depressão em pacientes sintomáticos para COVID-19 e avaliar os fatores associados. Métodos: entre maio / junho de 2020, foi realizado um estudo transversal prospectivo com participantes sintomáticos para COVID-19 (n = 300). Foi aplicado um questionário online e o DASS-21 para avaliar a saúde mental dos participantes. Resultados: observou-se que 28,6%, 29,7% e 27% dos participantes apresentaram sintomas graves/extremos para estresse, ansiedade e depressão, respectivamente. A realização do teste para a COVID-19 constituiu-se como fator de proteção para o desenvolvimento de sintomatologia psíquica, uma vez que mostrou associação significativa nas baixas frequências de depressão grave/extrema [odds ratio (OR)]= 0,26; p=0,002) e de estresse (OR=0,39; p=0,01). Conclusão: os indivíduos sintomáticos para COVID-19 constituem um grupo vulnerável que podem apresentar elevada sintomatologia para depressão, ansiedade e estresse. A identificação da frequência de morbidade psiquiátrica e seus fatores associados podem contribuir para o desenvolvimento de estratégias de saúde mental visando a prevenção e mitigação do impacto psicológico na população sintomática de COVID-19 durante a pandemia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anxiety/epidemiology , Stress, Psychological/epidemiology , Quarantine/psychology , Depression/epidemiology , COVID-19 Testing , Mental Health , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Psychological Distress
15.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(2): 693-710, fev. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153800

ABSTRACT

Resumo O objetivo deste estudo é identificar a prevalência de ansiedade em profissionais de saúde durante a pandemia da COVID-19. Trata-se de revisão sistemática de estudos publicados em qualquer idioma em 2020. Foi realizada busca nas bases de dados Embase, LILACS e PubMed utilizando os descritores anxiety, COVID-19, health workers, e sinônimos. A estimativa da prevalência geral de ansiedade com intervalo de confiança de 95% foi calculada utilizando o modelo de efeitos aleatórios. Dos 861 registros identificados, 36 artigos foram incluídos na revisão sistemática e 35 na metanálise. A prevalência geral de ansiedade foi de 35% (IC95%: 29-40). Foi identificado maior risco de ansiedade nas mulheres em relação aos homens (Odds Ratio: 1.64 [IC95%: 1,47-1,84]), e nos enfermeiros, na comparação com médicos (Odds Ratio: 1.19 [IC95%: 1,07-1,33]). Atuar na linha de frente no combate a COVID-19, estar infectado com coronavírus e apresentar doenças crônicas também foram fatores associados com maior risco de ansiedade. Observa-se alta prevalência de ansiedade entre profissionais de saúde, com maior risco entre mulheres e enfermeiros. Há necessidade de medidas que visem sua prevenção, bem como o fornecimento de tratamento precoce e adequado aos com ansiedade moderada e grave.


Abstract This study sets out to identify the prevalence of anxiety among health professionals during the COVID-19 pandemic. It involves a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies published in any language in 2020. A search was conducted in the Embase, LILACS and PubMed databases using the keywords anxiety, COVID-19, health workers, and synonyms. The estimated overall prevalence of anxiety with a 95% confidence interval was calculated using the random effects model. Of the 861 records identified, 36 articles were included in the systematic review and 35 in the meta-analysis. The overall prevalence of anxiety was 35% (95%CI: 29-40). A higher risk of anxiety was identified among women compared to men (Odds Ratio: 1.64 [95%CI: 1.47-1.84]), and in nurses, in comparison with physicians (Odds Ratio: 1.19 [95%CI: 1.07-1.33]). Being on the front line of COVID-19, being infected with coronavirus and having chronic diseases were also factors associated with a higher risk of anxiety. A high prevalence of anxiety among health professionals was observed, with higher risk among women and nurses. There is a pressing need for measures aimed at prevention of anxiety and providing early and appropriate treatment for those suffering from moderate and severe anxiety.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anxiety/epidemiology , Health Personnel , COVID-19 , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Prevalence
16.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 139(1): 65-71, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156964

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has instilled fear and stress among healthcare workers. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess work stress and associated factors among healthcare workers during the COVID-19 outbreak and to evaluate whether prior experience of treating severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) had a positive or negative influence on healthcare workers' stress levels during the COVID-19 pandemic. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional survey in a tertiary hospital in Kaohsiung City, in southern Taiwan. METHODS: The survey was conducted using an online self-administered questionnaire to measure the stress levels among healthcare workers from March 20 to April 20, 2020. The stress scales were divided into four subscales: worry of social isolation; discomfort caused by the protective equipment; difficulties and anxiety regarding infection control; and workload of caring for patients. RESULTS: The total stress scores were significantly higher among healthcare workers who were aged 41 or above, female, married, parents and nurses. Those with experience of treating SARS reported having significantly higher stress scores on the subscale measuring the discomfort caused by protective equipment and the workload of caring for patients. During the COVID-19 outbreak, frontline healthcare workers with experience of treating SARS indicated having higher stress levels regarding the workload of caring for patients than did non-frontline healthcare workers with no experience of treating SARS. CONCLUSIONS: Work experience from dealing with the 2003 SARS virus may have had a negative psychological impact on healthcare workers amidst the COVID-19 outbreak.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Health Personnel/psychology , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome/psychology , Pandemics , COVID-19/psychology , Anxiety/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Workload , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome/epidemiology , Occupational Stress/epidemiology , COVID-19/epidemiology
17.
Femina ; 49(2): 121-128, 20210228. graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224070

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Traçar um perfil epidemiológico do medo do parto em gestantes em Santos, correlacionando as variáveis idade, escolaridade, estado civil, paridade, perdas gestacionais prévias e intercorrências gestacionais. Métodos: Estudo transversal, realizado em programa pré-natal de risco habitual em cinco Unidades Básicas de Saúde de Santos, com coleta de dados entre novembro de 2019 e fevereiro de 2020. Critérios de inclusão: idade gestacional maior ou igual a 28 semanas, maiores de 18 anos, preferência por parto vaginal, alfabetizadas em português. A amostra foi de 67 participantes, que responderam ao Questionário sobre o Medo Percebido do Parto (QMPP), versão portuguesa do Wijma Delivery Expectancy/Experience Questionnaire versão A, e a uma ficha com dados sociodemográficos. Resultados: A pontuação média no QMPP foi 79,3. Observou-se uma prevalência de 31,4% de gestantes com escore maior ou igual a 85, que compreende medo do parto intenso e tocofobia. A pontuação no QMPP apresentou correlação fraca positiva com idade. Conclusão: A prevalência de medo do parto no presente estudo se assemelhou àquela observada em metanálises internacionais. Este estudo pode embasar tanto futuras pesquisas sobre medo do parto no Brasil como projetos públicos para diagnóstico e tratamento dessa condição nas gestantes brasileiras.(AU)


Objective: To obtain an epidemiologic profile of the pregnancies affected by fear of childbirth in Santos, correlating variables such as: age, schooling, marriage status, parity, previous gestational losses, and pregnancy complications. Methods: Transversal study located in five polyclinics in Santos, in habitual risk prenatal program. The data was collected between November 2019 and February 2020. Inclusion criteria: gestational age equal or greater than 28 weeks, women older than 18 years, wish for vaginal birth, alphabetized in Portuguese. The final sample was 67 participants, which completed the Questionário sobre o Medo Percebido do Parto, Portuguese version of Wijma Delivery Expectancy/Experience Questionnaire version A, and a sheet with sociodemographic data. Results: The average score on QMPP was 79,3. It was found a prevalence of 31,4% of pregnant women with scores equal or greater than 85, which comprehends intense fear of childbirth and tocophobia. The QMPP score presented a weak positive correlation with age. Conclusion: The prevalence of fear of childbirth obtained in this study resembles the results of international metanalysis. This study can base future research about fear of childbirth in Brazil, as well as public projects to diagnose and treat this condition in Brazilian women.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Anxiety/epidemiology , Phobic Disorders/epidemiology , Parturition/psychology , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Depression, Postpartum/epidemiology , Humanizing Delivery , Patient Health Questionnaire
18.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 79(2): 149-155, Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153152

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Coronavirus pandemic began in China in 2019 (COVID-19), causing not only public health problems but also great psychological distress, especially for physicians involved in coping with the virus or those of the risk group in social isolation, and this represents a challenge for the psychological resilience in the world population. Studies showed that health professionals had psychological symptoms such as depression, anxiety, insomnia, stress, among others. Objectives: To investigate the quality of sleep and the prevalence rate of sleeping disorders among physicians during COVID-19 pandemic, and identify the psychological and social factors associated with the condition. Methods: A cross-sectional study of an online questionnaire was applied for physicians in Brazil. Among the 332 participants included, 227 were women. Sociodemographic assessment was used in the questionnaire, as well as the scale of impact on the events of modifications caused by COVID-19, assessment on sleep quality (PSQI), presence and severity of insomnia (ISI), depressive symptoms (PHQ-9), and anxiety (GAD-7). Results: Most physicians (65.6%) had changes in sleep. Poor sleep quality was reported by 73.1%, depressive symptoms were present in 75.8%, and anxiety in 73.4%. Conclusion: Our study found that more than 70% of the physicians assessed had impaired sleep quality, characterizing insomnia symptoms during COVID-19 outbreak. Related factors included an environment of isolation, concerns about COVID-19 outbreak and symptoms of anxiety and depression. Special interventions are needed to promote health professionals' mental well-being and implement changes in this scenario.


RESUMO Introdução: A pandemia de coronavírus iniciada na China em 2019 (COVID-19) não só causou problemas de saúde pública mas também trouxe grande sofrimento psíquico, principalmente aos médicos envolvidos no enfrentamento da doença ou àqueles do grupo de risco em isolamento social, e representa um desafio para a resiliência psicológica da população mundial. Estudos mostram que profissionais de saúde apresentaram sintomas psicológicos como depressão, ansiedade, insônia, estresse, entre outros. Objetivos: Investigar a qualidade do sono e a taxa de prevalência de transtornos do sono entre os médicos durante a pandemia do COVID-19, e identificar os fatores psicológicos e sociais associados ao quadro. Métodos: Estudo transversal com aplicação de questionário on-line a médicos do Brasil e inclusão de 332 participantes, dos quais 227 eram mulheres. Foram utilizados questionários com avaliação sociodemográfica, escala de impacto a eventos com modificações causadas pelo COVID-19, avaliação da qualidade do sono (PSQI), presença e gravidade da insônia (IGI), sintomas depressivos (PHQ-9) e ansiedade (TAG-7). Resultados: A maioria dos médicos (65,6%) apresentou alterações no sono, sendo a má qualidade do sono reportada por 73,1%. Sintomas depressivos estiveram presentes em 75,8%, e ansiedade em 73,4%. Conclusão: Nosso estudo constatou que mais de 70% dos médicos avaliados apresentavam comprometimento da qualidade do sono, caracterizando sintomas de insônia durante o surto de COVID-19. Os fatores relacionados incluíram ambiente de isolamento, preocupações com o surto de COVID-19 e sintomas de ansiedade e depressão. Intervenções especiais são necessárias para promover o bem-estar mental dos profissionais de saúde e implementar mudanças nesse cenário.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , COVID-19 , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Anxiety/epidemiology , Sleep , Brazil/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Depression/epidemiology , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
19.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 84(1): 31-36, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153098

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Our goal was to analyze the prevalence of depression and anxiety among patients with glaucoma and to identify risk factors related to these disorders. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out between August 2016 and August 2017 at the Hospital das Clínicas of Universidade Estadual de Campinas and at the Hospital Oftalmológico de Brasília to evaluate the prevalence of depressive and anxiety disorders among patients diagnosed with glaucoma. All patients underwent a complete ophthalmologic examination with standard automated perimetry to confirm the diagnosis of glaucoma. All participants were asked to complete the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale questionnaire. Results: One hundred and twenty-nine patients were included in the study. Seventy-four were men (57.36%) and 55 (42.64%) were women. The mean age of the patients was 70.14 ± 15.8 years. Ninety participants were white (69.77%) and 38 (29.46%) were black. The study demonstrated a prevalence of depression and/or anxiety at 10.08%. Logistic regression revealed that women were at higher risk for anxiety and/or depression (OR: 5.25, p=0.015) and patients with a larger number of comorbidities also were at higher risk for anxiety and/or depressive disorders (OR: 2.82, p=0.038). Conclusion: A significant proportion of patients with glaucoma present with depression and/or anxiety. Females and patients with comorbidities are at greater risk for these disorders.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a prevalência de transtornos de depressão e ansiedade em pacientes com glaucoma e identificar fatores de riscos associados. Métodos: Estudo transversal em pacientes com glaucoma, avaliados durante Agosto de 2016 e Agosto de 2017 no Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade de Campinas e no Hospital Oftalmológico de Brasília. Todos pacientes foram submetidos à exame oftalmológico completo para confirmar o diagnóstico de glaucoma. Todos pacientes preencheram o questionário "Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale". Resultados: Foram incluídos 129 pacientes no estudo, sendo 74 homens (57.36%) e 55 (42.64%) mulheres, 90 pacientes eram brancos (69.77%) e 38 (29.46%) eram negros. A idade média foi de 70.14 ± 15.8 anos. O estudo demonstrou uma prevalência de 10.08% de transtornos depressivo e/ou ansiedade. A regressão logística demonstrou que mulheres apresentam maior risco de desenvolver transtornos depressivos e/ou ansiedade (Risco relativo: 5.25, p=0.015), assim como pacientes com maior número de comorbidades clínicas (Risco relativo: 2.82, p=0.038). Conclusão: Uma proporção significativa dos pacientes com glaucoma podem apresentar transtornos de depressão e/ou ansiedade. Pacientes com glaucoma do sexo feminino e que apresentem maiores comorbidades clínicas apresentam maior risco de apresentar esses transtornos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Glaucoma , Depressive Disorder , Anxiety/epidemiology , Anxiety Disorders/epidemiology , Glaucoma/complications , Glaucoma/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Depression/etiology , Depression/epidemiology , Depressive Disorder/epidemiology
20.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 21(supl.2): 413-419, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279607

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: to analyze the frequency of anxiety, stress and depression in Brazilians during the COVID-19 pandemic period. Methods: cross-sectional study conducted with Brazilians during the COVID-19 pandemic. Data collection was performed via an online electronic form containing self-reported sociodemographic and mental health variables using the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) using the snow-ball sampling technique. For the whole study, a significance level of 0.05 was considered, except for the application of the stepwise method, which considered a level of 0.2. Results: 1,775 people responded the survey, mostly women (78.07%), white (58.13%), single (45.78%), currently working (63.74%). 32.03% received psychotherapy or some type of emotional support before the pandemic, 19.03% had some psychiatric diagnosis and 8.49% started some support after the beginning of the pandemic. The mean scores investigated by the DASS-21 scale were 5.53869 for depression, 4.467334 for anxiety and 8.221202 for stress. Conclusions: during the COVID-19 pandemic, sociodemographic and mental health characteristics were mapped and in Brazilians and the symptoms of anxiety, depression and stress were identified mainly in women, single people, who did not currently work and already had some previous mental health symptom.


Resumo Objetivos: analisar a frequência de ansiedade, estresse e depressão em brasileiros no período da pandemia COVID-19. Métodos: estudo transversal, realizado com brasileiros durante a pandemia COVID-19. A coleta de dados foi realizada via formulário eletrônico online contendo variáveis sociodemográficas e de saúde mental autodeclaradas através da escala de depressão, ansiedade e estresse (DASS-21) utilizando a técnica snow-ball sampling. Para todo o estudo foi considerado um nível de significância de 0.05, salvo a aplicação do método stepwise que considerou um nível de 0.2. Resultados: 1.775 pessoas responderam à pesquisa, maioria mulheres (78,07%); brancos (58,13%); solteiros (45, 78%); trabalhando atualmente (63,74%). Faziam psicoterapia ou recebiam algum tipo de suporte emocional antes da pandemia 32,03%; 19,03% tinham algum diagnóstico psiquiátrico e 8,49% iniciaram algum suporte após o início da pandemia. As médias dos escores investigados pela escala DASS-21 foram: 5,53869 para depressão; 4,467334 para ansiedade e 8,221202 para estresse. Conclusão: na pandemia COVID-19 foram mapeadas características sociodemográficas e de saúde mental e em brasileiros e identificados sintomas de ansiedade, depressão e estresse principalmente em mulheres, pessoas solteiras, que não trabalham atualmente e já apresentavam algum sintoma de saúde mental anterior.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anxiety/epidemiology , Stress, Psychological/epidemiology , Depression/epidemiology , COVID-19/psychology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Social Isolation , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Quarantine , Mental Health/statistics & numerical data , Surveys and Questionnaires
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