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1.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(2): 244-252, Mar.-Apr. 2021. graf., tab.
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP, CONASS, SESSP-IDPCPROD, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1251100

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To investigate whether hybrid repair has supremacy over conventional open repair in aortic arch diseases. Methods: A comprehensive search was undertaken in two major databases (PubMed and MEDLINE) to identify all studies comparing the two surgical techniques in five years, up to December 2018, that met the established criteria in this study. The search returned 310 papers, and 305 were selected after removing duplicates. The abstracts of the remaining articles were assessed, resulting in 15 studies that went to full-text analysis. After application of the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 8 papers remained for the final revision. Results: Eight studies met the criteria, with the inclusion of 1,837 patients. From a short-term perspective, hybrid repair and conventional open repair had similar outcomes in terms of postoperative mortality and acute neurological events. Hybrid repair was associated with less respiratory complications and risk of new intervention, as well as reduced hospital length of stay. Conventional open repair showed better mid- and long-term outcomes. Conclusion: Hybrid repair should be used in selected patients, with a high risk or very high-risk profile for conventional surgery. Finally, since most of the current data were obtained from limited to large samples, with narrow follow-up and had great heterogeneity, the best approach to the aortic arch is still variable. Therefore, the decision of the approach should be individualized and evaluated by the whole Heart Team, considering the expertise of the surgical team.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aorta, Thoracic/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880647

ABSTRACT

Type A aortic dissection (AD) is a critical and severe disease with high mortality. The Sun's operation is a standard surgical method for this kind of disease at present. For the procedure, an elephant trunk stent is inserted into the true lumen of the descending aorta and the aortic arch is replaced. A patient was admitted to the First Hospital of Lanzhou University due to sudden chest and back pain for 6 days. Computed tomography angiography (CTA) showed type A AD. Ascending aorta replacement, Sun's operation, and ascending aorta to right femoral artery bypass grafting were performed. After surgery, the patient's condition was worsened. The digital subtraction angiography (DSA) showed the elephant trunk stent was inserted into the false lumen of AD, leading to the occlusion of the large blood vessel at the distal part of the abdominal aorta and below. Although we performed intima puncture and endovascular aortic repair, the patient was still dead.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm, Dissecting/surgery , Aorta, Abdominal , Aorta, Thoracic/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation/adverse effects , Humans , Stents/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome
3.
Clinics ; 76: e2332, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153976

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: In Brazil, descending thoracic aorta disease (TAD), including aneurysms and dissection, are preferentially managed by endovascular treatment (TEVAR) due to the feasibility and good results of this technique. In this study, we analyzed endovascular treatment of isolated TAD (ITAD) in the public health system over a 10-year period in São Paulo, a municipality in Brazil in which more than 5 million inhabitants depend on the governmental health system. METHODS: Public data from procedures performed between 2008 and 2019 were extracted using web scraping techniques. The following types of data were analyzed: demographic data, operative technique, elective or urgent status, number of surgeries, in-hospital mortality, length of hospital stay, mean length of stay in the intensive care unit, and reimbursement values paid by the government. Trauma cases and congenital diseases were excluded. RESULTS: A total of 1,344 procedures were analyzed; most patients were male and aged ≥65 years. Most individuals had a residential address registered in the city. Approximately one-third of all surgeries were urgent cases. There were 128 in-hospital deaths (9.52%), and in-hospital mortality was lower for elective than for urgent surgeries (7.29% vs. 14.31%, p=0.031). A total of R$ 24.766.008,61 was paid; an average of R$ 17.222,98 per elective procedure and R$ 18.558,68 per urgent procedure. Urgent procedures were significantly more expensive than elective surgeries (p=0.029). CONCLUSION: Over a 10-year period, the total cost of ITAD interventions was R$ 24.766.008,61, which was paid from the governmental system. Elective procedures were associated with lower mortality and lower investment from the health system when compared to those performed in an urgent scenario.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Endovascular Procedures , Aorta, Thoracic/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Time Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Public Health , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
4.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(6): 977-985, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1144002

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To review the currently available literature to define the role of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) in patients with connective tissue disorders (CTD). Methods: A comprehensive electronic database search was performed in PubMed, SCOPUS, Embase, Google scholar, and OVID to identify all the articles that reported on outcomes of utilizing TEVAR in patients with CTD during elective and emergency settings. The search was not limited to time or language of the published study. Results: All the relevant studies have been summarized in its correspondence section. The outcomes were analyzed in narrative format. The role of TEVAR has been elaborated as per each study. Currently, there is limited large cohort size studies outlining the use of TEVAR in patients with CTD. The use of endovascular repair in patients with CTD is limited due to progressive aortic dilatations and high possibility of further reinterventions at later stage of life. Conclusion: Open repair remains the gold standard method of intervention in young patients with progressive CTD, especially in the setting of acute type A aortic dissection. However, TEVAR can be sought as a reliable alternative in emergency setting of diseases involving the descending thoracic aorta; yet the long-term data needs to be published to support such practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortic Diseases/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Endovascular Procedures , Aorta, Thoracic/surgery , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/surgery , Connective Tissue
5.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(6): 934-941, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143992

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The aim of this study is to compare postoperative outcomes and follow-up of two different modifications facilitating surgical technique of frozen elephant trunk (FET) procedure for complex thoracic aortic diseases - zone 0 (fixation with total arch debranching) and zone 3 (fixation with islet-shape arch repair). Methods: From May 2012 to December 2018, data were collected from 139 patients who had been treated with FET procedure for complex thoracic aortic diseases. According to Ishimaru arch map, patients with proximal anastomotic site of hybrid graft at zone 0 and zone 3 were grouped as Group A (n=58, 41.7%) and Group B (n=81, 58.3%), respectively. Mean age of study population was 54.7±11.4 years, and 111 patients were male (79.9%). Results: In-hospital mortality was observed in 20 (14.4%) patients (n=12, acute type A aortic dissection, and n=4, previous aortic dissection surgery). There was no significant difference between both groups in terms of in-hospital mortality. Four patients from Group A and three patients from Group B had permanent neurological deficit (P=0.32). Three patients from both groups had transient spinal cord ischemia (P=0.334). Although mean total perfusion time was longer in Group A, duration of visceral ischemia, when compared with Group B, was shorter (P<0.001). Five-year survival rate was 82.8% in Group A and 81.5% in Group B (P=0.876). Conclusion: FET procedure is a feasible repair technique in the treatment of complex aortic diseases, providing satisfactory early results. Because of its advantageous aspects, zone 0 fixation with debranching is the preferred technique in our clinic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/diagnostic imaging , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Aneurysm, Dissecting/surgery , Aneurysm, Dissecting/diagnostic imaging , Aorta, Thoracic/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis , Stents , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
6.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(4): 427-436, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137284

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To systematically review the rate of morbidity and mortality associated with the use of E-vita hybrid stent graft and ThoraflexTM in patients undergoing complex aortic surgery. Methods: A comprehensive search was undertaken among the four major databases to identify published data about E-vita or Thoraflex™ in patients undergoing repair of thoracic aortic aneurysms. Results: In total, 28 papers were included in the study, encompassing a total of 2,161 patients (1,919 E-vita and 242 Thoraflex™). Patients undergoing surgery with E-vita or Thoraflex™ were of similar age and sex. The number of patients undergoing non-elective repair with Thoraflex™ was higher than with E-vita (35.2% vs. 28.7%, respectively). Cardiopulmonary bypass time was associated with increasing mortality in E-vita patients, however a meta-analysis of proportions showed higher 30-day mortality, permanent neurological deficit, and one-year mortality for Thoraflex™ patients. Direct statistical comparisons between E-vita and Thoraflex™ was not possible due to heterogeneity of studies. Conclusion: Although there are limited studies available, the available data suggests that mortality and morbidity are lower for the E-vita device in thoracic aortic aneurysm surgery than for Thoraflex™. Long-term data of comparative studies do not yet exist to assess viability of these procedures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Aorta, Thoracic/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis , Stents , Treatment Outcome
7.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(3): 402-405, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137255

ABSTRACT

Abstract Type II Aortopulmonary window (APW) accounts for only 10% of total cases of APW, which by itself is a rare congenital anomaly. Various cardiac malformations have been reported to be associated with this rare anomaly. We report one such association of origin of left subclavian artery (LSCA) from left pulmonary artery (LPA) via ductus arteriosus that was surgically repaired.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortopulmonary Septal Defect/surgery , Aortopulmonary Septal Defect/complications , Aortopulmonary Septal Defect/diagnostic imaging , Subclavian Artery/surgery , Subclavian Artery/diagnostic imaging , Aorta, Thoracic/surgery , Aorta, Thoracic/diagnostic imaging , Pulmonary Artery/surgery , Pulmonary Artery/diagnostic imaging , Lung
8.
Rev. argent. cir ; 111(4): 274-283, dic. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057370

ABSTRACT

Los aneurismas del cayado aórtico representan un desafío, ya que el involucramiento de sus grandes ramas exige una técnica quirúrgica compleja. A partir de la aparición del tratamiento endovascular, una alternativa desarrollada en los últimos años para abordar el cayado aórtico consistió en el tratamiento híbrido de esta patología, mediante la derivación quirúrgica de los vasos del cuello y la posterior exclusión del aneurisma con una endoprótesis. Este método híbrido es conocido con el nombre de debranching, y en forma simplificada consiste en realizar, sin circulación extracorpórea, una serie de puentes entre la aorta ascendente y el tronco braquiocefálico, la arteria carótida izquierda y eventualmente la arteria subclavia izquierda, para permitir avanzar una endoprótesis que cubra toda la luz del aneurisma. Se describe la técnica quirúrgica del debranching híbrido tipo I, sin el auxilio de la circulación extracorpórea e implante anterógrado de la endoprótesis, para los aneurismas del cayado aórtico.


Aortic arch aneurysms represent a major challenge as the involvement of the supra-aortic vessels demands a complex surgical technique. Since the advent of endovascular aortic repair, hybrid treatment of aortic arch disease has emerged in recent years. The procedure consists of surgical bypass of the supra-aortic vessels followed by exclusion of the aneurysm with an endograft. This hybrid method is known as debranching and, briefly, consists in performing bypasses between the ascending aorta and the brachiocephalic artery, the left carotid artery and possibly the left subclavian artery without cardiopulmonary bypass, in order to advance an endograft to cover the entire lumen of the aneurysm. The aim of this paper is to describe the surgical technique of type I hybrid debranching without cardiopulmonary bypass and antegrade endograft delivery to treat aortic arch aneurysms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aorta , Aorta, Thoracic/surgery , Extracorporeal Circulation/methods , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Methods , Aorta, Thoracic , Arteries , Referral and Consultation , Relief Work , Subclavian Artery , Therapeutics , Cardiopulmonary Bypass , Disease , Brachiocephalic Trunk , Bridges , Extracorporeal Circulation , Aneurysm , Neck
9.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(6): 769-771, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057502

ABSTRACT

Abstract Aortic arch anomalies are not clinically important unless they cause compression symptoms due to aneurysmatic dilatation. Aortic anomalies need to be treated when they cause complex thoracic aortic diseases, and the treatment approach has evolved over time from open surgical methods, which have high mortality and morbidity rates, to hybrid methods. A case of a 68-year-old male patient with complex aortic arch anomaly treated with hybrid arch repair is reported in this study. Aortic branches were common carotid trunk and aberrant right subclavian artery with a saccular aneurysm.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Subclavian Artery/abnormalities , Vascular Surgical Procedures/methods , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/surgery , Cardiovascular Abnormalities/surgery , Aorta, Thoracic/surgery , Aorta, Thoracic/diagnostic imaging , Subclavian Artery/surgery , Subclavian Artery/diagnostic imaging , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/diagnostic imaging , Cardiovascular Abnormalities/diagnostic imaging , Computed Tomography Angiography
10.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(6): 759-764, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057495

ABSTRACT

Abstract Regardless the successful treatment of the descending aorta with endovascular prosthesis, for the ascending aorta segment, because of several anatomic and physiologic issues, this technique has been considered an alternative only for high-risk or inoperable patients. Despite restricted indications, hundreds of treatments have been performed worldwide, demonstrating its safety and reproducibility if it is done in high-quality centers. Therefore, understanding patients' selection criteria and technique limitations are critical to its application.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortic Diseases/surgery , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Aorta, Thoracic/surgery , Aortic Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Computed Tomography Angiography
11.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(2): 213-221, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990580

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To investigate whether axillary artery cannulation has supremacy over innominate artery cannulation in thoracic aortic surgery. Methods: A comprehensive search was undertaken among the four major databases (PubMed, Excerpta Medica dataBASE [EMBASE], Scopus, and Ovid) to identify all randomized and nonrandomized controlled trials comparing axillary to innominate artery cannulation in thoracic aortic surgery. Databases were evaluated and assessed up to March 2017. Results: Only three studies fulfilled the criteria for this meta-analysis, including 534 patients. Cardiopulmonary bypass time was significantly shorter in the innominate group (P=0.004). However, the innominate group had significantly higher risk of prolonged intubation > 48 hours (P=0.04) than the axillary group. Further analysis revealed no significant difference between the innominate and axillary groups for deep hypothermic circulatory arrest time (P=0.06). The relative risks for temporary and permanent neurological deficits as well as in-hospital mortality were not significantly different for both groups (P=0.90, P=0.49, and P=0.55, respectively). Length of hospital stay was similar for both groups. Conclusion: There is no superiority of axillary over innominate artery cannulation in thoracic aortic surgery in terms of perioperative outcomes; however, as the studies were limited, larger scale comparative studies are required to provide a solid evidence base for choosing optimal arterial cannulation site.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aorta, Thoracic/surgery , Axillary Artery/surgery , Catheterization/methods , Brachiocephalic Trunk/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Catheterization/adverse effects , Catheterization/mortality , Treatment Outcome , Hospital Mortality
12.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 33(5): 528-530, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-977459

ABSTRACT

Abstract Pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE) is a common problem in premature neonates with respiratory distress syndrome. This condition is often related to barotrauma caused by mechanical ventilation or continuous positive airway pressure applied to low birth weight neonates. The clinical diagnosis can be challenging. However, after proper diagnosis, several interventions are available for successful management. We describe an infant who developed severe PIE with recurrent pneumothoraces and development of a persistent bronchopleural fistula shortly after repair of a hypoplastic aortic arch and description of successful lobectomy with the assistance of extracorporeal support (ECMO).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant, Newborn , Middle Aged , Aorta, Thoracic/surgery , Aortic Diseases/surgery , Pulmonary Emphysema/etiology , Cardiac Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Aorta, Thoracic/abnormalities , Aorta, Thoracic/diagnostic imaging , Aortic Diseases/congenital , Aortic Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Pulmonary Emphysema/diagnostic imaging , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Infant, Premature , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation
13.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 31(5)set.-out. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-914706

ABSTRACT

Background: The aortic arch diseases exhibit high morbidity and mortality rates. Some surgical strategies recommend partial preservation of the aortic arch and the supra-aortic vessels, but the immediate and mediumterm mortality rates of patients undergoing this surgical strategy is uncertain. Objectives: To compare overall mortality and mid- term survival curve of patients undergoing surgical strategy of partial preservation of the aortic arch and supra-aortic vessels (group A) compared to conventional strategies of the aortic arch approach (group B); to assess cardiovascular mortality over time. Methods: Descriptive and retrospective study of the medical records of patients undergoing aortic arch repair surgery between February 2000 and July 2013. We analyzed 111 patients, 29 in group A and 82 in group B. The overall survival and survival from cardiovascular events were assessed by Kaplan-Meier test. Results: In- hospital mortality from any cause was 31% in group A and 29.3% in group B. At 1 year, 2 year, and 5 year general survival was similar between the groups. In-hospital, 2 years and 5 years mortality from cardiovascular causes was 13.8%, 14.8%, e 22.7% in group A and 26.8%, 34.6% e 50.9% in group B. The difference between the groups in 5 years showed statistical significance (p = 0.0234). Survival from cardiovascular causes in 2 years and 5 years was 85.2% and 77,3% in group A and 65.4% and 49,1% in group B. Occurrence of urgent and emergency procedures were greater in group A, but without statistical significance. Conclusions: There was no difference in all-cause mortality over time between the groups. Group A showed lower cardiovascular mortality at 5 years than group B


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aorta, Thoracic/physiopathology , Aorta, Thoracic/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm/surgery , Mortality , Survivorship , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Continuity of Patient Care , Data Collection/methods , Dissection/methods , Hemorrhage/complications , Prostheses and Implants , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Statistical Analysis , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Surveys and Questionnaires
14.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 37(1): 18-25, abr. 2018. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-959334

ABSTRACT

Resumen: El compromiso simultáneo del arco aórtico y aorta descendente proximal, ya sea por disección o aterosclerosis, constituye uno de los mayores desafíos que puede enfrentar un cirujano cardiovascular. La prótesis híbrida Thoraflex, introducida en los últimos años, ha resultado ser una importante ayuda para el tratamiento quirúrgico de esta compleja y grave patología. Esta consiste en un tubo protésico de Dacron con 4 ramas, para el reemplazo del arco aórtico y sus troncos braquiocefálicos y perfusión corporal distal, y una endoprótesis que queda como "trompa de elefante suspendida" en la aorta descendente proximal. Presentamos en esta oportunidad nuestra experiencia inicial en 4 pacientes, 3 con disección aórtica crónica y una con un aneurisma aterosclerótico, usando la prótesis híbrida Thoraflex.


Abstract: Atherosclerotic aneurysm or dissection of the aortic arch and proximal descending thoracic aorta is one of the major challenges for a cardiovascular surgeon. The new hybrid prosthesis Thoraflex has become an important devise to simplify the surgical treatment of this very complex and technically demanding aortic pathology. This hybrid prosthesis consists of a 4-branched arch graft with a stent-graft at the distal end. The proximal part is a gelatin-coated woven polyester prosthesis. The stented section is a self-expanding endoprosthesis constructed of thin-walled polyester and nitinol ring stents that is left in the proximal descending aorta as a "frozen elephant trunk". We present our initial experience with the Thoraflex prosthesis in four patients, three of them with chronic aortic dissection and one with an atherosclerotic aneurysm.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Aneurysm, Dissecting/surgery , Aorta, Thoracic/surgery , Aorta, Thoracic/diagnostic imaging , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/diagnostic imaging , Computed Tomography Angiography , Aneurysm, Dissecting/diagnostic imaging
15.
Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo ; 28(1): 66-70, jan.-mar. 2018. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-906763

ABSTRACT

Os autores realizam uma revisão, de característica didática, das aortopatias, focalizando o histórico, o desenvolvimento do tratamento e os aspectos atuais de abordagem, utilizando a alta tecnologia das salas híbridas. Nos últimos anos, graças ao desenvolvimento das técnicas endovasculares, ocorreu uma verdadeira revolução no tratamento, especialmente para as patologias da aorta descendente, em que procedimentos eficientes foram aplicados com acentuada redução da morbimortalidade. A utilização de salas híbridas e tecnologia de moldes 3D, permitindo endoprótese customizadas, constituem-se em avanços significativos a serem utilizados nos próximos anos e que mudarão os paradigmas de uma subespecialidade


The authors performed a didactic review of aortic diseases, focusing on the historical aspects, the development of treatment, and aspects of the current approach using the latest technology of hybrid surgical rooms. In recent years, thanks to the development of endovascular techniques, there has been a real treatment revolution, especially for diseases of the descending aorta, with the application of efficient procedures, resulting in a significant reduction in morbidity and mortality. The use of hybrid technology rooms and computer 3-D reconstruction technology, enabling customized endoprostheses, are significant advances to be used in the coming years, and that will change the paradigms of a sub-specialty.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aorta, Thoracic/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/therapy , Diagnosis , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Aorta/surgery , Prostheses and Implants , Transplantation , Aged , Tomography/methods , Chest Tubes , Stents , Treatment Outcome , Aneurysm, Dissecting , Aneurysm, Dissecting/complications
16.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 145(11): 1490-1494, nov. 2017. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-902471

ABSTRACT

Penetrating aortic ulcer (PAU) is an ulceration of an atherosclerotic plaque which disrupts the aortic internal elastic lamina and that can evolve to an intramural hematoma (IH), aortic dissection or aortic rupture. We report two cases with PAU. A 73 year-old woman with a history of hypertension, presented with acute chest pain of three days of evolution and a hypertensive emergency. An electrocardiogram showed ST-segment elevation and elevated cardiac enzymes. Computed tomography (CT) scans showed an acute ascending aortic mural hematoma secondary to PAU and hemopericardium. Replacement of ascending aorta was performed with a vascular prosthesis with extracorporeal circulation (ECC). PAU and IH were confirmed by histopathology. A 62-year old woman with a history of hypertension, diabetes and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, consulted for abdominal pain of two days of evolution. A thoracic-abdominal CT scan visualized an uncomplicated PAU and an abdominal aortic aneurysm. Because of abdominal pain and signs of peritoneal irritation, an exploratory laparotomy was performed finding a typhlitis. Resection and ileo-ascendo-anastomosis were performed. A new CT scan showed PAU with high risk of rupture without a clinical acute aortic syndrome. The patient was operated replacing the ascending aorta with a vascular prosthesis using ECC. Three PAU were found. Histopathology confirmed the diagnosis. Both patients evolved without postoperative complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aorta/surgery , Aorta/diagnostic imaging , Aorta, Thoracic/surgery , Aortic Diseases/surgery , Aortic Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Ulcer/surgery , Ulcer/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Electrocardiography
17.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 32(5): 401-407, Sept.-Oct. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-897950

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the safety and feasibility of a novel stent-graft for thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) in a canine model, 9 adult hybrid dogs were used for the experiment. Methods: All animals were implanted with a novel thoracic aortic stent-graft via femoral artery. Blood sample was collected at pre-operation and 1, 2, 4, 8 and 12 weeks after implantation for hematological examination. Moreover, tissues from randomly selected 4 dogs were subjected to histopathological analysis with the optical microscope after stent-grafts were implanted for 3, 6, 9, and 12 months respectively. The experimental period lasted for more than 2 years. Results: A total of 9 stent-grafts were successfully implanted in the canine thoracic aortas and no migration or deformation occurred. Related indicators of blood routine, inflammatory factors, and immunology changes were not significantly (P>0.05), except the white blood cell (WBC) counts in the first week. Moreover, abnormal morphology was not found in all thoracic aortas via histopathological examination. Additionally, all stent-grafts were patent and did not migrate, and there was no thrombus in the lumens of stent-grafts. Conclusion: The novel thoracic aortic stent-graft made in China was safe and feasible for thoracic endovascular aortic repair in a canine model.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Aorta, Thoracic/surgery , Stents , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Endovascular Procedures/instrumentation , Prosthesis Design , Time Factors , Materials Testing , Feasibility Studies , Models, Animal
18.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 32(5): 361-366, Sept.-Oct. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-897944

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Conventional techniques of surgical correction of arch and descending aortic diseases remains as high-risk procedures. Endovascular treatments of abdominal and descending thoracic aorta have lower surgical risk. Evolution of both techniques - open debranching of the arch and endovascular approach of the descending aorta - may extend a less invasive endovascular treatment for a more extensive disease with necessity of proximal landing zone in the arch. Objective: To evaluate descending thoracic aortic remodeling by means of volumetric analysis after hybrid approach of aortic arch debranching and stenting the descending aorta. Methods: Retrospective review of seven consecutive patients treated between September 2014 and August 2016 for diseases of proximal descending aorta (aneurysms and dissections) by hybrid approach to deliver the endograft at zone 1. Computed tomography angiography were analyzed using a specific software to calculate descending thoracic aorta volumes pre- and postoperatively. Results: Follow-up was done in 100% of patients with a median time of 321 days (range, 41-625 days). No deaths or permanent neurological complications were observed. There were no endoleaks or stent migrations. Freedom from reintervention was 100% at 300 days and 66% at 600 days. Median volume reduction was of 45.5 cm3, representing a median volume shrinkage by 9.3%. Conclusion: Hybrid approach of arch and descending thoracic aorta diseases is feasible and leads to a favorable aortic remodeling with significant volume reduction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aorta, Thoracic/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Aneurysm, Dissecting/surgery , Aorta, Thoracic/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/diagnostic imaging , Computed Tomography Angiography , Aneurysm, Dissecting/diagnostic imaging
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