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1.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 49: e20222446, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365393

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Laparoscopic appendectomy does not have a single protocol on its technical systematization, access routes, and use of energy and staplers. The cost of disposable materials can prevent its widespread use. Alternatives to decrease cost can help disseminate the laparoscopic access to appendectomy. Objective: to introduce a low-cost laparoscopic appendectomy method with good aesthetic results through the location of incisions; to show its viability through its application in 1,552 cases of laparoscopic appendectomy operated between 2000 and 2019 with three portals and very low-cost regarding materials used. Methods: we applied three punctures - an umbilical one for the camera (5 or 10mm in diameter), a 10mm puncture in the right iliac fossa, and one 5mm puncture in the left iliac fossa. The materials used were permanent use trocars, grasping forceps, hook, scissors, and needle holder, without the need for any disposable device. Results: 1.552 patients were operated between 2000 and 2019, 56.2% being female, mean age 32.66 years (9-93), average hospital stay of 1.74 days (1-10), and median of 1.2 days. Conclusion: the technique we describe uses three metallic trocars and four permanent instruments, in addition to a single cotton suture. It is, therefore, a very low-cost laparoscopic procedure. Its application has shown good results and low morbidity, which may become the preferred indication for laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of acute appendicitis.


RESUMO Introdução: a apendicectomia videolaparoscópica não tem protocolo único sobre sistematização técnica, vias de acesso, uso de energia e grampeadores. O custo de materiais descartáveis pode inviabilizar o emprego mais generalizado. Alternativas para diminuir o custo podem ajudar a disseminar o acesso laparoscópico para a realização de apendicectomia. Objetivo: introduzir um método para realizar a apendicectomia videolaparoscópica de baixo custo e visando bom resultado estético por meio da localização das incisões; mostrar a viabilidade por meio de aplicação em 1.552 casos de apendicectomia videolaparoscópica operados entre 2000 e 2019 com três portais, de muito baixo custo em insumos utilizados. Métodos: três punções - uma punção umbilical para introdução da câmera (de 5 ou 10mm de diâmetro), uma punção de 10mm em fossa ilíaca direita e uma punção em fossa ilíaca esquerda de 5mm. Os materiais utilizados - trocartes, pinças de apreensão, gancho, tesoura e porta-agulhas são de uso permanente, sem necessidade de qualquer material descartável. Resultados: foram operados 1.552 pacientes entre 2000 e 2019, sendo 56,25% do sexo feminino, média de idade de 32,66 anos (9 a 93 anos), tempo médio de internação de 1,74 dias (1 a 10 dias) e mediana de 1,2 dias. Conclusão: a técnica que descrevemos utiliza três trocartes metálicos e quatro instrumentos permanentes, além de um único fio de algodão. Trata-se, portanto, de procedimento laparoscópico de muito baixo custo. A aplicação demonstrou bons resultados e baixa morbidade, podendo tornar-se rotina a indicação preferencial da vídeocirurgia no tratamento da apendicite aguda.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Appendicitis/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , Appendectomy/methods , Umbilicus , Length of Stay
2.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(3): e1117, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347393

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El plastrón apendicular es una tumoración inflamatoria constituida por el apéndice inflamado, vísceras adyacentes y epiplón mayor. Puede contener o no pus (absceso/flemón). Objetivo: Precisar si está indicada la apendicectomía de urgencia o de intervalo en los pacientes con plastrón y/o absceso apendicular sometidos a tratamiento no quirúrgico inicial. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión en las bases de datos bibliográficas Web of Science, PubMed, Medline y Lilacs, mediante el motor de búsqueda Google académico. Se seleccionaron 28 artículos en inglés y español; 20 (71,2 por ciento) correspondieron al quinquenio 2016-20 y el 96,4 por ciento de autores extranjeros. Desarrollo: El estándar actual es el tratamiento no quirúrgico inicial del plastrón y el drenaje percutáneo del absceso. La apendicectomía de intervalo tiene un beneficio mínimo y puede conducir a un aumento de los costos, estancia hospitalaria, antibioticoterapia intravenosa y de la morbilidad. Se debe realizar un seguimiento cuidadoso en enfermos con riesgo de enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal o cáncer de colon, sin importar qué opción se elija (operación de intervalo u observación). Conclusiones: La apendicectomía de urgencia no es recomendable porque el componente inflamatorio la hace técnicamente difícil, puede necesitar una colectomía y aumentar la morbilidad, aunque actualmente, la apendicectomía laparoscópica de urgencia puede ser más rentable y segura. La decisión posterior de la apendicectomía a intervalos sigue siendo discutible. El intervalo recomendado varía entre 6 y 8 semanas, tres y seis meses después de la normalización clínico humoral(AU)


Introduction: Appendiceal plastron is an inflammatory tumor made up of inflamed appendix, adjacent viscera and greater omentum. It may or may not contain pus (abscess/phlegmon). Objective: To specify whether emergency or interval appendectomy is indicated in patients with appendicular abscess and/or plastron who had undergone initial nonsurgical treatment. Methods: A review was carried out in the bibliographic databases Web of Science, PubMed, Medline and Lilacs, using the search engine Google Scholar. Twenty-eight articles were selected, in English and Spanish; twenty (71.2 percent) corresponded to the quinquennium 2016-20, while 96.4 percent were written by foreign authors. Development: The current standard is the initial nonsurgical treatment of the plastron and percutaneous drainage of the abscess. Interval appendectomy has minimal benefits and can lead to increased costs, hospital stay, intravenous antibiotic therapy and morbidity. Patients at risk for inflammatory bowel disease or colon cancer should be carefully followed up, regardless of which option is chosen (interval operation or observation). Conclusions: Emergency appendectomy is not recommended because the inflammatory component makes it technically difficult; it may require colectomy and increase morbidity, although currently, emergency laparoscopic appendectomy may be more profitable and safer. The subsequent decision for interval appendectomy remains debatable. The recommended interval varies from six to eight weeks, three and six months after clinical-humoral normalization(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Appendectomy/methods , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/epidemiology , Abscess/etiology , Emergencies , Databases, Bibliographic , Colectomy/methods , Search Engine/methods
3.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(4): 224-229, agosto 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1280889

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La apendicitis constituye la principal causa de abdomen agudo quirúrgico en pediatría. Durante la pandemia por COVID-19, se replantearon las estrategias de manejo ydisminuyeron las consultas en las guardias, lo que podría asociarse a diagnósticos tardíos y complicaciones. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar el impacto de la pandemia en los niños con apendicitis aguda. Métodos. Estudio analítico retrospectivocomparativo de pacientes pediátricos conapendicitis aguda durante los cinco meses del confinamiento por COVID-19 versus los meses equivalentes del año previo. Se analizaron la incidencia, la clínica, el estadio, el abordajequirúrgico y las complicaciones. Resultados. Los casos totales de apendicitisse redujeron un 25 % (n = 67 versus n = 50 en 2020). El tiempo medio hasta la consulta fue de 24 horas en ambos períodos (p = 0,989). La incidencia de peritonitis fue del 44 % (n = 22) versus el 37 % (n = 22) (p = 0,22) en 2019. No se evidenció diferencia en los estadios deenfermedad de acuerdo con lo informado en los partes quirúrgicos. En 2019, todas las cirugías se realizaron por vía laparoscópica; en 2020, solo un42 % (n = 21). La incidencia de complicaciones fue del 6 %, contra 7,5 % en el período previo (p = 0,75). Un paciente fue COVID-19 positivo. Conclusión. A pesar de la reducción en el númerode casos de apendicitis, no se evidenció una demora en la consulta en nuestra población. El mayor impacto se asoció a la readecuación del manejo, evitando el abordaje laparoscópico para reducir la diseminación del virus.


Introduction. Appendicitis is the leading cause of surgical acute abdomen in pediatrics. During the COVID-19 pandemic, management strategies were reassessed and the number of visits to the emergency department dropped down, which may be associated with delayed diagnoses and complications. The objective of this study was to analyze the impact of the pandemic on children with acute appendicitis. Methods. Analytical, retrospective, comparative study of pediatric patients with acute appendicitis in the 5 months of COVID-19 lockdown versus the same period in the previous year. Incidence, clinical data, stage, surgical approach, and complications were analyzed. Results. The total number of appendicitis cases went down by 25 % (n = 67 versus n = 50 in 2020). The mean time to consultation was 24 hours in both periods (p = 0.989). The incidence of peritonitis was 44 % (n = 22) versus 37 % (n = 22) (p = 0.22) in 2019. No differences were  observed in terms of appendicitis stage based on surgery reports. In 2019, all surgeries were laparoscopic; while in 2020, only 42 % (n = 21). The incidence of complications was 6 % versus 7.5 % in the previous period (p = 0.75). One patient was COVID-19 positive. Conclusion. Although in our population the number of appendicitis cases dropped down, consultation was not delayed. The greater impact was associated with the reformulation of management strategies, in which the laparoscopic approach is avoided to reduce virus transmission.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Appendectomy/trends , Appendicitis/surgery , Appendicitis/diagnosis , Appendicitis/epidemiology , Practice Patterns, Physicians'/trends , Delayed Diagnosis/trends , COVID-19/prevention & control , Health Services Accessibility/trends , Appendectomy/methods , Argentina/epidemiology , Acute Disease , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Laparoscopy/trends , Pandemics/prevention & control , Tertiary Care Centers , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/epidemiology , Hospitals, General
4.
In. Machado Rodríguez, Fernando; Liñares, Norberto; Gorrasi, José; Terra Collares, Eduardo Daniel. Manejo del paciente en la emergencia: patología y cirugía de urgencia para emergencistas. Montevideo, Cuadrado, 2020. p.31-43, tab.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1342981
5.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 6(4): 123-125, dic. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1247391

ABSTRACT

Appendicitis is the leading cause of surgical admission in most hospitals in Nigeria and the removed appendix, a frequent surgical specimen in most routine histopathological laborato-ries in Nigeria. The aim of this study is to audit the appendectomy procedures in Benue State University Teaching Hospital. Sixty-two appendices removed for acute appendix in Benue State University Teaching Hospital, Makurdi, Nigeria middle belt, over an 8-year period were analyzed. Twenty-eight (45%) were found to be normal, while 29 (46%) showed histopathological eviden-ce of acute inflammation. There were 5 (9%) cases of unusual pathologies which include a case each of metastatic adenocarcinoma and chronic granulomatous inflammation (2% each) and 3 (5%) cases of schistosomiasis. The Negative Appendectomy Rate (NAR) was 27% in females compared with 18% in males. Adult (>16 years) represented 29% of the NAR. The overall NAR was 45%. The NAR in this study is considerable higher when compared with existing literature. In a poor resource center like Benue State University Teaching Hospital, due diligence in taking detailed history coupled with good clinical examination cannot be over emphasized. The use of a combination of Total Leukocyte Count (TCC) and C-Reactive Protein (CPR) in every patient may help in reducing NAR, though it's definitely going to be impossible to eradicate it.


Subject(s)
Humans , Appendectomy/methods , Appendicitis/surgery , Medical Audit , Appendectomy/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications , Nigeria/epidemiology
6.
Rev. méd. hondur ; 87(2): 71-75, abr.-dic. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BIMENA | ID: biblio-1097497

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: En Honduras no se dispone de evidencia publicada sobre diferencias en eicacia de esquemas terapéuticos basados en antibióticos para el manejo post-quirúrgico para apendicitis aguda complicada en niños. Objetivo: Determinar la eicacia y seguridad de triple versus monoterapia antibiótica en pacientes pediátricos con apendicitis aguda complicada, Hospital de Especialidades, Instituto Hondureño de Seguridad Social (IHSS), Tegucigalpa, 2011-2013. Métodos: Ensayo clínico abierto, dos esquemas terapéuticos: Triple Terapia (Ampicilina+Amikacina+Clindamicina, GrupoTT) y Ertapenem (GrupoE) durante 7 días. Se incluyeron pacientes con diagnóstico de apendicitis aguda complicada y sometidos a apendicectomía abierta. Los pacientes fueron evaluados en Consulta Externa, 7 días post-quirúrgicos. Se obtuvo aprobación por Comité de Etica en Investigación IHSS. Se utilizó prueba Chi-cuadrado, Riesgo Relativo, intervalo de conianza de 95% y valor de p<0.05 para determinar diferencias entre grupos. Resultados: Seincluyeron 58 pacientes en GrupoTT y 29 en Grupo E, edad media fue 7.3 años (IC95% 6.7-7.9) GrupoTT y 8 años (IC95% 7-9) GrupoE. La evolución promedio del cuadro clínico fue 31.6 horas GrupoTT y 43.8 horas GrupoE (p=0.034). No se encontró diferencias signiicativas respecto a efectos adversos de importancia clínica, complicaciones postoperatorias, estancia intrahospitalaria en días, o necesidad de readmisión por recurrencia/complicación posterior al alta. Discusión: La monoterapia con ertapenem presentó similar eicacia y seguridad que la triple terapia con Ampicilina+Amikacina+Clindamicina empleada actualmente en el tratamiento del paciente pediátrico con apendicitis complicada. El estudio está limitado por que los dos grupos de estudio fueron diferentes en la evolución de la enfermedad...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Appendicitis/complications , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Appendectomy/methods , Postoperative Complications
7.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 58(4): e776, oct.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126393

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La reparación de la hernia en la región inguinocrural es una de las operaciones más frecuentes en la práctica quirúrgica. Pueden encontrarse hallazgos inusuales, como el apéndice cecal parcial o completamente contenido en el saco herniario, lo que se denomina hernias de Amyand y Garengeot. Se presentan en aproximadamente el 1 por ciento de los pacientes con hernia inguinocrural, mientras que representan cerca del 0,1 por ciento de los casos de apendicitis. Clínicamente se presentan como una hernia inguinocrural incarcerada, y la ecografía o la tomografía axial computarizada pueden ayudar en el diagnóstico preoperatorio. El estado del apéndice cecal determina el acceso quirúrgico y el tipo de reparación herniaria. El objetivo de este artículo es desarrollar un material de apoyo a los profesionales implicados en la atención de estas raras entidades quirúrgicas(AU)


ABSTRACT Hernia repair in the inguinocrural region is one of the most frequent interventions in the surgical practice. Unusual findings can be found, such as the cecal appendix partially or completely contained within the hernial sac, called Amyand and Garengeot hernias. They occur in approximately 1 percent of patients with inguinocrural hernia, while they represent about 0.1 percent of the cases of appendicitis. Clinically, they present as an incarcerated inguinocrural hernia; ultrasound or computed tomography (CT) can assist in the preoperative diagnosis. The state of the cecal appendix determines surgical access and type of hernia repair. The objective of this article is to develop a support material for the professionals involved in the care of these rare surgical entities(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Appendectomy/methods , Appendicitis/diagnostic imaging
8.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 58(4): e827, oct.-dic. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126387

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La apendicitis aguda es la primera causa de atención quirúrgica en los servicios de urgencias de adultos en prácticamente todo el mundo, y la apendicectomía se ha establecido como el estándar de oro del tratamiento. Objetivo: Evaluar la efectividad de la escala RIPASA para el diagnóstico de apendicitis aguda. Métodos: Se desarrolló un estudio observacional-prospectivo de serie de casos en los pacientes con diagnóstico de apendicitis aguda a los que, se les aplicó la escala de RIPASA. Resultados: La escala de RIPASA presentó una efectividad del 90,38 por ciento de los casos estudiados con diagnóstico de apendicitis aguda. En la muestra obtenida, se encontraron 8 mujeres (5,13 por ciento) y 148 hombres (94,87 por ciento). Se evidenció una mayor representatividad en las edades entre 18 y 20 años. Conclusiones: Los sistemas clínicos de puntuación como, el usado en este estudio pueden ser una herramienta económica y de rápida aplicación en los servicios de urgencias para descartar la apendicitis aguda. Este sistema de puntuación es dinámico, lo que permite la observación y la reevaluación crítica de la evolución del cuadro clínico. Su aplicación mejora la precisión diagnóstica y, en consecuencia, reduce las apendicectomías negativas y la presentación de complicaciones(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Acute appendicitis is the leading cause of surgical care in adult emergency services virtually worldwide. Appendectomy has been established as the gold standard of treatment. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of the RIPASA score for the diagnosis of acute appendicitis. Methods: An observational-prospective study of case series was carried out in patients diagnosed with acute appendicitis and who were applied the RIPASA score. Results: The RIPASA score showed an effectiveness of 90.38 percent of the cases studied with a diagnosis of acute appendicitis. The sample obtained consisted of eight women (5.13 percent) and 148 men (94.87 percent). Greater representativeness was evident in the ages between 18 and 20 years. Conclusions: Clinical scoring systems, such as the one used in this study, can be an inexpensive tool to be applied quickly in the emergency department to rule out acute appendicitis. This scoring system is dynamic, allowing critical observation and reassessment of the natural history of the condition. Its application improves diagnostic precision and, consequently, reduces negative appendectomies, as well as the onset of complications(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Appendectomy/methods , Appendicitis/diagnosis , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures/adverse effects , Prospective Studies , Emergency Service, Hospital , Observational Studies as Topic
9.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 58(3): e667, jul.-set. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1098978

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Se presenta el caso clínico de una paciente femenina de 7 años de edad, que ingresó en la sala de emergencias del Hospital General de Latacunga, Ecuador, por presentar dolor abdominal de 72 horas. Al examen físico se encontraron signos clínicos de apendicitis aguda y peritonitis, el recuento de leucocitos mostró leucocitosis con neutrofilia, la ecografía no fue útil. Con el diagnóstico de apendicitis aguda se indicó cirugía de urgencia, en la cual se encontró una torsión del apéndice cecal, con necrosis y perforación en su tercio distal, cubierta por epiplón y un absceso en fondo de saco de Douglas, para lo cual se efectuó apendicectomía, limpieza y secado de la cavidad más colocación de drenaje. La paciente evolucionó satisfactoriamente y fue dada de alta del hospital al séptimo día(AU)


ABSTRACT The clinical case of a 7-year-old female patient, who was admitted to the emergency room of the General Hospital of Latacunga, Ecuador, for presenting 72-hour abdominal pain is presented. On physical examination, clinical signs of acute appendicitis and peritonitis were found, the white blood cell count showed leukocytosis with neutrophilia, the ultrasound was not useful. With the diagnosis of acute appendicitis, emergency surgery was indicated, in which a torsion of the cecal appendix was found, with necrosis and perforation in its distal third, covered by the omentum and an abscess in the Douglas cul-de-sac performed an appendectomy, cleaning and drying of the cavity plus drain placement. The patient evolved satisfactorily and was discharged from the hospital on the seventh day(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Appendectomy/methods , Appendicitis/diagnosis
10.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 58(3): e750, jul.-set. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1098977

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La apendicitis aguda es la causa más común de abdomen agudo, que precisa de tratamiento quirúrgico mediante apendicectomía abierta o laparoscópica. La apendicitis del muñón o recurrente, en la que ocurre la inflamación del remanente apendicular, es una complicación tardía infrecuente de la apendicectomía. Objetivo: Identificar las posibles causas de la apendicitis recurrente, así como las medidas relacionadas con su prevención. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión de la literatura actualizada sobre el tema en formato digital, en publicaciones en idioma inglés y español. Conclusiones: La prevención de la apendicitis del muñón se basa en resecar el apéndice a menos de 0,5 cm de su base; los pacientes, con frecuencia, presentan síntomas análogos a los de antes de la primera cirugía, sin embargo, existe un incremento del riesgo de peritonitis y de graves complicaciones debido al retraso diagnóstico y terapéutico; es una causa poco frecuente de dolor abdominal en pacientes apendicectomizados, por lo que se debe guardar una alta sospecha para su diagnóstico precoz y tratamiento oportuno(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Acute appendicitis is the most common cause of acute abdomen, which requires surgical treatment by open or laparoscopic appendectomy. Recurrent appendicitis of the stump, in which inflammation of the appendicular remnant occurs, is an infrequent late complication of appendectomy. Objective: To identify the possible causes of recurrent appendicitis, as well as the measures related to its prevention. Methods: A review of the updated literature on the subject was carried out in digital format, in publications in English and Spanish. Conclusions: Prevention of appendicitis of the stump is based on resecting the appendix less than 0.5 cm from its base; Patients frequently present symptoms similar to those before the first surgery, however, there is an increased risk of peritonitis and serious complications due to delayed diagnosis and therapy; It is a rare cause of abdominal pain in appendectomized patients, so high suspicion should be kept for its early diagnosis and prompt treatment(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Appendectomy/methods , Appendicitis/diagnosis , Peritonitis/complications , Abdominal Pain/etiology , Review Literature as Topic
11.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 58(3): e833, jul.-set. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1098974

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Los abscesos intrabdominales son las complicaciones posapendicectomía que más frecuentemente provoca ingresos hospitalarios. Objetivo: Estudiar los factores de riesgo para la aparición de abscesos intrabdominales posapendicectomía. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo de pacientes mayores de 14 años, intervenidos por sospecha de apendicitis aguda mediante apendicectomía laparoscópica, desde el 1 de enero de 2007 al 31 de diciembre de 2010. Se utilizaron los tests estadísticos Chi cuadrado, Prueba exacta de Fisher, T de Student y regresión logística. Resultados: Durante los 4 años del estudio, 672 pacientes padecieron con síntomas y signos compatibles con apendicitis aguda. Apareció un absceso intrabdominal en 35 casos (5,2 por ciento). En el análisis multivariante mediante regresión logística se constataron como posibles factores de riesgo: las formas avanzadas de apendicitis (p < 0,0001), las cuales aumentaron el riesgo en unas 6 veces (IC 95 por ciento 2,2-14,9) y el sexo masculino (p = 0,033), también podrían aumentar el riesgo unas 2,5veces (IC 95 por ciento 1-6). Conclusiones: Los posibles factores de riesgo para la aparición de abscesos intrabdominales tras apendicectomía son el sexo masculino y el estadio avanzado, siendo este último el factor más influyente(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Intra-abdominal abscesses are the post-appendectomy complications that most frequently cause hospital admissions. Objective: To study the risk factors for the appearance of post-appendectomy intra-abdominal abscesses. Methods: A retrospective study of patients over 14 years of age, operated on for suspected acute appendicitis by laparoscopic appendectomy, was performed from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2010. Chi-square statistical tests, Fisher's exact test were used. Student's t and logistic regression. Results: During the 4 years of the study, 672 patients suffered with symptoms and signs compatible with acute appendicitis. An intra-abdominal abscess appeared in 35 cases (5.2 percent). In the multivariate analysis using logistic regression, the following possible risk factors were found: advanced forms of appendicitis (p < 0.0001), which increased the risk by about 6 times (95 percent CI 2.2-14.9) and male sex (p = 0.033), could also increase the risk about 2.5 times (95 percent CI 1-6). Conclusions: Possible risk factors for the appearance of intra-abdominal abscesses after appendectomy are male sex and advanced stage, the latter being the most influential factor(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Appendectomy/methods , Appendicitis/etiology , Risk Factors , Abdominal Abscess/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Abdominal Abscess/complications
12.
An. Facultad Med. (Univ. Repúb. Urug., En línea) ; 6(1): 87-96, jun. 2019. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1088696

ABSTRACT

La apendicitis aguda es la urgencia quirúrgica más frecuente con una incidencia de 1.17 pacientes/1,000 habitantes. Con el advenimiento de la laparoscopía, un nuevo enfoque mini invasivo surgió para el tratamiento de la apendicitis aguda. Se han demostrado algunas ventajas de este abordaje como menor dolor posoperatorio, incisiones más pequeñas, estadías hospitalarias más cortas y un rápido reintegro a las actividades diarias y laborales, con menor frecuencia de infecciones a nivel de la herida operatoria. Sin embargo, se ha asociado también con un aumento en la frecuencia de abscesos residuales intra-abdominales. En este trabajo analizamos de manera retrospectiva a todos los pacientes operados en el Hospital Maciel de Montevideo, a los que se les realizó una apendicectomía entre el 1° de Junio de 2013 y el 30 de junio de 2016, tanto por vía laparoscópica como laparotómica. Esto correspondió a un total de 426 pacientes. 235 (55%) eran hombres y 191 (45%) mujeres. La media de edad fue de 32,6 en un rango desde los 15 años hasta los 96 años de edad. 128 pacientes presentaban apendicitis edematosas (30%), 157 apendicitis flemonosa (36,9%) 76 pacientes apendicitis gangrenosas (17,8%) 37 pacientes absceso o plastrón (8,7%) y peritonitis en 28 pacientes (6,6%). Con respecto al abordaje, 287 se realizaron por vía laparoscópica (67,4%) y 139 se abordaron por vía laparotómica (32,6%). Los abscesos residuales representan el 3,28% del total, no habiendo diferencias significativas entre los diferentes abordajes. La gran mayoría de estos abscesos residuales pueden tratarse con antibioticoterapia exclusivamente. La tasa de conversión fue del 8,7%. No se observaron lesiones de víscera hueca con el abordaje laparoscópico en esta serie.


Acute appendicitis is the most frequent surgical emergency with an incidence of 17 patients/1,000 inhabitants. With the advent of laparoscopy, a new mini-invasive approach emerged for the treatment of acute appendicitis. Some advantages of this approach have been demonstrated, such as less postoperative pain, smaller incisions, shorter hospital stays and a rapid reintegration to daily and work activities, with a lower frequency of infections at the level of the operative wound. However, it has also been associated with an increase in the frequency of intra-abdominal residual abscesses. In this paper, we retrospectively analyzed all patients operated on at the Maciel Hospital in Montevideo, who underwent an appendectomy between June 1, 2013 and June 30, 2016, both laparoscopically and laparotomically. Of these 235 (55%) were men and 191 (45%) women. The average age was 32.6 in a range from 15 years to 96 years of age. 128 patients presented edematous appendicitis (30%), 157 phlegmonous appendicitis (36.9%), 76 patients gangrenous appendicitis (17.8%), 37 patients presented abscess or plastron (8.7%), and peritonitis had developed in 28 patients (6.6%). Regarding the approach, 287 were performed laparoscopically (67.4%) and 139 were approached via laparotomy (32.6%). The residual abscesses rate represents 3.28% of the series, with no significant differences in incidence between the two different approaches. The vast majority of these residual abscesses can be treated with antibiotic therapy alone. The conversion rate was 8.7%. No intestinal lesions were observed with the laparoscopic approach in this series.


A apendicite aguda é a emergência cirúrgica mais freqüente, com uma incidência de 17 pacientes/1.000 habitantes. Com o advento da laparoscopia, uma nova abordagem mini-invasiva surgiu para o tratamento da apendicite aguda. Isto têm demonstrado algumas vantagens, como menor dor pós-operatória, incisões menores, menor hospitalização e restabelecimento mais rápido as atividades diárias e ao trabalho, assim como infecções menos freqüentes ao nível da ferida cirúrgica. No entanto, também foi associado a um aumento na freqüência de abscessos residuais intra-abdominais. Foram analisados retrospectivamente todos os pacientes operados no Hospital Maciel de Montevidéu, submetidos a uma apendicectomia desde o dia 01 de Junho de 2013 a 30 de Junho de 2016, tanto por abordagem laparoscópica como laparotomica. Destes, 235 (55%) eram homens e 191 (45%) mulheres. A idade média foi de 32,6 com intervalo de 15 anos a 96 anos de idade. 128 pacientes apresentaram apendicite edematosa (30%), 157 apendicite flemonosa (36,9%) 76 pacientes apendicite gangrenosa (17,8%) 37 pacientes abscesso ou plastrão (8,7%) e peritonite em 28 pacientes (6,6% ) Quanto à abordagem, foram realizadas 287 apendicectomias por via laparoscópica (67,4%) e 139 foram abordadas por laparotomia (32,6%). Os abscessos residuais representam 3,28% do total, não havendo diferenças significativas entre as diferentes abordagens. A grande maioria desses abscessos residuais pode ser tratada apenas com antibioticoterapia. A taxa de conversão foi de 8,7% Nenhuma lesão visceral foi observada com a abordagem laparoscópica nesta série.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Appendicitis/surgery , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Abdominal Abscess/etiology , Abdominal Abscess/epidemiology , Laparotomy/adverse effects , Appendectomy/methods , Viscera/injuries , Comparative Study , Retrospective Studies , Abdominal Abscess/drug therapy , Abdominal Abscess/therapy
13.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 37(2): 161-165, Apr.-June 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013280

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate how symptoms vary according to the appendiceal position in pediatric patients and to demonstrate that the laparoscopic approach is safe and effective in any appendiceal location by comparing each location to another. Methods: The medical records of 1,736 children aged 14 or younger who underwent laparoscopic appendectomy over a period of 14 years were analyzed retrospectively. Patients were divided according to the position of the appendiceal tip into four groups: anterior, pelvic, retrocecal and subhepatic. The Kruskal-Wallis and chi-square tests were used with the Bonferroni correction, with a significant p<0.05. Results: The appendiceal location was anterior in 1,366 cases, retrocecal in 248 cases, pelvic in 66 cases and subhepatic in 56 cases. There were no significant differences between the groups in terms of patient age and gender. Abdominal pain was the only symptom with statistically significant differences between the groups. The rate of perforated appendicitis was higher in the subhepatic and pelvic positions. Intraoperative complications and conversions were not statistically significant. Technical difficulties and operative time were higher in subhepatic position. The rate of postoperative complications was similar between the different locations, except for bowel obstruction, which was higher in pelvic appendicitis. Conclusions: The clinical symptoms of appendicitis hardly ever change with the position of the appendix. The laparoscopic approach is safe and effective, regardless the appendiceal location.


RESUMO Objetivo: Investigar como os sintomas variam de acordo com a posição do apêndice em pacientes pediátricos e demonstrar que a laparoscopia é segura e eficaz em qualquer posição do apêndice, comparando-as. Métodos: Os prontuários de 1.736 pacientes pediátricos com idade ≤14 anos submetidos à apendicectomia laparoscópica em um período de 14 anos foram analisados retrospectivamente. Os pacientes foram divididos de acordo com a posição do apêndice: anterior, pélvica, retrocecal e sub-hepático. Os testes de Kruskal-Wallis e do qui-quadrado foram usados com a correção de Bonferroni, sendo significante p<0,05. Resultados: A posição do apêndice era anterior em 1.366 casos, retrocecal em 248 casos, pélvica em 66 casos e sub-hepática em 56 casos. Não houve diferenças significativas entre os grupos quanto às variáveis idade e sexo. A dor abdominal foi a única variável com diferenças estatisticamente significantes entre os grupos. A taxa de apêndice perfurado foi superior nas posições sub-hepática e pélvica. As complicações intraoperatórias e a taxa de conversão não foram estatisticamente significativas. As dificuldades técnicas e o tempo cirúrgico foram superiores em posição sub-hepática. A taxa de complicações pós-operatórias foi semelhante entre as diferentes posições, exceto a obstrução intestinal, que foi superior em posição pélvica. Conclusões: Os sintomas da apendicite dificilmente variam com a posição do apêndice. A laparoscopia é segura e eficaz, independentemente da posição do apêndice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Appendicitis/surgery , Appendix/pathology , Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care , Appendectomy/adverse effects , Appendectomy/methods , Appendectomy/statistics & numerical data , Appendicitis/diagnosis , Appendicitis/physiopathology , Appendicitis/epidemiology , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Spain/epidemiology , Abdominal Pain/diagnosis , Abdominal Pain/etiology , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Laparoscopy/methods , Laparoscopy/statistics & numerical data , Operative Time , Intraoperative Complications/epidemiology
14.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 58(1): e736, ene.-mar. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1093149

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Se realizó un estudio de revisión de corte histórico sobre apendicitis aguda, en el que se profundizó en los aspectos históricos conocidos en mayor o menor grado desde la era Bizantina hasta nuestros días. El objetivo fue actualizar los resultados hallados desde el punto de vista histórico y fisiopatológico y mostrarlos al lector. Para este estudio se realizó una búsqueda a través de las bases de datos Scielo, Medline y PubMed y complementada mediante los buscadores Google, Yahoo y Wikipedia. Se realizó un análisis crítico de los artículos encontrados; se estudiaron también otros artículos de cualquier país, idioma, institución, autor (es) y fecha; de preferencia los nacionales. Se exponen las cuatro teorías relacionadas al origen de esta enfermedad, que son: obstrucción de la luz, ulceraciones mucosas superficiales, la higiene y el rol de la infección, por último, la hipótesis de las fibras dietéticas. Se identificaron aspectos históricos en apendicitis aguda en el tiempo; se aludió a un reporte reciente sobre rasgos gastrointestinales en las distintas especies y las cuatro teorías fisiopatológicas y todas resultaron atractivas(AU)


ABSTRACT A historical review about acute appendicitis was carried out, for which the historical aspects known to a greater or lesser degree were studied in depth. This article covers from the Byzantine era to the present day. The objective is to update the results found from the historical and physiopathological viewpoints. For this study, a search was made through the databases Scielo, Medline and PubMed and complemented by the search engines Google, Yahoo and Wikipedia. A critical analysis of the findings was made and other articles from various countries and institutions, written in other languages, by several author(s) and on different dates were also studied; preferably the nationals. The four theories related to the origin of this disease were exposed: obstruction of light, superficial mucosal ulcerations, hygiene and the role of infection, and finally, the hypothesis of dietary fibers. We identified historical aspects in acute appendicitis over time, as well as referred to a recent report on gastrointestinal traits in the different species and the four physiopathological theories, all of which were attractive(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Appendectomy/methods , Appendicitis/physiopathology , Appendicitis/history , Review Literature as Topic , Databases, Bibliographic
15.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 57(4): e606, oct.-dic. 2018. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-991060

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Las hernias incisionales son la complicación más común a largo plazo en las laparotomías con una incidencia hasta 20 por ciento. Se ha descrito la presencia de casi todos los órganos intrabdominales en el interior de una hernia. Presentamos el caso de un paciente con apendicitis aguda en una hernia incisional recidivante, su presentación clínica y una revisión de la literatura acerca de esta patología. Femenino de 75 años de edad presentó una hernia incisional recidivante estrangulada, se realizó una laparotomía exploradora, encontrando el apéndice cecal perforado. Se realizó la apendicectomía y una desbridación amplia de la piel y la grasa alrededor de la herida. Durante el internamiento se colocaron 4 sistemas de cicatrización asistida con presión negativa. Se tomó un injerto de espesor parcial del muslo izquierdo y se cubrió el defecto. Es importante estar consciente de las posibles complicaciones para determina la mejor estrategia en la cirugía(AU)


ABSTRACT Incisional hernia is the most long-term common complication in laparotomies with an incidence rate up to 20 percent. The presence of almost all intra-abdominal organs inside a hernia has been described. Here is a 75 years-old female patient with acute appendicitis in a recurrent incisional hernia, its clinical presentation and the literature review about this pathology. This patient had strangulated recurrent incisional hernia and she underwent exploratory laparotomy to find perforated cecal appendix. Appendicectomy and extensive debridement of skin and fat around the wound were performed. During the hospitalization period, four negative pressure-assisted wound closure systems were placed. A partially thick graft was taken from the left thigh to cover the defect. It is important to be aware of the possible complications in order to determine the best surgical strategy(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Appendectomy/methods , Appendicitis/surgery , Incisional Hernia/complications , Laparotomy/methods , Review Literature as Topic
16.
Rev. argent. cir ; 110(4): 202-205, dic. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-985190

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: el manejo de los pacientes con apendicitis aguda fue clásicamente quirúrgico. En la era de los antibióticos se plantean nuevos paradigmas terapéuticos. La diferencia en el origen de la apendicitis podría establecer el tratamiento por elegir. Objetivo: analizar si la presencia de fecalito en una apendicitis puede condicionar un tratamiento quirúrgico o solo con antibióticos. Material y métodos: análisis descriptivo observacional de las diferencias intraoperatorias y anatomopatológicas de los pacientes operados por apendicitis aguda, divididos en 2 grupos según presentaran fecalito o hiperplasia linfoidea como causa de origen. Se utilizó la prueba de Chi2 para la comparación de ambos grupos, tomando un valor de p<0,05. Resultados: el grupo de apendicitis por fecalito presentó un estadio más avanzado de la enfermedad, con líquido libre con más frecuencia (el 67% de los pacientes con apendicitis aguda por fecalito vs. el 18% en el grupo de apendicitis aguda por hiperplasia), en más de una localización (solo el grupo con fecalito presentó líquido en el fondo de saco de Douglas o en el resto del abdomen, en el 50% y 16,7% respectivamente), con características que variaron entre seroso y purulento y anatomopatológicamente presentaron mayor afectación de las capas histológicas (en el grupo hiperplasia la afectación hasta la mucosa fue 63,6% vs. 16,7%, mientras que en el grupo fecalito fue más frecuente la afectación hasta la serosa 66,6% vs. 27,3%). Conclusiones: los pacientes con apendicitis aguda por hiperplasia linfoidea tendrían menos complicaciones intraabdominales en el posoperatorio y podrían ser buenos candidatos a tratamiento médico solo con antibióticos, evitando la cirugía.


Background: Surgery is the traditional approach for patients with acute appendicitis. In the antibiotic era, new therapeutic paradigms are being proposed. The difference in the cause of appendicitis could establish the treatment of choice. Objective: to analyze if the presence of fecalith in an appendicitis can condition a surgical treatment or only with antibiotics. Material and methods: This observational analysis describes the intraoperative and pathological differences between patients undergoing surgery for acute appendicitis, divided into two groups according to the presence of fecalith or lymphoid hyperplasia as cause of the condition. The chi square test was used to compare the fecalith group versus the lymphoid hyperplasia group using a p value < 0.05. Results: The presence of fecaliths was more commonly associated with advanced stage of inflammation, presence of free peritoneal fluid (67% vs. 18% in the lymphoid hyperlasia group) and in more than one site (50% in the Douglas' pouch and 16.7% in the rest of the abdominal cavity). In this group, peritoneal fluid varied between serous and purulent and more appendiceal layers were involved (63.6% of mucous layer involvement in the lymphoid hyperplasia group vs. 16.7%, while serous compromise was more common in the fecalith group: 66.6% vs. 27.3%). Conclusions: Patients with acute appendicitis due to lymphoid hyperplasia could have lower rate of post-operative complications or could be good candidates for medical treatment with antibiotics alone, avoiding surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Appendicitis/surgery , Fecal Impaction/diagnosis , Appendectomy/methods , Appendix/pathology , Argentina , Tomography/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Ultrasonography/methods , Hyperplasia/diagnosis
17.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 57(4): e703, oct.-dic. 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-991053

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La apendicitis aguda es la causa más común de abdomen agudo y de intervención quirúrgica efectuada en los servicios de urgencias y a pesar de ser conocida desde tiempos remotos, su diagnóstico todavía adolece de imprecisiones que preocupan a la comunidad científica. Objetivo: Realizar una revisión sobre los criterios vigentes en torno al diagnóstico de la apendicitis aguda a fin de profundizar en sus aspectos cognoscitivos. Métodos: Búsqueda digital en bases de datos Web of Science, Lilacs, Scielo, Latindex, Elsevier, PubMed, Medline y Google de publicaciones actualizadas en inglés y español. Resultados: En los últimos años ha descendido la mortalidad asociada a la apendicitis aguda, lo cual se atribuye a los avances tecnológicos de la cirugía y de la anestesiología y reanimación, la existencia de salas de cuidados intensivos para la atención de pacientes graves y de la utilización de antibióticos cada vez más potentes. No obstante, la morbilidad todavía refleja alta incidencia de perforaciones a pesar de la utilización de marcadores inflamatorios, los diagnósticos realizados mediante imágenes, y del desarrollo de técnicas videolaparoscópicas. Aun así, continúan realizándose apendicectomías en apéndices normales. Conclusiones: La clínica sigue siendo el método de elección para efectuar el diagnóstico, dado que los exámenes de laboratorio e imágenes no han logrado superarlo. Si bien constituyen una importante ayuda, toda vez que las escalas diagnósticas contribuyen a su precocidad en aras de disminuir la morbilidad y mortalidad, así como las apendicectomías innecesarias o en estadios avanzados de la enfermedad(AU)


Introduction: Acute appendicitis is the most common cause of acute abdomen and surgical treatment in the emergency services, and although this disease has been known since ancient times, its diagnosis still has inaccuracies that concern the scientific community. Objective: To make a review of the current criteria about the diagnosis of acute appendicitis in order to delve into its cognitive aspects. Methods: Search of updated publications in Spanish and English in Science, Lilacs, Latindex, Elsevier, PubMed, Medline and Google databases. Results: In the last few years, the acute appendicitis-associated mortality has decreased due to the technological advances in surgery, anesthesiology and resuscitation, the existence of intensive care units for critically-ill patients and the use of increasingly powerful antibiotics. However, morbidity rates still show high incidence of perforations despite the use of inflammatory markers, imaging-based diagnoses and the development of videolaparoscopic techniques. Despite all this, appendicectomies continue to be performed to treat normal appendices. Conclusions: The clinical method remains the method of choice to make a diagnosis, since the lab and imaging tests have not been better so far. Nevertheless, they are important support because the diagnostic scales contribute to their earliness with a view to reducing morbidity and mortality as well as unnecessary appendicectomies or appendicectomy in advanced disease stagings(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Appendectomy/methods , Appendicitis/diagnosis , Laparotomy/adverse effects , Clinical Diagnosis/statistics & numerical data
18.
Prensa méd. argent ; 104(9): 433-442, nov 2018. graf, fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1047074

ABSTRACT

El presente trabajo tiene como objetivos determinar la curva de aprendizaje de la apendicectomía laparoscópica por una sola incisión y describir la experiencia inicial de la cirugía. Se realizó un estudio prospectivo y descriptivo entre los meses de Noviembre y Diciembre del año 2017 en 21 pacientes a quienes se les realizó una apendicectomía laparoscópica por incisión única de piel en la cicatriz umbilical, se estudia la disminución del tiempo operatorio y de las complicaciones hasta alcanzar la curva de aprendizaje la cual se alcanzó en la cirugía número 14, la única complicación fue infección de sitio operatorio. El resultado estético fue de 10/10 puntos y la intensidad del dolor medido con escala visual análoga fue de 3,5 puntos. Se concluye que la técnica es factible de realizarse y es fácilmente reproducible, los resultados pueden tomarse como punto de partida para un trabajo comparativo con la técnica laparoscópica convencional


The objective of this study is to determine the learning curve of laparoscopic appendectomy by a single incision and to describe the initial experience of the surgery. A prospective and descriptive study was carried out between November and December of 2017 in 21 patients who underwent a laparoscopic appendectomy for a single skin incision in the umbilical scar. We studied the decrease in operative time and the complications until reach the learning curve which was reached in surgery number 14, the only complication was infection of surgical site. The aesthetic result was 10/10 points and the pain intensity measured with a visual analogue scale was 3.5 points. It is concluded that the technique is feasible to perform and is easily reproducible, the results can be taken as a starting point for a comparative work with the conventional laparoscopic technique


Subject(s)
Humans , Appendectomy/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Laparoscopy/methods , Learning Curve , Surgical Wound
19.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 57(2): 1-8, abr.-jun. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978370

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Actualmente, casi todas las operaciones abdominales han podido ser realizadas por vía laparoscópica, lo que ha dado la posibilidad de aplicarla a la cirugía abdominal de urgencia. Objetivo: Mostrar los resultados del tratamiento del abdomen agudo quirúrgico mediante la cirugía endoscópica en el Hospital General Docente Comandante Pinares. Método: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, longitudinal y prospectivo con un total de 135 pacientes con el diagnóstico de abdomen agudo quirúrgico intervenidos por cirugía endoscópica en dicho hospital, ubicado en el municipio de San Cristóbal, provincia Artemisa desde marzo del 2011 hasta noviembre del 2013. Se analizaron variables como la edad, el sexo, factores etiológicos, tratamientos utilizados y las complicaciones transoperatorias y posoperatorias. Resultados: El periodo de edad más atendido fue el de 16 - 25 años sin despreciar la edad pediátrica. La apendicitis aguda fue la entidad tratada con más frecuencia. El tiempo quirúrgico promedio fue menor de una hora. La estadía posoperatoria disminuyó considerablemente. Conclusiones: Quedó demostrado que el tratamiento laparoscópico del abdomen agudo quirúrgico es un método confiable y seguro para esta entidad(AU)


Introduction: Nowadays, virtually all abdominal operations have been performed laparoscopically, which has made it possible its application to the emergency abdominal surgery. Objective: To show the results of the acute surgical abdomen treatment through endoscopic surgery in Comandante Pinares General Teaching Hospital. Method: A descriptive, longitudinal and prospective study was carried out with a total of 135 patients with the diagnosis of acute surgical abdomen and operated by endoscopic surgery in the aforementioned hospital, located in the municipality of San Cristóbal, Artemisa Province, from March 2011 to November 2013. Variables such as age, sex, etiological factors, treatments used, and transoperative and postoperative complications were analyzed. Results: The most attended period of age was 16-25 years, without ruling out the pediatric age. Acute appendicitis was the most frequently treated entity. The average surgical time was less than one hour. The postoperative stay decreased considerably. Conclusions: Laparoscopic treatment of acute surgical abdomen was proved to be a reliable and safe method for this entity(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Appendectomy/methods , Endoscopy/methods , Abdomen, Acute/surgery , Abdomen, Acute/therapy , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/adverse effects , Emergencies
20.
S. Afr. med. j. (Online) ; 108(10): 836-838, 2018. ilus
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1271190

ABSTRACT

Background. The treatment of appendicitis is regarded as a bellwether procedure that can be used to describe the delivery of essential surgical care. Little has been published on clinical outcomes in the private sector in South Africa (SA), and this study attempts to address this deficiency.Objectives. To extend our understanding of the outcomes of acute appendicitis in the public and private sectors in SA.Methods. Data on patients covered by a leading medical aid who underwent appendicectomy in 26 private hospitals in Durban and Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal Province, during the period 2010 - 2015 were obtained and compared with existing data from a recent study of patients with appendicitis treated in the Pietermaritzburg academic complex.Results. Between January 2010 and December 2015, 397 patients covered by the medical aid underwent appendicectomy in private hospitals. Their mean age was 29.7 years (range 3.7 - 87.6), the mean length of stay 4.6 days (range 1 - 41) and the mean operation time 70.6 minutes (range 24.0 - 335.0). Of the procedures 66.5% were laparoscopic. A total of 33 patients (8.3%) required intensive care unit (ICU) admission, and 38 (9.6%) were readmitted. While there was no information on the reasons for readmission, this is a proxy marker for possible complications. The mean total event cost per patient was ZAR38 934. A total of 134 open operations were performed (33.8%). In the state sector, a total of 1 004 patients were documented. The mean patient age was 20.2 years (difference not statistically significant), mean length of stay was significantly longer at 7.3 days (p=0.02, one-tailed t-test), and 10% of patients required ICU admission. In the state hospitals only 3% of the operations were laparoscopic. None of the private sector patients but 40% of the state patients required further surgery. Conclusions. Medical aid data provide useful information on disease profiles and outcomes in private practice. The outcome of acute appendicitis in the private sector appears to be significantly better than in the state sector. Further work is required to fully elucidate the reasons for this, although late presentation in the state patients almost certainly contributes to their poor outcome. In terms of cost, SA private practice appears to be highly efficient and is relatively inexpensive in comparison with international equivalents


Subject(s)
Appendectomy/methods , Appendicitis/surgery , Private Practice , South Africa
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