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1.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(2): 121-124, Feb. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365342
2.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 49: e20222446, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365393

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Laparoscopic appendectomy does not have a single protocol on its technical systematization, access routes, and use of energy and staplers. The cost of disposable materials can prevent its widespread use. Alternatives to decrease cost can help disseminate the laparoscopic access to appendectomy. Objective: to introduce a low-cost laparoscopic appendectomy method with good aesthetic results through the location of incisions; to show its viability through its application in 1,552 cases of laparoscopic appendectomy operated between 2000 and 2019 with three portals and very low-cost regarding materials used. Methods: we applied three punctures - an umbilical one for the camera (5 or 10mm in diameter), a 10mm puncture in the right iliac fossa, and one 5mm puncture in the left iliac fossa. The materials used were permanent use trocars, grasping forceps, hook, scissors, and needle holder, without the need for any disposable device. Results: 1.552 patients were operated between 2000 and 2019, 56.2% being female, mean age 32.66 years (9-93), average hospital stay of 1.74 days (1-10), and median of 1.2 days. Conclusion: the technique we describe uses three metallic trocars and four permanent instruments, in addition to a single cotton suture. It is, therefore, a very low-cost laparoscopic procedure. Its application has shown good results and low morbidity, which may become the preferred indication for laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of acute appendicitis.


RESUMO Introdução: a apendicectomia videolaparoscópica não tem protocolo único sobre sistematização técnica, vias de acesso, uso de energia e grampeadores. O custo de materiais descartáveis pode inviabilizar o emprego mais generalizado. Alternativas para diminuir o custo podem ajudar a disseminar o acesso laparoscópico para a realização de apendicectomia. Objetivo: introduzir um método para realizar a apendicectomia videolaparoscópica de baixo custo e visando bom resultado estético por meio da localização das incisões; mostrar a viabilidade por meio de aplicação em 1.552 casos de apendicectomia videolaparoscópica operados entre 2000 e 2019 com três portais, de muito baixo custo em insumos utilizados. Métodos: três punções - uma punção umbilical para introdução da câmera (de 5 ou 10mm de diâmetro), uma punção de 10mm em fossa ilíaca direita e uma punção em fossa ilíaca esquerda de 5mm. Os materiais utilizados - trocartes, pinças de apreensão, gancho, tesoura e porta-agulhas são de uso permanente, sem necessidade de qualquer material descartável. Resultados: foram operados 1.552 pacientes entre 2000 e 2019, sendo 56,25% do sexo feminino, média de idade de 32,66 anos (9 a 93 anos), tempo médio de internação de 1,74 dias (1 a 10 dias) e mediana de 1,2 dias. Conclusão: a técnica que descrevemos utiliza três trocartes metálicos e quatro instrumentos permanentes, além de um único fio de algodão. Trata-se, portanto, de procedimento laparoscópico de muito baixo custo. A aplicação demonstrou bons resultados e baixa morbidade, podendo tornar-se rotina a indicação preferencial da vídeocirurgia no tratamento da apendicite aguda.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Appendicitis/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , Appendectomy/methods , Umbilicus , Length of Stay
3.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(4): 649-651, ago. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346520

ABSTRACT

Resumen La apendicitis del muñón es una complicación poco frecuente de la apendicectomía. Puede aparecer desde unas semanas a varios años luego del procedimiento quirúrgico. Para arribar a su diagnóstico es necesario un alto índice de sospecha. El objetivo de esta publicación es hacer una reseña de dos casos de esta entidad ocurridos en nuestra institución y mencionar sus hallazgos imagenológicos más frecuentes. La tomografía computarizada es un excelente método para valorar esta entidad, no solo para su diagnóstico sino también para descartar otras patologías que presentan un cuadro clínico similar.


Abstract Stump appendicitis is a rare complication of appendectomy. It may develop from a few weeks to several years after the surgical procedure. To achieve its diagnosis a high index of suspicion is necessary. The objective of this publication is to make a re view of two cases of this entity that occurred in our institution and to mention its most frequent imaging findings. Computed tomography is an excellent method to assess this entity, not only for its diagnosis but also to rule out other pathologies that present similar clinical features.


Subject(s)
Humans , Appendicitis/surgery , Appendicitis/etiology , Appendicitis/diagnostic imaging , Appendectomy , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Diagnosis, Differential
4.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(4): 224-229, agosto 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1280889

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La apendicitis constituye la principal causa de abdomen agudo quirúrgico en pediatría. Durante la pandemia por COVID-19, se replantearon las estrategias de manejo ydisminuyeron las consultas en las guardias, lo que podría asociarse a diagnósticos tardíos y complicaciones. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar el impacto de la pandemia en los niños con apendicitis aguda. Métodos. Estudio analítico retrospectivocomparativo de pacientes pediátricos conapendicitis aguda durante los cinco meses del confinamiento por COVID-19 versus los meses equivalentes del año previo. Se analizaron la incidencia, la clínica, el estadio, el abordajequirúrgico y las complicaciones. Resultados. Los casos totales de apendicitisse redujeron un 25 % (n = 67 versus n = 50 en 2020). El tiempo medio hasta la consulta fue de 24 horas en ambos períodos (p = 0,989). La incidencia de peritonitis fue del 44 % (n = 22) versus el 37 % (n = 22) (p = 0,22) en 2019. No se evidenció diferencia en los estadios deenfermedad de acuerdo con lo informado en los partes quirúrgicos. En 2019, todas las cirugías se realizaron por vía laparoscópica; en 2020, solo un42 % (n = 21). La incidencia de complicaciones fue del 6 %, contra 7,5 % en el período previo (p = 0,75). Un paciente fue COVID-19 positivo. Conclusión. A pesar de la reducción en el númerode casos de apendicitis, no se evidenció una demora en la consulta en nuestra población. El mayor impacto se asoció a la readecuación del manejo, evitando el abordaje laparoscópico para reducir la diseminación del virus.


Introduction. Appendicitis is the leading cause of surgical acute abdomen in pediatrics. During the COVID-19 pandemic, management strategies were reassessed and the number of visits to the emergency department dropped down, which may be associated with delayed diagnoses and complications. The objective of this study was to analyze the impact of the pandemic on children with acute appendicitis. Methods. Analytical, retrospective, comparative study of pediatric patients with acute appendicitis in the 5 months of COVID-19 lockdown versus the same period in the previous year. Incidence, clinical data, stage, surgical approach, and complications were analyzed. Results. The total number of appendicitis cases went down by 25 % (n = 67 versus n = 50 in 2020). The mean time to consultation was 24 hours in both periods (p = 0.989). The incidence of peritonitis was 44 % (n = 22) versus 37 % (n = 22) (p = 0.22) in 2019. No differences were  observed in terms of appendicitis stage based on surgery reports. In 2019, all surgeries were laparoscopic; while in 2020, only 42 % (n = 21). The incidence of complications was 6 % versus 7.5 % in the previous period (p = 0.75). One patient was COVID-19 positive. Conclusion. Although in our population the number of appendicitis cases dropped down, consultation was not delayed. The greater impact was associated with the reformulation of management strategies, in which the laparoscopic approach is avoided to reduce virus transmission.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Appendectomy/trends , Appendicitis/surgery , Appendicitis/diagnosis , Appendicitis/epidemiology , Practice Patterns, Physicians'/trends , Delayed Diagnosis/trends , COVID-19/prevention & control , Health Services Accessibility/trends , Appendectomy/methods , Argentina/epidemiology , Acute Disease , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Laparoscopy/trends , Pandemics/prevention & control , Tertiary Care Centers , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/epidemiology , Hospitals, General
5.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20213010, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340673

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Acute appendicitis is the leading cause of abdominal emergency surgery worldwide and appendectomy continues to be the definitive treatment of choice. This cost-effectiveness analysis evaluates laparoscopic versus open appendectomies performed in public health services in the state of Bahia (Brazil). We conducted a retrospective observational study using the database from the Department of Informatics of the Unified Health System (DATASUS). Available data on appendectomies between 2008 and 2019 were included, and we evaluated the temporal trend of hospital admissions, procedure-related mortality rates, length of stay, and costs. Statistical analysis was performed using the R-software (R Foundation, v.4.0.3) and the BioEstat software (IMDS, v. 5.3), considering p<0.05 as significant. During 2008-2019, 53,024 appendectomies were performed in the public health services in Bahia, of which 94.9% were open surgeries. The open technique was associated with a higher mortality rate (4.9/1,000 procedures; p<0.05) and a higher risk of death (RR=4.5; p<0.05) compared to laparoscopy (1.1/1,000 procedures). Laparoscopic appendectomy (median of 2.7 days) had a shorter length of stay compared to laparotomy (median of 4.15 days) (p<0.05). There was no difference in the medians of costs nor hospital services, per procedure (p=0.08 and p=0.08, respectively). Laparoscopic professional median costs were higher by US$ 1.39 (p<0.05). Minimally invasive surgery for appendicitis is a safe and efficacious procedure in Brazilian public health care services, as it provides advantages over the open method (including lower procedure-related mortality rate and earlier discharges), and it did not imply higher expenses for public service budgets in the state of Bahia.


RESUMO Apendicite aguda é a principal causa de cirurgia abdominal de emergência no mundo e a apendicectomia continua sendo o tratamento definitivo de escolha. A presente investigação avalia desfechos e custos das apendicectomias laparoscópicas versus abertas realizadas em serviços públicos de saúde no estado da Bahia (Brasil). Realizou-se estudo observacional retrospectivo, utilizando a base de dados do DATASUS. Incluiu-se dados disponíveis sobre apendicectomias na Bahia entre 2008 e 2019, avaliando-se a tendência temporal de internações, taxas de mortalidade por procedimentos, tempo de permanência e custos. A análise estatística foi realizada no R-software (Fundação R, v.4.0.3) e no software BioEstat (IMDS, v.5.3), considerando p<0,05 significativo. Entre 2008 e 2019, realizou-se 53.024 apendicectomias no serviço público de saúde na Bahia, das quais 94,9% foram cirurgias abertas. A laparotomia foi associada à maior taxa de mortalidade (4,9/1.000 procedimentos; p<0,05) e maior risco de morte (RR=4,5; p<0,05) do que laparoscopia (1,1/1.000 procedimentos). Apendicectomia laparoscópica (mediana de 2,7 dias) obteve menor tempo de internamento do que cirurgia laparotômica (mediana de 4,15 dias) (p<0,05). Não houve diferença entre as medianas dos custos e nem dos serviços hospitalares por procedimento (p=0,08 e p=0,08, respectivamente). A mediana do custo de profissionais na laparoscopia foi significativamente mais elevada, em US$ 1,39 (p<0,05). A cirurgia minimamente invasiva para apendicite é um procedimento seguro e eficaz, proporcionando vantagens sobre a laparotomia (incluindo menor taxa de mortalidade e alta precoce), não implicando, por sua vez, em maiores despesas para cofres públicos no estado da Bahia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Appendicitis/surgery , Laparoscopy , Appendectomy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Laparotomy , Length of Stay
6.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202717, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340671

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Acute appendicitis (AA) is a frequent cause of abdominal pain requiring surgical treatment. During the COVID-19 pandemic, surgical societies considered other therapeutic options due to uncertainties in the evolution of the disease. The purpose of this study is to assess the treatment of AA by members of two Brazilian surgical societies in this period. A common questionnaire was sent in 2020. There were 382 responses. Most surgeons had more than 15 years of profession (68.3%) and treated more than five cases per month (44.8%). About 72.5% would indicate chest CT to investigate COVID-19 in patients with AA. For those patients sustaining uncomplicated AA, without COVID-19, 60.2% would indicate laparoscopic appendectomy (VLA), followed by open appendectomy (OA) (31.7%) and non-operative management (NOM) (1.3%). For those with mild COVID-19, OA was suggested by 51.0%, followed by VLA (29.6%) and NOM (6.0%). For those with severe COVID-19, OA was proposed by 35.3%, followed by NOM (19.9%) and VLA (18.6%). For patients with periappendiceal abscesses, without COVID-19, VLA was suggested by 54.2%, followed by OA (33.2%) and NOM (4.4%). For those with mild COVID-19, OA was proposed in 49.5%, followed by VLA (29.3%) and NOM (8.9%). In those with severe COVID-19, OA was proposed in 36.6%, followed by NOM (25.1%) and VLA (17.3%). This information, based on two recognized Brazilian surgical societies, can help the surgeon to select the best approach individually.


RESUMO A apendicite aguda (AA) é causa frequente de abdome agudo cirúrgico. Durante a pandemia de COVID-19, devido às incertezas na evolução da doença, sociedades consideraram outras opções terapêuticas. Nosso objetivo é descrever o tratamento da AA por membros do CBC e SBAIT neste período. O questionário foi enviado em 2020. Houve 382 respostas. A maioria dos profissionais tinha mais de 15 anos de profissão (68,3%) e atendia mais de cinco casos por mês (44,8%). Cerca de 72,5% realizariam TC de tórax para investigação de COVID-19 em pacientes com AA. Nos com AA não complicada, sem COVID-19, 60,2% optariam pela apendicectomia videolaparoscópica (AVL), seguido de apendicectomia aberta (AAB) (31,7%) e tratamento não operatório (TNO) (1,3%). Nos com COVID-19 leve, AAB foi proposta por 51,0%, seguido da AVL (29,6%) e TNO (6,0%). Nos com COVID-19 grave, a AAB foi proposta por 35,3%, seguido de TNO (19,9%) e AVL (18,6%). Nos com AA complicadas com abscesso, sem COVID-19, AVL foi sugerida por 54,2%, seguida da AAB (33,2%) e TNO (4,4%). Nos com COVID-19 leve, a AAB foi proposta em 49,5%, seguidos da AVL (29,3%) e TNO (8,9%). Nos com COVID-19 grave, a AAB foi proposta em 36,6%, seguido de TNO (25,1%) e AVL (17,3%). Estas são opções de cirurgiões de duas sociedades cirúrgicas reconhecidas e podem auxiliar o colega que está na linha de frente a definir a melhor conduta individualmente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Appendicitis/surgery , Appendicitis/epidemiology , Laparoscopy , COVID-19 , Appendectomy , Acute Disease , Retrospective Studies , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Length of Stay
7.
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(4): 450-458, dic. 2020. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1288157

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Antecedentes: la pandemia por COVID-19 generó cambios en el manejo de pacientes con todo tipo de patologías. Mostramos la experiencia respecto de los pacientes con apendicitis aguda (AA) operados en un hospital universitario de la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires durante los meses de confina miento y su comparación con el mismo período del año 2019 a fin de evaluar las diferencias. Material y métodos: se analizó en forma retrospectiva una base confeccionada de forma prospectiva. Se compararon pacientes operados de AA, consignando los datos respecto del período preoperatorio, comparando datos inherentes a la cirugía y sus resultados en los períodos marzo-julio de 2019 y 2020. Resultados: fueron incluidos 127 pacientes, 46 de ellos operados durante la pandemia. Los pacientes operados durante la pandemia presentaron mayor incidencia de peritonitis (61,7% vs. 76,1%; p: 0,09) y mayor requerimiento de drenaje abdominal (9,9% vs. 23,9%; p: 0,03). También tuvieron mayor in cidencia de complicaciones (10,9 vs. 4,9%; p: 0,21), reoperaciones (8,7 vs. 1,23%, p: 0,03), reinterna ciones (6,5 vs. 0%, p: 0,02) y requerimiento de antibioticoterapia endovenosa prolongada (6,5 vs. 0%; p: 0,02). La estadía hospitalaria fue mayor para la cohorte operada durante la pandemia: 3,24 días (Desvío estándar [D.E.]: 7,31) vs. 1,89 días (D.E: 2,04). Conclusiones: durante la pandemia por COVID-19, el número de pacientes operados por AA disminuyó con respecto al año 2019; se observaron estadios más avanzados de la enfermedad, mayores compli caciones en el posoperatorio y mayor estadía hospitalaria.


ABSTRACT Background: COVID-19 pandemic has generated changes regarding the management of patients with all kind of pathologies. Here we show the experience concerning the surgical treatment of acute appendicitis (AA) in a teaching hospital in the city of Buenos Aires during the lockdown, and its comparison with the same period of 2019 in order to assess the differences between the timing for consultation, intraoperative findings and the treatment outcome. Material and methods: A prospective database was retrospectively analyzed. We compared patients undergoing surgical treatment for AA in March-July of 2019 v. March-July 2020, taking into account the preoperative period and comparing the outcome regarding the surgical intervention and the impact in the postoperative period between the two groups. Results: 127 patients were included, 46 treated during the pandemic. Patients undergoing surgical treatment during the pandemic had a higher incidence of peritonitis (61.7% vs. 76.1%; p = 0.09) and higher requirement of abdominal drainage (9.9% vs. 23.9%; p = 0.03). There was an increase in the incidence of complications (10.9 vs. 4.9%; p: 0.21), reoperations (8.7 vs. 1.23%, p: 0.03), readmissions (6.5 vs. 0%, p: 0.02) and need for out-patient intravenous antibiotics (6.5 vs. 0%; p: 0.02). The average hospital length was of 1.89 (SD 2.04) and 3.24 (SD 7.31) for the groups operated before and during pandemic, respectively. Conclusions: During the COVID-19 pandemic, the number of patients undergoing surgical intervention because of AA decreased compared to the previous year, with increased complications in the postoperative period, higher compromise of the appendix, and longer hospital stay.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Appendectomy/statistics & numerical data , Appendicitis/surgery , COVID-19 , Appendicitis/complications , Peritonitis , Emergency Medical Services/statistics & numerical data , Pandemics
8.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(11): 1493-1497, Nov. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143650

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY INTRODUCTION: Acute appendicitis (AA) is the most common cause of surgical acute abdomen. Postoperative complications in emergency care are reflections of the surgical procedure and pre- and postoperative factors. OBJECTIVE: Define prognostic factors for patients who underwent appendectomy, comparing them with the literature. METHODS: Descriptive observational study with a cross-sectional design based on data from the emergency/urgency appendectomy records between September 2018 and April 2019. Variables of interest were considered based on intrinsic patient data, clinical status, and perioperative management factors. Primary outcomes considered: postoperative complications from hospital admission discharge and prolonged hospital stay for > 2 days. Secondary outcome: death. The results were evaluated by Fisher's exact test (p <0.05). RESULTS: We identified 48 patients undergoing an appendectomy. Young adults accounted for 68.7%. From the total, 58.3% were males, 6 (12.5%) had hospitalization> 2 days, 4 (8.3%) had complications and no deaths. Among the variables, the stage of AA, the time of complaint up until seeking care, and advanced age were correlated with worse prognosis during hospitalization (p <0.05). The emergence of immediate postoperative complications was correlated with longer hospital stay (p <0.05). DISCUSSION: The descriptive data of the sample converge with the epidemiological profile of patients with AA in the literature, corroborating the applicability of conventional guidelines. The results strengthen the hypothesis that the patient's flow with abdominal manifestations is complicated from the first contact with SUS to the resolution of the condition. CONCLUSION: Knowledge of the epidemiological profile and perioperative predictors that are most related to complications favor the appropriate management of patients.


RESUMO INTRODUÇÃO: Apendicite aguda (AA) é causa mais comum de abdome agudo cirúrgico. Complicações pós-operatórias na emergência são reflexos do ato cirúrgico e fatores pré e pós-operatórios. OBJETIVO: Definir fatores prognósticos para paciente pós apendicectomia, comparando com a literatura. MÉTODOS: Estudo observacional descritivo e analítico com formação de base transversal de dados dos prontuários de apendicectomias de emergência/urgência entre setembro de 2018 e abril de 2019. Variáveis de interesse foram consideradas a partir dos dados intrínsecos ao paciente, quadro clínico e manejo perioperatório. Desfechos primários combinados considerados foram complicações pós-operatórias da internação até alta hospitalar e prolongamento da internação > dois dias. Desfecho secundário foi óbito. Resultados avaliados pelo teste exato de Fisher (p<0,05). RESULTADOS: Identificaram-se 48 pacientes submetidos à apendicectomia. Adultos jovens corresponderam a 68,7%. Do total, sexo masculino (58,3%), seis (12,5%) tiveram internação > dois dias, quatro (8,3%) cursaram com complicação e nenhum óbito. Dentre as variáveis consideradas, fase de apresentação da AA tempo de queixa até procura do atendimento e idade avançada correlacionaram com pior prognóstico durante internação (p<0,05). Surgimento de complicações pós-operatórias imediatas correlacionou-se com maior tempo de internação (p<0,05). DISCUSSÃO: Dados descritivos da amostra convergem com perfil epidemiológico de pacientes com AA na literatura, corroborando aplicabilidade das diretrizes convencionais. Resultados fortalecem a hipótese de que o fluxo do paciente com manifestações abdominais é complicado desde o primo-contato com o SUS até a resolução do quadro. CONCLUSÃO: Conhecimento do perfil epidemiológico e dos preditores perioperatórios que mais se relacionam com complicações favorecem manejo adequado dos pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Appendectomy , Appendicitis/surgery , Appendicitis/epidemiology , Laparoscopy , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Prognosis , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Length of Stay
9.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 59(3): e893, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144430

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La apendicitis aguda es la urgencia quirúrgica más frecuente en cualquier hospital del mundo. Aunque la mayoría de las veces se trata de un proceso intrabdominal banal, en ocasiones presenta una no desdeñable morbilidad y todavía en la época actual. Esta morbimortalidad se asocia, en la mayoría de los casos, a estados avanzados de afección apendicular. Objetivo: Predecir, con la cifra de bilirrubina, la proteína C reactiva y el recuento leucocitario, el estado del proceso apendicular agudo que presentaban los pacientes. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo en el que se han incluido aquellos pacientes intervenidos por sospecha de apendicitis aguda durante un periodo de 3 años (2017-2019) que cumplían los criterios de inclusión. Se analizó, como datos de laboratorio, la cifra de leucocitos, proteína C reactiva y bilirrubina. Resultados: Se observó un aumento de las cifras de proteína C reactiva y bilirrubina en los casos apendiculares avanzados, al igual que otros autores han evidenciado en la literatura. Así mismo, estos dos valores han resultado ser un factor de riesgo para presentar formas graves. El nivel de leucocitos sin embargo no ha demostrado relacionarse con la gravedad del proceso. Conclusiones: Vemos relevante el uso de los biomarcadores estudiados para predecir la gravedad apendicular con el objetivo de mejorar la asistencia en estos enfermos y disminuir las complicaciones derivadas del retraso terapéutico(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Acute appendicitis is the most frequent surgical emergency in any hospital worldwide. Although most of the time it is a trivial intraabdominal process, sometimes it presents an unneglectable morbidity. This morbidity and the subsequent mortality are associated, in most cases, with advanced stages of an appendicular disease. Objective: To predict, using the value corresponding to bilirubin, C-reactive protein and leukocyte count, the state of acute appendicular process presented by patients. Methods: A descriptive observational study was carried out, including patients operated on for suspected acute appendicitis during a period of three years (2017-2019) and who met the inclusion criteria. The values for leukocyte count, C-reactive protein, and bilirubin were analyzed as laboratory data. Results: An increase in the values of C-reactive protein and bilirubin levels was observed in advanced appendicular cases, as other authors have shown in the medical literature. Likewise, these two values ​​have turned out to be a risk factor for presenting severe forms. However, the level of leukocytes has not been shown to be related to the severity of the process. Conclusions: We consider the use of the biomarkers studied as relevant to predict appendicular severity in view of improving care of these patients and reducing complications derived from therapeutic delay(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Appendicitis/surgery , Bilirubin/adverse effects , C-Reactive Protein/adverse effects , Risk Factors , Leukocyte Count/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Observational Studies as Topic
10.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 59(2): e892, abr.-jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126412

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La apendicitis aguda es la enfermedad quirúrgica más común en cirugía de urgencia; sin embargo, sigue siendo un problema diagnóstico. Objetivos: Evaluar la escala de Alvarado como herramienta diagnóstica en la apendicitis aguda. Métodos: Se desarrolló un estudio observacional y descriptivo con fases analíticas en un universo de 107 pacientes con sospecha diagnóstica de apendicitis aguda, en el Hospital Universitario "Carlos Manuel de Céspedes", Bayamo, Granma, en el período de enero a mayo de 2019. Los datos fueron procesados en el sistema Excel estimándose los parámetros predictivos de efectividad clínica. Resultados: Predominaron los pacientes masculinos (63,55 por ciento) con una edad media de 29,64 años y un tiempo medio de evolución de los síntomas de 33,74 horas. La aplicación de la escala de Alvarado resultó en 87 pacientes (81,31 por ciento) con probable diagnóstico de apendicitis aguda y donde el 3,74 por ciento de los pacientes no padecían la enfermedad. La escala demostró una sensibilidad (84 por ciento) y una especificidad (80 por ciento) que la hace recomendable para la práctica clínica habitual. Conclusiones: La escala de Alvarado es un sistema de puntuación predictivo simple, no invasivo y recomendable para su uso en la práctica clínica habitual en cualquier escenario y por cualquier médico de asistencia(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Acute appendicitis is the commonest surgical disease in emergency surgery; however, it remains a diagnostic problem. Objectives: To evaluate the Alvarado score as a diagnostic tool for acute appendicitis. Methods: We carried out an observational and descriptive study, with analytical phases, of a population of 107 patients with suspected diagnosis of acute appendicitis, at Carlos Manuel de Céspedes University Hospital in Bayamo, Granma, from January to May 2019. The data were processed in the Excel system, and the predictive parameters of clinical effectiveness were estimated. Results: Male patients (63.55 percent) predominated, with a mean age of 29.64 years and a mean time of evolution of symptoms of 33.74 hours. Application of the Alvarado score resulted in 87 patients (81.31 percent) with a probable diagnosis of acute appendicitis, 3.74 percent of which did not suffer from the disease. The score demonstrated a sensitivity (84 percent) and a specificity (80 percent) that makes it recommendable for routine clinical practice. Conclusions: The Alvarado score is a simple, noninvasive predictive scoring system recommended to be used in routine clinical practice in any setting and by any attending physician(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Appendicitis/diagnosis , Sensitivity and Specificity , Emergencies , Appendicitis/surgery , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Observational Studies as Topic
11.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(2): 102-108, abr. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1099859

ABSTRACT

Objetivos. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar el riesgo clínico de la apendicitis con apendicolito y su importancia al elegir las estrategias terapéuticas.Métodos. Se analizó retrospectivamente a niños con diagnóstico de apendicitis aguda entre junio de 2011 y enero de 2017. Se dividió en un grupo con apendicolito(GA) y un grupo sin apendicolito (GSA) según la presencia o no de apendicolito durante la cirugía abierta. Se revisaron y compararon la presentación clínica, de laboratorios, los resultados de la tomografía computada y los cambios patológicos.Resultados. De 163 pacientes, se incluyó a 23 (media de edad: 6,1 años) en el GA y a 140 (media de edad: 8,1 años) en el GSA. Los pacientes en el GA tuvieron una hospitalización más extensa, mayor temperatura corporal, mayor frecuencia de diarrea, signo de Blumberg, aumento del porcentaje de neutrófilos, proteína C-reactiva y mayor riesgo de perforación. La puntuación en las escalas de Alvarado (8,3 ± 1,2 frente a 7,0 ± 1,3; P < 0,05) y de respuesta inflamatoria a apendicitis (10,7 ± 1,6 frente a 7,7 ± 1,9; P < 0,05) fue mayor en el GA que en el GSA; la presencia de fiebre y apendicolito se asoció con una mayor tasa de apendicitis perforada.Conclusiones. La apendicitis pediátrica con apendicolito representa un mayor riesgo clínico y tiende a causar apendicitis complicada


Objectives. This study aims to assess the clinical risk of pediatric appendicitis with appendicolith and its guiding significance in therapeutic strategies' selection.Methods. Children diagnosed with acute appendicitis from June 2011-January 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. Patient cohort was divided to appendicolith group (AG) and non- appendicolith group (NAG) based on whether the appendicolith presents or not in the open surgery. Clinical presentations, laboratory parameters, computed tomography findings, and pathological changes were reviewed and compared between two groups. Results. Among 163 patients, 23 (meanage,6.1yearsold)weredefinedin AG and 140; mean age, 8.1 years old) in NAG. The patients in AG demonstrated prolonged length of stay (12.4 ± 5.6d vs. 8.7 ± 5.0d, P <0.05), higher body temperature (38.2 ± 0.8 °C vs. 37.3 ± 0.8 °C, P <0.05), higher frequency of diarrhea (17 % vs. 3%, P <0.05), rebound tenderness (100 % vs. 87 %, P <0.05), increased neutrophil percentage (81.4 ± 8.0 % vs. 65.3 ± 22.8 %, P <0.05), C-reactive protein (33.13 ± 10.3 mg/L vs. 23.7 ± 13.7 mg/L, P <0.05), and great risk of perforation (78 % vs. 29 %, P <0.05). Alvarado score (8.3 ± 1.2 vs. 7.0 ± 1.3, P <0.05) and AIR score (10.7 ± 1.6 vs. 7.7 ± 1.9, P <0.05) of AG, were higher than NAG he presence of fever and appendicolith was associated with a high rate of perforated appendicitis.Conclusions. Pediatric appendicitis with appendicolith has greater clinical risk and tends to causing complicated appendicitis


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Appendectomy , Appendicitis/diagnostic imaging , Fecal Impaction/complications , Appendicitis/surgery , Comparative Study , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Retrospective Studies , Inflammation
12.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 59(1): e890, ene.-mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126403

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La escala RIPASA fue elaborada para el diagnóstico de apendicitis aguda y ha demostrado buena sensibilidad y precisión diagnóstica, sobre todo en poblaciones asiáticas. Objetivo: Determinar la utilidad de la escala RIPASA para el diagnóstico de la apendicitis aguda. Métodos: Estudio observacional, analítico y prospectivo con 70 pacientes ingresados y operados con diagnóstico presuntivo de apendicitis aguda en el Hospital "General Freyre de Andrade" entre septiembre de 2015 y diciembre de 2017. Resultados: El 91,4 por ciento de los casos presentaron apendicitis por diagnóstico histológico. El síntoma, el signo y el dato de laboratorio más frecuentes fueron el dolor en fosa ilíaca derecha (97,1 por ciento), el rebote positivo (100 por ciento), y la leucocitosis (87,1 por ciento), respectivamente. Las diferencias entre los casos con y sin apendicitis para la puntuación de la escala fueron estadísticamente significativas. Predominaron los casos con puntajes altos (62,8 por ciento). A los 7,5 puntos la sensibilidad fue de 94 por ciento, la especificidad de 33 por ciento, la razón de verosimilitud positiva de 1,41, la razón de verosimilitud negativa de 0,19, y la precisión diagnóstica de 88,6 por ciento. El área bajo la curva de Características Operativas del Receptor fue de 0,81. Conclusiones: La escala RIPASA tuvo una buena sensibilidad y una moderada razón de verosimilitud negativa que permitirían descartar casos negativos con puntuaciones bajas. También exhibió una precisión diagnóstica y un desempeño discriminativo general aceptable. Sin embargo, la pobre especificidad y muy baja razón de verosimilitud positiva la hacen poco útil como medio diagnóstico único para la apendicitis aguda(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: The RIPASA scale was developed for the diagnosis of acute appendicitis and has shown good sensitivity and diagnostic precision, especially in Asian populations. Objective: To determine the utility of the RIPASA scale for the diagnosis of acute appendicitis. Methods: Observational, analytical and prospective study with 70 patients admitted and operated on with a presumptive diagnosis of acute appendicitis at the Hospital "General Freyre de Andrade" between September 2015 and December 2017. Results: 91.4 percent of the cases presented appendicitis due to histological diagnosis. The most frequent symptom, sign and laboratory data were pain in the right iliac fossa (97.1 percent), positive rebound (100 percent), and leukocytosis (87.1 percent), respectively. The differences between the cases with and without appendicitis for the scale score were statistically significant. Cases with high scores predominated (62.8 percent). At 7.5 points the sensitivity was 94 percent, the specificity was 33 percent, the positive likelihood ratio was 1.41, the negative likelihood ratio was 0.19, and the diagnostic precision was 88.6 percent. The area under the Receiver Operating Characteristics curve was 0.81. Conclusions: The RIPASA scale had good sensitivity and a moderate negative likelihood ratio that would allow us to rule out negative cases with low scores. It also exhibited diagnostic accuracy and acceptable overall discriminatory performance. However, the poor specificity and very low positive likelihood ratio make it of little use as a single diagnostic means for acute appendicitis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Appendicitis/surgery , Sensitivity and Specificity , Appendicitis/diagnosis , Prospective Studies , Observational Studies as Topic
13.
Rev. venez. cir ; 73(1): 14-17, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1283942

ABSTRACT

Se describe a la hernia de Amyand como la presencia del apéndice cecal dentro de un saco herniario inguinal con un proceso inflamatorio-infeccioso o no, cuya frecuencia <1% de los casos de hernias inguinales. Exponer caso clínico y revisión bibliográfica de la hernia de Amyand tipo 3. Paciente masculino de 65 años de edad con enfermedad actual de inicio 10 días previo a su ingreso cuando posterior a esfuerzo físico presenta aumento de volumen no reductible en región inguinal derecha dolorosa, posteriormente 24 horas previo a su ingreso presenta dolor de fuerte intensidad en región inguinal derecha, persistencia del aumento de volumen y signos de flogosis, náuseas y alzas térmicas no cuantificadas, por lo cual acude a nuestra institución. Examen fisico: Abdomen blando depresible, doloroso a la palpación profunda en fosa ilíaca derecha, sin signos de irritación peritoneal, se apreciaba aumento de volumen en region inguinal derecha, no reductible, doloroso a la palpación con rubor y calor local, genitales masculinos con dolor a la palpación del testìculo derecho. Hernia inguinal derecha atascada. Intervención quirúrgica: Hernioplastia inguinal por técnica de cierre preperitoneal, sin colocación de malla, apendicectomía atípica por técnica de Pouchet. La hernia de Amyand es una patología poco frecuente, que se presenta <1% y acompañada de complicaciones <0,1%, debe sospecharse en pacientes que presente una patología herniaria derecha con leucocitosis y neutrofilia sin otro foco infeccioso demostrado, donde el diagnóstico principalmente se hace intraoperatorio como lo expone el presente caso(AU)


Amyand's hernia is described as the presence of the cecal appendix within an inguinal hernial sac with an inflammatory-infectious process or not, the frequency of which is <1% of cases of inguinal hernias. To present a clinical case and a bibliographic review of Amyand hernia type 3. A 65-year-old male patient with current disease that started 10 days before admission when, after physical effort, he presented a non-reducible increase in volume in the right inguinal region. Painful, later 24 hours before admission, he presented pain of strong intensity in the right inguinal region, persistence of increased volume and signs of phlogosis, nausea and thermal increases not quantified, for which he came to our institution. Physical exam: painful depressible soft abdomen on deep palpation in the right iliac fossa without signs of peritoneal irritation, volume increase was observed in the right inguinal region, not reducible, painful on palpation with flushing and local heat, male genitalia with pain on palpation of the right testicle. Stuck right inguinal hernia. Surgical intervention: Inguinal hernioplasty by preperitoneal closure technique without mesh placement, atypical appendectomy by Pouchet technique. Amyand's hernia is a rare pathology, which presents <1% and accompanied by complications <0.1%, it should be suspected in patients presenting a right hernia pathology with leukocytosis and neutrophilia without another proven infectious focus, where the diagnosis is mainly made intraoperatively as exposed in the present case(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Appendicitis/surgery , Appendicitis/pathology , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Hernia, Inguinal/pathology , Appendectomy , Peritonitis/surgery , Peritonitis/pathology , Acute Disease
14.
In. Machado Rodríguez, Fernando; Liñares, Norberto; Gorrasi, José; Terra Collares, Eduardo Daniel. Manejo del paciente en la emergencia: patología y cirugía de urgencia para emergencistas. Montevideo, Cuadrado, 2020. p.31-43, tab.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1342981
15.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 37(4): 494-502, Oct.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041352

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the preoperative use of antibiotics in children and adolescents requiring appendectomy. Data source: Integrative review was performed in the MEDLINE, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences (LILACS) and Cochrane databases and the PubMed portal, with no time limit. The keywords used were: appendicitis, child, adolescent and antibacterial with Boolean AND. The articles included were published in Portuguese, English or Spanish and whose participants were under 18 years of age. Review articles and guidelines were excluded. The studies were classified according to their level of evidence and 24 papers were selected. Data collection and analysis: Seven randomized clinical trial studies (level of evidence II), eight cohorts (level III), seven retrospective observational studies (level V) and two historical documentary analysis (level IV) were selected. The studies addressed antibiotics used in acute appendicitis in both uncomplicated and complicated cases. Antibiotics initiated in the preoperative period showed a decrease in the rates of surgical wound infections. First-line (empiric) regimens were tested for sensitivity to microorganisms in peritoneal material cultures, however the results were controversial. Broad-spectrum antibiotics have been suggested in some studies because they have good coverage, but in others they have not been recommended because of the risk of developing bacterial resistance. Shorter administration time and earlier change to the oral route reduced hospitalization time. Conclusions: There are several clinical protocols with different antibiotics. However, there is no standardization concerning the type of antibiotic drug, time of use, or route.


RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar o uso de antibióticos em crianças e adolescentes no perioperatório de apendicectomia. Fonte de dados: Realizou-se uma revisão integrativa, nas bases de dados MEDLINE, Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS) e Cochrane e no portal PubMed, sem limite de tempo. As palavras-chave utilizadas foram: apendicite, criança, adolescente e antibacterianos com booleano AND. Os artigos incluídos foram publicados nos idiomas português, inglês ou espanhol e cujos participantes tivessem idade inferior a 18 anos. Os artigos de revisão e diretrizes foram excluídos. A qualidade da evidência foi analisada, e foram selecionados 24 artigos. Síntese dos dados: Sobre os estudos selecionados, sete foram ensaios clínicos randomizados (nível de evidência II), oito coortes (nível III), sete observacionais retrospectivos (nível V) e duas análises documentais históricas (nível IV). Os estudos abordaram antibióticos usados na apendicite aguda em suas formas não complicada e complicada. Os antibióticos iniciados no pré-operatório evidenciaram diminuição nas taxas de infecção da ferida cirúrgica. Os esquemas de primeira linha (empíricos) foram testados em relação à sensibilidade dos microrganismos nas culturas de material peritoneal, no entanto os resultados foram controversos. Sugeriram-se antibióticos de amplo espectro em alguns estudos por apresentar boa cobertura, no entanto em outros eles não foram recomendados, pelo risco de desenvolver resistência bacteriana. O menor tempo de administração e a mudança mais precoce para a via oral reduziram o tempo de internação. Conclusões: Existe um grande número de protocolos clínicos com antibióticos diversos, no entanto não existe padronização em relação ao tipo de antibiótico, tempo de uso nem via.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Appendectomy , Appendicitis/surgery , Surgical Wound Infection/prevention & control , Preoperative Care/methods , Antibiotic Prophylaxis/methods , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Drug Administration Schedule , Treatment Outcome
16.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 6(4): 123-125, dic. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1247391

ABSTRACT

Appendicitis is the leading cause of surgical admission in most hospitals in Nigeria and the removed appendix, a frequent surgical specimen in most routine histopathological laborato-ries in Nigeria. The aim of this study is to audit the appendectomy procedures in Benue State University Teaching Hospital. Sixty-two appendices removed for acute appendix in Benue State University Teaching Hospital, Makurdi, Nigeria middle belt, over an 8-year period were analyzed. Twenty-eight (45%) were found to be normal, while 29 (46%) showed histopathological eviden-ce of acute inflammation. There were 5 (9%) cases of unusual pathologies which include a case each of metastatic adenocarcinoma and chronic granulomatous inflammation (2% each) and 3 (5%) cases of schistosomiasis. The Negative Appendectomy Rate (NAR) was 27% in females compared with 18% in males. Adult (>16 years) represented 29% of the NAR. The overall NAR was 45%. The NAR in this study is considerable higher when compared with existing literature. In a poor resource center like Benue State University Teaching Hospital, due diligence in taking detailed history coupled with good clinical examination cannot be over emphasized. The use of a combination of Total Leukocyte Count (TCC) and C-Reactive Protein (CPR) in every patient may help in reducing NAR, though it's definitely going to be impossible to eradicate it.


Subject(s)
Humans , Appendectomy/methods , Appendicitis/surgery , Medical Audit , Appendectomy/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications , Nigeria/epidemiology
17.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 37(3): 318-324, July-Sept. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041334

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the influence of patient age on the diagnosis and management of appendicitis, as well as to evaluate the rate of complications according to the age group. Methods: We undertook a retrospective analysis of 1,736 children who underwent laparoscopic appendectomy in our center between January 2000 and December 2013. Patients were divided in groups taken into account their age: group A were infants, group B were preschoolers, group C were those ones older than five years old, and group D were those ones younger than five years old. A p value of 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: We found higher incidence of misdiagnosis and atypical symptoms in the youngest patients. The rate of perforation was similar between group A and B (p=0.17). However, it was higher in group D than in group C (p<0.0001). The incidence of postoperative complications was higher in the youngest patients too (p=0.0002). Conclusions: The age does make a difference in acute appendicitis. Because of its unusual presentation in children younger than five years old, it is often misdiagnosed, which leads to an increased morbidity. Although clinical presentation varies between infants and preschoolers, no statistically significant differences were observed in the rate of perforated appendix or postoperative complications.


RESUMO Objetivo: Investigar a influência da idade do paciente no diagnóstico e tratamento de apendicite, bem como avaliar a frequência de complicações dependendo da faixa etária. Métodos: Análise retrospectiva dos 1.736 pacientes pediátricos que foram submetidos à apendicectomia laparoscópica em nosso hospital de janeiro de 2000 a dezembro de 2013. Os pacientes foram divididos em grupos de acordo com sua idade: grupo A eram crianças, grupo B eram pré-escolares, grupo C eram maiores de cinco anos de idade e grupo D eram menores de cinco anos de idade. Considerou-se estatisticamente significante p-valor <0,05. Resultados: Encontramos maior incidência de diagnóstico incorreto e sintomas atípicos em pacientes mais novos. A taxa de perfuração foi semelhante entre os grupos A e B (p=0.17); foi maior, porém, no grupo D que no grupo C (p<0.0001). A incidência de complicações no pós-operatório também foi maior em pacientes mais novos (p=0.0002). Conclusões: A idade faz diferença em casos de apendicite aguda. Por causa da sua apresentação rara em crianças menores de cinco anos, é frequentemente diagnosticada incorretamente, o que aumenta a morbidade. Apesar de sua apresentação clínica variar entre lactentes e pré-escolares, não foram observadas diferenças estatisticamente significativas na proporção de apêndices perfurados nem na de complicações pós-operatórias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Appendectomy/statistics & numerical data , Appendicitis/diagnosis , Abdominal Pain/diagnosis , Appendicitis/surgery , Biomarkers/blood , Abdominal Pain/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Diagnostic Errors/statistics & numerical data , Leukocyte Count
18.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 72(4): 1114-1118, Jul.-Aug. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1020515

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to report the experience of conducting directed temperature control of a post-cardiopulmonary resuscitation patient, with reduced and basic inputs available at the institution. Method: an experience report of directed temperature control in patient (age 15 years), after four hours of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in an Intensive Care Unit of a hospital in São Paulo State countryside in 2016, according to the protocol suggested by the American Heart Association, in 2015. There were applications of cold compresses, plastic bags with crushed ice and rectal temperature control. Results: after eight hours, temperature had reached 93.2 ºF. Body cooling was maintained for 24 hours. However, bags with crushed ice were used in the first 6 hours. Conclusion: conduct of nurses to obtain the body cooling with reduced and basic inputs was effective during the stay at the Intensive Care Unit.


RESUMEN Objetivo: relatar la experiencia de la conducción de control dirigido de la temperatura de una paciente después de la resucitación cardiopulmonar, con insumos reducidos y básicos disponibles en la institución. Método: el informe de experiencia de control direccionado de la temperatura en paciente (edad 15 años), después de cuatro horas de resucitación cardiopulmonar en una Unidad de Terapia Intensiva de un hospital del interior del estado de São Paulo, en el año 2016, conforme protocolo sugerido por la American Heart Association en 2015. Se utilizaron aplicaciones de compresas embebidas en agua helada, bolsas plásticas con hielo triturado y control de la temperatura rectal. Resultados: en ocho horas, la temperatura alcanzó los 34 ºC. El enfriamiento corporal se mantuvo durante 24 horas, sin embargo, las bolsas con hielo triturado se utilizaron en las primeras 6 horas. Conclusión: la conducta de los enfermeros para obtener el enfriamiento corporal con insumos reducidos y básicos, se mostró efectiva durante la permanencia en la Unidad de Terapia Intensiva.


RESUMO Objetivo: relatar a experiência da condução de controle direcionado da temperatura de uma paciente pós ressuscitação cardiopulmonar, com insumos reduzidos e básicos disponíveis na instituição. Método: relato de experiência de controle direcionado da temperatura em paciente (idade 15 anos) após quatro horas de ressuscitação cardiopulmonar em uma unidade de terapia intensiva de um hospital do interior do Estado de São Paulo, no ano de 2016, conforme protocolo sugerido pela American Heart Association 2015. Utilizou-se aplicações de compressas embebidas em água gelada, sacos plásticos com gelo triturado e controle da temperatura retal. Resultados: em oito horas a temperatura atingiu 34ºC. O resfriamento corporal foi mantido por 24 horas, todavia os sacos com gelo triturado foram utilizados nas primeiras 6 horas. Conclusão: a conduta dos enfermeiros para obter o resfriamento corporal com insumos reduzidos e básicos, mostrou-se efetiva durante a permanência na unidade de terapia intensiva.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Peritonitis/complications , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/adverse effects , Hypothermia, Induced/methods , Appendicitis/surgery , Appendicitis/complications , Peritonitis/surgery , Vomiting/etiology , Body Temperature Regulation/physiology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Abdominal Pain/etiology , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/methods , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/standards , Fever/etiology
19.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 48(2): e297, abr.-jun. 2019. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126615

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La atención farmacéutica tiene como objetivo brindar asistencia al paciente desde el servicio de farmacia para detectar, prevenir y resolver problemas relacionados con medicamentos. Los antimicrobianos forman parte de dichos problemas, su uso indiscriminado obliga a tomar medidas para unificar esfuerzos en fortalecer los conocimientos de los profesionales de salud. Objetivo: Aplicar un modelo de seguimiento farmacoterapéutico adaptado, en pacientes postoperados de apendicitis aguda en el Hospital General "Teófilo Dávila" para detectar problemas relacionados con medicamentos y la calidad de la prescripción. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo a través de la revisión de las historias clínicas de 56 pacientes y el seguimiento farmacoterapéutico durante el periodo enero-junio 2017. Se utilizaron variables sociodemográficas (edad y sexo), clínicas (clasificación de la cirugía) y farmacoterapéuticas (problemas relacionados con medicamentos, calidad de prescripción e intervención farmacéutica) las cuales fueron procesadas estadísticamente. Resultados: El 60,71 por ciento correspondió al sexo masculino, predominaron los pacientes entre 18 y 35 años (71,43 por ciento) y las cirugías limpias-contaminadas (44,64 por ciento); se utilizaron siete esquemas de tratamiento para la profilaxis antibiótica preoperatoria a predominio de ceftriaxona (46,42 por ciento); se realizaron cambios de tratamiento en el 30,36 por ciento de los casos sin justificación; se detectaron 43 problemas relacionados con medicamentos a predominio de los tipo PRM3 (48,84 por ciento) y PRM6 (51,16 por ciento) y el 76,79 por ciento de las prescripciones fueron inadecuadas. Conclusiones: El seguimiento farmacoterapéutico permitió la detección de problemas relacionados con medicamentos en el servicio de cirugía, por lo que se requiere incluirlo en la práctica médica diaria y mejorar la calidad de la prescripción(AU)


Introduction: Pharmaceutical care aims to provide assistance to the patient from the pharmacy service to detect, prevent and solve problems related to medications. Antimicrobials are part of these problems, their indiscriminate use requires taking measures to unify efforts to strengthen the knowledge of health professionals. Objective: To apply an adapted pharmacotherapeutic follow-up model in post-operative patients with acute appendicitis at the "Teófilo Dávila" General Hospital of Machala to detect problems related to medications and the quality of the prescription. Methods: A retrospective study was carried out through the review of the medical records of 56 patients and pharmacotherapy follow-up during the period January-June 2017. Sociodemographic variables (age and sex), clinical (classification of surgery) and pharmacotherapeutic (problems related to medications, quality of prescription and pharmaceutical intervention) were used, which were statistically processed. Results: It was found out that 60,71 percent were men whose ages were from 18 to 35 years old; in addition, clean-contaminated surgeries represented 44,64 percent of the process. In addition, seven schemes of treatments were applied in order to determine antibiotic prophylaxis on ceftriaxon (46,42 percent). Moreover, changes on treatments (30,36 percent) were made in unjustified cases. It was detected that 43 Problems Related of Medications under the predominance of PRM3 (48,84 percent) and PRM6 (51,16 percent) and 76,79 percent of the prescriptions made followed inadequate procedures. Conclusions: The creation of a pharmaceutical follow-up model allowed identifying Problems Related of Medications on surgery procedures. Therefore, it is absolutely essential to include it into current medical practices(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Appendicitis/surgery , Pharmaceutical Services , General Surgery , Aftercare , Antibiotic Prophylaxis , Drug Therapy , Methods , Retrospective Studies
20.
An. Facultad Med. (Univ. Repúb. Urug., En línea) ; 6(1): 87-96, jun. 2019. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1088696

ABSTRACT

La apendicitis aguda es la urgencia quirúrgica más frecuente con una incidencia de 1.17 pacientes/1,000 habitantes. Con el advenimiento de la laparoscopía, un nuevo enfoque mini invasivo surgió para el tratamiento de la apendicitis aguda. Se han demostrado algunas ventajas de este abordaje como menor dolor posoperatorio, incisiones más pequeñas, estadías hospitalarias más cortas y un rápido reintegro a las actividades diarias y laborales, con menor frecuencia de infecciones a nivel de la herida operatoria. Sin embargo, se ha asociado también con un aumento en la frecuencia de abscesos residuales intra-abdominales. En este trabajo analizamos de manera retrospectiva a todos los pacientes operados en el Hospital Maciel de Montevideo, a los que se les realizó una apendicectomía entre el 1° de Junio de 2013 y el 30 de junio de 2016, tanto por vía laparoscópica como laparotómica. Esto correspondió a un total de 426 pacientes. 235 (55%) eran hombres y 191 (45%) mujeres. La media de edad fue de 32,6 en un rango desde los 15 años hasta los 96 años de edad. 128 pacientes presentaban apendicitis edematosas (30%), 157 apendicitis flemonosa (36,9%) 76 pacientes apendicitis gangrenosas (17,8%) 37 pacientes absceso o plastrón (8,7%) y peritonitis en 28 pacientes (6,6%). Con respecto al abordaje, 287 se realizaron por vía laparoscópica (67,4%) y 139 se abordaron por vía laparotómica (32,6%). Los abscesos residuales representan el 3,28% del total, no habiendo diferencias significativas entre los diferentes abordajes. La gran mayoría de estos abscesos residuales pueden tratarse con antibioticoterapia exclusivamente. La tasa de conversión fue del 8,7%. No se observaron lesiones de víscera hueca con el abordaje laparoscópico en esta serie.


Acute appendicitis is the most frequent surgical emergency with an incidence of 17 patients/1,000 inhabitants. With the advent of laparoscopy, a new mini-invasive approach emerged for the treatment of acute appendicitis. Some advantages of this approach have been demonstrated, such as less postoperative pain, smaller incisions, shorter hospital stays and a rapid reintegration to daily and work activities, with a lower frequency of infections at the level of the operative wound. However, it has also been associated with an increase in the frequency of intra-abdominal residual abscesses. In this paper, we retrospectively analyzed all patients operated on at the Maciel Hospital in Montevideo, who underwent an appendectomy between June 1, 2013 and June 30, 2016, both laparoscopically and laparotomically. Of these 235 (55%) were men and 191 (45%) women. The average age was 32.6 in a range from 15 years to 96 years of age. 128 patients presented edematous appendicitis (30%), 157 phlegmonous appendicitis (36.9%), 76 patients gangrenous appendicitis (17.8%), 37 patients presented abscess or plastron (8.7%), and peritonitis had developed in 28 patients (6.6%). Regarding the approach, 287 were performed laparoscopically (67.4%) and 139 were approached via laparotomy (32.6%). The residual abscesses rate represents 3.28% of the series, with no significant differences in incidence between the two different approaches. The vast majority of these residual abscesses can be treated with antibiotic therapy alone. The conversion rate was 8.7%. No intestinal lesions were observed with the laparoscopic approach in this series.


A apendicite aguda é a emergência cirúrgica mais freqüente, com uma incidência de 17 pacientes/1.000 habitantes. Com o advento da laparoscopia, uma nova abordagem mini-invasiva surgiu para o tratamento da apendicite aguda. Isto têm demonstrado algumas vantagens, como menor dor pós-operatória, incisões menores, menor hospitalização e restabelecimento mais rápido as atividades diárias e ao trabalho, assim como infecções menos freqüentes ao nível da ferida cirúrgica. No entanto, também foi associado a um aumento na freqüência de abscessos residuais intra-abdominais. Foram analisados retrospectivamente todos os pacientes operados no Hospital Maciel de Montevidéu, submetidos a uma apendicectomia desde o dia 01 de Junho de 2013 a 30 de Junho de 2016, tanto por abordagem laparoscópica como laparotomica. Destes, 235 (55%) eram homens e 191 (45%) mulheres. A idade média foi de 32,6 com intervalo de 15 anos a 96 anos de idade. 128 pacientes apresentaram apendicite edematosa (30%), 157 apendicite flemonosa (36,9%) 76 pacientes apendicite gangrenosa (17,8%) 37 pacientes abscesso ou plastrão (8,7%) e peritonite em 28 pacientes (6,6% ) Quanto à abordagem, foram realizadas 287 apendicectomias por via laparoscópica (67,4%) e 139 foram abordadas por laparotomia (32,6%). Os abscessos residuais representam 3,28% do total, não havendo diferenças significativas entre as diferentes abordagens. A grande maioria desses abscessos residuais pode ser tratada apenas com antibioticoterapia. A taxa de conversão foi de 8,7% Nenhuma lesão visceral foi observada com a abordagem laparoscópica nesta série.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Appendicitis/surgery , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Abdominal Abscess/etiology , Abdominal Abscess/epidemiology , Laparotomy/adverse effects , Appendectomy/methods , Viscera/injuries , Comparative Study , Retrospective Studies , Abdominal Abscess/drug therapy , Abdominal Abscess/therapy
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