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1.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 21(4): 979-986, Oct.-Dec. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360723

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: to describe the profile of women affected with premature childbirth and neonatal outcomes at a referral maternity in the city of Fortaleza-CE, Brazil. Methods: descriptive and retrospective documentary type study, with a quantitative approach, carried out from January to December, 2017, with 253 medical records of women who had premature childbirth in a referral maternity. Results: the average age was 28, with the prevalence of women living in a stable union, graduated from high school and without formal work. The gestational mean average was three pregnancies, gestational age of 34 weeks and three days, and six prenatal consultations, starting in the first trimester. The major intercurrence was pre-eclampsia. In relation to the neonatal data, there was a prevalence of male newborns, with an average of 2.251 kg and a score of seven on the 1-minute Apgar and eight on the 5-minute Apgar. Newborns in going to a hospital accommodation after childbirth and in room air, spending an average of 12.71 days in the hospital. Conclusion: in this case of this research, knowing the woman's profile and the outcomes in premature newborns is useful to encourage public policies and reduce the sequelae on mother and baby


Resumo Objetivos: descrever o perfil de mulheres acometidas por parto prematuro e os desfechos neonatais em maternidade de referência, na cidade de Fortaleza-CE, Brasil. Métodos: estudo do tipo documental, descritivo, retrospectivo, com abordagem quantitativa, realizadode janeiro a dezembro de 2017, com 253 prontuários de mulheres que tiveram parto prematuro em maternidade de referência. Resultados: média de idade de 28 anos, com prevalência de mulheres vivendo em união estável, ensino médio completo, sem trabalho formal. A média gestacional foi de três gravidezes, idade gestacional de 34 semanas e trêsdias e seis consultas de pré-natal, iniciando no primeiro trimestre. A maior intercorrência foi a pré-eclâmpsia. Relacionado aos dados neonatais, houve prevalência de recém-nascidos do sexo masculino, com média de 2,251 quilos e escore sete no Apgar do 1º minuto e oito, no Apgar do 5º minuto. Recémnascidos indo para alojamento conjunto após o parto e em ar ambiente, tendo passado, em média, 12,71 dias internados. Conclusões: no caso da pesquisa, conhecer o perfil dessa mulher e os desfechos do recém-nascido prematuro é útil para estimular as políticas públicas e diminuir as sequelas para mãe e bebê.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Obstetric Labor Complications/epidemiology , Obstetric Labor, Premature/epidemiology , Apgar Score , Prenatal Care , Brazil/epidemiology , Medical Records , Postpartum Period
2.
Rev. ecuat. pediatr ; 22(3): 1-9, 30 de diciembre del 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352454

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La evaluación de la transición desde el medio intrauterino en los recién naci-dos se realiza con el puntaje de Apgar (1953), proporciona una evaluación rápida del estado clínico, sin embargo, contiene variables subjetivas en su calificación. El nuevo puntaje de Reanimación y Adaptación Neonatal incorpora intervenciones de la reanimación neonatal. El objetivo fue demostrar la no inferioridad del nuevo puntaje frente al de Apgar. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo de corte transversal que empleó simultáneamente las dos puntuaciones. Con una muestra de 396 neonatos. El análisis uni-varial usó frecuencias absolutas y relativas y el bivarial usó Curvas ROC para la exactitud diagnóstica y pruebas significancia estadística. Resultados: La necesidad de reanimación fue del 35,6%, de ventilación mecánica del 19,6% y el diagnóstico de asfixia del 22%. La Curva ROC que examinó la variable asfixia mostró un índice de Youden a favor del nuevo puntaje, en el primer y quinto minuto, con similares resultados en las variables ventilación mecánica y reanimación neonatal. Conclusión: el puntaje de Reanimación y Adaptación Neonatal no es inferior al de Apgar en la valoración de asfixia. Al igual que su predecesor reconoce la necesidad de reanimación así como la necesidad de ventilación mecánica en los neonatos con puntuaciones bajas. Es una nueva herramienta de fácil aplicación y comprensión para la determinación del estado de transición en los recién nacidos.


Introduction: Evaluation of the transition from the intrauterine environment in newborns is carried out with the Apgar score (1953), which provides a quick estimation of the clinical state; however, it contains subjec-tive variables in its qualification. The new Neonatal Resuscitation and Adaptation score incorporates neo-natal resuscitation interventions. The objective was to demonstrate the noninferiority of the new score compared to the Apgar score. Methods: An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out that used the two scores sim-ultaneously. With a sample of 396 neonates. The univariate analysis used absolute and relative frequen-cies, and the bivarial analysis used ROC curves for diagnostic accuracy and statistical significance tests. Results: The need for resuscitation was 35.6%, mechanical ventilation was 19.6%, and the diagnosis of as-phyxia was 22%. The ROC curve that examined the variable asphyxia showed a Youden index in favor of the new score in the first and fifth minutes, with similar results in the variables mechanical ventilation and neo-natal resuscitation. Conclusion: The neonatal resuscitation and adaptation scores were not lower than the Apgar score in the assessment of asphyxia. Like its predecessor, it recognizes the need for resuscitation as well as the need for mechanical ventilation in neonates with low scores. It is a new tool with easy application and understand-ing for the determination of the transition state in newborns


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Apgar Score , Asphyxia Neonatorum , Infant, Newborn , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Adaptation , Live Birth
3.
Femina ; 49(9): 556-571, 20211030. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342326

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Determinar a correlação entre vias de parto, locais de parto e prognóstico neonatal por meio do índice de Apgar e a capacidade de diagnosticar malforma- ções. Métodos: A pesquisa foi realizada no Sistema de Informação de Nascidos Vivos para variáveis de parto e malformações. Também correlacionamos o Apgar com ou sem malformação fetal e local do parto. Resultados: Houve uma quantidade considerável de dados de Apgar indefinidos, especialmente em partos domiciliares. Os partos domiciliares com malformações fetais com Apgar 0-2 e 3-5 no primeiro minuto também apresentaram piores taxas de recuperação no quinto minuto em comparação a cesárea e parto vaginal intra-hospitalar. O registro do diagnóstico das malformações fetais ocorre em ambiente hospitalar e é mais frequente do que no domiciliar. Recém-nascidos com malformações fetais apresentaram maiores taxas de Apgar ao nascer em ambiente hospitalar. As anomalias associadas aos piores prognósticos foram neurológicas e cardiológicas, enquanto as menos associadas foram as de pés e quadris. Conclusão: Esta pesquisa sugere que a cesárea e o parto hospitalar estão correlacionados a um melhor prognóstico do recém-nascido com malformação, bem como a capacidade de diagnosticar doenças congênitas que potencialmente requerem intervenção médica imediata.(AU)


Objective: To determine the correlation between delivery routes, delivery sites and neonatal prognosis through Apgar score and the ability to diagnose malformations. Methods: Research was carried out in the Live Birth Information System for delivery variables and malformations. We also correlated Apgar with or without fetal malformation and delivery site. Results: There was a considerable amount of undefined Apgar data, especially in home births. Home births with fetal malformations with Apgar 0-2 and 3-5 in the first minute also showed worse recovery rates in the fifth minute compared to cesarean section and intra-hospital vaginal delivery. Registration of the diagnosis of fetal malformations occurs in a hospital environment and is more frequent than at home. Newborns with fetal malformations had higher Apgar rates when born in a hospital environment. The abnormalities associated with the worst prognoses were neurological and cardiological, while the least associated were those of the feet and hips. Conclusion: This research suggests that caesarean section and hospital births are correlated with a better prognosis of the newborn with malformation, as well as ability to diagnose congenital diseases that potentially require immediate medical intervention.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Apgar Score , Congenital Abnormalities/diagnosis , Congenital Abnormalities/epidemiology , Parturition , Prognosis , Cesarean Section , Birth Setting , Home Childbirth , Natural Childbirth
4.
Rev. inf. cient ; 100(4): e3438, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289655

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La depresión cardiorrespiratoria neonatal es un problema clínico que, en dependencia de su etiología, conduce a una alta morbilidad neurológica y elevada mortalidad. Objetivo: Caracterizar al recién nacido con depresión cardiorrespiratoria en el servicio de Neonatología del Hospital Ginecobstétrico "Fé del Valle Ramos", de Manzanillo, Granma. Método: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo, observacional, descriptivo y transversal. Se seleccionaron 88 neonatos que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión de recién nacido con depresión cardiorrespiratoria. Los datos se recolectaron durante el período de enero de 2017 a diciembre de 2018. Se tomaron en cuenta las siguientes variables: puntaje de Apgar, años de estudio, sexo, tipo de depresión cardiorrespiratoria, peso al nacer, factores maternos, edad gestacional y afecciones asociadas. Resultados: La depresión severa al nacer predominó en la mayoría de los neonatos (56,8 %). Prevalecieron los recién nacido de buen peso (73,9 %), nacidos a término (77,2 %). Las infecciones maternas (45,5 %) durante la gestación, el tiempo de rotura de membranas prolongado (31,8 %) y la presencia de líquido amniótico meconial (30,7 %), constituyeron los factores maternos que mayor vínculo guardaron con el neonato deprimido. Conclusiones: Las infecciones maternas, la rotura prematura de membranas, la presencia de líquido amniótico meconial, los nacimientos por cesárea, la nuliparidad, prematuridad y el embarazo en la adolescencia, son algunos de los factores de riesgo relacionados en este estudio que guardan vínculo estrecho con el predominio de estas afecciones en los neonatos deprimidos.


ABSTRACT Introduction: The cardiorespiratory depression in neonates is a clinical complication that, depending on its etiology, leads to high neurological morbidity and mortality. Objective: To characterize neonates with cardiorespiratory depression treated in the neonatology service at the Hospital Ginecobstétrico "Fé del Valle Ramos" in Manzanillo, Granma. Method: A retrospective, observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out. A total of 88 neonates with cardiorespiratory depression criteria were selected in the study. All information gathered includes the period January 2017 throughout December 2018. Variables assessed were as follow: Apgar score, years of study, sex, type of cardiorespiratory depression, birth weight, maternal factors, gestational age and associated conditions. Results: Severe depression at birth was predominant in most of neonates (56.8%). Newborn infants with a normal birth weight (73.9%), and born at term (77.2%) were predominant. Maternal infections during gestation (45.5%), prolonged rupture of membranes (31.8%) and the presence of meconium in the amniotic fluid (30.7%) were the maternal factors most associated with depressed neonate. Conclusions: The maternal infections, premature rupture of membranes, the presence of meconium in the amniotic fluid, cesarean birth, nulliparous status, premature and adolescent pregnancy are some of the risk factors assessed in this study that are closely linked to the prevalence of arising conditions in depressed neonates.


RESUMO Introdução: A depressão cardiorrespiratória neonatal é um problema clínico que, dependendo de sua etiologia, leva a alta morbidade neurológica e alta mortalidade. Objetivo: Caracterizar o recém-nascido com depressão cardiorrespiratória no serviço de Neonatologia do Hospital Gineco-obstétrico "Fé del Valle Ramos", Manzanillo, Granma. Método: Foi realizado um estudo retrospectivo, observacional, descritivo e transversal. Foram selecionados oitenta e oito lactentes que atenderam aos critérios de inclusão de um recém-nascido com depressão cardiorrespiratória. Os dados foram coletados no período de janeiro de 2017 a dezembro de 2018. Foram consideradas as seguintes variáveis: índice de Apgar, anos de estudo, sexo, tipo de depressão cardiorrespiratória, peso ao nascer, fatores maternos, idade gestacional e condições associadas. Resultados: A depressão grave ao nascer prevaleceu na maioria dos neonatos (56,8%). Prevaleceram os recém-nascidos de bom peso (73,9%) e a termo (77,2%). Infecções maternas (45,5%) durante a gestação, tempo prolongado de ruptura da membrana (31,8%) e presença de líquido amniótico mecônio (30,7%) foram os fatores maternos mais associados ao neonato deprimido. Conclusões: Infecções maternas, ruptura prematura de membranas, presença de líquido amniótico mecônio, partos cesáreos, nuliparidade, prematuridade e gravidez na adolescência, são alguns dos fatores de risco relacionados neste estudo que estão intimamente ligados ao predomínio dessas condições na recém-nascidos deprimidos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Apgar Score , Respiratory Insufficiency/epidemiology , Infant, Newborn, Diseases/mortality , Infant, Newborn, Diseases/epidemiology , Pregnancy Complications/etiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Observational Studies as Topic
5.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 21(3): 805-815, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347002

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: to analyze factors associated with neonatal death among adolescent mothers. Methods: randomized hospital-based cross-sectional study in a tertiary institution,, data from the Sistema de Informação sobre Nascidos Vivos (Sinasc), (Live Birth Information System), Sistema de Informação sobre Mortalidade (SIM) (Mortality Information System), and medical records. The study population was comprised of 1,341 adolescents aged 10-19 who had assisted childbirth at the institution between 2012 to 2016. The independent variables were sociodemographic characteristics, care, prenatal, childbirth, birth, and newborn's hospitalization, as well as the baby's characteristics. Logistic regression analysis was carried out to assess the association between neonatal death and explanatory variables. Results: the factors associated with death were from the countryside or other States (OR=2.68; CI95% =1.24-5.81), Apgar scores lower than 7 in the 1st (OR= 9.52; CI95% = 4.15-21.81) and the 5th (OR=4.17; CI95%=1.53-11.34) minutes of life; and birth weight less than 999g (OR=13.37; CI95% =3, 64-49.04) and between 1,500 to 2,499g (OR=3.43; CI95%=1.37-8.58). Conclusions: apgar and low birth weight were associated with the neonatal death among adolescent mothers, as well as the fact they come from the countryside and other States. These findings show, in addition to classic risks, potential difficulties for adolescents in having access to healthcare services in their hometown. To reduce the risks, there is a need for restructuring the maternal and child healthcare network and ensure a social protection network for these girls.


Resumo Objetivos: analisar fatores associados ao óbito neonatal de mães adolescentes. Métodos: estudo transversal de base hospitalar em instituição terciária, randomizado, com dados do Sistema de Informação sobre Nascidos Vivos (Sinasc), Sistema de Informação sobre Mortalidade (SIM) e de prontuários. A população do estudo compreendeu 1.341 adolescentes de 10 a 19 anos assistidos durante o parto na instituição entre 2012 a 2016. As variáveis independentes foram características sociodemográficas, assistenciais, relacionadas ao pré-natal, parto, nascimento e internamento do recém-nascido, além das características do bebê. Realizou-se análise de regressão logística para avaliar a associação entre óbito neonatal e variáveis explanatórias. Resultados: os fatores associados ao óbito foram municípios do interior e outros estados (OR=2,68; IC95%=1,24-5,81), índices de apgar menor que sete no 1º(OR=9,52; IC95%=4,15-21,81) e no 5º(OR=4,17; IC95%=1,53-11,34) minutos de vida e peso ao nascer menor que 999g (OR=13,37; IC95%= 3,64-49,04) e entre 1500 a 2499g (OR=3,43; IC95%= 1,37-8,58). Conclusões: o apgar e o baixo peso ao nascer se associaram ao óbito neonatal de mães adolescentes além da procedência de municípios do interior e outros estados. Estes achados mostram além de riscos clássicos, potenciais dificuldade das adolescentes em dispor de assistência nos seus lugares de residência. Para reduzir os riscos há necessidade de reorganizar a rede assistencial materno-infantil e garantir uma rede de proteção social a estas meninas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Pregnancy in Adolescence , Risk Factors , Cause of Death , Perinatal Death/etiology , Apgar Score , Prenatal Care , Socioeconomic Factors , Tertiary Healthcare , Brazil , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Cross-Sectional Studies , Maternal-Child Health Services
6.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 25(1): e20200102, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1124794

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo identificar os fatores associados às práticas assistenciais ao recém-nascido adotadas na sala de parto de uma maternidade na baixada litorânea do Rio de Janeiro. Método estudo transversal, realizado em instituição pública no estado Rio de Janeiro, mediante coleta de dados em prontuários de nascimentos entre 2015 e 2017. Na associação entre variáveis, adotou-se o Teste Qui-Quadrado e a regressão logística. Resultados entre 351 (100,0%) prontuários, constituíram-se como práticas realizadas na sala de parto: contato pele a pele e aleitamento materno precoce (28,0%); secagem (92,3%); aspiração oronasofaríngea (82,1%); aspiração gástrica (52,7%); aspiração traqueal (12,2%); oxigênio inalatório (7,7%); e encaminhamento ao Alojamento Conjunto (91,1%). O contato precoce com o seio materno esteve associado ao tipo de parto (p=0,043) e às alterações no exame físico (p=0,001). Possuir alterações no exame físico ao nascimento diminuiu significativamente as chances de o bebê ser colocado nessa posição ainda na sala de parto (p=0,001) assim como os recém-nascidos de parto cesáreo (p=0,045). Nascer de cesárea aumentou duas vezes as chances de o recém-nascido ser submetido à aspiração gástrica (p=0,002). Conclusão e implicações para a prática é premente organizar as rotinas dos serviços, de modo a evitar intervenções desnecessárias visando uma atenção obstétrica e neonatal humanizada e de qualidade.


ABSTRACT Objective to identify the factors associated with newborn care practices adopted in the delivery room of a maternity hospital in the coastal lowlands of Rio de Janeiro. Method a cross-sectional was study carried out in a public institution in the state of Rio de Janeiro using data collected from birth records between 2015 and 2017. The chi-square test and logistic regression were adopted to associate the variables. Results among 351 (100.0%) medical records, the following constituted practices performed in the delivery room: skin-to-skin contact and early breastfeeding (28.0%); drying (92.3%); oronasopharyngeal aspiration (82.1%); gastric aspiration (52.7%); tracheal aspiration (12.2%); inhaled oxygen (7.7%); and rooming-in referral (91.1%). Early breastfeeding was associated with the type of delivery (p=0.043) and changes in physical examination (p=0.001). Changes in the physical examination at birth significantly decreased the chances of babies being placed in this position while still in the delivery room (p=0.001), as well as newborns delivered by cesarean section (p=0.045). Being born by cesarean section increased the chances of newborns being submitted to gastric aspiration twice (p=0.002). Conclusion and implications for practice it is urgent to organize the routines of services in order to avoid unnecessary interventions aiming at humanized and quality obstetric and neonatal care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Young Adult , Perinatal Care/statistics & numerical data , Delivery Rooms/standards , Evidence-Based Practice , Apgar Score , Prenatal Care/statistics & numerical data , Rooming-in Care , Breast Feeding , Cesarean Section/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies , Humanization of Assistance , Natural Childbirth/statistics & numerical data
7.
Article in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, CONASS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1354753

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: caracterizar partos e nascidos vivos a partir de dados retirados do Sistema de Informação sobre Nascidos Vivos. Método: estudo descritivo, de abordagem quantitativa, com dados de nascimentos no ano de 2016, no município de Palmeiras de Goiás, Goiás, Brasil. Os dados foram obtidos pelo Departamento de Informática do Sistema Único de Saúde (DATASUS). Resultados: foram incluídos 391 nascimentos ocorridos no ano de 2016. Maiores frequências ocorreram entre mães com idade entre 20 a 24 anos (27,1%), seguidas das mães de 25 a 29 anos (24,3%) e das mais jovens com idade entre 15 a 19 anos (21,0%), prevalecendo a duração da gestação de 37 a 41 semanas (86,4%), com gravidez única (97,4%), em parto tipo cesáreo (81,3%), recém-nascidos do sexo feminino (50,4%), com raça/cor parda (62,1%), peso ao nascer entre 3000g a 3999g (67,5%), sem presença de anomalia no nascimento (93,6%), e com Apgar 1º minuto e 5º entre 8 e 10, com 88,2% e 98,2%, respectivamente. Conclusão: os dados deste estudo podem subsidiar políticas públicas no município para garantir atenção integral e de qualidade no ciclo gravídico-puerperal e que repercutam na melhoria dos indicadores de saúde materno-infantil


Objective: to characterize births and live births from data collected from the Live Birth Information System. Method: descriptive study with a quantitative approach, with data on births in 2016, in the city of Palmeiras de Goiás, Goiás, Brazil. Data were obtained by the Informatics Department of the Unified Health System (DATASUS). Results: 391 births occurred in 2016 were included. Higher frequencies occurred among mothers aged 20 to 24 years (27.1%), followed by mothers aged 25 to 29 years (24.3%) and the youngest with aged between 15 and 19 years (21.0%), with a prevalence of gestation of 37 to 41 weeks (86.4%), with a single pregnancy (97.4%), in a cesarean delivery (81.3%) , female newborns (50.4%), with mixed race/color (62.1%), birth weight between 3000g and 3999g (67.5%), no abnormality at birth (93.6 %), and with Apgar 1st and 5th minutes between 8 and 10, with 88.2% and 98.2%, respectively. Conclusion: the data from this study can support public policies in the city to ensure comprehensive and quality care in the pregnancy-puerperal cycle and that have an impact on the improvement of maternal and child health indicators


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Parturition , Live Birth , Apgar Score , Prenatal Care , Brazil , Information Systems/statistics & numerical data
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879898

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the factors contributing to the withdrawal from treatment in neonates with respiratory failure.@*METHODS@#The medical data of 2 525 neonates with respiratory failure were retrospectively studied, who were reported in 30 hospitals of Jiangsu Province from January to December, 2019. According to whether a complete treatment was given, they were divided into a complete treatment group with 2 162 neonates and a withdrawal group with 363 neonates. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the factors contributing to the withdrawal from treatment in neonates with respiratory failure.@*RESULTS@#The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that small-for-gestational-age birth, congenital abnormality, gestational age < 28 weeks, living in the rural area or county-level city, and maternal age < 25 years were risk factors for the withdrawal from treatment in neonates with respiratory failure (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Small-for-gestational-age birth, congenital abnormality, gestational age, living area, maternal age, Apgar score at birth, and method of birth are contributing factors for the withdrawal from treatment in neonates with respiratory failure. A poor prognosis and a low quality of life in future might be major immediate causes of withdrawal from treatment in neonates with respiratory failure, which needs to be confirmed by further studies.


Subject(s)
Apgar Score , Cesarean Section , Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Quality of Life , Respiratory Insufficiency/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879847

ABSTRACT

A healthy full-term female neonate, aged 3 days and born by vaginal delivery (with a 1-minute Apgar score of 10 and a 5-minute Apgar score of 10), had unexpected cardiac and respiratory arrests in the early morning on day 3 after birth and recovered to spontaneous breathing and heartbeat after a 10-minute resuscitation. The child had poor response and convulsion after resuscitation. Blood gas analysis showed metabolic acidosis, and amplitude-integrated EEG showed a burst-suppression pattern. She was diagnosed with sudden unexpected postnatal collapse but improved after hypothermia and symptomatic/supportive treatment. This article reports the first case of sudden unexpected postnatal collapse in China and summarizes related risk factors, pathophysiological mechanisms, and preventive and treatment measures of this disorder.


Subject(s)
Apgar Score , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Resuscitation , Risk Factors
10.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(6): 405-415, dic 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1146069

ABSTRACT

Objetivo. Investigar la frecuencia de la enterocolitis necrosante (ECN) en prematuros y evaluar los factores de riesgo asociados con su aparición y progresión a perforación intestinal.Métodos. Cohorte retrospectiva de prematuros hospitalizados entre 2015 y 2018. Las características perinatales, clínicas, nutricionales y de laboratorio se analizaron con SPSS-23, y los factores de riesgo mediante una regresión logística.Resultados. En 1428 neonatos, la tasa de ECN fue del 18,28 %. La concepción por reproducción asistida, la cesárea y los corticoesteroides posnatales se asociaron con ECN (OR: 4,056; IC del 95 %: 2,810-5,854; OR: 1,961; IC del 95 %: 1,321-2,910; OR: 6,422; IC del 95 %: 4,327-9,530). El momento de la primera alimentación enteral se asoció con ECN, pero no con perforación intestinal (p < 0,001; p = 0,604). De 261 pacientes con ECN, 47 (18 %) tuvieron perforación intestinal. El momento de la primera alimentación enteral y el ductus persistente con repercusión hemodinámica fueron factores predisponentes para ECN, y el puntaje de Apgar bajo al minuto 5 para perforación intestinal. (OR: 6,515; IC del 95 %: 5,011-8,470; OR: 4,715; IC del 95 %: 2,717-8,183; OR: 2,748; IC del 95 %: 1,100-6,866). La mortalidad fue del 9 %. La ECN aumentó el riesgo de mortalidad 2,192 veces (IC del 95 %: 1,469-3,271); en perforación intestinal, el riesgo aumentó 11,527 veces (IC del 95 %: 6,293-21,115).Conclusión. El conducto arterial persistente y el retraso en la primera nutrición enteral fueron factores predisponentes para ECN, y el puntaje de Apgar bajo al minuto 5 para perforación intestinal.


Aim. To investigate NEC frequency in premature infants and assess risk factors associated with disease-onset and progression to intestinal perforation.Methods. Retrospective cohort in preterm neonates hospitalized between 2015 and 2018. Perinatal characteristics, clinical features, nutritional data and laboratory outcome were analyzed using SPSS-23 statistical package. Logistic regression was performed to analyze associated risk factors.Results. In 1428 neonates, the rate of developing NEC was 18.28 %. Conception with assisted reproductive technology, cesearean section and postnatal-steroids were associated with NEC (OR: 4.056, 95 % CI: 2.810-5.854, OR: 1.961, 95 % CI: 1.321-2.910, OR: 6.422; 95 % CI: 4.327-9.530).Timing of first enteral feeding was associated to developing NEC, but not to intestinal perforation (p < 0.001, p = 0.604). Forty-seven of 261 NEC patients (18 %) have developed intestinal perforation. Antenatal steroids showed to reduce severe consequences (p = 0.001). Timing of first enteral feeding and hemodynamically significant PDA were predisposing factors for NEC and low 5-minutes Apgar score for intestinal perforation. (OR: 6.515; 95 % CI: 5.011-8.470; OR: 4.715; 95 % CI: 2.717-8.183; OR: 2.748; 95 % CI: 1.100-6.866).Mortality was 9 %. Developing NEC increased risk of mortality by 2.192 times (95 % CI: 1.469-3.271); in intestinal perforation, mortality risk increased to 11.527 (95 % CI: 6.293-21.115).Conclusion. NEC frequency was 18.28 %. Intestinal perforation occurred in 18 % of NEC patients. PDA and delay in first enteral nutrition were predisposing factors for acquiring NEC and low 5-minutes Apgar scores for intestinal perforation


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing , Intestinal Perforation/diagnostic imaging , Apgar Score , Turkey , Infant, Premature , Intensive Care, Neonatal , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Gestational Age , Enteral Nutrition
11.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(supl.1): S106-S110, set. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138655

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La Pandemia ocasionada por el nuevo coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 ha tenido repercusión también en nuestra región. Las embarazadas constituyen un grupo especial dentro de la población. Casos Clínicos: Se reportan 6 casos de pacientes embarazadas interrumpidas en el Hospital Carlos Van Buren hasta Julio de 2020 con PCR positivo para SARS-CoV-2, donde una cursó con neumonía grave, 3 con síntomas leves y 2 asintomáticas. El 100% fue interrumpido por cesárea. 50% de los recién nacidos fue ingresado a neonatología. En ninguno se evidenció transmisión vertical. Conclusiones: La infección por SARS-CoV-2 no constituye una indicación inmediata por cesárea, sin embargo, se ha visto un gran aumento. No se ha observado clara evidencia de transmisión vertical, pero faltan estudios de mejor calidad.


Introduction: The pandemic caused by the new SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus has also had repercussions in our region. Among others, pregnant women constitute a special group within the affected population. Clinical Cases: There are 6 reported cases of pregnant patients interrupted in Hospital Carlos Van Buren are reported until July 2020 with a positive PCR for SARS-CoV-2, where one was treated with severe pneumonia, 3 with mild symptoms and 2 were asymptomatic. The 100% was interrupted by caesarean section. 50% of the newborns were admitted to neonatology. Vertical transmission was not evident in any of them. Conclusions: SARS-CoV-2 infection is not an immediate indication for cesarean section. However, a considerable increase in the tendency for the surgery has been observed. No clear evidence of vertical transmission has been observed, but better quality studies are needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Young Adult , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/therapy , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/virology , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Betacoronavirus , Apgar Score , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/diagnosis , Pregnancy Outcome , Cesarean Section , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Pandemics
12.
Rev. méd. panacea ; 9(1): 4-12, ene.-abr. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LIPECS, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1121368

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Determinar el perfil clínico y las principales complicaciones maternas perinatales del parto vaginal en gestantes con cesárea previas en el Hospital Santa María del Socorro Ica, en el año 2018. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo, observacional. Se revisó las historias clínicas de pacientes con embarazo a término normo evolutivo y antecedente de cesárea en alguna gestación previa, que se sometieron a trabajo de parto y culminaron su parto por vía vaginal o abdominal y que fueron atendidas en el Hospital Santa María del Socorro de Ica en el año 2018, se utilizó una ficha de recolección de Datos. Resultados: Se analizaron los datos de 162 gestantes en trabajo de parto, 128 (79%) lograron el nacimiento por vía vaginal, mientras que 34 (21%) tuvieron su finalización del embarazo por vía abdominal. Entre las características sociodemográficas predominó: Las edades entre los 20 y 30 años (80%), el grado de instrucción secundaria (62%), estado civil soltera (41%), ocupación empleada (44%) y de procedencia rural (81%. En relación a las complicaciones maternas: la hemorragia post parto estuvo presente en ambos grupos 5,4% en parto vaginal y 18% en parto abdominal, las diferencias fueron significativas (p<0,05). Respecto al factor perinatal: la patología predominante fue síndrome de distrés respiratorio, igualmente la diferencia estadística fue significativa (p< 0,05). Conclusiones: Las complicaciones maternas en pacientes con parto vaginal o abdominal con antecedentes de cesárea fueron hemorragia post parto y síndrome de distrés respiratorio respectivamente. (AU)


Objective: To determine the clinical profile and the main maternal perinatal complications of vaginal birth in pregnant women with previous caesarean section at the Hospital Santa María del Socorro Ica, in 2018. Materials and methods: A retrospective, descriptive, observational study was carried out. The medical records of patients with a normal evolutionary term pregnancy and a history of caesarean section in a previous pregnancy were reviewed. Ica in the year 2018, you will see a data collection sheet. Results: Data from 162 pregnant women in labor were analyzed, 128 (79%) achieved vaginal birth, while 34 (21%) had their pregnancy terminated by abdominal route. Among the sociodemographic characteristics predominated: The ages between 20 and 30 years (80%), the degree of secondary education (62%), single marital status (41%), employed occupation (44%) and of rural origin (81% In relation to maternal complications: postpartum hemorrhage was present in both groups 5.4% in vaginal delivery and 18% in abdominal delivery, the differences were severe (p <0.05). Regarding the perinatal factor: the pathology predominantly it was respiratory distress syndrome, the statistical difference was also significantly significant (p<0.05). Conclusions: Maternal complications in patients with vaginal or abdominal delivery with a history of caesarean section were postpartum hemorrhage and respiratory distress syndrome respectively. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Apgar Score , Labor, Obstetric , Cesarean Section , Vaginal Birth after Cesarean , Pregnant Women , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Observational Studies as Topic
14.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 25: e2377, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142389

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo comparar idade gestacional ao nascimento, peso e idade gestacional corrigida na introdução de dieta por via oral de recém-nascidos prematuros, que utilizaram, ou não, sonda enteral para alimentação, de acordo com a intervenção fonoaudiológica recebida. Métodos estudo retrospectivo, transversal do tipo analítico, realizado em uma maternidade pública de referência, no Nordeste do Brasil. Foram analisados 142 prontuários de recém-nascidos de risco. Os participantes foram divididos quanto ao uso, ou não, de sonda enteral (G1 e G2) e realização, ou não, de intervenção fonoaudiológica (GF e GC). Resultados houve diferença entre G1 e G2 quanto ao teste de Apgar, pesos (ao nascer e na alta) e idades gestacionais ao nascimento e corrigida para introdução de via oral (com valores sempre menores em G1); quanto ao tempo de internação e intervenção fonoaudiológica (maiores em G1). Em relação à intervenção fonoaudiológica, houve diferença entre GF e GC quanto aos pesos (ao nascer e na alta), idade gestacional ao nascimento e idade gestacional para introdução de via oral (com valores menores em GF), tempo de internação e uso de mamadeira (maiores em GF). Conclusão o uso de sonda enteral esteve relacionado ao aumento do tempo de internação, enquanto que a intervenção fonoaudiológica impactou a introdução de alimentação por via oral mais precocemente.


ABSTRACT Purpose to compare gestational age at birth, weight and corrected gestational age in the introduction of oral diet for premature newborns, who used or not used enteral tubes for feeding, according to the speech therapy intervention received. Methods retrospective, cross-sectional analytical study, carried out in a public maternity reference in northeastern Brazil. One-hundred and forty two medical records of newborns at risk were analyzed. We divided Participants who used or not used an enteral tube (G1 and G2) and who received or not received a speech therapy intervention (GF and GC). Results there was a difference between G1 and G2 regarding Apgar, weights (at birth and at discharge), and gestational ages at birth and corrected for the introduction of oral feeding (with values ​​always lower in G1); and regarding the length of hospital stay and speech therapy intervention (higher in G1). Regarding speech therapy intervention, there was a difference between GF and GC in terms of weights (at birth and at discharge), gestational age at birth and gestational age for oral introduction (with lower values ​​in GF), length of hospital stay and bottle use (higher in GF). Conclusion the use of enteral tube increases the length of hospital stay and the introduction of oral feeding happened earlier in the group that received speech therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Infant, Premature , Risk Factors , Enteral Nutrition , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences , Apgar Score , Birth Weight , Stomatognathic System , Brazil , Gestational Age
15.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 54: 63, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1101869

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To analyze mortality and associated factors in a series of gastroschisis at birth in the state of Rio de Janeiro in a 10-year period (2005 to 2014). METHOD A retrospective cohort study, which related the databases of the Live Births Information System and the Mortality Information System by probabilistic linkage. Final database was constructed in two stages: preparation of the two initial databases and establishment of relationships between them. RESULTS Preterm newborns and those with low birthweight had higher risk of death, with statistical significance (p = 0.03 and p = 0.006, respectively). Regarding place of birth, although death frequency was higher in maternity units than in general hospitals (p = 0.04; OR = 0.5; 95%CI 0.3-1.0), it was observed that a unit characterized as a general hospital had a high birth frequency (61.2%). Furthermore, the comparative analysis of the risk of death between this unit and others showed a 7.5 higher risk of death in general hospitals and 3.2 higher in maternity units, with statistical significance (p < 0.001). Moreover, births in level II intensive care units had 3.9 times more risk of death compared with level III (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION This study foments the discussion of two possible strategies in the treatment of gastroschisis in newborns. First, the centralization of care in tertiary units, enabling malformation care to be analyzed in a more detailed and standardized manner. Second, and perhaps more feasible, the elaboration of clinical guidelines to standardize immediate care for gastroschisis in babies born outside tertiary centers, as well as the standardization of their transportation until arrival at the tertiary center.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Analisar a mortalidade e fatores associados em uma série de nascimentos com gastrosquise no estado do Rio de Janeiro em 10 anos (2005 a 2014). MÉTODO Estudo de coorte retrospectiva, no qual foram relacionadas as bases de dados do Sistema de Informação sobre Nascidos Vivos e do Sistema de Informação sobre Mortalidade por linkage probabilístico. A base de dados final foi construída em duas etapas, que consistiram em: preparo das duas bases de dados iniciais e estabelecimento de relações entre elas. RESULTADOS Os recém-nascidos pré-termo e os com baixo peso ao nascer tiveram maior chance de óbito, com significância estatística (p = 0,03 e p = 0,006, respectivamente). Em relação ao local de nascimento, embora a frequência de óbito tenha sido maior nas maternidades do que em hospitais gerais (p = 0,04; OR = 0,5; IC95% 0,3-1,0), foi observado que uma unidade caracterizada como hospital geral apresentou uma frequência alta de nascimentos (61,2%) e, na análise comparativa da chance de óbito dessa unidade com as demais, encontrou-se uma chance de morrer 7,5 maior em hospitais gerais e 3,2 maior em maternidades, com significância estatística (p < 0,001). Além disso, nascer em unidades de terapia intensiva tipo II aumentou a chance de óbito em 3,9 vezes em comparação com as do tipo III (p < 0,001). CONCLUSÃO Este estudo dá subsídios para a discussão de duas possíveis estratégias no tratamento de recém-nascidos com gastrosquise. A primeira seria a centralização do cuidado em unidades terciárias, possibilitando que o cuidado à malformação seja analisado de forma mais minuciosa e padronizada. A segunda, e talvez mais factível, seria a elaboração de diretrizes clínicas que padronizem o cuidado imediato aos bebês com gastrosquise nascidos fora de centros terciários, bem como a padronização do transporte deles até a chegada ao centro terciário.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Gastroschisis/mortality , Apgar Score , Time Factors , Birth Weight , Brazil/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Gestational Age , Sex Distribution , Risk Assessment
16.
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1257712

ABSTRACT

Background: Family instability and partner conflicts are reportedly common in serodiscordant relationships. To date, the family adaptability, partnership, growth, affection and resolve (Family APGAR), a standardised tool for assessing family function, has not been used in any published literature involving this peculiar group. Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the predictors of family functionality and its association with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) serodiscordance. Setting: The study was undertaken at the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology Hospital and Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital in Kumasi, Ghana. Method: This was a cross-sectional study. A systematic sampling method was used to select HIV-positive clients whose partners were seropositive (concordant) or seronegative (discordant). A standardised format was used to extract relevant data. All data were analysed using STATA® (version 14). Results were reported as odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals for study and outcome variables. Results: The study recruited 374 respondents, of which 52% (195) were in HIV-discordant relationships. Approximately 68% (254) of the respondents rated their families as functional, 15% (57) rated as moderately dysfunctional and 17% (63) rated as severely dysfunctional. A statistically significant relationship was found between family functionality and gender, as well as between family functionality and HIV status disclosure to the partner. No association was found between the Family APGAR and HIV serodiscordance. Conclusion: Amongst HIV couples, the strongest predictors of family functionality are gender and status disclosure. Healthcare providers should invest efforts into addressing gender-based challenges, utilise the Family APGAR and support disclosure of HIV status, especially amongst discordant couples


Subject(s)
Apgar Score , Cross-Sectional Studies , Family Characteristics , Ghana
17.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(6): 537-545, nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057471

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objective: Remifentanil is used to attenuate maternal hemodynamic response to intubation and surgical stress during Induction-Delivery period of cesarean section. The goal was to compare the effects of two remifentanil dosing regimens on oxidative stress level, in correlation with its hemodynamic and neonatal effects. Methods: Fifty-one patients, 17 per group, enrolled for elective cesarean section were randomly divided by computer-generated codes into three parallel groups: (A) patients received a 1 µg.kg-1 remifentanil bolus immediately before induction, followed by 0.15 µg.kg-1.min-1 infusion, that was stopped after skin incision; (B) patients received a 1 µg.kg-1 remifentanil bolus immediately before induction; (C) (control), patients did not receive remifentanil until delivery. Maternal venous blood samples were taken at basal time, at extraction and 30 minutes after the end of operation for spectrophotometrical determination of malondialdehyde and advanced oxidation protein products concentration. The same was conducted for umbilical venous sample. Results: Systolic blood pressure and heart rate remained significantly lower in group A compared to B and C during entire Induction-Delivery period (p < 0.001, p = 0.02 after intubation; p = 0.006, p = 0.03 after skin incision; p = 0.029, p = 0.04 after extraction; respectively). Malondialdehyde concentration was lower at time of extraction in maternal blood in group A compared to B and C (p = 0.026). All neonatal Apgar scores were ≥ 8 and umbilical acid-base values within normal range. Conclusions: The remifentanil dosing regimen applied in group A significantly attenuated lipid peroxidation and maternal hemodynamic response during entire I-D period, without compromising neonatal outcome.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivo: O remifentanil é usado para atenuar a resposta hemodinâmica materna à intubação e ao estresse cirúrgico durante o intervalo indução-parto cesariana. O objetivo foi comparar os efeitos de dois regimes posológicos de remifentanil sobre o nível de estresse oxidativo, em correlação com seus efeitos na hemodinâmica materna e no neonato. Métodos: Mediante códigos gerados por computador, 51 pacientes (17 por grupo) programadas para cesariana eletiva foram randomicamente divididas em três grupos paralelos (A, B e C). No Grupo A, as pacientes receberam remifentanil em bolus de 1 µg.kg-1 imediatamente antes da indução, seguido por infusão de 0,15 µg.kg-1.min-1 que foi interrompida após a incisão da pele; no Grupo B, as pacientes receberam remifentanil em bolus de 1 µg.kg-1 imediatamente antes da indução; no Grupo C (controle), as pacientes não receberam remifentanil até o parto. Amostras de sangue venoso materno foram colhidas no momento basal, na extração do feto e 30 minutos após o término da operação para determinar espectrofotometricamente as concentrações do malondialdeído e dos produtos proteicos de oxidação avançada. O mesmo foi feito para a coleta das amostras de sangue venoso umbilical. Resultados: A pressão arterial sistólica e a frequência cardíaca permaneceram significativamente menores no Grupo A, comparado aos grupos B e C, durante todo o intervalo indução-parto (p < 0,001, p = 0,02 após a intubação; p = 0,006, p = 0,03 após a incisão da pele; p = 0,029, p = 0,04 após a extração do feto, respectivamente). No momento da extração do feto, a concentração do malondialdeído foi menor no sangue materno do Grupo A, comparado aos grupos B e C (p = 0,026). Todos os escores de Apgar neonatais foram ≥ 8 e os valores da avaliação ácido-base do cordão umbilical estavam dentro da faixa normal. Conclusões: O regime posológico de remifentanil aplicado ao Grupo A atenuou de modo significativo a peroxidação lipídica e a resposta hemodinâmica materna durante todo o intervalo indução-parto, sem comprometer o desfecho neonatal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Cesarean Section/methods , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Remifentanil/administration & dosage , Apgar Score , Blood Pressure/drug effects , Drug Administration Schedule , Pregnancy Outcome , Prospective Studies , Remifentanil/pharmacology , Heart Rate/drug effects , Hemodynamics/drug effects
18.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 18(4)dez. 2019. tab
Article in English, Spanish, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1123606

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVOS: Investigar os desfechos perinatais de gestantes com diagnóstico de pré-eclâmpsia grave. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal desenvolvido em uma maternidade-escola, com amostra de 157 fetos/neonatos de gestantes com diagnóstico de pré-eclâmpsia grave. Para análise dos dados foram calculados os valores de estatísticas descritiva com uso do SPSS 21.0. RESULTADOS: Em 22,3% dos casos a gestação evoluiu com diagnóstico de restrição de crescimento intra-uterino. O óbito fetal teve incidência de 7,6%. Dos neonatos, 48% nasceram com idade inferior a 37 semanas e mais da metade (56,7%) foram classificados como de baixo peso. O índice de APGAR no primeiro e quinto minutos foram compatíveis com anóxia moderada. 20,4% dos recém-nascidos necessitaram de reanimação e 18,5% foram admitidos na unidade de terapia intensiva neonatal. CONCLUSÕES: A pré-eclâmpsia repercutiu com a presença da restrição de crescimento intrauterino, óbito fetal, prematuridade, baixo peso, necessidade de reanimação neonatal e admissão na unidade de cuidados intensivos.


OBJETIVOS: Investigar los resultados perinatales de mujeres embarazadas diagnosticadas con preeclampsia severa. MÉTODOS: estudio transversal realizado en un hospital de maternidad escolar, con una muestra de 157 fetos/neonatos de mujeres embarazadas diagnosticadas con preeclampsia severa. Para el análisis de datos, los valores estadísticos descriptivos se calcularon utilizando SPSS 21.0. RESULTADOS: en el 22,3% de los casos, el embarazo evolucionó con un diagnóstico de restricción del crecimiento intrauterino. La muerte fetal tuvo una incidencia del 7,6%. De los recién nacidos, el 48% nacieron menores de 37 semanas y más de la mitad (56,7%) se clasificaron como de bajo peso. El índice APGAR en el primer y quinto minutos fueron compatibles con anoxia moderada. El 20,4% de los recién nacidos requirió reanimación y el 18,5% ingresó en la unidad de cuidados intensivos neonatales. CONCLUSIONES: la preeclampsia tuvo repercusiones con la presencia de restricción del crecimiento intrauterino, muerte fetal, prematuridad, bajo peso, necesidad de reanimación neonatal y admisión a la unidad de cuidados intensivos.


OBJECTIVES: To investigate the perinatal outcomes of pregnant women diagnosed with severe pre-eclampsia. METHODS: Cross-sectional study carried out in a maternity school, with a sample of 157 fetuses/neonates of pregnant women diagnosed with severe pre-eclampsia. For data analysis, the values of descriptive statistics were calculated using SPSS 21.0. RESULTS: In 22.3% of cases, pregnancy evolved with a diagnosis of intrauterine growth restriction. There was an 7.6% incidence of fetal death. Among the neonates, 48% were born younger than 37 weeks and more than half (56.7%) were classified as underweight. The APGAR index in the first and fifth minutes were compatible with moderate anoxia. 20.4% of newborns required resuscitation and 18.5% were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit. CONCLUSIONS: Pre-eclampsia had repercussions with the presence of intrauterine growth restriction, fetal death, prematurity, low weight, need for neonatal resuscitation and admission to the intensive care unit.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pre-Eclampsia , Pregnancy Complications , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Pregnant Women , Maternal Health , Apgar Score , Perinatology , Health Profile , Infant, Newborn , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Cross-Sectional Studies , Neonatal Nursing , Perinatal Care , Fetus
19.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 19(4): 947-956, Sept.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057128

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: to analyze the trend and the associated factors with the presence of cleft lip and/or cleft palate in Brazilian newborns, in order to verify possible associations with maternal care and newborn factors. Methods: a cross-sectional and ecological study, involving all live births in Brazil, recorded in the Information System on Live Births from 2005 to 2016. Maternal and infant information were evaluated using trend analysis and odds ratio, with a 95% confidence interval. The analyses were performed using SPSS software. Results: we analyzed 17,800 live births with presence of cleft lip and/or cleft palate. The Brazilian prevalence rate was 0.51 / 1000 live births, with South and Southeast Regions registering higher rates than the national rate. There was an association with maternal age above 35 years old, with no partner, less than seven prenatal consultations, premature birth and cesarean section. About the factors of the newborn, being male, Apgar less than seven in the 1st and 5th minutes of life, low birth weight and white color were associated. Conclusions: Brazil has an increasing tendency for cleft lip and/or cleft palate (p=0.019), reinforcing the need to strengthen health care networks, providing adequate support for newborn with cleft lip and/or cleft palate and their families.


Resumo Objetivos: analisar a tendência e os fatores associados à presença de fissura labial e/ou fenda palatina em recém-nascidos brasileiros, a fim de verificar possíveis associações da mesma com fatores maternos, assistenciais e do recém-nascido. Métodos: estudo transversal, ecológico, envolvendo todos os nascimentos vivos do Brasil, registrados no Sistema de Informação sobre Nascidos Vivos de 2005 a 2016. Foram avaliadas informações maternas e infantis, utilizando-se análise de tendência e razão de chances, com intervalo de confiança de 95%. As análises foram realizadas através do software SPSS. Resultados: foram analisados 17.800 nascidos vivos com presença de fissura labial e/ou fenda palatina. A taxa de prevalência brasileira foi de 0,51/1000 nascidos vivos, sendo que as Regiões Sul e Sudeste registraram taxas maiores do que a nacional. Houve associação com idade materna superior a 35 anos, sem companheiro, menos de sete consultas de pré-natal, nascimento prematuro e cesariana. Sobre os fatores do recém-nascido, o sexo masculino, Apgar menor que sete no 1º e 5º minutos de vida, baixo peso ao nascer e raça/cor branca apresentaram associação. Conclusões: o Brasil apresenta tendência crescente das taxas de fissura labial e/ou fenda palatina (p=0,019), reforçando a necessidade de fortalecimento das redes de atenção à saúde, prevendo o amparo adequado aos bebês com fissura labial e/ou fenda palatina e suas famílias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Young Adult , Cleft Lip/epidemiology , Cleft Palate/epidemiology , Apgar Score , Brazil/epidemiology , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Cesarean Section , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Maternal Age , Premature Birth , Live Birth/epidemiology , Health Information Systems/statistics & numerical data
20.
ABCS health sci ; 44(2): 103-107, 11 out 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1022346

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: Diversos são os indicadores de risco para deficiência auditiva. O índice de Apgar, quando menor que quatro no primeiro minuto e/ou menor que seis no quinto minuto de vida, é considerado um indicador de risco para surdez. Tais valores estão associados à ocorrência de asfixia, que é uma das causas mais comuns de lesão e morte celular e, desta forma, algum dano ao sistema auditivo pode ocorrer. OBJETIVO: Verificar a influência do indicador de risco para deficiência auditiva, Apgar baixo, na primeira avaliação auditiva do neonato. MÉTODOS: Estudo clínico transversal, realizado em hospital público no período de janeiro de 2012 a dezembro de 2016. Os neonatos realizaram a avaliação audiológica por meio do exame de emissões otoacústicas evocadas por estímulo transiente (EOE-t). A relação entre Apgar baixo e "falha" nas EOE-t foi analisada por regressão logística simples. RESULTADOS: Foram avaliados 6.301 neonatos, desses 15,82% (n=996) tinham indicadores de risco para deficiência auditiva e 6,57% (n=415) obtiveram Apgar baixo. Apresentaram falha no exame de EOE-t, uni ou bilateral, 6,5% (n=415) dos neonatos triados. Outros indicadores de risco aumentaram as chances de "falha" na EOE-t, porém o Apgar baixo, isoladamente, aumentou as chances de "falha" em neonatos com peso ao nascimento maior que 1.500 g (OR: 1,58; p=0,02) e sem hemorragia peri-intraventricular (OR: 1,56; p=0,01). CONCLUSÃO: O índice de Apgar baixo foi o principal causador de "falha" na primeira avaliação auditiva dentre os neonatos com peso maior de 1.500 g e sem hemorragia peri-intraventricular.


INTRODUCTION: There are several risk indicators for hearing loss. The Apgar score, when less than four in the first minute and/or less than six in the fifth minute of life, is considered an indicator of risk for hearing loss. Such values are associated with the occurrence of asphyxia, which is one of the most common causes of cell death and injury and, therefore, some damage to the auditory system may occur. OBJECTIVE: To check the influence of risk indicator for hearing loss, low Apgar, in the first neonatal hearing evaluation. METHODS: Cross-sectional study conducted in a public hospital from January 2012 to December 2016. The neonates underwent hearing evaluation by examining transient-evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAE). The relation between low Apgar and "refer" in the TEOAE was analyzed by simple logistic regression. RESULTS: A total of 6,301 newborns were evaluated, of which 15.82% (n=996) had risk indicators for hearing loss and 6.57% (n=415) had with low Apgar. 6.5% (n=415) of the neonates screened showed failure of the EOE-t test, uni or bilateral. Others risk indicators increased the chances of "refer"; however, the presence of low Apgar alone increased the chances of "refer" in the TEOAE in newborns with birth weight greater than 1,500 g (OR: 1.58; p=0.02) and without peri-intraventricular hemorrhage (OR: 1.56; p=0.01). CONCLUSION: The low Apgar score was the mainly cause of "refer" on the first hearing evaluation among neonates with with birth weight greater than 1,500 g and without peri-intraventricular hemorrhage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Apgar Score , Neonatal Screening , Risk Index , Hearing
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