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1.
Cambios rev. méd ; 20(1): 21-25, 30 junio 2021. tabs.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292703

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. La apendicitis aguda es una patología pediátrica quirúrgica que en su fase complicada requiere uso de antibióticos en el postoperatorio; encontrar la mejor opción como experiencia local, fue necesario. OBJETIVO. Comparar un esquema de antibioticoterapia triple vs un doble respecto a variables: demográficas, clínicas y de costos en pacientes pediátricos con apendicitis complicada. MATERIALES y MÉTODOS. Estudio analítico transversal. Población de 133 pacientes y una muestra de 93, operados por apendicitis complicada; 58 recibieron ampicilina + metronidazol + gentamicina y 35 ceftriaxona + metronidazol. Se comparó las variables: estadía hospitalaria, complicaciones y costo monetario de cada esquema. Se realizó en la Unidad de Cirugía Pediátrica del Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín, en el periodo enero de 2017 a octubre de 2018. Los datos fueron analizados con R-Studio 1.8.366 para Windows. RESULTADOS. No hubo diferencia estadística con respecto a: estadía hospitalaria (p=0,261); complicaciones como infección del sitio quirúrgico (p=0,196), re-intervención quirúrgica (p=0,653) y costo (p=0,059). CONCLUSIÓN. Se comparó el esquema de antibioticoterapia triple vs un doble, utilizados en apendicitis complicada en pediatría. No se encontró diferencias estadísticamente significativas en este reporte preliminar, con la diferencia de que con el esquema doble la frecuencia de administración fue menor y se evitó la exposición a los efectos colaterales de los aminoglicósidos.


INTRODUCTION. Acute appendicitis is a pediatric surgical pathology that in its complicated phase requires the use of antibiotics during the postoperative period; finding the best option as local experience was a must. OBJECTIVE. Compare a triple vs a double antibiotic therapy scheme respect demographic, clinical and cost variables in pediatric patients whit complicated apendicitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Cross-sectional analytical study. Population of 133 patients and sample of 93, with complicated appendicitis; 58 received ampicillin + metronidazole + gentamicin and 35 ceftriaxone + metronidazole. The following variables were compared; hospital stay, complications and monetary cost of each scheme. It was performed in the Pediatric Surgery Unit of the Hospital of Specialties Carlos Andrade Marin, during january 2017, through october 2018. The data were analyzed with R-Studio 1.8.366 for Windows. RESULTS. There was no statistical difference regarding hospital stay (p=0.261); complications such as surgical site infection (p=0.196), re-surgical intervention (p=0.653); nor cost (p=0.059). CONCLUSION. Triple vs. Double antibiotic therapy scheme used in complicated appendicitis in pediatrics was compared. No statistically significant differences were found in this preliminary report, how ever with the double scheme the frequency of administration was lower and exposure to side effects of aminoglycosides was avoided.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Appendicitis/complications , Gentamicins , Cephalexin , Ampicillin , Metronidazole , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Pediatrics , Postoperative Complications , General Surgery , Cost-Benefit Analysis
2.
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(4): 450-458, dic. 2020. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1288157

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Antecedentes: la pandemia por COVID-19 generó cambios en el manejo de pacientes con todo tipo de patologías. Mostramos la experiencia respecto de los pacientes con apendicitis aguda (AA) operados en un hospital universitario de la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires durante los meses de confina miento y su comparación con el mismo período del año 2019 a fin de evaluar las diferencias. Material y métodos: se analizó en forma retrospectiva una base confeccionada de forma prospectiva. Se compararon pacientes operados de AA, consignando los datos respecto del período preoperatorio, comparando datos inherentes a la cirugía y sus resultados en los períodos marzo-julio de 2019 y 2020. Resultados: fueron incluidos 127 pacientes, 46 de ellos operados durante la pandemia. Los pacientes operados durante la pandemia presentaron mayor incidencia de peritonitis (61,7% vs. 76,1%; p: 0,09) y mayor requerimiento de drenaje abdominal (9,9% vs. 23,9%; p: 0,03). También tuvieron mayor in cidencia de complicaciones (10,9 vs. 4,9%; p: 0,21), reoperaciones (8,7 vs. 1,23%, p: 0,03), reinterna ciones (6,5 vs. 0%, p: 0,02) y requerimiento de antibioticoterapia endovenosa prolongada (6,5 vs. 0%; p: 0,02). La estadía hospitalaria fue mayor para la cohorte operada durante la pandemia: 3,24 días (Desvío estándar [D.E.]: 7,31) vs. 1,89 días (D.E: 2,04). Conclusiones: durante la pandemia por COVID-19, el número de pacientes operados por AA disminuyó con respecto al año 2019; se observaron estadios más avanzados de la enfermedad, mayores compli caciones en el posoperatorio y mayor estadía hospitalaria.


ABSTRACT Background: COVID-19 pandemic has generated changes regarding the management of patients with all kind of pathologies. Here we show the experience concerning the surgical treatment of acute appendicitis (AA) in a teaching hospital in the city of Buenos Aires during the lockdown, and its comparison with the same period of 2019 in order to assess the differences between the timing for consultation, intraoperative findings and the treatment outcome. Material and methods: A prospective database was retrospectively analyzed. We compared patients undergoing surgical treatment for AA in March-July of 2019 v. March-July 2020, taking into account the preoperative period and comparing the outcome regarding the surgical intervention and the impact in the postoperative period between the two groups. Results: 127 patients were included, 46 treated during the pandemic. Patients undergoing surgical treatment during the pandemic had a higher incidence of peritonitis (61.7% vs. 76.1%; p = 0.09) and higher requirement of abdominal drainage (9.9% vs. 23.9%; p = 0.03). There was an increase in the incidence of complications (10.9 vs. 4.9%; p: 0.21), reoperations (8.7 vs. 1.23%, p: 0.03), readmissions (6.5 vs. 0%, p: 0.02) and need for out-patient intravenous antibiotics (6.5 vs. 0%; p: 0.02). The average hospital length was of 1.89 (SD 2.04) and 3.24 (SD 7.31) for the groups operated before and during pandemic, respectively. Conclusions: During the COVID-19 pandemic, the number of patients undergoing surgical intervention because of AA decreased compared to the previous year, with increased complications in the postoperative period, higher compromise of the appendix, and longer hospital stay.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Appendectomy/statistics & numerical data , Appendicitis/surgery , COVID-19 , Appendicitis/complications , Peritonitis , Emergency Medical Services/statistics & numerical data , Pandemics
3.
Prensa méd. argent ; 106(10): 611-617, 20200000. tab, fig
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1362689

ABSTRACT

Background: Acute appendicitis is one of the most frequent surgical emergencies and is a common cause of non-traumatic acute abdominal emergencies that require surgical intervention. Most complicated appendicitis started de novo as simple appendicitis raising the notion that it is a disease in evolution that has become of clinical importance due to delayed or missed diagnosis. Complicated appendicitis has been associated with a significant risk of postoperative septic complications, including wound infections and intra-abdominal abscess formation. This study aimed to evaluate the types of complicated appendicitis and their relationship to patient's demographic data, postoperative course and the length of hospital stay in Al-Basra Teaching Hospital. Methods: This was a prospective clinical study involving patients with acute appendicitis admitted to Al-Basra Teaching Hospital from January 2017 to October 2019. The demographic data, types of complicated appendicitis, hospitalization duration, and postoperative complications were evaluated. The patients were divided into six groups according to age. All data were recorded and analyzed. Results: A total of 1210 patients, age from 6 to 69 years, mean age of patients was 23.45, males out-numbered females. Perforated appendicitis represents the main type of complicated appendicitis, and it was reported mostly among elderly patients. Patients with complicated appendicitis had a longer hospitalization and more postoperative complications than patients with non-complicated appendicitis. Conclusion: we concluded that nearly one third of the patients with acute appendicitis had complicated appendicitis, so they need a special pre and postoperative care and old age had non classical clinical picture with poor outcome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Appendicitis/complications , Postoperative Care , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , General Surgery , Wound Infection/prevention & control , Prospective Studies , 59597 , Abdominal Abscess/prevention & control , Delayed Diagnosis , Length of Stay
4.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 49(2): e368, abr.-jun. 2020. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1138996

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El mucocele es una dilatación apendicular por secreción mucosa secundaria a la obstrucción de la luz, su incidencia estimada es de 0,2-0,3 por ciento de todas las apendicectomías realizadas y el 8-10 por ciento de todos los tumores apendiculares. Objetivo: Presentar un caso inusual de cirugía de urgencia, con dolor abdominal en fosa ilíaca derecha, sugestivo de apendicitis aguda operado en el servicio de urgencia. Caso clínico: Paciente femenina de 32 años de edad, que consulta por dolor abdominal en fosa ilíaca derecha asociado a náuseas, con dolor a la palpación en dicha zona, defensa muscular y dolor a la descompresión brusca del abdomen, fue intervenida quirúrgicamente con el diagnóstico presuntivo apendicitis aguda. Se encuentra durante videolaparoscopia al apéndice cecal aumentado de tamaño, sin compromiso de su base, por lo cual se decide realizar laparotomía y apendicectomía convencional. La paciente fue egresada a las 48 horas de operada con evolución favorable y pendiente de resultado anatomopatológico, el cual informó mucocele apendicular. Conclusiones: El mucocele apendicular es una entidad poco frecuente, que predomina en el sexo femenino y edades entre 50 y 60 años. El tratamiento de elección es el quirúrgico(AU)


Introduction: The mucocele is the abnormal mucous accumulation inside the light of the appendix. Objective: To present an unusual case of surgery of urgency with abdominal pain and suspicion of appendicitis operated in emergency. Clinical case: Female patient of 32 years old that consults for abdominal pain in the right iliac fossa, accompanied by nausea. Physical examination we find pain to the palpation in the right iliac fossa and peritoneal reaction being operated with suspicion of appendicitis, during intervention we find the appendix augmented of volume and apendicectomy was made. The histopathological study informed a apendicular mucocele. The patient was discharged after 48 hours without further complications. Conclusions: Apendicular mucocele is very uncommon disease that predominates in female sex and persons between fifty and sixty years old. Treatment is surgical(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Appendectomy/instrumentation , Appendicitis/complications , Appendix/surgery , Physical Examination , Abdominal Pain , Laparotomy/methods
5.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 37(2): 186-189, abr. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1126108

ABSTRACT

Resumen La tuberculosis gastrointestinal es una manifestación extrapulmonar poco frecuente, correspondiendo al 3% de los casos y que compromete principalmente la región ileocecal; la afectación apendicular es poco frecuente. La apendicitis tuberculosa se puede presentar como un cuadro agudo indistinguible de las otras causas de apendicitis y el diagnóstico generalmente se hace por el hallazgo histopatológico, lo que retrasa el tratamiento y puede llevar a complicaciones. El período posparto es de riesgo de una reactivación de una tuberculosis, debido a cambios en el sistema inmunológico que se manifiestan como un síndrome de reconstitución inmune. Se presenta el caso de una paciente puérpera que ingresa por un choque séptico secundario a una apendicitis perforada. La histopatología demostró una inflamación granulomatosa crónica, con posterior confirmación por biología molecular de una tuberculosis pulmonar.


Abstract Gastrointestinal tuberculosis is a rare extrapulmonary manifestation, it represents 3% of cases and mainly involves the ileocecal region; appendiceal involvement is rare. Tuberculous appendicitis can present as an acute condition indistinguishable from other causes of appendicitis and the diagnosis is generally made by histopathological finding, which delays treatment and can lead to complications. The postpartum period is at risk of a reactivation of tuberculosis, due to changes in the immune system that manifests as an immune reconstitution syndrome. We present the case of a postpartum patient admitted for septic shock secondary to perforated appendicitis, the pathology reported chronic granulomatous inflammation and subsequent confirmation by molecular technique of pulmonary tuberculosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Appendicitis/complications , Appendix , Tuberculosis, Gastrointestinal/complications , Intestinal Perforation/etiology , Appendectomy , Postpartum Period
6.
Cuenca; s.n; Universidad de Cuenca; 2020. 44 p. ilus; tab. CD-ROM.
Thesis in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1102644

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: la Apendicitis Aguda (A.A) es una urgencia quirúrgica que requiere un diagnóstico y tratamiento oportuno. Muchas veces puede ser un gran reto para el cirujano por su relación con otras patologías, de allí la importancia de precisar su diagnóstico. Objetivo: validar la precisión diagnóstica del score RIPASA en apendicitis aguda comparándolo con el examen histopatológico. Metodología: se realizó un estudio de validación de pruebas diagnósticas con la información de 300 historias clínicas de pacientes apendicectomizados, atendidos en el Hospital Vicente Corral Moscoso durante el año 2018. Se evaluó mediante el score RIPASA al ingreso y se comparó con los resultados de histopatología como prueba gold standar. Se calculó la sensibilidad, especificidad, valor predictivo positivo, valor predictivo negativo, además se obtuvo Odds Ratio con su IC al 95% para establecer la validez predictiva de esta escala. Resultados: la media de edad fue de 32 años ± 13,7 (DS), más de la mitad fueron: sexo femenino 52%, área urbana 74.7% y bachillerato 62.7%, predominó la etnia mestiza 99.7%. Hubo una asociación de riesgo entre una alta probabilidad de apendicitis según el score RIPASA con A.A (OR 96,36; IC95%: 16,03­578,68; p= 0,000). El score RIPASA tiene una sensibilidad de 98.97%, especificidad 50.0%, VPP 98.63%, VPN 57,14%, RVP 1.98% Y RVN 0.2%. Conclusiones: RIPASA tiene alta probabilidad para detectar a personas con apendicitis aguda, pero no así a las sanas, por lo cual se requiere continuar con más estudios para establecer tal validez


Background: Acute Appendicitis (A.A) is a surgical emergency that requires timely diagnosis and treatment. Many times it can be a great challenge for the surgeon because of its relationship with other pathologies, hence the importance of specifying its diagnosis. Objective: To validate the diagnostic accuracy of the RIPASA score in acute appendicitis by comparing it with the histopathological examination. Methodology: A study of validation of diagnostic tests was carried out with the information of 300 medical records of appendectomized patients, treated at the Vicente Corral Moscoso Hospital during 2018. It was evaluated by means of the RIPASA score at admission and compared with the histopathology results. as gold standard test. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value were calculated, in addition Odds Ratio was obtained with its 95% CI to establish the predictive validity of this scale. Results: The mean age was 32 years ± 13.7 (SD), more than half were: female 52%, urban area 74.7% and high school 62.7%, mixed race ethnicity predominated 99.7%. There was a risk association between a high probability of appendicitis according to the RIPASA score with A.A (OR 96.36; 95% CI: 16.03­578.68; p = 0.000). The RIPASA score has a sensitivity of 98.97%, specificity 50.0%, PPV 98.63%, NPV 57.14%, RVP 1.8% and RVN 0.2% Conclusions: RIPASA has a high probability of detecting people with acute appendicitis, but not healthy ones, so it is necessary to continue with more studies to find such validity


Subject(s)
Pathology/methods , Appendicitis/complications , Appendicitis/diagnosis , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/instrumentation , Pathologists/classification
7.
Rev. méd. hondur ; 87(2): 71-75, abr.-dic. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BIMENA | ID: biblio-1097497

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: En Honduras no se dispone de evidencia publicada sobre diferencias en eicacia de esquemas terapéuticos basados en antibióticos para el manejo post-quirúrgico para apendicitis aguda complicada en niños. Objetivo: Determinar la eicacia y seguridad de triple versus monoterapia antibiótica en pacientes pediátricos con apendicitis aguda complicada, Hospital de Especialidades, Instituto Hondureño de Seguridad Social (IHSS), Tegucigalpa, 2011-2013. Métodos: Ensayo clínico abierto, dos esquemas terapéuticos: Triple Terapia (Ampicilina+Amikacina+Clindamicina, GrupoTT) y Ertapenem (GrupoE) durante 7 días. Se incluyeron pacientes con diagnóstico de apendicitis aguda complicada y sometidos a apendicectomía abierta. Los pacientes fueron evaluados en Consulta Externa, 7 días post-quirúrgicos. Se obtuvo aprobación por Comité de Etica en Investigación IHSS. Se utilizó prueba Chi-cuadrado, Riesgo Relativo, intervalo de conianza de 95% y valor de p<0.05 para determinar diferencias entre grupos. Resultados: Seincluyeron 58 pacientes en GrupoTT y 29 en Grupo E, edad media fue 7.3 años (IC95% 6.7-7.9) GrupoTT y 8 años (IC95% 7-9) GrupoE. La evolución promedio del cuadro clínico fue 31.6 horas GrupoTT y 43.8 horas GrupoE (p=0.034). No se encontró diferencias signiicativas respecto a efectos adversos de importancia clínica, complicaciones postoperatorias, estancia intrahospitalaria en días, o necesidad de readmisión por recurrencia/complicación posterior al alta. Discusión: La monoterapia con ertapenem presentó similar eicacia y seguridad que la triple terapia con Ampicilina+Amikacina+Clindamicina empleada actualmente en el tratamiento del paciente pediátrico con apendicitis complicada. El estudio está limitado por que los dos grupos de estudio fueron diferentes en la evolución de la enfermedad...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Appendicitis/complications , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Appendectomy/methods , Postoperative Complications
8.
Rev. Fac. Cienc. Méd. Univ. Cuenca ; 37(3): 29-35, dic. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1100090

ABSTRACT

De entre las emergencias pediátricas, la apendicitis aguda es la patología más frecuente, siendo importante observar su comportamiento en nuestro medio y por variables como la edad y diagnósticos diferenciales. Objetivo: determinar las características de los pacientes menores de 16 años ingresados al Servicio de Cirugía Pediátrica del Hospital José Ca-rrasco con diagnóstico de apendicitis aguda entre enero 2012 y diciembre 2016.Métodos: estudio descriptivo basado en las historias clínicas de niños in-gresados a emergencia con dolor abdominal en el período enero 2012 a diciembre 2016 y diagnosticados de apendicitis. Los datos fueron analiza-dos y tabulados en Excel. Se tomaron en cuenta consideraciones éticas.Resultados: se analizaron 614 niños con dolor abdominal; 334 fueron diagnosticados de apendicitis aguda (246 niños) y peritonitis apendicular (88 niños), corresponden al sexo masculino 54.19%. La media de edad fue 9.9 años; la leucocitosis fue el hallazgo de laboratorio más frecuente encontrado en 82.93%. El estudio ecográfico resultó positivo para apendi-citis en 55.69%. Todos recibieron tratamiento laparoscópico por el mismo equipo quirúrgico, las complicaciones se presentaron en el 8.69%.Conclusiones: la apendicitis aguda es la principal causa de cirugía de emergencia en pacientes pediátricos, afecta más al género masculino, en-tre 6 y 11 años de edad (media 9.9 años), es requiere un diagnóstico y tratamiento inmediato para evitar complicaciones; el tratamiento laparos-cópico es un procedimiento seguro.(AU)


Among pediatric emergencies, acute appendicitis is the most frequent pathology, it is important to observe their behavior in our environment and variables such as age and differential diagnoses should be taken into account.Objective: to determine the characteristics of patients under 16 admitted to the Pediatric Surgery Service of the José Carrasco Hospital with a diagnosis of acute appendicitis between January 2012 and December 2016.Methods: It is a descriptive study based on the medical records of children admitted to the emergency department with abdominal pain in the period January 2012 to December 2016 and diagnosed with appendicitis. The data was analyzed and tabulated in the Excel program. All ethical considerations were taken into account.Results: 614 children with abdominal pain were analyzed; 334 were diagnosed with acute appendicitis (246 children) and appendicular peritonitis (88 children), 54.19% correspond to the male sex. The average age was 9.9 years; the leukocytosis was the most frequent laboratory finding in 82.93%. The ultrasound study was positive for appendicitis in 55.69%. All received laparoscopic treatment by the same surgical team, complications occurred in 8.69%.Conclusions: acute appendicitis is the main cause of emergency surgery in pediatric patients, it affects more to the male gender, between 6 and 11 years of age (average 9.9 years), immediate diagnosis and treatment is required to avoid complications; laparoscopic treatment is a safe procedure.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Appendicitis/complications , Appendicitis/diagnosis , Peritonitis/prevention & control
9.
Prensa méd. argent ; 105(8): 427-430, sept 2019. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1023136

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to analyse a patient dignosed in our hospital as having pylephlebitis. The patient is a 29 years old male, and we must consider that pylophlebitis refers to the septic thrombosis of the portal venous system, associated to some kind of infectious process. Can occur related to acute appendicitis, colonic diverticulitis and cholangitis, among others. Is a rare but close to a significant morbidity and mortality, since it can develop to an abdominal sepsis. The management review of the case reported, is presented (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Appendicitis/complications , Portal System , Portal Vein/pathology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Sepsis , Venous Thromboembolism/complications
10.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 72(4): 1114-1118, Jul.-Aug. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1020515

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to report the experience of conducting directed temperature control of a post-cardiopulmonary resuscitation patient, with reduced and basic inputs available at the institution. Method: an experience report of directed temperature control in patient (age 15 years), after four hours of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in an Intensive Care Unit of a hospital in São Paulo State countryside in 2016, according to the protocol suggested by the American Heart Association, in 2015. There were applications of cold compresses, plastic bags with crushed ice and rectal temperature control. Results: after eight hours, temperature had reached 93.2 ºF. Body cooling was maintained for 24 hours. However, bags with crushed ice were used in the first 6 hours. Conclusion: conduct of nurses to obtain the body cooling with reduced and basic inputs was effective during the stay at the Intensive Care Unit.


RESUMEN Objetivo: relatar la experiencia de la conducción de control dirigido de la temperatura de una paciente después de la resucitación cardiopulmonar, con insumos reducidos y básicos disponibles en la institución. Método: el informe de experiencia de control direccionado de la temperatura en paciente (edad 15 años), después de cuatro horas de resucitación cardiopulmonar en una Unidad de Terapia Intensiva de un hospital del interior del estado de São Paulo, en el año 2016, conforme protocolo sugerido por la American Heart Association en 2015. Se utilizaron aplicaciones de compresas embebidas en agua helada, bolsas plásticas con hielo triturado y control de la temperatura rectal. Resultados: en ocho horas, la temperatura alcanzó los 34 ºC. El enfriamiento corporal se mantuvo durante 24 horas, sin embargo, las bolsas con hielo triturado se utilizaron en las primeras 6 horas. Conclusión: la conducta de los enfermeros para obtener el enfriamiento corporal con insumos reducidos y básicos, se mostró efectiva durante la permanencia en la Unidad de Terapia Intensiva.


RESUMO Objetivo: relatar a experiência da condução de controle direcionado da temperatura de uma paciente pós ressuscitação cardiopulmonar, com insumos reduzidos e básicos disponíveis na instituição. Método: relato de experiência de controle direcionado da temperatura em paciente (idade 15 anos) após quatro horas de ressuscitação cardiopulmonar em uma unidade de terapia intensiva de um hospital do interior do Estado de São Paulo, no ano de 2016, conforme protocolo sugerido pela American Heart Association 2015. Utilizou-se aplicações de compressas embebidas em água gelada, sacos plásticos com gelo triturado e controle da temperatura retal. Resultados: em oito horas a temperatura atingiu 34ºC. O resfriamento corporal foi mantido por 24 horas, todavia os sacos com gelo triturado foram utilizados nas primeiras 6 horas. Conclusão: a conduta dos enfermeiros para obter o resfriamento corporal com insumos reduzidos e básicos, mostrou-se efetiva durante a permanência na unidade de terapia intensiva.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Peritonitis/complications , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/adverse effects , Hypothermia, Induced/methods , Appendicitis/surgery , Appendicitis/complications , Peritonitis/surgery , Vomiting/etiology , Body Temperature Regulation/physiology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Abdominal Pain/etiology , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/methods , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/standards , Fever/etiology
11.
Prensa méd. argent ; 105(2): 62-67, apr 2019. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1025660

ABSTRACT

Appendicitis is the inflammation of the vermiform appendix. Acute appendictis is the most common surgical emergency, and the most frequent cause of abdominal pain. It is considered that between 7 to 12% of the world population will develop the disease in some ciurcumstances of their lifes, being more frequent during the second and third decades. The aim of this study was to evaluate the comlications derivated from the delay in the anagement of the patients with this complaint. Usually, the signs and symptoms are frequently typical and the diagnosis quickly made. However, the classic syndrome may not be evident and the correct diagnosis may be obscure, in whom a delay in diagnosis can result in a lifebreatening situation. Inflammation of the appendix usually results from the obstruction of the appendiceal lumen. The diagnosis of appendicitis depends primarily on the history and physical findings, but confirmation of the diagnosis usually requires appropriate laboratory, radiographic or endoscopic studies. Pain is usually the first simptom. vomiting usually develops. Acute appendicitis should always be included in the differential diagnosis of abdominal pain. Low-grade fewer is usual. The most characteristic sign is point tenderness at Mc-Burney's pint, which is located one third of the distance from the anterior-superior iliac spine to the umbilicus.We present a retrospective analysis, descriptive and observational. In our study the Alvarado score was empliye. The complications observed are detailed, and the results obtained are commented


Subject(s)
Humans , Appendicitis/complications , Appendicitis/diagnosis , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Delayed Diagnosis/adverse effects , Ilium/surgery
12.
Med. leg. Costa Rica ; 36(1): 68-72, ene.-mar. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002559

ABSTRACT

Resumen La apendicitis aguda es una de las causas quirúrgicas de dolor abdominal más frecuentes en el mundo. Se presenta en diversos grupos etarios y su presentación clínica puede variar de un grupo a otro. Además hay una variedad de patologías crónicas que pueden opacar la sintomatología usual de la enfermedad, entre ellas la diabetes mellitus. En las últimas décadas la incidencia de diabetes mellitus se ha elevado considerablemente por lo que es más común que un paciente diabético padezca de apendicitis. También, el retraso entre el inicio de los síntomas y el diagnóstico de apendicitis, es un factor de riesgo para el desarrollo de apendicitis aguda complicada. Por ende, es importante conocer tanto las complicaciones como el impacto que puede tener la diabetes mellitus sobre la presentación clínica típica de la apendicitis aguda, para de esta manera, realizar un diagnóstico temprano y preciso.


Abstract Acute Appendicitis is one of the most common surgical causes for abdominal pain in the world. It occurs in a variety of age groups and its clinical presentation vary from one group to another. Additionally, there are several chronic conditions that can blurry the usual symptomatology of the disease, among them diabetes mellitus. In the last decades the incidence of diabetes mellitus has increased considerably, therefore it is more common for a diabetic patient to suffer from appendicitis. Also the delay between the beginning of the symptoms and the diagnosis of appendicitis is a risk factor for the development of complicated acute appendicitis. Thus it is important to know the complications and the impact that diabetes mellitus can have over the clinical presentation of acute appendicitis, thereby an accurate diagnose can be made in the shortest time possible.


Subject(s)
Humans , Appendicitis/complications , Appendix , Abdominal Pain , Diabetes Mellitus
13.
Zagazig univ. med. j ; 25(6): 840-846, 2019. ilus
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1273868

ABSTRACT

Background: Appendicitis and its complications are the most commonly acute abdominal pain that require surgical intervention. Patients may present with a wide variety of clinical manifestation. The clinical diagnosis is based primarily on the patient history, physical examinations and white blood cell count. Clinical diagnosis mostly straight forward in patients presenting with classic signs and symptoms, while diagnostic confusion and delay in treatment may occur in patients with atypical presentations. MSCT is a highly accurate means for establishing the diagnosis. Objective: The aim of the work is to describe the value and role of Multi-slice computed tomography in diagnosing appendicitis and its complications. Methods: This study retrospective study was conducted on patients with right lower quadrant or right flank pain. The study was conducted in Health Insurance hospitals Radiology department on Fifteen patients with right lower quadrant pain or right flank pain. Results: In the present study, we concentrate on continuity and thickness of the appendiceal wall. The normal appendix thickness is less than 1 mm. When appendix got inflamed, it usually appears thickened, asymmetric and enhancing with i.v. contrast from 1 to 3 mm thickness. Conclusion: MSCT is helpful for accurate and prompt diagnosis in suspected cases of appendicitis & its complications and conditions that mimic appendicitis


Subject(s)
Appendicitis/complications , Egypt
14.
Rev. cuba. reumatol ; 21(supl.1): e62, 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1099109

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la enfermedad mixta del tejido conectivo es una afección que incluye manifestaciones clínicas de diversas enfermedades reumáticas. Se caracteriza sobre todo por la presencia de afectación en todos los órganos y sistemas de órganos del cuerpo humano. Las complicaciones relacionadas con el aparato digestivo han sido señaladas como una de las que con mayor frecuencia se presentan. La pancreatitis y la apendicitis suelen presentarse de forma aislada, pero al presentarse al unísono complican más aún la evolución del paciente. Objetivo: dar a conocer los elementos clínicos, de laboratorio e imagenológicos que posibilitan llegar al diagnóstico de apendicitis y pancreatitis en una paciente con enfermedad mixta del tejido conectivo. Caso clínico: se presenta el caso de una paciente de 29 años de edad con diagnóstico de enfermedad mixta del tejido conectivo de 3 años de evolución que es remita al servicio de emergencia con elementos clínicos, de laboratorio e imagenológicos que permiten llegar al diagnóstico de una apendicitis y pancreatitis de presentación conjunta. Conclusiones: la enfermedad mixta del tejido conectivo es una enfermedad sistémica que cursa con una amplia variedad de manifestaciones clínicas y complicaciones. Los procesos agudos como la apendicitis y la pancreatitis suponen un peligro sobreañadido y un factor desencadenante de la actividad de la enfermedad(AU)


Introduction: mixed connective tissue disease is a condition that includes clinical manifestations of various rheumatic diseases. It is characterized above all by the presence of affectation in all organs and organ systems of the human body. Complications related to the digestive system have been identified as one of the most frequent. Pancreatitis and appendicitis usually occur in isolation, but when presented in unison, they complicate the evolution of the patient even more. Objective: to present the clinical, laboratory and imaging elements that make it possible to reach the diagnosis of appendicitis and pancreatitis in a patient with mixed connective tissue disease. Clinical case: the case of a 29-year-old patient with a diagnosis of mixed connective tissue disease of 3 years of evolution is presented, which is referred to the emergency service with clinical, laboratory and imaging elements that allow to reach the diagnosis of a appendicitis and pancreatitis of joint presentation. Conclusions: Mixed connective tissue disease is a systemic disease that presents with a wide variety of clinical manifestations and complications. Acute processes such as appendicitis and pancreatitis pose an added danger and a triggering factor in the activity of the disease(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Pancreatitis/complications , Appendicitis/complications , Mixed Connective Tissue Disease/complications , Signs and Symptoms , Emergencies
15.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 146(5): 660-664, mayo 2018. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-961443

ABSTRACT

Garengeot's hernia corresponds to the presence of the appendix within a femoral hernia, associated or not with acute appendicitis. The diagnosis of this uncommon situation is usually done during surgery. Furthermore, the clinical presentation as necrotizing fasciitis is a rare condition. We report a 54 years old obese hypertensive woman with rheumatoid arthritis of 40 years of evolution treated with methotrexate and prednisone. She consulted for pain and erythema in the right inguinal region. Laboratory revealed leukocytosis and an elevated C-reactive Protein. Suspecting a cellulitis, the patient was admitted for antimicrobial therapy. A pelvic magnetic resonance imaging showed a perforated acute appendicitis in an inguinal hernia with extensive pelvic cellulitis associated with signs of fasciitis. At surgery, an extensive groin and pubic fasciitis was evident, with a necrotic and perforated appendix within a femoral hernia. Surgical debridement, open appendectomy, and femoral hernioplasty without mesh were carried out. Vacuum-assisted closure was installed in the coverage defect. Three surgical debridement procedures were required for the closure of the wound. Two weeks after the first surgical procedure, the patient was discharged in good condition. During the follow-up, she evolved with a surgical wound dehiscence, which was managed with wound dressings until closure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Appendicitis/diagnosis , Fasciitis, Necrotizing/diagnosis , Hernia, Femoral/diagnosis , Hernia, Inguinal/diagnosis , Appendectomy , Appendicitis/surgery , Appendicitis/complications , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Acute Disease , Fasciitis, Necrotizing/surgery , Fasciitis, Necrotizing/complications , Hernia, Femoral/surgery , Hernia, Femoral/complications , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Hernia, Inguinal/complications , Obesity/complications
16.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 31(1): e1339, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-885758

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The C reactive protein (CRP) is one of the most accurate inflammatory markers in acute appendicitis (AA). Obesity leads to a pro-inflammatory state with increased CRP, which may interfere with the interpretation of this laboratory test in AA. Aim: To assess sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of CRP in patients with AA and their correlation to body mass index (BMI) and body fat composition. Method: This is a retrospective study based on clinical records and imaging studies of 191 subjects with histopathologically confirmed AA compared to 249 controls who underwent abdominal computed tomography (CT). Clinical and epidemiological data, BMI, and CRP values were extracted from medical records. CT scans were assessed for AA findings and body composition measurements. Results: CRP values increased according to patients' BMI, with varying sensitivity from 79.78% in subjects with normal or lean BMI, 87.87% in overweight, and 93.5% in individuals with obesity. A similar pattern was observed for NPV: an increase with increasing BMI, 69.3% in individuals with normal or lean BMI, 84.3% in overweight, and 91.3% in individuals with obesity. There was a positive correlation between CRP and visceral fat area in patients with AA. Conclusions: Variations exist for sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV values of CRP in patients with AA, stratified by BMI. An increase in visceral fat area is associated with elevated CRP across the BMI spectrum.


RESUMO Racional: A proteína C reativa (PCR) é um dos marcadores inflamatórios com maior acurácia na apendicite aguda (AA). A obesidade leva a um estado pró-inflamatório com PCR aumentada, o que pode interferir na interpretação deste teste de laboratório na AA. Objetivo: Avaliar a sensibilidade, especificidade, valor preditivo positivo (VPP) e valor preditivo negativo (VPN) da PCR em pacientes com AA e sua correlação com o índice de massa corporal (IMC) e a composição da gordura corporal. Métodos: Este é um estudo retrospectivo baseado em registros clínicos e estudos de imagem de 191 indivíduos histopatologicamente confirmados com AA em comparação com 249 controles que foram submetidos à tomografia computadorizada abdominal (TC). Dados clínicos e epidemiológicos, valores de IMC e PCR foram extraídos de registros médicos. As TC foram avaliadas para achados de AA e medidas de composição corporal. Resultados: Os valores da PCR aumentaram de acordo com o IMC dos pacientes, com sensibilidade variável de 79,78% em indivíduos com IMC normal ou magro, 87,87% em excesso de peso e 93,5% em indivíduos com obesidade. Um padrão semelhante foi observado para o VPN: um aumento com o aumento do IMC, 69,3% em indivíduos com IMC normal ou magro, 84,3% em excesso de peso e 91,3% em indivíduos com obesidade. Houve uma correlação positiva entre a PCR e a área de gordura visceral em pacientes com AA. Conclusão: Existem variações quanto à sensibilidade, especificidade, VPP e valores VPN da PCR em pacientes com AA, estratificados pelo IMC. Um aumento na área de gordura visceral está associado à PCR elevada em todo o espectro do IMC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Appendicitis/blood , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Intra-Abdominal Fat , Obesity/blood , Appendicitis/complications , Body Mass Index , Case-Control Studies , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Obesity/complications
18.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 44(6): 560-566, Nov.-Dec. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-896627

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective : to identify the main risk factors associated with the development of complications in patients with acute appendicitis. Methods: we conducted a case-control study of 402 patients with acute appendicitis hospitalized in a secondary hospital, divided into two groups: the control group, with 373 patients who progressed without postoperative complications (Group 1) and the study group, with 29 patients who presented complications (Group 2). We evaluated demographic data, signs and symptoms of the disease, imaging tests and hospitalization data. Results: factors associated with complications were fever, radiological and sonographic changes, abrupt positive decompression and diarrhea. Migration of pain, nausea, vomiting and abrupt positive decompression were the findings that were significantly more frequent in both groups (p = 0.05). The duration of signs and symptoms in days in group 2 was significantly higher than in group 1, with a median of three days for the group with complications (p = 0.05). Conclusion: alterations in imaging, fever, diarrhea, positive abrupt decompression, duration of symptoms and lower age are associated with a higher frequency of complications in acute appendicitis, which reinforces the importance of anamnesis, physical examination and indication of complementary exams in the approach of these patients.


RESUMO Objetivo: identificar os principais fatores de risco associados ao desenvolvimento de complicações em pacientes portadores de apendicite aguda. Métodos: estudo caso controle de dados dos prontuários de 402 pacientes internados com apendicite aguda em um hospital de nível secundário, separados em dois grupos: grupo controle, com 373 pacientes que evoluíram sem complicações pós-operatórias (Grupo 1) e grupo estudo, com 29 pacientes que apresentaram complicações (Grupo 2). Foram avaliados dados demográficos, sinais e sintomas da doença, exames de imagem e dados da internação. Resultados: os fatores associados às complicações foram febre, alterações radiológicas e ultrassonográficas, descompressão brusca positiva e diarreia. Migração da dor, náuseas, vômitos e descompressão brusca positiva foram os achados significativamente mais frequentes nos dois grupos (p=0,05). Já a duração dos sinais e sintomas, em dias, no grupo 2 foi significativamente maior que no grupo 1, com mediana de três dias para o grupo com complicações (p=0,05). Conclusão: alterações nos exames de imagem, febre, diarreia, descompressão brusca positiva, tempo de duração de sintomas e menor faixa etária estão associados à maior frequência de complicações na apendicite aguda, o que reforça a importância da anamnese, do exame físico e da indicação de exames complementares na abordagem desses pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Appendicitis/complications , Case-Control Studies , Acute Disease , Risk Factors , Middle Aged
19.
Rev. pediatr. electrón ; 14(3): 28-32, oct. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-986897

ABSTRACT

La Fascitis necrotizante (FN) es una infección aguda del tejido subcutáneo que puede comprometer la fascia y producir compromiso sistémico y sepsis. Es una complicación extremadamente rara posterior a una apendicitis aguda. Objetivo: Demostrar la importancia de realizar el diagnóstico a tiempo y la intervención de forma precoz. Caso clínico: Presentamos el caso de un paciente que evoluciona con una Fascitis necrotizante posterior a una apendicectomía. Se realiza una intervención quirúrgica y terapia antimicrobiana precoz, con una favorable evolución. Conclusiones: La FN es una patología con escasa sintomatología y signología clínica, por lo que se debe tener un alto grado de sospecha. Un diagnóstico e intervención a tiempo logra mejorar la sobrevida de los pacientes.


Necrotizing fasciitis is characterized by a necrotic infection that rapidly spreads along the fascia and progresses to systemic sepsis. A fatal complication of acute appendicitis is extremely rare. Objective: Ilustrates the importance of early diagnosis and prompt surgical intervention. Case Report: We present a case of necrotizing fasciitis after an appendicectomy. An early intervention and antibiotic therapy allowed a favorable evolution. Conclusions: The necrotizing fasciitis has a nonspecific symptomatology and signology, so we must suspect the patology. An early diagnosis and aggressive surgical intervention can be life- saving.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Appendicitis/complications , Fasciitis, Necrotizing/surgery , Appendectomy , Appendicitis/surgery , Fasciitis, Necrotizing/microbiology , Fasciitis, Necrotizing/drug therapy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
20.
Rev. chil. cir ; 69(4): 302-309, ago. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-899606

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La apendicitis aguda como causa de obstrucción intestinal es una situación clínica infrecuente. Los objetivos de este estudio son los de definir la incidencia de obstrucción intestinal de acuerdo con la clasificación de obstrucción intestinal en apendicitis y la caracterización de su severidad. Métodos: Se diseñó un estudio de cohorte retrospectiva analizando todos los pacientes operados por obstrucción intestinal secundaria a apendicitis durante un periodo de 15 años. Se incluyeron variables continuas y categóricas tales como edad, sexo, periodo de tiempo entre el inicio de los síntomas y el diagnóstico, valores de proteína C reactiva, recuento de leucocitos, tipo de obstrucción intestinal y la puntuación del WSES Sepsis Severity Score. Resultados: Durante el periodo de estudio, un total de 3.626 pacientes fueron operados por apendicitis; en 44 casos se encontró una obstrucción intestinal asociada (1,2%). De acuerdo con la clasificación de obstrucción intestinal en apendicitis, la mayoría de estos pacientes presentaron un íleo mecánico con estrangulación del intestino (48%). La mayor parte de los pacientes (77%) presentaron una puntuación de 3 puntos o menos en el WSES Sepsis Severity Score. Conclusiones: La incidencia de obstrucción intestinal en apendicitis fue mayor de lo esperado. Estos pacientes presentaron una respuesta inflamatoria severa, con una puntuación en el WSES Sepsis Severity Score de 3 puntos. De acuerdo con la clasificación de obstrucción intestinal, la mayoría de los casos presentaron obstrucción mecánica con estrangulación.


Introduction: Appendicitis as a cause of intestinal obstruction is an infrequent condition. The purpose of this study was to define the incidence of intestinal obstruction according to the classification of intestinal obstruction secondary to appendicitis, and to characterize their severity. Methods: A retrospective cohort study analyzing all patients operated on for intestinal obstruction secondary to appendicitis within a 15 year period was designed. Continuous and categorical variables including: age, gender, time interval between onset of symptoms and diagnosis, C-reactive protein and white blood cells values, type of intestinal obstruction and WSES Sepsis Severity Score, were included. Results: During the period of study, 3,626 patients were operated on for appendicitis and 44 cases had associated intestinal obstruction (1.2%). According to the classification of intestinal obstruction in appendicitis, most patients had a mechanical ileus with strangulation (48%). Most patients had a WSES Sepsis Severity Score of 3 or less points (77%). Conclusions: The incidence of intestinal obstruction in appendicitis was higher than expected. These patients had a severe inflammatory response with a WSES Sepsis Severity Score of 3 points. According to the classification of intestinal obstruction in appendicitis, most patients had a mechanical obstruction with strangulation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Appendicitis/surgery , Appendicitis/complications , Intestinal Obstruction/etiology , Appendicitis/blood , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Severity of Illness Index , C-Reactive Protein/metabolism , Acute Disease , Retrospective Studies , Abdomen, Acute/etiology , Intestinal Obstruction/surgery , Intestinal Obstruction/blood
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