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1.
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 22(1): e310, ene.-abr. 2021. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251686

ABSTRACT

El Estreptococo Pneumoniae es un microorganismo patógeno capaz de causar en humanos diversas infecciones y procesos invasivos severos, siempre graves y potencialmente letales. El objetivo de este trabajo fue mostrar la infrecuente presencia del Estreptococo Pneumoniae en la aparición de los aneurismas micóticos aórticos y de arterias periféricas, una asociación muy particular que coloca al cirujano vascular ante una especial conducta terapéutica encaminada a erradicar la infección, evitar la ruptura y sustituir la arteria, para mantener la continuidad de la luz del vaso y prevenir situaciones graves de isquemia(AU)


Streptococcal Pneumoniae is a pathogenic microorganism capable of causing in humans various infections and severe, always serious and potentially lethal invasive processes. The objective of this work was to show the rare presence of Streptococcal Pneumoniae in the onset of aortic mycotic aneurysms and peripheral arteries, a very particular association that places the vascular surgeon in an special therapeutic behavior aimed at eradicating the infection, preventing ruptures and replacing the artery, to maintain the continuity of vessel's light and prevent serious ischemia's situations8AU9


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Arteries , Therapeutics , Aneurysm, Infected , Infections
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878711

ABSTRACT

Peripheral artery aneurysms,with low incidence and complex anatomic structure,often involve important branches.This paper introduces a new surgical technique-sleeve shaping on the basis of two cases.The basic data,including characteristics,imaging,operation and follow-up data of the cases,were collected.The data were then combined with the previous literature for explaining in detail that this technique can be used as a supplementary method of reconstruction following resection or endovascular repair.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm/surgery , Arteries , Humans , Treatment Outcome
3.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(1): e1560, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248509

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Transanal hemorrhoidal dearterialization (THD) is safe and effective minimally invasive treatment for hemorrhoidal disease, but reports regarding recurrence and postoperative complications (pain and tenesmus) vary significantly. Aim: To evaluate if selective dearterialization and mucopexy at the symptomatic hemorrhoid only, without Doppler guidance, achieves adequate control of the prolapse and bleeding and if postoperative morbidity is reduced with this technique. Methods: Twenty consecutive patients with grade II and III hemorrhoids were treated with this new approach and were evaluated for postoperative complications and recurrence. Results: Control of prolapse and bleeding was achieved in all patients (n=20). Postoperative complications were tenesmus (n=2), external hemorrhoidal thrombosis (n=2) and urinary retention (n=2). After a mean follow-up of 13 months no recurrences were diagnosed. Conclusion: Selective dearterialization and mucopexy is safe and achieves adequate control of prolapse and bleeding and, by minimizing sutures in the anal canal, postoperative morbidity is diminished. Doppler probe is unnecessary for this procedure, which makes it also more interesting from an economic perspective.


RESUMO Racional: O tratamento da doença hemorroidária pela técnica de THD (Transanal Hemorrhoidal Dearterialization) é minimamente invasivo e tem se mostrado seguro e eficiente. No entanto, dados sobre a recorrência e complicações (dor e tenesmo) no pós-operatório são muito variáveis. Objetivo: Avaliar se a desarterialização e mucopexia seletiva, sem o uso de Doppler, é suficiente para o controle de sintomas e se a morbidade pós-operatória é menor com esta técnica. Métodos: Vinte pacientes foram tratados com essa técnica e avaliados sobre controle de sintomas, morbidade pós-operatória e recorrência. Resultados: Controle do prolapso e sangramento foi observado em todos pacientes (n=20). Complicações pós-operatórias foram: tenesmo (n=2), trombose hemorroidária externa (n=2), retenção urinária (n=2). Após um seguimento médio de 13 meses, nenhuma recorrência foi detectada. Conclusões: O procedimento de desarterialização e mucopexias seletivas é seguro e eficiente em termos de controle do prolapso e sangramento. Esta técnica resulta em menor morbidade cirúrgica, uma vez que diminui o número de suturas no canal anal, resultando em menos dor e tenesmo pós-operatório. Para este procedimento o uso de ultrassom Doppler é desnecessário, o que diminui custos e o torna mais atrativo do ponto de vista econômico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hemorrhoidectomy , Hemorrhoids/surgery , Anal Canal , Arteries/surgery , Rectum , Treatment Outcome , Ultrasonography, Doppler , Ligation
4.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 27(4): 303-307, oct.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289335

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Ergotism is a vasospasm that affects visceral and peripheral muscle arteries. Classically, symmetrical involvement of lower limb arteries is described, and is often associated with a history of chronic consumption of ergotamine derived medications (Cafergot). Case report: A 22 year-old healthy man with infectious mononucleosis syndrome, who presented with a sudden onset of paraesthesias in the lower limbs, as well as livedo reticularis. The initial diagnosis was a medium-sized vessel vasculitis (polyarteritis nodosa). The symptoms were preceded by the administration of Cafergot for headache treatment, and resolved spontaneously. The magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) of the lower limbs showed occlusion of peroneal arteries, with filiform distal flow. Other infectious, autoimmune and cardiovascular origins were ruled out. Discussion: Ergotism is an important differential diagnosis in the study of the patient with vasculitis, especially in acute onset presentations. Its treatment is the suspension of the causal drug, with vasodilator and surgical vascular procedures, if necessary. Conclusions: Ergotism is an imitator of vasculitis, especially in young patients with a history of difficult to control migraine. The concomitant administration of CYP3A4 inhibitors (mainly, protease inhibitors and macrolides) enhances the toxic effects of ergot.


RESUMEN Introducción: El ergotismo es un vasoespasmo que afecta las arterias musculares periféricas y viscerales. Clásicamente se describe la afectación simétrica de las arterias de las extremidades inferiores, a menudo asociada con el consumo crónico de medicamentos derivados de ergotamina (Cafergot®). Caso clínico: Varón sano de 22 anos con síndrome de mononucleosis, presentó parestesias en las extremidades inferiores y livedo reticularis de forma súbita, el diagnóstico inicial fue una vasculitis de mediano vaso (poliarteritis nodosa). Los síntomas fueron precedidos por la administración de Cafergot® para el tratamiento de cefalea, y se resolvieron espontáneamente. La angiografía por resonancia magnética (ARM) de las extremidades inferiores mostró oclusión de las arterias peroneas, con flujo distal filiforme. Se descartaron otras etiologías infecciosas, autoinmunes y cardiovasculares. Discusión: Los ergotismos son un diagnóstico diferencial importante en el estudio del paciente con vasculitis, especialmente en presentaciones de inicio agudo. Su tratamiento es la suspensión del fármaco causal, vasodilatadores y procedimientos vasculares quirúrgicos, si es necesario. Conclusiones: El ergotismo es un imitador de vasculitis, especialmente en pacientes jóvenes con antecedentes de migrana de difícil control. La administración concomitante de inhibidores del CYP3A4 (principalmente, inhibidores de proteasa y macrólidos) potencia los efectos tóxicos del ergot.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Vasculitis , Ergotism , Arteries , Diagnosis , Ergotamine
5.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(6): 1760-1766, Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134509

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The posterior superior alveolar artery is responsible for the vascularisation of the mucous which covers the posterior wall of the maxillary sinus, pulp and the periodontal tissues of upper molars. The collateral rami of the infraorbital artery irrigate the mucous of the anterior and lateral walls of the maxillary sinus, as well as the pulp and periodontal tissue of the upper anterior teeth and upper premolars. Both these arteries present intraosseous and extraosseous rami which form an anastomosis in the anterior and lateral walls of the maxillary sinus, called the alveolar antral artery (AAA). The aim of this study was to analyse the presence, location and morphometry of the AAA in a Chilean population, considering sex, side and age, using Cone-Beam computed tomography (CBCT). Forty-two CBCT examinations of Chilean adults were evaluated to analyse the presence, location (extraosseous, intraosseous or subperiosteal) and diameter (<1mm, 1-2 mm, 2-3 mm, >3 mm) of the AAA and the distance from the AAA to the amelocemental limit of the upper second premolar (2PM), permanent upper first molar (1M) and permanent upper second molar (2M) by sex and age range. Pearson's chi-squared test, Student's t-test, ANOVA and Pearson's correlation coefficient were applied, using a significance threshold of 5 %. AAA was found in 75 sides (89.3 %), 38 on the right side (90.5 %) and 37 on the left (88.09 %); extraosseous location was most common. More than 80 % of the arteries presented a diameter between 1 and 2 mm, with no important differences between sexes or age ranges. In younger individuals, the artery was located closer to the vestibular amelocemental limit than in older individuals. Carrying out a proper treatment plan which includes imagenological analysis before surgical procedures is essential to avoid possible haemorrhagic events in the region.


RESUMEN: Arteria alveolar superior posterior es responsable de la vascularización de la mucosa que recubre la pared posterior del seno maxilar, la pulpa y el tejido peridontal en el que se insertan los molares superiores. Las ramas colaterales de la arteria infraorbitaria irrigan la mucosa de las paredes anterior y lateral del seno maxilar, así como la pulpa y el periodonto de los dientes anteriores superiores y los premolares superiores. Ambas arterias presentan ramas intraóseas y extraóseas que forman una anastomosis en las paredes anterior y lateral del seno maxilar, denominada arteria alvéolo antral (AAA). El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la presencia, localización y morfometría del AAA en una población chilena, considerando sexo, lado y edad, mediante tomografía computarizada Cone-Beam (CBCT). Se evaluaron 42 exámenes CBCT de adultos chilenos para analizar la presencia, ubicación (extraósea, intraósea o subperióstica) y diámetro (<1 mm, 1-2 mm, 2-3 mm,> 3 mm) del AAA. y la distancia del AAA al límite amelocemental del segundo premolar superior (2PM), primer molar superior permanente (1M) y segundo molar superior permanente (2M) por sexo y rango de edad. Se aplicaron la prueba de chi-cuadrado de Pearson, la prueba t de Student, ANOVA y el coeficiente de correlación de Pearson, utilizando un umbral de significancia del 5 %. Se encontró AAA en 75 lados (89,3 %), 38 del lado derecho (90,5 %) y 37 del lado izquierdo (88,09 %); la localización extraósea fue la más común. Más del 80 % de las arterias presentaban un diámetro entre 1 y 2 mm, sin diferencias importantes entre sexos ni rangos de edad. En individuos más jóvenes, la arteria se ubicó más cerca del límite amelocemental vestibular que en individuos mayores. La realización de un adecuado plan de tratamiento que incluya análisis imagenológico antes de los procedimientos quirúrgicos es fundamental para evitar posibles eventos hemorrágicos en la región.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Arteries/anatomy & histology , Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Alveolar Process/blood supply , Alveolar Process/diagnostic imaging , Chile , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Maxillary Sinus
6.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(4): 963-969, Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124883

ABSTRACT

During routine undergraduate dissections of the upper limb, variations on the usual arterial and muscular patterns were observed in a 68 year-old male cadaver. The arterial and muscular pattern found in our specimen is similar to that of some primates in the following terms. 1) Brachial artery duplicity, on the right side, with a superficial brachio-ulnoradial artery. 2) In the right upper limb, the biceps brachii muscle continued with the superficial muscles of the forearm. 3) The brachial artery on the left side, cross over in front of the median nerve, as the only artery of the arm with a network axillary pattern. 4) On both sides, the ulnar artery was superficial and originated at the elbow from superficial brachial arteries. 5) The right anterior interosseous artery intervened in the vascularization of the hand. These results suggest that this may be a case of early detention of human embryonic development and/or the persistence of phylogenetic older patterns. In the literature, we have found no reference to the presence of all these variations in the same individual. The objective of our study was to analyze these variations from an embryological and phylogenetic perspective.


Durante las disecciones de pregrado de rutina del miembro superior, se observaron variaciones en los patrones arteriales y musculares habituales en un cadáver macho de 68 años. El patrón arterial y muscular que se encuentra en nuestro espécimen es similar al de algunos primates en los siguientes términos. 1) Duplicidad de la arteria braquial, en el lado derecho, con una arteria braquioulnoradial superficial. 2) En el miembro superior derecho, el músculo bíceps braquial continuó con los músculos superficiales del antebrazo. 3) La arteria braquial en el lado izquierdo, se cruza frente al nervio mediano, como la única arteria del brazo con un patrón axilar en red. 4) En ambos lados, la arteria ulnar era superficial y se originó en el codo de las arterias braquiales superficiales. 5) La arteria interósea anterior derecha intervino en la vascularización de la mano. Estos resultados sugieren que este puede ser un caso de detención temprana del desarrollo embrionario humano y/o la persistencia de patrones filogenéticos más antiguos. En la literatura, no hemos encontrado ninguna referencia a la presencia de todas estas variaciones en el mismo individuo. El objetivo de nuestro estudio fue analizar estas variaciones desde una perspectiva embriológica y filogenética.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Arteries/anatomy & histology , Upper Extremity/blood supply , Anatomic Variation , Arteries/embryology , Cadaver , Upper Extremity/embryology
7.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(4): 1142-1147, Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124907

ABSTRACT

Disorders in the course of the neurovascular bed of the sexual neurovascular bundle (NVB) entail problems of gynecological, andrological and urological nature, for example, the state of impotence in men. The aim of the study was to establish a method to determine a projection. The Arteria pudenda interna, Vena pudenda interna and Nervus pudendus (sexual neurovascular bundle or NVB) from the infrapiriform foramen to the Alcock's canal (pudendal canal) in which the pudendal neurovascular bundle runs. Topographic and anatomical study was performed on 15 corpses without organ complex (remote shore): 9-from men and 6-women, aged 36 to 74 years. Each object of study (corpse) included 2 pairs of sexual NVB, a total of 30 investigated. The information obtained on the projection branches of the pudendal nerve, and pudendal internal artery and pudendal internal vein from infrapiriform foramen to the entrance of the pudendal canal. A method for determining the projection of sexual NVB in the gluteal region was developed. The projection of Arteria pudenda interna, Vena pudenda interna and Nervus pudendus from the infrapiriform foramen in the gluteal region and to the entrance of the pudendal canal is determined. The morphometric data necessary for the mathematical equation developed by us for the calculation of the boundaries of the projection of the desired plane in the course of the sexual NVB are obtained . Using these data in the method of mathematical calculation developed by us using the formula C'c' = 0,2679 x (A'G-AD+3), we determined the projection of the figure, in the form of a trapezoid, in the center of which the projection of the sexual NVB is determined.A method for determining the projection of the sexual neurovascular bundle in the gluteal region for diagnosis and therapeutic effects on sexual NPS was developed.


Los trastornos en el curso de las estructuras del haz neurovascular sexual conllevan problemas de naturaleza ginecológica, andrológica y urológica, por ejemplo, el estado de impotencia en los hombres. El objetivo de este estudio fue establecer un método para determinar una proyección de los vasos pudendos internos y el nervio pudendo (haz neurovascular sexual o HNV) desde el foramen infrapiriforme hasta el canal de Alcock (canal pudendo). Se realizó un estudio topográfico y anatómico en 15 cadáveres: 9 hombres y 6 mujeres, entre 36 y 74 años. Se analizaron 30 muestras, cada cadáver incluyó 2 pares de HNV sexuales. Se obtuvo información sobre las ramas de proyección de la arteria, y vena pudenda interna y del nervio pudendo, desde el foramen infrapiriforme hasta la entrada al canal pudendo. Se desarrolló un método para determinar la proyección de NVB sexual en la región glútea. La proyección de la vena pudenda interna y del nervio pudendo se determinó desde el foramen infrapiriformis en la región glútea, hasta la entrada del canal pudendo. Se obtuvieron datos morfométricos necesarios para la ecuación matemática y obtener el cálculo de los límites de la proyección del plano deseado en el curso de la HNV sexual. Usando estos datos se utilizó la fórmula C'c '= 0,2679 x (A'G-AD + 3), y se realizó la proyección de la figura, en forma de trapecio, en el centro del cual se determinó la proyección de la HNV sexual. Se desarrolló un método para la proyección del haz neurovascular sexual en la región glútea, en el diagnóstico y los efectos terapéuticos sobre el NPS sexual.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Arteries/anatomy & histology , Pudendal Nerve/anatomy & histology , Cadaver , Dissection
8.
Rev. argent. neurocir ; 34(2): 145-148, jun. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1123387

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los aneurismas cerebrales de la circulación posterior, representan solo del 8 al 10 % del total de los aneurismas cerebrales, y de estos los de la arteria cerebelosa anteroinferior (AICA) son muy poco frecuentes, por lo que no hay algoritmo de manejo para estas lesiones, se requieren conocimientos anatómicos de vascular y de base de cráneo para el tratamiento de estos, hablando del abordaje quirúrgico, podemos mencionar, el extremo lateral, retrosigmoideo, orbitozigomatico y presigmoideo, que depende del tamaño y localización del aneurisma, ya sea distal o proximal. Presentamos este caso, que tratamos mediante un abordaje retrosigmoideo convencional, el cual nos ofreció un corredor quirúrgico suficiente, sin necesidad de un abordaje mas amplio, en este caso fue un aneurisma distal de la AICA, localizado en el segmento meatal, que se encontró en el complejo neurovascular medio del ángulo pontocerebeloso, muy próximo a los nervios craneales V, VII y VIII. Objetivos: Demostrar que los aneurismas distales de la AICA se pueden manejar mediante un abordaje retrosigmodeo convencional con éxito. Materiales y métodos: El paciente se colocó en posición park bench, bajo fijación esquelética de 3 puntos, con el asterion como punto mas elevado. Se realizo una incisión en forma de C en la mastoides y se realizo un abordaje dirigido hacia el ángulo pontocerebeloso. Resultados: Se logró realizar el clipaje del aneurisma de forma satisfactoria, con un buen resultado clínico del paciente, quien fue egresada a los 4 días sin déficit neurológico. Conclusión: El abordaje retrosigmoideo es una opción terapéutica para el manejo de los aneurismas ubicados en el ángulo pontocerebeloso, específicamente del AICA distal y también se puede usar incluso para los aneurismas distales del PICA.


Background: Cerebral aneurysms of the posterior circulation, representing only 8 to 10% of the total cerebral aneurysms, but the aneurysms of the anteroinferior cerebellar artery (AICA) are very rare, so there is no management algorithm for these lesions, anatomical knowledge of vascular and skull base are known for the treatment of these lesions, in relation of the surgical approach, we can identify, the far lateral, retrosigmoid, orbitozigmatic or presigmoid approaches, which depends on the size and location of aneurysm, either distal or proximal. We present this case, which we treated through a conventional retrosigmoid approach, which offers us a sufficient surgical corridor, without the need for a broader approach, in this case it was a distal AICA aneurysm, located in the meatal segment, which was found in the middle neurovascular complex of the pontocerebellar angle, very close to the cranial nerves V, VII and VIII. Objective: Demonstrate that distal aneurysms of AICA can be managed using a successful conventional retrosigmoid approach. Results: The clipping of the aneurysm was achieved satisfactorily, with a good clinical result of the patient, who was discharged at 4 days without neurological deficit. Conclusion: The retrosigmoid approach is a therapeutic option for the management of aneurysms located in the pontocerebellar angle, specifically of the distal AICA and can also be used even for distal aneurysms of the PICA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aneurysm , Arteries , Intracranial Aneurysm , Cranial Nerves
9.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(3): 766-773, June 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098318

ABSTRACT

En las cirugías sobre la glándula tiroides se ha prestado mucha atención al manejo del nervio laríngeo inferior y de las glándulas paratiroides, no así del ramo lateral del nervio laríngeo superior, el cual es satélite del pedículo vascular superior de la glándula tiroides. El manejo del polo superior de la glándula tiroides requiere de un conocimiento acabado de su anatomía topográfica del área y está determinada por sus relaciones más importantes, dadas por el citado nervio y la arteria tiroidea superior principalmente. En este trabajo se pretende estudiar estas relaciones en base a la disección meticulosa del triángulo laringo-esternotiroideo ("Triángulo de Joll") de 25 cadáveres adultos formolizados. Como hallazgo relevante se informa que los "nervios en riesgo", según la clasificación de Cernea, que se basa en una distancia menor a un centímetro en el entrecruzamiento del nervio con la arteria tiroidea superior con respecto al polo superior de la glándula tiroides, es del 52 % para el lado derecho y 44 % para el lado izquierdo del cuello. El origen bajo de la arteria a nivel de la bifurcación carotídea se presenta asociada a un mayor número de "nervios en riesgo" en el lado izquierdo. Según el punto de penetración del ramo lateral del nervio laríngeo superior en el músculo constrictor inferior de la faringe se establece la clasificación de Friedman, muy útil sobre todo en cirugías ayudadas por la neuroestimulación. En esta clasifiacción los "nervios en riesgo" son aquellos que transcurrren superficial al músculo, mientras que los "nervios protegidos" serían aquellos que perforan el músculo en su porción superior. En este trabajo los "nervios en riesgo" se presentaron del lado izquierdo en el 56 % de los casos y del derecho en el 60 %, mientras que los "nervios protegidos" en el 24 % y 16 %, respectivamente.


In surgeries on the thyroid gland, much attention has been given to the management of the inferior laryngeal nerve and parathyroid glands, but not the external branch of the given by the aforementioned nerve and the superior thyroid artery. This paper intends to study these relationships based on the meticulous dissection of the larynx-sternothyroid triangle ("Joll triangle") of 25 formolized adult corpses. As a relevant finding, it is reported that the " nerves at risk" according to the Cernea classification, which is based on the distance less than one centimeter at the intersection of the nerve with the superior thyroid artery with respect to the upper pole of the gland, is 52 % for the right side and 44 % for the left side of the neck. The low origin of the artery at the level of the carotid bifurcation is associated with a greater number of "nerves at risk" on the left side. According to the penetration point of the external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve in the inferior pharyngeal constrictor muscle, the Friedman classification is established, very useful especially in surgeries aided by neurostimulation. In this classification the "nerves at risk" are those that run superficially to the muscle, while the protected nerves would be those that pierce the muscle in its upper part. In tis work, the "nerves at risk" presented on the left side in 56 % of the cases and the right side in 60 %, while those "protected" in 24 % and 16 % respectively.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Thyroid Gland/blood supply , Laryngeal Nerves/anatomy & histology , Arteries , Cadaver , Cross-Sectional Studies
10.
Acta méd. colomb ; 45(2): 41-44, Jan.-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1130690

ABSTRACT

Abstract Polyarteritis nodosa was first described in 1866 by Zarco. Histologically, it is characterized by necrosis of the medium-sized arteries. Clinical case: A 63-year-old patient presented with myalgia, blurred vision, paresthesias and loss of muscle strength. On physical exam, he had hypesthesia in the left foot. Paraclinical studies ruled out small vessel vasculitis, and, in the end, the biopsy was compatible with polyarteritis nodosa. Discussion: this is a low prevalence entity with widely variable clinical manifestations. Therefore, the American College of Rheumatology criteria must be used for diagnosis, keeping in mind that the gold standard is histopathology. It is treated with immunosuppressants and the patient's prognosis is determined through the assessment of four criteria.(Acta Med Colomb 2020; 45. DOI:https://doi.org/10.36104/amc.2020.1388).


Resumen La poliarteritis nodosa fue descrita por primera vez en 1866 por Zarco. Histológicamente se caracteriza por la presencia de necrosis de las arterias de mediano calibre. Caso clínico: paciente de 63 años con mialgias, visión borrosa, parestesias y pérdida de fuerza muscular. Al examen físico con hipoestesia en pie izquierdo. Los paraclínicos descartaron vasculitis de pequeño vasos, finalmente la biopsia era compatible con poliarteritis nodosa. Discusión: es una entidad de baja prevalencia, la cual tiene una amplia variabilidad en cuanto a manifestaciones clínicas, por lo cual es necesario usar los criterios del Colegio Americano de Reumatología para el diagnóstico, teniendo en cuenta que el gold estándar es el estudio histopatológico. El tratamiento se da con medicamentos inmunosupresores y el pronóstico del paciente se establece mediante la evaluación de cuatro criterios.(Acta Med Colomb 2020; 45. DOI:http://doi.org/10.36104/amc.2020.1388).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Polyarteritis Nodosa , Arteries , Signs and Symptoms , Vasculitis , Muscle Strength
11.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(3): 344-348, May-June 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132304

ABSTRACT

Abstract Caliber persistent labial artery (CPLA) consists in a dilated portion of the main branch of the labial artery without loss of size. The aim of this study is to report a case of a patient diagnosed with CPLA in the upper lip, emphasizing unusual histopathological and immunohistochemical findings. A 67-year-old female patient with complaint of a pulsating upper lip lesion without painful symptomatology. Under a clinical diagnosis of CPLA, and considering that the patient was edentulous and used a total prosthesis, an excisional biopsy of the lesion was performed to avoid future traumas in the region and consequently possible exuberant local bleeding. At anatomopathological examination structures suggestive of lymphoid follicles and germinal centers were visualized. Immunohistochemistry showed positivity for CD20, CD68, desmin and CD34 and negativity for CD4. The patient did not have a history of allergies, cardiovascular, rheumatic or systemic diseases that could justified the findings. The case presents unusual histopathological structures, evidencing the necessity of more studies about this pathology so scarce in the literature.


Resumo Artéria labial de calibre persistente (ALCP) consiste em uma parte dilatada do ramo principal da artéria labial que penetra no tecido submucoso sem perda de calibre. O objetivo desse estudo é relatar um caso de uma paciente diagnosticada com ALCP em lábio superior, enfatizando os achados histopatológicos e imuno-histoquímicos incomuns. Paciente de 67 anos, sexo feminino, com queixa de lesão em lábio superior, pulsante, sem sintomatologia dolorosa. Diante do diagnóstico clínico de ALCP, e considerando que a paciente era edêntula e usuária de prótese total, foi realizada biópsia excisional para evitar futuros traumas na região e, consequentemente, sangramento local exuberante. Ao exame anatomopatológico foram visualizadas estruturas sugestivas de folículos linfoides e com formações sugestivas de centros germinativos. No exame imuno-histoquímico observou-se imunopositividade para CD20, CD68, desmina e CD34 e sem imunomarcação para CD4. A paciente relatou não possuir histórico de alergias, doenças cardiovasculares, reumáticas ou sistêmicas que justificassem os achados. O caso apresenta estruturas histopatológicas incomuns, corroborando a necessidade de mais estudos acerca dessa lesão tão pouco discutida na literatura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Vascular Malformations , Lip Diseases , Arteries , Biopsy , Lip , Mouth Mucosa
12.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 148(6): 868-874, jun. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1139383

ABSTRACT

Congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries is a rare congenital anomaly that can remain asymptomatic until adulthood, especially when there are no other associated congenital anomalies. We report two patients in their sixth decade of life with corrected transposition of the great arteries incidentally diagnosed by transthoracic echocardiography in a preventive medical check-up. The complementary use of cardiac computed tomography confirmed the diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Congenitally Corrected Transposition of the Great Arteries , Arteries , Transposition of Great Vessels/diagnostic imaging , Echocardiography
13.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 148(4): 496-499, abr. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1127090

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background The ambulatory arterial stiffness index (AASI), derived from 24 h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) can be a good indicator of arterial stiffness. Aim To assess the correlation between AASI and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), ankle-brachial index (ABI) and cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus without hypertension. Material and Methods Cross sectional study in 28 diabetic patients aged 49 ± 7 years (40% women). AASI was calculated as 1 minus the regression slope of diastolic on systolic blood pressure, using ABPM data. ABPM was measured in the arm using an oscillometric device. ABI was calculated as the ratio between ankle and brachial systolic blood pressure. CAVI was derived from pulse wave velocity using the Vasera VS-1000 device. Correlations were calculated using a bivariate Spearman correlation. Results The mean values for AASI, ABI, baPWV and CAVI were 0.39 ± 0.14, 1.14 ± 0.09, 15.15 ± 2.71 m/s and 7.60 ± 1.90, respectively. There was a significant negative correlation between AASI and ABI (r = -0.491, p < 0.01). Conclusions In these diabetic patients, there was an association between AASI, an arterial stiffness marker and ABI, an indicator for the presence of atherosclerosis.


Antecedentes El índice de rigidez arterial ambulatorio (AASI), derivado del monitoreo ambulatorio de presión arterial de 24 h (MAPA), puede ser un buen indicador de rigidez arterial. Objetivo Evaluar la correlación entre el AASI y la velocidad de onda de pulso braquial (VOP), el índice tobillo-brazo (ITB) y el índice vascular cardio-tobillo (CAVI) en pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 sin hipertensión arterial. Material y Métodos Estudio transversal en 28 pacientes con diabetes de 49 ± 7 años (40% mujeres). El AASI se calculó como 1 menos la pendiente de regresión de la presión arterial diastólica sobre la sistólica, usando datos del MAPA de 24 h, el cual se midió en el brazo, usando un dispositivo oscilométrico. El ITB se calculó como la razón entre la presión arterial sistólica del tobillo sobre la del brazo. El CAVI se derivó de la velocidad de onda de pulso medida con el dispositivo Vasera VS-1000. Para el análisis estadístico se utilizó el coeficiente de correlación bivariada de Spearman. Resultados Los valores de AASI, VOP, ITB y CAVI fueron 0.39 ± 0.14, 1.14 ± 0.09, 15.15 ± 2.71 m/s y 7.60 ± 1.90, respectivamente. Hubo una correlación negativa significativa entre AASI e ITB (r = -0.491, p < 0.01). Conclusiones Hay una asociación entre AASI, un marcador de rigidez arterial e ITB, un indicador de aterosclerosis, en estos pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Arteries/physiopathology , Blood Pressure/physiology , Brachial Artery/physiopathology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Vascular Stiffness/physiology , Ankle/blood supply , Carotid Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Cross-Sectional Studies , Predictive Value of Tests , Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/blood , Ankle Brachial Index , Pulse Wave Analysis
14.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 24(1): 38-46, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090545

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The clinical relevance of the anatomy and variations of the anterior ethmoidal artery (AEA) is outstanding, considering its role as a landmark in endoscopic surgery, its importance in the therapy of epistaxis, and the high risks related to iatrogenic injuries. Objective To provide an anatomical description of the course and relationships of the AEA, based on direct computed-tomography (CT)-based 3D volume rendering. Methods Direct volume rendering was performed on 18 subjects who underwent (CT) with contrast medium for suspected cerebral aneurism. Results The topographical location of 36 AEAs was assessed as shown: 10 dehiscent (27.8%), 20 intracanal (55.5%), 6 incomplete canals (16.7%). Distances from important topographic landmarks are reported. Conclusion This work demonstrates that direct 3D volume rendering is a valid imaging technique for a detailed description of the anterior ethmoidal artery thus representing a useful tool for head pre-operatory assessments.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arteries/anatomy & histology , Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Ethmoid Sinus/blood supply , Ethmoid Sinus/diagnostic imaging , Multidetector Computed Tomography/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Skull Base/anatomy & histology , Skull Base/blood supply , Skull Base/diagnostic imaging , Contrast Media , Imaging, Three-Dimensional
15.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(1): 70-74, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092675

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The aim of the present study is to evaluate the artery of Adamkiewicz by multidetector computed tomography angiography (MCTA) in a Brazilian population. Methods Two independent observers evaluated 86 coronary MCTA examinations. The variables studied included the identification of the artery of Adamkiewicz at its origin level, and its entry side in the spine. Results The artery of Adamkiewicz was detected in 71 (82.5%) examinations. The origin level was identified between the 9th and 11th thoracic vertebrae (T9 and T11) in 56 (79.2%) patients. In 65 (91.5%) patients, the artery was on the left side. The identification of the artery of Adamkiewicz using MCTA showed high reproducibility. Conclusions Our results were consistent with the literature regarding the identification of the artery of Adamkiewicz using MCTA, suggesting that this technique should be considered as an option to recognize this structure. In addition, we found that the distribution of the artery of Adamkiewicz in the Brazilian population is similar to that of other populations, that is, its most common origin is at the left side, between the 8th and 12th thoracic vertebrae (T8-T12).


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a artéria de Adamkiewicz por angiotomografia computadorizada por multidetectores (ATCM) em uma população brasileira. Métodos Dois observadores independentes avaliaram 86 exames de ACTM. As variáveis estudadas incluíram a identificação da artéria de Adamkiewicz no nível de origem e o lado de entrada da artéria na coluna vertebral. Resultados A artéria de Adamkiewicz foi identificada em 71 (82,5%) exames. O nível de origem foi identificado entre a 9a e a 11a vértebras torácicas (T9 e T11) em 56 (79,2%) pacientes. Em 65 (91,5%) pacientes, a artéria foi identificada no lado esquerdo. A identificação da artéria de Adamkiewicz usando ACTM mostrou elevada reprodutibilidade. Conclusões Obtivemos resultados consistentes com os da literatura prévia quanto à identificação da artéria de Adamkiewicz utilizando angiotomografia computadorizada por multidetectores. Nossos resultados sugerem que a ATCM pode ser considerada como uma opção para identificar a artéria de Adamkiewicz. Além disso, encontramos uma distribuição da artéria de Adamkiewicz na população brasileira semelhante à de outras populações, com a artéria de Adamkiewicz originando-se mais comumente no lado esquerdo, entre a 8a e a 12a vértebras torácicas (T8-T12).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Paraplegia , Arteries/pathology , Spinal Cord , Angiography/methods , Multidetector Computed Tomography
16.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 112-119, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786228

ABSTRACT

Kawasaki disease is a form of vasculitis, mainly in small and medium arteries of unknown origin, occurring frequently in childhood. It is the leading form of childhood-onset acquired heart disease in developed countries and leads to complications of coronary artery aneurysms in approximately 25% of cases if left untreated. Although more than half a century has passed since Professor Tomisaku Kawasaki's first report in 1957, the cause is not yet clear. Currently, intravenous immunoglobulin therapy has been established as the standard treatment for Kawasaki disease. Various treatment strategies are still being studied under the slogan, “Ending powerful inflammation in the acute phase as early as possible and minimizing the incidence of coronary artery lesions,” as the goal of acute phase treatments for Kawasaki disease. Currently, in addition to immunoglobulin therapy, steroid therapy, therapy using infliximab, biological products, suppression of elastase secretion inside and outside the neutrophils, inactivated ulinastatin therapy and cyclosporine therapy, plasma exchange, etc. are performed. This chapter outlines the history and transition of the acute phase treatment for Kawasaki disease.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Arteries , Biological Products , Coronary Vessels , Cyclosporine , Developed Countries , Heart Diseases , Immunization, Passive , Incidence , Inflammation , Infliximab , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome , Neutrophils , Pancreatic Elastase , Plasma Exchange , Prednisolone , Vasculitis
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786140

ABSTRACT

Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute febrile illness that is characterized by systemic inflammation usually involving medium-sized arteries and multiple organs during the acute febrile phase, leading to associated clinical findings. The diagnosis is based on the principal clinical findings including fever, extremity changes, rash, conjunctivitis, oral changes, and cervical lymphadenopathy. However, KD diagnosis is sometimes overlooked or delayed because other systemic organ manifestations may predominate in acute phase of KD. As a cardiovascular manifestation, an acute pericarditis usually shows a small pericardial effusion, but large pericardial effusion showing clinical signs of cardiac tamponade is very rare. Here, we described a case of incomplete KD presenting with impending cardiac tamponade, and recurrent fever and pleural effusion.


Subject(s)
Arteries , Cardiac Tamponade , Conjunctivitis , Diagnosis , Exanthema , Extremities , Fever , Inflammation , Lymphatic Diseases , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome , Pericardial Effusion , Pericarditis , Pleural Effusion
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828884

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effect of using free double- leaf perforator flap posterolateral calf peroneal artery in anatomical reconstruction of the oropharyngeal structure after ablation of advanced oropharyngeal carcinoma.@*METHODS@#Twenty-six patients with oropharyngeal defects after ablation of oropharyngeal malignancies were recruited, including 12 with carcinoma in the tongue base, 5 in the latenral pharyngeal wall and 9 in the soft palate. Between July, 2016 and July, 2018, the patients underwent surgeries for reconstruction of the oropharyngeal defects using flaps. The areas of tissue defects repaired by double-leaf perforator flaps ranged from 40.5 to 72.5 cm. Reconstruction was performed for oropharyngeal defects in the soft palate, pterygopalate, parapharyngeal, pterygo- mandibular, and tongue base tissues. The patients' outcomes including mouth opening, functions of deglutition, linguistic function, restoration of palatopharyngeal anatomical structure and postoperative survival were evaluated, and their quality of life was assessed using FACT-H&N scale (Chinese Edition).@*RESULTS@#All the 26 patients with transplantation of the free flaps survived. Six months after the operation, the oropharyngeal function and anatomical structure of the patients were basically restored. The questionnaire survey showed that the patients' physical, social/family, emotional and functional conditions, the total score of the core scale, items scores for the head and neck, and the total score of the scale all improved significantly after the operation compared with those before the operation ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The free peroneal artery bilobate perforator flap in the posterolateral crus, which seldom has anatomical variations of the blood vessels, allows flexible design and contains rich tissue volume to facilitate defect repair with different approaches and ranges. The application of this flap, which is an ideal perforator flap for reconstruction of the oropharyngeal structure and function, can improve the quality of life of patients following operations for advanced oropharyngeal cancer.


Subject(s)
Arteries , Free Tissue Flaps , Humans , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms , Perforator Flap , Quality of Life , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Skin Transplantation , Soft Tissue Injuries
19.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 361-369, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811363

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cigarette smoking has been reported to be associated with arterial stiffness. However, the clinical relevance of smoking cessation on arterial stiffness is debatable. Thus, we evaluated whether smoking cessation is associated with arterial stiffness.METHODS: A total of 1,169 male participants aged 30–64 years with absence of cardiovascular diseases in 2013–2017 were selected from the Cardiovascular and Metabolic Disease Etiology Research Center cohort study. The subjects were classified into the following 5 groups based on self-reporting: non-smokers, former smokers (<1, 1 to <10, and ≥10, years after cessation), and current smokers. Arterial stiffness was assessed using the augmentation index (AIx). The radial artery AIx was obtained from the peripheral artery waveform. The association was explored cross-sectionally.RESULTS: The AIx of former smokers did not differ from that of non-smokers (p=0.089). However, after former smokers were stratified by duration of smoking cessation, we noted a linear trend according to the smoking status (p<0.001). Men who quit smoking <1 year ago showed an elevated AIx (β=3.94, standard error=1.54, p=0.011) as much as ones of current smokers (β=4.39, standard error=0.74, p<0.001), while those who quit more than a decade ago showed an AIx similar to that of non-smokers (β=0.35, standard error=0.82, p=0.670) after controlling covariates.CONCLUSIONS: A dose-response association between smoking cessation and AIx was revealed, which implies the possibility of a reversible effect of smoking cessation on arterial stiffness. Therefore, our findings may motivate current smokers to modify their smoking habits to delay or reverse disease progression.


Subject(s)
Arteries , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cohort Studies , Disease Progression , Health Behavior , Humans , Male , Metabolic Diseases , Radial Artery , Smoke , Smoking Cessation , Smoking , Vascular Stiffness
20.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 220-233, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811357

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although complete revascularization is known superior to incomplete revascularization in ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients with multi-vessel coronary artery disease (MVCD), there are no definite instructions on the optimal timing of non-culprit lesions percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We compared 1-year clinical outcomes between 2 different complete multi-vessel revascularization strategies.METHODS: From the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health, 606 patients with STEMI and MVCD who underwent complete revascularization were enrolled from November 2011 to December 2015. The patients were assigned to multi-vessel single-staged PCI (SS PCI) group (n=254) or multi-vessel multi-staged PCI (MS PCI) group (n=352). Propensity score matched 1-year clinical outcomes were compared between the groups.RESULTS: At one year, MS PCI showed a significantly lower rate of all-cause mortality (hazard ratio [HR], 0.42; 95% confidential interval [CI], 0.19–0.92; p=0.030) compared with SS PCI. In subgroup analysis, all-cause mortality increased in SS PCI with cardiogenic shock (HR, 4.60; 95% CI, 1.54–13.77; p=0.006), age ≥65 years (HR, 4.00; 95% CI, 1.67–9.58, p=0.002), Killip class III/IV (HR, 7.32; 95% CI, 1.68–31.87; p=0.008), and creatinine clearance ≤60 mL/min (HR, 2.81; 95% CI, 1.10–7.18; p=0.031). After propensity score-matching, MS PCI showed a significantly lower risk of major adverse cardiovascular event than SS PCI.CONCLUSIONS: SS PCI was associated with worse clinical outcomes compared with MS PCI. MS PCI for non-infarct-related artery could be a better option for patients with STEMI and MVCD, especially high-risk patients.


Subject(s)
Arteries , Coronary Artery Disease , Coronary Vessels , Creatinine , Humans , Korea , Mortality , Myocardial Infarction , Myocardial Revascularization , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Propensity Score , Shock, Cardiogenic
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