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1.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(1): 125-129, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155789

ABSTRACT

Abstract Although aortic valve replacement remains the gold standard treatment for aortic valve diseases like stenosis (AS) or insufficiency, new surgical methods have been developed with a focus in the reconstruction of the aortic valve rather than replacing it. The Ozaki procedure involves a tailored replacement of each individual valvular leaflet with glutaraldehyde-treated autologous pericardium and aims to reproduce the normal anatomy of the aortic valve. Cases of patients with unicuspid aortic valve treated with the Ozaki procedure are uncommon in the litrature and become even more rare when it comes to concomitant diseases like AS and ascending aorta aneurysm. We present the case of a 21-year-old, fit and asymptomatic male, with unicuspid aortic valve with severe stenosis and ascending aorta dilatation, surgically treated with tricuspidization of the aortic valve with glutaraldehyde-treated autologous pericardium and replacement of the ascending aorta with a straight synthetic graft. Postoperative studies showed a fully functional, neo-tailored tricuspid aortic valve with trivial regurgitation. The patient had an uncomplicated recovery, stayed in the intensive care unit for 2 days and was discharged on the 7th postoperative day.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Young Adult , Aortic Aneurysm/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Heart Valve Diseases , Aorta , Aortic Valve/surgery
3.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(5): 834-837, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137354

ABSTRACT

Abstract Giant ascending aortic aneurysm is a rare condition. In this paper, we present an uncommon case of giant ascending aortic aneurysm with a maximal diameter of 14 cm in a 77-year-old woman presenting with unusual symptoms. The patient underwent a successful surgery involving ascending aortic replacement, and was discharged without any complication. After discharge, she was followed regularly and no major problem was observed in her control visits. To the best of our knowledge, our case is the largest ascending aortic aneurysm reported to date in the existing literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Aortic Aneurysm/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm/complications , Aortic Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Superior Vena Cava Syndrome/etiology , Aorta/surgery , Aorta/diagnostic imaging , Cardiopulmonary Bypass , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation
5.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(4): 573-576, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137288

ABSTRACT

Abstract Left sinus of Valsalva aneurysm (SVA) is a very infrequent clinical entity. Valsalva aneurysms are often asymptomatic in right and non-coronary sinuses and the diagnosis is often incidental. A left SVA which presents with exertional chest pain due to compression of left coronary system arteries is extremely rare. In this case, we present a successful surgical repair of left SVA without aortic regurgitation or myocardial infarction in a 59-year-old male patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aortic Aneurysm/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm/complications , Aortic Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Sinus of Valsalva/surgery , Sinus of Valsalva/diagnostic imaging , Aortic Valve Insufficiency/surgery , Aortic Valve Insufficiency/diagnostic imaging , Chest Pain/etiology , Myocardial Infarction
6.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(4): 589-590, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137282

ABSTRACT

Abstract Aneurysms of the sinuses of Valsalva are defined as dilatation of the aortic root region between the aortic annulus and the sinotubular junction. Isolated aneurysms of the sinus of Valsalva are rare cardiovascular pathologies. They may be congenital, especially secondary to connective tissue disorders or in conjunction with congenital cardiac defects, or acquired such as secondary to infections or trauma. Small sized aneurysm without rupture in asymptomatic patients may be followed; however, latter cases require intervention and surgery is the gold standard treatment modality. In this report, a 41-year-old male patient was reported with giant aneurysm of the non-coronary sinus of Valsalva whom underwent aortic root sparing surgical aortic sinus of Valsalva reconstruction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Aortic Aneurysm/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Sinus of Valsalva/surgery , Sinus of Valsalva/diagnostic imaging , Heart Defects, Congenital , Aorta , Dilatation, Pathologic
7.
In. Machado Rodríguez, Fernando; Liñares, Norberto; Gorrasi, José; Terra Collares, Eduardo Daniel. Manejo del paciente en la emergencia: patología y cirugía de urgencia para emergencistas. Montevideo, Cuadrado, 2020. p.271-285, ilus.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1343012
8.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(6): 680-686, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057486

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: Treatment of acute diseases of the aorta is still associated with high mortality and morbidity. It is believed that interventions for these diseases on overtime hours (night shifts or weekend shifts) may increase mortality. In this study, we investigated the effect of performing acute type A aortic dissection surgery on overtime hours in terms of postoperative outcomes. Methods: 206 patients who underwent emergency surgery for acute type A aortic dissection were retrospectively evaluated. Two groups were constituted: patients operated on daytime working hours (n=61), and patients operated on overtime hours (n=145), respectively. Results: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and repeat surgery were higher in group 1. There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in terms of operative and postoperative results. Mortality rates and postoperative neurological complications in group 1 were 9.8% and 13.1%, respectively. In group 2, these rates were 13.8% and 12.4%, respectively (P=0.485 - P=0.890). Multivariate analysis identified that cross-clamp time, amount of postoperative drainage, preoperative loss of consciousness and postoperative neurological complications are the independent predictors of mortality. Conclusions: As the surgical experience of the clinics improves, treatment of acute type A aortic dissections can be successfully performed both overtime and daytime working hours.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aortic Aneurysm/surgery , Aortic Rupture/surgery , Aneurysm, Dissecting/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm/mortality , Aortic Rupture/mortality , Time Factors , Acute Disease , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Hospital Mortality , Perioperative Care , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Aneurysm, Dissecting/mortality
9.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(5): 627-629, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042036

ABSTRACT

Abstract A 27-year-old woman with sudden back pain was transported to our hospital. Abdominal ultrasonography revealed pregnancy of 28 weeks' gestation. Computed tomography demonstrated a type A aortic dissection. Because of progressive fetal deterioration, an emergency cesarean section was forced to perform. The next day, simple hysterectomy followed by an aortic procedure was completed. Valve-sparing aortic replacement and total arch replacement were employed as central operations. The mother and baby are well 9 months postoperatively. Although the strategy for acute type A aortic dissection during pregnancy is controversial, collaborations among neonatologists, obstetricians, and cardiovascular surgeons can ensure mother and infant survival.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Aortic Aneurysm/surgery , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/surgery , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Aneurysm, Dissecting/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/diagnostic imaging , Pregnancy Outcome , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Cesarean Section , Treatment Outcome , Aneurysm, Dissecting/diagnostic imaging
11.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(3): 366-367, Jun. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013458

ABSTRACT

Abstract Ascending aortic aneurysm is usually associated with aortic valve diseases, especially aortic stenosis. The standard technique involves the substitution of the dilated aortic segment with a Dacron tube and replacement of the aortic valve with a regular prosthesis. The correction of ascending aortic aneurysm with aortic valve replacement using the new sutureless and rapid deployment prosthesis was performed by a minimally invasive approach and for the first time in a Brazilian Center.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aortic Aneurysm/surgery , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Sutureless Surgical Procedures/methods , Prosthesis Design , Brazil , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome
12.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(2): 216-221, Feb. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990343

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Aortic dissecting aneurysms involving visceral arteries are difficult for clinical treatment. This study aimed to explore the clinical efficacy and safety of multi-layer bare stents technique in the treatment of aortic dissecting aneurysms involving visceral arteries. METHOD: The clinical data of 16 patients of aortic dissecting aneurysm involving visceral artery treated with multi-layer bare stents technique from March 2013 to March 2017 in Tianjin Medical University General Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. To explore the clinical efficacy, the number of stents applied, postoperative aortic dissecting thrombosis and postoperative cumulative branch arterial patency of the16 patients. RESULTS: The operations of the 16 patients were successfully completed without peri-operative death cases. The 16 patients were implanted with 39 bare stents with an average of 2.44 per person. There were 2 cases with 1 stent, 8 cases with 2 stents and 7 cases with 3 stents. One month after the operation, CTA showed complete thrombosis in the arterial dissection in 4 cases (25.0%), partial thrombosis in 12 cases (75.0%); CTA showed that celiac artery, left and right renal arteries, and superior mesenteric artery were all unobstructed. There were 4 cases (25.0%) of dissecting artery with reduced diameter, 12 patients (75.0%) without changes in the diameter, and no diameter expanding cases. CONCLUSION: The treatment for aortic dissecting aneurysm involving the visceral arteries using multi-layer bare stents technique is safe and reliable with a higher patency rate of postoperative accumulated branch arteries.


RESUMO Objetivo: Aneurismas dissecantes da aorta envolvendo artérias viscerais são de difícil tratamento clínico. O objetivo deste estudo foi explorar a eficácia e segurança clínica da técnica de stents multicamadas não farmacológicos para o tratamento de aneurismas dissecantes da aorta envolvendo artérias viscerais. Métodos: Foi feito um estudo retrospectivo usando os dados de 16 pacientes com aneurisma dissecante da aorta envolvendo artérias viscerais e tratados com stents multicamadas não farmacológicos de março de 2013 a março de 2017, do Hospital da Escola de Medicina da Universidade de Tianjin. Foram analisados nos 167 pacientes: a eficácia clínica, o número de stents aplicados, trombose dissecante da aorta no pós-operatório e patência cumulativa pós-operatória do ramo arterial. Resultados: As operações dos 16 pacientes foram concluídas com sucesso sem nenhum óbito perioperatório. Os 16 pacientes receberam 39 stents não farmacológicos, com uma média de 2,44 por indivíduo. Houve 2 casos com 1 stent, 8 com 2 stents, e 7 com 3. Um mês após a operação, a ATC mostrou trombose completa da dissecção arterial em 4 casos (25,0%) e trombose parcial em 12 casos (75%). Também mostrou que a artéria celíaca, as artérias renais direita e esquerda e a artéria mesentérica superior estavam todas desobstruídas. Houve 4 casos (25,0%) de artéria dissecante com diâmetro reduzido, 12 (75,0%) pacientes sem alteração no diâmetro, e nenhum caso de aumento de diâmetro. Conclusão: O tratamento para aneurisma dissecante da aorta envolvendo artérias viscerais com a técnica de stents não farmacológicos multicamadas é seguro e confiável, com uma taxa mais alta de patência de ramos arteriais acumulados no pós-operatório.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aortic Aneurysm/surgery , Viscera/blood supply , Stents , Aneurysm, Dissecting/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Middle Aged
13.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 31(5)set.-out. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-914706

ABSTRACT

Background: The aortic arch diseases exhibit high morbidity and mortality rates. Some surgical strategies recommend partial preservation of the aortic arch and the supra-aortic vessels, but the immediate and mediumterm mortality rates of patients undergoing this surgical strategy is uncertain. Objectives: To compare overall mortality and mid- term survival curve of patients undergoing surgical strategy of partial preservation of the aortic arch and supra-aortic vessels (group A) compared to conventional strategies of the aortic arch approach (group B); to assess cardiovascular mortality over time. Methods: Descriptive and retrospective study of the medical records of patients undergoing aortic arch repair surgery between February 2000 and July 2013. We analyzed 111 patients, 29 in group A and 82 in group B. The overall survival and survival from cardiovascular events were assessed by Kaplan-Meier test. Results: In- hospital mortality from any cause was 31% in group A and 29.3% in group B. At 1 year, 2 year, and 5 year general survival was similar between the groups. In-hospital, 2 years and 5 years mortality from cardiovascular causes was 13.8%, 14.8%, e 22.7% in group A and 26.8%, 34.6% e 50.9% in group B. The difference between the groups in 5 years showed statistical significance (p = 0.0234). Survival from cardiovascular causes in 2 years and 5 years was 85.2% and 77,3% in group A and 65.4% and 49,1% in group B. Occurrence of urgent and emergency procedures were greater in group A, but without statistical significance. Conclusions: There was no difference in all-cause mortality over time between the groups. Group A showed lower cardiovascular mortality at 5 years than group B


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aorta, Thoracic/physiopathology , Aorta, Thoracic/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm/surgery , Mortality , Survivorship , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Continuity of Patient Care , Data Collection/methods , Dissection/methods , Hemorrhage/complications , Prostheses and Implants , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Statistical Analysis , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Surveys and Questionnaires
15.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 33(2): 143-150, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-958392

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Hypothermic circulatory arrest is widely used for correction of acute type A aortic dissection pathology. We present our experience of 45 consecutive patients operated in our unit with bilateral antegrade cerebral perfusion and moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest. Methods: Between January 2011 and April 2015, 45 consecutive patients were admitted for acute type A aortic dissection and operated emergently under moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest and bilateral antegrade cerebral perfusion. Results: Mean age was 58±11.4 years old. Median circulatory arrest time was 41.5 (30-54) minutes while the 30-day mortality and postoperative permanent neurological deficits rates were 6.7% and 13.3%, respectively. Unadjusted analysis revealed that the factors associated with 30-day mortality were: preoperative hemodynamic instability (OR: 14.8, 95% CI: 2.41, 90.6, P=0.004); and postoperative requirement for open sternum management (OR: 5.0, 95% CI: 1.041, 24.02, P=0.044) while preoperative hemodynamic instability (OR: 8.8, 95% CI: 1.41, 54.9, P=0.02) and postoperative sepsis or multiple organ dysfunction (OR: 13.6, 95% CI: 2.1, 89.9, P=0.007) were correlated with neurological dysfunction. By multivariable logistic regression analysis, postoperative sepsis and multiple organ dysfunction independently predicted (OR: 15.9, 95% CI: 1.05, 96.4, P=0.045) the incidence of severe postoperative neurological complication. During median follow-up of 6 (2-12) months, the survival rate was 86.7%. Conclusion: Bilateral antegrade cerebral perfusion and direct carotid perfusion for cardiopulmonary bypass, in the surgical treatment for correction of acute aortic dissection type A, is a valuable technique with low 30-day mortality rate. However, postoperative severe neurological dysfunctions remain an issue that warrants further research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aortic Aneurysm/surgery , Brain/blood supply , Cardiopulmonary Bypass/methods , Reperfusion/methods , Circulatory Arrest, Deep Hypothermia Induced/methods , Aneurysm, Dissecting/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm/mortality , Postoperative Complications , Time Factors , Cardiopulmonary Bypass/adverse effects , Cardiopulmonary Bypass/mortality , Reperfusion/adverse effects , Reperfusion/mortality , Logistic Models , Acute Disease , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Circulatory Arrest, Deep Hypothermia Induced/adverse effects , Circulatory Arrest, Deep Hypothermia Induced/mortality , Hemodynamics , Aneurysm, Dissecting/mortality , Nervous System Diseases/etiology
16.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 33(2): 203-205, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-958389

ABSTRACT

Abstract Sickle cell anemia is a haematological disorder characterized by multiple vaso-occlusive complications, resulting in a reduced life expectancy. These patients are exposed to several triggering factors for sickle cell crises when they are submitted to cardiovascular surgeries with extracorporeal circulation. Therefore, meticulous care and perioperative management are required. This paper reports a successful case of combined cardiovascular surgery - aortic valve replacement and ascending aortic aneurysmectomy - with no serious post-operative complications. In this report, we emphasize the peculiarities of perioperative care in patients with sickle cell anemia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Aorta/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm/surgery , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/methods , Heart Failure/surgery , Anemia, Sickle Cell/complications , Cardiopulmonary Bypass/methods , Treatment Outcome , Perioperative Care/methods
17.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 31(2): 115-119, Mar.-Apr. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-792655

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Optimal surgical management for acute type A aortic dissection (AAAD) remains unclear. The in-hospital mortality rate is still high (15%), and the intraoperative bleeding is an independent risk factor for hospital mortality. Objective: The aim of our study was describe a new method for aortic anastomosis in the repair of AAAD and report the hospital mortality and bleeding complications. Methods: Between January 2008 and November 2014, 24 patients, 16 male, median age 62 years, underwent surgical treatment of AAAD. The surgical technique consisted of intussusception of a Dacron tube in the dissected aorta, which is anastomosed with a first line of 2-0 polyester everting mattress suture and a second line of 3-0 polypropylene running suture placed at the outermost side. Open distal anastomosis was performed with bilateral selective antegrade cerebral perfusion in 13 (54.1%) patients. Results: Cardiopulmonary bypass and aortic clamping time ranged from 75 to 135 min (mean=85 min) and 60 to 100 min (mean=67 min), respectively. The systemic circulatory arrest ranged from 29 to 60 min (mean=44.5 min). One (4.1%) patient required reoperation for bleeding, due to the use of preoperative clopidogrel. The postoperative bleeding was 382-1270 ml (mean=654 ml). We used an average of 4.2 units of red blood cells/patient. There were two (8.3%) hospital deaths, one due to intraoperative bleeding and another due to mesenteric ischemia. The average length of stay in the intensive care unit and hospital was 44 hours and 6.7 days, respectively. Conclusion: This new method for surgical correction of AAAD was reproducible and resulted in satisfactory clinical outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aortic Aneurysm/surgery , Postoperative Hemorrhage/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation/statistics & numerical data , Aneurysm, Dissecting/surgery , Aorta/transplantation , Aortic Aneurysm/mortality , Sweden , Brazil , Treatment Outcome , Hospital Mortality , Polyethylene Terephthalates/therapeutic use , Postoperative Hemorrhage/mortality , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation/mortality , Perioperative Period/statistics & numerical data , Preliminary Data , Aneurysm, Dissecting/mortality
19.
J. vasc. bras ; 15(1): 16-20, jan.-mar. 2016. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-780905

ABSTRACT

CONTEXTO: Aproximadamente 60% dos pacientes portadores de doença arterial oclusiva crônica periférica têm doença coronariana grave, sendo que a principal causa de morte no pós-operatório de cirurgia vascular de grande porte é o infarto agudo do miocárdio. OBJETIVOS: Determinar a prevalência da doença coronariana em pacientes submetidos a cirurgia vascular eletiva de grande porte e sua relação com as complicações cardiológicas pós-operatórias. MÉTODOS: Foram analisados 200 pacientes submetidos a cirurgia vascular arterial eletiva: doença obstrutiva carotídea, aortoilíaca e femoropoplítea distal e doença aneurismática de aorta abdominal e de artérias ilíacas. Os pacientes constituíram três grupos: grupo I, sem doença coronariana; grupo II, com doença coronariana assintomática; e grupo III, com doença coronariana sintomática. As complicações cardiológicas consideradas foram infarto agudo do miocárdio fatal e não fatal, insuficiência cardíaca congestiva, choque cardiogênico, fibrilação atrial aguda e outras arritmias. RESULTADOS: Complicações cardíacas ocorreram em 11 pacientes (5,5%): três infartos agudos do miocárdio não fatais (1,5%) sempre em pacientes do grupo III. A complicação cardíaca mais frequente foi arritmia (exceto fibrilação atrial) ocorrida em cinco (2,5%) pacientes, sendo três do grupo II. A mortalidade precoce foi de nove pacientes (4,5%). Apenas uma morte foi decorrente de problema cardíaco: choque cardiogênico em paciente do grupo III. CONCLUSÕES: A doença coronariana não foi preditora de óbito nos pacientes submetidos a cirurgia vascular periférica de grande porte. A sobrevida dos pacientes com ou sem doença coronariana não mostrou diferenças estatísticas.


BACKGROUND: Approximately 60% of patients with chronic occlusive peripheral arterial disease have severe coronary disease and the principal cause of death during the postoperative period after major vascular surgery is acute myocardial infarction. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of coronary disease among patients scheduled for elective major vascular surgery and its relationship with postoperative cardiological complications. METHODS: A total of 200 patients who underwent elective vascular arterial surgery for obstructive carotid disease, aortoiliac and distal femoropopliteal disease and aneurysmal disease of the abdominal aorta and iliac arteries were analyzed. These patients were allocated to three groups: group I, free from coronary disease; group II, asymptomatic coronary disease; and group III, symptomatic coronary disease. The cardiological complications analyzed were fatal and nonfatal acute myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, cardiogenic shock, acute atrial fibrillation and other arrhythmias. RESULTS: Cardiac complications occurred in 11 patients (5.5%): three nonfatal acute myocardial infarctions (1.5%), all in patients from group III. The most common cardiac complication was arrhythmia (excluding atrial fibrillation) in five (2.5%) patients, three from group II. Early mortality was nine patients (4.5%). Just one death was caused by a cardiac problem: cardiogenic shock in a patient from group III. CONCLUSIONS: Coronary disease was not predictive of death among patients who underwent major peripheral vascular surgery. There were no statistical differences in survival between patients with or without coronary disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aortic Aneurysm/surgery , Vascular Diseases/complications , Vascular Surgical Procedures/history , Peripheral Vascular Diseases , Peripheral Vascular Diseases/complications , Peripheral Vascular Diseases/rehabilitation , Iliac Aneurysm/surgery , Coronary Disease/rehabilitation , Myocardial Infarction/diagnosis , Postoperative Complications , Prevalence
20.
In. Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Leal, Tatiana de Carvalho Andreucci; Accorsi, Tarso augusto Duenhas; Gualandro, Danielle Menosi; Oliveira Junior, Múcio Tavares de; Kalil Filho, Roberto. Manual da residência em cardiologia / Manual residence in cardiology. São Paulo, Manole, 2016. p.1108-1114.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-971593
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