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Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 94-100, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970980


PURPOSE@#Unsatisfactory results of hemiarthroplasty in Neer's 3- and 4-part proximal humerus fractures in elderly, have led to the shift towards reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA). The objective of our study was to repair the tuberosities that are generally overlooked during RSA and observe its impact on the functional outcome and shoulder scores.@*METHODS@#We include elderly patients with acutely displaced or dislocated 3- or 4-part proximal humerus fractures from July 2013 to November 2019 who were treated with RSA along with tuberosity repair by non-absorbable sutures and bone grafting harvested from the humeral head. Open injuries and cases with neuro-muscular involvement of the deltoid muscle were excluded. According to the tuberosity healing on radiographs of the shoulder at 9th postoperative month, the patients were divided into 2 groups, as the group with successful tuberosity repair and the other with failed tuberosity repair. Statistical analysis of the functional outcome and shoulder scores between the 2 groups were done by independent t-test for normally distributed parameters and Mann-Whitney test for the parameters, where data was not normally distributed.@*RESULTS@#Of 41 patients, tuberosity healing was achieved in 28 (68.3%) and failed in 13 (31.7%) cases. Lysis of the tuberosity occurred in 5 patients, tuberosity displacement in 2, and nonunion in 2. Mean age was 70.4 years (range 65 - 79 years) and mean follow-up was 58.7 months (range 18 - 93 months). There were no major complications. Group with successful tuberosity repair showed improvement in mean active range of movements, like anterior elevation (165.1° ± 4.9° vs. 144.6° ± 9.4°, p < 0.000), lateral elevation (158.9° ± 7.2° vs. 138.4° ± 9.6°, p < 0.000), external rotation (30.5° ± 6.9° vs. 35.0° ± 6.3°, p = 0.367), internal rotation (33.7° ± 7.5° vs. 32.6° ± 6.9°, p = 0.671) and in mean shoulder scores including Constant score (70.7 ± 4.1 vs. 55.5 ± 5.7, p < 0.000), American shoulder and elbow surgeons score (90.3 ± 2.4 vs. 69.0 ± 5.7, p < 0.000), disability of arm shoulder and hand score (22.1 ± 2.3 vs. 37.6 ± 2.6, p < 0.000).@*CONCLUSION@#Successful repair and tuberosity healing around the RSA prosthesis is associated with statistically significant improvement in postoperative range of motion, strength and shoulder scores. Standardized repair technique and interposition of cancellous bone grafts, harvested from the humeral head can improve the rate of tuberosity healing.

Humans , Aged , Child, Preschool , Child , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder/methods , Arm/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Shoulder Fractures/surgery , Humerus/surgery , Humeral Head/surgery , Humeral Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Range of Motion, Articular
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 358-362, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986895


Objective: To investigate the efficacies of different forms of free radial collateral artery perforator flaps in repairing the defects after oral tumor surgeries. Methods: From May 2016 to March 2021, 28 patients (22 males, 6 females, aged 35-62 years) with oral tumors admitted by Hunan Cancer Hospital received the reconstructive surgeries with the free radial collateral artery perforator flaps after removal of oral tumors, including 24 cases of tongue cancer (11 cases of tongue marginal cancer, 9 cases of tongue belly cancer and 4 cases of tongue cancer involved in the floor of the mouth) and 4 cases of buccal and oral cancer. Four forms of radial collateral artery perforator flaps were used: single perforator flaps for 6 cases, double perforators flaps for 7 cases, flaps without perforator visualization for 10 cases and chimeric perforator myocutaneous flaps for 5 cases. The recipient vessels were the superior thyroid artery and superior thyroid vein, and if second concomitant vein available, it was anastomosed with internal jugular vein in end-to-side fashion. SPSS 20.0 statistical software was used to analyze the data. Results: The mean length of flaps was (9.7±0.4) cm, mean width (4.4±0.3) cm and mean thickness (1.1±0.4) cm. The mean length of the vascular pedicles was (7.1±0.6)cm (6.0-8.0 cm), the mean diameter of the radial accessory arteries was (1.1±0.3)mm (0.8-1.3 mm). Eleven cases(39.3%) had respectively one accompanying vein and 17 cases(60.7%) had respectively two accompanying veins, with the mean diameter of (1.1±0.3) mm (0.8-1.3 mm). All the 28 flaps survived, the donor and recipient wounds healed in one stage, the appearances of the flaps were satisfactory, only linear scars remained in the donor sites, and the upper arm functions were not significantly affected. Follow up for 12-43 months showed that the flaps were soft with partially mucosalization, the reconstructed tongue and buccal cavity were in good shape, and the swallowing and language functions were satisfactory. The swallowing and language functions were retained to the greatest extent in 3 cases with near total tongue resection, although the functions were still significantly affected. There was no local recurrence of the tumor during follow-up. One case had regional lymph node metastasis, and further lymph node dissection and comprehensive treatment were performed, with satisfactory outcomes. Conclusions: The vascular pedicle of the radial collateral artery perforator flap has a constant anatomy, which can be prepared in different forms to improve the safety of the operation and minimize the donor site damage. It is an ideal choice for the repair of small and medium-sized defects after oral tumor surgery.

Male , Female , Humans , Perforator Flap/transplantation , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Tongue Neoplasms/surgery , Arm/surgery , Mouth Neoplasms/surgery , Arteries , Skin Transplantation , Treatment Outcome
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0313, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407667


ABSTRACT Introduction The technique in the shot put and the ability in the throwing stage are two important factors that determine the ability of athletes. Qualified experts and coaches attach great importance to training and research on the ability of the throwing stage and the ability to throw. Objective Compare gravity load training and single incremental load training through practical means, analyzing the impacts on throwing ability in athletes. Methods The self-assessment method was used to conduct the comparative experiment on different forms of strength training in 20 college students. The experimental scheme adopts the single incremental load strength training, and the control scheme adopts the traditional barbell training. Results : After the experiment, the hand angle of group I was significantly higher than that of group II (P < 0.05); after the experiment, the shoulder angle of group I was significantly higher than that of group II (P < 0.05); after the experiment, the performance of the seated shot placed in group I was significantly higher than that of group II (P < 0.05), and there was no significant difference in the standing performance (P > 0.05). Conclusion Single incremental load training can significantly improve the throwing ability of shot put athletes. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.

RESUMO Introdução A técnica no arremesso de peso e a habilidade na etapa de arremessar são dois fatores importantes que determinam a habilidade dos atletas Especialistas e treinadores qualificados atribuem grande importância ao treinamento e pesquisa sobre a habilidade da fase de arremesso e a capacidade de arremessar. Objetivo Comparar o treinamento com carga gravitacional e o treinamento com carga incremental única através de meios experimentais, analisando os impactos na habilidade de arremesso nos atletas. Métodos O método de auto-avaliação foi usado para realizar o experimento comparativo de diferentes formas de treinamento de força em 20 estudantes universitários. O esquema experimental adota o treinamento único de força de carga incremental, e o esquema de controle adota o treinamento tradicional de barra. Resultados : Após o experimento, o ângulo da mão do grupo I foi significativamente maior do que o do grupo II (P < 0,05); após o experimento, o ângulo do ombro do grupo I foi significativamente maior do que o do grupo II (P < 0,05); após o experimento, o desempenho do tiro sentado colocado no grupo I foi significativamente maior do que o do grupo II (P < 0,05), e não houve diferença significativa no desempenho em pé (P > 0,05). Conclusão O treinamento com carga incremental única pode melhorar significativamente a capacidade de arremesso dos atletas de arremesso de peso. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.

RESUMEN Introducción La técnica en el lanzamiento de peso y la habilidad en la fase de lanzamiento son dos factores importantes que determinan la habilidad de los atletas. Los especialistas y entrenadores cualificados atribuyen gran importancia a la formación y a la investigación sobre la habilidad de la fase de lanzamiento y la habilidad de lanzamiento. Objetivo Comparar el entrenamiento con carga gravitacional y el entrenamiento con carga incremental única a través de medios experimentales, analizando los impactos en la capacidad de lanzamiento en los atletas. Métodos Se utilizó el método de autoevaluación para realizar el experimento comparativo de diferentes formas de entrenamiento de fuerza en 20 estudiantes universitarios. El esquema experimental adopta el entrenamiento de fuerza con una sola carga incremental, y el esquema de control adopta el entrenamiento tradicional con barra. Resultados : Después del experimento, el ángulo de la mano del grupo I fue significativamente mayor que el del grupo II (P < 0,05); después del experimento, el ángulo del hombro del grupo I fue significativamente mayor que el del grupo II (P < 0,05); después del experimento, el rendimiento del lanzamiento de peso sentado del grupo I fue significativamente mayor que el del grupo II (P < 0,05), y no hubo diferencias significativas en el rendimiento de pie (P > 0,05). Conclusión El entrenamiento con una sola carga incremental puede mejorar significativamente la capacidad de lanzamiento de los atletas de lanzamiento de peso. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Arm , Track and Field , Muscle Stretching Exercises/methods , Athletic Performance
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1444931


Introducción: La incidencia de seudoartrosis en las fracturas de húmero tratadas de forma conservadora es del 2-10%, y del 15% en aquellas operadas. La definición de seudoartrosis recalcitrante es aún tema de debate. El objetivo es comunicar los resultados de una serie de pacientes con seudoartrosis recalcitrante de húmero tratados con osteosíntesis estable y reconstrucción biológica con aloinjerto mediante una nueva técnica de montaje. Materiales y Métodos: La serie incluyó a 33 pacientes evaluados entre 2012 y 2021, 20 mujeres y 13 hombres (edad promedio 65.4 años). El tiempo de evolución de la seudoartrosis recalcitrante era de 33.3 meses. Todos tuvieron un seguimiento promedio de 33.2 meses. Resultados: Treinta y dos de los 33 pacientes tratados con esta técnica (97%) tuvieron una consolidación completa y uno, una parcial. El período de consolidación promedio fue de 4.6 meses y el de osteointegración completa del aloinjerto, de 8.1 meses. Para la evaluación funcional se consideraron la escala analógica visual, el puntaje ASES, el puntaje de Constant-Murley y los arcos de movilidad del codo. Conclusiones: El manejo de las seudoartrosis recalcitrantes de húmero sigue siendo un dilema y un problema no resuelto aún para los cirujanos experimentados. La combinación entre el uso de un material de osteosíntesis específico sumado al aloinjerto óseo fijado con tornillos aumenta considerablemente la estabilidad mecánica, permite una movilidad precoz, y actúa como un andamio osteoinductor y osteoconductor vital para la consolidación. Nivel de Evidencia: IV

Introduction: Nonunion of the humeral shaft occurs in between 2% and 10% of non-surgically treated fractures and up to 15% of fractures treated with initial open reduction and internal fixation. The definition of recalcitrant nonunion is still under debate. The purpose of this study is to present the outcomes of a series of patients with recalcitrant pseudarthrosis of the humerus who were treated with stable osteosynthesis combined with biological reconstruction using allograft utilizing a novel surgical approach. Materials and Methods: The series included 33 patients treated between 2012 and 2021. 20 women and 13 men, with a mean age of 65.4 years. The evolution time of recalcitrant pseudarthrosis was 33.3 months. The mean follow-up was 33.2 months. Re-sults: Out of a total of 33 patients treated with this technique, 32 (97%) achieved a complete consolidation and one patient had a partial consolidation. The average consolidation period was 4.6 months and the complete osseointegration of the allograft was 8.1 months. For the functional evaluation, the visual analog scale (VAS), ASES score, Constant score and elbow motion arcs were taken into account. Conclusions: Even among experienced surgeons, the treatment of recalcitrant pseudarthrosis of the humerus remains an obstacle and an unsolved challenge. The use of a specialized osteosynthesis material added to a bone allograft fixed with screws significantly increases mechanical stability, allowing early range of motion, and works as an osteoinductive and osteo-conductive scaffold, all of which are essential for consolidation. Level of Evidence: IV

Arm , Pseudarthrosis , Diaphyses , Allografts , Humerus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1444934


Introducción: Los objetivos de este estudio fueron determinar la incidencia de lesión iatrogénica intraquirúrgica del nervio radial durante la osteosíntesis de la diáfisis y el extremo distal del húmero, distinguir factores de riesgos asociados y reconocer elementos pronósticos que participan de su recuperación. Materiales y Métodos: Se evaluó, en forma retrospectiva, a 82 pacientes con osteosíntesis de húmero entre 2005 y 2021, sin parálisis radial preoperatoria. Se consideraron los sistemas de fijación utilizados, y se compararon las cirugías primarias con las reoperaciones y el tiempo transcurrido entre estas. El diagnóstico de parálisis radial posoperatorio fue clínico. Todos los pacientes fueron tratados con férula en extensión de muñeca, electroestimulación, kinesiología y vitaminas B1, B6, B12. La electromiografía se solicitó a los fines del pronóstico. Resultados: Nueve pacientes tuvieron déficit motor del nervio radial en el posoperatorio inmediato. El sistema de fijación era una placa (7 casos), sistema de cable-placa (1 caso) y clavo endomedular acerrojado anterógrado (1 caso). Siete ocurrieron en cirugías primarias y dos en reoperaciones. El 88% recuperó su función motora completamente antes de los 6 meses después de la parálisis. La electromiografía reveló un nervio radial no excitable en el 22% restante con parálisis definitiva. Conclusiones: El uso de placa de osteosíntesis, la disección intraoperatoria del nervio radial y las reoperaciones aumentan la incidencia de parálisis. Un nervio radial no excitable se relaciona con un peor pronóstico de recuperación espontánea. Nivel de Evidencia: IV

Introduction: The purpose of this study is to determine the incidence of intraoperative iatrogenic radial nerve injury after osteosynthesis of the diaphysis and distal end of the humerus, identify associated risk factors, and determine the prognostic factors involved in its recovery. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively assessed 82 humerus osteosynthesis cases between 2005 and 2021 who had normal radial nerve function before surgery. We evaluated the fixation systems used, the type of surgery (primary versus revision), and the intervals between surgeries. The diagnosis of postoperative radial palsy was made by clinical examination. All patients were treated with wrist extension splint, physiotherapy, and vitamins B1, B6, and B12. Results: After humerus fixation, 9 patients developed motor palsy. Seven cases were fixed with plates, one with a cable-plate system, and one with an anterograde locking intramedullary nail. Seven cases (22%) occurred after primary procedures, while two occurred during revisions. Within 6 months, 88% had regained full motor function. In the remaining 22% of patients with definite palsy, electromyography revealed no excitability of the radial nerve. Conclusions: The use of an osteosynthesis plate, as well as intraoperative dissection and neurolysis of the radial nerve, were identified as risk factors for the development of radial palsy. Reoperations on the humerus, on the other hand, are a risk factor that increases the likelihood of postoperative radial nerve palsy. A radial nerve with no excitability on the postoperative electromyogram has a poor prognosis of spontaneous radial nerve function recovery. Level of Evidence: IV

Arm , Radial Nerve/injuries , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humeral Fractures , Iatrogenic Disease , Intraoperative Complications
J. Phys. Educ. (Maringá) ; 34: e3416, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440401


RESUMO Esse estudo teve por objetivo avaliar o efeito da padronização dos critérios de observação e de avaliação da técnica da braçada do nado crawl na confiabilidade inter e intra avaliadores para uma proposta de lista de observação. Dois professores e dois treinadores de natação competitiva com formação acadêmica diferentes foram responsáveis por avaliar a técnica da braçada do nado crawl de 44 nadadores por meio de vídeo. Cada nadador realizou um percurso de 25m em velocidade confortável tendo seu deslocamento gravado nos planos lateral e frontal, ambos submersos e fora d'água, nos 10 m finais da piscina. No percurso de filmagem os nadadores não realizaram a respiração lateral. Somente o movimento realizado pelo braço direito foi foco de observação dos avaliadores e com base em uma lista de verificação. Após as filmagens os avaliadores participaram de três etapas: na primeira etapa houve uma intervenção para padronização dos critérios de observação e de avaliação. Na segunda etapa testou-se a concordância inter-avaliadores e, na terceira, a concordância intra-avaliador. Na segunda etapa do estudo a concordância variou de pequeno a baixa (k=0,08 e k=0,38). Na terceira etapa alguns avaliadores apresentaram concordância pobre e baixa (k=-0,13 e k=0,35), enquanto outros apresentaram concordância entre razoável e praticamente perfeita (k=0,64 e k=0,87). A partir dos resultados apresentados concluiu-se que a proposta de intervenção não surtiu o efeito desejado de padronização dos critérios de observação e avaliação entre os avaliadores.

ABSTRACT This study aimed to assess the effect of standardizing observation and rating criteria for the front crawl stroke technique on inter- and intra-rater reliability in order to propose an observation list. Two teachers and two competitive swimming coaches with different academic backgrounds were responsible for evaluating the front crawl stroke technique of 44 swimmers using video. Each swimmer completed a 25m course at a comfortable speed, having their displacement recorded in the lateral and frontal planes, both submerged and out of water, in the final 10 m of the pool. Throughout the recording, the swimmers did not breath laterally. Only the movement performed by the right arm was the raters' focus of observation and was based on a checklist. After the shooting, the raters participated in three stages: in the first stage, there was an intervention to standardize the observation and rating criteria; inter-rater agreement was tested in the second stage, while intra-rater agreement was obtained in the third. In the second stage of the study, the agreement ranged from small to low (k=0.08 and k=0.38). In the third stage, some raters showed poor and low agreement (k=-0.13 and k=0.35), while others showed agreement between reasonable and virtually perfect (k=0.64 and k=0.87). From the results presented, it was concluded that the intervention proposal did not have the desired effect of standardizing the observation and rating criteria among the raters.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Swimming/physiology , Reproducibility of Results , Observation/methods , Evaluation Study , Mediation Analysis , Arm , Athletes
Fisioter. Bras ; 23(1): 80-90, Fev 11, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358412


Introdução: As lesões de nervos periféricos são mais frequentes em membros superiores (MMSS), que são importantes para as atividades de vida diárias, equilíbrio e reflexos de proteção. Alterações no sistema de controle postural podem impactar na funcionalidade desses indivíduos. Portanto, é necessário alternativas para melhorar as alterações secundárias à lesão. Objetivo: Avaliar os efeitos de um protocolo de exercícios de força, flexibilidade e equilíbrio em paciente com lesão de nervos periféricos. Métodos: Estudo de caso de abordagem quantitativa realizado na Clínica Escola de Fisioterapia da Unochapecó, entre abril e julho de 2021, totalizando 30 intervenções de 60 minutos cada. A amostra foi constituída por um paciente do sexo masculino, 46 anos com diagnóstico de lesão de nervos periféricos no MMSS direito, decorrente de um acidente motociclístico. Foi realizada avaliação inicial, aplicação do protocolo, após a realização das escalas e testes: BESTest, MiniBESTest, Romberg-Barré, Dinamometria manual isométrica, Teste de Sentar e Alcançar e Mini-Exame do Estado Mental. O protocolo continha exercícios de força, flexibilidade e equilíbrio. Os dados foram analisados através de estatística descritiva comparativa, antes e após o protocolo (média e porcentagem). Resultados: Houve melhora na força muscular, flexibilidade toracolombar (aumento de 13 cm "61,90%") e testes de equilíbrio (15,81% BESTest, 21,42% MiniBESTest e 67,16% Romberg-Barré). Conclusão: O protocolo de exercícios refletiu positivamente na melhora da flexibilidade, força muscular e equilíbrio do paciente, tornando-se uma alternativa viável para melhorar as alterações secundárias a lesão. (AU)

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arm/innervation , Arm Injuries/rehabilitation , Exercise Therapy/methods , Peripheral Nerve Injuries/rehabilitation , Accidents, Traffic , Treatment Outcome
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 182-186, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936132


OBJECTIVE@#To assess the potential dosimetric effects of arms movement in patients with Cyberknife spine tumors.@*METHODS@#In the study, 12 patients with thoracic and lumbar tumors were retrospectively selected respectively. The contour of the patient's arms was sketched and the CT density was modified to be equivalent to air in order to simulate the extreme case when the arm was completely removed from the radiation fields. The dose of simulated plan was re-calculated with the original beam parameters and compared with the original plan. The changes of V100, D95, and D90, conformity index (CI) and heterogeneity index (HI) in planning target volume (PTV), as well as Dmax, D1cc and D2cc in the spinal cord, stomach, esophagus, and intestines were analyzed by comparing with the original plans.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the original treatment plan, V100, D95, D90 and CI of PTV for the simulated plan was increased by 0.86%, 2.02%, 1.97% and 0.80% respectively, the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Dmax, D1cc and D2cc of spinal cord was increased by 2.35%, 0.59% and 1.49% on average, compared with the original plan, the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). The difference was statistically significant only in average D2cc of stomach, which was increased by 1.70%, compared with the original plan (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in dose change of eso-phagus and intestine between the original and simulated plans.@*CONCLUSION@#This study analyzed the most extreme arm position in spinal tumor of radiation therapy based on Cyberknife. It was found that the change of arm position had little effect on dosimetry. In addition, with the change of arm position, the dose in PTV and organ at risk (OAR) increased, but the increase was relatively small. Therefore, in some special cases where the patient really can't keep the arm position consistent during treatment, reasonable adjustment can be accepted. However, in order to ensure accurate radiotherapy, patient position should be as stable and consistent as possible.

Humans , Arm , Radiosurgery , Radiotherapy Dosage , Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Neoplasms/surgery
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 430-435, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935232


Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of identification and preservation of arm lymphatics (DEPART) in axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) for breast cancer to prevent arm lymphedema. Methods: A randomized controlled study method was used. Two hundred and sixty-five patients who underwent breast cancer surgery at the Department of Thyroid and Breast Surgery, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University from November 2017 to June 2018 were included, and the patients were randomly divided into ALND+ DEPART group (132 patients) and standard ALND group (133 patients) by random number table method. In the ALND+ DEPART group, indocyanine green and methylene blue were injected as tracers before surgery, and the arm sentinel nodes was visualized by staged tracing during intraoperative dissection of axillary lymph nodes. Partial frozen sections were made of arm lymph nodes >1 cm in length and hard and suspicious of metastasis, and arm lymph nodes and lymphatic vessels were selectively preserved. Patients in the standard ALND group underwent standard ALND. Objective and subjective indexes of arm lymphedema were evaluated by 5-point circumference measurement and Norman questionnaire. Results: Among 132 breast cancer patients in the ALND+ DEPART group, 121 (91.7%) completed DEPART. There were no statistically significant differences in age, body mass index, pathological type, dissection number of axillary lymph node, N stage, TNM stage, molecular typing, and regional radiotherapy between the ALND+ DEPART and standard ALND groups (P>0.05). At a median follow-up of 24 months, assessment by the 5-point circumference measurement showed that the incidence rates of lymphedema in the ALND+ DEPART and standard ALND groups were 5.0% (6/121) and 15.8% (21/133), respectively, with statistically significant differences (P=0.005). Assessment by the Norman questionnaire showed that the incidence rates of lymphedema in the ALND+ DEPART and standard ALND groups were 5.8% (7/121) and 21.8% (29/133), respectively, with a statistically significant difference (P<0.001). No local regional recurrence was observed in either group during the follow-up period. Conclusion: For breast cancer patients with positive axillary lymph nodes, the administration of DEPART during ALND can reduce or avoid the occurrence of arm lymphedema without compromising oncology safety.

Female , Humans , Arm/pathology , Axilla/pathology , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Lymph Node Excision/methods , Lymph Nodes/surgery , Lymphatic Vessels/pathology , Lymphedema/surgery , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy/adverse effects
Int. j. morphol ; 40(4): 1100-1107, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405225


SUMMARY: This study aimed to accurately localize the location and depth of the centre of the highest region of muscle spindle abundance (CHRMSA) of the triceps brachii muscle. Twenty-four adult cadavers were placed in the prone position. The curve connecting the acromion and lateral epicondyle of the humerus close to the skin was designed as the longitudinal reference line (L), and the curve connecting the lateral and the medial epicondyle of the humerus was designed as the horizontal reference line (H). Sihler's staining was used to visualize the dense intramuscular nerve region of the triceps brachii muscle. The abundance of muscle spindle was calculated after hematoxylin and eosin stain. CHRMSA was labelled by barium sulphate, and spiral computed tomography scanning and three- dimensional reconstruction were performed. Using the Syngo system, the projection points of CHRMSA on the posterior and anterior arm surface (P and P' points), the position of P points projected to the L and H lines (PL and PH points), and the depth of CHRMSA were determined. The PL of the CHRMSA of the long, medial, and lateral heads of the triceps brachii muscle were located at 34.83 %, 75.63 %, and 63.93 % of the L line, respectively, and the PH was located at 63.46 %, 69.62 %, and 56.07 % of the H line, respectively. In addition, the depth was located at 34.73 %, 35.48 %, and 35.85 % of the PP' line, respectively. These percentage values are all the means. These body surface locations and depths are suggested to be the optimal blocking targets for botulinum toxin A in the treatment of triceps brachii muscle spasticity.

RESUMEN: Este estudio tuvo como objetivo localizar con precisión la ubicación y la profundidad del centro de la región más alta del huso muscular (CHRMSA) del músculo tríceps braquial. Se colocaron veinticuatro cadáveres adultos en posición prona y se designó la curva que conecta el acromion y el epicóndilo lateral del húmero cerca de la piel como la línea de referencia longitudinal (L), y la curva que conecta los epicóndilos lateral y medial del húmero fue designada como la línea de referencia horizontal (H). Se usó la tinción de Sihler para visualizar la región nerviosa intramuscular densa del músculo tríceps braquial. La abundancia de huso muscular se calculó después de la tinción con hematoxilina y eosina. CHRMSA se marcó con sulfato de bario y se realizó una tomografía computarizada espiral y una reconstrucción tridimensional. Usando el sistema Syngo, fueron determinados los puntos de proyección de CHRMSA en la superficie posterior y anterior del brazo (puntos P y P'), la posición de los puntos P pro- yectados en las líneas L y H (puntos PL y PH) y la profundidad de CHRMSA. Los PL de la CHRMSA de las cabezas larga, medial y lateral del músculo tríceps braquial se ubicaron en el 34,83 %, 75,63 % y 63,93 % de la línea L, respectivamente, y el PH se ubicó en el 63,46 %, 69,62 %, y 56,07 % de la línea H, respectivamente. La profundidad se ubicó en el 34,73 %, 35,48 % y 35,85 % de la línea PP', respectivamente. Estos valores porcentuales son todas las medias. Se sugiere que estas ubicaciones y profundidades de la superficie corporal son los objetivos de bloqueo óptimos para la toxina botulínica A en el tratamiento de la espasticidad del músculo tríceps braquial.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Muscle, Skeletal/anatomy & histology , Muscle Spasticity , Arm/innervation , Cadaver , Muscle, Skeletal/innervation , Muscle, Skeletal/diagnostic imaging , Humerus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1392488


Se presenta el caso de un hombre de 57 años que consulta por parálisis alta del nervio radial, con dolor y prueba de Tinel positiva en la cara lateral del brazo dominante, de inicio súbito, luego de grandes esfuerzos musculares repetitivos, sin mejoría clínica al tercer mes de evolución. Se realizó un tratamiento quirúrgico descompresivo. El paciente tuvo una rápida recuperación a partir del séptimo día, y remisión completa a los 25 días de la cirugía. Conclusión: El atrapamiento del nervio radial en el brazo es un cuadro poco frecuente. Según los estudios publicados, la evolución clínica es variada, pero si no hay remisión o la evolución de la parálisis no es favorable en 3 meses, creemos que la cirugía es el tratamiento de elección. Nivel de Evidencia: IV

We present the case of a 57-year-old male patient who consulted for high radial nerve palsy, with pain and positive Tinel test on the lateral side of the dominant arm, of sudden onset after great repetitive muscular efforts, without clinical improvement after three months of evolution. A decompressive surgical treatment was performed, presenting a rapid recovery since the 7th day and full recovery after 25 postoperative days. Conclusion: The entrapment of the radial nerve in the arm is a rare pathology and its clinical presentation may vary. We consider that in the face of no remission or favorable evolution of paralysis within the first three months of conservative treatment, surgery should be performed. Level of Evidence: IV

Middle Aged , Apraxias , Arm , Radial Neuropathy
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 79(10): 900-903, Oct. 2021. graf


Abstract Background: Pruritus is a common complaint in dermatology. Wartenberg, in 1943, associated pruritus with neuropathy, relating it to the "posterior antebrachial cutaneous nerve neuropathy". In 1968, Waisman described patients with frequent pruritus complaints in the upper limb during the summer, which he named "brachioradial summer pruritus". Currently, this pruritus is named brachioradial pruritus (BRP). BRP is characterized by a chronic pruritus, usually localized, with a long duration, and without apparent cutaneous abnormalities. Neurological disorders both from the central and peripheral nervous systems, including multiple sclerosis, are associated with pruritus. Objective: To investigate correlations between symptomatic dermatomes and alterations in the myotomes, as evidenced by electroneuromyography (ENMG). Methods: Forty-six patients with BRP dermatological diagnoses were subjected to upper limb ENMG. Results: Among 46 patients with C5 to C8 dermatomal pruritus, we evaluated 113 symptomatic dermatomal areas. Overall, 39 (85%) patients had radicular involvement and 28 (60%) had agreement between complaint and the ENMG findings (p=0.015). A total of 80% of the patients with complaints at C7 and 47% at C6 had radicular involvement at the same level. Conclusions: Among the patients who presented complaints, 47 and 80%, respectively, had ENMG alterations in the C6 and C7 myotomes. We conclude that peripheral nervous system involvement is associated with BRP.

RESUMO Antecedentes: O prurido constitui queixa frequente e desafiadora na prática dermatológica. O primeiro estudo a relacionar prurido com neuropatia foi de Wartenberg, em 1943, que associou à "neuropatia do nervo cutâneo antebraquial posterior". Em 1968, Waisman descreveu pacientes com queixas recorrentes de prurido em membros superiores no verão, sendo denominado, então, "brachioradial summer pruritus". Atualmente, esse prurido é denominado como prurido braquiorradial (PBR). O PBR é caracterizado por prurido crônico, geralmente bem localizado, de longa duração e sem anormalidades cutâneas aparentes. Doenças neurológicas, tanto centrais, esclerose múltipla ou acidente vascular cerebral como do sistema nervoso periférico, estão associadas a prurido. Objetivo: Investigar os dermátomos sintomáticos pela eletroneuromiografia (ENMG). Métodos: Foram estudados 46 pacientes com diagnóstico dermatológico de PBR com a eletroneuromiografia dos membros superiores. Resultado: Foram avaliados 46 pacientes com queixa dermatológica de C5 a C8 somando 113 áreas dermatoméricas sintomáticas. Observou-se que 39 (85%) pacientes apresentavam comprometimento radicular, sendo que em 28 (60%) houve concordância plena entre as queixas e os achados da ENMG (p=0,015), e que 80% dos pacientes com queixa em território de C7 e 47% em C6 apresentavam comprometimento radicular no mesmo nível. Conclusões: As queixas mais frequentes foram as correspondentes aos territórios de C6 e C7, sendo que 47 e 80%, respectivamente, apresentaram alteração na ENMG nesses miótomos. Dessa forma, evidenciou-se correlação entre comprometimento do sistema nervoso periférico (i.e., radicular) com PBR.

Humans , Pruritus , Peripheral Nervous System , Arm , Radiculopathy , Electromyography , Muscles , Nervous System Diseases
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(3): e256-e260, Junio 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1248223


Las lesiones relacionadas con escaleras mecánicas suelen ser poco frecuentes, pero pueden constituir una emergencia médica con complicaciones potencialmente peligrosas. Se describe el grave compromiso en el miembro superior relacionado con una lesión ocurrida en una escalera mecánica. Paciente de 2 años, que sufrió una caída al bajar por una escalera mecánica, y terminó con el brazo izquierdo atrapado entre uno de los escalones y los peines del descenso del escalón terminal.Ingresó a Emergencias, donde, tras realizar las medidas de estabilización inicial, se trasladó a cirugía para el retiro del cuerpo extraño. No se encontró compromiso vascular o nervioso, pero sí pérdida grave de tejido celular subcutáneo. Se retiró el peine de metal, y se realizó la cirugía reparadora del miembro afectado. Requirió cuatro intervenciones más por Cirugía Plástica y Reparadora. La paciente tuvo buena evolución clínica y recibió el alta sin secuelas funcionales

Escalator-related injuries are rare but can be a medical emergency with potentially dangerous complications. The severe upper limb involvement related to injury occurred on an escalator is described.A two year-old patient suffered a fall going down an escalator; her left arm was caught between one of the steps and the comb of the last step.She was admitted to the Emergency Room for the initial stabilization. The foreign body was removed in the operating room. No vascular or nervous compromise was found, but there was severe loss of subcutaneous cellular tissue. The metal comb was removed, and repair surgery was performed on the affected limb. She required four more surgical interventions for plastic and reconstructive surgery. The patient had a good clinical evolution and was discharged without functional sequelae.

Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Arm/surgery , Elevators and Escalators , Wounds and Injuries
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(1): 42-48, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156118


ABSTRACT Introduction The upper limbs are segments of the human body responsible for primary activities of daily life, and the muscles are essential structures for performing these activities. There have been few studies on intra- and inter-examiner reliability of the hand-held dynamometer (HHD) in healthy subjects, and none have been published that compare dynamometric evaluation methods in the main muscles in this segment. Objective Evaluate intra-examiner and inter-examiner assessment reliability of the hand-held dynamometry of upper limb muscles in healthy individuals, as well as comparing the assessment reliability between fixed and non-fixed methods. Methods Healthy subjects aged over 18 years were recruited for the study. The isometric contraction for ten muscle groups of the dominant upper limb was tested. For the fixed method, we used a system of suction cups, connected to the HHD by an inelastic belt. For the non-fixed method, the examiner supported the device by hand. The isometric contraction was sustained for three seconds. Each measurement was repeated three times, considering the highest value obtained. The reliability was calculated using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). The dispersion between measurements was expressed by a Bland-Altman plot. Results The sample consisted of 25 volunteers, all right-handed. The intra-examiner ICC was 0.89-0.99 for the non-fixed method, and 0.43 to 0.85 for the fixed method. Inter-examiner reliability showed equivalent behavior. This study showed that evaluation of upper limb muscle strength using an isometric dynamometer has excellent intra-examiner and inter-examiner reliability. The supine position was chosen due to the need to propose a feasible protocol for clinical practice that could be replicated for the majority of publics and in different environments. The non-fixed method showed better reliability overall, demonstrating the feasibility of this tool without the need for adaptations, additional devices, or increased operating costs for this evaluation. Conclusion Comparison between the fixed and non-fixed HHD methods demonstrated superiority of the non-fixed method in terms of reliability. Level of evidence II; Investigation of a diagnostic exam - Development of diagnostic criteria with consecutive patients.

RESUMO Introdução Os membros superiores são segmentos do corpo humano responsáveis por atividades primordiais do nosso cotidiano, e os músculos são estruturas imprescindíveis para isso. Ainda são escassos na literatura os estudos sobre a confiabilidade intra e interexaminadores da dinamometria Hand-Held em indivíduos saudáveis, sendo inédita a comparação entre os métodos de avaliação da dinamometria nos principais músculos desse segmento. Objetivo Avaliar a confiabilidade da avaliação intraexaminador e interexaminador da dinamometria manual de músculos do membro superior em indivíduos saudáveis, bem como comparar a confiabilidade da avaliação entre métodos fixos e não fixos. Métodos Foram recrutados indivíduos saudáveis, maiores de 18 anos. A contração isométrica para dez grupos musculares do membro superior dominante foi testada. Para o método fixado, foi empregado um sistema de ventosas conectado ao Dinamomêtro Hand-Held (DHH) por um cinto inelástico. No método não fixado, o examinador apoiou o aparelho com a mão. A contração isométrica foi sustentada por três segundos. Cada medida foi repetida três vezes, considerando o maior valor obtido. A confiabilidade foi calculada através do coeficiente de correlação intraclasse (CCI). A dispersão entre as medidas foi expressa pelo diagrama de Bland-Altman. Resultados A amostra foi composta por 25 voluntários, todos destros. O coeficiente de correlação intraclasse (CCI) dos intraexaminadores para método não fixado foi de 0,89 a 0,99 e, para o método fixado, situou-se entre 0,43 e 0,85. A confiabilidade interexaminadores teve comportamento equivalente. O presente estudo demonstrou que a avaliação da força dos músculos dos MMSS com dinamômetro isométrico apresenta excelente confiabilidade tanto intra como interexaminadores. A escolha do posicionamento em supino vem da necessidade de propor um protocolo factível na prática clínica, replicável para a maioria dos públicos e em ambientes diversos. O fato de o método não fixado demonstrar maior confiabilidade, em geral, expõe a viabilidade do uso dessa ferramenta sem necessidade de adaptações, dispositivos adicionais ou aumento do custo operacional nessa avaliação. Conclusão A comparação entre os métodos fixados e os não fixados da dinamometria Hand-Held demonstrou superioridade do método não fixado quanto à confiabilidade. Nível de evidência II; Estudos diagnósticos - Investigação de um exame para diagnóstico - Desenvolvimento de critérios diagnósticos com pacientes consecutivos.

RESUMEN Introducción Los miembros superiores son segmentos del cuerpo humano responsables de las actividades primordiales de nuestro cotidiano, y los músculos son estructuras imprescindibles para eso. Aún son escasos los estudios sobre la confiabilidad intra e interexaminadores de la dinamometría Hand-Held en individuos saludables, siendo inédita la comparación entre los métodos de evaluación de la dinamometría en los músculos principales de ese segmento. Objetivos Evaluar la confiabilidad de la evaluación intraexaminador e interexaminador de la dinamometría manual de músculos del miembro superior en individuos saludables, bien como comparar la confiabilidad der la evaluación entre métodos fijos y no fijos. Métodos Se reclutaron individuos saludables, mayores de 18 años. Se probó la contracción isométrica para diez grupos musculares del miembro superior dominante. Para el método fijado, se utilizó un sistema de ventosas, conectado al Dinamómetro Hand-Held (DHH) a través de un cinturón inelástico. En el método no fijado, el examinador apoyó el aparato con la mano. La contracción isométrica fue sustentada por tres segundos. Cada medición fue repetida tres veces, considerando el valor más alto obtenido. La confiabilidad fue calculada a través del coeficiente de correlación intraclase (CCI). La dispersión entre las mediciones se expresó por el diagrama de Bland-Altman. Resultados La muestra fue compuesta por 25 voluntarios, todos diestros. El coeficiente de correlación intraclase (CCI) de los intraexaminadores para método no fijado fue de 0,89 a 0,99 y, para el método fijado fue entre 0,43 y 0,85. La confiabilidad intraexaminadores tuvo comportamiento equivalente. El presente estudio demostró que la evaluación de la fuerza de los músculos de los MMSS con un dinamómetro isométrico presenta excelente confiabilidad tanto intra como interexaminadores. La elección del posicionamiento en supino viene de la necesidad de proponer un protocolo factible en la práctica clínica, replicable para la mayoría de los públicos y en ambientes diversos. El hecho de que el método no fijado demuestre mayor confiabilidad, en general, expone la viabilidad del uso de esa herramienta sin necesidad de adaptaciones, dispositivos adicionales o aumento del costo operacional, en esa evaluación. Conclusión La comparación entre los métodos fijados y no fijados de la dinamometría Hand-Held demostró superioridad del método no fijado cuanto a la confiabilidad. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios diagnósticos - Investigación de un examen para diagnóstico - Desarrollo de criterios diagnósticos con pacientes consecutivos.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Arm/physiology , Muscle Strength/physiology , Muscle Strength Dynamometer , Observer Variation , Reproducibility of Results
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1171-1174, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921028


Through analyzing the indication distribution of the different acupoints located at the upper limbs recorded in

Humans , Acupuncture Points , Arm , Goiter , Meridians , Tuberculosis, Lymph Node
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 742-752, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888235


In order to more accurately and effectively understand the intermuscular coupling of different temporal and spatial levels from the perspective of complex networks, a new multi-scale intermuscular coupling network analysis method was proposed in this paper. The multivariate variational modal decomposition (MVMD) and Copula mutual information (Copula MI) were combined to construct an intermuscular coupling network model based on MVMD-Copula MI, and the characteristics of intermuscular coupling of multiple muscles of upper limbs in different time-frequency scales during reaching exercise in healthy subjects were analyzed by using the network parameters such as node strength and clustering coefficient. The experimental results showed that there are obvious differences in the characteristics of intermuscular coupling in the six time-frequency scales. Specifically, the triceps brachii (TB) had relatively high coupling strength with the middle deltoid (MD) and posterior deltoid (PD), and the intermuscular function was closely connected. However, the biceps brachii (BB) was independent of other muscles. The intermuscular coupling network had scale differences. MVMD-Copula MI can quantitatively describe the relationship of multi-scale intermuscular coupling strength, which has good application prospects.

Humans , Arm , Electromyography , Exercise , Muscle, Skeletal , Upper Extremity
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(6): 759-763, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156202


Abstract Objective To describe the clinical and radiographic outcomes of patients submitted to percutaneous fixation without bone graft for scaphoid nonunion, with a minimum follow-up of six months. Methods A case series study of a convenience sample of hand surgeons with prospective evaluation. Patients with scaphoid (waist or proximal pole) nonunion and the following features were included: more than six months of history; X-rays showing sclerosis of the edges of the nonunion, with resorption of the nonunion focus measuring less than 4 mm (Slade & Gleissler I, II, III and IV) and no angular deformity; and no proximal pole necrosis on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Results After six months of follow-up, all nonunion were consolidated, with no major complications. The functional outcomes revealed good scores on the disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (DASH; n = 12; mean: 6.9; standard deviation [SD]: 2.1) and patient-rated wrist evaluation (PRWE; n = 12; mean: 7.97, SD: 1.5) questionnaires. The results of the visual analog scale (VAS) showed little residual pain (n = 12; mean: 0.71; SD: 0.2). Slight decreases in flexion (69 versus 59.1; p = 0.007), extension (62.4 versus 48.7; p = 0.001) and radial deviation (29.6 versus 24.6; p = 0.014) were detected in comparison to the contralateral side. Conclusions All cases in the series presented consolidation and good functional scores at the six-month evaluation. This is a promising option (with lower technical demand and morbidity) for the treatment of scaphoid nonunion. Comparative studies are required to assess the effectiveness of this technique in comparison with other options.

Resumo Objetivo Descrever os resultados clínico-radiográficos de pacientes tratados por meio de fixação percutânea sem enxerto ósseo para pseudartrose do escafóide, com seguimento mínimo de seis meses. Métodos Série de casos de uma amostra de conveniência de grupo de cirurgiões de mão com avaliação prospectiva.. Foram incluídos pacientes com diagnóstico de pseudartrose do escafóide (cintura ou polo proximal) com as seguintes características: mais de seis meses de histórico; radiografias demonstrando esclerose das bordas da pseudartrose, com reabsorção do foco de pseudartrose menor do que 4 mm (Slade & Gleissler I, II, III e IV), sem deformidade angular; e sem necrose do polo proximal pela ressonância magnética (RM). Resultados Na avaliação com mais de seis meses, todas as pseudartroses estavam consolidadas e sem maiores complicações. Os resultados funcionais demonstraram boas pontuações nos questionários de disfunções do braço, ombro e mão (disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand, DASH; n = 12; média: 6,9; desvio padrão [DP]: 2,1) e de avaliação do punho pelo paciente (patient-rated wrist evaluation, PRWE; n = 12; média: 7,97; DP: 1,5). Observou-se pouca dor residual de acordo com a escala visual analógica (EVA; n = 12; média: 0,71; DP: 0,2). Houve discreta diminuição da flexão (69 versus 59,1; p = 0,007), da extensão (62,4 versus 48,7; p = 0,001) e do desvio radial (29,6 versus 24.6; p = 0,014) em comparação ao lado contralateral. Conclusões Nesta série, todos os casos estavam consolidados ao sexto mês de avaliação, com bom status funcional. Trata-se de uma opção promissora (menor demanda técnica e morbidade) para o tratamento da pseudartrose do escafóide. Estudos comparativos serão úteis para avaliar a efetividade da técnica com relação a outras opções.

Humans , Arm , Pseudarthrosis , Congenital Abnormalities , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Extravehicular Activity , Scaphoid Bone , Fractures, Bone , International Cooperation
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(6): 804-807, Nov.-Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156184


Abstract Neurothekeomas, also known as neural sheath myxomas, are rare benign tumors of the neural sheath affecting most commonly the head, arms and shoulder of women in their 2nd and 3rd decades of life. Due to the low prevalence and undefined clinical picture, they are hardly considered in the initial differential diagnosis of skin tumors. We report the case of a 24 year-old woman who was seen in 2016 reporting > 1 year of moderate pain and limited mobility of her left shoulder. Clinical evaluation revealed restricted mobility of the affected shoulder and nuclear magnetic resonance imaging showed a T2-weighted contrast-enhanced multilobular mass in the quadrilateral area apparently invading the adjacent humeral cortical region. Histopathology of a needle sample material revealed loose fibroconnective tissue with no signs of invasion, mitosis or atypical figures. Successful surgical excision was performed and the diagnosis of neurothekeoma was confirmed after detailed histopathology, including immunohistochemistry. The patient was asymptomatic at 18 months of follow-up, with full recovery of shoulder movement and no signs of relapse.

Resumo Neurotecomas, também conhecidos como mixomas da bainha neural, são tumores benignos raros da bainha neural afetando mais comumente a cabeça, braços e ombros de mulheres entre 20 e 40 anos de idade. Devido à baixa prevalência e quadro clínico mal definido, essas lesões são raramente consideradas no diagnóstico diferencial de tumores cutâneos. Relatamos o caso de uma mulher de 24 anos de idade que procurou atendimento em 2016 relatando dor moderada por mais de um ano e limitação dos movimentos do ombro esquerdo. Ao exame, foi constatada restrição da mobilidade dessa articulação e uma ressonância magnética revelou imagem multilobular com aumento de sinal em T2 na região quadrilateral, aparentando invasão da região cortical do úmero subjacente. A histopatologia de uma biópsia incisional mostrou lesão composta por tecido conjuntivo frouxo, sem sinais de invasão, figuras de mitose ou atipias. Foi realizada excisão completa da lesão e o diagnóstico de neurotecoma foi confirmado após análise histopatológica que incluiu painel imunohistoquímico. À revisão de 18 meses, a paciente estava assintomática com recuperação completa do movimento e sem evidência de recidiva da lesão.

Humans , Female , Adult , Arm , Recurrence , Skin Neoplasms , Axilla , Biopsy , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Neurothekeoma , Connective Tissue , Shoulder Pain , Diagnosis, Differential , Head , Joints , Mitosis , Myxoma , Neoplasms
Int. j. morphol ; 38(4): 1148-1154, Aug. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124908


The aim of this study is to investigate rs1805086 and rs1805065 polymorphisms of MSTN gene of national and amateur Turkish arm wrestlers and people leading a sedentary lifestyle, and the anthropometric properties such as hand, wrist, and forearm circumferences of national and amateur Turkish arm wrestlers are aimed to be explored. In this study, a total of 79 volunteers who were 24 national (7 females, 17 males) Turkish arm wrestlers, 21 amateur (7 females, 14 males) Turkish arm wrestlers and 34 sedentary people (12 females, 22 males) participated. To analyse the data, Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, SPSS 22 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA) was used. As a result of the study, when data on rs1805086 and rs1805065 polymorphisms of MSTN gene were examined respectively, it was found out that MSTN 153KK genotype was 100.0% dominant in both national (n=24) and amateur (n=21) arm wrestlers, and it was 94.12 % dominant in sedentary people. KR genotype was observed in 5.88 % of the sedentary people. The data from the other rs1805065 polymorphism of MSTN gene showed that all participants (n = 45, 100.0 %) were carriers of normal homozygous genotype. Furthermore, for both female group and male group, there found to be statistically significant difference in terms of anthropometric properties. It can be concluded that though there was no significant difference between national and amateur Turkish arm wrestlers in terms of their MSTN gene characteristics; in terms of anthropometric properties, significant differences were discovered. It was found out that on these athletes, not MSTN gene polymorphisms but anthropometric properties were effective.

El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar los polimorfismos rs1805086 y rs1805065 del gen MSTN de luchadores de brazos turcos, nacionales y aficionados, y personas que llevan un estilo de vida sedentario, y las propiedades antropométricas además de las circunferencias de manos, muñecas y antebrazos de los luchadores de brazos turcos nacionales y aficionados. En este estudio, participaron un total de 79 voluntarios: 24 luchadores de brazos turcos nacionales (7 mujeres, 17 hombres), 21 luchadores de brazos turcos aficionados (7 mujeres, 14 hombres) y 34 personas sedentarias (12 mujeres, 22 hombres). Para analizar los datos, se utilizó el Paquete Estadístico para las Ciencias Sociales, SPSS 22 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, EE. UU.). Como resultado del estudio, cuando se examinaron los datos sobre los polimorfismos rs1805086 y rs1805065 del gen MSTN respectivamente, se descubrió que el genotipo MSTN 153KK era 100,0 % dominante en luchadores de brazos nacionales (n = 24) y aficionados (n = 21) , y era 94,12 % dominante en personas sedentarias. El genotipo KR se observó en el 5,88 % de las personas sedentarias. Los datos del otro polimorfismo rs1805065 del gen MSTN mostraron que todos los participantes (n = 45; 100,0 %) eran portadores del genotipo homocigoto normal. Además, tanto para el grupo femenino como para el masculino, se encontró una diferencia estadísticamente significativa en términos de propiedades antropométricas. Se puede concluir que, aunque no hubo una diferencia significativa entre los luchadores de brazos turcos nacionales y aficionados en términos de sus características genéticas MSTN; en términos de propiedades antropométricas, se descubrieron diferencias significativas. Se descubrió que, en estos atletas, no fueron los polimorfismos del gen MSTN sino las propiedades antropométricas las efectivas.

Humans , Male , Female , Arm/anatomy & histology , Polymorphism, Genetic , Wrestling , Myostatin/genetics , Athletes , Turkey , Wrist/anatomy & histology , Anthropometry , Athletic Performance/physiology , Forearm/anatomy & histology , Genotype , Hand/anatomy & histology