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Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 73(6): 744-750, Nov.Dec. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1520387


Abstract Background and aims: Dexamethasone as adjunct to local anesthetic solution improves the quality of brachial plexus block (BPB). However, evidence for its efficacy at low doses (< 4 mg) is lacking. This study was designed to evaluate the duration of analgesia attained with low dose dexamethasone as adjuvant to local anesthetic for creation of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) under BPB. Methods: Sixty-six patients scheduled for AVF creation were randomly allocated to receive either saline (control) or 2 mg dexamethasone, together with 0.5% ropivacaine and 0.2% lignocaine. The primary outcome was duration of analgesia, defined as time from performing the block to the first analgesic request. The secondary outcomes were time from injection to complete sensory block, time from injection to complete motor block, duration of motor block, postoperative analgesic consumption, and fistula patency at three months. Results: All the blocks were effective. In the group that received dexamethasone, the time to first analgesic request was significantly delayed (432 ± 43.8 minutes vs. 386.4 ± 40.2 minutes; p < 0.01). The onset of sensory and motor blockade occurred faster in dexamethasone group and overall analgesic consumption was also reduced. However, dexamethasone addition did not prolong the duration of motor block. There was no statistically significant difference in the patency of fistulas between the two groups at three months. (p = 0.34). Conclusion: Addition of low-dose perineural dexamethasone to local anesthetic solution significantly prolonged the duration of analgesia. Further trials are warranted to compare the adverse effects between dexamethasone doses of 4 mg and lower.

Humans , Arteriovenous Fistula , Brachial Plexus Block , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Pain, Postoperative , Dexamethasone , Analgesics , Anesthetics, Local
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 884-888, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009836


The three-day-old female infant was admitted to the hospital due to respiratory distress after birth. She was born premature at 36+2 weeks gestational age. Prenatal ultrasound suggested abnormal development of the fetal liver vessels, and she had dyspnea that required respiratory support after birth. Chest X-ray indicated an enlarged cardiac silhouette, and cardiac ultrasound revealed enlargement of the right atrium and right ventricle. Diagnosis of hepatic hemangioma with arteriovenous fistula was confirmed through liver ultrasound and abdominal enhanced CT. At 19 days old, she underwent ligation of the hepatic artery under general anesthesia, which led to an improvement in cardiac function and she was subsequently discharged. Genetic testing revealed a mutation in the ACVRL1 gene, which was inherited from the mother. The article primarily introduces a case of neonatal heart failure caused by hepatic hemangioma with arteriovenous fistula, and multi-disciplinary diagnosis and treatment of this disease.

Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Activin Receptors, Type II , Arteriovenous Fistula/complications , Dyspnea , Heart Failure/etiology , Hemangioma/complications , Liver
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 36-38, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970942


Central venous lesion is a difficult problem in the vascular access complications of hemodialysis, which can cause serious clinical symptoms and affect the quality of hemodialysis and life of patients. We established arteriovenous fistula of the contralateral graft blood vessel with the used vein on the diseased side of the central vein of the patient. The arteriovenous fistula of the graft blood vessel was successfully punctured and hemodialysis was performed 2 weeks later. In this way, we not only solved the problem of venous hypertension and subsequent vascular access in the patient, but also reserved more vascular resources.

Humans , Arteriovenous Shunt, Surgical/adverse effects , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Treatment Outcome , Renal Dialysis , Arteriovenous Fistula
Rev. cuba. med ; 61(2): e2590, abr.-jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408999


Introducción: La fístula arteriovenosa por vía quirúrgica para hemodiálisis constituye el acceso vascular de elección, para ese proceder depurador, no obstante, repercute negativamente sobre el aparato cardiovascular. Objetivo: Actualizar aspectos conceptuales y conductuales relativos a la permanencia de la fístula arteriovenosa para hemodiálisis posterior al trasplante renal. Métodos: Se revisó la literatura publicada en los últimos cinco años en las bases de datos; PubMed/Medline y Scopus y las fuentes de información; Cochrane Library y Ebsco. Resultados: La repercusión de la fístula arteriovenosa sobre el sistema cardiovascular tiene una marcada incidencia en diferentes alteraciones estructurales y funcionales del corazón que requieren de la adopción de una conducta destinada a evitar el riesgo. Se examinan puntos de vista convergentes y divergentes relacionados con la pertinencia de la fístula arteriovenosa como acceso vascular creado para hemodiálisis y la posibilidad de mantenerla luego del trasplante renal. Conclusiones: La fístula arteriovenosa supone el acceso vascular de apropiado para la supervivencia en hemodiálisis, sin embargo, las consecuencias de su permanencia sobre el aparato cardiovascular implican riesgo añadido de morbilidad y mortalidad(AU)

Introduction: Surgical arteriovenous fistula for hemodialysis is the vascular access of choice, this purifying procedure, however, has negative impact on the cardiovascular system. Objective: To bring up-to-date conceptual and behavioral aspects related to the permanence of the arteriovenous fistula for hemodialysis after renal transplantation. Methods: The literature published in the last five years was reviewed in PubMed/Medline and Scopus and information sources; Cochrane Library and Ebsco databases. Results: The repercussion of the arteriovenous fistula on the cardiovascular system has a marked incidence in different structural and functional alterations of the heart that require the adoption of a behavior to avoid risks. Convergent and divergent points of view related to the relevance of the arteriovenous fistula as a vascular access created for hemodialysis and the possibility of maintaining it after renal transplantation are examined. Conclusions: The arteriovenous fistula is the appropriate vascular access for survival in hemodialysis, however, the consequences of its permanence on the cardiovascular system imply an added risk of morbidity and mortality(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Cardiovascular System , Arteriovenous Fistula/epidemiology , Renal Dialysis/methods , Kidney Transplantation , Cardiovascular Abnormalities/complications
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408194


Introducción: A pesar del gran avance técnico que representan las fístulas arterio-venosas internas para la hemodiálisis, estas no están exentas de complicaciones que comprometen su durabilidad. Entre ellas se encuentran los aneurismas venosos yuxta-anastomóticos. Objetivo: Presentar el tratamiento quirúrgico utilizado para reparar los aneurismas venosos yuxta-anastomóticos. Presentación del caso: Paciente de 54 años, de género femenino y color de piel negra. Presentó antecedentes de padecer insuficiencia renal crónica de 12 años de evolución, con transplante renal fallido, la cual tuvo un aneurisma venoso yuxta-anastomótico, localizado en una fístula arterio-venosa húmero-cefálica en miembro superior izquierdo, que fue confirmado por eco-doppler. Se emplearon como tratamiento quirúrgico la aneurismectomía y el injerto por sustitución con prótesis vascular expandible de poli-tetrafluoretileno. Finalmente, se preservó la fístula arterio-venosa, así como su permeabilidad. Conclusiones: La evolución fue satisfactoria en cuanto a su durabilidad y utilización como vía de acceso para la hemodiálisis(AU)

Introduction: Despite the great technical advance represented by internal arterio-venous fistulas for hemodialysis, these are not exempt from complications that compromise their durability. Among them are juxtaanastomotic venous aneurysms. Objective: Present the surgical treatment used to repair juxtaanastomotic venous aneurysms. Case presentation: 54-year-old patient, female and black skin color. She presented a history of chronic renal failure of 12 years of evolution, with failed kidney transplant, which had a juxtaanastomotic venous aneurysm, located in a humerus-cephalic arterio-venous fistula in the left upper limb, which was confirmed by Doppler echo. Aneurysmectomy and replacement grafting with expandable polytetrafluorethylene vascular prostheses were used as surgical treatment. Finally, the arterio-venous fistula was preserved, as well as its permeability. Conclusions: The evolution was satisfactory in terms of durability and use as an access route for hemodialysis(AU)

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Arteriovenous Fistula/complications , Renal Dialysis , Aneurysm/surgery
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 26(1)mar. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405625


RESUMEN La permanencia de la fístula arteriovenosa expone al paciente a complicaciones cardiovasculares potencialmente graves, que repercuten sobre la primera causa de morbilidad y mortalidad en receptores de trasplante renal, lo que añadido a una disfunción cardiovascular prexistente, determina cambios funcionales y estructurales del corazón, con implicaciones sobre la supervivencia del injerto y del paciente. Nuestro estudio ha demostrado en qué medida el acceso vascular influye sobre el corazón, en virtud de la mensuración de variables clínicas, de laboratorio, electrocardiográficas, de doppler vascular y ecocardiográficas. Se ha precisado cómo el cierre de la fístula contribuye a la regresión de las manifestaciones clínicas previamente presentadas, así como sobre el control de la tensión arterial sistólica y diastólica, y de la frecuencia cardíaca.

ABSTRACT Permanence of arteriovenous fistula exposes patients to potentially serious cardiovascular complications, which are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in renal transplant recipients, which, added to pre-existing cardiovascular dysfunction, determines functional and structural changes of the heart, with implications for graft and patient survival. This study has demonstrated the extent to which vascular access influences the heart by measuring clinical, laboratory, electrocardiographic, echocardiographic and vascular Doppler variables. We have shown how fistula closure contributes to the regression of the clinical manifestations previously presented, as well as to the control of systolic and diastolic blood pressure and heart rate.

Arteriovenous Fistula , Signs and Symptoms , Kidney Transplantation
Acta otorrinolaringol. cir. cuello (En línea) ; 50(2): 139-142, 20220000. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1382346


El tinnitus es una entidad común y al ser de características pulsátiles es importante identificar su etiología dado los riesgos y morbilidad que conlleva, como tumores de origen vascular o malformaciones arteriovenosas. Objetivo: se describe el caso de una paciente con tinnitus pulsátil asociado con un shunt arteriovenoso de origen dural que recibió tratamiento endovascular. Resultados: mostrar el seguimiento clínico y endovascular de una paciente con tinnitus pulsátil con malformación arteriovenosa y resolución de síntomas a los 18 meses de seguimiento. Discusión: la importancia de estudiar los pacientes con tinnitus pulsátil radica en determinar posibles causas de origen vascular que expliquen sus síntomas, las cuales, en su mayoría, no son evidentes en la valoración inicial. Conclusión: realizar un diagnóstico adecuado permite optimizar el tratamiento de cada paciente; en el tinnitus pulsátil asociado con shunts arteriovenosos la embolización selectiva suele ser exitosa y segura, y logra resolver por completo los síntomas.

Tinnitus is a commun entity, as it's pulsatile characteristics, it's important to identify its etiology given the risk and morbidity that entails, such as tumors of vascular origin or arteriovenous malformations. Objective: to describe the clinical case of a patient with pulsatile tinnitus associated with an arteriovenous shunt of dural origin, this patient received endovascular treatment. Results: To show the clinical followup and endovascular findings of a patient with pulsatile tinnitus with arteriovenous malformation who required endovascular treatment, the patient shows resolution of symptoms in the follow-up at 18 months. Discussion: The importance of studying patients with pulsatile tinnitus lies in determining possible causes of vascular origin that explain their symptoms, wich're mostly not evident in the initial evaluation. Conclusion: Making an adequate diagnosis allows optimizing the treatment of each patient, in pulsatile tinnitus associated with arteriovenous shunts, selective embolization's usually successful and safe, allowing the symptoms to be completely resolved.

Humans , Arteriovenous Shunt, Surgical , Tinnitus , Arteriovenous Fistula
J. vasc. bras ; 21: e20210199, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375804


Abstract Co-occurrence of acute limb ischemia (ALI) and arteriovenous fistula (AVF) as a manifestation of inadvertent arterial injury during percutaneous femoral vein dialysis catheter insertion is a rare and dangerous, but preventable complication. Iatrogenic femoral AVF commonly presents late, with leg swelling or high output cardiac failure. However, the co-occurrence of a femoral AVF with both progressive leg swelling, and acute thromboembolism has not been previously reported. We report the case of an iatrogenic femoral AVF with superficial femoral artery (SFA) thrombosis and distal embolism in a 53-year-old female who underwent percutaneous femoral access for temporary hemodialysis. Both the SFA and AVF were managed with open surgical repair.

Resumo A coocorrência de isquemia aguda de membro (IAM) e fístula arteriovenosa (FAV) como uma manifestação de lesão arterial inadvertida durante a inserção de cateter para hemodiálise por via femoral percutânea é uma complicação rara e perigosa, porém evitável. A FAV femoral iatrogênica geralmente tem apresentação tardia, com edema dos membros inferiores ou insuficiência cardíaca de alto débito. No entanto, a coocorrência de FAV femoral com edema progressivo dos membros inferiores e tromboembolismo agudo não foi previamente relatada. Relatamos o caso de uma FAV femoral iatrogênica com trombose da artéria femoral superficial (AFS) e embolia distal em uma paciente do sexo feminino, 53 anos, submetida à acesso femoral percutâneo para hemodiálise temporária. Tanto a AFS quanto a FAV foram manejadas com reparo cirúrgico aberto.

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Arteriovenous Fistula/complications , Femoral Artery , Vascular Access Devices/adverse effects , Chronic Limb-Threatening Ischemia/complications , Thrombosis/surgery , Catheterization, Central Venous/adverse effects , Arteriovenous Fistula/surgery , Renal Dialysis , Femoral Vein
J. vasc. bras ; 21: e20190001, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365069


Resumo A artéria femoral profunda, devido às suas características anatômicas, se encontra protegida da maioria dos traumatismos vasculares. Relatamos um caso de pseudoaneurisma de ramo perfurante da artéria femoral profunda, associado à fístula arteriovenosa, secundário a rotura completa do músculo vasto medial em paciente jogador de futebol. A ressonância magnética demonstrou lesão muscular associada a pseudoaneurisma, e a angiotomografia confirmou a presença de pseudoaneurisma associado a fístula arteriovenosa de ramo da artéria femoral profunda. Foi realizado tratamento endovascular da fístula através da embolização com micromolas fibradas e drenagem cirúrgica do hematoma muscular. O paciente evoluiu bem, sem queixas clínicas no 30º dia de pós-operatório e também após 1 ano.

Abstract Due to its anatomical characteristics, the deep femoral artery is protected from most vascular injuries. We report a case of a soccer player with pseudoaneurysm of a perforating branch of the deep femoral artery, associated with an arteriovenous fistula and secondary to complete rupture of the vastus medialis muscle. Magnetic resonance imaging showed muscle damage associated with a pseudoaneurysm and angiotomography confirmed the presence of a pseudoaneurysm associated with a deep arteriovenous fistula of a branch of the deep femoral artery. Endovascular treatment of the fistula was performed by embolization with fibrous microcoils and surgical drainage of the muscle hematoma. The patient recovered well, was free from clinical complaints on the 30th postoperative day and also after 1 year.

Humans , Male , Adult , Arteriovenous Fistula/therapy , Aneurysm, False , Quadriceps Muscle/injuries , Femoral Artery/injuries , Rupture , Angiography , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Ultrasonography, Doppler , Embolization, Therapeutic , Femoral Artery/diagnostic imaging , Endovascular Procedures
J. vasc. bras ; 21: e20210130, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365073


Resumo Contexto A maior sobrevida dos doentes dialíticos somada à incapacidade de obtenção de órgãos suficientes para atender a demanda, bem como à dificuldade de acesso aos serviços de saúde, levou ao aumento da fila para transplante e ao prolongamento do tempo de utilização do acesso venoso central para hemodiálise. A etiologia mais comum de estenose de veia central é o acesso venoso central prolongado, pelas lesões intimais decorrentes da presença do cateter. Objetivos Avaliar resultados de angioplastia para tratamento de doença oclusiva venosa central com fístula arteriovenosa periférica funcionante. Métodos Estudo tipo coorte retrospectivo com revisão de prontuários de 47 doentes com lesões estenóticas ou oclusivas. A avaliação dos doentes foi realizada em 30 dias, 6 meses e 1 ano após a recanalização ou correção da estenose com ATP ou ATP/aplicação de stent. Resultados Lesões estenóticas foram encontradas em 25 doentes (53%), e oclusões, em 22 (47%) doentes. A angioplastia percutânea transluminal (ATP) com stent foi utilizada em 64% dos doentes, e angioplastia isolada com balão, em 36% deles. A análise de resultados clínicos mostrou elevada taxa de melhora clínica precoce (30 dias) em 82% dos doentes (intervalo de confiança [IC] 71-93%). Após 1 ano de seguimento, a taxa de perviedade primária foi de 57%, e a taxa de perviedade primária assistida foi de 72% (IC 57-84%). Conclusão O tratamento endovascular das estenoses ou oclusões de veia central sugere melhora clínica dos sintomas e taxas adequadas de perviedade no período de 1 ano, apesar da limitação no tamanho amostral.

Abstract Background The increased survival of dialysis patients and the inability to obtain sufficient organs to meet demand for transplantation, compounded by poor access to health services, have caused the transplant waiting lists to grow, extending the time spent using central venous accesses for hemodialysis. The most common etiology of central vein stenosis is prolonged central venous access, due to intimal injuries caused by the presence of the catheter. Objectives To assess the results of angioplasty to treat central vein occlusion in patients with functioning peripheral arteriovenous fistulas. Methods Retrospective cohort study with review of medical records from 47 patients with stenotic or occlusive lesions. Patients were assessed at 30 days, 6 months, and 1 year after recanalization or correction of stenosis with transluminal percutaneous angioplasty (TPA) or TPA/stenting. Results Stenotic lesions were detected in 25 patients (53%) and occlusions were found in 22 (47%) patients. TPA with stenting was used in 64% of patients and balloon angioplasty in isolation was used in 36%. Analysis of clinical results showed a high rate of early clinical improvement (30 days), seen in 82% of patients (confidence interval [CI] 71-93%). After 1 year of follow-up, the primary patency rate was 57% and the assisted primary patency rate was 72% (CI 57-84%). Conclusions Endovascular treatment of central vein stenosis or occlusions suggests clinical improvement of symptoms and adequate rates of patency at 1 year, notwithstanding the limited sample size.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Arterial Occlusive Diseases/therapy , Arteriovenous Fistula/therapy , Angioplasty/methods , Constriction, Pathologic/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Upper Extremity
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 40(4): 339-348, 26/11/2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362079


Introduction The middle meningeal artery (MMA) is an important artery in neurosurgery. As the largest branch of the maxillary artery, it provides nutrition to the meninges and to the frontal and parietal regions. Diseases, including dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF), pseudoaneurysm, true aneurysm, traumatic arteriovenous fistula (TAVF), Moya-Moya disease (MMD), recurrent chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH), migraine, and meningioma,may be related to the MMA. The aim of the present study is to describe the anatomy of the MMA and to correlate it with brain diseases. Methods A literature review was performed using the PubMed, Scielo, Scientific Direct, Ebsco, LILACS, TripDataBase and Cochrane databases, with the following descriptors: neurosurgery, neuroanatomy, meninges and blood supply. Discussion The MMA is embedded in a cranial groove, and traumatic or iatrogenic factors can result in MMA-associated pseudoaneurysms or arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs). In hemodynamic stress, true aneurysms can develop. Arteriovenous fistulas, pseudoaneurysms, and true aneurysms can be effectively treated by endovascular or surgical removal. In MMD, the MMA plays a role in the development and in the improvement of collateral circulation. Finally, in cases of CSDH, when standard surgery and drainage fail, MMA embolization can constitute a great alternative. Conclusion The MMA is a relevant structure for the understanding of neurosurgical diseases. In conclusion, every neurosurgeon must know the anatomy of the MMA sufficiently to correlate it with the diagnosed pathology, thus obtaining treatment effectiveness and preventing brain lesion.

Craniocerebral Trauma/surgery , Meningeal Arteries/anatomy & histology , Meningeal Arteries/physiopathology , Intracranial Aneurysm/complications , Arteriovenous Fistula/surgery , Aneurysm, False/surgery , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods
urol. colomb. (Bogotá. En línea) ; 30(4): 313-318, 15/12/2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1369062


El objetivo del presente artículo es mostrar una serie de alteraciones peneanas que, aunque frecuentes en la consulta de medicina sexual, son minimizadas, la mayoría de las veces por desconocimiento de los terapeutas, aunque para los pacientes que las padecen sean genuinas tragedias personales. Hemos revisado la literatura disponible sobre un grupo de seis patologías venosas especificas del pene que configuran el grupo más representativo. Se incluyen las frecuentes e indolentes venas superficiales tortuosas, los cirsoceles o flebectasias, las fugas venosas dorsales, que suelen ser una patología congénita, las deformantes malformaciones venosas del glande, la desconcertante y enigmática enfermedad de Mondor, y las fístulas arteriovenosas, con su riesgo de priapismo de alto flujo implícito. Todas se consideran alteraciones patológicas que requieren intervenciones menores en su tratamiento, excepto ciertos casos de fugas venosas y de fístulas, cuyo manejo es invasivo, y que, en conjunto, buscan una mejor comprensión de los hallazgos cotidianos en este órgano.

The objective of the present article is to describe a series of penile alterations that, although frequent in the sexual medicine consultation, are minimized, most of the time due to ignorance of the therapists, but, for the patients who suffer them, they are real personal tragedies. We have reviewed the literature available on a group of six specific venous pathologies of the penis that make up the most representative group. They include the frequent and indolent tortuous superficial veins, the cirsoceles or phlebectasias, the dorsal venous leaks, which are usually a congenital pathology, the deforming venous malformations of the glans, the enigmatic Mondor disease, and the arteriovenous fistulas, with their implicit risk of high-flow priapism. All are considered pathological alterations that require minor interventions in their treatment, except for certain cases of venous leaks and fistulas, whose management is invasive, and which together seek a better understanding of the common findings in this organ.

Humans , Male , Penis , Congenital Abnormalities , Veins , Pathology , Priapism , Arteriovenous Fistula , Literature
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 22(2): e210, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289362


Introducción: Existe un incremento anual de pacientes con insuficiencia renal crónica tributarios a hemodiálisis. Para la realización de esta se requiere de la correcta inserción de accesos vasculares que sean duraderos y funcionales. Objetivo: Caracterizar la durabilidad y funcionabilidad de las fístulas arterio-venosas en pacientes no diabéticos con enfermedad renal crónica. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio ambispectivo en 60 pacientes no diabéticos, con enfermedad renal crónica, portadores de una fístula arterio-venosa interna autóloga. Se describieron las variables: edad, sexo, grado de la enfermedad, lugar de confección, durabilidad, funcionabilidad, intentos, superficialización, uso de prótesis de poli-tetra-fluoro-etileno y complicaciones. Resultados: La edad media de los pacientes fue de 55,7 ± 12,7 años y la mitad estuvo entre 40 y 59 años. Los del sexo masculino ocuparon el 71,7 por ciento. Las fístulas duraderas (66,7 por ciento) y las funcionales (71,7 por ciento) se mostraron como las de mayor aparición. Los pacientes con la enfermedad en grado 4 ocuparon el 51,7 por ciento. Las fístulas en zonas radio-cefálica (43,3 por ciento) y húmero-cefálica (45 por ciento) primaron. Solo el 71,7 por ciento tuvo un intento de cirugía. Únicamente en el 20 por ciento se realizó superficialización y cuatro pacientes (6,4 por ciento) recibieron prótesis de poli-tetra-fluoro-etileno. La trombosis representó la complicación más frecuente (25 por ciento). Conclusiones: La durabilidad y la funcionabilidad de las fístulas elaboradas se asociaron con factores como el grado de la enfermedad, el número de intentos, el uso de prótesis vasculares y las complicaciones(AU)

Introduction: There is an annual increase of patients with chronic renal impairment who need haemodialysis. The correct insertion of vascular accesses that are durable and functional is required to perform haemodialysis. Objective: Characterize the durability and functionability of arterio-venous fistulas in non-diabetic patients with chronic kidney disease. Methods: An ambispective study was conducted in 60 non-diabetic patients, with chronic kidney disease carrying an autologous internal arterio-venous fistula. The described variables were: age, sex, stage of the disease, place of manufacture, durability, workability, attempts, superficialization, use of polytetrafluoroethylene prostheses, and complications. Results: The average age of patients was 55.7 ± 12.7 years and half were between 40 and 59 years old. Males were 71.7 percent. Durable (66.7 percent) and functional (71.7 percent) fistulas were shown as the most common ones. Patients with a grade 4 disease represented the 51.7 percent. Fistulas in radio-cephalic zones (43.3 percent) and humerus-cephalic zone (45 percent) prevailed. Only 71.7 percent had an attempt of surgery. Only 20 percent had superficialization and four patients (6.4 percent) received polytetrafluoroethylene prostheses. Thrombosis was the most common complication (25 percent). Conclusions: The durability and functionability of the prepared fistulas were associated with factors such as the stage of the disease, the number of attempts, the use of vascular prostheses, and the complications(AU)

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arteriovenous Fistula/epidemiology , Renal Dialysis/methods , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/etiology , Thrombosis/complications
rev. cuid. (Bucaramanga. 2010) ; 12(3): 1-16, 20210821.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1343784


Introdução: As complicações relacionadas ao acesso vascular para hemodiálise podem resultar em intervenções complexas, contudo, cuidados adotados pelos profissionais de saúde e pacientes adultos podem evitá-las. Objetivou-se analisar a produção científica acerca dos cuidados com acessos vasculares utilizados na hemodiálise para elaboração do conteúdo de uma cartilha educativa voltada ao autocuidado do paciente. Método: Revisão integrativa de literatura realizada nas bases de dados: LILACS, PUBMED, BDENF, SciELO e CINAHL. A busca dos estudos deu-se entre setembro e novembro de 2019, nos idiomas português, inglês ou espanhol, utilizando os termos dos DeCS e MeSH. A seleção dos artigos foi realizada por três pesquisadores e foram extraídas informações: país, ano de publicação, delineamento do estudo, número de pacientes, intervenções, desfechos e nível de evidência científica. Selecionaram-se 10 artigos processados no software IRAMUTEQ® e analisados descritivamente pelo modelo de Reinert. Resultados: Organizaram-se sete classes: Cuidados com o cateter após a hemodiálise; Cuidados com a FAV antes da hemodiálise; Cuidados com a FAV após a hemodiálise; Cuidados para evitar a interrupção do funcionamento da FAV; Autocuidado dos pacientes com a FAV; Cuidados realizados pela equipe de enfermagem; Conhecimento do paciente acerca dos cuidados com a pele e punção da FAV. Conclusão: Identificou-se que os cuidados com os acessos vasculares mais frequentes se relacionam com a fístula arteriovenosa, demonstrando sua grande representatividade no tratamento do paciente com doença renal crônica. A síntese do conhecimento proporcionada nesta revisão foi utilizada para a elaboração de uma cartilha educativa já validada por especialistas e por pacientes que realizam hemodiálise.

Introducción: Las complicaciones relacionadas con el acceso vascular a la hemodiálisis pueden resultar en intervenciones complejas, sin embargo, los cuidados prestados por los profesionales de la salud y los pacientes adultos pueden evitarlas. El objetivo es analizar la producción científica sobre los cuidados con accesos vasculares utilizados en la hemodiálisis para la elaboración del contenido de una cartilla educativa para el autocuidado del paciente. Método: Revisión integrativa de la literatura realizada en las bases de datos: LILACS, PUBMED, BDENF, SciELO y CINAHL. La búsqueda de los estudios se realizó entre septiembre y noviembre de 2019, en los idiomas portugués, inglés o español, utilizando los términos del DeCS y MeSH. La selección de los artículos fue realizada por tres investigadores y se extrajo la información: país, año de publicación, diseño del estudio, número de pacientes, intervenciones, resultados y nivel de evidencia científica. Se seleccionaron diez artículos procesados en el software IRAMUTEQ® y analizados descriptivamente mediante el modelo de Reinert. Resultados: Se organizaron siete clases: Cuidados del catéter después de la hemodiálisis; Cuidados de la FAV antes de la hemodiálisis; Cuidados de la FAV después de la hemodiálisis; Cuidados para evitar la interrupción del funcionamiento de la FAV; Autocuidado del paciente con la FAV; Cuidados realizados por el equipo de enfermería; Conocimiento del paciente sobre el cuidado de la piel y la punción de la FAV. Conclusión: Se identificó que los cuidados con los accesos vasculares más frecuentes se relacionan con la fístula arteriovenosa, y su gran representatividad en el tratamiento del paciente con enfermedad renal crónica. La síntesis del conocimiento proporcionada en esta revisión se utilizó para la elaboración de una cartilla educativa ya validada por especialistas y por pacientes que realizan hemodiálisis.

Introduction: Complications related to vascular access for hemodialysis can result in complex interventions, however, care taken by health professionals and adult patients can avoid them. The objective was to analyze the scientific production about care with vascular access used in hemodialysis for the development of the content of an educational booklet aimed at patient self-care. Method: Integrative literature review carried out in the following databases: LILACS, PUBMED, BDENF, SciELO and CINAHL. The search for studies took place between September and November 2019, in Portuguese, English or Spanish, using the terms of DeCS and MeSH. The selection of articles was performed by three researchers and information was extracted: country, year of publication, study design, number of patients, interventions, outcomes and level of scientific evidence. Ten articles processed in the IRAMUTEQ® software and descriptively analyzed using the Reinert model were selected. Results: Seven classes were organized: Catheter care after hemodialysis; Care of the AVF before hemodialysis; Care with AVF after hemodialysis; Care to avoid interruption of AVF operation; Self-care of patients with AVF; Care performed by the nursing team; Patient knowledge about skin care and AVF puncture. Conclusion: It was identified that the care with the most frequent vascular accesses is related to the arteriovenous fistula, demonstrating its great representation in the treatment of patients with chronic kidney disease. The synthesis of knowledge provided in this review was used to prepare an educational booklet that has already been validated by specialists and by patients undergoing hemodialysis.

Humans , Male , Female , Arteriovenous Fistula , Renal Dialysis , Adult , Central Venous Catheters , Nursing Care
Rev. cuba. med ; 60(2): e1592,
Article in Spanish | CUMED, LILACS | ID: biblio-1280359


Introducción: La hemobilia es por definición una causa de hemorragia digestiva alta, donde existe una comunicación de la vía biliar en cualquiera de sus segmentos con vasos sanguíneos que desembocan a través de la ampolla de Vater. Su presentación es infrecuente y no sospechada en la práctica clínica diaria de gastroenterólogos, cirujanos, hepatólogos, clínicos e intensivistas, con un difícil manejo diagnóstico-terapéutico y una elevada morbi-mortalidad. Objetivo: Describir tres casos de pacientes con diagnóstico de hemobilia. Desarrollo: Se presentan tres casos con hemobilia que tuvieron una elevada mortalidad y con diferente etiología; en el primer caso por trombosis de la arteria hepática postrasplante hepático, el segundo secundario a un colangiocarcinoma de la unión hepatocística y el tercero con diagnóstico de un aneurisma de la arteria hepática derecha confirmado y parcialmente tratado por angiotomografía, posteriormente intervenido quirúrgicamente y único sobreviviente. Conclusiones: Resultaron tres casos con hemobilia de diferentes causas, con una elevada mortalidad por la intensidad de la hemorragia digestiva alta y las comorbilidades asociadas, además de señalar que ninguno de ellos presentó la tríada clásica reportada por Quincke(AU)

Introduction: Hemobilia is, by definition, a cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding, where there is a communication of the bile duct in any of its segments with blood vessels that flow through the ampulla of Vater. It is rare and it is not suspected in the daily clinical practice of gastroenterologists, surgeons, hepatologists, clinicians and intensivists, hence the diagnostic-therapeutic management is difficult and it has high morbidity and mortality. Objective: To report three cases of patients with a diagnosis of hemobilia. Case report: We report three cases of hemobilia of high mortality and different etiology. The first case had post-liver transplantation hepatic artery thrombosis, the second had asecondary cholangiocarcinoma of the hepatocystic junction and the third had diagnosis of confirmed right hepatic artery aneurysm partially treated by CT angiography, subsequently operated on and the only survivor. Conclusions: These three hemobilia cases had different causes, and high mortality due to the intensity of the upper gastrointestinal bleeding and the associated comorbidities, in addition to noting that none of them exhibited the classic triad reported by Quincke(AU)

Humans , Male , Arteriovenous Fistula/epidemiology , Cholangiocarcinoma/epidemiology , Hemobilia/diagnosis , Hemobilia/etiology
J. bras. nefrol ; 43(2): 263-268, Apr.-June 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286944


ABSTRACT The Fistula First Breakthrough Initiative, founded in 2003, was responsible for changing the access profile in the United States, increasing the prevalence of arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) by 50% and reducing that of arteriovenous grafts (AVGs). However, the concept that AVFs are always the best access for all patients has been challenged. Discussion points are: (1) the questionable survival benefit of AVFs over AVGs, if one takes into account the high rates of primary AVF failure; (2) the potential benefits of using AVGs for greater primary success; and (3) the questionable benefit of AVFs over AVGs in patients with shorter survival, such as the elderly. The high rate of primary failure and maturation procedures leads to prolonged use of catheters, and it is one of the weaknesses of the fistula first strategy. AVGs proved to be better than AVFs as a second access after the failure of a first AVF, and in patients with non-ideal vessels, with greater primary success and reduced catheter times. AVGs appear to have a similar survival to AVFs in patients older than 80 years, with less primary failures and interventions to promote maturation. The most recent KDOQUI guidelines suggest an individualized approach in access planning, taking into account life expectancy, comorbidities and individual vascular characteristics, with the aim of chosing adequate access for the right patient, at the right time, for the right reasons.

RESUMO A Fistula First Breakthrough Initiative, fundada em 2003, foi responsável pela mudança do perfil dos acessos nos Estados Unidos, aumentando em 50% a prevalência das fístulas arteriovenosas (FAVs) e reduzindo a de enxertos arteriovenosos (EAVs). No entanto, o conceito de que as FAVs são sempre o melhor acesso para todos os pacientes vem sofrendo questionamentos. São pontos de discussão: (1) o questionável benefício de sobrevida das FAVs sobre os EAVs, se levadas em conta as altas taxas de falência primária das FAVs; (2) os potenciais benefícios no uso de EAVs pelo maior sucesso primário; e (3) o benefício questionável das FAVs sobre os EAVs em pacientes com menor sobrevida, como os idosos. A alta taxa de falência primária e de procedimentos para maturação leva ao uso prolongado de cateteres e é um dos pontos fracos da estratégia "Fistula First". Os EAVs mostraram superioridade em relação às FAVs como segundo acesso após a falência de uma primeira FAV e em pacientes com vasos não ideais, com maior sucesso primário e redução dos tempos de cateter. Os EAVs parecem ter sobrevida semelhante à das FAVs nos idosos acima de 80 anos, com menos falências primárias e intervenções para maturação. As diretrizes mais recentes do KDOQUI sugerem uma abordagem individualizada no planejamento dos acessos, levando-se em conta expectativa de vida, comorbidades e características vasculares individuais, com o objetivo de indicar acesso adequado para o paciente adequado, no tempo adequado, pelos motivos adequados.

Humans , Adult , Arteriovenous Shunt, Surgical , Arteriovenous Fistula , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Retrospective Studies , Renal Dialysis , Treatment Outcome
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(3): 152-161, Junio 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1222429


Introducción. Las malformaciones vasculares cerebrales de alto flujo son poco comunes en la edad pediátrica. El objetivo del trabajo es diferenciar y agrupar estas enfermedades según edad de debut, manifestaciones clínicas y angioarquitectura.Población y método. Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo y observacional. Se analizaron las historias clínicas, los estudios por imágenes y los protocolos de procedimientos de pacientes del Hospital J. P. Garrahan con diagnóstico de malformaciones vasculares cerebrales desde enero de 2010 hasta enero de 2020.Resultados. Ciento ochenta y tres pacientes cumplieron los criterios de inclusión. Se identificaron 131 pacientes con malformaciones arteriovenosas con nido (MAV) y 52 con fístulas directas (sin nido), entre los que se hallaron 19 malformaciones aneurismáticas de vena de Galeno, 23 fístulas piales y 10 fístulas durales. La edad promedio fue de 105 meses para las MAV, 1,7 meses para las malformaciones aneurismáticas de vena de Galeno, 60,5 meses para fístulas piales y 41 meses para fístulas durales.Conclusión. Según su angioarquitectura, las malformaciones vasculares cerebrales de alto flujo tuvieron nido (MAV) o fueron fístulas directas (malformaciones aneurismáticas de vena de Galeno, fístulas piales y fístulas durales). Las MAV se manifestaron a partir de la primera infancia, sobre todo, por hemorragia intracraneana. Las fístulas directas se expresaron en la primera etapa de la vida, frecuentemente, con insuficiencia cardíaca.

Introduction. High-flow vascular malformations of the brain are uncommon in pediatrics. The objective of this study is to establish the differences among these pathologies and group them by age at onset, clinical manifestations, and angioarchitecture.Population and method. This was a retrospective and observational study. The medical records, imaging studies, and procedure protocols of patients seen at Hospital J. P. Garrahan diagnosed with vascular malformations of the brain between January 2010 and January 2020 were analyzed.Results. A total of 183 patients met the inclusion criteria. It was possible to identify 131 patients with arteriovenous malformations with a nidus (AVMs) and 52 with direct fistulas (without a nidus), including 19 vein of Galen aneurysmal malformations, 23 pial fistulas, and 10 dural fistulas. The average age of patients was 105 months for AVMs, 1.7 months for vein of Galen aneurysmal malformations, 60.5 months for pial fistulas, and 41 months for dural fistulas.Conclusion. Based on their angioarchitecture, high-flow vascular malformations of the brain presented a nidus (AVMs) or direct fistulas (vein of Galen aneurysmal malformations, pial fistulas, and dural fistulas). AVMs were observed in early childhood, especially due to intracranial hemorrhage. Direct fistulas occurred in the first stage of life, commonly with heart failure.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Arteriovenous Malformations/therapy , Arteriovenous Malformations/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Arteriovenous Fistula/therapy , Arteriovenous Fistula/diagnostic imaging , Intracranial Hemorrhages , Vein of Galen Malformations/therapy , Vein of Galen Malformations/diagnostic imaging , Heart Failure
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 73(2): 173-180, abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388811


Resumen Objetivo: Evaluar el impacto que tiene el uso de catéteres de hemodiálisis en la permeabilidad de fístulas arteriovenosas. Materiales y Método: Estudio observacional, analítico, tipo cohorte retrospectiva. Se calculó un tamaño muestral de 195 pacientes, seleccionados aleatoriamente a partir del total de pacientes diagnosticados con enfermedad renal crónica (ERC) terminal, a quienes se les realizó su primera fístula arteriovenosa (FAV) entre enero de 2014 y diciembre de 2018. Como variables resultado se consideraron la trombosis de FAV y el tiempo de permeabilidad. Para el análisis inferencial se utilizaron las pruebas de Chi cuadrado; RR (IC 95%); curvas Kaplan-Meier; regresión de Cox; considerando un valor de p significativo < 0,05. Resultados: El 52,3% utilizó catéter de hemodiálisis, de los cuales el 49,5% presentó trombosis de su FAV versus el 17,7% del grupo sin este antecedente (p < 0,001); estimándose en el análisis univariado un riesgo de trombosis 2,7 veces mayor en pacientes con catéter previo a la confección de su FAV (IC 95% 1,7 a 4,4). En el análisis multivariado, se identificó como único factor significativo el antecedente de catéter de hemodiálisis, estimándose que los pacientes usuarios de catéter previo a la confección de su FAV tienen 2,8 veces más riesgo de trombosis en el tiempo que quienes no utilizaron catéter (IC 95% 1,6 a 4,9), quienes además presentaron un tiempo de permeabilidad significativamente menor (p < 0,001) en comparación con pacientes sin antecedente de catéter (28,1 vs 43,9 meses). Conclusión: Identificamos el uso del catéter de hemodiálisis como un factor de riesgo de trombosis de fístulas arteriovenosas, afectando significativamente su permeabilidad en el tiempo.

Objective: To evaluate the effects of hemodialysis catheter on arteriovenous fistula (AVF) permeability. Materials and Method: We conducted a retrospective cohort study, including 195 patients randomly selected from all patients diagnosed with chronic renal failure, who had their first arteriovenous fistula between January 2014 and December 2018. The outcomes were arteriovenous fistula thrombosis and permeability. For data analysis we used Chi-square test; Relative-Risk (CI 95%); Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox regression; p value less than 0.05 were considered as significant. Results: The 52.3% of the patients used hemodialysis catheter, from this group, the 49.5% had AVF thrombosis versus the 17.7% of the group without history of hemodialysis catheter (p < 0.001), estimating in the univariate analysis a risk of thrombosis 2.7 times higher in patients with catheter before the creation of their AVF (CI 95% 1.7 a 4.4), as well as, in the multivariate analysis the risk of AVF thrombosis was 2.8 times higher in this group of patients, being identified the history of hemodialysis catheter as the only significative risk factor for thrombosis. Additionally, the AVF permeability time in this group was significantly less (p < 0.001) than patients without history of hemodialysis catheter (28.1 vs 43.9 months). Conclusion: We identified the hemodialysis catheter as a risk factor of arteriovenous fistula thrombosis, decreasing significantly its permeability time.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arteriovenous Shunt, Surgical/adverse effects , Arteriovenous Fistula/etiology , Catheters/adverse effects , Thrombosis/etiology , Arteriovenous Fistula/diagnosis , Perioperative Period
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(1): 1-13, mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151571


Las complicaciones cardiovasculares representan la principal causa de morbilidad y mortalidad en pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica, por lo que el objetivo de este artículo es demostrar la influencia de la permanencia de la fístula arteriovenosa sobre variables eco cardiográficamente mensuradas en el corazón izquierdo. Para ello, se definió un estudio multivariable, longitudinal, prospectivo y controlado de grupos independientes después de una intervención que incluyó 39 pacientes a los que se le cerró el angioacceso (grupo de estudio) y 42 que no fueron expuestos a la cirugía (grupo control). Ambos grupos exhibían trasplante renal funcionante. Los principales resultados surgenal comparar el predominio entre el grupo de estudio con el de control, la edad promedio; 45,6 y 44,1 años, el sexo masculino, 24 (60%) y 23 (53,5%) y el color de la piel blanca; 33 (82,5%) y 32 (74,4%). La etiología de la nefropatía originaria más frecuente fue la nefropatía vascular hipertensiva; 12 (30%) vs 14 (32,6%). Entre las manifestaciones clínicas, en el grupo de estudio se evidenció remisión de las palpitaciones y la disnea de esfuerzo. Respecto a la tensión arterial, para la sistólica oscilaba; de 123 ±13,4 a 120,5 ±9,2 vs de 125,6 ±8,4 a 128 ±8,3 mm Hg (p= 0,000), mientras la diastólica variaba de; 76,8 ±7,5 a 76,3 ±6,2 vs 78,6 ±4,9 a 82,4 ±3,9 mm Hg (p= 0,000). El hematocrito comportaba valores equivalentes; 0,43 ±0,06 y 0,45 ±0,06 vs 0,42 ±0,05 y 0,42 ±0,06 l/l (p= 0,035) y la creatinina sérica mostró descenso en los pacientes intervenidos de; 106,8 ± 26,2 hasta 99,8 ±23,9 µ Mol/l vs 114 ±27,8 a 120,3 ±31 µ Mol/l (p= 0,002). Las variables ecocardiográficas mensuradas comparativamente según la localización de los angioaccesos a nivel del codo izquierdo; diámetro del ventrículo izquierdo: 3,12 ±4,08 vs 1,48 ±3,46 mms (p=0,001), fracción de eyección del ventrículo izquierdo: 2,99 ±5,47 vs -1,98 ±6,23 % (p=0,018) y el volumen telediastólico: -23 ±33,41 vs 10,86 ±36,87 ml (p=0,006). El codo contralateral revelaba; para la fracción de eyección del ventrículo izquierdo: 3,32 ±3,42 vs -2,18 ±4,78 % (p=0,037) y para el gasto cardíaco: -1,29 ±0,88 vs -0,26 ±0,86 l/min (0,020). Las conclusiones demuestran que el cierre del angioacceso a pacientes con trasplante renal funcionante respecto a los no intervenidos, contribuye a la regresión de las alteraciones morfológicas y hemodinámicas constatadas por ecocardiografía transtorácica en el corazón izquierdo a nivel de las diferentes localizaciones de los accesos vasculares.

Cardiovascular complications represent the main cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic renal disease, so the objective of this article is to demonstrate the influence of the patency of the arteriovenous fistula on echocardiographic variables measured in the left heart. For this, a multivariate study, longitudinal, prospective and controlled study of independent groups after an intervention that included 39 patients who had their angioaccess closed (study group) and 42 who were not exposed to surgery (control group). Both groups exhibited functional kidney transplantation. The main results emerge when comparing the prevalence between the study group and the control group, the average age; 45.6 and 44.1 years, the male sex, 24 (60%) and 23 (53.5%) and the white skin color; 33 (82.5%) and 32 (74.4%). The most frequent etiology of the original nephropathy was hypertensive vascular nephropathy; 12 (30%) vs 14 (32.6%). Among the clinical manifestations, remission of palpitations and dyspnea on exertion were evidenced in the study group. With regard to blood pressure, for the systolic it ranged from 123 ±13.4 to 120.5 ±9.2 vs. 125.6 ±8.4 to 128 ±8.3 mmHg (p= 0.000), while the diastolic varied from; 76.8 ±7.5 to 76.3 ±6.2 vs. 78.6 ±4.9 to 82.4 ±3.9 mmHg (p= 0.000). The hematocrit had equivalent values; 0.43 ±0.06 and 0.45 ±0.06 vs 0.42 ±0.05 and 0.42 ±0.06 l/l (p= 0.035) and the serum creatinine showed decrease in the operated patients from; 106.8 ±26.2 to 99.8 ±23.9 µMol/l vs 114 ±27.8 to 120.3 ±31 µMol/l (p= 0.002). The echocardiographic variables measured comparatively according to the location of the angioaccesses at the left elbow level; diameter of the left ventricle: 3.12 ±4.08 vs 1.48 ±3.46 mms (p=0.001), ejection fraction of the left ventricle: 2.99 ±5.47 vs -1.98 ±6.23 % (p=0.018) and the telediasolic volume: -23 ±33.41 vs 10.86 ±36.87 ml (p=0.006). The contralateral elbow revealed; for the left ventricular ejection fraction: 3.32 ±3.42 vs -2.18 ±4.78 % (p=0.037) and for cardiac output: -1.29 ±0.88 vs -0.26 ±0.86 l/min (0.020). The conclusions show that the our study has shown that closing the angioaccess to patients with functioning renal transplants with respect to those not operated, contributes to the regression of morphological and hemodynamic alterations observed by transthoracic echocardiography in the left heart at the different locations of the vascular accesses.

Humans , Male , Female , Arteriovenous Fistula/physiopathology , Renal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Longitudinal Studies , Arteriovenous Fistula/surgery , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Kidney Diseases/complications