Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 950
Filter
2.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(2): 448-460, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364325

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamentos Uma metodologia para identificação de pacientes portadores de aneurisma de aorta ascendente (AAAs) sob alto risco de remodelamento aórtico não está completamente definida. Objetivo Esta pesquisa objetiva caracterizar numericamente o fluxo sanguíneo aórtico, relacionando a distribuição do estresse mecânico resultante com o crescimento de AAAs. Métodos Estudo analítico, observacional, unicêntrico, em que um protocolo de fluidodinâmica computacional (CFD - Computacional Fluid Dynamics) foi aplicado a imagens de angiotomografia computadorizada (ATC) de aorta de pacientes portadores de AAAs. Duas ATC de aorta com pelo menos um ano de intervalo foram obtidas. Dados clínicos dos pacientes foram registrados e, a partir das imagens de ATC, foram gerados modelos tridimensionais. Foram realizados estudos do campo de velocidade e estruturas coerentes (vórtices) com o objetivo de relacioná-los ao crescimento ou não do aneurisma e, posteriormente, compará-los com os dados clínicos dos pacientes. O teste de Kolmogorov-Smirnov foi utilizado para avaliar a normalidade da amostra e o teste não-paramétrico Wilcoxon signed-rank foi aplicado para comparações de dados pareados entre os ângulos aórticos. A significância estatística foi fixada em 5%. Resultados Para o grupo que apresentou crescimento do aneurisma, a incidência do jato na parede aórtica gerou áreas de recirculação posterior ao jato, induzindo à formação de vórtices complexos, ocasionando um incremento na pressão média no endotélio aórtico. O grupo sem crescimento do aneurisma apresentou diminuição na pressão média. Conclusão Este estudo piloto mostrou que a CFD baseada em ATC pode, em um futuro próximo, ser uma ferramenta auxiliar na identificação dos padrões de fluxo associados ao processo de remodelamento de AAAs.


Abstract Background A methodology to identify patients with ascending aortic aneurysm (AsAA) under high risk for aortic growth is not completely defined Objetive This research seeks to numerically characterize the aortic blood flow by relating the resulting mechanical stress distribution with AsAA growth. Methods Analytical, observational, single-center study in which a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) protocol was applied to aortic computed tomography angiogram (CTA) images of patients with AsAA. Two CTA exams taken at a minimum interval of one year were obtained. From the CTA-gathered images, three-dimensional models were built, and clinical data were registered. Study of velocity field and coherent structures (vortices) was performed aiming to relate them to the presence or absence of aneurysm growth, as well as comparing them to the patients' clinical data. The Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was used to evaluate the normality of the distribution, and the non-parametric Wilcoxon signed-rank test, for non-normal distribution, was used to compare the paired data of the aortic angles. Statistical significance was set at 5%. Results The incident jet in the aortic wall generated recirculation areas in the posterior region of the jet, inducing complex vortices formation in the group with aneurysm growth, leading to an average pressure increase in the ascending aortic wall between exams. In the group without aneurysm growth, the average pressure decreased. Conclusion This pilot study showed that CFD based on CTA may in the near future be a tool to help identify flow patterns associated with AsAA remodeling process.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortic Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Hydrodynamics , Aorta/diagnostic imaging , Pilot Projects , Hemodynamics/physiology
3.
J. vasc. bras ; 21: e20210206, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1386121

ABSTRACT

Resumo Aneurismas infecciosos, anteriormente chamados de aneurismas micóticos, são raros; acometem com maior frequência a aorta de pacientes jovens e apresentam maior tendência à rotura do que aneurismas de outras etiologias. O formato sacular é o mais característico, e os agentes etiológicos mais comuns são Staphylococcus sp e Salmonella sp. A literatura fornece informações limitadas e imprecisas sobre a correta nomenclatura, diagnóstico e tratamento da doença. Os autores reuniram três casos cujos procedimentos diagnósticos e terapêuticos foram documentados. Além de relatar essa série de casos, realiza-se uma revisão sobre o tema, a fim de estabelecer estratégias diagnósticas e terapêuticas pertinentes.


Abstract Infectious aneurysms, formerly known as mycotic aneurysms, are rare, most often involve the aorta in young patients, and have a greater tendency to rupture than aneurysms of other etiologies. The most characteristic shape is saccular and the most common etiologic agents are Staphylococcus sp. and Salmonella sp. There is scant and imprecise information in the literature about correct nomenclature, diagnosis, and treatment. The authors present three cases in which diagnostic and therapeutic procedures were documented. In addition to reporting this case series, the authors also present a review of the subject, outlining pertinent diagnostic and therapeutic strategies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aneurysm, Infected/surgery , Aneurysm, Infected/diagnosis , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/diagnosis , Aortic Aneurysm/drug therapy , Aneurysm, Infected/drug therapy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
4.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(4): 535-549, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347168

ABSTRACT

Abstract Thoracic aortic diseases contribute to a major part of cardiac surgeries. The severity of pathologies varies significantly from emergency and life-threatening to conservatively managed conditions. Life-threatening conditions include type A aortic dissection and rupture. Aortic aneurysm is an example of a conservatively managed condition. Pathologies that affect the arterial wall can have a profound impact on the presentation of such cases. Several risk factors have been identified that increase the risk of emergency presentations such as connective tissue disease, hypertension, and vasculitis. The understanding of aortic pathologies is essential to improve management and clinical outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortic Aneurysm , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/surgery , Thoracic Surgical Procedures , Aneurysm, Dissecting/surgery , Aorta
6.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(6): 868-872, June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346914

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The predictive value of the fibrinogen-to-albumin ratio has been evidenced in coronary artery disease. Available data demonstrated that inflammation and oxidative stress are the relevant mechanisms of ascending aortic aneurysm formation and dilatation. The fibrinogen-to-albumin ratio reflects oxidative stress and inflammation. This study investigated the correlation between fibrinogen-to-albumin ratio and ascending aortic aneurysm. METHODS: A total of 250 consecutive patients with ascending aortic aneurysm and 250 consecutive patients with normal ascending aortic diameter were included in the study using comprehensive transthoracic echocardiography. All data and fibrinogen-to-albumin ratio were compared between two groups. RESULTS: The fibrinogen-to-albumin ratio levels were significantly higher in ascending aortic aneurysm group compared with normal ascending aortic diameter group (p<0.001). Also, there was significantly positive correlation between the diameter of the ascending aorta and the fibrinogen-to-albumin ratio (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Fibrinogen-to-albumin ratio is associated with ascending aortic aneurysm and may serve as blood marker for identifying high-risk patients.


Subject(s)
Aortic Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Fibrinogen , Aorta , Dilatation, Pathologic , Albumins
7.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(2): 192-200, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251087

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Valve-reimplantation and remodelling techniques used in aortic reconstruction provide successful early, mid, and long-term results. We present our early and late-term experience with 110 patients with aortic regurgitation (AR) who underwent aortic valve repair (AVr) or valve-sparing aortic root surgeries (VSARS) due to aortic dissection or aortic aneurysm. Methods: Nine hundred eighty-two patients who underwent aneurysm or dissection surgery and aortic valve surgery between April 1997 and January 2017 were analysed using the patient database. A total of 110 patients with AR who underwent AVr or VSARS due to aortic dissection or aortic aneurysm were included in the study. Results: In the postoperative period, a decrease was observed in AR compared to the preoperative period (P<0.001); there was an increase in postoperative ejection fraction (EF) compared to the preoperative values (P<0.005) and a significant decrease in postoperative left ventricle diameters compared to the preoperative values (P<0.001). Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed one, two, four, and five-year freedom from moderate-severe AR as 95%, 91%, 87%, and 70%, respectively. Freedom from reoperation in one, two, and five years were 97.9%, 93.6%, and 81%, respectively. Eight patients (7.4%) underwent AVr during follow-up. Out of the remaining 100 patients, 13 (12%) had minimum AR, 52 (48%) had 1st-2nd degree AR, and 35 (32%) had 2nd-3rd degree AR during follow-up. Conclusion: For the purpose of maintaining the native valve tissue, preserving the EF and the left ventricular end-diastolic diameter, valve-sparing surgeries should be preferred for appropriate patients.


Subject(s)
Aortic Aneurysm/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm/complications , Aortic Valve Insufficiency/surgery , Aneurysm, Dissecting/surgery , Aortic Valve/surgery , Reoperation , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome
9.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(2): 366-371, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1247574

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El aneurisma aórtico abdominal roto, tiene una mortalidad del 80 % al 90 %. Para su reparación existe una técnica abierta y otra endovascular, las cuales tienen diferencias entre sus beneficios y complicaciones. El método de elección en la actualidad para la corrección de esta alteración anatómica es endovascular, sin embargo, no es el más usado, porque no se cuenta todo el tiempo con el equipo humano de cirugía vascular para su realización. Caso clínico. Ingresa a urgencias un paciente en estado de shock de origen desconocido, con dolor abdominal de 24 horas de evolución. Se realiza una tomografía con contraste que demuestra un aneurisma aórtico abdominal infrarrenal roto. Debido a que no se contaba con el equipo de cirugía vascular, es llevado de urgencia a una corrección abierta que duró 153 minutos, con un sangrado intraoperatorio de 1754 cc. Fue dado de alta a los 12 días postoperatorios sin ninguna complicación. Discusión. La reparación endovascular del aneurisma aórtico abdominal roto es la mejor elección, ya que muestra mayores beneficios en comparación con la reparación abierta, sin embargo, no es el más utilizado, porque se necesita de un personal bien entrenado en cirugía endovascular, por lo que, dentro de la formación de los cirujanos generales, se tiene que incluir el aprendizaje de las técnicas abiertas


Introduction. The ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm has a mortality of 80% to 90%. There is an open and an endovascular techniques for its repair, which have differences between their benefits and complications. The method of choice for the correction of this anatomical alteration is endovascular; however, it is not the most frequently used, mainly because the vascular surgical team is not available all the time to perform it.Clinical case. A patient in a state of shock of unknown origin was admitted to the emergency room, with abdominal pain of 24 hours of evolution. A contrast-enhanced CT scan demonstrated a ruptured infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm. Due to the lack of a vascular surgery team, the patient was rushed for an open surgery that lasted 153 minutes, with an intraoperative bleeding of 1754 cc. He was discharged 12 days after surgery without any complications.Discussion. Endovascular repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm is the best choice, since it shows greater benefits compared to open repair. However, it is not the most widely used because it requires well-trained personnel in endovascular surgery. Therefore, learning of open techniques must be included in the training of general surgeons


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortic Aneurysm , General Surgery , Aorta, Abdominal , Rupture , Endovascular Procedures
10.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(1): 125-129, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155789

ABSTRACT

Abstract Although aortic valve replacement remains the gold standard treatment for aortic valve diseases like stenosis (AS) or insufficiency, new surgical methods have been developed with a focus in the reconstruction of the aortic valve rather than replacing it. The Ozaki procedure involves a tailored replacement of each individual valvular leaflet with glutaraldehyde-treated autologous pericardium and aims to reproduce the normal anatomy of the aortic valve. Cases of patients with unicuspid aortic valve treated with the Ozaki procedure are uncommon in the litrature and become even more rare when it comes to concomitant diseases like AS and ascending aorta aneurysm. We present the case of a 21-year-old, fit and asymptomatic male, with unicuspid aortic valve with severe stenosis and ascending aorta dilatation, surgically treated with tricuspidization of the aortic valve with glutaraldehyde-treated autologous pericardium and replacement of the ascending aorta with a straight synthetic graft. Postoperative studies showed a fully functional, neo-tailored tricuspid aortic valve with trivial regurgitation. The patient had an uncomplicated recovery, stayed in the intensive care unit for 2 days and was discharged on the 7th postoperative day.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Young Adult , Aortic Aneurysm/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Heart Valve Diseases , Aorta , Aortic Valve/surgery
12.
J. vasc. bras ; 20: e20210052, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356452

ABSTRACT

Resumo Contexto As tomografias de tórax são frequentemente solicitadas como exames complementares para avaliação de suspeita clínica de afecção pulmonar pelo novo coronavírus 19 (COVID-19). Objetivos Nosso objetivo foi analisar a prevalência dos achados cardiovasculares incidentais em tomografias de tórax solicitadas para avaliar sinais radiológicos sugestivos de COVID-19. Métodos Por meio de um estudo transversal, descritivo e retrospectivo, foram revisadas 1.444 tomografias de tórax realizadas no setor de radiologia do Hospital de Clínicas Gaspar Vianna, no período de 1° de março a 30 de julho de 2020, com a descrição da prevalência de imagens sugestivas de pneumonia viral pelo COVID-19, além de achados pulmonares e cardiovasculares incidentais. Resultados A média de idade dos pacientes foi 50,6±16,4 anos, sendo o sexo feminino o mais frequente. A tomografia sem contraste foi o método mais utilizado (97,2%), e opacidades em vidro fosco foram identificadas em 56,0% dos casos. Achados incidentais cardiovasculares ocorreram em 51,2% (intervalo de confiança 48,7%-53,8%) das tomografias, prevalecendo calcificação da parede aórtica (21,8%), cardiomegalia (10,5%), e calcificação coronária (5,0%). Nas tomografias com contraste, evidenciaram-se aneurismas de aorta (9,7%), dissecção de aorta (7,3%) e úlceras de aorta torácica (2,4%). Conclusões Achados cardiovasculares incidentais ocorreram em aproximadamente metade das tomografias de tórax de pacientes com suspeita de COVID-19, mais especificamente, calcificações da parede da aorta, cardiomegalia e calcificação coronária.


Abstract Background Computed tomography scans of the chest are often requested as a complementary examination to investigate a clinical suspicion of pulmonary disease caused by the novel coronavirus 19 (COVID-19). Objectives Our objective was to analyze the prevalence of incidental cardiovascular findings on chest CT scans requested to assess radiological signs suggestive of COVID-19 infection. Methods This cross-sectional, descriptive, and retrospective study reviewed 1,444 chest tomographies conducted in the Radiology department of the Hospital de Clínicas Gaspar Vianna, from March 1 to July 30, 2020, describing the prevalence of images suggestive of viral pneumonia by COVID-19 and incidental pulmonary and cardiovascular findings. Results The mean age of the patients was 50.6 ± 16.4 years and female sex was more frequent. Computed tomography without contrast was the most frequently used method (97.2%). Aortic and coronary wall calcification and cardiomegaly were the most prevalent cardiovascular findings. CT angiography revealed aortic aneurysms (9.7%), aortic dissection (7.3%) and thoracic aortic ulcers (2.4%). Conclusions Incidental cardiovascular findings occurred in about half of the chest CT scans of patients with suspected COVID-19, especially aortic calcifications, cardiomegaly, and coronary calcification.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aortic Aneurysm/epidemiology , Tomography , Cardiomegaly/epidemiology , Incidental Findings , Vascular Calcification/epidemiology , Aneurysm, Dissecting/epidemiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , COVID-19/diagnostic imaging
13.
J. vasc. bras ; 20: e20210033, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340175

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Retroperitoneal open iliac conduits (ROIC) are used in patients with hostile iliac anatomy undergoing endovascular aortic repair (EVAR). Objectives We hereby report our experience of ROIC in patients subjected to EVAR. Methods This was a retrospective evaluation of 8 patients out of a total of 75 patients (11%) who underwent EVAR in the last 10 years. Pre-procedure computed tomography angiography was used to assess the dimensions of iliac and femoral arteries. Patients who had small arterial dimensions (i.e. smaller than the recommended access size for the aortic endograft device) were subjected to ROIC. Results The mean age of the 3 males and 5 females studied was 45.7 ± 15.2 years. The indication for ROIC was the small caliber ilio-femoral access site in 7 patients and atherosclerotic disease in 1 patient. All external grafts were anastomosed to the right common iliac artery except one which was anastomosed to the aortic bifurcation site because of a small common iliac artery. The procedural success rate was 100%. Local access site complications included infection (n=1), retroperitoneal hematoma (n=1), and need for blood transfusion (n=3). The median post-intervention hospital stay was 10 days. All patients had favorable long-term outcomes at a median follow-up of 18 months. Conclusions Female patients require ROIC during EVAR more frequently. Adjunctive use of iliac conduit for EVAR was associated with favorable perioperative and short-term outcomes.


Resumo Contexto Os condutos ilíacos abertos retroperitoneais são utilizados em pacientes submetidos a reparo endovascular de aneurisma (REVA) com anatomia ilíaca hostil. Objetivos Relatamos a nossa experiência com os condutos ilíacos em pacientes submetidos a REVA. Métodos Trata-se de uma avaliação retrospectiva de oito pacientes, de um total de 75 (11%), os quais foram submetidos a REVA nos últimos 10 anos. Foi realizada angiotomografia computadorizada antes do procedimento para avaliar as dimensões das artérias ilíaca e femoral. Os pacientes com dimensões arteriais menores, abaixo do tamanho de acesso recomendado para o dispositivo de endoprótese aórtica, foram submetidos a condutos ilíacos. Resultados A média de idade dos participantes foi de 45,7±15,2 anos, sendo três do sexo masculino e cinco do sexo feminino. As indicações para condutos ilíacos foram local de acesso ilíaco femoral de pequeno calibre, para sete pacientes, e doença aterosclerótica, para um paciente. Todas as próteses externas foram anastomosadas na artéria ilíaca comum direita, com exceção de uma, que foi anastomosada no local da bifurcação aórtica por apresentar artéria ilíaca comum menor. A taxa de sucesso do procedimento foi de 100%. As complicações no local de acesso incluíram infecção (n = 1), hematoma retroperitoneal (n = 1) e necessidade de transfusão de sangue (n = 3). O tempo mediano de internação hospitalar pós-intervenção foi de 10 dias. Todos os pacientes apresentaram desfechos de longo prazo favoráveis no seguimento mediano de 18 meses. Conclusões As pacientes do sexo feminino necessitaram de condutos ilíacos durante REVA com maior frequência. O uso adjuvante de condutos ilíacos com REVA foi associado a desfechos perioperatórios e de curto prazo favoráveis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aorta/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm/surgery , Femoral Artery/surgery , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Iliac Artery/surgery , Aneurysm, Dissecting/surgery , Retroperitoneal Space , Sex Factors , Retrospective Studies , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Perioperative Care , Vascular Access Devices
14.
J. vasc. bras ; 20: e20200179, 2021. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287081

ABSTRACT

Resumo A fístula aortoentérica é uma grave condição clínica, e seu manejo permanece sendo um grande desafio técnico aos cirurgiões. A abordagem por cirurgia convencional nesses casos está relacionada a altos índices de morbimortalidade. A cirurgia endovascular apresenta-se como uma ótima alternativa nesses casos; contudo, por não se tratar de aorta nativa, a anatomia pode não ser compatível com os dispositivos endovasculares comercialmente disponíveis, fazendo-se necessário, em casos de urgência, a utilização de dispositivos modificados pelo cirurgião. O caso relatado reporta uma fístula aortoentérica secundária, tratada em situação de urgência por técnica endovascular com dispositivo modificado.


Abstract Aortoenteric fistula is a severe clinical condition and its management remains a major technical challenge for surgeons. In these cases, the conventional surgical approach is associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. Endovascular surgery is an excellent option in these cases, but considering that the aorta has been treated previously, anatomy may not be compatible with commercially available endovascular devices and so physician-modified endografts may be needed in urgent cases. The case reported involves a secondary aortoenteric fistula, treated on an emergency basis with endovascular techniques, using a physician-modified endograft.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Prostheses and Implants , Vascular Fistula/surgery , Endovascular Procedures/instrumentation , Aortic Aneurysm/surgery , Emergencies , Endovascular Procedures/methods
15.
J. vasc. bras ; 20: e20200173, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279374

ABSTRACT

Abstract In this paper, we describe a case series of four patients who were admitted with emergencies related to aortic aneurysms over a 3-day period and were treated with endovascular repair. The first patient was an 81-year-old female with a history of abdominal pain and a ruptured aortic aneurysm diagnosed by AngioCT-scan. The second patient was a 63-year-old male with a history of oral digestive bleeding and an AngioCT-scan showing an aortoenteric fistula. The third patient was a 77-year-old female with sudden-onset abdominal pain and ruptured right common iliac aneurysm. The fourth patient presented with abdominal pain and an AngioCT-scan showed aortic rupture. All four patients were discharged with no major complications or surgical mortality. These case series show that despite the Covid-19 pandemic situation, since elective surgeries decreased, vascular emergencies have increased.


Resumo Relatamos uma série de casos de quatro pacientes consecutivos, admitidos com emergências relacionadas a aneurismas aortoilíacos em um período de 3 dias e submetidos a tratamento endovascular. A primeira paciente, do sexo feminino, com 81 anos e com histórico de aneurisma da aorta, apresentou dor abdominal iniciada nos últimos 12 dias. O segundo paciente era do sexo masculino, com 63 anos e foi admitido com hematêmese 3 dias antes da admissão, com angiotomografia demonstrando fistula aortoentérica. A terceira paciente, do sexo feminino e com 77 anos, foi admitida com quadro de ruptura de aneurisma da artéria ilíaca comum direita. O quarto paciente consecutivo apresentou dor abdominal iniciada 2 semanas antes da internação e aneurisma roto da aorta. Todos os quatro pacientes apresentaram emergências aortoilíacas e receberam alta sem complicações maiores ou mortalidade cirúrgica. O relato desta série de casos demonstra que, apesar da situação pandêmica da COVID-19, uma vez que as cirurgias eletivas diminuíram, as urgências vasculares aumentaram.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aortic Aneurysm/surgery , Iliac Aneurysm/surgery , Aneurysm, Ruptured/surgery , Endovascular Procedures , Aortic Rupture , Rupture, Spontaneous , Social Isolation , Emergencies , Hemorrhage
16.
J. vasc. bras ; 20: e20200201, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279369

ABSTRACT

Resumo A doença de Adamantiades-Behçet é uma desordem multissistêmica que se apresenta classicamente com úlceras orais e genitais e envolvimento ocular, podendo o acometimento vascular ocorrer em até 38% dos casos. O envolvimento aórtico é uma das manifestações mais severas e está associado a altas taxas de mortalidade, ocorrendo em 1,5 a 2,7% dos casos. Relatamos um caso de aneurisma sacular de aorta abdominal em um paciente de 49 anos com doença de Adamantiades-Behçet complicada, tratada por correção endovascular.


Abstract Adamantiades-Behçet disease is a multisystemic disorder that classically presents with oral and genital ulcers and ocular involvement, with vascular involvement in up to 38% of cases. Aortic involvement is one of the most serious manifestations and is associated with high mortality rates, occurring in 1.5 to 2.7% of cases. We report a case of a saccular abdominal aorta aneurysm in a 49-year-old male patient with complicated Adamantiades-Behçet disease that was treated with endovascular repair.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aorta, Abdominal , Aortic Aneurysm/complications , Behcet Syndrome/complications , Endovascular Procedures , Vasculitis , Venous Thrombosis , Edema , Iliac Vein
17.
Clinics ; 76: e2812, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249575

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: We sought to analyze the hemodynamic effects of the multilayer flow-modulated stent (MFMS) in Thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAAs). METHODS: The hemodynamic effects of MFMS were analyzed in aortic thoracoabdominal aneurysms in experimental swine models. We randomly assigned 18 pigs to the stent or control groups and underwent the creation of an artificial bovine pericardium transrenal aneurysm. In the stent group, an MFMS (Cardiatis, Isnes, Belgium) was immediately implanted. After 4 weeks, we evaluated aneurysm sac thrombosis and renal branch patency by angiography, duplex scan, and morphological analysis. RESULTS: All the renal arteries remained patent after re-evaluation in both groups. Aneurysmal sac thrombosis was absent in the control group, whereas in the stent group it was present in 66.7% of aneurysmal sacs (p=0.061). The mean final aneurysm sac diameter was significantly lower in the stent group (mean estimated reduction, 6.90 mm; p=0.021). The proximal neck diameter decreased significantly in the stent group (mean difference, 2.51 mm; p=0.022) and grew significantly in the control group (mean difference, 3.02 mm; p=0.007). The distal neck diameter increased significantly in the control group (mean difference, 3.24 mm; p=0.017). There were no significant findings regarding distal neck measurements in the stent group. CONCLUSION: The MFMSs remained patent and did not obstruct the renal arteries within 4 weeks. In the stent group, the device was also associated with a significant decrease in aneurysmal sac diameter and a large proportion (albeit non-significant) of aneurysmal sac thrombosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Aortic Aneurysm , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Endovascular Procedures , Prosthesis Design , Renal Artery/surgery , Renal Artery/diagnostic imaging , Swine , Blood Vessel Prosthesis , Cattle , Stents , Treatment Outcome , Models, Theoretical
18.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(6): 970-976, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143989

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To give an overview of the Ortner's syndrome caused by an aortic arch aneurysm. Methods: By comprehensive retrieval of the pertinent literature published in the past two decades, 75 reports including 86 patients were collected and recruited into this study along with a recent case of our own. Results: The aortic arch aneurysms causing hoarseness were most commonly mycotic aneurysms. In this patient setting, in addition to the left recurrent laryngeal nerve, trachea was the most commonly affected structure by the aortic arch aneurysm. Surgical/interventional/hybrid treatments led to a hoarseness-relieving rate of 64.3%, much higher than that of patients receiving conservative treatment. However, hoarseness recovery took longer time in the surgically treated patients than in the interventionally treated patients. Conclusion: The surgical and interventional treatments offered similar hoarseness-relieving effects. Surgical or interventional treatment is warranted in such patients for both treatment of arch aneurysms and relief of hoarseness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aorta, Thoracic , Aortic Aneurysm/complications , Vocal Cord Paralysis/etiology , Hoarseness/etiology , Syndrome
19.
Rev. méd. Hosp. José Carrasco Arteaga ; 12(3): 172-177, 30-11-2020. Gráficos
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1255276

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El tratamiento de las patologías aneurismáticas de la aorta ascendente (AA) ha evolucionado a través de los años. La técnica quirúrgica propuesta para esta patología es siempre en pro de conservar en medida de lo posible los tejidos nativos. La dilatación aórtica puede ser secundaria a otras patologías. Existe relación con HTA, EPOC, tabaquismo, aterosclerosis, insuficiencia cardiaca congestiva, enfermedad coronaria, síndrome de Marfan. El objetivo del presente estudio fue caracterizar a los pacientes intervenidos quirúrgicamente de la aorta ascendente en dos centros médicos de la ciudad de Cuenca- Ecuador, entre Enero del 2014 hasta Agosto 2019. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: Estudio descriptivo y de correlación, de corte transversal. La población de estudio estuvo conformada por 23 pacientes sometidos a intervención quirúrgica de aorta ascendente en la ciudad de Cuenca-Ecuador, en el Hospital José Carrasco Arteaga y la Clínica Santa Inés desde enero de 2014 hasta agosto 2019. La información se obtuvo de las historias clínicas únicas. RESULTADOS: El rango de edad fue de 27 a 74 años, con una media de 55.57 años. Las comorbilidades encontradas con mayor frecuencia fueron hipertensión arterial (56.5%) y diabetes tipo 2 (17.4%); además un 8.7% de pacientes presentó síndrome de Marfan. El 39% fueron casos de aneurisma de aorta ascendente sin afección valvular importante. La gran mayoría de pacientes fueron sometidos a cirugía con técnica de Bentall-De Bono (91%). La mayoría de pacientes (52.2%) no presentó ninguna complicación postquirúrgica. La tasa de mortalidad encontrada en la población de estudio fue 1.3 por cada 10. CONCLUSIONES: Los hombres presentaron con mayor frecuencia cirugía por patología de la aorta. La edad media fue de 55 años. Los diagnósticos en los pacientes estudiados fueron heterogéneos entre SAA y afecciones aórticas primarias o secundarias a valvulopatías. Los síntomas principales fueron angina y disnea; no se encontró una relación entre la presentación clínica con un aumento en la mortalidad. Las comorbilidades más frecuentes fueron HTA y Diabetes Mellitus II. No se lograron identificar relaciones estadísticamente significativas entre las complicaciones y las demás variables. La complicación más común fue la re-intervención por sangrado. La mortalidad en nuestro estudio tuvo una disminución progresiva desde el 2014.


BACKGROUND: The treatment of ascending aorta (AA) aneurysms has evolved over the years. The surgical technique for this pathology should always be chosen in favor of preserving native tissues, as much as possible. Aortic dilation can be secondary to other pathologies. There is an association with arterial hypertension, COPD, smoking, atherosclerosis, congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, Marfan syndrome. The aim of this study was to characterize patients who underwent ascending aorta surgery in two medical centers in Cuenca- Ecuador, between January 2014 and August 2019. METHODS: Cross-Sectional descriptive and correlation study. The study population was formed by 23 patients undergoing an ascending aortic surgical intervention, in the city of Cuenca-Ecuador, at Hospital José Carrasco Arteaga or Clínica Santa Inés, from January 2014 to August 2019. Data was obtained from the patient's medical records. RESULTS: The age range went from 27 to 74 years with an average of 55.5 7 years. The most frequently found comorbidities were hypertension (56.5%) and type 2 diabetes (17.4%), 8.7% of the patients presented with Marfan syndrome. The most common diagnosis was ascending aortic aneurysm without significant valve damage (39%). 91% percent of the patients underwent surgery with the Bentall-De Bono technique. The majority of patients (52.2%) did not present any post-surgical complications. The mortality rate found in this population was 1.3 per 10 patients. CONCLUSIONS: Men were more frequently affected. The mean age was 55 years. The studied pathologies were heterogeneous, from SAA to primary or secondary aortic diseases. The main symptoms were angina and dyspnea; there was no significant association between clinical onset and mortality. The most frequent comorbidities were Arterial Hypertension and type II Diabetes. We didn't found any significant associations between complications and the other variables. The most common complication was bleeding that needed re-intervention. Mortality decreased progressively since 2014.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aorta , Aortic Aneurysm , Aneurysm , Health Facilities , Heart Failure
20.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(5): 834-837, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137354

ABSTRACT

Abstract Giant ascending aortic aneurysm is a rare condition. In this paper, we present an uncommon case of giant ascending aortic aneurysm with a maximal diameter of 14 cm in a 77-year-old woman presenting with unusual symptoms. The patient underwent a successful surgery involving ascending aortic replacement, and was discharged without any complication. After discharge, she was followed regularly and no major problem was observed in her control visits. To the best of our knowledge, our case is the largest ascending aortic aneurysm reported to date in the existing literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Aortic Aneurysm/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm/complications , Aortic Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Superior Vena Cava Syndrome/etiology , Aorta/surgery , Aorta/diagnostic imaging , Cardiopulmonary Bypass , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL