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Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(2): 287-292, Mar.-Apr. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364979


Abstract Takayasu's arteritis is a type of primary systemic vasculitis that affects medium and large arteries, including the aorta and its main branches, as well as the pulmonary and coronary arteries. Although rare in children, it is the third most common vasculitis in the pediatric population, often with delayed diagnosis due to the nonspecific presentation of clinical symptoms in its initial phase. This is a case of a 16-year-old girl with a giant ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm, who needed surgery on an emergency basis. The etiological aspects involved in aneurysms in young patients are also addressed.

Humans , Female , Adolescent , Aortic Rupture/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Takayasu Arteritis/complications , Aortic Rupture/diagnostic imaging , Retroperitoneal Space/diagnostic imaging , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/etiology , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/diagnostic imaging , Hematoma/diagnostic imaging , Hypertension/complications
J. vasc. bras ; 21: e20210087, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394426


Abstract Background From 1990 to 2015, mortality from aortic aneurysms increased 16.8% in Brazil. São Paulo is the largest city in Brazil and about 5 million people depend on the public health system there. Objectives To conduct an epidemiological analysis of abdominal aortic aneurysm surgeries in the city of São Paulo. Methods Infra-renal aortic aneurysm procedures performed over a decade (from 2008 to 2017) were studied using publicly-available platforms from the Unified Health System and DATASUS. Results 2693 procedures were analyzed; 66.73% were endovascular; 78.7% of patients were male; 70.7% were aged 65 years or more; 64.02% were elective hospital admissions. There were 288 in-hospital deaths (mortality: 10.69%). In-hospital mortality was lower for endovascular surgery than for open surgery; both for elective (4.13% versus 14.42%) and urgent (9.73% versus 27.94%) (p = 0.019) admissions. The highest volume hospital (n = 635) had the lowest in-hospital mortality (3.31%). USD 24,835,604.84 was paid; an average of $ 2,318.63 for elective open, $ 3,420.10 for emergency open, $ 12,157.35 for elective endovascular and $ 12,969.12 for urgent endovascular procedures. Endovascular procedure costs were statistically higher than the values paid for open surgeries (p <0.001). Conclusions Endovascular surgeries were performed twice as often as open surgeries; they had shorter hospital stays and lower mortality.

Resumo Contexto No Brasil, a mortalidade por aneurisma de aorta aumentou 16,8% de 1990 a 2015. São Paulo é a maior cidade do Brasil, e cerca de 5 milhões de pessoas dependem do sistema público de saúde. Objetivos Análise epidemiológica das cirurgias do aneurisma de aorta abdominal na cidade de São Paulo. Métodos As cirurgias para correção do aneurisma de aorta infrarrenal realizadas no período de uma década (de 2008 a 2017) foram estudadas utilizando-se plataformas publicamente disponíveis do Sistema Único de Saúde e do Departamento de Informática do Sistema Único de Saúde. Resultados Foram analisados ​​2.693 procedimentos, entre os quais 66,73% eram endovasculares. Entre os pacientes, houve predominância do sexo masculino (78,7%) e daqueles com 65 anos ou mais (70,7%). Um total de 64,02% eram admissões hospitalares eletivas. Ocorreram 288 óbitos hospitalares (mortalidade: 10,69%). A mortalidade durante a internação foi menor para cirurgia endovascular do que para cirurgia aberta tanto no contexto eletivo (4,13% versus 14,42%) quanto urgente (9,73% versus 27,94%) (p = 0,019). O maior volume (n = 635) apresentou menor mortalidade intra-hospitalar (3,31%). Foi pago um total de $24.835.604,84, sendo uma média de $2.318,63 para cirurgia abertura eletiva, $3.420,10 para cirurgia abertura de emergência, $12.157,35 para cirurgia endovascular eletiva e $12.969,12 para cirurgia endovascular na urgência. Os custos dos procedimentos endovasculares foram estatisticamente superiores aos valores pagos para as cirurgias abertas (p < 0,001). Conclusões Foram realizadas duas vezes mais cirurgias endovasculares do que abertas, as quais apresentaram menor tempo de internação e menor mortalidade.

Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Vascular Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Vascular Surgical Procedures/methods , Vascular Surgical Procedures/mortality , Unified Health System , Brazil , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Hospital Mortality , Costs and Cost Analysis , Length of Stay
J. vasc. bras ; 21: e20210206, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1386121


Resumo Aneurismas infecciosos, anteriormente chamados de aneurismas micóticos, são raros; acometem com maior frequência a aorta de pacientes jovens e apresentam maior tendência à rotura do que aneurismas de outras etiologias. O formato sacular é o mais característico, e os agentes etiológicos mais comuns são Staphylococcus sp e Salmonella sp. A literatura fornece informações limitadas e imprecisas sobre a correta nomenclatura, diagnóstico e tratamento da doença. Os autores reuniram três casos cujos procedimentos diagnósticos e terapêuticos foram documentados. Além de relatar essa série de casos, realiza-se uma revisão sobre o tema, a fim de estabelecer estratégias diagnósticas e terapêuticas pertinentes.

Abstract Infectious aneurysms, formerly known as mycotic aneurysms, are rare, most often involve the aorta in young patients, and have a greater tendency to rupture than aneurysms of other etiologies. The most characteristic shape is saccular and the most common etiologic agents are Staphylococcus sp. and Salmonella sp. There is scant and imprecise information in the literature about correct nomenclature, diagnosis, and treatment. The authors present three cases in which diagnostic and therapeutic procedures were documented. In addition to reporting this case series, the authors also present a review of the subject, outlining pertinent diagnostic and therapeutic strategies.

Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aneurysm, Infected/surgery , Aneurysm, Infected/diagnosis , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/diagnosis , Aortic Aneurysm/drug therapy , Aneurysm, Infected/drug therapy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 20: eAO6724, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364793


ABSTRACT Objective Despite the development of endovascular procedures, open repair remains the gold standard for the treatment of aortic thoracoabdominal aneurysms and some type B dissections, with well-established good outcomes and long-term durability at high-volume centers. The present study described and analyzed public data from patients treated in the public system in a 12-year interval, in a city where more than 5 million inhabitants depend on the Public Health System. Methods Public data from procedures performed between 2008 and 2019 were extracted using web scraping techniques. The variables available in the database include sex, age, elective or emergency hospital admission, number of surgeries, in-hospital mortality, length of stay, and information on reimbursement values. Results A total of 556 procedures were analyzed. Of these, 60.79% patients were men, and 41.18% were 65 years of age or older. Approximately 60% had a residential address registered in the municipality. Of all surgeries, 65.83% were elective cases. There were 178 in-hospital deaths (mortality of 32%). In the elective context, there were 98 deaths 26.78% versus 80 deaths (42.10%) in the emergency context (p=0.174). Mortality was lower in the hospitals that performed more surgeries. A total of USD 3,038,753.92 was paid, an average of USD 5,406.95 for elective surgery and USD 5,074.76 for emergency surgery (p=0.536). Conclusion Mortality was no different between groups, and hospitals with higher volume presented more favorable outcomes. Specialized referral centers should be considered by health policy makers.

Humans , Male , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/epidemiology , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Brazil/epidemiology , Public Health , Length of Stay
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936131


OBJECTIVE@#Thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm is one of the most challenging aortic diseases. Open surgical repair remains constrained with considerable perioperative morbidity and mortality. The emergence of a hybrid approach utilizing visceral debranching with endovascular aneurysm repair has brought an alternative for high-risk patients. This study aimed to compare the short- and long-term outcomes between hybrid and open repairs in the treatment of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms.@*METHODS@#In this retrospectively observational study, patients with thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm treated in a single center between January 2008 and December 2019 were reviewed, of whom 11 patients with hybrid repair, and 18 patients with open repair were identified. Demographic characteristic, operative data, perioperative morbidity and mortality, freedom from reintervention, and long-term survival were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#In the hybrid repair group, the patients with dissection aneurysm, preoperative combined renal insufficiency, and American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score of 3 or more were significantly overwhelming than in the open repair group. The operation time of debranching hybrid repair was (445±85) min, and the intraoperative blood loss was (955±599) mL. There were 2 cases of complications in the early 30 days after surgery, without paraplegia, and 1 case died. The 30-day complication rate was 18.2%, and the 30-day mortality was 9.1%. The operation time of the patients with open repair was (560±245) min, and the intraoperative blood loss was (6 100±4 536) mL. Twelve patients had complications in the early 30 days after surgery, including 1 paraplegia and 4 deaths within 30 days. The 30-day complication rate was 66.7%, and the 30-day mortality was 22.2%. The bleeding volume in hybrid repair was significantly reduced compared with open repair (P < 0.001). Besides, the incidence of 30-day complications in hybrid surgery was significantly reduced (P=0.011). During the follow-up period, there were 4 reinterventions and 3 deaths in hybrid repair group. The 1-year, 5-year, and 10-year all-cause survival rates were 72%, 54%, and 29%, respectively. In open repair group, reintervention was performed in 1 case and 5 cases died, and the 1-year, 5-year, and 10-year all-cause survival rates were 81%, 71%, and 35%, respectively. There was no significant difference between hybrid repair and open repair in all-cause survival and aneurysm-specific survival.@*CONCLUSION@#Hybrid approach utilizing visceral debranching with endovascular aneurysm repair is a safe and effective surgical method for high-risk patients with thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms. The incidence of early postoperative complications and mortality is significantly reduced compared with traditional surgery, but the efficacy in the medium and long term still needs to be improved.

Humans , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Endovascular Procedures , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928200


It has been found that the incidence of cardiovascular disease in patients with lower limb amputation is significantly higher than that in normal individuals, but the relationship between lower limb amputation and the episodes of cardiovascular disease has not been studied from the perspective of hemodynamics. In this paper, numerical simulation was used to study the effects of amputation on aortic hemodynamics by changing peripheral impedance and capacitance. The final results showed that after amputation, the aortic blood pressure increased, the time averaged wall shear stress of the infrarenal abdominal aorta decreased and the oscillatory shear index of the left and right sides was asymmetrically distributed, while the time averaged wall shear stress of the iliac artery decreased and the oscillatory shear index increased. The changes above were more significant with the increase of amputation level, which will result in a higher incidence of atherosclerosis and abdominal aortic aneurysm. These findings preliminarily revealed the influence of lower limb amputation on the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases, and provided theoretical guidance for the design of rehabilitation training and the optimization of cardiovascular diseases treatment.

Humans , Amputation, Surgical , Aorta, Abdominal/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Blood Flow Velocity/physiology , Hemodynamics/physiology , Lower Extremity , Models, Cardiovascular , Stress, Mechanical
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(3): 301-307, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288232


Abstract Introduction: The treatment of infrarenal aortic aneurysms has changed in the last three decades. Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has become the primary treatment option in anatomically suitable patients with infrarenal aortic aneurysms. However, there is no serum biomarker to be used in EVAR follow-up. Methods: This is a prospective single-centre study of 30 consecutive patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) who underwent EVAR. Serum dosages of micro ribonucleic acid 1281 (miRNA-1281), creatinine, total cholesterol, triglycerides, and C-reactive protein (CRP) were evaluated and angiotomographic evaluations were performed preoperatively and six months after the intervention. Results: There was a hyperexpression of miRNA-1281 in patients with AAA and a significant reduction of it after EVAR, from 1.66-fold before EVAR to 0.27 after the procedure (P<0.0001). MiRNA-1281 expression was not influenced by renal function (creatinine: 1.14±0.29, P=0.68), total cholesterol (179.9±59.9, P=0.22), or CRP (1.17±3.5; P=0.48). There is correlation between AAA size and CRP serum levels, however there was no statically significant reduction of CRP after EVAR. Discussion: MiRNA-1281 expression may be influenced by cholesterol, triglycerides levels, and renal function. We found no difference in these markers before and six months after EVAR. However, miRNA-1281 presents a significant reduction in patients with no follow-up complications. We hypothesize that miRNA-1281 expression may be related to aortic wall stress or flow changes. Conclusion: MiRNA-1281 may contribute as a possible marker of EVAR follow-up.

Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/genetics , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , MicroRNAs , Endovascular Procedures , Postoperative Complications , C-Reactive Protein , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Kidney/physiology
J. vasc. bras ; 20: e20200120, 2021. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154759


Resumo A ruptura do aneurisma de aorta abdominal é um evento com alta mortalidade, e o seu tratamento nesses casos é uma emergência médica. O tratamento endovascular desses aneurismas tem se estabelecido como uma alternativa minimamente invasiva à cirurgia aberta clássica, tornando-se a opção de primeira escolha. Contudo, 20 a 50% dos pacientes portadores de aneurisma de aorta abdominal não apresentam anatomia favorável para o tratamento endovascular devido à presença de colo curto ou pelo acometimento de ramos viscerais pelo aneurisma. Relatamos um caso de uma paciente de 70 anos submetida à correção endovascular de aneurisma roto justarrenal com implante de stents paralelos para as renais (técnica de chaminé). São apresentados dados clínicos e detalhes do procedimento. O sucesso técnico foi obtido e não houve relato de complicações pós-operatórias.

Abstract Rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm is an event with a high mortality rate and treatment is a medical emergency. Endovascular treatment of these aneurysms has become established as a minimally invasive alternative to classical open surgery and is now the first-choice option. However, 20 to 50% of patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms do not have anatomy favorable for endovascular treatment because of a short aneurysm neck or because visceral branches are involved by the aneurysm. We report the case of a 70-year-old patient who underwent endovascular repair of a ruptured juxtarenal aneurysm with deployment of parallel stents in the renal arteries (in a chimney technique). Clinical data and details of the procedure are reported. Technical success was achieved and there were no postoperative complications.

Humans , Female , Aged , Renal Artery/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Aneurysm, Ruptured/surgery , Rupture, Spontaneous , Stents , Endovascular Procedures
J. vasc. bras ; 20: e20200082, 2021. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250239


Resumo Os aneurismas de aorta abdominal (AAA) são os mais frequentes, mesmo quando comparados a outros segmentos da aorta. A prevalência e a história natural de aneurismas arteriais em receptores de transplante de órgão abdominal permanecem incertas. Relatamos a abordagem de um caso de aneurisma de aorta abdominal em um paciente transplantado renal e com alergia ao contraste. Foi realizado o tratamento convencional do aneurisma de aorta abdominal com um by-pass aorto bi-ilíaco. Para manutenção do enxerto renal, foi confeccionado um by-pass temporário da artéria axilar direita até a artéria ilíaca comum direita. O paciente foi encaminhado para a unidade de terapia intensiva, onde permaneceu estável hemodinamicamente e recebeu alta no 2º pós-operatório. A cirurgia convencional aberta com derivação extra-anatômica temporária é uma alternativa para o tratamento do AAA em pacientes com transplante renal.

Abstract Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) are the most common type, even when compared to those involving other segments of the aorta. The prevalence and natural history of arterial aneurysms in abdominal organ transplant recipients remain uncertain. We report a case of abdominal aortic aneurysm in a kidney transplant patient with contrast allergy. Conventional abdominal aortic aneurysm repair was performed, constructing a bi-iliac aortic bypass. A temporary bypass was constructed from the right axillary artery to the right common iliac artery to maintain the renal graft. The patient was transferred to the intensive care unit, where he remained hemodynamically stable, and he was discharged on the 2nd postoperative day. Conventional open surgery with temporary extra-anatomic bypass is an alternative option for treatment of AAA in patients with transplanted kidneys.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Vascular Surgical Procedures/methods , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Renal Circulation , Anastomosis, Surgical , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/complications , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/diagnosis , Iliac Artery
J. vasc. bras ; 20: e20200174, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287083


Abstract Ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (RAAA) evolving aortocaval fistula (AF) can have catastrophic hemodynamic effects. Surgical repair is imperative, but the optimal technical approach is still under debate. Our objective is to present 3 cases treated with endovascular repair (EVAR) at a University Hospital. Case #1, a 71-year-old man presenting a 7.1cm RAAA with AF, repaired with a monoiliac stent graft and femoral-femoral bypass; Case #2, a 76-year-old man presenting a 9.9cm RAAA with AF, repaired with a bifurcated stent graft; Case #3, a 67-year-old man with previous history of EVAR, presenting a type 3 endoleak with late rupture related to AF, repaired with a tubular stent graft. All cases unfolded with delayed recovery and significant complication rates, although AF symptoms had resolved by hospital discharge. EVAR techniques for AF may require secondary interventions but are feasible, despite the lack of consensus, considering the rarity of this RAAA presentation.

Resumo Aneurismas de aorta abdominal rotos (AAAR) com evolução para fístula aorto-cava (FAC) podem apresentar consequências hemodinâmicas catastróficas. A correção cirúrgica é mandatória, embora não haja consenso sobre a técnica operatória. Apresentamos uma série de três casos operados em hospital universitário pela técnica endovascular. No primeiro caso, um homem de 71 anos apresentou AAAR de 7,1 cm com FAC, submetido a correção por endoprótese monoilíaca e enxerto femoral cruzado. No segundo, um homem de 76 anos apresentou AAAR de 9,9 cm com FAC submetido a colocação de endoprótese bifurcada. O terceiro caso era de um homem de 67 anos com histórico de EVAR e endoleak tipo 3, com ruptura tardia para veia cava, tratado com extensão aórtica. Todos apresentaram evolução pós-operatória prolongada com significativas complicações, entretanto com boa resolução dos sintomas à alta hospitalar. A EVAR é uma técnica promissora para o tratamento de FAC, embora com taxa de reintervenção significativa.

Humans , Male , Aged , Aortic Rupture , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Endovascular Procedures , Postoperative Period , Prostheses and Implants , Venae Cavae , Arteriovenous Fistula , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/complications
Clinics ; 76: e2812, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249575


OBJECTIVES: We sought to analyze the hemodynamic effects of the multilayer flow-modulated stent (MFMS) in Thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAAs). METHODS: The hemodynamic effects of MFMS were analyzed in aortic thoracoabdominal aneurysms in experimental swine models. We randomly assigned 18 pigs to the stent or control groups and underwent the creation of an artificial bovine pericardium transrenal aneurysm. In the stent group, an MFMS (Cardiatis, Isnes, Belgium) was immediately implanted. After 4 weeks, we evaluated aneurysm sac thrombosis and renal branch patency by angiography, duplex scan, and morphological analysis. RESULTS: All the renal arteries remained patent after re-evaluation in both groups. Aneurysmal sac thrombosis was absent in the control group, whereas in the stent group it was present in 66.7% of aneurysmal sacs (p=0.061). The mean final aneurysm sac diameter was significantly lower in the stent group (mean estimated reduction, 6.90 mm; p=0.021). The proximal neck diameter decreased significantly in the stent group (mean difference, 2.51 mm; p=0.022) and grew significantly in the control group (mean difference, 3.02 mm; p=0.007). The distal neck diameter increased significantly in the control group (mean difference, 3.24 mm; p=0.017). There were no significant findings regarding distal neck measurements in the stent group. CONCLUSION: The MFMSs remained patent and did not obstruct the renal arteries within 4 weeks. In the stent group, the device was also associated with a significant decrease in aneurysmal sac diameter and a large proportion (albeit non-significant) of aneurysmal sac thrombosis.

Animals , Aortic Aneurysm , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Endovascular Procedures , Prosthesis Design , Renal Artery/surgery , Renal Artery/diagnostic imaging , Swine , Blood Vessel Prosthesis , Cattle , Stents , Treatment Outcome , Models, Theoretical
J. vasc. bras ; 20: e20200230, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340170


Abstract Background Surgical management of patients with abdominal aortic diseases associated with distal narrowing is a challenging situation. Objectives To evaluate outcomes of unibody bifurcated endovascular stent graft repair. Methods This is a retrospective, observational, multi-institutional database study of a cohort of consecutive cases, approved by the local Ethics Committee. Records were reviewed of patients diagnosed from 2010 to 2020 with "shaggy" aorta, saccular aneurysm, penetrating aortic ulcer, and isolated aortic dissection located in the infrarenal abdominal aorta. All patients were treated with a unibody bifurcated stent graft. Main outcomes were technical success, procedure complications, long-term patency, and mortality in the follow-up period up to 5 years. Data on demographics, comorbidities, surgical management, and outcomes were analyzed. Results Twenty-three patients were treated with unibody bifurcated stent graft repair, including 7 cases of "shaggy" aorta, 3 isolated dissections of the abdominal aorta, 4 penetrating aortic ulcers, and 9 saccular aneurysms. Immediate technical success was achieved in 100% of cases. At follow-up, all stent grafts remained patent and there were no limb occlusions. The patients were symptom-free and reported no complications related to the procedure. There were 5 deaths during the follow-up period (median= 4 years), but none were related to the procedure and there were no aorta-related deaths. Conclusions The present study shows that unibody bifurcated stent grafting is safe and effective in this group of patients with narrow distal abdominal aorta and complex aortic pathology. The results were similar for both infrarenal aortic aneurysms and aorto-iliac atherosclerotic disease.

Resumo Contexto O manejo cirúrgico de pacientes com doenças da aorta abdominal associadas ao estreitamento distal é desafiador. Objetivos Avaliar os desfechos do reparo endovascular com endoprótese bifurcada do tipo monobloco. Métodos Foi realizado um estudo retrospectivo, de coorte observacional, de banco de dados multi-institucional, com casos consecutivos, após aprovação pelo Comitê de Ética local. Foram analisados prontuários de pacientes com diagnóstico de shaggy aorta, aneurisma sacular, úlcera penetrante da aorta e dissecção isolada da aorta localizados na aorta abdominal infrarrenal entre 2010 e 2020; todos os pacientes foram tratados com endoprótese bifurcada do tipo monobloco. Os principais desfechos foram sucesso técnico, complicações relacionadas ao procedimento, perviedade de longo prazo e mortalidade no seguimento de até 5 anos. Foram incluídos dados demográficos, comorbidades, manejo cirúrgico e desfechos. Resultados Vinte e três pacientes foram tratados com endoprótese bifurcada do tipo monobloco, incluindo 7 casos de shaggy aorta, 3 dissecções isoladas da aorta abdominal, 4 úlceras penetrantes da aorta e 9 aneurismas saculares. Sucesso técnico imediato foi obtido em 100% dos casos. No seguimento, todas as endopróteses permaneceram pérvias e não houve oclusões de membros. Os pacientes estavam sem sintomas e não relataram complicações relacionadas ao procedimento. Ocorreram 5 óbitos durante o seguimento (mediana = 4 anos), mas nenhum relacionado ao procedimento ou à aorta. Conclusões O presente estudo mostra que a endoprótese bifurcada do tipo monobloco é segura e eficaz neste grupo de pacientes com estreitamento distal da aorta abdominal e patologia aórtica complexa. Os resultados foram semelhantes para aneurismas da aorta infrarrenal e doença aterosclerótica aortoilíaca.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Aortic Dissection/surgery , Aorta, Abdominal , Prostheses and Implants , Retrospective Studies , Endovascular Procedures/instrumentation , Endovascular Procedures/rehabilitation
J. vasc. bras ; 20: e20210080, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340178


Abstract Background Aneurysm repair using endovascular techniques has grown in importance as materials have improved. Studies of endovascular prostheses require experimental models that reproduce anatomic and pathophysiological characteristics of human aneurysms. Objectives To describe a porcine model of abdominal aortic aneurysm. Methods This prospective cohort study used eleven Large White female pigs with a mean age of 12 weeks in two study phases. In phase I, the aneurysm was produced with a bovine pericardium patch by retroperitoneal surgery conducted under general anesthesia. In phase II, 15 days later, the animals underwent arteriography and were then euthanized before specimens were removed for histological analysis. Results Formation of parietal thrombus was observed in all animals. Microscopic analysis showed calcifications around thrombus in 82% of the animals. There was lymphoplasmacytic infiltration in the graft and adjacent area, with fibrosis in nine animals. Three pigs had substantial myointimal thickening, and eight had microcalcifications. Mortality was zero, and there were no ruptures, ischemia, or surgery site infections. Conclusions This is a unique model, using inexpensive, biocompatible material. Bovine pericardium is easy for the surgeon to handle and has very similar characteristics to autologous tissue in terms of integration with the cell wall.

Resumo Contexto A correção de um aneurisma por meio de técnicas endovasculares tem ganhado importância com o aprimoramento dos materiais. O estudo das próteses endovasculares requer modelos experimentais que reproduzam as características anatômicas e fisiopatológicas dos aneurismas humanos. Objetivos Descrever um modelo suíno de aneurisma de aorta abdominal. Métodos Este estudo de coorte prospectivo utilizou 11 porcas da raça Large White com idade média de 12 semanas nas duas fases do estudo. Na fase I, o aneurisma foi produzido com um saco de pericárdio bovino através de cirurgia por via retroperitoneal sob anestesia geral; na fase II, 15 dias após a fase I, os animais foram submetidos a arteriografia e, posteriormente, a eutanásia, sendo os espécimes retirados para análise histológica. Resultados A formação de trombo parietal foi observada em todos os animais. A análise microscópica mostrou calcificações ao redor do trombo em 82% dos animais. Havia infiltrado linfoplasmocitário no enxerto e na área adjacente, com fibrose em nove animais. Três porcos tinham espessamento miointimal substancial, e oito tinham microcalcificações. A mortalidade foi zero, e não houve rupturas, isquemia ou infecção no local da cirurgia. Conclusões É um modelo único, com material biocompatível e de baixo custo. O pericárdio bovino é de fácil manuseio pelo cirurgião e possui características muito semelhantes ao tecido autólogo em sua integração com a parede celular.

Animals , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Pericardium , Swine , Prospective Studies , Disease Models, Animal
J. vasc. bras ; 20: e20200024, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351013


Abstract Background Open surgical repair (OSR) and endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) surgery are alternative treatments for infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (IRAAA). Objectives To compare OSR and EVAR for the treatment of IRAAA. Methods 119 patients with IRAAA were electively operated by the same surgeon between January 1, 2006 and December 31, 2015, following selection for OSR or EVAR according to surgical risk. Complications, reinterventions, failures, and early and late mortality were analyzed. Results 63 OSR and 56 EVAR patients were analyzed. They were similar in terms of age (70 years), gender (92% men), and average diameter of IRAAA (6.5 cm), but with different comorbidities, surgical risk, and anatomy. EVAR was better than OSR regarding time in the operating theatre (177.5 vs. 233.3 minutes), need for transfusion (25 vs. 73%), and length of stay in ICU (1.3 vs. 3.3 days) and hospital (8.1 vs. 11.1 days). OSR allowed more associated procedures to be conducted simultaneously (19.0 vs. 1.8%). There were no significant differences between the groups with respect to complications (25.4 vs. 25.1%), reinterventions (3.2 vs. 5.2%), or early mortality (1.6 vs. 0%). During follow-up, OSR was associated with fewer revisions (3.13 vs. 4.21), angio-CTs (0.22 vs. 3.23), complications (6.4 vs. 37.5%), reinterventions (3.2 vs. 23.2%), and failures (1.6 vs. 10.7%), and had better survival (78.2 vs. 63.2%). Conclusions Correct selection of patients achieves excellent results because it avoids OSR in patients at high risk and avoids EVAR in patients with high anatomical complexity, achieving similar results in the perioperative period, but better results for OSR over the course of follow-up.

Resumo Contexto A cirurgia aberta (CA) e o reparo endovascular de aneurisma (REVA) são tratamentos alternativos para o aneurisma da aorta abdominal infrarrenal (AAAIR). Objetivos Comparar CA e REVA no tratamento do AAAIR. Métodos Foram incluídos 119 pacientes com AAAIR, operados eletivamente pelo mesmo cirurgião entre 1 de janeiro de 2006 e 31 de dezembro de 2015, após seleção para CA ou REVA de acordo com o risco cirúrgico. Complicações, reintervenções, falhas e mortalidade precoce e tardia foram analisadas. Resultados Foram analisados 63 pacientes de CA e 56 de REVA, com semelhanças de idade (70 anos), sexo (92% homens) e diâmetro médio do AAAIR (6,5 cm), mas com diferentes comorbidades, riscos cirúrgicos e anatomias. O REVA foi melhor que a CA em relação ao tempo na sala de cirurgia (177,5 vs. 233,3 minutos), necessidade de transfusão (25 vs. 73%) e tempo de permanência na unidade de terapia intensiva (1,3 vs. 3,3 dias) e no hospital (8,1 vs. 11,1 dias). A CA permitiu que mais procedimentos associados fossem realizados simultaneamente (19,0 vs. 1,8%). Não houve diferenças significativas entre os grupos em relação a complicações (25,4 vs. 25,1%), reintervenções (3,2 vs. 5,2%) e mortalidade precoce (1,6 vs. 0%). Durante o acompanhamento, a CA apresentou menos revisões (3,13 vs. 4,21), angiotomografias (0,22 vs. 3,23), complicações (6,4 vs. 37,5%), reintervenções (3,2 vs. 23,2%) e falhas (1,6 vs. 10,7%), além de ter melhor sobrevida (78,2 vs. 63,2%). Conclusões A seleção correta dos pacientes proporciona excelentes resultados porque evita pacientes com alto risco para CA e com complexidade anatômica para REVA. Os resultados são semelhantes no período perioperatório, mas melhores para CA durante o acompanhamento.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Vascular Surgical Procedures/methods , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Postoperative Period , Vascular Surgical Procedures/mortality , Vascular Surgical Procedures/rehabilitation , Vascular Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Retrospective Studies
J. vasc. bras ; 20: e20200155, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351014


Abstract Duplication of the inferior vena cava is a rare congenital anomaly, with an incidence of 0.2-3%. Despite being asymptomatic, anomalies of IVC are important in aortoiliac and retroperitoneal surgeries. Preoperative CT imaging is essential to identify any IVC anomaly and to prevent unexpected hemorrhage during surgery. Here, we report a case of a juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm in which we encountered a type I IVC duplication anomaly intraoperatively while performing transperitoneal aneurysmorrhaphy and took precautions to avoid any iatrogenic injuries to either of the two trunks or the pre-aortic trunk of the anomalous duplicate IVC.

Resumo A duplicação da veia cava inferior (VCI) é uma anomalia congênita rara com incidência de 0,2 a 3%. Apesar de assintomáticas, anomalias da VCI são importantes em cirurgias aortoilíacas e retroperitoneais. A imagem da tomografia pré-operatória é essencial para identificar qualquer anomalia de VCI e para evitar hemorragia inesperada durante a cirurgia. Relatamos um caso de aneurisma de aorta abdominal justarrenal, no qual encontramos uma anomalia de duplicação de VCI do tipo 1 intraoperatório enquanto realizávamos correção cirúrgica de aneurisma transperitoneal. Por isso, tomamos a precaução para evitar qualquer lesão iatrogênica nos dois troncos e no tronco pré-aórtico de VCI duplicada anômala.

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Vena Cava, Inferior/abnormalities , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Vascular Malformations/diagnostic imaging , Computed Tomography Angiography
J. vasc. bras ; 20: e20200093, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346433


Resumo Contexto O ultrassom contrastado por microbolhas (CMUS) é uma modalidade diagnóstica de acurácia bem demonstrada por estudos internacionais para seguimento de reparo endovascular do aneurisma de aorta abdominal (EVAR). Não existem, no entanto, estudos nacionais focados nesse método de seguimento. Objetivos O objetivo deste estudo foi relatar a experiência inicial com CMUS em um hospital terciário, traçando uma comparação dos achados do CMUS com o ultrassom Doppler convencional (USGD), com o intuito de verificar se a adição de contraste ao protocolo padrão de controle ultrassonográfico incorreu alteração nos achados. Métodos Entre 2015 e 2017, 21 pacientes em seguimento de EVAR foram submetidos ao USGD seguido de CMUS. Foram avaliados os achados de exame referentes à identificação de complicações, bem como à capacidade de identificação da origem da endofuga. Resultados Entre os 21 casos avaliados, 10 complicações foram evidenciadas no total: sete pacientes apresentaram endofuga (33,3%); dois pacientes apresentaram estenose em ramo de endoprótese (9,52%); e um paciente apresentou dissecção em artéria ilíaca externa (4,76%). Em 21 pacientes avaliados, o uso combinado dos métodos identificou 10 casos de complicações pós-EVAR. Em seis dos sete casos de endofugas (85,71%), o uso dos métodos combinados foi capaz de identificar a origem. O USGD isolado falhou na identificação da endofuga em dois casos (28,5%), identificando achados duvidosos em outros dois casos (28,5%), que obtiveram definição diagnóstica após associação do CMUS. Conclusões O CMUS é uma técnica de fácil execução, a qual adiciona subsídios ao seguimento de EVAR infrarrenal.

Abstract Background Microbubble contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) is an accurate diagnostic method for follow-up after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) that has been well-established in international studies. However, there are no Brazilian studies that focus on this follow-up method. Objectives The objective of this study was to report initial experience with CEUS at a tertiary hospital, comparing the findings of CEUS with those of conventional Doppler ultrasound (DUS), with the aim of determining whether addition of contrast to the standard ultrasonographic control protocol resulted in different findings. Methods From 2015 to 2017, 21 patients in follow-up after EVAR underwent DUS followed by CEUS. The findings of these examinations were analyzed in terms of identification of complications and their capacity to identify the origin of endoleaks. Results There was evidence of complications in 10 of the 21 cases examined: seven patients exhibited endoleaks (33.3%); two patients exhibited stenosis of a branch of the endograft (9.52%); and one patient exhibited a dissection involving the external iliac artery (4.76%). In the 21 patients assessed, combined use of both methods identified 10 cases of post-EVAR complications. In six of the seven cases of endoleaks (85.71%), use of the methods in combination was capable of identifying the origin of endoleakage. DUS alone failed to identify endoleaks in two cases (28.5%) and identified doubtful findings in another two cases (28.5%), in which diagnostic definition was achieved after employing CEUS. Conclusions CEUS is a technique that is easy to perform and provides additional support for follow-up of infrarenal EVAR.

Humans , Male , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Ultrasonography, Doppler/instrumentation , Contrast Media , Microbubbles , Endovascular Procedures , Follow-Up Studies , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/rehabilitation , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Doppler/methods
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921560


Objective To explore the cause and the treatment strategies of iliac limb occlusion after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair(EVAR). Methods The patients receiving EVAR in PUMC Hospital from January 2015 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed.Sixteen(2.7%)cases of iliac limb occlusion were identified,among which 6,9,and 1 cases underwent surgical bypass,endovascular or hybrid procedure,and conservative treatment,respectively. Results Fifteen cases were successfully treated.During the 10.6-month follow-up,2 cases receiving hybrid treatment underwent femoral-femoral bypass due to re-occlusion of the iliac limb. Conclusions Iliac limb occlusion mostly occurs in the acute phase after EVAR,and endovascular or hybrid treatment can be the first choice for iliac limb occlusion.It is suggested to focus on the risk factors for prevention.

Humans , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation/adverse effects , Endovascular Procedures , Iliac Artery/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stents , Treatment Outcome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878695


Objective To explore the outcomes in patients who receive the endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair(EVAR)and have concomitant intra-abdominal malignancy.Methods Between January 2014 and December 2019,all the patients who underwent surgery for malignancy and/or EVAR were retrospectively reviewed.Results Twenty-eight abdominal aortic aneurysm(AAA)patients with concomitant intra-abdominal malignancy were included.The patients were treated by two-stage operation and the priority was given for EVAR in 21 patients.There was no perioperative death or major complications.In the follow-up,one patient developed graft thrombosis and one had type Ⅱ endoleak.There was no AAA-associated death.Conclusions It is preferred that EVAR should come first followed by operation for malignancy.Details of treatment strategy still need further investigation.

Humans , Abdominal Neoplasms/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Endovascular Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(5): 781-788, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137328


Abstract We performed a review of the literature (until August 01, 2019) on the occasion of the first transcaval approach for transcatheter aortic valve implantation in our hospital. This review focuses mainly on the indications of this alternative access route to the aorta. It may be useful for vascular surgeons in selected cases, such as the treatment of endoleaks after endovascular aneurysm repair and thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair. We describe historical aspects of transcaval access to the aorta, experimental studies, available case series and outcomes. Finally, we summarize the most significant technical aspects of this little-known access.

Humans , Male , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Endovascular Procedures , Surgeons , Aorta, Abdominal/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis , Stents , Treatment Outcome
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(1): 59-63, feb. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092891


Resumen Introducción Las fístulas aorto-entéricas (FAE) son una causa infrecuente de hemorragia digestiva. El pronóstico, generalmente ominoso, depende de una alta sospecha clínica y diagnóstico oportuno. Caso clínico Reportamos el caso de una mujer de 66 años intervenida por un aneurisma sacular aórtico abdominal (AAA) yuxtarrenal, con rotura contenida, fistulizado al duodeno. Presentó una hemorragia digestiva en el preoperatorio; sin embargo, el diagnóstico de la fístula se hizo en el intraoperatorio. La paciente fue sometida a reparación quirúrgica urgente con instalación de una prótesis aórtica bifemoral y resección duodenal. En el postoperatorio inmediato presentó una trombosis parcial de las ramas de la prótesis aórtica e isquemia de extremidades, siendo reintervenida exitosamente. Discusión La FAE es una causa potencialmente fatal de hemorragia digestiva. El diagnóstico continúa siendo un desafío debido a su presentación inespecífica y siempre debiese ser considerado frente a una hemorragia digestiva sin causa aparente. Existen varias opciones para el enfrentamiento quirúrgico que deben ser analizadas caso a caso, sin retrasar la reparación de la fístula. Es preferible la resección duodenal ante la simple duodenorrafia.

Introduction Aorto-enteric fistulae (AEF) are a rare cause of gastrointestinal bleeding. The prognosis tends to be ominous, depending greatly in a high level of clinical suspicion and prompt diagnosis. Clinical case We report a case of a 66-year-old female with a saccular juxta-renal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), with a contained rupture. The patient was urgently submitted to surgical repair using an bifemoral aortic prosthesis. A duodenal partial resection was performed. During the immediate postoperative time she presented partial thrombosis of prosthesis and ischemia of lower extremities so she was reoperated successfully. Discussion AEF is a potentially fatal cause of gastrointestinal bleeding. Diagnosis is still troublesome due to its vague presentation and it should always be considered when facing gastrointestinal haemorrhage with no apparent cause. There are several surgical approaches that should be pondered case to case without delaying the repair of the defect.

Humans , Female , Aged , Aortic Diseases/complications , Intestinal Fistula/surgery , Intestinal Fistula/complications , Duodenal Diseases/complications , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/surgery , Intestinal Fistula/diagnosis , Treatment Outcome , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/complications , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Perioperative Period , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/diagnosis