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1.
rev. cuid. (Bucaramanga. 2010) ; 12(3): 1-16, 20210821.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1343784

ABSTRACT

Introdução: As complicações relacionadas ao acesso vascular para hemodiálise podem resultar em intervenções complexas, contudo, cuidados adotados pelos profissionais de saúde e pacientes adultos podem evitá-las. Objetivou-se analisar a produção científica acerca dos cuidados com acessos vasculares utilizados na hemodiálise para elaboração do conteúdo de uma cartilha educativa voltada ao autocuidado do paciente. Método: Revisão integrativa de literatura realizada nas bases de dados: LILACS, PUBMED, BDENF, SciELO e CINAHL. A busca dos estudos deu-se entre setembro e novembro de 2019, nos idiomas português, inglês ou espanhol, utilizando os termos dos DeCS e MeSH. A seleção dos artigos foi realizada por três pesquisadores e foram extraídas informações: país, ano de publicação, delineamento do estudo, número de pacientes, intervenções, desfechos e nível de evidência científica. Selecionaram-se 10 artigos processados no software IRAMUTEQ® e analisados descritivamente pelo modelo de Reinert. Resultados: Organizaram-se sete classes: Cuidados com o cateter após a hemodiálise; Cuidados com a FAV antes da hemodiálise; Cuidados com a FAV após a hemodiálise; Cuidados para evitar a interrupção do funcionamento da FAV; Autocuidado dos pacientes com a FAV; Cuidados realizados pela equipe de enfermagem; Conhecimento do paciente acerca dos cuidados com a pele e punção da FAV. Conclusão: Identificou-se que os cuidados com os acessos vasculares mais frequentes se relacionam com a fístula arteriovenosa, demonstrando sua grande representatividade no tratamento do paciente com doença renal crônica. A síntese do conhecimento proporcionada nesta revisão foi utilizada para a elaboração de uma cartilha educativa já validada por especialistas e por pacientes que realizam hemodiálise.


Introducción: Las complicaciones relacionadas con el acceso vascular a la hemodiálisis pueden resultar en intervenciones complejas, sin embargo, los cuidados prestados por los profesionales de la salud y los pacientes adultos pueden evitarlas. El objetivo es analizar la producción científica sobre los cuidados con accesos vasculares utilizados en la hemodiálisis para la elaboración del contenido de una cartilla educativa para el autocuidado del paciente. Método: Revisión integrativa de la literatura realizada en las bases de datos: LILACS, PUBMED, BDENF, SciELO y CINAHL. La búsqueda de los estudios se realizó entre septiembre y noviembre de 2019, en los idiomas portugués, inglés o español, utilizando los términos del DeCS y MeSH. La selección de los artículos fue realizada por tres investigadores y se extrajo la información: país, año de publicación, diseño del estudio, número de pacientes, intervenciones, resultados y nivel de evidencia científica. Se seleccionaron diez artículos procesados en el software IRAMUTEQ® y analizados descriptivamente mediante el modelo de Reinert. Resultados: Se organizaron siete clases: Cuidados del catéter después de la hemodiálisis; Cuidados de la FAV antes de la hemodiálisis; Cuidados de la FAV después de la hemodiálisis; Cuidados para evitar la interrupción del funcionamiento de la FAV; Autocuidado del paciente con la FAV; Cuidados realizados por el equipo de enfermería; Conocimiento del paciente sobre el cuidado de la piel y la punción de la FAV. Conclusión: Se identificó que los cuidados con los accesos vasculares más frecuentes se relacionan con la fístula arteriovenosa, y su gran representatividad en el tratamiento del paciente con enfermedad renal crónica. La síntesis del conocimiento proporcionada en esta revisión se utilizó para la elaboración de una cartilla educativa ya validada por especialistas y por pacientes que realizan hemodiálisis.


Introduction: Complications related to vascular access for hemodialysis can result in complex interventions, however, care taken by health professionals and adult patients can avoid them. The objective was to analyze the scientific production about care with vascular access used in hemodialysis for the development of the content of an educational booklet aimed at patient self-care. Method: Integrative literature review carried out in the following databases: LILACS, PUBMED, BDENF, SciELO and CINAHL. The search for studies took place between September and November 2019, in Portuguese, English or Spanish, using the terms of DeCS and MeSH. The selection of articles was performed by three researchers and information was extracted: country, year of publication, study design, number of patients, interventions, outcomes and level of scientific evidence. Ten articles processed in the IRAMUTEQ® software and descriptively analyzed using the Reinert model were selected. Results: Seven classes were organized: Catheter care after hemodialysis; Care of the AVF before hemodialysis; Care with AVF after hemodialysis; Care to avoid interruption of AVF operation; Self-care of patients with AVF; Care performed by the nursing team; Patient knowledge about skin care and AVF puncture. Conclusion: It was identified that the care with the most frequent vascular accesses is related to the arteriovenous fistula, demonstrating its great representation in the treatment of patients with chronic kidney disease. The synthesis of knowledge provided in this review was used to prepare an educational booklet that has already been validated by specialists and by patients undergoing hemodialysis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Arteriovenous Fistula , Renal Dialysis , Adult , Central Venous Catheters , Nursing Care
2.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(3): 152-161, Junio 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1222429

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Las malformaciones vasculares cerebrales de alto flujo son poco comunes en la edad pediátrica. El objetivo del trabajo es diferenciar y agrupar estas enfermedades según edad de debut, manifestaciones clínicas y angioarquitectura.Población y método. Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo y observacional. Se analizaron las historias clínicas, los estudios por imágenes y los protocolos de procedimientos de pacientes del Hospital J. P. Garrahan con diagnóstico de malformaciones vasculares cerebrales desde enero de 2010 hasta enero de 2020.Resultados. Ciento ochenta y tres pacientes cumplieron los criterios de inclusión. Se identificaron 131 pacientes con malformaciones arteriovenosas con nido (MAV) y 52 con fístulas directas (sin nido), entre los que se hallaron 19 malformaciones aneurismáticas de vena de Galeno, 23 fístulas piales y 10 fístulas durales. La edad promedio fue de 105 meses para las MAV, 1,7 meses para las malformaciones aneurismáticas de vena de Galeno, 60,5 meses para fístulas piales y 41 meses para fístulas durales.Conclusión. Según su angioarquitectura, las malformaciones vasculares cerebrales de alto flujo tuvieron nido (MAV) o fueron fístulas directas (malformaciones aneurismáticas de vena de Galeno, fístulas piales y fístulas durales). Las MAV se manifestaron a partir de la primera infancia, sobre todo, por hemorragia intracraneana. Las fístulas directas se expresaron en la primera etapa de la vida, frecuentemente, con insuficiencia cardíaca.


Introduction. High-flow vascular malformations of the brain are uncommon in pediatrics. The objective of this study is to establish the differences among these pathologies and group them by age at onset, clinical manifestations, and angioarchitecture.Population and method. This was a retrospective and observational study. The medical records, imaging studies, and procedure protocols of patients seen at Hospital J. P. Garrahan diagnosed with vascular malformations of the brain between January 2010 and January 2020 were analyzed.Results. A total of 183 patients met the inclusion criteria. It was possible to identify 131 patients with arteriovenous malformations with a nidus (AVMs) and 52 with direct fistulas (without a nidus), including 19 vein of Galen aneurysmal malformations, 23 pial fistulas, and 10 dural fistulas. The average age of patients was 105 months for AVMs, 1.7 months for vein of Galen aneurysmal malformations, 60.5 months for pial fistulas, and 41 months for dural fistulas.Conclusion. Based on their angioarchitecture, high-flow vascular malformations of the brain presented a nidus (AVMs) or direct fistulas (vein of Galen aneurysmal malformations, pial fistulas, and dural fistulas). AVMs were observed in early childhood, especially due to intracranial hemorrhage. Direct fistulas occurred in the first stage of life, commonly with heart failure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Arteriovenous Malformations/therapy , Arteriovenous Malformations/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Arteriovenous Fistula/therapy , Arteriovenous Fistula/diagnostic imaging , Intracranial Hemorrhages , Vein of Galen Malformations/therapy , Vein of Galen Malformations/diagnostic imaging , Heart Failure
3.
Rev. cuba. med ; 60(2): e1592,
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280359

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La hemobilia es por definición una causa de hemorragia digestiva alta, donde existe una comunicación de la vía biliar en cualquiera de sus segmentos con vasos sanguíneos que desembocan a través de la ampolla de Vater. Su presentación es infrecuente y no sospechada en la práctica clínica diaria de gastroenterólogos, cirujanos, hepatólogos, clínicos e intensivistas, con un difícil manejo diagnóstico-terapéutico y una elevada morbi-mortalidad. Objetivo: Describir tres casos de pacientes con diagnóstico de hemobilia. Desarrollo: Se presentan tres casos con hemobilia que tuvieron una elevada mortalidad y con diferente etiología; en el primer caso por trombosis de la arteria hepática postrasplante hepático, el segundo secundario a un colangiocarcinoma de la unión hepatocística y el tercero con diagnóstico de un aneurisma de la arteria hepática derecha confirmado y parcialmente tratado por angiotomografía, posteriormente intervenido quirúrgicamente y único sobreviviente. Conclusiones: Resultaron tres casos con hemobilia de diferentes causas, con una elevada mortalidad por la intensidad de la hemorragia digestiva alta y las comorbilidades asociadas, además de señalar que ninguno de ellos presentó la tríada clásica reportada por Quincke(AU)


Introduction: Hemobilia is, by definition, a cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding, where there is a communication of the bile duct in any of its segments with blood vessels that flow through the ampulla of Vater. It is rare and it is not suspected in the daily clinical practice of gastroenterologists, surgeons, hepatologists, clinicians and intensivists, hence the diagnostic-therapeutic management is difficult and it has high morbidity and mortality. Objective: To report three cases of patients with a diagnosis of hemobilia. Case report: We report three cases of hemobilia of high mortality and different etiology. The first case had post-liver transplantation hepatic artery thrombosis, the second had asecondary cholangiocarcinoma of the hepatocystic junction and the third had diagnosis of confirmed right hepatic artery aneurysm partially treated by CT angiography, subsequently operated on and the only survivor. Conclusions: These three hemobilia cases had different causes, and high mortality due to the intensity of the upper gastrointestinal bleeding and the associated comorbidities, in addition to noting that none of them exhibited the classic triad reported by Quincke(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Arteriovenous Fistula/epidemiology , Cholangiocarcinoma/epidemiology , Hemobilia/diagnosis , Hemobilia/etiology
4.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(1): 1-13, mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151571

ABSTRACT

Las complicaciones cardiovasculares representan la principal causa de morbilidad y mortalidad en pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica, por lo que el objetivo de este artículo es demostrar la influencia de la permanencia de la fístula arteriovenosa sobre variables eco cardiográficamente mensuradas en el corazón izquierdo. Para ello, se definió un estudio multivariable, longitudinal, prospectivo y controlado de grupos independientes después de una intervención que incluyó 39 pacientes a los que se le cerró el angioacceso (grupo de estudio) y 42 que no fueron expuestos a la cirugía (grupo control). Ambos grupos exhibían trasplante renal funcionante. Los principales resultados surgenal comparar el predominio entre el grupo de estudio con el de control, la edad promedio; 45,6 y 44,1 años, el sexo masculino, 24 (60%) y 23 (53,5%) y el color de la piel blanca; 33 (82,5%) y 32 (74,4%). La etiología de la nefropatía originaria más frecuente fue la nefropatía vascular hipertensiva; 12 (30%) vs 14 (32,6%). Entre las manifestaciones clínicas, en el grupo de estudio se evidenció remisión de las palpitaciones y la disnea de esfuerzo. Respecto a la tensión arterial, para la sistólica oscilaba; de 123 ±13,4 a 120,5 ±9,2 vs de 125,6 ±8,4 a 128 ±8,3 mm Hg (p= 0,000), mientras la diastólica variaba de; 76,8 ±7,5 a 76,3 ±6,2 vs 78,6 ±4,9 a 82,4 ±3,9 mm Hg (p= 0,000). El hematocrito comportaba valores equivalentes; 0,43 ±0,06 y 0,45 ±0,06 vs 0,42 ±0,05 y 0,42 ±0,06 l/l (p= 0,035) y la creatinina sérica mostró descenso en los pacientes intervenidos de; 106,8 ± 26,2 hasta 99,8 ±23,9 µ Mol/l vs 114 ±27,8 a 120,3 ±31 µ Mol/l (p= 0,002). Las variables ecocardiográficas mensuradas comparativamente según la localización de los angioaccesos a nivel del codo izquierdo; diámetro del ventrículo izquierdo: 3,12 ±4,08 vs 1,48 ±3,46 mms (p=0,001), fracción de eyección del ventrículo izquierdo: 2,99 ±5,47 vs -1,98 ±6,23 % (p=0,018) y el volumen telediastólico: -23 ±33,41 vs 10,86 ±36,87 ml (p=0,006). El codo contralateral revelaba; para la fracción de eyección del ventrículo izquierdo: 3,32 ±3,42 vs -2,18 ±4,78 % (p=0,037) y para el gasto cardíaco: -1,29 ±0,88 vs -0,26 ±0,86 l/min (0,020). Las conclusiones demuestran que el cierre del angioacceso a pacientes con trasplante renal funcionante respecto a los no intervenidos, contribuye a la regresión de las alteraciones morfológicas y hemodinámicas constatadas por ecocardiografía transtorácica en el corazón izquierdo a nivel de las diferentes localizaciones de los accesos vasculares.


Cardiovascular complications represent the main cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic renal disease, so the objective of this article is to demonstrate the influence of the patency of the arteriovenous fistula on echocardiographic variables measured in the left heart. For this, a multivariate study, longitudinal, prospective and controlled study of independent groups after an intervention that included 39 patients who had their angioaccess closed (study group) and 42 who were not exposed to surgery (control group). Both groups exhibited functional kidney transplantation. The main results emerge when comparing the prevalence between the study group and the control group, the average age; 45.6 and 44.1 years, the male sex, 24 (60%) and 23 (53.5%) and the white skin color; 33 (82.5%) and 32 (74.4%). The most frequent etiology of the original nephropathy was hypertensive vascular nephropathy; 12 (30%) vs 14 (32.6%). Among the clinical manifestations, remission of palpitations and dyspnea on exertion were evidenced in the study group. With regard to blood pressure, for the systolic it ranged from 123 ±13.4 to 120.5 ±9.2 vs. 125.6 ±8.4 to 128 ±8.3 mmHg (p= 0.000), while the diastolic varied from; 76.8 ±7.5 to 76.3 ±6.2 vs. 78.6 ±4.9 to 82.4 ±3.9 mmHg (p= 0.000). The hematocrit had equivalent values; 0.43 ±0.06 and 0.45 ±0.06 vs 0.42 ±0.05 and 0.42 ±0.06 l/l (p= 0.035) and the serum creatinine showed decrease in the operated patients from; 106.8 ±26.2 to 99.8 ±23.9 µMol/l vs 114 ±27.8 to 120.3 ±31 µMol/l (p= 0.002). The echocardiographic variables measured comparatively according to the location of the angioaccesses at the left elbow level; diameter of the left ventricle: 3.12 ±4.08 vs 1.48 ±3.46 mms (p=0.001), ejection fraction of the left ventricle: 2.99 ±5.47 vs -1.98 ±6.23 % (p=0.018) and the telediasolic volume: -23 ±33.41 vs 10.86 ±36.87 ml (p=0.006). The contralateral elbow revealed; for the left ventricular ejection fraction: 3.32 ±3.42 vs -2.18 ±4.78 % (p=0.037) and for cardiac output: -1.29 ±0.88 vs -0.26 ±0.86 l/min (0.020). The conclusions show that the our study has shown that closing the angioaccess to patients with functioning renal transplants with respect to those not operated, contributes to the regression of morphological and hemodynamic alterations observed by transthoracic echocardiography in the left heart at the different locations of the vascular accesses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Arteriovenous Fistula/physiopathology , Renal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Longitudinal Studies , Arteriovenous Fistula/surgery , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Kidney Diseases/complications
5.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(1): 149-158, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134310

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Renal artery pseudoaneurysms (RAPs) and arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) are rare but potentially life-threatening complications after partial nephrectomy (PN). Selective arterial embolization (SAE) is an effective method for controlling RAPs/AVFs. We assessed the clinical factors affecting the occurrence of RAPs/AVFs after PN and the effects of SAE on postsurgical renal function. Materials and Methods: Four hundred ninety-three patients who underwent PN were retrospectively reviewed. They were placed in either the SAE or the non-SAE group. The effects of clinical factors, including R.E.N.A.L. scores, on the occurrence of RAPs/AVFs were analyzed. The influence of SAE on the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) during the first postoperative year was evaluated. Results: Thirty-three (6.7%) patients experienced RAPs/AVFs within 8 days of the median interval between PN and SAE. The SAE group had significantly higher R.E.N.A.L. scores, higher N component scores, and higher L component scores (all, p <0.05). In the multivariate analysis, higher N component scores were associated with the occurrence of RAPs/AVFs (Odds ratio: 1.96, p=0.039). In the SAE group, the mean 3-day postembolization eGFR was significantly lower than the mean 3-day postoperative eGFR (p <0.01). This difference in the eGFRs was still present 1 year later. Conclusions: Renal tumors located near the renal sinus and collecting system were associated with a higher risk for RAPs/AVFs after PN. Although SAE was an effective method for controlling symptomatic RAPs/AVFs after PN, a procedure-related impairment of renal function after SAE could occur and still be present at the end of the first postoperative year.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arteriovenous Fistula/etiology , Aneurysm, False/etiology , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Nephrectomy/adverse effects
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879848

ABSTRACT

A girl, aged 15 years, was admitted due to sudden convulsion once and multiple pulmonary nodules on lung CT. Acrocyanosis or acropachy/toe deformity was not observed. Laboratory examinations showed an increase in hemoglobin (162 g/L) and a reduction in arterial partial pressure of oxygen (61.5 mm Hg). Lung CT showed irregular slightly high-density nodules in the middle lobe of the right lung, and contrast-enhanced CT scan showed obvious enhancement with thick vascular shadow locally. An investigation of medical history revealed that the girl's mother had a history of epistaxis and resection of pulmonary mass and the girl presented with tongue telangiectasia. The girl was diagnosed with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia and pulmonary arteriovenous malformation. she was given interventional embolization therapy. Transcutaneous oxygen saturation reached 98% without oxygen inhalation on the day after surgery. Pulmonary angiography at 3 months after surgery showed the recurrence of pulmonary vascular malformation, and embolization of pulmonary arterial fistula was not performed since the guide wire could not enter the branch artery. There was still a need for long-term follow-up.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Arteriovenous Fistula , Arteriovenous Malformations , Female , Humans , Multiple Pulmonary Nodules , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Pulmonary Artery/diagnostic imaging , Seizures
9.
Rev. cuba. med ; 59(3): e1371, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1139057

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las complicaciones cardiovasculares constituyen la primera causa de morbilidad y mortalidad en el receptor de trasplante renal. Objetivo: Caracterizar la repercusión de la fístula arteriovenosa sobre variables hemodinámicas del corazón derecho en trasplante renal. Métodos: Estudio prospectivo, longitudinal. Se incluyeron 52 pacientes, evaluados clínica y ecocardiográficamente. Se compararon cinco variables hemodinámicas en el corazón derecho, previos y seis meses posteriores al cierre de la fístula arteriovenosa. Resultados: La edad promedio 46,02 años, 29 masculinos (55,8 por ciento). El diámetro de la aurícula derecha en las fístulas cerradas en la muñeca izquierda 8805; 6 años disminuyó (p=0,044), al igual que en el ventrículo derecho <6 años a nivel del pliegue del codo izquierdo (p=0,004). La presión sistólica de la arteria pulmonar descendió tras el cierre en el codo izquierdo lt;6 años (p=0,002), en las 8805;6 (p=0,05) y en el derecho (p=0,006). La presión media de la arteria pulmonar se redujo en las cerradas en pliegue del codo izquierdo <6 años (p=0,001) y 8805;6 años (p=0,017) al igual que en el derecho (p=0,009). La fracción de eyección del ventrículo derecho se incrementó al cierre en muñeca izquierda ;6 años (p=0,046) y en el codo derecho 8805;6 años (p=0,027). Conclusiones: La permanencia de la fístula arteriovenosa en el receptor de trasplante renal contribuye a la perpetuación y progresión de la disfunción cardiovascular preexistente(AU)


Introduction: Cardiovascular complications are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in kidney transplant recipients. Objective: To describe the consequence of arteriovenous fistula on hemodynamic variables of the right heart in kidney transplantation. Methods: We conducted a prospective, longitudinal study. Fifty two patients were included, and they were clinically and echocardiographically assessed. Five hemodynamic variables were compared in the right heart, prior to the closure of the arteriovenous fistula and six months after. Results: The average age was 46.02 years, 29 were male (55.8 percent). The diameter decreased in the right atrium in closed fistulas in the left wrist #8805; 6 years (p = 0.044). The same occurred in the right ventricle <6 years at the level of the left elbow crease (p = 0.004). The systolic pressure of the pulmonary artery decreased after closure in the left elbow <6 years (p = 0.002), in ≥6 (p = 0.05) and in the right (p = 0.006). The mean pressure of the pulmonary artery was reduced in those closed in the crease of the left elbow <6 years (p = 0.001) and ≥6 years (p = 0.017) as well as in the right (p = 0.009). The right ventricular ejection fraction increased at closure in the left wrist <6 years (p = 0.046) and in the right elbow ≥6 years (p = 0.027). Conclusions: The permanence of arteriovenous fistula in the kidney transplant recipient contributes to the perpetuation and progression of the pre-existing cardiovascular dysfunction(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Arteriovenous Fistula/complications , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Hemodynamics/physiology , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
10.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(4): 337-341, ago. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138719

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Los aneurismas aislados de arteria ilíaca común son una patología infrecuente y habitualmente el diagnóstico es incidental. Su manejo solía ser por vía abierta, pero con el advenimiento de la cirugía endovascular, se han identificado mejores desenlaces en los pacientes llevados a este tipo de procedimientos, reservando la reparación abierta en los casos agudos y rupturas. La asociación entre estos aneurismas con fístulas ílio-ilíacas son infrecuentes y su manejo endovascular se ha reportado en solo una ocasión. Objetivo: Se presenta un caso de un paciente masculino de 82 años, con esta asociación, en el cual se decidió llevar de manera electiva a manejo endovascular de su patología. Discusión: En la literatura el manejo endovascular es ampliamente recomendado por su perfil de seguridad, sin embargo, no existe suficiente evidencia ante la presencia de una fístula ílio-ilíaca de manera concomitante, por ser una condición infrecuente. Conclusión: En el presente caso, abordamos de manera endovascular esta relación, obteniendo resultados favorables, con adecuado control de la patología, sin presentación de complicaciones.


Introduction: The isolated aneurysms of the common iliac artery correspond to an infrequent pathology; and the diagnosis of this entity is usually incidental. Its management is usually by open route, but with the advent of endovascular surgery, better outcomes have been identified in patients taken to this kind of procedure, reserving open repair for the urgent cases, like ruptures. The association between these aneurysms with ilio-iliac fistula is uncommon and their endovascular management has been reported only in one case in the literature. Aim: A case of an 82-year-old male patient will be presented, with this association, who was taken to an endovascular repair of his pathology, with good postoperative results. Discussion: In the literature, endovascular management is recommended by its safety profile, however there is insufficient evidence in the presence of an ilio-iliac fistula concomitantly, because it is an infrequent condition. Conclusion: In the present case, we address this relationship endovascularly, obtaining favorable results, with adequate control of the pathology, without presenting any complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Arteriovenous Fistula/surgery , Iliac Aneurysm/surgery , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Arteriovenous Fistula/diagnostic imaging , Iliac Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Computed Tomography Angiography
11.
Rev. colomb. nefrol. (En línea) ; 7(1): 135-142, ene.-jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1144381

ABSTRACT

Resumen La fístula arteriovenosa nativa (FAVn) constituye el acceso ideal en los pacientes de hemodiálisis, sin embargo, necesita un periodo de maduración desde su construcción quirúrgica; en este periodo, que suele tardar más de 8 semanas, se expone a los pacientes a un tiempo mayor con catéteres. El presente artículo describe cuatro casos de canulación temprana (<3 semanas) que se llevaron a cabo con base en la experticia del personal de enfermería y algunos criterios ecográficos.


Abstract The native arteriovenous fistula (nAVF) is the ideal access in patients in hemodialysis, however, traditionally requires a period of maturation from its surgical construction that usually takes more than 8 weeks, exposing patients to a longer time with catheters; In this article, we describe 4 cases of early cannulation (<3 weeks) based on nursing staff expertise and ultrasound criteria.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Catheterization , Arteriovenous Fistula , Renal Dialysis , Colombia , Vascular Access Devices
12.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(2): e170-e173, abr. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1100428

ABSTRACT

Las fístulas arteriovenosas pulmonares son malformaciones congénitas dadas por la comunicación directa anómala entre arterias y venas, con una incidencia mundial de 2-3 : 100 000 habitantes. La presentación es, en general, única, asintomática, y aparecen en forma incidental como hallazgo imagenológico en la adultez, y su tratamiento de elección es la embolización endovascular.Se describe la inusual presentación clínica en una paciente de 10 años, que ingresó por disnea, tos, cianosis central y cefalea. Se encontró hipoxemia persistente, hipocratismo digital, nódulos parahiliares pulmonares, gases arteriales con gradiente alvéolo-arterial aumentado. La tomografía axial computarizada de tórax de alta resolución confirmó la presencia de una malformación arteriovenosa pulmonar en la región parahiliar derecha, la cual no se asociaba con la enfermedad de Rendu-Osler-Weber. La paciente fue tratada con embolización endovascular transcutánea. Tras 1,5 años de seguimiento, no hubo recaídas. Son pocos los casos reportados de estas fístulas en la edad pediátrica


Pulmonary arteriovenous fistulas are congenital malformations due to anomalous direct communication between arteries and veins; the incidence is 2-3 : 100,000 inhabitants. This condition is usually asymptomatic and incidentally appearing in adult imaging findings. Transcutaneous endovascular embolization is the technique of choice for treatment. The unusual presentation in a 10-year-old patient is described; she was presented to the Emergency Department with dyspnea, cough, central cyanosis and headache. The examination revealed persistent hypoxemia and digital clubbing; chest X-ray with images suggestive of parahilar nodules, arterial blood gases with increased alveolar arterial gradient. The high resolution computed tomography of the thorax revealed pulmonary arteriovenous malformation in the right parahilar region not associated with Rendu-Osler-Weber disease. The patient was treated with transcutaneous endovascular embolization, and after a year and a half of follow-up there were no relapses. There are few reported cases of pulmonary arteriovenous fistulas in the pediatric age.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Pulmonary Artery/abnormalities , Arteriovenous Fistula/diagnostic imaging , Embolization, Therapeutic , Pulmonary Artery/diagnostic imaging , Arteriovenous Fistula/therapy
13.
Rev. argent. dermatol ; 101(1): 1-10, mar. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092404

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El embolismo por cristales de colesterol (ECC) es una complicación de la enfermedad arterioesclerótica en la que el desprendimiento de fragmentos de placa de ateroma, principalmente de grandes arterias, provoca oclusión de pequeños vasos. Esta entidad, también llamada ateroembolia o síndrome de los dedos del pie azules, es más frecuente en pacientes de edad avanzada y después de procedimientos invasivos intravasculares. Se manifiesta con cianosis, livedo reticularis, necrosis y úlceras asociado a manifestaciones renales y gastrointestinales. Se presenta un paciente trasplantado renal y portador de fístula arteriovenosa trombosada izquierda con ateroembolia localizada en mano homolateral.


ABSTRACT The cholesterol crystal embolism (ECC) is a complication of arteriosclerotic disease in which the detachment of fragments of atheromatous plaque mainly from large arteries, causes occlusion of small vessels. This entity, also called atheroembolism or blue toe syndrome, is more common in elderly patients and after intravascular invasive procedures. It manifests with cyanosis, livedo reticularis, necrosis and ulcers associated with renal and gastrointestinal manifestations. We present a renal transplant patient with a left thrombosed arteriovenous fistula with atheroembolism located in homolateral hand.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cholesterol/adverse effects , Arteriovenous Fistula/complications , Embolism, Cholesterol/physiopathology , Upper Extremity/blood supply , Skin Manifestations , Embolism, Cholesterol/diagnosis , Renal Insufficiency/complications , Ischemia/complications , Necrosis/complications
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785424

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To develop and validate a clinical scoring model to predict 1-year access survival among end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients who received a new arteriovenous fistula (AVF).METHODS: The data of 195 ESRD patients in the development cohort who underwent first-time AVF creation between January 2009 and June 2013 and who had successful cannulation for dialysis use were reviewed. The clinical features that were significantly associated with 1-year AVF survival were incorporated into a clinical scoring model. The validity of this clinical score was then tested in a validation cohort of 204 ESRD patients who received a new AVF between July 2013 and December 2017.RESULTS: Of the 195 patients in the development cohort, 168 patients (86.2%) had a well-functioning AVF at 1 year. Absence of diabetes mellitus, no previous history of central venous catheter insertion, and absence of intervention performed to achieve access maturation were positively associated with 1-year AVF survival. These 3 factors were incorporated into a clinical scoring model, which ranged from 0 to 4 points. For a cutoff score of ≥3, the sensitivity, specificity and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve to predict 1-year AVF survival were 81.5%, 70.4%, and 0.760, respectively. The predictive performance of the clinical score was confirmed in the validation cohort, with a sensitivity of 76.1%, a specificity of 64.4% and an area under the curve of 0.703.CONCLUSION: The scoring model using clinical data yielded acceptable performance in predicting 1-year access survival among patients receiving a new AVF.


Subject(s)
Arteriovenous Fistula , Catheterization , Central Venous Catheters , Cohort Studies , Diabetes Mellitus , Dialysis , Humans , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Renal Dialysis , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity , Treatment Outcome
16.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1087516

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: descrever os cuidados da equipe de enfermagem aos clientes portadores de Fistula Arteriovenosa (FAV). Método: revisão integrativa de literatura, que utilizou como questão de busca: quais são os cuidados da equipe de enfermagem aos clientes portadores de fístula arteriovenosa? A busca foi realizada na Biblioteca Virtual de Saúde, nas bases de dados: MEDLINE, LILACS e BDENF; PubMed; Portal de Periódicos da Capes, nas bases SCOPUS e CINAHL, em agosto de 2018. Resultados: foram encontrados três artigos indexados na LILACS e dois na CINAHL. Emergiu a categoria analítica do estudo intitulada: Cuidados de enfermagem aos clientes portadores de FAV, e duas unidades de decodificação: "Incorporação de evidências sobre a FAV, para se pensar os cuidados de enfermagem" e "Atuação da equipe de enfermagem na preservação da FAV: pensando o autocuidado". Conclusões: os cuidados de enfermagem aos clientes portadores de FAV perpassaram pela durabilidade e a manutenção do seu funcionamento


Objective: to describe the care of nursing staff to customers bearers of Arteriovenous Fistula (AVF). Method: integrative Review of literature, which used as search question: what are the care of nursing staff to customers bearers of arteriovenous fistula? The search was conducted in the health Virtual Library, in the databases BDENF, LILACS and MEDLINE; PubMed; Capes Journal Portal, CINAHL, SCOPUS and bases in August 2018. Results: were found three articles indexed at LILACS and two in CINAHL. Analytical category emerged the study entitled: nursing care to clients suffering from AVF, and two units of decoding: "incorporation of evidence about the FAV, to think about nursing care" and "performance of nursing staff in preservation of FAV: thinking self-care". Conclusions: the nursing care to clients suffering from perpassaram FAV durability and maintenance of your operation


Objetivo: para describir el cuidado de enfermería personal para portadores de clientes de la fístula arteriovenosa (AVF). Método: integral revisión de la literatura, que utiliza como pregunta de la búsqueda: ¿Cuáles son los cuidados de enfermería personal para portadores de fístula arteriovenosa de los clientes? La búsqueda se realizó en la Biblioteca Virtual, de la salud en las bases de datos, BDENF, LILACS y MEDLINE; PubMed; CAPES Portal diario, CINAHL, SCOPUS y en agosto de 2018. Resultados: se encontraron tres artículos indizados en LILACS y dos en CINAHL. Categoría analítica surgió el estudio titulado: atención a clientes de AVF y dos unidades de decodificación de enfermería: "incorporación de la evidencia acerca de la FAV, a pensar en cuidados de enfermería" y "rendimiento del personal de enfermería preservación de la FAV: autocuidado de pensamiento" . Conclusiones: la atención de enfermería a clientes que sufren de perpassaram FAV durabilidad y mantenimiento de su operación


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Arteriovenous Fistula/nursing , Nephrology Nursing/trends , Nursing, Team , Catheterization/nursing , Renal Dialysis/nursing , Vascular Access Devices/trends
17.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1053534

ABSTRACT

Aims: To investigate the arm and hand function in hemodialysis patients. Methods: Upper limb function using validated questionnaires such as Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand Questionnaire (DASH), Cochin and Boston were applied to 57 chronic renal failure patients on hemodialysis and 60 healthy controls. Epidemiological data, data on pain and paresthesia in the upper limb and handgrip strength were obtained. Results: The three questionnaires showed worse performance of upper limb function in chronic renal failure patients than controls: DASH questionnaire with P = 0.05; Cochin questionnaire with P = 0.0004 and Boston questionnaire with P = 0.03. The questionnaire scores were affected by presence of pain (P = 0.05 for DASH and < 0.0001 for Boston questionnaires) and paresthesia (DASH with P = 0.003; Cochin with P = 0.01 and Boston questionnaire with P < 0.0001). Handgrip strength was lower in hemodialysis patients when compared with controls (P = 0.02) but did not affect the performance of any of the studied questionnaires. Conclusions: Upper limb function is impaired in hemodialysis patients and the main associations found were with pain and paresthesia.


Objetivos: Investigar a função do braço e da mão em pacientes em hemodiálise. Métodos: A função dos membros superiores foi investigada utilizando-se questionários validados, como Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand Questionnaire (DASH), Cochin e Boston, sendo aplicada a 57 pacientes com insuficiência renal crônica em hemodiálise e 60 controles saudáveis. Foram obtidos dados epidemiológicos tais como dor e parestesia no membro superior e força de preensão manual. Resultados: Os três questionários apresentaram pior desempenho da função do membro superior em pacientes com insuficiência renal crônica do que os controles: questionário DASH com P = 0,05; questionário de Cochin com P = 0,0004 e questionário de Boston com P = 0,03. Os escores do questionário foram afetados pela presença de dor (P = 0,05 para DASH e <0,0001 para questionários de Boston) e parestesia (DASH com P = 0,003; Cochin com P = 0,01 e Boston com P <0,0001). A força de preensão manual foi menor nos pacientes em hemodiálise quando comparados aos controles (P = 0,02), mas não afetou o desempenho de nenhum dos questionários estudados. Conclusões: A função do membro superior é prejudicada em pacientes em hemodiálise e as principais associações encontradas foram com dor e parestesia.


Subject(s)
Renal Dialysis , Pain , Paresthesia , Arteriovenous Fistula , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Kidney Diseases , Medicine , Nephrology
18.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 11(5): 1188-1193, out.-dez. 2019. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1022221

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Identificar os fatores de risco/condicionantes para a falência da fístula arteriovenosa e analisar os cuidados necessários para manutenção da fístula arteriovenosa. Métodos: Estudo piloto realizado com 10 participantes com histórico de falência de fístula arteriovenosa, com dados coletados por meio de formulário e analisados por estatística descritiva, aceito pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa do Hospital Universitário Pedro Ernesto, com número do CAAE nº 64150117.2.0000.5259. Resultados: A idade média foi de 57,3 anos. A hipertensão arterial foi a doença prévia mais comum encontrada entre os participantes. A hipotensão e as punções repetidas foram os fatores de risco/condicionantes com maior ocorrência. Conclusão: a maioria dos participantes possuíam baixa escolaridade e informaram ter tido alguma complicação na FAV. A hipotensão como fator condicionante para falência das FAV, permaneceu de forma frequente entre os participantes. Observou-se que grande parte já realizava tratamento dialítico prévio


Objective: The study's purpose has been to identify the risk/conditioning factors for Arteriovenous Fistula Failure (AVF), and also to analyze the care required for handling the arteriovenous fistula. Methods: It is a pilot study that was carried out with 10 participants showing a history of AVF. The data were collected through a form and analyzed by descriptive statistics. This research was accepted by the Research Ethics Committee from the Pedro Ernesto University Hospital, under the Certificado de Apresentação para Apreciação Ética (CAAE) [Certificate of Presentation for Ethical Appreciation] No. 64150117.2.0000.5259. Results: The average age was 57.3 years old. Arterial hypertension was the most common prior disease among the participants. Hypotension and repeated punctures were the most frequent risk/conditioning factors. Conclusion: A relevant percentage of the participants had little education and reported having had some complication in the AVF. Hypotension, as a conditioning factor for AVF failure, remained frequent among the participants. It was observed that a large part of the participants have undergone dialysis treatment previously


Objetivo: Identificar los factores de riesgo / condicionantes para la quiebra de la fístula arteriovenosa y analizar los cuidados necesarios para el mantenimiento de la fístula arteriovenosa. Métodos: Estudio piloto realizado con 10 participantes con historial de fallo de fístula arteriovenosa, con datos recogidos por medio de formulario y analizados por estadística descriptiva, aceptado por el Comité de Ética en Investigación del Hospital Universitario Pedro Ernesto, con número del CAAE nº 64150117.2.0000.5259 . Resultados: La edad media fue de 57,3 años. La hipertensión arterial fue la enfermedad previa más común entre los participantes. La hipotensión y las punciones repetidas fueron los factores de riesgo / condicionantes con mayor ocurrencia. Conclusión: la mayoría de los participantes tenían baja escolaridad e informaron haber tenido alguna complicación en la FAV. La hipotensión como factor condicionante para la quiebra de las FAV, permaneció de forma frecuente entre los participantes. Se observó que gran parte ya realizaba tratamiento dialítico previo


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Risk Factors , Arteriovenous Fistula/complications , Renal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Patient Care Team , Brazil , Arteriovenous Fistula/prevention & control
19.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 39(3): 94-97, sept. 2019. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1048277

ABSTRACT

Las fístulas arteriovenosas durales medulares son malformaciones vasculares adquiridas que constituyen una causa muy infrecuente de mielopatía progresiva (5-10 casos por millón de habitantes por año). La resonancia magnética es el estudio por imágenes de elección para su diagnóstico. A continuación presentamos el caso de una paciente femenina de 89 años, que consultó a la guardia de nuestra institución por un cuadro de paraparesia moderada asociada a parestesias e incontinencia urinaria posterior a esfuerzo físico. Se le diagnosticó una fístula arteriovenosa dural medular como causante de su cuadro. (AU)


Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (SDAVF) are acquired spinal vascular malformations and a rare cause of progressive myelopathy (5-10 new cases per year and per 1 million inhabitants). Magnetic resonance imaging is the diagnosis modality of choice. We present a case of a 89-year-old female patient who consulted the emergency department of our institution because of paraparesis and lower extremities paresthesias associated with urinary incontinence post physical effort. With the final diagnosis of spinal dural arteriovenous fistula, as a cause of the clinical symptoms. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arteriovenous Fistula/diagnostic imaging , Dura Mater/abnormalities , Paresthesia , Atrial Fibrillation/complications , Spinal Cord Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Tobacco Use Disorder/complications , Urinary Incontinence , Arteriovenous Fistula/etiology , Arteriovenous Fistula/epidemiology , Low Back Pain/complications , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/complications , Paraparesis , Fecal Incontinence , Hypertension/complications , Hypesthesia , Erectile Dysfunction , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use
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